THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 059
SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 16
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Corrections in any of the material which follows, however tiny, would be most welcome. And additions, of course!
I really know nothing about 'Henry Ferguson' of Southwick, who was apparently a shipbuilder in 1840. All I know is what I have seen, i.e. an eBay item in Apl. 2011 where Henry Sidey, son of James Sidey, a Berwick upon Tweed cabinet maker, was apprenticed, in 1840, to Henry Ferguson of Southwick in the County of Durham, Ship Builder, to learn the art of ship building. With a fine image of the document itself (below).
Can you tell us more about 'Ferguson', perhaps exactly where they were located, & for how long they were in business. The eBay item, which was offered by 'friend of the site' Stephen Murray, i.e. vendor 'atlantic-fox', sold for GBP 31.00.
He may have been in business for a short time only. I say that because there is no reference to him in the 1848/49 edition of 'North of England Maritime Directory, Shipping Register and Commercial Advertiser' (available via 'Google Books'), which contains an extensive list of Sunderland shipbuilders. The only reference that just may 'fit', is here, but with no words that described his occupation.
I have now seen a list of Sunderland built vessels which includes just 5 vessel built by 'H. Ferguson' during the period from 1840 thru 1848.
Reuben Charlton, in a guestbook message in late Jul. 2011, refers to George Frater & his partners having built ships at Ayres Quay. The firm was in business, apparently, for about a decade, from 1830 to 1841 when the firm went bankrupt. Reuben indicates that George Frater was his great great grandfather & that the James W. Corder Manuscripts contain detail about a number of the ships that the firm built.
'George Frater & Co.' would seem to have built about 7,200 tons of ship construction, which would seem to have comprised 26 ships.
Reuben has now kindly provided some typed extracts of the 'George Frater and Co. - Ayres Quay' pages of the Corder Manuscripts. The extracts list 17 vessels 'from the Custom House Records' & there may well be additional vessels not 'Corder' listed. Reuben has also provided additional biographical data & data about the bankruptcy of 'George Frater & Co', on April 7, 1841. From such data & from other sources, the following would seem to summarize what the webmaster understands to be the history:-
In 1824, George Frater, with I am advised 7 partners, were building ships at Ayres Quay. George was likely a junior partner since the firm would seem to have been known as 'Kirkbride, Carruthers'. His partners would have included Kirkbride, Ralph Todd, John Marrington & presumably also Carruthers. In 1830, that 1824 partnership came to an end, & three of the partners continued to build ships at Ayres Quay, namely George Frater, Ralph Todd, & John Marrington, in business, it would appear, as 'George Frater and Co.' In 1838 Ralph Todd left the partnership. The remaining partners, i.e. George Frater & John Marrington, carried on the business. There was a slump, Reuben advises, in 1840 & on Apl. 7, 1841 'Frater and Company' went bankrupt. As you can read here.
Reuben adds that George Frater married Christiana Todd, a daughter of Ralph Todd. The Ralph Todd in the partnership may accordingly have been Frater's father-in-law or brother-in-law. John Marrington, (the prior link no longer works!) it would seem, was born in 1792, & was initially a keelman. He married Elizabeth Donnison & in the Sunderland Holy Trinity parish registers in 1844, at the time of the baptism of a son, he is stated to be a river pilot. His new career, it would seem, after the 1841 bankruptcy. In the 1851 census he was stated to be a Trinity House pensioner, at age 59.
The ships built by George Frater & Co.? Note that re many of the ships, I have both amended & expanded the Corder data (sorry Mr. Corder!) from a number of sources, one of which lists 26 vessels built by G. Frater over the period of 1831 thru 1841.
Vessels by year of build:- 1831, Eleanor, 1832 Manico, 1833 Comet, Lord Stormont, Witton Castle, 1834 Ethelbert, George Marsden, Vigilant, 1835 Duchess of Kent, Prince George, Princess Victoria, 1836 Leadbitter, Sarah Nicholson, 1837 Messenger, 1838 England, Rainbow, Robert Henry Allan, 1839 Atkinson, Iodine, Lady Williamson, Thomas Rowell, 1840 Commercial, Eleanor, Minstrel, 1841 Majestic - i.e. 25 vessels.
I have not included Frances, built in 1832. Possibly another vessel built by 'Frater'. So far at least, the webmaster has not found any references whatsoever to such a vessel actually existing.
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Aug. 1831, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1832 thru 1841/42 only. LRs of 1832 & 1833 record 'Ledbetter' (with an 'e') as being Eleanor's then owner & R. Ledbetter (again with an 'e') as her then captain. For service as a Plymouth, Devon, coaster in 1832 & as a Topsham, Devon, coaster in 1833. LRs of 1834 thru 1840/41 list Ledbitter (now with an 'i') as her owner & 'Ledbitter' as her captain. 'Corder' gratefully comes to our rescue. He notes, in his data re George Frater and Co., that Robert Leadbetter was the vessel's initial owner (& presumably also her captain), per the then Custom House Records. Her service from 1834 thru 1841/42 is LR noted to have been from Sunderland to London, doubtless in service as a collier.
Now LR of 1841/42 lists the vessel but records no owner name or captain's name. That would normally mean that the vessel had been either lost or sold. It would seem, per 'Corder' again, that in 1840 Robert Leadbetter acquired a second vessel of the name, also built (1840) by 'Frater'. The second one was a little larger, at 269/254 tons, & was, I read, launched on Jul. 18, 1840.
What happened to 'our' Eleanor? The webmaster, so far at least, does not know what happened to Eleanor nor when. It seems likely however, that it was lost in some way in 1839 or in early 1840. I say that since the 'new' Eleanor that Leadbetter acquired was launched on Jul. 18, 1840. There is one incident that possibly may relate. I emphasise the word 'possibly'. Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that, on Jul. 30, 1839, a vessel of the name ran aground on Gar Sand (maybe Gare Sand) located near the (north side) mouth of the river Tees. She apparently floated off but was then driven ashore at the nearby Seaton Snook. The vessel was, I read, en route to Seaton Sluice, (located a few miles further up the coast), from Quebec City, Canada, was re-floated on Aug. 3, 1839 & taken into Stockton-on-Tees. All well and good but help is surely needed to establish with certainty what happened to 'our' Eleanor. Perhaps with contemporary newspaper records from Sunderland or Newcastle. Any additional info. you can provide would be most welcome. #2376
A snow. Manico, launched in Aug. 1832 is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1837/38 only. A very short life, indeed. It was owned, per LR of 1834, by H. Punton of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Newfoundland, with H. Punton serving as her captain. I should note, however, that 'Corder', in his data re George Frater & Co., had difficulty in reading the vessel's name in the local registers but listed the initial owner of what clearly was Manico as being Hugh Paulton.
LR of 1834 in fact lists two owner names. The second, i.e. her new owner, is Chapman of Newcastle. With 'Wright' serving as the vessel's captain - for continued service from Sunderland to Newfoundland. W. Chapman was, I read, a Newcastle banker.
LR of 1837/38 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. I learn that on May 20, 1837, Manico left North Shields for London, Richard Wright in command, with a cargo of more than 300 tons of coal. On May 22, 1837, the vessel was spotted adrift in gale conditions off Cley or Clay (north Norfolk coast, east of The Wash), it being believed that she had struck the outer sands very early that morning. Also on May 22, 1837, what clearly was the vessel's longboat came ashore at nearby Blakeney, as did the body of a totally naked woman - I presume the captain's wife. The bodies of 5 crew members were seen in the water at Blakeney but could not, in the conditions, be recovered. Later that same day, the vessel came ashore at Brancaster, nobody aboard of course, with her rudder lost & with 15 inches of water in her cabin. I note that Brancaster is about 15 miles to the west of either Cley/Clay or Blakeney. Manico's crew all had perished - her 'unfortunate crew met a watery grave'. Most of the vessel's rigging & stores were soon recovered but she lay in a dangerous position & it was feared that she would become a wreck. She clearly remained in situ for a number of days & did become a wreck. The owner gave instructions that the wreck & its material be disposed of. But before that could happen, the Vice-Admiral of the County of Norfolk, considering the vessel to be a derelict, took over control to ensure that the local boatmen who had landed her rigging etc. received their due - one third of the amounts recovered from the sale of the wreck & its cargo etc. Greater detail about much of the above can be read here. Is there anything you can add? And/or correct? #2375
A snow. The vessel, which was launched in Oct. 1833, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1851/52 only. Per LR it was owned, thru 1840/41, by Scurfield & Co. of Sunderland for consistent service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany. With 'Lambton' always serving as the vessel's captain. I understand that 'Corder' is his vessel data re 'George Frater & Co.' rather records the name 'R. Beenfield' as being her initial owner.
In 1840/41, Comet, per LR, became owned by 'Brereton' of Blakeny (surely means Blakeney, Norfolk). For service thru 1842/43 from Newcastle to Stettin (then Prussia, now Szczecin, Poland), from 1843/44 thru 1845/46 from Stockton-on-Tees to Limerick, Ireland, then ex London for two years & ex Liverpool for three. No routing data is provided in LR of 1851/52 which suggests that the vessel had then either been sold, or maybe had been lost. During the entire period of 'Brereton' ownership, the vessel had, per LR, but a single captain - W. Nurse.
It would seem that the vessel was lost in or about 1851 or 1852. I learn that on Dec. 12, 1852, a vessel named Comet left London for Bristol - 'and has not since been heard from' - per the London Morning Chronicle of Feb. 19, 1853. Was it 'our' Comet that went missing? The reference does not include any data which would determine which vessel named Comet was lost, and there were many at the time. Even the U.K. Government had little data about the vessel that was lost. So, absent identifying data, I cannot today answer my question with any certainty. But from the total LR data of a sequence of years, it seems likely that it was 'our' Comet. Can you tell us more? #2371
A snow. The vessel was launched on Jan. 21, 1833, as per this contemporary newspaper cutting. The vessel was there stated to be a brigantine for 'Noble of Hebburn Office, & partners'. Lloyd's Register which lists the vessel in 1834 & 1835/36 only, records J. Noble as the Newcastle registered vessel's initial captain but lists 'Greenwel', presumably Greenwell, as her owner. For service ex Liverpool. 'McDougall' replaced 'Noble' as the vessel's captain from 1834.
It would seem that the vessel had a very short life. I did not know what happened to the vessel. But David Watts has now advised (thanks!) that Lord Stormont was wrecked on the NW coast of Langley Island, Newfoundland, on Jul. 4, 1835. All of her crew were saved. She may well have been then under the command of Capt. George McDougall. Can you add anything additional? #2360
A snow or brig. Witton Castle? The most likely is a 15th century castle (1 & 2), ex manor house, located near Bishop Auckland, County Durham. The vessel named Witton Castle is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1880/81 with the exception of 1847/48. In those many years, LR always listed the vessel as being built at South Shields. A consistently repeated error, the webmaster believes. I should note i) that a list of Sunderland built vessels, available to the webmaster, lists Wilton Castle of 270 tons built by G. Frater in 1833 (which should, the webmaster believes, have rather read Witton Castle). ii) There are numerous references to the vessel being built at Ayre's Quay. George Frater's shipyard was located at Ayre's Quay, Sunderland, & iii) there is no Ayre's Quay in South Shields.
Read on & access the provided links. And see if you agree with my conclusions.
The vessel was initially owned, per LR, by Baker & Co. of London, for service from London to Jamaica thru 1840/41 & from Shields to London in 1841/42. With G. H. Baun, per LR, her initial captain, 'Canny' her captain from 1835/36 thru 1841/42 & W. Hewson from 1841/42 thru 1842/43 when the vessel was sold. 'Canny' surely should correctly read 'Canney'. On Aug. 21, 1837, I read (1 & 2), Witton Castle encountered a tremendous gale, a hurricane perhaps, while en route from Jamaica to London, 'Canney' in command. She losts all of her sails (& much more besides) during the event & was on shore, under bare poles, for a couple of hours. Where did all of this happen & where was she on shore? That is at present a puzzle. The reference provided is 40N/70W which is off the coast of Long Island, New York - to a 'landlubber' an unlikely place for a vessel bound from Jamaica to Dover to have been. A study of the volume at the link might clarify the matter. In 1842, with Hewson in command, the vessel made a return voyage from London to Montreal, Canada.
A. Ritchie, also of London, became the vessel's owner in 1842/43 - thru 1846/47 - for continued service from Shields to London thru 1843/44, & ex London therafter. With T. Robson her captain thru 1844/45 & 'Butchart' from 1844/45 thru 1846/47. On May 23, 1843, I read, the vessel left London for Saguenay, N. bank of the St. Lawrence River, Canada, with Butchart in command.
LR records S. Skee, of South Shields as the vessel's owner from 1846/47 thru 1854/55. For service ex Shields to Bremen, Germany, in 1851/52 & 1852/53, & to London in most of the other years. With, per LR, J. Storey the vessel's captain thru 1851/52 & W. Harrison from 1852/53 thru 1854/55. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists the Newcastle registered vessel as owned by S. Skee & Co. of South Shields in Jul. 1848. The equivalent 1854 directory lists Shepherd Skee & Isabella Scott, both of South Shields, as her then owners & Gideon Henry her then captain.
From 1855/56 to 1861/62, per LR, Witton Castle was owned by J. Wawn of South Shields, for service from Shields to the Mediterranean in 1855/56 & 1856/57 but ex Hull in 1858/59. With W. Scott her captain from 1855/56 thru 1860/61 & J. Curry in a portion of 1861/62. I note, however, that Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 lists R. Mole as then her captain. TR of 1856 lists J. T. Wawn of West Boldon & J. H. Wawn of Gravesend, London, as her then owners. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists John T. Wawn of West Boldon & George H. Wawn, of Gravesend as owners of the vessel, incorrectly listed as Wilton Castle. LR listed the vessel at 265 tons only from 1859/60 thru 1876/77.
In 1861/62, per LR, A. Jamieson of South Shields became her captain & owner, her final captain & owner it would appear. Per Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1869 A. Jamieson, but Andrew Jamieson per MNLs of 1870 thru 1880. TR of 1874 lists the South Shields registered brig at 265 tons. For service from Shields i) to the Baltic thru 1864/65 & ii) to the Mediterranean in 1865 & 1866. Thereafter, thru 1873/74 (when recording such data came to an end), the vessel served ex the Clyde, incl. to the Mediterranean from 1868/69 thru 1873/74.
Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that on Jan. 31, 1866, the brig was driven ashore at Bridlington, Yorkshire, while en route from London to Shields. She was re-floated & resumed her voyage.
91.5 ft. long, signal letters HMKN. Many crew lists are available here.
LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The webmaster, has not, so far at least, learned what happened to her nor when. Can you tell us what did happen to her? #2390
A snow or brig. The vessel, which is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1846/47, was initially owned, thru 1835/36, per LR, by 'T&RBwn' of Newcastle - T. & R. Brown, perhaps? For service from Sunderland to London with J. Dixon serving as the vessel's captain. LR of 1836/37 records J. Bentley, of London, as Ethelbert's new & it would seem her last owner. Her service under Bentley ownership? LR data is minimal. From Belfast to Quebec, Canada, was briefly LR noted in 1836/37, but mainly just service ex London, with service from Sunderland to London noted in LRs of 1845/46 & 1846/47. With 'Campbell' her captain from 1836/37 thru 1841/42 & then C. Moore from 1841/42 thru 1846/47.
LR of 1846/47 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. It would appear that on or about Jan. 14, 1847, per 'Welsh Newspapers Online', the vessel arrived at Llanelly, Wales, from Bridgewater, which means, I think, Bridgwater, Somerset, with Corrish in command. On Jan. 19, 1847, Ethelbert, en route for London, 'got on the sand bank' in the river there & became a wreck. Joseph Cowart may rather have been her master at the time of her loss - he & 2 others filed a report with Lloyd's re her loss. It would seem that Llanelly, now Llanelli, on the Loughor river, is located about 10 1/2 miles NW of Swansea, Wales, & was noted at the time for the manufacture of tin-plate - & also for the shipment of both copper & coal. Can you add anything additional? #2362
277 later 300 tons
A barque, later a brig. The vessel was launched on Aug. 4, 1834 per this newspaper cutting (in red). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. It was initially owned, thru 1841/42, by H. Panton of Sunderland for consistent service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, thru 1839/40 & in 1840/41 & 1841/42 for service from London to Quebec. With, per LR, J. Eilley serving as the vessel's captain thru 1840/41 & 'Powdrell' in 1840/41 & 1841/42. This page notes that the vessel arrived at Quebec on Jul. 5, 1841 ex Rye, Sussex, (left May 7), with 227 passengers but maybe rather with 213 passengers, 14 having died on the 59 day passage.
In 1841/42, the vessel, now a brig, became, per LR, owned by P. Dannut of Hull, Yorkshire. Always for service ex Hull, in 1848/49 & 1849/50 to New York & thereafter to the Baltic, thru 1853/54 at least. With, per LR, a number of captains - 'Somrscals' (Somerscales?) thru 1845/46, 'Scott' in 1845/46 & 1846/47, W. Scott from 1847/48 thru 1849/50, T. Smith in 1851/52 & G. Smith from 1852/53 thru 1854/55. 'Picket' would seem to have been the vessel's captain in the spring of 1845. Wikipedia tells us (thanks) that on Jan. 7, 1847, while en route from St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada (now), to Hull, the vessel ran aground on the Goodwin Sands off the Kentish coast, but was re-floated & taken into The Downs.
LR of 1854/55 provides limited detail which suggests that the vessel may have been sold. LR of 1855/56 advises that T. Morley, also of Hull, had become the vessel's new owner (thru 1860/61) for continued service ex Hull, later, in 1857/58 & 1858/59, for service from Hull to the Baltic. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies such owner name as meaning Thomas William Morley, of Hull.
In 1861/62, LR states that Boutel & Co. of London was the next, but it would seem not the last, owner of the brig, now of 300 tons - for service from Ramsgate to New York. LR of 1861/62 also notes that the vessel had 'Foundered'.
On Jan. 10, 1862, per line 2051 here, the 301 ton square is stated to have been abandoned at sea. No detail is there provided as to exactly where it was lost nor the vessel's routing. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by E. J. Hayward - a name not LR referenced. This article, however, advises us that the vessel was en route from New York to Queenstown, Ireland, (likely for orders) with a cargo of grain. Lost in a major storm or hurricane in the North Atlantic, it would seem. No crew lists seem to be available. Can you add anything additional? #2366
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Mar. 1834, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1855/56. It was, per LR, initially owned, thru 1837/38, by Hunter & Co. of Sunderland - however I should reference that 'Corder' in his notes re George Frater & Co. refers, I am advised, to Hunter Elliot, & lists the vessel at 273 tons only. For service from Liverpool to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, but LR references the vessel maybe sailing from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, in 1834. 'Patterson' is LR reported to have been the vessel's captain during such short ownership period.
In 1838/39, per LR, C. Walton, of London, became Vigilant's owner, thru 1852/53, With 'Walton' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1840/41, G. Clark from 1840/41 thru 1845/46, J. Locke from 1845/46 thru 1849/50, 'Conway' in 1850/51 & 1851/52 & 'Purchase' in 1852/53. For, where LR indicated, some quite varied service. From London generally but specifically from London to i) Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, in 1838/39 & 1839/40, ii) St. Vincent (St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Caribbean) in 1846/47 & 1847/48, iii) Valparaiso, Chile, in 1848/49, iv) Halifax, Canada, in 1852/53. Service from Newport, Wales, to the West Indies is also LR noted in 1845/46.
In 1853/54, per LR, the vessel became owned by Jeacock & Co., of London, with 'Wilson' her captain, for service from London to Halifax in 1852/53.
While the vessel is LR listed in both 1854/55 & 1855/56, only minimal data is provided. I note, however that the vessel was not issued an Official Number which means that the vessel did not exist on Jan. 1, 1855, or perhaps was then no longer British owned. It would seem that the vessel may have been lost. Now the webmaster's role is to provide such information as he has found (or not found) & try not to speculate. He advises therefore that an extensive list of vessel wrecks & casualties in calendar 1854 was published by the British Admiralty. Available via here. Such list, a great many pages long, includes 83 vessels lost on British shores just on Jan. 4, 1854. But such list does not include Vigilant either then or later in the list, so far as I can see. I reference Jan. 4, 1854 for a reason. Wikipedia advises (thanks!, scroll down the list), as per a report in the 'Hull Packet and East Riding Times' of Jan. 27, 1854, that a vessel named Vigilant foundered off Cromer, Norfolk, on Jan. 4, 1854 with the loss of all hands. Was it 'our' Vigilant? Further data is needed to clarify the matter. Can you add anything to this discussion? #2374
Duchess of Kent
A barque. The vessel, which was completed in Jan. 1835, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1835/36 thru 1850/51. It was owned, thru 1837/38, per LR, by 'White' of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London. I earlier, in this spot, referenced Andrew White. In 1838/39, the vessel, per LR, became owned by J. Hoskin of London, which name was later LR recorded, from 1839/40 thru 1842/43, as J. Hosking. In 1838/39, 'Hoskin' (with no letter 'g') is LR stated to be the vessel's captain, & from 1839/40 thru 1843/44 rather R. Newby. For service ex London & especially, in 1838/39 & in the 1841/43 period for service from London to Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Some detail re the Duchess of Kent's voyages to Australia:- i) On Aug. 4, 1837, the vessel left London for Sydney, via Cape of Good Hope ('CGH'), South Africa, under the command of Captain R. H. Newby, with a general cargo & about 31 passengers, many of whom were immigrants. On Apl. 8, 1838 it left for London with wool & oil & arrived at Gravesend, London, on Aug. 23, 1838. ii) In Nov. 1838 the vessel left London for Sydney via Portsmouth (left Nov. 11, 1838) with merchandise & 19 passengers. It arrived at Sydney on Mar. 12, 1839 & left for London on Jun. 19, 1839. iii) On Jan. 17, 1840 the vessel left Gravesend for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, via Plymouth, went on to Sydney (arrived Aug. 27, 1840) & on Sep. 27, 1840 left Sydney for Moulmain (now Mawlamyine, Burma (Myanmar), located 300 km SE of Yangon), in ballast. It presumably went onwards to London. iv) On Mar. 22, 1842, the vessel arrived at Sydney ex London, via CGH, with merchandise & about 48 passengers. Newby in command. On May 27, 1842, the vessel left Sydney for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, in ballast. The vessel left Calcutta on Sep. 24, 1842, under the command of Charles Britton, for Hobart, Tasmania, via Madras (now Chennai), India, went on to Sydney again arriving there on Jan. 3, 1843. It would seem that the vessel was detained for a while at Sydney. Captain Britton was charged & found guilty of smuggling tobacco. He was fined £2,430 & if he did not pay was to be imprisoned at Sydney for a six month period. The vessel went on to Calcutta, with horses, under the command of Captain Simpson. It maybe left Sydney on Apl. 13, 1843.
LRs of 1843/44 & 1844/45 lists no owner name but list her service as Liverpool to Calcutta & 'Atkinson' as her captain. In those two years, LR notes that the vessel 'wants repair'.
From 1845/46 thru 1849/50, Hood & Co. of Newcastle is LR listed as Duchess of Kent's owner for service ex London & with 'Dockerill' or J. Dockerill her captain & briefly (in 1845/46) W. Hall. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 is on site. I note in passing that the vessel is not listed in such register, however, 'A. Hood & Co.' of Newcastle is listed as the owner of 7 other Newcastle registered sailing vessels.
In 1850/51, C. Wilson of Newcastle became the vessel's owner with J. Wilson serving as the vessel's captain. For service from Shields to CGH.
On Nov. 23, 1850. the vessel, Wilson in command, left St. Helena bound for Saldanha Bay (located NW of Cape Town, South Africa). On Dec. 12, 1850, per line 462 on this page, the 342 ton barque foundered at sea, while en route from Saldanha Bay to Cork, Ireland. Crew of 15 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Charles Wilson. The circumstances? Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that the vessel rather foundered before Dec. 12, 1850 & that her crew were rescued by Mary Seaton. It would appear, however, that that the name of the vessel that saved the crew should correctly be Mary Seton, a barque, built in Quebec, Canada, in 1846, then en route from Cardiff to Valparaiso, Chile. Duchess of York, I read, foundered during a heavy gale. Is there anything you can add? #2364
322 later 325/379 tons
A barque. The webmaster finds the history of this vessel, as he can best determine it, to be confusing indeed. He has seen that the vessel was Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1836/37 & from 1838/39 thru 1844/45.
This contemporary announcement records, he believes, the launch of the 'remarkedly handsome' barque on Nov. 19, 1835 (maybe on the 18th). Built for Panton and Son of Sunderland. For service, per LR, ex Sunderland, with 'Dryden' her captain. LRs of 1838/39 thru 1844/45 record Prince George as rather now London registered & owned by Gould & Co. of London, with 'Forster' serving as the vessel's captain. For service ex London, to, where LR noted, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, from 1840/41 thru 1842/43 & to Montreal, Canada, in 1843/44 & 1844/45. Certainly the vessel made a number of voyages to Canada. On May 30, 1844, & again on Oct. 25, 1844, it arrived at Montreal ex London, Forster in command. It is reported, from Halifax on Nov. 19, 1844, that the vessel had gone 'on shore in the river' - the St. Lawrence River, I see (Wikipedia).
LR of 1844/45 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. I learn that on Oct. 2/5, 1844, a major hurricane hit much of the Caribbean & particularly badly hit Havana, Cuba. 'Havannah presented the appearance of a city sacked and bombarded'. 'The principal loss fell upon the shipping: 75 vessels have been lost'. In Dec. 1844, detail was provided. Prince George, Captain Foster, had been lost. 'The Prince George had 3,000 deals on board, as well as 200 hogsheads of provisions and other articles: and before she had been many days on her passage she got on the rocks called Point St. Rock, in the Traverse. Part of the crew were saved, but the mate and two seamen were drowned'. Where is 'Point St. Rock, in the Traverse', I wonder? Hence, I presume the LR advice that the vessel had been wrecked.
But had it truly been wrecked? I say that because I have read that on Dec. 31, 1845, the vessel, Foster still in command, was cleared for departure from the Custom-House (London I think) for Valparaiso, Chile. Upon further research, we now find that the vessel was LR listed again from 1848/49 thru 1856/57 - clearly the same vessel, noted to have been Sunderland built in 1835, now of 325/379 tons. From 1848/49 thru 1851/52 the vessel is stated to be owned by Thomson of Ayr, Scotland, (became of Troon, Scotland), with H. Grange her captain, then 'Ferguson'. And then A. Maxwell. For service from the Clyde to New Brunswick, Canada, & to Quebec, & in 1850/51, to Moulmain (now Mawlamyine, Burma/Myanmar).
'PortlandShBldngCo', also of Troon, is reported in LRs of 1851/52 & 1852/53 as her new owner for service from the Clyde to the Mediterranean.
From 1853/54 thru 1856/57 the vessel is LR noted to be registered at Glasgow, owned by Hamiltons for service from the Clyde i) to Moulmain for 3 years & i) to India in 1856/57. Maxwell is LR noted to have been the vessel's captain from 1850/51 thru 1854/55 & then 'McWhirter'.
What finally happened to the vessel? I read that on Apl. 29, 1856, Prince George, McWhirter in command, en route from the Clyde to Moulmain via Rangoon (now Yangon, Myanmar) came into contact with Anversois (Belgian owned, Meulenaer her captain, soon to return to Antwerp, Belgium) in the river at Rangoon. Neither vessel sustained damage. Wikipedia, from the data source they located, describe it (thanks!) as a collision on May 2, 1856 in the Irrawaddy river. Prince George went on to Moulmain, where it ran aground near the mouth of the Sittang river & became a total wreck. All hands were saved. Wikipedia records that matter also, as having occurred on May 21, 1856. Can you add to and/or correct the above account? It would be good to clarify, from other sources, exactly what happened to the vessel at Havana in Oct. 1844, where she was repaired, & when she was returned to service. No crew lists are available. #2365
251, later 256 & 257 tons
A snow or brig. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1835/36 thru 1858/59 & from 1861/62 thru 1869/70 & not thereafter.
Was initially owned, thru 1841/42 per LR, by H. Panton of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, with 'Harrison' serving as the vessel's captain.
From 1841/42 thru 1847/48, again per LR, Princess Victoria was owned by Wise & Co. of Ayr, Scotland, for service from the Clyde to i) Quebec, & ii) from 1845/46 to North America. LR lists J. Gray as the vessel's captain during the period of 'Wise' ownership.
From 1848/49 thru 1858/59, the vessel was owned by Paul & Co., also of Ayr, for service from Ayr to Quebec thru 1849/50, later from the Clyde incl., in 1850/51 to the Mediterranean. LR of 1858/59 has limited detail which suggest that the vessel may have been sold. A two year LR silence in 1859/60 & 1860/61.
From 1861/62 to 1863/64, the vessel, now a brig, was owned by 'E. S. Robrts' of Ayr soon of London, for service ex the Clyde & ex Liverpool.
In 1863/64, per LR, P. Hick of Sunderland became owner of Princess Victoria, now a 256 ton brig, for service ex Liverpool but soon (from 1864/65) ex Sunderland. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865, however lists Michael Hick of Scarborough as the vessel's owner. MNLs of 1867 & 1870 list Pantland Hick, of Scarborough, Yorkshire, as the then owner of the Scarborough registered vessel. George Barnes, of Sunderland, would seem to have been the vessel's final owner of the Scarborough registered vessel, per MNL of 1871.
88.5 ft. long, signal letters NPJF. Crew lists for most years between 1863 & 1871 are available.
On Dec. 17, 1871, per line 2108 here, the 257 ton brig was stranded at Flamborough Head, Yorkshire, while en route from Harwich, Essex, to Sunderland in ballast. Crew of 10 - none lost. Vessel then stated to have been owned by George Barnes. I learn that two vessels were stranded there on that day, the 2nd being Dawn, an Arbroath schooner. Agreements were signed (presumably with tugs) to get both vessels off, it being hoped that both could be floated if the weather remained moderate. Maybe the weather did not co-operate? Wikipedia confirms the stranding per 2 contemporary London newspapers. Have not read whether bad weather caused the vessel to be stranded. Can you tell us anything additional? #2368
Likely a snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched on Nov. 10, 1836, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1837/38 & 1838/39 only. Some might consider the word 'listed' to be an exaggeration. The two editions of LR say very little - no owner name, no type of vessel, no build data etc. All they say is that 'Wilburn' was the captain of a 262 ton Sunderland registered vessel.
Now Wikipedia tells us, here (per the 'Times' of London, of Dec. 3, 1838), that on Nov. 9, 1838, a vessel named Lady Williamson was driven ashore & wrecked at Îles des Madelaines, that her crew were rescued & that the vessel was en route from Singapore to London. (Such islands, known in English as the Magdelen Islands, are located in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, now part of Quebec, Canada). It would seem, however, that the vessel, 'Wilborne' in command, was rather en route from Miramichi, New Brunswick ('NB'), (now Canada) to Sunderland with a cargo of timber. It got on shore & surely was lost, on Oct. 9, 1838, off the Magdalen Islands - her crew & part of her cargo being saved. She had left Bathurst, NB, on Oct. 6, 1838. This U.K. Government report refers to Lady Williamson's loss at pages 26 & 144 in the downloaded volume. Is there anything you can add? Her owner's name, perhaps? #2381
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was first registered in Apl. 1836, is listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') in a rather strange way. It is LR listed from 1836/37 thru 1848/49, a gap of 4 years, is again listed from 1853/54 thru 1855/56, a gap of two years & finally is listed in 1858/59.
From 1836/37 thru 1845/46, LR reports the vessel as owned by 'Leadbiter' of Sunderland with 'Leadbiter' serving as her captain thru 1841/42 & Pickering thereafter thru 1845/46. It would seem that in both cases 'Leadbiter' is an LR contraction for Leadbitter. Under Leadbitter ownership the vessel, per LR, served ex Sunderland to i) St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1836/37 & 1837/38, ii) to London in 1838/39, iii) to Smyrna (now İzmir, Turkey, from 1841/42 thru 1844/45, and from London to Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) in 1839/40 & 1840/41.
In 1845/46, per LR, White & Co., of South Shields became Leadbitter's owner for service from Yarmouth, Norfolk, to Bordeaux, France, from 1845/46 thru 1847/48. With W. Crowell serving as her captain.
Ian Whittaker advises (thanks!) that the 'Edinburgh Courant' reported that the vessel was wrecked on Flotta (Scapa Flow), (Orkney, Scotland) on Apl. 8, 1847, Croall in command, but was expected to get off. Clearly it did so!
The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists G. N., and W. White, both of South Shields, as the owners of the Newcastle registered vessel in Jul. 1848. Now LR of 1848/49 lists 'White' as the owner of the vessel but provides limited other detail. Which suggests that the vessel may well then have been sold.
When LR coverage resumed, in 1853/54, Watson & Co., of Sunderland, are the listed owners for service, in 1853/54, as a Sunderland coaster. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 clarifies such ownership, in Mar. 1854, to mean Wm. H. Watson, Geo. Watson & John Hunter, all of Sunderland, with Geo. Blackett her then captain. Such ownership data is clarified & confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856, which lists the vessel as then registered at Sunderland & owned by W. H. & G. Watson & J. Hunter, all of Sunderland. Further confirmed by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. LR of 1858/59 lists Watson & Co. as the vessel's owners for service from Sunderland to the Baltic, with Crawford her then captain.
What happened to the vessel & when? The Mercantile Navy List advises (scroll to #23588) that a certificate re her loss was issued on Dec. 22, 1858. Wikipedia tells us (thanks!) that Leadbitter was, in fact, lost off Trelleborg, (located on the S. coast of Sweden), on Nov. 1, 1858, further that her crew were rescued. The vessel was apparently (report from Elsinore on Nov. 1, 1858) carrying a cargo of deals ex Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) which cargo was, I read, safely landed. No crew lists seem to be available. Can you provide more detail as to what caused the loss of Leadbitter? #2369
A snow. The vessel, which was launched on Jul. 28, 1836, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1836/37 thru 1846/47 only. It was, per LR, always owned by 'Nicholson' of Sunderland. I noted earlier in this spot that that maybe meant William Nicholson.
Per LR, Sarah Nicholson served Archangel, Russia, ex Sunderland thru 1838/39, served from Sunderland to Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) from 1839/40 thru 1841/42, & otherwise ex Sunderland. The vessel, early in its life, would seem to have sailed to Quebec, Canada, and, later in its life, surely made a number of voyages to Cuba, returning with cargoes of sugar and/or copper ore. A frequent visitor to Swansea, Wales, it would appear. LR notes that S. Buck was the vessel's captain thru 1838/39 & then 'Brunton' thru 1842/43. I have seen references to many other captains - 'Thomas', 'Harding', 'Gulley' or 'Galley', 'Blenkey', J. Allsop, 'Charlton' (maybe 'Charleston') & 'McKenzie'.
Wikipedia notes (thanks) that on Feb 5, 1840, the vessel ran aground at Barbas Point (stated to be Ottoman Empire) while en route from Newcastle to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) - was re-floated & resumed her voyage - to Odessa perhaps. Have not been able to establish where Barbas Point is located.
The webmaster has not, so far, seen any references to what finally happened to Sarah Nicholson in or about 1846. Can you help in that regard? #2373
A snow. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1836/37 thru 1846/47, not in 1847/48, & again from 1848/49 thru 1851/52. Launched, I read, in Apl. 1837 but LR noted to have been first registered, at Sunderland, in May 1837. Thru 1841/42, 'Thompson' of Sunderland is listed as the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to the Baltic, with J. Booth serving as her captain. In 1841/42, LR indicates that 'Todd' had become the new owner of the Newcastle registered vessel, but the vessel soon became London registered with J. Todd jun. noted, from 1844/45, to be her owner. And became Sunderland registered again from 1848/49 thru 1851/52, owned by J. Todd. For service ex London, including, from 1843/44 thru 1846/47, service from London to Quebec (now Canada). And from Sunderland to the Mediterranean from 1848/49 thru 1850/51. With Byram (R. Byram from 1844/45 thru 1846/47) per LR serving (1841/42 thru 1851/52), as the vessel's captain.
Some operational detail. i) Wikipedia advises (thanks!) (webmaster modified) that on or prior to Mar. 17, 1842, Messenger was driven ashore at South Foreland (chalk cliffs, near Dover, Kent), while en route from Newcastle to Bordeaux, France. The vessel, refloated, was taken northwards into Ramsgate, Kent, in a sinking condition, arriving there on Mar. 17, 1842. I read that Byram was then in command. I read further that on Apl. 7, 1842, the vessel, presumably repaired, left Ramsgate for nearby London. ii) On Sep. 30, 1843, the vessel arrived at Cardiff, Wales, from Quebec, with a cargo of timber & deals. iii) On Nov. 4, 1843 the vessel (Byram) left Cardiff for London with a cargo of coal. iii) On Jun. 21, 1844 the vessel arrived at Quebec, ex London & on Jan. 4, 1845 arrived at London ex Quebec, both with Byram in command. iv) On Nov. 7, 1845 (I think) the vessel left Neath (near Swansea, Wales) for London presumably again with a cargo of coal.
LR of 1851/52 has limited detail which suggest that the vessel may have been lost. But what finally happened to Messenger? The webmaster does not know yet.
Searching thru Lloyd's Registers can be difficult at times - initially the webmaster did not find the vessel's listing in the supplement of LR re 1848/49. At that time he thought that 'our' vessel must have been lost in or about 1846. And found data about lost vessels that were named Messenger that clearly now are not 'our' Messenger. I retain my earlier data - it may prove helpful to others.
A vessel named Messenger, was driven ashore & wrecked at Aberavon, Cardiganshire, Wales, on Oct. 24, 1846, while en route from Liverpool to New Orleans, U.S.A. It likely was a Liverpool owned 590/586 ton barque of the name, built at Merimac (likely Merrimack River, Massachussets, U.S.A.) in 1840. 'Garrick', a name not LR mentioned, was apparently her captain at the time. Another vessel named Messenger, Bannatyne in command, arrived at Miramichi, New Brunswick (now Canada) on May 10, 1846 ex the Clyde. On Jul. 5, 1846 such vessel was wrecked on the coast of Newfoundland in foggy conditions.
The webmaster needs help to learn what happened to 'our' vessel in or about 1851. #2386
A snow. The vessel, which was launched in Jan. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1838/39 thru 1842/43 only. It was owned, thru such entire if short period, per LR, by Thompson of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Le Havre, France, with T. Bell always serving as her captain. 'Thompson' likely means William Thompson (Corder).
LR of 1842/43 notes that the vessel had 'Foundered'. The webmaster has not so far spotted any references to what happened to 'our' England & when. I note however that 'Wikipedia' (1843 wrecks) references a vessel of the name which foundered off Ostend, Belgium, in mid Jan. 1843. Such vessel, a barque, was built at Chepstow, Monmouthshire, in 1814, & in 1843 was owned by T. Ward (Ward & Son) of Shadwell, of London's East End, with T. Lewis her captain. En route from London to Sierra Leone, West Africa, I read. Details of her loss. If you have any knowledge about what happened to 'our' England, do consider advising the webmaster. #2380
A snow or brig. The vessel, completed in Apl. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1838/39 thru 1847/48 only. It was owned, thru that entire period, by 'Speeding' of Sunderland for consistent service from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia, thru 1844/45, & from Sunderland to Marseilles, France, in 1845/46 & 1846/47. Only limited data is provided in LR of 1847/48, which suggests that the vessel might have been sold. But not so it would seem. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists the 259 ton brig as being registered at Sunderland in Apl. 1848, & owned by T. Speeding & Co. of Monkwearmouth. By Thomas Speeding. Ewens (J. Ewens from 1846/47), per LR, served as the vessel's captain, for its entire lifetime.
On May 23, 1850, per line 194 on this page, the 259 ton brig foundered at sea. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas Speeding. That date of May 23, 1850 is clearly incorrect. I have read that Marion, a barque, en route from St. Lucia, West Indies, for London, had taken Rainbow's crew aboard & soon thereafter Rainbow had foundered. Only on May 22, 1850, did Marion arrive at Falmouth, Cornwall, with Rainbow's crew. I have not so far read where Rainbow foundered nor her then routing & loss circumstances.
I note in passing that Thomas Speeding must have liked the vessel name Rainbow. In 1851 he acquired a replacement vessel of the same name, also built at Sunderland. Is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2372
Robert Henry Allan
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Oct. 1838 & first registered in Nov. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1850/51, with the exception of 1847/48, & not thereafter. It was, per LR, owned thru 1846/47 by 'Hartford & Durham Commercial Shipping Company' ('HDCSC'), of Stockton-on-Tees, for service thru 1842/43 from Sunderland to London, & from 1843/44 thru 1845/46 for service as a Bristol coaster. With, per LR, C. Wake serving as the vessel's captain thru 1843/44 & 'Storey' from 1843/44 thru 1846/47. LR of 1846/47 offers limited detail which suggests that the vessel may well have been sold. When, however the vessel was again LR listed, in 1848/49, HDCSC were again listed as the vessel's owners, now of Hartlepool. With G. Brown now her captain. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists the 269 ton brig, registered at Hartlepool, as owned by in May 1848 by HDCSC.
'Hartlepool History Then & Now' ('HHTN') have kindly provided details re Robert Henry Allan, noting that the company that owned her was itself owned by William Lisle, Abraham Scotson & Thomas Rowell, all of Hartlepool. They also provide more detail about the vessel's captains, referencing 'Myers' in 1841, George Brown from 1846 to 1850, & James Doyle in Feb. 1850 (they do not reference, however, either C. Wake or Storey). And provide, thanks to both the Customs & Library services of Hartlepool, two registration documents re the vessel. Alas, with my tired eyes, I cannot properly read their text.
HHTN also tells us that in Feb. 1841, while en route from Hartlepool to London, the vessel went ashore on rocks at Flamborough (Yorkshire) but with the assistance of nine local men was got off on the same tide.
On Oct. 7, 1850, per line 356 here, the 269 ton brig (incorrectly named Robert Henry Allen, i.e. with an 'e') stranded at Hogland (Hogland or Gogland, an island in the Gulf of Finland, eastern Baltic, about 180 km west of St. Petersburg, Russia), while en route from Hartlepool to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 9 - none lost. The vessel was stated to be then owned by William Lisle, presumably then her manager. Can you add anything? I have to wonder where the vessel name came from - I presume that there was, likely in Hartlepool or Stockton, a gentleman named Robert Henry Allan. #2361
282/307, later 274 tons
A ship, later a snow or brig. The ship, which was launched in Dec. 1839, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1868/69.
Atkinson was initially owned, thru 1846/47 per LR, by Gateshead & Tyne Shipping Co., of Newcastle, with D. McDonald her captain thru 1844/45 & W. Murch from 1844/45 thru 1846/47. For service from Sunderland to Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) in 1839/40 & 1840/41 & from Shields to Montevideo, Uruquay, from 1841/42 thru 1846/47.
In 1846/47, the vessel, per LR, became owned by 'Nicholson' of Newcastle (of North Shields from 1848/49), with G. Jackson her captain thru 1853/54 & J. Andrews from 1854/55 thru 1857/58. Such ownership is confirmed by many NE shipping registers. By the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 which lists J. Nicholson, of Tynemouth, Northumberland as the vessel's owner in Jul. 1848. By the equivalent directory of 1854/55 (Apl. 1854 data), which references John Nicholson & also records J. Andrews as her then captain. By Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 & by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (Jno. Nicholson). A number of those registers incorrectly list Atkinson as being Tyne built. The vessel was noted, I see, to have been re-rigged as a snow from 1847/48. Her service (where LR indicated) while 'Nicholson' owned? From Newcastle to Carthagena (likely Cartagena, SE Spain), in 1846/47 & 1847/48, from Shields to the Mediterranean in 1848/49 & 1849/50 & also, in 1850/51, from Cork, Ireland, to Havana, Cuba. To New York from Galway, Ireland, (I think) in 1852/53 & 1853/54 & from Blyth to the West Indies in 1854/55 & 1855/56.
In 1858/59, per LR, the vessel became owned by E. Wright of Shields for service ex Shields to the Mediterranean thru 1859/60, to Hamburg, Germany, in 1860/61 & to London in 1861/62. With, as her captains, J. Dale (in 1859/60 & 1860/61), W. Badsey (in 1860/61 & 1861/62), & then W. Graham from 1861/62 to the sale of the vessel in 1862/63.
In 1862/63, per LR, 'Forrest', of North Shields would appear to have become the final owner of the vessel, now of 274 tons. W. Forrest per the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1869. With W. Simpson, per LR, briefly her captain, G. Atkins from 1863/64 thru 1866/67, & D. Russell from 1866/67 thru 1868/69 when the vessel, per LR, was 'Wrecked'.
93.0 ft. long. Some crew lists are available.
I read (London Daily News of Nov. 13, 1868 - in red) that Atkinson, en route from Hamburg to Newcastle, stranded at Neufield (now Newfeld), Holstein, Germany, on the E. bank of the River Elbe, on Oct. 25, 1868. Further that the crew landed in a ship's boat. In a report from Hamburg dated Nov. 2, 1868. Can you add to and/or correct the above vessel history? #2370
246/246, later 247 tons
A snow or brig. The vessel, which would seem to have survived thru 1871, is only modestly listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR'). So far as I can see, the vessel is LR listed from 1839/40 thru 1847/48, then after an LR silence of 5 years, again from 1853/54 thru 1855/56. And appears not to be listed in later editions (I checked thru 1873/74).
During the first such period, the vessel is LR reported as being owned by Speeding of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London thru 1846/47 & with G. Mills always her captain. Per Wikipedia, at an unknown date before Nov. 13, 1843 a vessel named Iodine, surely this vessel, was driven ashore near Krossederessi, Ottoman Empire (where exactly is it?). She was re-floated with assistance from HMS Devastation.
The LR of 1847/48 offers minimal detail which suggests that the vessel might have been sold or in process of being sold. But possibly it was so listed because of uncertainty as to the status of the vessel.
I say that because on the night of Feb. 2, 1847, at Hull, having arrived, Mills in command, from Prince Edward Island (now Canada) on Jan. 30, 1847, Iodine caught fire in the Old Dock, causing considerable damage to the cabin and the after part of the vessel. (Referred to here, Wikipedia). The webmaster has not seen any references to where it was repaired & when it was returned to service. But it surely was repaired. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 records, in Apl. 1848, T. Speeding & Co., of Monkwearmouth, as still the brig's owner. I have seen references to a Thos. Speeding, Sunderland ship-owner, at about the above time period.
This page (scroll to #3464), indicates that on Apl. 18, 1853 Iodine was first registered at Shields. Just possible it was Sunderland registered until that time? From 1853/54 thru 1855/56. LR records J. Parkin of Shields as the vessel's owner for service as a Sunderland coaster in 1852/53 & 1853/54 but for service from Shields to Hamburg, Germany, in 1855/56. With J. Dryden (J. G. Dryden, per Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855) her captain in 1855/56. The 1854/55 edition of the North of England Maritime Directory, clarifies her then ownership. It lists her as registered at Shields with Jas. Parkin of South Shields, John Ewens of Monkwearmouth, John Wilson of Whitby & John Robinson of Drewsbury as her owners. (Dewsbury of W. Yorkshire looks to be correct). With Robert Mills then her captain. Such ownership is essentially confirmed by the 1856 edition of TR. I note that the vessel is not listed in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858.
Absent references to the vessel in later editions of LR, I was glad to find that the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1871 at least (1870 is here), but not in 1872, record the vessel, with Parkin (James Parkin), as owner of the Shields registered vessel.
What finally happened to the vessel, in or about 1871? The webmaster is not able, at this time, to answer that question. Perhaps you can help provide an answer? No crew lists are available. #2367
267/290, later 251 tons
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Mar. 1839, is Lloyd's Register ('LR' listed from 1839/40 thru 1866/67. It was, per LR of 1839/40, owned by 'Hpl&DurComShCo' of Stockton-on-Tees, which I learn means 'Hartford & Durham Commercial Shipping Company' ('HDCSC'). From 1840/41 thru 1850/51, LR rather lists 'ComShCo', i.e. Commercial Shipping Company, of Stockton, later of Hartlepool - not a different owner rather a different name by which HDCSC was known. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 confirms that in May 1848, HDCSC was the vessel's owner. Per LR, 'Musgrave' was the vessel's initial captain, thru 1839/40 only, then 'Henderson' from 1839/40 thru 1845/46, 'Robertson' from 1845/46 thru 1847/48 & 'Nellis' from 1848/49 thru 1850/51.
Now 'Hartlepool History Then & Now' ('HHTN') have kindly provided details re Thomas Rowell, noting that the company that owned her was itself owned by Thomas Rowell, Abraham Scotson & William Lisle, all of Hartlepool. LR is frequently poor in its listings of vessel captains, so the webmaster was glad to see HHTN's detail about the vessel's captains, which reference, while HDCSC owned, Samuel Musgrove (not Musgrave) in 1839, Alexander Robertson in 1845, Thomas Nellis from Mar. 1848 to 1850, & John Minto in Apl. 1850. They also provide, thanks to both the Customs & Library services of Hartlepool, a registration document re the vessel.
The vessel's voyages when HDCSC owned? In 1839/40 from Sunderland to 'Merimc' (likely the Merrimac river, Massachusetts, U.S.A.), becoming London to Hartlepool. LR is not very informative about the vessel's proposed voyages, but principally ex London or Hartlepool for about 7 years & from Hartlepool to St. Petersburg, Russia, in the period from 1848/49 thru 1850/51. However, on Dec. 7, 1840, the vessel was the first vessel to enter the new docks at Hartlepool. On May 10, 1847 the vessel left London for Quebec, Canada, with a single passenger, arriving there on Jun. 29, 1847 (at page bottom). And it arrived there again on Jun. 21, 1848, Nellis in command, ex Hartlepool (Apl. 29, 1848) with a cargo of coal.
In 1850/51, per LR, Thomas Rowell became owned by the 'Wawn' family of Shields - C. Wawn thru 1857/58 & then J. Wawn. HHTN indicate that HDCSC had been dissolved on Apl. 15, 1851 & all of its then 12 vessels, including Thomas Rowell, were auctioned off at Hartlepool. I presume that Wawn specifically, per HHTN, Charles Newby Wawn & Jonathan Ayton, acquired the vessel at such auction. Per LR, J. Ayton served as the vessel's captain from 1851/52 thru 1854/55 & then 'T. Hemsly'. Again HHTN corrects the record, indicating that Jonathan Ayton was the vessel's captain in 1851 & 1853, Frederick Sloone in 1852 & George Storey Helmsley from 1853 right thru to 1865. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 records J. T. Wawn of West Boldon & E. Wawn of South Shields as the vessel's then owners. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists John T. Wawn & Elizabeth Wawn, both of South Shields. Under 'Wawn' ownership, the 251 ton vessel served mainly ex Shields, to the Mediterranean or to America, though service from Swansea, Wales, to the Mediterranean is LR noted in 1855/56. And service from Shields to Algiers, Algeria, in 1858/59.
LR of 1861/62 advises that J. Gibbon, of Shields, had become the vessel's owner, thru 1865/66 per LR, with 'T. Hemsly' (i.e. Helmsley), still her captain. John Gibbon, I read. HHTN reference that in 1861 the vessel left Shields for Spain. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 confirms her registration at South Shields & the Gibbon ownership.
In the 1865/66 edition of LR, A. Grant of North Shields is stated to be her new (& last it would seem) owner - Alexander Reed Grant per HHTN. And essentially also per MNL of 1866. With 'Robinson' her captain. For service as a Shields coaster.
89.0 ft. long, signal letters LMCJ. Crew lists of 1863 & 1864 are available.
What happened to Thomas Rowell? LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that on Nov. 19, 1866 the vessel ran aground off the mouth of the Eider river (North Sea coast of Germany, near Tönning). As per the 'Newcastle Courant' of Nov. 30, 1866. HHTN rather note that the vessel stranded on Nov. 10, 1866 - on the Outer Grounds of the River Eider. I do not know which date is correct. No lives were lost. Can you add to and/or correct the above vessel history? #2363
A barque. The vessel, which was launched on Apl. 13, 1840, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1855/56 - but would seem not to have been issued an Official Number which should mean that the vessel was not, if still British owned, in existence at Jan. 1, 1855.
I should note, at the outset, that per LR the vessel became Hartlepool registered in 1842/43. 'Hartlepool History Then & Now' ('HHTN') kindly provides extensive detail re Commercial, starting from 1843, which includes mention that the 3-masted vessel had a male bust figurehead. Commercial was, per LR, initially registered at Stockton-on-Tees & owned by 'Hartlepool Commercial Shipping Company' ('HCSC') - with, again per LR, 'Scott' her captain thru 1842/43 & 'Henderson' from 1842/43 thru 1851/52. LR is often inaccurate in its listings of vessels' captains. HHTN tells us that 'Henderson' meant Walter Henderson, that he was followed in 1849/50 by Robert Cummings & from 1851 thru 1854 by George Yule. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists 'Hartford & Durham Commercial Shipping Company' as her owner in May 1848 (owned in 1843 per HHTN by William Lisle, Abraham Scotson & Thomas Rowell, all of Hartlepool). I read that such company was dissolved on Apl. 15, 1851 & all of its then vessels were auctioned off.
Commercial's service, per LR, when HCSC owned? From Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, from 1839/40 thru 1841/42, from Hartlepool to Bordeaux, France, in 1842/43, from London to Lima, Peru, in 1843/44 & 1844/45, from Hartlepool to London from 1845/46 thru 1847/48, & from Hartlepool to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1848/49 & 1849/50.
HHTN tells us (thanks!) that 'Whealer' of Sunderland, owned the vessel in May 1851. Presumably he bought the vessel at the fleet auction on Apl. 15, 1851. Further, that in May 1854, John Punshon Denton (of Hartlepool & from 1854 of Glasgow), owned the vessel. Neither name is LR referenced.
LR reports her ownership differently. From 1851/52 thru 1855/56, per LR, the vessel was owned by Jackson & Co., of Hartlepool, with G. Yule serving as the vessel's captain. Which is essentially confirmed by the 1854/55 edition of the North of England Maritime Directory, which tells us that in 1854 the vessel was owned by William Lisle, William George Jackson, & Wm. Kilvington, all of Hartlepool, & by Robert Henry Jackson of Yarm (near Stockton-on-Tees) - with Geo. Yule her then captain. HHTN tells us that 'Leonard' was the vessel's captain in 1854/55. LR reports service from Hartlepool to Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea), from 1851/52 thru 1853/54 & from Hartlepool to the Mediterranean in 1854/55. HHTN also references that, on Nov. 26, 1854, the vessel sailed from Crookhaven, Ireland, & in May 1855 sailed from St. Thomas.
Such reference to a May 1855 voyage is at present a puzzle to the webmaster. If the vessel existed in May 1855, it should, if still British owned, have been issued an Official Number. Which would seem not to have been so. It looks as though the vessel must have been sold to non-British interests. And hence no Official Number. Hopefully new data will emerge that clarifies the matter & tells us what finally happened to the vessel. Can you tell us anything additional? #2358
A snow or brig. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1840/41 thru 1847/48 only, always owned & captained, per LR, by Leadbitter (with an 'i') of Sunderland, & always for service from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia. Now 'Corder', in his data re George Frater & Co., lists Robert Leadbetter (with an 'e') as the initial owner of Eleanor 1840, noted to be of 281 tons. Robert Leadbetter would seem to have, per Corder, owned three vessels built by 'Frater' including an earlier (1831) vessel named Eleanor, detail listed on site here.
I have spotted references to one Eleanor voyage to St. Petersburg that arrived back in London on Oct. 13, 1840. With Leadbitter (with an 'i' & not an 'e') consistently noted to be her then captain. I have not, in the limited time I presently have available, found any later references to the vessel - which is a bit of a puzzle. I suspect that there was a new captain after that date but that does not account for my difficulty in spotting references to vessels named Eleanor that seemed likely to be 'ours'. Perhaps others will be more successful.
It would seem that the vessel was not always Leadbetter (whatever) owned. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists the vessel as still Sunderland registered in Apl. 1848 but then owned by J. Barkes of Monkwearmouth & G. Robinson of Sunderland.
What happened to the vessel? At this moment I cannot tell you what happened to her nor when. Wikipedia refers to many groundings etc. of vessels named Eleanor during the course of her lifetime but I have not, so far, been able to identify any of them that with certainty relate to 'our' Eleanor. There were many vessels named Eleanor at the time! Can you add anything additional? #2378
A wooden 'snow'. Referred to by 'Corder' as owned by or maybe built for J. B. Ord. Vessel not listed at Miramar. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. The vessel seems not to be recorded in the 1848/49 or 1852/53 editions of Lloyd's, at least as Minstrel. Perhaps the vessel had met its end by then, though it is possible that the vessel was sold & is recorded under a new name. Was built for Ord & Co., maybe J. B. Ord, of Sunderland, for the Indian trade. Ord? There was i) a Robert Ord, a shipowner, in 1831, who owned two 'Gale' vessels recorded here, built in 1819 & 1831 respectively, ii) a William Ord, a Member of Parliament, perhaps of Newcastle. And iii) I refer re Madeline, built 1860, to 'W. Ord & Co.', of Sunderland, possibly of Bishopwearmouth, re trade with South America. The available data is fragmentary indeed but may help others searching for the vessel. Need help to progress further! #1721
A barque, but possibly later a ship. The vessel, which was launched in May 1841, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1841/42 thru 1850/51 only. Throughout such period, Majestic was always, per LR, owned by J. & J. Wait, & registered at Newcastle thru 1845/46 & thereafter at North Shields. With O. Brodie, per LR, her initial captain thru 1842/43, & 'Isbester' her captain thereafter. Her service per LR? - i) from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, in 1841/42, ii) from Liverpool to Savannah (likely Georgia, U.S.A.) in 1842/43, iii) to Calcutta - from Liverpool in 1843/44 & 1844/45 & from Shields during the period from 1845/46 thru 1847/48, iv) from Shields to the Mediterranean from 1848/49 thru 1850/51. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 records the vessel as a ship, still registered at Newcastle, & clarifies such owners' names as meaning, in Jul. 1848, James & John Wait of North Shields.
What happened to the vessel & when? Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that on Apl. 26, 1850, while en route from Liverpool to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey), a vessel named Majestic ran aground near Gallipoli & was re-floated. Likely 'our' Majestic. I learn that three vessels had run aground that day & all were got off without apparent damage. Later that year, while en route from Odessa, (Black Sea, Ukraine) to either Queenstown, Ireland, or Falmouth, Cornwall, presumably for orders, with a cargo of grain, Majestic had to put into Lisbon, Portugal, on Dec. 20, 1850, in a damaged condition. Her cargo had shifted, her pumps were choked & part of her bulwarks had been carried away. She discharged a part of her cargo & had repairs effected, later leaving Lisbon to resume her journey on Jan. 9, 1851. Soon after leaving Lisbon, she encountered a heavy gale, & having been struck by several seas sprang a leak. She ended up with, I read, 7 ft. of water in her holds, & had to be abandoned. While her crew were saved I have not read how they were saved. Wikipedia states that her abandonment occurred on Jan. 14, 1851, in the Atlantic Ocean. As is confirmed by this page (line 757) which tells us the vessel had a crew of 14 & was then owned by Jas. Wail (means Jas. Wait). I learn that 'Cuthbertson' was the vessel's captain at the time of her loss (referenced at Lisbon). Now it would be good to get independent confirmation that Cuthbertson was the captain of 'our' Majestic re such voyage. But ... it likely was the correct Majestic. Can you add to and/or correct in any way the above text? #2359
So far I know nothing about 'Fryer' of Sunderland, not even their proper name, & refer to them here only because I have spotted references to vessels being broken up by 'Fryer'. Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Basilisk was one such vessel, said to have been sold on Nov. 1, 1921 to 'Fryer', of Sunderland, to be broken up. HMS Blanche, a light cruiser built 1909, was another such vessel, stated to have been sold to 'Fryer' in Jul. 1921. Can you tell us more about 'Fryer', perhaps where they were located, & how long they were in business. Presumably as ship breakers.
Shipbuilding yards, building wooden ships, existed at Hylton in the late 18th century. Thanks to data kindly provided by Peter Kirsopp & now also by Simon Gales (thank you both!) we are able to summarise the 'Gales' shipbuilding history hopefully more accurately than before.
But first an image, a partial image only, adjusted somewhat for better presentation on this page, of the 'Gales' ship yard in or about 1825/1835. It is but a portion of a larger print, surely partial also, (visible here), perhaps from a contemporary directory or advertisement. Should you have available to you the complete print, do let the webmaster know. The site visitor who kindly provided what I offer today would love to have a print more complete.
Simon Gales advises, that William Gales (1782/1838) & John M. (Mowbray) Gales (1784/1858), his younger brother, started the first 'Gales' yard in 1810/12 - to build a ship for John White (launched in 1813). William Gales had earlier worked for Edward Potts & John M. Gales had worked at another yard. Interestingly, as noted elsewhere in these pages, Mr. George Bartram, the founder of Bartrams, was, at the age of 11 & an orphan, apprenticed at the Hylton yard of 'W. & J. Gales'. That would have been in 1811. Interestingly also, both of the Gales brothers married daughters of Thomas Lawson. Thomas Robson, was an apprentice at a yard there in about 1770, which yard later became owned by William Potts (the Elder), & later was inherited from William by Edward & William Potts & then became the 'Gales' yard. But .. Simon Gales is not sure that was so. The 'Gales' yard may have been that previously owned by Edward & William Potts, or instead may have been a new facility. (It would seem that Edward Potts was a drinker & as a result could not deliver his ships on time). In passing, I note that Thomas Robson's son, (Mr. Robson of Claxheugh), was a ship builder also it would seem. I presume, from that wording, that his yard was at Claxheugh which is on the River Wear, near Ford, South Hylton.
'Mr. Gales, sen.', which per Simon Gales means William Gales (1782/1838), 'built no less than 212 ships during the period from 1812 to his retirement in 1845' (Per 'The Nautical Magazine', 1852, a 'Google' book, here, at page 583 - but that book seems no longer to be available, so here is what it said.) However, that data is in some doubt, particularly since William Gales would seem to have died in 1838. The retirement date of 1845 likely relates to John M. (Mowbray) Gales. Simon Gales believes that the 200 plus ships were rather built by all of the 'Gales'. In its time, the 'Gales' yard was the biggest employer at Hylton, along with Dawson's Pottery.
John M. (Mowbray) Gales eventually started up another yard on the opposite side of the river Wear, but in addition to rather than in competition with the first 'Gales' yard. In fact, the families lived together, in the same mansion, i.e. Ford Lodge, as well as Ford Cottage nearby.
Peter Kirsopp advises that John & William Gales were in 1828 listed in Whites Directory as shipbuilders at Hilton Ferry. And presumably mainly from later census data:- In 1841, John M. (Mowbray) Gales was living at Ford Lodge, a short step from the Leopard shipbuilding yard and graving dock at South Hylton. By 1851 he is described as ship owner, still at Ford Lodge. At that date, his elder son Lawson Gales (1822/1856), 30 years old, was carrying on the shipbuilding tradition, employing 66 men and 13 boys. While Thomas Charles Gales (1833/1883), his 18 year old son, was a shipwright. By 1861, only two widows & another William (1826/1868), an unmarried middle son of John M., & a ship owner, are still at Ford Lodge.
In 1852, the yard was owned, by Lawson Gales. The only other snippet of data that has come to my attention is that there was an 'L. Gales' listed in 1857 as a shipbuilder at Hylton (presumably that was Lawson Gales, who actually died in 1856). And at the same date an 'L. and T. C. Gales' also, in Sunderland, but with no yard location stated. Most probably. T. C. Gales is the Thomas Charles Gales referred to above. In business with Lawson Gales, his brother.
Lawson Gales would seem to have died very young - at age 35, while Thomas Charles Gales retired from shipbuilding in 1861, at age 28.
The shipbuilding business would seem to have come to an end a few years later, perhaps because of the greater capital requirements of building in iron.
Peter Kirsopp additionally advises that Lawson Gales certainly died at Stockton in 1856 (his wife came from Stockton & his elder daughter was born there). And Thomas Charles Gales, who may have continued to build ships for a while after his brother died, had by 1861 moved to the small rural village of Bishop Monckton, North Yorkshire, being described then as a retired shipbuilder (at age 28). And perhaps then a ship owner.
'L. and T. C. Gales', (note that the 'L' in the name, i.e. Lawson Gales, had died in 1856 so presumably Thomas Charles Gales must have kept the old business name after his brother died), apparently built 2 ships in 1857, Chillian Packet of 331 tons registered at London, & Lizzie Scott a barque of 453 tons, registered at Sunderland. Both referenced here. (Per 'Christie's Shipping Register....' of 1858, a 'Google' book that used to be available here).
Frances, the widow of Lawson Gales, was, I am advised, running a lodging house in Sunderland, in 1861.
Such data is quite 'fragmentary'. And quite confusing, alas. We thank Peter Kirsopp & Simon Gales, who between them have kindly provided most of it. But it is all that I now have. Can you help by adding more about the history of Hylton shipbuilders named 'Gales'?
To help in understanding how all the various 'Gales' fit into the picture, Simon Gales has provided the following chart - of the children of both William and John Mowbray Gales.
Bill Greenwell has kindly been in touch in Aug. 2021 about the above chart. He advises that his current research states that 'Isabella Thompson, widow of George Thompson, who died in 1889 at South Hill, The Cedars, was ‘the last surviving and eldest daughter’ of William Gales of Hylton – so I think the helpful chart provided by your contacts is erroneous in that respect'.
A build list of ships built by the many shipbuilders named 'Gales' is now on site, transcribed from a list provided by Simon Gales. Here, at page 144. However, the data is partial today, since only a part of the data has yet been transcribed. Hopefully it can be made complete very soon.
226/229 later 204 tons
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Apl. 1838, is Lloyd's Register listed from 1838/39 thru 1845/46 & not thereafter. Owned, thru 1844/45 at least, by Baker & Co. of Sunderland with J. Proud her captain, for service from Sunderland to London. LR of 1845/46 lists no owner name, which suggests that the vessel may have been sold. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists the brig, in Apl. 1848, as owned by W. Bell, of Ford, & W. T. & J. Bell, both of Sunderland. While the equivalent directory of 1854/55 (Mar. 1854 data) records Wm. Thos., John, and Wm. Bell, all of Sunderland with Chas. Smith her captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 clarifies the owner names to mean Wm. T. Bell, John Bell & Wm. Bell, all then of Sunderland, with C. Smith her captain. TR of 1856 lists W. T., J., and W. Bell of Sunderland as her then owners. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists W. T. and J. Bell of Sunderland and C. W. and W. M. Bell of Newcastle as her owners.
On Dec. 2, 1860, per line 892 here, the 204 ton 'square' was involved in a collision & sank at the Humber river, while en route from Grimsby to London. One of the 7 man crew lost his life. Lark is stated to have then been owned by Wm. T. Bell. No crew lists are available. Can you tell us more? #2344
206/199 later 206 tons
A snow or brig. Alyth? A town located 17 miles NW of Dundee, Scotland. The vessel, which was launched in Feb. 1840, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1856/57 with the exception of both 1852/53 & 1853/54. The vessel's initial owner, thru 1840/41, was, per LR, 'Panton & S' (Sons), of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Bordeaux in 1839/40 & from London to the Mediterranean in 1840/41 - with J. Smith serving as the vessel's captain. In 1841/42, per LR, Norman & Co. of Liverpool became the vessel's owners, thru 1851/52 at least. With J. Norman her captain thru 1844/45, W. Walker from 1844/45 thru 1846/47 at least, & W. Lovering from 1848/49 thru 1851/52. For consistent service ex Liverpool, incl. to Quebec, Canada, thru 1843/44, to Malta in 1844/45 & 1845/46, & to the Mediterranean from 1848/49 thru 1851/52. LR did not list the vessel in 1852/53 & 1853/54. The North of England Maritime Directory of Mar. 1854, partially fills that data 'gap'. It lists John Pakhett, of Liverpool, as her then owner, with Wm. H. Lovering her then captain.
When LR listings resumed, in 1854/55, Alyth, now of 206 tons, is stated to be owned by' C. C'lthard' of Hartlepool, with R. Fairless her master, replaced by J. Brown in 1855/56 & 1856/57. Which owner name is clarified by Turnbull's Shipping Registers of both 1855 & 1856 to mean C. K. Coulthard of Hartlepool with T. Browse her captain. Despite the above data it seems likely that Coulthard acquired the vessel rather earlier, since this page (scroll to #22376) indicates that the vessel was first registered at Hartlepool on May 20, 1853. Under Coulthard ownership, the vessel, per LR, served London ex Hartlepool.
Alyth is, to say the least, not a common vessel name. This Wikipedia page (thanks!) tells us that Alyth (surely our Alyth) foundered on Sep. 28, 1856 at 45.30N/8.10W (Bay of Biscay) in the North Atlantic, while en route from Barcelona, Spain, to Swansea, Wales. Further that her crew were rescued by the Netherlands schooner Alberdina. As per reports in the Newcastle Courant & the Liverpool Mercury of Oct. 24 & Oct. 25, 1856 respectively. It would be good to be able to read such reports since they may well contain greater detail. Should any reader have access to them, do consider providing copies to the webmaster for inclusion here. The loss was also recorded in 'Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant' of Oct. 24, 1856 (search for Alyth). Which report told us, in Dutch, that Alberdina, captain Scherpbier in command, arrived at Lisbon, Portugal, from Newcastle on Oct. 12, 1856 with Alyth's crew aboard. No crew lists are available for the vessel. #2233
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Jul. 1840 but Lloyd's Register ('LR') noted to be a Jun. vessel, is LR listed from 1840/41 thru 1858/59 with the exception of 1855/56. It was, per LR, initially owned, for a very short period of time, by G. Noble of Sunderland, with 'Elliott' serving as her captain, for service from Sunderland to London. LR of 1841/42 records the vessel changing hands twice - first to S. & P. Mills, of Sunderland, & then to E. Lucas of Shoreham, Sussex. 'Lucas', per LR, owned the vessel thru 1847/48 for service from Shoreham to Sunderland thru 1843/44 & then service as a Shoreham coaster, with 'Crowhurst' consistently serving as the vessel's captain.
In 1848/49, per LR, 'Hindmarsh' of Blyth, Northumberland, became Amulet's owner, her final owner it would appear. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 records, that at Jul. 24, 1848, Thos. Hindmarsh was the owner of the Shields registered snow. The equivalent directory of 1854/55 (1854 data) indicates that Thos. Hindmarsh & John Foreman, both of Blyth, & John Young of Bellingham, were then the vessel's owners with John Foreman then her captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 records Alex. Turner to be her then captain & lists J. Young as residing at Bedlington. As also does TR of 1856 (no captain's name). This page (scroll to #2431) seems to indicate that the vessel was first registered at Shields on Apl. 12, 1854. While 'Hindmarsh' owned, for service, where LR indicated, mainly ex Blyth, but ex Newcastle in 1856/57. In 1851/52 & 1852/53 LR notes service from Blyth to Le Havre, France, & in 1857/58 & 1858/59 notes service from Blyth to France. J. Forman (no 'e'), per LR, served as her captain thru the whole period of 'Hindmarsh' ownership (but we know that is incorrect - re Alex Turner, at least).
What happened to Amulet? The last link above notes that a certificate re the vessel's loss was dated Sep. 4, 1858. Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that on Aug. 21, 1858, while en route from Sunderland to Lisbon, Portugal, the brig was wrecked on Whitby Rock, Yorkshire. Further that her crew of 8 were rescued by the Whitby lifeboat. It would be good to locate a detailed account of the disaster but this page (in red) tells us that the vessel, which was carrying a cargo of coal, got inside the rock at about 9 p.m. The crew were taken off by lifeboat; the vessel became a total loss. What was left of Amulet was sold for £56. No crew lists are available. Is there anything you can add? #2349
296/325 later 299 tons
A barque, later a brig. The vessel, which was launched in Sep. 1850 & Sunderland registered on Sep. 25, 1850 (scroll to #15687), is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1873/74. It was initially owned, per LR thru 1856/57, by J. Gales of Sunderland, (related to the builder, I wonder) for service from Sunderland to Barcelona, Spain, with J. Lawson serving as the vessel's captain. J. Gales would seem to mean John M. Gales. However, Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of Mar. 1854 lists 'John M'Gales' as the vessel's owner with S. Gibson her then captain. The vessel is listed in other North East shipping registers. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 lists John M. Gales as her owner with S. Gibson her captain. TR of 1856 lists J. M. Gales as her owner.
In 1857/58, per LR, Alcides became owned by J. Middleton of Sunderland for continued service to Barcelona thru 1858/59 & then from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, with J. Davis serving as the vessel's captain from 1857/58 thru 1858/59 then 'Wayman' from 1859/60 thru 1862/63. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies the now 299 ton vessel's then owners to mean John Middleton, Edward Dobson & George Naisby, all of Sunderland. In 1861/62, LR records Dobson & Co. of Sunderland as her new owner, but such listing may reflect only a change in her managing owner.
In 1863, per the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL'), the vessel became Newcastle registered. Owned per LR of 1862/63 by 'Harnet' of Newcastle with G. Harnet her captain. Such LR edition also notes that the vessel had become rigged as a brig (previously a barque).
In 1863/64, per LR, Alcides became owned by G. Arnott of Newcastle, for service from Newcastle to the Mediterranean in 1863/64, from Newcastle to North America in 1864/65, maybe from Waterford, Ireland, to the Baltic in 1865/66 then Newcastle to North America, & from 1866/67, per LR, for service from Liverpool to the West Indies. MNLs of 1865 thru 1869 record George Arnott, of Newcastle, as her owner. During the period of 'Arnott' ownership, LR records G. Arnott as her captain thru 1864/65 or 1865/66 then M. Charlton.
The vessel's later history is unknown to the webmaster. MNL tells us that the vessel was sold to foreign owners per a certificate dated Feb. 24, 1869 (as I read the data (scroll to #15687). And no longer recorded the vessel from 1870. So far the webmaster has been unable to find out the nationality of the new owners nor whether they re-named the vessel.
99.4 ft. long, 299 tons from LR of 1859/60, signal letters LSHR. Some crew lists are available here. Can you tell us anything additional? Y
370 later 345 or 346 tons
A wooden barque built by Lawson Gales at South Hylton & first registered in 1852. I have read that it was launched in Jan. 1851. Per 1 (article from Norfolk Chronicle of Aug. 14, 1869. See 'Craxford' below). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1873/74. For most of those years, from 1851/52 thru 1872/73, the vessel was owned by Peter Scott of Sunderland. Under 'Scott' ownership, the vessel had 4 captains - initially 'Stainburgh' thru 1858/59, 'Robertson' thru 1860/61, 'Downes' from 1861/62 thru 1863/64 & 'Laycklock' from 1863/64 thru 1872/73. For, per LR, some most varied service. Which service includes i) from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (1851/52 thru 1855/56, in 1861/62 & 1862/63, in 1868/69 & 1869/70), ii) from Swansea, Wales to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1856/57 thru 1858/59, iii) from Liverpool to South America in 1859/60 & 1860/61, iv) from Belfast to the Mediterranean in 1863/64 & 1864/65, v) from Liverpool to Ceylon, now Sri Lanka, in the period from 1865/66 thru 1867/68. Scott's ownership of the vessel is well documented. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists Peter Scott of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner with John Stainsburgh her captain. Scott's ownership is also set out in Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. Rather later, the Scott ownership is again confirmed by the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1872. MNL of 1870 is here. The vessel was first LR recorded at 345 tons only in 1865/66. We thank Alan Craxford for the newspaper cutting from the Norfolk Chronicle of Aug. 14, 1869 available at link 1 above. James & Mathew Nessworthy, Alan's family members, both part of Scott's then crew, were both given 12 weeks hard labour it would seem. In 1872/73, per LR, the vessel became owned by R. Curry & Co., also of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean with 'Garrick' & then 'R. Wilson' serving as the vessel's captain.
110.5 ft. long, signal letters LKSH.
LR of 1873/74 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. Thanks to the folks at 'Google Books' you can read exactly what happened, in the article available at left, ex true pages 12 thru 14 in Vol. IX of The Lifeboat, the Journal of the National Life-Boat Institution, which volume 'Google' scanned & made available. Scott was bound from Sunderland to Algiers, Algeria, with a cargo of coal, under the command of Captain Wilson & with a crew of 10 all told. They encountered 'much stormy and thick weather' & ran onto the Kentish Knock Sands, a dangerous shoal lying about 32 miles E. of the Essex coast, in the outer Thames Estuary, at 5 in the morning of Oct. 22, 1873. ... Per the article, 'within five minutes of the vessel's striking she began to break up ; the boats were washed away, the deckhouse was torn to fragments and carried away piecemeal ; the deck began to twist, and buckle, and open, and then was speedily ripped up by the force of the seas, and torn away plank after plank. The vessel broke her back and heeled over on the starboard side, and settled down upon the Sands ; the men could not make any signal of distress, and if they could have done so, they were miles away from any Life-boat, and at any moment the masts might give, and they be plunged into the boiling sea.' Do read the article. No summary words of mine could do the scene justice. Fortunately a brig spotted the crew in the rigging from a distance, passed a message via a smack to Broadstairs, Kent, & at 6 p.m. that day Aid, a Ramsgate (East Kent) harbour steamer, was dispatched to the scene with Bradford, the Ramsgate lifeboat in tow. They lay by until daylight & eventually after the Scott crew had been clinging to the rigging for 26 hours, all 10 crew members were rescued by Bradford, transferred to Aid, & landed safely at Ramsgate. The rescuers were granted modest awards for their amazing bravery. There are many other references in the book to Scott. Do see true page #48 in red) in that regard. Is there anything you can add? #1958
A wooden 'snow', later a brig, built by Lawson Gales in 1854. Per 1 (ownership data, Ariosto, in 'Christies Shipping Register ...' for 1858), 2 (Ariosto wreck ref. 70% down). Signal letters JDMC. This vessel was launched in mid Jun. 1854, for Thomas Cropton, intended for the American trade. The webmaster has Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. In all of the 1855/56 thru 1860/61 Lloyd's Registers, 'Cropton &' was the listed owner. That it would seem means 'Cropton & Co.' i.e. Cropton & others. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 lists 'Ariosto (of London)' as registered at Sunderland & owned by T. Bull, of London & T. Crofton, of Sunderland, with T. Consitt, her then captain. TR of 1856 lists Ariosta (not Ariosto) as being owned by S. T. Bell of London and T. Cropton of Sunderland. - in 1858 'Christies' records the vessel as then being owned by 'Thomas Bull of London & Thos. Cropton, of Sunderland. It would seem that the vessel traded with Oporto, Portugal.
On Mar. 12, 1861, per line 1137 here, the 295 ton brig was stranded near 'Milltown', while en route from Limerick to Philadelphia. Crew of 10 - 4 lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Thomas Cropton. In late Feb. 1861 or early in Mar. 1961, the vessel, then described as a brig, left Limerick, Ireland, in ballast, bound for Philadelphia, U.S.A. Limerick is inland, & the vessel proceeded down the Shannon River towards the open sea. Encountering bad weather, it put into Scattery Roads for three days. Scattery Roads is a relatively sheltered anchorage off the coast of County Clare, Ireland, in the Shannon estuary, S. of Kilrush. William Tullock was in command, with a crew of 10 all told, one of whom was a 14 year old boy. Possibly that should be 11 aboard her - a deserter was found on board after they put out to sea. The ship should best have stayed longer at Scattery Roads! But it did not. It proceeded to sea, on Mar. 9, 1861, but did not make it very far. At 2 o'clock a.m. on Mar. 12, 1861, after battling thru appalling weather conditions, the vessel was driven onto rocks at Crane Point near Miltown, which seems to truly mean Cream Point, Miltown Malbay, located on the Atlantic coast of County Clare. At 52.52N/09.26W. 2 states at 'Little Creek'. Located about 20 miles N. of Scattery Roads, as the crow flies but 45 or so miles NE of the mouth of the Shannon. A giant sea swept the decks & the Captain was lost in the boiling surf. A heavy sea drove the ship over a rocky reef. She ended up on rocks surrounded by her spars, ribs & other assorted debris - a 'complete' or total shipwreck. Only six were left aboard at this point, including the 14 year old. The first mate jumped from the stern of the ship, almost perpendicular & separated from the main hull, then high & dry 100 yards inland, & safely reached a rock. Via a rope thrown to him, the others made it one by one to shore, however the 14 year old lost his grip on the rope, fell into the boiling sea & was lost. So only 5 survived of the crew of 10. They made it to the warmth & safety of a nearby coastguard station. One of the 5, an American, had amazingly been wrecked 3 times in the previous 4 months. The wreck? Such as it was, it was sold within days, to 4 local citizens. WWW data about the vessel is quite limited. Can you provide more?
The above data is essentially a summary of an extensive newspaper article, published on Mar. 14, 1861 by the 'Clare Journal' of Ennis, County Clare, Ireland. The article was transcribed & made available by an Irish website which requests no links or recognition. Should any site visitor wish to read the complete report, you can find such site & the report by Google searching for 'Ariosto White Strand'.
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder or these shipbuilders? Because I so far know little about him/them. Even if the names that I have listed above are fully accurate. And if the names are in fact related.
So far as I can see, Hodgson & Gardner built 28 vessels in the period of 1849 to 1861. G. Gardner built 28 vessels from 1855 thru 1867. B. & J. Gardner built 22 vessels in the period of 1861 thru 1876. While J. Gardner built just 4 vessels in period of 1874 thru 1877.
I am kindly advised however, by Clive Hodgson, of the U.K., that the 'Hodgson' in the partnership was Cuthbert Hodgson (Oct. 6, 1809, born at sea/Oct. 19, 1877), the son of Cuthbert Hodgson, also a mariner, & Clive's GGG grandfather. He owned & was the Master of Empress of Sunderland for several years. But, written now many years later in 2013, I think that that reference correctly is to Empress, of the port of Sunderland, rather than Empress of Sunderland. Hodgson is shown in Lloyd's Registers as being the master of Empress from 1839/40 thru 1848/49. Empress was registered thru those years in the name of Hutchinson of Sunderland & became owned by Hodgson in 1848/49. The family then surely must have liked the name of Cuthbert ~ because he had a son also of that name, also a ship's Master. So three generations with an identical name! And the 'Gardner' in the partnership was indeed James Gardner. Thanks so much, Clive, for that interesting data. Perhaps one day we will hear from a descendent of 'Gardner'?
Charles Hodgson has been in touch, in July 2015, to advise that Hodgson & Gardner also built ships at Hartlepool. Charles believes that Cuthbert Hodgson, i.e. the Hodgson of the shipbuilding partnership, was his great great grandfather. He notes that the name of Cuthbert has continued into further generations - Cuthbert is Charles's middle name.
Clive Hodgson also provided some considerable historical data about Empress of Sunderland, or, I rather believe Empress of Sunderland, which data, however, does not include where she was built.
Hodgson & Gardner are recorded as building, in 1856, John Robinson & Dorothy of 445 & 235 tons respectively. And in 1857, Emblem, Il Trovatore, & Isabel, of 253, 142 & 351 tons, respectively.
Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by 'Gardner' of Sunderland - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence.
VESSELS BUILT BY 'HODGSON & GARDNER'
A barque which would appear to have had a very short life. Launched in Feb. 1852, the vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1854/55 only. Emporium was initially owned by 'Lumsdn' & Co. of Sunderland, with 'W. Hods'n' LR listed as being her captain. In LRs of 1853/54 & 1854/55, R. Cleugh of Shields is listed as her owner with T. Bruce serving as her captain. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 clarifies such ownership. It records Robert Cleugh & Thos. Bruce, both of North Shields, as her owners, with Thos. Bruce her then captain.
What happened to the vessel? This page (ex here) tells us that on Oct. 18, 1854, the vessel was en route from Quebec, Canada, to Sunderland, with a cargo of timber & a crew of 15, (maybe only 12) when it stranded 2 or 3 miles south of Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire, during a heavy gale. Wikipedia references the date as Oct. 17, 1854 & indicates, presumably based upon the contemporary sources they reference, i) that the vessel was rather en route to South Shields & ii) that survivors were rescued by means of a rocket apparatus. The vessel was got off, & on Oct. 26, 1854 she was taken into Whitby Harbour a little to the north. The stranding must have been most stressful - I read that four of the vessel's crew lost their lives in the disaster. It would seem that the vessel was likely damaged beyond repair. I say that because Emporium was not granted an Official Number which means that the vessel did not exist on Jan. 1, 1855 or in the short period thereafter. Can you tell us more? Provide newspaper accounts of such stranding, perhaps?
I have now spotted two accounts of the unfortunate event. This extensive account & a detailed article in the 'North Wales Chronicle ...'. At 10 or 11 a.m. on Oct. 18, 1854, the vessel struck rocks 1,000 yards off Peak Way Fort - described as a 'fearful place'. Battered by powerful winds & high seas, some hours later, at 2 or 3 p.m., the vessel fell over onto her starboard side - at which point her master, stated to be Charles Bruce, his 14 year old son Thomas Bruce, & two of her crew members (Robert Brown & either Allen Crills or Colin Kelly) were washed overboard & drowned. With great difficulty, the Coast Guard, lead by Lieutenant Benjamin Wooley, succeeded in firing a line to the vessel using Carte's rockets. Later, at about 5:30 p.m., via that line it would appear, the remaining 8 crew members were all brought to shore. The first link above extensively references the rescue efforts of James Whitten, John McDonald, & many others, all apparently boatmen. It seems likely that the crew were saved by boats moving along & tethered to the rocket line. Additional info. would be welcomed. #2328
VESSELS BUILT BY 'B. & J. GARDNER'
335 later 319 tons
The barque, which was launched on Aug. 25, 1862 & first registered, at Sunderland, in 1862 (scroll to #44493), is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1875/76. Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that on Oct. 24, 1862, the vessel ran aground on the Pergas Shoals, in the Dardanelles, Turkey, (the Dardanelles strait separates Europe from Asia), but was refloated. The vessel was owned, thru 1871/72 per LR, by W. Mills of Sunderland, with W. Watson serving as her captain thru 1866/67 followed by G. Charlton thru 1871/72. Under 'Mills' ownership the vessel, per LR, served the Mediterranean, ex Sunderland thru 1865/66 & ex the Clyde thereafter. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1870 list W. Mills of Bishopwearmouth as the vessel's owner & in 1872 list Wm. Mills of Sunderland. The vessel was first LR recorded at 319 tons in 1871/72. The vessel's ownership from 1871/72 is confused. LR advises that from part way thru 1871/72 the vessel became Blyth, Northumberland, registered & owned by J. Stavers of Blyth, with such owner name amended to J. Staver from 1872/73. With J. Redford the vessel's captain thru 1875/76. MNLs of 1874 & 1875 rather report the vessel to be registered at North Shields & owned by Thos. Anderson Smith of Blyth. It would seem that the MNL data is correct. 114.0 ft. long, signal letters TVJD.
On Jul. 25, 1875, the vessel left St. Jean d'Acre (Acre, in northern Israel today), for Plymouth, for orders, with a cargo of 540 tons of wheat & dari seed. Dari is a seed, rich in proteins & oils, also known as millet or sorghum, extensively today used in bird seed. The vessel was under the command of Thomas Anderson Smith with a crew of 11 all told. The vessel's voyage was uneventful until she entered the Bay of Biscay on Oct. 8, 1875 when the breeze became gale force. On. Oct. 12, 1875 the vessel shipped a heavy sea over her port bow which resulted in much damage to the vessel & the shifting of the vessel's cargo to starboard. The vessel took on water which the pumps were unable to control & by 8 a.m. on Oct. 13, 1875 the vessel's starboard side was under water & the pumps were clogged with grain & useless. A 2:30 p.m. that day a sail was seen & Ann Mills sailed towards it & hove to on her lee bow. It proved to be Pierre, a French brig. Unfortunately, in raging seas & high winds, Pierre struck Ann Mills abaft the main rigging causing the crew to jump for their lives. Only the captain was able to get aboard Pierre. The 10 remaining crew aboard Ann Mills launched the ship's boat but it capsized. An attempt was made to launch Pierre's boat to try to effect a rescue but nobody was, in the conditions, prepared to man her - 'no boat could live in such a sea'. At 11:30 p.m., on Oct. 13, 1875, Ann Mills vanished from sight & sank with the 10 men still aboard her. At 46.15N/9.54W in the Bay of Biscay. Line 452 on this page records the basic data re her loss but offers a confusing date for that loss. Which is clarified to be Oct. 13, 1875 by this report of the later Inquiry into her loss (ex page #287 about 75% down the volume available here). The Court concluded that stress of weather was the cause of her loss but believed that the vessel's cargo could better have been stowed. Crew lists are available here. Is there anything you can add? #2175
VESSELS BUILT BY 'G. GARDNER'
384 or 385 tons
A wooden barque, which was launched in Oct. 1855. Per 1 (lost in 1879). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1869/70, then an LR silence, & again from 1874/75 thru 1879/80. It was owned, for its entire lifetime, per LR, by J. Tully of Sunderland. i.e. by J. Tully & J. Tully, jun. per both Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. The Mercantile Navy Lists from 1865 thru 1880 (1870) all list John Tully of Sunderland as the vessel's owner. While TR of 1874 advises that the vessel was then owned by John Tully & John Tully, jun., each with 32 shares. Per LR, the vessel served thru 1869/70 always ex Sunderland with the exception of 1860/61, when it served ex Swansea, Wales. In LR editions of 1861/62 & 1862/63 only was a destination stated - to the Mediterranean. From 1860/61 thru 1869/70, per LR, J. Anderson was the vessel's captain.
Some operational details. On Nov. 23, 1866, the vessel, en route from Pomaron (Pomarão, noted for the shipment of copper & sulphur ores), Portugal, to North Shields, ran aground at North Shields - she was refloated. I read (A & B, in red) that during the first 6 months of 1867, the 10 man crew of Chowdean, & indeed the vessel itself, were saved as a result of actions by a lifeboat of the National Lifeboat Institution. You can read about it here (1 (search for Chowdean) & 2). The vessel, en route from South Shields to either Naples, Italy, or Lisbon, Portugal, ran aground at Great Yarmouth, on the night of Jan. 17/18, 1867. With the help of the Gt. Yarmouth lifeboat Duff, & a steam-tug named Sailor, the vessel was brought into Lowestoft, Suffolk, in a leaky condition. It would seem that, at least from Mar. 1877, 'Dryden' was the vessel's captain. 'Welsh Newspapers Online' records the vessel leaving from Cardiff or Newport i) for Vigo, on Mar. 12, 1877, ii) for Barcelona, on Jun. 18, 1877, Jun. 3, 1878 & Feb. 28, 1879, iii) for Tarragona on Nov. 16, 1877 (all Spain). The vessel arrived at Cardiff on Jul. 6, & Oct. 9, 1878 & on Feb. 13, 1879 with iron ore from Huelva, southern Spain.
120.0 ft. long,, from 1874/75 121.5 ft., signal letters JSKV. Many crew lists are available here.
LR of 1879/80 notes that Chowdean had 'Foundered'. On Nov. 29, 1879, per line 1096 here, the vessel was en route from Villa Real, (I think now Legutio, also known as Villarreal de Álava, Basque country, N. Spain), to Newcastle, with a cargo of 520 tons of sulphur ore & a crew of 13. During a heavy gale, the vessel became leaky & was abandoned when 200 miles NW of Cape Finisterre (NW Spain). 2 crew members were lost. The vessel was noted to be then owned by J. Tully of Sunderland. This newspaper article tell us that Captain Dryden was then in command & that he was one of the crew members who were lost. And further that the survivors were rescued by Regina, a Russian barque from Helsingfors, Sweden, (Captain Hacklin) & landed at Cadiz, Spain, on Dec. 7, 1859. Can you add to or correct the above data? #2294
471 (or 476) tons
A wooden barque, with iron beams. Per 1 (launch of vessel, at page bottom), 2 (data), 3 (an 1867 voyage from Launceston with wool, wheat etc.), 4 (Norwegian data, ex a site no longer available), 5 (1884 sinking reference). The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. There are many references to the vessel at Trove, Australia. 144.2 ft. long, signal letters WGNQ & HVNM. The vessel was built for T. B. Walker & Co. ('Walker'), (Thomas Boss Walker), of London & registered at London. It would seem that Walker owned the vessel thru 1878, & further that W. R. Barwood ('Barwood') was her captain thru 1876, when he became the captain of Lanoma, also a Walker vessel, & built by Austin & Hunter at Sunderland in 1876. The vessel saw service initially to Launceston, (i.e. Tasmania) then to Australia & from 1872/73 to Van Diemen Land (an early name for Tasmania). I spotted a brief ref. to the vessel arriving there in Jan. 1875. In Apl. 1878, the vessel was sold to 'J. Chr. Larssøn m.fl.', of Arendal, Norway, & became Anders Dedekam. With captains J. C. Larssøn & later P. T. Larrsøn. It would seem the vessel sank, off Newfoundland, in Aug. 1884. Link 4 provided the following Norwegian text which proves to be difficult to WWW translate - '8/1884: påseolt den 14/8 av et engelsk dampskip ved Newfoundland og sank'. Which may mean that the vessel was in collision with a steamship, & sank as a result. The final link above advises us that, in fact, the vessel was hit & sunk by Benmore on Aug. 14, 1884 & that all of her crew were safely aboard that steamer & landed - at Washington (near Washington D.C.?), U.S.A. Need help!
449 (later 448, 461 & 480) tons
A wooden barque with iron beams. Per 1 & 2 (1866 maiden voyage to Launceston & its cargo), 3 (Dec. 13, 1881 arrival at Launceston), 4 (death of T. B. Walker, on Mar. 29, 1885). 145.0 ft. long but length varies per Lloyd's Registers at left from 145.0 to 146.7 ft., signal letters KMFB & later H?SMJ. The vessel was built for T. B. Walker & Co., (Thomas Boss Walker) of London, noted for their regular service to Tasmania & particularly for returning with wool. Registered at London. A great many references to the vessel at 'Trove', Australia. The vessel left Gravesend, river Thames, London, on its maiden voyage, on Aug. 14, 1866 for Launceston, Tasmania, under the command of Captain Thomas B. Whittingham. It arrived on Nov. 23, 1866 after a voyage of 101 days, delayed by 'baffling' winds. The vessel, which left for London on Jan. 23, 1867, arrived there on Apl. 27, 1867 with a cargo mainly of wool but also 1,802 bags of ground bark. A great many subsequent voyages to Launceston. e.g. it left for London on Feb. 2, 1869 with 1,708 bales of wool & 900 bags of bark. And left on Jan. 26, 1870 with 1,484 bales of wool & 2,014 bags of bark. The vessel often carried tin in ingots on its return voyage to London. H. Barfield became her Captain, I believe in 1879 when appointed in Launceston, & by Apl. 1880, Alexander Findlay was her Captain. After an 1881 92 day voyage from Launceston, the vessel was overhauled & re-coppered at London with new decks installed. She arrived back at Launceston in Dec. 1881 after a passage of 86 days ex London. Captain Findlay died at Launceston in late Feb. 1885, at age 46, after a long illness (dropsy & heart disease). The vessel left Launceston for the last time, on Apl. 18, 1885, under the command of G. P. Brown, previously the vessel's chief mate. Note - Whittingham, along with 11 others, was drowned in the wreck of Lanoma (loss report) in Mar. 1888. The 1885/86 edition of Lloyd's Register records the vessel as sold to C. Henckel of Helsingborg, Sweden, presumably as a result of the death of T. B. Walker on Mar. 29, 1885. The vessel stayed in such ownership thru 1894/95, the last edition of Lloyd's Register I am able to access. I am not aware of what finally happened to the vessel. I need help!
Nelly & Mathilda
A composite (wood on an iron frame) barque. That had a long life (71 years), & many owners, names (& collisions!) Per 1 (extensive data & their sources, thanks to Lars Bruzelius). 153.3 ft. long, 46.09 metres, signal letters HNSC. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1889/90 - see left. Built by 'James Gardner' for John Hay of London. Involved in the tea trade thru May, 1873, it would seem, & traded between New York & ports in the Far East (Hong Kong, Japan (Yokohama), & China (Foochow, Canton & Shanghai). In 1873, or 'about 1875', the vessel was sold to Balfour, Williamson & Co., of Liverpool, & mainly used in the Australian trade. In 1881, the ship saved the crew of the sinking barque Standard Bearer in the North Atlantic. In 1885, the vessel was owned by J. S. Davis of Liverpool. It was laid up in Princes Dock, Liverpool, until she was sold, in 1887, to Elias Theodor Norrman, of Malmö, Sweden, (who became her master for a number of years), & renamed Nelly & Mathilda. Became 151.1 ft. long only. On Apl. 8, 1894, the vessel was in collision with Bravo (of Höganäs, Sweden) off Smygehuk, Sweden. A voyage to the Wear in 1897 with pit props. The vessel collided again, on Aug. 13, 1900 - on this occasion with steamship Agne of Stockholm - at the entrance to Landskrona, Sweden. In 1901, Edward Jansson of Malmö, Sweden, became the managing owner. On Jul. 27, 1907 the vessel was involved in another collision, this time with Bonden, a barque, at Grimstad, Norway - the vessel suffered a broken bowsprit which took more than a month to repair. That collision was the subject of a court case, I see. On Mar. 14, 1916, the vessel was sold - 'to Ola Olsson, Åhus, together with Carl Johansson, Kalmar, and Nils Friberg, Visby'. And was sold again, a couple of weeks later, on Mar. 30, 1916, to 'Björknäs Aktiebolaget' ('Björknäs'), (Gustav Erstad), of Björknäs, Sweden. In 1917, after damage to her rigging, she was re-rigged as a barquentine. Have read that Björknäs, went into liquidation in 1922 & the vessel was then sold - to Eliel Henricksson of Mariehamn, Finland - data which is not confirmed at 1. In 1923, 'AB Hampion' became her owner & on Dec. 22, 1924 the vessel was sold again, for 7750 Swedish Crowns, to Johan O. Holmström, of Ramsjöstrand, Sweden. In Apl. 1926, the vessel was sold, for 9625 Swedish Crowns, to V. A. Engblom & F. Henriksson of Kumlinge, Finland. with Captain F. Henriksson, a shareholder also, & was renamed Frideborg. A regular trader to Yarmouth & other U.K. ports. In 1934, the vessel was sold again, to Valdemar Nordlund of Mariehamn. On Sep. 7, 1937, the vessel ran aground, off Kalix, Sweden (E. coast of Sweden at the northern end of the Gulf of Bothnia). While the damage was apparently slight, the vessel was condemned as a result. The cabin was brought ashore & served as a summer house! Can you add to and/or correct the above? Another image perhaps?
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder. Who, so far as I can see, built 17 (or thereabouts) vessels during the period of 1862 thru 1871.
Note that there would appear to have been other Sunderland shipbuilders named Gibbon - 'Gibbon & Son J.', 'Gibbon J. & J.', & 'Gibbon N.' Need help re all of them!
Four vessels built by 'Gibbon & Nichol' are now detail listed below. To the best of the webmaster's present knowledge, all of the other vessels built by 'Gibbon & Nichol' are named (but not detail listed) below.
Vessels built by 'GIBBON & NICHOL'
284 later 285/293 (N/G) tons
A snow. The webmaster believes that the launch of the vessel, early in Jul. 1862, is referenced in this newspaper cutting, but it would seem to have been a snow rather than a barque. Launched on Jul. 3, 1862, I learn. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1881/82. Its initial owner, per LR, was H. Robson of N. Shields for service ex Sunderland, with 'Stevens' serving as the vessel's captain. From 1865/66 LR records M. Robson as the vessel's owner for service from Newcastle to the Mediterranean, with D. Cooper her captain (from 1865/66 thru 1873/74). From 1865 thru 1871 (1870), the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') clarifies such owner name as meaning Mark Robson of Howdon Dock, Northumberland. LR of 1870/71 lists J. Bedlington as the new owner of the vessel, still registered at North Shields, with D. Cooper still her captain, for a continuation of service to the Mediterranean. G. Smit became the vessel's captain in 1873/74 & remained, per LR, her captain thereafter. In 1873/74, the last year in which a vessel's intended voyages were LR recorded, service from Shields to the Baltic is referenced. LRs from 1876/77 thru 1880/81 rather list I. Bedlington as the vessel's owner. It would seem there may (must?) have been more than one 'Bedlington'. MNL of 1872 lists the Shields registered vessel as owned by Isaac Bedlington of West Hartlepool. While Turnbull's Register of 1874 lists the vessel as a barque (incorrectly) & reports her then owners as being J. Bedlington, W. Toyn & T. Austin with respectively, 32, 16 & 16 shares. Per MNL, the vessel was registered at West Hartlepool from 1874 thru 1880. LRs from 1880/81 list R. D. Clark & Co., of West Hartlepool, as the vessel's new (maybe managing) owners. 104.5 ft. long, from 1865/66 104.0 ft. long, signal letters TSMG.
I read that on Feb. 1, 1879 the vessel, en route from Boulogne, France, to West Hartlepool with a cargo of coprolite, stranded on the Goodwin Sands (located in the English Channel 6 miles E. of Deal, Kent). Coprolite? A new word to the webmaster that means, amazingly, fossilized feces of animals that lived millions of years ago. Apparently of value due to their phosphate content. The vessel was then said to be owned by J. Bedlington & others. And not R. D. Clark & Co. as stated above. An Official Inquiry into the loss of the vessel was held in Middlesboro' on Feb. 19, 1879 - the casualty was caused by the vessel's mate not keeping safe & proper courses & neglecting to use the lead. The mate's certificate was suspended for three months. As per this summation of the Court of Inquiry. A great many crew lists are available here. Is there anything you can add? #2204
A snow. Initially owned by T. Riley of Sunderland.
298 later 315 tons
The snow, which was launched in Jan. 1863, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1878/79, owned thru 1870/71 by Davison & Co. of Sunderland. Which surely means Davidson, see below. For initial service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, in 1864/65 & 1865/66 for service from Cork, Ireland, to the West Indies, in 1866/67 for service from Liverpool to South America, from Clyde to the West Indies in 1867/68 & 1868/69 & from Sunderland to the Mediterranean in 1870/71. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1870 all record the vessel as then owned by D. Davidson of West Sunniside, Sunderland, & registered at Sunderland. In 1870/71, per LR, the vessel became owned by Hern & Robinson, also of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean in 1870/71 & 1871/72 & from Sunderland to the Baltic in 1872/73 & 1873/74. R. Hern was the vessel's captain, per LR, from part way thru 1874/75 to 1878/79. It would seem, however, that 'Hern' was the vessel's captain as early as Sep. 1871. The vessel became listed at 315 tons in 1874/75. MNL of 1871 lists William Hern, of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owner. While MNLs of 1874 thru 1878 advise that Henry Robinson, of Sunderland, was then the vessel's owner. Note that Turnbull's Register of 1874 lists the Sunderland registered vessel as then owned by W. Hern & H. Robinson with, respectively, 42 & 22 shares. 105.0 ft. long, signal letters TVKM.
LR of 1878/79 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Jun. 25, 1878, per item 862 here, the 319 ton snow foundered while en route from Alexandria, Egypt, to Falmouth with a cargo of 450 tons of cotton seed in bulk. The vessel was struck by a heavy sea during a gale & sprang a leak. At 37.12N/9.40W in the North Atlantic. Crew of 9 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by H. Robinson of Sunderland. I have read here that the vessel foundered at a point 20 miles off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal, on Jun. 23, 1878. Is there anything you can add? #2205
246/292 (old/new, I think) tons
A snow. The vessel, which was launched on Oct. 13, 1863, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1863/64 thru 1873/74, owned initially by Longton & Co. of Liverpool for service from Sunderland to the West Indies. In 1864/65, T. Longrigg, also of Liverpool became LR recorded as her owner, for similar service which however, in 1866/67, became from Liverpool to South America. Ullswater's owners' names are clarified by the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 which lists '(b) Thos. Longrigg', of Liverpool as the vessel's then owner. The letter b in brackets, I learn means 'reported to be sold'. The equivalent lists of 1866 thru 1868, list the vessel as still registered at Liverpool but owned by Peter Longrigg, of Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. Even though the vessel is LR listed thru 1873/74, the vessel was not listed in MNL of 1869. B. Newton would seem to have been the vessel's sole captain. 99.5 ft. long, signal letters VPHB.
Line 1 on this page advises that on Jan. 11, 1868, a 247 ton brig of the name, stranded at Salt Rock, County Wexford, E. coast of Ireland, at a point 7 miles SSW of Arklow. While en route from Liverpool to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with a general cargo. The vessel was said to have had a crew of 11 of which all but one died. The vessel soon became a total loss. An anomaly for sure is that such Ullswater is noted to have been 11 years old (should be 4 or 5 only). Likely just an error. The wreck is noted on this page (search for Ullswater). Contemporary newspaper reports re the vessel's loss are available here.
There was much more data available when this listing was last updated in Apl. 2018. On Sep. 13, 2016, a bronze plaque to the memory of each of the 10 crew members who lost their lives, was unveiled at Saleen Lane, Ballymoney, near the site of the vessel's loss. Present at the ceremony was Mr. Ken McQuhae, of the U.S.A., whose great grandfather James Duff, Ullswater's mate, had lost his life in the 1868 wreck. We thank Mr. McQuhae for both proposing & financing the erection of the plaque. As per these (1 & 2) articles in the 'Gorey Guardian' newspaper. Neither article refers to where Ullswater had been built. It is my belief that it was built at Hylton, just W. of Sunderland. Crew lists for 1867 & 1868 are available here. It would be good to be able to show on site an image of the plaque with the crew names all legible & particularly the captain's name. But .. this page tells us that B. Newton was, indeed her then captain. It lists the date of loss as being Jan. 12, 1868. Newton was, I learn, one of those who were lost. Can anybody tell us anything more? #2206
A barque. R. Bamfield, later (1870) Robert H. Bamfield, both of St. Ives.
A snow. Dodd & Co., later (1870) Philip Dodds, both of North Shields.
A snow. J. Short, later (1870) John Short Bank, both of North Shields.
A snow. 'W&TBnntt', later (1870) Thomas Bennett, both of South Shields. 109.9 ft. long. Lloyd's Register of 1876/77 notes that the vessel, then owned by Mrs. E. Bennett, had stranded.
A brig. The vessel, which was launched on May 18, 1867 & first registered, at Sunderland, on Jun. 6, 1867 (scroll to #58070), had a very short life. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1867/68 thru 1869/70 only. Now LR of 1867/68 lists T. J. Reay, of Sunderland as the vessel's owner, while LRs of the following two years rather list J. T. Reay. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1868 & 1869 have it differently again - they both record Thomas S. Reay of Sunderland as her then owner. I. Abbott is consistently listed by LR as the vessel's captain. For continued service ex Sunderland. 109.5 ft. long, signal letters HTKL.
LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Line 13 on this page, tells us that on Mar. 21, 1869 the vessel, stated to be a 2 year old 289 ton brig, stranded near Brules, Egypt, while en route from Newcastle to Port Said, Egypt, with a cargo of coal. 'Brules', I believe, means 'Brulos' - 'Cape Brulos' is on the N. Egyptian coast about 1/2 way between Alexandria & Port Said. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 10, 7 of whom lost their lives in the disaster. Hopefully in due course, detail will emerge as to the circumstances of the vessel's loss. Some crew lists are available here. Is there anything you can add? #2207
A barque. T. Bull, later (1870) Thomas Bull, both of Sunderland. 120.2 ft. long, signal letters HJKL.
365, later 380 & 393 tons
A barque. See here.
A sloop. See here.
369 later 262/385 (N/G) tons
A barque, which later became a steamship. See here.
A barque. See here.
Vessels built by 'J. & J. GIBBON'
A brig. Gooding & Co., later (1870) James Gooding, both of Sunderland.
A brig. Foulds & Co. of Greenock, Scotland.
A barque. H. Egglestone
The webmaster's knowledge about John Gill is non-existent. A list of Sunderland built ships, available to the webmaster, lists 22 vessels built by the shipbuilder from 1857 thru 1874. Three of such vessels are now detail listed below. Need help with background about the builder.
later 376 tons
A barque. The vessel, which was launched on Feb. 5, 1863 i& first registered, at Leith, Scotland, on Feb. 26, 1863 (scroll to #44958), is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1872/73. The vessel was owned, thru 1871/72, by Williamson of Leith, for initial service from Sunderland to China. From 1864 the vessel served ex London to, where destinations are noted, India (1866/67) & Hobart Town, i.e. Hobart, Tasmania, (1867/68 thru 1869/70). The Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1867 & 1870 record Williamson & Stark, of Leith, as the vessel's then owner. In 1871/72, Addison & Co., of London, became the vessel's owner for service ex London. 133.0 ft. long, signal letters VBJF.
LR of 1870/71 states 'wrecked'. On Jun. 23, 1872, per line 2488 here, the 376 ton barque was stranded at Langeroa (where is it, I wonder), while en route from Bahia, Brazil, to Bremen, Germany, with a cargo of tobacco. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then owned by Addison & Whitehead. Can you tell us more? #2218
493, later 485/508 tons
Yeavering Bell? A twin-peaked hill near the River Glen in N. Northumberland. A barque. The vessel, which was launched on Dec. 13, 1863 & is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1863/64 thru 1879/80. It was owned, per LR, thru 1877/78 by 'Fenwick' of North Shields - 'Fenwick' thru 1868/69 & G. Fenwick from 1868/69 thru 1877/78. With J. Peart the vessel's captain thru 1870/71 then R. Crozier thru 1877/78 - when the vessel was sold. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records her ownership rather differently. It records John Anthony Peart as the vessel's owner from 1865 thru 1874 (1870), then Geo. Fenwick in 1875 & 1876. It seems clear that the differing ownership data is the result of changes in her managing ownership since both Fenwick & Peart were shareholders in the vessel. In that regard, Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1874 reports her then ownership as being John A. Peart & George Fenwick, both of North Shields, with respectively 24 & 16 shares, John R. Fenwick of London (16) & John Johnson of Tynemouth (8). During the Fenwick/Peart period of ownership, Yeavering Bell served, per LR, the East & Far East - from Sunderland to China thru 1865/66, from Shields to India in 1866/67 & 1867/68, from Gloucester to India in 1868/69, ex Shields to China in 1869/70 & to Singapore in 1870/71 & 1871/72, & from London to Singapore in 1872/73 & 1873/74.
In 1877/78, per LR, the vessel, now of 485/508 tons, became owned by 'Adamson & Short' of North Shields. With J. Trainer her captain. MNL of 1878 lists Henry E. P. Adamson, of North Shields, as her then owner. In 1878/79 the vessel was renamed Editha.
A little operational data. On Dec. 13, 1878 the vessel, Trainer in command, arrived at Cardiff, Wales, in ballast ex London. On Dec. 20, 1878 the vessel was cleared for departure to Havannah (Havana, Cuba) with a cargo of coal.
142.6 ft. long, signal letters VFCR. Many crew lists are available.
LR of 1879/80 notes that the vessel had 'Foundered'. On Nov. 22, 1879, per line 1094 here, Editha was lost in the North Atlantic at 44.30N/43W (about 700 miles SE of St. John's, Newfoundland), while en route from Philadelphia, U.S.A. to Cork, Ireland, or Falmouth for orders, with a cargo of 700 tons of corn. She was 'nearly thrown on beam ends during a heavy gale and cargo shifted. She afterwards encountered another gale & sprang a leak. Cause of casualty apparently stress of weather'. A less than satisfactory description of what happened, to the webmaster at least. I learned, however, more detail in this newspaper article. The vessel had left Glasgow, Scotland, on Sep. 11, 1879 for Philadelphia, with Trainor in command. She encountered a fearful storm on her return journey & sprang a leak, as a result of which she had to be abandoned - on Nov. 2, 1879 per the article. The crew took to the ship's boats just before she went down & 4 days later they were sighted by Atlas, a 2393 gross ton Cunard steamer, (ON 28477), taken aboard & landed at Boston, Massachusetts. So crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by Adamson & Short. Can you tell us more? #2295
A wooden barque, launched or completed on Dec. 20, 1870, which is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1870/71 thru 1876/77 only. For such entire if brief period, LR advises that the vessel was always registered at London & owned by W. A. Guesdon of London. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1872, 1874, 1875 & 1876 all record Wm. Andw. Guesdon of London as the vessel's owner but re 1874 & 1875 advise that the vessel was in those years registered at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Just one captain per LR, i.e. J. (John) King. For service thru 1871/72 from Sunderland to the West Indies & in 1873/74 & 1874/75 for service from London to Hobart Town, Tasmania, Australia.
Some partial 'best efforts' detail about the vessel's voyages to New Zealand ('NZ') & Australia. i) On Dec. 2, 1871 the vessel, on her 2nd voyage, left Cardiff, Wales, for Otago, NZ, (Dunedin) with rolling stock & other materials for the Port Chalmers Railway. It went on to Lyttelton, NZ, (Christchurch) to load wool, grain & tallow for London. On its return voyage, on May 14, 1872, the vessel collided with ice, became badly leaky & had to put into Valparaiso, Chile, to effect repairs. ii) On Nov. 27, 1872, the vessel left London, Gravesend, for Hobart, & arrived there on Mar. 6, 1873 carrying railway plant & with 184 immigrants all navvies (for the Main Line Railway Co.) & their families. The vessel went on to Newcastle, New South Wales ('NSW'), in ballast, & left Newcastle on May 12, 1873 with 718 tons of coal bound for Hong Kong. iii) On Mar. 21, 1875 the vessel arrived at Sydney, NSW, ex Mauritius, likely with sugar, went on to Newcastle to load coal for Port Adelaide. iv) On Feb. 3, 1876 the vessel left Adelaide for Falmouth, Cornwall, with 5499 bags of wheat.
134.7 ft. long, signal letters JTSD. LR of 1876/77 notes that the vessel had been 'Abandoned on Fire'. In Oct. 1876, the vessel was en route from Hull to Valparaiso, Chile, with a cargo of 670 toms of Hartley coal ex the Wheddale, Frystone and Victoria collieries. On Oct. 10, 1876, per item 598 here, the vessel was abandoned, on fire, at 20.46S/40.15W in the South Atlantic off the Brazil coast. An Inquiry into the vessel's loss (where held?) concluded that the fire was caused by the spontaneous combustion of the cargo & that all that could have been done to save the vessel had been done. Crew of 14, no lives lost. I read that the crew were 6 days at sea in ship's boats, were picked up & were later landed at Rio de Janeiro. Some crew lists are here. An oil on canvas painting of the vessel, in the English Channel off Dover, by artist Richard B. Spencer (1812/1887) was sold at a Christie's Art Auction at New York on Jan. 31, 2007 for U.S. $9.600. An image of the painting is at left. Is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2061
First a few images. Hover your mouse over each thumbnail to read the subject matter.
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder? Because I so far know very little about them. They would appear, however, to mainly be shipbuilders from West Hartlepool, and per 'Miramar' they conducted business there in the above 3 names plus also, & probably earlier in time, 'Denton, Gray & Co.'. Miramar further lists the Sunderland facility as being either the 'Wear Shipyard of W. Gray & Co. (1918) Ltd.)' or 'William Gray & Co. Ltd.' Lloyd's Register records Knaresboro', later City of Windsor, as having been built by Wear Shipyard Ltd. of Sunderland.
So far as I can see from a quick read, one hull numbering system seems to have been used for the two facilities. In rough terms, it would seem that there were 'give or take' 35 vessels built at Sunderland & 1200 or so vessels were built at West Hartlepool. Hence the high hull numbers that will show below re Sunderland built vessels, built in the period of 1919 through 1930.
Thanks to Tony Frost, of Sunderland, I can now advise as follows:-
Wm. Gray's Sunderland yard at Pallion was originally set up by E-llerman, G-ray, I-nchcape & S-trick & was to be called the 'EGIS' yard to build Government war-time standard vessels. The name was changed to Wm. Gray 'Wear' yard because all the hulls were sub-contracted from their West Hartlepool yard where they were taken after launching to be completed (hence the continuity of contact numbers). A similar arrangement was used by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson's Southwick yard across the river. This give rise to the people of Sunderland's nick-name MAK'EMS and TAK'EMS, because we 'mak'em ower er' (make them over here) and 'tak'em ower ther' (take them over there). The first ships built there were originally ordered by the Shipping Controller & allocated the prefix WAR ...... but were sold on the stocks to private companies due to the end of WW1 hostilities.
Where exactly was the yard? With a bit of other history we can now address that question. Steel & Company Ltd., started in 1879, was a builders merchant that expanded into both heating & ventilation. In 1939 they purchased Henry J. Coles Limited, a manufacturer of cranes. And then they bought, in 1939, what used to be the Egis shipyard at Pallion & renamed it the Crown Works - perhaps 'in recognition of the amount of Government work the expanded group was carrying out.' So the question for the webmaster became not only where was the Egis yard but also where was 'Crown Works'? And those questions are now answered - on the south bank of the river just west of Shorts & shown as 'Steel & Co. Ltd. Crown Works' at left on this map.
Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by 'Gray' of Sunderland - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence. It will take a while to populate the list because it took 2 or 3 years of this site existing, to find a reference to my very first Sunderland built 'Gray' vessel.
Miramar lists re vessels built at Sunderland (highest hull number on page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & all the following links should work for you:- 1019, 1037.
I should add that the two linked pages at Miramar advise that Gray built 37 vessels at Sunderland. However I am also advised that 'Shipbuilders of the Hartlepools', written by Bert Spaldin & published in 1986, provides a list of 'Gray' built ships with those built at Sunderland specifically identified. That Spaldin list contains 32 vessels only. Further there are modest discrepancies in the details between the two lists. Hence my 'give or take 35' words above. Perhaps in time the number will be clarified.
Tony Frost has now kindly provided his list of the 'Gray' vessels that were built at Sunderland. The following list is of vessels not already listed below (just 14 so far):-
War Owl/Golconda (931), War Bat/Garada (932), War Fly/Garbeta (933), War Moth/Jeypore (934), Nagina (941), Colorado (945), City of Salisbury (955), City of Bedford (960), Solon (972), Quebec City (991), Nohata (994), Thirlby (997), Alphacca (1004), Alpherat (1005), Prince Rupert City (1019), Tacoma City (1020), Vernon City (1021), Victoria City (1022), Glendene (1029), Lady Plymouth (1031), Veerhaven (1032), Delfshaven (1033), Atthis (1036). 37 names in total including the 14 listed below.
A few discrepancies again, [Miramar record additionally Karonga (942) & City of Athens (947) but exclude Tacoma City (1020) & Victoria City (1022)] - but good progress none the less.
1 City of Adelaide
A cargo ship. Per 1 [Hall Line, City of Adelaide (2)], 2 (Ellerman Line history), 3 (I-8), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert City of Adelaide), 5 (Mar. 30, 1944 sinking), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 132.0 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 450 ft. 9 in., speed of 12 (or 11 1/2) knots. Built for Ellerman Lines Limited, of London, or maybe 'Ellerman's Hall Line', managed by Hall Line Limited, of Liverpool. I have seen a 1924 Australian newspaper ref. to 'Australian & American Line'. Can anybody explain that reference? 46 WW2 convoy references, including at least 2 N. Atlantic crossings, service to West Africa (Freetown, Takoradi), in Mediterranean (Port Said, Alexandria) in Indian Ocean (Aden, Bombay, Bandar Abbas, Khor Kwai - now Khor Khwair, United Arab Emirates) & many U.K. coastal. Likely in 1941 or 1942 (have not read the exact date), the vessel was in collision with Benmohr, in Ismail Basin, Port Said, Egypt. Both had local pilots aboard - there was contact between the port bows of both vessels. On Mar. 30, 1944, the vessel, Richard James Ross-Rickets in command, was en route, in ballast, from Karachi (then India, now Pakistan) to Fremantle, Western Australia. It was sunk (torpedoed & then gunned) by Japanese submarine I-8, Ariizumi Tatsunosuke ('Ariizumi') (his image) in command. At 12.01S/80.27E, in the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean, SE of Diego Garcia. Ariizumi was known as the 'Butcher' for his treatment (slaughter) of seamen that he captured. James Hamilton has been in touch to advise that his father, James A. (Arthur) Hamilton, was the ship's 1st Radio Officer when it was sunk, & used to recount details of Japanese atrocities by submarine crews. However he never mentioned atrocities in connection with City of Adelaide. James has now provided a link to a site in which seaman Christopher Tulett advises exactly what happened to City of Adelaide. The ship was hit by a torpedo, late on Mar. 30, 1944, when silhouetted against the setting sun. Extensive gunfire followed. The crew were able to abandon the ship in 6 lifeboats, one of which was motorized. Darkness soon followed & the crew heard the diesel engines of the submarine as it searched for, but never found them (fortunately it did not use its searchlight). The crew were rescued, after 3 days at sea, roughly in the middle of the Indian Ocean, by Carole Lombard, a Liberty ship en route from Fremantle to Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Thank you, James! The crew were most fortunate not to have been found by Ariizumi - they likely would have all been slaughtered. Ariizumi massacred the crew of Tjisalak, (& here, 99 lives lost) & later committed suicide to avoid capture & trial for his crimes. Amazingly, he was posthumously promoted to Rear Admiral. Can you correct and/or add to the above?
8438 later 8867 (or 8806) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Rotterdam Lloyd, Siantar), 2 (Rotterdam Lloyd history), 3 (Dutch page re sinking, 30% down), 4 (link 4 WWW translated), 5 (Dutch page, image), 6 (image), 7 & 8 (both I-1), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for 'N.V. Rotterdamsche Lloyd' (Rotterdam Lloyd), of Rotterdam, Holland. ('W. Ruys & Zonen', the managers). 132.0 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 471 ft. 3 in., speed of 11 1/2 knots. Sister to Modjokerto. In 1934, the vessel was lengthened (where, I wonder?) to 143.6 metres, a diesel engine installed & the speed became 15 knots. The gross tonnage became 8867 or maybe 8806 tons. In early 1942, the vessel was at Tjilatjap, (now Cilacap), on the S. coast of Java. On Mar. 2, 1942, (or maybe Mar. 3), trying to reach Australia & about 800 miles S. of Tjilatjap (W. of Exmouth, West Australia, NW of Shark Bay), the vessel was torpedo attacked by Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser submarine I-1 (2135 tons), but the torpedo missed. I-1 surfaced & opened fire. Siantar took evasive action & returned fire but the gun jammed. A second shell resulted in a fire aboard Siantar. 30 hits & another torpedo later, Siantar sank by the stern. At 21.20S/108.45E. 21 lives were lost. 37 were rescued by Van Spielbergen. Have not read where they were landed. Can you correct or add to the above?
8396 (or 8381 or 8404.23) later 7080 & 8806 tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 [Rotterdam Lloyd, Modjokerto (1)], 2 (Rotterdam Lloyd history), 3 (Dutch page re sinking), 4 (link 3 WWW translated), 5 (discussion re sinking), 6 & 7 (Chikuma), 8 (Lloyds Register data, 1930/31 thru 1943/44, thanks to 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for 'N.V. Rotterdamsche Lloyd' (Rotterdam Lloyd), of Rotterdam, Holland, 'W. Ruys & Zonen', the managers. 132.0 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 480.1 ft. overall, speed of 13 knots. sister to Siantar, signal letters PMFM & PGAJ. In 1934, the vessel was lengthened (where, I wonder?) to 146.3 metres, a diesel engine installed & the speed became 15 1/2 knots. In Feb. 1942, the vessel was at Tjilatjap, (now Cilacap), Java. On Feb. 27, 1942, under the command of Captain J. Verhagen, the vessel left Tjilatjap bound initially for Colombo, Ceylon, (now Sri Lanka), with the intent of ultimately reaching Australia. About 250 miles SW of Tjilatjap, the vessel was sunk. At 12.40S/106.40E. 42 lives were lost. Some differences of opinion as to exactly what happened, which makes the following words most uncertain. It would seem, however, that the vessel was located at sea by a float-plane from the Japanese cruiser Chikuma & was intercepted by Chikuma & Tone, along with destroyers Kasumi & Shiranuhi. Was fired upon but escaped - in a damaged condition. The vessel was located again by Japanese submarine I-54 (later became I-154), which attacked with gunfire & torpedoes, & sank the vessel before noon on Mar. 1, 1942. The crew? It seems that the crew took to the lifeboats, were taken (by which ship? It looks, however, to have been I-54) to Celebes (now Sulawesi) & were there all executed. A mass grave was located in 1946 in Kendari, South Sulawesi, with the remains of some of those who were executed. Can you correct the above and/or add more?
A cargo ship. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Nalgora), 2 ('uboat.net', sinking, Nalgora, image), 3 (OBE awarded Captain Davies, 50% down), 4 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1940/41, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 132.0 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular (433.0 ft.), speed of 10 knots (10.9 knots at trials), capacity for 8 passengers, signal letters KMNT, later GFTS. Built for 'British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.', of London. Nalgora? A village in West Bengal, was India, now in Bangladesh. The vessel was engaged in trade to & from India. Many 'snippet' references to multiple arrivals in Australia. The vessel suffered a fire in No. 4 Shelter Deck, in a cargo of jute, on Feb. 27, 1927. Just 10 WW2 convoy references, including service to West Africa, a return voyage to the River Loire (France) in Sep. 1939 & U.K. coastal. In Mar. 1940, the vessel 'came under the Liner Division'. Can anybody explain the meaning of those words? On Dec. 19, 1940 Nalgora, under the command of Aubrey D. (Devereux) Davies, left Liverpool for Alexandria, Egypt, via Cape of Good Hope, with a cargo of boom defence gear ex Leith, Scotland. It was part of convoy OB-261 but dispersed from it on Dec. 22, 1940. At 10:07 p.m. on Jan. 2, 1941, proceeding independently, the vessel was hit by a single torpedo fired by U-65, Korvettenkapitän Hans-Gerrit von Stockhausen in command. At 22.24N/ 21.11W, about 350 miles N. of the Cape Verde Islands, or 250 miles W. of Port-Étienne, French West Africa. The vessel listed sharply but did not immediately sink, & while all aboard were trying to evacuate the vessel in 5 lifeboats, Nalgora was fired upon by 70 rounds of U-65's deck gun. The vessel sank in 20 minutes. There were 105 aboard including 3 passengers. All were later saved, 52 being picked up by Nolisement & landed at Freetown, Sierra Leone, while 34 were picked up, at 21.35N/20.59W, by Umgeni & were later landed at Glasgow on Jan. 13, 1941. The final 19, all crew members, safely reached San Antonio, Cape Verde, in a lifeboat & possibly then were transferred to Freetown. I have read (correct?) that the date that they reached Cape Verde was also Jan. 13, 1941. Captain Davies was awarded the Order of the British Empire for his actions that resulted in the saving of 26 lives. Can you correct the above and/or add more?
7218 later 7247 tons
City of Windsor
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Ellerman & Bucknall, Knaresboro'), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert City of Windsor), 3 ('May 13th, 1942, Atlantic Ocean', Denpark), 4 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46, ex 'Southampton City Council/Plimsoll'), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for 'Ellerman & Bucknall Steamship Co. Limited', of Glasgow. 447.5 ft. long (136.40 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 12 knots, signal letter KPSL, later GJYR, with 777 NHP engines by Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd. of West Hartlepool. In 1926, the vessel was renamed City of Windsor. Registered at London. 59 WW2 convoy references, including, it would seem, at least 6 N. Atlantic crossings (data at 2 is confusing, especially since I am not permitted to access independent voyages), extensive service into the Mediterranean (Malta, Italy, Piraeus, Port Said & Alexandria), to South Africa (Cape Town, Durban) & West Africa (Freetown). On May 13, 1942, the vessel was in Convoy SL 109, bound from Takoradi, Ghana, West Africa, to Liverpool. Denpark, also in that convoy, was hit & sunk by a torpedo fired by U-128. At 22.28N/28.10W, 300 miles NW of the Cape Verde islands. The vessels City of Windsor & Nordlys, combined, rescued 25 Denpark survivors (22 crew & 3 gunners). Denpark's Master & 20 of her crew were lost. I have been able to WWW find very little about City of Windsor's WW2 service. However, an eBay listing stated that the vessel's 'profile was unique in the Ellerman Group'. And that it was 'involved in many of the evacuations and troop carrying during WWII including Salerno'. It also indicated 'back in commercial use in 1944' but there are convoy references thru Apl. 1945. Can you expand upon those words? And explain the reference to 'profile'. The vessel arrived at Briton Ferry on Jul. 14, 1953, to be broken up. Anything to add or correct?
A cargo ship. Per 1 ('British India', Naringa), 2 (image, Naringa, link at right), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Naringa), 4 (1923 collision with Muritai), 5 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 132.0 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 433.0 ft., speed of 10 knots, with accommodation for 8 passengers, signal letters KNVP later GJTX. Built, at a cost of £283,600 for 'The British India Steam Navigation Company Limited' of London. Naringa? WWW references to the name are few but the name may well originate with a river of the name in the then Indian state of Hyderabad. Is that the correct origin of the name? In Aug. 1923, the vessel was slightly damaged when in collision with Muritai, a ferry steamer, at Eastbourne, New Zealand. Naringa was repaired at Bombay, India. And in the first days of Jan. 1925, the vessel was in collision, at Port Said, with the Dutch steamer Celebes. The vessel was engaged in trade to & from India & from 1935 commenced service between India & Australian ports. 13 WW2 convoy references, all in the Indian Ocean (Bombay, Colombo, Suez, Bandar Abbas, Durban, Trincomalee, Karachi). Presumably her WW2 service was mainly independent. While I have not read the detail, the vessel was apparently damaged by a fire in 1948, was sold to 'BISCO' (British Iron & Steel Company, then an arm of the British Government, but now owned by Tata, of India) & on Aug. 6, 1948 arrived at Rosyth, Firth of Forth, Scotland, to be broken up. WWW data re this vessel is most limited. Can you add more? Another image?
7 City of Delhi
A cargo ship. Per 1 ['Ellermann's City Line', City of Delhi, (4)], 2 (data & fine image, 40% down, City of Delhi), 3 (image, City of Delhi), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert City of Delhi), 5 (Lloyd's Register data, 1931/32 thru 1945/46, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 469 ft. 0 in. long (142.95 metres) overall, 450.5 ft. long (137.3 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 12 1/2 knots, signal letters KSWL later GLBW. Built for 'Ellerman Lines Ltd.' of London & Glasgow, 'The City Line Ltd.', of Glasgow, the managers. The vessel was engaged in trade to Calcutta, Bombay, Karachi & other ports in then India ex Glasgow, Liverpool & London. 42 WW2 convoy references, including, I believe, just 1 N. Atlantic crossing, service into the Mediterranean & into the Indian Ocean. It would appear that the vessel spent much of the war in Australian & New Zealand waters & into the Indian Ocean & Caribbean also. In Aug. 1943, when at Bizerta, Tunisia, the vessel was attacked from the air - a crewman was wounded. The vessel was sold to 'British Iron and Steel Corporation (Salvage), Ltd.', of London, & on May 28, 1957 arrived at their Bo'ness, Firth of Forth, ship breaking facilities, to be broken up. WWW data re this vessel is most limited. Can you add more? Another image?
4550 (or 4561) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (construction data available), 2 (French page, d'Orbigny), 3 (link 3 WWW translated), 4 (Lloyd's Register data, Platon, 1930/31 thru 1945/46 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for 'Compagnie de Navigation d'Orbigny', of La Rochelle, France, which company linked Bristol, U.K., with French English Channel (La Manche) ports. 122.0 metres long (400.0 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots, signal letters OUGX, later FOTW. Platon was the company's flagship vessel. The company named its ships after famous names in Greek history - hence Platon (French for Plato). WWW data re this vessel is limited, & to the webmaster at least, is confusing. I read that in 1939, all of the company's vessels were taken over by the French Government. But have also read that Platon & Fauzon were taken over by the French Vichy Government (in power from Jul. 1940 to Aug. 1944) to serve North Africa. I also read that Platon was captured by the Germans 'in the beginning of WW2' (would seem to have actually happened on Oct. 7, 1943). Can anybody clarify or correct that data? I also read that the vessel was sunk by the Allied Navy in 1944. To the webmaster 'sunk' implies something that seems not to be so. The vessel, on Aug. 27, 1944, was scuttled by the Germans in 'Passe du Port de la Lave', Marseilles, France. The vessel was raised on Jul. 1, 1945, but condemned on Dec. 18, 1947. And presumably then broken up - where I wonder? Some of the above data came from WWW 'snippets', easily misinterpreted especially when not in one's native language. I need help re this vessel's history! Can you add more? An image?
A cargo ship. Per 1 [British India, Querimba (2)], 1 (image, Querimba), 2 (data, Querimba, 80% down page with image), 3 (many Australian newspaper refs., Querimba), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Querimba), 5 (Lloyd's Register data, Querimba, 1930/31 thru 1945/46 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for British India Steam Navigation Company Limited, of London. 148.4 metres long (487.0 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, 501.1 ft. overall, speed of 12 knots, signal letters KSFG, later GKWT. BI served mainly Indian Ocean, & E. to Singapore & Japan. I read, however, that this vessel usually ran between Australia (Melbourne & also Brisbane & Sydney) & Madras/Calcutta, India, carrying brumbies (wild horses). Thru Dec. 1949. Other cargoes also, of course, jute & coal included. Visited Auckland, New Zealand, once on Jan. 30, 1935. 8 WW2 convoy references, all local voyages both Australia & India (Calcutta/Colombo). Am not permitted to access independent WW2 voyages at 'convoyweb.org'. In 1951 the vessel was sold, presumably to Japanese owners, converted into a fish factory & renamed Kizan Maru. Have not seen the name of the Japanese purchaser. The vessel was broken up, in Japan, in 1965. No WWW data re Kizan Maru, & limited data re Querimba. Can you add more?
10 Leeds City
4758 (or 4749) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 [William Reardon Smith, Leeds City (3)], 2 (Reardon Smith), 3 ('pdf', St. Elwyn, JANE p#234, 73% down), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Leeds City), 5 (Japanese page, #75, image Terushima Maru), 6 (Lloyd's Register data, Leeds City, 1930/31 thru 1945/46 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for 'Saint Just Steamship Company', owned by Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd., which in 1928, became Reardon Smith Line Limited, of Cardiff. It would seem that the vessel later became owned by 'Leeds Shipping Company Ltd.', another Reardon Smith subsidiary company. 122.1 metres long (400.5 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, 415 ft. overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters KWJP, later GDXQ. Registered at Bideford. The vessel collided on Feb. 4, 1931 with Napier Star at Buenos Ayres, with 1 life lost & injuries aboard Napier Star. 51 WW2 convoy references, including at least 4 N. Atlantic crossings with a variety of cargoes (grain, lumber, metals, etc.), service in the Caribbean, Mediterranean, Africa (Capetown, Durban, Freetown, Takoradi). On Nov. 28, 1940, the vessel rescued 16 crew members of St. Elwyn, sunk by a torpedo fired by U-103, 500 miles E. of Bishop Rock, & landed them at Gourock, Scotland. On Feb. 26, 1941, while in convoy OB.290, en route from Glasgow to Durban & the Middle East with Army stores & motor transport, the vessel was damaged in an aerial attack. Where I wonder? 'convoyweb.org' advise, however, that the vessel had engine trouble & was taken in tow. In 1951, the vessel was sold to 'Iino Kaiun', of Japan, & renamed 'Terushima Maru'. On Aug. 20, 1952, while en route (from Calcutta?) to Kawasaki, Japan, (her cargo?), the vessel broke her rudder & ran aground on a sandbank 12 miles S. of Calcutta, India - in the Hooghly River, just below Garden Reach near Budge. Unsuccessful attempts were made to tow her off. She broke her back & was a total loss. Can you add more?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (construction data available, though I can not figure out how you can access the actual data!), 2 ('uboat.net', sinking, Ramillies), 3 (1941 sinking, incl. lost crew list), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Ramillies), 5 (Lloyd's Register data, Ramillies, 1930/31 thru 1940/41 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 121.5 metres (398.8 ft.) long perpendicular to perpendicular, 412 ft. 8 in. long overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters KWLG, later GNFR. I have seen references to the ship being built for/owned by 'John Cory & Sons Ltd.' ('Cory'), of Cardiff. But that may not be correct. two links above indicate that the ship was rather built for Roath Steamship Company Limited ('Roath'). In the 1931/32 Lloyd's Register, 'British Steam Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('British Steam'), of Cardiff, had become the vessel's registered owners with Cory the managers. I believe, however, that Cory, Roath & British Steam were, in fact, all related companies. I like to advise about WW2 convoy service. Hopefully you might access that data via 3 but beware! - the page you come to has at least 3 ships named Ramillies on it, & I am unable to access the further data that would clarify the situation. In early May 1941, the vessel was en route from the Tyne to Baltimore, Maryland, via Oban, with William H. (Henry) Macey in command, & a cargo of 3,074 tons of coke. The vessel was dispersed from convoy OB-317. German submarine U-97, Korvettenkapitän Udo Heilmann in command, tracked the ship & fired, over many hours on May 7 & 8, 1941, two torpedoes that missed their targets. At 6:13 p.m. on May 8, a third torpedo hit the ship & stopped but did not sink it. Another torpedo failed. At 7:03 p.m. on May 8, 1941, however, a fifth torpedo hit Ramillies in the stern. It quickly sank 'in the vertical'. At 48.05N/32.26W, SE of Greenland, essentially in the middle of the N. Atlantic. There were 41 aboard the ship. 29 lives were lost including the Captain & 3 gunners. 12 others, including a gunner, were saved by Geddington Court & landed at Halifax. Can you add more? Another image?
12 King City
A cargo ship. Per 1 (ref. 22% down), 2 [William Reardon Smith, King City (2)], 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert King City), 4 ('wrecksite.eu', sinking data), 5 (Lloyd's Register data, King City, 1930/31 thru 1940/41 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for 'Saint Just Steamship Company', owned by 'Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd.', which in 1928, became 'Reardon Smith Line Limited' ('RSLine'), of Cardiff. 122.1 metres long (400.5 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 knots, signal letters LBFD later GJCZ, intended to be a grain carrier. The 1930/31 edition of Lloyd's Register indicates RSLine to then be the registered owner. The ship was requisitioned by the Admiralty for WW2 service & used as a collier. Just 5 WW2 convoy references, including at least 1 North Atlantic crossing. The vessel's independent voyages included service on the W. coast of North America. In Aug. 1940, the vessel was en route from Cardiff to Singapore with a cargo of coal & coke. In mountainous seas, N. of the island of Rodriguez, E. of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, she had chronic engine troubles which caused her to be erratic in her movements. On Aug. 24, 1940, after being shadowed for 2 hours, the vessel was attacked by German raider Atlantis with a torpedo (which missed) & a 155 mm gun salvo, which salvo caused 5 deaths aboard King City & the vessel to soon be ablaze. 4 of the lives lost were cadets. At 16.53S/65.17E. The King City crew abandoned the ship & Atlantis rescued them in swells of 10 to 12 ft. Capt. H. W. Marshall was taken prisoner along with the rest of the crew (one, a sailor, soon died - on the operating table aboard Atlantis). The vessel rolled over & sank. 6 states it was, in fact, scuttled but it would seem that the crew barely had time to take to the boats let alone time to scuttle her. 'The Cruise of the German Raider Atlantis', by Joseph P. Slavick, (portions of it are available via Google Books), has extensive text re the King City sinking, commencing at page 82. Can you add more? Another image?
New Westminster City
A cargo ship. Per 1 (the 1st of 4 pages re the vessel, from 'Gray' archive records, though I can not figure out how you can access the actual data!), 2 (Convoy PQ 13), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert New Westminster City), 4 (3 images), 5 (data, New Westminster City), 6 (many interesting references throughout), 7 (Lloyd's Register data, New Westminster City, 1930/31 thru 1943/44 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 8 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Reardon Smith Line Ltd. ('Reardon'), of Cardiff, with Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd. the managers. 121.9 metres long (400.0 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, (416 ft. 6 in. overall), speed of 10 1/2 or 11 knots, signal letters LDMJ, later GFDK. A tramp ship. Was requisitioned by the Admiralty in WW2 & saw service, I read, in 34 WW2 convoys. The vessel's convoy service included at least 7 North Atlantic crossings, service to W. Africa (Freetown) & many U.K. coastal trips. And many independent voyages also. In Aug. 1941, the vessel, fitted out for Arctic service, left Liverpool for Archangel & returned safely. On Mar. 10, 1942, the vessel left Loch Ewe, Scotland, in Convoy PQ 13, carrying munitions, & arrived unscathed in Murmansk, Russia, on Mar. 31, 1942, after a difficult voyage in some very bad weather. Much of the cargo was quickly unloaded but not all. On Apl. 3, 1942, she was sunk during raids by two German bombers. One bomb exploded in No. 2 hold, which contained ammunition. You can read the detail at 6. 2 lives were lost, gunners Connelly & Bottomley, both hit by flying bomb splinters. I read that the vessel was then considered to be a constructive total loss, (the vessel's holds were flooded & the crew accommodation was gutted) & that insurance compensation was paid to Reardon. Captain William Harris stayed aboard, alone it would seem, to avoid legally 'abandoning' the ship. I am not sure how long he stayed aboard. In Mar. 1947, the vessel was re-floated by the Russians & towed to Penarth, Cardiff, South Wales, with a Russian crew aboard to be repaired. And once repaired (I presume), was then returned to Reardon management. Can anyone clarify what that means. Who then owned the vessel? In 1948, the vessel was sold to 'Henry P. Lenaghan & Sons Ltd.', of Belfast, Ireland, & renamed Dingle Bay. The vessel was sold again, in 1951, to 'Nakamura Kisen K.K.', of Kobe, Japan, & renamed Asakaze Maru. And in Oct. 1965, the vessel arrived at Sakai, Osaka Bay, Japan, to be broken up. Can you add more?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (French page, data & sinking, Ely, 7th ship down), 2 (link 2 in Google translation), 3 ('plimsollshipdata.org', Lloyds Register data, Thetis, 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 403 ft. 6 in. overall, 119.0 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 390.7 ft., speed of 10 1/2 knots, signal letters JHMC later SVJN. Into service in Jun. 1930. Built for 'Elias E. Hadjilias', of Athens, Greece. Likely managed however from London, maybe by Hadjilias & Co. Ltd. or a predecessor. The 1932/33 edition of Lloyds Register records 'Nereus Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.' ('Nereus'), as the owners, E. E. Hadjilias the manager. Nereus was probably from Athens, Greece, & was likely owned by the Elias E. (Emanuel or Emmanuel) Hadjilias family. I am unable to track any WW2 service for the vessel. In 1955, the vessel was sold to 'A. Ramirez Escudero' of Costa Rica, & renamed Ely. The end for the vessel came in 1959, but I need help to explain exactly what then happened. 2 advises that the vessel was involved in a collision on Jan. 30, 1959. At 50.30N/00.10E in the North Sea. Which is strange because that location is rather in the middle of the English Channel, roughly S. of Eastbourne. I have not read the name of the other vessel. Presumably no loss of life. 2 also advises that the vessel was (in translation), 'abandoned and raised' in the North Sea & towed by Jean Bart (a French tug presumably) to Dunkirk, France. Where the ship capsized at the pier, for reasons unknown, on Feb. 1, 1959. At 51.03.83N/2.21.60E. Clearance of the wreck took place, I read over the extended period of Oct. 1962 to Jan. 1966. Can you explain what really happened? Or add an image?
1 Sally Gale
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched on Apl. 16, 1859, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1859/60 thru 1870/71. It was owned, thru such entire period, per LR, by 'Brooks & Co.' of Newcastle, with 'Thompsn', presumably Thompson, her captain thru 1860/61, W. Armstrong so serving from 1861/62 thru 1867/68 & J. Downie from 1867/68 to 1870/71. For initial service ex Sunderland, from Newcastle to the Mediterranean thereafter thru 1866/67, & from Newcastle to France from 1867/68 thru 1870/71. Such LR data may prove to be modestly incorrect. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') advises that in 1865 the 154 ton vessel was owned by James Finlay of St. John's Woods, (London, I believe). From 1866 thru 1871 (1870), MNL lists John Crosse Brooks, of Wallsend, Newcastle, as the vessel's owner.
84.0 ft. long, signal letters PMWG. Crew lists are available here.
LR of 1870/71 notes that the vessel had been 'SUNK". Thanks to the folks at Google Books, we can tell you what happened to her. This report (ex here) advises that on Dec. 21 & 22, 1870, Sally Gale was in the River Seine, near Rouen, France, taking on ballast. With G. Bishop her then master. Having previously unloaded its cargo of coal at Rouen. When it & five other British vessels were seized & scuttled by Prussian military forces. During the course of the then France/Prussia War. I read further that i) the vessel had left port (likely Newcastle) on Nov. 26, 1870 for Rouen, ii) John S. (Stephen) Bishop was the vessel's captain, George Simpson her mate & that the crew was 6 in number all told, & iii) the vessel was then valued at £2,800. But the value per the Government Valuers was £765 only. It is interesting to note that all six of the vessels so scuttled had been Sunderland built. Can you add to or correct this listing? #2312
221 or 222 tons
A brig, which was launched in Dec. 1860 & first registered, at Hartlepool, on Dec. 19, 1860 (scroll to #27885). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1872/73, owned, thru 1865/66 by Dobing & Co. of, certainly registered at Hartlepool. For service from Sunderland to London & later ex Hartlepool. I read that on Feb. 11, 1864, the vessel left Cardiff, Wales, for St. Thomas (Virgin Islands, Caribbean) almost certainly with a cargo of coal. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865, however, lists John Appleby, jun. of Wingate, Durham, as the owner of the 222 ton vessel. From 1865/66 thru 1872/73, per LR, the vessel was owned by Scrafton & Co. of Middlesbrough for service ex Hartlepool but from 1868/69 for service from Gloucester to the West Indies. MNL of 1867 lists, however, Matthew Scrafton of Middlesbro' as the then owner of the Boston registered vessel. MNLs of 1868 thru 1870 all list Elizabeth Sizer, of Boston, Lincolnshire, as her then owner. 90.0 ft. long, signal letters PTDW.
LR of 1872/73 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Nov. 9, 1872, per line 2678 here, the 221 ton brig stranded at Marstrand (N. of Gothenburg, Sweden), while en route from Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia), to London. No cargo is stated. Crew of 8 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Elizabet Sizer. This (in red) contemporary newspaper article tells us that the vessel, with a cargo of wheat & Ingster her captain, had been driven ashore during a gale, further that the crew were able to safely reach shore in the ship's boat. Off Kegrksund, Sweden. A couple of crew lists are available here. Can you add to or otherwise correct the above text? #2117
I probably should not include this entity at all in these pages since it was, I understand, a ship repairing yard and not a ship building yard. Located right beside Roker North Pier.
First a few images. Hover your mouse over each thumbnail to read the subject matter.
Another name that I probably should not include in these pages (or maybe should include in a separate ship repair section) since it was a ship repairing yard & not a ship building yard. I am not absolutely sure if the second name I list above is a good correct name. But it surely is OK because 'Tyne and Wear Archives' used to have a WWW page that referenced the name.
'Where Ships are Born', devotes a little over three pages to the yard & from that source I have summarised much of the data which follows. And that volume is the source of the image of the yard that follows below.
The firm, the largest of the Sunderland ship repairers was, I read, founded in 1901 by Thomas William Greenwell (1867-1948), most often referred to as 'T. W. Greenwell'. It initially used two public dry-docks leased from the City, but it extended its premises in 1922 & built its own 500 ft. long, 75 ft. wide, dry dock ('with 26 ft. on cill at H.W.O.S.T.') which enabled vessels to be docked at low water. And, at right angles to the dry-dock, a 600 ft. ship repairing quay with 22 ft. of draught at low water. All with necessary cranes (40 ton, electric, travelling) & other facilities. The new dry dock was opened in 1925.
I note that 'The Engineer' of Jul. 31, 1925 (eBay) features an extensive article about that new dock.
A 1937 Sunderland Industrial Handbook, from which part of the above is derived, described Greenwell's as having modern and highly-efficient ship-repairing facilities (which include Electric Arc Welding Plants). Able to deal with the largest types of repair jobs & specially equipped for dealing with repairs to oil tankers, oil storage tanks having been installed for storing fuel oil from vessels undertaking repairs.
In 1939 the firm took over, on a long term lease, the River Wear Commissioners No. 1 public dry dock. That dock, it would seem, was later badly damaged in an air raid in May 1943 & had to be reconstructed, the new facility opening in 1952. There were other major improvements effected also, including extension of the repairing quay to 800 ft. in length. S.S. British Realm, of approx. 28,598 tons deadweight, was the first vessel in new No. 1 dry dock which was officially opened in October 1952. A Mar. 9, 1950 London Times article about that dry dock is here.
Next a fine image that was originally provided, in 2014, by the old 'Sunderland Tugs and Shipbuilding in pictures' whom we thank. Its caption states that it shows work in progress extending one of Greenwell's drydocks in 1949. Both No 1 and No 2 drydocks were lengthened at this time. I think I am correct in saying that what happened is as follows. Commencing in mid 1950, Greenwell's i) built a new dock 650 ft. long, then the second largest dock between Rosyth and the Thames, which became known as Drydock No. 1. They also ii) extended an existing dock to 565 ft. - it became known as Drydock No. 2. and iii) extended the existing ship repairing quay from 600 ft. to 810 ft. I cannot tell you which particular drydock is featured in the below image however. Click on the image to see it in a larger size.
A most able firm, it would seem. I quote 'Greenwells proved their worth by carrying out a wide range of conversions, and undertaking repairs to destroyers, corvettes, naval escort vessels, tank landing ships and craft, beach protection craft, boom defence vessels, salvage and dredging craft, floating cranes, merchant ships, and the fixing and overhauling of guns and other defence equipment on board merchant ships'.
For most of the company's life, Thomas William Greenwell was involved with the company & was indeed its chairman from 1901-1919 & from 1932 until presumably the day of his death at age 81 in 1948. It is appropriate that his image should grace this page & an image of him (at left) is contained in 'Where Ships Are Born'.
Colonel T. G. (Thomas George) Greenwell (1894-1967), T. W. Greenwell's son, was, at the time of his election (1 & 2) as Member of Parliament for The Hartlepools, the managing director of the yard (to retirement in 1960). His image is at right.
The volume mentions some specific assignments Greenwells accomplished with notable success.
The salvage of Destroyers H.M.S. Ashanti and H.M.S. Fame, the reconstruction of the steamer Stakesby which was sunk & refloated 18 months later, the conversion of Alexia, an oil tanker, into a merchant aircraft carrier, the conversion of a 10,000 ton cargo ship into a floating shipyard (Mullion Cove). For the interesting stories of all of those assignments, I refer you to the volume itself (here & following).
I am not clear as to what happened afterwards since the book was republished now almost 60 years ago (1953), though the book advised that after WW2 the yard specialised in the reconstruction of large oil tankers & remained equipped to tackle any & all assignments. Can anybody tell us what later happened to the company & the status of the facilities today? Part of the answer to that question was contained in a page in a booklet published at or around 1965 by 'The Doxford & Sunderland Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd.'. Which booklet lists the companies then in the group. 'T. W. Greenwell & Co. Ltd.' was included in the list. I have no date as to when they had acquired it.
Bill Greenwell, of Exeter, U.K., advises that there were three 'Greenwells' during the yard's history - Thomas William (1867-1948), who founded it & whose image is above, Thomas George, his son, (1894-1967), & Thomas Anthony Greenwell (1922-1987), all of whom were known by their second names & all of whom were, in their time, Chairmen & Managing Directors of the yard. Thomas Anthony Greenwell was, in fact, Bill's father. 'Anthony' accepted a senior position at The Doxford & Sunderland Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd. in 1967 & was its managing director from 1970 through 1973. That company, Bill tells me, was taken over by Court Line in 1972, but soon crashed - & was taken into public ownership. He believes the 'end' came in 1982. Bill indicates that one of his WWW family history pages contains history related to the Greenwell yard & invites visitors to read chapters 4 & 5, on this site. We thank you, Bill!
I have read, in a now long gone Sunderland Echo article that the main 2 Greenwell dry docks were in fact later filled in with dolomite! I wonder when that was? The 3rd dry dock (see next paragraph) still exists & is used, but not as a going concern, by the river authorities. For a while, after the demise of the shipbuilding industry, it was I am advised operated as 'Wear Dockyard' by Albert le Blonde.
Adams Beck, a collier, in a 'Greenwell' dry dock. Image kindly provided by Don Simpson.
The undated image that follows shows the 'Greenwell' facilities in 1953 or perhaps a bit earlier. The biggest of the dry docks is the one at the top of the image so I presume that is No. 1 dry dock which opened in 1952. Dimensions? In 1956, the Port of Sunderland advised that there were 2 dry docks there. No. 1 Dry Dock, 675 ft. long & 87 ft. 6 in wide with 27 ft. 4 in. of water at the cill at MHWS (the highest level to which spring tides reach on the average). No. 2 Dry dock was 565 ft. long & 75 ft. wide, also with 27 ft. 4 in. of water at the cill at MHWS. But there was also a third dry dock, 357 ft. 6 in. long with 17 ft. 10 in. of water at the cill at MHWS. Owned by River Wear Commissioners but operated by 'Greenwell'. At South Dock but really at the entrance to South Dock. That 3rd dry dock was accessed from 'Half Tide Basin' and the entrance to it & the stern of a ship within it is just visible in the image below directly under 'WWW' in the text.
Sunderland Dry Docks in general? 1956 data is here.
Where is or was the yard? The following image will help with its location. At top left is the south harbour arm, the locks at top right lead from 'Half Tide Basin' into Hudson Dock. River Wear is at the bottom & lower right.
A splendid history. Virtually no references to it on the WWW that the webmaster could find. The words above probably do it poor justice, alas.
Really just a name today. 'Gulston' was, it would seem, a small shipbuilder that was in business only from 1874 to 1876. In that short period, he is said to have built 6 ships. Including Nautilus, as per this page (thanks John D. Stevenson). The yard, located on the north bank of River Wear west of where the Queen Alexandra bridge was later built, would appear to have been taken over, in 1882, by John Priestman who left Pickersgill's that year to commence his own shipbuilding business there.
That John Priestman took over the site previously occupied by G. S. Gulston is confirmed in 'Reflections of Southwick', a text written in or around 1893 by Luke Crown. On p.18 of the 'pdf' is a reference to the Gulston yard which indicates that Gulston had several failures in his ship launches - as described in the following interesting words. '...Gulston whom I had almost forgot built where Mr. Priestman now is had several failures in launching owing to the non declivity of the ways. The vessels did not stand high enough on the stocks to give them sufficient velocity so that they would run afloat.' A problem not by any means unique to Gulston! Before the river was dredged, I do believe.
Miramar list? (top 4 on this page). In addition to Nautilus, Belle of Benin & Lady Eleanor (1 & 2) in 1875 & Sea Mew in 1876. John Oliver advises that the firm also built a steam ferry - data unknown including its tonnage, in 1875.
Just a name to me today. It would seem that the shipbuilder was simply known as 'Halls'. A build list in the possession of the webmaster lists 89 vessels built by 'Halls' in the period of 1829 thru 1861. Hopefully more of those vessels will soon be recorded below. Just one now.
City of London
349 later 350 tons
A barque with iron beams that was launched in Nov. 1961 & first registered, at London, on Dec. 12, 1861 (scroll to #43979). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1874/75 at least (LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster). Was owned initially by T. Todd, of London, for service from Sunderland to London thru 1863/64 & for service ex London thereafter. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1867 & 1870 both list Thomas Todd of London as the vessel's then owner. In 1870/71, per LR, the vessel became owned by E. Wardroper, of Huddersfield & registered there, for continued service ex London. (Surely a mistake - the Huddersfield registration I mean. Should be London. LR has the vessel registered at London from 1872/73). E. Wardroper (apparently Eugène Wardroper per MNL of 1871 thru 1874), per LR served as the vessel's captain from part way thru 1872/73 to 1874/75. From 1872/73, LR records service from London to Table Bay, Cape Town, South Africa. 120.0 ft. long, signal letters TRFV.
On Apl. 27, 1874, City of London was abandoned at sea while en route from St. Helena (a remote volcanic island in the South Atlantic) to Falmouth with a cargo of about 500 tons of rice in bags. (St. Helena seems to be an odd place to have loaded such a cargo). The vessel was lost at 39.33N/31.10W, close to the Azores, in the North Atlantic. Or maybe at 40N/31W. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by E. Wardroper of Farnley Tyas, Huddersfield. The vessel was thrown on its beam ends by the force of a gale & her mast (maybe masts?) had to be cut away to right the ship. The vessel was unmanageable - a portion of the cargo was jettisoned. The 350 ton vessel was abandoned, an abandonment that a Court of Inquiry determined to be justifiable. The crew were all saved by Lady Mary & landed at Falmouth. All as per these pages (1 & 2). It would be good, some day, to be able to read the Report of the 1874 Court of Inquiry into her loss. Is there anything you can add? #2152
Just a name today, for which name I am indebted to Stan Mapstone, who advises us: 'In 1827 John Hardcastle was a shipbuilder on Thornhill's Wharf, which was at the bottom of Pottery Bank.'
It would appear that John Hardcastle had a slipway at Thornhill's Wharf, on the south bank of the river and very close to the North Sea, the slipway being known as 'Hardcastle's Slip'. At that very point, a mass of ships blocked the whole river in 1830. A mass of ships? Yes indeed. 65 or 75 of them - all grounded and all damaged to some degree.
I have read that on June 17, 1782, a John Hardcastle married Mary Burrell. And in a link now gone, that John Hardcastle, age 42, a boat builder, became a Freemason in the Sunderland 'Sea Captain's Lodge' on May 20, 1802. Also listed is William Hardcastle, age 27, a boat builder who became a lodge member rather earlier, on Jan. 27, 1791. Related maybe, but presumably not John's son. In 1795/6 John and Thomas Hardcastle were listed (page also long gone) in the 'Universal British Directory' as being boat-builders.
Was most glad to read the above data (and I thank all of those who made it available), which data may relate and indeed does seem to relate to John Hardcastle and his yard. But which, alas, provides little help about the history of the actual ship yard. Can you help in that matter in any way?
Just a name today, a name that came to my attention via eBay, re a postcard of Colombia, a barque built by the shipbuilder as John Paterson in 1877, now listed below. Hopefully there will be, in due course, more vessels built by this builder site listed.
Can you tell us anything about the builder?
1 John Paterson
1315 (or 1332) tons
A 3-masted iron barque. Per 1 (data re Columbia ex a now dead Norwegian website), 2 (Garb Römer oil painting, Windsbraut), 3 (Colombia overdue in 1906), 4 (Édouard Adam 1885 24x36 in. painting of John Paterson, thanks to MutualArt.com), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 68.0 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 223 ft. 1 in., signal letters QWKD, later NGJD & KBLF. Built for T. Clark, of Irvine, Scotland. The 'T' would seem to mean 'Thomas'. There are references to the owner being, in fact, 'Clarke' but see Lloyd's Registers at left. And see also the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1880 & 1890 which both list the vessel as registered at Irvine & owned by Thomas Clark of Irvine. The vessel made many voyages to Australia. A couple of examples. On Aug. 21, 1882 the vessel left Sydney for San Francisco with 700 tons of coal & 200 tons of ballast. The vessel arrived at Brisbane, in a damaged condition, on Dec. 15, 1883 after encountering terrific weather en route. It left Port Augusta on Mar. 26, 1884 for U.K. with 17,083 bags (70,177 bushels) of wheat. In 1889, the vessel was sold to C. (Carl) H. H. Winters, of Elsfleth, Bremen, Germany, & renamed Windsbraut ('bride of the wind' in English). The vessel traded, it would seem, between Hamburg, Germany, & Australia. A cargo to Melbourne, in May 1890, ex Trove. The vessel was sold again, in 1903, to 'A/S Colombia', of Tvedestrand, Norway, N. A. Lydersen, of Sundet, Akershus, Norway, the manager, & renamed Colombia. In Aug. 1905, the vessel was nearly driven ashore close to Bell's reef (between Kings Island & the coast of Tasmania) but just scraped clear. 'Trove' advises that on Jan. 26 or 27, 1906, (dates differ) the vessel left Wallaroo, South Australia, with a cargo of 16,969 bags of wheat (have also read 1,339 tons), bound for Falmouth. The vessel went missing en route. With a crew of 15 & the Captain's wife aboard also. P. E. Ogvist was the vessel's Captain. We thank Ulrik Cappelen for his kind assistance re the above - Ulrik's great-grandfather was N. A. Lydersen, who owned Colombia from 1903 to 1906. Can you correct and/or add to the above? No.1874
This section was commenced many months ago, included because in listing a vessel named Ayton built in 1876 by Short Brothers, I found references to an earlier vessel of the same name, built in 1865 by 'Hardie'.
For quite a long time, this section has requested data about James Hardie. Now, thanks to Gill Ford, we can tell you a little more about James & his shipbuilding activities. James Hardie was Gill's great great great grandfather, I learn.
James Hardie was born in Monkwearmouth in 1826, the son of George Hardie who was listed as a shipwright when he married in Sunderland Parish Church in 1825. James later married Mary Ann Bambrough. He would appear to have lived on Glass House Hill, Southwick.
An important source of data about James Hardie is the Corder Manuscripts. They comprise many volumes of hand written data about Sunderland, assembled over a lifetime by James W. (Watson) Corder (1867/1953). The manuscripts are held in the archives of the Sunderland Central Library, maybe at the Local Studies Centre there. Three pages of the manuscripts are devoted to James Hardie & the ships that he built - you can read the three 'Corder' pages in question here - 1, 2 & 3.
Corder advises that one James Carr had a shipbuilding yard at Low Southwick & that his business failed during the slump of 1840. In 1846, James Hardie, then aged 20, & M. (Michael) Clark went into business at the site, under the name of 'J. Hardie & M. Clark'. The partnership did not last very long, about 4 years. As Corder explains it 'Clark left him, probably drinking ... he was a trained man but not steady, went to Briggs who sacked him.' Mrs Clark is stated to have described her husband as being 'a man you couldn't live with'. Hardie continued the shipbuilding business on his own & was in business from 1850 to 1868/69. At some point along the way, the yard moved to Petrie's yard near the bottle works. 'Nearly all his later boats were of good size & highly rated'.
The last vessel that Corder records as being built by Hardie was Dona Feliciana. 'Sea Breezes' Vol. #48 advised that the vessel, which was completed in Apl. 1869, had been ordered by 'a British owner' as Mayqueen but was sold 'when new' to Olaquival and Company, of Bilbao, Spain, & renamed Dona Feliciana. Later, when renamed Dona Telesfora, it was wrecked off Borneo in Mar. 1881.
Hardie apparently tried to 'lease or otherwise' the shipbuilding yard on Aug. 21, 1868. And on May 1, 1869, 'all stock-in-trade and working gear' of the Hardie yard was offered for sale by public auction. It would seem that on Jul. 10, 1869, a 13 years barque ready for launching was for sale upon application to James Hardie. I conclude therefore that Mayqueen/Dona Feliciana was not in fact the very last vessel that Hardie built, rather the one before last.
James Hardie? He apparently left his wife & moved to London with another woman. He set up there as a ship-broker & lodging house keeper. Corder speculates re Hardie 'that iron ship shipbuilding which was coming in in 1869/70 was beyond him and probably drove him with his lady love to London.'
Corder further advises that 'Reflections of Southwick', a text written in or around 1893 by Luke Crown, contains on page #16 a paragraph re 'Hardie', misspelled however as 'Hardy'. Not a particularly complementary paragraph, as you can read for yourself in the text that follows:
'The next site the Hillend where the Mr. Hardy was building was another scanty nook. To look at it the present time you would say it was scarcely large enough to build a dog-kennel in. Jimmy was a ruddy, Bluffy, Rough sort of man, not over refined in his manner, but up to a thing or two. He launched some pretty fair vessels. I remember one that had a nude female for a figure-head. This caused quite a sensation among the Shipwrights, young and old, who took their wander that way at nights to have their pipes and ocularize a little. The exhibiting did not last long. It got to the authorities ears, and I was given to understand that he was compeled to take it off to make way for another with a little more shirt, or I ought to say a shift. He afterwards moved to where Old Petrie was building close to the bottle-works, there building a large number of Ships. Ultimately he went to London and commenced Ship broking and lodging house keeping along with another woman, leaving his own Wife in Southwick. A wife too good for such company as Jimmys was.'
A 'Hardie' build list can now be found on site - on page 144. The list was initially created from the 3 pages of the 'Corder Manuscripts' that relate to James Hardie. But the list has already been modified with data from Lloyd's Registers & from other sources, and will surely be further modified as new data is located.
Gill Ford is still researching the early history of her family, a project started years ago by her aunt. If you can add to the history, do be in touch via the webmaster.
A barque. A list of Sunderland built vessels, available to the webmaster, includes two vessels named Alma built in Sunderland in 1855. One of 310 tons built by Js. Hardie & the other of 331 tons built by W. Reed. A 2nd build lists records a 331 ton vessel, launched in Dec. 1854, by W. Reid. Based upon the launch announcement referenced below, it seems that Hardie is likely correct & the 2nd Alma listings are in error. Hence I have recorded it here.
The vessel was launched on Jan. 13 or Jan 18, 1855 with detail as per this launch announcement. There stated to have been bought by Haddock & Co. for the Australian trade. Now the vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1869/70, & was initially owned, just in 1856/57 per LR, not by 'Haddock' but rather by H. Reed of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. With J. Booth serving as the vessel's captain. H. Reed may mean Henry Reed. Such owner name (H. Reed) is confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 which references J. A. Booth as her then captain.
From 1857/58 thru 1859/60, LR lists R. West of Newcastle as the owner of the Newcastle registered vessel, for service ex Sunderland. TR of 1856 records R. J. West of Newcastle as her then owner, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Robert James West.
J. Booth, per LR, continued to be the vessel's captain thru 1859/60. His full name was, apparently, John Allison Booth, aged 40 in Feb. 1860. I can tell you that having spotted, at the splendid 'Welsh Newspapers on Line' site, a report of the east London Coroner's Inquiry into his death on Feb. 3, 1860. Poor fellow. He had captained Alma on a voyage to India, a voyage 'which turned out to be a failure'. The matter preyed on his mind & he ended up cutting his own throat in his cabin when at the London docks. The Inquiry verdict was 'Temporary Insanity'.
From 1860/61 thru 1869/70, LR reports Smurthwaite of Sunderland as owner of the Sunderland registered vessel for service ex London. With no captain name LR stated. It is a puzzle while LR continued to list the vessel for so very long. Read on.
108.0 ft. long, signal letters KTWM. The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1860 thru 1864 but not that of 1865. Some crew lists are available here.
Wikipedia advises (thanks!) that on Aug. 9, 1864, Alma was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean 65 miles off Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, while en route from the Clyde to Montreal, Canada, via Limerick, Ireland. Further that her crew were all rescued. I have read that she carried a general cargo which included pig iron. Can you provide detail as to the circumstances? Or add to or correct the above text in any way? #2354
The vessel, a snow, was launched in Jan. 1860 & first registered, at Liverpool, on Jan. 18, 1860 (scroll to #28176). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1860/61 thru 1873/74, owned, for that entire period, per LR, by Hargrove, later Hargrove & Co., of Liverpool. For service initially from Sunderland to the West Indies, from 1865/66 for service from the Clyde to the West Indies & from 1869/70 for service from London to Africa. Became of 179 tons in 1868/69. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 & 1870 both list the 179 ton vessel as owned by John Hargrove of Liverpool. Was registered at Liverpool throughout its lifetime. 87.5 ft. long, from 1868/69 89.0 ft. long, signal letters PVJH.
LR of 1873/74 notes that the vessel had foundered. At an unknown date in Jan. 1873, per this page, the 179 ton snow was lost while en route from Liverpool to Limerick, Ireland, with a cargo of about 250 tons of coal. 'This vessel was found sunk off Barry's Head. Cause unknown.' Barry's Head is at Novahal, County Cork, on the S. coast of Ireland, W. of Cobh (Cork). Crew of 7 - all lost. Then owned by J. Hargrove of Liverpool. Can you add anything? #2122
The vessel, a ship later a barque, was launched on May 4, 1860 & was first registered, at London, on May 4, 1860 (scroll to #28387). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1860/61 thru 1873/74, owned thru 1864/65 by H. Ellis of London, initially for service from Shields to India & from 1861/62 for service from London to China. I note, however, that the Mercantile Navy List of 1865 lists John and Rob. R. Glover, of London, as the vessel's then owner. In 1864/65, per LR, Ayre & Co. of Sunderland became the vessel's owner, for service from London to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, thru 1866/67. In 1867/68, in which year, per LR, the vessel became a barque, Raleigh served from London to Kurrachee (Karachi, Pakistan) & in the following years thru 1871/72 served China out of London. Per LR, during the period of 'Ayre' ownership, the vessel was registered at Sunderland, however the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1866 thru 1870 list the vessel as registered at London & owned by Samuel Ayre of Sunderland, while the 1871 edition rather lists James Ayre. In 1871/72, the vessel became owned by E. T. Gourlay (or Gourley) & Co. of Sunderland, though registered at London, for service ex Sunderland in 1871/72 & ex Bristol thereafter. MNLs of 1872 & 1874 lists Edward Temperley Gourley, of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owner. 142.2 ft. long, signal letters PWGK.
LR of 1873/74 notes that the vessel had been 'Abandoned'. On Feb. 12, 1874, Raleigh was abandoned at sea while en route from Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), to London with a 900 ton general cargo. As per this page. Lost at a point about 70 miles W. of the Scilly Islands. Crew of 16 - none lost. Then owned by E. T. Gourley of Sunderland. The vessel encountered a hurricane on Feb. 11, 1874, lost all of her sails & became leaky. The vessel was abandoned on the next day by which time she had 10 ft. of water in her holds. Crew lists are available here. Can you add anything? How the crew were rescued, perhaps? #2133
I know nothing about William Harkass, of North Sands, Sunderland, who would seem to have built 30 vessels in the years from 1847 thru 1856. Can you tell us about the shipbuilder?
180 later 160 tons
A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Jan. 1850, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1869/70. It was initially owned, thru 1855/56 per LR, by 'Huntley' of Sunderland, with 'Mills' her captain. There seems to be some 'confusion' as to the spelling of such owner's name. LR says 'Huntley'. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of Mar. 1854 lists Stephen Huntly & Sons, of Sunderland, with Robert Farmer her then captain. While Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 lists D. Huntley and Jeptha B. Huntley of Sunderland with Wm. Macdonald her captain.
LR of 1856/57 lists Cooper & Co. as the new owner of the Blyth registered vessel with W. Chapell her then captain. Which data is mainly confirmed by TR of 1856 which lists her as then owned by W. & P. Dodds, J. Cooper & W. Chapple, all of Blyth, & J. Hornsby of Seaton Sluice. But ... Sunderland registered. With, presumably, Cooper her managing owner. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 further clarifies such names - now registered at Shields, it reports her owners as being James Cooper, William & Phillip Dodds, William Chapple, all of Blyth, & Joseph Hornsby of Seaton Sluice.
Now LRs from 1857/58 thru 1869/70 all record Alice as Blyth registered & owned by Cooper & Co., with W. Chapell (from 1861/62 W. Chapel) as the vessel's captain. LR further reports the vessel at 160 tons from 1857/58. It is clear, however, that such LR data is significantly in error. Why do I say that? The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') advises differently. It reports the vessel as Sunderland registered in 1858, Shields registered from 1859 thru 1863, & thereafter Sunderland registered again. Owned from 1865 thru 1871 (1870) by Thomas Minikin of Sunderland, a name not LR referenced.
80.0 ft. long, signal letters HMVF.
So far as I can see, the vessel is not LR listed from 1870/71, neither is it MNL listed after 1871 But crew lists? A giant surprise there! Crew lists for the vessel are noted as being available thru 1870, as might be expected from the above data but also list crew lists available from 1894 to 1912. Have not yet figured out why.
Now, thanks to the folks at Google Books, we can tell you what happened to Alice. This report (ex here) advises that on Dec. 21 & 22, 1870, Alice was in the River Seine, near Rouen, France, taking on ballast. With W. Embleton her then master. Having previously unloaded its cargo of coal at Rouen. When it & five other British vessels were seized & scuttled by Prussian military forces. During the course of the then France/Prussia War. I read further that i) the vessel had left Sunderland on Nov. 17, 1870 for Rouen, ii) William Embleton was the vessel's captain, William Howe her mate & that the crew was 6 in number all told, & iii) the vessel was then valued at £2,400. But the value per the Government Valuers was £560 only. Readers might be interested to learn that all of such six scuttled vessels had been Sunderland built - I checked. Is there anything you can add to or correct in this modest history? #2311
I know nothing about 'Haswell' of Sunderland, who would seem to have built almost 50 vessels in the years from 1837 thru 1866. Can you tell us about the shipbuilder?
A barque. The record for this vessel is confusing indeed. The barque was launched, I read, on Jan. 29, 1851. And is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1862/63, always registered, per LR, at Lynn, i.e. King's Lynn, Norfolk. And owned & captained thru such entire period by 'Thomps'n'. For service i) from Sunderland to Lynn in 1849/50 & 1850/51, ii) from Liverpool to California, U.S.A., from 1851/52 thru 1853/54 & iii) for service from London to California from 1854/55 thru 1859/60, the last year for which intended destinations were LR listed.
Amelia Thompson was, in Mar. 1854, per Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55, registered at Sunderland rather than Lynn, owned by Thos. W. Thompson of West Lynn (the part of King's Lynn, located W. of the river Ouse) & captained by Thomas Wm. Thompson. Such data is essentially confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855. TR of 1856 advises that T. W. Thompson was her owner but does not list an Official Number for the Sunderland registered vessel. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 gives similar data & lists Thomas W. Thompson, of West Lynn, as the vessel's owner.
It is clear that much of the above is significantly in error - all of the 'after 1854' data is false. The vessel was never issued an Official Number, which would mean that the vessel was not in existence on Jan. 1, 1855 or in a short period thereafter.
A little operational detail. On May 9, 1851, Amelia Thompson was at Rio de Janeiro. It would seem, if I understand the data correctly, that the vessel was cleared for departure from London for San Francisco, California, on Sep. 19, 1853, encountered difficulties of some sort & put back into Deal, Kent, on Oct. 4, 1853. Later, in Dec. 1853, the vessel, bound for San Francisco (stated to be ex Liverpool), went ashore off Johnson's Harbour, Berkeley Sound, Falklands Islands. It must have got off, because on Dec. 19, 1853 it arrived at Stanley, Falkland Islands, for repairs & was cleared for departure on Apl. 17, 1854. As per this Gov. of Falklands Islands 'pdf' (4th para). On Jun. 2, 1854 the vessel was at Callao, Peru.
The Dec. 1857 edition of 'Noticias del Puerto de Monterey' of Monterey, California (ex here), tells us that on Aug. 26, 1854 the vessel, Thompson her captain, stranded on the Bay of San Simeon (located about 230 miles S. of San Francisco). And became a wreck. Carolina, a steam tug, was sent to recover the cargo & returned to San Francisco with cargo & also 'the anchors, chains, sail rigging, boat davits' etc. of Amelia Thompson.
A significant update to this listing. In Oct. 2021, the webmaster received a kind message from Robert Schwemmer of the U.S. As a result of which I can confirm that vessel was indeed wrecked on Aug. 26, 1854 as is stated above. Further that the wreck was sold by Cobb, Bachus & Co. at a public auction held on Oct. 19, 1854. Where the wreck itself sold for $710, its then remaining cargo for $125 & about 8,000 lbs. of iron for 4 cents per lb. The vessel's captain, Thos. W. Thompson, had clearly been actively selling other items from the wreck for quite a while. Have not spotted where the auction was held. All as per these articles ex the 'Weekly Alta' newspaper of San Francisco.
I wonder how it was that so many records quoted above had it so significantly wrong? Is there anything you can add and/or correct? #2318
The vessel, a barque, was first registered, at Sunderland, on Aug. 30, 1856 (scroll to #16298). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1857/58 thru 1883/84 at least. Was owned, initially, by Haswell & Co. of Sunderland - John Haswell & Elizabeth Yearl per Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, with A. Cockerill serving as the vessel's captain. For some varied service - From Sunderland to the Baltic in 1857/58, from Sunderland to S. America thru 1859/60 & from the Clyde to S. America in 1860/61. In 1861/62, per LR, Ayre & Co., also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owners for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, with G. Waite serving as her captain. G. Bird, of South Shields, would seem likely to have owned the vessel from 1863/64 thru 1866/67, for service from the Clyde to the Mediterranean with J. Simpson serving as the vessel's captain. Per the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866, George Bird of South Shields. Yet another owner in 1867/68 - J. Coverdale of Hartlepool for service from Hartlepool to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) thru 1868/69, from Hartlepool to the Mediterranean in 1869/70 & 1870/71, with A. Greig her captain. John Coverdale per MNLs of 1867 thru 1871 (1870 is here). In 1871/72, per LR, G. (George) Dobson of Blyth (later of North Shields), became her new owner for service from Blyth to the Baltic thru 1872/73 when LR ceased to reference intended voyages. Mrs. E. Dobson is recorded as the vessel's owner from LR of 1882/83. Turnbull's Register of 1874 gives share ownership detail - G. Dobson & G. Mitchell, both of North Shields owned 32 & 16 shares respectively while R. S. Harroway of Blyth owned 16 shares. Now MNL of 1872 lists the vessel as Hartlepool registered while MNLs of 1874 thru 1880 list the vessel at North Shields. During the period of 'Dobson' ownership, R. Harroway is LR listed (spelled differently) as the vessel's captain. 108.5 ft. long, signal letters LWTK. Crew lists, thru 1880, are available here. Hopefully additional data will emerge to tell us what finally happened to her. MNL does not list the vessel in 1882. Do you know what happened to her? Artnet kindly makes available an image of a Sunderland barque named Sarepta, painted by Italian artist Giovanni Luzzo. Who, I read, was active at Venice from 1840 thru 1877. You can see the painting also at left. The work is entitled, as I read it, 'Barque Sarepta of Sunderland Leaving the Port of Venice James Hudson Commander 1862'. Is this of 'our' Sarepta? LR only records one Sunderland registered vessel named Sarepta in LR editions of 1861/62 & 1862/63. This Sarepta. But so far I have spotted no references to James Hudson having ever been her captain. So I have an open mind as to the barque's correct identity until more data emerges. Anything you can add? #2177
The vessel, a wooden ship built by J. Haswell, would appear to have been launched in Jan. 1860 but was first registered, at London, on Oct. 29, 1860 (scroll to #29017). Was owned by 'Lidg'tt & S' i.e. John Lidgett and Sons of London. The Mercantile Navy List of 1865 lists J. J. Lidgett of Billiter Street, London, as her then owner. Signal letters QCVK. The vessel was likely under a British Government contract to carry emigrants to South Africa, Australia & New Zealand ('NZ') & was also involved in coastal trade in India, as well as to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Mauritius & South Africa. On Jan. 4, 1862 (search for Vanner), the vessel left Southampton for Table Bay, South Africa (arrived on Mar. 10, 1862) with 238 immigrants aboard. The ship made at least one voyage to Sydney, Australia, ex London via Plymouth, with 270 immigrants, arriving at Sydney on Nov. 23, 1863 - per this contemporary newspaper article. The ship then left for Auckland, NZ, but soon returned to port having lost 183 cattle & 160 sheep overboard. As per this newspaper article.
Paul Robins advises (thanks!) that his great grandfather, Frederick John Robins, served as the engineer aboard the ship (per this Aug. 6, 1863 crew list).
In late Jan. 1865, the vessel was being towed down the Hooghly river, Calcutta (now Kolkata, India) with a full cargo bound for Colombo, Ceylon. It stranded, off Nynan, while it was in the process of being moored. The vessel was not considered to be in danger, but a strong flood tide soon threw the ship onto her beam ends. This happened on Jan. 30, 1865, I read. A tug came to her assistance & rescued the crew except for the sailmaker who had been jammed against the rigging & died. In the confusion, the stem of the tug collided with the ship's mast & in so doing crushed the right thigh of her captain, William Moore. He was transported to hospital in Calcutta where his thigh had to be amputated. He soon, alas, died of his injuries & from loss of blood, it having taken 7 hours to get him to hospital. Captain Moore's wife was aboard John Vanner at the time, & was lucky to herself survive having been under water on 4 occasions during the havoc. So she witnessed the whole event & the later death of her husband. So two lives were lost in the disaster - Captain Moore & the sailmaker. Mainly as per this newspaper article, which is however, confusing as to its dates. It would seem that William Moore was the vessel's only captain. The resulting wreck, presumably, a danger to shipping, had to be blown up (ex here) with massive amounts of gunpowder. Anything you can add? #2121
The barque, which was launched on Feb. 15, 1862 & first registered, at Sunderland, in Mar. 1862 (scroll to #44460), is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1870/71, always owned by R. Gayner of Sunderland. For service initially, thru 1865/66, from Sunderland to New York, U.S.A., with 'Philpot' serving as the vessel's captain. From 1866/67, per LR, the vessel served from Sunderland to the Mediterranean with W. Knott serving as her captain. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1870 all record the vessel as registered at Sunderland & owned by R. Gaynor. 116.0 ft. long, signal letters TVFW.
LR of 1870/71 states 'Abandoned'. On Jun. 8, 1870, per line 231 here, the 347 ton barque foundered at 46N/33W (in mid North Atlantic ocean) while en route from Sunderland to New York with a cargo of coal. Crew of 10 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Robert H. Gayner. Of interest, Robert H. Gayner later owned a replacement vessel named Warden Law, built at Sunderland in 1871. Anything you can add? #2210
I know nothing about 'Joseph Hemsley' of Sunderland, who would seem to have built 36 vessels in the years from 1833 thru 1849. Can you tell us about the shipbuilder?
A list of Sunderland built vessels - of origin unknown, but which has proven, over the years, to be most accurate - always lists the builder as 'Jos. Helmsley'. But I think that 'Hemsley' is correct.
Below I record the first detailed listing (of many to come) vessels that he built.
238/231 later 217 tons
The webmaster believes that the vessel is correctly named at left & that the family name of the original owner was also Dauson. Lloyd's Register ('LR') so reported the vessel, however such names were elsewhere frequently mis-stated. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records the vessel name correctly from 1865 thru 1869, but records the vessel's name as 'Dawson' from 1860 thru 1863. As do many other sources.
Dauson, a snow that was launched in Jun. 1836, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1836/37 thru 1869/70. It was owned, per LR, thru 1848/49 by R. Dauson of Sunderland, with 'Coxon' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1839/40, J. Berry for a portion of that year, Coxon again in 1840/41, then J. Berry thru 1844/45, & 'Thompson' thereafter thru 1848/49. For service always ex Sunderland, to St. Petersburg, Russia, in the only years where a destination is referenced - 1845/46 thru 1847/48. The North of England Maritime Directory, of 1848/49, lists 'Dawson & Thompson' as Dawson's then owners.
In 1848/49, Sharp & Co., also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner, with 'Dodds' her new captain - both for the rest of the vessel's lifetime per LR. MNLs of 1865 thru 1869 all list Richard Sharp of Sunderland as Dauson's owner or managing owner. In Mar. 1854, per the North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55, Dawson was owned by Richd. Sharp & Peter D. Dodd with Peter D. Dodd her captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 (Dawson) & Christie's Shipping Register (Dauson) of 1858 have similar data though the latter lists the vessel as a barque. Always, per LR, for service ex Sunderland, with service to America noted in 1850/51 & 1851/52, to the Baltic in 1853/54 & 1854/55 & to France in 1855/56. Some crew lists are available here.
LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 'Wiki' advises (thanks!) that on Aug. 10, 1869 Dawson, likely Dauson mis-spelled, a brig, 'sprang a leak and foundered. Her crew were rescued by the schooner Advance (Norway). Dawson was on a voyage from Sunderland, ... to Cronstadt, Russia'. Per 'The Standard' of London on Aug. 20, 1869. The webmaster has not himself spotted any newspaper reports re such loss. Can you tell us more? #2302
The webmaster's knowledge about Benjamin Hodgson & Co. is non-existent. A list of Sunderland built ships, available to the webmaster, lists 51 vessels built by the shipbuilder from 1841 thru 1870.
A schooner. The vessel, which was launched in Oct. 1844, is not listed in Lloyd's Registers ('LR'), at least thru 1855/56. While LR seems not to state that a vessel must be of a minimum tonnage to be LR listed, I presume that her exclusion relates to her modest tonnage. We do have, however, data about the vessel from contemporary shipping registers.
In Apl. 1848, per the North of England Maritime Directory ('NEMD') of 1848/49, the vessel was registered at Sunderland & owned by J. Tindell & I. Norman. We have also a later cluster of directory listings that reference the vessel. In Mar. 1854, per NEMD of 1854/55, her owners were John Walker, Cuthbert Pattison & Andrew Wilkie, all of Seaham Harbour, with John Walker her captain. Such ownership data is substantially unchanged in later registers. i.e. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 (Walker still her captain) & 1856, & Christie's Shipping Register ('CR') of 1858. Though TR of 1856 refers to 'Patterson' & CR refers to 'Pattinson'. Always registered at Sunderland.
Readers should note that the last two registers do not provide the vessel's Official Number. It would seem that the vessel was, in fact, never granted an Official Number - which would mean that the vessel did not exist on Jan. 1, 1855 or in the very short period thereafter. So the registers are almost certainly in error. What finally happened to the vessel is unknown to the webmaster, but I suspect we will learn, one day, that the vessel was lost in or about 1854. Can you add anything additional and/or correct the above text? #2324
2 Morning Star
A brig. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1860/61 & 1861/62 only. Was owned by R. Humble & registered at Sunderland, with 'Humble' the vessel's captain. For service from Sunderland to the Baltic. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'.
On Aug. 13, 1861, per line 1312 here, the 294 ton brig was lost off Gothland (Gotland, the largest Swedish island, Baltic Sea, off the E. coast of Sweden) while en route from Sunderland to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then owned by Richard Humble. Can you tell us more? #2129
A snow or a brig. The vessel, which was completed in Dec. 1862, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1870/71, owned throughout by J. Blackwood of Sunderland. For service to the West Indies i) from Sunderland (from 1862/63 thru 1864/65) & ii) from the Clyde (from 1865/66 thru 1867/68). From 1868/69, service from Newport, Wales, to the Mediterranean is LR noted. With T. Cappon serving as the vessel's captain thru 1868/69 & G. Bravey thereafter. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1870 advise that John Blackwood, of Sunderland, was the vessel's owner. 105.0 ft. long, signal letters TVKG.
LR of 1870/71 notes that Blackwood had been wrecked. On Oct. 3, 1870, per line 431 here, the 307 ton brig was abandoned off Cape Spartel (often spelled Spartal), Morocco, while en route from Sunderland to Alexandria, Egypt, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 10, none lost. Then owned by John Blackwood. Some crew lists are available here. Can you add anything additional. #2176
I have read that John Hutchinson was building wooden ships on North Sands very early in the 19th century & certainly in 1810. By 1815 he would seem to have moved to Panns, on the south side of the river just east of the road bridge. He was there for a great many years, witness the following advertisement which appeared in the 1858 edition of 'Christie's Annual Shipping Register, Maritime Compendium, and Commercial Advertiser'. A Google Book available via here. A few years earlier, in 1852, he was referenced as being 'J. Hutchinson, sen., (docks) Low-street' - at the foot of Sutherland-street, at a site where previously Mr. Thomas Nicholson had his yard. Also listed in 1852 were 'Hutchinson R., Monkwearmouth', and 'Hutchinson, R & W., (slipway) Panns'. It would seem, from the above, that John's sons may have followed their father into the shipbuilding business, not an unusual story, however. The 1852 data originates from 'The Nautical Magazine' of 1852, available as a Google Book here. I used to say Search for 'Hutchinson' but it would seem that the book is no longer visible so searching within it is no longer possible. The article in which the data was contained commenced at page 581 (thru 593), I believe. It is an important article re the history of shipbuilding in Sunderland in the early/mid 1800s & some day I should make the entire article available on site ex my downloaded electronic copy. Just two (of 13) of the pages are now available, here & here. Hopefully more pages soon.
There clearly was a Ralph Hutchinson also who would seem to have built 46 ships between the years of 1839 & 1853.
At page #253 in 'The Post Office Directory of Durham & Northumberland' of 1869, a 'Google' book, Edwin Hutchinson is stated to be a ship builder at Pann's Ferry.
I have noted elsewhere, I see, that in 1890 S. P. Austin & Son expanded their facilities to the eastwards & took over the Hutchinson shipbuilding premises which then included two small graving docks.
Vessels built by 'RALPH HUTCHINSON'
I have read that Ralph Hutchinson built 46 ships at Sunderland between the years of 1839 & 1853. The first two of such ships to be detail listed are now recorded below.
A snow. The vessel, which was launched in Oct. 1845, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1865/66. It was, per LR, owned thru 1863/64 by Hudson & Co. of Sunderland. With, per LR (not all years reported the names of her captains), 'Goble' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1849/50, then 'Jobbling' thru 1853/54, 'Warden' in 1854/55 & 1855/56, 'Howe' in 1860/61 & a portion of 1861/62 & 'Turner' from 1861/62 thru 1865/66. For initial service from Sunderland to Bordeaux, France, & from Sunderland to i) the Mediterranean from 1846/47 thru 1849/50, ii) London in 1854/55, iii) the West Indies in 1856/57 & 1857/58. For many years the vessel is LR recorded as having sailed ex London. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists G. W. & R. M. Hudson, of Sunderland, as the vessel's owner in Apl. 1848. The equivalent register of 1854/55 lists Geo. Hudson & Ralph M. Hudson as her owners in Mar. 1854 - with Robert Warden her then captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 repeats such owner names. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 tells us that Ralph M. & George W. Hudson then owned the vessel, now of 259 tons.
LR of 1864/65 did record Hudson & Co. as the vessel's owner but the name was struck out. It is surely possible that the vessel had been sold.
90.0 ft. long. Crew lists for 1863 & 1864 are available.
LR of 1865/66 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The webmaster is not so far aware of what happened to the vessel nor exactly when. Can you tell us more? #2304
A snow. The vessel was launched in May 1850, & first registered, at Hartlepool, on Jun. 11, 1850 (scroll to #12208). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1863/64. Thru 1858/59, the vessel was, per LR, owned by J. Parkin of Hartlepool, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic thru 1855/56 & from Blyth to the Baltic from 1856/57 thru 1858/59. With, per LR, W. Playford serving as the vessel's captain thru 1855/56 & then 'McCarthy' thru to 1858/59. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 lists Joseph Parkin, of Hartlepool as Capital's then owner, with Robert Parkin (rather than Playford) her then captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 (1855 data) lists J. Perkin (with an 'e') of Hartlepool as the vessel's owner with A. Robertson her then captain. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Joseph Parkin of Hartlepool as her then owner.
In 1859/60 LR advises that Loveday & Co. of Hartlepool, had become the vessel's owner for service ex Hartlepool, i) to Hamburg, Germany, in 1859/60 & 1860/61 & ii) to the Baltic thereafter, with 'Chapman' serving as the vessel's captain throughout.
95.0 ft. long, signal letters KWSR. An 1863 Capital crew list is available.
LR of 1863/64 notes that the vessel had been 'Abandoned'. This Wikipedia page tells us (thanks so much!) that on Jul. 16, 1863 a vessel named Capital, surely this vessel, foundered in the North Sea while en route from Hartlepool to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia). If you can provide additional data as to the circumstances of the loss of the vessel, or indeed, anything else, do consider being in touch with the webmaster. #2327
Vessels built by 'R. & W. HUTCHINSON'
I have read that R. & W. Hutchinson built 11 ships at Sunderland between the years of 1846 & 1852. Just one of them is so far recorded below.
A barque. A list of Sunderland built ships, assembled, I believe, from the Sunderland registry records, lists R. W. Hutchinson as the vessel's builder. The vessel, which was launched in Jun. 1852, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70. It was, per LR, always owned by M. Lonie of Sunderland - i.e. Martin Lonie per The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 refers only to M. Lonie. LR notes that G. Thirkell (George Thirkell) served as the vessel's captain from 1853/54 thru 1863/64, then being replaced, for the rest of the vessel's lifetime, thru 1869/70 per LR, by R. Davison. It seems unlikely that the vessel actually survived thru 1869/70. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records the vessel as registered at Sunderland thru 1863. And while MNL of 1864 is not available, the vessel is not recorded in MNLs of 1865 thru 1868.
The vessel's service per LR? - i) from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, in 1853/54 & 1854/55, ii) from London to India in the period of 1855/56 thru 1858/59, iii) from London to Australia in 1859/60, iv) ex Liverpool from 1860/61 thru 1862/63, v) from London to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in 1863/64 & vi) thereafter, thru 1869/70 for service from Sunderland to India.
The voyage to Australia? Ballarat left London on Sep. 30, 1858 & after a voyage of 127 days arrived at Adelaide, South Australia, with a general cargo & 9 passengers. The vessel had encountered heavy weather en route & a seaman at the wheel had been killed - hit by the spanker boom. Upon arrival the captain pressed charges against his chief officer, James Thomson, for insubordination - Thomson was sentenced by the Court to 2 months in gaol. The captain had trouble with 3 crew members also. I have not spotted the date when the vessel left to return to London - likely on or about Mar. 22, 1859.
123.2 ft. long. Just a couple of crew lists are available.
I learn that 'Shipwrecks & Salvage in South Africa, 1505 to the Present', written by Malcolm Turner & published in 1988, reports the vessel's loss at page 190. On Oct. 19, 1864, Ballarat was at Algoa Bay (E. coast of S. Africa, about 425 miles E. of Cape of Good Hope), having arrived, R. Davison in command & with a crew of 13, with a cargo of coal for the Diamond Steamship Company. Late that night, Ballarat was wrecked during a SE gale. There was no loss of life - the entire crew were saved by lifeboat. A 'pdf' file, available here, rather references Oct. 17, 1864 as her date of loss. Can you tell us anything more? Or correct the above text? #2289
TO END THE PAGE
For your pleasure and interest.
A total change of subject matter! A wonderful artwork, an oil on canvas by French artists Pierre-Jacques Volaire (1729-1802). The artist's impression of the scene when Mount Vesuvius erupted in A.D. 79, & buried the Roman cities of Pompeii & Herculaneum.
Enjoy. Do view it in a larger size by clicking the image below.
There have been, I understand, many eruptions of Mount Vesuvius over the centuries. The artist was at Naples, Italy, & maybe was inspired by one such eruption, in 1771. He painted a number of works featuring Mount Vesuvius. The volcano is, I read, today regarded as being one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the whole world - because of the sheer number of people (3,000,000) who live nearby.
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