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THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 123

SHIPS BUILT AT SUNDERLAND IN THE 1850s

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VESSELS BUILT AT SUNDERLAND

1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859.

1850 (data so far has been mainly built up from elsewhere in the site. Can you provide a list? Just a start.)

#

Name

Gross

Builder

Built for

Official No.

1 Aberaman (a barque)

405/454

Austin & Mills

Pegg & Co. of London for service from Sunderland to Singapore

 

2 Achilles (a barque)

407

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Watson & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, soon Sunderland to the Mediterranean.

 

3 Agenoria (a barque) 1

300/324

George Barker Note

G. Gray. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists George Gray of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner. With G. Stanton the vessel's captain.

13934

4 Akbar (a snow)

255/264

Lightfoot

Jas. Hay of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Algiers 

 

5 Alcides (a barque)

296/325

L. Gales

J. Gales of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Barcelona, Spain.

 

6 Alfred (a barque)

367/405

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Hankey & Co. of London for service ex London. Hill, Parker & Co.

 

7

Alice (a snow)

180

William Harkass, of North Sand

Huntley of Sunderland 

 

8

Alipore (a ship or maybe a barque)

811

John Robinson

So far as I can see, the vessel is not listed in Lloyd's Register. So the name of her owner is not known to the webmaster. Was registered at London, thru 1864, it would seem. Signal letters LCHM.

12547

9

Amelia Thompson (a barque)

350/385

Haswell

Thompson of Lynn for service from Liverpool to Califirnia.

 

10 Ann Mitchell (a ship)

681/756

An unknown Southwick builder

J. Mitchell of Glasgow, for service to Bombay (now Mumbai), India, initially from London & later from Liverpool. On Nov. 7, 1850 (I think), while en route from Shields to Bombay with a cargo of coal, the vessel went aground on the Kentish Knock (a dangerous shoal lying about 32 miles E. of the Essex coast, in the outer Thames Estuary). A fishing smack assisted in lightening the ship & she came off. A tiny award was paid. As per this article, in green. Fast forward ... On Jan. 31, 1860, per line 52 here, the 679 ton ship sank at Arklow Bank, a shallow sandbank in the Irish Sea, off Arklow, Ireland, while en route from Liverpool to Bombay. Crew of 18 - none lost. Then owned by John Mitchell. There was fog at the time & high seas, I read. Ruby, a Bristol steamer, attempted a rescue but were not successful. As did some fishing smacks. The Arklow lifeboat succeeded in saving 9 of the crew as you can read here - C. I have now found further data re the matter. Peter Lindsay Henderson, the master of Ruby was awarded a telescope for his rescue efforts etc. as per this page (in red) ex Parliamentary Papers Vol. 58. Which states that Ruby picked up the master & crew of Ann Mitchell, 25 persons in total, & landed them at Milford. Not sure how that quantity jives with the vessel having a crew of 18, however.

23093

11 Ann & Elizabeth (a schooner)

88

William Harkass

Todd & Co. of North Shields  for service as a Sunderland coaster.

 

12 Ann & Sarah (a snow)

167

William Harkass

The vessel is Lloyd's Register listed in 1851/52 & 1852/53 only, owned by T. Cooper of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, with J. Sedcole serving as the vessel's captain. The vessel's life was short. As per line 1734 here, on Sep. 21, 1852 the vessel stranded at Oesel (island (Saaremaa), Estonia), while en route from Hull to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 6 - none lost. Then owned not by T. Cooper, but rather by Robert Adamson. Can you add anything additional?

 

13 Arnon (a snow)

318/338

Tiffin

Fowler & Co. of Scarborough for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Later (1870) Henry Fowler & (1880) John Knaggs

23429

14 Ashley (a brig)

242

W. & J. Pile

Pippet & Co. of Shields for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Maybe Pippett

25360

15 Augusta (a snow)

306

Hodgson & Gardener

J. Wilson of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland.

 

16 Avon (a barque)

362/408

Geo. Worthy

H. Moon of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland.

 

17 Bessie (a snow)

185

W. Pile

Squires & Co. of the Isle of Wight for service from Sunderland to the Isle of Wight.

 

18 Branscombe (a barque)

412/481

John Robinson

The vessel was initially owned by Stuckey & Co. of Bridgwater, Somerset, for service from Sunderland to Calcutta, India. In 1856/57, A. Stoddart of Liverpool (later stated to be of Bridgwater) became the vessel's owner for service ex Liverpool, later from Liverpool to South America. On Aug. 13, 1860, per line 259 here, the 481 ton square was lost at Agincourt (NE of Formosa, now Taiwan) in the China Sea while en route from Woosung (Shanghai) to Manila. It would seem that none of the 14 man crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by Robert Owen. Y

24112

19 Briton (a barque)

344/358

Peter Austin

Stevens of Wisbech for service from Sunderland to Singapore.

 

20 Briton's Pride (a barque)

345

R. & W. Hutchinson

Hutchinson of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean.

 

21 Calder (a barque)

366/410

W. Chilton

T. Clay of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to China.

 

22 Cambodia (a ship)

914

Arrow Leithead

John Hay of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Calcutta, soon London to Port Philip, Melbourne, Australia.

 

23 Capital (a snow)

260/284

Ralph Hutchinson

J. Parkin of Hartlepool for service from Sunderland to the Baltic.

 

24 Cashmere (a ship, later a barque, perhaps)

574/640
later
580

W. Pile

I note that at the time when the vessel was built, Cashmere referred to what we now know as Kashmir. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70. LR of 1851/52 lists J. Hay of Sunderland as the vessel's owner, replaced, however, by C. Tebbut of London. For service ex Sunderland. 'Tebbut', per LR, continued to own the vessel thru 1860/61 with 2 captain's names recorded i.e. G. Pearson from 1853/54 thru 1859/60 & Byron in 1861/62. For service ex Sunderland in 1852/53, & from London i) to New Zealand from 1853/64 thru 1857/58 & in 1860/61 & ii) in 1858/59 & 1859/60 to India. In 1861/62, per LR, Park & Co. of London, became the vessel's owner, thru 1864/65, for service ex London & specifically to New Zealand in 1861/62. With 'Ptherbridge' serving as the vessel's captain.
Some 'best efforts' detail re the vessel's many voyages to New Zealand, thanks to 'Paperspast'. i) the vessel left Gravesend, London, for Auckland, on Jun. 16, 1851, George Pearson in command, with a varied cargo & many passengers. It went on to New Plymouth, Wellington & Kaipara where it loaded spars destined for the Royal Dockyards at Plymouth, Devon. It left NZ on Apl. 15, 1852 & arrived at the Downs, via Plymouth, on Aug. 7, 1852. ii) On Nov. 8, 1852 the vessel left Gravesend for Auckland (Pearson) but, it would seem 'sprang her rudder' & returned to Plymouth on Dec. 15, 1852. It arrived at Auckland on May 10, 1853, went on to New Plymouth & on Jul. 12, 1853 left for India. On such voyage, the captain 'found' (low on page) two islands not marked on the charts & intended to name them Willis's Islands 'in complement to the owner of Cashmere'. I think that the vessel operated under the Willis & Co. Line of Packets, perhaps Willis were the managers?. iii) The vessel left London on Apl. 20, 1854, for New Plymouth & Auckland with 98 passengers & a varied cargo. It left Auckland for Shanghai, China, on Oct. 11, 1854. iv) On Jul. 11, 1855 the vessel left Gravesend for Christchurch with 160 assisted adult immigrants and about 40 children. vi) The vessel left the Downs on Dec. 17, 1856 for Auckland & on May 8, 1857 left for Guam. vii) On Jun. 11, 1859 the vessel left London under the command of Captain John Byron with 207 passengers. It arrived at Lyttleton/Christchurch on Oct. 11, 1859 with 184 passengers (minus 16 plus 3) . The vessel seems to then have been part of William Gann & Co.'s line of packets. It left for London on Mar. 13, 1860. viii) The vessel arrived at Lyttleton on Feb. 10, 1861 under the command of J. Petherbridge. Went on to Wellington which it left for London on Jun. 7, 1861 arriving at the Downs on Sep. 3, 1861 after a passage of 87 days. Then a Shaw Savill & Co. line vessel, it would appear. ix) On Apl. 8, 1862 the vessel arrived at Auckland (Petherbridge) 113 days ex the Downs. On May 7, 1862 it left for Callao, Peru, in ballast. Do check 'Paperspast' for additional detail & the accuracy of the above. I noted references to Cashmere being a favourite ship & also to its 'shaking' at speeds above 10 or 11 knots. 
The vessel continued to be London registered when, in 1864/65, Ivens & Co., became the vessel's owner & Way her captain for service ex Gloucester. But only for a short time. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 records Chas. F. Ivens of Clifton, Bristol, as the vessel's then owner. In 1865/66, J. Swankie, of London, became the vessel's owner, thru 1867/68, for service from Bristol to North America in 1865/66 & from Bristol to Montreal, Canada, in 1866/67. With J. Way serving as her captain. The vessel is recorded twice in LR of 1867/68. Owned by Swankie, then, it would seem by owners from Quebec City, Canada - H. Hagetts maybe - the name is most difficult to read. And with A. Grindall the vessel's captain, for service from Cork, Ireland to Quebec. And then in the supplement, owned by 'Singl'ton' of Glasgow for a destination so faint that I cannot read it but which may well have read Buenos Ayres. The MNL of 1868 is unavailable as this listing is created. Such listing may well clarify the Quebec owner's name. In Feb. 1868, the vessel was in the Greenock Graving Dock being 'reclassed'. Under 'Singl'ton' ownership, the vessel served from the Clyde to India with D. Graham the vessel's captain. Note however that MNL of 1870 does not list Singleton? as her then owner, rather William Allison of Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. 130.0 ft. long, signal letters PCKG. LR of 1869/70 both struck out 'Singl'ton' as the owner & notes that the vessel had 'Foundered'. On Nov. 24, 1869, per the first line 28 here, the 579 ton vessel, stated to be a barque, foundered in the North Atlantic while en route from Greenock, River Clyde, Scotland, to New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A. with a cargo of iron. Crew of 14 one of whom lost his life in the disaster. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. A contemporary newspaper cutting tells us that she was lost about 350 miles WSW of the Lizard & seems to state there was no loss of life. Can you tell us anything more? Y

24814

25

Cassandra (a schooner)

224
later
209

Booth & Blacklock

Have not researched this vessel yet. It would seem to have been initially owned by J. Johnson of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean or to the Baltic. It was owned in 1867 by John Fleming of Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland. In researching other vessels, I came across the fact that this vessel was owned, at least late in its life, certainly in 1870 (on page 62), by I. Whitfield, which means Isaac Whitfield, of Bishopwearmouth. 89.0 ft. long, signal letters HRGS. The vessel was, apparently, lost in 1878. As per this extract from page 3 of this wreck report, Isaac Whitfield, by 1885, had owned in whole or greater part 11 vessels. Nine of such vessels had been lost. Some of them would appear to have been over insured. Who says that history is uninteresting!

2952

26 Chevalier (a snow)

231
later
214

W. H. Pearson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1862/63, owned, thru 1860/61 at least, by Scurfield of Sunderland. With 2 captains per LR. i.e. J. Henderson in 1850/51 & from 1857/58 thru 1862/63 & Williams from 1851/52 thru 1856/57. For initial service ex Sunderland (1850/52) specifically to the Mediterranean in 1851/52 & from Shields to the Mediterranean from 1853/54 thru 1856/57. The vessel would seem to have served ex Sunderland again from 1857/58, to France in 1857/58. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists Robt. Scurfield, John Lambton & Bryan Scurfield, all of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owners with Jas. Henderson her then captain. As does Turnbull's Register of 1856. While Christies Shipping Register of 1858 lists Robert & Bryan Scurfield and John Lambton, all of Sunderland as owning the snow, now of 214 tons only. LR of 1861/62 & 1862/63 both recorded Scurfield as the vessel's owner but struck the name out. It would seem that the vessel was in existence thru 1864 when it was still, per the Mercantile Navy List, registered at Sunderland. Signal letters LPQG. So far, the webmaster has seen no references to what happened to the vessel. Can you tell us about it? Y

14795

27 Clarinda (a snow)

281

Hodgson & Gardner

J. Douglas - M. Gallon in 1856

26236

28 Claro (a barque)

348/401

William R. Abbay

The vessel, which I read was launched in Nov. 1850, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1860/61 only. The vessel was, per LR, initially owned, thru 1854/55, by W. Abbay of Sunderland, i.e. by its builder, for service from Sunderland to Singapore. With, per LR, G. Clarke serving as the vessel's captain. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 clarifies such names, advising that the vessel was then owned by Wm. R. Abbay of Sunderland & that Geo. Clark was the vessel's then captain. In 1855/56, per LR, the vessel was acquired by W. Hay of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to India with A. Wilson serving as her captain. Hay's ownership, per LR, was short. In 1857/58, LR lists M. Douglas of Sunderland  as the vessel's new owner, with W. Lambton her captain, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. The sale to 'Douglas' would seem to have been a little earlier in time. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel as being then owned by T. M. Douglas of Sunderland. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies such name to mean Thomas M. Douglas. 111.7 ft. long, signal letters HQKP. I have read that the U.K. registry for the vessel ended in 1860, at about which time, it would appear, the vessel was sold to non U.K. owners. Can anybody tell us to whom & when the vessel was sold & provide any of its later history? Can you otherwise add anything? Y

3740

29 Claudia (a snow)

251/250

Ratcliff, Spence & Co.

Crowl & Co. of South Shields for service from Sunderland to London

 

30 Cleopatra (a barque)

480/527

Ralph Hutchinson

J. Mitchell of Glasgow for service from Sunderland to the East Indies

 

31 Coldstream (a brig)

225/208
later
191

Booth & Blacklock

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1866/67, owned throughout that entire period, per LR, by W. Kerrs (recorded as W. Kerss thru 1854/55), of Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being W. Kerss and R. S. Newton, both of Sunderland. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states William Kerss to be her then owner. So Kerss looks to have been correct. For service thru 1854/55 from Sunderland to Coruna, Spain, for service as a Sunderland coaster from 1855/56 thru 1862/63 & for service from Sunderland to Lisbon, Portugal, thereafter. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 77, image soon), however, lists Wm. Rerss as her then owner. LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 85.6 ft. long, signal letters NSTQ. I cannot tell you when & where the vessel was wrecked. Can you help with that? What I can tell you, a matter which inspired the webmaster to list the vessel in the first place, was that on Nov. 15, 1854 the vessel became stranded behind the N. pier at Sunderland, at the end of a voyage from Southampton to Sunderland with a cargo of pit props. With a crew of 8. The vessel stranded due to stress of weather & was much damaged in a collision with another (unnamed) stranded vessel. All as per item 1 on this page, ex here. Y

23727

32 Constantine (a barque)

427

W. Naisby

A vessel which had a very short life indeed, so short perhaps that it was never listed in Lloyd's Register. On Dec. 19, 1850, per line 469 here, the 427 ton barque stranded at Roquitas while en route from Alexandria, Egypt, to Liverpool with a cargo of cotton etc. I have not, so far, been able to figure out where 'Roquitas' is located. Do you know where it is? Crew of 16 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by George Thompson. Is there anything you can add? Y

 

33 Corcyra (a snow)

216

Stothard

Smirk & Co. of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland

 

34 Cornubia (a barque)

416/459
later
368

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1883/84 at least. Which is a puzzle - read on. Was initially owned by Ridley & Co. of London for service from London to Calcutta, India, later, also ex London, to New Zealand and to Hobart Town, Tasmania.  From 1861/62 the vessel became owned by T. Knox of Shields for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. 116.0 ft. long, signal letters KPWR. Registered at London, later at Shields. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records Thomas Knox of North Shields as her then owner. On Jun. 8, 1870, per line 229 here, the 368 ton barque was stranded at Whitehead, Nova Scotia, Canada, while en route from Motril (S. coast of Spain, almost due S. of Granada) to Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia, in ballast. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas Knox. The puzzle? The last link is to a list of 1870 shipwrecks of British ships. Did the vessel possibly survive the stranding at Whitehead? It continued to be LR registered for more than a decade, thru 1883/84 at least, owned throughout by T. Knox of Shields. It looks to me as though LR simply failed to remove the vessel from their records, after it was wrecked. Y

10797

35 Countess (a snow)

211

Thompsons

T. Green of Mistley for service from Sunderland to Mistley

 

36 Dahlia (a barque)

347

Alcock

Alcock & Co. of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland

 

37 Defender (a snow, later a brig)

264/280
later
253

W. Carr

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70. Was initially owned by Frost & Co. of Sunderland, thru 1856/57, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 advises that W. Richardson, T. Stamper & J. Frost, all of Sunderland, were her then owners. In 1857/58, per LR, Sheraton of Sunderland became the vessel's owner, initially for service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, but later for many years as a Sunderland coaster. Became of 253 tons in 1859/60. No owner name is recorded in LR after 1867/68. In 1867, however, the Mercantile Navy List reports George Sheraton, of Bishopwearmouth, as her then owner. The equivalent list of 1870 records John Bowey of Sunderland as her owner. 94.0 ft. long. On Mar. 19, 1872, per line 2343 here, the 253 ton brig was stranded at Goodwin (Goodwin Sands, off the coast of Kent), while en route from Sunderland to Dieppe, France, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 8 - none lost. Then owned by John Bowey. Anything you can add? Y

16269

38 Dorothy Alice (a snow)

228

Sykes & Co.

Tulley & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Baltic.

 

39 Electra (a barque)

304/335
lster
302

W. H. Pearson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1873/74, owned for her entire lifetime, per LR, by Reid & Co. of London. Her initial service looks to have been from Sunderland to the West Indies, however from 1851/52 she served ex London, always to the West Indies except in the period of 1860/63 where no destination is indicated. With just 4 captains per LR. i.e. G. Milne thru 1854/55, J. Spicer from 1855/56 thru 1859/60, 'Dickensn' from 1860/61 thru 1862/63 & J. Scouler from 1863/64 thru 1873/74. Certainly from 1860, the vessel would seem to have become 302 tons only. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1867 both record Thomas Reid of London as the vessel's then owner. While the equivalent list of 1870 rather lists Richard May Lean, of Gosport, Hampshire, as the then owner of the London registered vessel. MNL of 1868 is not accessible as this listing is first created. 105.0 ft. long, signal letters NPVF. Crew lists, including one dating from 1871 are available here. I cannot yet tell you what happened to the vessel nor when - a cryptic comment about the matter is here (scroll to 23014) but the writing is unintelligible to me. Can you help in that regard or otherwise add anything?
A friend of the site has tried to track the vessel's movements over the years. He notes that the vessel had a number of captains after Scouler, specifically Burgoyne (certainly from May 1869), and Warren & Doherty in 1870. He found a number of references to the vessel being 'leaky'  & on one occasion, the vessel was making water, with no food or boats, while en route from Port Maria, Jamaica, to London on Jan. 24, 1870. Having encountered a hurricane, it would seem. The vessel was then making for the Azores & would seem to have made it safely back to London, arriving there on Feb. 25, 1870. She went into the West India Dock until Aug. 1870, presumably to be repaired. This article relates to that particular voyage. In Jan & Feb. 1871 the vessel was advertised for sale. By May of that year & thru to Oct. 1871 at least, the vessel, still named Electra, had become Swedish owned & trading ex Stockholm with a captain named Soderholm. From there the U.K. record seems to be silent. Good progress, none-the-less. Y

23014

40 Elizabeth Nicholson (a snow, later a brig)

248/258
later
238

Sykes & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1869/70, owned for her entire lifetime by the Nicholson family of Shields. For varied service which included to the Mediterranean, to North America, to Syra, Greece, to Spain, to Hamburg & the Baltic, mainly ex Shields & Sunderland but also ex Waterford, Ireland, Swansea & ex the Clyde. 91.5 ft. long, signal letters MHFR. Registered at South Shields. Turnbull's Register of 1856 advises that J. H. Nicholson of S. Shields & W. Briggs of Sunderland were her then owners. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies James H. Nicholson & William Briggs. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records James H. Nicholson of South Shields as her then owner. LR of 1869/70 notes 'wrecked'. On Jan. 14, 1870, per line 19 here, the 236 ton brig foundered at Withernsea, Yorkshire (N. of Humber River), while en route from Shields to Le Havre, France, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 7 - none lost. Then owned by Jas. H. Nicholson. Y

17576

41 Emma (a brig) 1 Note

283
later 260 & 249

Austin & Mills

T. Wood of Sunderland, from 1863/64 Bell & Co., from 1867/68 Dodds & Co., both of Blyth, from 1875 & in 1876/77 J. Wright of North Shields, 1878/79 thru 1880/81 (last in Lloyd's Register) Dent & Co. of Blyth however per Mercantile Navy List of 1880 (p.267) The Phoenix Shipping Co. Ltd., also of Blyth, was the vessel's owner. In Jul. 1880, while enroute from Lisbon, Portugal, to Vlardingen, near Rotterdam, Captain C. Grout in command, Emma was wrecked on the Goree Bar at Helvoet, near Hook of Holland. 

7340

42 Emma (a snow)

220/248

W. Robinson

W. Harper of Shields

? 26827

43 Emma Tully (a barque)

345/380

Haswell

The vessel was initially owned by C. Tully of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to India, later to Cape of Good Hope. That later routing continued with Bennett & Co. of London from 1855/56. In 1858/59 E. Roberts of London became the vessel's owner for service ex Liverpool. On Aug. 9, 1860, per line 255 here, the 380 ton barque was wrecked at Hat Key Reef, Belize, while en route, in ballast, from Rio de Janeiro to Belize. It would seem that none of the 13 man crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by William Avery. Y

12861

44 Felton Park

340/378

W. Naisby

W. Elliott - Wm. & Wm. Elliott, jun. & G. Armstrong, Sarah Fleming & Co. in 1856

14580

45 Gentoo (a barque)

415/492

W. H. Pearson

Gentoo? I read that the word was used by Europeans to mean the native inhabitants of India before the terms Hindu, Muslim, etc came into general usage. I presume that the vessel was intended to serve India. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1859/60 & not thereafter. It was initially owned by its builder i.e. by W. Pearson of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to London. This is Pearson's advertisement on Feb. 5, 1850 offering for sale the ready to launch vessel. LR is silent about her captains under 'Pearson' ownership, but a friend of the site advises that on May 31, 1850, Captain Nattrass in command, the vessel left London for Quebec City, Canada, where it arrived on Jul. 21, 1850. It arrived back in London on Oct. 20, 1850. Nattrass was the intended captain for the vessel's next voyage but Captain Whiteside in fact was in command for the voyage, which left London Docks & Gravesend in late Dec. 1850 bound for Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. The voyage is notable because amongst her passengers she carried 46 destitute young female emigrants, aged 16 to 26, to a new life in South Africa. The vessel arrived at the Cape on Mar. 7, 1851 & on Apl. 11, 1851 left for Mauritius. It is clear that the conduct of the master, surgeon, officers & seamen vis à vis the young women during the voyage from London, & of course the conduct of the women themselves, left much to be desired. It will not be hard for a reader of these words to imagine what happened - extensively reported in 'The Standard' of Sep. 27, 1851. In 1851/52, however, 'Whiteside' of Whitehaven, Cumbria, became the vessel's owner for service i) from London to Bombay (now Mumbai), India, from 1851/52 thru 1855/56, ii) from Sunderland to India from 1856/57 thru 1858/59 & iii) ex London in 1859/60. Under 'Whiteside' ownership, the vessel per LR had three captains, i.e. Whiteside thru 1854/55, Wittleton from 1856/57 thru 1858/59 & Martin from 1859/60. It is clear, however, that Martin was the vessel's captain long before 1859/60. Thanks to Trove, Australia, I can tell you that on Jan. 12, 1857, the vessel left Liverpool for Adelaide, South Australia, J. Martin in command, with a varied cargo. It arrived at Adelaide on May 27, 1857 & left for Valparaiso, Chile, in ballast & with no passengers, on Jul. 9, 1857. Gentoo went to Australia again the next year. On Jun. 11, 1858 the vessel left London for Geelong (near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia), where it arrived on Oct. 17, 1858. On Nov. 26, 1858 it left for Valparaiso, likely in ballast. Martin was her captain during such voyage as per these (1 & 2) contemporary newspaper article which tells us that on Jan. 9, 1859 Gentoo stranded at St. Domingo, 90 miles S. of Valparaiso. And 'filled with the tide'. Signal letters NSVB. Is there anything you can add to the above - or correct? Y

23736

46 Gift (a barque)

358

R. Y. Watson

So far as I can see, this vessel was never listed in Lloyd's Register. It had a very short life. On Jul. 16, 1850, per line 262 on this page, the 358 ton barque was wrecked at Newfoundland, while en route from Montreal, Canada, to Liverpool with a cargo of grain. Crew of 14 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by William Gray. This reference in 'Sailor's Journal & Naval Journal' (a 'Google' book) of Oct. 1850 tells us that the vessel was lost near Portland Creek, on the W. coast of  Newfoundland. Is there anything you can add to this brief record? Y

 

47 Graham (a barque) Note

545/668

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel's initial owner was E. Graham of Newcastle for service from Sunderland to the East Indies. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists E, Graham of Gateshead, as the vessel's then owner. With J. H. Henderson the vessel's captain. Per Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, the vessel was then owned by Edmund Graham of Gatehead.

482

48 Gratitude (a barque)

338/351
later
323

R. H. Potts & Bros.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1865/66, owned throughout that entire period by Potts Bros. of Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel's then owners as being R. H., L. H. & C. H. Potts, all of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Robert H., Lipton H., & Chas. H. Potts. Always for service ex Sunderland, initially to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), from 1851/52 thru 1854/55 to India, from 1855/56 thru 1858/59 to the Mediterranean & from 1861/62 to France. The vessel became of 323 tons in 1861/62. 102.5 ft. long. LR of 1865/66 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy List of 1864 but not in the equivalent list of 1867. This newspaper article advises that the vessel was lost on the Aggerstrand (NW coast of Denmark near Thisted) on Aug. 28, 1865. Shilbo, her Captain, lost his life as did many of her crew - only the mate & one man survived. Can you tell us exactly what happened and/or add anything additional? Y

11799

49 Hannah

224

George Barker Note

M. Stainton

10189

50 Harold

326/363

W. Taylor & Son

Pow & Co. - R. Pow, J. & M. Fawcus & G. Davison in 1856 

34910

51 Harley

228

Unknown to webmaster

J. Harley - E. Blackett in 1856

21024

52 Helen Lindsay (a barque)

450/544
later
499

J. Rogerson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1860/61 & not thereafter. Was always registered at London. The vessel was initially owned, thru 1853/54, by Lindsay of London - W. S. Lindsay then just Lindsay - possibly for service from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, but more certainly for service from London to China. From 1854/55 thru 1857/58, the vessel was, per LR, owned by H. Brown of London for continued service to China ex London. In 1858/59, Bonus & Co., also of London, became the vessel's owner for service from Liverpool to India & from 1859/60 ex London. I have not read what happened to the vessel. But it is possible that its loss may relate to its encountering a hurricane in the Indian Ocean, at about 18S/62E, probably in late Mar. 1860, as a result of which the vessel was damaged. As per this reference in a rather obscure 'Google' book. Can you tell us more? Y

13569

53 Hempsyke

567/663

Peter Austin

Allan & Ss.

 

54 Hendon (a snow)

216
later
203

W. Reed

The vessel's initial owner was Walker & Son, of Sunderland, for Sunderland to London service. Smurthwaite, also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner in 1854/55, for the same service. From 1859/60, J. Crossby of Sunderland was her owner - a Sunderland coaster. On Oct. 4, 1860, per line 338 here, the 203 ton snow was lost at Geestemünde, (i.e. Bremerhaven, Germany) while en route from Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) to London with a cargo of oats. 6 of the 8 crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by William Richardson. Y

2626

55 Hope

246/250

William Doxford & W. Crown

Blakey & - J. Dowthwaite in 1856

12722

56 Isabella & Dorothy (a snow, later a brig)

292/306
later
277

Simpson & Short

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1861/62. Owned, thru 1855/56, by E. Oliver of North Shields, for service from Shields to Barcelona, Spain, & from 1854/55 for service from Bristol to Havana, Cuba. From 1856/57 thru 1860/61, the vessel, now of 277 tons, was owned by Watson & Co. of Newcastle for service from Newcastle to Algiers, Algeria, & from 1859/60 for service from Newcastle to the Mediterranean. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records R. Watson, G. Arnott & J. Ridley Watson, all of Newcastle, & James Morton, Jun., Thos Forster & J. P. Morton, all of Howdon, as the then owners of the Newcastle registered vessel. During such period of 'Watson' ownership, G. Arnott is LR listed as being the vessel's captain. In 1861/62, per LR, G. Arnott of Newcastle became the vessel's owner - while still serving as her captain. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'wrecked'. On Feb. 1, 1862, per line 2097 here, the 277 ton brig stranded near Larnaca (S. coast of Cyprus), while en route from Beyrout (Beirut, Lebanon) to Limasol (Limassol, S. coast of Cyprus) in ballast. Crew of 9 - none lost. The vessel was then owned by George Arnott. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened, or otherwise add anything? Y

2080

57 Janes

198

Booth & Blacklock

Speeding - J. Mills, W. Robinson, J. Dobson, J. Robinson & J. Stewart in 1856

25032

58

Jane Strong (a barque)

325/357
later
357

Wm. Harkass

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed only from 1850/51 thru 1852/53. Owned for that brief period, per LR, by Strong & Co. of Shields. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. On Oct. 13, 1851, per line 1022 here, (image soon) the 357 ton barque was lost, near Talcahuano (central Chile), while en route from Iquique (northern Chile), to England. Crew of 14 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Anthony Strong. Can you tell us about the detail circumstances of her loss? Y

 

59

Janet Willis (a ship)

572/666
later
572

John Smith

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1864/65. Owned for that entire period, per LR, by J. Willis of London. Which means John Willis & Co. J. Willis served as the vessel's captain thru 1853/54. For service from Sunderland to Bombay (now Mumbai), India (in the 1851/64 period), ex London, & (in the 1859/65 period) for service from London to India. LR of 1864/65 notes that the vessel had been 'wrecked'. 129.0 ft. long. On Mar. 1, 1862, per line 2981 here, the 572 ton ship went missing, while en route from Calcutta (now Kolkata), India to Hamburg, Germany, with a cargo of produce. No crew data is provided. Vessel then stated to be owned by John Willis. There is greater detail here about John Willis & Co., & John Willis (1817/1899), known as 'White Hat Willis', re an earlier vessel of the name, a barque built in Sunderland in 1835. Willis & Co. apparently owned Cutty Sark for a great many years. Can you tell us anything more - the circumstances of the ship's loss, perhaps? Y

32728

60 John Bunyan (a barque, later a brig, a barque & a snow)

293/318
later
299

William R. Abbay

The vessel, which I have read was first registered in early May 1850, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1869/70. Per LR, the vessel's initial owner, thru 1857/58, was Black & Co. of Sunderland for consistent service from Sunderland to Barcelona, Spain, with 'T. Dicknsn', presumably T. Dickinson, serving as the vessel's captain. Another WWW sites refers to J. Black, T. Harrison & T. Dickinson, all of Sunderlamd, as the vessel's initial owners. Initially listed as a barque, it became, per LR, a brig in 1855/56. Re the owner's name or names, note that the North of England Shipping Register of 1854 rather lists Margt. Harrison of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner with John Lawson her then captain. In 1858/59, per LR, the vessel, now a barque again, of 299 tons, became owned by Simpson of Banff, Scotland, for service from London to India (in 1858/59 & 1859/60), from London to South America (from 1860/61 thru 1862/63, from Banff to the Mediterranean (in 1863/64) & to the Baltic (in 1864/65). Under 'Simpson' ownership, i.e thru 1864/65 per LR, J. Watt served as the vessel's captain. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists James Simpson of Mains of Collronard, County Banff, as the vessel's then owner. In 1865/66, per LR, M. Arkless of Blyth, Northumberland, became the vessel's owner for service from Newcastle to the Baltic. In 1867/68, again per LR, the vessel became rather owned by E. Arkless of Blyth, for service from Blyth to the Baltic (in 1867/68) from Bristol to the Baltic (in 1868/69) & ex Bristol in 1869/70. Under 'Arkless' ownership, the vessel, per LR, had 3 captains - j. Smith briefly, G. Dunn from 1865/66 thru 1867/68 & H. Taggart thereafter. MNLs of both 1867 & 1868 list Mrs. Mary Arkless, of Blyth, as the owner of the Shields registered vessel. From 1867/68, LR listed the vessel as a snow. 100.0 ft. long, signal letters LDSW. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had 'Foundered'. At an unstated date in Jan. 1869, per line 40 here, the 298 ton 19 year old North Shields brig went missing while en route from Cardiff, Wales, to Lisbon, Portugal, with a cargo of coal. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 9, all lost of course. Her location at the time of loss is not referenced, simply that she went missing 'On Voyage'. This page tells us that the vessel had left Cardiff on Jan. 13, 1869 & had not been heard from since. Another WWW site, to which I am requested not to link, states that the vessel left Cardiff rather on Dec. 19, 1868, was under the command of Hugh Taggart with a Blyth crew of 9, so a crew of 10 all told. Is there anything you can add? A cutting from a Newcastle newspaper, perhaps. Go here for crew lists. Y

12915

61 John & Mary

388/406

Bartram & Lister

John Patton

 

62 Jubilee (a snow)

202
later
188

J. Rogerson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1859/60 & not thereafter. It was owned for that entire period by Gilbert of Guernsey, Channel Islands, with, per LR, J. Stribley her sole captain. For service from Sunderland to Guernsey. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel & when?

14866

63 Julia

220

Peter Austin

Unknown to webmaster

 

64 Katharine Sharer (a barque)

440/512

J. Barkes

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1855/56 & not thereafter. Owned for that entire period by Sharer & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Valparaiso, Chile, & from 1853/54, from London to China. It would seem, however, that by early 1855, the vessel was owned by Wilson of Wapping, London. 120.0 ft. long. On Feb. 23, 1855, the vessel left Gravesend, Kent, for Hobart Town, Tasmania, Captain Thorn in command, with 27 passengers and a general cargo which included 10 (maybe 9) tons of powder i.e. gunpowder & (I have read), 40 tons of lucifer matches. On the afternoon of Jun. 6, 1855, the vessel anchored in the bay at the approaches to Hobart river. At 11 p.m. that evening the vessel was found to be on fire. Which fire rapidly got stronger despite efforts to contain it. It quickly became clear that the vessel was doomed. All aboard left the ship in three boats & were at a safe distance away, maybe even ashore, when there was a giant explosion as the gunpowder blew - at 4 in the morning on the 7th. I read that what must have been a giant piece of the mast, 200 cwt in weight (22,400 pounds) was blown a distance of about a mile & landed deep in the bush. News of the catastrophe, amazingly, did not reach Hobart Town for many days - until Jun. 11, 1855. Annie, a schooner, took the passengers to Hobart while Mimosa took the crew & some salvage. It was suspected that the fire had been deliberately set. But investigations into the matter were not successful & no charges were laid. A contemporary news article is here, an article which misspelled the vessel's name - a common occurrence with this vessel, it would appear. Extensive data. The wreck was sold to F. A. Downing for £300. It was essentially rediscovered in 1929. Y

 

65 Kitty (a barque) 1 (ex 2), 3, 4 (low on page), 5, 6 (a page devoted to the vessel's history).

380/420
later
384

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel was owned, for its entire brief, 10 year, lifetime, by Brooks & Co. of Newcastle, initially for service ex Sunderland but soon for Valparaiso, Chile, ex Newcastle & the Clyde. Which became Newcastle to the Mediterranean & then service ex London. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists J. C. Brooks, & John & Edward Nelson, all of Carville, as the vessel's then owners. With W. Naughter the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 states that her then owners were J. C. Brooks and J. and E. Nelson, both of Carville it would seem (see following entry re Knight), while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states John C. Brooks of Wallsend, and Jno. & Edward Nelson of Carrville. On Aug. 27, 1860, per line 274 here, the 384 ton barque was lost in Hudson's Bay, Canada, while en route from London to Hudson's Bay with a general cargo. All 16 crew lost their lives. The vessel was then owned by John C. Brooks. It is clear, however, that the true story of what happened is quite different. The vessel had been en route to York Factory (Manitoba) from England carrying a year’s supply of goods for that Hudson's Bay Company ('HBay') post, chartered by HBay for that purpose. Link 1 at left is the account of the Chief Mate of the vessel, name of Armstrong. He and 4 others survived the total ordeal, while Alexander Ellis, the captain & 10 others were lost. On Sep. 5, 1859, the vessel had to be abandoned, lying on its side & full of water, severely damaged by ice. At 68.58N/61.48W, I read. Can that location be correct? It would seem to be too far to the north for a voyage to York Factory, located on the western coast of Hudson's Bay. Much hardship resulted both for her crew & for those at York Factory. The entire crew safely made it to Saddle Back Island & they left there in two boats to seek help. The long boat with Captain Ellis & 10 crew members aboard, got separated & Armstrong never saw them again. That 'Ellis' party of 11, I read, landed on Akpatok Island, Ungava Bay, near the Hudson Strait, where they were initially hospitably received by the Esquimaux - 'but as food grew scarce, and the natives began to realize their helpless condition, they were all murdered one night while sleeping in their tents.' We know, thanks to Iain Turner, that William Scott, born about 1815 & a relative of Iain, was one of the 11 who were lost - from the orphanage records of William's son - ‘Father murdered by native Indians in the Davis Straits, from the wrecked Kitty of Newcastle in the fall of 1859’. Iain has long been seeking a Kitty crew list for that fateful voyage. Can you help him in locating one, should it exist?
Iain Turner has been further in touch in Mar. 2018. To advise that he has been able to locate not a Kitty crew list but rather a listing of Kitty's crew members who died in 1859 - from published 'Death at Sea' records. Iain has summarised his knowledge of Kitty's ill-fated crew into this fine informational page. We thank you again, Iain! Y

1127

66 Laurel (a snow)

207

Peter Austin

A vessel which had a very short life indeed. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1850/51 only, both owned & captained by 'Cooper' of Wisbech. For service from Sunderland to Stettin (Szczecin, Poland, on the Baltic). On Nov. 30, 1850, per line 448 here, the 207 ton snow was stranded off Majorca (island of Mallorca, Spanish, Balearic Islands, Mediterranean), while en route from Leghorn (Livorno, Italy) to Liverpool. Crew of 8 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned not by Cooper but rather by Wm. Stevens. Is there anything you can add? Y

 

67 Luna (a snow)

229
later
206

Buchanan and Gibson

Per this newspaper article, Luna was launched, at Ayres Quay, on Jul. 9, 1850. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70 at least. It is not listed in LR of 1871/72. The vessel was owned throughout by Carr & Co. of Sunderland (from 1860/61 J. Carr), for service always ex Sunderland. To the Baltic from 1851/52 thru 1853/54 & from 1860/61 thru 1869/70, & to London from 1854/55 thru 1859/60. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being J. Carr & R. Newton, both of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning James Carr & Robert Newton. Note that R. Newton was, per LR, the vessel's captain thru 1859/60. The vessel became of 206 tons in 1860/61. 88.5 ft. long. The vessel is listed in the Merchant Navy List of 1864 but is not listed in the equivalent list of 1867. A site visitor advises (thanks!) that he has read elsewhere that the vessel was abandoned, on Dec. 4, 1863, in a gale off the Outer Dowsing (a shoal located about 50 miles off the mouth of the Humber), while en route from Sunderland to London with a cargo of coal. Was there any loss of life? Can you i) provide contemporary data that confirms the loss as above, ii) tell us more about her abandonment or iii) otherwise add anything? Y

22283

68 Margaret Macdonald (a schooner, later a brig)

130
later
118

W. Worthy

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 (may also be in 1851/52, the necessary page being missing from the electronic LR copy available to the webmaster) thru 1869/70, then a gap of 4 years, & from 1874/75 thru 1876/77. The vessel, initially a schooner but from 1857/58 a brig, was owned thru 1865/66 by A. Macdonald of Sunderland, as is confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1856.& by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (Alexander Macdonald). For service under Macdonald ownership, thru 1856/57 from Sunderland to the Baltic, in 1857/58 & 1858/59 for service from Cardiff, Wales, to the Baltic, & for service as a Sunderland coaster thereafter. No owner name is listed in LRs of 1866/67 thru 1869/70 which suggests that the vessel may well have been sold. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1867 (page 245, image soon), 1870 & 1875 all record John Raine of North Hylton, Durham, as the then owner of the 118 ton vessel. LR of 1874/75 reports that the brig of 118 tons & 73.0 ft. long, was owned by J. Raine of Sunderland. LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster. LR of 1876/77 lists H. Bloomfield, also of Sunderland, as the brig's then owner & also notes that the vessel was 'Missing'. The Bloomfield ownership is confirmed (Henry Bloomfield) by MNL of 1876. 71.5 ft. long, later 73.0 ft., signal letters JSMN. On Apl. 13, 1876, the vessel left Sunderland for Treport (NE of Dieppe, France) with a cargo of about 200 tons of coal & a crew of 5. The vessel was never heard from again. Then owned by H. Bloomfield of Sunderland. All as per item 330 here. Is there anything you can add? Y

7329

  Marion (a snow) - see here

216/235

J. Rogerson

The vessel was initially owned by W. Moore of Sunderland.

11886

69 Mary Eleanor (a snow, later a brig)

227/230
later
282

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1869/70, & not thereafter. It was owned thru 1855/56, per LR, by 'Haddock' of Sunderland, initially for service from Sunderland to the Baltic & thereafter for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. The vessel would seem to have been London registered from 1854 at least. In 1856/57, per LR, T. Hopper of London became the vessel's owner, thru 1869/70. For service initially from London to the Mediterranean, but from 1859/60 for service ex London with no ports of destination indicated. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 & 1870, both list Thos. D. Hopper, of London, as the owner of the 282 ton vessel. 84.5 ft. long, signal letters JVCF. On Dec. 9, 1872, per line 3157 here, the 282 ton brig foundered in the North Sea, while en route from the Tyne to London. Crew of 7 - none lost. Then owned by J. Chapman & T. C. Jordeson. A rather scanty description, alas, of what happened to her. Can you add anything? Y

7698

70 Mary Louisa

340/360

Unknown to webmaster

G. Avery - also in 1856

24918

71 Meanwell

316/330

Unknown to webmaster

Kelso & C. - J. Wheatley in 1856

 

72 Mercia (a ship, later a barque)

567
later
597

James Laing

The webmaster has not researched this vessel, which was, however, owned by Prowse & Co. of Liverpool & intended for service from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. On Feb. 26, 1854, Mercia was one of many ships engaged by the British Government for service as transport ships re the Crimean War. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that J. Prowse was in 1854 the vessel's owner & that Mercia 'Conveyed artillery, gun-carriages, and horses to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed on various services in the Black Sea, until wrecked off the Katcha, 14 November 1854.' It would seem that she was driven ashore in a hurricane as were many other fleet vessels. Varna is in Bulgaria, on the Black Sea coast. Katcha, now Kacha, is also on the Black Sea coast a little to the N. of Sevastapol.
The above words were written many years ago. Now, having read that Mercia was wrecked in 1854, the webmaster was surprised to find that the vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1873/74. Mercia cannot have been wrecked & must have been repaired & returned to service. For the vessel's entire lifetime, per LR, Mercia was owned by Prowse & Co. of Liverpool. Per the North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 owned by Joshua Prowse, of Liverpool, with John Robbs serving as the vessel's captain. Such ownership is unchanged in the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 & 1867. MNL of 1868 is not available as this listing is updated. It is not listed in MNL of 1870. During the period of Prowse ownership, the vessel, per LR, had just 4 captains. Robb thru 1855/56, F. Johns from 1856/57 thru 1861/62, Simmers from 1861/62 thru 1864/65 & J. Summers after 1864/65. (The webmaster wonders whether Simmers & Summers were, in fact, the same person). For some varied service. To Calcutta from Sunderland in 1850/51 & 1851/52 & from Liverpool in 1852/53. For service ex London from 1853/54 thru 1860/61, including service to Tasmania in 1856/57 & 1857/58. From Liverpool i) to India in 1861/62 & from 1867/68 thru 1873/74, & ii) to the Sandwich Islands from 1864/65 thru 1866/67 & iii) from Sunderland to Callao, Peru, in 1862/63 & 1863/64.
Some details of the vessel's 2 voyages to Australia. The vessel left London on Nov. 6, 1855, William Ward in command, with a general cargo which included some livestock & 18 passengers. It arrived at Hobart Town, Tasmania, on Feb. 14, 1856 & on May 12, 1856 left Hobart for London carrying 26 passengers. The vessel left London, Captain Ward in command, for Hobart (Deal on Dec. 14, 1856) & arrived at Hobart on Mar. 17, 1857 with 10 cabin passengers & 72 bounty immigrants. It left Hobart for Madras (now Chennai), India on or about Apl. 30, 1857 & arrived at Madras on Jul. 9, 1867.
LR first reported the vessel a barque in 1862/63 & at 597 tons in 1864/65. 134.0 ft. long, signal letters PFCN. The webmaster cannot yet tell you what finally happened to Mercia. Can you tell us about it, or add to or correct the above? Y

25224

73

Miaza (a snow, later a brig)

209
later
195

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1869/70, & not thereafter. It was owned thru 1862/63, per LR, by 'Milburns' of Sunderland, thru 1854/55 for service from Sunderland to Southampton, then, from 1855/56 thru 1858/59 for service from Sunderland to the Baltic, & thereafter ex Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records her then owners as being R. Milburn of Sunderland & R. Robinson, sen., of Hunwick. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states her then owners to be Robert and Robert, Jun. Milburn of Sunderland & Robert Robinson, Sen., of Hunwick. In 1862/63, the vessel became of 195 tons, owned by C. Young of Seaham, Durham, for service ex Sunderland. LR records G. Milburn as the vessel's captain for the full period of LR listing, i.e. from 1850/51 thru 1869/70. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 267) & 1870, however, both list Robert Thorman, of Seaham, as the owner of the 196 ton vessel. 84.0 ft. long, signal letters HPNK. On Jan. 14, 1872, per line 2928 here, the 196 ton brig was stranded at Hasboro' (Hasborough Sands, near Cromer, Norfolk), while en route from London to Seaham in ballast. Crew of 6 - none lost. Then owned by Robert Thorman. Note that that last link incorrectly lists the vessel as built in 1856. The detail circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us or otherwise add anything? Y

2542

74 Nepaul (a barque)

405/455
later
430

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is first Lloyd's Register recorded in 1851/52, owned by Blair & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata) India. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T. Blair, G. Spark & T. H. Woods, all of Sunderland, as her then owners, such owner names being clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning Thomas Blair, George Spark & Thomas Woods. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists the vessel as then owned by Wm. L. Hall, of Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland. Lloyd's Register of 1869/70 records the vessel as 'wrecked'. Then owned by W. H. Hall of Sunderland. 115.3 ft. long, signal letters PKST. Can you tell us more? Y

26263

75 Nepaulese Ambassador (a barque)

345/375
later
352

Stothard

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1861/62. It was initially owned by Blair & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. In 1852/53, per LR, Smirke & Co., also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner, thru 1855/56, for continued service from Sunderland to Calcutta. It would appear that in Jun. 1853 the vessel left Calcutta for the Red River Colony at Fremantle/ Perth in Western Australia under the command of captain Jackson. It there loaded a cargo of timber in early Dec. 1853 for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, & arrived there on Dec. 23, 1853 with a few cabin passengers & 33 in steerage. It left Melbourne for Swan River in Feb. 1854 with a cargo of flour. On Jul. 13, 1854 the vessel arrived at Adelaide ex Swan River. There may well be additional references to the vessel at Trove, Australia.
It would seem that the vessel, a part of the estate of Edward Oliver of Liverpool (who died in Oct. 1854), was sold for £5,000 at an auction held in Liverpool on Dec. 7, 1854. See here for the data source.
In 1856/57, per LR, the vessel became owned by White & Co., of Shields, for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being G. & J. White & J. Smith of South Shields, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states George White & John Smith, both of South Shields. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Dec. 27, 1861, per line 1549 here, the 352 ton barque was wrecked in the Co. of Thessaly, (County? of Thessaly, NE Greece), while en route from Syra to Salonica, both Greece, in ballast. Crew of 12 - 11 lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by George White. Can you tell us more about the circumstances of the vessel's loss? Y

26234

76 Nina (a snow, later a brig)

292/278
later
260

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1865/66 & not thereafter. Owned thru 1854/55 by Thompson of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Boston, U.S.A.. In 1855/56, Brown & Co. of Stockton, became the vessel's owner for service from London to the Crimea, soon Stockton to the Mediterranean. During the period of Brown & Co. ownership, A. Brown was her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being T. Brown, sen., M. Hodgson, and A. Unthank of Staiths, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Thomas Brown, Sen., Margaret Hodgson & Ann Unthank. In 1861/62, W. Potts of Whitby became the owner of the now 260 ton snow, for service ex Liverpool. LR of 1865/66 records no owner name. Clearly the vessel was sold. 93.0 ft. long, signal letters HQTB. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel as then registered at Whitby & owned by George Wright of York. On Mar. 24, 1871, per line 1295 here, the 278 ton brig was stranded near Gluckstadt (Elbe river near Hamburg, Germany), while en route from Shields to Hamburg with a cargo of coal. Crew of 5 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by George Wright. That last link incorrectly lists the vessel as built in 1851. Y

2836

77 Ocean Breeze (a snow, later a brig)

298/301
later
275

William Doxford & W. Crown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1864/65 & not thereafter. Owned thru 1862/63 by Brantingham of Sunderland, for initial service to the Mediterranean, & also, during those years, to Montreal, Canada, & to the Black Sea. Ex many ports - i.e. ex Sunderland, Liverpool, Swansea & Cardiff. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists George Brantingham of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner, as does Turnbull's Register of 1856. LR of 1863/64 & 1864/65 does not identify the then owner. 95.0 ft. long, signal letters PJFL. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel as then registered at Middlesbrough & owned by Elliott Baxter of Middelesbro', Yorkshire. On Apl. 17, 1870, per line 171 here, the 276 ton brig was stranded at Kaafjord, northern Norway (now Gáivuotna-Kåfjord, near Tromsø) while en route from Newcastle to Kaafjord with a cargo of coal. Crew of 9 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Elliot Baxter. Y

25972

78 Ocean Queen (a snow)

150
later
186

Unknown to webmaster

Some confusion as to her name - sometimes referred to as Ocean's Queen. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1857/58, initially owned by Lowes & Co. of Newcastle, which I suspect correctly should have read Lawes & Co. (E. Lawes was her captain) of Sunderland as LR reported in the following years. For service from London to the Mediterranean and then for many years ex Londonderry. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 however lists Thomas Minikin of Sunderland as her then owner while here advising, at page bottom, that the vessel had been lost. Y

15281

79 Pero (a snow or brig)

212
later
195

T. Lightfoot

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1866/67. The vessel was initially owned, per LR in 1851/52 & 1852/53 only, by Pearce & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. With R. Mitchell serving as the vessel's captain. In 1853/54, Milburn & Co. of Blyth became the vessel's owners & per LR continued to own the vessel thru 1862/63. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists Wm Milburn & John Cole, both of Blyth, as the then owners of the Shields registered vessel, with John Cole being the vessel's captain. Such ownership is confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1856 & by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. Under 'Milburn' ownership, the vessel served Bastia, Corsica, ex Blyth (in the period of 1853/1856), served from Swansea, Wales, to the Mediterranean in 1856/57 thru 1858/59, served Copenhagen, Denmark, ex Blyth in 1859/60 thru 1861/62 & served Archangel, Russia, ex Blyth from 1862/63. This page re William Milburn tells us (thanks!) that from about 1852 the vessel, said to be a barque, carried coal ex both Newbiggin & Blyth. With 3 captains per LR, i.e. J. Cole from 1853/54 thru 1855/56 & from 1859/60 thru 1862/63, S. Milburn from 1856/57 thru 1858/59 & W. Brown from 1862/63. The vessel first became LR listed at 195 tons in 1859/60. Now LR of 1862/63 did list 'Milburn' as the vessel's owner but struck the name out. LR's of 1864/65 thru 1866/67 list no owner name at all. However, the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') has come to our rescue. In 1864, per MNL, the vessel was registered at Shields. In 1865, the vessel was registered at Whitby & owned by John Bedlington of Whitby. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1868. LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 90.0 ft. long, signal letters LDSB. It was a pleasure to find at 'Shipsnostalgia.com' what finally happened to the vessel. This page tells us that on Dec. 2, 1866 the vessel was driven ashore at North Beach, Yarmouth, Norfolk, further that the wreck was later sold at auction. They also clarify an early owner name. i.e. T. Pearce & W. Thackrey of Sunderland. And that W. Milburn in 1857 transferred the vessel to Watts, Milburn & Co. of Newcastle. Who sold it in 1864 to J. Bedlington. Can you tell us more? Y

12901

80

Phoebe Dunbar

630/704

Unknown to webmaster

Duncan Dunbar

6073

81 Prospect

286/289

Bartram & Lister

R. Wright, maybe William & Robert Wright

 

82 Prudence (a snow, but also listed as a barque)

315/345

Todd & Brown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1855/56 only. It was launched on Mar. 27, 1850 as per this (in blue) launch announcement. It was owned throughout such period, per LR, by J. Hall of South Shields, for service from Sunderland to Havana, Cuba, thru 1853/54 & from Gloucester to Quebec, Canada, in 1854/55 & 1855/56. With J. Crutwell her captain thru 1853/54 & then R. Crowley. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists the Shields registered vessel as a barque, owned by John Lawrence Hall & George Davison Hall, both of South Shields, with Robt. Crowley her then captain. I cannot tell you yet what happened to the vessel but it would seem that the vessel was lost in late 1855 or early 1856. Can you tell us what in fact happened? Y

2336

83 Raven (a snow)

224
later
210

R. H. Potts & Bros.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1864/65. Per this newspaper article, the vessel was launched on Jul. 9, 1850. Was owned thru 1862/63 by Potts & Co. of Sunderland. For service, always ex Sunderland, to the Baltic in 1851/52, to London from 1852/53 thru 1854/55, to France from 1855/56 thru 1858/59, just ex Sunderland thereafter. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel's then owners as being J. Firth & R. H. Potts & Brothers, both of Sunderland. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies that J. Firth meant John Firth. In 1861/62 the vessel became of 210 tons. In 1862/63, R. Thrift of Blyth became the vessel's owner for service from Blyth to the Baltic. The Mercantile Navy List of 1864 advises that the vessel was then registered at Shields. LR of 1864/65 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 88.0 ft. long. I cannot yet tell you where & when the vessel was wrecked. Can you tell us? Or otherwise add anything? Y

32922

84 Resolution (a barque)

324/339

James Hardie

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1862/63. The webmaster believes that this newspaper article, records the launch of the vessel on Jul. 8, 1850. Hopefully a site visitor will in due course confirm or deny that belief. The vessel was, per LR, initially owned by Clark & Co. of Newcastle, for service from Shields to Spain thru 1852/53 & from Shields to the Mediterranean in 1853/54 & 1854/55. In 1855/56, S. Gopcevich of Trieste (then Austria now Italy), became the vessel's owner for service from Hull to the Mediterranean, thru 1859/60 at least. I say at least because the data available in the LR listings from 1860/61 thru 1862/63 is modest. 'S. Gopcevich' seems likely to mean Spiridione Gopcevich (1). I cannot tell you what finally happened to the vessel and when. Is it possible that you know the vessel's fate? If so, do consider being in touch with the webmaster. Y

 

85 Resolution (a barque)

368/419
later
390

Hylton Carr of North Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1865/66. The vessel was, per LR, initially owned by J. Rodham, of Sunderland, thru 1859/60, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean thru 1854/55 & for service ex London thereafter. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. Rodham of Hylton as her then owner, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (image soon) lists the vessel as then registered at Scarborough & owned by John Rodham of Scarborough. In 1860/61, the vessel became of 390 tons, & became owned, thru 1861/62 only, by Doxford of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland. In 1861/62, Nicholson Jun., also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner for continued service ex Sunderland, for service from Swansea, Wales, to Madiera in 1863/64 & for service from Sunderland to Montreal, Canada, in both 1864/65 & 1865/66. The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1860 & 1864, registered back at Sunderland. LR of 1865/66 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 110.0 ft. long. I cannot tell you what finally happened to the vessel and when. Can you tell us more? Y

12310

86 Robert

24

Peter Austin

For own account

 

87 Rockcliff (a barque)

660/779
later
660/770
later
688

Robert Thompson & Sons

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1870/71. Owned thru 1860/61 by E. Graham of Newcastle for service to India (Calcutta & Madras) ex various U.K. ports (Sunderland, Shields, & London). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists E. Graham of Gateshead as her then owner, clarified in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to be Edmund Graham then of Newcastle. From 1861/62, LR lists Simpson & Co. of London as her owner for service from Plymouth to India, ex London & from London to Australia. 146.0 ft. long, signal letters PBWD. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, however, records the vessel as then registered at London & owned by Thos. B. Spence of that city. LR of 1870/71 states 'foundered'. On Nov. 21, 1870, per line 545 here, the 688 ton barque foundered in the China Sea while en route from Bangkok to Hong Kong with a cargo of rice. Crew of 23 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by William Simpson. Y

24707

88 Rodney

785/877

Arrow Leithead

J. Hay of Sunderland. But soon Duncan Dunbar of London

6127

89 Royal Thistle

270/297

Unknown to webmaster

T. Sharer -  J. (John) S. Harper & J. (James) Reay in 1856 & 1858

9964

90 Sarah (a brig or snow)

281/314
later
291

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1862/63. It was, per LR, owned throughout that period by Barras & Co. of North Shields. Initially for service from Sunderland to North America, but from 1852/53 always for service ex Shields - to the Mediterranean (thru 1857/58) to France in 1858/59, to Lisbon, Portugal, in the 1859/1861 period & to the West Indies from 1861/62. The vessel became of 291 tons, per LR, in 1859/60. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. Barrass of Seghill, M. Barrass of Benton, & J. Barrass, jun., of West Cramlington, as the then owners of the 314 ton snow, which owner names are clarified in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Jas. Barrass, Matthew Barrass (of Benton Square) & Jas. Barrass, jun. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Nov. 15, 1862, per line 2515 here, the 314 ton brig was abandoned on the Banks of Newfoundland while en route from Montreal, Canada, to Gloucester, Gloucestershire, with a cargo of timber. Crew of 13 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by James Barrass. Can you tell us more? Y

4982

91 Sarah Anne (a barque)

340/352

John Smith of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70 & not thereafter. It was, per LR, owned thru 1856/57 by Riddell of London for service from London to Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, to 1854/55 (at least) & in 1856/57 for service ex London. The vessel's voyages to Australia i) On Dec. 18, 1850 the vessel left Gravesend, London, for Launceston & on Jan 18, 1852 she finally left for London with 14,004 oz. of gold. In between she sailed to Adelaide & back, went to Adelaide & Melbourne & back before leaving for London. ii) On Nov 11, 1852 the vessel arrived at Launceston & on Feb. 13, 1853 left for London. iii) The vessel left London on Sep. 8, 1853 & arrived at Launceston on Dec. 9, 1853 after a passage of 91 days. She left for London on Mar. 24, 1854 with a cargo of wool. iv) The vessel left London in Sep. 1854 for Launceston & arrived there on Jan. 9, 1855. She later left Launceston for London on Mar. 19, 1855 & arrived back at London on Jul. 4, 1855. v) In Sep. 1855 she again left London for Launceston, left on her return voyage on May 4, 1856 with a cargo of wool & arrived back at Gravesend on Aug. 24, 1856. In 1857/58, per LR, Drager & Co. of London (Draeger & Co. from 1861/62) became the vessel's owner for service ex London & from London to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, from 1861/62. 104.0 ft. long, signal letters PCKF. I have not read what finally happened to the vessel. In that regard, the vessel was listed in the Mercantile Navy List of 1864 but not that of 1867. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel & when? Y

24813

92 Star in the East (a barque)

308/314 became 287

Richard Wilkinson

T. Kish thru 1861/62 when became Anthony Cockerill, both of Sunderland. Last Lloyd's Register recorded 1869/70 (Cockerill) however the Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records William Steel of Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire, as the then owner

11534

93 Stephen Huntly, later Stephen Huntley (a snow, later a ship)

269/276
later
255

W. Carr

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1863/64. Always listed as Stephen Huntly. The vessel was owned throughout that entire period, per LR, by Huntly, of Sunderland, for initial service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, from 1855/56 for service from Sunderland to the Black Sea, from 1859/60 for service from Newport, Wales, to the Mediterranean & from 1861/62 for service ex Gloucester. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel as then owned by D. & J. B. Huntly, of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning Daniel & Jeptha B. Huntley. Even though not reflected in LR, it would seem that i) the family changed the spelling of its family name - from Huntly to Huntley, & ii) similarly had changed the vessel's name - from Stephen Huntly to Stephen Huntley. LR of 1861/62 first records the vessel as a ship. LR of 1863/64 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. 91.0 ft. long. On Dec. 4, 1862, per line 2875 here, the 255 ton ship named Stephem Huntley stranded on Sherringham Shoal (off Sheringham on the Norfolk coast). Crew of 12 - none lost. Then owned by Jeptha Ballantine Huntley. Detail as to the vessel's route & cargo is not there provided. Anything you can add? Y

12347

94 Successor

280

J. Candlish

Culliford of  Sunderland

 

95 Sultan (a snow)

247
later
222
later
223
later
230

Forrest & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1880/81. Owned thru 1855/56 by W. Burdes of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. The vessel became of 222 tons in 1856/57. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records the vessel as registered at Shields with G. Ward its then owner. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the Shields registered vessel as owned by Gilbert Ward & Henry Shadforth, both of Blyth. LR of 1856/57 thru 1859/60 records 'Shadforth' as the vessel's then captain. LR however, lists the vessel from 1856/57 as owned by Watts & Co. of Blyth. Now Watts & Co. & related entities owned the vessel, per LR, thru 1880/81, i.e. Watts & Co. thru 1874/75 & Watts Milburn & Co. from 1876/77 at least, of North Shields in 1876/77 & of London thereafter. T. Watts is LR listed as the vessel's captain from part way thru 1861/62 thru part way thru 1866/67. The Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1867 (page 366, image soon) & 1870 list E. H. Watts, jun. of Blyth as the then owner of the Shields registered vessel, while the equivalent list of 1880 lists the vessel as registered at London & owned by Edmd. Hannah Watts of London. Under 'Watts' ownership the vessel served the Mediterranean ex Blyth thru 1859/60, served ex London in 1860/61, served the Baltic ex Blyth from 1861/62 thru 1866/67, served the Baltic ex Leith, Scotland, in 1867/68 & 1868/69, and served the Baltic ex Blyth again from 1869/70 thru 1872/73. It served as a London coaster in 1873/74. The vessel, per LR, became of 223 tons by 1876/77 & 230 tons in 1878/79. 98.0 ft. long, signal letters KTFM. LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel & when? Y

11573

96 Talavera

917

James Laing

Duncan Dunbar

 

97 Temperance Star (a snow)

141
later
146
later
126

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1871/72. Owned thru 1853/54 by N. Smirk of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London. From 1854/55 thru 1871/72, LR lists W. Wright of Ipswich, Suffolk, as her owner for service ex Ipswich, as an Ipswich coaster, to the Baltic, &, in 1869/70, to Oporto, Portugal. From 1854/55 to 1863/64, W. Wright was the vessel's captain. In 1871/72, J. Blyth of Wivenhoe (NE Essex near Colchester) became her owner. 75.5 ft. long, signal letters PCRQ. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel as then registered at Ipswich & owned by William Wright. LR of 1871/72 states 'LOST'. On Dec. 3, 1871, per line 1693 here, the 126 ton snow stranded at Shuschegat (where is it, I wonder), while en route from Ipswich to Antwerp with a cargo of wheat. Crew of 7 - none lost. Vessel then owned by Joseph Blyth. Y

24896

98 Thomas Gowland (a snow)

229
later
210

J. Rogerson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1856/57 & not thereafter. Owned throughout, per LR, by 'Rodgers'n' of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being, however, W. O. Bradley, S. L. and A. Gordon, all of Sunderland. Note in that regard that LR lists S. Gordon as always the vessel's captain. The vessel was driven on shore at Yarmouth in early Jan. 1857 during what must have been an enormous storm. As per this newspaper cutting. When carrying a cargo of coal. It would seem likely that the vessel was, in fact, wrecked at that time. With no loss of life. Is there anything you can add? Y

24424

99 Trial (a brigantine) 1

119
later 112 & 113

G. W. & W. J. Hall of Monkwearmouth Shore

Thru 1858/59 Cox, thru 1860/61 J. Fell, both of Wisbeach, thru 1866/67 Saunders & Co. of Plymouth. The vessel is not recorded in Lloyd's Register after 1866/67, however the Mercantile Navy List of 1870 advises the then owner to be Thomas Jones Stevens of Plymouth. Gary Hicks advises (thanks!) that the vessel left Liverpool in early 1873 & was never heard from again. Maybe lost on Feb. 2, 1873.

23375

100 Troubadour

266

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Lumsden

11535

101 Truth (a schooner)

121/131 later 111

W. H. Pearson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register listed from 1850/51 thru 1865/66, a gap of 8 years, & then from (it would seem) 1874/75 thru 1886/87. It was launched on Mar. 27, 1850 as per this (in red) launch announcement. It was initially owned, per LR, thru 1854/55, by J. Lennox of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic, with W. Laws her captain. The vessel is not listed in Marwood's North of England Directory of 1854, suggesting that the vessel was then no longer registered at Sunderland. From 1855/56 thru 1857/58, per LR, the vessel was both owned & captained by J. Isabell, of Fowey, Cornwall, for service as a Cardiff coaster. From 1858/59 thru 1865/66, per LR, the vessel was owned by 'Esselley & Co.', also of Fowey, for service as a Fowey coaster. Such owner name may well be incorrect. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 (page 386, image soon) advises that W. F. Essell, of Fowey, was the vessel's then owner. Though LR is silent for many years, MNL of 1870 tells us that T. W. Beale of Fowey was the then owner of the vessel, now of 111 tons. Of interest, T. Beale, per LR, served as the vessel's captain thru the entire period of Esselley & Co. ownership. When LR listing recommenced, in 1874/75, & thru 1886/87, H. Waymouth of Plymouth, Devon, was recorded as the owner of the vessel, now registered at Plymouth. MNLs of 1875 (link needs to be corrected when possible), 1880 & 1885 all clarify the owner's name as meaning Henry (Hen.) Waymouth. A puzzle, indeed, is that on Dec. 29, 1880, the vessel was offered for sale by order of the Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice. Presumably the result of a law case of some sort, but maybe there are other possible reasons. A puzzle because there would seem not to have been a change in ownership. 74.0 ft. long, later (from 1874/75 per LR) 74.1 ft., signal letters KSRD. I am not aware of what finally happened to the vessel. Can you tell us? The vessel is not listed in LR of 1887/78.

11463

102 Vesper (a snow)

224 later 209

William Reed of Washington

The vessel, which I have read was completed in Mar. 1850, is Lloyd's Register listed from 1850/51 thru 1867/68, always owned, per LR, by 'Wilkinson' of Hartlepool. Which, it would seem, meant Thomas, George & Matthew Wilkinson. For service ex Sunderland thru 1854/55, from Hartlepool to the Mediterranean from 1855/56 thru 1858/69 & from Hartlepool to Hamburg, Germany, from & after 1859/60. For most of those years, LR did not reference a captain's name. However from 1855/56 thru 1858/59 LR did record 'Ferguson' as her then captain. Marwood's North of England Maritime Registry of 1854 (link hopefully soon) lists Thomas Wilkinson of Hartlepool as her then owner with Martin Poll her then captain. Such owner name is confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1855 with J. (John) Ferguson her then captain. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists George & Matthew Wilkinson of Hartlepool as the then owners of the 209 ton snow. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1870 similarly list George Wilkinson of Hartlepool as the vessel's then owner. 87.0 ft. long, signal letters NPDT. On Oct. 18, 1869, per line 33 on this page, the vessel stranded at the Tees Breakwater, Coatham, Yorkshire, while en route from Gefle (now Gävle, Sweden) to Hartlepool with a cargo of deals & iron. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 6, two of whom lost their lives. The above text includes data from this fine site (thanks!) which talks of her loss a little differently, i.e. that the vessel, under the command of James Kitteringham, went ashore on the South Gare Breakwater at Redcar during fierce storms. Further that the captain was washed overboard & drowned, while a crew member sustained a compound fracture of the leg but presumably did not lose his life. Such site provides much additional detail of interest about the vessel, particularly that 'S. Chapman' was the vessel's captain in 1864/65 & that the vessel featured a female bust figurehead, which figurehead was apparently removed on Dec. 7, 1855. Extensive detail about Wilkinson & Sons with biographical data of family members & others can be accessed here. Is there anything you can add? Y

22843

103 Victoria

317/327

Unknown to webmaster

J. Donkin - still in 1856

5370

104 Vienna (a brig, later a snow)

225/209
later
191
later
192

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1869/70. It was initially owned by J. Hay of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to London. In 1852/53, per LR, Rutherford of Sunderland became the vessel's owner, thru to 1869/70, but note however that from 1857/58 Rutherford is stated to be rather of Seaham. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, ex Liverpool, in 1856/57 from Belfast, Ireland, to Llanelly, Wales, ex Sunderland to both London & to Archangel, Russia, & as a Sunderland coaster. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists C. Craig & T. H. Rutherford, of Seaham-harbour as her then owners, such owner names being  clarified in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Charlton Craig & Thos. H. Rutherford. Note, however, that the Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1867 & 1870 list the Sunderland registered vessel as owned by Isaac Bedlington of Hartlepool. 87.5 ft. long. On Dec. 12, 1871, per line 2105 here, the 192 ton snow was involved in a collision and sank off Dudgeon (20 miles N. of Wells, Norfolk, I think), while en route from Hartlepool to Dover with a cargo of coal. Crew of 7 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Isaac Bedlington. The circumstances of her loss & the name of the vessel with which she collided have not yet come to hand. Anything you can add? Y

8186

105 Violet

203

John Smith of Pallion

Hutchinson of Sunderland

23737

106 Wentworth Beaumont

272

James Hardie

Clarke & Co.

633

107 William (a snow)

290
later
300
later
277

G. Bainbridge of Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1867/68 & not thereafter. It was initially owned by Gordon Bros., of London, for service from Newport, Wales, to Africa, in 1855/56 for service ex London. The vessel became of 300 tons in 1856/57. From 1856/57 thru 1866/67, per LR, Broomhead of Scarborough, Yorkshire, owned the vessel, initially for service from Liverpool to the West Indies, but from 1859/60 for service ex London. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Edward Broomhead, R. Cross and others as her then owners. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 however, lists on page 413, Edwin Broomhead, of Scarborough as the vessel's then owner. No owner name is recorded in LR of 1867/68. The 1870 Mercantile Navy Lists has the vessel (on page 413), now registered at Sunderland, as then owned by Mrs. Mary Mason, of Sunderland. 95.0 ft. long, signal letters LPMG. On Nov. 12, 1872, per line 2688 here, the 277 ton snow stranded at Havaloerne (where is it?), while en route from Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) to London with a cargo of deals & iron. Crew of 8 - none lost. Vessel then owned by Mary Mason. The circumstances of the vessel's loss have not yet come to hand. Anything you can add? Y

14765

108 William (rig unknown)

30

E. Bailey

I have really not tried to check Lloyd's Register ('LR') re this vessel because it is so very tiny & surely not LR listed. The North of England Register of 1854 does record the vessel (3rd line), then registered at Sunderland, owned by William Brown with Edw. Brown her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel, then owned by W. Thackray of Sunderland. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists William Thackray of Sunderland. The vessel is recorded in the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1870 & 1872, owned by William Thackray of Monkwearmouth. MNLs of 1875, 1876 & 1879 are not available as this vessel is listed. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1889. Do you have anything to add? Y of 30 tons

2729

109 Wreath

296

James Laing

J. Laing

 

110 Zosteria 1

171

George Barker Note

'Good'rn' & Co., later T. C. Goodwin

26109

 

 

-----

 

 

 

 

Total tonnage

 

 

 

 

 

 

-----

 

 

 

What were the official build numbers for 1850? Do please advise me if you know. 'Where Ships Are Born' states 158 vessels & 50,000 tons. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states 158 vessels & 51,374 tons. Can you help correct the above list?

1851 (Just a start. Can you provide a list? Do please advise me if you have data. Corrections will surely be required in the data that follows.)

#

Name

Gross

Builder

Built for

Official No.

1

Abrota (a barque)

294/300

Buchanan & Gibson of Ayre's Quay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 to 1855/56 only, owned throughout that brief period by Briard & Co. of Jersey, Channel Islands. For service from Sunderland to Bordeaux, France, thru 1854/55 & from the Clyde to the West Indies in 1855/56. A site visitor advises that he has read that the vessel was wrecked on Jun. 5, 1855 while en route from Llanelly, Wales, to the island of Curaçao (Lesser Antilles, Caribbean). On the NE coast of Klein Curaçao (known in English as Little Curaçao), a small uninhabited island SE of the island of Curaçao. Is there anything you can add? Y

18366

2

Agra

650/714

Unknown to webmaster

J. Shepherd

24951

3

Akbar (a ship)

718/819

J. Crown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 to 1871/72, owned throughout that entire period by Luscombe of London, with, per LR, D. Milne her initial captain, thru 1856/57. Her later captains per LR were Seon or T. Seon (likely from 1857/58 thru 1862/63) & then J. Pizzey (later J. Pizzie) from 1862/63 thru 1871/72 (listed as J. Plazey? in 1862/63). For service from London to China in 1851/52 thru 1853/54, from London to Australia (in 1854/55 thru 1856/57), from London to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1866/67 & otherwise ex London. So far as I can see, the vessel made two voyages to Australia, with T. Seon in command & not D. Milne. i) On Jan. 4, 1854, the vessel arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, ex London & left on Mar. 1, 1854 for Guam in ballast, via Shanghai, China, it would seem. ii) On May 25, 1855 the vessel left Greenock, Scotland for Sydney & arrived there on Sep. 27, 1855 with a varied general cargo & 16 passengers. Amongst the cargo was iron work & machinery for 3 iron steam ferry boats imported for Mr. Crook of Balmain. I did not spot the date or destination of its later departure. 146.5 ft. long. I cannot yet tell you what finally happened to the vessel & when. Is there anything you can add? Y

16387

4

Ashmore

430/512

George Barker Note

Alcock & Co.

 

5 Barbaras (a snow, later a brig)

222/232
later
196

E. Brown

I have listed this vessel as Barbaras, despite the listing of the vessel, in Lloyd's Registers ('LR') of 1851/52 thru 1858/59, & not thereafter, as Barbara's. Why? Because The Merchant Navy List (insert 2104) records Barbaras, as do two published ship registers. LR states that the vessel was owned by T. Coltman of South Shields for service from Shields to Spain & from 1854/55 from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists B. Coltman, of South Shields, as the then owner of Barbaras. On Jun. 13, 1856, the vessel was offered for sale, at Newcastle, having just discharged wheat from Constantinople. From 1857/58, LR lists W. C. Allen of South Shields as her owner, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Wm. C. Allen & Thomas Winn, both of South Shields, as owners of the 196 ton brig. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel? She probably was lost in 1859. Y

2104

6 Bartley (a snow)

200/185

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel was owned, for its entire lifetime, by Light & Co. of Littlehampton, West Sussex, for service from Sunderland to Littlehampton. Light & Co. are recorded at Southampton in 1860/61 for service Sunderland to Southampton. On Sep. 12, 1860, per line 297 here, the 200 ton snow was stranded at Fårö Island (NE tip of Gotland Island) while en route from Norrkoping (eastern Sweden) to Windau (Ventspils, Latvia). It would seem that none of the 10 man crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by L. Light. Y

2868

7 Bosphorus (a barque)

350/395

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel was owned, for its entire if brief lifetime, by Newton & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, later to C'qmbo' (Coquimbo, Chile, I presume). On Sep. 14, 1860, per line 303 here, the 361 ton barque was stranded at Cape Hollanders (where is it? Likely in the Caribbean), while en route from Honduras to the U.K. with timber. It would seem that none of the 13 man crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by Matthew Newton. A puzzle perhaps is that the vessel continued to be Lloyd's Register recorded thru 1865/66. Y

14182

8

Bride (a barque)

470/554
later
517

W. Briggs, or maybe Wm Harkass

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1873/74, owned thru 1856/57, per LR, by Carter & Co., of London, for service ex London & from 1853/54 for service from London to Melbourne, Australia. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that John Temperley of London was in 1854 the vessel's owner, that Bride was chartered to provide services related to the Crimean War from Mar. 15, 1854, & particularly that Bride 'Conveyed commissariat stores to Constantinople, and since employed as a commissariat stores-ship at the Crimea'. It would appear, incidentally, that Carter & Temperley were business associates - there are references elsewhere in this site to Temperley, Carter & Drake, of London. From 1857/58, LR records Temperley & Co., of London, as the vessel's owner for service ex London & in 1859/1861, for service from London to Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). In the 1861/63 period, LR notes service from Sunderland to China, & in the period of 1863/66 service from London to New Zealand. LR from 1860/61 identifies the builder as bring W. Briggs - but I have read also that Wm Harkass had built the vessel. Can anybody resolve that matter? The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 51, image soon) as bring of 517 tons & owned by John Temperley of London, but the vessel seems not to be recorded in the equivalent listing of 1870 (also on page 51). 126.5 ft. long, signal letters PLQV. Data as to what finally happened to the vessel is not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened to her & when? Or otherwise add anything? Y

26564

9

Britannia (a barque)

331/354

Booth & Blacklock

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1856/57, owned for that entire period, per LR, by J. Twizell of North Shields, with, per LR, always a 'Twizell' as the vessel's captain - initially 'Twizell' & from 1852/53 'B. Twizell'. For initial service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, but from 1852/53 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. I have read, that the vessel was owned by John & J. S. Twizell of North Shields. 101.4 ft. long. It would appear, however, that from Jul. 14, 1853 to Jan. 14, 1854, and indeed for some time previously, W. Hawkins was the vessel's captain. Further that the vessel was chartered for a voyage from Cardiff to Alicante (Mediterranean coast of Spain), thence to Constantinople & the Black Sea. At Kertch (Ukraine, Crimea, Black Sea), the vessel took on a cargo, likely grain, & 'sailed homeward'. The vessel was last seen on Dec. 25, 1853 & in early Jan. 1854 (no exact date stated) the vessel was lost on the coast of Spain with all hands lost. Including, therefore, her captain W. Hawkins. The Hawkins estate sued in the Durham 1855 summer assizes for his salary as master & was partially at least successful in their claim. As you can read here ex here, a 'Google' book. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you add anything? I have read that the vessel was rather found dismasted & leaking while en route from Cadiz, Spain, to Quebec, Canada. Further that the vessel sank on Apl. 20, 1854 with the entire crew being rescued. We might best keep an open mind as to the vessel's loss until additional data is received. Y

 

10

Calumet (a snow)

208/195
later
177

Bartram & Lister

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. It would seem that the vessel was always registered at Sunderland. It was initially owned by T. Booth, of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (& possibly initially for service from Sunderland to the Baltic). LR indicates that during such period of 'Booth' ownership, A. Booth was consistently the vessel's captain. I have previously noted in this spot that 'T. Booth' maybe relates to Andrew Booth & Bros. In 1856/57, per LR, J. French, of Seaham Harbour, became the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to London. Strangely, Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel not once but rather twice - as a 195 ton snow owned by T. Booth of Sunderland & also as a 177 ton snow owned by J. French of Seaham-harb. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies that J. French means John French. On Nov. 15, 1861, per line 1451 here, the 177 ton snow was lost near Cuxhaven (at the mouth of Elbe river, Germany), while en route from Cuxhaven to England. Crew of 7 - none lost. Vessel then owned by John French. The circumstances of the vessel's loss have not yet come to hand. Anything you can add? Y

25782

11

Canopus, later Hebe (a barque) 1 (ref. Aug. 29, 2013, search for Canopus)

325/331
later
297

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1871/72. It was initially owned by Crosby & Co, of Sunderland, for service ex Sunderland to the Cape of Good Hope, Cape Town, South Africa ('CGH'). The vessel was moored at Table Bay, South Africa, on Jul. 15, 1854, in process of discharging her cargo, when she was driven ashore in a violent gale. Many other ships suffered a similar fate indeed 32 were sunk or destroyed that day. The entire crew was rescued & safely landed on shore by lifeboat. I presume she must later have been floated off. From 1853/54 thru 1856/57, Laroche & Co. of London is listed as the vessel's owner, for service from London to CGH. On Jul. 1, 1856, Canopus arrived at Sydney, Australia, ex Liverpool. She moved on to Newcastle, New South Wales, carried coal & other cargo to Hobart, Tasmania, & on Oct. 28, 1856 left Hobart for Mauritius, in ballast. From 1857/58 thru 1860/61, Cooper & Co. of London is listed as her owner for service from London to Bahia, Brazil. In 1861/62, G. Lawrence of Hull is recorded as her owner for service from Hull to New York, U.S.A. I cannot tell you when they sold it - LR lists no owner in the registers of years 1862/63 thru 1868/69. I understand, however, that it was owned by a Dr. Wilkinson of Hartlepool who sold it to 'Bedlington'. From 1869/70 thru 1870/71, Bedlington (of Whitby, it would appear) is listed as the owner of the Hartlepool registered vessel for service from Hartlepool to the Baltic. Such data would seem to be doubtful, however - read on. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists G. Wilkinson of Hartlepool as her then owner. 100.5 ft. long, no signal letters indicated. On Jun. 20, 1870, the vessel, carrying timber, went aground on Maplin Sands - near Southend-on-Sea - was floated off the next morning. LR of 1871/72 states 'wrecked'. On Dec. 7, 1870, per line 580 here, but with some webmaster data modifications, the 297 ton barque was abandoned in the Baltic, while en route from Memel (then E. Prussia, now Klaipėda, Lithuania) to London - with a cargo of timber. Crew of 11 - 3 lost including Jenkinson, her captain. The vessel left Memel on Dec. 1, 1870, ran into a heavy gale later that day & next morning sprang a leak. The mate went below to inform the captain of the leak and while both were below decks the vessel capsized. With difficulty the captain & mate reached the deck. It took the crew some hours to cut away the vessel's rigging & once that was accomplished the vessel righted itself. One crew member was swept away & drowned during that effort. The crew clung to the decks for about a day & a half, during which time the captain & another crew member died due to exposure in the cold, wet & severe conditions. An unnamed schooner found the remaining crew (8 I presume) & took them to Copenhagen, Denmark, all suffering from starvation & severe frostbite. Canopus was accordingly abandoned.  Lumsden, a steamer, found the derelict barque & towed it to Danzig, now Gdańsk, Poland. Where the waterlogged vessel was pumped out and said to be water-tight. What later happened to the vessel? It sounds like she might have been repaired & continued to serve perhaps under another name? Need help to detail what finally happened to the vessel. The contemporary British newspapers have many Dec. 1870 articles about the disaster - a friend of the site has provided a few of such articles (1, 2). At the time of her abandonment, the vessel was stated to be owned by Matthew Storm. I suggested above that a repaired Canopus may well have continued in service under another name. Hermann Behrent has since been in touch to advise that the vessel, renamed Hebe, signal letters HFQL, was owned by Captain C. G. Claaßen (Claasen), of Danzig Neufahrwasser, Danzig, thru 1877. In 1877, the vessel was sold to Hermann Wilhelm Behrent, fleet owner, also of Danzig - Hermann Behrent's grandfather. Though a 'Claasen' would seem to have continued to be her captain thru 1887 when the vessel was eventually sold for demolition. All as you can read here, or, Google translated into English, here. We thank you, Hermann! Y

23233

12

Caucasian (a barque)

490/563
later
586

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel would seem to have been owned for its entire lifetime by Rounthwaite of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland and/or London, to Adelaide, Australia & to India. The vessel arrived with immigrants at Adelaide, South Australia, on Feb. 6, 1852, ex Plymouth & left for Bombay, India. It arrived again on Apl. 25, 1853 ex London & Southampton with 60 passengers, & also on Dec. 25, 1857 with a great many passengers. Turnbull's Register of 1856 reports the vessel as owned by H. Rounthwaite. On Dec. 5, 1860, per line 463 here, the 586 ton barque was abandoned at or maybe near Mauritius, while en route from Akyab (now Sittwe, Myanmar) to the U.K. One of the 25 man crew lost his life. The vessel was then owned by Hy. Ronathwaite - presumably means Rounthwaite. Y

68

13

Chalmers

644

James Laing

J. Laing

 

14

Chandenagore, later Chandernagore (a barque)

520/690
later
564

W. H. Pearson

Chandernagore? A city, a former French colony, now named Chandannagar, located 22 miles N. of Kolkata, West Bengal, India, on the Hooghly River. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed as Chandenagore from 1852/53 thru 1855/56 & as Chandernagore (with an additional letter 'r') from 1856/57 thru 1869/70. The vessel was initially owned by John Hay of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, in 1852/53. With D. Mordie serving as the vessel's captain. From 1853/54 thru 1855/56, per LR, the vessel was owned by Bonus & Co., of London, for service from London to Australia. With Edwards serving as the vessel's captain. In 1856/57, the vessel, now named Chandernagore & of 564 tons, became owned by Harris & Co. of Middlesboro', North Yorkshire, and they, per LR, owned the vessel for the rest of its life, thru 1869. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1867 list Rachel Harris, of & registered at Middlesboro', as the vessel's then owner, however in 1860 & 1864 the vessel had been registered at Stockton. MNL of 1868 is not available as this listing is created. The vessel is not recorded in MNL of 1870. J. (John) Lynas per LR served as the vessel's captain for the entire period of 'Harris' ownership i.e. from 1863/64 thru 1869/70. Under 'Harris' ownership the vessel saw some varied service. i) from London to India in 1856/57, ii) from London to Australia from 1857/58 thru 1859/60, iii) from Shields to Aden in 1860/61 & 1861/62, iv) from Whitby to India in 1862/63 & 1863/64, v) from Shields to Kurrachee (today's Karachi, Pakistan) in 1864/65, vi) from Shields to India in 1865/66 & 1866/67, & vii) ex Sunderland from & after 1867/68.
When time permits, I hope soon to be able to provide detail of the vessel's voyages to Australia.
136.0 ft. long, signal letters NQKR. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. We thank this Estonian site for telling us in detail what happened to the vessel. On Jul. 12, 1869, the vessel, John Lynas in command & en route from North Shields to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with a cargo of coal, stranded on Hiiu Shoal, which is located off the NW shores of Hiiumaa Island, Estonia, at the entry to the Gulf of Finland. The vessel filled with water, broke its back & became a total wreck. In foggy weather, the vessel had thought, by bearings upon Kõpu lighthouse (amazingly completed in 1531), that they were safely clear of the shoal. No lives were lost & the crew were safely landed at Hiiumaa by a sailboat which agreed to assist the captain. The wreck was apparently sold for 50 copecks. It is not known if the wreck was salvaged or removed. Is there anything you can add to the above. Or correct? Y

23156

15

Chieftain (a snow, later a brig)

244
later
227

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1862/63. It was owned throughout that period by Wilkinson of Hartlepool, initially for service ex Sunderland, from 1854/55 for service from Hartlepool to the Mediterranean & from 1860/61 for service from Hartlepool to the Baltic. The vessel was always registered at Hartlepool. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T. Wilkinson of Hartlepool as the vessel's then owner, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists George & Matthew Wilkinson. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'wrecked'. On Nov. 7, 1862, per line 2489 here, the 227 ton brig stranded at Bragen Reef (near Tungenes, SW Norway near Stavanger), while en route from Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) to London with a cargo of potatoes. Crew of 8 - none lost. Vessel then owned by Matthew Wilkinson. The circumstances of the vessel's loss have not yet come to hand. Anything you can add? Y

12892

16

Chowringhee (a ship)

781/893
later
805

William Pile, Jr.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1871/72. It was launched (1 & 2) on Mar. 3, 1851 for John Hay of Sunderland, intended for the East India trade. Per 2 it was, at the time, the largest ship ever built on the Wear. Its cost is stated to have been about £16,000. Chowringhee? A neighbourhood in central Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. The vessel was initially owned, then, by John Hay of Sunderland, thru 1865/66 for initial service from Shields to India, in 1852/53 for service from London to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, & thereafter for service ex London. The vessel made more voyages to Australia than would seem to be indicated. i) the vessel arrived at Melbourne on Jul. 5, 1852 ex London via Plymouth (left Mar. 13, 1852) with a few passengers & 319 emigrants. 17 died on the voyage & there were 9 births. On about Oct. 23, 1852 the vessel left for London with 50 passengers & 70,000 ounces of gold, including a single nugget of 46 lb. ii) On Aug. 4, 1853 the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex London (left Apl. 17, 1853) with 253 passengers. It later left for London & arrived there on Dec. 20, 1853 after a voyage of 118 days. iii) The vessel arrived at Melbourne on Jun. 28, 1854 ex London (left Mar. 19, 1854) with a few, 13 or so, passengers. It returned to the U.K. via China. iv) On Nov. 16, 1855, the vessel arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, ex Southampton (left Jul. 18, 1855) with many emigrants - 335 or maybe 294 only. It stayed a week in quarantine upon arrival. It later left for Calcutta. We thank Trove, Australia for all of that data. In 1856/57, per LR, J. C. Gregg, likely of Belfast, became the owner of the vessel, now Belfast registered, for service ex London & in the period of 1857 thru 1861 for service ex Liverpool. In 1861/62, per LR, the vessel served India ex London. In 1862/63 A. G. Robinson, of London, became the vessel's owner & continued to own her thru 1871/72. Initially for service ex London, to India ex London from 1863/64 thru 1865/66 & thereafter, thru 1871/72, for service from Plymouth to South America. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 72, image soon), lists the vessel's name as Chouringhee, its ON as 91 & her tonnage as 806, & lists her owner as being Anthony B. Robinson of London. Such ownership data is unchanged in the equivalent list of 1870 but her ON is listed as 9 which I suspect is incorrect. 156.2 ft. long, signal letters HBLC. I have not so far found what happened to the ship. Can you tell us? Or otherwise add anything? Y

91

17

Cistus (a snow)

214
later
201

Alcock

Only limited & confusing data is available about this vessel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1863/64, owned throughout that entire period, per LR, by J. Alcock of Sunderland, always for service from Sunderland to London. Note that Alcock is the name of the vessel's builder. The Mercantile Navy List, however - insert 13167 here - rather records the vessel as registered at Lancaster, Lancashire, from 1854 thru to 1860. The vessel is not listed as a Sunderland registered vessel either in Turnbull's Register of 1856 or Christie's Maritime Register of 1858. So the LR data seems to be in error. 88.0 ft. long. On Apl. 9, 1861, per line 1174 here, the 201 ton snow was involved in a collision & sank. At sea. While en route from Pomaron, Portugal, (noted for the shipment of copper & sulphur ores), to Glasgow. No detail is provided as to where the collision occurred nor the name of the vessel with which it collided. Crew of 8 - none lost. The vessel is stated to have then been owned by William Whelan. Is there anything you can add? Y

13167

18

City of Kandy

393

James Laing

Cowie & Co.

 

19

Corra Linn (a schooner)

72
later
66
later
65

Booth & Blacklock

Corra Linn? The word 'linn' is, I learn, a Scottish word for a waterfall. Corra Linn is one of 4 waterfalls on the upper river Clyde, the highest of the 4 with a fall of 84 ft, located near New Lanark, S. Lanarkshire, Scotland. The Lorra Linn falls were apparently 'immortalised in verse' by William Wordsworth in 1802. The vessel, built of oak, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1860/61. Its initial owner, per LR, thru 1858/59, was Child & Co. of Stockton for service to Stockton ex Sunderland. With J. Robson serving as the vessel's captain. However, Marwood's North of England Register of 1854, lists Thomas Wren & William Wilson Child, both of Stocktom, as her then owners. As essentially does Turnbull's Register of 1856. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 just lists Thomas Wren. LR in both 1859/60 & 1860/61 lists Wren & Sons, of Stockton as her new owners. With J. Robins her captain. On May 28, 1860, per line 687 here, the 66 ton schooner went ashore & was wrecked at Redcar (then north Yorkshire), while carrying a cargo of guano. All 4 crew members lost their lives. Vessel then stated to be owned by Thomas Drew.
The webmaster thought that the above was the end of the story, but how wrong he was! Bill Swift, a keen historian, whose contributions to this site are many, has been doing some 'sleuthing' worthy of Sherlock Holmes. And provides this series of newspaper cuttings about Corra Linn. It would seem that the vessel was lost during a major storm that hit the North East coast & caused many other losses. A long list of vessels lost that day is on these two pages (1 & 2). Corra Linn was driven onto the strand, rolled over & per her owners broke up. The vessel had been en route from London to Stockton with a cargo of guano, under the command of John Robins, whose life was lost as was that of his son (described as a little boy), & the other two crew members. But ... the vessel clearly had not broken up. She was recovered & on Jul. 24, 1860 was offered for sale at North Shields in a damaged but repairable condition, in a public auction which also offered for sale Wilhelmina Rosario, also driven ashore in the same storm. Corra Linn, 'as is', was sold for £110 & an offer of £400 for Wilhelmina Rosario was not accepted. Corra Linn's cargo of guano was recovered also & sold for close to its original value - apparently guano is not damaged by salt water. The webmaster does not know where the vessel was repaired. It was, however, in North Shields. The repaired vessel, now of 65 tons, is LR listed from 1861/62 thru 1869/70 (except for 1862/63), owned by Burdon & Co. of Sunderland with J. Burdon serving as her captain. For service ex Shields including, in 1861/62, service to France. It seems clear that the official record for Corra Linn had been closed when she was 'wrecked'. So the repaired vessel had to be issued a new Official Number - 43742. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') lists Corra Linn, built in 1861, ON 43742, as registered at Sunderland from 1862. In 1865 & 1867, MNL lists Wm. Burdon, of Southwick, as her then owner. In 1868 & 1870 thru 1876 MNL rather lists Thomas Burdon of Southwick as her owner. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1879. Rebuilt at 60.5 ft. long, signal letters was MFHP became TQGC. I cannot tell you what finally happened to Corra Linn. Can you tell us?
A final sad word. John Robins, who lost his life in May 1860, left a wife (Margaret) & 7 children. Bill Swift provides this probate notice. Y

17109
later
43742

20 Countess

211

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

T. Green

 

21

Cruiser

312/330

George Barker Note

Porrett & Co.

 

22 Czarina (a snow)

230/244
later
222

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1864/65 & not thereafter. It was initially owned by W. Petrie of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being W. Davison & T. Flintoff, both of Sunderland. From 1857 thru 1860/61 at least, LR indicates that Flintoff & Co. of Sunderland were her owners. Christies Shipping Register of 1858 states that her then owners were Wm. Davison & Thomas Flintoff, both of Sunderland. I said 'at least' above because LR of 1861/62 thru 1864/65 records no data re owner names or intended voyages. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists Robert Mills of Whitby as owners of the 222 ton vessel, then registered at Whitby. 80.0 ft. long, signal letters LVWT. On Feb. 11, 1871, per line 1907 here, the 222 ton brig was sunk at Coquet Island (a small island off Amble, Northumberland), while 'coastwise'. Crew of 8 - none lost. Then owned by Robert Mills. Can anybody clarify the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? The loss may well relate to a major gale that hit the NE coast of England on Feb. 10, 1871 & destroyed a great many ships including Jabez. Y

16080

23 Defiance (a barque)

302/315

Short

A. Strong of Shields for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean.

 

24 Dominion (a barque)

510/583

Halls

Temperley of London for service from London to New Zealand.

 

25

Duke of Northumberland

571

William Doxford & W. Crown

Unknown to webmaster

 

26 Dumfriesshire, possibly later renamed Dumfrieshire (a barque)

380/419

John Smith

As per this extensive launch announcement, the vessel was launched, likely in Sep. 1851, for John Martin of Glencaple, S. of Dumfries, intended for the East India trade. The vessel seems to be therein described as being a ship. Martin & Co. of Dumfries, Scotland, for (where service is stated in Lloyd's Register) Clyde to India & later Liverpool to S. America. On Feb. 9, 1860, per line 67 here, where named Dumfrieshire, the barque, of 420 tons, was abandoned in the N. Atlantic at 49N/12W, while en route from Callao (Lima), Peru, to England. Crew of 14 - 1 lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Robert Nicholson. The vessel's loss is covered in these two contemporary newspaper cuttings, which tell us that the vessel was rather abandoned, dismasted, on Jan. 30, 1860 & that the surviving crew were landed at Greenock, Scotland. Y

10535

27 Eleanor (a barque)

404/446
later
417

Unknown to webmaster

A significant part of the data presented on this site originates in the many editions of Lloyd's Register ('LR') On occasion, however, LR presents incorrect data as in this case, when the vessel continued to be LR listed for 7 or so years after the vessel had, in fact, been lost. The vessel is LR listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70, owned initially, for just a couple of years, by Charleton of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Australia. From 1853/54 thru 1869/70, per LR, the vessel was owner by C. R. Rayner of Sunderland. Per David Watts, Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Charles R. Rayner & William Redman as the vessel's then owners. While Turnbull's Register of 1856 records E. P. & C. R. Rayner & W. Redman, all of Sunderland, as her owners. And Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records only E. P. & C. R. Rayner. For service (1853/1856) from London to Bombay (now Mumbai), India, service ex Portsmouth, in 1859/60 for service from Sunderland to India & from 1860/61 for service from Leith to India. The vessel became of 417 tons in 1859/60. 115.0 ft. long. This page tells us that on Dec. 9, 1861, the vessel put into Halifax, Canada, in a leaky condition. On Mar. 3, 1862, per line 2138 here, the 417 ton barque was abandoned at sea, at 41N/56W (about 700 miles SE of Halifax), while en route from New York to Gloucester with a cargo of grain etc. Crew of 16 - none lost. Then owned by Edward P. Rayner. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss? Y

25247

28 Eliza Charles (a barque)

290/289

W. Naisby

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1862/63, owned by Roberts & Co. of Aberystwyth, Wales. It would seem that the vessel was always registered at Aberystwyth. For initial service ex Sunderland, but later, in the period of 1856/58, for service from Newport, Wales, to the West Indies, from 1858/59 for service ex Liverpool i) from 1858/61 to South America & ii) from 1861/63 for service to North America. On Feb. 19, 1862, per line 2978 here, the 290 ton barque went missing while en route from New York to Gloucester with a cargo of grain etc. Crew of 12 - all lost. Then owned by Richard Roberts. Can anybody tell us anything additional? The weather situation at the time, perhaps? Y

26787

29 Eos (a barque)

332/374
later
348

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1861/62, owned for that entire period, per LR, by T. Alcock of Sunderland. Initially for service from Sunderland to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), from 1857/58 for service from Sunderland to India & in 1861/62 for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records T. C., A., & H. Alcock, of Sunderland, as her then owners, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Thomas C., Ann, and Hannah Alcock. The vessel became of 348 tons in 1857/58. On Jan. 29, 1862, per line 2090 here, the 348 ton barque stranded at Egg Harbour (New Jersey, U.S.A., at Ocean City), while en route from Limerick, Ireland, to New York. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas C. Alcock. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss? Y

26096

30 Erromanga (a barque)

376/418
later
379

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70, owned for that entire period by R. Hansell of North Shields. Mainly for service to the Mediterranean ex Shields though a voyage to the West Indies is mentioned. 109.0 ft. long. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states that her then owners were Robert, Richard, Thomas & J. B. Hansell, of North Shields, as essentially also does Turnbull's Register of 1856. This listing has been advanced after reading a reference to a vessel loss in 1870, which advises that on an unknown date in Apl. 1870, per line 143 here, a 373 ton barque of the name, built at Sunderland in 1851, was abandoned at sea while en route from Havana, Cuba, to Falmouth. Crew of 16 - none lost. Then owned by Peter Brash. The data relates, however, to ON 33401 which was a 351 ton barque of the name built at Greenock in 1845, whose owner per the Mercantile Navy List of 1870, was Peter Brash of Leith. It (33401) was abandoned (per LR of 1870/71). It in fact arrived in distress at Bermuda on Apl. 12, 1870. The line 143 listing referred to Sunderland in error. So we really do not know what happened to OUR Erromanga. Just that it was not LR listed after 1869/70. I did spot a reference to an Erromanga from Newcastle for Lisbon that arrived at Deal, Kent, on Jun. 7, 1870. But nothing later. Can anybody clarify what did happen to 10123? Y

10123

31

Georgiana (a snow)

176/153

Lawson Gales, of South Hylton

L. Gales of Sunderland

 

32 Glencoe (a snow, later a brig)

320/338
later
314

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1872/73. Owned, thru 1860/61, by Davison of North Shields, for service from Shields to Barcelona, Spain, but from 1859/60 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W. Davison of North Shields as her then owner, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean William Davison. The vessel became of 314 tons in 1861/62. In that year also, the vessel would seem to have been briefly owned by T. Metcalfe and then by W. Irvin, of North Shields, for service from Shields to Spain. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 states (on page 15) William Irvin of North Shields to be her then owner. From 1867/68 thru 1871/72, Morrison & Co., of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to the Baltic & then ex Sunderland. During such period of 'Morrison' ownership, J. Morrison was the vessel's captain. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, evidences that to mean James C. Morrison, of Sunderland. In 1871/72, J. Morgan of Sunderland became the vessel's owner for service ex Sunderland & in 1872/73 for service from Sunderland to 'NDieppe' (Nieuwe Diep, N. end of North Holland Canal, effectively Amsterdam). 101.0 ft. long, signal letters HNBQ. On Dec. 14, 1872, per line 2798 here, the 314 ton brig sank near the Weser (the river at Bremen, Germany), while en route from Sunderland to Bremerhaven, Germany. Crew of 9 - none lost. Then owned by John Morgan. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of her loss?  Y

2170

33

Hannah Maria

386

George Barker Note

J. Michael

 

34

Harlington (a snow)

249/255

Booth & Blacklock

This vessel has not yet been researched. Lloyd's Register of 1851/52 lists the vessel as owned by Penman & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. It would seem that the vessel was bought to replace an earlier vessel of identical name, lost in early 1850. Can anybody add anything?

 

35

Hexham (a snow)

270

W. Chilton

The webmaster has not reaearched this vessel which was, however, Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed only from 1851/52 thru 1853/54. Owned by Crowe & Co. of Sunderland with E. Robinson her captain. The vessel would seem to have served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland but the vessel may have initially been intended for service from Sunderland to Boston, U.S.A. I include this vessel initially having just listed Hexham, a snow or brig built at Sunderland in 1839, which vessel was lost in Oct. 1850. It was owned for many years by Crowe & Co.

 

36

Honour (a snow, maybe later a brigantine)

130
later
119
later
120

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel would seem to have been owned for its entire brief lifetime by R. Brough of Sunderland for service ex Sunderland, later ex the Clyde to France & Hull to the Baltic. Turnbull's Register, in 1856, reports the vessel as owned by R. & G. Brough. On Dec. 3, 1860, per line 461 here, the 120 ton brigantine was stranded near Aarhus, Denmark, while en route from Konigsburg (Königsberg now Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian enclave on the Baltic coast) to London with a cargo of peas. None of the 6 man crew lost their lives. The vessel was then owned by George Brough. Y

 14159

37

Island Home (a barque, later a brig)

298/314
later
293
later
288
later
275

Buchanan & Gibson of Ayre's Quay

The webmaster believes that this newspaper cutting (in green) reports the launch of the vessel in Jul. 1851. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 to 1862/63, then an 11 year silence, & again, it would seem, from 1874/75 thru 1880/81. I wonder why LR chose not to list the vessel for such a long period of time? Per LR, the vessel was owned thru 1856/57 by J. (John) Martin of Aberdeen, who also served as her captain. For service from Sunderland to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in 1853/54 & for service from London to Australia in the period of 1854/57. Ex Trove, Australia, on Mar. 10, 1854, the vessel arrived at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, ex Memel (then E. Prussia, now Klaipėda, Lithuania), which it left on Nov. 1, 1853. It left Melbourne on Jul. 12, 1854 for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, but may rather have gone first to Sydney, New South Wales, & then to Hong Kong. It arrived back at Melbourne on Nov. 22, 1854 having left Calcutta on Sep. 2, 1854. On Feb. 10, 1855 it left for London with, apparently, 2,620 oz. of gold in its cargo. The last reference I spotted at Trove had the vessel en route from Aberdeen to Algoa Bay on Nov. 17, 1855. In 1857/58, per LR, the vessel, now of 293 tons, was owned by Aston & Co. & registered at London. The vessel was registered at London for the balance of its lifetime. Under 'Aston' ownership, the vessel served from London to Algoa Bay, South Africa, thru 1860/61. And ex London in 1861/62 & 1862/63, in which years no owner name is LR indicated. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865, 1867 (page 191, image soon) & 1870 both list Wm. N. Frost, of Hackney, Middlesex, i.e. London, as her then owner. As is confirmed by LR of 1874/75, which lists W. N. Frost the owner of the 288 ton vessel. By 1876/77 at least (LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster) Frost Cook & Co. owned the vessel. By 1878/79 (ditto re 1877/78), & thereafter thru 1880/81, the vessel, now listed as a 284 ton brig, was, per LR, owned by J. Dix, who was of South Shields as per MNL of 1879, while the equivalent list of 1880 lists William Dixon of Newcastle as the 275 ton brig's then owner. 102.1 ft. long, signal letters NRQK. LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. These newspaper cuttings tell us that the vessel was lost on Oct. 3, 1880, 1 mile W. of Soderhamn (Söderhamn is in Sweden, on the Gulf of Bothnia). And the crew were likely all lost. I do not recall many vessels that were initially rigged as a barque & later were re-rigged as a brig, as in this case. Is there anything you can add? Y

23453

38 Ithiel (a snow)

205/175

Edward Brown

Jas. Hay of Sunderland

 

39 Jane & Elizabeth

305/316

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Swan & Co. - J. P. Almond, G. Anderson & T. Pickering in 1856

 

40

Jane Cockerell (a barque)

353/387

T. Stonehouse

John Cockerill, later (Lloyd's Register 1856/57) T. Thompson of Sunderland. Last Lloyd's listed in 1858/59 This page references the vessel putting back to New York in Jul. 1861 when 180 miles E. of Sandy Hook, Parkway?, New Jersey.

25695

42

Jane Spoors (a brig, later a snow)

188
later
167

George Barker

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70, owned for that entire period, per LR, by Spoors & Co. of Seaham, Durham. J. Colling is LR recorded as being the vessel's captain for all of such years. For initial service from Sunderland to London, soon for service to the Mediterranean ex i) Hartlepool (1854/58), ii) Sunderland (1858/59) & iii) Shields (1859/60 thru 1969/70). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being J. Colling, P. Spoors, P. Spoors, jun., & T. Spoors, all of Sunderland. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies such owner names as meaning John Colling, Percival, Percival, Jun. & Thomas Spoors. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 199) & 1870, both list Percival Spoors, of Seaham, as the then owner of the 167 ton vessel. 90.5 ft. long, signal letters PFLV. On Dec. 14, 1872, per line 3290 here, the 167 ton snow went missing while en route 'coastwise' from Seaham. Crew of 6 - all lost. Then owned by P. Spoors Junr. Can you add anything? Y

25319

43 John Muers

298/332

Unknown to webmaster

W. Brown - also in 1856

2281

44 Jubilee (a snow but maybe a barque)

323

Bradley & Potts of Hylton

A vessel which had a very short life. It is listed in Lloyd's Register in 1851/52 & 1852/53 only, owned by Haddock of Sunderland, with M. Luckey (correctly Luckie it would seem) her captain, for service from Sunderland to London. It was launched, in mid Jul. 1851, as per this (in red) launch announcement (LR lists it as a snow). In late 1851 & early 1852, the vessel carried coal from Newcastle to Barcelona, Spain. Per this newspaper cutting, the vessel was lost at sea on Nov. 28, 1852 while en route from Troon, South Ayrshire, Scotland, to Cuba. At 54N/14W. about 300 miles W. of Ireland, in the North Atlantic. The vessel encountered a violent gale, was thrown on her beam ends, & had to be abandoned. Two of her crew lost their lives - their names. Is there anything you can add? Y

 

45 Judith (a brig, later a snow)

238
later
216

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70, owned thru 1864/65 by Greig & Co. of Stonehaven, Scotland. For service to the Mediterranean, initially from Sunderland, soon from Liverpool & later from Leith. And from 1861/62 ex London. In 1864/65, Connon & Co. of Stonehaven became the vessel's owner for service from Aberdeen, Scotland, to Archangel, Russia. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the Aberdeen registered vessel as then owned by Richard Connon & Co. of Aberdeen. 93.5 ft. long, signal letters LSGD. On Sep. 2, 1870, per line 342 here, the 216 ton snow stranded at Karavaldi (where is it?) while en route from St. David's (Cardiff?) to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 11 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Richard Connon. Y

`15423

46 Kate Evelyn

333

Unknown to webmaster

G. Avery- also in 1856

7276

47 Lady Zetland (a schooner)

58
later
68
later
62

Peverley & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1863/64 & then a long LR silence. It is LR registered again in 1876/77 but I do not have access to the LR registers of 1875/76 & 1877/78 to know if the vessel is listed in those 2 years. It was initially owned by G. Foster of Sunderland, thru 1854/55, for service as a Sunderland coaster. In 1855/56, Wignall & Co., of Fleetwood, Lancashire, acquired the vessel, now of 68 tons, thru 1863/64 at least, for service as a Clyde coaster thru 1858/59 (no service is referenced thereafter thru 1863/64). The Mercantile Navy Lists fill in much of the missing detail. In 1867 (page 221, image soon) & 1870, the vessel, now of 62 tons, was owned by John Courtney of Warrenpoint, County Down, Northern Ireland, & registered at Newry, Northern Ireland (near Belfast). In 1875 the vessel was still registered at Newry but owned by Mrs. Louisa Nyren of Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, & in 1876 was both owned & captained by Hugh Hughes of Borth, Cardiganshire, & registered at Aberystwyth, Wales. LR of 1876/77 lists the vessel as owned by H. Hughes & registered at Aberystwyth. On Dec. 5, 1877, while en route from Bangor, Carnarvonshire, Wales, to Cork, Ireland, with a cargo of 95 1/2 tons of slate, the vessel sprang a leak & foundered in fine weather when 4 miles off Portgolman, Carnarvon Bay. Crew of 3 - none lost. The owner, H. Hughes of Borth, said that she had been 'on a mud bank for about three months, and he believes that the oakum must have come out of her seams'. As per item 790 on this page (ex here). 59.0 ft. long, signal letters MFWQ. Is there anything you can add? Y

17276

48 Lucy (a snow or brig)

212
later
190
later
191

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel, which was launched on Mar. 3, 1851, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1870/71, then a gap of 3 years, and again, it would seem, from 1874/75 thru 1881/82. The vessel was initially owned, thru 1854/55, by White & Co. of Ipswich, for service from Sunderland to Ipswich in 1851/52 & for service from London to the Mediterranean thereafter. With T. White serving as the vessel's captain. In 1854/55, J. Cobbold, also of Ipswich, became the vessel's owner, thru 1860/61, for service from Ipswich to the Mediterranean, with R. Symons serving as her captain. The vessel is first LR recorded at 190 tons in 1856/57. In 1861/62, J. Scott of Shields became the vessel's owner & also her captain. For service from Shields to Hamburg, Germany, thru 1863/64 & from Shields to London thereafter thru 1864/65.The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 clarifies the owner's name, listing John Scott of South Shields as her then owner. In 1865/66, & thru 1870/71, LR advises that J. Harrison of Robin Hood's Bay ('RHB'), Whitby, Yorkshire, became the vessel's owner for service from Shields to London with J. Scott continuing as her captain. MNLs of 1867 thru 1870 rather list, however, Mercy Harrison, of RHB as the vessel's owner. It would seem that Mercy Harrison must have died soon thereafter because the owner became Mrs. Mercy Harrison in 1872 & 1875, as is confirmed by LR of 1874/75 & 1875/76, which record the vessel at 191 tons. LR of 1876/77 thru 1881/82 lists M. Harrison & Sons of Whitby as the vessel's owners. Though MNL of 1876 thru 1880 rather lists John Harrison as the vessel's owner. There would appear to have been one further ownership change. In 1881/82, per LR, J. Peacock became the vessel's owner. MNL of 1882 tells us that Joseph Peacock was of West Hartlepool though the vessel was still registered at Whitby. The vessel is not listed in LR of 1882/83 or in MNL of 1883 so I presume that the vessel was lost at about that time. 88.0 ft. long, from 1874/75 87.9 ft. long, signal letters KVLG. I cannot yet tell you what happened to the vessel nor when. Can you tell us what, in fact, happened to her? Or otherwise add anything? Y

11855

49 Maitland Note

320/331

Unknown to webmaster

J. Kelso- J. R. Kelso in 1856

23354

40 Marion (a snow)

216/235
later
198

J. Rogerson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1859/60. It was owned thru 1855/56, per LR, by W. Moore of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. The vessel became listed at 198 tons in 1856/57 in which year Smart & Co., also of Sunderland, became, per LR, the vessel's owners, for service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, thru 1857/58 & ex Sunderland thereafter. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being C. Smart, R. H. Halliday & J. Smart, all of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning Charles & John Smart & Richard H. Halliday. Both of those registers indicate that the vessel was built in 1850 rather than in 1851. It would seem that LR of 1851/52 had recorded the vessel as first registered in 1850 but then changed it to 1851. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel & when, or otherwise add anything? Y

11886

50 Marion (a snow, but maybe a barque)

313/339

Thomas Robson at Claxheugh

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1855/56, always LR listed as a snow. The webmaster believes that this (in green) launch announcement records the launch of the vessel in mid Jul. 1851, stated there to be a barque. Was owned for the above entire if brief period, per LR, by J. Wright of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. So far as I can see, the vessel was not issued an Official Number so it probably was lost before Jan. 1, 1855. Can you tell us anything more? Such as what happened to the vessel & when. Y

 

51 Mary Ann (a barque)

405/508
later
445
later
397

W. Potts

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1861/62, owned for that entire period, per LR, by Potts Brothers of Sunderland. For service, thru 1858/59 from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, & thereafter for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists R. H. Potts and Brothers of Sunderland, as the then owners of the 445 ton barque, data which is confirmed by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 which however lists the vessel as built in 1855. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'Abandoned'. On Nov. 22, 1861, per line 1469 here, the 397 ton barque was abandoned at sea, while en route from New York to Queensland with a cargo of wheat. Crew of 14 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by R. H. Potts Bros. Thanks to the kindness of a site visitor, I can advise you that i) the vessel was abandoned at 37.22N/62.34W (about 700 miles ESE of New York), ii) 'McGregor' was her captain & iii) the crew were rescued by Surprise, a Londonderry schooner, & landed at Queenstown, Ireland - & not at Queensland. As per these newspaper cuttings & also the following extracts from the New York Times of Dec. 24, 1861:- The bark Mary Ann, abandoned at [???] from New-York Nov. 14, bound to Cork for orders. Her cargo consisted of 24,200 bushels of wheat, valued at $37,000. She was a Br. vessel, built in Sunderland in 1857, 397 tons, built of oak and iron kneed. Can you tell us about the weather conditions at the time? Y

13669

52 Mary Hall (a barque)

330/379
later
345

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1871/72. Thru 1857/58, per LR, the vessel was owned by J. C. Hall of South Shields, initially for service from Sunderland to Aden, then ex London. LR of 1858/59 records a different member of the Hall family as her then owner, thru 1869/70 most likely - J. L. Hall, also of South Shields. But it would seem that he became the owner rather earlier than 1858, certainly by 1856. For some varied service - from Shields to the West Indies & later to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), from the Clyde to Quebec, Canada, & for a number of years from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. L. Hall of South Shields as her then owner, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning John L. Hall. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 also lists John L. Hall of South Shields as the then owner of the 346 ton vessel. LR of 1870/71 states no owner name - it would seem that the vessel was likely sold at about that time. LR of 1871/72 states 'BURNT'. 102.0 ft. long, signal letters JSKB. On Feb. 25, 1871, per line 1254 here, the 345 ton barque was burnt at Oran, Algeria, while en route from Algiers to Newcastle with a cargo of esparto grass. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then owned by George Mather. Y

7291

53 Mary Ridley (a barque)

411

Edward Bailey, of Pallion

Carr & Co. of Newcastle

 

54 Masaniello (a barque, maybe later a ship)

392/464
later
433

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1862/63, always listed as Masaniello, a barque, & always owned by Huntley of Sunderland. Was always registered at Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel, as 'Massaniello', owned by D. & J. B. Huntley, both of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register (Massanielo) of 1858 to mean Daniel & Jeptha B. Huntly. It would seem the vessel name is easy to misspell. For initial service ex Sunderland, from 1855/56 for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, from 1859/60 for service ex London & in 1861/62 for service from Sunderland to India. The vessel became of 433 tons in 1861/62. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On May 28, 1862, per line 2254 here, the 435 ton vessel, stated to be then a ship, stranded at Rodrigues Islands, (Rodriques Island, an outer island, republic of Mauritius in Indian Ocean), while en route from Moulmein, Burma, (now Mawlamyine, Myanmar), to Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of timber. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by Jeptha B. Huntley. Can anybody tell us more about the circumstances of her loss? Y

23656

55 Matanzas (a barque)

343/359
later
324

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1871/72. The vessel was initially owned by Thompson of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, from 1856/57 from London to Cape of Good Hope (South Africa), later ex Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W. Thompson, jun. & C. Nattrass, both of Sunderland, as her then owners, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning William Thompson & Chas. Nattrass. In 1862/63, J. Pippet of South Shields became her owner, & in 1863/64 W. Pippet, also of South Shields. For service from Shields to both the Baltic & to the Mediterranean, ex Cork, from Swansea to the Mediterranean & again from Shields to the Baltic. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists W. Pippet of South Shields as her then owner. 105.5 ft. long. LR of 1871/72 states 'abandoned'. On Apl. 16, 1871, per line 1326 here, the 324 ton barque sank, at 45N/12W (in the North Atlantic, NW of the NW tip of Spain), while en route from Shields to Carthagena (maybe Cartagena, SE Spain), with a cargo of coal. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then owned by William Pippet. Can anybody tell us more about her loss? Y

24836

56 Meggy (a snow)

304/326
later
299

Ratcliffe & Co.

Elsdon & then Storey & Co., both of North Shields- E. Storey & R. B. Henzell in 1856

2227

57 Morning Star (a snow or brig)

267/270
later
260

Buchanan & Gibson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1864/65. It was initially owned, thru 1855/56 per LR, by J. Gibson of North Shields, for service from Sunderland to Montreal, Canada. David Watts advises (thanks!) that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Joseph Gibson of North Shields as the vessel's then owner & Benj. B. Starks as her then captain. In 1856/57, 'Coll'dge' & Co. of North Shields later of Shields, became the vessel's owner for service from Shields to the Mediterranean (thru 1860/61), & from Shields to France (1861/62) with maybe some service ex Gloucester. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W. Colledge and J. Reay, both of South Shields, as the then owners of the Shields registered 270 ton snow, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning William Colledge & James Reay. The vessel became of 260 tons in 1861/62. In 1862/63, per LR, W. Balls, of Shields, became the vessel's owner for service from Newcastle to the Baltic &, from 1863/64, for service from Shields to the Baltic. W. Balls served as the vessel's captain in parts of 1862/63 & 1863/64. 95.5 ft. long. LR of 1864/65 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Can anybody tell us about her loss? Y

1671

58

Norna (a ship, later a barque)

460/392
later
460

W. J. Bennett

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1861/62, owned thru 1851/52 by Pryde & Co., of Liverpool, for service from Sunderland to Liverpool. It would seem that from 1854, at least, the vessel - insert 49 here - was always registered at London. In 1854/55 & 1855/56, per LR, the vessel was owned by Bennett & Co., of London, for service ex London. And from 1856/57, Boord Bros., also of London, owned the vessel for service ex London. Per LR, J. Ray was the vessel's captain throughout the entire period of 'Boord' ownership. On Mar. 31, 1861, per line 1163 here, the 460 ton ship was lost off 'St. Augustin', while en route from Newcastle, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia to Hong Kong with a cargo (416 tons) of coal. No crew data is provided. Then stated to be owned by John L. Kirby, a name not LR referenced. The vessel was in fact wrecked at St. Augustine Reef, near, SE of, Guam, (at 7.20N/155E or more likely at 7N/158E), somewhere near Drummond's Island, as you can mostly read here ex here. The Captain (Wilson), his wife & 4 Europeans reached Manila or Guam (both are stated) in the ship's boat but the rest of the crew were left on the reef without provisions - and no vessel was then available to go to their rescue. Rather later, however H.M.S. Pioneer was sent to try to find them, but they were all but one eventually rescued, on Mar. 4, 1862, by H.M.S. Sphinx at the Hogulu group of islands - as per this article. The rescue is covered in 'My Naval Career ..." published 1911, by Sir Edward H. Seymour (an archive.org book). Visitors interested in the vessel might usefully check at Trove, Australia, for the vessel which operated in the Far East & Australia for 2 or 3 years commencing, I think, when the vessel loaded at London on Nov. 22, 1858 for Melbourne & Geelong, both in Victoria, Australia. I spotted a subsequent reference to the vessel sailing to Guam ex Newcastle, NSW, on Apl. 7, 1860 with 420 tons of coal. Do check Trove for yourself for greater detail. But .... There are a great many references to a Norna voyage from Hong Kong to Sydney (arrived at Sydney just before Christmas 1860) during which a lascar seaman named Caleel was beaten to death on board the vessel. Captain James Crawford & 2nd Mate Antonio Charles were tried for the murder of Caleel. What they did to Caleel is very hard to read - it is set out here in all of its awful detail - more than 250 lashes with a heavy rope or cat-o'-ten-tails in a 3 hour period as one example - & continues here - just 2 of many articles about the 4 day case. The jury found both men to be guilty of manslaughter rather than of murder as you can read here. They were both sentenced to 3 years hard labour - at Parramatta & at Sydney (Darlinghurst) gaols respectively. Is there anything you can add? Y

49

59

Ocean (a snow)

252/265
later
263
later
247

W. H. Pearson

A vessel which had a long life indeed, almost 40 years. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1889/90 at least. I note that LR of 1890/91 is not available to the webmaster, also that the vessel is not listed in LR of 1891/92. Per LR, the vessel was owned, thru 1860/61, by Cooper & Co. of & registered at Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire. For initial service from Sunderland to the Baltic, from 1853/54 thru 1856/57 for service from London to the Mediterranean & from 1857/58 thru 1860/61 for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. With it seems likely 2 captains - in 1852/53 'Cooper' & from 1853/54 thru 1860/61, Sterling or Starling. It looks likely that the captain's name was for 4 years listed incorrectly as Sterling & was corrected to Starling. In 1861/62, the vessel, now of 263 tons, became owned by W. Stevens (W. A. Stevens in 1876/77) of Wisbeach, who would seem to have owned the vessel thru 1876/77 at least. For service ex Lynn for many years thru 1871/72 & from Lynn to the Baltic in 1872/73 & 1873/74. The vessel became first LR listed at 247 tons in 1872/73. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists W. Stevens of Wisbeach as her then owner, while the equivalent list of 1870 lists W. A. Stevens. I must note that during the period of Steven's ownership, indeed thru 3 later owners to 1889/90, R. Curson per LR served as the vessel's captain. For 28 or so unbroken years if the data is correct. LR of 1877/78 is not available to the webmaster, LR of 1878/79 records T. Patrick & Co., also of and registered at Wisbeach, as the vessel's owners - thru 1882/83. MNL of 1880 lists Thomas Pattrick (with two letters 't'). From 1883/84 thru 1888/89, LR lists D. Sharper of West Hartlepool as the owner of the vessel which became registerd at West Hartlepool - MNL of 1885 lists Dixon T. Sharper as the vessel's then owner. In 1889/90, per LR, the vessel which had been owned by T. Metcalf, became owned by Metcalfe, Simpson & Co. of West Hartlepool, with J. Gooding her new captain. A site visitor notes that on May 9, 1889, Ocean, under the command of Captain Gooding, left West Hartlepool for Malmo, Sweden, arriving there  on Jun. 4, 1889. 92.0 ft. long, signal letters KCSD. The vessel is not listed in LR of 1891/92 nor in MNL of 1890. So presumably is was lost or broken up at about that time. Can you tell us anything more or correct the above? Particularly what finally happened to the long-lived vessel. A friend of the site now kindly advises that the U.K. register for the vessel was closed in 1894. Based upon that data it seems likely that the vessel went ashore at Thornham flats on or about Nov. 19, 1893 & broke up. En route ex Portsmouth. Crew saved. Thornham is on the Norfolk coast about 19 miles N. of King's Lynn. Y

8582

60

Osbert

400

James Laing

Dalrymple

 

61

Peace (a brig or snow)

221
later
198

J. Candlish

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70. Per LR, the vessel was owned, thru 1856/57, by Candlish & Co. of Sunderland, i.e. by its builders, for service from Sunderland to Galatz (i.e. Galați, on the Danube, Eastern Romania, Black Sea), with R. Williams serving as the vessel's captain. It seems likely that such data is incorrect, in part at least. Marwood's North of England Register of 1854 lists the Sunderland registered snow as owned by George Noble of Seaham, with Wilson Orwin serving as her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being G. Noble of Seaham, J. Webb of Dalton-le-Dale, & W. Burdes & R. S. Tate, both of Sunderland. LR of 1857/58 lists the brig, now of 198 tons, as owned by Heron & Co. of Blyth, (Herron & Co. in 1860/61) for service from Blyth to France thru 1859/60, service as a Blyth coaster in 1860/61 & from Blyth to the Baltic thereafter. With W. Furrow serving as the vessel's captain thru 1861/62 & G. Brown from 1861/62 thru 1869/70. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the vessel, now registered at Shields, as owned by John Herron & John Cole, both of Blyth, & William Hepple of Farrow. While the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records the vessel as registered at Shields from 1858 thru 1864 & in 1865 & 1867 owned by John Herron of Cowper Quay, Blyth, Northumberland. Signal letters LPHW. MNL does not list the vessel in 1868 or later. It is a modest puzzle that LR continued to list the vessel thru 1869/70. I say that because on Feb. 25, 1867, while en route from Blyth to Copenhagen, Denmark, with a cargo of coal, the vessel was lost at Thisted, Jutland. A crew of 8, with 6 lives lost, it would seem. As per line 12 on this page. Is there anything that you can add? Or correct? Y

14730

62

Pet

429

J. Hardie

Marwood

 

63 Prince Woronzoff (a snow)

245/259
later
236

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1859/60. Prince Woronzoff? His obituary can be read here. The vessel was owned, thru 1852/53, by Swire & Co. of Newcastle for service from Sunderland to Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea). In 1853/54, per LR, E. Preston of Liverpool became the vessel's owner for service ex the Clyde to Liverpool (in 1853/54) & to Singapore (in the period of 1854/57). Thereafter for service ex Liverpool, with service to the Mediterranean LR noted in 1859/60. On Oct. 17, 1859, the vessel was one of six vessels stranded & wrecked in a severe SE gale at Algoa Bay, i.e. Port Elizabeth, South Africa (S. coast of S. Africa, about 420 miles E. of Cape Town). As you can read here ex here. No lives were lost. The vessel is therein described as being partially loaded for Liverpool with a cargo of disabled vessels. I have read, however, in a 'Google' data 'snippet' that the vessel was lost on Oct. 16, 1859, rather carried seed & cotton, & was under the command of captain P. Clarke. Can you tell us more about the circumstances of her loss? Y

27182

64 Punch

317

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Ogle & Douglas

 

65

Pyrenees (a ship)

721/832

James Laing

The webmaster has not researched this vessel, which was, however, owned by Duncan Dunbar. On Feb. 23, 1854, Pyrenees was one of many ships engaged by the British Government for service as transport ships re the Crimean War. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that D. Dunbar was in 1854 the vessel's owner & that Pyrenees 'Conveyed artillery and horses to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed on various services in the Black Sea, until wrecked off the Katcha, 14 November 1854.' It would seem that she was driven ashore in a hurricane as were many other fleet vessels. Varna is in Bulgaria, on the Black Sea coast. Katcha, now Kacha, is also on the Black Sea coast a little to the N. of Sevastapol. Is there anything you can add?

 

66

Rainbow (a snow)

218
later
198

Lightfoot

The webmaster has not researched this vessel, which was initially owned, per Lloyd's Register of 1851/52 by T. (Thomas) Speeding of Sunderland. It was later owned by Smith & Co., also of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1870 & 1880 both record the vessel, then of 198 tons, as owned by Henry Scholefield of Seaham Harbour, Durham. 87.8 ft. long, signal letters PHJT. Is there anything you can add?

25768

67

Refuge (a snow, later a brig)

253
later
226

William Doxford & W. Crown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70. Thru 1856/57, the vessel was owned by W. Doxford of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Baltic & soon to the Mediterranean. LR of 1857/58 records W. Blumer of Sunderland as new owner of the vessel, now of 226 tons, for service from Shields to France. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W., L., and E. Blumer of Sunderland as her then owners while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states Luke and John Blumer of Sunderland and Richard Reay & Elizabeth Blumer of South Shields. In 1861/62, R. Sharp of Sunderland became her owner for service from Shields to the Baltic. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists Richd. Sharp of Sunderland as her then owner. 96.0 ft. long, signal letters LPBR. On Mar. 3, 1870, per line 749 here, the 226 ton brig was abandoned off the Dudgeon (a shoal 20 miles N. of Wells, Norfolk, I think), while en route from Sunderland to London with a cargo of coal. Crew of 8 - none lost. Then owned by Richard Sharp. Y

14651

68

Regina (a snow or brig)

277/293
later
273

W. Reed

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1867/68. Though why it was listed for so long is a puzzle. From 1851/52 thru 1856/57, the snow was owned by Richardson of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists C., M. A., and E. Richardson, all of Sunderland, as her then owners. LR of 1857/58 records E. Graham, jr., of Newcastle, as the new owner of the vessel for service ex Sunderland. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (which records the vessel's O.N. incorrectly as 14625) lists Edward Graham & J. Snowdon, both of Newcastle, as the brig's then owners. In 1861/62, Harrison & Co., of Whitby, is LR listed as the new owner of the vessel, now of 273 tons, for service initially ex Sunderland but from 1861/62 for service from Falmouth to New York. 95.0 ft. long. On Nov. 13, 1861, per line 1444 here, the 273 ton snow was stranded at Swin Middle (I believe on the N. side of the Thames estuary near Southend), while en route from Cronstadt (St. Peterburg, Russia) to Whitstable, Kent, with a cargo of tallow etc. Crew of 10 & 1 passenger - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Francis Robinson. J. Robinson (could he be related to Francis Robinson?) is LR recorded as the vessel's captain, from 1860/61. Is there anything you can add? Y

14652

69

Rehoboth

179/194

Unknown to webmaster

Outterside - Wiley & C in 1855/56 however E. Bulmer per this page

18631

70 Residue

112

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

W. Adamson

2509

71 Rodsley (a ship)

610/733

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1855/56, owned throughout that period by E. Graham of Newcastle. For service thru 1853/54 from Sunderland to the East Indies & thereafter for service as a London Transport. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that Edward Graham was in 1854 the vessel's owner, that Rodsley was chartered to provide services related to the Crimean War from Apl. 6, 1854, & particularly that Rodsley 'Sailed with artillery to Constantinople to Eupatoria. Wrecked off the Katcha, 14 November 1854.' Katcha, now Kacha, is on the Black Sea coast a little to the N. of Sevastapol. Eupatoria, now Yevpatoria, is on the W. coast of the Crimean peninsular. Is there anything you can add? Y

 

72

Royal Charlie (a barque)

435/480

R. & W. Hutchinson

'Hutchnsn' of Sunderland

 

73

Saint George (a barque)

349/392
later
357

Sykes & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1867/68. Thru 1857/58, the vessel was owned by Briggs & Co. of North Shields for service initially from Sunderland to the Mediterranean but from 1853/54 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. David Watts advises (thanks!) that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists the vessel as registered at Shields & owned by Wm. C. & John Allen, both of South Shields, Rob Roy Briggs of Blyth & William Briggs & William Briggs jun., both of Sunderland - with John Arkley the vessel's then captain. In 1858/59, per LR, the vessel became owned by 'Buchnnan' of Glasgow for service ex London. LR notes that 'Buchnnan' was the vessel's captain during such period of ownership. In 1861/62, but only in that year, Hannan & Co., of Glasgow became the vessel's owner for service from the Clyde to Africa. In 1862/63, Hamilton & Co., also of Glasgow, became the owner of the barque, now of 357 tons, for continued service from Clyde to Africa. LR of 1867/68 lists no owner name & LR listing of the vessel came to an end in that year. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists (page 337, image soon) Wm. Hamilton of Glasgow as the vessel's then owner. While the equivalent list of 1870 advises that the vessel was then owned by James Milne of Aberdeen. 109.5 ft. long, signal letters JDHF. What finally happened to the vessel has not yet come to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

4623

74

Sarah Margaret

232/240

Arrow Leithead

J. Wright

 

75

Security (a barque)

420/480
later
505

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel would seem to have been built for Holderness, of Liverpool, initially for service ex Sunderland. From 1853/54 thru 1856/57, Girvin & Co. of Liverpool were the vessel's owners for service from Liverpool to China. Holderness became her owners again in 1857/58. On Dec. 1, 1860, per line 458 here, the 505 ton barque was abandoned off New Trinidad while en route from Montreal, Quebec, Canada, to Liverpool with a cargo of grain. None of the 14 man crew lost their lives. The vessel was then owned by T. H. Holderness. Y

 13571

76

Shakspeare (a ship)

810

John Smith

This vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed only in 1851/52 & 1852/53, owned by Kendall & Co. of Liverpool for service from Sunderland to India. This newspaper announcement refers to a ship named 'Shakespeare' being owned by a Liverpool owner & carrying the first load of coal ex the collieries of the Marquis of Londonderry. Can you tell us more about the vessel which would seem to have had a very short life.

 

77

Snowdrop (a schooner)

112
later
104

William R. Abbay

This vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1862/63, always registered at Sunderland & always owned by Adamson of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to London thru 1855/56 & for service as a Sunderland coaster thereafter. With 'Adamson' always her captain. Marwood's North of England Maritime Register of 1854 lists Wm. Adamson as the vessel's owner & Thos. Adamson as her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 confirms such ownership but lists the schooner at 104 tons only. As does Christie's Register of 1858. Signal letters HRCW. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. On Nov. 12, 1861, per line 2025 here, the 105 ton schooner left Sunderland for Portsmouth with a cargo of coal. It went missing en route. Crew of 7, all lost of course. Then stated to be owned by Wm. Adamson. The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy List from 1858 thru 1864, always registered at Sunderland. Is there anything that you can add? Y

2910

78

Stamboul (a barque)

349/381

R. H. Potts & Bros.

The launch of the vessel, on Feb. 17, 1851, is recorded in this newspaper cutting. Bought, per that cutting, by Dryden of North Shields. LR of 1851/52, however, lists Dale & Co. of North Shields, as her initial owner which ownership changed in that year to G. Dryden, also of N. Shields. G. Dryden & P. Dale in 1856

16198

79

Star (a brig or snow)

232
later
205

John Crown, of Southwick

The webmaster believes that this newspaper cutting (in green) reports the launch of the vessel in Jul. 1851. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 to 1869/70, a gap of 4 years, & then, it would seem, from 1874/75 thru 1889/90. And possibly even later - however the vessel is not listed in LR of 1892/93. The vessel was initially, thru 1856/57, owned by J. Crown of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1857/58, in which year the vessel became of 205 tons, J. May, of Sunderland, became, per LR, the owner of the vessel & also its captain. However Turnbull's Register of 1856 records J. H. May, of Sunderland, as already her owner, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean James H. May. Per LR, May owned the vessel thru 1869/70 - if not later. For service ex Liverpool (in 1857/58), from the Clyde to the Mediterranean (in 1858/59 & 1859/60), ex Lancaster, Lancashire, in 1860/61 & from Sunderland to the Mediterranean in the following years thru 1869/70. It would seem that there was an ownership change not referenced by LR. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 362, image soon) & 1870 lists the vessel as registered at West Hartlepool & owned by Henry Taylor of Sunderland, who is, however, recorded in LR of 1874/75 as being the vessel's then owner. In 1876/77, LR lists I. Bedlington, of West Hartlepool, as the vessel's owner, thru 1880/81 it would seem. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1880 lists Isaac Bedlington of West Hartleppol as her owner. In 1880/81, R. D. Clark & Co., of West Hartlepool became, per LR, the vessel's owner, but for a short time only. LR of 1881/82 lists the vessel as registered at West Hartlepool (at London from 1882/83) & owned by W. Smith. LR of 1886/87 records T. W. Spencer as owner of the London registered vessel, at least thru 1889/90. In 1890, the vessel was registered at London & owned by Thomas W. Spencer, of Erith, Kent. 92.0 ft. long, later, from 1874/75 at least, 92.9 ft., signal letters LCVT. I do not know what finally happened to the vessel. Can you tell us? Y

12704

80

Trio (a brigantine)

128
later
117

Unknown to webmaster

Another puzzle re the accuracy of Lloyd's Register ('LR') data of the 1860s. The vessel is LR listed from 1852/53 thru 1869/70. It was initially owned by Herring & Co., of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. In 1856/57, the vessel became owned by R. Martin, of Fowey, Cornwall, for service from Sunderland to France, & from 1860/61 for service as a Falmouth coaster. In 1861/62 the vessel, now of 117 tons, became owned by E. Wilkinson of Maryport (Cumbria coast & Solway Firth), for service as a Whitehaven, Cumbria, coaster. 84.0 ft. long. Despite the vessel being LR listed thru 1869/70, the vessel was lost in late 1862. On Oct. 20, 1862, per line 2433 here, the 117 ton brigantine (stated, incorrectly I believe, to have been first registered in 1853) foundered in the Downs while en route from Saffi (likely Safi in western Morocco) to London with a cargo of beans etc. Crew of 6 - none lost. Then owned by Edward Wilkinson. I note, in partial confirmation of the above data, that the vessel is not recorded in the Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 385). Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? Y

22954

81

Vimiera

1037

James Laing

Duncan Dunbar & Sons

 

82

William McGowan (a snow or brig)

217/206
later
182

William Carr of Hylton

A rare vessel in that it ended up broken up rather than lost at sea or similar. The webmaster believes that this newspaper cutting (in red) reports the launch of the vessel in Jul. 1851. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 to 1869/70, followed by a 4 year LR silence, & then from 1874/75 thru 1883/84. The vessel was initially, thru 1861/62, owned by Martin & Co. of Glencaple, registered at Dumfries, both Scotland, who, early in 1852, sold 4 of his 40 (of 64) shares to James Halliday for £140. For service from Sunderland to Dublin, Ireland, thru 1855/56, & thereafter ex Liverpool to, where a destination is LR indicated, Para (Brazil?) in 1856/57, North America in 1857/58, the Mediterranean in 1859/60. In 1861/62, thru 1869/70 per LR, the vessel was owned by T. Hick of Scarborough, Yorkshire, for service ex Liverpool. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1867 (page 415, image soon), 1870 & 1875 all, however, list the vessel, now of 182 tons, as owned by William Dodds of Scarborough, as does LR of 1874/75 (W. Dodds). LRs of 1875/76 & 1877/78 are not available to the webmaster. LR of 1876/77 lists the vessel as again owned by T. (Thos.) Hick of Scarborough. It seems likely that T. Hick & W. Dodds were business partners. LR of 1878/79 reports the vessel owned by J. Saunders of Scarborough being sold to E. Jopling (E. Joplin in 1880/81) of Sunderland. MNL of 1879 & 1880 records Edward Jopling of Hylton Dene, Southwick, Sunderland as the vessel's then owner. LR of 1881/82 reports that the vessel owned by E. M. W. North of Sunderland being sold to H. J. Annison of Lowestoft, who also owned the vessel, per LR, in 1882 & in, per LR, 1882/83. LR of 1883/84 lists H. Spurgeon, also of Lowestoft, as the vessel's then owner & tells us that the vessel had been 'Broken up'. 83.0 ft. long, 83.8 ft. from 1874/75, signal letters HCGN. Can you tell us anything more? Y

293

83

Worthy (a brig)

160
later
147
later
160
later
149

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1873/74. Thru 1856/57, the vessel was owned by Marriott of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to London. From 1857/58 thru 1863/64, per LR, the vessel was owned by Cunningham of Portsmouth for service as a Sunderland coaster. Registered at Portsmouth but later at Arundel, it would appear. From 1863/64 to 1873/74, per LR, Bridges of Lynn, Norfolk, was the vessel's owner serving ex Lynn. 'Bridges' was the vessel's captain for that entire period per LR. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, however, lists James Rix, of Lynn, as the vessel's then owner. 77.0 ft. long, signal letters NPSW. Despite the vessel being LR listed thru 1873/74, the vessel was lost in early 1871. On Feb. 10, 1871, per line 1873 here, the 149 ton brig was stranded at Bridlington, while en route from Newcastle to Lynn with a cargo of coal. Crew of 6 - none lost. Then owned by E. C. Bridges. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? The loss may well relate to a major gale that hit the NE coast of England on Feb. 10, 1871 & destroyed a great many ships including Jabez. Y

22995

84

Zuma (a snow)

204/193
later
180
later
177

William Carr of Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1862/63 & not thereafter. The webmaster believes that this newspaper cutting (in red) reports the launch of the vessel in Jul. 1851. Thru 1852/53, the vessel was owned by W. Frost of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Malaga, Spain. In 1853/54, Teighe & Co. of London became the vessel's owner for service ex London. The LR data of 1860/61 thru 1862/63 looks to be suspect, likely because the vessel became registered at Guernsey from 1857 at least. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 (page 423, image soon) reports William T. Brown, of Guernsey, to be the then owner of the 180 ton vessel, while MNL of 1870 records William Warren Bird, junr. of St. Sampson's, Guernsey, as her then owner. Signal letters PDFG. On Dec. 21, 1871, per line 1744 here, the 177 ton snow was stranded at Hartland Quay, NW Devon, while en route from Bilbao, Spain, to Swansea with a cargo of iron ore. A major loss of life - crew of 9 - 8 lost. Then owned by W. W. Bird, Jun. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? Y

24993

 

 

-------

 

 

 

 

Total tonnage

 

 

 

 

 

 

-------

 

 

 

What were the official build numbers for 1851? Do please advise me if you know. 'Where Ships Are Born' states 146 vessels & 51,823 tons. As does Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. Can you help correct the above list?

1852 (Just a start. Can you provide a list? Do please advise me if you have data. Corrections will surely be required in the data that follows.)

The data that follows was derived from many sources but it in large part originates from a list of vessels built at Sunderland in 1852 contained within Marwood’s Shipping Register of 1854-55. We thank David Watts for transcribing such data for inclusion here.

#

Name

Gross

Builder

Built for

Official No.

1

Abeona (a snow)

285/306

Hume & Easson, of Pallion

T. White of Shields

27078

2

Abram and Sarah (a snow)

163

H. Carr, of North Hylton

Lotinga & Co. of Sunderland 

 

3

Acacia (a barque)

307/353

J. T. Allcock, of Low Street

C. Alcock of Sunderland 

 

4

Adventure (a snow)

250

Robert Thompson &
Sons (JLT)

J. Purvis, of Shields, in 1853/54

23597

5

Agusta Schneider

421

William Crown, of Southwick

 

 

6

Akbar (a ship)

712/809

J. Robinson, of Deptford

Shallcross of Liverpool

24183

7

Albion (a barque)

349/381

Austin & Mills, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. Owned for that entire period by W. Stevens of Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, for service thru 1854/55 of Sunderland to Aden, from 1855/56 thru 1858/59 for service from London to Australia, & later ex London. The webmaster made a quick search at Trove, Australia, for references to voyages to Australia. He believes he spotted two such voyages, as follows - i) On Dec. 4, 1855 the vessel arrived at Hobart Town, Tasmania & in Feb. 1856 left on its return voyage for London ii) On Nov. 13, 1856 the vessel arrived at Adelaide, South Australia, having left London on Jul. 25. 1856. It went on to Portland, Victoria, & departed on Dec. 6, 1856 for Guam. There may well be additional voyages. On May 4, 1861, per line 1212 here, the 349 ton barque was wrecked at Narsipore (now Narsapor, Andhra Pradesh, India) while en route from Madras (now Chennai), India, to Ganjam (Odisha, India). Crew of 13 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by William Stevens. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? Y

24752

8

Alfred the Great (a ship)

575/652
later
577

J. & R. Candlish, of Southwick

I have not researched this vessel yet. Owned by Mackinlay of Glasgow. It would seem that the vessel was nearly wrecked during a hurricane which hit Swatow (Shantou, Guangdong Province, China), on Nov. 21/22, 1858. Amongst the many ships that were driven ashore during the hurricane was Alfred the Great. One reference states 'Alfred the Great (British ship). Found on the mud bank, off Double Island, in a sinking state'. Another states '20. Alfred the Great - Supposed to have struck some rock, in a sinking state, towed in by the Toeywan to Double Island on to the flat off that place.' A third states 'Alfred the Great (British, 664 tons) on the rocks by Double Island with a hole through her bottom - some hopes of saving her' & 'The Glendower and Alfred the Great are still ashore'. Also see this page 'on shore, got off in a sinking state'. Further research is needed. The vessel was clearly not then wrecked. Signal letters HSTR. The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy List of 1880, then owned by Thos. S. Blues, of South Shields.

3328

9

Alice Thompson (a barque)

331
later
309

Pile & Smart, of North Sands

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1862/63 & not thereafter. Initially owned by Thompson (from 1856/57 J. Thompson), of South Shields, for service ex Sunderland, from Shields to the Mediterranean, to India ex Shields & Sunderland, from Shields to the Mediterranean & ex London. Turnbull's Register of 1856 and also Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 state Joseph L. Thompson of South Shields to be her owner. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the Shields registered vessel as then owned by Edward H. Hoskins of London. Signal letters HNPL. On Sep. 26, 1870, per line 420 here, the 309 ton barque stranded at Swatow Harbour (Shantou, E. coast of China, NE of Hong Kong) while en route from Keelung, Taiwan, to Shanghai, China, with a cargo of poles. Crew of 12 - 1 lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Demetrio Sclavo. And also per line 36 on this page which records the date of loss as Sep. 25, 1870, lists her cargo as poles & firewood & her routing as being from Foochow (now Fuzhou) to Shanghai, both China. Most references are to the vessel being built in 1851, however I have listed it as 1852 as recorded in LR. Y

2303

10

Alice Walker (a barque)

314/320

Todd & Brown, of North Hylton

Walker & Co. of Shields

5301

11

Ambassador (a barque)

368/388
later
366
later
336

Booth & Blacklock

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1874/75 at least. I have previously indicated that the vessel would seem to have been always registered at either Shields or North Shields. But that seems to be unlikely in the light of this announcement of the vessel's launch on Jan. 8, 1852. Launched for E. Lumsdon and Sons, iron-merchants of Sunderland. Per LR, the vessel was owned from 1852/53 thru 1857/58, by W. Elliott of North Shields, initially for service from Sunderland to Boston, most likely Lincolnshire, then from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being Wm. & Wm. Elliott, jun. of North Shields & J. & T. Hudson & J. Beckett, of Felton. The vessel became of 366 tons in 1858/59. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists William & Mary Ann Elliott & John Short, of North Shields, John & Thomas Hudson of Felton & John Beckett, of Fenton, as the vessel's then owners. From 1858/59 thru 1865/66, Short & Co. of Shields was, per LR, the vessel's owner for continued service from Shields to the Mediterranean, soon service as a London coaster. In 1866/67, J. Bolt of Shields became the vessel's owner, mainly for service from Shields to the Mediterranean but in 1869/70 & in 1870/71 for service from Newport to the West Indies. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867, on page 18, lists James Bolt of North Shields as her then owner as does the Mercantile Navy List of 1870. The vessel became of 336 tons in 1869/70.  110.0 ft. long, signal letters NPHR. I read here (insert 22886) that the vessel went ashore, a wreck, on Nov. 9, 1874. On Oct. 21, 1874, Ambassador was abandoned at sea while en route from Dantzic (Gdańsk, Poland) to London with a cargo of timber. As per this page. At 51.40N/4.30E said to be in the North Sea. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then owned by J. Bolt of North Shields. The 'vessel having become leaky and completely disabled, owing to bad weather and high seas, was abandoned'. Can you add anything? How the crew were rescued, perhaps? Y

22886

12

Annie Forster, later Anne Forster (a barque)

450/528
later
459
later
450

Ralph Hutchinson, of North Quay

This vessel's name is a bit of a puzzle. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, as Annie Forster, from 1853/54 thru 1857/58. It is LR listed as Anne Forster from 1858/59 thru 1869/70 & not thereafter. The vessel was initially owned, per LR, thru 1857/58, by G. Forster, of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Singapore. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her, however, as Anne Foster, owned by G. Foster of Sunderland & registered there. From 1858/59 thru 1869/70, the vessel, now, per LR, named Anne Forster, of 459 tons, was owned by Budden & Co., of London, for service ex London & from 1861/62 for service from London to Australia. Even though voyages to Australia are referenced for 8 years, I have only spotted two such voyages at Trove, Australia. The vessel left London on Jan. 10, 1863 (left the Downs on Jan 14, 1863) for Adelaide, South Australia, with a general cargo that included 40 tons of ammunition, arriving there on May 13, 1863. On Jul. 18, 1863 the vessel left Adelaide for Calcutta (now Kolkata) India, arriving there on Sep. 19, 1863, with 60 horses in her cargo. On Dec. 21, 1864, the vessel again left London for Adelaide, arriving there on Apl. 9, 1965, & later leaving for Guam, in ballast, on Jun. 6, 1865. I think those dates are accurate but do double check the dates for yourself. There was also a brief reference to an earlier voyage, some few years back (before 1863) in which the vessel carried cargo that in some way related to the lighthouse on Kangaroo Island (1 ex 2). The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 records Edward Budden, of London, as the then owner of the London registered vessel. LR does not record the vessel after 1869/70. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 (on page 26) lists the vessel, now of 450 tons & registered at Newcastle, as owned by Henry James Livingstone, of Newcastle. 120.0 ft. long. On Feb. 4, 1873, per this page, the vessel was lost in the North Atlantic, at 45.15N/10.0W (roughly 300 miles N. & a bit west of the NW tip of Spain) while en route from Swansea, Wales, to Dakar (W. coast of Africa) with a cargo of 705 tons of patent fuel. The vessel apparently sprang a leak, for causes unknown, during a gale. Crew of 11 - none lost. Can you add anything? How the crew were rescued, perhaps? Y

24527

13

Antagonist (a barque)

308/334

W. Briggs, of Southwick

Barnett of London

 

14

Appleton (a ship)

967
later
888

John Watson, of Pallion

So far as I can see, the vessel was never LR listed. I wonder why that was so. 'Crewlist.org' refer to 'steam' in their data re ON 16400, but it seems not to have been a steamship. Signal letters MRJH. It was registered at London, it would appear. On Jan. 10, 1862, per line 2050 here, the 888 ton ship was abandoned off Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, while en route from Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), to London with a general cargo. Crew of 27 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Joseph Shepherd. The circumstances of her loss have not yet come to hand. Can you tell us what happened, or otherwise add anything to this limited data? Y

16400

15

Aurora (a ship)

450/386

William Pile, of North Shore

Dent of London

 

16

Ayers Quay (a schooner)

92

James Laing

Laing & Co. of Sunderland

 

17

Ballarat (a barque)

464/538

R. & W. Hutchinson, of North Quay

M. Lonie of Sunderland

 

18

Banshee (a barque)

430/460

Edward Bailey, of Pallion

J. Towse of London

 

19

Blackheath (a ship)

614/729

Sykes & Co., of North Hylton

Bonus & Co. of London

 

20

Boadicea (a barque)

415

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Pow & Co. of North Shields, R. Pow, M. & G. Fawcus & G. Davison in 1856

2132

21

Brahan Castle (a schooner)

109
later
96

John Smith, of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1869/70, & not thereafter. Owned, thru 1855/56 by Smith & Co. of, certainly registered at Sunderland. For service as a Sunderland coaster. From 1856/57 thru 1865/66, per LR, the vessel was owned by McKenzie of Lossiemouth, Moray, Scotland, & registered at Aberdeen, for service as a Stockton (that is what LR says) coaster & from 1861/62 for service as a Leith coaster. The vessel became of 96 tons in 1861/62. LR editions after 1865/66 list no owner name. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists, however, James Hall, of Newcastle, as the then owner of the Inverness registered vessel. While the 1870 equivalent lists Jessie Oraydon, (surely means Graydon) of Monkwearmouth, as the then owner of the Sunderland registered vessel. 83.0 ft. long, signal letters MJVD. On Nov. 10, 1872, per line 2682 here, the 96 ton schooner was abandoned in the North Sea, while en route from Harburg (a borough of the city of Hamburg, Germany) to Sunderland with a cargo of potatoes. Crew of 5 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John M. Graydon. The circumstances of her loss have not yet come to hand. Can you tell us what happened, or otherwise add anything? Y

17973

22

Bullfinch (a barque)

353/374

Booth & Blacklock

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1861/62, & not thereafter. Owned, thru 1856/57 by T. Gunton of London, for service from London to the Baltic. It may be that in the vessel's first year, i.e. 1851/52, it served London ex Sunderland. T. Wood is stated by LR to have been the vessel's captain during the period of 'Gunton' ownership. I mention that because from 1857/58, J. Wood, also of London, became the vessel's owner & also her captain. For service from Liverpool to the West Indies in 1857/58, ex London thru 1860/61 & from Bristol to the West Indies in 1861/62 during which year the vessel became of 353 tons. On Jun. 1, 1861, per line 1253 here, the 353 ton barque, burnt & sank at Morant Bay, SE Jamaica, about 25 miles E. of Kingston. While en route from Morant Bay to London with a cargo of sugar etc. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John Wood. The circumstances of the vessel's loss have not yet come to hand. Can you tell us what happened, or otherwise add anything? Y

16876

23

Calliope (a ship)

669/769
later
688

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1857/58 (I wonder why it was not recorded earlier) thru 1869/70, owned for that entire period, per LR, by J. Rogers & registered at London. For service ex London but for a few years voyages to India are noted. For all of those LR years, 'Simmons' is listed as the vessel's captain, which means, I read, George Webb Summers. I reference his name because the Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1867 & 1870 list G. Webb Summers, of South Hackney, London, as the owner of the 688 ton vessel. 142.0 ft. long, signal letters PFDM. On Apl. 23, 1871, per line 2164 here, the 688 ton ship left Calcutta (now Kolkata, India) for New York. And went missing en route. Crew of 21 - all lost. Then owned, per that report, by G. W. Simons, & listed as built in 1851. Can anybody clarify the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? Y

25238

24

Caroline Chisholm (a barque)

350/366

Todd & Brown, of North Hylton

Trowsdale of Stockton

 

25

Caroni (a barque)

281/295

William Harkess, of North Sand

Mackintosh of London

 

26

Cecilia (a barque)

298/295

George Barker Note

Walker & Co. of Sunderland

 

27

Charlotte of Derby (a barque)

387/421

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

T. Ward of Hull

 

28

Chevy Chase (a barque)

400/384

J. & R. Candlish, of Southwick

Hammond & Co. of London

23984

29

Chinsura (a barque)

410/461

James Hardie, of Southwick

John Hay of Sunderland

 

30

Circassia (a barque)

422/452

William Carr

J. Wright of Hull - J. S. Harper, R. Wright, J. Reay & R. Swan in 1856

2002

31

City of Kandy (a barque)

372/392

James Laing, of Deptford

Cowie & Co., of Liverpool

 

32

City of Peterborough (a barque)

331/323

Peter Austin

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1870/71. It was owned, thru that entire period, per LR, by R. Young of Wisbeach. For service from Sunderland to Wisbeach thru 1858/59, from London to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, from 1859/60 thru 1863/64 & for service from Sunderland to the West Indies thereafter. 106.5 ft. long. The vessel clearly continued to be LR listed long after it had been wrecked. City of Peterborough was anchored at Table Bay, South Africa, on May 17, 1865 when the area was hit by a massive & violent storm from the NW, of an intensity never before witnessed at the Cape. I have read that the vessel was intending to soon leave for London. 18 vessels, including City of Peterborough, were driven aground or ashore & wrecked, while 9 other vessels survived the storm, some of them badly damaged. It would seem that the vessel was under the command of Captain Wright, with a cargo of wool & wine. City of Peterborough broke adrift shortly after sunset on May 17, 1865 & struck upon a reef, at Papendorp, 'some distance from the shore'. Have also read that she was wrecked on Sceptre Reef (where HMS Sceptre was wrecked on Nov. 4, 1799, with massive loss of life). Within 1/2 hour the vessel went to pieces, those aboard clinging on to fragments of the wreck. Attempts were made to effect a rescue by shooting a line to the vessel by a rocket apparatus. Alas, without success. The Captain (Wright), his wife & child and a crew of fifteen all perished. So 18 aboard the vessel died. A total of 51 or so lives were lost that day, 30 of them being from Athens, a steamer. You can read accounts of the disaster via (thanks!) Trove, Australia, here ex here, & also here. Alacrity, built at Sunderland in 1856, was also wrecked that day. Two other Sunderland built vessels were also there that day and were both stated to have been wrecked - Star of the West & Frederick Bassil. Neither in fact was wrecked. Anything you can add? Y

24574

33

Colinda (a barque)

463/581
later
525

Andrew Leithead

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1861/62, owned initially, per LR, by Wm. Hay of Sunderland. Maybe for initial service ex Sunderland, more certainly, in 1853/54, for service from London to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. From 1854/55 thru 1857/58, per LR, 'Tomlin' of London became the vessel's owner for service from London to V. C. I. (Vancouver's Island, British Columbia, Canada). John Powell Mills was then a part owner of Colinda & was her captain. Bill Culver advises (thanks!) that on Jul. 13, 1853 the vessel, then owned by James Tomlin (48 of 64 shares) & Mills (16 shares) & registered at London, was chartered to Hudson's Bay Company ('HBC') to carry supplies & immigrants to Victoria, B.C., Canada. The history of that voyage is interesting, indeed. Thanks to the Colonial Despatches project and Dr. James Hendrickson & his associates at the University of Victoria, you are invited to scroll down to Colinda here, where this account of the voyage's history can be read. Might I additionally add that the vessel was chartered to HBC to carry goods & 212 passengers to Victoria. It left London in Aug. 1853 under the command of Captain Mills. The vessel put into Valdivia, Chile, as a result, Mills charged, of a mutiny by the passengers. The ship was ordered north to Valparaiso, Chile, where the passengers were tried. Mills was unable to prove the charges, the passengers were acquitted, & costs were assessed against Mills. It is interesting to note that of the 212 passengers, only 17 were prepared to resume the vessel's voyage to Victoria with Captain Mills in command & that many crew deserted ship when the vessel later arrived at Victoria on Apl. 15, 1854. A court case ensued. Mills was held in gaol for over 4 months. James M. Reid, with the approval of Tomlin, was appointed in his stead as captain of Colinda - which returned to the U.K. via San Francisco (it arrived there on Apl. 2, 1855). Do read the most interesting despatches.
In 1858/59, Wm. Hay of Sunderland again became the owner of the barque, now of 525 tons, for service from Sunderland to India. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 confirms that William Hay of Sunderland was the barque's then owner. Can anybody tell us if William Hay & James Tomlin were related in some way? It would seem unusual that William Hay owned the vessel twice in its lifetime. The 1861/62 edition of LR references service from Sunderland to New York & also notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. 123.0 ft. long. On Dec. 2, 1861, per line 1491 here, the 525 ton barque was abandoned at sea, at 39N/71W, about 250 miles SE of New York, while en route from New York to Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of wheat. Crew of 18 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by William Hay. This page confirms the date of loss & states that the vessel was under the command of Captain Duncan. May I direct you to an extensive article published in the New York Times on Dec. 7, 1861 which sets out in detail the circumstances of her loss. The crew were rescued by Chryseis, also built at Sunderland, captain Headley in command, & landed at New York. Can you add anything additional? Y

7381

34

Constance (a barque)

327/353

George Booth, of North Sand

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1860/61 & not thereafter. It was owned, thru such entire period per LR, by W. Thompson of Sunderland, with 'Atkinson' her sole captain. For service, from 1853/54 thru 1856/57, from Limerick, Ireland, to London, then ex Sunderland. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists her then owner as being Wm. Thompson, jun. of Sunderland, with Robt. Atkinson her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 both record identical ownership data. The Mercantile Navy List records the vessel as registered at Sunderland thru 1864, but from 1865 thru 1868 lists the vessel as registered at Shields & owned by Wm. McKenzie of Blyth, Northumberland. Signal letters PKWT. I have read that the vessel was 100.0 ft. long. Line 22 on this page advises that on Nov. 11, 1865 the 323 ton barque, then 16 years old, was stranded at Windau, Russia, (now Ventspils, Latvia) while en route from the Tyne to the Baltic with an unknown cargo. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 11, four of whom were lost. It seems clear that that the date of her loss should have rather read Nov. 11, 1868. Though I have read elsewhere that the date of loss was Nov. 23, 1868. I have not so far read the circumstances of the vessel's loss. Is it possible that you can tell us more about what happened or otherwise add anything? Y

26399

35

David & Martha (a ketch) Note

98
later
87

Havelock & Robson, of North Dock

D. Turrell of London, later (Lloyd's 1855/56 thru 1864/65) P. Rawle of Plymouth

5695

36

Derwent Water (a barque)

500/623

William Harkess, of North Sand

Richardson of London

 

37

Dilston (a barque)

340/385

John Barkes, of Wreath Quay

White & Co. of South Shields - J. White in 1856

 

38

Dorothy (a barque)

382/430
later
396

George Worthy, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1872/73. Was always registered at Shields. Owned thru 1863/64 by T. Bell of North Shields, initially for service from Sunderland to Barcelona, Spain, & from 1854/55 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being T. R. W. Bell & T. Hays, both of North Shields. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Thomas R. W. Bell & Thomas Hays. The vessel became of 396 tons in 1857/58. In 1863/64, per LR, T. Hays, of North Shields became the vessel's owner, for continued service from Shields to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 98) & 1870 both list Thos. Hays of North Shields as her then owner 111.0 ft. long, signal letters MCWN. LR of 1872/73 notes that the vessel had been 'wrecked'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened? Or otherwise add anything? Y

16794

39 Eleanor

850

John Smith of Pallion

 

 

40

Electricity (a barque)

298

Wm. Pile, Jun., of North Shore

Pile & Co., of Sunderland

 

41

Elizabeth Harrison (a snow, later a brig)

288/276
later
281/276
later
258

S. Hodgson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1870/71. Owned thru 1866/67 by A. Harrison of Sunderland, initially for service from Sunderland to Odessa, Ukraine, Black Sea, later from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owner as being A. Harrison of Sunderland, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Andrew Harrison. In 1866/67, R. Stamp of West Hartlepool, became the vessel's owner for service ex Sunderland, soon from Hartlepool to the Baltic. LR of 1870/71 states 'wrecked'. 96.5 ft. long, signal letters NSHK. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel as then registered at West Hartlepool & owned by Robert Stamp of that city. On Feb. 10, 1871, per line 1225 here, the 258 ton brig was stranded at Cleeness (near Grimsby), while en route from Hartlepool to Calais, France, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 8 - none lost. Vessel then owned by Robert Stamp. Y

23602

42

Elizabeth Morrison (a snow)

298/309

Ratcliff & Co., of North Docks

Morrison - R. Morrison jun. in 1856, both of South Shields. For service to the Mediterranean, later to the West Indies & then to India. On Jan. 25, 1860, per line 44 here, the 309 ton snow was lost at Valona or Vlorë, Albania, while en route from Glasgow to the Mediterranean. Crew of 12 - none lost. Vessel then owned by Robert Morrison, jun.

24766

43

Elra

202

Ralph Hutchinson, of North Quay

A Whitby owner

 

44

Emigrant (a barque) 1

370/405

Forrest & Co., of Quarry Hole, North Hylton?

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1858/59, initially registered in the name of 'Denniston' of Sunderland, intended for use in trade with Australia. LR of 1857/58 records 'Rounthwte' as her new owner - per Turnbull's Register of 1856, H. Rounthwaite & S. Mills, also of Sunderland. For trade ex London. The vessel is not recorded in Lloyd's Register of 1858/59, having been lost (at page bottom) under circumstances yet unknown to me. The vessel voyaged to Australia in 1852/53 as per these links (1 & 2). While I have not so far spotted any later voyages to Australia, 'Emigrant' is a difficult search term & there could have been later voyages. Y

2545

45

Emily Kate (a snow)

238

Ratcliff, Spence & Co., of North Docks

Rowntree & Co. of North Shields - J. Rowntree & M. Dawson in 1856

8479

46

Emporium (a barque)

317/350

Hodgson & Gardiner, of North Hylton

"Lumsdn" & Co. of Sunderland

 

47

Empress (a barque)

382/426

Thomas Stonehouse, of Ravenswheel

Pearson & Co. of Hull

 

48 Euroclydon (a snow)

270/295
later
261

W. H. Pearson, of Panns

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1860/61 & not thereafter. Owned for that limited period, per LR, by Wm. Hay of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean &, from 1856/57, from the Clyde to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 reports W. Hay of Sunderland as her then owner - the vessel is not, however, recorded in Christies Shipping Register of 1858 or at least not in the Sunderland registered list. It would seem that the vessel was registered for a period at Arbroath, Scotland. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, reports that William Lowson of Sunderland was her then owner. Signal letters NWTJ. On Mar. 10, 1871, per line 1275 here, the 261 ton snow was sunk in the North Sea, while en route from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 8 - none lost. Then owned by Wm. Lowson. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us? Y

24457

49

Evadne (a barque)

462
later
428

M. Byers, of Strand Yard?

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1864/65 & not thereafter. Owned thru 1861/62 by Scott of Newcastle, for service from Sunderland to Havana, Cuba. In later years the vessel served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland, India ex Newcastle & Vera Cruz (possibly Veracruz in Mexico, formerly known as Vera Cruz) ex Sunderland. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists James J. & Henry Scott, both of Newcastle, & James Smith of Monkwearmouth as the vessel's then owners. With J. Smith the vessel's captain. Both Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 report her then owners as being J. J. & H. Scott of Newcastle & J. Smith of Monkwearmouth. The vessel became of 428 tons in 1860. In LR of 1862/63, J. & H. Scott of Newcastle are listed as her then owners for service from Cardiff to India, later Sunderland to India. LR of 1864/65 records no owner name & the vessel is not later LR recorded. All is not lost however. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 130) & 1870 both record William Pickersgill, of Southwick, Sunderland, as her then owners. 118.0 ft. long, signal letters LDHF. On May 28, 1872, per line 2466 here, the 428 ton barque foundered near St. Pauls, (St. Paul's Island, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia), while en route from Newcastle to Quebec, Canada, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 12 - none lost. Then owned by William Pickersgill. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us or otherwise add anything? Y

12783

50

Fanny Huntley (a snow)

250/249

William Harkess, of North Sand

Huntley & Co. of Sunderland

 

51

Flying Childers (a barque)

360/286

Pile & Smart, of North Sand

Brice & Co. of Liverpool

 

52

Formosa (a ship)

450/406

W. G. Bennett & Co.

H. Sawell of London

 

53

George Kendall (a ship)

897
later
808

John Smith, of Pallion Quay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1874/75 at least - LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster. The vessel is not listed in LR of 1876/77. As per this launch announcement, the vessel was launched on Apl. 6, 1852 for Messrs. Kendall of Liverpool for the East India trade. The vessel was owned, thru 1866/67, per LR, by Kendall & Co. of Liverpool, for service from Liverpool to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, except for 1853/54 in which LR records service to Calcutta ex Sunderland. In 1866/67, the vessel became owned by R. Ash, of Hull, for service from Hull to India, & in 1869/70, per LR, for service to Australia ex Hull. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 155, image soon), however, still lists George Kendall of Liverpool, as the vessel's owner. While the equivalent list of 1870, lists her then owner as Robert Ash of Hull. The vessel became of 808 tons in 1867/68. On Sep. 4, 1869, the vessel left London, Gravesend, for Melbourne, Australia. It lost sails en route, put back to the Downs & left again on Sep. 22, 1869. It arrived at Melbourne on Jan. 19, 1870 with 6 passengers. On Feb. 24, 1870 the vessel left Melbourne for Newcastle, New South Wales, & on Apl. 10, 1870 left Newcastle for Bombay (now Mumbia), India, with 112 tons of coal. In 1870/71, per LR, T. R. Oswald of Sunderland became the vessel's owner, thru 1873/74 for service from Sunderland to India. In 1873/74, Trayes & Co. of Sunderland became the vessel's owner. 152.0 ft. long, signal letters NVFS. I cannot advise what later happened to the vessel & when. Can you help in that regard or otherwise add anything? If so, do consider advising the webmaster. Y

24058

54

Gloucester (a ship, later a barque)

530/591

John Watson, of Pallion

J. Lidgett of London

26619

55

Golconda (a ship)

612/758

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Blair & Co. of Sunderland

26266

56

Halcyon (a snow)

296/310
later
286

S. Hodgson

The vessel's initial owner was Clark & Co., of Newcastle, for service from Sunderland to London. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Clarke & Dunn, of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner. With W. Watson the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 states the then owner to be Clark & Dunn, of Newcastle. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 advises Clarke & Dunn.

26904

57

Hannah (a snow. Its rig later changed, per LR, many times to become a schooner, a brigantine, a schooner, a brigantine & a schooner again)

141
later
121

Halls i.e. G. W. & W. J. Hall of Bridge Dock/Yard

The vessel would seem to have been Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1889/90 at least, however LRs of 1875/76 & 1877/78 & 1884/85 are not available to the webmaster nor is that of 1890/91. Throughout its long lifetime, it was always registered at Fowey, Cornwall. Its owner, thru 1881/82, was 'Tadd' of Fowey (initially T. Tadd, T. Tadd & Co. from 1876/77  & J. W. Tadd) from 1878/79 with a 'Tadd' serving as the vessel's captain for all of those many years - T. Tadd (thru 1856/57 & from 1865/66 thru 1876/77 at least). J. Tadd from 1857/58 thru 1865/66, & J. W. Tadd from 1878/79 thru 1885/86. Under 'Tadd' ownership, the vessel served as a coaster ex i) Sunderland (thru 1856/57) ii) Cardiff (1857/58 thru 1859/60), iii) Hull (1860/61), iv) Liverpool (1861/62). It served from Plymouth, Devon, to Lisbon, Portugal, in 1862/63, from Fowey to Lisbon in 1864/65, & from Whitehaven, Cumbria, to Rotterdam from 1865/66 thru 1873/74. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 (page 166) lists Thomas Tadd, of Polruan (near Fowey) as her then owner as also do MNLs of 1870 & 1875. MNL of 1880 lists Jonathan W. Tadd as the vessel's then owner. In 1882/83, J. Williams acquired the vessel, thru 1886/87. i.e. Joseph Williams of Mevagissy, Cornwall, per MNL of 1885. In 1886/87, S. Mutters acquired the vessel & per LR owned it thru 1889/90 at least i.e. Samuel Mutters of Ipswich, Suffolk, per MNL of 1890. I read that the vessel was lost on Jan. 1, 1891, though the detail & circumstances of her loss are not yet to hand. 70.5 ft. long, signal letters KSVF. Can you add anything? Y

11494

58

Harbinger (a barque)

317/317

Rawson, Watson & Co., of Southwick

G. White of South Shields - G. N. White in 1856

 

59

Hawk (a snow or brig)

229
later
210

R. H. Potts & Brothers, of Low Street

This launch announcement is, it is believed, for Hawk, launched on Apl. 6, 1852, for the builder's account, intended for service in the Baltic trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1869/70, owned thru 1866/67 by Potts, Brothers of Sunderland. For service always from Sunderland, to Archangel, Russia, thru 1855/56, to London from 1856/57 thru 1858/59, to the Baltic in 1860/61, & to France from 1861/62 thru 1864/65. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists R. H. Potts & Brothers, of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owner. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists R. H. Potts & Brothers & Charles H. Potts, all of Sunderland, as her then owners. The vessel became of 210 tons in 1861/62. In 1866/67, per LR, J. Morgan of Sunderland became the vessel's owner with J. Morgan serving as the vessel's captain. For service from Sunderland to Rotterdam. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 171, image soon) lists the 211 ton vessel as then owned by John Morgan of Sunderland. 87.0 ft. long, signal letters LVST. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel, still, per LR, owned by J. Morgan, had been 'Wrecked'. Thanks to a kindly site visitor I can provide these 4 newspaper cuttings re what is most likely 'our' Hawk. On Mar. 20, 1869 while en route from Shields to London with a cargo of coal, Hawk was in collision with Vesta, a schooner, during a gale. The collision would seem to have taken place off the Humber, or between the Humber & the Dudgeon (20 miles N. of Wells, Norfolk, I think). Three Hawk crew members, half of her crew, got on board Vesta at the time of the collision leaving Hawk with just her master, her mate & a boy. They were able to continue to sail the crippled Hawk, but making a great deal of water & fast sinking, they ran the vessel onto the beach S. of Gorleston near the pier, a bit to the south of Great Yarmouth. The three crew members were rescued by rocket apparatus. The vessel was surely wrecked. Now the cuttings do not contain any names that would permit one to say with 100% certainty that it was 'our' Hawk, but it most likely was. It is unlikely however that J. Morgan was then her owner. LR of 1868/69, in the supplement, tells us that by then J. Morgan owned a different vessel also named Hawk, a barque built at Sunderland in 1868 by Reay. Can you add anything additional? Who owned Hawk at the time of her loss & where & when Vesta reached safety after the collision? Y

16049

60

Henry Ellis (a ship)

464/401

Wm. G. Bennett & Co. Note

H. Ellis of Plymouth thru 1854/55, from 1855/56 thru 1865/66 Grainger of London (Granger from 1863/64). In 1866/67 'M. de Pass' of London became Cuthbertson of Leith, & so recorded thru 1873/74 but data is suspect (no ON # recorded)

? 399

61

Hylton (a snow)

231

Unknown to webmaster

Robert Morrison of South Shields in 1858

25440

62

Ida (a barque)

325/342

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Shotton of North Shields - G. & E. Shotton, N. S. & J. Witham in 1856

7776

63

Imogen (a snow)

305/307
later
273

Sykes & Co. of North Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1859/60 only, owned thru such entire period, per LR, by Barber & Co. of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, thru 1856/57 & from Sunderland to South America thereafter. With G. Lawrence serving as the vessel's captain thru 1856/57 & R. Bain after that date. The vessel's ownership is clarified in a number of NE shipping registers. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists her then owners as being Geo. T. Lawrence, Wm. Barber, Thomas Riseborough, Mary Ann Riseborough & Anthony Barber, all of Sunderland. With Geo. T. Lawrence serving as the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 essentially lists the same owners ex Anthony Barber. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the then owners of the vessel, now of 273 tons, as being George T. Lawrence, William Barber, & Thomas & Mary Ann Riseborough, all of Sunderland. Signal letters LPCR. Detail as to what happened to the vessel are not yet to hand. This page, however (scroll to 14660), states that a certificate re her loss was dated Apl. 5, 1860. Can you tell us what happened & exactly when? Or otherwise add anything? Y

14660

64

Isabella (a barque)

370/443

William Naizby, of Ford Dock Yard

Robinson of South Shields

 

65

Jane Gray (a barque)

315
later
287

John Smith, of Pallion

The vessel's initial owner was G. Gray of Newcastle for service from London to the Cape of Good Hope. Signal letters KCND. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Geo. Gray of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner. With P. Burnett the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 confirms such ownership, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 advises Jane Gray was her then owner. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 reports (on page 197) John Dixon, of Blyth, to be her then owner. For service from Blyth to the Baltic.

8522

66

Jane Hudson (a snow, later a brig) 1, 2 (a large 'pdf' file at Cols. 4 & 5)

263/257

J. Robinson, of Deptford?

The vessel's initial owner was G. Hudson of South Shields for service from Sunderland to Hamburg. In 1856 the executor of G. Hudson owned the vessel. From 1857/58 the vessel's owner was G. Lawson, of South Shields for service from Cork to the Mediterranean, later ex Hull. On Aug. 30, 1860, per line 278 here, the 223 ton brig was in a collision & sank at Buenos Ayres, having arrived from Liverpool. 2 of the 11 man crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by W. M. Moss. The links at left tell of a disastrous gale which struck Buenos Ayres on Aug. 29 & 30, 1860, said to be the most violent gale in 30 years. 2 ships were sunk, 18 or so ships were driven ashore, & more ships were damaged. Per such texts, Jane Hudson was driven ashore at White's Quinta. In all 13 members of the many ships' crews were lost. Y

15049

67

John Beynon (a snow or brig)

260/270

Hodgson & Gardiner, of North Hylton

J. Beynon of Newport. Launched, likely in mid Jul. 1852, per this (in blue) launch announcement.

114

68

John Martin (a barque)

290/303

Hylton Carr, of North Hylton

Martin & Co. of Dumfries 

 

69

Kenilworth (a ship)

526/623

S. P. Austin, of Bishopwearmouth Panns

Blair & Co.

 

70

Knight (a barque)

396/450
later
414

Todd & Brown. of North Hylton

The vessel's initial owner was J. Brooks for service from Sunderland to Aden. Registered at Newcastle. Signal letters LPJB. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists J. C. Brooks of Wallsend & J. Finley of Clifton, as the vessel's then owners. With R. Bradshaw the vessel's captain. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states John C. Brooks of Wallsend, and Jno. Finley of Clifton. The Mercantile Navy List of 1880 states her then owner to be George Henry Horsfall of Liverpool.

14731

71

Kossuth (a barque)

483/559

Buchanan & Gibson

Buchanan of Sunderland

 

72

Lancashire Witch (a barque)

302/306

G. W. & W. J. Hall, of Bridge Dock/Yard

J. Longton of Liverpool

 

73

Lavinia (a snow)

263

John Watson, of Pallion

Rennison of North Shields

 

74

Lebanon (a barque)

400/452
later
406

George Short, of Mowbray's Quay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1862/63. Was always registered at Shields. The vessel was owned, thru 1854/55 by A. Strong of North Shields for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1855/56, G. Avery, also of North Shields, became the vessel's owner for service from Shields to India, from 1859/60 for service ex London & from 1861/62 for service ex Bristol. Turnbull's Register of 1856 confirms G. Avery of North Shields to be the vessel's owner, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning George Avery. The vessel became, per LR, of 406 tons in 1857/58. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'abandoned'. On Jun. 9, 1862, per line 2264 here, the 452 ton barque was abandoned at 49N/31W, in mid North Atlantic, while en route from Quebec, Canada, to Belfast, Northern Ireland, with a cargo of timber. Crew of 14 - none lost. Then owned by George Avery. Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

25691

75

Liberty (a brig)

224

Unknown to webmaster

Have not so far spotted the vessel in Lloyd's Register. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records the vessel's then owners as being R. Balleny, W. Carter & J. Jefferson, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records the same three names in the different order of Jane Jefferson, R. Balleny & William Carter. Might that indicate that Jane Jefferson was the managing owner? Signal letters PGFB. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 states her then owner to be Wm. Carter of South Shields.

25486

76

Lizzie Webber (a snow)

280/213

W. G. Bennett & Co. (generally attributed to William Pile)

Rowntree of Sunderland, i.e. Thomas S. (Stephenson) Rowntree & John Webber

 

77

Loftus (a schooner)

77

George Foster

'T. Hindsn' of Stockton

 

78

Louisa (a snow)

235

Booth & Blacklock

G. Foster of Sunderland

 

79 Mary Grace (a snow)

228/205

James Hardie, of Southwick

J. Sewell of Shoreham

 

80

Mary Henzell (a barque)

373/402

M. Byers, of Strand Yard

G. Avery of North Shields - also in 1856

5684

81 Mercator (a ship)

712/834

Austin & Mills, of Southwick

Harrison of Sunderland

 

82

Merchantman (a ship) 1

926/1018

James Laing

'Somes, Br', Soames Bros. of London - in 1879 Mahanjee Hurry Doss of Calcutta

911

83 Meridian (a ship)

529/579

G. W. & W. J. Hall, of Bridge Dock/Yard

Hall & Co. of London

 

84 Meteor (a barque)

365/288

William Pile jun., of North Shore

Young & Co. of London

 

85 Mohi (a brig)

212

John Barkes, of Wreath Quay

Barkes & Co. of Sunderland

 

86

Morris (a snow)

218/201

Andrew Leithead, of Pallion

J. (James?) Hay of Sunderland

 

87

Mountain Maid (a barque)

340/360
later
329

Buchanan & Gibson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1864/65, owned, for that entire period by J. Gibson of North Shields. For initial service, thru 1855/56, from Shields to the Mediterranean & during the period of 1856/57 thru 1858/59 for service from Newcastle to India. From 1859/60, the barque, now of 329 tons, reverted to service from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel's then owner as being J. Gibson of North Shields, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Joseph Gibson. 115.5 ft. long. LR of 1864/65 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. A puzzle is why the vessel was LR listed for so very long. On Jan. 3, 1861, per line 1030 here, the 329 ton barque was lost in the Black Sea, while en route from Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea), to the U.K. with a cargo of wheat. Crew of 11 - 2 lost. Vessel then stated to have been owned by Jas. Gibson. Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss or otherwise add anything? This page refers to payments made to the surviving Mountain Maid crew members by the Shipwrecked Mariners Society & also suggests that one or maybe 2 persons named Gibson died in the disaster - widows grants were paid to Jane Gibson, aged 67, & Margaret Gibson, aged 28, (had one child). Of note, LR seems not to refer to 'Gibson' as being the vessel's captain at the time of her loss. Y

1246

88

Narayana (a barque)

372/417

John Barkes, of Wreath Quay (but re George Barker see Note)

Cowen & Co. of Newcastle

 

89

Nene Valley (a barque)

320/333

S. P. Austin, of Bishopwearmouth Panns

R. Young of Wisbeach

 

90

New Ship (1) of unknown name

180

William Reid or Reed, of Coxgreen

A Sunderland owner

 

91

New Ship (2) of unknown name

769

Arrow Leithead, of Pallion

A London owner 

 

92

Nymph (a barque)

413/449

James Laing

P. Pellier of Jersey

 

  Oak (a lighter)

 

John Smith of Pallion

 

 

93

Orestes (a barque)

520/558

John Watson, of Pallion

Shield & Co. of Newcastle

 

94 Otodini (a barque)

347/367

Richard Wilkinson, of Pallion

Shotton & Co. of Shields - G. (George), J. A. (Jane Ann), & E. (Emma) Shotton, J. (John) Witham & C. Morton in 1856

4992

95

Pactolus (a barque)

317/327

Rawson & Watson, of Southwick

S. Turney of London

 

96

Peacock (a snow, later a brig)

226

Bartram & Lister

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1871/72, owned thru 1857/58 by Peacock of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Aden, but from 1853/54 from Liverpool to Galatz (i.e. Galați, on the Danube, Eastern Romania, Black Sea). I previously had recorded here that Thos. College, Rebecca Smith & Jane Peacock were her initial owners per a Bartram's build list. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T. Colledge & J. and S. Peacock of Sunderland as her owners. In 1858/59, Dixon & Co. of Blyth, Northumberland, became her owners for service from Blyth to the Mediterranean, from 1861/62 from Blyth to the Baltic. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists John Dixon, John Harrison, Robert Burn, Wm. Hayes & John Parsons, all of Blyth, as owners of the Shields registered vessel. In 1865/66, Parsons & Co., of Blyth, are LR recorded as  her owners thru 1871/72. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, however, records the then North Shields registered vessel as being owned by Robert Brown, senr. of Blyth. 88.0 ft. long, signal letters HQLM. On Sep. 1, 1871, per line 1500 here, the 205 ton brig stranded on Wadorofjorden (Norway, perhaps?), while en route from Riga, Latvia, to England with a cargo of tar & wood. Crew of 7 - all lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Robert Burn. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

2753

97

Peggy (a barque)

319

J. Robinson, of Deptford

A North Shields purchaser - G. (George) Avery in 1856 & 1858

 

98

Peony (a barque) 1

344/421

John Thomas Alcock, of Low Street

T. Alcock of Sunderland

 

99

Perseverance (a schooner)

179

Unknown to webmaster

Unknown to webmaster - T. Arbuthnot Jr. in 1874/75

19548

100

Phoenician (a snow or brig)

288/241
later
198

William Petrie, of South Hylton

A vessel which had many owners in its short lifetime. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, always as a snow, from 1852/53 thru 1862/63, owned in 1852/53 only by Hay & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1853/54 & 1854/55, the vessel, per LR, was owned by Brice & Co. of Liverpool for the same service as before. In the period of 1855/57, Gething & Co., of Newport, Wales, owned the vessel for service from Newport to the Mediterranean. S. Campbell & Co., also of Newport, is LR listed as the vessel's owner from 1857/58 thru 1859/60 for continued service to the Mediterranean ex Newport. Note, however, that Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (image soon) lists Richard Leng, Christopher Harrison & John Weighill, all of Whitby, as the then owners of the 198 ton brig. From 1860/61 to part way thru 1862/63, per LR, Leng & Co., of Whitby, owned the vessel, now of 198 tons, for service ex Hull. 'Leng' later 'R. Leng' was, per LR, the vessel's captain during the period of Leng ownership. In 1862/63, Harrison & Co., also it would seem of Whitby, owned the vessel for service from Whitby to the Baltic. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'wrecked'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened? Y

8193

101

Pocahontas (a barque)

370/443

George Short, of Mowbray's Quay

J. (James) Leslie of North Shields - also in 1856 & 1858

11954

102

Portena (a barque)

354/361

Austin & Mills, of Southwick

Darbyshire of Liverpool

 

103

Priam (a ship)

571/604

Pearce & Thackray

J. Banks of Goole

12879

104

Prince Alfred (a ship)

825/931

John Crown, of Southwick

Pope Bros. of Plymouth

 

105

Princess Royal (a barque)

306/312

Buchanan & Gibson

Hopper & Co. of Sunderland

 

106

Prodroma (a snow) 1 (ex 2 & 3)

266/274
later
250

W. Reed of Coxgreen

The vessel was likely built for Richardson of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. From 1857/58 the vessel was owned by Rayner of Stockton, for service from Stockton, soon Liverpool, to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records the vessel as owned by C. E. & M. A. Richardson, of Sunderland. On Dec. 3, 1860, per line 459 here, the 250 ton snow was stranded at 'N. Car, Seaton Carew' (North Care Sand, Seaton Carew, nr. Hartlepool), while en route from Hamburg, Germany. None of the 11 man crew lost their lives. The vessel was then owned by Wm. Rayner. Y

919

107

Providence (a snow)

282/292

Robert Reay, of North Hylton

W. Ray of Portsmouth

 

108

Queen Bee (a barque)

310/337

William Crown, of Southwick

Bradley & Co. of Sunderland

 

109

Queen of the Teign (a barque)

284/303

Thomas Lightfoot, of Hylton Dene

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. Owned throughout by W. Stooke of Teignmouth, Devon, with W. Stooke always the vessel's captain. Always registered at Exeter it would seem. For service (1853/55) from Sunderland to Singapore, in 1855/56 ex Ramsgate, thereafter ex Liverpool, to South America from 1859/60. On Mar. 9, 1862, per line 2153 here, the 284 ton barque sank in the Bay of Biscay, while en route from Rangoon to the U.K. with a cargo of oil. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by William Stooke. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us or otherwise add anything? Y

23965

110

Queen of the Wave (a barque)

446/496
later
454

William Wilkinson, of Deptford

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1869/70. It was initially owned, for two years only thru 1853/54, by T. Young of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Aden. From 1854/55 thru to 1869/70, LR records G. Avery of North Shields as the vessel's owner for continued service from London, initially (in 1854/55) to Madras (now Chennai), India, from 1855/56 thru 1858/59 for service to the East Indies, & from 1859/60 for service to India. David Watts advises (thanks!) that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists the vessel as then owned by George Avery with Wm. Stork the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists G. Avery, of North Shields, as her then owner. Which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean George Avery. The vessel became of 454 tons in 1857/58. 122.0 ft. long. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Now throughout all of the years from 1852/53 thru 1869/70, there would appear to have been only one vessel named Queen of the Wave. A vessel of the name was significantly damaged at 18S/67E in the Indian Ocean on May 30, 1860 as per this reference in an obscure 'Google' book. But the reference does not state that the vessel was then lost. Indeed it wasn't. On Aug. 15, 1861, per line 1315 here, the 454 ton barque was wrecked at Ganjam (Odisha State, E. coast of India), while en route from Madras (now Chennai) India, to Ganjam. Crew of 17 - none lost. Then owned by Geo. Avery. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

11953

111

Reaper (a snow, later a barque)

251
later
216

W. Wilkinson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1863/64. It was owned, for that entire period, per LR, by Wilkinson of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean thru 1856/57. In 1857/58, in which year the vessel became a barque, for service ex London. Ex Gloucester in 1858/59 & ex London in 1859/60, & from 1862/63 for service from Bristol to Cadiz, Spain. The vessel became of 216 tons in 1858/59. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W. Wilkinson & E. Stabb, both of Sunderland, as her then owners, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Wm. Wilkinson & Edward Stabb. Note that LR lists E. Stabb as being the vessel's captain in all the years from 1854/55 to part way thru 1862/63. 94.5 ft. long. LR of 1863/64 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Acting Consul Gollom, of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, (Brazil's southernmost State, Uruguay to its south) advised that the vessel was wrecked near Rio Grande do Sul in 1863 (no exact date mentioned) & that no lives were lost in the disaster. The vessel occurred while Reaper was en route from Cadiz, Spain, to Montevideo, Uruguay. Per 1 ex 2. The wreck is stated to be close to where Prince of Wales (also built at Sunderland) was lost in 1861. That was at Albardão. Anything you can add? Y

10593

112

Rebecca (a snow or brig)

215/193
later
180

William Reid or Reed, of Coxgreen

The vessel, which I have read was first registered in Mar. 1852, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1867/68 & not thereafter. For that entire period, per LR, the vessel was registered at Whitby, Yorkshire, & owned by the 'Storm' family of Robin Hood's Bay ('RBH'). Per LR, J. Storm thru 1859/60 & M. Storm thereafter. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists James, Matthew  & John Harrison Storm as her then owners along with Wm. Steel, all of RHB, with Matthew Storm serving as the vessel's captain. Such data is confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1856. Two years later, in 1858, Christie's Shipping Register advises a slightly changed ownership, i.e. Matthew Storm, William Bedlington & Wm. Steel, all of RBH. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865, 1867 & 1868 all list Matthew Storm as the vessel's then owner. Per LR, the vessel served London i) ex Sunderland in the period of 1852/55 & ii) ex Hartlepool in 1856/60. It also served the Baltic i) ex Hartlepool (in 1855/56 & 1863/66) & ii) ex Whitby (in 1861/63 & 1866/68). M. (presumably Matthew) Storm served as the vessel's captain per LR from 1852/53 thru 1854/55 & from 1856/57 thru 1859/60, while Bedlington (presumably William Bedlington), served as captain from 1860/61 thru 1865/66 & maybe served briefly in 1855/56. J. Pattie would also seem to have served as the vessel's captain, in 1855/56 & from 1865/66 until the vessel's loss in late 1867. LR's recording of the vessel's tonnage is unusual. It is listed at 215/193 tons thru to 1854/55, 180 tons in 1855/56, 215/193 tons again from 1856/57 thru 1859/60 & 180 tons from 1860/61 thru 1867/68. 85.0 ft. long. LR of 1867/68 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Per the 2nd line 15 on this page, the 180 ton snow foundered in the North Sea on Dec. 2, 1867 while en route from Hartlepool to Landscrona, Sweden, with an unknown cargo. Crew of 7, all lost. Landscrona is on the W. coast of Sweden, across the water N. & a bit east of Copenhagen, Denmark. I should note that I have read elsewhere, in a data 'snippet' ex the Dundee Advertiser of Mar. 19, 1968, that the vessel was routed in the other direction, i.e. it left Landscrona in Nov. 1867, & went missing. Perhaps that or a similar report will become available to the webmaster in due course & the details can be learned. Is it possible that you have anything to add? Y

26145

113

Rebecca Shout (a barque)

383/375

Peverley & Charlton

Shout & Co. of South Shields

 

114

Resolution (a barque)

425/497

William Chilton, of Ayres Quay

'R. Stephns' of London

 

115

Richard Battersby (a barque)

433/528

John Smith, of Pallion

Chisholm of Liverpool. I read that in Nov. 1858, the vessel was destroyed by pirates, the value of the vessel & freight (not including the cargo) being $25,000. No indication as to where it was lost.

24539

116

Rival (a barque)

350

William Pile jun., of North Shore

A North Shields owner - in 1856, J. R. Kelso & J. Wheatley of North Shields

 

117

Roehampton (a barque)

405/469

Booth & Blacklock

Beckwith & Co. of Newcastle

 

118

Rose of Sharon (a ship)

730/870

William Wilkinson, of Deptford

J. Miller of Newcastle

15896

119

Roxburgh Castle (a ship)

1049/1121

William Pile jun., of North Shore

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1873/74, with the exception of 1867/68. It was launched, on Apl. 5, 1852, for Messrs. Green of Blackwall (London), for their India trade. 'Ornamented with a well-executed figure of Richard I', at its time the largest vessel ever built at Sunderland & the longest constructed in the North of England. Fred M. Walker advises (1 ex 2) (thanks!) that the vessel had been ordered by Richard Hay of Sunderland & was intended to be named King Richard, hence the figurehead. The vessel was owned, for its lifetime per LR, by R. (Richard) Green of London. For service, always ex London, to Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, in the period of 1852/53 thru 1855/56, to India in 1856/57 & from & after 1866/67, to Australia in 1857/58 & from 1860/61 thru 1864/65. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 333, image soon) & 1870 both list the vessel, then of 1002 tons, as owned by Richd. Green of Blackwall, Middlesex, London. LR seems not to have referenced the sale of the vessel late in its life. I think that this page re the ship (1 ex (pdf) 2 - thanks so much!), advises us that on Dec. 1, 1870 the vessel was sold for £2725 to 'A/S Fregatskibet Poxburgh Castle's Rhederi' of Helsingør (Elsinore), Denmark. And that on Jan. 4/5, 1872, i) the vessel stranded on the Goodwin Sands (off the coast of Kent) in a snow storm & was wrecked & ii) Captain J. A. Ebsen & 20 crew members were lost in the disaster. 182.5 ft. long, signal letters PKVQ, maybe NFVB also. I presume that the vessel's service to Australia will be well covered at Trove, Australia, but have not searched there completely yet. A part only re such data:- a) On Aug. 28, 1852, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex London & Plymouth (left Jun. 2, 1852) with 145 passengers & cargo. It went onto to Sydney without dropping anybody off or landing cargo & arrived there on Sep. 9, 1852. It followed that route in reverse & on Nov. 14, 1852 left Melbourne with 70 passengers & the largest quantity of gold then shipped in any vessel - 178,355 ounces, about 5 tons. In late Feb. 1853 the vessel arrived at Portland, U.K.. En route it had rescued 21 crew members of a burning ship whose name is not reported. b) On Jul. 30, 1853, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex Deal & Plymouth (left May 9, 1853). On Sep. 29, 1853 it left for London via Cape of Good Hope & arrived back in London in Feb. 1854. c) I think in 1855 the vessel landed 575 Chinese at Havana, Cuba, ex Amoy, China. d) On Jan. 4, 1856, the vessel arrived at Melbourne from London. That as far as I have checked! It takes time to read the many articles. Despite the above, the vessel's loss is at present a bit of a puzzle. This page translated by Google from the original in Danish, confirms the vessel's loss on Jan. 4, 1872, as stated above. But this page tells us that the vessel was wrecked on Jan. 5, 1872 while en route to Melbourne, Australia. While the authoritative 'The Blackwall Frigates', by Basil Lubbock, tells us on page 184 that the vessel was lost in 1876. As does 'The Good Old Days of Shipping', published in 1900. A contemporary newspaper cutting hopefully will emerge that will permit clarification of the facts. I still need to check re the vessel at Trove but could not spot any voyages to Australia in 1872. A painting of Roxburgh Castle, by James Harris, is in the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. Images can be seen here & here. Do note however that that work is not of 'our' Roxburgh Castle, but is rather of Roxburgh Castle built on the Thames in 1825. Can you tell us more? Y

26381

120

Sarah & Isabella (a snow)

235/244

John Barkes, of Wreath Quay

Watson of Sunderland. For service initially to the Baltic & later to the Mediterranean. On Feb. 15, 1860, per line 76 here, the 229 ton snow was stranded & presumably lost, at the island of Formentera, Balearic Islands off the E. coast of Spain, while en route from Leith to Marseilles, France, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 9 - none lost. Vessel then owned by George Watson. Y

24464

121

Satellite (a snow, later a brig)

245

Ratcliff, Spence & Co., of North Docks

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1862/63. It would seem that the owner's names caused spelling difficulties! Was always registered at Stockton. Per LR, it was initially owned by 'Trouzdale', of Stockton, for service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, & from 1853/54 for service from London to Australia. 'Trouzdale' is LR stated to have been the vessel's captain thru 1856/57. From 1857/58, 'Tr'wsdale' of Stockton is LR listed as the vessel's owner with 'Tr'wsdale' her captain. For continued service from London to Australia, & from 1859/60 for service ex London. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists Satelite (with one 'l'), a snow, as owned by J. & J. Trowsdale, of Stockton, with J. Trowsdale the vessel's captain, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (image soon) clarifies as meaning James & John Trowsdale. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Nov. 12, 1862, per line 2505 here, the 245 ton brig was abandoned in the Mediterranean, at 37N/18E (about 150 miles E. of Sicily), while en route from Sulina (Romania, Black Sea), to Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of grain. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by James & John Trowsdal. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

27094

122

Scott (a barque)

370
later
345

Lawson Gales, of South Hylton

Peter Scott of Sunderland

14106

123

Semiramis (a barque)

300/342

Arrow Leithead, of Pallion

M. Tweddell of South Shields - also in 1856

 

124

Senator (a barque)

318/342
later
318/312
later
309

Forest & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. It was initially owned by 'Lumsdn & S', presumably Lumsden & Sons, of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1855/56, per LR, 'Schilizzi', of Liverpool, owned the vessel  for continued service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, from 1856/57 for service ex Hull, & from 1858/59 for service from Liverpool to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. No owner name is recorded in LR of 1861/62. On Nov. 19, 1862, per line 2516 here, the 309 ton barque was abandoned in the North Atlantic, at 19N/34W, while en route from New York to Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of grain. That location is far to the south, about level with Cuba & about 1200 miles off the coast of Africa. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Wm. Ebenezer Barclay. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

25670

125

Shaftesbury

524/680

Oswald

J. Z. Pessan?

 

126

Sir Walter Raleigh (a barque)

410/477
later
410

John Smith, of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. It was initially owned, thru 1854/55, by W. A. Barr of London, for service from London to Port Philip (Melbourne, Australia). I was able to find, at Trove, Australia, a reference to the vessel loading at London for Melbourne on Nov. 6, 1852. But I could not spot that it later arrived at Melbourne. In 1855/56, per LR, W. Cliff of Liverpool, became the vessel's owner for service from Liverpool to the West Indies. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Aug. 15, 1861, per line 1316 here, the 410 ton barque was lost at Carew's Creek (where is it, I wonder?) while en route from Kingston, Jamaica, to Liverpool with a cargo of sugar etc. Crew of 16 - 8 lost. Then stated to be owned by William Cliff. This page references the loss also & tells us that the vessel was lost near Cosan Creek, Florida. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

1072

127

Sir William Ffolkes (or Sir William Folkes) (a barque)

317

Ratcliff, Spence & Co., of North Docks

W. Miles of Lynn

 

128

Spinning Jenny

488

Bennett & Co.

A London owner

 

129

Strathfieldsaye (a barque, later a ship)

554/656
later
600

John Haswell, of Ayre's Quay

Strathfieldsaye? The Hampshire, U.K. estate (near Basingstoke), awarded to the Duke of Wellington after his defeat of Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo in 1815. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1864/65. The vessel was initially owned by Pope & Co. of Plymouth for service ex London. In 1856/57, per LR, W. Connal of London became the vessel's owner for service from London to Akyab (now Sittwe, Myanmar) thru 1857/58 & from Clyde to New Zealand ('NZ') in 1858/59. With, per LR, J. Brown serving as the vessel's captain thru 1858/59 & 'McNewr' thru 1860/61. The vessel's voyages to Australia & NZ? On Dec. 11, 1852, the vessel left Gravesend, London, via Plymouth for Melbourne, Australia, with 221 passengers & cargo. It later left for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India on Jun. 17, 1852. The vessel arrived again at Melbourne on Nov. 24, 1853. It soon went on to Sydney & on May 11, 1854 left Sydney for Hong Kong (arrived May 9, 1854). On Apl. 29, 1858, the vessel arrived at Dunedin, Otago, NZ, with 263 passengers, mainly immigrants. This extensive & informative page rather states 273 passengers. It also states that vessel became a ship in 1856 - per LR in 1856/57. The vessel had left Greenock, Scotland, on Jan. 25, 1858, the 6th vessel with immigrants bound for Otago. The vessel had personnel problems indeed (here & here) when at Otago. Which ended up with, I think, the vessel's first mate William McNear (maybe William Neur) replacing James Brown as the vessel's captain. The vessel later left for Melbourne, on Jun. 29, 1858 (arrived Jul. 7, 1858) with a cargo of oats & wool & left for Guam on Jul. 15, 1858. In 1859/60 & 1860/61, per LR, the vessel served India ex the Clyde. In 1861/62, per LR, the vessel became owned by 'Seligmnn', presumably Seligmann, of Glasgow, for service from the Clyde to New York. Per LR, J. Grierson served as the vessel's captain under Seligmann ownership. The Mercantile Navy Lists record the vessel as registered at London in 1858, 1859 & 1860 & at Glasgow in 1861 & 1862. The vessel went missing in early 1861. This page references the vessel having gone missing, since Jan. 12, 1861, while en route from New York to Glasgow. Which data is essentially confirmed by the Nautical Magazine of Jul. 1861 which states that the vessel sailed from New York to the Clyde on Jan. 21 (rather than Jan. 12) 1861 & that nothing is known of her since. Such data is further confirmed by line 1970 on this page, which states that the ship left New York for the Clyde with a cargo of cotton & grain on Jan. 21, 1861 & went missing en route. A crew of 19 - all lost, of course. Than stated to be owned by Herman L. Seligmann. LR of 1864/65 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Delayed reporting I presume. It does continue to surprise me that 'Lloyd's' with all of their knowledge so frequently continued to list vessels long after they had met their fate. 4 years in this case. 132.0 ft. long, signal letters JMGS. Is there anything you can add to the above? Y

6072

130

Susanna Dixon (a brig, later a snow)

238

John Robinson, of Deptford

W. Dixon of South Shields - also in 1856

2061

131

Time & Truth (a barque)

470/576

William Henry Pearson, of Panns

Mitcheson of London

387

132

Toledo (a snow)

245/250

William Petrie, of South Hylton

W. Hay of Sunderland

 

133

Veturia (a barque)

427/478

Peter Austin

S. Austin of Sunderland

 

134

Victoria Regia (a ship)

618/739

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT, of North Sand

Nicholson of Sunderland

24741

135

Warrior Queen (a barque)

268/243
later
227

G. W. & W. J. Hall, of Bridge Dock/Yard

This launch announcement is, it is believed, for Warrior Queen, launched on Apl. 7, 1852. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1882/83. It is LR listed as a snow thru 1855/56 & thereafter as a barque. I suspect that the vessel was always a barque but must note that in 1880 the vessel was listed as a brig. It was owned thru 1853/54 by Bradley & Co. of Sunderland, initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean & in 1853/54 for service ex London. In 1854/55 per LR, but only in that year, the vessel was owned by J. Longton of Liverpool for service from Liverpool to the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). From 1855/56 thru 1861/62, J. Buckley, of Wisbech thru 1859/60 & thereafter of Boston, owned the vessel with 'W. Buckly' the vessel's captain thru 1859/60. Under 'Buckley' ownership, the vessel served Buenos Ayres, Argentina, ex Liverpool in 1855/56 & 1856/57 & thereafter served ex London. Until 1861/62 that is when it served ex Hull. The vessel became of 227 tons in 1860/61. The LR editions of 1862/63 thru 1865/66 list no owner name or port of registration, but still indicate service ex Hull. Normally such omissions might signify that the vessel had been lost, however in this case that seems not to be the case. From 1866/67 thru 1870/80, LR reports the vessel as owned by Scrafton & Co. of Middlesbrough (from 1876/77 M. Scrafton & Co.) for service from 1866/67 thru 1874/75 of Stockton to France. Note that LR does not provide details of a vessel's proposed service after 1874/75. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 & 1870 both record Matthew Scrafton of Middlesboro', Yorkshire, as the vessel's then owner. In 1879/80, per LR, J. Raymond of Whitby owned the vessel, however the Mercantile Navy List of 1880 rather lists James Rayment of Whitby as her owner (and the 221 ton vessel as a brig). In 1882/83, C. R. Pattinson, also of Whitby, became, per LR, the vessel's owner. LR of 1882/83 notes that the vessel had been 'SUNK'. Signal letters PBGW. I cannot advise what exactly happened to the vessel in or about 1882. Can you help in that regard or otherwise add anything? If so, do consider advising the webmaster. Y

24540

136

Washington (a barque)

440/486

William Naizby, of Ford Dock Yard

R. Sloman of Hamburg, Germany

 

137

Wilkinsons (a snow)

240

Havelock & Robson, of North Dock

Wilkinsons of Hartlepool. It would seem that the vessel was likely abandoned at sea in Nov. 1858.

 26144

138

William

590/703

Arrow Leithead, of Pallion

John Hay of Sunderland

24738

139

William Brown (a barque)

403/439
later
391

Booth & Blacklock

The vessel, launched likely in mid Jul. 1852 per this (in red) launch announcement, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. It was initially owned, thru 1860/61 (I think), by W. Brown, presumably William Brown, of Whitby. Initially for service from Sunderland to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), in 1854/55 for service from London to Ceylon. The vessel thereafter served out of London including to Hobart Town, Tasmania, in 1855/56. Via Trove, Australia, the webmaster has tracked the vessels voyages 'down-under'. It would seem that the vessel served only Hobart, the earliest reference he spotted being to the vessel leaving Hobart for Ceylon in ballast on Jan. 26, 1854. The vessel made 3 later voyages to Hobart:- 1) The vessel left London on Nov. 9, 1854 & arrived at Hobart on Feb. 26, 1855. It left for London on May 12, 1885 with a cargo of wool. 2) The vessel left Gravesend, London, on Dec. 23, 1855 & arrived at Hobart on Apl. 17, 1856. It left for London on Jul. 12 or 13, 1856, & was seen off Plymouth on Oct. 13, 1856. 3) On Jan. 6, 1857, the vessel left Deal for Hobart arriving there on Apl. 24, 1857. On May 19, 1857 the vessel left for Ceylon. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W. Brown of Whitby as owner of the Sunderland registered vessel, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning William Brown. In 1861/62 the vessel became of 391 tons. LR of 1861/62 is most difficult to read. I think it says that 'Cantillion' became the vessel's new owner for service from London to New Zealand ('NZ'). But I may well have misread the text & owner's name. On Oct. 2, 1861, per line 1384 here, the 391 ton barque burned at sea while en route from London to New Plymouth, NZ, with a general cargo. Crew of 12 - 1 lost. Then stated to be owned by Thos. M. Usborne. I read that the vessel left London on or about Sep. 7, 1861 & the Downs on Sep. 17, 1861 bound for Nelson/New Plymouth, NZ, it would seem under charter to Shaw & Savill. Captain Barclay was in command with 11 or 12 passengers aboard. On Oct. 2, 1861, near the Western Islands (The Azores) a fire broke our in the vessel's forepart 'supposed to be (caused) by the bursting of some tins of oil or turpentine...' At 36.44N/12.3W, about 550 miles W. of Gibraltar. The crew fought the fire for about 4 hours but could not bring it under control. One crew member, a steward, unfortunately died, said to have suffocated. At 11 p.m., with difficulty, they lowered the boats & the passengers & remaining crew all abandoned ship. Fortunately, a brig saw the flames in the distance & came on the scene. It arrived soon after 1:00 a.m. on Oct. 3, 1861, found the barque empty of life, searched for boats & picked up the passengers & crew from the sea. In due course all were landed at Madeira. The saviour was Hedrig Charlotta, a Swedish brig from Stockholm, en route to Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of salt. The loss of the barque is extensively covered here ex here. A passenger's account of her experience can be read here. This page references the loss also. Can you tell us more? Y

4331

140

William Wheatley (a barque)

334/369

S. Hodgson

Wheatley of Shields - H. Wheatley in 1856

2058

141

William & June

42

James Laing

 

 

142

Witch of the Wave (a barque)

230/233

Edward Bailey, of Pallion

J. Tinn of Newcastle, registerd at Shields

 

143

Woodbine (a snow)

296/296

Robert Reay, of North Hylton

W. Doxford of Sunderland

 

 

 

-------

 

 

 

 

Total tonnage

 

 

 

 

 

 

-------

 

 

 

What were the official build numbers for 1852? Do please advise me if you know. 'Where Ships Are Born' states 142 vessels & 56,645 tons. As does Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. Can you help correct the above list?

1853 (Just a start. Can you provide a list? Do please advise me if you have data. Corrections will surely be required in the data that follows.)

The list below is derived from many sources. It is currently being expanded with data that originates in a list of vessels built at Sunderland in 1853 contained within Marwood’s Shipping Register of 1854-55. We thank David Watts for transcribing such data & for making it available for inclusion here.

#

Name

Gross

Builder

Built for

Official No.

1

Abyssinian (a barque)

366/361
later
331
later
332

Lister & Bartram, of North Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70, then a gap of 4 years, & again, from 1874/75 most likely thru 1880/81. It was launched on Jan. 7, 1853 & per LR, owned thru 1858/59 by J. (John) Charlton & registered at Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, with W. Jackson serving as the vessel's captain. Note, however, that Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Edmund Mills & William Hann, both of Hetton-le-Hole as the vessel's then owners. LRs of 1859/60 & 1860/61 record Mills & Co. as the then owners of the Sunderland registered vessel now of 331 tons. With Dempster serving as the vessel's captain from 1859/60 thru 1862/63, for service ex Sunderland. LR of 1861/62, i.e. that year only, lists W. Hann as the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1862/63, per LR, Manson & Co. of Whitby became the vessel's owner for continued service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. With G. Manson serving as the vessel's captain. Such ownership & captaincy, per LR, continued thru 1869/70. In that last year, i.e. 1869/70, however, the name of Manson & Co. was struck out. For service in that year ex London. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 lists J. Beal of Whitby as the vessel's then owner. LRs of 1874/75 & later also list J. Beal as the vessel's owner - J. Beal & Co. from 1878/79. MNL of 1880 records John Beal as the vessel's then owner.109.0 ft. long, later (from 1874/75) 108.8 ft., signal letters NWKC. What happened to the vessel in the end? So very often ships are lost in a whole variety of circumstances. In this case the vessel was not lost, rather broken up. As is recorded in LR of 1880/81. Is there anything you can add or correct? Y

24347

2

African (a ship)

780/888
later
774

John Smith, of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1863/64. It was, per LR, owned thru 1856/57 by J. Gregg of Belfast, Northern Ireland, for service from Sunderland to India until 1855/56 & ex London in 1856/57. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel as registered at Sunderland rather than Belfast & owned by J. C. Gregg & J. Henry, both of Belfast. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists her then owners as being James C. Gregg & John Henry, both of Belfast, & James D. Entwistle of Sydenham Strand Town, a part of or close to Belfast, it would appear. The 'C' in J. C. Gregg apparently means Cranston. From 1857/58 to 1863/64, LR records Gibson of London as the vessel's new owner with J. (Joseph) Gibson the vessel's captain throughout. For service from Liverpool to Australia in 1857/58, from London to Australia in 1858/59 & 1859/60 & ex London thereafter. The vessel's voyages to southern waters ex Trove, Australia - i) The vessel arrived at Melbourne on May 24, 1857 ex London (left Jan. 29, 1857) with 18 passengers. It left in Jun. 1857 for Guam, in ballast. ii) On Sep. 20, 1858, the vessel arrived at Adelaide, ex London (left May 4, 1858). It later left Adelaide on Nov. 21, 1858, in ballast, maybe for Guam & arrived at Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), on Dec. 25, 1858. iii) On Jun. 30, 1860 African arrived at Auckland, New Zealand, ex London & Plymouth, with 130 passengers. iv) It arrived at Auckland again ex London on Jun. 8, 1861. v) There must have been yet another voyage to Auckland. On Oct. 8, 1862, the vessel arrived at Sydney from Auckland in ballast. It put into Fremantle (Perth) on Nov. 28, 1862 for water. It then must have left for Geraldton (424 km. N. of Perth) to load copper ore & wool, intending to return to Fremantle to complete its loading & return to London. 157.5 ft. long. LR of 1863/64 notes that the vessel had been 'Condemned'. When I read that word my mind thinks of ships in tropical waters whose timbers became infected with worms. That is not what happened - the word 'Condemned' was perhaps an unfortunate choice. This is what happened. African loaded copper ore & wool at Geraldton & on Jan. 1, 1863, left Champion Bay, Geraldton, for Fremantle. She ran into heavy weather, took on water big-time & on Jan. 4, 1863 determined to return to Champion Bay to ride out the storm. The vessel hit a reef, stated to be about 12 miles S. of Point Moore, a reef that Captain Joseph Gibson stated was not on his charts. Badly damaged, & with almost 6 ft. of water in its holds, the vessel made it to Champion Bay where it ran aground on the morning of Jan. 5, 1863, very close to the jetty there. The cargo was unloaded with only limited loss & damage. A survey was carried out on the condition of the ship. The vessel apparently could not be repaired at Champion Bay & Gibson had insufficient funds to take the ship elsewhere. So he abandoned the vessel as a constructive total loss. Another storm hit the area on Mar. 23, 1863, long after Captain Gibson had left the area - he had arrived at Fremantle aboard the 46 ton Favourite on Mar. 2, 1863. African was driven about 5 km. to the N. & ended up aground near the mouth of the Chapman River. What had happened, particularly the legal matters, is too long a story to be covered here. Essentially the hull was auctioned off to Lionel Samson for £70 - the cargo had been sold at auction for £350. Timbers from the vessel were salvaged & used by William Garrard, a local shipwright, to build two schooners (Mary Ann, ON 36551 & Lass of Geraldton, ON 52231) & Albatross, an 18 ton sailing lighter. Those vessels have their own interesting histories - William Garrard & 7 others lost their lives when Albatross was later wrecked. Most of African was 'recycled', but parts of the hull remain in situ to this day - sometimes visible, at other times covered by many feet of sand. Do visit this fine 'Western Australian Museum' page to read the full & interesting history. There are many newspaper articles available also at Trove. Is there anything you can add? Y

23091

3

Albatross (a barque)

387/453
later
397

Ralph Hutchinson, of North Quay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1872/73, owned for that entire period, per LR, by A. Strong of North Shields. For initial service from Sunderland to the East Indies, later, in 1858/59 & 1859/60, for service from Liverpool to Aden, in 1860/61 for service from Shields to the Black Sea & thereafter for service ex Shields, mainly to the Mediterranean, but in 1862/63 for service to Mauritius. Turnbull's register of 1856 lists A. Strong of North Shields as her then owner. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Anthony Strong. It would appear that the vessel was always registered at Shields, thru 1870 at least. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 records the vessel as then owned by Anthony Strong of Tynemouth. While the 1870 equivalent records the vessel as owned by John Leadley of Whitby, Yorkshire. 115.0 ft. long, signal letters MDTF. LR of 1872/73 notes 'wrecked'. On Nov. 13, 1872, per line 2697 here, the 397 ton barque stranded at Oeland (Öland island, Baltic Sea, Sweden), while en route from Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) to Newcastle with a cargo of deals & iron. Crew of 11 - none lost. The vessel was then stated to be owned by Geo. Mather. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss or add anything additional? Y

16998

4

Ann (a schooner or sloop)

32

H. Carr

So far as I can see, this modest vessel was never listed in Lloyd's Register. It is, however, listed as a schooner in the North of England Maritime Directory of 1854, then captained & owned by George Dowell of Sunderland. And is listed also in Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (a sloop). The vessel is listed in the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1870, 1872 & 1874, still owned by George Dowell. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1880, As this listing is created MNL's of 1875, 1876 & 1879 are not available. Is there anything you can add? Y

23680

5

Anne (a barque)

382/393

George Short, of Mowbray's Quay

Eltringham of Sunderland

 

6

Antipodes (a ship)

648

James Laing

Riddell of London - have previously listed Brown & Co.

 

7

Aurifera (a barque)

459/490
later
387

Forrest & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1865/66 only, but with limited detail beyond 1860/61. Was initially owned by Schlessinger for service ex Liverpool to Australia. From 1856/57, 'R.  Dambril' was her owner, & Dambrill (no initials listed) was her captain. For service ex Liverpool, initially to Rio de Janeiro, soon to Algoa Bay (E. coast of South Africa), & later ex London. No owner name is LR recorded after 1860/61. 133.0 ft. long, signal letters HMFP. Was registered at Liverpool thru 1860/61. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 records the 436 ton barque as owned by James Orkney of Melbourne, Australia & registered there. On Jul. 24, 1870, per line 286 here, the 387 ton barque foundered at sea while en route from Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, to New Caledonia (French islands, 750 miles off Australian E. coast) with 600 tons of coal. The vessel had encountered a severe northerly gale, & became seriously damaged with 9 feet of water in her holds. The crew abandoned her 350 miles off Lord Howe Island & in tough conditions reached that island on Jul. 30, 1870, in the only available boat. Crew of 11 (rather than 22) - none lost. Then said (line 286) to have been owned by Alex. McEwan but actually owned by Captain C. W. (Charles William) Gallois. The National Insurance Company & other insurance companies later claimed that Gallois had deliberately scuttled the vessel - something to do with a missing ship's auger - but the case against Gallois was in due course dismissed. Lots of data about the court case is available via Trove, Australia. Strangely, even though she was lost in 1870, the vessel was still MNL listed in 1880, stated to be then owned by John Levitt of Melbourne. Other data at Trove. On Aug. 20, 1869, the vessel arrived at Walleroo, near Adelaide, with the Governor of Western Australia, F. A. Weld, & his wife aboard, rescued from Balcluthea, a steamer, which had broken her shaft. In or about Aug. 1869, the vessel had been sold privately for £1,700, I believe to John Lovitt, later her captain.  Y

1974

8

Auxiliar (a barque)

368/455

George Worthy, of Southwick

Hansell of Shields

 

9

Banshee (a barque)

319/332

William Spowers, of Hylton

Potts & Co. of Sunderland

 

10

Barbara Ann (a snow)

302/310

Dennis Douglas, of Southwick

J. Morrison of Newcastle. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists James Morrison of Howden Pans, as the then owner of 'Barbara & Ann'. With J. Laughton the vessel's captain.

20118

11

Beecher Stowe (a barque)

346/352

Ratcliff, Spence & Co., of North Docks

G. Avery of North Shields

2140

12

Belisama (a barque)

375/398

Rawson, Watson & Co., of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1873/74, owned thru 1861/62 by J. Norman of Liverpool, initially for service from Sunderland to London & from 1859/60 for service ex Leith, Scotland. This launch announcement, which incorrectly names the vessel Belisarna, advises that the vessel was built for Messrs. E. Lumsden and Sons but was resold by them to John Norman of Liverpool, who intended to use the vessel on the London to Australia trade. So far as I can see, the vessel did not sail to Australia, but it did leave Gravesend, London, on Nov. 7, 1856 for Lyttelton, New Zealand, with a few passengers & a full cargo. In mid May 1857, after a stay of 3 months, the vessel left Lyttelton with 759 bales of wool, bound for London. On Aug. 6, 1859, the vessel was reported to be at Cronstadt, St. Petersburg, Russia, to load a cargo of candles. It had been damaged in the Baltic but had been repaired. In 1861/62, per LR, J. Patchett, also of Liverpool, became the vessel's owner, thru 1866/67, for service ex Liverpool thru 1863/64 & service thereafter ex London. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 41, image soon) lists Benjamin Patchett of Liverpool as the then owner of the 371 ton barque. LR has things differently. They advise that in 1866/67, W. Walker of Leeds acquired the vessel for service from London to Table Bay, South Africa, & remained her owner thru 1873/74. It should be noted, however, that the vessel is not listed in the Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1868 & 1870. The vessel may well have been lost by then. 119.0 ft. long, signal letters NVLK. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

24128

13

Bella Dona (a barque)

401/408

Robert Reay, of North Hylton

J. How of Bideford

 

14

Blenheim (a barque)

425/456

Unknown to webmaster

A. Strong of North Shields

26312

15

British Tar (a barque)

378/417
later
382

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62, owned throughout by J. Dryden of North Shields. For service initially from Sunderland to Aden (thru 1854/55), in 1855/56 for service from Shields to Aden & thereafter thru 1860/61 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. In 1861/62, LR notes service from Southampton to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being J. Dryden of North Shields, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean John Dryden. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Dec. 26, 1861, per line 1544 here, the 382 ton barque was abandoned at sea, at 39N/52W, roughly 1500 miles E. of New York, while en route from New York to Falmouth. Crew of 14 - none lost. No cargo is referenced but it would seem that the vessel was carrying grain. Vessel then stated to be owned by John Dryden. Can you tell us more about the circumstances of the vessel's loss? Y

899

16

Buchanan (a barque)

339/343

Buchanan and Gibson

Buchanan of Sunderland

 

17

Burlington (a ship)

652/778
later
788

J. & R. Mills, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1872/73, owned for that entire period, per LR, by J. Lidgett of London. For initial service from London to Australia, from 1858/59 for service from London to Hobart Town, Tasmania, from 1865/66 for service from London to Australia again. In a couple of years, i.e. 1867/68 & 1868/69, service from Milford (possibly Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, Wales) to India is referenced, & thereafter ex London - to India where indicated. The Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1867 (page 56) & 1870 record the vessel as then owned by J. J. Lidgett of London. 145.0 ft. long, signal letters LQKN. LR of 1872/73 notes 'wrecked'. On May 1, 1872, per line 2414 here, the 788 ton ship was wrecked at Madras (now Chennai), India. The vessel, at anchor at Madras, with a cargo of cotton & sugar aboard, was driven ashore by an unusually intense cyclone that not only destroyed Burlington but also destroyed 8 other British ships including John Scott & Kingdom of Belgium, both built at Sunderland. Many local vessels were destroyed also & many others were damaged, as was the Madras pier & the city itself. A contemporary newspaper article ex Trove, Australia (thanks!), about the cyclone. Crew of 19 - none lost. The vessel was then stated to be owned by John Lidgett. It would seem that the Lidgett family lost two vessels in a single day in this weather disaster - John Scott was owned by George Lidgett. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

14994

18

Burmah (a ship)

620/718

Booth & Blacklock

Blair & Co. of Sunderland

 

19

Bury St. Edmunds (a ship)

701

William Wilkson (Wilkinson?), of Deptford

Blyths & Green, of London

 

20

Byzantium (a barque)

330/332

Ratcliff, Spence & Co., of North Docks

Clough & Co. of North Shields - R. & G. Clough & C. Wilson in 1856

 

21

Cairo (a barque)

381/395
later
395
later
349

Thomas Lightfoot, of Hylton Dene

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1861/62. It was owned, thru 1860/61, by Glaholm & Co. of Newcastle for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, which service became Shields to the Mediterranean thereafter. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Jno. Glaholm & Jas. Kelly, both of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owners. With James Kelly the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 advises that J. Glaholm of Newcastle was her then owner, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning John Glaholm. LR of 1861/62 indicates no owner name which suggests that the vessel may well have been sold. LR of 1861/62 also notes that the vessel had been 'Abandoned'. On Oct. 30, 1861, per line 1415 here, the 349 ton barque stranded in the Sea of Azof (Black Sea). No vessel routing or cargo is indicated. Crew of 12 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John Clarke. This newspaper article (in green) tells us that Cairo was lost off Berdianski & further that Cairo's master & two of her mates, having survived the loss of Cairo, were aboard Fanny, a brig, (possibly built in Prince Edward Island, Canada, in 1847) when it was lost not far from Sinope in the Black Sea in early 1862. It would seem that many vessels & lives were lost in the Black Sea in the first 3 weeks of 1862 due, presumably, to storms & intense cold. All aboard Fanny were lost. Can you tell us about the circumstances of Cairo's loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

22639

22

Calabar (a ship)

665/754

Arrow Leithead, of Pallion

John Hay of Sunderland

 

23

Caldera (a ship, later a barque)

697/826
later
730
later
715/742

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, it would seem, from 1854/55 thru 1885/86. It was initially owned, but only thru 1855/56, by John Hay of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Bombay (now Mumbaii), India with Harrison her captain. In 1856/57, the vessel became owned by H. (Henry) Ellis of London (H. Ellis & Sons from 1873/74). As is confirmed by the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL')  of 1870 & 1872. Per LR, Ellis (Chas. Fred. Ellis in 1875 & 1876), owned the vessel thru 1875/76 for some varied service indeed. Which service included from London to i) Australia (1856/57 thru 1858/59), ii) China (in 1861/62 & 1862/63), iii) India (1865/66 thru 1867/68), iv) Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (1868/69) & v) Singapore (1871/72 & 1872/73). It also served from Liverpool to India in 1859/60 & to the West Indies in 1863/64 & from the Clyde to India in 1864/65. With 6 or 7 captains per LR. S. Clyma (thru 1861/62), Jarvis (to 1864/65), Johns (to 1865/66), Jordan thru 1867/68 & J. Jordain thru 1871/72 (could those two have been the same person?), H. Ellis from 1871/72, (when LR first reports the vessel as a barque) to 1873/74, & Evans (thru 1876/77). In 1876/77, W. Reed, also of London, became the vessel's owner but only briefly. In 1878/79 thru 1880/81, J. Coulson Jr., of North Shields (per MNL of 1880) is LR recorded as the owner of the London registered vessel. In 1880/81, per LR, W. Armstrong, became her owner. LR thereafter records no owner or captain names but does advise that the vessel was owned in Sweden. 'Mansfield' is LR stated as the vessel's captain thru 4 owners (from 1876/77 thru 1881/82. The non British ownership may be 'sort of' confirmed by the vessel not being MNL listed after 1882. 156.0 ft. long, signal letters JCFD.
It is clear that owners Reed, Coulson & Armstrong were related, presumably partners in the vessel's ownership. On Feb. 8, 1879, the vessel left South Shields for Leghorn (Livorno, Italy) with a cargo of 915 tons of coal, & with William Armstrong in command. With a crew of 16 all told. At that time, the vessel was owned by John Coulson with William Reed the vessel's manager. On Feb. 13, 1879, the vessel was stranded on Ridge Sand which is in the English Channel 11 miles from Dover Castle & 9 miles from the Cape Grisnez Lighthouse in France. In misty conditions, the captain held to a course that inevitably would bring his vessel onto Ridge Sand. The vessel floated off with the rising tide in about an hour, & making a great deal of water despite use of the pumps, was picked up 3 or 4 hours later by a steam barge & laid upon the beach at Kingsdown (S. of Deal on the coast of Kent), to prevent her from sinking. A part of her cargo was there discharged & the pumps continued to be manned. After about 12 hours on the beach, the vessel was towed to Victoria Docks in London, to effect repairs. You can read all about it here in the 'pdf' decision of the Court of Inquiry into the stranding (also in a summary here). Which found that the stranding was due to the wrongful acts & defaults of her captain, whose certificate was suspended for 3 months as a result. I have not so far located any data as to who later owned the vessel in Sweden & what finally happened to her. Can you tell us more? Y

4352

24

Catherine Pemberton (a barque)

313

John Smith, of Pallion

Pemberton of London

6098

25

City of Carlisle (launched as Queen Victoria) (a ship) 1 Note

766/936

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel was initially owned by E. Graham & registered at Newcastle for service to London. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Edmund Graham of Gateshead, as the vessel's then owner. With W. Storey the vessel's captain. On Feb. 28, 1854, City of Carlisle was one of many ships engaged by the British Government for service as transport ships re the Crimean War. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that E. Grahame was in 1854 the vessel's owner & that City of Carlisle 'Conveyed artillery, gun-carriages, and horses to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed on various services in the Black Sea'. Varna is in Bulgaria, on the Black Sea coast. Turnbull's Register of 1856 advises E. Graham of Newcastle to be her owner. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 advises E. Graham of Gateshead

24706

26

Clara (a ship, later a barque)

629/708
later
623

Unknown to webmaster but possibly Haswell

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1882/83. Owned, thru 1861/62, per LR, by J. Luscombe (John Henry Luscombe) of London, for initial service from Sunderland to London & from 1854/55 for service ex London. Diane Oldman tells us, in her fine page available here, that in Mar. 1857, Clara left London under the command of Captain Henry Peachey, for the Swan River Colony at Fremantle, Western Australia. With, ultimately, 262 male convicts looked after by 30 pensioner guards & their families (95 in all). The vessel left Portsmouth on Mar. 5, 1857 & then loaded convicts at Portland Prison, Dorset. They had trouble in getting a full load of convicts apparently! A couple were married en route, on May 29, 1857. On May 9, 1857 the ship was at Table Bay, South Africa & left there on May 31, 1857 to be seen off Fremantle on Jul. 1, 1857. She could not come immediately into port, however. A major storm hit the area & she was in fact lucky to arrive at all. She went out to sea to weather the storm & was driven right over Murray Reef, at nearby Rockingham, a reef which was normally covered by only 6 ft. of water. She was able to anchor & when the storm had somewhat abated, found a gap in the reef & escaped to the open sea again - to finally arrive at Fremantle on Jul. 3, 1857. All as per these Trove Australia newspaper cuttings (1 & 2). On or about Aug. 1, 1857, she left Fremantle for Point de Galle, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in ballast. In 1861/62, the vessel became, per LR, owned (for the rest of its life) by Stuart & Co. (which means, I read, Peter Stuart & Peter Douglas) of Liverpool, (from 1876/77 Stuart & Douglas), for service from Liverpool to India (in 1861/62 & 1862/63), from Liverpool to Africa in the period of 1863 thru 1867, thereafter to India i) ex Liverpool in 1867/68 & 1868/69 & also 1871/72 thru 1873/74 & ii) ex London in 1869/70 & 1870/71. However, the Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1867 & 1870 & also later such lists thru 1882 (select sail, on page 231) all list Peter Douglas, of Liverpool, as the then owner of the vessel, listed at 650 tons in 1867 & 623 tons in 1870 & later. The vessel became per LR listed at 623 tons in 1867/68 & became a barque in 1874/75. LR of 1882/83 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 144.5 ft. long, signal letters PKTW. I cannot yet tell you what happened to the vessel & when. Is there anything you can add? Y

26370

27

Conciliator (a barque)

338/357
later
358
later
313

Hodgson & Gardener (maybe Gardner)

There would seem to be some confusion as to when the vessel was first built or registered, with Lloyd's Register ('LR') consistently reporting the vessel as built in 1853 & 3 maritime lists referenced below rather listing 1852. The vessel is LR listed from 1853/54 thru 1878/79. Owned thru 1861/62 by Atkinson of North Shields. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean thru 1858/59 & from Hull to the Mediterranean in 1859/60 & 1860/61. With A. Jackson serving as the vessel's captain thru 1858/59 per LR & A. Hastings from 1859/60 thru 1862/63. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists Conciliator of 1852 as owned by Matthew H., Thomas H., & John Atkinson, all of North Shields with Aaron Jackson serving as the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 confirms such ownership data. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Matthew Hand & John Atkinson of North Shields as the vessel's then owners. Might Matthew Hand mean Matthew Hand Atkinson? It seems likely that for a brief period in about 1861/62 the vessel was owned by Thompson jr. of Sunderland, but by 1862/63 the vessel would seem to have been owned by J. Somerville of North Shields, who owned it thru 1868/69. For service to the Mediterranean i) ex Sunderland (in 1862/63 & 1863/64), ii) ex Shields (in 1865/66), iii) ex Newport, Wales (in 1866/67 & 1867/68). With J. Robinson serving briefly as the vessel's captain, soon, from 1864/65 thru 1868/69, H. Frost. The vessel was first LR listed at 328 tons in 1864/65 & in 'Christies' in 1858.. In 1868/69, the vessel, per LR, became owned by A. Leake of South Shields (later of North Shields), who also served as the vessel's captain thru 1873/74 & from 1875/76. J. Burdon served as captain from 1873/74 thru 1875/76. For service from Shields to either Spain or the Mediterranean. 115.0 ft. long, signal letters PNTB. LR of 1878/79 notes that the vessel had been involved in a 'Collision'. In mid Sep. 1878, the vessel, stated to be of 313 tons only & then owned & captained by A. Leake, was en route from South Shields to Savona, Italy, with a cargo of coal. On Sep. 20, 1878 Conciliator and Richmond, an 1106 ton steamship built at Middlesboro' in 1871, were in collision when 10 miles S. of Europa Point, Straits of Gibraltar. Crew of 10 no lives lost. As per this page. It would seem that Conciliator likely sank as a result of the collision. The webmaster initially thought, having read the LR entry in 1878/79 re Richmond, that it must also have been lost in the collision. It was lost in 1878 but later in the year & under other circumstances. A court case in Admiralty Court dealt with the Conciliator/Richmond collision but I have not been able to read anything about such case. Is there anything you can add? Or correct? Y

27076

28

Countess of Bective (a barque)

377/426
later
377/394

T. & B. Tiffin, of Glasshouse Reach

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70. Owned, throughout that entire period, by Nicholson & Co. of Sunderland. Who owned an earlier vessel of the name, built in Sunderland in 1843 & lost in 1850. For initial service, thru 1855/56, from Sunderland to Coquimbo, Chile, & thereafter for service from Swansea, Wales to the West Indies. LR references five persons who served as the vessel's captains i.e. J. Thompson thru 1855/56, T. Phillips thru 1860/61, Phillmore in 1861/62 & 1862/63 & Bevan thereafter. However Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 states that Paul Smith was then her captain & Wm. Nicholson & Sons her owner. I spotted a reference to the vessel being a 'copper barque'. I presume that may mean that the vessel carried copper ore from Cuba & Coquimbo, both noted for their copper mines. 115.0 ft. long, signal letters LMCT. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 lists 'Cont. of Becktive' as owned by W. Nicholson, sen., W. Nicholson, jun., and J. Nicholson, all of Sunderland. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies such owner names as meaning William Nicholson, sen., William Nicholson, jun., and John  Nicholson. The vessel, returning to Swansea ex Cuba in 1862, lost five of her crew due to yellow fever and one from brain fever. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists William Nicholson of Sunderland as her then owner. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The circumstances of her loss are not yet to hand. This listing was started having seen this newspaper cutting (in blue) concerning the vessel returning to Swansea having suffered considerable damage in a storm in early Dec. 1863. Hopefully more data in the future. Y

14188

29

Crest of the Wave, later Gurli, Tomaso T. (a ship, later a barque)

924/856
later
776
later
805
later
708

William Pile Jun., of North Shore

A Henry Scott (1911/1966) painting of the vessel was sold on Sep. 11, 2013 - see here. John Raphael Isaacs (1808/1870) made a lithograph of the vessel (2nd image down on this page). Do visit this fine site (Lars Bruzelius) for extensive detail about the vessel's ownership & voyage history. The vessel seems to have been Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1892/93 with three different vessel names. I say 'seems to have been' because not all LR editions are available to the webmaster. Sister ship to Spray of the Ocean. The launch of the vessel (stated to be a barque) on Oct. 3, 1853. The launch of the vessel as reported in Australia. Per LR, Brice & Co., of Liverpool, was the ship's initial owner thru 1860/61, in which year Friend & Co., i.e. E. C. Friend, also of Liverpool, became her owner thru 1867/68. Brice & Co. surely means Brice, Friend & Co. & the 1860/61 change of ownership may therefore be a transfer rather than a sale. During such period of Brice/Friend ownership, the vessel, per LR, served Australia from Sunderland (in 1854/55), served ex Liverpool, & served China ex London (in the period of 1858/1861). On Apl. 26, 1854, the vessel arrived at Hobson's Bay, Melbourne, after a voyage of 74 days only from Liverpool (left Feb. 12, 1854). A feat not accomplished by any other sailing vessel. With a full cargo & 33 or so passengers & under the command of John Steele. The vessel later left for Ceylon & Bombay on or about Jun. 13, 1854. In 1861/62 the vessel served Australia ex London, in 1862/64 served China ex Liverpool, served Australia ex Liverpool in 1864/65 & London to China again in 1865/66. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 (page 86, image soon) lists John Hay of Cresswell House, near Sunderland, as the vessel's  then owner, an owner name not LR referenced, while MNL of 1868 lists Edward C. Friend of Liverpool. In 1867/68, the vessel became of 776 tons, owned per LR by Wright Bros. of London (MNL of 1870 lists Andrew Wright of London) thru 1876/77 at least (LR of 1877/78 is not available). For service from Leith, Scotland, to China, thru 1869/70, & ex London thereafter. In 1878/79, the vessel, now a barque of 805 tons, became owned by Bullard King & Co. of London, thru 1880/81 per LR, however, the 1880 edition of MNL lists Daniel King of London as her then owner. Soon thereafter, the vessel was sold to Swedish interests. In 1881/82 the vessel, renamed Gurli, was owned by E. T. Stromberg of Gothenburg, Sweden, with 'Stromberg' the vessel's captain. Bruzelius, however states that the vessel was rather sold, in Dec. 1880, to Johannes Andersson and Alfred Theodor Strömberg, of Göteborg, & that Alfred Theodor Strömberg became Gurli's captain. Per LR, J. A. Göthe, also of Gothenburg, became the vessel's owner in 1886/87, with 'Stromberg' continuing to serve as her captain. In 1888/89, per LR, A. F. Strömberg of Gothenburg became the vessel's owner, thru 1889/90, with A. T. Strömberg serving as her captain. It would seem that Gurli was active in Australian waters from 1880 thru 1887 under 3 different captains i.e. J. E. Luryberg, Victor Dunneberg & Wannberg. I presume that Trove, Australia, would have additional references. The vessel seems not to be recorded in LR of 1890/91. In 1892/93, however, the vessel, now named Tomaso T. of 708 tons became owned by T. G. Tarabochia of Trieste, (then Austria now Italy). Sold per Bruzelius in May 1891. I read that the vessel was condemned in Sep. 1892. 180.0 ft. long, later (1878/79) 184.3 ft., later (1887/88) 175.8 ft. long, signal letters LVNW, later (1892/93) HSLT. Is there anything that you can add? Y

15990

30

Criterion (a barque)

267/270

James Laing

J. Longton of Liverpool. I have previously referenced Ferguson

 

 

Deptford (a barque) See here

361/358

Hodgson & Gardiner, of North Hylton

J. Robinson of Deptford, Sunderland

17490

31

Dumfries (a barque)

305/318

G. W. and W. J. Hall, of Bridge Dock/Yard

Thompson of Shields - R. & A. Thompson in 1856

26964

32

E. D. T. (a barque)

375/396

Pile & Smart, of North Sand

Thompson of South Shields - J. L. Thompson & H. Lee in 1856

2219

33

Eaglet (a snow)

217

R. H. Potts & Brothers, of Low Street

Potts & Co. of Sunderland

 

34

Earl of Shaftesbury (a ship)

518/599

Booth & Blacklock

The webmaster has not researched this vessel which was however owned by P. Tindall of London for service from London to Madras (now Chennai), India. On Mar. 6, 1854, Earl of Shaftesbury was one of many ships engaged by the British Government for service as transport ships re the Crimean War. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that P. Tindall was in 1854 the vessel's owner & that Earl of Shaftesbury 'Conveyed artillery, gun-carriages, and horses to Constantinople ; afterwards employed as an artillery stores-ship in the Black Sea'. Also 'this ship has been employed as a magazine for artillery stores for the army since the date of her arrival at Constantinople. Can you add anything additional?

 

35

Eena (a barque)

425/477

William Wilkinson, of Deptford

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1881/82. Owned, thru 1857/58, per LR, by J. Towse of London, for service from London to Sydney, Australia (in 1854/55) & from London to China thereafter. Eena, under the command of J. Pounder, left Sydney, New South Wales on Jun. 18, 1854 for London, with a cargo that included gold & specie (gold coins). In 1858/59 & 1859/60, per LR, S. Ingled'w of Stockton (Ingledew?) was the vessel's owner for continued service from London to China. In 1860/61, J. Lidgett of London, became the vessel's owner thru 1871/72, for service ex London to India (in 1861/62 & 1862/63), for service to the Swan River Colony in Western Australia (from 1863/64 thru 1866/67), for service from London to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in 1867/68, & thereafter ex London. On Jul. 18, 1863, the vessel arrived at Fremantle (Swan River) with about 70 immigrants & left for Singapore on Aug. 31, 1863 with a cargo of sandalwood. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 107, image soon) lists J. J. Lidgett, of London, as her then owner while the equivalent list of 1870 records George Lidgett. In 1871/72, per LR. the vessel was acquired by Maresca & Co. of Naples, Italy. They owned the vessel, per LR, thru 1881/82, with F. Maresca always serving as her captain. The vessel is not listed, so far as I can see, after 1881/82. 124.5 ft. long, signal letters QNDP. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel, or otherwise add anything? Y

31000

36

Egmont (a ship)

695/767

John Haswell, of Ayre's Quay

Willis & Co. of London

23220

37

Elizabeth Wright (a schooner)

158/103

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

Wright & Co. of Sunderland

2730

38

Elizabeth & Emily (a barque)

348/356

Peter Gibson, of Ayre's Quay

Briggs & Co. of Stockton

 

39

Epsom, later Chiarina (a ship, later a barque)

556/619
later
547

G. W. & W. J. Hall, of Bridge Dock/Yard

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1870/71. Owned for her entire lifetime, per LR, by Temperley & Co. of London. For service, thru 1857/58, from London to Sydney, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, from London to China in the period of 1858/1861, from London to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in 1861/62 & later ex London. In 1854/55 & 1855/56, per LR, Temperley was the vessel's captain, but that would seem not to have been so. Certainly re the vessel's voyages to Australia in 1853 thru 1856 Buckland was her captain. I learn that the vessel left London on Jul. 29, 1853  for Sydney, via Portsmouth, arriving at Sydney on Nov. 17, 1853. It later left for Hong Kong on Jan. 4, 1854. On Apl. 1, 1854, Epsom left Hong Kong for Jamaica with voluntary emigrant agricultural labourers. On Jul. 30, 1854, it arrived at Falmouth, Jamaica, with 267 only of the original 310 agricultural workers (coolies). On Jan. 20, 1855, the vessel left Liverpool for Port Philip, Melbourne, arriving there on Apl. 26 or 27, 1855 with 253 Government immigrants for Geelong. On Jun. 1, 1855 the vessel left Melbourne for either Madras (now Chennai), India or Guam (reports differ). On Aug. 17, 1856, the vessel left Melbourne for Guam having arrived earlier ex London. And in late Dec. 1856, the vessel was loading at Manila for Shanghai, China. Some years later ... on Aug. 9, 1863 the vessel arrived at Lyttelton, New Zealand ('NZ'), from London with gunpowder & the plant for the Lyttelton & Christchurch railway. On Nov. 3, 1865, Epsom left Gravesend for Wellington, NZ, arriving there on Mar. 3, 1866 after a voyage of 119 days. On May 4, 1866 it left for Newcastle, NSW, there to take on 740 tons of coal for Java, departing on Jul. 1, 1866. Later, on Nov. 2, 1866 the vessel left Java for Sydney with a cargo of sugar & coffee, & on Mar. 7, 1867, left Sydney for London. There may well be more voyages to Australia & NZ recorded at Trove & at Papers Past.. The Merchant Navy List of 1867 (page 126, image soon), & also 1868, lists John Temperley of London as her then owner. The vessel is not listed in the equivalent list of 1870. 143.0 ft. long, signal letters LFBK. Brian Bouchard advises (thanks!) that Epsom was a clipper running from London to New Zealand conveying migrants to Australia and Chinese coolies to work in Jamaica. During 1860 it was used to transport military invalids from Hong Kong to Falmouth, U.K., after the Second Opium War. Apparently it was taken out of business in 1869/70 when the Suez canal was completed. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel and/or otherwise add anything?
The webmaster has not researched the data which follows, but it would seem that the vessel, then a barque, was later sold to F. S. Ciampa of Naples, Italy, & renamed Chiarina. I have read her then tonnage recorded as 396 & her length at 133.0 ft. only. The matter needs research. Y

12966

40

Euphrosyne (a ship, later a barque)

398/446
later
387
later
367

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1879/80. Owned, thru 1864/65, per LR, by Coxon & Co. of North Shields. This launch announcement advises that the vessel was launched on Mar. 24, 1853 for Thomas Coxon of North Shields & E. N. Grace of Newcastle, who intended to use the vessel on the Mediterranean & Indian trade. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records J. Coxon of North Shields & E. N. Grace of Byker Hill as her then owners. That reference to J. Coxon is probably in error since Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 advises Thomas Coxon & E. N. Grace. LR records the vessel's 'Coxon' service as being thru 1855/56 for service to the Mediterranean ex Sunderland, from Shields to the Black Sea in 1856/57, from Shields to Aden in the period of 1857/58 thru 1861/62 & thereafter from Belfast to the Mediterranean. The vessel became of 387 tons in 1856/57. In 1864/65, the vessel, now per LR a barque, became owned by T. Knox of Shields thru 1867/68 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 129, image soon) lists Thomas Knox of North Shields as her then owner. In 1867/68, Hodgson & Co. of Blyth became the vessel's owner for, per LR, the balance of the vessel's lifetime.
It would seem that on Mar. 17, 1867 the vessel was damaged in a collision at Plymouth Harbour. When carrying a cargo of wheat, & a crew of 13. The collision must have been major since 12 lives are said to have been lost in the disaster. As per this U.K. Government Report.
The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records Joseph Hodgson of Blyth as her then owner as do later editions thru 1879. For service from Blyth to Aden in 1867/68 & 1868/69, from Holland to Singapore from 1869/70 thru 1872/73. And for service in 1873/74 for service from Blyth to Ascension Island (& possibly to the Baltic). The vessel became of 367 tons in 1872/73. 118.0 ft. long, signal letters NQJR. LR of 1879/80 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. No data is yet to hand that provides detail as to what happened to her. Can you tell us what finally happened to Euphrosyne and/or otherwise add anything? Y

23141

41

Eva (a barque)

290

Hodgson & Gardiner, of North Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70. Owned for her entire lifetime, per LR, by Hick & Co. of Scarborough, initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, soon ex London & from 1861/62 for service from London to the West Indies. Was always registered at Scarborough. Thru 1856/57, LR indicates that W. Hick was the vessel's captain. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (image soon) lists Thomas Hick, William Tucker, William Robson & others, all of Scarborough, as the then owners of the 291 ton barque. The vessel is not recorded in the Merchant Navy List of 1867 (page 129). I mention that in view of the vessel continuing to be LR listed thru 1869/70, when it had been lost in 1862. 104.0 ft. long. On Nov. 21, 1862, per line 2519 here, the 258 ton barque was stranded near Fox Island (Miramichi Bay), while en route ex Newcastle (Miramichi), New Brunswick, Canada. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Thos. Hick. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

24666

42

Evangeline (a barque)

335
later
292

Bartram & Lister, but have also read John & Robert Candlish, of Southwick

I first need to refer to certain matters as yet unresolved re this vessel. Specifically:- i) A 'Bartram' build list which originated from the files of Mr. Kit Bartram, lists an Evangeline of 335 tons, whose keel was laid down by Bartram & Lister on Nov. 14, 1851, for J. Douglas of Monkwearmouth. ii) A Sunderland build list, amazingly accurate but of unknown origin, includes Evangeline, of 335 tons built in 1852 by J. Candlish. iii) Gail Franklin advises (thanks Gail!) that on Sep. 3, 1852, the Durham Chronicle reported that Evangeline, a barque, had been launched from the yard of J. & R. Candlish of Southwick, intended for the Mediterranean trade. iv) Lloyd's Register always refers to the vessel as built in 1853, while Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists the vessel as rather built in 1852. Can anybody help clarify such confusing data? Which still leaves me not 100% sure as to who built her & when.
The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62. Launched just prior to Sep. 3, 1852, as above. Owned, thru 1856/57 per LR, by J. Douglas of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to China (1853/54 & 1854/55) & later (from 1855/56) ex Liverpool. Gail Franklin further advises that in Mar. 1853, the vessel grounded entering Folkestone Harbour & hit rocks on its way out again on Mar. 4, 1853. The vessel anchored off the Goodwin Sands &, the damage being presumably slight, the vessel continued its voyage to Hong Kong. A quarter-board, with the name of Evangeline in gilt writing referencing John Douglass was later found (Mar. 11, 1853) at Cromer, Norfolk. David Watts advises (thanks!) that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 states that the 1852 vessel was then owned by John Douglas with Thomas Hutton the vessel's captain. In 1857/58, per LR, Hall & Co., also of Sunderland, became the owner of the barque, now of 292 tons, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. LR indicates that 'Hall' was the vessel's captain during the period of Hall ownership. Turnbull's Register of 1856 advises that the vessel's then owners were J. Hall, J. Fenwick & M. Harrison, all of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean John Hall, John Fenwick & Margaret Harrison. On Aug. 8, 1861, per line 1308 here, the 292 ton barque was burnt at sea while en route from Jamaica to London with a cargo of sugar & rum. Crew of 10 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John Fenwick. The London Morning Post of Sep. 15, 1861 apparently confirms such loss & adds that the crew were landed at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

24224

43

Expedient (a snow or brig)

168
later
148

Austin & Mills, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1873/74. LRs of 1854/55 thru 1858/59 advises that the vessel was owned by 'D. Morice' of Aberdeen, Scotland, with 'J. Drysd'le' serving as the vessel's captain, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. Such owner & captain names are clarified by both Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean respectively D. Morrice & Drysdale. In 1859/60, LR lists the vessel, now of 148 tons only, as owned by Gosman & Co. of London for service from London to Lisbon. Gosman would seem to have owned the vessel for just a couple of years. In 1861/62, the vessel, per LR, became owned by G. & W. Gutch, of Poole, Dorset, who owned the vessel for the rest of its life. Under 'Gutch' ownership, the vessel was captained by 'Wilson' thru 1861/62, then 'S. Bacon' thru 1864/65 or 1865/66 & from those years 'Lane'. For consistent service, per LR, from Poole to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865, 1867 & 1868 all record George H. Gutch, of Fish Street, Poole, as the vessel's then owner. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1870. 88.0 ft. long, signal letters LQJV. Line 23 on this page, tells us that on Dec. 18, 1868, the vessel, stated to be a 15 year old 148 ton brig, stranded near Cette, France, while en route from London to Cette with a cargo of pitch. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 6, 1 of whom lost his life in the disaster. Cette, since 1926 Sète, is on the Mediterranean coast of France, SW of Montpellier. Hopefully in due course, detail will emerge as to the circumstances of the vessel's loss. The vessel, described as a brigantine, is depicted in a painting held in the collection of the Poole Museum - entering the Moli of Naples, Italy, on Jun. 4, 1867. An image of the painting is here. Go here for available crew lists. Is there anything you can add? Y

14984

44

Express (a barque)

368

John Barkes, of Wreath Quay

Smurthwaite of Sunderland

 

45

Express (a snow)

199

Edward Bailey, of Pallion

J. Crisp of South Shields

 

46

Faerie Queene

398

William Pile, Jun. of North Shore

J. Kelson of North Shields in 1854/55

10948

47

Fingal (a barque)

400/445

G. W. & W. J. Hall, of Bridge Dock/Yard

The webmaster needs help with what he reads about this vessel. Which, as you can see below, is stated to have been owned by James Crosby when it went missing in early 1861 & would seem to have been built for him in 1853 for trade from the U.K. to Launceston, Tasmania. As per this newspaper cutting. The name Fingal surely relates to the goldfields of that name which were discovered in NE Tasmania in 1851, goldfields which did not prove to be extensive. Now the vessel, which was launched on Sep. 17, 1853, is listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') from 1854/55 thru 1865/66, but for that entire period is stated to have been owned by Fenwick & Co. of London. Always registered at London. For service initially (in 1854/55) from Sunderland to Van Diemen's Land (i.e. Tasmania), from London to New Zealand ('NZ') in 1855/56 & 1856/57, & for service from London to Australia from 1859/60 thru 1865/66. T. (Thomas) Denkin was the vessel's captain, per LR, thru 1858/59, & J. (James) Crosby thereafter. Some detail as to the vessel's voyages to Australia (I can spot no voyages to NZ). i) On Nov. 12, 1853, Fingal passed Deal en route from London to Launceston, with cargo & 14 passengers. It arrived ay Launceston on Feb. 22 or 23, 1854 & left on Apl. 19, 1854 for London (via Hobart, Tasmania, I think) going aground on the mud at Gravelly Beach on its way northward from Launceston to Bass Strait, fortunately with no damage done. It arrived at Gravesend, London, on Sep. 12, 1854 'having been beset with icebergs and nearly lost'. When off NZ, Gillespie, her chief officer, fell overboard & was drowned. ii) The vessel passed Deal on Nov. 24, 1854 & arrived again at Launceston on Feb. 26, 1855 with 1 cabin passenger & 85 passengers in steerage. On Mar. 23, 1854 it left for Valparaiso, Chile, where it loaded, at relatively nearby Tome, (S. of Valparaiso) a cargo of flour, wheat & bran for Hobart. On Oct. 6, 1855 the vessel left Hobart for Mauritius & onwards to London. iii) The vessel left London on May 28, 1856, & arrived at Hobart on Sep. 19, 1856 in a voyage during which she suffered damage to her bulwarks & boats. On Oct. 14, 1856 the vessel left for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India & then presumably onwards to London. The above voyages were all with T. Denkin in command. iv) The vessel left London, James Crosby now in command, on May 29, 1857 for Hobart with a general cargo & 3 passengers. On Oct. 24, 1857 the vessel left for Point de Galle, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), & back to London. v) Likely in the summer of 1859, the vessel left London & arrived at George Town (N. of Launceston) on Nov. 10, 1859. On Dec. 31, 1859, it left for London with a cargo of wool but had to return to port to have more ballast added. It left again on Jan. 10, 1860, presumably for London. There must have been a later voyage which took her to Mauritius in early 1861. 120.0 ft. long. LR of 1865/66 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Now LR clearly continued to list the vessel for many years after it was, in fact, lost. Line 1974 on this page advises that Fingal left Mauritius for Trinidad on Feb. 11, 1861 & went missing en route. With a crew of 17 - all lost, of course. Than stated to be owned by James Crosby. It seems for certain that Crosby was not the vessel's captain on that final voyage. I say that because Thomas Denkin is stated to have died at sea in or about Feb. 1861 as per this law report. Can anybody clarify the relationship between Crosby & Fenwick (Charles Richard Fenwick), or otherwise add to or correct the above? I have read (thanks!) that Fenwick & Co. were active in the Australian wool trade from as early as 1834; and that Ralph Fenwick had sent Capt. William Crosby to Australia as his agent. William Crosby & Co. became successful in Hobart, Melbourne & Fremantle. W. Crosby & Co. were the Hobart agents for Fingal. Maybe James Crosby was William Crosby's son? Y

31981

48

Flag of Truce (a barque)

373/417

S. Hodgson

D. Cowan of Newcastle

 

49

Flying Dragon

673

John Pile

Robert Smith or R. Smith & Co., of London

 

50

Gem

123

George Barker, of Wreath Banks

A Montrose owner

 

51

George Avery (a barque)

434/463

George Short, of Mobray's Quay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62, owned throughout that whole period by G. Avery of North Shields ('NS'). For service from Sunderland to Singapore in 1853/54 & 1854/55, from Liverpool to Suez in 1855/56 & 1856/57, ex London from 1857/58 thru 1859/60 & from Shields to the Mediterranean thereafter. With, per LR, A. Bell serving as the vessel's captain thru 1856/57, 'Cundy' from 1857/58 thru 1859/60 & 'J. Paterson' thereafter. The vessel was always registered at NS. Marwood's Maritime Directory of 1854 lists George Avery of NS as the vessel's owner & Alex. Bell as her captain. Her later ownership by George Avery is confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Register of 1858. Signal letters LPGF. In late Nov. 1860 the vessel arrived at Constantinople (now Istanbul) ex Cardiff, Wales. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had gone 'Missing'. On Nov. 11, 1861, per line 1997 here, the barque, stated to be of 434 tons, left Taganrog, Rostov Oblast, Russia (Sea of Azov, Black Sea), for the U.K. with a cargo of grain. It went missing en route. Crew of 16 - all lost of course. Stated to then be owned by George Avery. Having lost this vessel, the Avery family (J. Avery) soon acquired another vessel of the name, built by Robert Thompson of Sunderland in 1862. It is now quite clear what happened to George Avery. In Dec. 1861 & during the first 3 weeks of 1862, there was a massive loss of vessels & lives in the area of the Black Sea from the Bosphorus to Padma (I think today's Podima, Turkey). Presumably bad storms at a time when it was also incredibly cold. George Avery, under the command of captain James Paterson, was seen, in a disabled state near Theodosia (now Feodosia, Crimea, Black Sea) 'by an Austrian vessel, which in consequence of her own crippled state could render no assistance'. As per this newspaper article (in red) which states that George Avery had a crew of 14 rather than 16. A modest puzzle is that Theodosia is a vast distance away to the east from the Bosphorus & Podima area. The exact date of the vessel's loss is not yet to hand. It most likely, per this report (in red) was in Dec. 1861. Can anybody add anything additional? Y

14704

52

Glengariff (a barque)

390/404

Lawson Gales, of South Hylton

Dealy & Co. of Liverpool

 

53

Guiding Star (a barque)

385/405
later
346

George Booth, of North Sand

The barque was launched on Oct. 6, 1853 for a Hull firm, said to have been intended for use on the Australia trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70 & not thereafter. Owned for her entire lifetime, per LR, by Hansell & Co. of Hull, initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, soon ex London. In 1860/61, service from Hull to Singapore is referenced. But from 1862/63, the vessel is listed as serving the West Indies from Hull. Became listed as 346 tons in 1862/63. Always registered at Hull. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Robert Hansell, John Merriman & Richard Field, all of Hull, & Ralph Holmes of Cleaden, as the then owners of the 406 ton barque. While the Merchant Navy Lists of both 1867 & 1870 list Merriman and Hansell, of Hull, as her then owners. 117.7 ft. long, signal letters NWMB. On Jan. 17, 1872, per line 2245 here, the 346 ton barque was abandoned at Orford Ness (near Aldeburgh. Suffolk), while en route from Hartlepool to Civita Vecchia (Civitavecchia, W. coast of Italy, NW of Rome), with a cargo of coal. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Robert Hansenn. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

24376

54

Helen (a snow)

281

Hume & Easson, of Pallion

Greenwell of Sunderland

 

55

Henry Reed (a barque)

429/495

T. & B. Tiffin, of Glasshouse Reach

Walker & Co. of Scarborough

 

56

Highlander (a barque)

470/568

R. H. Potts & Brothers, of Low Street

Potts Brothers of Sunderland

 

57

Idalia (a barque)

420/441
later
391

Todd & Brown, of North Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70, owned for her entire lifetime by Thompson of Newcastle. For service of Sunderland to Ceylon, from London to Australia, from Shields to India & to the Mediterranean, from Bristol to the Mediterranean & ex Falmouth. 119.0 ft. long, signal letters HLVK. Always registered at Newcastle. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Mark Thompson of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner. With George Patterson the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856, & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 state Mark Thompson of Newcastle to be her then owner. As does the Merchant Navy List of 1870. Idalia made at least one voyage to Adelaide, Australia, leaving the U.K. on Jul. 26, 1858 & arriving at Adelaide on Nov. 22, 1858 after a voyage of 121 days which included encountering (on Oct. 20, 1858) a hurricane. On Jan. 20, 1859, she left Adelaide for Guam. LR of 1869/70 notes 'wrecked'. On Feb. 23, 1870, per line 84 here, the 391 ton barque was stranded at the Gulf of Sataria,  (Black Sea, I think, maybe Sagaris) while en route from the Black Sea to the U.K. with a cargo of grain. Crew of 14 - none lost. Then owned by Mark Thompson. Y

1897

58

Indemnity (a ship)

712

John Watson, of Pallion

T. Chodwick of London

 

59

Integrity (a barque)

338/336

Thomas Robson, of Claxheugh

The vessel's initial owner was Storey & Co. of Newcastle for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists J. Storey & T. Wilkins, both of Gateshead, & R. Urwin of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owners. With J. Storey the vessel's captain. Turnbull' Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being J. Storey & T. Wilkin, both of Gateshead, & R. Unwin of Newcastle. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states J. Storey, T. Wilkin & Robert Unwin as her then owners.

25390

60

Irene (a barque)

472/447

John Watson, of Pallion

Edward Mounsey of Newcastle

888

61

Isle of France (a barque)

338

Forest & Co.

Binney & Co. of Greenock.

 

62

Istamboul (a snow)

275

John & Jas. Robinson, of Deptford

Marwood of Whitby. Turnbull' Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being T. J. & W. H. Marwood & Co. of Whitby

 

63

Jarrow (a sloop)

67

Unknown to webmaster

Per Turnbull's Register of 1856, the vessel was then registered at Shields & owned by J. Williamson & J. C. Stevenson of Jarrow.

 

64

Jessamine (a snow or brig)

262

William Petrie, of South Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1862/63, owned throughout that entire period, per LR, by Lumsden & Co. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. This launch announcement advises us that Messrs. E. Lumsden and Sons were iron merchants & that the vessel, launched in late Aug. 1853, was intended for the Mediterranean trade. Turnbull's Register of 1856, however, does not list 'Lumsden' as the then owner of the Sunderland registered vessel. It rather lists J. Downey of Newbiggin, H. Darling of Backworth & T. Armstrong of Crofton. Which owner names, Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning John Downey, Henry Darling & Thomas Armstrong. Data about what finally happened to the vessel has not yet come to hand. Can you tell us what happened to her & when? Y

23628

65

Jessie (a snow)

250/256

Bartram & Lister

D. Mackie of Montrose, maybe D. Mackie & Alex. Mearn

 

66

John Banks (a ship) 1

640/671
later
680

William R. Abbay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1870/71, owned initially by J. Banks of Goole for service from London to Australia. In 1862/63, Macgregor of Leith became the vessel's owner for the same service, which service became Leith to Australia in 1866/67. The vessel was overhauled in 1866. LR of 1868/69 lists W. Lindsay, also of Leith, as the vessel's owner for service from London to Nagasaki, Japan, which service became Liverpool to India in 1870/71. However, the Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists (on page 204) Alexander Dunsmore of Leith as the vessel's owner. LR of 1870/71 states 'wrecked'. 156.0 ft. long, signal letters LTHG. On Oct. 26, 1870, per line 496 here, the 680 ton ship foundered off Chittagong, then India, now Bangladesh, while en route from Liverpool to Chittagong. Crew of 16 - none lost. Vessel then owned by D. R. Macgregor. There are many references to the vessel at Trove, Australia, including a couple of incidences of attacks on the officers, one on the captain on Jan. 27, 1867 & the other as set out here. Y

15680

67

John Nussey (a schooner)

179/148

William R. Abbay

J. Banks of Goole

 

68

John Sugars (a barque) 1, 2 (both ex Trove, Australia)

440/508

Havelock & Robson, of North Dock

Sugars & Co. of Lynn. For service to Sydney, Australia, later to India. A handwritten notation to Lloyd's Register of 1859/60 states 'lost'. Yes indeed! On Jan. 16, 1860, per line 24 here, the 508 ton barque foundered while en route from London to Adelaide with a general cargo. At 36.27N/8.16W, off Cape St. Vincent, southern  Portugal. Crew of 16 - none lost. The captain was Henry James Hewitt. Vessel then owned by Math. J. Wilson of Liverpool. The evidence at the Official Inquiry into the loss was amazing, the captain & mate maybe having intentionally & fraudulently sunk the vessel. You can read an extensive precis of the Official Inquiry here. The vessel had left London on Dec. 13, 1859 & encountered continuous gales from Dec. 21, 1859 thru Jan. 1, 1960, on which date a fissure developed in the vessel's stem through which water entered the ship every time it plunged. The Court was of the opinion that the vessel should have made for land & repairs at that juncture, but it continued on. As did the bad weather. On Jan. 4, 1860 a heavy sea struck the ship & water came in in great force, it would seem thru the earlier fissure now enlarged. The vessel would appear to have intended to make for Cadiz but the evidence seems to say otherwise. The pumps were deserted, the ship's papers were thrown overboard & the crew left the vessel in two boats - while John Sugars settled down & sank. The Court felt that acts of great criminality had been committed by both the master & the Mate, but there was not considered to be sufficient evidence to successfully convict them. Thomas Hodgson was the name of the Mate. The 'certificates of competency' of both Hewitt & Hodgson were, however suspended for a period of 12 months. Y

6334

69

Kangaroo (a ship)

732/660

William Pile jun. at North Shore

This newspaper launch announcement advises that the 'clipper' was launched on Mar. 24, 1853 for Peter Tindle, jun., a London merchant, for the Australian trade, most particularly it was designed for the carriage of bullion. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1867/68 & not thereafter. Owned thru 1857/58, per LR, by P. Tindall of London, for service thru 1867/58 from London to Australia & in 1857/58 for service ex London. I started to search at Trove, Australia, for data about the ship but ran out of time. The ship did arrive at Melbourne on Oct. 25, 1853 ex London (left Jun. 26, 1853) & Cape Town with 16 passengers & a varied cargo. There surely is later data at Trove. In 1858/59, per LR, J. Wood, also of London, acquired the vessel for continued service ex London. Per LR, J. Wood continued to own the vessel thru to 1867/68. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1858 & 1859 list the vessel as registered at London but those of 1860, 1861 & 1864 list the vessel as rather registered at Singapore. It is not listed at all in MNL of 1867. It seems likely that the vessel had been sold by J. Wood in 1859 or 1860 to owners from Singapore. 175.0 ft. long. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel and/or otherwise add anything? Y

26206

70

Kingston (a ship)

828/843

William Pile jun. at North Shore

J. Lidgett of London

 

71

Lady Aberdour (a snow)

240/198
later
181

Ratcliff & Spence, of North Docks perhaps

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1867/68. Owned thru 1862/63 by Hall & Co. of Sunderland for service as a Sunderland coaster. Turnbull's Register of 1856 states that her then owners were J. Hall, J. Carruthers & J. Wilkinson, all of Sunderland. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning James Hall, John Carruthers and John Wilkinson. In 1862/63, Wilkinson & Co., also of Sunderland, became her owners for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. Likely the same John Wilkinson. 90.0 ft. long. LR of 1867/68 states 'wrecked'. On Nov. 5, 1867, per line 56 here, the 181 ton snow was lost at Juist Island (an East Frisian island, Lower Saxony, Germany), while en route from Sunderland to Harlingen (Wadden Sea on northern Netherlands coast), with an unknown cargo, probably of coal. Crew of 10 - all lost. Can you add anything? Y

2720

72

Lady Elizabeth (a barque)

496/496
later
467

John Smith, of Pallion

As per this newspaper cutting, the barque was launched, at Pallion, on Oct. 05, 1853. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1868/69, owned initially, thru 1855/56, by J. Tyler of London, which became C. Tyler, also of London, from 1856/57 thru 1860/61. Under 'Tyler' ownership, the vessel consistently served ex London. A site visitor has suggested that 'J. Tyler' may well correctly be Sir James Taylor but I have found no confirmatory data. LR of 1861/62 reports that Larchin, also of London, had acquired the vessel & owned it thru 1865/66, for service ex Sunderland thru 1864/65 & ex Liverpool in 1865/66. The following editions of LR, i.e. those of 1866/67 thru 1868/69 list no owner name, an indication that the vessel may well have by then been lost. The vessel was listed in the Mercantile Navy Lists until 1864 at least - it is not recorded in the equivalent list of 1867. 137.0 ft. long. I cannot tell you yet what finally happened to the vessel, which was likely lost in 1866 or early 1867 probably without any loss of life. Can you tell us, or otherwise add anything? Y

10756

73

Lady Hodgkinson (a ship)

946/925

John Watson, of Pallion

The ship, an East Indiaman, was launched on Oct. 4, 1853 for Sir George E. Hodgkinson of London. Of an extreme length of 186 ft. 10 in., intended for the East India trade. I have read that the ship was considered to be of very great beauty. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1861/62 only, owned thru 1858/59, by Hodgkinson of London, initially, per LR, for service from Sunderland to London & from 1855/56 simply ex London. Though LR does not refer to Australia, it is clear that the vessel made a number of visits to Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. In particular i) The vessel left the Downs on Feb. 13, 1854 for Sydney & arrived there on May 5, 1854 after a passage of 81 days. On Jun 29, 1854 it left for Singapore (arrived Aug. 9, 1865). ii) It left the Downs again on Jul. 13, 1855 & arrived at Sydney on Oct. 19, 1855 with 30 or so passengers & a cargo which included a large quantity of ale. On Dec. 19, 1855 the vessel left for Shanghai, China, & there loaded tea for London. iii) On Dec. 26, 1856 the vessel left London for Sydney with Surprise, a yacht, on board & also a novel locomotive engine. It arrived  at Sydney on Mar. 30, 1857 & later left for Hong Kong (on Jun. 16, 1857) & arrived there on Jul. 31, 1857. In 1859/60, Teighe & Co., also of London, acquired the vessel for service from London to India. Signal letters NQDH. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Data as to what happened to the ship is not yet to hand. In that regard it is a puzzle that the ship was not only listed in the Mercantile Navy List of 1861, it was still listed in the equivalent list of 1864. Can you tell us what happened to her & when? Y

23075

74

Launceston (a ship, later a barque)

561/640
later
596
later
585
later
570

James Briggs & Co., of Pallion perhaps

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1870/71. Her initial owner was Beckwith of Newcastle for service from London to Port Philip (Melbourne, Australia). David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists G. W. Beckwith of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner. With T. R. Betts the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records G. W. Beckwith of Newcastle & T. A. Cook of Wallsend as her then owners. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records R. Beckwith & W. Romer of Newcastle, T. A. Cook of Wallsend, W. E. Wood of Coxhoe & T. R. Betts of London as her owners. In 1857/58, Betts & Co, of Newcastle, became, per LR, the vessel's owner for service from Shields to India, soon London to India & from 1863/64 for service from Gloucester to China. In 1866/67, W. Wright of South Shields became the vessel's owner for service ex Shields to the Mediterranean or to Aden. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 states William Wright of West Dock, South Shields, to be her then owner. 138.0 ft. long, signal letters QRLC. LR of 1870/71 states 'wrecked'. On Feb. 10, 1871, per line 1895 here, the 570 ton barque was stranded at Hasbro' Sands (Hasborough Sands, located near Cromer, Norfolk). Neither the vessel's route nor her cargo is indicated. Crew of 16 - none lost. Then owned by William Wright. Can you add anything? Y

31562

75

Lemuella (a barque)

341/403

John Barkes, of Wreath Quay

Reynolds & Co. of London

 

76

Leonidas (a ship)

612/697

William Wilkinson, of Deptford

Towse & Co. of London

 

77

Libertas (a barque)

530/602

James Hardie, of Southwick

Edward J. Gourley of Sunderland

 

 

Liddesdale (a barque) this vessel is listed below as an 1854 vessel

338/306

James Hardie, of Southwick

W. Black of South Shields

15424

78

Lizzie Aisbitt

360/366

Maybe Pile & Smart, at North Sand

Aisbitt & Co. of North Shields - Matthew Aisbitt, A Leake & William Tate in 1856

10104

79

Lord Burleigh (a barque)

522/622

Wilson Chilton, of Ayre's Quay

Blair & Co. of Sunderland

 

80

Lord Hardinge (a barque)

384/383
later
341

Havelock & Robson, of North Dock

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed only from 1854/55 thru 1861/62. Her sole owner was T. Rutherford of Sunderland, initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, in 1851/52 for service from London to India & from 1859/60 for service from Dundee to Australia. Lord Hardinge? Here. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records T. H. Rutherford of Seaham-harbour & G. Nicholson of Winlaton, as her then owners, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Thomas H. Rutherford & George Nicholson. On Feb. 20, 1862, per line 2112 here, the 341 ton barque burnt at 23N/64W (N. Atlantic about 400 miles NE of Puerto Rico), while en route from Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of South America). to London with a cargo of sugar etc. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then owned by Thos. H. Rutherford. Can you add anything? How the crew were saved perhaps? Y

13674

81

Margaretta (a snow, later a brig)

157
later
142
later
143

William Crown, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1862/63. She was, per LR, initially owned, thru 1857/58, by J. Brooks & registered at Newcastle, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1858/59 & 1859/60, per LR, 'Tenniswd' (Tenniswood I presume), owned the vessel for service from Newcastle to the Mediterranean. However, Turnbull's Register of 1856, i.e. 2 or 3 years earlier, records R. Tenniswood, T. A. Cook & G. Dove, all of Walker, as the then owners of the 157 ton Newcastle registered brig. From 1860/61, the vessel, now of 142 tons, was, per LR, owned by J. Baker, registered at Shields, & in service from Shields to France. Again it would seem that LR amended their data rather late, because Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states her to be then of 142 tons & owned by John Thompson Baker of South Shields. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Sep. 14, 1861, per line 1355 here, the 143 ton brig was lost at sea. No location for the loss is indicated. Crew of 7 - one lost. Then stated to be owned by John Thompson, which I presume means John Thompson Baker. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

8515

82

Marioupol (a snow)

273/298

John & Jas, Robinson, of Deptford

Marwood & Co. of Whitby

 

83

Martha Kay (a barque)

359/360

Todd & Brown, of North Hylton

T. Kay of Sunderland

 

84

Martha Miles (a snow or brig)

240/209
later
191

William Henry Pearson, of Panns

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1861/62. She was, per LR, initially owned, thru 1855/56, by Miles & registered at Lynn, Norfolk. For service from Sunderland to London. In 1856/57, per LR, the vessel became registered at Shoreham (West Sussex near Brighton), & owned by T. Barry for continued service from Sunderland to London but from 1856/57 simply for service ex London. The vessel became of 191 tons in 1857/58. In 1861/62, A. Buckwell became the vessel's owner for service from Liverpool to the Black Sea. LR of 1861/62 also notes that the vessel had been 'Run down''. Signal letters NWSL. On Sep. 28, 1861, per line 1379 here, the 191 ton snow was sunk in a collision off Malta, while en route from Liverpool to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) with a general cargo. Crew of 8 - none lost. W. Mills was the last LR recorded Captain of the vessel. Then stated to be owned by Alfred Buckwell, of Brighton. This page tells us that the vessel was sunk as a result of a collision with Corinthian, an iron 180 HP 1073/1041 ton steamer built in 1855, of Liverpool, whose Captain was George Griggs jnr. if I interpret the words correctly. The collision occurred in daylight. It would seem that a lawsuit resulted - data about the case is held by the National Archives at Kew, London. Corinthian was later itself wrecked, as per LR of 1865/66. Can you tell us about the circumstances of Martha Miles' loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

24444

85

Martha and Jane (a barque)

349/364
later
349

Hume & Easson, of Pallion

Robinson of Sunderland

 

86

Mary (a snow)

270

George Worthy, of Southwick

Mackie & Co. of Montrose

 

87

Mary Ann & Janes, or, Mary Ann & James (a barque)

380/386
later
349

Todd & Brown, of North Hylton

The correct official name of this vessel is a bit of a puzzle. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1872/73 & not thereafter - always as Mary Ann & Janes. However 'Crewlist.org' indicate that the vessel was always correctly Mary Ann & James. The vessel was, per LR, owned thru 1860/61 by Ogilsby & Co. of South Shields, for service to the Mediterranean ex either Sunderland or Shields. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the then owners of 'Mary-Ann & Jas.' as being W. Allen & T. Tulloch of South Shields & R. Oglesby of Hull. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean William Allon, Thomas Tullick & Richard Oglesby. The vessel became of 349 tons in 1859/60. In 1861/62, per  LR, W. Allon, also of South Shields, became the vessel's owner, thru part way thru 1865/66, for service from Shields to the Mediterranean, later ex the Clyde & Sunderland. In 1865/66, M. Reay, of Newcastle, became the vessel's owner for service from Newcastle to the Mediterranean but from 1866/67 for service from Newcastle to the Black Sea. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 256) & 1870 (on page 257), both list Matthew Reay of Gateshead, Durham, as the then owner of Mary Ann & James, registered at Newcastle. 114.0 ft. long, signal letters JTSC. LR of 1872/73 notes that the vessel had been 'abandoned'. On Jan. 26, 1873, per this page, the 349 ton barque, named Mary Ann & James, was lost at 46.12N/5.20W, in the Bay of Biscay, while en route from Marianople (now Mariupol, Ukraine, Sea of Azof, Black Sea) for Plymouth, for orders. 'Encountered a succession of heavy gales, sprang a leak, and shipped heavy seas. She was taken in tow by another vessel, but was eventually abandoned fast settling down. Casualty stated to have been due to stress of weather.' Crew of 11 - none lost. Then owned by J. Storey of Gateshead. Can you add anything? Y

7637

88

Melanie (a snow)

198/136

Edward Bailey, of Pallion

E. Hickey of London

 

89

Melpomene (a barque)

347/378

George Booth, of North Sand

Per Lloyd's Register of 1854/55, C. Palmer of London

 

90

Merse (a ship)

699

Wm. Byers, or maybe M. Byers, of Strand

John Willis of London

 

91

Myrtle, later Lady Clermont (a ship, later a barque)

541/621
later
488

Hylton Carr. of North Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70, always as Myrtle, owned thru 1862/63 by E. Chapman of London. For service from London to Sydney, Australia, later London to India. In 1862/63, Baines & Co. of Liverpool became the vessel's owner for service from Liverpool to Australia. In the 1860s, likely in or about 1864/65, the vessel must have been sold by Baines & Co. to 'Watson', & the vessel was renamed Lady Clermont. Later still, in Nov. 1868, Alexander Gray bought several shares in the ship from Watson, became the vessel's master & proceeded to Mobile (Alabama?) presumably to take command. In late 1869, the vessel made two voyages, one from Liverpool to Havannah, (Havana, Cuba), the other was to Galveston (Texas). Charles Newman of Liverpool was then the majority owner of the vessel, now a barque. In May 1870, Alexander Gray owned 26 and Newman owned 32 of the 64 shares in the vessel. The owner or owners of the final 6 shares is unknown to the webmaster. Much of the above data originates in reports of a May 1870 court case (you can read it here) in the Court of Admiralty (Ireland) - the ship was then at Queenstown for repairs. 141.0 ft. long. At no time, so far as I can see, does LR list a vessel named Lady Clermont. Nor is an owner name for Myrtle indicated after 1863/64. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, lists Charles Newman of Liverpool as the owner of Lady Clermont, then of 488 tons. On Jan. 30, 1871, per line 1206 here, the 488 ton barque sank at 13N/23W (S. of but near to Cape Verde) while en route from 'Cape de Verde' (Cape Verde) to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with a cargo of salt. Crew of 14 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by C. Newman. The above data is, alas, fragmentary. Y

165

92

Nelsons (a snow)

298/294

S. Hodgson

H. Nelson of Newcastle

14342

93

New Ed (a snow)

267

John Smith of Pallion

J. Oldrey of Hamburg, Germany

 

94

Nimrod (a ship)

772/893
later
890

Austin & Mills at Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1865/66 & not thereafter (so far as I can see thru 1885/86). This newspaper launch announcement advises that the vessel was launched on Mar. 24, 1853 for John Allan, a London merchant, who intended to use the vessel in the East India trade. Owned thru 1865/66, per LR, by J. Allan & Co. of London for service from London to Port Philip (Melbourne), Australia, thru 1855/56, ex London from 1856/57 thru 1860/61 & from London to India from 1861/62 thru 1865/66. Some details on the vessel's voyages to Australia - but tell me if I have the detail wrong. i) On Sep. 14, 1853, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex London (left Jun. 9, 1853) via Plymouth. With 73 passengers mainly (67) in steerage & a general cargo. The vessel left for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, on Oct. 16, 1853. ii) On Jun. 17, 1854, the vessel arrived at Sydney ex London (left Feb. 25, 1854). On Jun. 10, 1854 it left for Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). iii) On Oct. 18, 1855, the vessel arrived at Sydney from Gravesend, London. It later (Jan. 16, 1856) left Sydney for London. iv) On Feb. 20, 1856 the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex London (left Nov. 18, 1855). On Apl. 9, 1856 the vessel left for Madras (now Chennai), India. A vessel named Nimrod, just maybe this Nimrod, was en route from London to Karachi, now Pakistan, in early 1857. It landed at Cape Town, South Africa, the crew & passengers of Joseph Somes, a ship which, bound from London to Melbourne, had burnt at sea off Trista da Cunha in the S. Atlantic. LR of 1865/66 notes that 'our' Nimrod had been 'Condemned'. I expected that to be the end of the vessel's life. But no! The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists the vessel, now of 890 tons, as then registered at Calcutta, India, & owned by H. V. Jonas of Calcutta. While the 1880 equivalent lists George S. Thompson of Calcutta as her then owner. 162.5 ft. long, signal letters WCMP. It would seem that the vessel was broken up in or about 1883. Anything you can add? N

26307

95

Norman (a barque)

283/283

Austin & Mills at Southwick

Langton & Co. of London

22350

96

Palmyra

628/698

Peter Austin

J. Allan

 

97

P. C. E. (a barque)

296/324
later
291

Unknown to webmaster

Have not researched the vessel. Just detail I have spotted in passing re searches for other vessels. Lloyd's Register of 1853/54 lists the vessel as owned by H. Ellis of London, for service from Sunderland to India. H. Ellis owned the vessel for a short time, however, since LR of 1856/57 thru 1858/59 record the vessel as owned by E. Ionides, of London, for service ex London. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (on page 293) & 1870, however, both record the vessel as then owned by John Henderson of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Signal letters NQMJ. Detail as to what happened to the vessel is not yet to hand. Can you tell us anything additional?

23182

98

Pelican (a barque)

469
later
460

John Reed of Coxgreen

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1862/63, owned thru 1858/59 by Curry & Co., of Liverpool. For service initially from Sunderland to China, in 1855/56 for service from Liverpool to India &, in the period of 1856/59, for service from Liverpool to South America. In 1859/60, per LR, Currie & Co. of Liverpool, became the vessel's owner, for service from Liverpool to China, soon the Clyde to S. America & from 1861/62 for service from Swansea, Wales to S. America. On Aug. 19, 1862, per line 2334 here, the 360 ton barque stranded near Valparaiso, Chile. Crew of 13 - 2 lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by W. Briggs, a name not LR referenced. Wrecksite.eu advises us (thanks!) that Pelican was en route from Liverpool to Callao, Peru, when it encountered a major storm, suffered significant damage & ran aground near Cape Pilar, Strait of Magellan, Chile. They advise further that the crew was rescued by Schamyl, an American barque, & landed at Valparaiso. It would seem that two crewmen were lost so I presume that 11 survivors were so rescued. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

25893

99

Philo (a barque)

348/371
later
344

Unknown to webmaster

Mills & Co. of Sunderland thru 1874/75 at least, however the Mercantile Navy List of 1870 states George Mills of Southwick, Durham, to be the then owner. By 1866/67 the owner was I. Bedlington, became, in 1880/81, R. D. Clark, both of West Hartlepool. Lloyd's Register of 1881/82 states Missing

24576

100

Pilgrim (a snow)

255
later
228

J. Candlish

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1876/77, owned thru 1865/66 by 'J. Cullifrd' of Sunderland. Which name is clarified by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 to mean Joseph Culliford, of Sunderland. With Thos. Collins her then captain. Such ownership data is confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1856, by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (Josh. Culliford) & by the Mercantile Navy List of 1865. For some varied service. From Sunderland to the Baltic (from 1854/55 thru 1857/58), from the Clyde to the West Indies (in 1858/59), ex Sunderland (in 1859/60 & 1860/61), from the Clyde to the Mediterranean (in 1861/62 & 1862/63), a Waterford, Ireland, coaster (in 1863/64), & in 1864/65 & 1865/66 ex Milford, Wales. With T. Collins serving as her captain thru 1858/59, Kennedy from 1859/60 thru 1863/64 & R. Williams from 1863/64 thru 1868/69. The vessel was first listed at 228 tons in 1863/64. LR of 1866/67 recorded Culliford as the vessel's owner but struck the name out. LR of 1868/69 recorded J. S. Kerry of Whitby as the vessel's new owner but corrected such data to mean J. Skerry from 1869/70 thru 1876/77. The Mercantile Navy List of many years, including 1867, 1868, 1870, & 1876 all list James Skerry of Robin Hood's Bay ('RHB'), Yorkshire, as the vessel's owner. Under 'Skerry' ownership, the vessel, per LR, traded from Whitby to the Baltic (in 1868/69), served as a Hartlepool coaster in 1869/70, & traded from Hartlepool to the Baltic from 1870/71 thru 1873/74 when LR listings of destinations came to an end. W. Crosby served as captain during the period of 'Skerry' ownership. LR of 1875/76 seems to records the vessel as both a snow & a brigantine, possibly in error. 94.5 ft. long, signal letters MSCT. LR of 1876/77 notes that the vessel had been 'Burnt'. Per line 645 on this report, on Dec. 18, 1876, the vessel was en route from Sunderland to Southampton with 370 tons of coal as its cargo & a crew of 8. When 2 miles off Grimsby, Lincolnshire, some paraffin or naphtha leaked out from a tin & became ignited by a light being dropped upon it. The resulting fire burned the vessel to water's edge & the vessel sank. Pilgrim was then owned by the executors of J. Skerry of RHB. Can you add to or correct any the above text? Y

19468

101

Portia (a barque)

325/336
later
356
later
322

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70, owned thru 1861/62 by H. Ellis of London. For service initially from Sunderland to India, ex Bristol, & from Swansea to the Cape of Good Hope. LR of 1861/62 references Ritson & Co. of Sunderland as her new owner, thru 1869/70, initially for service from Sunderland to Spain, later ex Sunderland. 106.0 ft. long, signal letters HWMR. LR of 1869/70 states 'wrecked'. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, however, states Alex Tindall, of Falsgrave, Yorkshire, to be her then owner, a name not referenced in LR. Then registered at Scarborough. On Mar. 16, 1870, per line 114 here, the 322 ton barque foundered at Longship (I believe about 2 miles W. of Land's End, Cornwall), while en route from Sunderland to Trieste, Italy, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 10 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Alexander Tindal. Y

3972

102

Prima Donna (a snow or brig)

136
later
127

John Smith of Pallion

This newspaper launch announcement advises that the 'clipper brig' was launched on Mar. 24, 1853 for a London company, intended for use in the Australian trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1862/63 & not thereafter (thru 1869/70 at least), owned for that entire period, per LR, by Prew of London, for service throughout from Sunderland to Australia. There are a host of references to the brig at Trove, Australia. The vessel was a regular trader in that part of the world once it had arrived at Melbourne via Perth on Sep. 23, 1853. On Jul. 14, 1858, the vessel left Melbourne for Singapore in ballast, went on to Valparaiso, Chile, & from there carried ore to Liverpool. Between those dates the vessel visited Wellington, New Zealand ('NZ') via the Chatham Islands, Adelaide, Swan River (Perth), Singapore, Foo Choo Foo (China), Hong Kong, Sydney, Auckland (NZ), Port Cooper (Lyttelton, NZ), Melbourne, Manila, Melbourne, Lyttelton, Mauritius & South Sea Islands, Geelong, & Singapore. It carried cargoes of sugar, of tea, of livestock, whatever. On Sep. 19, 1854 when off Waitangi, NZ, the vessel was fortunate not to be driven ashore in gale conditions. Triumph, a schooner, was not so fortunate. On Feb. 21, 1856 the vessel drifted ashore at Melbourne in a gale but was successfully got off after 4 days. The Mercantile Navy List of 1860 indicates that at that time the vessel was registered at London, however the equivalent list of 1861 has the vessel registered at Leith, Scotland. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists the vessel, then of 127 tons, as registered at Hull & owned by Robert Hellyer of Kingston-upon-Hull. The equivalent list of 1868 has T. R. Halfyard, of Kingston-upon-Hull, as her then owner. Signal letters KPWS. Data as to what finally happened to the vessel, apparently before 1870, is not yet to hand. Can you help in that regard? Y

10798

103

Primula

473/536

George Barker Note

J. Alcock

 

104

Queen Margaret (a barque)

483/533
later
504

W. Naisby

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70, owned for that entire period, per LR, by Mesn'rd & registered at London. Initially, thru 1857/58, for service from London to Australia, from 1858/59 ex Liverpool & from 1858/59 thru 1860/61 in particular for service from Liverpool to Singapore. So far as I can see, the vessel made 2 voyages to Australia & New Zealand ('NZ'). On Nov. 16, 1853, the vessel arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, with 12 cabin passengers & 24 in steerage, having left the Downs on Jul. 19, 1853. It left for Guam, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) & Bombay (now Mumbai), India, on Jan. 8, 1854, in ballast, & with a single passenger. On Oct. 19, 1855, the vessel arrived at Nelson, South Island, NZ, with 10 cabin passengers & 48 passengers in steerage, after a voyage of 116 days from London. This page lists the names of many of its passengers. The vessel went on to Wellington, North Island, NZ, & then to Sydney in ballast, arriving there on Dec. 20, 1855 - she left on Jan. 1, 1856, again for Guam. 132.0 ft. long. On Mar. 22, 1861, per line 1155 here, the 504 ton barque was wrecked at Hooghly (the river at Calcutta, now Kolkata, India) while en route from Bombay, India, to Singapore. Crew of 16 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Thomas Carrey, a name not LR referenced. Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss, or otherwise add anything? Another example, it would appear, of LR continuing to list a vessel long after it had been wrecked. Y

32

105

Rangoon (a barque)

384/413

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70, owned, thru 1855/56, by Buchanan of Sunderland for service initially from Sunderland to Ceylon, then London to India. LR of 1856/57 references Blackaller of Liverpool, as her new owner, thru 1863/64, for service ex Liverpool to South America & to India. LR of 1863/64 records H. Taylor of London as her new owner for service from London to New Zealand. While the vessel is LR recorded thru 1869/70 no owner's name is included from 1866/67. 114.5 ft. long, signal letters HDGP. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870, states that the vessel was then registered at Melbourne, Australia, owned by John Smith of Melbourne. On Mar. 23, 1870, per line 126 here, the 384 ton barque was stranded at Minnamurra River, on the New South Wales ('NSW') (S. of Wollongong & Pt. Kembla) coast, while en route from Newcastle, NSW to Melbourne in ballast. Vessel then stated to be owned by John Smith. In fact, the vessel, under the command of Captain Sayers, was driven ashore at 2:30 a.m. on Mar. 22, 1870, having encountered a major storm with hurricane force winds. It ended up stuck between two rocks on the rocky shore. Crew of 10 - none lost. Smith & Lindsay of Sandridge (now Port Melbourne, a Melbourne suburb) were the vessel's then owners. There likely is more data about the vessel at Trove, Australia & at New Zealand sites. Strangely, the vessel is still MNL listed, ten years later, in 1880. Y

534

106

Regina (a ship)

590/676
later
599

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1870/71, owned thru 1863/64 by Brass & Co. of London. But registered at Bristol, it would appear. For service initially from Sunderland to India, later ex London & London to India. In 1863/64, when the vessel became recorded as 599 tons, W. Bound of London became the vessel's owner for service from London to Australia and London to New Zealand. There is probably data about the ship at Trove, Australia & in New Zealand sources. I note in passing that Regina left Brisbane, Australia, on Nov. 21, 1869 with a cargo of wool, likely bound for the U.K. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel, now registered at London, as then owned by William H. Bound of London. 145.0 ft. long, signal letters JMNV. On Sep. 5, 1870, per line 360 here, the 599 ton ship stranded at Zapadilla Cays (now Zapatilla Cays, 2 uninhabited islands close to the NW coast of Panama) while en route from Newport, Wales, to Puerto Cabils (where is it? Perhaps Panama or maybe Costa Rica) with a cargo of railway materials. Crew of 19 - 8 lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by W. H. Bound. Y

6134

107

Resolution (a barque)

401/381
later
357

W. H. Pearson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1860/61, and, so far as I can see, not thereafter (I checked thru 1870/71). Per LR, the vessel was owned, thru 1860/61 by Clark & Co. of Newcastle. Initially for service ex Sunderland (1854/55 thru 1856/57), from Newcastle to the Mediterranean (1857/58 & 1858/59) & from Shields to the Black Sea (in 1859/60 & 1860/61). With J. Heppell serving as the vessel's captain thru 1856/57 & A. Dudley, thereafter. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists J. Clark & C. Dunn, both of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owners with J. Heppell her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records J. Clark & C. Dunn. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Clarke (with an 'e') & Dunn as her then owners. One might expect that the vessel was lost in about 1861 but that is clearly not so. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists Clarke & Dunn as the then owners of the Newcastle registered 382 ton vessel. The equivalent register of 1867 lists the vessel, now of 357 tons & South Shields registered, as owned by Robert Blumer of South Shields. While the 1870 & 1872 MNL editions advise that the 357 ton vessel was registered at Cardiff, Wales & owned by Salvatore Decandia, prominent ship-brokers of Cardiff. Alas, other editions of MNL (1868, 1875, 1876 & 1879) are not available as this listing is first created. Signal letters PGWR. So far the webmaster has seen no reference to what finally happened to the vessel. Can you help in that regard or otherwise add to or correct the above? Y

25677

108

Reward (a snow)

266/257

W. Johnson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1863/64 & not thereafter. Was owned, thru that entire period by Sutherland of Aberdeen, initially for service from the Clyde to the West Indies (thru 1857/58), & thereafter from Liverpool to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records J. Sutherland, of Aberdeen, as the then owner of the 257 ton vessel, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (image soon) clarifies as meaning James Sutherland. 94.5 ft. long. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel or otherwise add anything?

12848

109

Robert Morrison

555/610

Unknown to webmaster

Morrison - R. Morrison, jun. in 1856

14733

110

Rose (a barque)

315/334
later
293
later
295

John Crown of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70 &, so far as I can see, not thereafter. It was owned, thru 1858/59 by Crown & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Black Sea (thru 1856/57), ex Sunderland in 1857/58, & from Belfast to the Mediterranean in 1858/59. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records J. Crown of Southwick (Sunderland) as the then owner of the 334 ton vessel. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the vessel at 293 tons with John Crown the owner. In 1859/60, per LR, Sharp & Co. of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner for service from the Clyde to Trinidad (in the 1859/61 period) & from Hull to the Mediterranean thereafter. Now LR lists Sharp & Co. as the owner thru 1869/70. The Mercantile Navy Lists, however, of 1867 (page 331, image soon), 1870, 1875 & 1876 all list the 295 ton vessel as registered at Malta & owned by Salvatore Azzopardi of Senglea, Malta. The vessel is not listed in the equivalent 1879 list. 108.0 ft. long, signal letters LSMP. I cannot tell you what finally happened to the vessel & when. Can you help in that regard or otherwise add anything? Y

15490

111

Royal Lily (a barque)

464
later
406

Unknown to webmaster

Briggs of Sunderland thru 1856/57 re service to India. Then Scott & Co. of London, initially for service from London to Australia & then Liverpool to Singapore. On Jan. 1, 1860, per line 2 here, the barque, of 406 tons, was lost 'N. E. Brittany' while en route from Singapore to London. Crew of 17 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Joseph Scott

32485

112

Salamanca (a ship)

927/981
later
861

John Crown of Southwick, but, per Basil Lubbock in 'The Blackwall Frigates', it was built by James Laing. At this point I disagree with Basil Lubbock!

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 (when LR unnamed), thru 1871/72, owned thru 1868/69 by Duncan Dunbar (1803/1862) of London - initially 'D. Dunbar' & from 1862/63, when the vessel became 861 tons, 'Dunbar & Co.'. Duncan Dunbar named many of his vessels after famous battles, hence presumably the name Salamanca in reference to the Battle of Salamanca of Jul. 22, 1812. It is the webmaster's belief that this launch announcement, stated to be re Lion, a barque, is in fact re Salamanca, a ship. Said to have featured a lion rampant as her figurehead, intended for John Hay of Sunderland but at time of launch on May 7, 1853, owned by Duncan Dunbar. Data available to the webmaster indicates that John Crown built only two vessels in 1853 - Salamanca & Rose which is too small & seems generally not to 'fit'. Does anybody have any thoughts as to my conclusion as just stated? For service from London to Bombay, India, & to India generally. The vessel carried troops to India, and made a number of voyages to Australia. On Jul. 4, 1859, Salamanca left the London Docks for Adelaide, South Australia, where she arrived (1, 2) on Oct. 6, 1859 with 11 passengers & a varied cargo - a voyage of 85 days. She finally left for London on Feb. 18, 1860 after being unable to cross the bar at the harbour entrance. It would seem that the vessel arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, in Oct. 1860 with immigrants. On Jan. 18, 1866 the vessel arrived at Adelaide with 368 immigrants after a 77 day voyage from Plymouth. 210 of the immigrants were from Cornwall. She left on Mar. 17, 1866 for Calcutta, India. From 1868/69 the vessel was owned by J. Nourse of London. For service from London to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and/or to India. 170.0 ft. long, signal letters LSMQ. Always registered at London. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records James Nourse, of London, as her then owner. LR of 1871/72 states 'Missing'. On Nov. 27, 1870, per line 1124 here, the 861 ton ship went missing while en route from London to Negapatam, (i.e. Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu, E. coast of India), with a cargo of railway materials. Crew of 20 - all lost. Then owned by James Nourse. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

15491

113

Sarah Huntly (a barque)

328/333
later
308
later
305

Rawson & Watson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. The vessel was owned throughout that entire period by what seems correctly to be the 'Huntly' family of Sunderland - even though the name is often spelled Huntley. LR refers to 'Huntley' initially & then 'Huntlys'. For service ex Sunderland thru 1859/60 & thereafter for service from Plymouth to India. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists D. & J. B. Huntley, both of Sunderland, as the then owners of the 333 ton barque. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states Daniel Huntly & Jeptha B. Huntly, & lists the barque as being of 305 tons only. The vessel became, per LR, of 308 tons in 1859/60. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Nov. 2, 1861, per line 1420 here, the 305 ton barque 'Sarah Huntley' was stranded at Ostend, Belgium, while en route from Sunderland to Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 10 - 8 lost. Then stated to be owned by J. B. Huntley. The history is essentially confirmed by this newspaper article which states, however, that 10 lives including the captain were lost & that two of the crew survived. The vessel is stated to have gone ashore W. of Ostend & was entirely lost. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

3013

114

Saxon (a schooner, later a brigantine)

176/171
later
145

Peter Austin

The vessel, which was launched on Feb. 8, 1853, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1881/82 & not thereafter. It was owned, thru 1864/65 per LR, by Langton & Co. of London. For initial service, thru 1856/57, from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, in 1857/58 for service from London to Spain, & thereafter, thru 1864/65, for service ex Plymouth, Devon. In 1864/65, A. Watt of Montrose (Angus, NE. of Dundee, Scotland) became the vessel's owner for service from Montrose to the Baltic, later, from 1868/69 thru 1873/74, for service as a Montrose coaster. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 & 1870 both list Alexander Watt, of Montrose, as the then owner of the 145 ton Montrose registered vessel. The vessel became, per LR, of 145 tons in 1865/66. 88.0 ft. long, later (from 1874/75 in which year, per LR, the vessel became a brigantine), 88.7 ft. long. In 1874/75, the vessel became owned, per LR, by Montrose Commercial Co., of Montrose, which company would seem to have been engaged in the coal trade, maybe as a coal merchant & ship owner. I should note that 'Mark W.' tells me (thanks!) that Alexander Watt, of MacDuff, had died in 1874, hence presumably why Montrose Commercial Co. came into her ownership. However the Mercantile Navy List of 1880 still lists Alexander Watt of Montrose as the owner of the 145 ton vessel, stated to be a schooner. During the period from 1870/71 thru 1881/82, LR notes that D. Thomson was the vessel's captain. LR of 1881/82 advises that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. This page advises us (thanks!) that on Oct. 14, 1881, during a gale, the 145 ton schooner stranded near Skateraw (SE of Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland) & became a total loss. The vessel was then en route, in ballast, from Montrose to Sunderland, under the command of W. Watt, with a crew of 5. It stranded at about 55.58N/2.25W. I cannot advises you if there was any loss of life. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

20117

115

Shields

305

Unknown to webmaster

Atkinson - M. (Matthew) H. & W. (William) H. Atkinson in 1856

10323

116

Silistria (a snow, later a brig)

237/219
later
203

John & Jas. Robinson at Deptford

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70 & not thereafter. The vessel was owned thru 1861/62 at least, per LR, by Marwood of Whitby. For initial service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, from 1858/59 for service from London to the Baltic & from 1860/61 for service ex Sunderland. From 1857/58 thru 1860/61, per LR, T. Marwood was the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T., W., & J. Marwood, of Whitby, as the vessel's then owners, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Thomas, William & John Marwood. The vessel became, per LR, of 203 tons in 1856/57. 88.0 ft. long, signal letters JHRB. While the vessel is LR listed thru 1869/70, the data provided is limited with no owner name being listed from 1862/63. Fortunately, the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 353) & 1870 both list Zachariah Granger, jun. of Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire, as the then owner of the vessel, still registered at Whitby. Can you tell us what later happened to the vessel, or otherwise add anything? Y

5446

117

Sir William Gomm ( a ship)

700/840

John Smith of Pallion

Blyths & Greene of London

 

118

Solstice (a barque)

357/372
later
335

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1862/63. Was always registered at Sunderland. The vessel was owned throughout that period by T. Walker of Sunderland, with T. Walker the vessel's captain thru 1857/58 & from 1860/61. For initial service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, in 1858/59 for service ex Liverpool, & thereafter for more service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 states that T. & T. Walker, jun., were the vessel's then owners, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Thomas, Sen., & Thomas Walker, Jun. The vessel became, per LR, of 335 tons in 1859/60. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had 'foundered'. On Apl. 6, 1862, per line 2199 here, the 335 ton barque foundered at sea while en route from New York to Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of grain etc. Crew of 12 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas Walker. Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss, or otherwise add anything? Y

1772

119

Spirit of the North

671

John Pile

T. A. Gibb & Co.

 

120

Sultan (a barque)

400/453
later
440

George Worthy of Southwick

Henry Lawson of Shields.

15065

121

Sunderland

387

Unknown to webmaster

J. Barry

53

122

Swanley (a barque)

350/390
later
351

W. Briggs

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1876/77 at least - LR of 1877/78 is not available to the webmaster. It was owned, thru 1868/69, per LR, by J. Shepherd of London for initial service to Jamaica ex Sunderland thru 1855/56 & ex London thru 1858/59. It served the West Indies ex Bristol in 1861/62 & ex London in 1862/63 & 1863/64. In 1864/65 the vessel served Nagasaki, Japan,  ex London & from 1865/66 thru 1867/68 served Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) ex the Clyde. Per LR, the vessel became of 351 tons in 1866/67. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 (page 370, image soon) lists James Shepherd, of London, as the vessel's then owner. In 1868/69, per LR, C. Dawson of London became the vessel's owner for service from London to the West Indies thru 1873/74, the last year in which LR reported the destinations of intended voyages. The MNLs of 1870 & 1876 lists Charles Campbell Dawson, of London, as the vessel's then owner. 108.5 ft. long, later, from 1866/67, 117.2 ft., signal letters HGBC. On Jan. 8, 1878, the vessel was at Falmouth Harbour, Jamaica, having arrived from London with a general cargo that included 70 tons of coal, loaded, it would seem, in an unventilated hold. The vessel had to be abandoned due to the spontaneous combustion of the coal. Crew of 16 - none lost. C. C. Dawson, of London is stated to have been her then owner. All as per item 799 on this page (ex here). Is there anything you can add? Y

961

123

Truro (a barque)

613/694
later
626

Unknown to webmaster

Thru 1863/64 J. Laing of Sunderland, then R. R. Edwards of London. Lloyd's Register of 1865/66 states 'Destroyed'. 156.0 ft. long.

12970

124

Uncle Tom (a ship)

900

John Smith of Pallion

Most limited data is available about this vessel. A launch announcement only.

 

125

Violet (a ship, later a barque)

510/561
later
496

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1871/72. Owned thru 1855/56 by J. Alcock of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to India. From 1856/57 thru 1863/64, the vessel was owned by D. Dunbar of London for service ex London to both Australia & China. On Jan. 21, 1860, the vessel arrived at Adelaide, South Australia after a 98 day voyage from London. On Mar. 9, 1860 she left for Callao, Peru, via Port Robe, South Australia. Cannot spot another voyage to Australia at Trove, Australia. In 1863/64, per LR, Birley & Co. of Liverpool became the vessel's owner initially for service from London to New Zealand, later from London to China & Liverpool to India. Then registered at Liverpool. Became a barque in 1868/69. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, reports that Thomas Langton Birley, of Kirkham, Lancaster, was her then owner. 143.0 ft. long, signal letters JBTK. On Feb. 16, 1871, per line 1239 here, the 497 ton barque was stranded at Loo-choo Islands (also known as Ryukyu Islands, a chain of islands that run from Kyushu, SW Japan to Taiwan), while en route from Yokohama, Japan, to Hong Kong. Crew of 21 - none lost. Then owned by T. L. Birley. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us? Y

4281

126

Walter Duncan (a snow or brig)

257/201
 

John Smith

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1857/58 & as far as I can see not thereafter. It was owned, per LR, for that entire period by Martin & Co. of Dumfries, Scotland. For service from Sunderland to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This extensive newspaper cutting tells us that the vessel was launched on Feb. 9, 1853 & that its initial owners were John Martin & Walter Duncan, both of Glencaple Quay, Dumfries. Further that the vessel was intended to be used to carry coal to Brazil. This site tells us (thanks!) that John Martin owned 48 of the original 64 shares & Walter Duncan owned the remaining 16. It also tell us that on Aug. 1, 1853, John Martin sold 4 of his shares to James Halliday of Dumfries, an iron merchant, for £170. While the vessel is LR listed thru 1857/58, it would seem that the vessel was not issued an Official Number, which would mean, as I understand it, that the vessel was not in existence on Jan. 1, 1855. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel & when, or otherwise add anything? Y

 

127

William Hammond (a ship)

595/683

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1866/67. It would seem that it was always registered at London. It was owned, in 1854/55 only, by 'Hammond', registered at London, for service from London to Australia. In 1855/56, 'Thomsn' & Co. became the vessel's owner, thru 1860/61, for service, in 1855/56 per LR, from London to Hobart Town, Tasmania, & thereafter ex London. So far as I can see the vessel made 3 voyages to Australia. i) On the first voyage, its maiden voyage, the vessel left Southampton, Hampshire, on Oct. 18 or 21, 1853, for Adelaide, South Australia, with 267 emigrants & arrived there on Jan. 19, 1854 after a voyage of 89 days. On Apl. 18, 1854 it left for its return voyage to London. ii) On Sep. 19, 1854 the vessel left Plymouth, Devon, for Hobart Town, Tasmania, with 257 Government emigrants. It later went on to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. iii) This fine site advises that the vessel left Plymouth on Jan. 5, 1856, with 250 convicts, additional pensioner guards & their dependents etc. bound for the Swan River Colony. It arrived at Fremantle, Western Australia, on Mar. 29, 1856 after a voyage of 84 days. It later went on to Bombay (now Mumbai), India. The vessel also made at least one voyage to Calcutta & back, leaving the U.K. on Jul. 23, 1857 with 233 British troops of the 29th, 53rd & 60th regiments for service re the Indian Mutiny. A. Robinson became the vessel's owner in 1861/62 for service from London to the West Indies. 149.5 ft. long. LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. It was lost rather earlier than 1866/67, however!  On Mar. 17, 1861, per line 1146 here, the 683 ton ship was abandoned at sea, at 35N/65W, in the North Atlantic about 300 miles N. of Bermuda, while en route from New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A., to Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of grain & flour. Crew of 18 - none lost. Then owned by Anthony Geo. Robinson. Detail as to the circumstances of her loss is not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

6113

128

William & Jane

489/450

Pile & Smart

T. Hunter of Sunderland, later (1870) William Simpson of London

24887

 

Name Unknown (a barque)

550/654

Bradley, Potts & Co. of Pallion Flats

I have included this vessel having seen this announcement of the launch, on May 10, 1853, of a barque, stated to feature a figurehead of Joan of Arc with battle axe & shield & owned by Berwick & Co. of London & Newcastle. So far I have not been able to determine the vessel's name. Can you help any?

 

 

 

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Total tonnage

 

 

 

 

 

 

-------

 

 

 

What were the official build numbers for 1853? Do please advise me if you know. 'Where Ships Are Born' states 152 vessels & 68,749 tons. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states 153 vessels & 68,735 tons. Can you help correct the above list?

1854 (Just a start. Can you provide a list? Do please advise me if you have data. Corrections will surely be required in the data that follows.)

#

Name

Gross

Builder

Built for

Official No.

1

Abyssinian

331

Lister & Bartram 

Manson &

 

2

Achilles (a ship) 1

532

J. Watson

Shield & Co. Davis Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Jos. Shield, Son & Co. & Henry T. Hart, both of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owners. With H. T. Hart the vessel's captain.

24681

3

Admiral (a barque)

451
later
412

W. Crown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1865/66, owned throughout that entire period by J. Patton of North Shields ('NS'). For service ex Hull thru 1859/60, with R. Smith serving as the vessel's captain, but from 1860/61 for service from Shields to India with J. Pie, per LR, serving as her captain. The vessel, which was first recorded at 412 tons only in 1860/61, was always registered at Shields. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being J. Patton & S. Fleming, both of NS & W. Gray of Newcastle. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies those names & adds another - John Patton & Sarah Fleming of NS, William Gray of Newcastle & Wm. J. Jeffreys of Felling (Gateshead). 127.0 ft. long, signal letters LHWM. As stated above LR lists the vessel thru 1865/66 in which year it notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. While the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') (insert 13673) lists the vessel thru 1865. MNL of 1865 indeed lists John Patton's address of residence as being Ouse Barn, Northumberland. That the vessel was listed so late in time is a puzzle because it would seem that the vessel had, in fact, gone missing in late 1861 or in early 1862. On Dec. 14, 1861, per line 2007 here, the barque, stated to be of 451 tons, left New York for the U.K. with a cargo of grain. Crew of 27 - all lost of course. Stated to then be owned, not by J. Patton but rather by J. H. Carmichael. Can anybody clarify Carmichael's ownership or otherwise add anything additional? Y

13673

4

Adonis (a snow, later a brig)

157

Havelock & Robson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1863/64, owned throughout, per LR, by J. Billing of Lynn. For service as a Sunderland coaster. Was registered at Lynn & then at Colchester, it would appear. 80.0 ft. long. On Mar. 6, 1862, per line 2144 here, the 143 ton brig sank off Lowestoft, while en route from Shields to Seville, Spain, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 7 - 1 lost. Then owned by George Lay, a name not LR referenced. Of tiny 'concern' is that that link advises that the vessel was rather built in 1853 - their data has proved to be amazingly & consistently accurate. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss or otherwise add anything? Y

22594

5

Albatross (a barque)

354/326

Haswell

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1857/58 only. Owned for that short period by Wilkinson of Hartlepool. For initial service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, from 1857/58 ex Hartlepool. Turnbull's Register of 1855 records the vessel's then owners as being T. Wilkinson & Co. of Hartlepool. The vessel seems not to be listed in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, certainly not at Hartlepool. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel?
A friend of the site has provided the webmaster with a number of 1854 newspaper cuttings, including this cutting re a vessel named Andrew Marvell, for sale by auction in Feb. 1854. Why do I include the item here? Because I believe, though I cannot prove it, that the vessel in question became, later when completed & registered, the Albatross. Haswell, it would appear, built only two vessels in 1854 & the second one, Calliance, covered below, was much much bigger. The 354 tonnage matches. If I am correct, the vessel, a clipper built barque of 354 tons 'with full figurehead & Baltic outfit', was ordered by Eden & Bird, likely of Shields or Newcastle. When the Eden & Bird partnership ended, the vessel had to be sold. Can you either prove or disprove my theory?  Y

4082

6

Alfred

585

James Laing

James Dowson & Co.

 

7

Alice & Ann (a barque)

391/399
later
349

Rawson & Watson, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1867/68 & not thereafter. It was owned, per LR, through that entire period, by Barras of South Shields - J. Barras from 1860/61 - for service from Swansea to the Mediterranean (thru 1858/59), from Cardiff to the West Indies (from 1858/59). This launch announcement refers to Barrass & Co., of North Shields, as the vessel's initial owners, acquired for the Mediterranean trade. Turnbull's Register of 1855 records the vessel's then owners as being J. Matthews & J. Barrass, jun., both of Sedghill. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records her then owners as being Jas. Barras of Sedghill, Matthew Barras of Benton & James Barras, jun., of West Cramlington, Northumberland, as her then owners. I read that in Dec. 1859, the vessel was at Odessa, Ukraine, Black Sea. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 15, image soon) lists Jas. Barras, jun., of West Cramlington, as the then owner of the 349 ton vessel. 120.5 ft. long, signal letters LJKS. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel? Or otherwise add anything? Y

13782

8

Amity

479

James Laing

Smith, Scurfield & Co.

?4620

9

Anglo Saxon, or Anglo-Saxon (a ship)

890/766
later
693
later
694

J. Watson or Watson ans Sons

The vessel, 'a clipper built clipper ship' was launched (1 & 2) on Apl. 15, 1854 for Peter Tindale jun., merchant, of London. The vessel is LR listed from 1854/55 thru 1878/79, owned thru 1857/58, per LR, by P. Tindall of London. For service to London, initially ex Sunderland but then ex Shields. In 1858/59, per LR, W. N. Frost, also of London, became the vessel's owner for service consistently ex London, including to China (in 1860/61 thru 1865/66) & Australia (1866/67 thru 1874/75). The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 21, image soon) & 1870 both record Anglo-Saxon (with a hyphen) as owned by W. N. Frost of Wapping, London. In 1876/77 the vessel became, per LR, rather owned by Frost, Cook & Co., also of London with A. Davison serving as the vessel's captain. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1875 (in the sail section but a replacement link is not today available) & 1876, however, both list Lewis Thos. Crook, of London as her then owner. LR of 1877/78 is not available to the webmaster - but the 1878/79 edition lists L. J. Crook & Co. as the vessel's owner then replaced by E. G. Price. And names no captain. The Mercantile Navy List of 1879 (no replacement link today available) tells us (in the sail section on page 179) that E. G. Price means Edwd. G. Price, of London. 187.6 ft. long, signal letters PLQT. LR of 1878/79 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Oct. 11, 1878, per this page the 694 ton barque was abandoned at sea while en route from Dublin, Ireland, to Quebec, Canada. At about 49.30N/16W in the North Atlantic. The vessel was in ballast. The crew, 17 in number, were all saved. An Inquiry was held into the vessel's loss & the cause of the loss was attributed to the condition of the ballast that the vessel had been required to take aboard at Dublin. This summation of the Inquiry, held at Liverpool on Dec. 18, 1878, tells us that the master was considered to be justified in abandoning the vessel & that his certificate was returned. I now read, in a Google 'snippet', that the NY Times reported on Oct. 31, 1878 that the vessel's captain, Malcoha (that is what the page says) Macauley, & 12 crew members were rescued by Bridgewater, transferred to Amerique, a French Line steamship, & landed at New York. Bridgewater was, I learn, a tiny 126 ton paddle-steamer, built in 1857 at Liverpool. Can you add anything additional? Y

26563

10

Arctic Hero (a barque)

390/397
later
355

George Booth, of North Sand

The vessel was launched for Nicholson of Blaydon for the Mediterranean trade - launched, I understand on Dec. 29, 1853. Lloyd's Register ('LR') however rather lists Rutherford as the vessel's initial owner, but it would seem that Rutherford & Nicholson owned the vessel in partnership. The vessel is LR listed from 1854/55 thru 1871/72, owned thru 1863/64 by Rutherford of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to New York, later Sunderland to the Black Sea. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records the vessel's then owners as being T. H. Rutherford of Seaham Harbour & G. Nicholson of Winlaton, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Thomas H. Rutherford & Geo. Nicholson. In 1863/64 W. Redman of Newcastle is recorded as the vessel's new owner again for service from Sunderland to the Black Sea, later Newcastle to the Mediterranean. In 1869/70, W. Cass of Goole, Yorkshire, became the vessel's owner for continued service to the Mediterranean. It would seem that along the way the vessel was registered at London. 119.0 ft. long, became 120.5 ft. long (in 1866/67), signal letters LVKF. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel as registered at Goole, Yorkshire, & owned by William Cass of Hull, Yorkshire. On Feb. 10, 1871, per line 1227 here, the 355 ton barque was stranded at Hasborough Sands, near Cromer, Norfolk, while en route from Shields to Guadeloupe, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 15 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by William Cass. Y

15949

11

Ariosto (a snow, later a brig)

278

Lawson Gales, of Hylton

Thos. Cropton & Co.

4667

12

Arnotdale (a ship)

762/833

John & Robert Candlish, of Southwick

The vessel had a very short life, being Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1854/55 & 1855/56 only. The vessel was launched in early Jan. 1854 or in very late Dec. 1853 for Messrs Conbro & Potter of London for the East India trade. LR rather states that i) her owner was Coubro & Co., 2) L. Potter was her captain, & 3) that she was intended for service from London to the Mediterranean. On Mar. 9, 1854, Arnotdale was one of many sailing & steam ships engaged for service as transport ships re the war in the Crimea. These two pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that Lewis Potter was the vessel's owner & that Arnotdale 'carried artillery, gun-carriages, and horses to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed conveying troops, stores, &c., in the Black Sea. On her return to England was wrecked on the Bosphorus on 11 January 1855.' It would appear that the vessel was not issued an Official Number. Anything you can add? The circumstances of her loss, perhaps? Y

 

13

Balmoral (a barque)

417/428
later
388

W. Naisby

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70, owned by W. Davison of North Shields. For service initially from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, later Shields to Spain & to the Mediterranean & ex the Clyde. In 1866/67 W. Davison is recorded as being from Newcastle, the vessel being for service from Newport, Wales to the Mediterranean. In 1867/68 J. Davison of Newcastle is listed as the owner for the same service. No owner's name is recorded in 1869/70, however the listing notes that the vessel had foundered. 122.5 ft. long. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records the vessel as registered at Newcastle & owned by George Otto of North Shields. On Apl. 16, 1870, per line 168 here, the 388 ton barque was involved in a collision & sank 'off the Start' (can anybody tell us exactly where that is) while en route from Shields to Ferrol, NW Spain, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 11 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by George Otto. Y

2286

14

Bankside (a barque)

476/549
later
490
later
435

Austin & Mills

It is not often the webmaster comes across a vessel which did not end up a wreck or abandoned somewhere in the world. This vessel made it safely through a life of over 30 years to its being broken up in 1885/86. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed then from 1855/56 thru 1885/86, owned thru 1860/61 by Pegg & Co., (maybe Peggs & Co.) of London. These cuttings (1 & 2) record her launch on Apl. 13, 1854. For initial service, per LR, from London to California, U.S.A., then (in 1856/57 & 1857/58) for service from Dundee to India & (in the period of 1858/59 thru 1860/61) for service from Sunderland to China. In 1861/62, S. & J. Pegg became the vessel's owner, for service which included London to Australia in the 1862/64 period, & from Sunderland to the Mediterranean during the period of 1864/67. On Feb. 9, 1863, the vessel, under the command of captain Woodruff, left the Downs for Sydney, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, arriving there on Jun. 1, 1863. It left on Jul. 25, 1863 for Shanghai, China. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 38, image soon) lists Joseph Pegg of Sunderland as the then owner of the 490 ton vessel, still registered at London. In 1868/69, per LR, Addison of London became the vessel's owner, later G. P. Addison & Co., thru 1881/82, for service from Stockton to Australia (1868/71), & from Leith to the West Indies (1871/74). On Feb. 1, 1869, the vessel left Middlesboro' for Adelaide, South Australia, under the command of Charles Davey. It arrived there on Jul. 31, 1869, went on the Sydney (arrived Sep. 22, 1869) & left Newcastle, NSW, for San Francisco on Nov. 4, 1869 with 700 tons of coal. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1870 & 1880 both record the vessel as registered at London, & owned by G. P. Addison of London. The equivalent lists of 1882 & 1885 both list (in the sail section) Michael Hayhurst, of Sunderland, as her then owner. Hence LR of 1882/83 which lists M. Hayhurst as the then owner of the London registered vessel, thru 1885/86, in which year LR notes that the vessel had been 'Broken up'. 129.5 ft. long, signal letters JNWQ. Anything you can add? Y

6476

15

Basileia (a snow or brig)

273
later
248

George Barker

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1859/60, owned throughout that period, per LR, by 'Rcknsn & Co.' of Whitby. For service from Sunderland to London, but simply ex London in 1859/60. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the brig as owned by J. Rickinson & M. Cowart, both of Whitby. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (image soon) to mean John Rickinson & Middleton Cowart. Per LR, the vessel became of 248 tons in 1859/60. 98.5 ft. long. On Oct. 3, 1859, the vessel, under the command of captain Roberts (presumably T. Roberts), was one of four vessels driven ashore in a severe SE gale at Port Elizabeth, South Africa (S. coast of S. Africa, about 420 miles E. of Cape Town). As you can read here ex here. The vessel is therein described as being a 'regular Natal trader', that had recently had major repairs, costing £400, completed at Natal (SE South Africa, Durban the principal city). Can you tell us more about the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? Y

26677

16

Beverley (a barque)

462/478

Todd & Brown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1860/61, owned throughout that period, per LR, by T. Tindall of London. For service from Sunderland to London, but simply ex London from 1857/58. Signal letters HNMP. It seems likely that the vessel was lost in or about 1861. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel or otherwise add anything?

2289

17

Britannia (a snow or brig, later a barque)

292
later
314/294
later
294
later
277

W. Johnson of Coxgreen

This newspaper cutting announces the launch, likely on May 13, 1854,  of a 250 ton brig for the Mediterranean trade. Data available to the webmaster suggests that the vessel in question was Britannia but I am not certain of that. Britannia is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1866/67, owned thru 1857/58 by Sutherland of Aberdeen, for service from Sunderland to Coquimbo (Chile). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists James Sutherland, of Aberdeen, as the vessel's then owner. In 1858/59, the vessel, now LR listed as a barque of 314/294 tons, was owned by Mackinlay of Glasgow for some varied service - initially ex Liverpool, from the Clyde to Manila in 1860/61, from London to Mauritius (in 1861/62) & to the West Indies (in 1862/64), from the Clyde to Rosario, Argentina (in 1864/65), & from the Clyde to Halifax, Canada (from 1865/66). The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 052, image soon) records J. & W. Mackinlay of Glasgow, as her then owners. 99.5 ft. long, signal letters KCMJ. LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'Abandoned'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened to her or otherwise add anything? Y

8511

18

Calliance (a ship)

784/822

J. Haswell

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1865/66, owned by John Hay of Sunderland, initially for service from Sunderland to India. Later ex London & from 1862/63 to Australia ex London. It would seem that at the time of her loss, the vessel was owned by John Cereswell, of Sunderland. 157.5 ft. long, signal letters PLHG. LR of 1865/66 states 'Wrecked'. On Nov. 30, 1864, Calliance, under the command of George Turnbull Brown, left Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, for the new settlement of Camden Harbour. On Dec. 23, 1864, she ran aground on an unmarked reef at 15.32S/123.3E, 80 miles distant from Camden Harbour on the NW Kimberley coast of Australia. A spot remote to this very day, & located closer to Timor than to Perth, Western Australia, about 2,000 miles to the S. After 30 hours aground, the vessel was got off & on Christmas Day landed her passengers & remaining cargo at Camden Harbour. It was intended that the vessel be inspected there & temporarily repaired. Alas on Jan. 5, 1865, (account of Captain Brown) she was driven by winds onto her final resting place, a reef at Camden Harbour. Calliance was one of 3 ships engaged in the transportation of settlers & their effects including sheep from Melbourne to the new settlement of Camden Harbour. The settlement failed after about a year due, in large part, to a lack of water & inexperience. We thank Catherine Prior for bringing this vessel to the webmaster's attention. Captain Brown was Catherine's GG grandfather. Y

26480

19

Cambrian (a snow)

257

William Pile jun., of North Shore

Langton of London

 

20

Cameo (a barque)

401/408
later
366

G. Booth

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1873/74, owned thru 1861/62 by Johnson & Co. of South Shields, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean thru 1860/61 & to the Mediterranean out of Liverpool in 1861/62. This newspaper cutting records the launch of the vessel on Mar. 28, 1854 at Ham Sand - stated to be a ship but, per LR, always a barque. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel's then owners as being J. Rutherford of Shincliffe Grange & W. S. Johnson of South Shields, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 specifies John Rutherford of Shincliff & W. S. Johnson of South Shields. The vessel became of 366 tons in 1859/60. In 1862/63, per LR, J. Rhind of Shields became the vessel's owner, for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. In 1867/68, per LR, C. Dunn of Shields became the vessel's owner for service from Cardiff to the West Indies, with William Forster her captain thru 1870/71 & W. Foster thereafter. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 59, image soon) & 1870, however, both rather list Thomas Foster of North Shields, as her then owner. Related to the ship's captain? 119.5 ft. long, signal letters PGSK. LR of 1873/74 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Detail about the circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

25627

21

Canaan (a ship, later a barque)

832/922
later
840/922
later
860
later
840

William Wilkinson of Deptford

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1883/84 at least. I say 'at least' because LR of 1884/85 is not available to the webmaster, so I cannot check its content. It is not recorded in LR of 1885/86. I believe that this newspaper cutting announced the launch of the vessel in mid Jun. 1854. It is curious perhaps that the vessel's initial captain was named, per LR, S. Gallilee. The vessel was owned thru 1858/59 by J. Miller of Newcastle, for service from Shields to Australia (thru 1856/57) & for service from London to India (thereafter). Turnbull's Register of 1856 records J. Miller of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner. In 1859/60, the vessel became of 840/922 tons & owned by McLachlan of London, thru 1876/77 at least (similar reason re 1877/78). For service to Sydney or generally to Australia from London (essentially thru 1863/64) & from Liverpool to Australia in 1864/65. Thereafter, while under 'McLachlan' ownership it served ex London except for 1873/74 where service from Falmouth to Yokohama, Japan, is indicated. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 59, image soon) & 1870 both list Robert McLachlan, of London, as her then owner. The vessel became a barque in 1872/73, became of 860 tons in 1872/73 & 840 tons in 1876/77. By LR of 1878/79, the vessel, still registered at London was owned by J. Rugaroni - as per MNL of 1880, a resident of Gibraltar. 172.0 ft. long, signal letters LPFV. What finally happened to the vessel in or about 1884, is not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

14699

22

Carinthia (a brig)

434/425

Short

The vessel was initially owned by 'W.Macky' of Newcastle for service from the Clyde to South America. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records the owners as being W. & W. A. Mackey. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states William Mackey

26644

23

Caroline Elizabeth (a barque)

479/505
later
470

Briggs

The webmaster believes that the barque here launched in Feb. 1854, was in fact Caroline Elizabeth. Have not yet researched this vessel which was however initially owned, per Lloyd's Register ('LR') of 1854/55, by T. Todd of London for service from London to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists the vessel as then owned by Robert Thompson, jun., of Southwick, Durham. I happened to spot, in LR of 1868/69, that the 470 ton barque had been 'wrecked'. Then owned by T. Reed of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. 134.9 ft. long, signal letters HCRJ. Can you tell us more?

410

24

Catherine Morrison (a barque)

342/319
later
289
later
272

J. Watson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1873/74, owned for that entire period (per LR) by J. Morrison of North Shields. Initially ex Sunderland, then, for many years from Shields to the West Indies. Varied routes after 1864/65 - Liverpool & Bristol to South America, Cardiff to the Mediterranean, ex Hull, & from the Clyde to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. Morrison, of North Shields, as owners of the 319 ton barque. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records John Morrison as the then owner of the 289 ton barque. 108.5 ft. long, signal letters PBGS. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists John Morrison, of North Shields, as her then owner. On Jan. 2, 1871, per line 1148 here, the 272 ton barque stranded at Galdenoch Bay, Wigtownshire, Scotland, while en route from Ardrossan to Constantinople with a cargo of coal. Off Port Beg. This site, however, states that the vessel, commanded by Captain Bremer (per LR, I. Brimer), was rather en route to Odessa, Ukraine, Black Sea. Crew of 9 - all lost. Then owned by John Morrison. On Apl. 27, 2014, a 20 x 27 1/4 in. watercolour by Raffaele Corsini (1830/1880) of Catherine Morrison entering Smyrna, Turkey, in 1856, was sold via eBay for GBP 450.00. Alas, I have found the item too late. The images of the painting are gone. But all is not lost. This is a Corsini oil on board painting of the vessel thanks to 'the-saleroom.com' (1, 2). Y

24537

25

Chapman (a ship)

750

J. Watson of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1866/67, owned thru 1864/65 by Chapman of London, for consistent service ex London & from 1860/61 thru 1862/63 for service from London to New Zealand ('NZ'). It was launched, in mid Jun. 1854, for Chapman's Australian trade. Just a couple of voyages to NZ. On Jan. 5, 1867 the vessel arrived at Auckland, NZ, ex London via the Cape of Good Hope, with 10 officers, 88 rank & file, many relatives etc., all related to the 58th regiment. A slow voyage, I understand, though I have not spotted her date of departure from London. The vessel later (Mar. 11, 1857) left for Guam. On May 25, 1860, the vessel left Gravesend, London, for the Canterbury region of NZ. It arrived at Lyttelton, NZ, (Christchurch), on Sep. 12, 1860 with 40 passengers & some notable thoroughbred horses & rams. In 1864/65, per LR, the vessel became owned by Austin & Co., also of London, for service from London to NZ. LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 159.0 ft. long. The circumstances & date of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

22335

26

Chase

330/298

W. Pile

Dale & Co. - W. R. Dale & S. J. Dale in 1856

5302

27

City of Bristol (a ship, later a barque)

553/619
later
539

Lawson Gales of Hylton

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70. Owned initially by Evans & Co. of Bristol for service from Sunderland to New York, then ex Bristol & from London to Australia. This newspaper cutting records the vessel's launch on Mar. 1, 1854, stated to be for Evans, Son & Avery, merchants of Bristol. I have not exhaustively checked the data at Trove, Australia. However the vessel would seem to have made two voyages to Australia. It left Greenock, River Clyde, on Nov. 19, 1855 & arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on Mar. 5, 1856. It later (on Apl. 10, 1856) left in ballast for Guam / Singapore. On May 5, 1857, the vessel left Southampton for Perth, Western  Australia, with 255 emigrants aboard. After a passage of 94 days, the vessel arrived at Perth on Aug. 8, 1857. From 1857/58 to 1869/70, LR records Brass & Co. of London as her owners for service from London to Australia then London to India &, from 1861/62, Sunderland to India. 136.0 ft. long. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, however, records T. S. Blues of South Shields as the then owner of the South Shields registered vessel. On Dec. 10, 1870, per line 1019 here, the 539 ton barque was stranded at Long Sand (Thames Estuary, Essex), while en route from London to Shields in ballast. Crew of 14 - none lost. Then owned, per that reference, by Thos. S. Blins. Y

26363

28

Clifton Hall (a barque)

391/388
later
354

Sykes & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1868/69. Per LR, the vessel was initially owned, but just in 1855/56, by E. Oliver of Liverpool, for service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, with 'Martin' serving as the vessel's captain.
Edward Oliver is worthy of your interest as clearly it was to Lewis R. Fischer who in 1995 wrote a fascinating 12 page paper about the sale of Oliver's ships after his death in Oct. 1854. A paper you can access & download here. On Dec. 7, 1854, Oliver's fleet of vessels was sold at auction in Liverpool. He owned shares in an amazing 79 vessels, 75 of which he owned outright. All of his vessels sold that day including Clifton Hall which sold for £9,000. 3 other 'Oliver' owned vessels, likely 4, were also built at Sunderland. i.e. Marsden, W. S. Hamilton, Nepaulese Ambassador, & Pero. Do read Lewis Fischer's paper!
From 1856/57 thru 1862/63, per LR, the vessel was owned by R. Cropton of Sunderland, for service from Cardiff to the Mediterranean (from 1856/57 thru 1858/59) & ex Sunderland thereafter - to the Mediterranean in 1859/60 & in the period of 1861/1863 & to India in 1860/61. With T. Ortton serving as the vessel's captain. 'Ortton', per LR, continued to serve as captain thru 1863/64, i.e. into the period of ownership by R. Bowman of Monkwearmouth, who became the vessel's owner in 1862/63. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865, 1867 & 1868 clarify the owner's name to mean Richard Wilson Bowman, of Monkwearmouth. Under 'Bowman' ownership the vessel served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland with 'R. Mills' (maybe R. Mill) serving as her captain thru 1868/69 & also, later in that year, 'Buchanan'. LR first recorded the vessel at 354 tons in 1863/64 though MNL of 1860 also recorded the vessel at 354 tons. 119.0 ft. long, signal letters NSCH. LR of 1868/69 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Feb. 25, 1869, per the 2nd line 6 on this page, the vessel foundered  at a point 16 miles WNW of Hoy Head, Orkney, while en route from Liverpool to Shields with a cargo of salt. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 12 & carried a single passenger also. One life was apparently lost in the disaster. Thanks to 'Welsh Newspapers Online' you can read, here, 2 modest articles that refer to the vessel's loss on Feb. 27, 1869 during massive storms. I read that the single passenger was the captain's wife (who survived) & that the one life lost must accordingly have been a crewman. This 'pdf' site advises that the vessel foundered on Feb. 27, 1859 off the Black Crag, Stromness, Orkney. Is it possible that you can add anything? Y

23540

29

Columba (a ship)

684/735

Bradley, Potts & Co., of Pallion

This vessel is listed here having seen this 1854 newspaper cutting, kindly provided to the webmaster by a friend of the site. It refers to Columbia, which name clearly should have read Columba, & reports the vessel's owner as being Douglass & Co., of London. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1855/56 & 1856/57 only - a ship per LR owned not by 'Douglass' but rather by Collinson of London, for service ex London. This newspaper cutting, dated Oct. 13, 1856, tells us that the vessel had been lost at Sandheads while en route from Madras (now Chennai) to Calcutta (now Kolkata), both India. 'Sandheads' is an area of shoals about 130 miles SE of Kolkata. I cannot tell you the date of the vessel's loss. Can you tell us more? Y

25245

30

Coral Queen (a barque)

324/370
later
240

E. Bailey of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1872/73. Owned, thru 1860/61, by Bennett & Co. of London, for initial service from London to Algoa Bay (E. coast of S. Africa, about 425 miles E. of Cape of Good Hope), later ex London. From 1861/62 thru 1865/66, per LR, the vessel was owned by 'M'lhush' & Co. (maybe McIhush), also of London, for service from London to Bermuda, later ex the Clyde. From 1865/66 to 1872/73, per LR, the vessel became owned by Anderson & Co., but more likely by Sanderson & Co., of Amble, Northumberland, for service from Blyth to the Baltic, soon from Shields to France, later ex Sunderland & from 1869/70 for service from Blyth to the Baltic again. The vessel became of 240 tons in 1866/67. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 & 1870, however, both list Thomas Leighton of Amble as the then owner of the Shields registered 241 ton vessel. 114.0 ft. long, signal letters JDFM. LR of 1872/73 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Nov. 20, 1872, per line 2719 here, the 241 ton barque was stranded at Nidingen (a reef 5 1/2 miles off shore, located S. of Gothenburg, Sweden), while en route from Copenhagen, Denmark, to Gothenburg in ballast. Crew of 9 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John Henderson. The circumstances of her loss have not yet come to hand. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel, or otherwise add anything? Kevin Tennant now advises (thanks Kevin!) that, per ‘The Sailing Ships of Aln & Coquet ....' by Richard E. Keys, the 241 ton barque was built by E. Bailey of Pallion (Note: such data is confirmed elsewhere). And that the vessel was rather 115.8 ft long. Further that John Henry Gibb, master mariner of Amble & a Kevin Tennant ancestor, was in 1866 the owner of 8 of the 64 shares in the vessel & was the vessel's Captain - from part way thru 1865/66 to 1872/73, per LR. Kevin adds that John Henderson appears to have been the part or full owner of a number of vessels including Sunderland built Elizabeth Henderson & Sundew, both with links to the Gibb family. Y

4597

 

Corsican (a barque)

650?

Forrest & Jackson, of Hylton

This vessel is listed here having seen this 1854 newspaper cutting, kindly provided to the webmaster by a friend of the site. It refers to Corsican, a barque built at Hylton for J. Hay intended for service to Ceylon. It is the webmaster's belief, however, that this vessel must later have been renamed & registered as Silistria (listed here below). Can you tell us more?

 

31

Crown (a barque)

461
later
417
later
391
later
424/382
(G/N)

J. Crown

The vessel is likely Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1879/80. It was owned, thru 1872/73, by J. Crown of Sunderland, i.e. by its builder, with J. Harris (thru 1859/60), Stothard (thru 1861/62), Davis (thru 1862/63), B. Davis (thru 1865/66), B. Davies (thru 1868/69), Davis (thru 1870/71) & G. Lashbrook (thru 1872/73). One has to wonder whether Davis, B. Davis, B. Davies & Davis again are one & the same person. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 lists John Crown, of Southwick, as her then owner. For service ex Sunderland thru 1861/62 including to Aden (in 1855/56 & 1856/57) & to the Mediterranean (in 1860/81), ex Cork, Ireland, from 1862/63 thru 1864/65, from Sunderland to Malta (from 1865/66 thru 1867/68) ex Gloucester (in 1868/69), ex Sunderland from 1869/70 incl. service to the Mediterranean & to South America. In 1872/73, J. M. Henderson & Co., of Amble, Northumberland, became the vessel's owner with W. Price & J. Wandless serving as her captains. The MNL lists of 1875, 1876 & 1879 (on page 222) all list John M. Henderson of Amble as the owner of the Sunderland registered barque. LR of 1879/80 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. 130.0 ft. long, later 130.4 ft., signal letters PLNK. I cannot yet tell you what happened to the vessel  in or about 1879. Can you tell us about it? Y

26543

32

Cumming (a barque)

349/374

R. H. Potts & Bros.

The vessel was launched on Sep. 6, 1854, intended for the 'West India' trade & owned by R. H. Potts and Brothers, her builders. Potts Bros. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean

16248

33

Damietta (a barque)

326/266

John Smith of Pallion

Joyce & Co. of London.

23259

34

Daphne (a ship)

842/760

Thomas Alcock

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1865/66 only. It was launched, I read, on Jul. 10, 1854. It was owned, per LR, thru 1859/60 by J. Alcock of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to India (in the period of 1855/57), from London to Australia (in the period of 1857/59) & then ex London. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. T. Alcock, of Sunderland, as her then owner, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean John T. Alcock - in fact John Thomas Alcock. In 1860/61, Temperley's of London became the vessel's owner for initial service ex London, in 1862/63 for service from Plymouth to India, & from 1863/64 thru 1865/66 for service from London to India. 172.0 ft. long. LR of 1865/66 notes that the ship had been 'LOST'. I have read that on Apl. 18, 1865,'Daphne foundered during a cyclone in the Indian Ocean, her cargo a large quantity of East India produce and 3,115 bales of Surat cotton was valued at £60,000, Crew saved.' Can you tell us more? Y

24748

35

Deptford (a barque)

364/358
later
335

Hodgson & Gardiner, of North Hylton

I do not know, with certainty, in which year this vessel was first registered. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1861/62, always referenced to 1854. But three & maybe 4 separate sources state that the vessel was rather built in 1853. The vessel was owned throughout, per LR, by J. Robinson, of Sunderland thru 1856/57 & of South Shields thereafter. Initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, in 1857/58 for service from Shields to the West Indies & in the following years to the Mediterranean ex London, Shields & Liverpool. Became of 335 tons in 1857/58. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. & J. Robinson, of Deptford, Sunderland, as the vessel's then owner, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records John Robinson, jun. of South Shields as her then owner. Both referring to an 1853 build date. Signal letters MGTW. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'abandoned'. On Feb. 24, 1862, per line 2125 here, the 335 ton barque was involved in a collision & sank at N48/15W (in the N. Atlantic about 700 miles WSW of Land's End), while en route from Liverpool to Malta. Crew of 12 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John Robinson & referenced to an 1853 build date. The circumstances of her loss have not yet come to hand, including the name of the vessel with which she collided. Can you tell us what exactly happened or otherwise add anything? Y

17490

36

Diadem

280/259

George Barker Note

Smith & Co.

141

37

Driving Mist (a snow, later a brigantine)

185
later
163
later
145

W. Pile

There are not many vessels that did not end up a wreck or abandoned somewhere. This vessel made it safely through a life of 40 years to its being broken up in Dec. 1894. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70, a LR silence of 4 years, & then likely from 1874/75 thru 1894/95. I say likely because a number of the LR editions are either not available to the webmaster or have bad data. The vessel was initially owned by Maud'sl'y of London, thru 1859/60, for initial service from London to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, & from 1858/59 for service from Liverpool to South America. This cutting records her launch on Feb. 28, 1854, described as a 'fine pleasure yacht' built for William Maudsley, of Brixton, London. With a cabin of polished teak, a figure of a golden eagle on her prow & another eagle carved on her stern. In 1860/61, thru 1869/70 per LR, Hore & Co. of Exeter became the vessel's owner with 'Hore' her captain, initially Hore, later R. Hore. For service ex Liverpool but from 1864/65 for service ex Topsham, Devon. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867, however (page 100, image soon) records William Waters, of Gravesend, London, as the then owner of the 163 ton vessel. The vessel was not LR listed from 1870/71 thru 1873/74. LR of 1874/75 thru 1876/77 lists S. Upton of London as her owner. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records Solomon Upton of Gravesend, as her then owner. LR of 1877/78 is not available to the webmaster, but LR of 1878/79 records E. Joiner of Faversham, Kent, as the new owner of the vessel, now a brigantine. The Mercantile Navy Lists of both 1880 & 1890 record the vessel as registered at Faversham & owned by Edward Joiner of Whitstable, Kent. Of 145 tons in 1890. From 1892/93 thru 1894/95, LR records J. Smith of Sunderland as the vessel's owner with R. Archbold the manager (in 1894/95). It is likely that J. Smith was of Seaham Harbour, rather than of Sunderland. LR of 1894/95 notes that the vessel had been 'Broken up' in Dec. 1894. 103.0 ft. long, later 98.8 ft (certainly from 1874/75 per LR), signal letters KMDF. Anything you can add? Y

10113

38

Druid (a barque) 1

315/318

Peter Austin

D. Langton

10518

39

Duchess of Northumberland (a barque)

461/531
later
487
later
481

Wm. Reed

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1859/60. Owned, per LR, by S. Mease of North Shields, for initial service from Sunderland to the West Indies, & from 1857/58 for service from Shields to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the then owners of 'D. of Northumberland' to be (verbatim) S. R. D. & J. A. Mease, of North Shields, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records Solomon, Robert, D. and John A. Mease, all of North Shields as the then owners of the 481 ton Duchess of Northumberland. Paul Roper advises (thanks!) that Solomon Mease (1800/1871) was not only a shipowner & businessman, but was also, twice, the Mayor of Tynemouth, a JP, a Tyne River Commissioner, & a pillar of the Wesleyan Methodist church. He had three sons - Robert Dryden Mease, George Dryden Mease & John Augustus Mease, all of whom at various times were in partnership with their father. The vessel became of 487 tons, per LR, in 1857/58. Paul further advises that per her Surveyor's certificate, the vessel was built by Wm. Reed. Her maiden voyage was to Havanna, Cuba, but subsequently she sailed to Ceylon & Burma, & most of her voyages ended in Antwerp. She left Akyab (now Sittwe, Myanmar), on May 21, 1858 & was never heard of again. Anything you can add? Y

16154

40

Dunbar (a ship)

11671

James Laing

Duncan Dunbar of London

 

41

Dunsandle (a barque)

400/399
later
396
later
359
later
360

Pickersgill & Miller

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1876/77. It was launched in Jan. 1854 - on Jan. 14, 1854, I read. Its initial owner was Dealy & Co. of Liverpool for service from Sunderland to Liverpool. In 1855/56, i.e. the nest year, thru 1856/57, the vessel became owned by Fidds & Co., also of Liverpool, for service from London to California. Ownership changed again in 1857/58 - its owners became Ramsay & Co. again of Liverpool, for service, per LR, from Liverpool to Australia. So far as I can see (thanks to Trove, Australia!), the vessel was in Australia only in 1857. It left Liverpool on Nov. 27, 1856 for Melbourne & arrived there on Apl. 16, 1857. It left Melbourne on May 18, 1857 for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India & left Calcutta on Aug. 28, 1857 to return to Melbourne (arrived Nov. 22, 1857). On Dec. 28, 1857 The barque left Melbourne for Mauritius. There are many references to the vessel loading at London for Australia in Feb. 1860, but I cannot see that the intended voyage became a reality. In 1861/62, R. & R. Sutter of London owned the barque, now of 396 tons, for service ex London. The LR editions of 1863/64 thru 1867/68 list no owner name. In 1868/69, however, T. Blues of South Shields is LR listed as the then owner of the barque, now of 359 tons, for service from Shields to Quebec, Canada. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 101, image soon) & 1870 both record Thomas Smith Blues, of South Shields, as the vessel's then owner. LR of 1876/77 notes that the barque, now of 360 tons, had been 'Abandoned'. 121.0 ft. long, later 122.0 ft., signal letters LPKR. I have read that the vessel, on Sep. 11, 1876, was 'Abandoned and sank after being holed by cargo lost overboard in 45N - 55.30W on passage Quebec for Grangemouth with sawn timber and logs.This page states that the vessel was rather lost on Sep. 10, 1876, indeed at 45N/55.30W, crew of 10 - none lost. Grangemouth is near Falkirk, Firth of Forth, Scotland. Is there anything you can add? Y

14756

42

Durus (a snow)

262/257
later
229

Michael Byers & Co.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1861/62. Owned, per LR, thru 1860/61, by 'Krkwood' of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the West Indies, but from 1860/61 for service from Liverpool to the Black Sea. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists W. Kirkwood, of Sunderland, as the snow's then owner, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning William Kirkwood. In 1861/62, LR records W. Tullock, also of Sunderland, as the snow's new owner, for continued service from Liverpool to the Black Sea. 94.0 ft. long. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Nov. 21, 1861, per line 1464 here, the 229 ton snow was stranded at Aberfrau (Aberffraw, SW coast of Anglesey, N. Wales), while en route from Alexandria, Egypt, to Liverpool with a cargo of cotton. As per this newspaper cutting, the vessel was under the command of Captain Vincent. It became a complete wreck & all of the cargo was lost. Crew of 8 - 1 lost. Then stated to be owned by Wm. Tulloch. This newspaper cutting tells us that the life lost was Captain Vincent, swept off by a heavy sea & drowned. The survivors were saved by boat & her cargo is stated to have been beans. Is there anything you can add? Y

8899

43

Eblana

262

P. Gibson

T. Speeding

6639

44

Ecliptic (a barque)

340/330
later
314

Lightfoot of Hylton Dene (or of Pallion per LR et al)

I believe that these (1 & 2) cuttings announce the vessel's launch on Apl. 11, 1854 - said to have been built for Brown & Sacker of Sunderland for the West Indies trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1869/70. Owned, per LR, thru 1857/58, not by Brown & Sacker but rather by J. Longton of Liverpool, for service from Sunderland to the Rio Plata (River Plate, Argentina & Uruguay) & in 1857/58 ex Liverpool. In 1858/59, per LR, Hodgson of London became the vessel's owner for service ex London to the Falkland Islands (1858/59), to South America (1859/60), to China (1861/62) & to Australia in 1862/63. The many editions of LR from 1862/64 thru 1869/70 report no owner name but do still refer to service from London to Australia. I have not spotted the vessel in LR after 1870/71. It is clear that the vessel was not lost in or about 1871, rather the vessel had been sold to Edwin Holmes of Melbourne, Australia, who is the vessel's owner as stated in the Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 105, image soon). William Eldridge, of Melbourne, owned the vessel later, per the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1870 & 1880. 116.0 ft. long, signal letters JTCL. It would appear that the vessel regularly carried coal from Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, to other Australian ports. On Mar. 26, 1874, Ecliptic left Newcastle for Melbourne under the command of Nelson Eldridge, a part owner of the vessel with his brother William Eldridge of Richmond. She carried 470 tons of coal & was manned by a crew of 10 all told which included the son of her captain as her chief officer. On Mar. 31, 1874 the vessel was wrecked (1 & 2) on Chommel Island off Wilson's Promontory. Only William Singleton, a young seaman, survived the disaster - just 2 bodies were recovered. The vessel was utterly destroyed. There are many articles about the wreck at Trove, Australia, & surely many earlier references to her service in Australia (such search not yet undertaken). Can you add anything? Y

7462

45

Eden

246

Arrow Leithead

John Hay

26288

46

Edendale (a ship)

837/1003
later
890
later
891

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

This vessel was launched in late Jan. 1854, for Edmund Graham of Cotfield, Gateshead, intended for the East India trade. It was always registered at Newcastle, it would appear. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1867/68, owned, per LR, thru 1861/62, by E. Graham, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (thru 1858/59) & then ex London. On Mar. 18, 1854, Edendale was one of many ships engaged by the British Government for service as transport ships re the Crimean War. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that Edward Grahame was in 1854 the vessel's owner & that Edendale 'Conveyed artillery, gun-carriages, and horses to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed on various services in the Black Sea.' Varna is in Bulgaria, on the Black Sea coast. David Watts advises that Marwood's Directory of 1854/55 lists Edward Graham of Newcastle, as the vessel's then owner, with J. Lash the vessel's captain. That listing seems to have been in error, however (Edmund Graham). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists E. Graham, of Newcastle, as the ship's then owner, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Edmund Graham. The vessel became, per LR, of 890 tons in 1859/60 & 891 tons in 1861/62. In 1861/62, LR records Kidston & Co. of Glasgow as the ship's new owner, thru 1867/68, for service from London to India, but from 1864/65 for service from the Clyde to India. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 105, image soon) lists Archibald Glen Kidston, of Glasgow, as her then owner. 171.0 ft. long, signal letters LJFP. LR of 1867/68 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss, in or about 1868, or otherwise add anything additional? Y

13734

47

Eena (a schooner)

189

Bailey of Pallion

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1862/63 only, owned for that entire if brief period, per LR, by E. Hickey of London, for service from London to Sydney, Australia. The webmaster believes that these announcements (1 & 2) of a launch on Apl.13, 1854 is in respect of this vessel and that 'Hikie' & E. Hickey are one & the same person. The vessel would seem not to have been granted an Official Number - perhaps it was registered 'elsewhere'. Though a vessel of the name was registered at Calcutta (now Kolkata), India & numbered ON 32750. I have spotted just a few references to the vessel at Trove, Australia - including one re the vessel leaving Sydney for Calcutta, India, in Jan. 1856. As stated above, the vessel was last LR listed in 1862/63. There is one brief reference at Trove that seems to relate to the vessel. Severe weather hit Fremantle, Western Australia, in early Sep. 1863 & a vessel named Eena was driven onto the beach at Fremantle on Sep. 8, 1863. It was expected to be got off once its cargo was removed. Now it would appear that there may have been 2 vessels named Eena at Fremantle at about that time, but the other Eena, also built at Sunderland & covered above, would appear to have left Fremantle for Singapore on Aug. 31, 1863. So could the vessel which was driven ashore on Sep. 8, 1863 have been this vessel? Was it got off or was the vessel lost as a result of the grounding? I need help! The vessel's eventual loss may well not relate to that incident at all. A puzzle is that I cannot see that the vessel was ever granted an ON number. Anything you can add? Y

 

48

Elizabeths

269/260

Lister & Bartram

E. Gare

669

49

Englishman (a snow)

163
later
144

W. Taylor & Son.

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1869/70. The vessel was owned, in 1854/55, per LR, by 'Sharland' of Southampton, for service as a Sunderland coaster. In 1855/56, J. Mitchell of Glasgow became the vessel's owner, thru 1866/67, for service ex the Clyde, to i) Oporto, Portugal (thru 1857/58), ii) the Mediterranean (1858/1861), iii) Lisbon, Portugal (1861/63) & iv) Spain (1863/64 thru 1865/66). The vessel became of 144 tons in 1861/62. In 1866/67, thru 1869/70, J. Peile of Workington, Cumbria, became the vessel's owner for service as a Workington coaster. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 125, image soon) lists Joseph Peile, jun., of Workington, as the then owner of the Workington registered vessel. The 1870 equivalent lists Joseph Peile. 82.5 ft. long, signal letters HBRD. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss & when it occurred are not yet to hand. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

167

50

Enthusiast (a barque)

317/319
later
283

William Harkess, at North Sand

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1874/75 at least (LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster). The vessel was owned, thru 1857/58, by Longton & Co. & was registered at Liverpool - for service from London to the West Indies. It would seem that the vessel was Liverpool registered for its entire lifetime. From 1858/59 thru 1859/60, 'Nichlsn' presumably Nicholson, owned the vessel for service ex London. The vessel became of 283 tons in 1860/61, in which year, thru 1866/67, the vessel became owned by 'Doward' for service to the West Indies ex Liverpool or the Clyde. In 1866/67 & thru 1874/75, J. Ditchburn owned the vessel for service ex London & the Clyde to the West Indies or South America (where destinations are indicated). The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 126) & 1870, both list John Ditchburn as her owner - of Liverpool in 1867 & of Limehouse, Middlesex, i.e. London, in 1870. 'crewlist.org.uk' advise that the vessel was destroyed by fire on Sep. 17, 1874. Thanks to Google & to the Harvard College Library, per this page, we can advise you that the vessel was lost at 12.19N/50.09W in the North Atlantic, about 500 miles off the coast of South America, while en route from London to Demerera (British Guyana now Guyana) with a coal (140 tons) & general cargo. Crew of 11 - none lost. It was lost on Sep. 16, 1874, per that page. Can you tell us how the crew were rescued or otherwise add anything? Y

24118

51

Eskdale (launched as Better Luck Still) (a barque)

416/486
later
437
later
416

Robert Thompson & Sons (JLT)

This vessel was launched on Jul. 12, 1854 as Better Luck Still. For Edmund Graham of Gateshead, intended for the Eastern trade. Its name was changed to Eskdale in which name it would appear to be first listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') in 1855/56. The vessel is LR listed then from 1855/56 thru 1878/79, owned, per LR, thru 1861/62, by E. Graham & registered at Newcastle. Both Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, list E. (or Edmund) Graham of Newcastle as her then owner. During Graham's period of ownership, the barque served (in the period of 1855/58) from Sunderland to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in the period of 1858/61 from London to India, & maybe, in 1861/62, for service from Shields to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In 1861/62, W. Templeton became the owner of the barque, now of 437 tons & still registered at Newcastle, for service ex the Clyde & in the period of 1861/63 to India. In 1864/65, Gosman & Co., of London, became, per LR, thru 1867/68, the vessel's owner for service to Madras (now Chennai) India ex the Clyde or ex London. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 127, image soon) lists Alexander Gosman of London as her then owner. In 1867/68, J. Gray of Whitby became the vessel's owner for service initially from Sunderland to the Mediterranean but from 1868/69 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists the vessel, then of 437 tons & registered at Whitby, as owned by James Gray of Whitby. The vessel became, per LR, of 416 tons in 1872/73. 120.0 ft. long, signal letters PLWR. LR of 1879/80 notes that the vessel was 'To be Broken Up'. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

26637

52

Esmeralda (a barque)

450

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1861/62, & not thereafter. Initially owned by Towse & Co. of London for service from London to Australia. On Jun. 24, 1854 (about 80% down page), the vessel left London for Perth, Western Australia, & Madras, India. It arrived at Fremantle (Perth) on Oct. 14, 1854, after a passage of 112 days, with 205 (or 208 (Ctl F8 & Esmeralda) passengers & cargo aboard. Diane Oldman advises (thanks!) that the vessel left Fremantle on Feb. 25, 1856 for the Crimean War with 3 officers & 19 sappers & miners. The war was over, however, before they could go into action. From 1858/59, per LR, Cooper & Co. of London was her owner, also for service from London to Australia. What later happened to the vessel? In early 1862, a 'British bark' of the name was lost off Halfmoon Key (Florida or perhaps the Bahamas) & her captain & crew were taken to Aspinwall, now Colón, Panama. I cannot tell you, however, if the Esmeralda referred to is 'our' Esmeralda - there were many vessels of the name. Can anybody add anything, particularly anything related to Crimea? Y

24572

53

Eupatoria (a snow or brig)

297
later
263
later
264

J. & J. Robinson, of Deptford

This vessel was launched in mid Jun. 1854, for T. & J. Marwood, of Whitby, intended for the Mediterranean trade. Eupatoria? The name likely relates to the Crimean War of 1853/1856 - today Yevpatoria, an ancient city on the W. coast of Crimea (Black Sea). The vessel is LR listed from 1855/56 thru 1881/82, owned for that entire period, per LR, by Marwood of Whitby. Initially by 'Marwood' but from 1876/77 by T. Marwood & Sons. The vessel initially served the Mediterranean i) ex Sunderland (thru 1858/59) then ii) from Leith, Scotland (in 1859/60 & 1860/61). After that last date she served ex Sunderland, per LR, to China in the period of 1861 thru 1865, then to the Mediterranean. The vessel became of 263 tons in 1856/57 & 264 tons in 1876/77. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T., J., and W. Marwood of Whitby, to be her then owners, which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, clarifies as meaning Thomas, William and John Marwood. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1870 & 1880 both list Thomas Marwood of Whitby as her then owner. LR of 1881/82 notes that the vessel had gone 'Missing'. 99.0 ft. long, signal letters NSJQ. I read (line 204) that the brig was lost with all hands in the North Sea on Mar. 4, 1881. The circumstances of the vessel's loss & exactly where it happened are not yet to hand. Can you tell us anything additional? Y

23621

54

Excelsior (a barque)

415/418

Rawson & Watson

E. Hogg - E. H. Hogg of North Shields in 1856. John H. Hogg of North Shields in 1858. Owned by G. Thompson, of Sunderland, in 1867. Signal letters LSGP

15430

55

Faith (a snow)

286

Robert Reay of North Hylton

Ray & Son, of Portsmouth

 

56

Freedom

346/338

H. Carr

Harper & - W. & J. S. Harper, R. H. Weightman, R. Swan & W. Wigham in 1856

2271

57

Golddigger (a snow)

152

John Smith, of Pallion

G. Gorton of London

 

58

Great Britain (a ship)

514/573

George Barker, of Wreath Banks

Douglas & Co. of London. This page tells us that in Dec. 1861, the vessel, en route from Montreal, Canada, to London, was ashore at Anticosti island (off St. Lawrence river north shore). No exact date is stated.

 

59

Great Northern (a 90 or 120 HP steamer)

577

James Laing

So far as I can see, this vessel was not listed in Lloyd's Register. I wonder why not? It was built, it would seem, for Richard Young (1809-1871) of Wisbech - a prominent citizen indeed - a Member of Parliament, the Mayor of Wisbech from 1858 to 1862, in 1871 a sheriff of the City of London - and a ship owner. At a date in 1855, likely in Jan. 1955, the vessel carried a railway locomotive to the Crimea, said to be the first locomotive used on a new railway line built from Balaklava to the English camp before Sebastopol. To supply that camp with military stores & provisions. One of a fleet of 9 vessels assembled to carry rails, sleepers, machinery etc. & also necessary manpower to the Crimea to build that railway. As per this page ex this volume. In Sep. 1855, the vessel arrived at Portsmouth from Marseilles, France, to take on board a cargo of ammunition for the Crimea. In Jul. 1856, the vessel arrived at Wisbech were she was registered, her cargo containing two large bomb shells, some cannon balls & grapeshot, which were presented to the (presumably) Wisbech museum by Mr Edward Young, son of the vessel's owner. It would seem that Great Northern was the cause of two vessels being sunk in the Thames Estuary near Gravesend - re Sea Drift, a brig, on Jan. 7, 1859 & re Agenoria, a schooner on Jul. 11, 1862. As per this page ex this volume. Agenoria was run aground, apparently. On Jan. 2, 1866, the steamer left Newcastle for Tönning, northern Germany, but had to be abandoned at seas when 'about 40 miles from land'. The steamer's captain (Billet) & 7 crew members safely arrived off Bjergaara (cannot identify - likely in Denmark), while the remainder of the crew left the ship in a long boat. Did they make it safely, I wonder? The data we have, limited as it is, is available thanks to Gildas Le Briquir, & also to Rod Clayburn, both of whom we thank. Can you add anything? Y

14493

60

Haltwhistle

440/441

M. Tweddell

M. Twddll i.e. M. Tweddell

4638

61

Henrietta (a ship, later a barque)

450/473
later
369
later
432

William Harkass

Per this most informative newspaper cutting, the vessel was launched on May 4, 1854 (as I interpret the words) for Edward, William & Charles Rayner, of Sunderland. The vessel would seem to have been initially intended for service from Sunderland to Singapore. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1869/70, owned for that entire period (per LR) by Rayner Bros. of Sunderland. Initially for service from Sunderland to Singapore, soon ex the Clyde to India & to New Zealand & from 1861/62 ex London. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists E. P. & C. R. Rayner, of Sunderland, as owners of the 369 ton ship, which data is confirmed by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. Per LR the vessel became a barque in 1860/61. 132.0 ft. long. On Apl. 3, 1870, per line 781 here, (which lists the vessel's O.N. incorrectly) the 432 ton barque foundered off Flamborough Head, Yorkshire, while en route from Sunderland to London with a cargo of coal. Crew of 6 - none lost. Then owned by John Crawford. Y

13376

62

Henry Metcalf

262

Forrest & Co.

Metcalf & i.e. E. Metcalfe

8492

63

Heron (a snow)

226

R. H. Potts & Bros.

Potts Bros. of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Bordeaux, France

23523

64

Her Majesty

848

Byers & Co.

John Roger Watkins

 

65

Hound (a barque)

402/385
later
356

Pickersgill & Miller

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1865/66, owned thru 1856/57, per LR, by J. Shields of Newcastle, for service from Shields to India. With T. Labey serving as the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists P. W. Hanson & D. Shield, both of Newcastle, as the then owners of the Newcastle registered vessel. In 1857/58, per LR, the vessel became owned by Conaway who also would seem to have served as the vessel's captain until part way thru 1865/66. The vessel was, per LR, registered at Newcastle thru 1858/59 & thereafter at Liverpool (but Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 does not record the vessel at either Newcastle or Shields). For service ex Liverpool thru 1858/59, from Whitehaven, Cumbria, to Singapore from 1859/60 thru 1861/62 & ex Liverpool thereafter until the vessel's final year in which it served ex London. LR of 1865/66, in which year S. Goodman became her captain, notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. 122.0 ft. long. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened to her? Y

26530

 

Isabella or Isabellas (a snow or brig)

219
later
199

Hylton Carr of South Hylton

The record for this vessel is confusing indeed. It is at present included below, rightly or wrongly, as being built in 1855.

7632

66

Isabella Hay (a snow or brig)

267

T. & J. Robinson at Hylton

Per this newspaper cutting, the vessel was launched on May 10, 1854 for Mr. Marks of Sunderland. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1865/66, owned thru 1864/65 (per LR) not by 'Marks' but rather by R. Hay of North Shields. For service thru 1860/61 from Shields to the Mediterranean & thereafter for service from Limerick, Ireland, to New York. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists R. Hay of N. Shields, which owner name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning Richard Hay. In 1865/66, Moore & Co. of Sunderland became the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. 96.0 ft. long. LR of 1865/66 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened to her? Y

11751

67

Island Queen (a barque)

393/418
later
395

S. Hodgson

Wheatley of North Shields - H. Wheatley in 1856. Initially for service to Aden, later to Mediterranean. On Jan. 31, 1860, per line 57 here, the 385 ton barque was abandoned, at 47N/7W while en route from Cardiff to Malaga, Spain, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by Henry Wheatley.

17040

68

James Montgomery

374/446

Geo. Worthy

Hansell - R., R., T., & J. B. Hansell & J. Blackwell in 1856

10183

69

Joshua & Mary (a snow, later a schooner)

243
later
218

John Smith

Miller & Co. of London

26482

70

Juno (a snow)

260/254
later
223

W. Reed

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1863/64. The vessel was owned, thru 1859/60, by C. Alcock of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany. It seems likely that this is the Juno, a brig, referred to on the 6th line on this page, ex here, which struck the bar at Sunderland & sank in the river on Nov. 15, 1854. Damaged, it presumably was soon raised & repaired. In 1860/61, the vessel, now of 223 tons, is listed as owned by 'Egglestne' (with an 'e' at the end), of Sunderland, for service ex Sunderland. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Henry Eggleston, of Sunderland, as her then owner. 95.0 ft. long, signal letters KCFT. Strangely, the vessel is noted to have been LOST in LR editions of both 1862/63 & 1863/64. The circumstances of her loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us what happened or otherwise add anything? Y

8443

71

Lady Ann (a ship, later a barque)

685/745
later
688

John Smith of Pallion

Per these (1 & 2) newspaper cuttings, the vessel was launched on Apl. 13, 1854 for Sir Geo. Hodgkinson of London, intended for the East India trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1881/82. The vessel was initially owned, for about two years only, by Hodgkinson of London for service from London to Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. In 1856/57, per LR, D. Dunbar i.e. Duncan Dunbar, became the vessel's owner for service ex London & from 1861/62 for service from London to Australia. From 1864/65 to 1881/82 the vessel was owned by Prowse of London, initially Prowse, from 1867/68 T. Prowse & from 1873/74 J. Prowse. For service from London to i) New Zealand ('NZ') in the 1864/65 thru 1867/68 period, ii) to Australia (1868/69 & 1869/70). iii) to Karachi, now Pakistan, from 1870/71 to 1871/72), iv) from Belfast to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1872/73 & v) from London to Ceylon in 1872/73. The vessel became of 688 tons in 1864/65 & became a barque in 1870/71. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 218, image soon) & 1870 both list John Prowse of London as her then owner.  147.0 ft. long, signal letters NQDJ. I have not read what finally happened to the vessel in or about 1881. Can you tell us what happened or otherwise add anything?
Time is not now available to permit the webmaster to research at Trove, Australia or at PapersPast the vessel's many voyages to Australia & NZ. However, on its maiden voyage, the ship left Plymouth on Jun. 26, 1854 & arrived at Sydney on Sep. 29, 1854 with 3 passengers & 299 immigrants - after a voyage of 85 days from Land's End. It left for its return voyage to London on or about Jan. 13, 1855. The vessel left Plymouth on Jul. 6, 1859 for Port Adelaide & arrived there on Oct. 1, 1859 with 262 immigrants as per this fine site. There are thousands of references to the vessel at Trove, Australia. Doubtless there are many many more voyages down under. Y

23076

72

Lan Tong (a barque)

439

Unknown to webmaster

The vessel is not Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed. It is possible that the vessel was earlier named Jane - I have checked a few years of LR re Jane but so far have found no data that relates. Registered at Hong Kong (here, enter 41203). The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 (on page 222) records Marion Laceres Barnard, of Hong Kong, as her then owner. On Jan. 13, 1870, per line 17 here, the 439 ton barque was stranded at the Island of Samar, while en route from Manila, the Philippines, to Shanghai, China, with a cargo of timber. Then owned by Marion L. Barnard. The vessel's loss was the subject of a Board of Trade Inquiry which determined that the captain was justified in running his unseaworthy ship ashore to save life. Y

41203

73

Lebanon (a snow or brig)

284
later
249

J. Candlish (maybe Candlish Brothers)

This vessel was launched on Jul. 10, 1854, intended for the Mediterranean trade. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1859/60 only. It was initially owned, thru 1856/57 per LR, by J. Candlish of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1857/58, the vessel, now of 249 tons, was, per LR, owned by Somerville of Shields for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856, however, already lists the vessel as registered at Shields & owned by J. Somerville of North Shields, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean James Somerville. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel, in or about 1859, or otherwise add anything? Y

24798

74

Leonard Wright (a snow)

250
later
223

Hume & esson

The vessel was owned for its brief lifetime by L. Wright i.e. Leonard Wright (L. & W. Wright in 1856) of South Shields - for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. On Jun. 7, 1860, per line 208 here, the 223 ton snow was stranded at  Oesel (Saaremaa), Estonia, while en route from Shields to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with a cargo of coal. It would seem that none of the 14 man crew were lost. The vessel was then owned by Leonard Wright. Y

8384

75

Liddesdale (a barque)

338/306

James Hardie, of Southwick

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1857/58 only, referenced as an 1854 vessel. Owned, for that brief period by W. Black of South Shields, for service from Sunderland to the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa), & in 1857/58 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being W. Black of North Shields & J. Montgomery of Newcastle. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the vessel as & owned by William Black of South Shields. Both state the vessel to be an 1853 vessel. So far as I can see, the vessel is not LR listed after 1857/58. I cannot tell you yet what happened to the vessel. Can you tell us what happened to her, in or about 1858, or otherwise add anything? Y

15424

76

Lord Raglan (a ship)

802/923

Robert Thompson & Sons

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1860/61, owned throughout that entire period by Nichols'n of Sunderland - initially for service ex Sunderland but from 1855/56 for service ex London. It would seem that the vessel was always registered at Sunderland. It was launched on Mar. 29, 1854. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists her then owners as being W. Nicholson, W. Nicholson, jun., J. Nicholson & C. Taylor, all of Sunderland. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 specifies William, John, and William Nicholson, Jun., C. Taylor. On Mar. 13, 1860, per line 106 here, the 835 ton ship was wrecked on the Kattywar Coast (W. coast of India) while en route from Bombay (now Mumbai), India, to Kurrachee (now Karachi, Pakistan, I presume) with a cargo of linseed etc. Crew of 26 - none lost. Then owned by William Nicholson. Anything you can add? Y

26433

77

Madras (a barque)

485/479
later
468

Stothard or Hodgson Benjamin & Co. or S. Hodgson (have read all such names)

The Lloyd's Register ('LR') record for this vessel is strange indeed. The vessel is LR listed from 1855/56 thru 1869/70 at least (the WWW available edition of 1870/71 has the necessary page missing, while the vessel is not recorded in LR of 1871/72). It was owned for that entire period, per LR, by George Avery of North Shields ('NS'). For service from Sunderland to India in 1855/56 & 1856/57, ex London from 1857/58 thru 1859/60, & from Shields to France from 1860/61 thru 1869/70 at least. With G. English her captain in 1855/56 & 1856/57 & Paterson from 1860/61. Was always registered at Shields. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists G. Avery of NS as her then owner, which name Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning George Avery. LR first records the vessel at 468 tons (changed from 485/479 tons), in 1860/61. 125.0 ft. long, signal letters KVWC. I said above that the data about this vessel is 'strange indeed'. Why? Because the vessel, still LR listed in 1869/70, was clearly lost ten years prior, in Nov. 1859! The Mercantile Navy List (enter 11987) records the vessel thru 1860 but not in 1861. What specifically happened to her? Madras, under the command of captain James Peterson, was lost during a heavy gale on Nov. 13, 1859 near Kilia (Black Sea, Asiatic side, E. of the mouth of the Bosphorus). She was carrying a cargo of about 1,000 tons of barley, ex Sulina I have read (Romania, Black Sea, at the mouth of Sulina branch of the Danube River), & 15 lives were lost. Captain Paterson survived the loss of Madras, but was lost aboard George Avery, I believe in Dec. 1861, as you can read here. You can read Captain Paterson's own words about the loss of Madras, in red, here. Is there anything you can add? Or correct? Y

11987

78

Maize (a snow, later a brig, but LR states from 1866/67 a schooner)

218
later
216
later
200

Reay

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1870/71, owned thru 1858/59 at least by Ray & Son of Portsmouth, for service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada. Was registered at Portsmouth. Later registered at London. In 1859/60, J. Smith of London became her owner for service from Falmouth to Sierra Leone, West Africa. In 1863/64, Adams & Co. of London became her owner for service as a London coaster. 91.5 ft. long, signal letters MBDT. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists C. M. Shepherd of Deptford, Kent, as her then owner. LR of 1870/71 states 'stranded'. On Jan. 23, 1871, per line 1181 here, the 200 ton brig stranded near the S. Pier at South Shields, while en route from Boulogne, France, to Shields in ballast. Crew of 7 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas E. Gaskin. A puzzle, perhaps, is that from 1866/67 LR lists the vessel as a schooner. Y

16348

79

Margaret

269/247

J. Hardie

Thompson - Geo Thompson to S. Tysack in 1857/58

 

80

Maria Hay (a ship)

980/1007
later
924

John Crown

This vessel was launched in Jan. 1854. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1872/73, owned for many years by members of the Hay family of Sunderland - John Hay thru 1866/67 & R. B. Hay from 1866/67 thru 1868/69. For service from London to Australia (thru 1857/58), ex London, from London to India (1859/60 thru 1862/63), from London to Australia again (thru 1868/69). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists J. Hay of Sunderland as her then owner, which owner name is clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning John Hay. In 1868/69, per LR, H. Brown, of Cork, Ireland, became the vessel's owner for service ex Cork. T. & W. Hobley, of Carnarvon, Wales, per LR became the vessel's owner in 1869/70 for continued service ex Cork. However, the Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists the vessel as then registered at Sunderland & owned by John Hay, while the 1870 equivalent still lists Robt. B. Hay of London as owner of the vessel, now London registered. 173.0 ft. long, signal letters HDGR. LR of 1872/73 states 'foundered'. On Apl. 5, 1872, per line 2369 here, the 924 ton ship foundered at sea during a voyage related to the carriage of guano ex Guanape (2 barren, small, islands located 8 miles off the coast of Peru)- the available detail is limited. Crew of 20 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas Hobley. Y

536

81

Napier (a lighter)

56

J. Hardie

James Hardie

 

82

Neptune (a ship, later a barque)

585
later
534

G. Shevill

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1880/81, owned, thru 1864/65 per LR, by Ogden & Co. of Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T. B. Simey, T. Ogden, T. C. Simey, all of Sunderland, & J. A. Woods of Newcastle as the vessel's then owners. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Thos. B. Simey, Thos. Ogden, Thomas C. Simey, all of Sunderland, & John A. Woods of Newcastle. During the whole period of 'Ogden' ownership, S. Varey, per LR, served as the vessel's captain for service from Sunderland to India (in 1855/56 & 1856/57), ex London (in 1857/58 & 1860/61), ex Belgium (in 1858/59 & 1859/60), from Sunderland to China (in 1861/62) & from Cardiff, Wales, to India (in 1862/63 & 1863/64). In 1864/65, per LR, 'J. & E. Lumdsn', of Sunderland, became the owners of the vessel, now of 534 tons. They re-rigged the vessel as a barque which rig, it would seem continued for the balance of the vessel's lifetime. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 clarifies the owners' names listing Messrs Lumsdon of Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, as her then owners. For service under the command of 'Lewis' & then 'Parkin' from Sunderland to China. In 1867/68, per LR, the vessel became owned by J. E. Pim of Cork, Ireland, which name is clarified by MNLs of 1870 & 1880 to mean James Edwin Pim. Pim would seem to have been the vessel's final owner with Felkins (thru 1869/70), J. Edwards (thru 1875/76) & J. Norberg thereafter, serving as the vessel's captains. 141.5 ft. long, signal letters HPNW. LR of 1881/82 notes that the vessel had been involved in a 'Collision'. So far, the webmaster has not been able to determine the circumstances of the collision not with whom it collided & when. Can you tell us about the matter or otherwise add to or correct the above. Y

2550

83

Newcastle (a barque)

378/362
later
344

J. Hardie

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1867/68, owned, for that entire period, per LR, by 'Middle Dk Co.' of Newcastle. Which name is clarified by both Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Middle Dock Company of Newcastle. Initially for service ex Sunderland, from 1855/56 thru 1856/57 for service from Shields to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), from Shields to Spain in the 1857/59 period, from the Clyde to the Mediterranean in 1859/1861 & thereafter from Liverpool to the Mediterranean. Now the Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 230, image soon) lists Thomas H. Henderson as her then owner, & his address is stated to have been Middle Dock, South Shields. 112.5 ft. long, signal letters NWVH. LR of 1867/68 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Line 11 on this page (ex here) lists the stranding of the 14 year old Newcastle, at Hasboro Sands (Hasborough Sands, near Cromer, Norfolk) on Jan. 6, 1867. The vessel was en route from Shields to Alexandria, Egypt, with a cargo of coal. 3 of the crew of 12 lost their lives in the wreck. Can you tell us more? Y

24471

84

New Era

820

Sykes & Co.

Wait & Co. -  J. & J. Waite, J. Rhind, J. & J. Waite jun. & J. Waite in 1856 but names may be correctly Wait

13790

85

New Great Britain (a ship)

553/570

J. Reed of Pallion - but see final text at right.

This vessel was launched, likely in late Jan. 1854, for Temperley of London, intended for the China trade. It was always registered at London, it would seem. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1864/65 & not thereafter. It was owned, for that entire period, per LR, by 'Temperly' of London, initially (1854/55) for service from London to Montreal, Canada, in the period of 1855/57 for service from London to Australia, in 1858/60 for service from Southampton to China, in 1860/62 for service from Liverpool to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), in 1862/65 for service from London to New Zealand ('NZ'). Via Trove, Australia, I have tried to track the vessel's voyages to Australia. But do check that the detail which follows is fully accurate. i) the vessel left London on Oct. 28, 1854 for Melbourne & arrived there on Feb. 19, 1855 with 123 passengers. It left on Apl. 19, 1855 & arrived back at Deal on Jul. 30, 1855. ii) On Oct. 30, 1855 the vessel left for Melbourne with 16 passengers, arriving there on Feb. 23, 1856. It left for London on Apl. 15, 1856 with a cargo that included gold, maybe 50,000 ounces of gold. iii) On Sep. 21, 1856, the vessel left Southampton for Moreton Bay, Brisbane, with 262 passengers (arrived on Jan. 5, 1857 with 264). The vessel later arrived at Colombo, Ceylon, on Mar. 28, 1857. iv) On Jul. 27, 1857 the vessel arrived at Sydney, ex Brisbane, to take on a cargo of wool. v) In early 1858, the vessel was en route from London to Hong Kong. It saved the 27 person crew of Tantivy, a ship en route from Callao, Peru, to Cork, Ireland, with a cargo of guano. Tantivy had encountered severe weather, & took on so much water it had to be abandoned at sea, at 32S/19.30W (mid S. Atlantic). Tantivy's crew were safely landed at Table Bay, South Africa. vi) On May 15, 1861 the vessel left Hong Kong for Sydney (arrived Sep. 1, 1861) & Melbourne (arrived Sep. 24, 1861) with a total of 285 Chinese immigrants. vii) A series of voyages followed it would seem between Melbourne & Otago, NZ. 140.0 ft. long. LR of 1864/65 notes that the ship had been 'LOST'. On May 3, 1863, the vessel left Gravesend for NZ. It was at Bluff Harbour, near Invercargill (S. end of S. island of NZ), on Feb. 2, 1864 (col.#8) when the area was struck by a massive storm that resulted in 8 vessels being stranded or wrecked. New Great Britain was driven ashore at Teiwai Point & ended up jammed between two rocks. She was towed off by Aphrasia &, much damaged, was moored at Bluff Harbour. I read that the vessel was stripped & sold for an aggregate of about £1,000. Was that the end of the vessel? I am not sure. It would seem that a vessel of the same name arrived at Newcastle, New South Wales from Bluff Harbour, with Ogilvy her captain, on Jun. 23, 1864. And in Aug, 1864 such vessel left Newcastle for Melbourne. Can you tell us if New Great Britain was, in fact, rebuilt & repaired & continued in service? Or otherwise add anything? Another puzzle, perhaps, is that LR editions from & after 1860/61 state the vessel's builder to have been W. Briggs rather than J. Reed. Y

26569

86

Norwood (a ship)

804/819

Unknown to webmaster

'Lusc'mbe', probably Messrs J. H. Luscombe

57

87

Ocean Queen (a snow or brig)

214/180
later
158

Rawson & Watson

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1854/55 thru 1867/68, owned throughout that entire period by the 'Thomas' family of Cardigan, Wales. For service to the Mediterranean, per LR, for most of her life. I.e. i) from Sunderland in 1854/55 & 1855/56, ii) ex Swansea, Wales, from 1856/57 thru 1861/62, iii) from Bristol in the period of 1862/63 thru 1864/65 & iv) from Cardiff, Wales in 1865/66. Service as a Milford, Wales, coaster is LR noted in 1866/67 & 1867/68. A modest puzzle with this vessel is where she was registered. LR records the vessel as always registered at Cardigan, but that would seem to be in doubt. The vessel is listed at Sunderland in 1856 (Turnbull's Register) & in 1858 (Christie's Shipping Register'). The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') has the vessel registered at Sunderland in both 1864 & 1865. The 1856 record lists T., E, and J. Thomas, all of Cardigan as her then owners, with such details confirmed in 1858 as T., Ewan, and John Thomas. Members of the Thomas family would seem to have always been the vessel's captain - T. Thomas from 1854/55 thru 1862/63 & E. Thomas from 1862/63 thru 1867/68. MNL of 1868 does record the vessel as registered at Cardigan & owned by John Thomas of Cardigan. 88.0 ft. long, signal letters JHRW. LR of 1867/68 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. It would seem that vessel went further afield than you might expect. In Jul. 1867, per line 31 here, the 158 ton snow went missing while en route from Trinidad (in Caribbean Sea, N. of Venezuela) to London with an unknown cargo. Crew of 8, all lost of course. The report does not state where she was when she went missing, stating simply that the vessel was lost 'On voyage'. Hopefully a newspaper article will in due course surface that provides greater detail. Is there anything you can add? One final word. It would seem that in Oct. 1867 a severe hurricane hit the island of St. Thomas in the Caribbean, indeed the whole area & caused massive damage to the shipping that was there at the time. A vessel name Ocean Queen was sunk in the harbour, just one of umpteen vessels that were lost or damaged. Does this relate to 'our' Ocean Queen? I do not know but it just might. Further research would be needed. There were many vessels of the name at that particular time. Y 

5460

88

Odessa Packet (a snow, later a brig)

295/310
later
274

John & Jas. Robinson, of Deptford

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1874/75 at least, owned thru 1860/61 by J. Smith of Sunderland. It was initially listed as built in 1853 but that error (?) was corrected in 1857/58 to read 1854. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean and, from 1859/60, for service from Hull to the Mediterranean. The vessel became of 274 tons in 1859/60. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the vessel as first registered in 1853 & owned by William Robinson of Sunderland - a name not referenced by LR. In 1861/62, per LR, R. Bell, of Blyth, became the vessel's owner for service initially from Blyth to London but from 1862/63 for service from Blyth to the Baltic. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (on page 287) lists, however, the vessel as then owned by John Bell, as also does the 1870 equivalent, both of Blyth - the vessel being Shields registered in both cases. 99.0 ft. long, signal letters MFDJ. It is a puzzle why the vessel was still LR listed in 1874/75. On May 9, 1872, per line 2438 here, the 274 ton brig stranded at Lasker (presumably in Sweden), while en route from Ystad (S. coast of Sweden), to Soderham (Söderhamn, Sweden, on Gulf of Bothnia), in ballast. Crew of 9 - none lost. Then owned by Robert Bell. Y

17075

89

Rack (a lighter)

31

J. Hardie

William Hay

 

90

Robert & Sarah

235/219

Robert Thompson & Sons

R. Thmpsn thru 1857/58 but per this page W. (William) Burn, J. (James) Bryden, R. (Robert) Tynemouth, J. Stavers & J. (James) Martin in 1856. And in 1858

25963

91

Robert Passenger (barque)

480/479

Havelock & Robson

It is my belief that this launch announcement is in respect of the barque later named Robert Passenger, to be owned by a London company for the China trade  - launched, I have read on Dec. 30, 1853. Per Lloyd's Register ('LR') of 1855/56, Ledger & Co. of London was the vessel's initial owner for service from London to Australia. For the moment I have accepted 1854 as the barque's year of first registry as recorded by LR. It may well be, however, that 1853 will prove to be correct. I read that on Aug. 30, 1855, the vessel left Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, for Mauritius, with 262 presumably Indian emigrants. I read also that in late Dec. 1860 the vessel was expected to arrive at San Francisco with a 'large load of coolies'. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 328, image soon) lists the vessel as then registered at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, & owned by Benjamin B. Nicholson of Melbourne. The 1868 equivalent lists Melbourne Banking Corpo (presumably Corporation) (Lim.), also of Melbourne, as the then owner of the vessel, now of 440 tons. While the 1870 equivalent lists Harold Selwyn Smith, also of Melbourne, as her then owner (now of 409 tons). By 1875, Jos. Evariste Bayon, of Port Louis, Mauritius, owned the Port Louis registered vessel. The vessel is similarly listed in 1876 but is not listed in the 1879 edition. 130.0 ft. long, signal letters LGSF. Hopefully more data in due course. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel, or otherwise add anything? Y

13384

92

Royal Family

915

Byers & Co.

John Roger Watkins

 

93

Runnymede (a ship, later a barque)

720

Unknown to webmaster

The webmaster has not yet researched this vessel. Which is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1865/66, initially owned, per LR, by T. Brass & Co. of Bristol. For service from Sunderland to the East Indies, which service soon became from London to Australia. In 1864/65, T. Lewis, of London, became the vessel's owner, also for service from London to Australia. 156.0 ft. long. On Feb. 6, 1865 the vessel, under the command of F. Little, left London for Adelaide, South Australia via Plymouth (left Feb. 14). The vessel arrived at Adelaide on May 28, 1865 with 9 cabin passengers & a varied cargo. It later left Adelaide, on or about Nov. 2, 1865, for Wallaroo, South Australia, where it arrived on Nov. 5, 1865. On Dec. 6, 1865 the vessel left Wallaroo for Swansea, Wales, with 650 tons of copper ore ex the Moonta Mining Association. LR of 1865/66 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. En route to Swansea, the vessel sprang a leak when it was off Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia. The leak was modest & the vessel continued on its voyage after jettisoning part of its cargo. The leaks continued & the ship hoped to make Simon's Bay, South Africa, for repairs. However, the vessel was hit by a major sea when about 30 miles S. of Plettenberg Bay, South Africa, as a result of which the vessel was dismasted & the holds soon contained 9 feet of water. Ship's boats were launched, the vessel was abandoned, & the crew safely, in due course, arrived at Elizabeth's Bay, South Africa, after a harrowing journey that saw the loss of two of the three ship's boats. All as per this extensive May 1866 article ex here. Can you tell us anything additional, maybe the exact date of her loss? Y

14724

94

Saxon King

454

James Laing

Langton & Co.

 

95

Sebastopol (a ship)

804/849

Arrow Leithead

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1855/56 only, owned, per LR, by 'Tweddel' of South Shields, for service from Sunderland to London. Likely M. Tweddell. The ship may well, however, have been permanently named with a different name, & appear in later editions of LR, since the  vessel's name is noted in LR of 1855/56 as being 'protem'. With its name and at its time in history, one might think that the vessel could have served as a transport ship re the Crimean War, but I can find no data to support that position. It would seem that the vessel was not granted an Official Number, at least as Sebastopol, so it may have not survived beyond 1854. There are more questions than answers re this ship. Can you help unravel the puzzle?

 

96

Silistria, likely launched as Corsican (a barque)

442/416
later
394/416

Forest & Co., maybe Forrest & Jackson, of Hylton

I commence this listing with a newspaper cutting kindly provided to the webmaster by a friend of the site. A cutting re the launch, in Jun. 1854, of a barque named Corsican. It is at present the webmaster's belief that Corsican must have later been renamed & registered as Silistria. Which would account for there being no listings for Corsican whatsoever in Lloyd's Register ('LR'). Does anybody have any comment about my conclusion? Silistria is LR listed from 1855/56 thru 1862/63. It was initially owned, per LR, by J. Hay of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In 1856/57 however, the vessel, now of 394/416 tons, was owned by R. Brown of Sunderland for continued service from Sunderland to Ceylon. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel as built in 1855 & owned by R. Brown, of Sunderland. In 1858/59, H. Robinson, of Whitby, became the vessel's owner for service ex London & in 1862/63 for service from Newport, Wales, to the East Indies. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the vessel as then owned by Henry Robinson, Edw. Corner, James Mutter & John Yeoman, all of Whitby, John Mutter of Middlesboro' & John Kerr of Lythe. During the period of Robinson ownership, LR records 'Mutter' as being the vessel's captain. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'BURNT'. On Jul. 8, 1862, per line 2290 here, the 394 ton barque burnt off Cape Recife (Port Elizabeth, South Africa), while en route from Cochin (now Kochi, Kerala State, SW India) to London. Crew of 15 - none lost. Then owned by Henry Robinson. The circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? Y

23701

97

Sir Charles Napier (a barque)

371/382

Todd & Brown

The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1869/60, owned throughout that period by Rutherford & registered at Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), from 1858/59 for service from Sunderland to Aden. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists T. H. Rutherford of Seaham & G. Nicholson of Winlaton, as the vessel's then owners. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Thomas H. Rutherford of Seaham, George Nicholson of Winlaton & Wm. Balsillie of Sunderland as the owners of the vessel, then of 340 tons. 'Balsillie' was, per LR, the vessel's captain from 1858/59. I have now learned that on Jun. 2, 1859, the crew of Sir Charles Napier abandoned ship in the Indian Ocean off Sumatra (4N/93E) with 6 ft. of water in her holds. The vessel had left Rangoon, Burma, (now Yangon, Myanmar), for the U.K. on May 17, 1859, with a cargo of rice, under the command of William Balsillie & with a crew of 16. The captain's wife, (name not stated) advanced in her pregnancy, was aboard also. The vessel sprang a major leak with 18 in. of water entering the holds each hour. For 5 days & nights the crew manned the pumps but ended up totally exhausted, unable to keep up with the inflow of water. Now the captain had tried to sail the ship closer to shore & at the time of abandonment the vessel was 60 miles off Acheen, Straits of Malacca, Sumatra. Three boats were launched, a pinnace with the chief mate & 5 crew, a gig with the 2nd officer & 5 men, & a jolly-boat with the captain & his wife & three crew members. The chief mate knew the coast & safely sailed the pinnace to Acheen where they were treated with kindness by the rajah & the King. The gig had a more harrowing journey. When they reached the coast they did not land fearing the locals who were armed with long knives. So they took off again but two armed 'praos', (local boats with outriggers) each with 40 oarsmen & many more men armed with muskets, took off after them. To cut a long story short, the gig was boarded & ransacked, but the crew did not lose their lives rather they were forced to promise to say nothing of what happened & were then taken to Acheen. The jolly-boat with the Captain's party reached the island of Pulo B