THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 043
SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 4

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001    PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

A list of the Sunderland built vessels referenced in these pages is at the top of page 040.

A list of the Sunderland shipbuilders referenced in these pages is a little lower on page 040.

Copyright?

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On this page ... Austin, Austin and Mills, George Barker, Barkes, page bottom (eBay vendors).

Corrections in any of the material which follows, however tiny, would be most welcome. And additions, of course! (44 + 42 +2 = 88) Test.

To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.

PETER AUSTIN (1) (1826-1846)
PETER AUSTIN (2) (1846-1860?)
S. P. AUSTIN & SON (1860-1874?)
AUSTIN AND HUNTER (1874/1879)
S. P. AUSTIN & SON LTD.
S. P. AUSTIN LTD.

(1826/1954
- originally founded in 1826, in 1954 became a part of 'Austin & Pickersgill Limited.')

This is the second 'Austin' page, made necessary by the increasing number of listings re 'Austin' built vessels. The first page, with the first 100 vessels, is available here.

Miramar lists, 11 pages, (highest hull number on each page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & all the following links should work for you:- 138, 171, 203, 233, 263, 303, 324, 354, 384, 414, 420. And on this site, at page 140 is a list of 'Austin' built vessels, starting in 1831 & ending in 1959. Which list includes unnumbered vessels built as much as 43 years prior to the very first Miramar listing.

Names of a few more of the vessels constructed by 'Austin' of Sunderland - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence. And alphabetic within a year. But just a start!

101 Monkwood
1591 tons
Hull 345

166343
1938

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Monkwood), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, Monkwood, 1937/38 thru 1945/46, thanks to Southampton City Council), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 255.2 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 264.0 ft. long (80.47 metres) overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters GFFP, 176 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., of Sunderland. Built for William France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., of London, noted for the shipment of coal to the south of England ex the North East. 25 WW2 convoy references, all of which were U.K. coastal. Which is a rather small number of references for a collier that would have likely been up & down the U.K. east coast every few days carrying coal to London (Southend). On Apl. 9, 1959, the vessel arrived at the Dunston, River Tyne, ship breaking facilities of 'Clayton & Davie Ltd.' to be broken up. Howard Snaith advises (thanks!) that his grandfather, Thomas Newby Beaton, MBE, was, during his career, the vessel's Master. Howard seeks vessel plans to be able to complete a model of the ship that his grandfather commenced but did not complete. WWW data available for this vessel is quite modest. Can you add more?

102 Lea Grange
2969 later 2993 tons
Hull 351

165776
5081152

Costicos
1939

A collier. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register data, Lea Grange, 1939/40 thru 1945/46, thanks to Southampton City Council), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). My main data source was info provided by Ron Mapplebeck years ago, at a site that has now vanished or become pay access only. 316.8 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 328.0 ft. long (99.97 metres) overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters GDNG, 244 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd., of Sunderland. Built for Tanfield Steamship Co. Ltd., of Newcastle with W. B. Nisbet her manager. The vessel was sold, in 1953, to Stephenson Clarke Ltd. of London. It was sold again, in 1959, to "Costicos" Cia. Nav. S.A. of Beirut, Lebanon, with A. Halcoussis & Co. her managers, & renamed Costicos (Lebanese registry). On Jun. 9, 1973, the vessel arrived in tow at Istanbul. And on Oct. 1, 1973, demolition of the vessel commenced at Halic (i.e. Golden Horn, lstanbul). 2, however, says broken up Jun. 9, 1973 - at 'Mehmet Zeki Verel'. I presume that Mehmet Zeki Verel were shipbreakers. Can anybody possibly tell us more? May the webmaster digress? The fourth image at left, dating from the 1960s, is thanks to Jens Nielsen who has kindly provided also two 'related' images. He wrote 'I think you should see the coal train as well although it does not pertain to your ship register site. There were 8 carriages & the English saddle tank engine used all of its might to push the heavy load up the ramp to the dumping area at the Østre Gasværk (East Gasworks) in Copenhagen. Exciting to stand on the footplate.' Thank you Jens! The images are here & here.

103 Cornwood
2777 tons
Hull 354

168008
5125178

Aris
Gabriele
Firmino
1940

A collier. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register data, Cornwood, 1940/41 thru 1945/46, thanks to Southampton City Council), 2 (1953 image, at North Sydney, Nova Scotia), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Cornwood), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 311.4 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 321.9 ft. long (98.115 metres) overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters GMSM, 244 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd., of Sunderland. Built for Wm. France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., of London. 22 convoy ref. in WW2, all coastal U.K. voyages. The vessel was sold, in 1959, (or maybe in 1960) to  'Ithaca Marine Transportation' (of Greece most probably), renamed Aris & registered at Liberia. It was sold again, in 1961, to  'E. Canale di Pietro' or 'Emilio Canale', probably of Naples, Italy, & renamed Gabriele. And sold again, in 1971, to Euronavi S.p.A., also, I think, of Naples, Italy, & renamed Firmino. The vessel was broken up at La Spezia, N. Italy, in Mar. 1972. WWW data is most limited. Can anybody possibly tell us more?

104 Moorwood
2056 tons
Hull 352

167413
1940

A cargo ship. Per 1 (brief reference), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Moorwood), 3 (Lloyd's Register data, Moorwood, 1940/41 thru 1944/45, thanks to Southampton City Council), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 273.3 ft. long (83.30 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 283.6 ft. long (86.44 metres) overall, signal letters GDWW, 205 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for Wm. France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., of London. 41 WW2 convoy references, all of which were U.K. coastal. On Jun. 11, 1941, while in ballast & en route from London to Blyth, in convoy EC-31, the vessel was hit & badly damaged by an aerial torpedo fired by enemy aircraft off '19C Buoy, N. Whitby', Tees, (have not read the exact position yet). Moorwood opened fire, but sank within 1/2 hour. No loss of life. For his bravery in the attack, Chief Engineer Sydney Bell received 'a King's Commendation for Brave Conduct' & a 'Lloyd's War Medal for Bravery at Sea' - likely a medal like this. The citation used to be WWW available which set out exactly what he did but alas the site where it was available is long gone & I did not retain a scan of the data. It would be in the National Archives doubtless. Sydney's daughter was kindly in touch some years ago to advise us that he passed away in 1946 as a result of war service. Can anybody possibly tell us more? Maybe provide that citation so it can be made available via this page?

105 Sea Fisher
2950 tons
Hull 353

167736

Malcolm
New Country
1940

A cargo ship. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Sea Fisher), 2 (Lloyd's Register ('LR') data, 1939/40 to 1945/46, thanks to 'Southampton City Council'), 3 (data), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 311.5 ft. long (94.945 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 325.5 ft. (99.21 metres) long overall, speed of 9 knots, signal letters MNSS, 244 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd. of Sunderland. Designed specifically to carry 14 inch gun turrets for the largest class of battleships then under construction, the King George V class, - from Barrow & Elswick to the various ship builders' yards. Built for 'Fenwick, Fisher Steamship Co. Ltd.' ('Fenwick'), of Barrow. 19 WW2 convoy references, all of which are U.K. coastal including, I think, one convoy, referenced Gibraltar, MKS.75G, in Jan. 1945, which Sea Fisher seems to have joined late. In 1945, when, it would appear, Fenwick was liquidated, (can you tell us more about that liquidation?), the vessel was transferred to 'James Fisher & Sons Ltd.', also of Barrow, with no change of name. In 1956, the vessel was sold, for £150,000, to 'Shamrock Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Northern Ireland, & renamed Malcolm (Malcom as per Miramar). In 1959, the vessel was sold to 'Great Ocean Steamship Co. Ltd.', of Keelung, Taiwan, 'An Kuo Steamship Co. Ltd.', of Taiwan, the managers, & renamed New Country. In 1966, the vessel was sold to 'China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.', of Taipei, Taiwan. In Dec. 1967, the vessel was broken up at Keelung. Can anybody tell us more?

106   Goodwood
2780 tons
Hull 356

168053
1941

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Goodwood), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, 1940/41 to 1945/46, thanks to 'Southampton City Council'), 3 ('wrecksite.eu', re sinking, but modest data), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 311.4 ft. long (94.91 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 321.9 ft. long overall, speed?, signal letters GPJQ, 244 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for William France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., of London, presumably to replace Goodwood which was lost in Dec. 1939. Just 1 WW2 convoy, i.e. Convoy FS.1734 in Feb. 1945, during the course of which she was sunk. Such number of WW2 convoys (just 1) is strange for a coaster that would have been up & down the U.K. E. coast every few days delivering coal to London. It seems likely that the wrong Goodwood was referenced (i.e. the earlier one) in the data re the other nine convoys. 'Goodwood' listings re 6 of the 8 independent voyages all seem to refer to the earlier vessel of the name, again seemingly incorrectly referenced. I was not able to access pages re the other two. Anyway, on Feb. 22, 1945, while en route from Blyth to London, (FS.1734 was Methil to Southend), with a cargo of coal, the vessel was hit & sunk by a torpedo fired by a German E-boat. Off Lowestoft, per 'The Empire ships .....' or off Southend, per the 'Sunderland Echo'. Miramar advises that the sinking was approx. at 52.53.18N/2.08.15E, which is best described as NE of Great Yarmouth (rather than off Lowestoft). There is virtually no WWW data available about this vessel, however I read that as many as 22 German submarines were operating off the E. coast of the U.K. that night & the vessel would have been sunk by an E-boat of the 2nd or 5th flotillas. Lives lost? I didn't know, but Capt. Howard N. Snaith advises (thanks so much!) that his grandfather, Captain Thomas Newby Beaton MBE, was the Master on that final voyage & that his family tradition says that 'Tommy' Beeton was the last to leave the ship having ensured all hands were safe. Who rescued the survivors? Don't know. The wreck today? Don't know. The WWW record for this vessel is scant indeed. Can anybody tell us more?

107 Cormull
2865 tons
Hull 363

168300

Coldharbour
Cormull
Christakis
1942

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Cormull), 2 & 3 (Muttitt, awards), 4 (Lloyd's Register data, 1941/42 to 1945/46, thanks to 'Southampton City Council'), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 317.3 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 328.5 ft. long overall, speed probably about 10 knots, fitted with 4 3-ton derricks, signal letters BDZT, 256 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for Cory Colliers Ltd., presumably to carry coal from the NE to the S. of England. Was registered in the name of Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., by 1945/46. Registered at Newcastle. There is no recorded WW2 convoy data, but maybe there were independent voyages? I have read that on May 25, 1942, while en route from Blyth to London, the vessel was badly damaged in an explosion. That date is however suspect. The vessel was only launched on May 28, 1942 & was not delivered until July of that year. I think that May 25, 1942 should have read May 15, 1943 as next. On May 15, 1943, when en route from Blyth to London, with a cargo of coal, she struck a mine while 14 miles NE of Yarmouth, was badly damaged but reached port safely. It seemed at first likely that Frederick J. (John) Muttitt, was then its Master & he was later awarded the Order of the British Empire & commended for his brave conduct in the action. But it would seem that is not so. Muttitt was however awarded the MBE (Member) re an action involving Cormead on Sep. 11/12, 1941. In Jun. 1946, the vessel was 'transferred' or maybe sold to Coastwise Colliers Ltd. ('Coastwise'), & renamed Coldharbour. In 1949, Coastwise was wound up & the vessel 'reverted' to Wm. Cory & Son Ltd. & was re-named Cormull. The vessel was on the scene on Feb. 19, 1956, when Corchester was cut in half & sank off Haisboro Light on the coast of Norfolk. Survivors of Corchester were taken to London & later a memorial service took place aboard Cormull at the scene of the disaster. The vessel was involved in collisions on Nov. 13, 1958 (with which vessel?) & was repaired at Austin & Pickersgill's. In 1960, the vessel was sold to 'Dos Hermanos Corp.', of Greece, G. Vlassis, also of Greece, the managers, & renamed Christakis. In Oct. 1965, the vessel was en route from Galatz (Galaţi), Romania, to Alexandria, Egypt, with a cargo of superphosphates. Early in the morning of Oct. 30, 1965, the vessel collided in fog with Mairoula, 984 tons, off Nara Burnu, Turkish Asian coast, Dardanelles. Christakis was beached 5 miles S. of nearby Çannakale, & the cargo was discharged. While I have been unable to read the detail, it would seem that the vessel was badly damaged & was declared a total constructive loss. It would appear, however, that the vessel must have been later re-floated & towed since I read that it was broken up at Piraeus, Greece. However, I have also read that it arrived at 'Ambelaki' on Dec. 1, 1965 & was broken up there - which is a puzzle because Ambelaki seems to be inland in Greece. The above is in part created from snippets of sometimes confusing WWW data. Can you add to and/or correct the above?

108 Bowcombe
2760 tons
Hull 367

168412

Colwyn
Bowcombe
Hanna
1943

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', where WW2 convoy duty of Bowcombe would usually be found. But there are no records there), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, 1942/43 to 1945/46, thanks to 'Southampton Council'), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 311.4 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 321.9 ft. (98.115 metres) long overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters GCMW, 256 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering  Co. (1938) Limited of Sunderland. Built for Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. ('Stephenson'), of London, presumably to carry coal from the NE to the S. of England. No WW2 convoy references - which is a puzzle. In 1946, the vessel was transferred to 'Coastwise Colliers Ltd.' ('Coastwise'), of London, Wm. France Fenwick & Co. Ltd. ('Fenwick') the managers & renamed Colwyn. Coastwise was a company formed by Fenwick and Stephenson for the purpose of carrying out long-term charters with the County of London Electricity Supply Co. Ltd. It had a very short life however, due, it would seem, to the nationalisation of the British coal industry, & in 1949, the company was wound up, the vessel reverted to Stephenson & the vessel's name reverted to Bowcombe. Possibly managed by R. S. Dalgliesh (or R. S. Dalgliesh Ltd. or R. S. Dalgliesh & Company Ltd.), of Newcastle. On Oct. 30, 1964, Bowcombe, ex Hartlepool & bound for London, likely with a full cargo, was in collision with Dvinoles, a 4638 ton Russian cargo ship. The collision was in the River Thames, but I have not read i) exactly where it occurred nor ii) the circumstances & what damage resulted. Do you possibly have that data? In 1966, the vessel was sold to Skrot & Avfallsprodukter ('Skrot'), of Göteborg, i.e. Gothenburg, Sweden, who were, it would seem ship breakers. Now Torsten Johannisson, also of Gothenburg, was the manager of Skrot. So when I read that in 1967 the vessel was converted into a lighter for Torsten Johannisson, I wonder whether it may have been rather for Skrot's account that the conversion was made. There the 'data trail' ends. I can find no later word. Harald Lorentzen has, however, since come to our rescue - thanks! He advises that the vessel was, in 1967, bought from Torsten Johannisson by the 'Christiania Portland Cementfabrik' cement factory, of Oslo, Norway, (now part of Norcem A/S) for 406,000 Norwegian kroner. The vessel was converted into a lighter & renamed Hanna. Further that eventually, in 1979, the vessel was sold & broken up at Inverkeithing, Scotland. Harald advises that the source of such data is a book entitled 'Cementbåtene – en rederihistorie gjennom hundre år'. Its cover. And parts of 2 pages. I read (here) that Hugh Harper Bowman, 'Chief Engineer Officer' of Bowcombe was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire on Jan. 1, 1945. Which sounds like it might well relate to service during WW2. There is really very little WWW data about this vessel. Can you add to or correct any of the above?

109 Cormead
2867 tons
Hull 369

169666

Panormitis
1943

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Cormead), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, 1943/44 to 1945/46, 2nd Cormead on the page, thanks to 'Southampton Council'), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 317.3 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 328.5 ft. (100.13 metres) long overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters GDBX, 256 HP engines (aft) by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for Cory Colliers Ltd., presumably to carry coal from the NE to the S. of England. 36 WW2 convoy references, all of which are U.K. coastal. The vessel was transferred to Wm. Cory & Son Ltd. in 1946. In 1964, the vessel was sold to 'Nafs Compañía Naviera SA', of Panama, 'K. & M. Shipbrokers Ltd.', of London, the managers, & renamed Panormitis. I presume that the true owners were likely Greek since 'Panormitis' is the name of a Greek Orthodox monastery on the Greek island of Simi (or Symi), 41 km NW of Rhodes. On Feb. 28, 1971, the vessel arrived at the Antwerp, Belgium, facilities of 'J. de Smedt', to be broken up. There appears to be essentially no WWW data about this vessel. Can you add anything?

110 Empire Judy
738 tons
Hull 370

169116

Stream Fisher
Ramaida
1943

A coaster. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Empire Judy), 2 (Southampton City Council, Lloyd's Register data 1942/43 thru 1945/46, Empire Judy), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 185.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 192.6 ft. long overall, speed of ? knots, signal letters MCRR, oil engines (aft) by British Auxilliaries Ltd. of Glasgow. Built for the Ministry of War Transport, for use re coastal cargo movements & for the carriage of heavy gun (parts?). With James Fisher & Sons Ltd. ('JamesFisher') the managers. Just 9 WW2 convoy references, all coastal except for 2 voyages to France in Jul. 1944. In 1946, the vessel was sold to JamesFisher  (now James Fisher & Sons PLC), of Barrow-in-Furness & renamed Stream Fisher. The vessel was converted, at Workington in 1965, to carry irradiated atomic fuel from Anzio, Italy, to Barrow-in-Furness. In 1969, the vessel was sold to Grandport Shipping, of Panama, J. H. Ramagge the manager, & renamed Ramaida. In Sep. 1977, the vessel arrived at Lisbon, Portugal, to be broken up. There seems to be limited WWW data about this vessel. Can you add anything?

111 Amberley Castle
1010 (or 1060) tons
Hull 377

Weather Advisor
Admiral Fitzroy
1944

A Castle class corvette (Royal Navy). K386. May have later become F286 (a frigate number) - but am not sure about that. Can anybody possibly tell us? Per 1 (data), 2 (data & image, Amberley Castle), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 76.81 metres long, speed of 16 1/2 knots (max.) 10 knots (cruising), complement of 112. Served as a convoy escort. At end of WW2, the vessel was put into reserve at Portsmouth until 1952, & then at Penarth, Glamorgan, Wales, until 1957. The vessel was converted in 1957 at Blyth (NE of Newcastle upon Tyne) into a weather ship - Weather Advisor. Renovated in Jul. 1976 & renamed Admiral Fitzroy. The vessel was scrapped at Troon, Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1982. Can you add anything?

112 Cormount
2871 tons
Hull 375

180027

Chriluck
Marianik
1944

A collier. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Cormount), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 317.3 ft. long, 328.5 ft. overall, speed of 10 knots. Built for Wm. Cory & Son Ltd., presumably to carry coal from the NE to the S. of England. 47 WW2 convoy references, all of which were U.K. coastal. In 1966, the vessel was sold to Chriluck Shipping Co. Ltd. ('Chriluck') of Liberia, G. & A. Vlassis of Piraeus, Greece, the managers, & renamed Chriluck. Chriluck may have been a subsidiary of 'Chriluck Compania Naviera S.A.', of Liberia. In 1972, the vessel was sold to 'Sissini Navigation Co. Ltd.', of Cyprus, 'N. J. Nomikos', of Greece, the managers & renamed Marianik. In Oct. 1974, the vessel arrived at Split, Yugoslavia, to be broken up. There seems to be virtually no WWW data about this vessel. Can you add anything?

113 Rogate
2850 (or 2871) tons
Hull 373

169928
1944

A cargo ship that did not make its first birthday. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Rogate. And beware. Only one of the many voyages you will see is Rogate), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Stephenson Clarke Limited, of London. Likely a collier? Just a single WW2 convoy reference. On Mar. 19, 1945, while en route from Sunderland to Southend (London), ex Methil it would seem, in Convoy FS.1759, the vessel was torpedoed by a German E-boat near Lowestoft, with 2 lives lost. At 52.31.9N/02.01.4E. The E-boat was a part of the 6th Flotilla, (Lt. Cdr. Matzen) which laid many mines in the area & attacked convoy FS.1759. 'Convoy-web' simply records the vessel as sunk. What was her cargo? And does anybody know the details of the attack & rescue? Miramar refers to No. 4 Buoy, but the significance of that ref. is at present unclear. WWW data is limited. Anything to add?

114 Moorwood
2034 tons
Hull 379

180659
515529

Horsted
1945

A collier. Per 1 (image, Horsted), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). As this listing is created, images of Moorwood are available via eBay. I trust you will forgive my inviting you to find such listings for yourself. The images bear intrusive logos & I prefer not to effectively reward the eBay vendor by linking to his items. 86.4 metres long (283 ft. 7 in.), overall, speed of 9 1/2 or 10 knots, in 1947 was equipped with 'Decca Navigator' radio navigation equipment. Built for William France, Fenwick & Company Ltd. A 3rd fleet vessel of the name (all 3 built in Sunderland), presumably to replace the 1940 Moorwood which was lost in Jun. 1941. The vessel was built too late to see WW2 convoy service. The vessel likely carried coal from the NE to cities in the S. of England, including London. Robin Bobbin, the vessel's 2nd engineer, was awarded the 'Order of the British Empire' (MBE) in the Jun. 1946 Birthday Honours list. In 1960, the vessel was sold to Stephenson Clarke Ltd., also of London, & renamed Horsted. In 1966, the vessel was sold to 'Metaalhandel Sloopwerken HP Heovelman NV', of Ijssel, Holland. I read that in Nov. 1966, the vessel was, in fact, hulked. The WWW record for this vessel is scant indeed. Can anybody tell us more? #1707

115 Pinewood
2853 tons
Hull 376

180528
527859

Coldstream
Pinewood
Sally
1945

A collier which was launched on Jan. 12, 1945 & completed in Mar. 1945. Per 1 (data, France Fenwick, Pinewood 70% down page), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, 1944/45 & 1945/46, Pinewood, thanks to 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 317.3 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 328.5 ft. long overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters GJQF, 256 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering  Co. (1938) Limited of Sunderland. Built for William France, Fenwick & Company Ltd. of London, for £115,000 I am advised. The vessel was built too late to see WW2 convoy service. The vessel likely carried coal from the NE to cities in the S. of England, including London. In 1946, the vessel was transferred, at the value of £119,375, to 'Coastwise Colliers Ltd.' ('Coastwise'), of London, Wm. France Fenwick & Co. Ltd. ('Fenwick') the managers & renamed Coldstream. Coastwise was a company formed by Fenwick and Stephenson Clarke Ltd. for the purpose of carrying out long-term charters with the County of London Electricity Supply Co. Ltd. It had a very short life however, due, it would seem, to the nationalisation of the British coal industry, & in 1949, the company was wound up, the vessel reverted to Fenwick at a value of £176,800 & the vessel's name reverted to Pinewood. In 1967, the vessel was sold to Torsten Johannisson, of Gothenburg, Sweden, & converted into a lighter. Harald Lorentzen advises us (thanks!) that the vessel was, in 1967, bought from Torsten Johannisson by the 'Christiania Portland Cementfabrik' cement factory, of Oslo, Norway, (now part of Norcem A/S) for 479,000 Norwegian kroner. The converted vessel, i.e. a lighter, was renamed Sally. Harald further advises that eventually, in 1979, Sally was sold & broken up at Inverkeithing, Scotland. Harald advises that the source of such data is a book entitled 'Cementbåtene – en rederihistorie gjennom hundre år'. Its cover. Can anybody tell us more? #1956

116 3 Brixton
1635 tons
Hull 385

180913

Brunetto
Iginia Zeta
Piero M.
1946

A self-trimming 'flat-iron' steam collier. Per 1 (image, Brunetto), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.5 metres long overall, 74.7 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 247 ft. 3 in., speed of 10 knots, crew of 18. Built for 'South Metropolitan Gas Co.', of London, which company became, upon nationalisation in 1949, part of 'South Eastern Gas Board'. Designed with a funnel that lowered to permit her to pass under River Thames bridges. The vessel carried coal from the NE to gas plants on the S. side of the River Thames at London, most likely including Woolwich Gas Works. While I have been unable to read the detail, it would appear, from Google 'snippets', that Brixton, up-bound in the River Thames with a cargo of coal, was in collision, on Feb. 6, 1954, with Planter headed down river accompanied by two Sun tugs. Planter, possibly travelling too fast, veered off course & hit Brixton, which had to be run aground on the S. side of the river, at Blackwall Point. Planter, with stem damage, was towed to South West India Docks - to effect repairs perhaps. The two tugs may have collided also. A court case resulted. Can anybody provide i) the court's conclusion & ii) better detail as to the circumstances. In 1962, the vessel was sold to 'Emilio Canale S.p.A.', of Genoa, Italy, & renamed Brunetto. In 1976, the vessel was sold to 'Trasporti Mare-"Co. Si. Mar" SpA', (which may mean 'Compagnia Siciliana Trasporti Mare SpA'), of Palermo, Sicily, with no change of vessel name. In 1978, the vessel was sold again, to 'O.M.S.A. SpA', also of Palermo, & renamed Iginia Zeta. And sold again, also in 1978, to 'San Gavino SpA di Navigazione', of Genoa, & renamed Piero M. On Jul. 7, 1981, the vessel arrived at the La Spezia, Italy, ship breaking facilities of 'De.Co.Mar s.r.l.', to be broken up. We thank Paolo Piccardo for three of the images at left. WWW data is most limited. Can anybody add anything? An image? #1733

117 Keynes
1563 tons
Hull 382

180839

Granita IV
1946

A collier. Per 1 (data), 2 (image, Keynes, but you must be registered to see it), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Stephenson Clarke Limited, of London. 82.3 metres long (270 ft.) overall, 78.5 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 1/2 knots. The vessel carried coal from the NE to the S. of England, most particularly to Newhaven, Sussex. In 1966, the vessel was sold to 'Torsten Johannisson' ('Johannisson'), of Gothenburg, Sweden, & renamed Granita IV. The vessel arrived at Gothenburg on Jul. 3, 1969, to be broken up. I have seen references that seem to link 'Skrot-og Avfallsprodukter' & Johannisson together & references also to Johannisson being a ship breaker. Could the vessel then have been laid up from 1966 to the end? Can anybody elaborate? WWW data is limited. Anything to add?

118 Sir Alexander Kennedy
1714 tons
Hull 384

180862
1946

A 'flat-iron' steam collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for London Power Co. Ltd. ('LondonPower'), of London, which company owned power stations at Deptford & Battersea. Sir Alexander Kennedy? A leading British civil, marine & electrical engineer & academic, (1847/1928) - a consultant to LondonPower - you can read about his varied career at many sites incl. here. A matter of interest to the webmaster - he was a keen photographer & was one of the first to document the archaeological site of Petra in Jordan. 82.4 metres (270 ft. 6 in.) overall, speed of 9 knots. The vessel carried coal from the NE to London power stations - I have seen Battersea power station in W. London referenced in that regard. Designed with a funnel that lowered to permit her to pass under River Thames bridges. As a result of the nationalisation of the electricity industry, the vessel was taken over, in 1948, by 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. On May 3, 1968, the vessel arrived at the Willebroek, S. of Antwerp, Belgium, ship breaking facilities of 'Scrapping SA', to be broken up. WWW data is quite limited. Anything to add? #1697

119 Laverock
1209 tons
Hull 386

181632

Chania II
1947

A cargo ship. Per 1 [General Steam Navigation, Laverock (3)], 2 (4 images, Laverock, re 1963 grounding, but you must now be registered to access), 3 (image, Laverock), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 79.0 metres long overall, 75.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, twin screw, speed of 12 (or maybe 13) knots. Sister to Auk & Seamew. Laverock? The Scottish & northern English word for a skylark - General Steam Navigation Company Limited ('General'), of London, were noted for naming their ships after birds. Built for General then. Largely from data 'snippets' it seems likely that the vessel was on the London/Tilbury to Leixões, Oporto, Portugal run, & on to Italy perhaps, bringing back casks of port wine. General made similar runs to Bordeaux, France, & Cadiz, Spain, it would seem. On Apl. 14, 1963, the vessel would appear to have gone aground at Oporto, was re-floated by the Bugsier salvage tug Atlantic on Nov. 20, 1963 & on Nov. 28, 1963 was towed to a Lisbon, Portugal, shipyard by salvage tug Praia da Adraga to effect repairs. Is it possible that that all relates to a 'snippet' I read that states that on Nov. 15 (1964, I believe), the vessel ran aground at Oporto, when caught by a wave created by a dam bursting 56 miles up on the river Douro. No casualties but the vessel was presumably damaged. Can anybody clarify matters? In 1965, the vessel was sold to 'S. Marcantonakis', of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Chania II. In 1974, the vessel was sold again, to 'Ormi Shipping Co. Ltd.', also of Piraeus, with no change of vessel name. In May 1980 the vessel was broken up at the 'José Laborda González S.A.' ship breaking facilities at Murcia, Spain. Anything to add?

120 Seaford
1062 tons
Hull 388

181770

Ciciliana
Georgios A
Alexis Athans
Panaghia Kastrou
1947

A collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Stephenson Clarke Limited, of Newcastle. The vessel was sold, in 1971, to 'Efti Sg Co.' of Famagusta, Cyprus, & renamed Ciciliana. It was sold again, in 1972, to 'P. Alogoskoufis' of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Georgios A. And sold again, in 1981, to 'N. Theoharopoulos Maritime Co.', also of Piraeus, & renamed Alexis Athans. Was renamed Panaghia Kastrou in 1984. Laid up in 1988. Broken up at Alexandroupolis (NE Greece near the Turkish border) in 1992. I am grateful for a now expired eBay listing for data & particularly for Miramar. WWW data is most limited. Anything to add?

121 Seamew
1220 or 1209 tons (later 1595 tons)
Hull 387

181696

Marigo
Capetan Chronis
1947

A cargo ship. Per 1 [General Steam Navigation, Seamew (3)], 2 (ref.), 3 (image, Seamew), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 79.0 metres long, 245 ft., speed of 12 or 13 knots. Sister to Auk & Laverock. Built for 'General Steam Navigation Company Limited' ('General'), of London. It would seem that for many years, years 1947/1952 are referenced, the vessel was on the London/Tilbury to Oporto, Portugal run, bringing back casks of port wine. General made similar runs to Bordeaux, France, & Cadiz, Spain, it would seem. On Jun. 30, 1950, while taking on bunker coal at Middlesbrough, a crew member was injured when he was knocked into the vessel's hold. Have read no details as to the circumstances or outcome. On Aug. 19, 1956, Seamew rescued the crew of Traquair, 567 tons, (en route from Leith to Terneuzen, the Netherlands, with coal slurry), which foundered in the North Sea - & landed them at Hamburg. That info thanks to the lead (no longer available) from R396040, who advises 'My part was frying sausages for survivors and lending a survivor a dry shirt & pants.' The vessel was sold, in 1966, to 'Adamantios Bousses & Co.', of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Marigo. The vessel may have been modified since Miramar advises the gross tonnage became 1595. It was sold again, in 1972, to 'Kavadas Bros' of Greece, & renamed Capetan Chronis. On Jun. 3, 1974, the vessel, en route from Benghazi, Libya, to Piraeus, Greece, in ballast, was in collision with Hartford Express, at 34.05N/20.45E, about 150 miles due N. of Daryanah, Libya. Capetan Chronis sank in about 2,100 ft. of water. Any loss of life? Alistair Kerr has advised (thanks Alistair!) that he served aboard Seamew for 6 months commencing with her maiden voyage. You can read Alistair's words here. Anything to add?

122 Branksome
1438 tons
Hull 391

181832
5397551

Zagara
Pinetta
Tjra
1948

A collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 77.1 metres metres long overall, 73.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots. Built for 'Stephenson, Clarke Ltd.', of London. It may have earlier been intended that the vessel be named Pompey Heat. Presumably used to carry coal from the NE of England to cities in the south & maybe to Portsmouth. The vessel was sold, in 1962, to "Floramar" Cia di Nav. SpA, of Palermo, Sicily, Italy, & renamed Zagara. In 1964, it was sold again, to Silvio Bonaso, of Genoa, Italy, & renamed Pinetta. The vessel was sold, in 1966, to 'African Shipping & Trading Co.', of Monrovia, Liberia, & renamed Tjra. On May 23, 1959, the vessel arrived at the Bilbao, Spain, ship breaking facilities of D. Martin. to be broken up. WWW data is non-existent re this vessel. Is there anything you can add? #1699

123 Coleford
2852 tons
Hull 392

181884
5382659

Bestwood
Vitocha
1948

A collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 100.1 metres metres long overall, 95.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 317 ft. 6 in., speed of 9 1/2 or 10 knots. Built for 'Coastwise Colliers Ltd.' ('Coastwise'), of London, a company formed by 'Wm. France Fenwick and Co. Ltd.' ('WmFrance') & 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.' re the chartering of vessels to 'County of London Electric Supply Co. Ltd.', for the purpose of transporting coal to the London power stations of Barking & Littlebrook, respectively on the N. & S. banks of the River Thames. Coastwise was managed by WmFrance. But, with the nationalization of the U.K. electricity industry in 1948, Coastwise went into liquidation. WmFrance acquired the vessel, in 1948, & renamed it Bestwood. The data may not in any way relate, but I see that there was a colliery named Bestwood, at Nottingham, owned by Bestwood Coal and Iron Co. When the generating stations switched from coal to oil, colliers such as Bestwood became redundant. The vessel was sold, in 1961, to 'Navigation Maritime Bulgare', which would seem to have meant the Government of Bulgaria, of Varna, Bulgaria, & renamed Vitocha. A Russian or maybe it is rather a Bulgarian site seems to refer to the vessel as Vitosha. On May 17, 1972, the vessel arrived at the Split, Yugoslavia, ship breaking facilities of Brodospas ('Brodospas Offshore Towage & Salvage Co.'?), to be broken up. The available WWW data re this vessel is modest. Is there anything you can add? #1755

124 Auk
1238 tons
Hull 397

183008
5030725

Ouranoupolis
1949

A cargo ship, a coaster. Per 1 [General Steam Navigation, Auk (3)], 2 ('pdf' file, p#5, Auk featured in a 2 minute 'British Film Institute' film, as a collier perhaps), 3, 4 & 5 (images, Auk), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 79.1 metres long overall, 74.8 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 245 ft., twin screw, speed of 12 knots (13 knots at her trials). Built for 'General Steam Navigation Company Ltd.', of London. Sister of Laverock & Seamew. The vessel was sold, in 1965, to 'D. Dragonas & others', of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Ouranoupolis, (a village in northern Greece, near Mount Athos). There were three later sales of the vessel, with no change of vessel name, & with all the purchasers being of Piraeus. In 1972 to 'Hasba Shipping Co. S.A.', in 1974 to 'Z. D. Kritsas & Alwahabi Suleiman Ebeid',  & in 1976 to 'G. Tsamis & S. Karidakis'. The vessel suffered leaks during a voyage from Chalcis or Chalkis, Greece, to Yenbo, Saudi Arabia, & was laid up, as a result, at Port Said, Egypt, on Mar. 14, 1977. It was later moved, in 1982, to the Great Bitter Lake (Suez Canal), & laid up there pending sale by creditors. The vessel arrived at Port Said ship breakers on Apl. 20, 1982, to be broken up. I am grateful for the ownership data at Miramar since WWW data about the vessel is most limited. Anything to add? #1803

125 Elisabeth Nielsen
2441 tons
Hull 398

Bore V
Evandros
1949

A cargo ship. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 98.5 metres long, speed of 12 1/2 knots. Built for 'D/S A/S Progress' (M. Nielsen & Son), of Copenhagen, Denmark. The vessel was sold, in 1961, to 'Ångfartygs A/B Bore' (correct name?), of Åbo, Finland, (Bore Line) & renamed Bore V. There are WWW pages re Bore Line, but I cannot spot this vessel in any of them. The vessel was sold, in 1967, to 'J. P. Hadoulis' & renamed Evandros. Broken up at Inverkeithing, Firth of Forth, Scotland, in Jun. 1968. WWW data is most limited. Anything to add?

126 Pompey Light
1428 tons
Hull 395

182726
5528176
1949

A collier, completed in Feb. 1949. Per 1 (brief ref. Pompey Light, 45% down), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 242.0 ft. (73.76 metres) long perpendicular to perpendicular, 251.9 ft. (76.78 metres) long overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters MADH, 182 HP engines by North East Marine Engineering Co. (1938) Limited of Sunderland. Sister to Pompey Power. The two vessels were 'the first ships of their type to have AC auxilliaries including provision for taking shore supply'. Ordered by City of Portsmouth. But as a result of the nationalisation of the electricity industry, the vessel was delivered to 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. The vessel was operated by Stephenson, Clarke Ltd. It carried coal from the North East to coal-fired power plants at Portsmouth. In Oct. 1968, the vessel arrived at the Antwerp, Belgium, ship breaking facilities of 'J. de Smedt', to be broken up. Pompey Light was featured in 'Mining Review 2nd Year No. 3: Shipyard For Colliers', a 1948 'short' 35 mm film, not available for viewing by the public, however. Anything to add?

127 Pompey Power
1428 tons
Hull 394

182724

Tandik
Hamen
1949

A collier, completed in Jan. 1949. Per 1 (image Pompey Power), 2 (13 images, Hamen) & 3 (data, Hamen), but you must now register to see both of those links, alas, 4 & 5 (data & images, in Norwegian), 6 (lots of images available), 7 (fine Hamen restoration video), 8 (data, images & plans, low on page), 9 (data), 10 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 242.0 ft. (73.76 metres) long perpendicular to perpendicular, 251.9 ft. (76.78 metres) long overall, signal letters MADJ, 182 HP engines by North East Marine Engineering  Co. (1938) Limited of Sunderland. Sister to Pompey Light. The two vessels were 'the first ships of their type to have AC auxilliaries including provision for taking shore supply'. Built for the City of Portsmouth, U.K., but with the nationalization of the U.K. electricity industry, the vessel was taken over by The British Electricity Authority ('BEA'), & operated by Stephenson, Clarke Ltd. BEA became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. Carried coal from the North East to coal-fired power plants at Portsmouth. In 1960, the vessel was sold to 'A/S Orion-Tandberg & Möinichen' of Norway & renamed Tandik. The vessel's deck machinery & masts were modernised. In 1962, the vessel was sold to Hans Utkilen of Bergen, Norway, & (in 1963) renamed Hamen. The steam engine was removed & a 1,200 BHP diesel engine by Wichmann Motorfabrikk A/L, of Rubbestadneset, Norway, was installed in its stead. The vessel operated as tramp ship for many years. In 1985 or 1986 the vessel was laid up, I have read at Kjellstraum, in northern Norway. There seems to be some confusion as to exactly when, however. Maybe in 1986 as per 3, or on Nov. 12, 1985 as per 9. Harald Lorentzen writes (thanks!) to advise me that it was rather on Jun. 6, 1985, on which date, per a machine journal or logbook found in the ship's engine room the vessel was moored - the last log entry since the crew was then discharged. Efforts were made to preserve the vessel in Norway. Later (in 1996?), the vessel was sold to Lupin Shipping Ltd. (owned by Alvar Olsson, of Varberg, Sweden) of St. Vincent. The vessel was towed to near Strömstad, Sweden. And sat there, it would seem. A foundation was established to preserve her, which foundation purchased the vessel in 2005. Not sure of the correct name of that foundation - maybe 'Stiftelsen MS Hamen ex MS Tandik'? The vessel was painted by artist Laurence Bagley (53 x 78 cm. oil), which painting sold for GBP 75.00 via Bonhams, Bath, in Nov. 2005. No image of the artwork seems to be available. Pompey Power was featured in 'Mining Review 2nd Year No. 3: Shipyard For Colliers', a 1948 'short' 35 mm film, not available for viewing by the public, however. But do view the video at 7. Anything to add? I regret my inability in Norwegian - the vessel's current status?

128 Bodmin Moor
1362 (later 1280) tons
Hull 403

183246

Devon Moor
Villamar
1950

A collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long, speed of 10 knots. Likely used to carry coal from the North East to London power stations. A 'flatiron' possibly, i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames. It was built for 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. The vessel was sold, in 1960, to Renwick, Wilton & Dobson Limited, coal exporters of Newcastle, (with associations in the SW of England) & renamed Devon Moor. In 1963, the vessel was sold to 'Villamar S.p.A. di Navigazione', or maybe 'S.p.A. Villamar' of Cagliani, Sardinia, Italy, & renamed Villamar. In 1964, the vessel was converted into a chemical tanker, (where I wonder?) & became 1280 tons gross. The vessel had many later changes of Italian owners but not of name. The vessel was sold in 1974 to 'Misano di Navigazione SpA', also of Cagliani, in 1979 to 'Francesco Saverio Salonia', of Rome, in 1980 to 'Pompa M. Pia', of Ravenna, & in 1981 to 'Sa. I. Mar. Srl' ('Sa'), also of Rome. On Aug. 20, 1981 the vessel 'sprang a leak', developed a list, & was beached while in Piraeus Roads at Ambelaki, near Piraeus, Greece. Sa must have had financial problems, because the vessel was sold at auction, by the creditors of Sa, to N. Kontrafouris & G. Velizelos, who, on Dec. 14, 1983, began the scrapping of the vessel at the 'Splilliopoulos Iraklis Shipyards' at Perama, Piraeus, Greece. Much of the above data was found in 'snippets'. And WWW confirming the many names above is most difficult. Can you add to or correct the above?

129 Brent Knoll
1362 (later 1313) tons
Hull 404

183301
5389308

Brentford
Wightstone
1950

A steam collier, which became a diesel sand suction dredger. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long overall, 68.4 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 1/2 (or maybe 11) knots. Built for 'British Electricity Authority' ('Authority'). Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. When the generating stations switched from coal to oil, colliers such as Brent Knoll became redundant. So in 1961, the vessel was sold, at about £20,000, to 'Douglas Arnold', of London, & renamed Brentford. And later that year (1961), the vessel was converted (where I wonder?) into a diesel powered sand suction dredger, of 1313 gross tons, for 'Foremost Dredging Co. Ltd.', of London, & renamed Wightstone. In 1965, the vessel was sold to James Contracting & Shipping Co. Ltd. & in 1967 to Westminster Gravels Ltd., both of London, with no change of name in either sale. The vessel was, in 1976, sold at a price of £36,000 to 'T. W. Ward Ltd.', & on Oct. 8, 1976, the vessel arrived at their Gray's, Essex, ship breaking facilities to be broken up. Break up commenced in Feb. 1977. There are very few WWW references to the vessel. Am grateful for the data at Miramar. Can you add to and/or correct the above?

130 Wychwood
2506 tons
Hull 405

184309
1950

A cargo ship. Per 1 (text re wreck & small image), 2 (underwater wreck images), 3 & 4 (accounts of the disaster), 5 ex 6 (Court of Inquiry), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 95.9 metres (302.5 ft.) long, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Built for William France Fenwick & Co. Ltd. of London. On Aug. 11, 1955, while en route from Walton, Nova Scotia, Canada (left Aug. 7, 1955), to Port of Spain, Trinidad, with a cargo of barites or barytes (used in drilling), the vessel ran aground on a coral reef 8 3/4 miles S. of Bermuda (off Gibbs Hill Light). She was pulled off by U.S. Navy tug Papago & U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Rockaway. Her rudder being damaged & under most difficult conditions (high winds from hurricane Diane) she was towed by the stern towards St. George's Harbour, Bermuda. Crew from Rockaway joined the ship's crew in trying to save the vessel. But in difficult weather conditions & with the pumps failing, the vessel could not enter the harbour & was abandoned by its crew on Aug. 13, 1955. The crew was rescued by Rockaway, whose own crew aboard Wychwood were then saved in most difficult conditions. On Aug. 14, 1955, at 11:50 a.m., the vessel sank at Five Fathom's Hole (at extreme right in this 'Flash' map). At left is a fine image of Wychwood's builder's brass plate, Hull No. 405, thanks to diver Russell Whayman. Russell advises that the wreck is not a protected wreck having sunk with its bow in only 50 ft. of water & becoming a shipping hazard accordingly. The forward section of the ship had to be blown up, while the aft section, from the bridge back, was left intact & lies in 75 ft. of water. A dive site today, but visited infrequently. The Marine Court of Inquiry concluded that the primary cause of the stranding was the negligence of her master, Captain Aeron Thompson (both 3 & 4 rather state Thomas) - navigational & communication errors, also the ship was not equipped with a chart of Bermuda. Can you add anything?

131 Ardingly
1473 tons
Hull 406

184351

Ballyrobert
Lucky Trader
1951

A coaster or collier. Per 1 & 2 (both Stephenson Clarke), 3 (image, Ardingly), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 77.2 metres long overall, 73.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 240 ft., speed of 10 1/2 knots (11 knots at trials). Launched on Oct. 25, 1950 by Mrs. G. Sulzer, as you can see in the wonderful launch image at left, kindly provided by Tom Millar. Tom advises that his father, also named Thomas (Tom) Millar (1903/1987), was General Manager of 'Austins' from about 1950 through 1957/58. I presume that Mrs. Sulzer relates in some way to the diesel engine builder of that name. Built for 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.', of Newcastle, which company in 1968 became 'Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd.'. Said to be the oldest U.K. shipping company in existence, (dates from 1730), they were also, I read, one of the largest coal factoring companies in the U.K. Two books about Stephenson Clarke. Ardingly? A village in West Sussex located about 33 miles S. of London, home of Ardingly College. The vessel carried coal from the NE to the S. of England & particularly to the power station at Poole, Dorset, & later carried bulk cargoes including limestone & grain. The vessel was sold, in 1971, to 'John Kelly Ltd.', (John Kelly Wilson the manager), of Belfast, Northern Ireland, (which company was partly owned by 'Stephenson Clarke'), & renamed Ballyrobert. It was sold again, in 1977, to 'Oreosa Navigation Co. Ltd.', of Limassol, Cyprus, & renamed Lucky Trader. In 1982, the vessel arrived at Piraeus, Greece, to be broken up. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

132 Battersea
1777 (or 1776) tons
Hull 407

184403

Grainville
1951

A collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.4 metres long overall (270 ft. 6 in.), 78.3 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 knots. Sister ship to Blackwall Point. Carried coal from the North East to London power stations. A 'flatiron' i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames. The vessel was presumably named after the W. London power station of the identical name. The ship was built for 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. It would seem that later, in 1981 I think, the vessel was owned by 'Le Blond Shipping Co.' ('LeBlond'), who renamed it Grainville & sold it, also in 1981, to Alba Shipping Co. Ltd., of London, with LeBlond the managers, possibly of South Shields - no further change of vessel name. On Dec. 14, 1981, while en route from Belfast, Northern Ireland, to Bilbao, Spain, with a cargo of scrap iron, the vessel capsized & sank. At 52.02.04N/6.12.13W, about 10 miles SW of Tuskar Rock Light, off the SE coast of Ireland near Rosslare. 4 (or maybe 3 only) lives were lost of the crew of nine. I have not read the circumstances. Due to reasons of copyright, I presume, relatively recent data seems to be simply unavailable. A WWW data 'snippet' advises, however, that the cargo shifted, & that she failed to seek 'shelter or broadcast a distress message and obtain assistance in sufficient time.' Can you add to or correct the above?

133 Blackwall Point
1776 tons
Hull 408

184423
5046023

Blackwell Point
1951

A collier. Per 1 (image, Blackwall Point, but you must be registered to see it), 2 (image, Blackwell Point, 70% down), 3 (Chipchase, ref. 50% down), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.4 metres long (270 ft. 6 in.) overall, 78.3 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 knots. Sister ship to Battersea. The ship was built for 'British Electricity Authority' (BEA'), & managed by Stephenson, Clarke Ltd. A 'flatiron', i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames - since the vessel was presumably named after the power station of the identical name, at Blackwall, in E. London. Carried coal from the North East or from Barry, Wales, to London power stations. In 1957, the vessel ran aground in the Thames near Rotherhithe Tunnel, but was re-floated in 2 hours. From 1958 to 1960, vessel was mainly on the Dunston (Gateshead) to Battersea power station run. BEA became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. On Jul. 8, 1964, Chipchase, a 106 ton tug, turned over sideways & sank while assisting Blackwall Point at Blyth Dry Docks. The vessel was sold, in 1976, to 'Erika Shipping Co. S.A.', of Colon, Panama, & renamed Blackwell Point. The vessel would appear to have been laid up for a couple of years commencing in 1986. Also in 1986, the vessel was sold to 'Lotus Shipping Ltd.', also of Colon, Panama, with no change of name. On Nov. 27, 1994, the vessel arrived at the Bruges (Brugge), Belgium, ship breaking facilities of 'Scheepsloperij Bakker N.V.', to be broken up. Can you add to or correct the above?

134 Brunswick Wharf
1782 tons
Hull 409

184499

Allan C.
Fjordcem
1951

A collier. Per 1 (image, Brunswick Wharf), 2 (Swedish page, Fjordcem, 3rd item), 3 (link 3, WWW translated), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.4 metres (270 ft. 6 in.) long, speed of 10 1/2 (or 10) knots. Carried coal from the North East & from Swansea, Wales, to London power stations. A 'flatiron', i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames - since the vessel was presumably named after the power station of the identical name, now long gone, however, at Blackwall, in E. London. It (the ship & the power station) was built for 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. The vessel was laid up for a while before being sold, in Sep. 1972, to Poul Christensen, of Aalborg, Denmark, for 'upp-huggning' (whatever that means!), & renamed Allan C. The ship was taken to Nakskov, S. Denmark, the machinery removed (in Dec 1972, it would seem) & she became a barge. In 1974 the vessel was towed to Norway, renamed Fjordcem, & used, after installation (by A/S Hymo?) of the necessary pumps & pipelines, for the storage of bulk cement. The vessel, stationed perhaps at Åndalsnes, Norway, supplied cement for North Sea drilling platforms & for the construction of Canary Wharf Tower, in London. Towed there by tug Bjørn Eskil for the purpose. In 1992, Fjordcem was stationed in Western Norway, & sold to Norwegian contractors, who 'put her up in Gannsfjorden as cement stocks of derricks in the North Sea'. In 1996 she was mothballed at Hinnøya, Stavanger, awaiting new assignments. Miramar advises us that the vessel was still a hulk at Oslo, in 1998. Maybe owned by 'Norcem A/S', of Norway, with K. G. Jebsen, of Bergen, Norway, the managers. The above will surely need correction, since the webmaster has no ability in Swedish, the WWW translation at 4 is difficult, & much data was found in 'snippets'. Can you add to or correct the above?

135 Deptford
1782 tons
Hull 410

184540
5088825
1951

A 'flatiron' collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 270 ft. 6 in. long (82.45 metres) overall, 78.3 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 1/2 (or 10) knots, signal letters GMDD. Carried coal from the North East to London power stations. A 'flatiron' i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames - since the vessel was presumably named after Deptford in E. London. The ship was built for 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. Hackney was converted in 1968 - from coal to oil burning perhaps? I wonder whether Deptford was also? On Feb. 6, 1973, the vessel arrived at the T. W. Ward Ltd. ship breaking facilities at Briton Ferry to be broken up. The WWW record for this ship is modest - but the search terms i.e. Deptford, Austin, etc. are difficult. Can you add to or correct the above?

136 Gosport
1824 (or 1820) tons
Hull 413

184707

Sanastasia
Massys
1952

A coaster or collier. Per 1 (Stephenson Clarke), 2 (image, Gosport), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). As I update this page an image of Sanastasia is eBay available. But forgive me if I invite you to find it for yourself. I do not like to 'reward' eBay vendors by linking to images that bear excessive intrusive logos. 79.86 or 79.9 metres long overall, 76.0 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 249 ft., speed of 11 knots. Built for 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.', of Newcastle, which company in 1968 became 'Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd.'. Said to be the oldest U.K. shipping company in existence, (dates from 1730), they were also, I read, one of the largest coal factoring companies in the U.K. Two books about Stephenson Clarke. The vessel was sold, in 1972, to Sanastasia Ltd., of Famagusta, Cyprus, & renamed Sanastasia. It was sold again, in 1973, to 'Blue Pilots Navigation Co. Ltd.', also of Famagusta, & renamed Massys. In 1975, the vessel was sold to Overtania Shipping Co. Ltd., of Limassol, Cyprus, with no change of name. On Dec. 7, 1977, while en route from Bulgaria to Apapa Quay at Lagos, Nigeria, via Conarkry, Guinea, with a general cargo, the vessel suffered an explosion in her engine room. A fire resulted & the vessel sank. At 9.14N/14.58W. Off the coast of Sierra Leone or Guinea, W. Africa. All of the crew of 10 were rescued by the Russian 'roll-on, roll-off' motor vessel Inzhener Machulskiy & landed at Las Palmas. I read that the chief engineer & the second engineer both had to be hospitalised with burns. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

137 Hackney
1782 tons
Hull 411

184576

Bulk I
Greta
1952

A collier. Per 1 & 2 (image, Bulk I, text), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.4 metres (270 ft. 6 in.) long overall, 78.3 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 1/2 (or 10) knots. Launched on Nov. 14, 1951 by Miss Josephine Clarke, as you can see in the wonderful launch image at left, kindly provided by Tom Millar. Tom advises that his father, also named Thomas (Tom) Millar (1903/1987), was General Manager of 'Austins' from about 1950 through 1957/58. Hackney carried coal from the North East to London power stations. A 'flatiron' i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames - the vessel was presumably named after Hackney and/or the power station located there, in E. London. The ship was built for 'British Electricity Authority', which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. It would seem that the vessel was converted in 1968 - from coal to oil burning I presume. The vessel was sold, in 1972, to 'Estrella Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Famagusta, Cyprus, & renamed Bulk I. It was sold again, however, also in 1972, to 'Firma Woekatz' (who were they I wonder?). And arrived at Gothenburg, Sweden, on Aug. 4, 1973 to be converted into a barge. At Lindholmen? I read that the ship yard at Lindholmen, a long established shipyard indeed, was integrated into 'Mek. Verkstads Eriksbergs AB' in 1970, & in 1973 was in process of being closed down. But the 'demolition' of Bulk I was in progress at Lindholmen in Sep. 1973, I read. Andy Larsson, via 3, has provided two images of the vessel at Varberg, Sweden, in Jun. 1973 (a date possibly in error?). He indicates that after unloading, the ship was towed to Gothenburg & broken down & rebuilt there as a barge named Greta. Thank you Andy! I wonder i) why she had to be towed, ii) who then owned Greta & iii) what later happened to Greta. Part of the above was assembled from WWW data 'snippets', easily misinterpreted. Can you add to or correct the above?

138 Lady Charrington
2154 tons
Hull 414

184730
1952

A coaster or collier. Per 1 (ref. to the Charrington company), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 87.0 metres long (285 ft.) overall, 82.4 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots (or 10 1/2 knots, 11 knots at trials), raised quarter-deck. Carried approx. 2,900 tons of coal. Built for 'Charrington, Gardner, Locket (London) Ltd.' ('Charrington'), of London. Are the two commas in the name correct? But maybe owned then or later by 'Charrington Steamship Co. Ltd.'. Used in the shipment of coal from the North East to London & other cities in southern England. Charrington were long-established coal & coke merchants, dating from 1731, apparently headed by five generations of men named John Charrington. The company expanded into transporting coal as well as selling it. In Oct. 1969, the vessel arrived at the Inverkeithing facilities of 'T. W. Ward Ltd.', to be broken up. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

139 Wallarah
1448 tons
Hull 412

191350

Sorana-Del-Mar
1952

A collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 73.3 metres long overall, 69.8 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 228 ft. 6 in., speed of 10 knots, specially designed for service on the Australian E. coast i.e. service from the jetty at Catherine Hill Bay (see below) to Sydney. Launched on Feb. 12, 1952 by Mrs. F. C. S. Parbury, as you can see in the wonderful launch image at left, kindly provided by Tom Millar. Tom advises that his father, also named Thomad (Tom) Millar (1903/1987), was General Manager of 'Austins' from about 1950 through 1957/58. Built for 'The Wallarah Coal Company Ltd.' ('CoalCo'), of London & Sydney, Australia. The 3rd company vessel of the name. The crew of 21, who sailed her to Australia, did not return to the U.K. - all chose to settle in Australia. CoalCo, established back in 1888, operated a giant coal mine, (origins as early as 1865), located at Catherine Hill Bay, near Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. A mine that closed in 1963. The vessel was transferred, in 1956, with no change of vessel name, to 'J. & A. Brown Abermain Seaham Collieries Limited' (who acquired CoalCo in 1955), of Sydney. That maybe should be 'John and Alexander' instead of J. & A.'? In 1971, the vessel was sold to Captain Emile Savoie, of  Nouméa (New Caledonia, French, South Pacific Ocean) & renamed Sorana-Del-Mar. Engaged primarily on the Nouméa to Sydney run. On Jul. 5, 1974, while en route from Nouméa to Auckland, New Zealand, with a cargo of scrap iron, the vessel capsized while in tow, 12 miles off Cape Brett, N. Island, New Zealand. Have not been able to read the circumstances. Can you tell us? Meaningful WWW data about this vessel is essentially non-existent. Anything you could add would be most welcome. An image?

140 Borde
3401 tons
Hull 416

185921

Balmoral
Eileen
Aryl
1953

A cargo ship, a collier. Per 1 (Stephenson Clarke), 2 (1950's image incl. Borde), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 104.8 metres (344 ft.) long, speed of 10 1/2 knots. Launched on Apl. 28, 1953 by Lady Merrett, as you can see in the wonderful launch image at left, kindly provided by Tom Millar. Tom advises that his father, also named Thomas (Tom) Millar (1903/1987), was General Manager of 'Austins' from about 1950 through 1957/58. Built for 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.', of Newcastle, which company, in 1968, became 'Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd.'. Said to be the oldest U.K. shipping company in existence, (dates from 1730), they were also, I read, one of the largest coal factoring companies in the U.K. Stephenson Clarke? A book, written by Peter Cox, about the company was published in 1980, entitled 'A Link with Tradition - The story of Stephenson Clarke Shipping Limited 1730-1980'. And another, in 1981, by Craig J. M. Carter entitled 'Stephenson Clarke Shipping'. Both would presumably have data about Borde. The vessel was sold, in 1968, to Balmoral Shipping Corporation, of Liberia (S. M. Bull, the managers), & renamed Balmoral. The vessel was sold, in 1971, to 'International Activity Shipping & Investment Co., S.A.', of Panama, (Duodo & Co. the managers), & renamed Eileen. And sold again, in 1977, to 'Aryl Inc.', also of Panama, (N. Patella, the managers), & renamed Aryl. In May 1978, the vessel arrived at the ship breaking facilities of Sidermar S.p.A., at Trieste, Italy, to be broken up. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

141 Thomas Livesey
1779 tons
Hull 417

185965
5359418

Harting
Cosmic
1953

A cargo ship, indeed a collier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.4 metres long overall, 78.5 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots. A 'flatiron' i.e. a vessel whose funnels & masts could be lowered to permit passage under low bridges, such as on the River Thames since it was built for North Thames Gas Board, & maybe elsewhere too. The vessel was sold, in 1966, to 'Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd.', of Newcastle, & renamed Harting. It was sold again, in 1975, to 'Knight Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Limasoll, Cyprus, & renamed Cosmic. The vessel arrived at the Eleusina, nr. Piraeus, Greece, ship breaking facilities of 'E. Pederaki OE', in Dec. 1978, to be broken up. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

142 Adjutant
1366 tons
Hull 420

186052
5002742

Galiola
1954

A refrigerated cargo ship. Per 1 [Adjutant (3)], 2 (image, Adjutant, but you must be registered to see it), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 79.2 metres long, speed of 13 knots, signal letters MSFL. Built for General Steam Navigation Company Ltd. ('General'), of London. 2 references the vessel with the colours of Moss Hutchinson Line Ltd. That company, like General, was owned by Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company (i.e. P&O Line). The vessel was sold, in 1966, to Cove Shipping Co. Ltd., of Nassau, the Bahamas, (maybe Yugoslavian owners) & renamed Galiola. In 1970, the vessel was sold to 'Lopedra Shipping Corp of the Bahamas Ltd.', with no change of name. And in 1974, again with no change of name, the vessel became owned by 'Losinjska Plovidba', of Rijeka, Yugoslavia. The vessel was broken up at Split, Yugoslavia, in 1982. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

143 Frederick John Evans
3375 tons
Hull 418

186016

Braemar
Brick Decimo
1954

A collier. Per 1 (data), 2 (Frederick John Evans, 1818/1880, biographical data), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 104.8 metres long overall, 99.1 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 1/2 knots. Built for North Thames Gas Board & managed by 'Stephenson Clarke'. Named after a noted civil engineer of the name who, for over 40 years, was with 'The Gas, Light & Coke Company'. He designed & constructed 'Beckton Gas Works' & retired as its Chief Engineer. The vessel delivered coal to the Beckton Gas Works. The vessel was sold, in 1966, for £100,000, to 'Braemar Shipping Corp.' of Monrovia, Liberia, & renamed Braemar. The vessel was sold again, in 1971, to Gino Gardella, of Genoa, Italy, & renamed Brick Decimo. In Sep. 1982, the vessel arrived at the La Spezia, Italy, ship breaking facilities of Terrestre Marittima S.p.A., to be broken up. Break up commenced on Oct. 27, 1983. Anything you could add would be most welcome.

144 Greenbatt
1968 tons
Hull 422

169259
5050232

Bramber
Maldive Sailor
1954

A collier. Per 1 (stunning image, Bramber, at Dover, in the 1970s), 2 (2 images, Bramber, near page bottom), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 80.8 metres long overall, 77.0 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 264 ft. 1", speed of 10 knots, signal letters MSGG. Built for 'Newbigin Steam Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('Newbigin'), of Newcastle. 'E. R. Newbigin Limited', the owner & manager? Newbigin, founded in 1896, ceased operations in 1960. Duncan Lumsden, Chief Engineer, apparently died aboard the ship in 1956. In 1960, the vessel was sold to 'Stephenson, Clarke Ltd.', of London, & renamed Bramber, after the Sussex village of the name. Presumably carried coal from the North East to the S. of England & likely to the Shoreham Power Station & the Thames. In 1968, the vessel was sold to 'Maldives Shipping Limited', of Male, Republic of Maldives, & renamed Maldive Sailor. In Jan. 1975, the vessel arrived at Gadani Beach, Pakistan, to be broken up. Do you have more data?

Tony Frost advises (thanks!) that further vessels were constructed at the Wear Dockyard, after S. P. Austin & Son Ltd. became part of Austin & Pickersgill Limited in 1954. Specifically hull numbers 419 through 436. See here. The last hull number for S. P. Austin & Son Ltd. was, I am advised, #418.

AUSTIN and MILLS (1839-1869)
of Southwick, Sunderland

'Where Ships are Born' refers to a Southwick ship building partnership named 'S. Austin & Mills'. The 'S. Austin' would appear to be one of the members of the Austin family, but I cannot tell you which particular one it was. 

What the webmaster believes to now be a complete list of vessels built by Austin & Mills can be found on page 140. Here. 70 vessels in total. The lists includes one vessel, of 262 tons & built in 1848, whose name is not recorded in two available Sunderland build lists.  

1   Coldstream
214/190 tons
1839

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel, which was completed in Oct. 1839, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1850/51, with the exception of 1848/49. The vessel's initial owner, thru 1843/44, was Smith & Co., of Blyth, for service from Sunderland to London, with 'Ferguson' LR stated to be the vessel's captain. In 1843/44, G. Virtue of London became the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (1843/44), service ex London (1844/45 thru 1847/48), & from the Clyde to the West Indies (in 1849/50 & 1850/51). R. Short was, per LR, the vessel's captain for most of the years of Virtue ownership, thru 1847/48 at least. In 1849/50 & 1850/51, LR lists R. Galetly as her captain. On Feb. 5, 1850, as per line 44 here, the 191 ton snow  was wrecked at Havana, Cuba, while en route from Liverpool to Havana. The vessel's cargo is not identified. Crew of 11 - none lost. Vessel then owned by George Virtue. The detail circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us more? #1967

2   McLeod
293/325 later 293
later 294 tons

2122
1839

A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched or completed in Sep. 1839 is, with a couple of missing years, Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1860/61 - listed as M'Leod at the beginning of the M's - thru 1848/49 owned by 'Gtsh&TySh.Co', presumably Gateshead & Tyne Shipping Co. of Newcastle for service initially from Sunderland to Odessa, Ukraine, then from Liverpool to Singapore, then ex Shields. In LR of 1848/49, Lawson of Shields, later H. Lawson & Lawson & Co., became her owner for service from Shields to the Mediterranean, to Barcelona, Spain, & to France. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 lists the vessel as registered at Shields, owned by H. Lawson jun. of South Shields & with D. Irvine her captain. TR of 1856 records H. Lawson as her then owner. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies her owner's name as being Henry Lawson Jun. of Shields. On Dec. 17, 1860, per line 909 here, the 294 ton snow was lost on Hasborough Sand (near Cromer, Norfolk), while en route from Shields to London with a cargo of coal. None of the 10 man crew was lost. The vessel is stated to have been owned by Henry Lawson. Can you add anything? #2004

3   Unity
233/232, later 207 later 212 tons

14007
1839

A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched or completed in Apl. 1839 is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1852/53, a gap of 13 years, then again from 1866/67 thru 1880/81. It was initially owned, per LR thru 1847/48, by 'Ebdell' of Sunderland, for service ex Sunderland. With 'Ebdell' serving as the vessel's captain throughout such period. In 1848/49, per LR, Barber & Co. of Sunderland became the vessel's owner for service from Sunderland to London. With 'Lawrence' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1852/53. LR of 1852/53 still names Barber & Co. as the vessel's owner but provides limited other data. The vessel is not listed in the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 but IS included in the equivalent register of 1854, owned by Thos. and Mary Ann Riseborough, Anthony Barber & George T. Laurence, all of Sunderland, with Robt. Hunter serving as the vessel's captain. Such ownership data is confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Registers ('TR') of 1855 & 1856, with a tiny spelling change i.e. Lawrence rather than Laurence. The vessel clearly was sold, the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1868 listing the vessel as then registered at Lynn, Norfolk. & owned by J. Paul, sen. of Lynn. When LR coverage continued, in 1866/67, J. Paul of Lynn is recorded as the vessel's owner, thru 1875/76, for service ex both Sunderland & Lynn incl. service from Lynn to the Baltic. With W. Allan, P. Bird & R. Elsdon serving as the vessel's captains. It seems likely that J. Paul sen. must have passed on. MNLs of 1870 thru 1876 just list John Paul, of King's Lynn, Norfolk, as the vessel's then owner. In 1875/76, per LR, T. A. Laverick, became the owner of the Lynn registered vessel with R. Adamson serving as the vessel's captain. LR listed at 212 tons in 1880/81. MNLs of 1878 thru 1880 tell us that such owner was Thomas Arrowsmith Laverick of Seaham Harbour, County Durham. LR never recorded the vessel's length, signal letters LKHS. LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The detail circumstances of the vessel's loss are not yet to hand. Can you tell us exactly what happened to her or add anything additional? Lots of crew lists are available here. #2008

4   Earl Durham or Earl of Durham
233/323, later 350 tons

11584
1840

A barque, but also listed as a ship & as a square. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1861/62 as 'Earl of Durham' but consistently listed as 'Earl Durham' by the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL'), from 1858 thru 1868. I cannot tell you which name is correct though it would seem that it was initially launched as Earl Durham. It would seem always to have been registered at Newcastle & always owned by Newcastle owners. It was owned thru 1847/48 by Gateshead & Tyne Shipping Co. for initial service, thru 1842/43, from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, & from 1843/44 thru 1847/48 for service from Shields to Bordeaux, France. With 'P. Crouch' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1843/44 & 'Patterson' thereafter, thru to 1852/53 it would seem under new owners. The ownership data in LRs of 1848/49 thru 1850/51 is unusual. In 1848/49, 'Hoggett & Co.', a name not previously LR referenced, were replaced as owners by Thompson & Co. However Hoggett & Co. are again recorded as the vessel's owners in 1849/50, to be again replaced in 1850/51 by Thompson. An unlikely series of changes or so it seems to me. Service in those few years was either from Shields to the Mediterranean, or from Newcastle to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Some ownership clarity may be found in the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 which lists Mark Thompson & Co., of Newcastle as the owner of 'Earl Durham' a 378 ton ship. And in Marwood's similar directory of 1854 which lists 'Earl Durham' as owned by Mark Thompson & Robt. Pearson, both of Newcastle, with G. Venus serving as the vessel's captain. Data largely confirmed by Turnbull's Register of 1856 which lists her as 'Earl of Durham'. Thompson would seem to have owned the vessel thru 1857/58 with G. Venus her captain from 1854/55 thru 1856/57 then, but briefly, G. Reay. Per LR, the vessel saw some varied service under 'Thompson' ownership. From Newcastle to Ceylon from 1850/51 thru 1852/53, then mainly service to the Mediterranean ex Bristol, Waterford (Ireland), the Clyde & Swansea. The vessel was first LR recorded at 350 tons in 1856/57. In 1858/59, per LR, T. Davidson of Newcastle became the vessel's owner for service from Swansea to Spain, later to the Mediterranean ex either Newcastle or Swansea. With 'J. Wilkinson', then 'Huntley', then 'Reay' again, then 'J. Huntley' serving as her captains. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records Thomas Davison of Howdon (Northumberland), as the then owner of 'Earl Durham'. Signal letters KGTF. LR of 1861/62 notes that the vessel had gone 'Missing'. On Aug. 14, 1861, per line 1982 on this page, 'Earl of Durham' a 350 ton barque left Quebec, Canada, for Yarmouth (presumably the one in Norfolk) with a cargo of timber. Crew of 12 all lost of course. Then stated to be owned by Thomas Davison. I note that the MNL listed 'Earl Durham' from thru 1868 & in 1865, as an example, 4 years after she was lost, records her as owned by Thomas Davison of Howdon. A confusing history, with even her name in doubt! Can you tell us more? #1971

5   Glide
224 tons
1840

A snow. A vessel which had a very short life. It was launched in May 1840 & per Lloyd's Register ('LR') of 1840/41, the only LR reference to the vessel, was owned by Doxford of Sunderland with 'Harrison' serving as the vessel's captain. For service from Sunderland to Southampton. Such LR entry also notes that the vessel had 'Foundered'. I have not so far spotted what happened to the vessel nor when. Can you provide that detail or otherwise add anything? #1992

6   Mark Palmer
291/348 tons
1840

A ship, later a barque, which was launched or completed in Sep. 1840. Another vessel which had a very short life. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1840/41 thru 1846/47 only, owned throughout such period by Palmer & Co. of Sunderland. For service thru 1841/42 from Sunderland to Marseilles, France, & thereafter from Sunderland to Mauritius. Per LR, P. Palmer served as her captain thru 1841/42. C. Spence so served thereafter. LR of 1842/43 first lists the vessel as a barque. LR of 1846/47 perhaps notes that the vessel had been wrecked - the reference is both partial & faint. I have not so far spotted what happened to the vessel nor exactly when. Can you provide that detail or otherwise add anything? #1999

7   Mayborough
247/260 tons

23495
1840

A snow or brig, which was launched or completed in Apl. 1840. There would seem to be much confusion as to the vessel's exact name. Two master lists of vessels built at Sunderland refer to 'May Brough'. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') refers to both 'Maybrough' & 'Mayborough'. Lloyd's Register ('LR') always referred to the vessel as 'Mayborough'. Read below the name references of 5 NE shipping registers. The vessel is LR listed from 1840/41 thru 1858/59, & was initially owned, thru 1846/47 by Gateshead & Tyne Shipping Co. for service from Sunderland to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (1840/41 thru 1843/44), & from Liverpool to i) Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in 1844/45 & ii) the Mediterranean. With 'Cooper' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1844/45 or 1845/46 & 'Stephenson' for a period thereafter. In 1846/47, per LR, the vessel became owned by Dryden & Co. of North Shields ('NS'), it would seem for the rest of the vessel's lifetime. It first became registered at NS on Jan. 19, 1849. For service from Shields to the Mediterranean (1846/47 thru 1849/50, in 1852/53 & 1853/54 & in 1857/58), from Newcastle to Barcelona, Spain (in 1850/51 & 1851/52), from Blyth to Cadiz, Spain (1854/55 thru 1856/57) & from Newcastle to the Mediterranean (in 1858/59). With, again per LR, G. Dryden serving as the vessel's captain from 1846/47 thru 1849/50, 'R. Bain' from 1850/51 thru 1856/57 & 'W. Forster' thereafter. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 lists G. & T. Dryden as the Newcastle registered vessel's (Maybrough) then owners. The equivalent register of 1854 lists George & Thos. Dryden as the owners of NS registered vessel (Maybrough) with Robert Watson Baines her then captain, data confirmed by Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 (Mayborough). TR of 1856 (Maybrough) lists just G. Dryden as the vessel's owner. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Maybrough as then owned by George & Thomas Dryden. It would seem that the vessel was lost, in 1859 or perhaps in 1860, but detail as to what exactly happened & when is not yet to hand. Can you tell us about it? Or otherwise add anything? #2000

8   Ann
111/87 tons
1842

A schooner. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1843/44 thru 1846/47 & not thereafter. It was owned, for that brief period by Ogle & Co. of Sunderland, for service as a Sunderland coaster. LR of 1846/47 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. I have no other data but note that Ogle & Co. acquired a second vessel of the name, perhaps after this vessel was lost. LR of 1846/47 records Ogle & Co. as owning two vessels of the name, the 2nd being a snow of 164 tons, built at Sunderland in 1845 - with 'Lawson' the captain of both of the vessels. The later vessel for service from Sunderland to Boulogne, France.
This listing was created after the webmaster read this interesting guestbook message from Ebbe Hove of Denmark. Thanks Ebbe! About a Sunderland vessel named Ann, that 'foundered off Skagens Rev (North Jutland) on Nov. 28, 1846. Local fishermen saved the crew of six. The wreck was bought by a local man, but when a period of calm weather arrived - about half a year later - the hull was taken ashore and found to be nearly intact. Possibly it was repaired and sailed again. The Danish painter Martinus Rørbye portrayed the work on the ship in 1847, and I just uploaded the picture at Wikipedia Commons here'. I invite you to view that image! And the delightful sketch that is available at page bottom. Ebbe has now kindly provided some additional information from this Danish web page (a giant list of wrecks near Denmark) - that Ann was sailing from Stettin (Szczecin, on the Baltic, then in Prussia) to London with a cargo of barley & that Robert Johnson was Ann's master or captain. How remarkable that the hull was not destroyed by many months of pounding seas! Now LR lists seven vessels named Ann, registered at Sunderland in the period from 1843/44 thru 1848/49. Six of the 7 seem for a variety of reasons definitely not to 'fit'. This Ann seems close to fitting. But be warned. LR is an unreliable source for data at that point in time. Witness the many vessels recorded in these pages that were i) never LR listed at all, ii) were listed for a period only or were intermittently listed or iii) LR listed with data that clearly is incorrect. There are many examples of such matters. Until new data emerges, such as a contemporary newspaper article about the North Jutland wreck, we need to keep an open mind. Can you add anything that might advance the resolution of this interesting puzzle? #1972

9 Judith Allan
505/608 tons
1842

A ship. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1841/42 thru 1850/51, and, so far as I can see, not thereafter. It has the distinction of being mentioned in 'Where Ships are Born' which refers at page bottom to an 'S. Austin & Mills' shipbuilding partnership & informs us that 'some very fine ships were launched under the supervision of George and John Mills'. And specifically mentions Judith Allan in that regard - owned by John Allan & placed into the China trade. For all of the above indicated years, J. Allan of London is LR listed as the vessel's owner, with T. Hayes her captain. For service from London to China in 1841/42 & 1842/43 & for service thereafter from London to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. There are references to the vessel in publications including 'Allen's Indian Mail ...' re the vessel's trading from London to Calcutta & other Far East ports, indeed carrying troops to Calcutta. A c.1845 pencil sketch of the vessel in Hong Kong harbour is available via the image at left. I have not so far spotted what happened to the vessel, in or about 1851. Was it lost in some way? Or sold to a non U.K. owner? Can you provide that detail or otherwise add anything?

10   Till
247/258 tons
1843

A snow. The vessel, which was launched or completed in May 1843. is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1843/44 thru 1857/58. Per LR, the vessel, for its entire lifetime was owned by Pow & Co. of North Shields, with just two captains i.e. J. Barker thru 1851/52 & Henderson thereafter. For service to St. Petersburg, Russia, from Sunderland thru 1846/37 & in 1847/48 from Shields, & thereafter to the Mediterranean ex Shields. The vessel is recorded in a number of NE shipping registers. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 records the vessel as registered at Newcastle & owned by 'Pow & Fawcus' of North Shields. The equivalent register of 1854 has the vessel registered at Shields & owned by Robert Pow & John & Marg. Fawcus, all of North Shields. With J, Davison (a name not LR referenced), as her then captain. Such ownership data is confirmed by Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855. Till is not recorded in TR of 1856. Now even though the vessel is LR listed thru 1857/58, it was not, so far as I can see, issued an Official Number. I suspect, accordingly that the vessel was lost prior to Jan. 1, 1855, most likely in late 1854. Can you tell us what, in fact, happened to the vessel & exactly when? Or otherwise add anything? #2006

11   Alacrity
211/295, later
184, later 177 tons

5444
1844

A snow or brig. From the tonnages at left, it would seem that the vessel shrank as it got older! The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1844/45 thru 1874/75 at least (LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster). It was initially owned, until part way thru 1848/49 per LR, by 'Austin & Co.' of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to Archangel, Russia. In 1848/49, per LR, Ward & Co. of Blyth (in 1853/54 G. Ward of Shields), became the vessel's owner for service from Blyth to London thru 1850/51, from Shields to Galatz (i.e. Galați, on the Danube, Eastern Romania, Black Sea) in 1851/2 & 1852/53, & from Clyde to the Mediterranean in 1853/54. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 lists the vessel at 195 tons, owned by G. Ward of Blyth. The vessel's tonnage, per LR, became 211/195 in 1853/54. In 1854/55, per LR, T. Taylor (from 1860/61 Taylor & Co.) of Blyth became the vessel's owner thru 1873/74. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the vessel as registered at Shields & owned by J. Taylor of Morpeth, J. Robson of Wideopen, J. Sample of Blyth & T. Gallon of Fenrother. Which owner names are clarified & revised by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean John Taylor, John Robson, Thomas Gallon & John Wigham of Morpeth (rather than J. Sample, who per LR served as the vessel's captain from 1854/55 thru 1857/58). For consistent service under 'Taylor' ownership ex Blyth - to the Mediterranean (in 1854/56), to Stettin (Szczecin, Poland, on the Baltic) (in 1856/58), to the Baltic in 1858/59, to London (in 1859/60), to the Baltic again in 1860/61, to Lisbon, Portugal (in 1861/63), to the Baltic (in 1863/65), a Blyth coaster in the period of 1865/67, & from Blyth to the Baltic in the period of 1867/73. Per LR the vessel became of 184 tons in 1858/59. Note, however, that the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1867 & 1870 do not list 'Taylor' as her then owner - both rather list Thomas Duxfield of Gosforth, Northumberland, as the vessel's owner. On Jan. 26, 1874, the vessel was offered for sale. In 1873/74, per LR, H. Gibson of Whitby, became the owner of the vessel, now of 177 tons, for service ex Newcastle with H. Gibson her captain. MNL of 1875 lists the vessel as owned by Hansel Gibson of Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1876. 81.0 ft. long, signal letters JHQV. I cannot tell you what finally happened to the vessel. Can you help in that regard? #1973

12   Sharp
328/373, later
320 tons

24377
1844

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1844/45 thru 1869/70 with the exception of 1847/48. Was first registered at Newcastle on Aug. 23, 1844. It continued to be registered there thru 1864/65 & then at Sunderland. Was owned throughout the vessel's entire lifetime, roughly until 1869, by the 'Sharp' family of Gateshead & Sunderland, per LR by 'Sharp' thru 1847/48, 'R. Sharp' thru 1855/56 & 'J. & B. Sharp' thereafter. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 clarifies the then ownership of the Newcastle registered vessel when it lists J. Sharp of Gateshead as the vessel's then owner. While the equivalent directory of 1854 lists J. Sharp of Gateshead & Robert Sharp of Bishopwearmouth. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the two Sharps while the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1868 all list John Sharp of Gateshead as the vessel's then owner. LR first listed the vessel at 320 tons in 1861/62. The vessel had some varied service indeed. From Sunderland to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1844/45 & 1853/54, from London to Madras (now Chennai, India) from 1848/49 thru 1852/53, from Dublin, Ireland, to the West Indies (in 1858/59 & 1859/60), from Gloucester & Liverpool to North America (in 1861/62 & 1862/63 respectively), from the Clyde to Barbados (in 1863/64  & 1864/65), from Sunderland to the Baltic (in 1868/69 & 1869/70) & in many of the other years to the Mediterranean ex Sunderland, Shields or the Clyde. The vessel, per LR had many captains. Mallet or Mallett (in 1844/45 & 1846/47), A. Mitchell in 1845/46, J. Spratt (from 1848/49 thru 1852/53), Middleton or C. H. Middleton (from 1853/54 thru 1855/56), Henderson (in 1856/57 & 1857/58), J. Lilley (in 1858/59 & 1859/60), Robson (in 1860/61), W. Hutch or W. Hatch or B. W. Hatch (in the period of 1861/62 thru 1864/65), A. Scott (in 1865/66 & 1866/67), G. Robinson (from 1866/67 thru 1868/69) & Atkinson (in 1868/69 & 1869/70). Also J. Mowat in 1855 (per Turnbull's Register). 100.5 ft. long, signal letters NWMC. A few crew lists are here. LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. Details as to what happened to the vessel & exactly when are not yet to hand. Can you tell us more about what happened or add anything additional? #2002

13   Boadicea
310/346, later
326 & 325 tons

25930
1845

A barque, which was completed on Apl. 23, 1845. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1861/62, initially owned by Parker & Co., of Sunderland, with 'Backhouse' serving as her captain, for service from Sunderland to Marseilles, France. Such ownership was short lived, however. In 1845/46, the vessel became captained by A. McKey (thru 1853/54) & owned by J. Pollock, of Glasgow, for service i) ex the Clyde to Singapore, ii) in 1846/48 from London to Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, iii) in 1848/51 from the Clyde to Valparaiso, Chile, iv) in 1851/54 from the Clyde to Port Phillip, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, v) in 1854/56 from the Clyde to Penang, Malaysia. W. Muir, per LR, served as the vessel's captain in 1854/55 & in 1855/56. In 1856/57, per LR, Dunlop & Co., of Greenock, Scotland, became the vessel's owner for service from Clyde to the West Indies. LR advises that Buchanan was the vessel's captain in 1856/57 & 1857/58, A. Allan in 1858/59 & 1859/60 & J. Rutter from 1860/61. Became of 326 tons in 1861/62 in which year LR notes that the vessel had been 'BURNT'. On Jan. 19, 1862, per line 2069 here, the 325 ton barque burnt in Demerara Harbour when en route from Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of South America), to the Clyde with a cargo of sugar etc. Crew of 14 - 1 lost. Then owned by R. Dunlop. Signal letters PJBQ. Can anybody tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss? #1988

14   Clio
351/385, later
372 tons

24525
1845

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1876/77 &, so far as I can see, was registered at London for its entire lifetime. Launched on Apl. 23, 1845, it was first registered on May 22, 1845, owned by Colling & Co. of London, thru 1862/63 per LR. For service to Demerera, (Guyana, N. coast of South America), from Sunderland (in 1845/46) & from London (in 1846/47 & 1848/49). For the years from 1851/52 thru 1855/56 & in 1860/61, LT records the vessel as trading from London to the West Indies. Under 'Colling' ownership, the vessel, per LR, had 3 captains - Mules or R. Mules thru 1850/51, Evans or W. Evans from 1851/52 thru 1855/56 & again from 1859/60 thru 1862/63, & W. Edm'nds from 1856/67 thru 1858/59. Many owner changes in the following years. In 1862/63, 'Thomson' became the vessel's owner with G. Shadrake her captain for service from London to the West Indies. In 1863/64, T. & A. Carter became her owners, with Milne or G. Milne her captain for continued service to the West Indies i) ex London in 1863/64 & ii) ex Sunderland in 1864/65. Note however that the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 records 'Cindunur and Thomson', of London, as the vessel's then owner. In 1865/66, per LR, W. Morrison of London, (MNL of 1867) became the vessel's owner, with Thompson & W. Goddard her captains, for service from Sunderland to the West Indies & from Shields to Lisbon, Portugal. From 1867/68 thru 1872/73, 'Simpson' became the vessel's owner for service from London to the West Indies, with Honeyborne serving as the vessel's captain. (Per MNL of 1868 & 1870, 'Simpson' means Miss Fanny Simpson of Wimbledon, Surrey. Yet more owner changes! In 1872/73, per LR, Ebblewhite & Co. of Whitby (Geo. Ebblewhite per MNL of 1874), became the vessel's owner with J. Cummins her captain. For service from Whitby, Yorkshire, to the West Indies. John Cummins in 1875 & in C. Harrison in 1876, both also of Whitby, were the vessel's following owners. The vessel was listed at 107.5 ft. long & 26.7 ft. wide in LR from 1864/65. From 1867/68 the vessel's length was LR listed at 111.8 ft with an increased width also (27.0 ft.). Was the vessel partially rebuilt, I wonder? Or a recording error corrected? Signal letters PBFW. Some crew lists thru 1874 are here. LR of 1876/77 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'.
In mid Apl. 1876, Clio, owned by C. Harrison & under the command of John Cummins, left Kabea on the N. coast of Africa (Morocco perhaps?) for Newcastle with a cargo of iron ore & esparto grass. On Jun. 1, 1876, Captain Cummins died - Captain Leng, of Boston, took over command & proceeded to Lisbon where Captain Cummins was interred. Clio resumed its voyage to Newcastle. On Jul. 8, 1876 Clio was off the Sussex coast between Dungeness & Beachy Head, in thick fog. Later that evening, still in fog it would seem, a steamer was seen in the distance, a steamer that proved to be Narenta, an Austrian vessel registered at Trieste, under the command of Captain Druscovich. When about 15 miles off the coast & at about 10 p.m. that day, Narenta struck Clio in the area of her fore rigging. Leng & four other Clio crewmembers clambered aboard Narenta, while 6 others were thrown into the water by the force of the collision or jumped overboard. Clio sank 4 minutes after the collision. The Narenta crew apparently made no effort to launch a boat to save those in the water. So Leng did so himself & 4 of the 6 were rescued using a Narenta ship's boat. Two Clio crewmen were, however, lost - John West, an A.B. & a Swede, & John Stent, an apprentice. The 8 Clio survivors were later landed at Cardiff by Narenta. All as per these contemporary newspaper reports 1, 2, 3. Can you add anything to this summary history? #1990

15   Grange
304/323, later
289 tons

8585
1845

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1871/72 & not thereafter. It was owned, for that entire period, by G. Hudson of Sunderland. For initial service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (thru 1848), from Liverpool to 'Miramc', presumably Miramichi, New Brunswick, Canada (1848/50), ex Sunderland, ex Gloucester (1858/60), from the Clyde to the West Indies (1860/61), from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (1861/63), thereafter from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada. The vessel became of 289 tons in 1856/57. Turnbull's Register of 1856 records the Sunderland registered vessel as then being owned by G. Hudson & J. Ade, both of Sunderland. It would appear that J. Ade was the vessel's captain from 1845/46 thru 1859/60 though the name is spelled in a number of ways - Aid to 1847/48, J. Aid to 1851/52 & J. Ade thereafter. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies the owner names as being George Hudson & John Ade. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 lists George Hudson of Monkwearmouth as her then owner. 97.0 ft. long, signal letters KCSH. What finally happened to the vessel? Can you tell us? #1975

16   Marcia
246 tons

25806
1845

A snow-rigged vessel which was launched or completed in Jun. 1845. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1857/58 only. It was owned, for its entire lifetime per LR, by Wake & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to Archangel, Russia, (thru 1850/51), ex Liverpool (from 1851/52 thru 1853/54) & ex Sunderland thereafter including to London thru 1856/57. LR lists three captains, 'Tilley' thru 1850/51, J. Hall from 1851/52 thru 1856/57 & 'Weighill' in 1857/58. Four NE shipping registers clarify the 'Wake' ownership & the names of her captains. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 lists T. Wake & W. Backhouse, both of Sunderland & H. Parker of Bishopwearmouth, as the vessel's then owners. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists the vessel's then owners as being Thos. Wake, Hannah M. A. Wake & John Hall, with 'Hall' serving as the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 is similar but with Wm. R. Weighill being both an owner & captain in place of Hall. TR of 1856 lists her then owners as being T. & H. M. A. Wake of Sunderland. So far the webmaster has not spotted a reference to what finally happened to Marcia nor exactly when. This page (25806), however, advises that a certificate was issued respecting her loss on Jan. 25, 1858, so presumably the vessel was lost either in very late 1857 or early in Jan. 1858. Can you add anything additional? #1997

17   Regina
239 tons
1846

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1852/53 but not thereafter that I can see. The vessel, per LR, was initially owned, thru 1847/48, by Austin & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. In 1848/49, Bourke of Ballina (County Mayo, NW coast of Ireland), became the vessel's owner for service from Liverpool to Africa. In 1850/51, Campbell, of Liverpool, owned the vessel for service ex Liverpool & from 1851/52 for service from Liverpool to Jamaica. Can you tell us what finally happened to the vessel, likely in or around 1852. #1976

18   Wards
188, later 175, later 161 tons

14341
1846

A snow, brig or square. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1846/47 thru 1869/70 & (I think) from 1874/75 thru 1882/83. I say I think because I do not have access to all of the LR editions in that sequence. The vessel was first recorded, in 1846/47, as owned by 'Ward' of Newcastle then of Blyth, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic which became Sunderland to the Mediterranean. The vessel was launched at Southwick, on May 30, 1846, for Gilbert and Benjamin Ward, as per this newspaper cutting. In 1847/48, W. Ward of Blyth was the LR listed owner with 'Ward & Co.' thereafter from 1848/49 thru 1860/61. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 lists the vessel as registered at Newcastle & owned by Ward & Sidney, of Blyth. Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists the Newcastle registered vessel as owned by G. Ward of Blyth & J. F. Sidney of Cowpen-hall. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the Shields registered vessel as owned by Gilbert Ward of Blyth. During the period of 'Ward' ownership, the vessel served for many years ex Blyth, Shields or the Clyde to the Mediterranean, to Archangel, Russia (in 1859/60) & to the Baltic (in 1860/61). The vessel became of 175 tons in 1860/61. From 1861/62 thru 1869/70 the vessel is LR recorded with no owner name stated, always for service from Blyth to the Baltic. The vessel was offered for sale, by public auction, on Mar. 5, 1862, as per this newspaper cutting. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1867 (page 405, image soon) & 1870 both record the vessel as then registered at West Hartlepool & owned by John Bedlington of Whitby, Yorkshire. In late 1867, Wards, at anchor in Yarmouth Roads while en route from Hartlepool to Dieppe, France, with a cargo of coal, was run into by Karen Anne Sophia, a Danish galliot. Both vessels suffered minor damages - both were towed into Lowestoft. LR, from 1874/75 likely thru 1882/83 (not all editions are available) lists R. Bedlington as the vessel's captain. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1880 & 1882 both list the brig, now of 161 tons, as registered at Whitby & owned by John Bedlington of South Stockton, Yorkshire. 86.0 ft. long, later 86.8 ft. (from 1874/75), signal letters LMSB. LR of 1882/83 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Thanks to a the kindness of a site visitor, I can now advise you that in late Oct. 1882, Wards left West Hartlepool for London with a cargo of coal & was not heard from again. The vessel went missing, on or about Oct. 20, 1882, with the loss of the entire crew of 6, including Robert Bedlington, her long-term captain. As per these advices, 1 & 2. Can you add anything? #1977

19   Branch
177 later 167 tons

2707
1848

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1848/49 thru 1864/65 & not thereafter. It was, per LR, owned thru 1855/56 by Austin & Co. of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Baltic. In 1856/57, Gray & Co., also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner for continued service from Sunderland to the Baltic, at least thru 1858/59. The LR data re 1859/60 thru 1864/65 is limited but does continue to list Gray & Co. as the vessel's owner. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1856 lists J. Gray & C. G. Gilby, both of Sunderland, as her then owners, while Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 references only John Gray. TR of 1874 lists the vessel at 167 tons only & owned by John Gray & John N. Wilson, both of Sunderland, with 48 & 16 shares respectively. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1867, 1870 & 1875 all advise that the vessel, still Sunderland registered, was then owned by John Gray. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1876. 82.5 ft. long, signal letters HQGL. Can anybody tell us what happened to the vessel, in or about 1875, or otherwise add anything? Crew lists of many years are available via here. #1989

20   Mariner
292 tons

26273
1848

A snow-rigged vessel, which was launched or completed on Jul. 17, 1848. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1848/49 thru 1856/57 & not thereafter. It was, per LR, owned thru 1853/54 by 'Thompson' of Sunderland, with 'Christie' serving as the vessel's captain. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1854/55, Humble, also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owner for continued service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. With 'Kirton' serving as the vessel's captain. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists Thos. Humble as the vessel's then owner with Chater Kirton her captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 lists the vessel at 274 tons & owned by T. Humble. The vessel is not listed in LR of 1857/58. I suspect it was lost at about that time but have not yet spotted exactly what happened to the vessel nor when. Can anybody tell us about it? No crew lists seem to be available. #1998

21 Saint Abbs
505/592 tons
1848

Initially a barque, at least per Lloyd's Register ('LR') of 1848/49, but in subsequent years LR listed as a ship. Launched or completed in Jan. 1848, the vessel is LR listed from 1848/49 thru 1855/56 & not thereafter. It was owned throughout its short life by J. Willis of London, for consistent service to India - from Sunderland to India in 1848/49 & 1849/50, ex London thereafter to Bombay (now Mumbai) from 1850/51 thru 1853/54, to Calcutta (now Kolkata) in 1854/66 & to an unstated Indian port in 1855/56. With 'Willis' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1854/55 & then 'Rouse' (Geo. Rouse I read). While LR advises that the vessel was always London registered it would seem that was not so. It was rather registered at Sunderland - see below re references to the vessel in many NE shipping registers. A modest puzzle is that the vessel would seem not to have been issued an Official Number on Jan. 1, 1855. Can anybody explain why that seems to be so?  In most cases, when I try to research & list early vessels such as this, I have difficulty in WWW finding any data about the vessel & generally find nothing about what finally happened to her. This case is different. Others have researched the vessel for their purposes & made kindly their findings available.
From the above text, 'Willis' sounds like a one man operation, owning & captaining his own ship. That would seem to be far from the case. Wikipedia tells us that John (Jock) Willis (1791/1862), of modest roots & born in Eyemouth, Berwickshire, Scotland, founded 'Jock Willis & Sons' of London, also known as 'Jock Willis Lines'. And was followed into the business by his son John 'White Hat' Willis (1817/1899) & other family members. The firm owned many vessels in its time, many of them named after Berwick place-names. 'Wiki' & Bruzelius list 28 such vessels including the famous Cutty Sark. It was, apparently, upon the sale of Cutty Sark in 1899 that the company's life came to an end. The company served India, China & Australia primarily.
What happened to Saint Abbs? That question is addressed by this 'shipstamps.co.uk' philatelic page which tells us that in 1855 the vessel was en route from London to Bombay under charter to the Hon. East India Company, & carrying stores for the Indian Navy & two steam engines for ships a-building in Bombay. With 28 aboard, I understand. On the night of Jun. 14, 1855 the vessel was wrecked on coral reefs adjoining the island of San Juan de Nueva, SE of Seychelles in the Indian Ocean. 'Bill', rather than Rouse, was in command & Bill with 4 others survived the disaster & were rescued by Uranie, a Seychelles schooner. Uranie later returned to the scene, recovered some tons of copper, other artifacts (including 100 casks of beer) & found the bodies of 3 crew members. The wreck is still there - its remains were relocated in 1991. Not until Oct. 29, 1855 did Lloyd's List report the wreck & advise that the survivors had arrived at Seychelles in Jul. 1855. Rumours later suggested that other Saint Abbs survivors had been taken captive & held far to the west in Somalia. The subject is discussed at length at the link above. It is also covered in French in this volume, (Le Tour du Mondre, published in 1866) which I think tells us, (my French is limited), that the vessel left London on Mar. 18, 1855, her captain was Bell rather than Bill & that 22 persons were drowned on that fatal night. The local name for the outer Seychelles islands is today Zil Elwannyen Sesel (Zil') & in 1991 Zil issued a postage stamp re the wreck of Saint Abbs with an incorrect wreck date upon it of 1860. It depicts the vessel as a barque. See left. We thank 'shipstamps.co.uk' & its contributors for their info. The vessel's loss is covered in French here also (about 80% down the page). We do have a further puzzle. The vessel is listed in Marwood's North of England Shipping Register of 1854, in Turnbull's Shipping Registers of 1855 & 1856 & in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, in all cases as a 592 ton barque registered at Sunderland & owned by John Willis & John Willis jun., both of London. I wonder why it was so 1858 listed? After it had been lost. Can anybody tell us anything more? #2003

22   Elizabeth
213 later 190 tons

2060
1849

A snow or brig. The vessel, which was completed in Oct. 1849, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1861/62 only. It was registered at Blyth & initially owned, per LR, by W. Turner for service from Sunderland to London in 1850/51, from Shields to the Mediterranean from 1851/52 thru 1853/54, & from Newry, Northern Ireland, to the Mediterranean from 1854/55 thru 1856/57. W. Turner seems to have resided at Newcastle. E. Turner per LR served as her initial captain (thru 1853/54) & J. Johnst'n (J. Johnson per Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855, then registered at Shields) thereafter thru 1856/57. In 1857/58, LR lists Dodds & Co. of Blyth, from 1858/59 of Shields, as the new owners of the now 190 ton vessel for service from Blyth to the Baltic (in 1857/58), from Shields to France (in 1858/59), & from Shields to the Baltic thereafter thru 1861/62. TR of 1856 lists P. Dodds, W. & G. Smith & W. Reavely as the then owners of the Shields registered vessel. Which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (Shields) to mean Philip Dodds, Wm. W. Smith, G. Smith & W. Reaveley, all of Blyth. Under 'Dodds' ownership, LR lists P. Dodds (in 1857/58), G. Taylor (in 1859/60), R. Dodds (in 1860/61) & T. Shotton (in 1861/62) as her captains. Signal letters HMPG. This page (scroll to 2060) indicates, as I read the text, that a certificate re the vessel's loss was issued with a date of Mar. 6, 1861. I cannot yet tell you what happened to the vessel, in or about the Spring of 1861, nor exactly when she was lost. Can you provide that information or otherwise add anything? #1991

23   Hastings
425 later 392 tons

26635
1849

A barque, which was completed on Sep. 1, 1849. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1867/68, a gap of 4 years, then, likely, from 1872/73 thru 1885/86. I say likely because LRs re 3 of those years are not available to the webmaster. The vessel was initially owned by J. C. Munro, of London, thru about 1867/68, for service to India i) ex Sunderland in 1850/51 & ii) ex London from 1857/58 thru 1859/60, to Mauritius i) ex Sunderland in 1862/63 & 1863/64 & ii) ex Swansea, Wales, from 1864/65 thru 1867/68 & generally ex London in other years. Such 'Munro' family ownership is confirmed by the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1868 which list G. L. Munro. With a number of captains, per LR, i.e. R. (Robert) Watson thru 1854/55, J. Robson thereafter thru 1860/61, 'Thomps'n' from 1861/62 thru 1864/65 & W. Hinckley (or Hinckly) thru 1867/68. MNLs of 1870 thru 1872 list John S. Thompson, of Sunderland, (her previous captain maybe?) as her then owner thru 1872/73 when the vessel became registered at North Shields & owned by J. Eskdale, for service ex Sunderland thru 1873/74. Note, however, that LR of 1872/73 lists the vessel, now of 392 tons, as owned by 'Austin & S' & replaced by 'Eskdale'. Under 'Eskdale' ownership, the vessel, per LR, had 3 captains, i.e. G. Young from 1872/73 thru 1876/77, G. Wallace later in 1876/77, & J. Arthur from 1878/79 thru 1885/86. The 'Eskdale' ownership (John Eskdale) is confirmed by MNLs of 1874 thru 1885 (MNL of 1880 is here should you wish to see it). J. Eskdale was clearly the managing owner. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1874 lists J. Eskdale as owning 16 shares only, with 6 others owning 8 shares each (R. M. Tate, C. Morton, G. Young, W. Bengall, J. Bengall & W. Johnson). From 1878 MNL lists the vessel at 377 (net) tons only. It would seem that in 1885/86, per LR, S. N. Castle, maybe of North Shields, became the vessel's owner. Many crew lists are available via this page. 109.0 ft. long, signal letters PLWN. I have not so far spotted what happened to the vessel, then a very old vessel, in or about 1885. Is it possible that you can tell us what happened to her? If so, do consider being in touch. #1993

24   Lydia
541, possibly later 501 tons

4579
1849

A ship. The vessel, which was completed on Jun. 21, 1949, is listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') from 1850/51 thru 1869/70 & may well be listed in LR of 1870/71 also (page missing). It was owned, per LR thru 1862/63 by Sharp & Co. of Newcastle for service from Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, thru 1852/53, from London to Sydney, Australia, in 1853/54 & 1854/55, to India ex Liverpool (in 1855/56 & 1856/57) & ex London (in 1857/58 & 1858/59). In 1861/62, LR records service from London to Mauritius. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists John Sharp of Gateshead & Robt. Sharp of Sunderland as the vessel's then owners with J. Robb serving as her captain. Turnbull's Register of 1856 also lists J. Sharp of Gateshead & R. Sharp of Sunderland as the vessel's then owners, which owner names are again clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (listed strangely as a brig) to mean Jno. Sharp & Robert Sharp. Under 'Sharp' ownership, LR reports her captains as being 'Spratt' (thru 1852/53), 'Macdonld' (thru 1854/55), T. Lloyd (from 1855/56 thru 1861/62) & J. Strong in 1862/63 & 1863/64. LR of 1862/63 records Henderson & Co. ('Henderson') of Glasgow as her new owner for service ex the Clyde including to Quebec, Canada, in 1862/63. Ownership changed again in 1864/65 when 'Albion S. Co' became the vessel's owner, i.e. The Albion Shipping Company ('Albion'), of Glasgow per the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1868 (listed at 501 tons only). 'Milne' is listed as the vessel's captain under the ownership of both Henderson & Albion. 120.9 ft. long, signal letters JDCH. An 1863 crew list is available here. What happened to the vessel & when? This page (scroll to 4579) does refer to the vessel's loss but interpreting the handwritten text is difficult - lost in 1868 or early 1869 it would seem. Can you tell us more? #1994

25   Ocean Queen
189 tons

26607
1849

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1848/49 thru 1859/60, & so far as I can see, not thereafter. Was owned thru 1857/58 by Haley & Co. of Wisbech for service ex Sunderland, & from 1855/56 for service from Liverpool to the Mediterranean. In 1858/59, J. Buckley, also of Wisbech, is listed as the vessel's owner for service to the Mediterranean ex Sunderland. The vessel's call letters are listed as PLTR in the 1864 edition of the Merchant Navy List - at the third item. So it would seem likely to have survived until that year at least. Can you tell us what happened to her? #1978

26   Theron
321 later 295 tons

23723
1849

A barque, which was launched or completed on Apl. 24, 1849. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1869/70 and, per LR, had three owners over that period, all of Sunderland, i.e. Lumsdon thru 1858/59, Burdes & Co. thru 1861/62 & Williamson & Co. from & after 1861/62. It would seem that the ownership may, in fact, have remained within the hands of a small group of Sunderland partners for the vessel's entire lifetime. Why do I say that? Marwood's North of England Directory of 1854 lists the vessel's then owners as being John Burdes & Rodger Lumsdon with Matthias Jobling her then captain. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 adds a name. It lists Robert Bordes, Thomas Walker & R. Lumsdon as her owners with B. Leeds serving as her captain. TR of 1856 substantially confirms such last owner names (R. Burdes, J. rather than R. Lumsdon & T. Walker). While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists Robert Burdes, Thomas Walker & Thomas Williamson. LR advises that 'Burdes' was the vessel's captain thru 1855/56, 'R. Leeds' from 1856/57 thru 1861/62 & 'Theodorean' from 1861/62 thru 1869/70. The vessel is LR stated to have served Madeira ex Sunderland thru 1855/56, served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland from 1856/57 thru 1858/59, served South America ex Liverpool in 1859/60 & 1860/61, & served the Black Sea ex Sunderland thereafter. 98.5 ft. long. First LR recorded at 295 tons in 1859/60. While LR lists the vessel thru 1869/70, the Mercantile Navy List listed the vessel in 1863 but not later. Correctly it would seem. This newspaper article advises us that at an unstated date in late Mar. 1863, a sudden hurricane hit Beirut (Beyrut), then Ottoman controlled now the capital of Lebanon. Theron, moored at Beirut, was one of the vessels impacted. She dragged her anchors, was driven ashore & was wrecked. The weather conditions were such that nobody could get near to the vessel until the next morning when the storm abated. No Theron crew lives were, however, lost in the disaster. Is there anything you can add? #2005

27   Jason
243 tons

25604
1851

A snow-rigged vessel, which was completed in Apl. 1851. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1856/57 only, and, so far as I can see, not thereafter. It was owned throughout its brief lifetime, per LR, by 'Graydon' of Sunderland, for consistent service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, with W. Milburn serving throughout as the vessel's captain. Two shipping registers clarify such ownership. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 lists Wm. Milburn, Martin W. Graydon & Robt. Gilley, all of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owners, with Wm. Wilson (not LR referenced) serving as the vessel's then captain. While Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 lists W. Milburn & M. W. Graydon, both of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owners. This page (25604) notes that a certificate dated Jan. 23, 1858 advised that the vessel had been lost, presumably lost either in late 1857 or very early 1858. How it was lost, exactly when, & the circumstances are presently unknown to the webmaster. Do you have any info on such matters that you would wish to share? Or can otherwise add anything? #1995

28   Judith
238 later 216 tons

15423
1851

A snow or brig, launched or completed on Dec. 4, 1850. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1869/70, always listed as Judith. I mention that because two master lists of Sunderland built vessels, rather record the vessel as Judith Gregg. Anyway Judith was owned thru 1864/65 by Greig & Co., per LR of Stonehaven, Scotland, but it would seem that the vessel was registered at Aberdeen, Scotland, throughout its lifetime (though LR always lists Stonehaven). Turnbull's Register of 1856 lists D. Greig as the owner of the Aberdeen registered vessel with Lees her captain. For service to the Mediterranean, initially from Sunderland (1851/52), from Liverpool (1852/53 thru 1855/56) & later from Leith (1856/57 thru 1860/61). And from 1861/62 ex London. LR indicates that J. Lees was the vessel's captain thru 1860/61 & then C. Lees thru 1864/65 when the vessel was sold. The vessel was first LR recorded at 216 tons in 1856/57. In 1864/65, per LR, Connon & Co., of Stonehaven, became the vessel's owner for service from Aberdeen, Scotland, to Archangel, Russia. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1867 list Richard Cormor & Co. of Aberdeen as the vessel's then owner. A typo it would seem. MNLs of 1868 & 1870 record the Aberdeen registered vessel as then owned by Richard Connon & Co. of Aberdeen. Per LR, C. Crawford served as the vessel's captain during the entire period of 'Connon' ownership. 93.5 ft. long, signal letters LSGD. On Sep. 2, 1870, per line 342 here, the 216 ton snow stranded at Karavaldi (near Cronstadt) while en route from St. David's (South Wales) to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 11 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by Richard Connon. Do you have any additional info to add? #1996

29   Albion
349/381 tons

24752
1852

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1852/53 thru 1861/62 & not thereafter. Owned for that entire period by W. Stevens of Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, for service thru 1854/55 of Sunderland to Aden, from 1855/56 thru 1858/59 for service from London to Australia, & later ex London. The webmaster made a quick search at Trove, Australia, for references to voyages to Australia. He believes he spotted two such voyages, as follows - i) On Dec. 4, 1855 the vessel arrived at Hobart Town, Tasmania & in Feb. 1856 left on its return voyage for London ii) On Nov. 13, 1856 the vessel arrived at Adelaide, South Australia, having left London on Jul. 25. 1856. It went on to Portland, Victoria, & departed on Dec. 6, 1856 for Guam. There may well be additional voyages. On May 4, 1861, per line 1212 here, the 349 ton barque was wrecked at Narsipore (now Narsapor, Andhra Pradesh, India) while en route from Madras (now Chennai), India, to Ganjam (Odisha, India). Crew of 13 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by William Stevens. Can you tell us about the circumstances of her loss or otherwise add anything? #1979

30   Expedient
168 later 148 tons

14984
1853

A snow-rigged vessel. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1873/74. LRs of 1854/55 thru 1858/59 advises that the vessel was owned by 'D. Morice' of Aberdeen, Scotland, with 'J. Drysd'le' serving as the vessel's captain, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. Such owner & captain names are clarified by both Turnbull's Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean respectively D. Morrice & Drysdale. In 1859/60, LR lists the vessel, now of 148 tons only, as owned by Gosman & Co. of London for service from London to Lisbon. Gosman would seem to have owned the vessel for just a couple of years. In 1861/62, the vessel, per LR, became owned by G. & W. Gutch, of Poole, Dorset, who owned the vessel for the rest of its life. Under 'Gutch' ownership, the vessel was captained by 'Wilson' thru 1861/62, then 'S. Bacon' thru 1864/65 or 1865/66 & from those years 'Lane'. For consistent service, per LR, from Poole to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865, 1867 & 1868 all record George H. Gutch, of Fish Street, Poole, as the vessel's then owner. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1870. 88.0 ft. long, signal letters LQJV. Line 23 on this page, tells us that on Dec. 18, 1868, the vessel, stated to be a 15 year old 148 ton brig, stranded near Cette, France, while en route from London to Cette with a cargo of pitch. The vessel is stated to have had a crew of 6, 1 of whom lost his life in the disaster. Cette, since 1926 Sète, is on the Mediterranean coast of France, SW of Montpellier. Hopefully in due course, detail will emerge as to the circumstances of the vessel's loss. The vessel, described as a brigantine, is depicted in a painting held in the collection of the Poole Museum - entering the Moli of Naples, Italy, on Jun. 4, 1867. An image of the painting is here. Go here for available crew lists. Is there anything you can add? #1980

31   Nimrod
772/893 later 890 tons

26307
1853

A ship. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1865/66 & not thereafter (so far as I can see thru 1885/86). This newspaper launch announcement advises that the vessel was launched on Mar. 24, 1853 for John Allan, a London merchant, who intended to use the vessel in the East India trade. Owned thru 1865/66, per LR, by J. Allan & Co. of London for service from London to Port Philip (Melbourne), Australia, thru 1855/56, ex London from 1856/57 thru 1860/61 & from London to India from 1861/62 thru 1865/66. Some details on the vessel's voyages to Australia - but tell me if I have the detail wrong. i) On Sep. 14, 1853, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex London (left Jun. 9, 1853) via Plymouth. With 73 passengers mainly (67) in steerage & a general cargo. The vessel left for Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, on Oct. 16, 1853. ii) On Jun. 17, 1854, the vessel arrived at Sydney ex London (left Feb. 25, 1854). On Jun. 10, 1854 it left for Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). iii) On Oct. 18, 1855, the vessel arrived at Sydney from Gravesend, London. It later (Jan. 16, 1856) left Sydney for London. iv) On Feb. 20, 1856 the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex London (left Nov. 18, 1855). On Apl. 9, 1856 the vessel left for Madras (now Chennai), India. A vessel named Nimrod, just maybe this Nimrod, was en route from London to Karachi, now Pakistan, in early 1857. It landed at Cape Town, South Africa, the crew & passengers of Joseph Somes, a ship which, bound from London to Melbourne, had burnt at sea off Trista da Cunha in the S. Atlantic. LR of 1865/66 notes that 'our' Nimrod had been 'Condemned'. I expected that to be the end of the vessel's life. But no! The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 lists the vessel, now of 890 tons, as then registered at Calcutta, India, & owned by H. V. Jonas of Calcutta. While the 1880 equivalent lists George S. Thompson of Calcutta as her then owner. 162.5 ft. long, signal letters WCMP. It would seem that the vessel was broken up in or about 1883. Anything you can add? #1981

32   Norman
283/283, later 254 tons

23017
1853

A barque. The vessel, which was completed on Feb. 7, 1853, & registered at London on Feb. 18, 1853, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1853/54 thru 1869/70. It was initially owned, thru 1856/57, by Langton & Co. of London, with G. Walsh serving as the vessel's captain. For consistent service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. In 1857/58, per LR, the vessel, now of 254 tons, became owned by A. Wilson of London for service from Liverpool to South America, with Deans serving as her captain. From 1860/61 thru 1862/63, the vessel was owned by G. Trail of London for service ex London, with 'F. Orfeur' serving as the vessel's captain. F. Orfeur continued to be, per LR the vessel's captain thru 1869/70, the vessel being from 1862/63 owned by Cresswell & Co. of London. For service ex London. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1867 list Richard Cresswell, of London, as her then owner. While no longer LR listed, the vessel is recorded in MNLs of 1870 thru 1874, registered at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, & owned by Robert Bryce of Balmein near Sydney. 100.5 ft. long, signal letters NPVJ. A couple of crew lists are available here. Can you tell us more? #2001

33   Bankside
476/549 later 490
later 435 tons

6476
1854

A barque. It is not often the webmaster comes across a vessel which did not end up a wreck or abandoned somewhere in the world. This vessel made it safely through a life of over 30 years to its being broken up in 1885/86. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed then from 1855/56 thru 1885/86, owned thru 1860/61 by Pegg & Co., (maybe Peggs & Co.) of London. These cuttings (1 & 2) record her launch on Apl. 13, 1854. For initial service, per LR, from London to California, U.S.A., then (in 1856/57 & 1857/58) for service from Dundee to India & (in the period of 1858/59 thru 1860/61) for service from Sunderland to China. In 1861/62, S. & J. Pegg became the vessel's owner, for service which included London to Australia in the 1862/64 period, & from Sunderland to the Mediterranean during the period of 1864/67. On Feb. 9, 1863, the vessel, under the command of captain Woodruff, left the Downs for Sydney, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, arriving there on Jun. 1, 1863. It left on Jul. 25, 1863 for Shanghai, China. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867 (page 38, image soon) lists Joseph Pegg of Sunderland as the then owner of the 490 ton vessel, still registered at London. In 1868/69, per LR, Addison of London became the vessel's owner, later G. P. Addison & Co., thru 1881/82, for service from Stockton to Australia (1868/71), & from Leith to the West Indies (1871/74). On Feb. 1, 1869, the vessel left Middlesboro' for Adelaide, South Australia, under the command of Charles Davey. It arrived there on Jul. 31, 1869, went on the Sydney (arrived Sep. 22, 1869) & left Newcastle, NSW, for San Francisco on Nov. 4, 1869 with 700 tons of coal. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1870 & 1880 both record the vessel as registered at London, & owned by G. P. Addison of London. The equivalent lists of 1882 & 1885 both list Michael Hayhurst, of Sunderland, as her then owner. Hence LR of 1882/83 which lists M. Hayhurst as the then owner of the London registered vessel, thru 1885/86, in which year LR notes that the vessel had been 'Broken up'. 129.5 ft. long, signal letters JNWQ. Anything you can add? #1982

34 York
865/940, later 895 tons

4578

Vilhelm Birkedal
1855

A ship, later a barque. Per 1 (data in Norwegian & image, Vilhelm Birkedal), 2 (sepia image, Vilhelm Birkedal). The vessel, which was launched or completed on Aug. 8, 1854 was Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, as York, from 1855/56 thru 1885/86, owned throughout that long period by Allan of London, i.e. per LR J. Allan thru 1864/65, J. Allen from 1865/66 thru 1868/69, & J. Allan & Son from 1869/70. For continued service from London to India. With likely just 4 captains in that total period:- H. Redpath thru 1863/64, Brearey or Breary thru 1870/71, T. Abernethy from 1870/71 thru 1875/76 or 1876/77 & W. Brown from 1875/76 or 1876/77 to 1883/84 at least (LR of 1884/85 is not available to the webmaster). The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL'), which records the vessel at 895 tons from 1867, clarify such ownership. MNLs of 1865 thru 1882 (1880 is here) record John Harrison Allan of London as her owner. While the 1883 edition lists Henry H. Allan also of London. Per LR, 172.0 ft. long, became 167.9 ft.  in 1875 (other dimensions changed also), later 172.4 ft., signal letters JDCG later (renamed) HCKV. Strangely LR for a few years from 1876/77 lists the vessel as a schooner. In 1885/86, per LR, the vessel, now a barque 172.4 ft. long & renamed Vilhelm Birkedal, became owned by E. (Edw.) Stangebye, of Frederickstad, Norway (S. of Oslo). And captained, I read, by J. Stangebye thru 1895 & by Edw. Stangebye thereafter thru 1898. The vessel is recorded in a number of LRs, the last I have found being re 1894/95. I read that the vessel was lost, in the N. Atlantic, on Nov. 9, 1898, while en route from New York to Copenhagen, Denmark, with a cargo of oil in barrels. The vessel is said to have become leaky & had to be abandoned. Translated Norwegian words suggest that it may have caught fire. Did it? At present, very little detail as to the circumstances of the vessel's loss to hand. This contemporary newspaper cutting tells us that the vessel was abandoned leaky & that her crew was landed at Hull, but does not refer to a fire. Vilhelm Birkedal (1809/1892)? A famous Danish priest noted for his eloquence & for his extensive involvement in political matters of his day. Can you tell us more? #2009

35   Bittern
423 tons

23696
1855

A barque. The vessel, which was completed in Jul. 1855, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1856/57, then owned by 'Snowball' of Sunderland. Which, per Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856 & Christie's Shipping Register of 1858, means William Snowball of Sunderland & John Murch of Brixham, Devon. J. Murch served as the vessel's captain. It would seem (scroll to 23696) that the vessel was lost in the fall of 1863. Likely with J. Taylorson her then captain. No detail as to the circumstances of the vessel's loss are yet to hand. 129.0 ft. long, signal letters NSQP. Can you tell us more? #1987

36   Ceres
271 tons

23750
1855

A barque, later a schooner. The ship was launched on Sep. 27, 1855, per this newspaper cutting, for M. Sharp of Sunderland. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1887/88. It was owned, thru 1874/75 per LR, by Sharp & Co. - of London thru 1864/65 & of Sunderland thereafter. It would seem, however, that in 1856, per Turnbull's Register, the vessel was registered at Sunderland & owned by J. Sharp of Gateshead & R. Sharp & R. W. Weatherley, both of Sunderland., which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies as meaning John Sharp, Robert Sharp & Robert Weatherley. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1867 lists R. Sharp of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner. While the equivalent list of 1870 rather advises that Robert Weatherley of Sunderland then owned the vessel. Under 'Sharp' ownership the vessel served from Sunderland to the West Indies thru 1858/59, ex Sunderland in 1859/60 & 1860/61, from Liverpool to the Black Sea from 1861/62 thru 1865/66. From 1865/66 thru 1869/70, the vessel again served the West Indies ex Sunderland & served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland from 1869/70 thru 1874/75. In 1874/75, per LR, now a schooner, the vessel became, owned by Weatherley & Cropton of Sunderland, which became E. J. Weatherley in 1876/77 thru 1879/80. As noted above, Robert Weatherley of Sunderland, per the MNL, owned the vessel earlier, in 1870. Later editions of the MNL, re 1875, 1876 & 1879, record Edwd. John Weatherley of Sunderland as the then owner of the vessel, listed as a schooner from 1876. In 1880/81, per LR, the vessel became owned by A. J. Blink of Groningen, The Netherlands. From 1885/86, M. Kuipers of Delfzyl, (maybe Delfzijl, the Netherlands) became the vessel's owner, which owner name became M. E. Kuipers from 1886/87. 112.5 ft. long, later (from 1874/75) 113.2 ft, later (from 1886/87) 113.5 ft. long, 3 masts, signal letters NSWG. Is it possible that you can tell us what finally happened to the vessel & when? #1983

37   Birch Grove
518 later 543 tons
later (hulked) 243 & 219 tons

Birchgrove, maybe

13789
1856

A wooden barque. A cargo ship. Which had a very long life, indeed. Per 1 (data, Birch Grove - 1872), 2 (converted into a lighter in 1888), 3 (Sir John Grice, 'John Grice & Co.'), 4 (towed out to sea in 1932). 136.5 ft. long, signal letters LJMF. The vessel is Lloyd's Register listed from 1856/57 thru 1886/87 (as far as I have checked) and probably is listed after that edition. Built for S. & J. Pegg, of London, initially for service ex Sunderland, soon London to China, & Liverpool to Singapore. For a number of years was on the London to Australia route. Also to India ex Cardiff. LR of 1868/69 advises that Grice & Co. were her new owners for service to Australia ex London & Liverpool. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 records J.T. & T. S. Grice of Sunderland as the owner of the 543 ton vessel. Repairs in both 1868 & 1870. I previously noted one voyage reference to Australia but there probably are many. In 1872, owned by Grice & Co. ('Grice'), & registered at London. A Melbourne, Australia, ship from 1871 it would seem but LR of 1876/77 first mentions the registry at Melbourne of the vessel now (LR') of 543 tons. The MNL of 1880 records Richd. Grice of Melbourne as her then owner - thru, per LR, 1883/84. In LR of 1885/86, J. Benn of Melbourne is listed as her new owner. (An 1876 Register of Australian & New Zealand ships lists (on page 23) R. Grice, T. J. Sumner & J. Benn as the vessel's then owners). In 1888, the vessel was hulked (which is this case means converted to a lighter), at Melbourne, & became 243 tons only. De-registered then. Name changed to Birchgrove - earlier than 1910, but was it truly so? The MNL of 1920 records Walter W. Nicholas, of Ballarat (near Melbourne), as the then owner of the 219 ton Birch Grove. Re-registered in 1919 as a lighter by 'Victorian Lighterage Pty. Lim.' of Melbourne who were, per the MNL of 1930, (in the sail section) still the owner of Birch Grove. On Feb. 12, 1932, the vessel was towed outside of Port Phillip (near to & S. of Melbourne) & set on fire. The vessel did not sink, rather it went ashore at Nobbies, Phillip Island, & broke up. Can you provide more data? M. Negative

38   Moldavian
385 later 362 tons

12686
1857

A barque. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1857/58 thru 1873/74, owned for that entire period by G. Ward of Blyth, Northumberland. For service initially from Sunderland to Suez, later Blyth to Aden. For many years, beginning in 1862/63, the vessel's service is listed as London to China & later from Leith to the Black Sea & from Newport to the Mediterranean. For most years thru 1868/69, W. Ward was her captain - A. Ward was her captain for a short period also. Was registered at Shields or North Shields throughout its lifetime. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records Gilbert Ward, of Blyth as her then owner. 121.0 ft. long, signal letters LCTQ. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870 records Gilbert Ward, of Waterloo, Blyth, as the then owner of the 362 ton vessel. Despite the vessel being LR listed thru 1873/74, on Jun. 19, 1871, per line 1398 here, the 362 ton barque was burnt near Taganrog (Rostov Oblast, Russia, Sea of Azov, Black Sea), while en route, ex Taganrog, with a cargo of linseed. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then owned by Gilbert Ward. Is there anything you can add? #1984

39   Spring Flower
277 later 278 tons

18685
1857

A snow or brig. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, it would seem, from 1857/58 thru 1882/83. It was, per LR, owned thru 1867/68 by Potts & Co. of Sunderland with A. Dunn serving as the vessel's initial captain. From 1861/62 thru 1865/66 J. Murray would seem to have been her captain, & from 1865/66  thru 1867/68, J. Morgan. For service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, thru 1860/61, from Sunderland to North America in 1861/62 & 1862/63, ex the Clyde in 1863/64 & 1864/65 & ex Sunderland thereafter. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (1 & 2) tells us that the vessel's initial owners were James and Thomas Potts & John Clark, all of Sunderland. Though LR lists 'Potts' as the vessel's owners thru 1867/68, the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1868 rather list John Clark as her then owner, likely he was the vessel's managing owner. From 1867/68 thru 1882/83, LR lists the vessel as owned by the Watson family of Sunderland, initially 'Watson & Co.' & from 1876/77 'G. Watson'. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1870 & 1872 both list John Hunter Watson of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner & the equivalent lists of 1875 thru 1883 list George Watson. MNL of 1880 is here should you wish to see it. During the period of 'Watson' ownership, Waterman, J. Jarvis & D. Sharp served as her captains. For service ex Sunderland except in 1872/73 & 1873/74 when the vessel would seem to have traded ex Hartlepool. There was at least one voyage to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia), in 1870 & the vessel may well have traded with both Hamburg, Germany & with Calais, France. 102.0 ft. long, signal letters MNTP. LR of 1882/83 notes that the vessel had gone 'Missing'. So far the webmaster has not been able to determine the circumstances of her loss. Can you help in that regard or otherwise add anything? #1985

40   Zeno
306 tons

19797
1857

A barque, which was launched or completed in Aug. 1857. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1858/59 thru 1880/81, & throughout that period would seem to have had two owners only. T. Humble of Sunderland (Thomas Humble per Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 & Thos. Humble of Bishopwearmouth per the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865) thru 1875/76 & W. B. Tully & Co., also of Sunderland, from & after 1876/77. MNLs of 1878 thru 1880 list John Tully of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner. In reality, it would seem that Humble & Tully may well have always been partners in the ownership of the vessel. Turnbull's Register of 1874 lists T. Humble as owning 8 shares in the vessel & J. Tully, jun. the other 56 shares. Always for voyages from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. With four, possibly only three, captains per LR. i.e. Kirton thru 1862/63, Walker from 1862/63 thru 1866/67, B. Wood from 1867/68 thru 1872/73 & Woods thereafter thru 1880/81. LR is not good at recording captain's names. Could it be that B. Wood & Woods are the same person? 108.0 ft. long, signal letters MTKR. LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel had 'Stranded'. Data about the standing are not yet to hand. Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's stranding or otherwise add anything? I note that the vessel was off the Lizard on Jul. 13, 1880. So its loss would be later than then. #2007

41   Staindrop
230 tons

21371
1858

A snow or brig completed in Jun. 1858. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1859/60 thru 1862/63 only, owned throughout that period, per LR, by Wilson & Co. of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 states that the then owners of the 230 ton snow were Joshua, Henry, Charles, & Caleb S. Wilson, Thomas Blain, Matthew H. Heslop & Hugh Adamson, all of Sunderland. LR of 1862/63 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. On Dec. 1, 1862, per line 2542 here, the vessel was lost off Ushant (a small rocky island in the English Channel off the coast of Brittany, near Brest, France) while en route from Bordeaux, France, to Sunderland, in ballast. Crew of 9 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by Joshua Wilson. Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss or otherwise add anything? #1986

42 Thomas Wood
520 tons

27503
1859

A wooden barque. Per 1 (data, Thomas Wood, the 2nd ref. to the name). The vessel is not listed at Miramar. Now the webmaster had a number of Lloyd's Registers ('LR') available to him (when image at left was created) for what would appear to be most of Thomas Wood's life. Built for 'Ritson & Co.', of Sunderland - Francis Ritson per the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865. Later MNLs list 'Ritson Bros.' (1867 thru 1875 incl. 1870) & Francis Ritson again from 1876 thru 1880. 'F. & W. Ritson' per LR of 1876/77. Under 'Ritson' ownership, the vessel had a number of captains i.e. A. Millar, Gadd, Gibson & S. Ingham. The vessel would seem to have traded initially to India & later to Japan. 125.0 ft. long, signal letters PRMK. In the 1880/81 edition of LR, 'V. Nilsen', apparently of Sweden, had become the vessel's owner. The vessel is not recorded in the 1882/83 edition, at least not as Thomas Wood. It may well have been renamed & registered in Sweden. At this point, I am unable to tell you what finally happened to her. But we can tell you that the ship's bell has survived, & a composite image of it is at left, thanks to a kindly site visitor. Some crew lists are here. Anything to add or correct? An image of the ship?

GEORGE BARKER (1843-1870)

For a very long time, in this spot, I indicated that George Barker had a shipbuilding yard, in the Wreath Quay area from 1843 to 1870. It would now seem that those dates are rather the total period during which George Barker built ships - initially, from 1843, at North Dock,  then (certainly in 1853) at Wreath Bank/Ravenswheel, & from 1863 at Wreath (or Wreaths) Quay. We thank 'Local Studies' for that interesting data. It would appear that he built wooden sailing ships only & stopped building ships in about 1870 when building ships of iron became the norm.

'Local Studies' also advises us that George Barker was long involved in the local political scene, as a Councillor during the period of 1855-1869 & thereafter, until his death in 1880, as an Alderman. Now this section is largely prepared from data kindly provided by Andrew Barker - George Barker was Andrew's GGG Grandfather. Andrew tells us that George was 'quite ill' for a number of years prior to his death in 1880.

The 'Local Studies' data is available via an on site 'George Barker' build list or directly from here.

Andrew advises us that the Barkers' came originally from Staffordshire. William Barker, George Barker's grandfather, was a potter at Southwick near to Wreath Quay. William & his wife Sarah (nee Hinton) had many children - 8 maybe though a number of those died at birth or when very young. The move into shipbuilding came later.

While Andrew is not certain, it would seem that George Barker may have been an illegitimate child, the mother maybe being Ann Barker (Hannah Barker perhaps) (b.1796), who would have been 19 years old when she had George. George would seem to have had two uncles, James, just 10 years older than George, a Master Smith, Blacksmith & ship smith who lived at 58 Hendon Street & worked in Union Lane. And another uncle also named George. George married & had three children, it would appear. There were many Barkers' & the historical record, even census & local directory data, is quite confused particularly re the names of Barkes & Barker. If you can provide additional data, do please consider doing so.

Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by 'Barker' of Sunderland - added as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in registered date sequence. Just two vessels so far.

1   Excelsior
389 later 480 tons

12374
1856

A wooden barque. 1 (a Google translation into English of this Danish web page. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1866/67, & I had thought not thereafter - clearly not so. Owned thru 1866/67 by T. White of South Shields, initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. A puzzle perhaps is that the vessel appears not to be listed at Shields in Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. In LR editions of 1859/60 & 1860/61, service ex Shields to India is noted, later to the Mediterranean ex both Sunderland & Shields. From 1865/66 the vessel served out of the Clyde. 125.0 ft. long, built of oak, signal letters LBNV. The Mercantile Navy List of 1867, lists Thomas White, of South Shields, as the vessel's then owner. LR of 1866/67 states 'stranded'. No detail as to what happened to her at that time has yet come to hand. It would seem, however, that Excelsior must have survived the 1866/67 stranding, been rebuilt (certainly made longer), & sold out of U.K. registration to Danish owners. But we do have more! Thanks to Niels Hald-Andersen I can advise you that in or about 1868 the vessel was acquired by J. S. Pontoppidan, of Helsingør (Elsinore), Denmark. It continued to be owned at Helsingør for the rest of its life. It was sold (at a date not known) to V. D. Møller, and sold three further times, in 1886 to Chr. Rohmann, in 1892 to W. Bille, & in 1894 to N. Clausen. All of Helsingør. LR of 1892/93 lists Excelsior, a 479 ton wooden barque, 137.1 ft. long, signal letters now NQDB, built by George Barker of Sunderland. I cannot understand what is recorded re the year of build. It looks to be 18 56/76. Then owned by Actieselskab (Chr. Rohmann), & registered at Elsinore. At the top of this listing are links to a Danish site with details, in Danish, of a vessel named Excelsior, a wooden barque stated to have been built at Sunderland in 1856. Google translated the text for me into (modest) English. LR of 1896/97 references her loss by collision. Excelsior, of Elsinore, Denmark, was hit & sunk on Oct. 13, 1896 by Orsino, a 2048 ton steamer built by R. Thompson & Co. of Sunderland in 1880. Excelsior had been en route, in ballast, from Copenhagen, Denmark, to Hernösand, in the N. of Sweden (Gulf of Bothnia). The collision took place, it would seem SW of Ystad, S. coast of Sweden. Of interest, there were three vessels named Excelsior built at Sunderland in 1856. This one, built by George Barker, another built by R. Y. Watson (here) & a third 21 ton vessel (here). Any further thoughts? #1921

2 Devon
355 tons

47736

Maria Dolores
J.R.
1864

A barque. 119.3 ft. long, signal letters VPTH. Vessel not listed at Miramar. Built for 'Ln'gridge', of Sunderland, for the Mediterranean & Black Sea trade. Note however, that the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 states George H. Loveridge to be the vessel's then owner. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register ('LR') available - see left. In 1874/75, J. Tully & Co.), also of Sunderland, became the vessel's owners (in 1880, per the MNL, George Tully). And so it stayed, a barque, owned by Tully, thru 1889/90, the last edition of LR that I have available. The eBay listing which stimulated this listing referred to the vessel later becoming a barquentine named Maria Dolores, & that in 1916 'she was sold to Las Palmas'. Absent later editions of LR, I cannot determine when the vessel became Maria Dolores, nor when she became a barquentine. What finally happened to her, I wonder? Bob Todd, Specialist Curator of Historic Photographs at the National Maritime Museum ('NMM') in Greenwich, has kindly been in touch (thanks so much Bob!) to add to the history. As far as Bob can tell the vessel never was, in fact, a barquentine. LR of 1890/91 first records her as Maria Dolores, a barque, indeed Spanish owned. And the LRs of 1896/97 thru 1921/22 record the vessel, renamed J.R., as still a barque. The vessel is not listed in the 1922/23 edition. A 1914 image in the NMM collection shows her at Lowestoft Harbour, still a barque. Can you add anything additional?

JAMES BARKES (1834-1842)
JOHN BARKES (1838-1869)
G. BARKES (1850-1850)
BARKES & CLARK (1852-1852)

For a long time indeed, this section was little more than a name & a couple of dates. 'Barkes' had, I understood, a shipbuilding yard in the Wreath Quay area from 1838 to 1869. Thanks to Stan Mapstone here.

Now, in late Oct. 2009, thanks to data sources provided by Diana Stewart, we can modestly expand this listing re 'Barkes'. The data would seem to originate from two main sources, from an article of unknown date by 'Blue Peter', writer/contributor to the 'Sunderland Echo' I do believe, really J. W. (Bill) Smith, of Gateshead, one of the authors of 'Where Ships Are Born' & from Stan Mapstone referred to above. Specifically from here & here.

The 'Barkes' story seems to commence with John Barkes, (1781/1862), cartwright & carpenter of Low Road, Bishopswearmouth. The family name is sometimes referred to as 'Barkas' or 'Barkus'. Now John had (at least) three sons, named James (1807/1890) and John (1812/1885), James being the older of the two. And also Robert (1816/1895) who is Diana Stewart's ancestor & also worked at the shipyard. 1834 found James building ships, at Wreath Quay, but, it would seem, for a short time only, i.e. through 1842/3 when the depression known as the 'Hungry Forties' put him & many others out of business. The business reopened in 1844 under John Barkes, who had by then shipbuilding in his blood - he apparently trained as a shipwright & draughtsman under James Laing, & may have built ships at both Milford Haven & at South Hylton before going into business at Wreath Quay. He married Isabella, daughter of Deptford shipbuilder John Robinson. I wonder whether James & Robert were involved in the business in its later years?

Shipbuilding continued at Wreath Quay through until 1869, with a total of some 60 ships built over that period. Does anybody have a listing of the vessels produced by the Barkes yard? And ship repairing was an important component of the business also, a 'grid iron', an early version of the Austin 'pontoon' perhaps, being provided at riverside. Ships were floated onto it at high water & were repaired while the tide was out.

Do please note that the above data does not perfectly match the names & dates at the head of this section, which data originated, I read, in J. F. Clarke's 'Building Ships on the North East Coast'. Of particular interest to the webmaster is J. F. Clarke's reference to 'Barkes & Clark' in 1852. More re that association or partnership a little further below.

Please note also that the webmaster is not 100% clear as to where exactly Wreath Quay was located. There is a Wreath's Quay on the north bank of the river, rather to the west of the bridges & shown on this 1895 map. But it would seem that the term was applied also to what later became known as 'Bridge Dock', on the north bank & immediately to the west of the railway bridge. Can you clarify that matter? The consensus seems to be that the 'Barkes' Wreath Quay is the one shown in that 1895 map.

Ships at that time were of modest size, mainly brigs & barques up to a few hundred tons. 'Blue Peter' mentions a few of the ships that they built. Eleanor the very first 'Barkes' ship of all, Harbinger & Tiberias, both barques used in cargo-passenger trade to Australia, & Ancient Mariner, a fully rigged ship & the largest ship ever produced by the yard at 619 tons. The entire build list must be quite extensive.

And we must especially note Loftus.

Loftus (Ship #25906) has the distinction of being the very first iron ship to be built on the River Wear. Of just 77 tons, a schooner, the ship was built for George Foster, of Sunderland, to transport iron ore from Cleveland Hills in the Tees river area to Sunderland. Or, per a link below, to carry iron from England to France. I see, in passing, that a village of 'Loftus' is marked on my map of the Tees area, presumably the source of the ship's name? But the ship does have more questions related to it than it has answers, some of which questions were well asked in 'Where Ships Are Born' & are repeated here:-

Iron shipbuilding was introduced to the Wear in a strange manner, and very little indeed is known of the circumstances connected with it, for the first iron ship was built by George Clark, who became famous as a marine engine builder, and whose name is still in Sunderland engineering to-day.

Her name was Loftus, and she was built by George Clark in conjunction with John Barkes who was a shipbuilder. She was very small, of 77 tons, was schooner rigged and classed A.1 at Lloyds. The owner was G. Foster, the vessel described as a Sunderland coaster belonging to the port of Sunderland. There is no proof that she was fitted with a screw, nor is there any support for this theory in Lloyd's Register of Shipping. One wonders, however, why George Clark, an engineer, was connected with the building of a ship, and why this launch, which took place on February 27, 1852, was the only one with which he was associated. There is only one reference available on the subsequent career of the Loftus. This states that she was engaged by the Consett Iron Company in the carrying of iron ore from the Cleveland district to the Wear.

The 'partnership' of Barkes & George Clark would seem to have been of a short duration - just 1852. From my perspective, it seems to me that Loftus should be credited to 'Barkes & Clark' rather than only to Clark or even to 'Clark & Barkes'. Barkes would seem to have been the shipbuilder & the lion's share of the ship's building must surely have been conducted at a shipyard. And whatever George Clark (1815/1883 or maybe 1885) contributed to the partnership, which contribution you would think would relate to engines or to the use of metals generally, would be secondary to the carpentry/shipbuilding skills necessary for its then building - absent any record that the Loftus was steam engine powered. George is noted, of course for his marine engines constructed at the G. Clark Ltd. Engine Works, immediately to the east of the Queen Alexandra Bridge. George's facility was in 1852 described as being a 'boiler works' at Deptford. His very first marine engine was installed, I read, in James Laing's Alfred, two years later in 1854. I suspect that Clark may have been involved only with the iron used in the hull construction.

It is interesting to note, however, the words of J. A. Marr recorded here. He indicates that the first screw propelled steamship built at Sunderland was Experiment, & that Loftus was the second. Now Experiment may not properly count because she was built as a sailing ship & only later, when altered by Robert Thompson, became a steamer. But his words re Loftus are intriguing indeed. He indicates that Loftus was built by Barkus but engined by George Clark.

Loftus is listed, I see, in Lloyd's Register of 1856/7 at least, but I cannot spot the name in the editions of 1862/3 & 1865/6. So it may very well have had a change of name in the interval.

During the later years of his shipbuilding, so 'Blue Peter' advises us, John Barkes went into ship owning but this venture proved disastrous & probably accounted for the closure of the yard in 1869. 'Perhaps the builder would have fared better had he concentrated his efforts on shipbuilding alone. Before he left Wreath Quay the local shipowner-politician E. T. Gourley would seem to have proposed a partnership in iron shipbuilding but for some reason Barkes turned-down the suggestion.'

Can you add anything to this whole most interesting subject? Such as ...Who was G. Barkes? Not, I am advised, another son of John Barkes, (1781/1862). More data re Loftus? A build list? Or, could it be possible, any related images? If so, your contribution would be most welcome.

TO END THE PAGE

eBay vendors who provide quality listing images with no logos

First the good news. A start on a list of eBay vendors whose maritime & Sunderland related listed items include quality images without intrusive logos. Just a few vendors with items regularly in my watch list. In alphabetic order. I will add to it as other sites come to mind. But ... suggestions for vendors to be added to the list would be most welcome. It would be my hope that the vendors listed below will be rewarded by eBayers, for the integrity of their listing practices.

1

cobwebpostcards

2

natterjack57

3

prints-4-all

4

rji2002

5

searching01

6

shipsearchphotos

7

travtaff

I do hope that you will not find the following to be presumptuous.

In building these pages, the webmaster has found lots of data relevant to the particular subject at hand via eBay 'university'. Often not by specifically searching for it, rather by finding it by accident. A reference to a book perhaps, maybe an early print or an interesting postcard. And last but not least images, most often of ships that were built at Sunderland.

I should tell you clearly that I DO use such eBay images on site, lots of them in fact. But in doing so, I try, very hard indeed, to treat the eBay vendors with honour. I provide links to hundreds of such eBay images throughout the site - and I often even provide links to the eBay store of the vendor in question. Both in some small way to thank the vendor i) by effectively advertising the availability of his item & ii) for the use of his listing images. Only when a listing is long expired do I use, on site, the full size listing images that were provided.

Now only a few of the eBay listing images I see are usable. They are so often too small, out of focus or otherwise unusable. Often they have 'logos' prominently written across them - to dissuade somebody like yours truly from using the image &, I presume, to protect the purchaser of the item. My own belief is that when a purchaser buys an item, a postcard perhaps, he or she buys that postcard, but does not buy the related listing image of that postcard. I have to think that an image displayed on eBay & available to the entire world is effectively in the public domain. I say that not as a lawyer. Rather as someone trying to develop an interesting website that informs & educates anybody interested enough to search the site - which site is non-profit, free of membership, free of access, has no fees, intrusive advertising, pop-ups etc. A rarity, these days!

The use of such 'logos' seems to be steadily increasing. And so often the logos are placed across an image in a place that makes it quite impossible to remove by someone with my limited photo editing skills. One vendor in particular, a vendor who has provided modest listing images for many years with no logos, & to whose images there are still many links, has recently added a most intrusive logo across all of his listing images. I wrote to the vendor, but from his perspective he feels he is fully justified & does not propose to re-consider the matter. Gradually, as I find them again, I am removing all links to his sale items & will reference such items no more.

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001    PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

To Thomas M. M. Hemy Data Page 41. All of the other Thomas Hemy pages, including image pages, are accessible though the index on Thomas Hemy page 05. [ ] £ ö

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