THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 042
SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 3

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001 PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

A list of the Sunderland built vessels referenced in these pages is at the top of page 040.

A list of the Sunderland shipbuilders referenced in these pages is a little lower on page 040.

Copyright?

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On this page ... Austin, page bottom (have had to disable it, a beautiful Lake Applet featuring a frog, since it makes access to the whole page impossible. Not sure why Internet Explorer cannot identify the applet as being harmless)

Corrections in any of the material which follows, however tiny, would be most welcome. And additions, of course! (100 = 100) Test.

To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.

PETER AUSTIN (1) (1826-1846)
PETER AUSTIN (2) (1846-1860?)
S. P. AUSTIN & SON (1860-1874?)
AUSTIN AND HUNTER (1874/1879)
S. P. AUSTIN & SON LTD. (1896/?)
S. P. AUSTIN LTD.

(1826/1954
- originally founded in 1826, in 1954 became a part of 'Austin & Pickersgill Limited.')

First a few images. Hover your mouse over each thumbnail to read the subject matter.

Can you help with the history of this company?

Another site page offers literature published by 'Austin', photographs etc. Steadily increasing in size & content. Available here.

A part at least of that history would surely be contained in a small 1954 volume of oblong format, published by 'S. P. Austin & Son, Ltd.' (as per the cover of the volume) or maybe by 'S. P. Austin & Son Ltd.' (as per the frontispiece). Entitled 'Shipbuilding & Repairing' & covering the history of the shipyard from 1826 to 1954. A copy of the volume was sold via eBay for GBP 40.00, in early Sep. 2007.

The paragraphs that follow have been revised & re-revised over the years as new data has been located. They surely will now need further revision to incorporate data published in 'A & P News', the employee magazine of Austin & Pickersgill Limited, specifically in issue No. 6, of January 1976. Alan Vickers has kindly provided scans of two pages from that issue, a two-page spread about the history of the collective 'Austin', derived from the manuscripts of James W. (Watson) Corder (1867/1953), whose lifetime work is now held in the Sunderland Central Library. These two pages summarise what Corder wrote about the history of the many 'Austin' businesses & companies over the years, as you can see here. The 'Corder' data is not yet included below.

It would seem that the shipyard came into existence way back in 1826! On North Sands. Founded by Peter Austin, born in 1770, whose name this site knows because he was in 1805, I understand, a partner with Samuel Moore in the Wear Pottery & had earlier than 1805 been trained in the pottery business by Robert Fairbairns at High Pottery in Newbottle, located just a few miles away from Sunderland. Anyway, in 1826 he changed occupations & started a ship repair facility on North Sands 'with a repair slipway up which the ships were hauled by capstans worked by horses'. Those words are from 2 1/2 pages about the yard in ''Where Ships Are Born'. Forgive me saying it, but a most confusing 2 1/2 page text indeed.

At a date after 1826, but at a date unstated, Peter Austin was joined in the business by his son, also named Peter Austin. For simplicity, I will call them Peter Austin (1) & Peter Austin (2).

I read that Peter Austin (1)'s 'first registered launch was in 1831, a brig. This was on ground called Nova Scotia, near Dame Dolly's rock.' Brian Dodds states, however, that not only was the site called Nova Scotia, additionally the shipyard itself was called 'Nova Scotia' & was at Sand Point, near Dame Dolly's Rock, which rock was so named as it was the viewpoint from which Dame Dorothy Williamson and her maids would gather to watch ships sailing out to sea. That is good information, but can anyone tell us exactly where 'Dame Dolly's rock' was located? And what happened to it? And who Dame Dorothy Williamson was? It was a large rock on North Sands. Which apparently had a beacon atop of it.

This site (thanks so much, yet again, George H. Graham of Tulsa, Oklahoma!) tells us that Peter Austin (1) took over, in 1833, the shipbuilding yard of the Allison family, who were in the shipbuilding business in Sunderland from 1818 to 1833. It is interesting to read there that Robert Thompson, (1797-1860), also served his apprenticeship at the Allison yard.

In 1846 Peter Austin (1) retired and his son, Peter Austin (2) 'crossed to the site now occupied by the Company, where he conducted the business on his own account'. Whatever does that sentence mean? Was North Sands abandoned or sold? Was not an entirely new business started? And where is 'the site now occupied by the Company' - the word 'now' presumably meaning 1846. I presume, however, that they mean a site on the south bank of the River Wear, east of but close to the road bridge. Which site was previously occupied by a bottle works which had gone bankrupt. If I sound critical, I apologise. I am most sympathetic with the difficult of assembling accurate data so far into the past.

Samuel Austin, I read, 'laid down a patent repair slipway, also two building berths .......' Just who is Samuel Austin? Where does he come from and how is he related? My source is quite silent on the matter. And 'Samuel Peter Austin' of the third generation & his father entered into a partnership in 1860 entitled S. P. Austin and Son. I am advised, however, that 'The Standard' of London, referred on Nov. 16, 1971 to the 'S. P. Austin & Co.' partnership having been dissolved. If you can help me figure this all out, do please be in touch. None of it makes sense to me. Samuel Peter Austin may be the son of Peter Austin (2) (to be third generation) but if that is so it should have been 'P. Austin and Son', shouldn't it? 'S. P. Austin and Son' does not seem to make sense - where perhaps 'S. P. Austin and Father' would be more logical.

There was, it would seem, another partnership, named 'S. Austin and Mills'. At Southwick. The reference to 'Mills' is apparently to George and John Mills. Which 'S. Austin', I wonder?

It would seem that there were major changes in 1869 & in the following years as the yard was extended again & again as wooden shipbuilding came to an end & iron shipbuilding became the norm.

The 'old slipway', which I presume means the one built in 1846, 'together with rails, cogs, cods, and cradles was taken up and shipped to a buyer in Helsingfors'. A 300 foot graving dock, opened in 1870, took its place. (A graving dock is, for those like me who do not know these things, is a multi-purpose dry-dock, which can be used for a variety of purposes - for new ship building, for ship repair, & for ship maintenance. The word 'graving' was used, but perhaps is no longer used, to refer to the cleaning of a ship's bottom, the term being derived, perhaps from a French word which meant 'beach'.) I am advised that that graving dock is still there today - in Jun. 2009, though I understand that the dock gates, in considerable decay, were removed in the mid 1970s.

In 1869 they built their last wooden ship, "The Choice", and the yard changed over to iron shipbuilding. I think that the vessel was 'Choice' rather than 'The Choice' however.

The yard expanded eastwards into premises previously occupied by John Denniston (& William Pearson before him). And probably other yards also, until the yard ran right up to the 'Scotia Engine Works' facilities. I read that in 1874 they started a branch yard with G. B. Hunter, who later went across to the Tyne to start Swan Hunter's yard. G. B. Hunter is in fact George Burton Hunter later Sir George B. Hunter, famous for his leadership role in what became Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Ltd., of Wallsend-on-Tyne. As you can read here. In 1890 they expanded into shipbuilding premises previously owned by John Hutchinson which included two small graving docks. And in 1897 they expanded westwards to take over a bottling plant located, it would seem, immediately to the east of the Sunderland road bridge.

The yard would seem to have been known as the 'Wear Dockyard'.

This section is very much in progress! As in indeed, the whole site. Every time I read new data, many changes are required to the data which is already on site!

It would be good to be able to provide on this page some images of the early members of the Austin family, from contemporary prints or from other sources. The only image I have seen so far, related to the yard at all, is an image of Mr. E. Workman, Chairman of S. P. Austin & Son Ltd. I suspect, however, that he was Chairman in relatively recent years (by that I mean the 1940s or 1950s), though exactly when it was I do not presently know.

I have seen a few postcard images which show an S. P. Austin 'pontoon' which opened in 1903 (but City of Sunderland says in 1904). Via eBay in Jul. 2012, I saw that a stereo image of the pontoon was published by 'Realistic Travels', which company while based in London had offices around the world including one in Toronto, Canada. A 'webmaster modified' version of the eBay image is next, available in a slightly larger size here. But do, by all means, view the original eBay image as was offered by vendor 'claudiacaroline' - the card is long sold. It is a beauty! I read that 'Realistic Travels', run by H. D. Girdwood, was in business from approx. 1908 to 1916. And that the company published a large series of stereo images of WW1, 'The Great War'. So we know roughly the dating of the image that follows. The name of the ship on the pontoon is, however, another matter!

Next is a simply splendid image of the pontoon & yard in Jun. 1953. An even larger version of the image is available by clicking the image. I cannot, alas, tell you the origin of the image which was provided to the webmaster by a site visitor. The 'pontoon' is under Westburn, the vessel at right, built in 1929. Fireside, built in 1942, is beside her & Borde, built in 1953, is the ship in the near left rear. All 'Austin' built ships, it would appear. Can anybody advise re the origin of what is a truly fine image.

I am advised, (thanks John Rowson), that the pontoon was built by Swan Hunter. The images I have seen do not, however, date from 1903 - or 1904 for that matter. Far from it. So when did it 'close'? 1964, I now understand. What was the 'pontoon'? I understand it was a giant platform which essentially rested on the bed of the River Wear & could raise a vessel out of the water & lower it back down again. Kind of like a 'dry-dock', I guess. 'Imagine' calls it a 'submersible barge' in their page re 'Austin's Pontoon, Sunderland', which features a print (of unknown date) by Herbert William Simpson (1907-1972). The first image on this 'pdf' page (thanks City of Sunderland!) shows 'Austin's pontoon' with a ship on it - in 1962.

And here is the Herbert Simpson print:- When other quality postcard or other images of the pontoon become available, I will add it them in also.

A 'Valentines' Series' postcard of the pontoon, #57739, of British manufacture. Which postcard would seem to have been made available in colour also.

An early postcard of the 'Austin' pontoon by Hills of Sunderland. Which postcard was sold for GBP 6.00 via eBay in Mar. 2018. The vessel was not identified on the rear of the postally-unused card.

The Austin 'pontoon' was located on the south bank of the River Wear, just east of the railway & road bridges. Visible to all who crossed that bridge, since they just had to look down to see the pontoon & its activity laid out before them. A sight of great visual interest. There must be hundreds if not thousands of photos of the pontoon, 'out there' somewhere, taken by passers-by over 60 or more years. It would be good to have one or two of those images on site, wouldn't it! The main Austin yard would however seem to have been just a short distance away, on the same bank & a little closer to the sea.

A sign at the site today, shown here (& in the image strip above), in an Alan Collie image, advises us that the pontoon was towed half way around the world to a shipyard in Hong Kong a year or so after the 'Austin' ship building yard was closed. Does anybody know what later happened to it? Now it is really not for the webmaster to criticise from afar re such matters, but the sign looks to my eye to be have been 'low budget' - a more distinguished sign, perhaps illustrating the pontoon, might better have been commissioned in the first place to commemorate such a significant part of the city's history. Certainly the sign, in the summer of 2011, was in urgent need of repair or replacement. And perhaps, if it is replaced, consideration might just be given to improving the wording?

The scene today. The 'pontoon' used to be located at bottom left of the image that follows, parallel of course to the river bank. The sign is affixed, I believe, to the railing that is visible at dock side.

The next image is visually interesting, I think. Of 'Austin' workers walking up to the bridge in the early 1950s. At the end of their shifts, perhaps. In the forefront is Paul H. H. Rhodes, then a student at S. P. Austin & Son Limited & later its Planning Manager. And later in the same role at 'Bartrams'.

In a snippet of data, I read that the yard made a net profit of £51,900 in the year to Apl. 30, 1951, & £43,499 in the year prior.

It would seem that the yard merged with W. Pickersgill & Sons Ltd. in 1954. To form Austin & Pickersgill Limited. And in 1964 it closed for good. Can somebody tell us exactly what happened & when. I think that the main 'Austin' yard may have closed in early 1960 & the business was relocated to Pallion. But that assumption may be quite wrong.

We need your help with the next image. It is of an 'Austin' launching party at Wear Dockyard in the 1950s but the name of the ship being launched is not known. Can you identify which particular ship it was? The image was kindly provided by Tom Millar, whose father, Thomas (Tom) Millar, was General Manager of 'Austins' from about 1950 through 1957/58. Tom's father and mother are both in the launching party - his father 8th from the right & his mother 5th from the left.

Tom has provided launch images with everyone identified re 4 vessels (Ardingly, Borde, Hackney & Wallarah) & also another launching image with an 'identity' problem. I have placed all material where your help would be welcomed, together, on page 105.

I read that 'in 1958, more than 600 ships underwent repair at the yard of Wear Dockyard, adjacent to the Wearmouth Bridge.'

Austins have always specialised in building colliers and coasters, the demand for which has been falling off in recent years, so that now (early 1961 perhaps in that context) Austins are building a luxury yacht, the first, they hope, of many to come.

I have also read that the yard was closed in Oct. 1959, but was reopened 6 months later to build Radiant II, a luxury motor yacht.

I am advised that the tower cranes of Austin's Shipyard were dismantled in about 1968/69, and one of them fell into the river blocking it to traffic for 14 days or so - 'which cost the contractor dearly'.

Part of the above text originates with a paper written by J. A. Marr, with the 'Austin' words available here.

Miramar lists, 11 pages, (highest hull number on each page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & all the following links should work for you:- 138, 171, 203, 233, 263, 303, 324, 354, 384, 414, 420. And on this site, at page 140 is a list of 'Austin' built vessels, starting in 1831 & ending in 1959. Which list includes unnumbered vessels built as much as 43 years prior to the very first Miramar listing.

Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by 'Austin' of Sunderland - added as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence.

1   Robert Raikes
225 tons
1831

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel was owned by Thomas Speeding of Monkwearmouth & was named in honour of Robert Raikes (1736/1811) a pioneer (many state the founder), of the Sunday School system in the U.K. There are references to Thomas Speeding & to the vessel on this interesting page. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1842/43, always for service from Sunderland to London, with 'Milburn' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1839/40 with 'Job' so serving thereafter. LR of 1842/43 notes that the vessel, still owned by Speeding of Sunderland, had been 'LOST'. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel & when? #1969

2   Marina
274 tons
1833

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1845/46 & not thereafter. I have previously advised, in this spot, that the vessel, per the Austin build list on site, was built for the account of the builder. That is true for a short period however LR, for the entire period of its listing of the vessel, records Alexander, of Bristol, as the vessel's owner for service from Bristol to i) Tobago (from 1834 to 1837/1838), ii) St. Vincent (in 1838/39 & 1839/40), iii) Falmouth in 1840/41, iv) the Mediterranean (in 1844/45 & 1845/46) & for 3 years from 1841/42 simply ex Bristol. W. Escott was the vessel's captain thru 1840/41 per LR. From 1840/41 thru 1844/45 per LR, but actually from Sep. 27, 1838 it would seem, H. (Henry) Cock served as the vessel's captain & Anthony Rutland so served from & after Apl. 26, 1844 to likely the day the vessel was lost. 91 ft. 8 in. long. LR of 1845/46 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Since first creating this listing, I have seen, via 'Google Books', a splendid volume entitled 'Records of Bristol Ships', published by the Bristol Records Society in 1950. Its listing (in red) re Marina is most informative. It advises that 'Alexander' meant Abraham Alexander, William Wolfe Alexander and Joseph Frankel Alexander, all merchants, collectively trading as J. F. & A. Alexander, of Bristol, owners of 34 shares in the vessel & that William Escott (her captain) owned the remaining 30 shares. Such shares were acquired from Peter & Samuel Peter Austin on Nov. 16, 1833. The listing states that the vessel was lost at Girgenti on May 13, 1845. Girgenti is the name by which the city of Agrigento on the SW coast of Sicily is known. Can you tell us what specifically happened to her? #1968

3   Nautilus
156, later 156/147, later 134 tons

12499
1834

The vessel, a snow which was launched in Jul. 1834. is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1862/63, with the exception of 1845/46 & 1846/47. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') advises (scroll to 12499) that the vessel was first registered at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, on Apl. 9, 1836, so it seems likely that until that time it was owned by its builder. Per LR it was, however, owned by G. Prest of Wisbech from 1834, & (again per LR), 'Prest' owned the vessel for its entire lifetime. For service a) from Sunderland to Wisbech from 1834 thru 1838/39 & in 1848/49 & 1849/50, b) as a Sunderland coaster from 1839/40 thru 1844/45, c) from Lynn, Norfolk, to Sunderland in 1847/48, d) as a Lynn coaster in 1850/51 & e) from Hull to Seaham in 1852/53. It served ex Lynn from 1853/54 thru 1856/57. No service detail is provided by LR for the other years. LR advises that 'J. Hewitt' was the vessel's captain thru 1839/40, when replaced by 'J. Roche' who served thru 1844/45. When LR listing recommenced in 1847/48, 'T. Gardner' is listed as the vessel's captain thru to 1862/63. While LR advises only limited detail re 1857/58 & later years, MNL advises that from 1858 the vessel was no longer registered at Wisbech, rather at Whitby, Yorkshire. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (Whitby) advises that John Chambers was her new owner. MNL of 1860 lists the vessel at 134 tons only. Signal letters LCDH. Readers should note that MNL does not list the vessel in 1861 or later, the webmaster believing accordingly that the vessel was likely lost in or about 1860. So far, I have seen no references to what finally happened to the vessel nor when. Can you add anything to this modest vessel history. #1970

4   Marina
215 tons

 
1835

The vessel, a snow, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1835/36 thru 1843/44 & not thereafter. I have previously advised, in this spot, that the vessel, per the Austin build list on site, was built for the account of Samuel Austin, one of its builders. LR, for the entire period of its listing of the vessel, records Austin & Co. of Sunderland, as the vessel's owners for consistent service from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia. LR of 1843/44 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what specifically happened to her? #2011

5   Kent
195/186 (later 169) tons

23653
1836

The vessel, a snow, later a brig, completed in Nov. 1836, is Lloyd's Register listed from 1836/37 thru 1848/49 but not thereafter. It was initially owned by Austin & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London. In 1840/41 the owner became Crawford & Co., also of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Chatham, later to Rochester. In 1856, the vessel was owned by J. Crawford, J. M. Smith & G. Childs, all of Sunderland. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean John Crawford, Josh. M. Smith & George Childs. On Oct. 5, 1860, per line 345 here, the 169 ton brig was 'derelict' on the north side of Scaw, (N. tip of Denmark) while en route from the Baltic to the east coast with timber. None of the 7 man crew were lost, it would appear. The vessel was then owned by John Crawford. It would be good to learn more as to exactly what happened to her. #1964

6   Wisbeach
221/232 tons

 
1836

This vessel, a snow or brig completed in Jul. 1836, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1836/37 thru 1850/51. It was owned thru such entire period by Stevens & Co. of Wisbeach (now Wisbech, Cambridgeshire). For initial service, thru 1839/40 from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, for service as a Newcastle coaster from 1840/41 thru 1843/44, & from Sunderland to the Baltic in 1844/45 & 1845/46. The vessel served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland from 1846/47 thru 1848/49 & ex Shields in 1849/50. For a great many years, from partway thru 1840/41 to 1849/50, LR lists W. Buffon as the vessel's captain. LR of 1850/51 references service from Newport, Wales, to the U.S.A., with J. Rufham her captain. On Jun. 5, 1850, per line 209 on this page, the 232 ton brig (listed as Wisbech) foundered at sea. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then owned by William Stevens. That wreck listing does not state where the vessel was lost. As luck would have it, in searching for data about other ships, I found this snippet of data (in blue) re 'Wisbick', which surely means Wisbeach. It does not tell us much but it does tell us the vessel was struck by a heavy sea & sank in the middle of the (presumably North) Atlantic. Is there anything you can add? #2010

7   Glencoe
276/275 tons
1837

A snow-rigged vessel. A vessel that had a very short life. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1838/39 thru 1840/41 only, owned, per LR, by 'Cambell' of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia. LR indicates that 'Cambell' was the vessel's captain throughout such period. I have previously indicated the owner to have been John Campbell, of Monkwearmouth, as recorded on the Austin on-site build list. LR of 1840/41 notes that the vessel had been 'wrecked'. David Watts advises (thanks!) that on Dec. 1, 1840, the vessel, under the command of Captain Keith, was driven ashore to the W. of Waterford, Ireland, at 52.10N/06.58W, while en route from Glasgow to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. The vessel became a total wreck. Can you add anything additional? #1965

8   Matthew
244/248 later 226 later
227 tons

2889
1838

A snow-rigged vessel, later a brig & a square, that was launched or completed in Jun. 1838. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') recorded from 1839/40 thru 1846/47 & not thereafter. During such period the vessel was owned by Matthew of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia, service ex London, service from Liverpool to Marseilles, France, & ex London again. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists G. Matthew of Bishopwearmouth as the then owner of the 248 ton brig. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 lists John T. Alcock & John Fleming, both of Sunderland, as her then owners with Thomas Abrey her captain. TR of 1856 lists J. T. Alcock & J. Fleming, both of Sunderland, as owners of the vessel, now a 226 ton snow. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 confirms the owner names as meaning John T. Alcock & John Fleming. On Oct. 24, 1862, per line 2453 here, the 227 ton square stranded near Tolstrup (cannot locate, likely Denmark), while en route from Wyburg (Vyborg, Russia, NW of St. Petersburg) to Shoreham, West Sussex, with a cargo of laths & deals (timber). Crew of 8 - none lost. Vessel then owned by John T. Alcock. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? #2012

9   Abbotsford
184/172 later 161 later
149 tons
1840

A schooner-rigged vessel. later a snow & a brig. A modest vessel that had a very long life, it would seem. The vessel was Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1844/45 thru 1847/48, a gap of 18 years, then from 1866/67 thru 1876/77. Have read that John Fisher of Monkwearmouth was the initial owner. LR states that it was owned, from 1844/45, by Fisher & Co. of Sunderland, for service as a Sunderland coaster. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 lists John & Henry Fisher, of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owners with Rchd. Hall her then captain. TR of 1856 lists J. & H. Fisher, both of Sunderland, as the then owners of the Sunderland registered vessel, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 confirms as meaning John & Henry Fisher. LR of 1866/67 records J. Muras as the owner of the Sunderland registered vessel for service from Blyth to France. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 states her then owner to indeed be John Muras - of Amble, Northumberland. From 1867/68 to 1876/77, per LR, J. Smith of Blyth (in 1876/77 of North Shields), was the vessel's owner for continued service from Blyth to France. Note that J. Smith served as her captain during such period. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists John Smith of Waterloo, near Blyth, Northumberland, as her then owner. 77.6 ft. long, signal letters HPTR. LR of 1876/77 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Oct. 10, 1872, per line 2624 here, the 161 ton brig stranded near Eckro (likely Ekerö, Sweden), while en route from Lubeck, Germany, to Gefle (now Gavle, Sweden, Gulf of Bothnia). Crew of 6 - none lost. Then owned by John Smith. Since the vessel was lost in 1872, it is puzzle that the vessel was still LR recorded in 1876/77. It would seem, however, that the vessel must have survived the stranding in Oct. 1872, since, if you enter 2607 here, you will see that the register for the vessel was not closed until 1915. So far as I can see, having checked LR editions available to the webmaster, the vessel is not LR recorded after 1876/77 thru 1899/1900. Can anybody add anything? #2013

10  
286/307 tons
1840

A snow-rigged vessel. Per 1 (data), 2 ('snow' re rigging). A 2 masted sailing ship carrying square sails & a trysail on a small jackmast. Built by Peter Austin for Hunter & Co. (Thomas Hunter) of Monkwearmouth. Later owned, 1855/57, by Moore. Repaired in 1850, 1853 & 1855. In service in the Mediterranean perhaps (1855/56).

11   Zealous
339/410 tons
1844

A barque. stated to have been built by Peter Austin & Sons, per this site. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1844/45 thru 1857/58, & not thereafter, owned for that entire period by Collinson of London. 106.0 ft. long. The vessel is stated to have initially served from London to Montreal, Quebec, Canada. On May 26, 1848, however, the vessel arrived at Adelaide, South Australia, ex London (left Feb. 9, 1848), with 32 passengers and a varied cargo (1 ex 2, where the cargo list is available). John Wilson, the vessel's captain, was charged with failing to deliver the mail pronto - he took 10 hours to deliver it to the authorities. He was assessed a fine of £1 plus costs. The vessel left Adelaide on Jul. 23, 1848, for Liverpool. From 1848/49 the vessel served California ex Liverpool. On Aug. 11, 1851, the vessel arrived at San Francisco from Lisbon, Portugal, with a cargo which included wine. Later, on or about Sep. 21, 1851, the vessel was scheduled to depart San Francisco for Valparaiso, Chile. From 1853/54 the vessel is recorded as serving Callao, Peru, ex Leith, Scotland. On Mar. 14, 1856, the 339 ton barque was in the Black Sea, in the vicinity of Kustendje, between Varna & the mouth of the Danube river. A terrible storm, that lasted 48 hours, hit the area & wrecked no less than 21 ships - including Zealous. The vessel would seem to have been then under the command of Captain Collinson, a name never listed by LR as her captain. The entire crew were saved. A contemporary newspaper article. Is there anything you can add? #2016

12   Caractacus
330 later 303 tons

2222
1845

A barque. This vessel was launched on Mar. 10, 1845 for Pow & Fawcus of North Shields. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1844/45 thru 1863/64, owned throughout that entire period, per LR, by Pow & Co. Such ownership is confirmed by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 which lists the 326 ton vessel as registered at Newcastle. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 lists R. Pow, J. & M. Fawcus, & G. Davison, all of North Shields as her owners with J. T. Barker her captain. TR of 1856 advises that the vessel, mis-referenced as Caractus, was then owned by R. Pow, J. & M. Fawcus & G. Davison all of North Shields, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (re a mis-spelled Caractaus) to mean Robt. Pow, Mary & John Fawcus & G. Davison. Per LR, the vessel was registered at Newcastle thru 1854/55 & at Shields thereafter. Initially, thru 1847/48, for service from Sunderland to Valparaiso, Chile, then, thru 1854/55 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. In 1855/56 the vessel is listed as serving India ex Newcastle, & thereafter served the Mediterranean ex Shields except for 1859/60 & 1860/61 in which years the vessel served Lisbon, Portugal, ex Shields. The vessel became of 303 tons in 1858/59. A couple of crew lists are available via here. 101.0 ft. long, signal letters HNCG. LR of 1863/64 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss & where & when it occurred? #2015

13   Cassibelaunus
498/534 later 535 later
520 tons

26545
1846

A barque. The record for this vessel is unusual - unusual because for the first 8 years of its life, from 1845/46 thru 1852/53, the vessel was listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') as having been first registered in 1845. But in all subsequent years it is LR listed as being first registered in 1846. Cassibelaunus? A British tribal chief, whose territory was N. of the Thames, who led an alliance of tribes against the Romans during Caesar's 2nd expedition to Britain in BC 54. Often spelt Cassivellaunus, but spelled in a number of ways. The vessel is LR listed from 1845/46 thru 1869/70 & per LR was owned for that entire time by Pow & Co. of North Shields. For service from Sunderland to Aden, from 1854/55 for service to India ex either London, Shields or Sunderland, from 1859/60 for service from Shields to the East Indies, later from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 lists R. Pow, J. & M. Fawcus & G. Davison, all of North Shields, as her then owners with J. Palmer her then captain. Such ownership data is confirmed by TR of 1856. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies those owner names to mean Robert Pow, George Davison & Margaret and John Fawcus. All such listings reference the vessel as built in 1846. Became of 535 tons in 1861/62. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 63) & 1870 both however list the 521 ton vessel as then owned by William Johnson, of North Shields. 120.0 ft. long, signal letters PLNQ. On Nov. 26, 1872, per line 2729 here, the 520 ton barque foundered at Lyme Regis, Dorset, while en route from Newcastle to Genoa, Italy, with a cargo of coal. None of the crew of 14 was lost. Her then owner was stated to be William Johnson. Is it possible that you can provide details as to the circumstances of her loss? #2017

14   Edmundsbury
523 tons

24976
1845

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1844/45 thru 1857/58 & so far as I can see, not thereafter. Always listed as an 1845 vessel. It was owned, for that entire period, per LR, by J. Allan of London. For service ex London, particularly to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, in the period of 1845/1848 & thereafter just ex London. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that John Allen was the vessel's owner when the vessel was chartered to provide transport services re the Crimean War from Mar. 24, 1854. Edmondsbury [sic] 'Conveyed a portion of the 17th Lancers, with 40 horses, to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed conveying cavalry & bât horses in the Black Sea ; sailed for England (touching at Malta for 'return stores" on the 27 June), arriving 14 September ; sailed again 19 October, with navy provisions, and arrived at Constantinople 10 December, where she remained as a naval store-ship.' I have read that on May 16, 1858, the vessel arrived at Madras (now Chennai), India, having left London on Jan. 16, 1858. On Aug. 31, 1861, the vessel was dispatched from an Indian port to Mauritius. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists J. Allen of London as the vessel's then owner. MNL of 1867 (page 106, image soon) lists the vessel as then owned by John H. Allen of London. While the vessel is not listed in the MNL of 1868, it is recorded in an 1869 book re maritime flags & signals. Signal letters PDCB. I do not know what finally happened to the vessel nor when it occurred. This page (scroll to 24976) seems to say that a certificate dated Mar. 19, 1867 advised that it had been broken up. Can you tell us what did happen to the vessel - or otherwise add anything? One crew list is here. #2014

15 Mora
225/200 (later 186) tons (different tonnage measures, I suspect)

2157
1848

A wooden snow or brig. Per 1 (Board of Trade inquiry into 1876 grounding & loss, ex 'Accounts and Papers', published 1876, a 'Google' book), 2 (ownership in 1858). 85.0 ft., later 87.0 ft. long, signal letters HMWR, later WSKF. Vessel not listed at Miramar. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1849/50 thru 1869/70 & from 1874/75 thru 1876/77. The vessel was initially owned is S. Austin of Sunderland, presumably builder related, likely built on speculation. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, with J. Wood serving as her captain. In 1852/53, per LR, the vessel's owner became 'T. Wilson', of Whitby with J. Whidby her captain. For service from Sunderland to Whitby in 1851/52, from London to the West Indies in 1852/53 & 1853/54, from Sunderland to the Mediterranean from 1854/55 thru 1859/60 & then for service as a Liverpool coaster. Marwood's North of England Register of 1854 still records the vessel as registered at Sunderland & owned by Thos. Wilson of Whitby & Wm. Whidby of Sunderland with Wm. Whidby serving as her captain. LR of 1856/57 first lists the vessel at 186 tons. In 1856, per Turnbull's Register, & in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 the vessel was owned by Thomas Wilson, & Wm. Whidby. Now LR continues to record 'Wilson' as the vessel's owner & J. Whidby her captain, thru 1869/70, but that clearly is not correct. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1861 thru 1876 list the vessel as registered at West Hartlepool ('WH'), certainly, from 1865 owned by Isaac Bedlington of WH. LR of 1874/75 thru 1876/77, records the vessel as owned by 'Bedlington', while LR of 1876/77 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Apl. 5, 1876, Mora, then owned by 'Isaac Bedlington and others' & registered at WH, with Henry Beane ('Beane') in command, left Hartlepool with a cargo of 308 tons of coal for Flemsburg, (Flensburg, Germany, I believe), with a crew of 6 all told. At 4 p.m., Darss Point, Germany, was 4 miles distant, & the vessel followed a course to pass through Femern Belt (Fehmarnbelt). At or about 9:45 p.m. on Apl. 16, 1876, the vessel sighted Ohlenborg Light, but the light was only occasionally visible as the weather at the time was thick & the wind was blowing hard. The vessel changed course twice & at about 11 p.m. it struck Puttgarden Reef (off Puttgarden, Germany & Femern island). The seas broke violently over the ship & the crew took to a boat & sheltered to leeward of the hull until daylight. The ship was then abandoned & became a total wreck. The crew made it safely to shore. The Court concluded that Beane had caused the loss of Mora by neglecting to verify the vessel's position by the frequent use of the lead. The Court suspended his certificate for 3 months, but suggested he should be granted a mate's certificate. Can you add anything?

16   Laurel
207 tons
1850

A snow-rigged vessel. A vessel which had a very short life indeed. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1850/51 only, both owned & captained by 'Cooper' of Wisbech. For service from Sunderland to Stettin (Szczecin, Poland, on the Baltic). On Nov. 30, 1850, per line 448 here, the 207 ton snow was stranded off Majorca (island of Mallorca, Spanish, Balearic Islands, Mediterranean), while en route from Leghorn (Livorno, Italy) to Liverpool. Crew of 8 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned not by Cooper but rather by Wm. Stevens. Is there anything you can add? #2019

17   City of Peterborough
321/323 tons

24574
1850

A barquel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1870/71. It was owned, thru that entire period, per LR, by R. Young of Wisbeach. For service from Sunderland to Wisbeach thru 1858/59, from London to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, from 1859/60 thru 1863/64 & for service from Sunderland to the West Indies thereafter. 106.5 ft. long, signal letters PBKG. The vessel clearly continued to be LR listed long after it had been wrecked. City of Peterborough was anchored at Table Bay, South Africa, on May 17, 1865 when the area was hit by a massive & violent storm from the NW, of an intensity never before witnessed at the Cape. I have read that the vessel was intending to soon leave for London. 18 vessels, including City of Peterborough, were driven aground or ashore & wrecked, while 9 other vessels survived the storm, some of them badly damaged. It would seem that the vessel was under the command of Captain Wright, with a cargo of wool & wine. City of Peterborough broke adrift shortly after sunset on May 17, 1865 & struck upon a reef, at Papendorp, 'some distance from the shore'. Have also read that she was wrecked on Sceptre Reef (where HMS Sceptre was wrecked on Nov. 4, 1799, with massive loss of life). Within 1/2 hour the vessel went to pieces, those aboard clinging on to fragments of the wreck. Attempts were made to effect a rescue by shooting a line to the vessel by a rocket apparatus. Alas, without success. The Captain (Wright), his wife & child and a crew of fifteen all perished. So 18 aboard the vessel died. A total of 51 or so lives were lost that day, 30 of them being from Athens, a steamer. You can read accounts of the disaster via (thanks!) Trove, Australia, here ex here, & also here. Alacrity, built at Sunderland in 1856, was also wrecked that day. Two other Sunderland built vessels were also there that day and were both stated to have been wrecked - Star of the West & Frederick Bassil. Neither in fact was wrecked. A couple of crew lists are available here. Anything you can add? #2021

18   Saxon
176/171, later 145 tons

20117
1853

A schooner, later a brigantine. The vessel, which was launched on Feb. 8, 1853, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1881/82 & not thereafter. It was owned, thru 1864/65 per LR, by Langton & Co. of London. For initial service, thru 1856/57, from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, in 1857/58 for service from London to Spain, & thereafter, thru 1864/65, for service ex Plymouth, Devon. In 1864/65, A. Watt of Montrose (Angus, NE. of Dundee, Scotland) became the vessel's owner for service from Montrose to the Baltic, later, from 1868/69 thru 1873/74, for service as a Montrose coaster. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 & 1870 both list Alexander Watt, of Montrose, as the then owner of the 145 ton Montrose registered vessel. The vessel became, per LR, of 145 tons in 1865/66. 88.0 ft. long, later (from 1874/75 in which year, per LR, the vessel became a brigantine), 88.7 ft. long, signal letters MVSC. In 1874/75, the vessel became owned, per LR, by Montrose Commercial Co., of Montrose, which company would seem to have been engaged in the coal trade, maybe as a coal merchant & ship owner. I should note that 'Mark W.' tells me (thanks!) that Alexander Watt, of MacDuff, had died in 1874, hence presumably why Montrose Commercial Co. came into her ownership. However the Mercantile Navy List of 1880 still lists Alexander Watt of Montrose as the owner of the 145 ton vessel, stated to be a schooner. During the period from 1870/71 thru 1881/82, LR notes that D. Thomson was the vessel's captain. LR of 1881/82 advises that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. This page advises us (thanks!) that on Oct. 14, 1881, during a gale, the 145 ton schooner stranded near Skateraw (SE of Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland) & became a total loss. The vessel was then en route, in ballast, from Montrose to Sunderland, under the command of W. Watt, with a crew of 5. It stranded at about 55.58N/2.25W. I cannot advises you if there was any loss of life. Can you tell us anything additional? #2022

19   Fidus
306 or 300 tons

2496
1855

A barque rigged vessel. The vessel, which was launched on Oct. 25, 1855, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1862/63, owned throughout that whole period by J. Mills of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean in 1856/57 & 1857/58 & ex London thereafter. With J. Elliot serving as the vessel's captain thru 1858/59 & 'Singleton' thereafter. The vessel was always registered at Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the 300 ton barque as owned by W. Mills of Sunderland & D. Mills of Southwick. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies those names to mean Wm. & David Mills. Signal letters HPKJ. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had gone 'Missing'. On Dec. 10, 1861, per line 2004 here, the barque, stated to be of 300 tons, left Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) for the U.K. with a cargo of grain. It went missing en route. Crew of 11 - all lost of course. Stated to then be owned by William Mills. A puzzle. Crew lists for the vessel covering years from 1896 thru 1913 seem to be available here. Surely in error. Is there anything you can add? #2023

20   Livingstone
535 tons

12682
1857

A ship. The webmaster believes that this newspaper cutting (in green) records the launch of the vessel on Feb. 25, 1857. Stated to be have been launched for Pow & Fawcus of North Shields, intended for the East India & China trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1857/58 thru 1861/62, owned for that entire if brief period, per LR, by Pow & Co. of North Shields. For initial service from Sunderland to Aden (thru 1858/59) then Shields to China (1859/61), then ex London. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Dec. 16, 1861, per line 1526 here, the 535 ton ship Livingston (listed with no 'e') was stranded at Guichen Bay, South Australia (about 270 km. SSE of Adelaide, South Australia), while en route from Adelaide to London with a cargo of copper ore etc. Crew of 16 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Thos. Carr Leitch, a name not LR referenced. Is that ownership data correct? It is clear that the vessel was not, in fact, carrying copper ore, rather 2450 bales of wool valued at £50,000. On May 16, 1861, the vessel had left London for Adelaide, under the command of Benjamin Prynn, with 2 passengers & a miscellaneous cargo. It arrived at Adelaide on Sep. 4, 1861 & on Oct. 31, 1861, left for nearby Port Robe, Guichen Bay, South Australia, to take on board a cargo of wool for London. Severe gales forced Livingstone, on Dec. 16, 1861 (ex Trove, Australia), onto the shore at Guichen Bay. It also forced Alma ashore also - Alma, a ship built at Leith in 1855, did carry copper ore. The entire crew of Livingstone were rescued by lifeboat. Most of the wool in her cargo was later recovered & sold at auction, though some of it was sold in situ, under water in the holds of the ship. In Mar. 1862, the wreck of Livingstone was still on the rocks at Guichen Bay. The wrecks of both Livingstone & Alma had been purchased by one captain Dale. Can you tell us anything additional? #2024

21   Regalia
156 tons

26195
1859

A snow or brig, later a schooner, a brigantine & a jury. What a long life this vessel had - the register for the vessel was closed in 1920. Per this newspaper cutting, in red, the vessel was launched on Feb. 3, 1859, for Captain Fullerton & Mr. Ridley, both of Sunderland, fitted for the Mediterranean trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1859/60 thru 1899/1900, it would seem, & it probably was listed much later than that. It was initially owned, thru 1860/61 per LR, by Fullerton & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Copenhagen, Denmark. 'Fullerton' served as the vessel's captain until part way thru 1862/63, it would seem. LR of 1861/62 records the vessel as owned by Ridley & Co. of Sunderland, but then struck the entry through, for service from Shields to Hamburg, Germany. From 1862/63 thru 1867/68, LR lists Leighton, of Warkworth soon of Amble, as the vessel's owner for continued service from Sunderland to Copenhagen & then for service to the Baltic ex Dundee & Blyth. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 (page 322, image soon) lists Thos. Leighton, of Amble, Shields, as the vessel's then owner. In 1867/68, the vessel became a schooner, owned by W. (William) Bullard of Yarmouth, Norfolk, as is confirmed by the MNL of 1870. Bullard, per LR, owned the vessel thru 1888/89 & for most of those years, i.e. thru 1886/87, W. Bullard was the vessel's captain. The vessel became, per LR, a brigantine in 1878/79. Certainly by 1880. In 1889/90, per LR, W. Allhusen of Newcastle became the vessel's owner, the vessel being listed as a 'jury', as is confirmed by MNL of 1890 which lists Wilton Allhusen, of Newcastle, as managing owner of the Yarmouth registered vessel. The LR editions available to the webmaster do not indicate how long 'Allhusen' owned the vessel but by 1892/93, LR records United Alkali Co. (Lim.) as the owner of the Newcastle registered vessel. 'United Alkali' owned the vessel thru 1899/1900 at least. MNL of 1892, shows the vessel registered at Newcastle & owned by The United Alkali Co. Lim. of Liverpool, while MNL of 1900 still lists United Alkali as the owner. However the equivalent registers of 1910 & 1915 both list her then owner as being Tyne Wherry Co. Lim. of Newcastle. MNL of 1920 lists her then owner as being The Tyne Iron Shipbuilding Co. Lim. of Willington Quay-on-Tyne. As indicated above, the register for the vessel was closed in 1920. 90.0 ft. long, late 91.0 ft., signal letters PKDH. Is there anything you would wish to add? #2025

22 Rising Sun
225 tons

27519
1859

A snow rigged vessel. The vessel, which was completed in Sep. 1859, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1860/61 thru 1862/63 only. The vessel was owned for that brief period by W. Kish of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland, with 'Martindale' serving as her captain. LR of 1882/63 states 'LOST'. On Feb. 9, 1861, per line 1668 here, the 225 ton snow proceeding 'coastwise' stranded at Hartlepool. Crew of 8 - 6 lost. Then stated to be owned by William Kish. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of her loss? In mid Feb. 2019, thanks to eBay, I learn that the wreck of the vessel was offered for sale by public auction, at Hartlepool, on Feb. 14, 1861. As per the interesting image at left. Signal letters PRNL. #2026

23   Hudsons
249 tons

28788
1860

A brig. The vessel was launched on Aug. 30, 1860 & completed in Sep. 1860. It  is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1863/64 only, owned for that entire if brief period by J. Elliott (LR of 1863/64 states J. Elliot) of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to New York, U.S.A., with 'White' serving as the vessel's captain. LR of 1863/64 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. 98.0 ft. long, signal letters would have been QBWF, I believe. On Jan. 14, 1861, per line 1967 here, the 249 ton brig left New York for Londonderry, Northern Ireland, with a cargo of 'provisions'. It was never heard from again. The crew of 9 were all lost, of course. Than stated to be owned by John Elliott. Is there anything additional you can add? #2027

24 Madeline
383 tons

28044
1860

A wooden barque-rigged ship. Built by Peter Austin (2) at Panns. Per 1 (Board of Trade inquiry into the 1875  wreck, ex 'Accounts and Papers', published 1876, a 'Google' book). 131.5 ft. long. Built for Wm. Ord & Co., of Sunderland, to trade with South America. In subsequent years the vessel would seem to have served South America out of the ports of Liverpool & Swansea also. In the 1873/74 Lloyd's Register, the name of G. S. Simpson is added to that of Ord & Co. And in 1874/75 Lloyd's Register, the owner is recorded as being G. S. Simpson. In Dec. 1875, the vessel then owned by G. S. Simpson, of London, & two other persons. On Nov. 13, 1875, the vessel, under the command of Alexander Oppen & with a crew of 13 all told, left Demerera, (South America, now Guyana) bound for London with a general cargo. On the evening of Nov. 21, 1875, the vessel was off St. Martin's Island (St. Martin). The ship was 'steered by the wind' & at 2:15 a.m. on Nov. 22, 1875, the vessel struck three times on a reef to the westward of Dog Island, maybe at West Cay. A squall took the vessel off the reef. The pumps were manned but the vessel had 2 feet of water 'in the well' which rapidly became 6 feet. The boats were ordered out & a gig with all the ship's papers was swamped & lost. The entire crew took to a longboat which stood by Madeline for a while, lost sight of her in a squall, & never saw her again. The longboat safely reached St. Martin, (Lesser Antilles) on Nov. 23, 1875. The vessel & cargo was fully insured. The Court considered that the Captain had committed an error of judgment, but returned to him his certificate. In a dissenting opinion, C. S. Broome, Nautical Assessor, states that in his view Captain Oppen had committed 'culpable carelessness' in neglecting to take soundings & in permitting the vessel to approach Dog Island, which is, per the sailing directions, 'to be approached with great care at night'. He also believed that help should have been sought from Anguilla, (Leeward islands, Lesser Antilles), a closer & British possession, rather than from St. Martin, a French & Dutch possession. Anything to add or correct? An image?

25   Florence
369 later 348 tons

29270
1861

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1872/73, owned thru 1871/72 by Ord & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the West Indies, which became, from 1864/65, Swansea to the West Indies. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865, 1867 (page 142) & 1870 all list William Ash Ord, of Sunderland, as her then owner. While MNLs of 1871 & 1872 state Robert Ord. However, LR of 1871/72 records Kerr, Newton & Co. of Glasgow, as the new owner of the vessel - for service ex Sunderland. LR of 1872/73 states 'Wrecked'. 120.0 ft. long, signal letters QDWH. On Jun. 16, 1872, per line 2482 here, the 348 ton barque was stranded at Key Verde, Cuba, while en route from Sunderland to Havana, Cuba, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 12 - none lost. Then stated to have been owned by W. Newton & G. M. Kerr. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? #2029

26   Nil Desperandum
291 tons

44480
1862

A snow. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1870/71, owned for its lifetime by Dove & Co. of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 & 1870 both list Joseph Dove of Sunderland as her then owner. 106.2 ft. long, signal letters TVHG. On Dec. 4, 1870, per line 573 here, the 292 ton snow was wrecked off Aldboro' (Aldborough, N. Yorkshire), while en route from Sunderland to Civita Vecchi, Italy, (Civitavecchia, near Rome) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 9 - none lost. Then owned by Joseph Dove. And also as per line 31 on this page, which lists the place of loss as Longsand. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? #2031

27   Mount Carmel
320 later 319 tons

44521
1863

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1863/64 thru 1871/72, owned thru 1870/71 by Langridge & Co. of Sunderland. For initial service from Sunderland to the Black Sea, then ex the Clyde & from 1868/69 for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1870/71, per LR, W. Eggleston of Sunderland became the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to the Black Sea. Such data may well be in error or alternatively Langridge & Eggleston may have been partners. I say that because the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 & 1870 both record the vessel as then owned by Wm. Eggleston of Monkwearmouth, & registered at Sunderland. 110.5 ft. long, signal letters TVLB. On Jan. 24, 1872, per line 2256 here, the 319 ton barque foundered on the Outer Dowsing (a shoal located about 50 miles off the mouth of the Humber), while en route from Sunderland to Leghorn (Livorno, Italy), with a cargo of coal. Crew of 12 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by William Eggleston. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? #2030

28 Carmelo
711 tons
Hull 114

68940

Ethel
1876

A 3 masted iron barque. Built by Austin & Hunter. Per 1 (data, Ethel), 2 (an 1893 voyage to Hobart, Tasmania), 3 (archive of Australian newspaper reports re Ethel), 4 (attempt by Euro to refloat Ethel), 5 (painting, Ethel, the correct one?), 6 (image, Ethel), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 54.1 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 177.4 ft., signal letters PRNM. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1889/90 - see left. Built for G. J. Hay, of Sunderland. In the 1882/83 edition of Lloyd's Register, 'H. Gourlay & Co.', of Glasgow, had become the owner. The vessel was sold in 1891 & renamed Ethel. Of beautiful appearance, as per the following words in 'Where Ships Are Born' - 'Carmelo ... famous when she was sold to Fenwick, Stobart and Co., and placed in the Tasmanian trade. As the Ethel, she came regularly to the Thames, and was noted as the biggest sailing ship to go right up into the Pool of London, her tall masts and beautiful appearance always creating tremendous interest among the passers-by on London Bridge.' Miramar states that she was rather sold to Fenwick & Co., of London, I believe. It would seem that her principal cargo, returning to the U.K. was wool, however I have spotted references also to cargoes of timber, silver-lead ore, & animal skins. The vessel was sold, in 1902, to S. A. Sande, of Flekkefjiord, Norway, with no change of vessel name. In Dec. 1903, the vessel was at South Africa, & was instructed to sail, in ballast, to Semaphore anchorage, Port Adelaide, South Australia, to pick up a cargo of wheat. P. A. Borgwald ('Borgwald') was in command, on his first voyage to Australia. I have not read how many were in the crew. Ethel encountered a 'freak' storm & on Jan. 2, 1904, the vessel struck a reef, lost her rudder & was driven ashore in a dismasted condition on the beach below Reef Head, just S. of Pondalowie Bay on Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, near Cape Spencer - a site surrounded by steep cliffs. Leonard Stenersen, an 18 year old seaman, volunteered to get a line ashore. He was badly battered in the attempt - they tried to pull him  back to the ship, but he never made it aboard & it would seem that his body was never recovered. The rest of the crew waded ashore in quieter conditions the next day. Ferret, a steamship engaged in the Port Adelaide-Spencer Gulf trade, saw Ethel & reported her situation to a nearby lighthouse keeper. Leverten, a tug, attended the scene with Borgwald aboard, but could no nothing. The vessel, as it was, was sold at auction on Jan. 26, 1904, for £100, to A. H. Hasell, proprietor of Marion Bay Gypsum Works. A few months later, in Apl. 1904, Euro, a tug, attempted to pull Ethel off the beach into deep water, but a sudden storm snapped the tow line, & the effort was not successful. The vessel was later driven high up the beach, where she remained for many decades, & until the 1980s, the wreck was in a relatively good condition (see the 1964 image at left). It then disintegrated & while the wreck is still there today (2011), on what is now known as Ethel beach, only a few rusting ribs are visible above the sand. One of her anchors is today exhibited on the cliffs above the beach. The area is now part of Innes National Park. In Nov. 1920, Ferret was wrecked just a couple of hundred yards away from where the Ethel lay. There were many ships named Ethel, indeed another vessel of the name was built at Sunderland by Pile. The above text may well need correction. Anything to add or correct? #1747

29   Fenton
784 tons
Hull 116

73735

Stonehenge
Adone
1876

An iron cargo ship. Built by Austin & Hunter. Per 1 (image, Fenton), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 61.2 metres long (perpendicular to perpendicular). Built for W. Milnes, of London. I have seen a couple of ref. to a 'W. Milnes' of London, one re a 1857 vessel purchase by 'W. Milnes', of London Coal Factory. Initially used as a collier, it would appear. Vessel sold in 1913 to H. W. Page, & renamed Stonehenge. Sold again, in 1925, to A. Giuffrida, & renamed Adone. On Mar. 6, 1932, the vessel was wrecked, near Pozzallo, Sicily. Am grateful for the data at Miramar, since I have not been successful in finding WWW data elsewhere re any of the names above. Anything to add or correct?

30 Lanoma
700 (many references are to 665, the net tonnage) tons
Hull 115

73710
1876

An iron barque. A wool clipper. Built by Austin & Hunter. Per 1 (wreck data), 2 (Chesil Beach 1888 ref.), 3 (vessel's 1888 cargo, etc., ex Launceston 'Te Aroha News' newspaper), 4 (detailed wreck report), 5 (T. B. Walker & Co. 'Blue Peter' article, Col# 3, ex 6), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 56.3 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 184.6 ft., signal letters QTPS. Built for Thomas Boss Walker ('Walker'), of London. Walker was a prominent ship owner in London, & for many years was Chairman of Lloyd's Register. In 1888, the vessel is stated, per 3, to have been in the 'J. B. Walker & Co.' line. That is almost certainly a typographical error, & should correctly have read 'T. B. Walker & Co.' Selwyn Williams advises (thanks Selwyn!) that Walker was the owner, which data is confirmed by the editions of Lloyd's Register available to the webmaster from 'Google' books, thru 1887/88 - see left. The vessel was used in the wool trade, & after 1881 linked London with Launceston, Tasmania. A very fast ship indeed. Have read she once completed the Australian run in 63 days. But it is possible that the 63 days was derived from adding together portions of different voyages. It did not have a very long life. The vessel left Launceston for London on Dec. 23, 1887 under the command of Thomas B. Whittington, a most experienced captain & her captain from 1881. In early Mar. 1888, it was in the English Channel, 76 days out of Launceston, carrying 1,083,650 lb. (2,000 bales) of Tasmanian wool & all sorts of other interesting cargo also. In thick blowing south westerly weather such that for perhaps 500 miles no positional readings could be taken. Late on Mar. 8, 1888, the weather would seem to have cleared a little, land was suddenly near, efforts to avoid disaster were not successful & just before midnight she stranded broadside at Chesil Beach, Portland Bill, near Weymouth, Dorset. Near Fleet, perhaps? She fell over to seaward, & began to break up in heavy surf. The Captain & 11 crew were drowned. Herbert Rhys Jones, (page bottom), aged 26, was one of those lost. Just 6 crew were saved, by rocket apparatus from the shore. By Mar. 17, 1888, it was described as a hopeless wreck, both vessel and cargo being completely destroyed. I am advised that the wreck, which is privately owned, has been located & positively identified. A photocopy of a painting depicting Lanoma on Chesil Beach exists in Launceston Library, Tasmania. Anything to add and/or correct?

31   Keroula
1547 tons
Hull 130

82812
1880

An iron cargo ship. Per 1 (4th item), 2 (Cairn Line, Keroula), 3 (NY Times archives - download the high resolution 'pdf'), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 260.4 ft. long. Built for Porteous & Senior, of London. On Apl. 1, 1881, Keroula (same one?), en route from New Orleans to Stettin, then Germany now Poland, via Halifax, arrived at Falmouth short of coal & with her boats smashed due to bad storms. In 1887, I have read, the vessel was transferred to Avis Steamships, of London, with 'Gilbert Porteous' the manager. Sold in 1895 to Cairn Line, of Newcastle, which then served Baltic, Black Sea & Mediterranean ports. On Sep. 11, (or 14, data differs) 1903, when owned by 'Cairns, Young & Noble', the vessel was wrecked at Seby (nr. Segerstad), on E. coast of Öland Island, (off SE coast of Sweden) while en route from Wyburg, (Vyborg, Leningrad Oblast, Russia, NW of St. Petersburg), to Calais, France, with a cargo of timber. Anything to add or correct?

32 Lady Katherine
945 (or 845) tons
Hull 131?

81487
1881

An iron cargo ship, a collier, schooner rigged. Per 1 (sea trials) & 2 (also sea trials, p.46), 3 (Lady Katherine, in middle of image, beached W. of the bridges in Sunderland), 4 (Court of Inquiry report), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 211.5 ft. long, attained a speed at trials of 10 knots, 90 HP, signal letters VLQG. Only one owner - The Earl of Durham, a major colliery owner, of Sunderland with Thomas J. (Jowsey) Reay the vessel's manager, at least in 1889. As per this launch announcement, the vessel was launched on Feb. 19, 1881, the vessel being christened by Miss Sybil M. Austin. After her sea trials, on Apl. 1, 1881, the vessel left for Aberdeen with a cargo of coal. I read that the vessel ran aground & was wrecked, near Newbiggin, Northumberland, on Jan. 9, 1889. An Inquiry was held into the stranding. It indicates that the vessel had left Uddevalla (western Sweden) on Jan. 5, 1889, under the command of William Humphrys, with a crew of 16 all told & two passengers (both seamen), with a cargo of pit props. At about 4 a.m. on Jan. 9, 1889, seeing broken water ahead of them, the ship's engines were reversed. But her forward momentum was such that the ship ran aground. Pipes were damaged, the engine room became full of steam & the engines had to be switched off. The ship remained aground. Distress signals were fired & at about 5 a.m. the Newbiggin lifeboat came alongside, took everybody aboard & safely landed them at Newbiggin. Heavy seas broke over the vessel, which became in due course a total wreck. The Inquiry held that 'Humphrys', the vessel's master, was solely at fault, having neglected to use the ship's lead & having failed to properly ascertain the ship's position as she completed her crossing of the North Sea. The court suspended his certificate for 3 months but recommended he be granted a chief mate's certificate during such period. Anything to add or correct? 

33 Tana
1169 tons
Hull 137

84934
1882

An iron cargo ship. Per 1 (launch in 1882, p.58), 2 [Christian Salvesen, Tana (1)], 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 233 ft. long overall. Built for 'Christian Salvesen and Co.', of Leith, Scotland. Christened Tana by Miss R. J. Wilson, of Sunderland. A sister ship to Marna, which served on a regular Leith, Scotland, to Norway service. It would seem, in fact, that Tana may have replaced Marna on that Leith/Norway service. The WWW record for this ship is very modest. A intriguing data 'snippet' - 'Tana herself had a remarkable reprieve'. I read that it refers to an incident in 1894, when her Master thought that the ship was sinking, off Ushant, an island off the French Brittany coast. And abandoned the ship. He was apparently quite wrong - the ship was towed into Ushant & survived for over 40 more years. I have not been able to read about the circumstances of that incident or indeed anything about her lengthy service life thru to Mar. 1935, when the vessel was broken up at Grangemouth, Firth of Forth, Scotland. 'Salvesen' is covered in 'Salvesen of Leith', a 1975 volume by Wray Vamplew. Anything to add or correct?

34 Cairngowan
1286 (or 1215 or 1269) tons
Hull 142

88733

Odensvold
Oddevold
Torsten
Dorita
1883

An iron cargo ship that had a very long life indeed - 74 years. Per 1 (Sanne or Sannes, extensive data re Odensvold & image), 2 [Cairn Line, Cairngowan (1)], 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Oddevold), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 68.68 metres long. Built for Cairns Young & Noble (Cairn Line) of Newcastle (T. Cairns). Was involved in some kind of collision in 1889, it would appear. In 1909, the vessel was sold to 'AB J. N. Sanne', of Uddevalla, Sweden, & renamed Odensvold. Was renamed Oddevold on Mar. 19, 1918, or maybe in 1919. In 1927, the vessel was sold to 'Rederi AB Oddevold', of Sölvesborg, Sweden (Oscar A. Paborn the manager?). How strange that the vessel had been named Oddevold eight or so years earlier. I presume that the companies were related. In 1938, the vessel was sold again, likely to Carl-Otto Pernlow of Gothenburg, Sweden, with Henckel & Schander (Ingolf Schander) the managers. No change of name. I am advised that there was modest WW2 service, between Methil & Norwegian waters in Jan./Feb. 1940, hopefully available to you, if not to me, via 3. On Nov. 28, 1941, while en route from Gävle, Sweden, to Holtenau, Germany, with a cargo of iron ore, the vessel collided with Kattegatt & sank. Have not read where. 3 crew members lost their lives. Kattegatt must have survived for it lasted until 1953. Oddevold was later re-floated & repaired. It was sold on Aug. 26, 1950 to 'Rederi AB Torsten', of Stockholm, Sweden, (Torsten Carlbom & Co. the manager?), & renamed Torsten. The vessel was sold for the last time, on Oct. 6, 1954, to 'Compania del Norte S.A.', of Puerto Limon, Costa Rica (same manager) & renamed Dorita. On Dec. 10, 1957, the vessel arrived at the 'Eisen & Metall K.G. Lehr & Co.' facilities at Hamburg, Germany, to be broken up. And was broken up in 1958. So a life of 74 years! Anything to add or correct? 

35 Hedworth
1079 (or 1085 or 1149) tons
Hull 149

90308

Assos
Calluna
Ramscappelle
Sant' Antonio
Regulus
1884

An iron cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (1884 launch ref., p.186, data is available as an image at left, listed on p.269), 2 (extensive data, Calluna, out of sequence on page, after Californier 22% down), 3 (24 Jun 1942), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 232.7 ft. long. Built for The Earl of Durham, a major colliery owner, of Sunderland. But likely owned in 64ths with E. T. Nisbet, of Newcastle, the principal owner & H. T. Morton the manager. Can anybody confirm that data or correct it? Named Hedworth by Miss Smith of Stirling. Could it have been named Hedworth after Sir Hedworth Williamson? Or more likely Hedworth Lambton, who later became a Vice-Admiral. In 1921, the vessel was sold to Mrs. O. Anghelatos, of Greece, (Miramar states O. Anghelato) & renamed Assos. 'McAllum & Co.', of London, the managers. In 1923, the vessel was sold to Maurice Rossion, of Profondeville, Belgium, & renamed Calluna. And in 1925 was sold or transferred to 'Maurice Rossion & A. Vandam', also of Profondeville, Belgium, with no change of name. On Feb. 15, 1928, the vessel was sold to 'Soc. Anonyme du Steamer Ramscappelle', of Antwerp, Belgium, 'M. J. Van der Eb' (Miramar adds 'Miller' to the name), the manager, & renamed Ramscappelle. On Feb. 10, 1930, the vessel was sold to Dimitriu Sofia, of Catania, Italy, 'Av. Giuseppe Maddiona', the manager, & renamed Sant' Antonio. The vessel was sold for the last time, in 1936, to Francesco Pittaluga, of Genoa, Italy, & renamed Regulus.  On Jun. 24, 1942, Regulus was sunk by HMS Turbulent, N98. a T Class British submarine, when 4 miles W. of Ghemines, Gulf of Sirte (N. coast of Libya, also known as Gulf of Sidra). Have not read the circumstances or if lives were lost. Anything to add or correct?

36   Magnat
1010 tons
Hull 152
1885

A barque. Per 1 (1885 ref. to launch, p.162 & ref. on p.258), 2 (data re the 1892 Magnat, of related interest, though it references 1885, incorrectly I believe), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 62.8 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 206 ft. Data about this vessel is confused. This Magnat was built for Gerd Bolt & his partners of Elsfleth, Germany (per Miramar, 'G. Bolte'). Vessel was named by Miss Newton. Captain Osterman (most probably Ostermann) ('Ostermann') to be her first captain. Now there was a second Magnat, built in 1892, originally named the Edward Pembroke, but built by A. McMillan & Son of Dumbarton & so beyond the scope of these pages. But there is a relationship. Captain Ostermann, who captained our vessel, was a part owner, with partners, of the later vessel. Anyway, on Oct. 25, 1897, our vessel, Captain Ostermann in command, was wrecked, per Miramar, at Galera Point, Ecuador (i.e. Punta Galera, in northern Ecuador). It would seem that Ostermann, was 'gaoled in Chile for this loss for a period of two years, but the full sentence was not served, and he was released early when the charts were proven to be inaccurate'. So maybe the wreck was truly off Chile instead of off Ecuador? The later Magnat, in ballast, left Cape Town, South Africa, on Mar. 23, 1900 for Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, when it was wrecked on May 9, 1900, 32 miles off course, in Bass Strait (between Tasmania & Australia), specifically at Tarwin Lower, close to Wilsons Promontory, Victoria, Australia. It was thought that the vessel could be re-floated, but that was not to be. Ostermann, depressed at the loss of his ship, died aboard the hull on Aug. 20, 1900 & was buried nearby. Parts of the wreck remain there to this very day. Anything to add or correct?

37   Offerton
724 tons
Hull 151

90323

Eleni
Rifat
Marie Rosette
1885

A cargo ship, a collier, rigged as a 3 master schooner. Per 1 (1885 ref. to launch, p.78 & ref. on p.258), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 198 ft. long. Built for H. T. Morton of Biddick Hall & designed to serve 'the London coal trade of the Lambton Company', which company was, I believe, owned by the Earl of Durham, whom Miramar indicate to be the ship owner. Vessel was named by Miss Badcook. The vessel was sold, in 1908, to D. M. Los, of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Eleni. It was sold again, in 1909, to 'A. Cambi', & renamed Rifat. And in 1911, sold to 'Cambi Vidovich C', of Italy, & renamed Marie Rosette. Both of the last purchaser names may well be agents rather than owners. The vessel was captured & sunk by gunfire by the Russians, during WW1, on Jan. 4, 1915,  off Sinop (Black Sea coast of Turkey), while en route to Istanbul (from?) with a cargo of oil in barrels. WWW data is essentially non-existent. Am most grateful for the data at Miramar. Anything you can add or correct?

38   Verulam
1663 tons
Hull 158

John & Albert
1887

A passenger/cargo ship. Per 1 (1887 ref. to launch, p.21 & ref. on p.338, data at thumbnail), 2 (Andresen, John & Albert), 3 (Spanish page, image John & Albert), 4 (link 3 translated), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 259 ft. long (76.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular). Accommodation for 20 passengers in 1st Class & 120 in 3rd & good cargo capacity. Likely built on speculation. Christened Verulam by Mrs. Austin on Feb. 23, 1887. Delivered to J. H. Andresen ('Andresen'), (or Linha de Navegaceo de J. H. Andresen or Andresen Line) of Oporto, Portugal, & renamed John & Albert (after the Andresen children?). Andresen provided cargo service in Brazilian waters & in 1887 added a triangular passenger service between Antwerp, Oporto, Rio de Janeiro & New York. The vessel had a very short life indeed. It was wrecked off Corcubión, Cape Finisterre, NW Spain, on Jun. 26, 1889. I have not read its routing or the circumstances. Carrying passengers? Any loss of life? Anything you can add or correct?

39 Pallas
1457 (or 1439) tons
Hull 157

Frank
1888

A 3-masted steel barque. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 233.0 ft. long, (71.02 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters RHJD. Launched on Feb. 29, 1888 & completed in Apl. 1888, with R. Meyring her initial captain. Built for Martin G. Amsinck, of Hamburg, Germany (who, it would seem, built an earlier vessel of the name in 1866). The vessel was sold in 1906 to A/S Frank (P. Christoffersen), of Tvedestrand, Norway, & renamed Frank. And sold again, in 1912, to 'J. W. Wroldsen', also of Tvedestrand, with no change of name. On Mar. 9, 1915, while en route from Mobile, Alabama, to Buenos Aires, Argentina, with a cargo of lumber, the vessel was stranded near Havana, Cuba, near Colorados, N. Cuba, & wrecked. WWW data is modest indeed, so I am most grateful for what little I found. Anything you can add or correct?

40   Adriatico
1358 (or 1393) tons
Hull 169

Matias F. Bayo
Españoleta
Maria Dolores
1890

An iron cargo ship. Per 1 (launch), 2 (page in Spanish, re 'Españoleto', with modest 1937 image), 3 (2 translated by Google), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). About 74 metres long, speed of 9 or 9 1/2 knots. Built for 'Gerolimich & Co.', maybe 'Eredi C. Cav Gerolimich & Co.', of Lussinpiccolo, a town on the island of Lošinj, western Croatia, in the Adriatic, but then belonging to the Austro Hungarian Empire. The vessel was sold, in 1899, to 'Olavarria y Lozano' of (I think) Asturias, Spain, & renamed Matias F. Bayo. Later names all seem to refer to Spain. The vessel was sold again, in 1911 (no name change), to 'Melitón González', (maybe 'La Sociedad de Vapores Melitón González Y Compañia') which company merged with 'Gijonesa Lopez de Haro' in 1914. In 1917 the vessel was sold to 'Ferrer Poset' & renamed Españoleta. And in 1936 sold to 'Adolfo Ramirez Escudero' & renamed Maria Dolores. Broken up at Bilbao, Spain, in Q3 of 1937. Anything to add or probably to correct?

41   Majorca
1158 tons
Hull 177

99231

Leopold de Wael
Luana
1892

A steel cargo ship, schooner rigged. Per 1 (an 1893 voyage), 2 (data), 3 (dive page with images), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 225 ft. (68.6 metres) long, speed of 9.5 knots. Built for Leith, Hull & Hamburg Steam Packet Co. Ltd. (J. Currie), of Leith, (Edinburgh) Scotland. Sold in 1924 to Cie. Belge de Nav. S.S. (F. Alexander Fils & Cie), of Antwerp, & renamed Leopold de Wael. In 1931, the vessel was owned by 'Armement Alexander'. It was sold, in 1933, to 'Bartolomeo Loffredo', of Naples, & renamed Luana. In 1936, the vessel was owned by Giovanni Longobardo, also of Naples. On Mar. 3, 1947, while en route from Manfredonia to Venice (both Italy) with a cargo of bauxite, the vessel was mined 20 miles S of Cape Promontore (today Cape Kamenjak in Croatia). 12 crew lost. A dive site today (strong currents) at a depth of 39/49 metres. Can you add anything?

42 Northdene
1356 tons
Hull 182

101847

Krivs
Antoinette
1893

A cargo ship. Per 1 & 2 ('plimsollshipdata.org', Lloyd's Register data, Krivs, re years 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 73.1 metres long (240.0 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters TBDF later YLDJ. Built for J. Thompson (Fenwick), of Newcastle. In 1923, the vessel was sold to 'A Kalnin', of Riga, Latvia, & became Krivs. In 1935/36, the registered owner became 'Tv. "Krivs" redereja', of Riga, with 'M. Kalnins' the manager. However, in 1941, despite the Lloyd's references, it was acquired by the German Government & became Antoinette. On Feb. 1, 1944, the vessel was wrecked 'near Scharhorn Riff'. The WWW record for this vessel is most limited. Is there anything you can add

43 Harborne
1278 tons
Hull 192

105880

Corburn
Ea
Somio
1896

A cargo ship, which had a very long life - 72 years. Per 1 (page in Spanish, data & image Somio at page bottom), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 235.1 ft., speed of 9 knots. It would seem that the vessel was intended to be constructed for J. & C. Harrison. But the owner when built was Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., of London, (an amalgamation of some sort?). Likely used to carry coal from North-East ports to London. During WW1 the vessel carried Royal Engineers' stores for the British Army between the Thames & France. Renamed Corburn in 1920. In 1921, the vessel was sold to Cía. Anónima de Navieros del Norte ('Norte'), of Spain, & renamed Ea. Sold again, in 1923, to 'Cia. Maritima Elanchove' & in 1942 to 'Carbones de Tenerife'. No change of name in either case. In 1943, the vessel was returned to Norte. In 1948, the vessel was sold to 'Maria Manuela Menendez Ponte', (J. Ponte Naya the manager?), or perhaps to 'Maria de la Consolacion Menendez Ponte', of Spain. Vessel again returned to Norte. In 1952, the vessel was sold to 'Santiago Rivero' or 'Santiago Rivero Moran', of Gijón, Spain, & renamed Somio. It would seem that in 1962 it became owned by Transportes Frigoríficos Marítimos. On Feb. 16, 1968, the vessel arrived at Santander/Parayas, Cantabria, Spain, to be broken up. Can anyone confirm/explain the unusual ownership changes above or otherwise correct or add to the above data.

44 Harbury
1838 (or 1746) tons
Hull 191

105858

Smut
Aarne
Heinrich von Plauen
1896

A cargo ship. Per 1 (ex eBay, copper plate drawing, which was surely ex a Wear Dockyard Ltd. clock), 2 (extensive Russian data, 20% down page, re Aarne), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.7 metres long, 268.2 ft., speed of 9 (or 8 1/2) knots. It would seem that the vessel was intended to be constructed for J. & C. Harrison. But the owner when built was Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., of London, (an amalgamation of some sort?). In 1911, the vessel was sold to 'Kjobenhavns Bunkerkul Depot AS' (Copenhagen Bunker Coal Depot) ('Joh. Hansen & A. Erlandsen' managers?), of Copenhagen, Denmark, & renamed Smut. In 1926, the vessel was sold to 'SMUT Travarutransport OY' (Kristian Hansen manager), of Helsinki, Finland. And in 1939, was sold to 'A. Kalm' (ESGA Tallinn managers?), of Tallinn, Estonia & renamed Aarne. It would seem to have been taken over by the Government of Estonia in late 1940 & became a troop ship (BT-568), if, that is, my understanding of the WWW translation of 2 is in order. There are Jun. 1941 references there re Venta river & Ventspils, that escape me. I think that the texts mean that the vessel was left for use as a pontoon to permit crossing of the Venta River if the bridge was destroyed. And that the vessel was taken by German troops at Ventspils on Jun. 27, 1941. On Oct. 10, 1941, the vessel was seized by the German Government (& maybe then transferred to Helmsing & Grimm, of Danzig, Germany) & became Heinrich von Plauen. On Jun. 6, 1943, while en route from Danzig, Germany (now Gdansk), to Riga, Latvia, with a cargo of coal, the vessel was sunk in the Baltic by aerial torpedoes fired by a Russian aircraft - off Cape Domesnaes, at approx. 57.48N/22.27E. SW of Hango? Can anyone correct or improve the above text, especially re the Russian?

45 Harlech
1282 tons
Hull 194

108198

Pompey
Samal
1897

A cargo ship, a collier & later a stores ship. Per 1 (image, 8th image down, Pompey is the small vessel in front), 2 (quote 40% down), 3 (data), 4 & 5 (brief NY Times refs. to Pompey), 6 (data, Pompey), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long, speed of 10 knots. Built for J. & C. Harrison, of London. In 1898, the vessel was sold to the U.S. Navy & renamed Pompey. AF5. In 1900, it served at Shanghai, China, on the Yangtze Patrol, but ..  'POMPEY, originally a collier, later a torpedo boat tender, never became operational due to the chronic shortage of crewmen and her general state of advanced decrepitude.' On Apl. 12, 1912, Pompey, a torpedo boat tender, landed a force of men at Nanking, China, to protect American interests there (ex p155 of a giant 'pdf' file) - I have left that link even though it no longer works. The 'pdf' is probably still there, somewhere, but I cannot find it absent a site search facility. The vessel continued to serve in the Far East for many years. To the U.S. Army in 1922, perhaps. Used as a stores ship. The vessel was sold, in 1931, to 'Fernandez Bros', & renamed Samal. On Dec. 29, 1941, the vessel was bombed by aircraft at Pier #7, Manila, the Phillipines. More research needed re this listing. Is an image available perhaps?

46 Elizabeth Holland
1123/1802 (N/G) tons
Hull 198

106427

Leonidas
Elizabeth Holland
1898

A steel steamship which was launched on Mar. 23, 1898 & completed in Apl. 1898. Per 1 (launch), 2 (text & many images), 3 (data), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 264 ft. 3 in. (80.54 metres) long, speed of 9 1/2 knots, 197 HP engines by George Clark Ltd. of Sunderland, later a complement of 52. Built for Francis S. (maybe F.) Holland, of Sunderland. On Apl. 16, 1898, the vessel was acquired by the U.S. Navy from Samuel P. Holland (?) as a collier, & supplied Navy vessels/installations on the eastern seaboard of the U.S.A. On May 21, 1898, the vessel was commissioned as USS Leonidas. The vessel was out of commission, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., from late 1898 until Nov. 1900. Decommissioned & recommissioned three times. On Apl. 1, 1914, the vessel became a Survey Ship & made 4 surveying trips to the Caribbean, charting the coasts of Panama, Honduras, & Nicaragua. On Oct. 30, 1917, the vessel became a 'sub chaser/destroyer tender'. It served in the Mediterranean in 1918 as a base ship for a force of submarine chasers, stationed at Corfu, Greece. Designated AD-7 (destroyer tender) in Jul. 1920. Decommissioned in Nov. 1921. And sold on Jun. 5, 1922 or maybe on Mar. 24, 1923 (data conflicts) to Ammunition Products Corp. of Washington, D.C., at which time the vessel's name reverted to Elizabeth Holland. However, 4 says broken up in U.S. in Jun. 1922. Can you add anything?

47 Harrington
1730, later 1761 tons
Hull 199

108354

Calgarth
Sampan
Südsee
Breskens
Houtlaan
1898

A steel steamship which survived for 50 years & 2 world wars, was launched on Apl. 19, 1898 & completed in May 1898. Per 1 (launch), 2 ('plimsollshipdata.org', Lloyd's Register ('LR') data, Südsee, for years 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 3 (Houtlaan, capsized), 4 (J. & C. Harrison, data & history), 5 (Breskens, data & ownership history), 6 (James Smith, Sampan, 'pdf' study), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 268.0 ft. long (81.69 metres), later 267.2 ft. (certainly from 1930/31 at least), speed of 9 knots, signal letters QDBT, later KSBM & DQNP, 214 HP engines by George Clark Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for J. & C. Harrison, of London. Which ownership became Charles W. & Frederick A. Harrison, then Charles W. Harrison alone & then J. & C. Harrison Ltd., all in 1898 (see link 6). On Dec. 11, 1899, the vessel was sold by 'Harrison' to Steamship Calgarth Company Ltd., of Liverpool, with R. & J. H. Rea, also of Liverpool, as her managers & they renamed her Calgarth on Jan. 11, 1900. On Jun. 3, 1901, the vessel was transferred to The Rea Shipping Co. Ltd., of London, still registered at Liverpool, with no change in her managers. But Alec L. Rea of Liverpool was her manager per the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1910. On May 26, 1911, the vessel was sold to 'Denaby & Cadeby Main Collieries Ltd.' of London, Henry J. Tremellow the manager, & on Jul. 11, 1911 was renamed Sampan. The vessel would seem to have been registered at Hull from 1911, per MNL of 1915 & 1920. Such owner's name was restyled in 1920 to 'Denaby Shipping & Commercial Co. Ltd.'. The vessel was requisitioned by the Admiralty for WW1 service as a Collier Transport on Aug. 8, 1914 - see 6 for detail re her WW1 service. There were two changes of ownership in 1923. The vessel was sold, on May 29, 1923, to Melrose Abbey Shipping Co. Ltd., (The Abbey Line) of Cardiff, with, I read, Frederick Jones & Co. of Cardiff her managers, with no change of vessel name. And a little later that year, in Jun. 1923, was sold to Wilhelm Schuchmann of Geestemunde, Germany & renamed Südsee. MNL state that the vessel ceased U.K. registration in 1923. LR of 1930/31 lists the vessel as Südsee (& not Sudsee) at 1761 tons. In 1930, the vessel became owned by Bugsier Reederei & Bergungs AG of Bremerhaven, Germany - no change of vessel name. In 1935, Wilhelm Schuchmann, now of Bremerhaven, became the vessel's owner for the 2nd time. I read that in May 1946, the vessel, was taken as a prize or allocated or confiscated at Kiel, Germany & was allocated to the Netherlands Government. In 1947 the vessel became owned by the Netherlands Government (Directoraat-Generaal van de Scheepvaart), registered at The Hague & renamed Breskens. With 'A (Anthony) Veder NV' of 'Mij. Zeetransport' as her manager. In 1948, the vessel was acquired by 'N.V. Stoomschip Hannah' of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, F. W. Uittenbogaart the manager & renamed Houtlaan. On Sep. 17, 1948 the vessel was en route from Kotka, Finland, to Rotterdam with a cargo of timber. The cargo moved & the vessel capsized. One mile WSW of the Boisto Pilot Station, located near Våtskär, southern Finland, in the Gulf of Finland. No lives were lost. I have not read what the weather conditions were at the time of loss. Much of the above detail is thanks to James Smith for his Sampan study, available via a link above. Can you add anything? #1943

48 Hadley
1777 tons
Hull 215

114713
1901

A collier. Per 1 & 2 (sinking), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). About 73 metres long, 268.1 ft. Built for W. Cory & Son Ltd. ('Cory'), of London. Carried coal from the Tyne to London. Made a single trip to India, I read, (I wonder when?), with a cargo of electrical cable from Woolwich. I read that she also made a number of trips to Rotterdam to carry back to Tilbury 'the first coaches for the newly-electrified Metropolitan Railway' (London). In 1915, she would seem to have been owned by Cory Colliers Ltd., of London, a Cory subsidiary perhaps? Served as a collier during WW1 but in Sep. 1915 'was taken over to carry timber for H.M. Office of Works'. On Dec. 27, 1915, while en route from the Tyne to London, probably with a cargo of coal, Hadley hit a mine in the North Sea, 3 miles SE ½ E off the Shipwash Light Vessel (Shipwash Sands, off the coast of Harwich). Arie de Lange advises (thanks!) that the mine was laid by German submarine UC-3. Loss of life? Data is most limited. Do you possibly have anything to add?

49   Alto
2027, later 2073 tons
Hull 219

114426

Relentless
Elva Seed
Niitaga Maru
Hikosan Maru
1902

A cargo ship/collier, which was launched on May 24, 1902 & completed in Jun. 1902. Per 1 (extensive data re WW1 service, Relentless), 2 ('plimsollshipdata.org', Lloyd's Register ('LR') data re 1930/31 thru 1934/35 Niitaga Maru & re 1934/35 thru 1945/46 Hikosan Maru), 3 ('wrecksite.eu' sinking of Hikosan Maru), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 289.0 ft. long (88.1 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters TLMN, later SPQK & JSCB, speed of 9 knots, 215 HP engines by George Clark Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for Pelton Steamship Co. Ltd. of Newcastle, with, per LR, R. S. Gardiner & J. Reay the managers. In 1911, the vessel was sold to 'Marquand Shipping Co. Ltd.', also of Newcastle, with 'Martin & Marquand' the managers, & renamed Relentless. I read that on Aug. 20, 1914 Relentless was requisitioned for WW1 service as a Collier Transport - thru an unknown date in 1918. In 1919, the vessel became owned by Penmark Shipping Co. Ltd., of Newcastle, with no change of vessel name. Her managers were, I read, either David E. Radcliffe or Thomas & Grant Radcliffe, of Cardiff. In 1923, the vessel was acquired by The Seed Shipping Co. Ltd. of Newcastle & renamed Elva Seed. Thomas N. Seed acted as her manager. In 1924, the vessel was sold to Masukichi Fukazawa (or Fukazawa Masukichi per LR of 1930/31 thru 1934/35) of Kobe, Japan, & renamed Niitaga Maru. The vessel was sold for the last time, in 1934, to Tomoye Gumi Geshi K.K. (Kabushiki Kaisha), also of Kobe, & renamed Hikosan Maru. There would seem to be variations in the LR recorded name of such Japanese owner - see the various LR pages via link 2 above for detail should you need it. On Jan. 22, 1945, when in Toguchi Harbour, Island of Okinawa, Japan, the vessel was bombed by U.S. carrier-borne naval aircraft from 'Task Force 38', & sunk at 26.39N/127.58E. Can you correct the above or add anything? #1937

50 Ambient
1517 tons
Hull 226

119201
1904

A collier. Per 1 (wreck ref.), 2 ('u-boat.net', sinking), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 75.6 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 248 ft., speed of 9 1/2 knots. Built at the cost of £18,300 for James Westoll Line, of Sunderland, [then would have been owned in 64ths with James Westoll being the managing owner], which 'company' carried coal on the E. coast of the U.K. & was involved also in the Black Sea grain trade. The 'company' later, in 1917, became 'James Westoll (London) Ltd.' On Mar. 12, 1917, while en route from Sunderland to Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, with a cargo of coal, the vessel hit a mine laid by German submarine UC-4 off Aldeburgh, Suffolk, & sank. At 52.08.30N/1.46E, 7 miles NW of the Shipwash light vessel. No loss of life. The crew was landed at Lowestoft, also Suffolk. Can you add to the record? Any images?

51 Brentwood
1192 tons
Hull 225

118470
1904

A collier. Per 1 (extensive data & wreck location), 2 (loss ref., Brentwood), 3 ('uboat.net' sinking), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 224.9 ft. (about 70 metres) long. Built for W. Cory & Son Ltd. ('Cory'), of London. Was 'particularly employed in the Goole trade'. The Goole to London trade, I think that means. Remained in Cory service during WW1. In 1917, she would seem to have been owned by Cory Colliers Ltd., of London, a Cory subsidiary presumably. On Jan. 12, 1917, while en route, in ballast, from London to the Tyne, Brentwood hit a mine laid by UC-43, in the North Sea, & sank in just 4 minutes 4 miles ENE of Whitby. Crew of 15. 2 lives were lost, the 2nd mate & a fireman. The survivors were taken to Sunderland by Togston. The wreck lies at 54.32.0221N/00.35.671E in 40/50 ft. of water. WWW data is limited. Do you possibly have anything to add?

52 Hampshire
2717 (or 3006) tons
Hull 238

122861
5285

Porjus
Moldavia
Beykoz
Yolac Can
1906

A collier/ore-carrier/tramp-ship. Per 1 (data in Swedish, Porjus), 2 (link 1, translated), 3 (data, Porjus), 4 (data, images, Porjus), 5 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Porjus), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 95.6 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 318 ft. 7 in., speed of 9 or 9 1/2 knots. Built for Hampshire Steamship Company Ltd., of Newcastle, or maybe of Leith, Scotland, with Thomson, Elliott & Co. the vessel's managers. In late 1909, D. Russell & Co. became the managers. In 1912, the vessel was sold to 'Rederi A/B Luleå-Ofoten', of Stockholm, Sweden,  P. A. Welin the manager, & renamed Porjus. Used, for 34 years I read, to transport iron ore from the iron mines at Narvik, northern Norway, returning with coal & other cargoes. On May 19, 1916, the vessel was acquired by 'Trafik A/B Grängesberg-Oxelösund', also of Stockholm, with no change of vessel name. I read that on a number of occasions, the vessel also carried iron ore from Canada to U.K. in the 1930s. During WW2, the vessel escaped seizure at the  time of the German invasion of Norway & for the balance of the war was chartered by the Ministry of War Transport for the Allied war effort. 61 WW2 convoy references, including, it would seem, 6 N. Atlantic crossings, returning with such cargoes as lumber, pit-props, phosphates, steel & wood pulp. Also into Norwegian waters early in the war & to West Africa, Lisbon, Portugal, & into the Mediterranean. And many U.K. coastal voyages also. On Jan. 17, 1946, the vessel was sold to 'Rederi A/B Soya', of Stockholm, Olof Wallenius the manager, again with no change of vessel name. And later that year, on Mar. 28, 1946, the vessel was sold to 'Rederi A/B Maud', of Jonstorp, Sweden, O. M. Thore of Helsinki, Finland, the manager, & renamed Moldavia. In 1954, the vessel was sold to 'Ismael Enver Subasi', of Istanbul, Turkey, & renamed Beykoz. And in 1957 was sold again, to 'SS Yolac Can Donatma Istiraki', also of Istanbul, & renamed Yolac Can. She was sold for the last time, in 1960, to Malik Yolac & Osman Marmaradenizi, also of Istanbul, with no change of vessel name. On Oct. 15, 1964, the vessel arrived at the Fener, Istanbul, ship breaking facilities of 'Canakcilar Sti' to be broken up. It is surely clear that Austin built most sturdy ships indeed - so many of their vessels survived two world wars & had productive lives of a great many decades, as was the case with Hampshire. The above text may well need correction, since the translation of the data sources is often most difficult. Do you possibly have anything to add? Or to correct. Another image?

53 Lady Cory-Wright
2463 (or 2516) tons
Hull 237

123697
1906

A collier. Per 1 (extensive data, image, & list of the 1918 cargo), 2 (data including names lost in 1918, but the list is of 42 names), 3 ('Wikipedia' page re vessel), 4 ('uboat.net' sinking data), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 94.5 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 knots. Built for W. Cory & Son Ltd., of London, a company noted for its coal shipments to London. It would be good to see how the vessel was first Lloyd's registered - because W. Cory & Son Ltd. acted as managers for Cory Colliers Ltd. In 1907, the vessel 'loaded 3875 tons coal and 75 tons bunkers, in 12 working hours'. A Google books data 'snippet' suggests that the vessel was involved in a collision in 1912, perhaps with Beta (many vessels of the name) or maybe with Cornwood, (built at Sunderland by 'Blumer'). On Jul. 30, 1914, Lady Cory-Wright was at Hamburg, Germany, discharging coal. 4 days later, on Aug. 3, 1914, the vessel was commissioned for WW1 service as a mine layer, crewed by Royal Navy & Royal Fleet Auxiliary personnel. In 1916 the vessel was apparently transferred to Cory Colliers Ltd. On Mar. 19, 1916, the vessel sailed from Gibraltar, likely for Port Said, Egypt. Two years later, on Mar. 26, 1918, the vessel was off the Lizard, Cornwall, outbound from Devonport, Plymouth, for Malta, with a cargo of mines, depth charges, detonators, etc. Escorted by two trawlers. A number of sites indicate that the vessel was en route from Malta, but that data is surely incorrect. The ship, most likely under the command of Lieutenant Daniel Richardson, had a crew of 40 all told. At 3:50 p.m. on Mar. 26, 1918, the vessel was torpedoed & sunk by UC17, Oberleutnant zur See Erich Stephan in command, with the loss of 39 lives including the captain. At 49.45N/05.20W, 14 miles SSW of the Lizard. I had not spotted the name of the single crew member whose life was spared. But Tony Bate has been in touch, (thanks Tony!) to advise that that sole survivor was Alfred McMichael, then of Belfast, Ireland, from 1921 Northern Ireland. Tony tells us that one of those lost in the explosion was Arthur J. (James) Meadows, a gunner, the son of Tony's great grandmother Emma J. (Jane) Meadows, of Saffron Walden, Essex. Mrs. Meadows wrote to McMichael enquiring about the circumstances of her son's death, & McMichael wrote a short letter in response. McMichael was most fortunate to survive. Not only did he survive the explosion, he was found clinging to a floating mine - a mine to which he had clung for about 3/4 hour! A tricky rescue since there were many mines floating in the area. The explosion was massive; pieces of the ship were blown hundreds of feet into the air. I have read that in 2009 the wreck, at 49.44.7N/05.20.3W perhaps, (has the wreck identity been proven?) still contained many unexploded mines & detonators. So beware, divers! Can you add anything? #1827

54 Tosto
1755 tons
Hull 236

122846

Panis
Highbury
Nora
Maloja
1906

A self-trimming collier. Per A (Delcampe image, Tosto), 1 ('plimsollshipdata.org', Lloyd's Register data re years 1930/31 thru 1943/44, see part of data at left), 2 ('wrecksite.eu', sinking 'Maloja') 3 ('Christies' 1995 sale of ship model), 4 ('Wikipedia' page in German, Majola), 5 (link 4 translated), 6 (data), 7 (English detailed history data), 8 (image, Majola, 4 other modest images available via links at page left), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.6 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 267.7 ft., signal letters HGQC later MMGN & HPIG, speed of 9 or 10 knots. On May 11, 1995, a builder's 'mirror back' half model of the ship was sold for £2,925 at a Christies auction at South Kensington, London. Built for Pelton Steamship Co. Ltd. ('Pelton'), owned by R. S. Gardiner & Joseph Reay, 'Gardiner & Reay', the managers, all of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast & continental ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. Tosto certainly carried timber, & it clearly delivered coal to Saint-Nazaire, France. In 1932, the vessel was sold to A. P. Anastassatos ('Anastassatos'), of Argostoli, Cephalonia or Kefalonia, Greece & renamed Panis. In 1937, the vessel was sold again, to 'Highbury Steamship Co. Ltd.', of London, 'J. Vassiliou' the manager, & renamed Highbury. In 1938, the vessel was again owned by Anastassatos, but the vessel, renamed Nora, was registered at Panama. It would seem that on Jun. 9, 1940, the vessel was acquired, for U.S. $221,000, by 'Schweizerische Reederei AG', i.e. 'Swiss Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('Swiss') of Basle (or Basel), Switzerland & renamed Maloja, but still registered at Panama. Only on Dec. 5, 1940 did Swiss take control of the vessel, then at Cork, Ireland, There would seem to have then been a legal impediment to registering the ship in Switzerland, but that was accomplished on Apl. 24, 1941 when the vessel was re-registered at Basle. Do I have all of that correctly? 'Syndikat des Verbandes Schweizerischer Gaswerke' of Zürich, seems to have been involved, in a way presently unclear to the webmaster. On Sep. 1, 1943, the vessel left Lisbon, Portugal, for Genoa, Italy, with a cargo of 1800 tons of copra oil in drums & 220 tons of bagged copra, ultimately destined for Switzerland. Wouters A. J. van Baardwijk was in command with a crew of 23 all told. At 4:15 p.m. on Sep. 7, 1943, the vessel was attacked in waves by 10 aircraft with machine guns, cannon, & torpedoes. The vessel was sunk when one of two aerial torpedoes struck the vessel & exploded. At 42.50N/8.11E, off Cap Revellata, Corsica, 30/40 miles NE of Calvi. The vessel, burning furiously, sank within 13 minutes of the hit. Whose aircraft attacked, in clear visibility, a ship of a neutral country, a ship which had the word 'SWITZERLAND' in giant letters freshly painted on its sides? Miramar indicates that they were German, 2 & 7 state they were British aircraft of Coastal Command, while 4 states, as I read it in translation of a U.S. source, that the aircraft were Beaufighters, which were British aircraft, I believe. A dreadful mistake of course. 3 lives, all Portuguese seamen, were lost in the attack while 7 others were injured, 2 seriously. The 20 survivors used a damaged ship's boat to reach Calvi. That was not the end of their journey. 2 of them were hospitalized at Calvi. The others were first imprisoned at Calvi, reached Algiers on a French ship, & via Casablanca, they finally reached Lisbon about 5 months after the sinking. I have not read what happened to the ship's dog, named 'Maloja', which also survived the attack! The wreck lies, I read, in 2,800 metres of water. Can you add to or correct the above? Another image? #1828

55 President
1945 tons
Hull 240

123947

Neath Abbey
Vneshtorg
President
1907

A collier, which was launched on Feb. 12, 1907 & completed in Mar. 1907. Per 1 (brief wreck reference), 2 (extensive wreck data), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 280.0 ft. long (85.34 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters HKJN, with 194 HP engines by John Dickinson & Sons Limited of Sunderland, at least per Lloyd's Register, but 199 HP engines per the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL'). Built at the cost of £24,000 for James Westoll Line, of Sunderland, [then would have been owned in 64ths with James Westoll being the managing owner], which 'company' carried coal on the E. coast of the U.K. & was involved also in the Black Sea grain trade. The 'company' later became 'James Westoll (London) Ltd.' ('Westoll), in 1917. The MNLs of 1910 & 1915 list James Westoll as the then managing owner. On Aug. 4, 1914, the vessel was detained in Germany at the outbreak of WW1. Can anyone tell us about its service for Germany during WW1? It was later returned to the U.K., 'claimed by the War Risk Association', & sold in 1919 (I had read) to Abbey Line Ltd., of Cardiff, Frederick Jones & Co. the managers, also of Cardiff, & renamed Neath Abbey. But ... MNL of 1920 rather lists The Melrose Abbey Shipping Co. Ltd., of Cardiff, Wales, as the then owner of the Sunderland registered vessel, with Frederick Jones her then manager. Miramar advise (thanks!) that from 1919 to 1921 the Sunderland registered vessel was owned by J. G. Rutherford & Son of Sunderland. It was sold again, in 1921, to 'All-Russian Co-operative Society Ltd.', of London, & renamed Vneshtorg.
Chas Duckhouse has kindly been in touch to advise that, in 1922, Bruce Roper, Chas' wife's great grandfather, served as the captain of Vneshtorg. In Feb. 1922, Vneshtorg was unloading cargo at Petrograd (St. Petersburg), Russia. On Feb. 22, 1922, Bruce Roper wrote a most interesting letter to May his daughter. Do not miss the 'pdf' of such letter which Chas has provided in which you can read of the dreadful ice conditions & cold that the vessel encountered. Chas adds that some video of that winter in Petrograd can be accessed here.
In 1923, the vessel was, per Miramar, briefly owned by Arcos Ltd. of Cardiff but was repurchased by Westoll & renamed President. As is confirmed by MNLs of 1924 thru 1928. On Apl. 24, 1928, (have also read Apl. 29, 1928) while en route from Hamburg, Germany to Methil, Fife, in ballast, the vessel sank. At 55.52.185N/02.08.40W, near St. Abbs, Berwickshire, Scotland, specifically at Whapness, near Eyemouth, which is on the E. coast of Scotland, 5 miles N. of the England/Scotland border. No loss of life. The crew scrambled ashore by means of a ladder. The wreck lies today at 55.52.185N/ 02.04.400W. I have not read the circumstances, other than it was in thick fog. The wreck is spread over a large area, in 6 to 14 metres of water, with 'two huge boilers' still remaining & very little else. Not an easy vessel to WWW search for. Many crew lists re the vessel are available here. Do you possibly have anything to add? Images?

56 Regis
1370, later 1377 & 1373 tons
Hull 250

129038

Olev
Labaro
1909

A cargo ship that was launched on Jul. 31, 1909 & completed in Sep. 1909. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register ('LR') data, Regis, 1930 thru 1934, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 2 (LR data, Olev, 1934 thru 1945, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Olev), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 235.1 ft. long (71.7 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 243.8 ft. overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, 170 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., of Sunderland, signal letters HPRK, later ESUD & MSLB. Regis was built for Stephenson Clarke & Co. Ltd. of & registered at London. Which ownership became Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. in 1928 or 1929. LR of 1932/33 advises that John Kelly Ltd., (jointly owned by Stephenson Clarke & William Cory & Son Limited), of Belfast, Northern Ireland, had become (on an unknown date in 1932) the vessel's owners with Wm. Clint the vessel's manager. For their continental coal trade to Ireland. John Kelly Ltd. soon sold it, per LR of 1934/35, to Tallinn Shipping Company Ltd., of Tallinn, Estonia, who renamed her Olev. The vessel became of 1377 tons in LR of 1935/36 & 1373  tons in 1940/41. LR of 1938/39 lists the vessel as then owned by 'Tallina Laevailhisus, A.S.' of Tallinn, which name is, I am advised, Tallinn Shipping Company Ltd. in the Estonian language. I read that on Oct. 13, 1940, the vessel was requisitioned by the British Government i.e. by the Ministry of Shipping, for WW2 service. So LR of 1940/41 lists the vessel as registered at Belfast, owned by the Ministry of Shipping, with France, Fenwick, Tyne & Wear Co. Ltd. as her managers. Tyne & Wear Shipping Co. Ltd. became her managers in 1942/43. Olev would seem to have been a most 'lucky' ship. She sailed in no less than 204 WW2 convoys from 1940 thru 1945. Such WW2 service included a single voyage to Norwegian waters in 1940, 2 return voyages from Liverpool to Canada in 1940, one returning to Dublin with lumber, 5 voyages to Seine Bay, France, in 1944 re the Normandy landings. Mainly however she sailed up & down the coasts mainly between Southend (River Thames), Methil (Firth of Forth, Scotland), St. Helen's Roads (the Solent) & occasionally to Milford Haven. I read that W. A. Souter & Company  Ltd. became her managers in 1949. In 1950, the vessel, renamed Labaro, became owned by Cia. Maritima Labaro, S.A. of Panama, Republic of Panama, with A/B H. Neuhaus & Co., said to be of Stockholm, Sweden, her managers. A data snippet (ex Fairplay International Shipping Journal, Vol. 188, p. 670) advises that in 1957 Labaro was sold, for £27,500, to Soc. Anon. Cinda Comptoir Industrielle & Agricole, of Liège, Belgium, to be broken up. Accordingly, on Feb. 1, 1957, the vessel arrived at the Willebroek, Antwerp, ship breaking facilities of L. Engelen to be broken up. James Smith has kindly provided this 'pdf' study of Regis's history with details as to the vessel's WW1 service as a collier transport, carrying such cargoes as timber, coal & railway materials. Is there anything that you can add? Another image? #1934 

57 Wm. Cory
2660 tons
Hull 249

129029
1909

A cargo ship, a collier most probably, schooner rigged. Per A (e-Bay image with logo, Wm. Cory aground), 1 (Official Wreck Report), 2 (the 1910 wreck scene ex a modest eBay image), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 314 ft. (about 100 metres) long. Had a very short life indeed. Built for Wm. Cory & Son, Limited, of London, a company noted for its coal shipments to London. On Aug. 27, 1910, the vessel left Uleaborg, Finland, for Newport, Wales, carrying a cargo of pit props both in the holds & on deck. She was under the command of William Henry St. Clair. At about 10.30 a.m. on Sep. 5, 1910, the vessel passed the Longships Lighthouse & soon thereafter passed close to Vyneck Rock. The Captain did not thereafter check the charts nor was a proper watch maintained - the Captain believing himself to be well familiar with the coastline. At about 11.40 a.m. on Sep. 5, 1910, the vessel hit submerged rocks, rocks which the master stated were not recorded on the charts. The vessel was badly holed in holds 1 & 2 & started to rapidly fill with water. The ship was backed off & just 20 minutes later was beached close to the Levant Mine workings, about a mile to the southward & westward of Pendeen Lighthouse, 6 miles N. of Land's End, Cornwall. Later that day the entire crew safely left the vessel which in due course became a total wreck. The Court concluded that there was no rock unmarked on the charts, rather that the ship had struck outlying rocks of Botallock Head about the time of low water. It was held that the loss was due to the Master's default, specifically by his careless navigation of the vessel. His licence was suspended for a 3 month period. Can you add anything? A large quality image or images of the wreck would be most welcome - there are many such images, I know. 

58 Largo
1764 tons
Hull 253

129750
1910

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (WW1 loss, Largo), 2 (ref. '27 February 1918') 3 ('uboatnet.org', Largo), 4 (U 105), 5 (1918 wreck), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 80.8 metres long, (265 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters H.Q.T.S. Built for Pelton Steamship Co. Ltd. ('Pelton'), owned by R. S. Gardiner & Joseph Reay, 'Gardiner & Reay', the managers, all of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. Can anybody tell us about Largo's WW1 service? On Feb. 27, 1918, defensively armed, while en route from Barry, Wales, to Scapa Flow (Orkney Islands), with a cargo of coal, the vessel was hit by a torpedo & sank. Most sources state that the submarine that fired the torpedo was UB 105, which would however seem, per 'uboatnet.org', to have been active in the Mediterranean. 'Uboatnet.org' states it was rather U 105, active in the Irish Sea & eastern Atlantic, Kapitänleutnant Friedrich Strackerjan in command. At 53.52N/05.02W. In the Irish Sea, 12 miles W. of 'Calf of Man', a small island, today a bird sanctuary, located at the SW tip of the Isle of Man. Have not read any detail as to the sinking (alone or in convoy, weather, time of day, name of Captain, loss of life, etc.). WWW data about the vessel is most limited. Can you add anything? An image?

59 Sir Francis
1991 tons
Hull 254

129102
1910

A cargo ship, a collier most certainly. Per 1 ('uboat.net', Sir Francis), 2 ('wrecksite.eu', extensive data, Sir Francis), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 280.4 ft. (85.47 metres) long perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 knots, signal letters HRDL, 208 HP engines by George Clark Limited of Sunderland. Had a short life. Built for William Cory & Son Limited, of London, as per the Mercantile Navy List of 1915. With Gilbert Alder, jun. & then Reginald J. Speller her managers. In 1916 the vessel was transferred to subsidiary 'Cory Colliers Ltd.', both companies noted for their coal shipments to London. Presumably named for Sir Francis Cory-Wright, a partner of William Cory & Son & the 1st Chairman (in 1896) of William Cory & Son Limited. Became a Naval collier until paid off in Feb. 1917. On Jun. 7, 1917, while en route in ballast from London to the Tyne, the vessel was hit by two torpedoes fired in quick succession by UB-21, the 2nd of the two being intended to rather target Dryade. At 54.19N, 00.22W, 2 miles NE of Scarborough, Yorkshire. Sir Francis was hit on the starboard side by the first torpedo & began to settle fast. It sank 1 1/2 minutes after the 2nd torpedo struck. There was, unfortunately, insufficient time to launch lifeboats. The vessel had a crew of 22, 12 of whom were picked up by Dryade & Vernon & landed at Shields. Captain A. Wanless (54 years old, born at Leith, Scotland, his first name seems to be unknown) & nine crew members lost their lives in the attack. More detail re the attack & the names of those lost can be read at link 2. Parts of the wreck are still on the seabed today. Data about the vessel is quite limited, other than at 'wrecksite.eu', whom we thank. The vessel is briefly referenced in 'Cory Fleet: One Hundred Years', published by World Ship Society in 1960. It may be referenced also in 'Century of Family Shipowning 1854-1954' published by John Cory & Sons Ltd. in 1954. Some crew lists are available here. Do you know anything more? If so, do consider contacting the webmaster for inclusion of your data here.

60 Abbas
1430 tons
Hull 260

132628

Kadio
1911

A cargo ship. Per 1 ('plimsollshipdata.org', Lloyd's Register data, Kadio, for years 1935/36 thru 1943/44), 2 ('wrecksite.eu', wreck data, Kadio), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Stephenson Clarke and Company, of London, though in 1928 the registered owner became 'Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd'. 73.1 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 240.0 ft., speed of 8 1/2 knots, signal letters SZNK. The vessel was sold, in 1935, to Mme K. (Kadio) G. Sigalas (1885/1967), of Piraeus, Greece, managed by 'G. Sigalas Sons', & renamed Kadio. On Oct. 20, 1941 (per Charles Hocking), or Oct. 23, 1941, (per Miramar) the vessel, with a cargo of cased benzine, was at Suez. The vessel caught fire, an explosion followed & the vessel sank. Can anybody provide additional detail as to the circumstances. Any loss of life? It is strange that a vessel, sunk in 1941, was still recorded in later editions of Lloyd's Register, thru 1943/44 certainly & it would seem thru 1944/45. Can you add anything? #1859

61 Minster
2788 (or 2733) tons
Hull 259

132573

Rosehill
1911

A cargo ship. Per 1 (data), 2 (near page bottom, 'Day 2'), 3 (wreck data, Rosehill), 4 & 5 (data & wreck images), 6 (p.77, true p.76,  of large 'pdf' file, re Rosehill), 7 ('uboat.net', Rosehill re UB-40), 8 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Stephenson Clarke and Company. 314 ft. (95.7 metres) long. The vessel was sold, in 1914, to W. J. Tillett Steam Ship Co. Ltd., of Cardiff, Wales, & renamed Rosehill. In WW1, the vessel was requisitioned by the Admiralty for use as a collier & was modestly armed. On Sep. 23, 1917, while en route from Cardiff, Wales, to Devonport (Plymouth), with a cargo of coal, Philip Jones in command, the vessel was torpedoed by UB-40. At 50.19N/04.18W. Not by U-40, as many sites indicate. U-40 was sunk over 2 years earlier, on Jun. 23, 1915! No loss of life. The 27 aboard took to boats & then, an hour later, 10 of them rejoined the ship to attempt to save her. The vessel was initially towed towards Fowey by 2 private tugs. Then 2 Admiralty tugs arrived, & started to tow it to Plymouth. But it did not make it there. It sank, in 2 pieces, in Whitsand Bay. The wreck is a dive site today, in 100 ft. of water, located 2 miles off Portwrinkle, near Plymouth. Beware - ammunition may be at the site. Can you add anything?

62 Paignton
2017 tons
Hull 258

130181
1911

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 ('uboat.net', sinking, & link to U-81), 2 (sinking ref., 14 March 1917), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 280.0 ft. (85.34 metres) long perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters HTVW, 218 HP engines by John Dickinson & Sons Ltd., of Sunderland. Built for The Wilton Steam Shipping Co. Ltd. ('Wilton'), of Paignton, Devon, 'Renwick Wilton & Co. Ltd.', of Dartmouth & Torquay, coal merchants & ship owners, the managers. And registered at Dartmouth. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1915 lists Wilton as the then owner of the Dartmouth registered vessel with Thomas Wilton, senr., the vessel's then manager. 'The vessel was later sold, in 1915, without change of name, because at the time of her sinking in Mar. 1917, the vessel would seem to have been owned by 'The Globe Shipping Co., Ltd.' ('Globe'), of Cardiff, with 'Humphries Ltd.' or maybe 'Humphries (Cardiff) Ltd.', also of Cardiff, the managers. MNL of 1916 indeed lists Globe as the vessel's then owner with Thomas B. Humphries, her then manager. The vessel was likely requisitioned by the Admiralty for service in WW1 & modestly armed. On Mar. 14, 1917, while en route from Greece to Glasgow with a cargo of 2,800 tons of magnesite, (magnesium carbonate, MgCO3, a white, yellow, or gray coloured mineral, the source of magnesium), the vessel was captured by U-81, Kapitänleutnant Raimund Weisbach in command, & sunk by gunfire. At 52.01N/11.29W, 40 miles NW of the Skellig Rocks, off County Kerry, SW Ireland. One life was lost. I have not read the circumstances, the name of Paignton's captain, the time of day, who was killed & what happened to the rest of the crew. Can you provide any of that detail? Thanks to the research of Bill Richardson, we do know that Albert E. (Edward) Millican was then her Chief Engineer, & that he survived the attack. You can read all about Albert Millican here, here, & also here in a 'Sarah Stoner' Sunderland Echo Dec. 1, 2015 article. U-81 sank 30 ships in WW1 & damaged 2 others. Some Paignton crew lists are available here. Can you add anything? Another image?

63 Rudmore
969 tons
Hull 257

132058

Yewhill
Holdernore
1911

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Rudmore), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 208 ft. long, speed of 10 knots. Built at the cost of £13,900 for James Westoll Line, of Sunderland, [then would have been owned in 64ths with James Westoll being the managing owner], which 'company' carried coal on the E. coast of the U.K. & was involved also in the Black Sea grain trade. The 'company' later, in 1917, became 'James Westoll (London) Ltd.'. In 1937, the vessel was sold to Toft Steamship Company Limited, of Middlesbrough, T. H. Donking & Sons, the manager, with no change of name. 54 WW2 convoy references thru Mar. 1942 as Rudmore, all U.K. local, many to & from St. Helen's Roads which, I think, refers to the river Solent. Yes? It is a puzzle that all the WW2 convoy references are to U.K. local. Why do I say that? Because William Gibson ('Gibson'), who was a sailor aboard Rudmore in Jun. 1940, gives an interesting anecdotal account of his time aboard Rudmore in the Jan. 2010 issue of 'Sea Breezes'. An independent voyage maybe. In Jun. 1940, Rudmore arrived at Tonnay Charente, France (SW France, S. of La Rochelle), with coal from the Bristol Channel, & learned that the German Army was only a few miles away. Rudmore opted for a dangerous escape route i.e. sailing down the Charente river in total darkness. They successfully made it to the river mouth near Rochefort, (the only ship that has ever made the trip in darkness), took aboard some crew from 2 British vessels within the Rochefort locks, & safely made it to Plymouth. The vessel was later damaged in an air raid on London, & had to be beached below Tilbury. And, also later, in the North Sea, Rudmore gunners shot down a German plane & Captain Edward Thomson & the gunner were both decorated. Gibson also refers to the vessel being in collision with an unknown vessel at Plymouth. Such anecdotal material is rare & is most welcome. Do read the full account in 'Sea Breezes', which I believe was earlier, but no longer, WWW available. While I have no detail, it would seem that Rudmore may have had a number of collisions in its lifetime. With Nidd (this one maybe?) & Occident perhaps in 1918 (WW2 legal references but no detail). The vessel was sold, in 1943, to John Stewart & Co., of Glasgow, & in 1945 renamed Yewhill. No WW2 convoy references as Yewhill. It was sold again, in 1946, to 'Holderness Steamship Co. Ltd.', of Hull, & renamed Holdernore. On Apl. 13, 1957, the vessel arrived at the Boom, Belgium, (inland, S. of Antwerp) facilities of N.V. Nijkerk to be broken up. WWW data about this vessel is modest. Do you have anything to add? Images?

64 Sir Arthur
2001.23 tons
Hull 255

129164

Corglen
Clapton
Pendennis
1911

A collier. Per 1 (details re the modest 1912 collision involving Sir Arthur), 2 (data, Pendennis), 3 ('pdf' Official Inquiry into the loss of Pendennis, including crew list) 4 (commendation of the radio operator re the vessel's loss in 1935), 5 ('wrecksite.eu', 1935 loss of vessel, with Lloyd's Register listings of 1930 thru 1935 available), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). The vessel, which was launched on Nov. 1, 1910, was a self-trimming collier, built for Wm. Cory & Son Ltd. of London (Reginald J. Speller the manager). 280.0 ft. long (85.34 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters HSBW, later GNBP, speed of 9 1/2 or 10 knots, 208 HP engines by George Clark Ltd. of Sunderland. Arthur Jennion has advised (thanks Arthur!) that Lloyds Register of 1912/13 notes that the vessel had been involved in a modest collision. On Jan. 15, 1912, Dana, a brigantine, of and for Hull, drove into Sir Arthur, then anchored off Gravesend, Kent. Sir Arthur then collided with the also anchored The Stewart's Court (also built by Austin, in 1909). Sir Arthur suffered slight damage to her starboard quarter while the other vessels suffered no damage at all. Primrose, a tug, pulled Dana free, I read (link 1 above). The vessel was requisitioned by The Admiralty for war service during WW1. In 1916, the vessel was transferred to Cory Colliers Limited, (Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1920) who, also in 1920, renamed it Corglen. In 1927, the vessel was sold to H. Harrison (Shipping) Limited, of London, & renamed Clapton. The vessel was sold for the last time, in 1929, for £15,200, to Pendennis Steamship Co. Ltd., of Newcastle, (Wilson & Armstrong, later John Winlo & Stanley Walker, later Samuel Thubron, the managers) & renamed Pendennis. MNL of 1930. The vessel was laid up from Mar. 12 to Oct. 15, 1935. On Oct. 18, 1935 the vessel, under the command of J. L. House with a crew of 19 all told, left West Hartlepool for Hamburg, Germany, with a cargo of about 3,850 tons of small coal from the Shotton & Blackhall collieries. The vessel encountered heavy weather, water entered holds 2 & 3, & the vessel developed a modest list to port. Which list got greater & greater to the point (35 degrees) that the vessel had to be abandoned at 4:30 p.m. on Oct. 20, 1935. The entire crew took to the port lifeboat. T. G. Brennan, the ship's radio operator, had broadcast an SOS (& was later commended for his actions, see link 4 above) which was answered by both Suecia & Iris. There was no loss of life - the entire crew were rescued by Iris (likely Iris, Norwegian owned, built as Ingerid in 1901) & safely landed at an unstated port. The sinking occurred at 54.05N/5.23E, in the North Sea about half way through the intended voyage. The vessel's loss was the subject of an Official Inquiry, the text of which can be accessed here. Crew lists are available here. Do you have anything to add? Another image? #1962

65 Tempo
1379 (or 1372 or 1373 or 1380) tons
Hull 261

129787

Polinice
Reborn
1911

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (data in Italian & image, Polinice), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 73.1 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 knots. Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Limited', owned by R. S. Gardiner & Joseph Reay, 'Gardiner & Reay', the managers, all of Newcastle. Have read nothing about the vessel during WW1. The vessel was sold, in 1931, to 'A. Pollio', of Sorrento, near Naples, Italy, & renamed Polinice. In 1931, the vessel was sold to 'Fleet Lauro', of Palermo, Sicily, with no change of vessel name. In Jun. 1940, Polinice was captured at sea by British Naval Forces, & sent to Malta. Where, on Jun. 11, 1940, the Italian crew managed to scuttle her in the Grand Harbour. I have not been able to read details re her capture & scuttling. (However I have also read some text which I do not understand, i.e. that on May 1, 1940, the vessel was sunk at Malta by German bombing. 'Former Italian steamer POLINICE (1373grt) under Control was sunk by German bombing at Malta. The steamer was later salved.' Can anybody explain that reference.) The above is not the end of the story however. At a date unknown (to the webmaster), the vessel was re-floated, by the Allies, & presumably made seaworthy again. And was sold, in 1946, to 'Emmanuel Schembri', of Valletta, Malta, & renamed Reborn. In Jan. 1965, the vessel was broken up at Malta. The WWW record for all of this is modest, indeed. Can you add to or correct the above?

66 Hillingdon
1926 tons
Hull 264

135130

Corbrae
Nagos
Huelva
Castillo Monforte
Jalon
1912

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (25% down, Spanish text & Castillo Monforte image), 2 (45% down, text & Jalon image), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.4 metres long, 267 ft., speed of 10 knots. Built for W. Cory & Son Ltd., of London. During WW1 'was a Naval collier, B.E.F. storeship and Ammunition Carrier'. Sold in 1920 to 'Cory Colliers' (or maybe 'William Cory & Sons' or 'Wm. Cory and Son Ltd.') & renamed Corbrae. The vessel was sold, in 1934, to J. G. Livanos, of Greece, & renamed Nagos. What follows may need correction! I have read that the vessel was seized by the Spanish Navy while blockade running in the Spanish Civil War, became Spanish property & was renamed Huelva. But I cannot confirm that data via the WWW. The vessel was sold or transferred in 1939 to the Spanish Government, operated by Compañía Trasmediterranea & renamed Castillo Monforte. In 1942, the vessel was transferred to 'Empresa Nacional Elcano de la Marina Mercante'. It was sold again, in 1962, to 'Maritima Colonial', (or, per 2, to 'Marcosa'), & renamed Jalon. In 1967, the vessel was sold to 'Naviera de Cantabria, S.A.'. On Mar. 5, 1969, the vessel arrived at Bilbao, Spain, to be broken up (maybe broken up in 1970). Can you add to and/or correct the above?

67 Rondo
1906 tons
Hull 263

129799

Glückauf
1912

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (wreck data, Glückauf), 2 (Katina Bulgaris collision), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.4 metres long, 267 ft., speed of 9 knots. Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Limited', owned by R. S. Gardiner & Joseph Reay, 'Gardiner & Reay', the managers, all of Newcastle. Have read nothing about the vessel during WW1. The vessel was sold, in 1926, to 'Glückauf Kohlen Handelsges GmbH', in English 'Glückauf Coal Trading Co.'?, of Rostock, Germany, & renamed Glückauf. Now on Feb. 8, 1939, Greek owned Katina Bulgaris, outbound from Hull, collided in fog with U.S. owned Meanticut, 5 miles from the Humber Light Vessel. Katina Bulgaris sank quickly - before help including 2 tugs could arrive to assist her. Her crew were all rescued by Meanticut, which would appear to have suffered little damage. Why am I telling you all this? Well, on the very next day, i.e. on Feb. 9, 1939, Glückauf was en route from Immingham to Rostock with a cargo of coal, also in the fog. It hit the wreck of Katina Bulgaris. I have not read if Katina Bulgaris was fully or partially submerged. Does anybody know? The entire crew of Glückauf were taken aboard Rhea, a Finnish rather than French, I believe, steamer, but I have not spotted where they were landed. Some confusion as to the exact location of the wrecks, it would seem. The WWW record for all of this is modest, indeed. Can you add to and/or correct the above?

68 Corton
3405 tons
Hull 266

135192

Corlock
Adana
Corlock
Nan Shan
San Bay
Sanbay
1913

A collier. Per 1 (1918 torpedo attack), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 103.9 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 341 ft., speed of 10 (or 9) knots. The first 'Cory' vessel to bear the 'Cor' prefix. Built for W. Cory & Son Ltd., of London. In Aug. 1914, I read that the vessel was at St. Petersburg, Russia. And that the vessel served in the Russian Navy during the Russian Revolution. Became a Royal Navy ship, serving as a collier, & then served the British Army, carrying wagons, military transport etc. On Jan. 22, 1918, the vessel, while en route from Le Havre to Portsmouth, (its cargo?), was hit by a torpedo fired by U90. 8 miles S. of Dunnose Head, Isle of Wight. The ship was damaged & three lives were lost, but the ship made it to nearby Portsmouth. Likely transferred in 1920 to 'Cory Colliers'. I have read that the vessel was involved in the Mediterranean trade after WW1 & before her 1938 sale. On Nov. 10, 1934 however, the vessel, bound down river at Northfleet Hope, River Thames, was in collision with the anchored Lady Wolseley. Can anybody advise the webmaster of the detailed circumstances & the result of the ensuing court case? In Oct. 1938, the vessel was sold for £12,750 to, I believe, 'G. E. Marden', with 'Wheelock & Co. Ltd.', of Shanghai, China, the managers. In Oct. 1939, with no change of owners, she was renamed Corlock. British flag. From Apl. 1943 to May 1945, the vessel was bareboat chartered to the Turkish Government. For the duration of the charter, the vessel was renamed Adana, & the vessel's name then reverted to Corlock. In 1947, the vessel was sold to 'San Peh Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.', of Shanghai, & was renamed Nan Shan. In 1949, the vessel was sold to 'Wallem & Co. Ltd.' of Hong Kong & renamed San Bay. Panama flag. Renamed Sanbay in 1952. Also in 1952, the vessel was sold to Hong Kong ship breakers, & arrived at Hong Kong on Sep. 11, 1952 to be broken up. The WWW record for this vessel is most modest. Can you add to and/or correct the above?

69 Hitchin
1933 tons
Hull 269

135270

Corbank
Vilk
La Villa
1913

A collier. Per A (e-Bay image, La Villa), 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Vilk), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.4 metres long, 275.8 ft., speed of 10 knots. Built for W. Cory & Son Ltd., of London. During WW1 the vessel served as a Naval collier. Transferred in 1920 to 'Cory Colliers' (or maybe 'William Cory & Sons' or 'Wm. Cory and Son Ltd.') & renamed Corbank. The vessel was sold, in 1939, for £9,000, to 'Tallinna Laevauhisus A/S' (or 'Laevatihisus' maybe), Tallinn Shipping Co. the managers, of Tallinn, Estonia, & renamed Vilk. In 1940, the vessel was taken over by the Ministry of War Transport ('Ministry'), managed by Hudson Steamship Co. Ltd., of Glasgow. 23 WW2 convoy references, including an eastbound voyage across the N. Atlantic in Jan. 1940 with nitrate soda - to La Pallice i.e. La Rochelle (could that be when the vessel was taken over by Ministry?). To Seine Bay, France, in Jun/Sep 1944 (re Normandy landings?), a voyage to Antwerp, Belgium, & U.K. coastal. In 1950, the vessel was sold to 'Compañía Maritima La Villa S/A', of Panama, 'H. Neuhaus & Co.', the managers, & renamed La Villa. In 1957, the vessel was sold to Belgian ship breakers 'Van den Bossche & Co.' It arrived at Boom, Belgium, on Oct. 24, 1957 to be broken up. Boom is on a very tiny river indeed, inland & S. of Antwerp. The WWW record for this vessel is almost non-existent. Can you add to and/or correct the above?

70 Moto
1941 tons
Hull 268

133536
1913

A collier. Per 1 (wreck data), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.4 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 267 ft., speed?, likely about 10 knots. Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Ltd.' ('Pelton'), of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. Can anybody tell us about Moto's WW1 service? While I have read no detail about the matter, on Aug. 10, 1915, a torpedo was fired at Moto, but missed. On Dec. 10, 1918, the vessel, en route from Methil to the Tyne, was in collision with Galatea, an 'Arethusa Class' Light Cruiser, 20 miles N. of the Tyne. And sank. At 55.22.0N/01.29.0W. I can tell you nothing of the circumstances. Any loss of life? Did Galatea rescue the crew perhaps? The WWW record for this vessel is almost non-existent. Can you add to and/or correct the above?

71 Ladoga
1917 tons
Hull 273

135098
1914

A cargo ship. Per 1 (William Thomson, Ladoga), 2 (ref., 25% down above Eastward), 3 ('uboat.net', re sinking), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 83.8 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, (275 ft.), speed of 9 knots. Built for 'William Thomson & Company' ('Thomson') of Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland, which company later (1919) became Ben Line Steamers Ltd., known as Ben Line. At the outbreak of WW1, in 1914, Ladoga, just 4 months old, was in a large group of ships detained at Saint Petersburg (previously Petrograd & Leningrad), in the Baltic. It escaped from such detention in 1917 & was soon (1918) requisitioned by the British Government for service as a collier during the balance of WW1, managed by Thomson. On Apl. 16, 1918, while en route from Bilbao, Spain, to Maryport, Cumbria, with a cargo of iron ore, the vessel was hit by a torpedo fired by UB-73 & sank in the Irish Sea. 15 miles SE of the South Arklow Light Vessel, which was located in St. George's Channel at 52.39.0N/05.58.0W. The Light Vessel, the Guillemot, was itself later sunk by UC-65, a mine laying U-boat on Mar. 28, 1917. Guillemot was boarded by UC-65 crew who placed explosives on board. The explosives failed to sink the vessel & she was then sunk by gunfire. Sorry, I digressed! 29 lives aboard Ladoga were lost, including the Master. But the detail of exactly what happened I have not read. The WWW record for this ship is quite limited. Can anybody add anything? Dave Philp has kindly written in (thanks!) to indicate that the name of the Master was Arthur W. (William) Reid, who is buried at Torryburn, Fife, Scotland.

72 Lesto
1940 tons
Hull 279

133588
1916

A collier/coaster. Which had a life of just 6 months. Per 1 ('u-boat.net', 1917 sinking), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.4 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed? Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Ltd.' ('Pelton'), of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. Have WWW read nothing about the vessel's short service life. On May 23, 1917, under the command of Captain Robert R. (Reuben) Bishop, in a 5 vessel convoy escorted by Cobra & Pivoine, & en route from Bilbao, Spain, to Garston, Liverpool, Merseyside, with a cargo of 3200 tons of iron ore, the vessel was attacked by German submarine UC-21, & sunk near St. Nazaire, France. 8 miles W. of Île du Pilier, a tiny island, with a lighthouse, in the Bay of Biscay. 2 explosions just before midnight tore the ship apart. At 46.57N/02.30W, but the wreck seems to lie at 47.02.039N/02.33.723W. 25 or 26 crew were saved (data differs), 6 of them seriously injured, & landed at St. Nazaire. 4 lives were lost. Can you add anything?

73 War Drum
2352 tons
Hull 302

142753

Ashwin
Trotsky
Andre Marti
1918

A 'D' type cargo ship. Per 1 (data, War Drum (2), 50% down), 2 (data & 'D' type model image), 3 (polar bears), 4 (data), 5 (data, incl. re WW2 service, 50% down), 6 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty thru Jan. 31, 1943, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Andre Marti), 7 (WW2 convoy PQ.18), 8 (Wikipedia, André Marty), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 86.9 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 285 ft., speed of 11 1/2 knots. The vessel was built for the Shipping Controller, i.e. the British Government, managed by 'Donald & Taylor', for service during WW1, armed with a single 4.7 inch gun & paravanes for protection against mines. In 1919 the vessel was sold to Ashwin & Co., of London, & renamed Ashwin. In 1920, the vessel was sold to 'Essex Line', Meldrum & Swinson the managers I presume, but maybe also the owners, with no change of vessel name. In 1921, the vessel was sold to 'All-Russian Co-operative Society Ltd.', of London, likely known as Arcos Steamship Company, & renamed Trotsky. Some (related?) changes of ownership - in 1923 to Arcos Ltd., managed by Russo-Norwegian Navigation Co., & in 1924 to Arcos Steamship Co., both of London. An interesting story at 3. On Aug. 3, 1923, Trotsky, Captain Cole in command, left Grimsby for the Yenisei River, in Siberia, with a general cargo. On the vessel's return journey, a cargo of pulpwood was loaded at Arkhangelsk (Archangel) for Barrow-in-Furness. Included in her cargo unloaded at Barrow were 2 polar bear cubs, captured, in May 1923, by an Admiral B. A. Vilkitzky expedition. The 7 month old cubs ended up at the Edinburgh Zoo, it would seem. In 1925, the vessel was acquired by 'Sovtorgflot', of Leningrad, Russia, a company which owned by the Soviet State. In 1929, the vessel was renamed Andre Marti. Named, I trust, after André Marti or Marty, a leading figure in the French Communist party, noted for his role in a mutiny of the crews of French battleships Jean Bart & France, in the Black Sea, in 1919, sentenced to a long prison term but released in 1923. See the link above for more data about him. 13 WW2 convoy references, thru Jan. 31, 1943. On Sep. 2, 1942, Andre Marti was in convoy PQ.18, en route from Loch Ewe, Scotland, to Archangel, Russia, with supplies for the Soviet Union's war effort. 13 of the 40 merchant vessels in the convoy did not make it to Archangel. There clearly were other voyages not referenced at 'convoyweb.org'. On Feb. 17, 1943, with Boris M. (Mihajlovich) Hirhasov in command, the vessel, likely with a crew of 29 & 8 gunners, & armed with 4 machine guns & 3 20mm anti aircraft guns, was attacked by 4 German bombers in the Barents Sea, near Kinarroden. The vessel manoeuvred to avoid 12 bombs, successfully shot down one German aircraft & damaged another. 5 advises that the vessel towed Sukhona, whose screw had been damaged by ice. Have not figured out when that was, but in that regard, Sukhona was sunk in Sep. 1942. I gather that the vessel was deleted from the registers in 1960. Can you add anything?

74 War Almond
2434 (or 2429) tons
Hull 303

140644

Mardinian
1919

A cargo ship. Per 1 (War Almond), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Mardinian), 3 ('uboat.net', 1940 sinking, image, Mardinian), 4 ('wrecksite.eu', data re sinking, image, Mardinian), 5 (image & data Mardinian, but you must be registered to access it), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 92.4 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 303 (or 313) ft., speed of 10 knots. Laid down as War Almond for The Shipping Controller. But delivered as Mardinian to Ellerman Lines Limited, of London. In 1937, the vessel was transferred to 'Ellerman & Papayanni Lines Ltd.', of Liverpool. 10 WW2 convoy references, incl. service into Mediterranean (Alexandria, & Katakolo, Greece), & into Black Sea (Constanza), & at least 1 N. Atlantic crossing, in which, on the return voyage, the vessel was sunk. At 4:47 a.m. on Sep. 9, 1940, Joseph Every in command with a crew of 38, en route, in convoy SC-2, from Sydney, Nova Scotia, to London via Methil, with a cargo of 3500 tons of pitch ex Trinidad, the vessel was hit under the bridge by a single torpedo fired by German submarine U-28, Korvettenkapitän Günter Kuhnke in command. The vessel sank 30 minutes after the hit. At 56.37N/09.00W, about 100 miles NNW of Bloody Foreland, Donegal, Ireland, i.e. off the NW coast of Ireland. 6 lives were lost & 32, including the Master, survived - 21 were rescued by HMS Apollo, a trawler & convoy escort vessel, & landed at Belfast, while 1 was rescued by HMS Aurania (F28). 10 were able to reach i) Leverburgh, on the Island of Harris, or ii) the island of South Uist, both places in the Outer Hebrides, presumably in a ship's lifeboat. Can you add anything?

75 Alice Marie
2206 tons
Hull 292

144924
1920

A cargo ship, a coaster. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Alice Marie), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 85.3 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 280 ft., speed of 9 1/2 or 10 knots. Built for 'Rodney Steamship Co. Limited' ('Rodney'), of Newcastle. Which company, I suspect, transported coal from the NE to the S. of England. Do tell me if that is wrong. Later on in life, I see 'Grainger Shipping Co. Ltd.', also of Newcastle, are mentioned re the vessel. Were they perhaps the vessel's managers? The WWW record for this ship is modest indeed. I can see nothing of her duties in her 20 years of life. There are however 34 WW2 convoy references, in the period from Sep. 1939 to Nov. 1940, all U.K. coastal, from Methil, Firth of Forth, Scotland, or from the river Tyne, to Southend & back. Almost certainly carrying coal. The last such reference was in convoy FS.342 which left Methil on Nov. 22, 1940 for Southend, where it arrived on Nov. 24, 1940. Presumably later that day, the vessel hit a mine, eight cables 255° from Knob Light Vessel, Barrow Deep, in the Thames estuary. The vessel was beached, & broke her back, I understand. No loss of life. Can you add anything?

76 Flashlight
934 tons
Hull 291

144598
1920

A cargo ship, a 'flat-iron' (see lower in listing) collier/ coaster. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930 thru 1940, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org', see left), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Flashlight), 3 (sinking ex Trove, Australia), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). As this page is updated, another image of the ship is eBay available. But I invite you to find it for yourself. I choose not to reward with a link eBay vendors who use intrusive logos. 216.5 ft. long (66.0 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 225.5 ft. long (68.73 metres) overall, signal letters KFTS & MJZX. Built for 'Gas Light & Coke Co.', Britain’s largest gas manufacturer, of London, with 'Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd.', the managers. An expired eBay listing referred to the vessel being an early 'flat iron' collier, a low-profile vessel designed to be able to pass under low bridges, such as those on the River Thames at London, with a funnel which tilted for that purpose. Ian Morgan advises (thanks Ian!) that William H. (Henry) Morgan (1902/1980), Ian's grandfather, served aboard the vessel as a fireman on at least 2 voyages from Jun. 24 to Aug. 30, 1937, 'seemingly between Sunderland and London'. 39 WW2 convoy references, all up and down the east coast between Methil (Firth of Forth) & the Tyne and London. On Mar. 7, 1941, the vessel was attacked by German aircraft & sunk, at 53.31N/00.49E, in the North Sea, off the coast from Grimsby. The vessel had left Methil on Mar. 5, 1941 for London (Southend) in FS.29, a small convoy of 5 unescorted ships. 2 of the ships were sunk - Togston was torpedoed. Trove, Australia advises at the link above that Flashlight was machine-gunned & bombed. 'The engine room and stokehold were flooded and the engines were stopped. She was taken in tow but it soon became necessary to abandon ship and the vessel foundered.' Not an easy name to WWW search for! Can you add anything?

77 Lys
1830 (later 2253) tons
Hull 290

144520

Refrigerator No. 3
1920

A collier/coaster, which later became a fish refrigeration ship. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1934/35 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 79.2 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 260.0 ft., speed of 10 knots, signal letters KFLJ. Built for 'Normandy Shipping Co. Ltd.', of London, ('Stephenson Clarke', the managers). In 1923, the vessel was sold at a price of £13,500 to Westwick Steamship Company Ltd., James Westoll Ltd. the managers, i.e. James Westoll Line, of Sunderland. In 1935, the vessel was sold to 'Sovtorgflot', the Russian state shipping agency, used as a fish carrier at Vladivostok, (Russian E. coast on Sea of Japan), & renamed Refrigerator No. 3, (which would seem to be the translation into English of Рефрижератор No. 3). However, Miramar now refer also to Refrizherator No. 3. In 1946, the vessel was in service for 'the Murmansker shipping fleet', (presumably the fleet at Murmansk, NW Russia on Barents Sea) with a crew of 84. Was totally rebuilt in 1952/3 at 'VEB Schiffswerft 'Neptun' Rostock', of Rostock, Germany, including a brine refrigeration system with 3 holds. Gross tonnage became 2253. It would seem that sea trials were held on Nov. 18, 1953 & the ship was returned to her owners at Vladivostok on Dec. 13, 1953. The vessel was deleted from the Soviet ship registers (Lloyd's also?) in 1970. Not an easy name to search for! We thank Wolfgang Kramer for his two images, previously available at a webpage which now is gone. A page from which much of the above history was sourced. Can you add anything? Images?

78 Corsea
2764 (or 2765) later 2787 tons
Hull 294

146178

Nylandia
1921

A collier/coaster. Per 1 (1938 collision with Ruahine, 80% down, The "Corsea"), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corsea), 3 (data, Nylandia), 4, 5 & 6 (builder's model to be sold on Nov. 3, 2015 by Charles Miller Ltd., of London), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 95.2 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 312.5 ft., speed of 10 knots (or maybe 9 or 9 1/2 knots), signal letters OFTG. Built for W. Cory & Son, or Cory Colliers Ltd., of London. Used to carry coal from North-East ports to London. John Dobson advises (thanks!) that Corsea was involved in the rescue of the crew of Georgia, (8, 9 (alas that page has vanished & the detail seems no longer to be available, so the summary below is all I can now provide) & 10), a 5,106 or 5,111 ton tanker owned by M.V. Dutch Tanker & Oil Company Ltd., of Amsterdam, which in Nov. 1927 was en route from Abadan, Iran, to Grangemouth, Scotland, with a cargo of crude oil. Just before midnight on Nov. 20, 1927, Harry Kissing in command, Georgia lost its steering gear in a sudden major storm in the North Sea, a storm so sudden & violent that the wireless aerials were swept away & no distress call could be broadcast. Georgia went aground at Haisborough Sands, off the coast of Norfolk, and, pounded by the battering of immense seas, broke into two pieces, with 15, including the Captain, huddled aboard the bow section, & 16 in the stern section. Her sirens were sounded, that is all they could do. The stern section drifted away in the storm. Many ships were involved or stood by in the heroic rescue over the next days - Trent, which rescued the 16 from the stern section & landed them at Cromer, H. F. Bailey, the Cromer lifeboat (Henry Blogg (1876/1954) the coxswain), which rescued the 15 from the bow section at about 4:30 p.m. on Nov. 22, 1927, landed them at Great Yarmouth, & was severely damaged in the rescue, John and Mary Meiklam, the Gorleston lifeboat, (Billy Fleming, the coxswain) which 5 times attempted rescue of the 15 but had to leave the scene with engine trouble, George Jewson & Tactful, both Yarmouth tugs, HMS Thanet, & apparently Corsea. Do however read at 8 & at 9 (no longer as referred to above) the story of the rescue - my brief words here do it no justice. And do also read here, & here also, about Henry Blogg who served the Cromer lifeboat for an amazing 53 years, 38 of those years as coxswain. What a record! His service puts the average citizen, including yours truly, to shame. But ... John Dobson needs (or now needed) your assistance. An exhibition, to be held at Cromer, Norfolk, this (2010) summer, will feature the Georgia rescue & John wishes, for that exhibition, additional data including detail as to the role which Corsea played in the rescue. If you have data, particularly re Corsea, do please be in touch, either directly with John Dobson, or via the webmaster who will pass the data on. I read that both sections of Georgia sank in the following days - the stern section at 52.58.36N/01.21.37E & the bow section at 52.52.54N/01.46.16E, a very long distance apart! It would seem that on Jan. 15, 1938, Corsea, while crossing from the S. side of the River Thames to Gallions Jetty on the N. side, was in collision with Ruahine in Gallions (or maybe Long) Reach. There was contact between the port side of Corsea & the stem of Ruahine. Visibility was limited at the time due to Nalon being moored near mid-channel. Inadequate look-outs the cause it would appear. Can anybody tell us about fault in the case? 51 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal except for i) 5 voyages in Jun./Sep. 1944 to Seine Bay, France, re the Normandy landings I believe, carrying petrol in cans, & ii) a Jan. 1945 voyage to Antwerp, Belgium. On Nov. 11, 1940, the vessel was attacked by a Stuka bomber & damaged, while en route from Methil to Southend. The vessel was returned, to Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., in 1945. Vessel repaired at Blyth in 1952. In 1953, the vessel was sold, for about £30,000, to Rederi A/B Uleå, of Helsinki, Finland, 'A/B Edv. Björklund O/Y' the manager, & renamed Nylandia. On Jan. 23, 1958 the vessel arrived at the Antwerp facilities of 'Van Loo & Co.', to be broken up. Can you add anything?

79 Zelo
2294 tons
Hull 293

145457

Kyriakoula
Pitsa
1921

A collier/coaster. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Zelo), 2 (sinking of Thetis), 3 (illustration of the raising of Thetis), 4 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org', image soon at left), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 93.9 metres (308.0 ft.) long perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 1/2 knots, signal letters KJSV later GCLP. Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Ltd.' ('Pelton'), of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. Likely used as above. There are many references to court cases involving Zelo which struck the wreck of Merkur, in Barry Roads, on Sep. 19, 1920. The Zelo involved was not this vessel, rather an earlier vessel (now listed here) of the name built for Pelton by 'Swan Hunter' at Southwick in 1917. A most interesting chapter in 1939. HMS Thetis, a 'T' Class submarine & the pride of the Royal Navy, was on its sea trials in Liverpool Bay, when, on Jun. 1, 1939, it sank with the loss of 99 lives. Only 4 escaped. Zelo was chartered to lift the Thetis, & was both modified as necessary & supplied with the necessary hawsers. On Jul. 22, 1939, the first attempt at raising the submarine failed - two lifting baulks or beams aboard Zelo broke & had to be replaced & strengthened. In late Aug. 1939, Zelo was back on site. It wrapped cables around Thetis at low tide & as the tide came in, floated up bringing the submarine with it. Zelo then sailed towards shore - a move made several times, until the submarine was successfully beached at Moelfre Bay, Anglesey, North Wales, on Sep. 3, 1939. 45 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal except for 6/7 voyages in Jun/Sep 1944 to Seine Bay, France, likely re the Normandy landings. In 1955, the vessel was sold to Greek owned 'Santa Barbara Cia. de Nav. S.A.', of Puerto Limon, Costa Rica, J. & E. Katsoulakos, the manager, & renamed Kyriakoula. Registered at Puerto Limon. In 1956, the vessel arrived at London from Kotka, Finland, (Baltic), with a deck cargo of timber & a list to starboard. A frequent visitor, it would appear, to Barrow-in-Furness, in the late 1950s & early 1960s, carrying iron ore from Setubal, Portugal. In 1964, the vessel was sold to 'Conisen Shipping S.A.', of Panama, & renamed Pitsa. In Apl. 1965, the vessel arrived at Perama (Athens), Greece, to be broken up. Can you add anything?

80 Andelle
1832 tons
Hull 298

146229
1922

A collier/coaster. Per 1 (death of Captain Rendall in 1937), 2 (WW2 mine warfare ships, Andelle), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 79.2 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 260 ft., speed of 9 knots. Built for 'Normandy Shipping Co. Ltd.', of London, ('Stephenson Clarke', the managers). Engaged in the carriage of duff coal (i.e. coal dust) from the Newport, Wales, coal mines of 'Powell Duffryn' to patent fuel works at Rouen & Rochefort, both in France. On Oct. 30, 1925, the vessel was sold at a price of £13,500 to Westwick Steamship Company Ltd., (James Westoll Ltd., the managers) i.e. James Westoll Line, of Sunderland. On Jun. 10, 1937, Robert Rendall, the vessel's Captain, died from natural causes aboard the ship, at age 74, while en route from London to the North-East. W. J. Tait & P. J. Brown, represented James Westoll Ltd., at the funeral. The vessel was damaged in 1942 & repaired. It would seem that such damage was to the vessel's propellers when leaving the 'Pelaw Main Collieries Ltd.' berth at the River Tyne. But... on Oct. 18, 1939, the vessel was requisitioned for WW2 service. It was, I believe in Oct. 1940, converted into a mine destructor vessel. Had a 300-t electric magnet on bow to initiate German magnetic mines. Arie de Lange advises that such a magnet is a big spool of electric wire in the bow of a ship. It makes a large electric field in front, at both sides & below the ship, which field causes magnetic mines to explode. Have not read where she served. In Jul. 1945, the vessel arrived at Briton Ferry, Wales, to be broken up. Not a particularly easy vessel to search for! Can you add anything? An image?

81 Stesso
2290 tons
Hull 299

145495
1922

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (sunk, Jun. 20, 1940), 2 (20.06.40 ref.), 3 (06.06.1940), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Stesso), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 93.9 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots. With a 'Woodbine' funnel. Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Ltd.' ('Pelton'), of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. The company later, in 1961, went into voluntary liquidation. Only 1 WW2 convoy reference. In 1940, the vessel was attacked by German aircraft in the East Dock at Cardiff & sank. But exactly when it happened is confusing. I have read Jun. 6, & Jun. 20, 1940. The vessel was later presumably raised since Miramar indicate that in Jan. 1941, the vessel was broken up at Briton Ferry, near Swansea, Wales. Not an easy name to search for! Can you add anything?

82 Corchester
2374 tons
Hull 308

149801
1927

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 ('Ships Nostalgia' page, City of Sydney & Corchester), 2 (Convoy KMS 054), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corchester), 4 (13 page Court of Inquiry Report, & Appeal report, not particularly easy reading, especially the appeal), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 285 ft. long. speed of 10 knots. Built for Wm. Cory & Son, noted for shipping coal into London. 56 WW2 convoy references, mainly U.K. coastal but including at least 1 N. Atlantic crossing, & service in Mediterranean (Alexandria, Port Said, Naples, Augusta, Tunis, etc.) Have read that the vessel served re the transport of petrol in cans in the Mediterranean. 'Narrowly missed by bombs at Naples'. At about 7:30 a.m. on Feb. 19, 1956, while en route from Erith, NW of Dartford, River Thames, London, to West Hartlepool in ballast, Corchester, owned by William Cory & Company Limited, under the command of Captain Ernest George Northcott, with 21 aboard, all told, was in collision with City of Sydney, 6,986 tons of Ellerman Lines Ltd. of London. At a point 2 miles S. of the Haisborough Light vessel on the coast of Norfolk. City of Sydney was under the command of William Reginald Pinchbeck, had 77 aboard (per the Inquiry Report) including a pilot & was en route, in ballast, from Middlesbrough to Newport, Wales. The weather conditions were, I have read, appalling - high rough seas, blizzard conditions, & zero visibility - however the Inquiry Report does not describe it as being as bad as that all sounds. It would seem that it was still dark. A collision? At 52.56N/1.35E. And how! The vessels were aware of one another via radar but neither slowed down. City of Sydney apparently hit Corchester & cut her in two, at No. 1 hold, wiping out everything forward of that point, including 6 crew in their accommodation in the forecastle. It would seem that 13 survivors of Corchester escaped the vessel via its port lifeboat, which also picked up Corchester's steward from the water (he died). The 13 were picked up by Cormull & landed at Gravesend. So 8 lives were lost, the six in the forecastle, the steward & the 2nd engineer who could not swim, would not jump into the water & was drowned. The vessel sank by the bow & its remains lie in 26/28 metres of water. 'Sea Breezes', of Dec. 1983, included an article entitled 'Last Voyage of the Corchester' written by G. R. Ney. A memorial service was later held, aboard Cormull, at the scene of the disaster. The Corchester captain was amongst the survivors. Robert Moffat, was a steward aboard Cormull, that day long ago. You can read his words here. Philip Winterburn was also aboard Cormull, & his description of the scene can be read here. We thank both Robert & Philip! The report of the Court of Inquiry & of the appeal is WWW available thanks to 'Plimsoll' (link above). Northcott, Captain of Corchester, had his certificate suspended for three months. He was not, however, found guilty of any wrongful act or default having been below decks until just before the collision. He appealed the suspension therefore & won the appeal. The licence of John Sydney Barrage, Corchester's Mate, in command of Corchester at the time of the collision, was suspended for 12 months for maintaining speed & failing to sound the vessel's fog signals. A similar suspension was imposed upon Pinchbeck, the master of City of Sydney, for similar reasons. Further words from Philip Winterburn, about the actions of City of Sydney after the collision, words that are attributed to Keith James who was aboard City of Sydney at the time of the collision - 'I was on that ship and we did put a lifeboat in the water, but a rope got caught around the propeller, and one of their crew actually dived in and cut the rope, but by the time it was free we had the survivors aboard.' Thanks again Philip! And thanks also to Keith James. Can anybody add anything?

83 Lady Olga
1266 tons
Hull 312

149913
1927

A cargo ship, a 'flat-iron' collier. Per A (e-Bay image), 1 ('Tom Puddings' coal barges), 2 & 3 ('Ships Nostalgia' images, #4 is believed to be Lady Olga, but you must be registered to access them), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Lady Olga), 5 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org', see left), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 225.0 ft. long (68.6 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 234.0 ft. long (71.32 metres) overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters KWNL later MNWT, a 'flat-iron' low-profile vessel designed to be able to pass under low bridges, such as those on the River Thames at London, with a funnel which tilted for that purpose. Specially designed to serve the new jetty at Fulham Gas Works, at Fulham, London. Named after the wife of Sir David Milne-Watson, then Governor of GasLight. Built for 'Gas, Light & Coke Co.' ('GasLight'), of London, which company became, on May 1, 1949, 'North Thames Gas Board'. Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd., later Stephenson Clarke Ltd., the managers. 43 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal, covering the period of Sep. 1939 thru Sep. 1941. Which is a puzzle. You would have thought that there would be many later such voyages - see following data. It would seem, per 'i-law.com', that the vessel was involved in two collisions in 1943. The vessel was in collision, in the North Sea, with Quaysider as Lady Olga, heading north, turned towards Sunderland. The stem of Quaysider hit the starboard side of Lady Olga. And also, upbound in Woolwich Reach, River Thames, the vessel was in collision, in foggy conditions, with the down-bound Dalewood. It would seem that a ferry boat was crossing the river from N. to S. at the time of the incident. Lady Olga dropped her port anchor. Dalewood likely hit the anchored Lady Olga - Dalewood's speed being part of the cause. L. B. Anderson, the ship's master, was awarded the Lloyd's War Medal for Bravery at Sea, for an incident on Feb. 24, 1944. He was granted an MBE also. There are many WWW references to the award, but none to the circumstances. But it must have been respecting Lady Olga's rescue, in Feb. 1944 of 11 crew members of Philipp M., a collier, torpedoed & sunk while in convoy. Philipp M. was, I learn, torpedoed near Hearty Knoll Buoy, off Yarmouth, while en route from the Tyne to London with a cargo of coal. On May 16, & Sep. 18, 1957, the vessel was reported as being laid up at Sheer's Quay, Sunderland. On Dec. 27, 1957, the vessel arrived at the 'O. Bulens' ship breaking facilities at Hoboken, Antwerp, Belgium, to be broken up. Break up commenced in Feb. 1958. There are many gaps in the data above. Can you add anything? Perhaps about the Lloyd's Medal & the vessel's later WW2 service?

84 Corbridge
1703 tons
Hull 313

149973

Arion
Antonios Ventouris
1928

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corbridge), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 77.7 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 264 ft. long overall, speed of 10 knots. The last collier built for 'Cory' with machinery amidships. Built for 'Cory Colliers Ltd.', noted for shipping coal into London. 49 WW2 convoy references, mainly U.K. coastal, but including 4 voyages to Seine Bay, France, in Jun/Aug 1944, carrying ammunition, re the Normandy landings I presume, & a later voyage to Ostend. In 1954, the vessel was sold, for £20,000, to 'Compania Naviera y de Comercio Arion Ltda.', of Costa Rica, ('N. Papalios' the manager?), & renamed Arion. In 1966, it would seem with no change of owner, the vessel was renamed Antonios Ventouris. Miramar refers to 'C. G. Ventouris', the manager perhaps, which means 'Constantinos Ventouris' with the vessel was named after his son Antonios. On Dec. 29, 1966, the vessel ran aground, blew up & was wrecked. At 39.23N/26.13E. On a reef 3 miles W. of Molyvos, N. of the island of Lesbos (Lesvos) in the Aegean. The vessel was en route from Piraeus to Varna (Black Sea coast of Bulgaria), with a cargo of fertilizer. The crew of 12 abandoned the vessel & there was no loss of life. We thank Aris Bilalis for data re this listing. Aris adds that if the vessel did blow up, as Miramar advises, it must have been after her evacuation. Can anybody add to the record?

85 Corminster
1703 tons
Hull 314

160366

Coralia III
Zakynthos
1928

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corminster), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 77.7 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 264 ft. long overall, speed of 10 knots. The last ship built for Wm. Cory & Son Ltd. ('Cory'), or Cory Colliers Ltd., with engines amidships. Cory were noted for shipping coal from the north-east into London & the S. of England. The vessel was the first to load at the new automated Dover Harbour coal bunker facility in ? year. The vessel would seem to have been requisitioned by the Admiralty, on Apl. 28, 1940, for service as a Dockyard Replenishment collier. 44 WW2 convoy references all of which are U.K. coastal except for 3 voyages to France in Jul/Sep 1944 (presumably re the Normandy landings). I am unable to access, however, the vessel's independent voyages including one perhaps in Mar. 1941  in which the Chief Officer lost his life (Mar. 16, 1941). The vessel would seem to have served at Narvik, in northern Norway. In Mar. 1946, the vessel was returned to Cory. It was sold, in 1958, for about £15,000, to 'Domestinis Steamship Lines', of Piraeus, Greece, (Captain John & N. Domestinis the principals?) & renamed Coralia III. It was sold again, in 1965, to 'Dionyssios Zambasas & Co.', of Greece, & renamed Zakynthos. On Nov. 23, 1967, the vessel arrived at Split, Yugoslavia, to be broken up. Can you add anything?

86 Westburn
2842 (later 2874?) tons
Hull 318

160315

Eldra
Delos
1929

A cargo ship. Per 1 (Westburn launch image), 2 (image, Westburn launch party), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Westburn), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 95.1 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 312 ft., speed of 10 knots. Built, at a cost of £45,437, for 'Westwick Steamship Co. Ltd.', which company was owned by 'James Westoll Ltd.' ('Westoll'), of Sunderland, a company noted for transporting coal on the E. coast of the U.K. & also also their involvement in the Black Sea grain trade. The second fleet vessel of the name, the other (1893) also being built at Sunderland. Now the Adamson family was a major investor in Westoll ships & in that regard it is interesting to note that 'Westburn' was the name of John Adamson's house in Sunderland. 60 WW2 convoy references, mainly U.K. coastal, but the list includes 5 return voyages to Seine Bay, France, in Jun/Sep 1944 & 2 voyages to Le Havre, France, in Dec. 1944 & Apl. 1945. The vessel was the last 'Westoll' fleet vessel when it, (and it would appear the owning company also), was sold, on Sep. 16, 1957, to Vedra Shipping Company Limited ('Vedra'), of Sunderland, & renamed Eldra. Now Vedra was owned by J. Weston Adamson (the principal shareholder) & his wife Elgie Emily Adamson, of the Adamson family, ship owners of Sunderland, whose ships had originally, from the 1860s, been managed by James Westoll, founder of Westoll, & by his son of the same name. In 1960, the vessel was sold, for 'over £30,000' to 'George Th. Sigalas', of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Delos. Registered in Lebanon. In Nov. 1970, the vessel was broken up at Perama, Greece, near Piraeus & Athens. Can you add anything?

87 Livingstone I
1959 (or 1958) tons
Hull 322

Marpesia
Tiuri
Coconica
Costas
1930

A freighter, which was launched on Apl. 28, 1930. Per 1 (T. C. McCobb), 2 (Lloyd's Register ('LR') data, 1930/31 thru 1944/45, at 'plimsollshipdata.org' - Marpesia). 3 (Marpesia), 4 (data & many modest Tiuri & related images, text in Finnish), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 275.9 ft. long (84.094 metres), signal letters LJBD, later LDNX, 195 HP engines by George Clark Limited of Sunderland. Was laid down as Livingstone I for C. Mathiesen of Bergen, Norway. But bought (certainly registered in 1930/31 per LR), after completion as Marpesia, by Karl Bruusgaard of Drammen, Norway. From 1931/32, the ownership is LR recorded as 'A/S Mabella' of Drammen, Norway, with Karl Bruusgaard the vessel's manager. On Apl. 10, 1942, the vessel rescued 19 survivors off the coast of Surinam, Dutch Guiana, ex a lifeboat of T. C. McCobb, an American Esso tanker. The tanker had been sunk on Mar. 31, 1942 by Italian submarine Pietro Calvi. On Oct. 2, 1942, the vessel was attacked by U-201 at 08.53N/60.20W, but suffered no damage. The submarine, itself attacked & damaged, did not renew the engagement. The vessel was sold, in 1954, to Oy Sarmatia of Rauma, Finland, with Seppinen & Kemppi Oy also of Rauma, the vessel's managers, & renamed Tiuri. And sold again in 1963 to Fenno Streamship Co. Ltd., also of Rauma, with no further change of vessel name. I have read the name of J. Konkola relative to such ownership, surely the vessel's manager. The vessel was sold in 1964 to A. I. Romano or Soi Co. Ltd., of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Coconica. And sold for the last time in 1965 to K. (Kostas) D. Galatis et al, of Piraeus, & renamed Costas. In early Jan. 1967, (I have read on Jan. 5, 1967), the vessel was wrecked off Shabla, near Mangalia (Black Sea coast of Romania). I think that I have the name and ownership sequence correctly above. But I seem to have mislaid a couple of LR editions which would clarify the ownership in 1957/58 & in 1961/62. A portion of the above data is thanks to Pekka Hoikkala, of Finland, whose father, Vilho Hoikkala served as Tiuri's captain from Sep. 14, 1955 to Dec. 31, 1962. Can you add to or correct anything written above?

88 Dalewood
2774 (or 2793 or 2795) tons
Hull 324

162534

Dale
Armonia II
Bahamas Gem
Antonios D.
Mar Glauco
Ciro Palomba
1931

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Dalewood), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46, at 'plimsollshipdata.org'). 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 93.3 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots, signal letters LGTC & GLNQ. Built for William France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., of London, noted for the carriage of coal from the NE of England to London & other places in the S. of England. An amazing 244 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal except for 7 return voyages to Seine Bay, France, (6 from Barry, Wales & 1 from Southend), in Jun/Oct 1944 re the Normandy landings. The vessel must have been 'lucky' indeed. In 1943, down bound in Woolwich Reach, River Thames, the vessel was in collision, in foggy conditions, with the up bound Lady Olga. It would seem that a ferry boat was crossing the river from N. to S. at the time of the incident. Lady Olga dropped her port anchor. Dalewood likely hit the anchored Lady Olga - speed part of the cause. The vessel was sold, in 1958, to E. N. Vintiadis, of Lefkas, Greece, (Lefkada, Ionian Islands) & renamed Dale. There were many later changes of owners & vessel names. The vessel became Armonia II when sold in 1960 to 'A. Angelicoussis etc.' (per Miramar), which may well mean Antonis Angelicoussis & D. Efthimros & Co. (or a name most similar to that - my eyesight is good but I cannot read the amazingly miniscule Google 'snippet' data text), possibly of Piraeus, Greece. And became Bahamas Gem when sold, in 1961, to Lincoln Chartering (of where I wonder?). In 1963, the vessel was sold to 'D. Discruz' (who were they & where were they from?) & was renamed Antonios D. And in 1964, the vessel was sold again, to M. Maresca & Co., of Genoa, Italy, & renamed Mar Glauco. In 1967, the vessel was sold for the last time to G. Palomba, & renamed Ciro Palomba. Now G. Palomba may have been the manager only. I say that because in Feb. 1972, the vessel was sold to be broken up by 'Antares Soc. di Armamento', of Italy, & arrived at the La Spezia, Italy, ship breaking facilities of C.N. "Santa Maria", to be scrapped. It is most difficult to identify correctly many of the later owners of the vessel since WWW references seem not to exist. Can you add to or correct the above?

89 Tyndall
1314 tons
Hull 325

162766
1932

A 'flatiron' collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Tyndall), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 69.2 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 knots. Built for London Power Co. Ltd. 'Flatiron' to permit passage under the low bridges across the River Thames in London. Carried coal from the North East to London power stations including Battersea. 42 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal other than trips to Seine Bay, France, in Aug. & Sep. 1944, ex Barry & Southend - re the Normandy landings perhaps? Big time gaps in the dates so there must have been many independent voyages. As a result of the nationalisation of the U.K. electricity industry, the vessel would have become owned by 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' ('Central') in 1958. The vessel was sold by Central later in 1958. And on Jul. 12, 1958, the vessel arrived at Dutch ship breakers at Delfzijl (NE Netherlands, Germany is across the River Ems), to be broken up. The WWW is essentially silent about this vessel. Can you add anything?

90 Corhampton
2495 tons
Hull 328

163398
1933

A collier. Per 1 (image, Corhampton), 2 (sinking data), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corhampton), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 89.0 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 292 ft., speed of 10 knots. Designed & built as the result of 'exhaustive hull & propeller experiments' in the tanks at the  National Physical Laboratory at Teddington, Middlesex. Built for Cory Colliers Ltd., of London, presumably to carry coal from the NE to the S. of England. On Mar. 3, 1938, Corhampton, proceeding down river in Sea Reach, River Thames, was in collision with up-bound Sway, a 105 ft. long motor barge owned by 'J. J. Prior (Transport) Limited' ('Prior'), of London & Colchester. The webmaster's memory suggests that Prior was in the sand & gravel business & had, & maybe still has, ready-mix concrete facilities at Deptford Creek, Blackwall, in E. London. Sway sank as a result. I have read that Corhampton was on her correct side of the river, i.e. the S. side, & that Sway was also on the S. side. There was contact between the bow of Sway & the stem of Corhampton. The 'snippet' that I read seems to say that Sway was found to be at fault, but can anybody advise the full circumstances & outcome. 49 WW2 convoy references, all of which are U.K. coastal. The end, for the ship, came on Nov. 15/16, 1941, but I cannot tell you definitively what then happened. I have read that the vessel was en route from Hartlepool to Rochester (River Medway, Kent) with 3,650 tons of coal, but have also read the ship was en route from Blyth (NE of Newcastle) to London with cargo unstated. 'Convoyweb.org' advises, however, that the ship was in Convoy FS.647, of 7 ships without escort, which left Methil (Firth of Forth, Scotland) on Nov. 14, 1941 for Southend. So we appear to have 3 routings. It does look, however, as though the vessel hit a mine on Nov. 15, 1941, 26 miles NE of Spurn Head (E. Yorkshire at the mouth of the Humber River). A total complement of 24 including four gunners - no loss of life. It was taken in tow (to where & by which ship?). On Nov. 16, 1941 it was bombed by German aircraft while under tow & sank. At 53.53N/00.26E. But 2 also advises another nearby location, i.e. 53.52.45N/ 00.26.45E. And advises also that the vessel may have survived the bombing, slipped its cable, drifted & then sank. Can anybody tell us what really did happen? Or otherwise add anything?

91 Corhaven
991 tons
Hull 328

163384
1933

A collier that had a quite short life. Per 1 ('Thursday, 25 July', 60% down), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corhaven), 3 (Lloyd's Register data, 1933 thru 1940, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 63.4 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 208 ft. Built for Cory Colliers Ltd., Wm. Cory & Son Ltd. the managers, presumably to carry coal from the N.E. to the S. of England. 28 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal. On Jul. 25, 1940, while en route from the Tyne to Portsmouth in convoy CW.8 with a cargo of coal, Corhaven was attacked by German Stuka dive-bombers & sunk off Dover. The convoy was attacked by waves of 20 to 40 German aircraft launched from airfields based in France (& by motor torpedo boats also). 2 does not reference the attack. I have not read the exact site of the sinking. The entire crew was rescued so no loss of life. The air battle, in which 5 ships were sunk (including Portslade & Henry Moon, both Sunderland built) & 5 more were damaged, was, I have read, watched by scores of people from Abbott's Cliff, Dover. Can you add anything?

92 Corfell
1802 tons
Hull 332

163532

Evangelia II
1934

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corfell), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.3 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 265 ft. overall, speed of 10 knots. Built for Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., or maybe Cory Colliers Ltd., (collectively 'Cory'), presumably to carry coal from the NE to the S. of England. 68 WW2 convoy references, almost entirely U.K. coastal, up & down the east coast to Southend (London), but including service in the Mediterranean, as far east as Alexandria but mainly in the western Mediterranean (Augusta, Bari, Naples, Oran, Brindisi etc). An able seaman was, I read, killed aboard the ship on May 9, 1941. I read also that during WW2, at a date unstated, Corfell engaged with gunfire a German aircraft laying mines, & later, while 'Commodore' ship for a convoy off Lowestoft,  was credited with sinking an E-boat. From Jul. 1943, I read that the vessel was fitted out to carry petrol in cans in the Mediterranean area. Returned to Cory, (Cory Maritime Ltd.), in Apl. 1945. Malcolm Bean has been in touch (thanks!) to tell us that he served as radio officer aboard Corfell from Jun. 29, 1953 thru Dec. 9, 1953, at which time E. Scott was the captain. Most of the crew were then from the North East. The ship loaded coal at Seaham Harbour, Blyth or Dunstan & delivered it to power stations, cement works etc. on the river Thames in London. Malcolm recalls conversations with older seaman about service during WW2 - 'Colliers would leave port loaded with coal but German U Boats were in wait and torpedoed the ships which sank. Survivors rowed ashore. Often, after a few days leave, they were sent off to sea again and were torpedoed once more. If they refused to join a ship they were put into jail and released when they agreed to sail again.' In 1958, the vessel was sold, for £20,000 (or about £20,000), to 'Domestinis Steamship Line', of Piraeus, Greece, (Captain John & N. Domestinis the principals?), & renamed Evangelia II. The vessel arrived at Split, Yugoslavia, in Feb. 1968, to be broken up. WWW data re this vessel is most limited. Can you add anything?

93 Corfirth
1803 tons
Hull 330

163476

Capetan Manolis
Patrick M.
Vassos
1934

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corfirth), 2 (model of Corfirth), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.3 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 265 ft. overall, speed of 10 (or 8) knots. Built for Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., or more likely Cory Colliers Ltd. (collectively 'Cory'), presumably to carry coal from the N.E. to the S. of England. 41 WW2 convoy references, mainly U.K. coastal but including limited service into Mediterranean (Tunis (not Port Said) & Casablanca) & W. Africa (Freetown). I read that she carried petrol in cans (OS.56 from the Clyde to Horta, Azores, in Oct. 1943). On Feb. 12, 1944, when entering Ajaccio, Corsica, the vessel struck a mine. The vessel was beached. Any loss of life? Some crew members at least would seem to have been taken off by Tautra, a Norwegian merchant ship also built at Sunderland, but Roger Griffiths at 'Ships Nostalgia' suggests that was not so (90% down here). The vessel was only re-floated on Feb. 25, 1945 (by Gamtoos?) & repaired at Leghorn (Livorno), Italy. In Apl. 1946, the vessel returned to Cory service. In 1958, the vessel was sold, for £15,000 to 'Magiora Cia Naviera', of Costa Rica, 'L. Nomicos', of Piraeus, Greece, the manager, & renamed Capetan Manolis. Liberian flag. On Feb. 26, 1959, or on Mar. 9, 1959 per Collier's, the ship's cargo of potash, fruit juices & cement, destined for Ceylon & Malaya, was impounded by the Egyptian authorities at Port Said, the cargo being ex Haifa, Israel. In 1961, the vessel was sold to 'Compania de Navigation Patricio Ltda', of Beirut, Lebanon, (Mooringwell Steamship Co. Ltd., of Cardiff, the manager) & renamed Patrick M. And, in 1966, the vessel was sold to 'Komi Shipping S.A.' ('Kalamotusis', of London & Greece, the manager), & renamed Vassos. Also Liberian flag. The 4th image at left, ex eBay, shows the vessel aground at Sutton Harbour, Plymouth. Can any advise the circumstances & what happened? The vessel arrived at Savona, Italy, on May 28, 1967, to be broken up. Can you add anything?

94 Corfleet
1803 tons
Hull 331

163484

Eliza
Bruce M.
Grace
1934

A collier. Per A (e-Bay image, Bruce M), 1 (history data), 2 ('pdf' file, Nov. 1937 newspaper re Mongolia collision - page bottom, 'Three-Day London'), 3 (Mongolia/ Rimutaka at Wikipedia), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Corfleet), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.3 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 265 ft. overall, speed of 10 knots. Built for Cory Colliers Ltd., of London. Used to transport coal from the N.E. to power stations on the Thames & Medway rivers in the S. of England. On Nov. 27, 1937, during a dense fog which blanketed 1/2 of England for 3 days, a fog described as one of the heaviest in London's history, the vessel collided with Mongolia off the Nore (a sandbank at the mouth of the Thames estuary) & was badly damaged. That collision is a real puzzle. Most WWW references are to the collision being exactly a year later, on Nov. 27, 1938, & with Rimutaka rather than Mongolia, (be aware Mongolia was renamed Rimutaka). But 3 clearly has the data as I have recorded it above. 45 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal. A number of ownership changes within the 'Cory' group it would seem (1), i.e. to Wm. Cory & Son Ltd. in 1946, to Concrete Maritime Ltd. in 1947, & to Cory Maritime Ltd. in 1948. In 1959, the vessel was sold to Compania de Navigation Louteflodini, Ltda., of Costa Rica, & renamed Eliza. (Lebanese flag). I have read references to L. D. & N. Nomicos, of Piraeus, Greece, re that sale. They may have been the managers or the owners behind the scene, or maybe both. Eliza was given a new funnel, & 'a more modern profile'. In 1961, the vessel was sold to Compania de Navigation Patricio Ltda, of Beirut, Lebanon, Mooringwell Shipping Ltd. of Cardiff the managers, & renamed Bruce M. In 1965 the vessel was sold again, to Quadros Compania Naviera S.A., also of Beirut, A. Tountas & Co., of Piraeus, the managers, & renamed Grace. In 1969, the vessel was broken up at Perama (Athens/Piraeus), Greece. WWW data re this vessel is limited & contradictory. Can you add to or correct the above?

95 Anglian Coast
594 (later 599) tons
Hull 335

164270
513637
5136373?

Griqua Coast
1935

A coaster. Per 1 ('wrecksite.eu', data, 2 images, Griqua Coast), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Anglian Coast), 3 ('pdf' file, p.#1, scuttled in 1968), 4 (image, Anglian Coast), 5 (Callister award), 6 (Lloyd's Register data, Anglian Coast, 'plimsollshipdata.org', 1937/38 thru 1945/46), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 196.3 ft. long (59.83 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, later 195 ft. 10 in., 205 ft. 0 in. long (62.48 metres) overall, twin screw, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letter GYNK. Built for Coast Lines Limited ('CoastLines'), of Liverpool, 'Powell, Bacon & Hough', the managers. CoastLines provided coastal, short-sea & ferry services around most of the British Isles, both in its own name & through about 20 owned or controlled coastal shipping companies. The group, whose vessels were all named 'something Coast' was said to have been the largest coaster company in the world. Just 4 WW2 convoy references including a voyage in late 1939 from Bristol to the River Loire, France. On Mar. 4, 1941 (or maybe on  Apl. 3, 1941), the vessel was damaged by a mine, off Bar Lightship (River Mersey at Liverpool). On Jun. 15, 1945, Thomas H. (Henry) Callister, Captain of Anglian Coast,  was awarded an OBE (Order of the British Empire), (I think that is what the above link indicates), presumably for war service. In Oct. 1955, the vessel was renamed Griqua Coast, in anticipation of being, in 1956, taken from Liverpool to Port Elizabeth, South Africa, to serve in that area for CoastLines' South African subsidiary, 'Thesen's Steamship Company (Pty) Ltd.' of 'Cape Town',  which company was later, in 1967, acquired by 'Unicorn Shipping (Pty) Ltd.'. Certainly, in 1955, the vessel was equipped with radar. In early 1966, the vessel, which had been laid up at Cape Town's No. 5 Quay, & had become a derelict, was donated to the South African Navy ('Navy'), & was towed by Pondo Coast to Salamander Bay, Saldanha Bay, NW of Cape Town, South Africa, to be scuttled for diving exercises by the Navy. Not an easy tow - en route the tow line parted & had to be reconnected & Xhosa Coast passed over the tow line, &, it would seem, fortunately did not snag it. The vessel was  scuttled, off Saidanha Bay, on Mar. 5, 1968. Is it still there, I wonder? WWW data re this vessel is quite limited. We thank Robert Young for correcting this listing - as a very young man he was 'riding crew' aboard the derelict Griqua Coast when it was towed to Salamander Bay in 1966. Can you add anything? #1762

96 Gasfire
2972 (later 3001) tons
Hull 338

164730
1936

A collier. Per 1 (data & image), 2 (Lloyd's medal, Umpleby), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Gasfire), 4 (WW2 data), 5 (Sunderland Echo, Apl. 2010 article), 6 (Hermann Büchting), 7 (Lloyd's Register data, Gasfire, 1937/38 thru 1943/44, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org', see left), 8 (vessel history ex Trove, Australia), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 97.1 (or 97.02) metres (318.4 ft.) long perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters GZCT, speed? Sister to Mr. Therm. Built for Gas Light & Coke Co., Britain’s largest gas manufacturer, of London, Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd., the managers. 32 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. local, to & from London (Southend). On Oct. 17, 1940, the vessel left Southend for Methil, Firth of Forth, as part of Convoy FN.11 or FN.311. The vessel was hit by a torpedo fired by S27, of the German 1st S-Flotilla, Oberleutnant zur See Hermann Büchting in command, 6 miles NNW of Smith's Knoll (E. of Yarmouth), but was not sunk, rather badly damaged. Her stern had to be replaced (see image at 1). It would seem that 11 were killed in the attack. I have WWW spotted the names of 2 of those killed, B. Dennis, a fireman & A. Hoad, an able seaman. And there are 6 additional names here (in addition to Dennis). Three ships in the convoy were hit (Hawley & PLM 14 were the others) & there were 23 deaths between them. Can anyone help me track S27, to which I have so far found few references. It may have been a small German submarine, known as an 'E-boat'. Gasfire was, I read, beached at Spurn Head, taken to Hull & then to Sunderland. The vessel's repairs, on the 'Austin' pontoon, were completed on May 3, 1941. It would seem that as a result of those repairs, the vessel's gross tonnage increased from 2972 to 3001 tons. Just a few weeks later, on Jun. 21, 1941, she left Southend in ballast for Sunderland, but was sunk en route when it hit a mine 11 miles E. of Southwold, Suffolk. At 52.19N/1.59E. No loss of life - all 26 were rescued. T. A. Umpleby, a donkeyman, was awarded the Lloyd's War Medal for Bravery at Sea, & a King's Commendation re the sinking. The 'Trove Australia' article linked above advises that 'the fore part of the vessel was blown away, the fore-mast crashed on to the upper bridge and the cabin accommodation amidships was wrecked. The Gasfire was towed out of the swept channel and sunk about six miles east of Southwold.' I wonder why the ship was Lloyd's Register listed long after the vessel was sunk. Can you add more?

97 Icemaid
1964 (or 1954) tons
Hull 340

164670

Papeira M.
1936

A collier. Per 1 (ref. Icemaid, Saturday, 11 October), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Icemaid), 3 (Sagacity collision, 52% down), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.3 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 279.7 ft., speed of 9 1/2 knots. The prototype of 'Icemaid' type colliers. Built for Gas Light & Coke Co., (which later became 'North Thames Gas Board'), of London, Stephenson Clarke & Co., the managers, to serve Beckton Gasworks & Regent's Canal Dock. 44 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. local, to & from Southend. There may have been independent voyages also, but the webmaster is denied access to 'convoyweb.org' independent voyage data. On Oct. 11, 1941, Icemaid was damaged by a mine off Orfordness near Shipwash Light Vessel off Harwich. It arrived at Harwich, under tow, on Oct. 12, 1941. The vessel may also have been hit by enemy aircraft during WW2 but the reference the webmaster saw provided no detail. In 1947 (or maybe a bit earlier), Icemaid, proceeding downriver, collided in fog with Sagacity, upbound, in Woolwich Reach, River Thames. The legal reference that I saw does not give enough data to provide detail as to what exactly happened & the full circumstances. The ship was 'adopted' in the 1950s by a North Shields school, I read. In 1958, the vessel was sold to Cia. Matsas & Drossus, of Panama, or Greece perhaps?, & renamed Papeira M. Miramar advises (thanks!) that the vessel was wrecked at Mogadishu, Somalia, on Jan. 28, 1963. It must have been later re-floated & towed, since it arrived at Split, Yugoslavia, on Oct. 5, 1965, to be broken up. Can you add more? Another image?

98 Mr. Therm
2974 tons
Hull 337

164634
1936

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Mr. Therm), but am unable to check the link), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 97.0 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 316 ft., speed of 9 knots, crew of 23. Sister to Gasfire. Named after the advertising character, i.e. Mr. Therm, created in 1931 by illustrator Eric Fraser. Built for Gas Light & Coke Co. ('GLCC'), of London, Stephenson Clarke & Co., the managers. 37 WW2 convoy references, almost all U.K. local, from the NE to & from Southend (for London & the Beckton Gas Works at East Ham), other than 3 round-trip voyages to Seine Bay, France, in Jun. & Jul. 1944, re the Normandy landings. I read, indeed, that the vessel was one of the first ships to discharge off the Normandy beaches. On May 1, 1949, GLCC was nationalised & became the North Thames Gas Board. A law suit involving the vessel was reported in Jul. 1951 - have not read any detail. On Apl. 21, 1959, the vessel arrived, under tow, at the ship breaking facilities of Clayton & Davie, at Dunston, River Tyne, to be broken up. Can you add more? #1706

99   Goodwood
2796 tons
Hull 343

165553
1937

A collier. Per 1 (data, ref. 'Sunday, 10th September 1939'), 2 ('wrecksite.eu', re 1939 sinking), 3 ('The Daily Telegraph', 1939 article), 4 (Sep. 1939 report in a New Zealand paper), 5 ('uboat.net', sinking), 6 (Middlesbro', ref. 'Friday, 8 December'), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 93.4 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed? Built for William France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd. at a cost of £56,000. The vessel is said to have had a short life, sunk when it hit a mine in Sep. 1939 - one of the earliest allied vessels to be sunk in the North Sea (some say the first such vessel). So this listing might well be expected to be short. Whatever can there be to say? Well there are two versions of what happened - read on. Goodwood was en route from the Tyne to Bayonne, France, Captain Harold S. (Stevendale) Hewson in command, a crew of 21 (or maybe as many as 23) all told, with a cargo of coal. When 1 mile N. (or SE) of Flamborough Head, Yorkshire, close to shore & in convoy, & at 6.10 a.m. on Sep. 10, 1939, there was a giant explosion. I cannot today tell you exactly where, but roughly at 54.10N/08.30W. Crowds gathered on the nearby cliffs to watch the crew escape the ship & the ship sink by the bow. Survivors were picked up by a fishing boat & landed at nearby Bridlington. It would appear that one life was lost - Don Kindell suggests that he may have been a passenger rather than a crewman - but the WWW data is confusing. Captain Hewson suffered two broken legs & he & two crew members ended up in hospital. The Captain had been thrown into the water. Two of the crew jumped after him & kept him afloat until the one usable lifeboat could reach him. But what actually happened? Many sites including 'u-boat.net', & books also, state that the ship hit a mine laid by U-15, Korvettenkapitän Heinz Buchholz in command, (though U-13 is also referenced). But I also read that the ship was sunk by a torpedo fired by U-15. Such 1939 data as I can see, (3 & 4), seems to indicate that the vessel was, in fact, torpedoed. However, & it is an important however, Don Kindell of 'convoyweb.org' states that when those articles were written, in Sep. 1939, it was not known that the area had been mined. And the explosion was assumed to have been the result of a torpedo. The ship sank most quickly. About 3 months later, on Dec. 8, 1939, Middlesboro', of 989 gross tons, built by Hawthorn Leslie at Hebburn-on-Tyne, (a vessel not listed at Miramar), ran into the wreck & it sank - its crew were rescued by Runeborg, also not listed at Miramar. I read that the submarine involved in the Goodwood sinking was later sunk by an escort vessel & that important papers were recovered from her. Now U-15 would seem to have been sunk on Jan. 30, 1940 when rammed unintentionally, at Hoofden, (Netherlands?), by another German vessel (Iltis). While U-13 was sunk, on May 31, 1940, SE of Lowestoft, by depth charges of HMS Weston. A confusing story overall! Our Goodwood, i.e. the wreck, would seem to be still on the sea bottom today & owned by a group of local divers - that data from a website now gone & only available in cache as this listing is finalised. Can you add more?

100 Elizabeth Lysaght
1037 tons
Hull 347

166439
539752

Rino Esposito
Zaffiro
1938

A collier. Per 1 (modest reference re Feb. 3/4, 1943), 2 (image), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Elizabeth Lysaght), 4 ('plimsollshipdata.org'. Lloyd's Register data, 1937/38 thru 1945/46), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 211.3 ft. long (63.7 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 220.5 ft. long (67.2 metres) overall, speed 9 1/2 or 10 knots, signal letters MMSJ, later ISPP. Built for Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. 85 WW2 convoy references, almost entirely U.K. coastal, but including 4 voyages to Seine Bay, France, in Jul., thru Sep. 1944, presumably re the Normandy invasions. It would seem that the vessel must have been extensively modified - see the 3rd image at left, as Rino Esposito. The vessel was sold, in 1958, to 'F. Esposito' & became Rino Esposito. It was sold again, in 1961, to 'C. Giovagnoni' & renamed Zaffiro.  I think that C. Giovagnoni was likely the manager since  in 1968/69 the vessel was owned by 'Michele Scotio di Mase' of Naples, Italy. The vessel was wrecked at Cape Bengut (near Algiers, Algeria, in the Mediterranean), on May 12, 1970. I have not read the circumstances. Can you add more?

There are more (later) vessels built by 'Austin' on the 2nd 'Austin' page available here.

Tony Frost advises (thanks!) that further vessels were constructed at the Wear Dockyard, after S. P. Austin & Son Ltd. became part of Austin & Pickersgill Limited in 1954. Specifically hull numbers 419 through 436. See here. The last hull number for S. P. Austin & Son Ltd. was, I am advised, #418.

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001 PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

To Thomas M. M. Hemy Data Page 41. All of the other Thomas Hemy pages, including image pages, are accessible though the index on Thomas Hemy page 05. [ ] £ ü

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