May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 01. PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

If you want to make a comment, a site guestbook is here. Test.

On this page ... data about Czar, Vojshvillo artwork, medals to Czar crew, Jānis Smiltnieks, fine 1913 images, Charles Hogger, Jan Saulesley, Volturno survivors rescued by Czar, Czar postcards, Czar documents, an earlier Czar, page bottom.

To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.

I will place on this page such data as can be found about the Czar, a steamer that was part of the Volturno rescue fleet & indeed landed 102 Volturno survivors at the port of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, on Oct. 14, 1913. Hopefully the page will expand as new data becomes available.


I like to start off each vessel page with a good and preferably large image of the particular ship. With the Czar, that has not been easy to do because of a lack of available imagery. However a postcard of the Czar, mailed, I understand, in May 1920 was sold on eBay in early Dec. 2004 for U.S. $22.00. For a number of months, I showed the eBay listing image on this page since it was the only Czar image I had. But now the purchaser of the item, Alexey Shirokoff from Moscow, has kindly been in contact & has provided a large scan of that postcard. Alexey, thank you so very much. The image is splendid!

On this page (left column, about 55% down) there would seem to be an image of the vessel as a troop ship. 

For quite a while, I was not able to find any data whatsoever about the Czar. But, Ted Finch has come to the rescue. Ted answered a question about the ship in 1998 on a rootsweb message board. It would seem that the Czar had a long life (1912-1949) & many names. Ted essentially advised as follows (with additions from other sources):

The Czar was a 6,503 gross ton ship, built by Barclay, Curle & Co, of Glasgow in 1912 for the Russian American Line (Russian East Asiatic Steamship Co.). Her details were - length 425 ft x beam 53.2 ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw & a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 30 - 1st class, 260 - 2nd class & 1,086 - 3rd & 4th class passengers. She was launched on Mar. 23, 1912. Her maiden voyage was from Libau to Copenhagen & New York on May 30, 1912. (I learn that Libau is the English name for Liepaja, an ice-free Latvian port on the Baltic Sea.) Her last voyage on this service started on Jul. 17, 1914 & on Sep. 13, 1914 she commenced Archangel - New York sailings. After the Russian revolution, she was transferred to British registry & placed under the management of the Cunard SS Co. In 1919 she was laid up it would seem, & in Sep. 1920 transferred to Baltic American Line. In Jan. 1921 she was returned to the East Asiatic Co of Copenhagen (owners of the Russian American Line). They renamed her Estonia & placed her on the transatlantic service with the Baltic American Line. On Jan. 11, 1921, she sailed from Glasgow for New York, Danzig & Libau, & on Feb. 23, 1921 commenced Libau - Danzig - Boston - New York sailings.

In Feb. 1925, she was refitted to accommodate 290 cabin & 500 3rd class passengers & in Mar. 1926 was refitted again to 110 cabin, 180 tourist & 500 3rd class passengers. Her last Danzig - Copenhagen - Halifax - New York voyage started on Jan. 31, 1930 & she was then (in Feb. 1930) sold to the Polish owned Gdynia-America Line. On Mar. 13, 1930, she started a single round voyage between Danzig, Copenhagen, Halifax & New York & was then renamed Pulaski. She started sailing between Danzig, Halifax & New York under this name on Apl. 25, 1930 & commenced her last North Atlantic voyage - Gdynia - Copenhagen - Halifax - New York on Aug. 18, 1935. Transferred to the Gdynia - Buenos Aires service on Feb. 28, 1936 & started her last voyage on this route on Apl. 21, 1939. On Aug. 24, 1939, just before the outbreak of WWII, she sailed from Gdynia for Falmouth & was used as a troopship during WWII. She was again renamed - Empire Penryn, under British registry in 1946 & arrived on Feb. 19, 1949 at Blyth to be scrapped.

This page (Penryn) seems to indicate that she may have been managed by a number of other companies in her lifetime. Look under 'Penryn'. And there is more detailed data here. Look under 'Pulaski' second item down on the page when I visited. Thanks particularly to Marek Twardowski. There may possibly be an image available through the University of Baltimore - there used to be a site which I cannot find again.

Miramar reference the vessel here. But you need to register to access the data now.

I have now found a couple of images of the vessel. At left below is the Czar, later in life after she had been renamed the Estonia in Jan. 1921. And at right, an image after she was named the Empire Penryn in 1946. The Estonia image came from the enormous 'Ships and Ships' site that Aleksi Lindström of Finland used to maintain. It seems to be no longer in operation, today. The image at right is courtesy of Heinz Nederkorn whose fine Cunard site I believe, also no longer exists. We thank them both! Both images are, in fact, of the very same ship, I trust? To my eye the ships' proportions look quite different. It has been a while since I checked this page. The image at right was not on Heinz's site in 2007 & now the site is gone. 'kochsmolli' advises that the vessel at right below is, in fact, Campania of 1893.

Can you help with new data? Perhaps with more images of the ship?

I also read that the Czar had departed New York, headed east, on Oct. 4, 1913. Her route would seem to have been Rotterdam to New York via Halifax, Canada. And that the Captain of the Czar wired a survivors list to Rotterdam, on Oct. 13, 1913.

'THE SS TZAR ON OCTOBER 9th 1913' - by Russian artist Eugeniy Vojshvillo

The fine postcard image of the Czar that I presented above, was provided to the webmaster by Alexey Shirokoff of Moscow. Alexey has since provided a fine image of an artwork by Russian marine artist Eugeniy Vojshvillo entitled 'The SS Tzar on October 9th 1913'. I will first show you the full work. And then a section of the work, the bottom left area which shows the Volturno burning & the stern of the Tzar. Alexey advises me that the image is of an illustration that appeared in a 1980s magazine entitled 'Morskoy flot', which means 'Sea fleet' in English.

I have tried to find data on the WWW about the artist, so far with little success. Alexey tells me, however, that he lived in St. Petersburg. There was a reference to a marine artist named E. V. Voishvillo, on a 'Museum of the World Ocean' page (of Kaliningrad, Russia) where they referred in a 4th paragraph to 'drawings by the outstanding painter of seascapes E. V. Voishvillo', which painter is, I trust, the same artist. But I cannot spot any such reference any longer, in 2010.

The work is wonderful & is a fine addition to the site!


On Jan Daamen's site there is a list of the crew of the Czar provided by Tony Jones of North Wales. Here, with his kind permission, is Tony's list, which I believe is of medal recipients re the Volturno rescue. 20 names in total. Thank you, Tony!

Ivan Ivanowitsch Smiltnieks Captain Andrei Janow Spalwin Seaman
Jan Nicholaiewitsch Zemtur 1st Mate Jan Tomasow Lepik Seaman
Jan Jorenow Saulesley 2nd mate Augustin Alexandrowitsch Marip Seaman
Andrei Jacowlew Janowsky 3rd mate Karl Janos Eggy Seaman
Fritz Karlowitsch Weibner 4th mate Jan Adamow Acztyn Seaman
Laas Petrow Ader Carpenter Martin Janow Karklin Seaman
Peter Jurjew Tenn Quartermaster Mikkel Janow Kiude Seaman
Alfred Gustavow Saar Quartermaster Tom Limanow Puleka Seaman
Ernst Janow Mengelson Quartermaster Krish Jumanow Winter Assistant Steward
Girt Janow Shauklis Seaman Krish Andrejew Kolberg Barman

It would seem that Captain Smiltnieks was granted a 'piece of plate', yes indeed, see image below. And that the other 19 names were awarded the Sea Gallantry Medal. Binocular glasses or pieces of plate were also awarded to officers Zemtur, Saulesley, Janowsky & Weibner.

Charles Hogger?

SMILTNIEKS, Jānis (or Ivan Ivanowitsch) (1876/1952)

For many years, the name of the Captain of the Czar has been recorded above as 'Ivan Ivanowitsch Smiltnek' though there are other references in contemporary newspaper reports to 'Smiltneck' also. In Dec. 2009, correspondence was received from André Jan Smilts, (thank you André!) who advises that the Captain was his grandfather on his father's side, but that his grandfather's name correctly was 'Jānis Smiltnieks'. Which is a puzzle since all of the words in the previous recording of his name must therefore be incorrect. André advises, however:- I assume that his name was likely changed into the Russian way to spell it & maybe even translated from Russian Cyrillic into English. It seemed to be quite common for the authorities in those days to change the spelling of a person's name from the name given them by their parents. Andre's wife adds that most of the names of the crew of Czar, who received medals as above, seem to be Latvians & Estonians who also had their names 'Russified'. Anyway the Captain was Latvian & lived at Liepaja (also known as Libau), Latvia. Indeed he became Harbour Captain there after the Russian Revolution. He married Marie, who was of Danish origin. André further advises that his grandfather escaped to Sweden during the war when Latvia was invaded by the Soviet Russians & passed away in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1952.

The 'Smiltnieks' family is possession of a gold watch which the Captain received from Lloyd's & also a silver bowl which he received from the British government, both respecting his services re Volturno. His name is also misspelled on both of them!

André has kindly provided some very fine images, related to his grandfather, Jānis Smiltnieks, which follow next on this page.

First a portrait of Jānis Smiltnieks, with Marie Smiltnieks, his wife, nee Matzen, born in Aabenraa, Denmark, at right.

Next, a fine image of the silver bowl, 'Presented by the British Government to Iwan Iwanowitsch Smiltneck, Master of the steamship "Czar," of Libau, in acknowledgement of his humanity and kindness to the shipwrecked crew and passengers of the steamship "Volturno" of London, which was burnt in the North Atlantic Ocean on the 9th October 1913.' Image thanks to André Jan Smilts.

Next a composite image of the 'Lloyd's' gold Tiffany watch which was 'Presented to the Captain of the steamer "Czar" Mr. Ivan Smiltneck for his bravery on the high sea in saving 102 souls of "S.S. Volturno" Oct. 10th 1913. - A. E. Johnson, Henry Norman, Max Norman, Max Straus.' Images again thanks to André Jan Smilts.

André did direct us here (7th item down but the link no longer works) for information in Latvian about his grandfather. The webmasters skill with Latvian is non-existent, so I am glad that I provided a WWW translation of the Latvian text (probably full of errors & likely humorous also) & then the original text.

Jānis Smiltnieks

J. Smiltnieks (1876.–1952.g.) – excellent seagoing master Latvian port of Liepaja and the Chairman of the Board (1918.-1937.g.). Skolojies Liepaja naval college and trade Academy in Copenhagen. During World War II was Russia's Baltic Fleet transportkuģa "Lüdi" Commander. He, as President in 1918 arranged for the Board of Liepaja port, the port police and the traffic by sea between Liepaja, Ventspils and Riga. The trading ship, which was robbed of the German occupation power, owns the shipping traffic along the coast to foreign ports. Cleaned the port of grimekļiem - ships, tugs, boats. His time of war held in the port reconstruction, sales channel deepening to spridzināšanu. J. Smiltnieks bermontiešu attack was arranged during the amphibious floating structures, highlighting the Pavilostas ammunition and transport by sea between Liepaja and Riga, while he also helped the Latvian Provisional Government of the British squadron to receive arms. J. Smiltnieks was linked to a significant historical event - in the Atlantic Ocean in 1913, when he courageously effected the rescue of passengers from the burning British ship "Volturno". He died in Stockholm. Awarded the 'Three Stars'.

J. Smiltnieks (1876.–1952.g.) – izcils latviešu tālbraucējs kapteinis un Liepājas ostas valdes priekšsēdētājs (1918.– 1937.g.). Skolojies Liepājas jūrskolā un tirdzniecības akadēmijā Kopenhāgenā. Pirmajā pasaules karā bijis Krievijas Baltijas flotes transportkuģa "Ludi" komandieris. Viņš kā priekšsēdētājs 1918.gadā noorganizējis Liepājas ostas valdi, ostas policiju un satiksmi pa jūru starp Liepāju, Ventspili un Rīgu. Ar tirdzniecības tvaikoņiem, kas tika atņemti vācu okupācijas varai, nodibinājis kuģniecības satiksmi gar piekrasti ar ārzemju ostām. Iztīrījis ostu no grimekļiem – kuģiem, velkoņiem, laivām. Viņa laikā pēc kara notika ostas atjaunošana, tirdzniecības kanāla padziļināšana ar spridzināšanu. J. Smiltnieks bermontiešu uzbrukuma laikā noorganizēja peldlīdzekļus desanta izcelšanai pie Pāvilostas un munīcijas transportu pa jūru starp Liepāju un Rīgu, turklāt viņš arī palīdzēja Latvijas pagaidu valdībai no Lielbritānijas eskadras saņemt ieročus. J. Smiltnieks saistīts vēl ar kādu nozīmīgu vēstures notikumu – 1913.gadā Atlantijas okeānā viņš varonīgi vadīja degošā Lielbritānijas kuģa "Valturno" pasažieru glābšanu. Miris Stokholmā. Apbalvots ar Triju Zvaigžņu ordeni.

An article in the Oct. 10, 1936 issue of 'Kurzemes Vards', a Latvian newspaper, seems to refer to the Captain & the Volturno. The whole newspaper is here & the article, from page 6 of that newspaper, is here.

In late Nov. 2010, 'out of the blue', an e-mail message was received from Dmitriev Dmitrij, of Riga, Latvia. Bearing gifts indeed. Thanks so very much, Dmitriev! Three very fine images, including, in the first image that follows, images of, per Dmitriev, both Jānis Smiltnieks (at right) & Jan Nicholaiewitsch Zemtur, the First Mate, (at left). Now I often adjust images with Picasa to make images more 'black & white'. But this first period image is just superb just as it is. As first follows. The complete image can be seen here.

The second image below shows, I do believe, the same two officers with a damaged Czar lifeboat, again Jānis Smiltnieks at right & Jan Zemtur (in the middle). 'Black & white' adjusted in this case.

And last but not least is a fine image of the Czar crew. But neither 'Smiltnieks' nor 'Zemtur' seem to be in this particular image.

Thanks so much, Dmitriev. All three images are wonderful & are fine additions to the site.


Two guestbook messages from Liz Marchbank (1 & 2), the detective work of Liz's cousin John Hogger, & the archives of 'Veteran Wireless Operators Association', (thank you all!), reveal the interesting involvement of Charles Hogger in the dramatic 1913 Volturno rescue. An image of Charles is at left next below.


Charles Hogger (1875/1970), was born in Weymouth, Dorset, & began his working life as a seaman. In his 30s, however, he developed what proved to be a lifelong interest in 'wireless' communications. And when Volturno was on fire in Oct. 1913, Charles was the Radio Operator, perhaps the Chief Radio Officer, of Czar, one of the many vessels that were at the disaster scene in mid Atlantic.

Czar indeed has the distinction of being one of the two vessels which rescued the largest number of passengers & crew of Volturno - 102 in total. (Grosser Kurfürst was the other vessel - it rescued a total of 105 passengers & crew).

Charles Hogger's name is not included in the above list of names of Czar crew members who were awarded the prestigious Sea Gallantry Medal or pieces of plate or binoculars. So what, you may ask, was his involvement in the rescue?

I can best answer that question by stating that later in life, in Feb. 1938,  he was honoured at a meeting of the Commercial Telegraphers Union of America, & was presented with a scroll and a citation of the 'The Veteran Wireless Operators Association Incorporated' which reads in part as follows:-

Hogger's first appearance in the limelight was in 1913, when he was on the S. S. Tzar, of the Russian-American Line, en route from the United States to Russia. The S. S. Volturno had caught fire in mid-ocean, and although four liners were standing by, none of them could launch boats on account of the high seas. The Tzar, however, dared the waves and launched three boats, the last of which was manned by operator Hogger after the First and Second Officer of the ship had refused to make a third attempt to reach the vessel. For the part he played in rescuing forty-three children in this last rescue party, Hogger was given, in person, a solid gold watch, by Czar Nicholas of Russia.

The citation, you can see it next below, shows the very gold watch that he received from the hand of Czar Nicholas.

The webmaster can only accept this new & interesting information. He certainly cannot quarrel with Czar Nicholas whose award surely indicates that Charles Hogger's role in the Volturno rescue must have been significant. But the webmaster should point out that other data elsewhere on this page & in this site indicates that five 'trips' were made to the scene by Czar lifeboats. Very early on Oct. 10, 1913, in total darkness, when other vessels had ceased sending boats until daylight. The first was under the command of the Chief Officer Zemtur. The 2nd thru 4th commanded by the third officer Janowsky & the 5th commanded by the second officer/2nd mate Saulesley or Saulesly. All of whom were granted Sea Gallantry Medals as clearly were also the seamen who manned the oars. Why was a Sea Gallantry Medal not issued to Charles Hogger? I cannot answer that question. I can only suggest that the data available so far may prove to be fragmentary & hope that more data might yet emerge to clarify the events.

We cannot show you the certificate that Charles Hogger was given that day in Feb. 1938. But we can show you a blank of the certificate document, which, completed & signed of course, would have been presented to him.

The WWW has most limited data available about Charles Hogger. A data 'snippet' is available here ex here. And near the bottom of this page are the following words 'Honor scrolls went to ... and to Charles Hogger, a much-honored operator once personally decorated by the Czar of Russia. Mr. Hogger, his lapel heavy with medals, was a guest.'

Now the webmaster may be quite wrong in his conclusion, but it seems likely Charles Hogger is shown in this image above on this page - the left officer of the two seated officers as you view the sepia image. You can see both images at left. It seems to me at least that there is a strong facial similarity between the unidentified officer at left, taken I presume in 1913, & the Charles Hogger image at right, taken 25 years later.

Could facial recognition software give a percentage likelihood that both images are of the same person?


Melissa Groeneveld, whose family were aboard the Volturno & all survived, has provided me with a lengthy typed account, attributed to K. Funken or Funben, a 26 year old crew member of the Volturno on that fateful trip in 1913 & a storekeeper. His family lived in Wylre, Limburgse, Holland. He was, I read, one of the very last to leave the Volturno, & left at about the same time as Captain Inch, who carried the ship's documents & the dog. We must not forget the doggie! (The New York Times had an article about the doggie at the time. That article probably can now be accessed on page 9. See link for 'Jack' the ship's dog, (and also) near the top of the page!)

Now re most matters re the Volturno, when you try to confirm data, one has difficulty. Captain Inch surely was taken aboard the Kroonland, & was manifest listed when the Kroonland arrived in New York. You would therefore expect the manifests for that vessel to list K. Funken or Funben. But his name does not seem to appear on the Kroonland Ellis Island manifest data which did seem (but does no longer) to be one vessel where the survivor numbers agreed exactly. Nor does the name appear on Jan Daamen's site where he reports upon articles in the Rotterdam papers of the period. And they, logically, would have had an especial interest in citizens of Dutch origin. So we have an unexplained little mystery. Where did K. Funken's or Funben's name get listed in the Kroonland Ellis Island manifest lists. I have no answer to that question yet. But I suspect that he was saved, in fact, not by the Kroonland but rather by another rescue vessel. A 'J. Funken', job unknown, does appear in Jan Daamen's Volturno crew list available on this page. Indicating he was saved but by an unknown vessel. But now we have the answer! He was rescued by the Grosser Kurfürst, in fact, as you can see on page 36.

It would seem that Jan Saulesley was aboard one of the Czar lifeboats which rescued so many of the survivors - 102 of them, in fact. Here are Jan's words spoken in Rotterdam. As reported in the Funken or Funben account. The text I have names him as being Johan Saulesly.

The people saw new hope when they saw us approaching the "Volturno" in the morning with lifeboats. Our first lifeboat was speeding along side the "Volturno". Women threw their children overboard, men jumped over the railing and we were able to save most. In a half hour we were back at our own ship with the first of the survivors. We went back to the "Volturno" for a second time. We almost capsized, but we finally made it along with lifeboats from two other ships. By now there was much shoving and pushing on the deck of the "Volturno". We rescued only four women. The rest of the people we saved were men. The "Czar" had now drifted away from the "Volturno" and we had to row more than an hour to deliver our second load of passengers. The third time we went out we were all deadtired, but the people on the "Volturno" waving their handkerchiefs, gave us the strength to fight the waves of the ocean. This time we took twenty women and children. The people were still being lowered by rope, but it was going faster than before. We were completely put out, but were thankful that we were able to save so many people.

Thanks to Tony Jones of the U.K., we can read other words about the very same subject, as reported in the Times of London on Oct. 14, 1913. We thank you Tony! The detail reads a little bit differently. According to the words that follow, the 2nd officer/mate Saulesley or Saulesly, made a single trip in command of the lifeboat. And 3rd officer/mate Janowsky made a total of three such trips. And 1st officer/mate Zemtur made the very first trip. All very brave men surely. I have no axe to grind! I am just reporting what I read!



Captain Smiltneck, of the Czar, belonging to the Russian East Asiatic Company, which has 102 survivors of the Volturno on board, has wired his agents at Rotterdam, Ruys and Co., a report of the disaster.
He states that about noon on Thursday last he received a wireless communication that the Volturno was on fire and that the Carmania had arrived on the scene. His own vessel was about 150 miles away, with a north-westerly gale blowing, but he immediately steered his ship straight for the spot indicated, which was reached about midnight. He placed his vessel on the windward side of the Volturno, and at 1 o’clock lowered a boat under the command of the chief officer, which, after approaching the burning vessel, returned almost immediately with 15 persons. After these were brought on board, the boat returned under the command of the third officer, who made three trips with fresh men each time. When the sea calmed down the work of rescue proceeded rapidly, and the Czar’s lifeboat made a fifth journey with the second officer, and the remaining persons on board the Volturno were taken off with the exception of the master and six officers. The work was completed at 8 o’clock and then all the vessels steamed round searching for the missing lifeboats.
It is clear from this very sober report that the crew of the Czar who went in the lifeboat five times are indeed brave men. Besides, this steamer has the greatest number of survivors on board. The captain also wires the names of the ‘tweendeck passengers rescued by the Czar, and to judge from the names most of them are Russians or Poles. The administrator of the Volturno, Mr. W. L. Brown, the surgeon, and three members of the ship’s company are also on board.


I think that we are making some progress in figuring out the names of those persons, both passengers & crew members of the Volturno who were rescued by the Czar. I invite you to visit page 19, if you want to check the data out. There is however considerable 'educated guesswork' in that list until new data that confirms or denies its accuracy becomes available.

The first three persons listed on that page were surely rescued by the Czar. They are the family of Arnold Graboyes, of California, whose family records have long indicated that the Czar was the vessel that rescued them & the Campanello was the vessel that brought them back to the U.S. The rest? The Czar landed at Rotterdam & only the Campanello, would seem to have carried Volturno survivors ex Rotterdam to North America. And why did the survivors not return on the Czar itself? I would appear that there would have been a long wait for the Czar to again travel to North America. Its next arrival in New York would seem to have been on Nov. 11, 1913, & the Campanello was available & leaving from Rotterdam for New York much sooner. And the Campanello was also a Uranium Steamship vessel & a sister ship to the Volturno. Hence my 'educated guesswork'.


Ted Finch, in his message linked above, states that the source for his data on the vessel was N. R. P. Bonsor's "North Atlantic Seaway", Volume 3 page 1356 & Volume 4, pages 1511/12. And also the same author's "South Atlantic Seaway" on page 465. I am always so very glad to find source data such as Ted Finch has kindly provided. And he even provided a couple of possible sources for an image, though re one of those sources the link is today no longer operative.


Postcard images of Czar seem to be most rare. For many years, I showed you above, a postcard of the H.M.T. Czar i.e. the vessel as a troopship - from a postcard said to date from c. 1920s. The card was sold on eBay in early Mar. 2006, for GBP 3.43 or approximately U.S. $5.99 & was stated to be of British manufacture.

The eBay postcard just above referred to, specifically identified the name of the vessel, so the image must date from prior to Jan. 1921 when she became the Estonia. But on further 'digging' the postcard image is available here (left column, about 55% down), where a print can be purchased, and where it says 'Known journey : Left Constantinople April 10th 1920, arrived Southampton April 20th 1920, possibly returning troops.'

For many years I knew nothing more about that postcard. But now, in Jun. 2007, thanks to Andrew Lennon of Plymouth, U.K., we know a little more. Andrew acquired 3 Russian postcards and two at least of them relate to the 'North Russia Expeditionary Force', (a subject beyond the scope of this page) with images of soldiers with horse drawn sleds. There are notations in identical handwriting on the backs of all three postcards with references to 1919. The third card is, of course, of the Czar & on its rear are the words 'Troop Transport returned to England July 1919'. The card was sold for GBP 5.20 or approximately U.S. $10.26 on eBay. And a fine scan of the card, kindly provided by Andrew Lennon, now appears above in place of the earlier image. So it would seem that Czar was used as a troopship at the end of WWI and/or in the events that followed WW1, presumably bringing troops back from northern Russia. And maybe also later on a similar errand from Turkey. The card was published by C. W. Hunt & Co. of Liverpool. The vessel was, I think, managed by Cunard during WW1 & when or after being laid up in 1919 was owned by 'Russian East Asiatic Steamship Co. Ltd.' of Petrograd (as St. Petersburg, Russia, was named 1914-1924).

And above is the vessel at a date in the 1930s, then named T.S.S. Pulaski. From an eBay item in Jun. 2006, that sold for U.S. $31.00. The card was published it would seem by the Gdynia-America Line since its crest was on the address side of the card along with the cities around the world where the company had offices.

As this page was updated in Apl. 2012, a Czar crew image, together with two images of the ship was available via eBay. The crew image is not dated & likely was not taken at the time of the Volturno rescue. It is a fine image, however so I make it available below (& slightly larger here). The Czar images are here & here, as they were listed.


A Canadian immigration card kindly provided by Carol Blackman of Toronto, Canada. Re Carol's grandfather, Israel Cott, who left Danzig, Poland, on Dec. 5, 1927 on Estonia, was landed at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on Dec. 16, 1927, & chose to settle in Toronto, Ontario.

And another Canadian immigration card kindly provided by Tania Cadeau of Perth, Ontario. Her grandparents arrived with Tania's mother, Evgenja, then a very small child of just 10 months, aboard Estonia at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on Sep. 8, 1929. They had taken passage from Danzig, Poland, but were originally from Volyn, Poland, with Grande Prairie, Alberta, as their destination. Just one passport, I am advised, with Filemon & Tatjana Olejchuk (became Olychuk), & daughter Evgenja, all recorded on the same travel document. What I show is one of the three immigration cards, the card for Tatjana Olejchuk, Tania's grandmother. Tania, we thank you!

And a ticket (or maybe a baggage receipt) re a voyage of Pulaski from Gdynia to Buenos Aires. Dating from late 1937 or early 1938. Image thanks to 'Adrian', of Buenos Aires.

A fine image of passengers aboard Pulaski. Available via e-Bay in mid Feb. 2015 as this page is updated - here. The webmaster has tidied up the image but not rotated it lest image detail be lost.


Now there was an earlier Czar, & just maybe there were, in fact, many many earlier Czars. I know that what I now present, at right, is not related to 'our' Czar but here is an image of an earlier vessel of that name.
The image is from (after a bit of adjustment!) a 1901 postcard image on eBay with printed & hand written text which I believe was in Russian.

This page will, hopefully, track data about the Czar as it comes to hand. And hopefully data as it specifically relates to the Volturno tragedy.

If any visitor can provide more information about the Czar, I would truly welcome their help.


The following in no way relates to the above content of this page. It is here for your pleasure & interest alone. To feature a most extraordinary gun, on display at the Kremlin, in Moscow, Russia.

Named the 'Tsar Cannon', the gun was built over 425 years ago, back in 1586, in bronze, by Russian master bronze caster Andrey Chokhov. It was, in fact, never used in battle.

But what a magnificent gun! You can read extensive detail about it here & at many other web sites, I am sure.

The postcard, which dates from 1906, was offered for sale on 'Delcampe' as this page was updated on Jan. 8, 2012. By vendor 'Wattrelosien59'. The Delcampe item is here, where you may today view the even bigger listing image, but can no longer bid on it. The second image is ex 'Wikipedia Commons', here, where the fine image is available in many sizes.

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