THE BURNING OF THE 'VOLTURNO' - PAGE 9
ARTICLES FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES
A PAGE IN PROGRESS
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There are an enormous number of articles in the New York Times about the Volturno, commencing on Oct. 12, 1913. And I hesitate to suggest that I will be able, one day, to report all of that content here. The job is a daunting proposition. But I do have a little of that content transcribed already, mainly on particular subjects that were of interest to the Webmaster as they relate to other pages on this site. Content perhaps which relates to individual survivors, data re Pennington's dream, Captain Inch's description of the disaster. The content on the page today only touches the surface, however, of what is available.
Content of Oct. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 24, 1913.
In this page, however big it later becomes, I will provide the texts (in date and page sequence when I can get it correctly) but not the perfect font sizes, columns and column spacings. But I will try to place text and any accompanying images as close as possible to where they were actually published. Reproducing images in good quality is quite impossible for the Webmaster. I will correct clearly obvious typing errors.
I suspect that what is a single page, so far, will become, in due course, two or maybe even more pages.
There is no editorial commentary here. Just as it appeared! Though with today's sensibilities, one might prefer that parts of it were worded differently! But, I have added in a few 'Webmaster comments' to aid the reader.
I think that visitors who had family or crew members involved in the Volturno disaster might wish an index of the names mentioned with links to the related paragraphs. I suspect that will prove difficult to accomplish, and will prove to be of limited practical use to a visitor, but I will try, except that I will not attempt to link to the various extensive lists ~ because in many cases it is quite impossible to do so! There were, as examples, no passengers named 'Baltakta' or 'Grzyvowsky' listed and none named 'Shood' listed, even on the day where those names were specifically referred to. Though I think I can figure out in some cases who was being referred to. But accuracy and precision from this distance in time, is most difficult, indeed:
Baltakta 1, Baltaksa 1, Binaut 1, 2, Bonquegneau 1, Casgranda 1, De Groote 1, Friedman 1, Grunewald 1, Gruneweld 1, Grzyvowsky 1, Lialke 1, Londer 1, Millstein 1, Polack 1, Pollak 1, Rabinowitz 1, Reimer 1, Remer 1, Sanitzky 1, Shood 1, Sinitzky 1, Stelpman 1, Tepper 1, Tourneu 1, Wijck 1, Yablenezke 1, Zerjna 1.
Crew of Volturno (excluding Capt. Inch whose name is everywhere.)
Belfield 1, Dewar 1, 2, Diver 1, 2, Dusselbaum 1, Dusselman 1, 2, Gunderson 1, Langsell 1, 2, Liebrecht 1, Lloyd 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Luderstrohm 1, Malcolmson 1, Malcomson 1, Miller 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Oller 1, Olsen 1, Pennington 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, Pinch 1, Reisewitz 1, 2, 3, Sarston 1, Schlievitz 1, 2, Seddon 1, 2, 3, Seddons 1, 2, Suderstrohm 1, Yungquist 1.
The heroic cook whose name was, I believe, Kurt Baller (3rd baker) 1, and Jack, the ship's dog 1, 2, 3.
Other Significant Names Referenced (lots more to yet be indexed!)
Gardner (C) 1, Heighway (C) 1, Hirschfield (K) 1, 2, Inch, Sidney (brother of Captain Inch) 1, Kreibohm (K) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Kummel (K) 1, 2, Kummell (K) 1, 2, Mansfield (K) 1, Rogge (GK) 1, Spangenberg (GK) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
The North German Lloyd liner Grosser Kurfürst and the Kroonland of the Red Star service of the International Mercantile Marine, two of the fleet of ships that steamed full speed to the assistance of the Volturno, when that vessel was burning, were in communication with New York yesterday, for the first time since the disaster. Both are speeding this way, the only two of the succoring squadron bound for this port. The Grosser Kurfürst has 105 survivors, and the Kroonland eighty-nine on board.
The Kurfürst may reach New York tonight, but the last wireless information from the Kroonland indicated that the Red Star liner would not be off Sandy Hook before some time early tomorrow morning.
Both Capt. Kreibohm of the Kroonland and Capt. Spangenberg, of the Grosser Kurfürst, sent by wireless complete lists of the survivors on board their ships, and subsequently both Captains sent much information about the thrilling rescue work in which they and the officers and men under them had borne so important and meritorious a part.
This delayed message from the Captain of the Kroonland, dated Oct. 9 and sent by way of Sable Island, reached the Red Star offices last night:
Oct. 9, at 9:20 morning, in 47.44 N. 26.00 W. After having received call from Carmania that Volturno was burning and in extreme danger in 49.12 N. 34.51 W., steered immediately for indicated spot and found Volturno burning seriously. Carmania, Grosser Kurfuerst, Seydlitz standing by. Immensely high sea, strong gale. Went as near Volturno as safety permitted. Saw two-thirds of ship burning like furnace. Survivors crowded on afterpart. Any delay fatal.
Called for volunteers and sent boat commanded by Fifth Officer Kummel. Sea too high, gale too strong, impossible to try Lyle gun. This was at 8:10. Sent two boats under Second Officer Mansfield and Fifth Officer Kummel; returned at 12:20 and 1 o'clock respectively, with three and ten rescued men. As fire on Volturno kept from after end, kept manoeuvring near ship. At 5:50 sent three away after many trips. At 9 the last boat alongside carrying the Captain. Nobody left on board. We had succeeded in taking off 88 persons and the Captain's dog. At 9:30 boat replaced and full speed ahead. Captain of Volturno tells me that one boat with cabin passengers left Thursday morning, but they were spilt; fate of crew uncertain. Another boat containing steerage passengers smashed under counter and all perished. Third boat got possibly away safely. Carmania and Campania searching for it.
Praise Kroonland's Men.
From the passengers of the Kroonland came a wireless to the International Mercantile Marine expressing their admiration for Capt. Kreibohm and his subordinates for their gallant work in the face of one of the worst calamities in the history of the transatlantic trade.
The first detailed account of the burning of the Volturno sent direct to New York from any of the ships in the rescue squadron was from Capt. Spangenberg and was received immediately following the receipt of the official list of the saved on board that vessel.
The message of the German Captain told of the arrival of his ship on the scene at a time when the Volturno was ablaze from stem to stern and likewise referred to a terrific explosion that had hurled to death many of the passengers and several members of the crew. The Captain's message in part duplicated one he sent to Bremen. The part not previously published is as follows:
Saved during the night 32. At dawn an additional 68. Volturno sent boat with five men to us who were taken on board. Boat immediately afterward sank. Saved by Kurfuerst 86 passengers, second officer, one engineer, 16 of crew. Total saved by all ships 523. About 100 are missing. SPANGENBERG.
Message from the Seydlitz.
Soon after the receipt of the message from Capt. Spangenberg the North German Lloyd officials received another from the Captain of the Seydlitz of the same line, bound for Baltimore. This message gave the list of survivors on board that ship, and said that the liner was due to arrive at Baltimore a week from to-morrow.
At the same time that the North German Lloyd officials were in communication with the Grosser Kurfürst, the Red Star Line officials were in touch with the Kroonland. The first message from Capt. Kreibohm of that ship gave the names of the survivors on board the Kroonland.
There was a line sent with the names in which Capt. Kreibohm said that Capt. Inch, the youthful skipper of the burned Volturno, who is among the survivors on board the Kroonland, had told him that there was a thousand cases of gin on the Volturno, and that the fire had reached the part of the ship where the gin was stored when he deserted the ship. This was taken to indicate that immediately after Capt. Inch left the ship another big explosion had occurred.
Still another message from the Kroonland was from the first cabin passengers which was signed by Arnon Squires .....
Webmaster's Note. More to transcribe!
No messages were received from Capt. Inch or any of the other surviving officers of the Volturno by the local officials of the Uranium Line.
LISTS OF THE SURVIVORS.
Rescued Aboard the Kroonland, Grosser Kurfuerst, and Others.
The masters of the Seydlitz, the Kroonland, the Grosser Kurfürst, and La Touraine sent by wireless to the offices of their respective lines yesterday complete lists of the passengers, officers and seamen rescued from the Volturno.
Those aboard the Kroonland are:
Sternberg, Lobel. Weissermann, Liebe. Bjelivick, Stevan. Bokawslawsky, M. Singer, Emmy. Bakaric, Ferdinand. Alexowitsch, Stevan. Cliadolz, Karolina. Shut, Sossel. Lazwick, Malke. Filiak, Powel. Fischbeck, Geine. Shut, Kry. Joseph, Magdalena. Lovaic, Molivan. Martini, Eva. Abellenzstetzky, ___. Bronislaw, Mariana. Brutkewisz, Silorka. Ruvina, Ester. Kaschminsky, Rachel. Stajan, Cajons. Floret, Ann. Mischmaa, Anna. Iucsyzna, Maria. Triewitach, Dimi. Johan, Cheret. Muschmaa, Antonina. Soster, Anton. Numshekert, Maria. Grunefeld, ___. Degroot, Anna. Noossl, John. Poliak, Milka. Knotel, Heinrich. Bourgogneau, Henri. Sawitzsch, Speiro. Poliak, Golde. Dourneur, Angel. Staheg, Jan. Londer, Wewel. Poliak, Gune. Dourneur, Victor. Lactasie, Juiv. Schubert, Gustav. Coercories, Marco. Kosiszek, Katuse. Goilic, Blaz. Konig, Paal. Baltiska, Chaike. Bertah, Binasich. Podlovac, Joan. Berezowska, Sara. Kuzmir, Chaim. Berta, Binasich. Vudovic, Rade. Furhman, Noruch. Kanizel, Mijo. Bidiwa, Stefan. Vudovic, Mihailo. Krizanar, Imbro. Spanovic, Stevan. Badiwa, Stasch. Three children without Bernau, Liebe. Dragojevic, Janko. Badiwa, Stasch. parents. Weissermann, Feige. Prottsche, Kroisch. Bokawslawsky, Rachel.
Inch, F., Master. Stegmeier, M., fifth engineer. Feriehae, H. second steward. Degroot, M., waiter. Dewelr, R., chief engineer. Seddon, W., first Marconi operator. Sarnen, A. Baller, K., third baker. Malmson, __., second engineer. Gouderson, O. Blitz, Ado, mess Steward. Bellfield, J., fourth engineer. Pennington, C. H., second Marconi operator. Muller, H. waiter.
Rubin, Reimer. Stiminow, Alexo. Reputzky, Konstandon. Ginbalizki, Jeremin. Militschewics, N. Atanasow, Petir. Matwej, Lalko. Zagroboski, Josef. Jeresmel, Vaset. Steranko, Ferkus. Karlowic, Josip. Karwiluk, Simeon. Geroseviej, Spurd. Xorugat, Josif. Bogovic, Urkol. Kowarkoltis, Kasimur. Rade, Iolls. Malkevic, Mino. Schwenk, Heinrich. Cimesa, Mile. Gorao, Adam. Dragizevic, Jwan. Kowoll, Otto. Rabec, Sime. Meistorowic, Stojah. Stalcio, Jwan. Karpaiski, David. Cimesa, Milovan. Gortis, Adam. Vujanovic, Stefan. Kahan, Ruwen. Jandra, Mikulic. Miljewic, Simon. Milos, Nordzjar S. Gatz, Itzig. Vereczewsky, Jaso. Silazki, Josef. Zailac, Bozo. Dschilikaj, George. Dragic, Erar. Selamic, Jwan. Jurka, Jan. Micevio, Marko. Geuseco, Adam. Triciz, Mio. Burtbala, Wladimir. Buskaric, Olijans. Marquo, Edmund. Kavour, Rimon. Fastner, Sebasden. Karatevic, Steve. Zelankevic, Wladislaw. Traikobic, Todor. Jabloniki, John. Macon, Mile. Milstein, David. Medelkevics, Pelkvio. Mogrescik, Adolf. Scheatovic, Gjuro. Rabinowio, Pinclus. Taschko, Vasi. Pressman, Salman. Kovatis, Nikolo. Posautz, Walentin. Wagadanovic, Dragoma. Ventille, Demetri. Vuletio, Pane. Petrovic, Michal. Korabe, Jwan. Raschitzki, Josef. Vovcapio, Lazo. Kipper, Johann. Bossawic, Gura. Losane, Michal. Vovcapic, Mile. Wechsler, Salomon. Zibok, Josip. Jabowski, Josef. Gzjurim, Gaja. Urost, Mirko. Schissne, Jonatz. Zec, Mattia.
Lloyd, Edward, second officer. Reisewitz, Robert, steamcook. Kwasnewski, Wladislaus, steward. Rudoll, Sam, stoker. Duesselmann, Walter, third officer. Williges, Jacobus, barber. Ohlsen, Sigurd, sailor. Burns, John, stoker. Pintsch, Alfred, third engineer. Dunexter, ___, waiter. Jungquirt, Albert, sailor. Redbl, Meikel, stoker. Sodorstroem, Viktor, boatman. Jacobus, Jan, waiter. Pershon, Ferdinand, stoker. Madamusme, Ahmed, trimmer. Kalwing, August, carpenter. Heberle, Friedrich, galleryman. Graun, Alfred, stoker. Slic, Adam, stoker. Funken, Frank, storekeeper. Fischer, Maximilian, galleryman. Lebrecht, Paul, stoker.
Baumgarten, Adolf. Weisbrod, Blume. Dandel, Andreas. Niloca, Cjurno. Steinberg, Charna. Julkowski, Florian. Georgieff, Peter. Milatowitich, Stev. Jablonetzka, Rosalie. Julkowski, Bruno. Lieff, Wasil. Pristrem, Pauel. Posautz, Marie. Aeppel, Abram. Kurjowski, Anton. Palowi, Nicola. Wujek, Victoria. Tepe, Surke. Karotky, Andre. Stepasic, Janko. Julkowski, Maria. Cherianowski, Iwan. Krilenki, Kirile. Smulski, Nicola. Tepe, Beile. Gelovik, Cjuro. Kosutti, Petar. Simio, Adam.
Schoenstein, ____., engineer. Nell, ___., storekeeper. Kalbeck, ____., trimmer. Haus, ___., Steward. Ahrens, ____., carpenter. Abilli, ____., stoker. Kraan, ____., pantryman. Derkster, ___., Steward. Schmidt, ____., Quartermaster. Mitchell, ____., stoker. Berkemier, ___., Steward. Hilxer, ____., Steward. Karlsen, ____., oiler. Ply, ____., trimmer. Terlbig, ____., Steward. Dobbelahr, ___., boy.
ABOARD LA TOURAINE.
Hecaabambo, Angelo. Abanas, Mato. Paskovsky, Hannalas. Schneider, Adolf. Khuwenski, Wasily. Ranella, Rafael. Chocovsky, Petro. Oliver, Francesco. Kalantac, Michael. Magnovoski, Franz. Tilour, William. Nogel, Wilhelm. Badda, Friedrich. Mesendau, Yanos. Pachinski, Thomas. Mermeran, Henrich. Balaz, Michael. Jodan, Lisbau. Laibjon, Laibjon. Adam, Debruin. Leizer, Fuchman. Weisberg, Refuel. Silberstein, Mier. Weisberger, Isaac. Milikovsky, Abraham. Eppl, Refuel. Amolik, Salman S. Froim, Epple.. Kolaric, Illiya. Nilcheski, Michael. Macanets, Joseph. Semtchakoyitch, Marianna. Calie, Lvan. Semtchakovitch, Bronislaw. Udjbriats, Ivan. Yulkowski, Helena. Patko, Ignac. Yulkowski, Geneva. Bohents, Thomas. Yulkowski, Franzias J.
SCORES SEEK NEWS OF KIN.
Anxious Crowds Throng Offices of the Uranium Line
The offices of the Uranium Steamship Line, at 13 Broadway, were crowded yesterday with relatives and friends of the Volturno passengers, many of them sorrowing, and all anxious to find out if this or that kinsman or acquaintance was among the saved. One of the first of the enquirers was Mrs. Max Eitel of Hawthorne, N. J., whose brother, Walter Dusselman, was second officer of the Volturno. She was in deep distress, but soon was reassured that all was well with her brother, who is among the survivors on board the Grosser Kurfürst.
When told that her brother was safe Mrs. Eitel fainted and was carried into the private office of an official of the line, where she was revived and then became hysterical. Afterward she was taken to her home by an employee of the steamship company. Mrs. Eitel said that another of her brothers, who was the second officer of the Hamburg-American Liner Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm, had been killed in a railroad accident while on his way to Hawthorne to visit her.
Abraham Tepper, who would not give his address went to the offices of the line and ...
Webmaster's Note. Lots more to transcribe!
One incident of the destruction of the ill-fated Volturno concerns Mr. & Mrs. H. P. Miller of St. Nicholas Avenue and 135th Street. Mr. Miller was the chief officer of the Volturno, and his wife who, by a curious coincidence, had been in England on a visit to some of her relatives, was a passenger on board the Kroonland, one of the steamships which came to the assistance of the Volturno in response to the S. O. S. wireless call of distress.
Mrs. Miller had sailed on the Kroonland because of a rule of the Uranium Steamship Company and other lines which forbids officers' wives to sail on the same vessel with their husbands. Therefore she must have witnessed the burning of the ship of which her husband was an officer, without being aware that before the arrival of the Kroonland her husband had been drowned with the swamping of the first life-boat launched, of which he was in command.
Two women, one middle aged, the other in her twenties, who described themselves as Mrs. W. F. and Miss Alexander of Central Park West, called at the offices of the Uranium Steamship Company yesterday and told to Mr. Porman, the passenger agent of the line, an interesting story of an incident which took place on board the ill-fated Volturno, several weeks ago, when they were returning home on the steamer.
The story was of a dream told the women by Christopher Pennington, the second wireless operator, an Englishman about 22 years old, whose home is in Liverpool. Mrs. Alexander said that she and the younger woman met Pennington on deck, and he showed them a letter addressed to the London office of the Marconi company, in which he asked to be transferred from the Volturno to any other ship. They were curious to know his reason, and he told the following story:
"Last night I had a vivid and horrifying dream. I dreamed that this ship was on fire in midocean and that panic reigned aboard. I could see myself at the apparatus, sending frantic calls for help. Soon afterward six ships were surrounding this vessel, which was pitching and tossing on the high seas, I could see the frantic men and women leaping overboard, while others were climbing into lifeboats.
"In my dream I leaned over the rail and saw a number of boats dashed against the sides of the burning hull and saw men and women go down to a watery grave. After it was evident that the vessel was doomed and all of the passengers were off, the order was given to the officers and crew to put away. I got into a small boat, and, after being dashed against the hull of the vessel, was picked up and taken aboard one of the surrounding steamers.
"When I woke the dream so impressed me that I wrote this letter, which I will post in New York, and by the time I reach Rotterdam I will receive an answer from the company."
Mrs. Alexander said that since her arrival she has kept in touch with the young man, and only last Saturday received a letter, postmarked Rotterdam, from Pennington, in which he told her that the company had refused to grant his request on the ground that he had given insufficient reasons, so he was making his last trip on her.
From what she had read of the disaster, the woman said, the dream, as related to her, corresponded in every detail with the exception that instead of six succoring ships there were ten. The women were anxious to ascertain whether Pennington had been saved.
Mr. Porman informed them that from what information he had received Pennington had been picked up by the Standard Oil tank steamer Narragansett and would arrive in London Friday.
Webmaster's Note. Continue this story here.
VALOR OF VOLTURNO'S MEN.
Third Engineer Describes the Desperate Battle with Fire.
SS. GROSSER KURFURST, (via Slasconset, Mass., Oct 14. - [Dispatch to The London Daily Mail. - Third Engineer Pinch of the Volturno makes this statement of what he saw in the engine room and on deck of the burning liner:
Coming off watch at 4 o'clock in the morning, I went to bed at about 5, and at 7 in the morning I was awakened by a noise of tramping feet above my head. Then I heard the fourth engineer saying, 'The ship is on fire!' I dressed as quickly as possible and went on deck, to see if it was serious. I at once came to the conclusion that all was up.
Just at this minute the second engineer told me to go below, as the fireman had left the stokeroom. The fourth engineer, Belfield, went with me and we decided to help the second engineer, Malcolmson, to get the men below. When I got on deck I told him he could get on with the fire and that I would get the men below. I got them below and everybody worked well, the chief and second engineers fighting the fire, the rest of engineers and firemen below.
The chief and second engineers gave a hand in fighting the fire in place of the sailors and officers who were burned in the fire and drowned in the lifeboats.
Below we were ordered to get as much coal as possible out of the bunkers before the watertight doors were closed. We kept getting the coal out as long as possible. The watertight doors were then closed and steam was only kept for light, wireless, and pumps. These all worked well as long as the steam lasted. After the coal was exhausted and steam right back we could do nothing.
The chief engineer gave orders for the fires to be drawn. The engineers and an oiler drew the fires and left the engine room in darkness, and then stood by on deck.
Every man to the last was cool-headed. After the explosion we all put on lifebelts, for we did not expect the ship to last long. It was not until this time that the passengers got in a panic. The chief engineer gave up hope and told the engineers it was useless to stop to stop, as all hopes were given up. And he added. "If you see a chance to save yourself do it."
Watching the rescue boat, I tried hard to get the passengers to jump at the right moment to be saved, but they would not do it. I jumped myself and was picked up by the third officer's boat of the Grosser Kurfürst. My opinion was the passengers were afraid to jump into the sea.
The wireless operators worked cool-headed until the last moment and went with the Captain together next morning from on board the wreck.
HEIGHWAY TELLS HIS STORY.
"Here Goes," and He Leaped Into the Sea to Save Trintepohl.
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
FISHGUARD, Oct 14. - When THE NEW YORK TIMES correspondent boarded the Carmania here he found Chief Officer Gardner, who was in charge of the lifeboat which put off from the Carmania in the teeth of the gale to the rescue of the Volturno. He was busy shifting the selfsame lifeboat across the liner's deck. Gardner modestly excused himself from talking on the ground that he had done nothing worth talking about.
Seaman Heighway, who rescued Trintepohl, was assisting Gardner. Heighway said:
"It was 9:15 o'clock on Thursday night. I was watching our searchlight at work lighting up the rescue craft when I saw somebody drifting and swimming a little. Somebody said:
"Lower the lifeboat and pick him up.'
"But that would have been simply absurd.
"'Isn't any one going for this chap?' I asked. I was on a deck about twenty feet above the water line and saw the searchlight fixed on the poor fellow. So I said:
"'Here goes!' and went down for him.
"He was still drifting about, and by and by a big wave lifted him right up toward me and I grabbed him.
"As I held on to the rope, which had been thrown to me to lash round the man, a high wave seemed to wash us high up and then I was able to drag him along, and we were hauled out by other men who were on the pilot ladder, helping me."
WOMEN NOT FIRST.
Officers of the Rescue Ship Czar Make That Charge.
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
ROTTERDAM, Oct 14. - The steamship Czar arrived here to-night with over 100 survivors of the Volturno, who still seem dazed after their terri-
(Webmaster Note. Continued on Page 5.)
Webmaster's Note. Lots more to transcribe!
BOATS LEAKED, HOSE BAD, SAY VOLTURNO MEN
Kurfuerst Here with 105 Survivors and Tales of Terror on Burning Ship.
VENTILATORS FANNED FIRE
In the Excitement No One Thought of Closing Them, It Is Charged.
LLOYD SAVED WIRELESS
Second Officer Shinnied Up Hot, Swaying Mast and Steadied It with Ropes.
STEWARDS POLICED SHIP
With Cooks and Pantrymen Did Splendid Work After Sailors Were Lost.
SAY CARMANIA DID LITTLE
Jews Open Sheltering Arms to Russians - Kroonland Due Tonight with More Rescued.
Saluted by welcoming blasts from all the shipping in the harbor the North German Lloyd liner Grosser Kurfürst, carrying 105 of the survivors of the burned steamship Volturno of the Uranium Line, steamed up to her pier in Hoboken at noon yesterday.
One of these survivors, Second Steward Willy Reisewitz, in his account of the disaster, recited facts which seemed to show that the Volturno's life-saving equipment was in bad order when she sailed from Rotterdam and that the Dutch officers whose duty it was to inspect this apparatus were criminally negligent in certifying that it was up to requirements.
Reisewitz says that the hose with which the crew fought the fire on shipboard was rotten and that there were no nozzles for some of the hose; that some of the lifeboats collapsed under the weight of those who were sent over the side in them, and that others were so seamed and leaky that they filled almost as soon as launched.
Many of the steerage passengers from the Volturno told thrilling stories of their experiences. Some asserted that while the crew was calm at first, members of the ship's company with the exception of Capt. Inch and the other officers, seemed to lose their heads as the flames spread.
Second Officer Lloyd of the Volturno, on his arrival on the Grosser Kurfuerst, said that the Carmania had taken no part in the rescue of passengers from the Volturno either on Thursday or Friday. He said that he did not know what reason Capt. Barr of the Carmania had for not launching his boats, but those who talked to Mr. Lloyd gathered that he considered the commander of the Cunard liner had been remiss.
Third Officer Dusselbaum of the Volturno also said that the Carmania did not launch any boats. "The rest of the ships that came to the rescue did so." he said, and added: "The Carmania went away to look for our two boats that were lost and left us alone. Our wireless operator kept asking her for boats all day, and her Captain always answered that he was going to launch one. But he never did."
Capt. Spangenberg of the German liner said that every member of the crews on the ships that went to the Volturno's aid did his duty. He added in view of the criticism of Capt. Barr of the Carmania that the Cunard liner was a very large vessel and was very hard to manoeuvre in a heavy sea. Her searchlight was of great service, he asserted.
The Red Star liner Kroonland, which has eighty-nine Volturno survivors on board, including Capt. Inch of the burned steamship, is expected at her pier, at the foot of West Twenty-first Street, at 7 o'clock to-night, but inasmuch as her starboard crank shaft is crippled and she is making only ten knots an hour, she may not get here until Friday morning.
SURVIVORS ARRIVE HERE.
Men on the Grosser Kurfuerst Dazed by Their Sufferings.
The North German Lloyd liner Grosser Kurfürst, the third of the fleet of eleven vessels which speeded to the aid of the Volturno, the burning Uranium liner, on last Thursday, arrived in this port yesterday morning with 105 survivors, all men, from the wrecked ship. As the Grosser Kurfürst steamed up the bay to her pier in Hoboken, she was saluted by the other ships in the harbor.
The survivors on the German liner were accommodated forward in the ship, and as she came to a stop off Quarantine, they all gathered at her rail and gazed stolidly at the skyline of the great city in the distance. These survivors had lost all of their possessions, and all would have been penniless had it not been for the generosity of the passengers on the Grosser Kurfürst, who subscribed some $400 for their relief. The gratitude of those who received this money was attested by a note of thanks which was posted on the bulletin board in the saloon companionway. And the end of this note was written in English "God bless you all."
Landing of Survivors Expedited.
It was 10:30 o'clock when the Grosser Kurfürst anchored at Quarantine, and half an hour later the Medical inspect-
(Webmaster Note. Continued on Page 3.)
BOATS LEAKED, HOSE BAD, SAY VOLTURNO MEN
Continued from Page 1.
ors had made their preliminary examination. Then began the slow journey up the lower bay and into the mouth of the Hudson. By 12:30 o'clock in the afternoon the liner was moved to her pier in Hoboken, and immediately the Immigration Inspectors and the doctors of the Marine Hospital service examined those brought from the Volturno to comply with the rigorous health laws of the port. This examination was thorough, yet speedy, and when it was over the officials announced that all of the survivors were fit physically to enter the country.
Those on the Grosser Kurfürst who had been saved from the burned ship were still dazed by the terrible experience they had been through, and it was difficult to get a concerted narrative from them.
Later, when they had been taken from the ship and led by friendly hands to the rooms of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society at 220 East Broadway, their confidence was restored to some extent, and then many pathetic stories of suffering were told.
The examination of the survivors was made difficult because of the neglect to manifest them on the way to New York. The result was that the facts in regard to each person had to be collected at the pier. The survivors, as far as they were recorded, were released in batches of ten or a dozen in care of the charitable organization that will care for them until they can get a start in this country. The Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee will handle the funds contributed for the relief of the sufferers, and the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society has undertaken to give to each survivor brought to New York a temporary home, regardless of race or creed. In this connection it was pointed out that most of those who arrived by the Grosser Kurfürst yesterday were not Jews, but represented races that had participated in the persecution of Jews in Russia.
Sister Greets a Survivor.
On the pier when the Grosser Kurfürst arrived was a large crowd, but it was not so large as the one which awaited the arrival of the Cunarder Carpathia with the Titanic survivors on board. This was accounted for by the fact that no New Yorkers were among those rescued. Of the 105 survivors who landed here yesterday only one was known to any person on the pier. That was Rubin Reimer, whose sister clasped him in her arms. Reimer was released in the care of his sister, and he is the only one of the survivors not at the Immigrant Home in East Broadway. The streets in the neighborhood of the pier in Hoboken were thronged with persons eager to catch a glimpse of those whose terrible experience had aroused the sympathy of the world. They followed the automobiles in which the survivors were carried from the pier until they passed onto the ferryboats for the trip to this city.
It was said that not one among those rescued had ever been in an automobile before. The autos had been put at the disposal of the Red Cross and the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society by their sympathetic owners. In each machine was one or more representatives of the charitable organization.
Reserves Called to Handle Crowd.
In East Broadway in front of the building occupied by the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society a crowd of several thousand gathered to witness the arrival of the Volturno survivors. So great did this crowd become that the reserves from the Madison Street police station were called out to keep order. At 2:30 o'clock the first of the automobiles arrived from Hoboken. Two representatives of the society were in it with one survivor, Herman Remer, a young Russian, who was greeted at the home by his brother, Harry Remer, of 56 East Ninety-eighth Street. Other automobiles followed rapidly and by 3 o'clock in the afternoon eighteen of the Volturno's passengers were in the rooms of the society. Of this number two were Jews, one was a Frenchman and the other fifteen were Poles and Russians. By 5 o'clock all the survivors had arrived at the home and sat down to a hearty dinner.
Herman Remer, after he had finished his repast, told this story:
"I live over those terrible hours on the Volturno," said he, "as I sit here in this room. It is all branded on my brain and I shall never forget, for it was all so terrible. The morning that the fire was discovered I was in the steerage when two of my fellow passengers ran into the room where I was, shouting 'fire.'
Panic in the Steerage.
"They kept on through the steerage without stopping. There was a scramble for the stairways leading to the upper decks. We saw the flames and felt the heat. While we were battling with each other to get up the stairs the fire spread. People pushed and cursed, trampled others under foot, and pulled and tugged to drag back those who had gone before in order to take their places.
"I made my way up the stairs as best I could. I am sure that I made that trip up those stairs, through that mass of struggling men, women, and children, by physical force alone. It was a fight that was going on all around us - it was a fight for life - and life was as sweet to me as it was to the others, and I fought because I wanted to live.
"As we approached the upper deck the smoke became thicker. I could see people groping their way through the dense cloud of black and then fall on the deck. On the upper deck were 500 people. They were herded together like cattle, all struggling to get to the rail and to the boats. The majority of those on the decks were near one end of the boat. I don't remember whether it was the stern or the bow. I can't remember all that happened, for it now sweeps back over my mind like a nightmare, and all I can say is that I am thankful that I am awake, on my feet and that I can remember and that I was not one of those who burned to death in the steamer or who drowned in the water when there wasn't a chance for life.
"A number of men were busy with a lifeboat on the upper deck. I saw that they were members of the crew. I thought that they were getting the boats ready for the women and the children, but when I saw the women and the children pushed aside, and saw the men climb into the boats themselves, I knew it was different.
"The members of the crew were thinking only of themselves - of their own lives - and they entered the first boat that was lowered. I watched that boat as it descended from the deck to the water, and I envied those men who sat in it. They had found life, and my life was hanging in the balance.
"I saw the boat reach the water, but that was only a brief life which they enjoyed, for the boat was washed against the side of the steamer. It was crushed to pieces and those who were in it were drowned. I saw all this when the smoke blew away in the gusts of wind.
Passengers Climb the Mast.
"I turned away from the rail and looked at those about me. Helplessness was written on every face. I saw six children and a woman climbing one of the masts. They thought the steamer was sinking. They reached the top, then the mast broke. The woman and three of the children clung to something; it may have been the broken end of it or it may have been the ropes. I don't know. Three of the children, however, were thrown into the sea and were drowned.
"Where I stood the heat was so intense that it singed my hair. The soles of my shoes were burning, I thought. The crowd around me pushed more and more. I concluded there was but one thing to do - to jump overboard. This I did. The water refreshed me, and I was away from the cries of the women and children.
"The excitement of it all, however, had taxed my strength, and it wasn't long before I began to weaken. My flesh and bones chilled, and I had the good fortune, when I thought I was doomed to drown, to seize upon a rope, which dangled from the side of the Volturno. I clung to this. For seven hours I remained in the water, clinging to that rope and waiting for the rescue ship that we had been told was coming."
Josef Grzyvowsky, 24 years old, from Minsk, Russia, and Matvey Lialke, 17 years old, who is from Vilne, Russia, said they were asleep when the cry of fire was given. In relating their experiences on the doomed vessel, Grzyvowsky said:
Told to Help Themselves.
"We dressed quickly and started for the upper deck, not knowing where the stairs were. We were at a loss at first till we met several of the crew coming our way. We enquired from the crew where we were to go for safety when the crew shouted back to us: 'Don't ask any questions. Don't you know that 'n cases of this kind every man is for himself?' Then they said: 'Why don't you go and help yourselves? You will have a long wait, if you wait for us.'
"By this time the smoke became very dense and a moment later there was an explosion. This was followed by flames which rose high in the air and the heat became very intense. We grouped (sic) our way to the stairs and managed to reach the upper deck. There we found ourselves in the midst of a shrieking crowd of men, women and children, many of whom were on their knees praying.
"The crew reached the upper deck a few moments later and began running to and fro, shouting in an excited manner, knocking children over in their haste, and cursing many of those who got in their way. They then lowered two lifeboats, and jumped into them. The last one of the crew to jump in the boats landed in the centre of it, causing it to slit in half, throwing the occupants into the water and that was the last seen of them. We had intended jumping into the next life boat but when we saw what had happened to the first two, we decided to stick it out and leave it to the Almighty as to whether we were to be burned to death, swallowed up in the sea or saved. And here we are."
A thrilling story was that of David Millstein, who is on his way to Minneapolis. After telling of being aroused early on Thursday morning by the cries of fire and of hurrying to the upper deck, he said:
Many Knelt in Prayer.
"When we reached the upper deck everything was in a state of confusion. Women and children were knocked down. The roaring flames seemed to be drawing closer and closer. The heat was intense and the smoke was becoming stifling. Everywhere groups were kneeling and praying. Women were tearing their hair. The wind was blowing a gale. The rain was cutting across our faces. And at 3 o'clock on Thursday afternoon the first ship was sighted. We asked the officers and the Captain when we were to be saved. They kept telling us soon. We waited - the wait was, heartbreaking as the flames were drawing nearer. At 5:30 o'clock we spied another ship. This gave us some courage. We were then ordered down to the lower deck. There were no lights. Here and there was a shriek, where some woman or child who had fallen and had been trampled upon.
"We stayed in total darkness on the lower deck until 10 o'clock, when we were driven to the upper deck. When we got to the upper deck once more, we saw other ships coming our way. At midnight the flames became brisk again and then there was an explosion. This was followed by more flames, which were shooting high in the air from the funnels. The Jews then decided to hold a consultation among themselves to decide whether they would jump overboard or take chances on being burned to death. Finally they shouted in chorus: 'We'll stick and rely on the will of God.' It was 9 o'clock on Friday morning when a small boat managed to come near to us and we were taken off. I saw eight women burned to death. I saw three babies lying on the lower deck, but cannot say whether they were burned to death or trampled upon and killed."
Saved by Wife from Jumping.
"It was 6:45 in the morning," said John Yablenezke, "when we were awakened by a cry of fire. I got my wife and five children together and ran up the stairs. We had no more than reached the upper deck when the sailors ran back to the lower deck. The sailors were heroic at first, the fire being a slight one then, but following the explosion they began running back and forth in an excited manner, cursing and pushing, knocking every one down in their path and heading towards the lifeboats. The scenes on the upper deck were pitiful. I did my utmost to keep my family together. The hardships which we endured and the strain proved too much for my wife and children - my wife was tearing her hair, the children were clinging to her skirts, with death staring us in the face.
"We saw the first lifeboat lowered and then saw visions of being saved, but all these visions were shattered, for we saw the lifeboats tossed high by the waves and smashed as they came crashing against the sides of the burning vessel. I gathered my family together and told my wife that I would take Roman and save myself and him by jumping overboard. My wife consented. I secured a blanket, wrapped the child in it, with a rope tied the blanket, and then throwing over my shoulder the blanket in which the baby was, I kissed my wife and children goodbye, and was about to jump when I was dragged back. It was my wife. She said, 'If you go we must all go.' We then saw that several steamers had arrived and knew there was help at hand.
"Gadala Rabinowitz, in his story of the disaster, said that when the fire was discovered and the alarm was given the Jewish steerage passengers were attending a service conducted by a rabbi from Rotterdam. The rabbi had in his possession the Holy Scroll, which he was about to read. Then came the cry of "fire," and the panic.
"While we were huddled on the deck," said Rabinowitz, "some one remembered that the Holy Scroll had been left in steerage. I heard a cry to that effect, and then some one called for a volunteer to go back into the steerage and get it, but not a man in that throng would face the flames in the hold of the Volturno then. Persons ran about crying and wringing their hands. Finally two men started into the burning hold, but before they got far they were dragged back by members of the crew who told them that it meant certain death to venture into that part of the ship. One of those that pulled the volunteers back was Capt. Inch, the brave young Captain of the ship. I knew him by his uniform. The poor Captain almost lost the sight of his eyes in the awful hours he was battling to save his ship, and the last time I saw him he was groping about, directing the work of his men. The Holy Scroll was lost."
"E. O. Thomas, General Manager of the Uranium Line, said last night that everything possible would be done by the company to provide for the survivors as they arrived. He said those with railroad tickets would be sent to their destinations immediately. Speaking of reports that the life preservers on the Volturno were in poor condition, Mr. Thomas said:
"I hope that the press of New York will not attempt to let the public think it possible that the life preservers were in any way defective. All our life preservers are of cork, and they are subject to frequent and rigid inspection. If any man can go on any steamer of the Uranium Line and pick out one life preserver that will sink out of the five thousand in use I will give him $1,000 to be donated to any charitable use he may see fit. I have been on ocean liners all my life, and during my experience I have never yet found a life preserver that would sink, and I will further say there is not a life preserver in use to-day that will sink.
VOLTURNO'S BOATS ROTTEN.
Hose Was in Bad Condition Also, Steward Asserts.
One of the members of the crew of the Volturno who arrived in the Grosser Kurfürst yesterday was Willy Reisewitz, a second steward. His hands and head were blistered and his eyes inflamed from his long fight with the flames on the wrecked vessel. He made notes of his experience, which he handed to his pastor, the Rev. Mr. Brinckerhoff, head of the Deutsches Seaman's Haus in Hoboken yesterday. Reisewitz was one of the four men who volunteered to accompany Second Officer Lloyd of the Volturno on the desperate trip to the Grosser Kurfürst in an unseaworthy boat that sank under them as they were hoisted over the side of the German liner. Here is Reisewitz's log:
"I made my first round at 6 o'clock in the morning, on Oct. 9, and saw no signs of any fire in the forward part of the Volturno, where I had charge of the steerage. At 6:40 o'clock one of my assistants came to me and reported that there was a strong smell of smoke issuing from No. 1 hold. I went immediately to see if I could get hold of a fire helmet in order to go forward and ascertain where the smoke came from, but there was not one on board. The other steerage stewards and I got out some good hose and all hands in our part of the ship played water in the direction the thick smoke came from until a little after 7 o'clock, when there was a terrific roar and a sheet of flame shot out that threw us all back. The tables and benches in the steerage were blown up and the bulkhead caved in so that we could see the flames in No. 1 hold.
Ventilators Fanned Flames.
"I got a length of hose and was directing it upon the fire when a big flame shot out and burned my hands and scorched my face and hair. At this moment I saw the chief quartermaster come from forward with his hands and head burned by the fire and his face blackened with the smoke. I was then standing on the port side, which had become so hot that I had to go over to the starboard side of the ship, as the wind was coming with great force down the ventilators, fanning the flames like a forced draught, but no one thought apparently of turning them away from the wind. An hour later it was so hot below that I went up on the boatdeck, which was so thick with dense smoke that it was difficult to see anything. I heard the voice of Mr. Lloyd, the second officer, calling out from No. 3 lifeboat that he could not get the boat falls clear, and I could hear the boat smashing against the davits as the ship rolled heavily. I climbed into the boat to lend him a hand, but got out because I saw that all the other lifeboats on that side of the ship had been either burned or smashed.
"On the forward deck below I found the Captain with the third officer, chief engineer, and officers' steward. The Captain was directing the hose on the fire himself, and the third officer also also had a hose in his hands playing it on the flame. I noticed that the hose was very dry as if it had not been used for a long time and it leaked badly. The nozzles, which were copper, were covered with verdigris. The engineer took a hose from the starboard side of the promenade deck. I brought some steerage blankets to wrap around the hose used by the chief engineer and me, which leaked badly, and had no nozzles to them. By that time the fire had penetrated to No. 2 hold and we put the hose into the ventilators to try and keep the flames down. The hospital caught fire and the Captain played the hose on it and also got one through a port into the saloon. Two engineers put steam on to fight the fires, and with these two engineers we had eight men at work on the forward deck.
Ship's Cook Checked Rush to Boats.
"While we were doing our best to keep the flames below deck the passengers, who had been sent to the after end of the ship on account of the fire forward, became terrified. They cried that they would all be burned to death. A Frenchman with his wife and sister-in-law jumped overboard and they were followed by several others. There was no railing to this deck and three children, the odest (sic) of a family belonging to a Jewish woman, were pushed overboard. In order to stop the passengers jumping into the sea and the men passengers from trying to get in the boat, Robert Schlievitz, the steam cook, a powerful man, seized an oar that was lying upon the deck and forced all the passengers back from the unguarded part of the deck. At least twenty persons had jumped overboard by that time and there was no reason for it. The flames were gaining on the ship, but there was help in sight as the Carmania and the Grosser Kurfürst were there, and the Seydlitz had come up as close as she dared in the heaving sea. In forcing the men passengers back the cook had to hurt some of them, but it could not be helped. It was the only way in which he could save the lives of the women and children.
"Before that the chief steward had lost his head in the excitement and went away in the lifeboat with the Chief Officer Mr. Miller. He was not seen again by us. The fourth officer's boat, number four, was alright, but the women would not get into it as they were afraid of being drowned. When number seven boat was launched, the ropes fouled in the davits and the pantryman who went down a rope to clear it went through the bottom. At that time, toward evening, more than half of the crew had left the ship. I looked over the side and saw the Seydlitz lower a boat which capsized and three men fell into the sea. They were picked up by ropes and the boat was hoisted again. I then went forward and found an engineer boring holes in the deck to play water on the fire in number two hold where there were two sailors with hose and the Captain and the officers' steward all working hard.
Find Boats Unseaworthy.
"The fire seemed by that time to be slowing down and the Captain said that it would be a good thing to get a boat out and pull over to the Grosser Kurfürst to show the crews of the ships that were all around us that it was possible for a small boat to live in the sea at that time. He sent the carpenter to examine the boats and he reported that '5 C' was absolutely unseaworthy and it would be dangerous for any person to attempt to get into it. Then he looked at number two which had been painted and looked alright to the eye, but when it was lowered into the water it half filled with water at once and the Captain said that none of the passengers would be allowed to go in it. Number two was the only boat we had left that stood any chance of floating, so it was decided finally that the second officer, Mr. Lloyd, should attempt to reach the Grosser Kurfürst, which was a mile and a half away.
"Mr. Lloyd called for volunteers and two sailors, Olsen and Yungquist and a Lascar fireman volunteered and I was the fourth man. Mr. Lloyd steered and tried to light the way with a small electric flashlight he carried in his hand. It was a hard fight to make headway against wind and the waves which threatened to swamp the boat. We had jammed some of the steerage blankets into the bottom to keep the water down and one man baled with a wooden bucket as fast as he could. As I understand it the time was just before 6 o'clock at night when we left the Volturno and it was 7 o'clock when we, by God's mercy, reached the side of the Grosser Kurfürst where the officers and crew, who had seen us coming, were waiting with lines to hoist us on board. After our struggle with the fire all day and the pull in the water-logged boat, all our energy was gone.
"We were hoisted up on board with bowlines under our arms. The second officer, Mr. Lloyd, was the last to be saved and as he was hoisted clear of the lifeboat it sank.
When we were on deck, the second officer said:
"Never mind boys, we have got here and have shown that a boat can live in that sea as our captain told us to do. Now I am sure that the captains of the ships will do something to rescue the women and children on board."
"Capt. Inch was a brave and clever man. His idea was right because in less than an hour after we got on board, the Grosser Kurfürst lowered two boats and there was one from the Seydlitz and also from the Kroonland. Then the surgeon of the ship dressed the burns on my hands and head and I had some hot soup. I lay down because I felt confident that the people on the Volturno would not be left to die. Mr. Lloyd hurt his back in jumping from the rigging that morning and he was ill on the ship here for two days."
The main facts in the story related by Reisewitz, the second steward, were repeated by him on board the Grosser Kurfürst in the presence of Paul Liebrecht, a German fireman from Dusseldorf, and Robert Schlievitz, the steam cook of the Volturno. They corroborated what he said.
Second Officer Lloyd's Story.
Edward Lloyd, the second officer of the Volturno, told what happened as he saw it from the time he was aroused from his watch below by the noise of the explosion in No. 1 hold until he left her that night about 6 o'clock in an unseaworthy boat to pull to the Grosser Kurfürst with four volunteers from the crew. Capt. Inch during the afternoon had sent wireless appeals for boats to the ships that were standing by, but after the boat was lowered from the Seydlitz and three men had fallen into the sea, the captains replied that it was too dangerous to make any more attempts until the wind abated.
About 4:30 o'clock the steam gave out in the engine room, and the accumulators by which the wireless had been worked since morning ceased to operate so that the situation was desperate in the extreme. It was then that Mr. Lloyd, at the request of Capt. Inch, called for volunteers to attempt to reach the Grosser Kurfürst, the nearest ship.
Inaction of the Carmania.
Evidently the second officer did not wish to throw any blame on the Commander of the Carmania for not sending boats to the rescue on Thursday night and Friday morning, with the other ships. When asked the direct question why the Carmania did not send her boats, the second officer replied:
"I cannot say. All I know is that no boats were lowered by the Cunard liner that afternoon or the next morning, so far as I knew or heard."
Mr. Lloyd said that he had not taken much notice of events on Friday morning, as the wind and sea had gone down, and the work of rescuing the passengers was being carried on by boats from the different ships without any danger of their being swamped. The fall he suffered on Thursday morning coming down the mast of the Volturno had wrenched his back, and for two days he had to keep to his berth on the Grosser Kurfuerst. The second officer would not make any comment on the condition of the boats on the Volturno nor on the fire equipment, but admitted that when he reached the side of the Grosser Kurfuerst at 7 o'clock Thursday night after a fight for life in the heavy seas with the four men who volunteered with him, the boat sank from under his feet and plunged to the bottom.
Roused From Sleep by Explosion.
In relating his experiences Second Officer Lloyd said:
"I came off watch at 4 o'clock and was asleep in my cabin about 7:30 when I was roused by the sound of an explosion which seemed to come from No. 1 hold. I rushed out on deck and saw flames shooting from the hatchway between fifty and sixty feet high. All hands were called on deck and the firemen and stewards immediately responded. I was told that four of the seamen had been killed by the explosion as they were asleep in the forecastle which was situated forward of the firemens quarters and right in the eyes of the ship. For a few moments I thought that the entire forepart of the ship was on fire, the heat of the decks was so intense. The force of the explosion scorched the foremast and burned the rigging on either side, causing the topmast to sway.
"Capt. Inch, who was on the bridge, ordered the crew to man the life boats. At this time there was a strong northwest gale blowing and a heavy sea running. We ripped up a portion of the deck around No. 1 hatchway from which the flames were darting and got all the hose we could working in an attempt to keep the flames in check.
Boats Smashed, All Aboard Lost.
"During the time Nos. 1 and 4 lifeboats had been swung out from the davits by their crews, ready for lowering, about 8 o'clock. When boat No. 1 struck the water she was caught on the crest of a big wave and drawn under the stern, where the propeller quickly cut the wooden craft to pieces. Passengers and crew were drowned, and their bodies must have been sucked under by the swirl of the water, for they were not seen from the deck afterward. Boat No. 4 was filled with passengers and lowered into the water, and shared the fate of No. 1. It was smashed up against the ship's side with great force, and its occupants were all carried rapidly astern and drowned. Seeing how hopeless it was to attempt to get the boats away in such a sea, Capt. Inch decided not to have any more lowered until the weather abated.
"The crew, who were fighting the fire, had managed to keep the flames from coming above the deck, and a message had been received from the Carmania, saying that she was rushing to our aid in answer to the S. O. S. sent out in all directions by our operator. At this time the foretop mast was swaying so wildly that there was danger of its carrying away and taking the wireless equipment with it.
How the Swaying Mast Was Rigged.
"In order to prevent this I shinned up the fore topmast, taking a stropblock and made it fast, afterward reeving a rope through it, which I carried around my waist. I passed it over the starboard side and took another stropblock and rope for the port side. By this means we had two preventer braces, which were hauled taut on deck and took the strain off the mast. When I had finished and was coming down the lower mast a batten carried away under my foot and I fell to the deck, a distance of about twelve feet, and wrenched my back severely.
"The sight of the swamping of the two lifeboats and the drowning of the passengers in sight of their relatives and friends on the deck caused many of the women to become hysterical and scream, and several of them tried to jump overboard.
"Just then the steering gear carried away, to make matters worse, and the Volturno went around in a circle. Four men managed to get to the wheel aft and work the hand steering gear. This gradually brought her head to the sea again. This was at 10:30, and after that the bridge and chart room were burned away.
"A slight explosion shortly afterward in No. 1 hold, near the spot where the captain was standing on deck directing the crew, caused a flame to shoot out, and it burned his right eye severely. This injury caused him great pain, and after that he was unable to read any of the wireless messages which were brought to him by the operator. All the time we were fighting the fire Capt. Inch was sending messages for aid. The Carmania arrived first, at 11 o'clock, followed by the Grosser Kurfürst and the Seydlitz in the afternoon.
Mr. Lloyd said that the Volturno carried a mixed German and Belgian crew, but denied positively that the men had shown any signs of cowardice during the fire. There was only one exception and that was the chief steward, who, half crazy with fear, jumped into the first lifeboat that was lowered.
"Third Officer Walter Dusselman of the Volturno, who arrived on the Grosser Kurfürst, said that when the explosion occurred he was in the chart room looking at the barometer. He went out and saw the smoke coming from No. 1 hatch and was told by the boatswain that the explosion had been caused by some chemicals stowed in the forward hold.
"One of the quartermasters," continued Mr. Dusselman, "came to me with his face blackened and his hair singed by the flames. He told me that the explosion had killed four seamen belonging to the watch below, who were asleep in their berths. I dashed forward into the forecastle, which was filled with smoke, and saw at a glance that the men were dead. I had to return immediately to open air, or I should have been suffocated by the acrid smoke from the fumes coming up the hatchway.
"Capt. Inch behaved with the greatest bravery and remained on the forward deck directing the work of the crew in fighting the fire until he was temporarily blinded by an explosion. The only trouble we had with the crew was when some of the stokers became excited and tried to rush the boats. The Captain drove them back with a pistol in his hand, telling them there was no danger if they would only stand by him and try to save the ship. This gave the men confidence in him and they returned to their work and gave no more trouble.
VOLTURNO'S CRIES FOR HELP.
Kurfuerst's Log Tells of Wireless Appeals Picked Out of the Air.
The part played by the wireless in saving the passengers and crew of the doomed Volturno is concisely but vividly told in the log of the Grosser Kurfürst. In short, snappy sentences the series of messages that flashed back and forth between the Grosser Kurfürst on the one hand and the Volturno and the other vessels of the rescuing squadron tell the story of the disaster. The first that Capt. Spangenberg of the German liner knew of the grim and terrible tragedy that was being enacted off the Grand Banks was last Thursday morning when the wireless operator on his ship picked out of the air the Volturno's S. O. S. cry for help. Capt. Spangenberg promptly sent the Grosser Kurfürst full speed to the scene of the disaster.
These are the messages recorded on the Grosser Kurfürst's log:
This is the Grosser Kurfürst's wireless log:
8:00 A. M. - S. O. S. from Volturno caught by Grosser Kurfürst. Gave position.
9:00 A. M. - Grosser Kurfürst to Volturno: "Give us your exact position. What is the matter? Do you need our help?"
9:45 A. M. - Volturno to Grosser Kurfürst: "Captain says thanks, but we have two boats steaming toward us, Carmania and the Seydlitz."
9:55 A. M. - Grosser Kurfürst to Seydlitz: "Please give details regarding Volturno. Have no definite news. Our course goes lat. 49.12 N. and lon. 34.51 W. What are you doing?"
10:30 A. M. - Seydlitz to Kurfürst: "Course taken to Volturno at 9:00 A.M., 73 miles off."
11:05 A. M. - Grosser Kurfürst to Seydlitz: "Please state your original Volturno position."
11:45 A. M. - Seydlitz to Kurfürst: "Lat. 49.12 N., lon. 34.51 W."
12:20 P. M. - Grosser Kurfürst to Volturno: "Have taken course 49.12 N. and 34.51 W. Can reach you by 5 P. M. If possible give us news."
1:20 P. M. - Carmania to Kurfürst: "We are standing by Volturno. Two Volturno boats adrift with passengers."
2:00 P. M. - Carmania to Grosser Kurfürst: "Am standing by Volturno in lat. 48.53 N. and 35.03 W."
2:10 P. M. - Volturno to Grosser Kurfürst: "Two boats launched. Four smashed. Six boats in all. We are on fire and it is still spreading."
3:25 P. M. - Kurfürst to Seydlitz: "Please give details if you are there. Have you launched any boats?"
4:00 P. M. - Volturno to all ships: "Come as quick as possible. We may go down any minute. She is buckling."
4:30 P. M. - Volturno to the Grosser Kurfürst: "Come up to the leeward and lower your boats. We will throw a line and life buoys."
6:00 P. M. - Volturno to Grosser Kurfürst: "We have one boat launched and that is all we have. Come further in and we will throw a line to the boat and pull it backwards and forwards."
6:30 P. M. - Volturno to Grosser Kurfürst: "We have launched the last boat and will send it away as we get passengers in."
7:20 P. M. - Grosser Kurfürst to Volturno: "Second Officer Lloyd and four men arrived well. Sea still too high to disembark your passengers. Await daylight."
2 A. M., Friday - Volturno to Grosser Kurfürst: "Do not send any more boats until daylight."
TO INVESTIGATE DISASTER.
Report of Faulty Equipment Stirs British Board of Trade.
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
LONDON, Oct 15. - The Board of Trade has ordered an inquiry into the Volturno disaster, and will make a special inquiry into the reported bad condition of the ship's boats and firefighting apparatus.
Although sailing from Rotterdam, London was the Volturno's home port. She was under British registry and her owners are responsible under British law for any failure to comply with the requirements of that law.
Webmaster's Note. More to transcribe!
Volturno Bridal Couple Committed Suicide;
Cook Served Food Till Shoes Burned Off;
Blinded Capt. Inch Saved His Dog
By C. W. McCLURE.
(By Marconi Wireless Telegraph to THE NEW YORK TIMES.)
ON BOARD S. S. KROONLAND, Via Cape Sable, Oct 15. -- While 1,500 miles west of Dover, at 9 A. M. on Thursday morning, a message was received that the Volturno was afire 100 miles away. The Kroonland immediately changed her course, and under full steam headed directly for the burning steamer. At 5 P.M. the Volturno was sighted. Two other steamships were standing by, but owing to the heavy sea they were unable to take off passengers.
At 2 o'clock in the afternoon a wireless was received announcing that all the lifeboats of the Volturno had been lost. The Carmania asked if we would stand by. In reply to our question whether it was worth while to continue, Capt. Kreibohm said that only one would proceed.
Capt. Kreibohm ran his ship to within hailing distance of the Volturno to determine her condition. The Kroonland was the first steamship to venture so near. Coming close, it was seen that the Volturno was badly afire forward to the funnel. The passengers were crowded at the stern and the crew were fighting the flames. The blaze had started amidships, throwing the engines out of commission, and the ship was a hopeless wreck.
At dusk Capt. Kreibohm had the Kroonland to windward and lowered a lifeboat commanded by First Officer Kummel and manned by sixteen volunteers. There were strong probabilities that the lifeboat would be wrecked and the men lost, as a heavy sea was running. The lifeboat went close to the Volturno, but was unable to take off any of the passengers and returned with difficulty. An hour later, the sea having calmed slightly, three more lifeboats were launched, and these succeeded in reaching the Volturno, but the passengers refused to jump. The boats, however, returned after midnight with thirteen who had been induced to take the risk. The Kroonland was most skillfully manoeuvred.
It was the judgement of Capt. Kreibohm and the Chief Engineer that the sea would quiet toward morning and that the Volturno could hold out. At 5 o'clock the Kroonland caused two lifeboats to be lowered. They were in command of the Second and Fourth Officers and manned by volunteers. The boats reached the Volturno, and in a short time brought aboard the Kroonland sixty-three more passengers, members of the crew, and officers. Seddon and Pennington, the Marconi operators, stuck to their posts until the Kroonland arrived. Capt. Inch was the last to leave the burning ship. He was badly blinded by smoke and is under the surgeon's care. He saved his dog, Jack, by strapping a life preserver to him.
It was due to Capt. Inch and his officers that there was no general panic among the passengers, but a tragic incident occurred just before the Kroonland hove in sight. A young married couple from France, despairing of being rescued, committed suicide by jumping overboard clasped in each other's arms. It appears that from fifty to seventy-five passengers, mostly from the first cabin, were lost by the capsizing of the Volturno's boats.
On board the Kroonland are three children without a single relative. It is not known whether they were merely separated from their parents or whether the latter are drowned. One is a five-year-old boy who speaks German. He has a large head and brown eyes. The other two are girls, 3 and 4 years old, respectively, and either Russian or Polish. They are being cared for by passengers. The passengers on the Kroonland have raised a fund of $714 for both rescued and rescuers. They are warm in their praise of the courage and skill of Capt. Kreibohm, the other officers, and the crew. C. W. McCLURE.
Heroism of the Volturno's Cook.
By CORTLANDT BEEKMAN.
(By Marconi Wireless Telegraph to THE NEW YORK TIMES.)
ON BOARD S. S. KROONLAND, Via Cape Sable, Oct 15. -- When we reached the burning Volturno it took remarkable seamanship and daring to bring the Kroonland under her stern in the hope of reaching her with a lifeline. It was a savage sea, and, skillfully as our first boat put away in the darkness, we on board the Kroonland knew that the chances were against its returning.
The setting off of extra rockets from the Volturno gave a marvelous pyrotechnical display, but to those on board it must have seemed as though the flames had reached the pilot house, for there rose a great cry of despair. When the real explosion came we looked upon the Volturno and her people as doomed.
The rescue work among those in the water was swift. In no time two boats had picked up thirteen men. That was at 3 o'clock in the morning. Summoned by the fire, many boats were near, and these were fitted with slings or bowlines. By this time the lifeboats could make their way about, for the sea was easier. A tank steamer had poured oil to windward upon the waters.
The task of bringing the rescued ones on board the Kroonland was cleverly handled by lifting them with bowlines through the port. And in all the excitement the men remembered to handle the children tenderly - children in many cases alone, for in the speed of loading families were separated.
It was a strange company that filled the last boat to put off from the side of the flame-swept Volturno. It carried Capt. Inch, it carried the officers, it carried a dog. And it carried a cook who was one of the big heroes of the tragedy, for he stood at his post and baked and made coffee until the flames were so close that his shoes were literally burned off.
The Kroonland was the last of the rescuing ships to pull away. As we left the Volturno was nothing but a cloud of smoke and so hot that scuttling her was out of the question. The Captain, the officers, and the crew of the Kroonland deserve the greatest praise for the skill, the daring, and the spirit of self-sacrifice they brought to this opportunity. In their efforts appeared the first hope that any rescue was possible. CORTLANDT BEEKMAN.
Cortlandt Beekman is the son of Mrs. William Bedlow Beekman of 14 East Tenth Street. He spent the summer abroad, and is returning on the Kroonland with his mother and his sister, Miss Margreta R. Beekman. Mr. Beekman is 27 years old, a member of the St. Anthony Society. He is a graduate of Williams College, class of 1910.
Webmaster's Note. Lots more to transcribe!
From the New York Times of October 16, 1913 - page 4
HEBREW SHELTER OPEN TO ALL COMERS FROM THE VOLTURNO; OTHER RELIEF MEASURES
TELL OF RESCUES BY THE KURFUERST
Capt. Spangenberg of German Liner Praises Work of His Officers and Men.
FACED TERRIFIC SEAS
Officers Climbed on Burning Ship and Slid Down Ropes to Show the Passenger How.
Capt. Spangenberg of the Grosser Kurfürst and his officers told yesterday of the rescue of passengers from the Volturno.
"At 8 o'clock on Thursday morning," said Capt. Spangenberg, "we caught the S. O. S. wireless signal from the Volturno. We tried to find out where the message came from and it was not until an hour later that we ascertained that the ship in distress was the Volturno and that she was on fire in the vicinity of latitude 49.12 and longitude 34.51. We asked by wireless for her exact position and also asked if our assistance was needed, to which Capt. Inch answered that two steamships were speeding to his assistance. We were then about seventy-five miles southeast of the Volturno.
"A little later we got the burning ship's exact position from the Seydlitz and I then altered my course and sent a wireless message to Capt. Inch that I would be with him between 4 and 5 o'clock that afternoon. At noon we got in communication with the Carmania and that ship told us that she was near the burning ship and that the Volturno had launched six boats. Four of them had been smashed and the other two went adrift.
Searched for Missing Boats.
"At 2 o'clock in the afternoon, the Carmania gave us a new position, which showed that we were about twenty-three miles Southwest of the burning ship. I then altered my course again and soon afterward received a message from the Volturno to keep a lookout for her two missing lifeboats. I sent two men aloft with glasses to search the sea but we found no trace of either boat.
"At 4 o'clock in the afternoon we sighted the Volturno. A great cloud of smoke was issuing from the after part of the ship and the Carmania and the Seydlitz were standing by. We could see the Seydlitz launching a boat. As we came nearer the Volturno asked us by wireless to come up on the leeward and, thinking that this indicated the Volturno's boats with passengers in them were in the water waiting to be picked up, we did so. We got within 400 or 500 feet of the ship, and the Captain shouted to us to lower a boat and to rig a line.
"At that time a full gale was blowing, and so it was that I could not go nearer without endangering my own passengers, of whom I had a total of 2,500 on board. We got our gun ready to fire a line to the ship, but I would not give the order to fire for fear we would injure some of the unfortunate persons on the Volturno.
"When I decided that the time was at hand to launch our boats, I called my men together and asked for volunteers, and 100 of them promptly stepped out and said they were ready to go whenever I said the word. It was a fine sight, and I am willing to admit it made me proud of my men. Then followed the launching of the first boat under command of Von Carlsburg and the perilous trip of that boat to the side of the Volturno. In the meantime Capt. Inch sent word by wireless that he had launched a boat in command of Second Officer Lloyd. This boat after a hard struggle reached the side of my ship and was destroyed just as Lloyd, the last man to leave it, jumped for the rope that dangled from the Grosser Kurfuerst. Afterward we launched two other boats, and I can only say that the men who manned them did their work not only bravely but very skillfully."
A Rescuer's Story.
After Second Officer Lloyd of the Volturno arrived on the Grosser Kurfürst at 7 o'clock on Thursday night, Capt. Spangenberg, the commander of the German liner, decided to lower his boats, and make an attempt to take off the passengers from the burning ship. Second Officer H. V. Carlsburg of the Grosser Kurfürst, in charge of Lifeboat 5, manned by eight volunteers, pulled over to the Volturno, two miles away and came alongside.
"When we were a ship's length from the Volturno," Mr. Carlsburg said, "there was a loud explosion in the forepart of the vessel. We could see the flames shoot up in the air. A few minutes later several rockets were fired from the afterdeck as a signal that assistance was needed urgently. The wireless apparatus had been put out of commission on the Volturno. I managed to get close to the ship by coming up under the stern. I shouted through my speaking trumpet: 'Where are your women and children?' There was no reply.
"All I could see was a number of men with their heads over the rail, all anxious to jump into the boat, which was the only one in sight. Fearing that by leaping into the boat they would sink it, I pushed off with some difficulty from the ship's side and just managed to clear a burning lifeboat, which had fallen from its davits. The men on deck had life jackets on. I shouted to them to jump into the water, where I could pick them up easier. They were afraid. Finally eighteen slid down by ropes and dropped into the boats. Three jumped into the water and were picked up. I returned to the Grosser Kurfuerst with twenty-one men, passengers and crew. I left Third Officer Von Sonnenberg with lifeboat No. 7 alongside. He stayed there for two hours and managed to bring off eleven more.
"After I had returned to the Grosser Kurfürst Fourth Officer Rogge, with a fresh crew, started back for the Volturno in my boat. He was away four hours, struggling against wind and sea, and failed to get alongside. We became alarmed at his long absence and feared that some mishap had occurred. I sent a wireless message to the other ships asking if they had seen our boat, but got no reply. While the boats were out Chief Officer Hashagen had oil poured down through the scuppers, vegetable oil as well as petroleum, as the former was thicker and had greater value in calming the waters.
"On Friday morning the sea had gone down and the rescue work was easier. The chief difficulty was in getting the women to leave the Volturno. Another officer and I slid down ropes to show them how easy it was to do it. Nervous because of the fate of the passengers who were lost when the boats were smashed on the previous days, the poor women would not let go the ropes and drop into the boats even when they had slid down safely. But eventually they were all taken off.
BRAVERY OF KURFUERST TARS
A Hundred Volunteers Strove for Honor of Rescue Work.
Every passenger on the Grosser Kurfürst had a vivid story to tell of the rescue work of the succoring fleet as viewed from the decks of the big German ship. They all agreed that the officers and crew of the Grosser Kurfürst had performed their part in the rescue work in the bravest possible fashion. Capt. Spangenberg was in personal charge throughout.
It was 8 o'clock at night, following the arrival of Lloyd, the injured second officer of the Volturno, at the side of the Grosser Kurfurst thus proving that a boat could live in the storm, that Capt. Spangenberg called for volunteers to man the boat that was to be sent out in command of Second Officer von Carlsberg. A hundred men leaped forward. From among them Capt. Spangenberg picked Quartermaster Bornemann, Sailmaker Everman and Seamen Tschinschintz, Kaempff, Silaff and Wagner and Stokers Montz and Sheffler. Twenty minutes later they were fighting death in the effort to reach the Volturno.
"It was magnificent, terrible and heartbreaking, all at the same time." said Ernest Peixotto, the artist, who was among the cabin passengers, "and I trust that I shall never witness such a sight again. We were so close that we could see the poor people huddled on the decks of the Volturno and yet the seas were so huge and the wind so high that it seemed impossible that any lifeboat could ever get close enough to be of assistance to them.
"Braver men don't live than are these officers and sailors of the Grosser Kurfürst. They never lost their heads for a minute and there was never a moment when they hesitated to face any danger in their efforts to get to those unfortunate folks on the burning ship.
Another of the passengers was Mme. Marie Mattfeld, the singer, who came over in the Grosser Kurfürst for her season with the Metropolitan Opera Company.
"I was at dinner," said Mme. Mattfield, "when I heard the news that the Grosser Kurfürst had altered her course and was headed for a steamer that was in great danger of going down with hundreds of people on board. A short time afterward we sighted the burning Volturno, at at about 4 P. M. we were close enough to see the hundreds of pathetic figures huddled about the decks.
"The sight was one to break your heart, and it seemed impossible that they could be saved in such weather as prevailed. All that night I was wide awake watching the fiery tongues of flames that shot out of the burning ship.
"When day dawned I remained on deck and watched the splendid work of the crews that manned the lifeboats. We could see Officers Bremer, Hasagen, and von Carlsburg as they manoeuvred their boats alongside the Volturno, and we could see the people as they dropped into them.
"It was like some terrible nightmare," said Miss Helen Joseffy. "The burning ship, the tossing and rolling of the rescuing vessels, the awful waves and the wind, all united to make the picture one that was magnificent and terrible at the same time.
Miss Joseffy was the prime worker in the raising of the fund for the relief of the survivors on the Grosser Kurfürst. She also took a leading part in the raising of another fund of more than $300 as a reward for the crews of the liner's lifeboats.
Walter Greinelsen of Berne, Switzerland, said that at one time Capt. Spangenburg had the Grosser Kurfürst within less than 200 yards of the ....
Webmaster's Note. Missing some text!
for life and watching the rescuing ships trying to get their boats to them.
"We never slept that night," said M. Greinelsen, "and I tell you it was nothing less than wonderful the way those brave officers and men of the Grosser Kurfurst worked to save the people on the doomed ship."
"John H. Adams, Editor of the Baltimore Sun, said he had never seen a finer or more inspiring sight than the rescue work by the Kurfurst's crew. Other passengers of the Grosser Kurfurst, who gave similar testimony, were Dr. William M. Butler, Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Chapotn, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Paine, M. W. Mawyer, and Prof. F. M. Williams.
NEED MORE MONEY FOR THE SURVIVORS
Schiff Advances $5,000 to Red Cross Committee Pending Receipt of Subscriptions.
WOMEN WORST SUFFERERS
Those Deprived of Breadwinners by Destruction of the Volturno Must Be Cared For.
The situation confronting the Emergency Relief Committee of the Red Cross named to care for the survivors from the wrecked steamship Volturno is a serious one, according to Robert W. de Forest, Chairman of the committee.
"The response to the appeal by the Mayor and committee for funds to provide relief for these sufferers has been inadequate," he said last night. "The survivors who arrived to-day are mostly able-bodied men, some of whom have been separated from their families, but it is the women and children who are left without breadwinners who are most in need of aid. Some of the mothers have been separated from their children, here or on the other side, and these families must be united. Five children arrived on the Kroonland today whose parents have not been found. It is plain that not only immediate relief is needed but that those persons who have been left destitute must be helped for some time to come."
At least $20,000 will be required to take care of the women and children among the survivors, the Red Cross committee says. In addition to the refugees now here the committee will be called upon to provide for others who were landed at Halifax, and at Philadelphia, and who are to be sent here. Pending the receipt of subscriptions, Jacob H. Schiff advanced $5,000 to the committee as a loan, and headed the subscription list with a contribution of $500.
Among the firms offering to supply clothing to the women and children is that of L. & C. Stern of 416-20 West Thirty-second Street and 119-22 West Thirty-first Street, manufacturers of suits and cloaks. This firm sent this letter yesterday to THE NEW YORK TIMES:
New York, Oct. 15, 1913, To the Editor of The New York Times:
It certainly did not escape our attention that when the passengers on the ill-fated Volturno arrive they will be penniless and in need of clothes more than anything else. We are ready to supply ten of the women, and also some of the children, with garments. Kindly bring this to the attention of the proper authorities. Yours very truly, L. & G. STERN.
The Red Cross committee announced these subscriptions to the relief fund yesterday:
Webmaster's Note. A list of 23 donors followed with names and individual dollar amounts totalling $1,543. I have not transcribed the detail here.
W. Frank Persons, Superintendent of the United Charities, is in charge of the distribution of the relief fund.
Subscriptions for the relief of the Volturno survivors should be sent to the Mayor or to Jacob H. Schiff, Treasurer of the American Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee, 52 William Street.
At the Harvard Club last night W. Frank Persons, who is the field director of the Charity Organization Society, and represents the State Department in caring for American refugees from Mexico, told of the work that will be done to aid the families of those who perished on the Volturno.
"What impresses me in respect to this disaster," he said, "is its apparent failure to arouse the public imagination. There has been no such loss of life as in the case of the Titanic, but in its effect on a class of humble people this disaster is equally terrible. The number of immigrants rescued and in destitute circumstances is as great as in the case of the Titanic, and as much money will be needed for them as for the immigrant survivors of the Titanic.
"One of the eighty-three men who arrived to-day among the rescued immigrants has a wife and five children who are being taken to Rotterdam on the steamship Czar. We will have to take care of him and his family until they can establish themselves on a self-supporting basis. Like many others they lost all of their household effects. Most all of the immigrants have lost both money and tickets that were intended to carry them to their destination. None had an overcoat when he left the ship to-day. They lost everything but the light clothing they had on at the time of the loss of the ship."
An appeal has been made by the Council of Jewish Women for new clothing for the sufferers. These articles may be sent in care of Miss Sadie American, Educational Alliance Building, 197 East Broadway.
CAPT. INCH HERE; LONG FACED DEATH TO SAVE HIS SHIP
Skipper of Volturno Hailed as a Hero by 89 survivors in Port on Kroonland.
DIDN'T STOP FOR FOOD
Commander of Burned Ship Praises Work of All Vessels That Came to Aid Him.
PASSENGERS AIDED CREW
Helped Cut Holes Through the Steel Deck and Put the Women in Boats.
BABY WAIFS AROUSE PITY
Lady Bullock Among Kroonland Passengers Who Care for Motherless Little Ones.
RESCUED AT OTHER PORTS
Seydlitz Takes 46 to Philadelphia and Narragansett Reaches London with 29 from Burned Ship.
The Red Star liner Kroonland from Antwerp, one of the eleven ships that speeded through mountainous seas to the aid of the burning Volturno, after her wireless call for help was sent broadcast on the morning of Thursday, Oct. 9, arrived at her pier in the North River last night, having on board 89 survivors from the lost Uranium liner. She had been delayed in getting to port by a weakness which developed in one of her crankshafts.
Among these survivors were fourteen officers and men, including Capt. Francis Inch of the Volturno. The rest were steerage passengers who were rescued on Friday morning from boats from the Kroonland. The arrival of the Kroonland at her pier at 7:20 o'clock last night was cheered heartily by the throng which had gathered to welcome those who had been saved. In this throng was Sidney Inch, a brother of the Volturno's commander.
When the Immigration Officers boarded the Kroonland at Quarantine they were shown to the first class smoking room on the promenade deck, where it had been arranged for them to examine the survivors of the Volturno in order that they could be landed without delay at the pier and taken to the home of the Hebrew Sheltering and Aid Society in East Broadway where the survivors brought here on the Grosser Kurfürst were being cared for.
The survivors were all eager to tell of the kindness with which they had been treated on board the Kroonland by the passengers in the first cabin, who formed a committee to collect clothing for the women and children. The men among those saved were equipped by the officers and crew of the ship.
Capt. Inch, whose first act upon his arrival was to cable his wife and three children in England of his safety, told a graphic story of the fight against the flames on the Volturno. He paid a high tribute to the Captains if the ships that came to his aid, including Capt. Barr of the Carmania, and said that the criticisms of the skipper of the Cunard liner were unwarranted. He denied also that life-saving equipment on the Volturno was defective, and in this he was corroborated by several of his officers.
The most interesting persons among the survivors to the Kroonland's passengers were three children, a boy five years old, another about a year old, and a little girl with golden hair, thought to be about three years old, whose relatives are missing.
Lady Bullock, wife of Gen. Sir Frederick Bullock, Governor of Bermuda, took charge of these three children when they came on board, and she, with Miss Florence Kelley of the University Settlement, Mrs. T. Spencer and Miss Evelyn Bullock, cared for them.
After the Kroonland arrived at her pier last night Capt. Kreibohm received a wireless message from Brussels signed by the King of Belgium, which read:
Accept my congratulations for yourself and crew of the Kroonland for your courage in saving the passengers of the Volturno. ALBERT.
CAPT. INCH'S STORY
Skipper Tells of Desperate Fight to Save the Volturno.
Francis Inch, the young commander of the Volturno, who the survivors from that ship have testified faced death time and again in fighting the flames that destroyed her, told his story of the disaster after he had arrived here last night. He received the reporters in the smoking room on the Kroonland.
"In the beginning," said Capt. Inch, "I want to say that the Carmania did the very best that she could. I have nothing but praise and gratitude for those gallant seamen who steamed full speed to the assistance of my poor ship, and this includes Capt. Barr and the Carmania. There can be no question, no matter what any one else may say, but that Carmania did her part and it was done gallantly and well.
No Panic Among Passengers.
"Also I wish to say before I tell the detailed story of the disaster that at no time was there any panic on board the Volturno, either among the passengers or the crew. The passengers behaved splendidly. Some of them helped us make the fight to save the ship, and when the last moment came and it was imperative that the ship be deserted,
(Webmaster Note. Continued on Page 3.)
CAPT. INCH HERE; LONG FACED DEATH TO SAVE HIS SHIP
Continued from Page 1.
the men stood back, without so much as a murmur, and let the women and babies be saved first. As for my crew, there is nothing I can say that will be too much praise for them. Every man among them did his duty and he did it well and willingly. Likewise there is absolutely no truth in any story which might create the impression that anybody was brutal during the trying hours that intervened between the discovery of the fire and the arrival of the rescuing ships.
"I never used a revolver or any other weapon to cow the passengers. As a matter of fact, my pistol was burned up in the wreckage of the bridge. I might add that none of my officers or any of the seamen used any kind of weapons to maintain order.
"The loss of our lifeboats immediately following the discovery of the fire is of course the saddest chapter in the awful story. It was my first duty to order those boats provisioned and made ready for launching, and the disaster that followed the dropping, or the attempt to drop, them into that frightful sea indicates better than any words of mine the kind of weather the Volturno faced that day. The first boat to be launched was in the command of Chief Officer Miller. It struck the water and immediately seas engulfed it and it was capsized, and all in it undoubtedly were lost. The second boat, which was No. 6, was lowered under command of poor Langsell, the Fourth Officer. In it were about 40 persons, I should say, and God knows what has become of them. The boat got away from the ship and was not again seen.
Liner Crushed Third Lifeboat.
"The third boat, commanded by Boatswain Suderstrohm, was lowered and had about fifty of the steerage passengers in it. As it stuck the water the tossing Volturno made a deep dip forward and a giant sea swept the boat under the liner's stern. When she settled back she sat upon the little craft, crushed it like an eggshell and everybody in it was lost except the boatswain, who dived out and upon coming up caught hold of the tackle that was dangling from the ship's stern and was pulled back on board. No man ever looked death closer in the face that he did.
"I forgot to say that Miller's boat, after it capsized, righted itself; and we saw several of those who had been in it, among them Miller and a seaman, trying to get back. Whether they succeeded and what became of them we shall probably never know.
"At that time I did not think the Volturno would last much more than an hour, so fierce were the flames that were eating their way through the vitals of the ship. But we did not launch any more boats, for Pennington, the first Marconi operator, told me that the Carmania had caught our signal and was speeding to our aid.
First Word of the Fire.
"Now I shall try and tell you in detail the story of the loss of the Volturno. It was 6:50 o'clock on Thursday morning when the fire was discovered. I was in my cabin getting a little sleep, when Miller, the chief officer, came in quietly, and, coming up to my bunk, told me the ship was burning in hatch No. 1. The tone of his voice told me how serious the situation was.
"We were then proceeding through heavy seas at a speed of about eight knots before the wind. I told Miller to give the order to slow down and then to order the crew to the fire stations, but to keep the knowledge from the passengers until we could ascertain just how serious the situation was.
"'But the passengers know it already,' Miller answered, and I then him to order them all to the after deck. The picture when I arrived on deck was a terrible one, yet all was quiet among the passengers. Forward and abaft the forecastle the flames formed a solid wall of fire forty or more feet high, and I saw that the life rafts and the deck fittings were beginning to blaze.
"While I was looking over the ship Quartermaster Oller came up out of the forecastle. His face was burned badly and as he staggered toward me I caught him in my arms and asked him where he had been. He answered, 'I am just out of the forecastle, and there are four men burning to death in there.' It was all too true. The poor fellows were all seamen, and good ones.
Sends Out Calls for Aid.
"At this time the wireless operators were sending out the 'S. O. S.' signal, and as I looked about the ship I felt we were doomed. As a matter of fact at that time I gave the Volturno just about one-half an hour more before it would all be over and she would be burned to the water's edge. It was at this juncture that I gave the orders to provision the boats and make ready to launch them. The passengers were still quiet and showing remarkable nerve in so trying an ordeal.
"Then followed a series of explosions, the origin of which I have not been able to determine. There were three of them and the last was by far the worst. It was a terrific detonation and completely wrecked the saloon and everything seemed to collapse. You must remember here that the fire was then less than an hour old and the wireless men had not caught any of the other ships with their distress signals.
"Pennington, the first wireless operator, came to me and I told him to go back and keep his S. O. S. going while I got the ship's position. All this time the crew were getting the boats ready for launching, and the explosions were following one after the other. The third explosion wrecked the steering gear and put the compass out of commission. The midships hospital was wrecked, but so far as I have been able to find out no one, either among the passengers or the crew was injured by the explosions.
"After the steam steering gear was wrecked Chief Engineer Diver arranged a hand gear and put four men to work on it. As soon as Diver had finished rigging up the hand gear he joined those of us who were fighting the fire. We got the steam extinguishers into position and turned them into the hold while with the hose we played water on the deck fittings. Two seamen, Gunderson and Sarston, and I, handled the hose, and right here I want to deny that the hose was rotten. It was new and was bought here in New York on the Volturno's last trip to this port.
Hears from the Carmania.
"You will note that I am not giving any time in telling this story. I never paid any attention to the time. There was too much else to do to worry about that. But the fire was still young at this time and while Gunderson, Sarston and I were playing on the deck fittings, Pennington came running up to me and said that the Carmania had answered and that Capt. Barr sent word to me that he was coming at full speed, which was about nineteen miles an hour in the roughest kind of a sea.
"When Pennington brought this cheering information we had launched the boats under Miller and Langsell and Luderstrohm. One of them, that of Luderstrohm, had been wrecked, and all but he lost; another got away from the ship and disappeared, while Miller's had capsized, then righted itself and had been lost to view. When I was told that the Carmania was speeding to us, and that she was not far off, I ordered that no more lifeboats be lowered. It was almost impossible for a boat to live in those turbulent seas, and my judgment was that it was best to wait for the Carmania.
"With the big Cunarder racing for us, we kept on fighting the fire, giving most of our attention at that time to No. 1 hold, and gradually we got the fire in that hold subdued. That accomplished, we tackled the flames below the hatches, and I took up a position in the alleyway underneath the forecastle. The heat in the alleyway was almost unbearable, and every now and then I had to rush out to cool off. While I was down there I saw a charred body in the alleyway and saw two others lying side by side at the forecastle door.
Flames Spread to the Bunkers.
"When we thought we were getting the best of the blaze below the hatches I said to Diver that I thought we should get the fire out after all, but he realized better than I did, then, how desperate was the situation and replied that he did not think so. Hardly had I expressed this hope when Second Engineer Malcomson reported that the fire had spread into the bunkers and that the men could not get at the fire in them because of the gas.
"Something had to be done to fight the bunker fires; that was certain. So we ordered the crew to work in relays and to snatch the coal out of the bunkers as fast as possible. Then we closed the watertight doors to keep the fire in the bunkers from the other part of the ship, but as events proved it was of no use; the odds were too great. All of the engineers, except those I have mentioned who were fighting the fire on deck, stayed at their posts in the engine rooms.
"By this time the covering to the steel of the upper main deck had caught fire, due possibly to the intense heat of the steel underneath. The fire was also eating its way back through the wreckage of the saloon. It was necessary to cut through the deck and I told Diver to have men cut holes, so that we could get at the fire under us.
"To cut these holes the carpenters had to cut through a steel deck half an inch thick. Many of the steerage passengers helped us at this work and they did well. Finally they got the holes opened up and we could see the inferno under us. Through these holes we were able to get at the fire, but no sooner did we make an impression that word came that the deck aft was well ablaze, and, calling the Chief Steward, I told him to erect screens to protect the passengers from the fire and to give them food and to do all that he could to keep them calm."
"When did you give up" a reporter asked Capt. Inch at this point in his narrative.
"I never gave up for one moment until the pumps gave out," the youthful skipper answered.
Carmania Looked Like Ball of Foam.
"We were back at No. 1 hatch working for all we were worth when the second officer ran up and told me that the Carmania was coming. The Cunarder was coming at a great clip and she looked like a great ball of foam as she cut her way through the water. But we did not have time to stop and look then. We kept on fighting the fire. The Carmania steamed to the windward and dropped a boat. Seddons, the second Marconi operator, was bringing me Capt. Barr's message from the wireless room and was taking mine back to Pennington. A tremendous sea was running and I saw that it was impossible for the boat that the Carmania had launched to reach us. The boat crew worked like mad, but they could do nothing in that sea, and after a time they managed to get back to their ship.
"Realizing that he could not get to us in such weather as then prevailed, Capt. Barr sent a wireless message to me asking if I wanted him to go in search of Miller's and Langsell's boats. I replied that I thought it would be better for him to stand by a bit longer. A little later the Seydlitz of the North German Lloyd Line arrived, and I then asked Capt. Barr by wireless to look for my missing boats. Capt. Barr replied that he would steam twelve miles in search of them and that he would take a northeasterly course. In the meantime the Seydlitz had come up and dropped a lifeboat, but, as in the case of the Carmania's boat, the seas were too heavy, and the effort to reach us failed.
"At 3 o'clock in the afternoon the Carmania returned and Capt. Barr manoeuvered her to within a ship's length of the Volturno. He told me that he was dropping six life rafts but they all drifted by our bow and we were unable to get any of them. It was about this time that I was caught in a blast of hot air which for a time blinded me. It was now nearly 4 o'clock and our position was awful yet our passengers remained calm and the crew continued to work for all they were worth. The passengers seemed to have confidence in us and I think they realized that we were doing everything that was possible to save them and the ship.
"Several times the wreckage in the hospital caught fire, but with the aid of a ladder we were able each time to check it. Shortly before 4 o'clock the flames burst through hatch No. 2. The Grosser Kurfürst came along about this time, but the sea was still rough, and no lifeboat could get to us."
"During all this time did you have anything to eat?" some one asked the skipper.
"I did not have a bite to eat or drink from the moment the ship was reported on fire until I was taken on board this vessel," answered Capt. Inch, "although on several occasions members of the crew came to me and suggested that I get something. By 8 o'clock on Thursday night our pumps had gone out of commission and we could only get water for two lines of hose. The sea was still turbulent, half a gale was blowing and the barometer was rising. Three times that day I had to change all my clothes.
"At dusk the fire started up amid-ship again, and it was at that time that the Kroonland came up and steamed within less than a hundred feet of us, Capt. Kreibohm's idea being to fire a line with his Lile gun to us. That idea was given up and the Kroonland steamed to the windward, the Captain sending word by wireless that he was going to drop a life boat manned by skilled sailors, and that if that boat got to us I was to send him word and he would immediately send two more. The Kroonland was so close to us that the passengers shouted for the vessel to come alongside, none of them realizing the impossibility of such a manoeuvre in weather like that.
Passengers Afraid to Jump.
"The boat the Kroonland launched got to within hailing distance four times, only to be swept back by some giant sea each time. The boat then went to the weather side and I tried to get some of the steerage men to jump, but none of them would take the chance. Lloyd, the second officer, came to me at this time and asked to be allowed to launch our last boat and row to the side of one of the steamers to prove that a lifeboat could live. I told him I would not allow him to go, but he insisted and I told him to call for volunteers. Four men jumped into the boat with him and the boat was dropped a distance of fifteen feet or more into the water. As you know, it made the Grosser Kurfürst all right, but the boat was swamped just as Lloyd was hauled on board.
Lifeboat Gets to Volturno.
"Between 9:30 and 10 o'clock on Thursday night the saloon and chart room caught fire again, and it was then that I fired my last rocket as a signal to the rescuers to get to work without delay. The wireless was being operated with accumulators then, and seeing the flames as they shot into the air, the boats around us thought the end was near and all launched boats, notwithstanding the terrible conditions that existed. The magazine on the bridge exploded next, and as it did so the first lifeboat got to us. It was from one of the German ships.
"The only way to get into it was to jump and take a chance of the German sailors picking you out of the water. None of the passengers were willing to take this chance even then, and so I ordered two of my sailors to jump overboard as an object lesson. This had its effect and the men passengers began jumping into the sea, the Germans getting them with boat-hook oars, and when they were close enough, grabbing them by the head and arms and pulling them in. As each boat got to us two of my men would jump overboard and then the others would follow. No women jumped, only men.
"Shortly before midnight the moon set, and a heavy rain squall came up. Half an hour later the fire seemed to die down but it belied appearances for I found that it was raging fiercer than ever underneath the deck. The wireless aerial had been wrecked by this time and I had no means of communicating with the other ships, the commanders of which noting that the flames had seemingly died down, thinking we had the fire under control.
"The result was that we did not get any more boats after 1 A. M., when a Russian boat got along side and took off several men. We were then entirely surrounded by ships but the commanders were under the impression that our position was improved, while as a matter of fact, we were in worse shape than ever and I did not believe that we would last until daylight, but I had no way of getting that information to my rescuers.
"But we did last through the night and when day came the sea had moderated and the boats were able to come alongside. I ordered the women and children off first, the women sliding down ropes while the children were wrapped up and after being tied with ropes were dropped into the waiting boats. One woman dropped her baby into the water before we had a chance to get to her but a seaman jumped in after it and rescued it.
"We were able to load three boats at a time, and soon every passenger was safely off the Volturno and only I, Seddons, Diver and two seamen were on board. My little dog Jack was also still on board. I saw two Kroonland boats coming and I signalled that we only needed one, when I made a last inspection of the ship and satisfied myself no one would be left on board. Just before I left the ship I wrapped my dog in a blanket tied a rope around him and told the officer commanding to "catch my baby." He did so and when he took Jack out of the blanket he laughed and said 'why it is a dog' and so it was and one of the best and most companionable little fellows that ever lived. Then I dropped overboard and as we sailed away on the Kroonland I looked back and saw the Volturno a mass of flames drifting with the wind."
Capt. Inch is thirty-six years old. He is a native of Plymouth, England, and has a wife and three little children there.
TALES OF THE SURVIVORS.
How Families Were Parted, Some to be Saved and Some to Die.
When the Kroonland had been warped into her berth at the foot of West Twenty-first Street the survivors of the Volturno were called into the smoking room of the steamship, where they filed one by one before the immigration officers to give their names and brief sketches of their personal history.
"The women came first. The majority of them had been separated from their husbands, and in some instances from their children, and the scene was full of human interest of a very pathetic nature. As the names were called out an agent of the company and an official from the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society stood beside the Inspector to act as interpreter and tell the women if any news had been received of the rescue of other members of the family.
"This, with the exception of Capt. Inch, is the roster of those saved by the Kroonland:
Alesowitch, S., 37. Fischpeck, Gene, 14. Koenig, Paul, 39. Shilt, Yossel, 16. Badiroa, Hanke, 25. Fuhrsman, B., 25. Kosiszek, Katuse, 18. Singer, Emma, 20. Badiroa, Stefan, 3. Geilic, Blaz, 36. Knotel, Heinrich, 24. Spanwie, Stevan, 20. Badiroa, Stasch, 1 ½. Gruenfeld, Anne, 24. Krizanic, Tinbre, 24. Stake, Ian, 46. Balterkse, C., 20. Gruenfeld, Cheret, 1½. Kurmir, Chaim, 18. Steinberg, Lobel, 20. Bakaric, F., 19. Gruenfeld, Floret, 4. Lactasiec, Gjuiv, 2. Tairncan, Angel, 24. Bernan, Liebe, 24. Gruenfeld, Johan, 6 months. Maslin, Ewa, 19. Tairncan, Victor, 10 months. Binant, Bertch, 23. Lajonc, Magdalena, 42. Muschka, Anna, 28. Vaskovic, M., 25. Binant, Bertch, 6. Lajonc, Lajonc, B., 4. Muschka, Antonia, 8 months. Vaskovic, Rade, 18. Bjelivuk, Stevan, 23. Lajonc, B., 4. Nusushukut, Maria, 18. Verezewska, Luca, 17. Bokavslausky, M., 20. Lajonc, Mariana, 7. Padlovac, Iovan, 21. Voossel, Ivan, 45. Bokavslausky, R., 17. Lasewieck, M., 19. Poliak, Golde, 9. Weinermann, F., 18. Bvagugneau, H., 23. Lawitzsch, Spiro, 26. Poliak, Gune, 7. Weinermann, L., 16. Cliodalz, Karolina, 21. Louster, W., 44. Poliak, Milka, 13. Yucsyna, Maria, 15. Coetkories, M., 18. Leuzutzky, Abe., 16. Proytsche, K., 26. Unknown child without parents. De Groot, Anna, 54. Loster, Anton., 24. Ruvin, Esther, 19. Unknown child without parents. Dimitriewitsch, H., 24. Lovri, Milovan, 17. Rutkewitz, Siderka, 18. Unknown child without parents. Drajevic, T., 18. Kanlzac, Migo, 28. Schubert, G., 34. Filak, Parwell, 26. Kaschniski, Ruchel, 18. Shilt, Key, 11.
MEMBERS OF THE CREW.
Baller, Kurt, 25, third baker. Diver, Robert, 58, chief engineer. Muller, Hans, 26, waiter. Stegmeier, Martin, 25, fifth engineer. Belfield, James, 23, fourth engineer. Feirerhahn, Henri, 46, second steward. Remington, C. J., 22, second Marconi operator. Tuch, Francis, 36, master. Blitz, Otto, 25, mess steward. Gonderson, Ole, 50, seaman. Saranen, August, 23, seaman. De Groot, Marinus, 19, waiter. Malcomson, Frank, 29, second engineer. Seddon, Walter, 21, first Marconi operator.
(Webmaster's Note. The Kroonland numbers are a bit of a puzzle. Since there were supposed to be 89 survivors including both passengers and crew. But the above lists total 88 only (74 plus 14) and, so far as I can see, only 88 were in fact manifested. Can anybody help explain that tiny mystery? It is not because Capt. Inch was excluded from the above lists because 'Tuch, Francis, 36, master' clearly, in fact, is the listing of Capt. Inch.)
One of the pathetic cases was the separation of Mrs. Bert Binaut from her husband, Charles Binaut. Her six-year-old daughter Bert was saved with her, and her five-year-old son is missing with his father. Mrs. Binaut appeared to be about thirty years old, and her haggard looks gave evidence of the ordeal she had gone through on the Volturno. In French she said:
"The excitement when the people cried out on Thursday in the steerage, where I was with my husband and children, that the ship was on fire was terrible. I shall never forget it. Women took their children in their arms and ran up on the deck. I went with my daughter and my husband followed me, carrying the boy.
Parted From Husband and Son.
"When we got on deck the ship was rolling so heavily that it was very difficult to stand, and I told my husband not to get too near the side of the ship or he might go overboard. At the other end, near the bridge, I saw a lot of people struggling to get into the boats, and I was afterward told that all of them had been drowned. I only saw one boat that was in the water filled with people, and a sailor told me that they were the cabin passengers. Some of the people got so excited at the flames coming up in front of the ship that they cried out, 'We shall all be burned.'
"A Frenchman and his wife, who were both young and I think had only just been married, were passengers in the cabin and they had spoken to us because we were also French. When they saw that the boat had gone with the cabin passengers the man became like one crazy, and locking his arm within that of his wife the two jumped overboard together into the water and were drowned before any of the sailors could stop them. It was dreadful. The young man had told my husband that he had been studying to be an engineer and had just passed his examinations, and intended to settle in the United States."
"Where is your husband?" Mrs. Binaut was asked.
Her eyes filled with tears and her voice quavered as she replied:
"I do not know. I can only hope and pray that the good God has taken care of him and my little son. At 3 o'clock on the morning after the fire, Friday, the little boat came from the ship to the side of the Volturno and our officers called out for the women and children to get into the boats. It was so cold and dark and the sea was still so very rough that the women were afraid and refused to go. My husband said that he would take the boy and go into the small boat, and I could come afterward with the little girl when the night had gone and the sea was calmer.
"I went to the side of the ship and saw him go down the rope, holding the boy in his arms, and the people in the boat caught him by the feet and drew him in. Then the boat went away and I have not seen or heard of him since."
Mrs. Binaut was told by the agent that inquiries would be made and that it was very possible that her husband and son had been taken on board the Grosser Kurfuerst, which arrived here on Wednesday, or the Seydlitz, which arrived in Philadelphia yesterday. He said also that a cable would be sent to the agent of the line in Rotterdam to find out if they had been landed on the other side. She said that she and the little girl left the Volturno at 6 o'clock on Friday morning and at that time the heat was so great from the fire, which was getting nearer and nearer all through the night, that it was impossible to stay down below.
(Webmaster's Note. Any visitor who wishes to know the outcome of this human drama, i.e. what did happen to Mrs. Binaut and her family, is invited to read here.)
Henri Bonquegneau, 24 years old, from the north of France, told the Immigration Inspectors that he was very grieved because he had failed to save the life of a child belonging to one of his countrywomen on board. Mrs. Angele Tourneu was a passenger with her two months' old son Victor and her 3-year-old daughter Angele, on the way to join her husband near Cape Breton, in Canada. At 11 o'clock on Thursday night, when the boat from the Kroonland was alongside, Bonquegneau said that Mrs. Tourneu asked him to take her daughter and she would wait for the next boat.
"After putting on a life jacket," the young Frenchman said, "I tied the little girl to my back in it with a shawl and then jumped over into the water. I think that in coming up she must have struck her head against the hull of the Volturno as it sank in the trough of the sea, because until then the child's arms were tightly clasped about my neck, and then suddenly they let go and hung limply. I could not find the boat from the ship, and swam for twenty-five minutes toward the Kroonland.
"The shawl with the baby of the little girl was such a weight around my neck that I had to let it go. As I got near to the steamer I was picked up by one of the boats and taken on board the Kroonland. I am going to try and find where Mrs. Tourneu is, so that I can let her know what happened to her little daughter."
Lost One Child, Saved Three.
Mrs. Anna De Groote from Holland and her daughter, Anna Grunewald, and the latter's three children, Floortje, 4 years old; Gerrit, I year old, and Johann, 6 months old, were lowered over the side of the Volturno shortly after 7 o'clock on Friday morning, after the deck of the vessel had become so heated that it was almost impossible to stand in one place for any length of time. The five were lowered into lifeboats of the Kroonland with ropes fastened around their waists in the form of nooses.
William, the three-year-old son of Mrs. Gruneweld, was drowned. The rope which had been placed around his waist slipped and he fell into the water. Sailors jumped to his rescue, but he did not reappear.
Mrs. DeGroote was hysterical, and showed plainly the nervous strain under which she had labored for several days. The grandmother, daughter and grandchildren are going to Norway, Mich., where they will join the daughter's husband, a farmer at that place.
Lost Her Wedding Trousseau.
Heide Baltakta, 20 years old, who came from Garadicia, Russia, to marry Abraham Sinitzky, a painter, of 200 East 109th street, was one of the survivors. She said:
"I was asleep in the steerage when a boy came running to us and said that the boat was on fire. I ran to the deck, and one of the crew gave me a life preserver, which I put on. It was terrible, and I shall never forget how I was prevented from jumping overboard by a sailor, who caught my arm just as I got to the rail."
Heide is a pretty, rosy-cheeked girl with black hair and sparkling eyes, and she told a story of her sweetheart Sinitzky, who came here two years ago from the same town in Russia which is her home.
"We were children together," she said, "and went to school together. Just before Abraham left for America he asked me if I would marry him when he had saved up enough money to send for me. I said yes, and he has worked hard for two years to save up the necessary money. A month ago he sent for me, and as soon as I get some new clothes we shall be married. I lost all the clothes I had made for myself to bring to this country, and a quantity of bedding, but I would have been glad to lose everything in the world if I would only be sure of knowing that Abraham is here waiting for me, and that he knows that I am safe."
Two children who survived the disaster, though traveling alone, were Yosel Shood, 16 years old, and his sister, Chaya, 11 years. They told a story of the panic following the first cry of fire, the simple telling of which was thrilling. The two stuck hand in hand together most of the time, the boy always clinging to his sister whenever possible in the panic, and she, just as anxiously clinging to him.
As they knelt and prayed, a rush of men and women knocked them on their backs on the deck and they were trampled on, but somehow or other they stuck to one another and were almost the last to leave the burning ship. They then jumped together into one of the small boats and were taken aboard the Kroonland.
The youngsters are on their way to their parents who reside with a family named Schmuckler at 344 South Fourth Street, Philadelphia. Their father has been in the country six years, their mother came out last year and they were left in Russia until their father could get together enough money for their passage. Anxiety about their parents who did not meet them caused the children to break down after telling the story of their adventures and it required the kindly treatment of some of the nurses to restore their confidence.
"We were asleep and were awakened when somebody ran through the boat shouting "Fire," said the boy, Yosel. We were only thinly clothed when we ran out of our cabin and got caught in the jam of many passengers who were scrambling to get to the upper deck.
"We were so small that we got knocked down and trampled on but when we were broken apart, Chaya always seemed to get hold of my coat and as far as we were able we kept hand in hand.
"When we got to the upper deck we saw people running up and down. We didn't know which way to run but we ran with some of the crowd. Some people knelt down and prayed and we got down and prayed too, but a lot of people knocked us off our knees - they couldn't see us, we were so small.
"Then people started to run back to the lower deck. We ran there too. Then we saw a large fire. We started running upstairs again. Then there was a big explosion.
"We shivered from the cold on the upper deck and when everybody was running up and down we saw three women throw their babies into the sea. We saw the sailors letting some boats down but they were drowned because the boats broke in two."
"After we were nearly numb from the cold, the flames got nearer to us and then it became so hot that I thought we should suffocate. The crowd kept pushing up to the front of the boat and we squeezed into the crowd until we got in the middle. We were afraid we were going to be trampled on then. Sometimes we were squeezed so tight that we couldn't get our breath. And it was so hot. Friday morning when the boats came along they shouted to us to jump into them and Chaya and I jumped. That's how we were saved."
Mother Saw Her Baby Drowned.
In telling the story of his escape from the burning ship Wolf Londer, a steerage passenger on his way from Russia to this country, showed the burns and cuts upon his hands and arms and said:
"I was asleep about 7 o'clock in the morning," he said, "when I was awakened by the cry of fire. I rushed to the steerage deck, and I saw women and children and men all crying and screaming, and begging to be taken off the ship. The Captain and the officers were trying to calm them, and I went about among the women telling them to be quiet. They seemed to grow calmer for a while, but when the first boat was launched many of them became crazed, and screamed and cried.
"I saw one woman fight to reach the boat, and when she was held back she fought to the railing of the ship with her baby boy in her arms, and threw the child into the lifeboat, which had just been ....
Webmaster's Note. Missing a little text here.
..... child landed in the boat alright, but the next instant, in the sight of the mother, the lifeboat was dashed against the side of the ship and capsized. Passengers had to hold the woman back from the rail, as she fought to jump overboard.
"I helped the crew get some of the boats into the sea, and finally, near the end when I realized it was getting hopeless to remain longer on the ship, I helped to lower one of the boats, and as it reached the sea I leaped over the side of the ship and caught one of the ropes which held the boat. I slid down it and into the boat."
Christopher Pennington, the assistant Marconi operator on the Volturno, explained the story about the dream that was related to the Uranium Line agents on Sunday by Mrs. Alexander of Central Park West.
"Mrs. Alexander, with her daughter Elsa, were cabin passengers on the last westward voyage of the Volturno," Mr. Pennington said. Half way across from Rotterdam to Halifax I had a dream in which I saw the Uranium, belonging to the same company, rolling heavily with the seas washing her decks fore and aft. I told Mrs. Alexander about the dream the next morning, and strangely enough when we arrived in Halifax the Uranium was there on fire.
"With regard to the letter which I wrote to the company asking to be transferred from the Volturno to another vessel, it was simply because there was not sufficient work to do here. I mentioned the letter to Mrs. Alexander, and I suppose the dream and the letter got confused in the report given out at the steamship office. I have had quite sufficient work to do this voyage, believe me. I escaped from the Volturno by jumping from the promenade deck twenty feet into the water at midnight on Thursday, as there was no more work for me to do, and Capt. Inch told me to save myself. It seemed as though I was going plumb down to Davy Jones's locker and would never come up again, but I managed to kick out and rise to the surface, and was dragged on board one of the boats belonging to the Kroonland by Fifth Officer Kummell.
William Seddon, chief Marconi operator on the Volturno, said: "My colleague, Pennington, sent out the first S. O. S. call for aid at 7 o'clock and got an answer at 7:10 from the Seydlitz, which was ninety miles away. I went on duty then, and continued calling, and at 7:15 got a reply from the Carmania saying she was fifty-nine miles away. We were busy sending and receiving messages until 10 o'clock at night when the explosion on the ship carried away the aerial. If it had not been for that, we could have worked the apparatus from the accumulators. All of the electric power in the ship was shut of, so that the dynamo could be used for the accumulators."
Taken to the Sheltering Society Home.
A dozen taxicabs, furnished by the Hebrew Young Men's Association took the survivors from the Kroonland to the rooms of the Hebrew Sheltering Society. Immediately on their arrival, the rescued ones were taken downstairs where a substantial meal was served to them. Those saved by the Grosser Kurfuerst, who landed on Wednesday, gave them cheers when they arrived and, companions in distress, they comforted one another.
Six nurses passed among the arrivals and attended the wants of those who were fatigued or semi-hysterical. It was stated authoratively that those of the survivors who have destinations in this country will be given transportation by the Uranium Line, while the Red Cross will supply them with necessary money to meet their early expenses. The Hebrew Sheltering Society will look after them all until they start for their various destinations.
Long before the first taxicab load arrived at the society's rooms a crowd of men, women and children gathered at front of the building, many of them relatives or friends of the survivors. Despite the fact that the crowd was large in numbers, there was nothing boisterous about it. Men and women spoke in awed tones, while the children gazed about without speaking. In anticipation of the crowd Police Inspector Thomas Myers had ordered out the reserves from the Madison Street Station under Lieut. Martin, with instructions merely to keep order and to be as gentle as possible in the handling of the people.
When the first taxicab drew up in front of the home three little girls stepped from the cab to the pavement, and as they gazed about at the crowd pressing in on all sides a cheer went up. A woman followed, and then a boy and a second woman. All six stood for a second, not knowing what to do. As an agent of the society started to guide their steps toward the building a commotion was heard in the crowd, and despite the efforts of four policemen to stop him a man broke through and pushing aside knelt by the eldest child and drawing her into his arms sobbed:
"Where is mamma?"
The police who had followed to drag
Continued on Page 4.
CAPT. INCH HERE; LONG FACED DEATH TO SAVE HIS SHIP
Continued from Page 3.
him back stopped and instead forced the others who crowded near back into line.
The child replied that her mother was safe on another boat.
"Thank God," replied the man.
It was then learned that he was Gershon Pollak, of 543 East 139th Street, and that the three children were his daughters, Milka, 14 years; Goldie, 9 years, and Hannah, 7 years and the boy, Hyman Kushmer, 16 years, their cousin.
After he had become somewhat composed Pollak said that he had sent for his wife, three children and cousin to leave their home in Commetzpodski, Russia, to join him here. He had been in the country for the last six years. His wife, it was learned was picked up by a boat from the Rappahannock. In the excitement mother and children had been separated.
Thomas Zerjna, who says he is in the dyeing and cleaning business at Arctic Village, R. I., tried to learn some news of his wife and three children when the Kroonland came in, and was directed to the Sheltering Society. He arrived there crying and fearing the worst, but in an upper room he found his family safe and sound. They were Magdalene, his wife, and his children, Joseph, 10 years; Marie, 7, and Brunslava, 3 years.
The baby, a golden-haired little girl, was taken from the Volturno wearing only a little undergarment. The baby was chilled through, and one of the women cabin passengers who was rescued in the same boat took pity on the little one. This woman was only half dressed herself, but she had slipped a bathrobe over her scanty attire. To dress the baby, she cut off half of the bathrobe, and the remnant was wound around the little girl.
Of the total number of survivors arriving on the Kroonland 47 were taken to the Hebrew Sheltering Society, 14 of the crew were left in care of the steamship officials, the three orphaned waifs were sent to the Nurses' Settlement at 265 Henry Street. 13 unaccompanied young girls were taken to the Clara De Hirsch Home at 320 Second Avenue, two survivors had been taken away by relatives, five others - two women and three children - were taken to St. Vincent's Hospital, and three were too ill to be removed from the steamship.
OVATION FOR NARRAGANSETT.
Captain of Oil Steamer That Calmed the Sea a Popular Hero in London.
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
LONDON, Oct. 16 - An ovation was extended to Capt. Harwood of the Narragansett when his ship arrived at her pier here today. A tug with a band on board followed the oil ship to her berth, and the vessel was brought in to the accompaniment of nautical melodies, while sirens echoed for miles up and down the river. Capt. Harwood's race to the scene of the Volturno's destruction and the promptness with which he got his oil pumps to work to still the stormy seas made him a popular hero.
When with his officers and crew he attended a performance at the London Coliseum to-night, the audience greeted them with cheers which will ring in their ears for many days to come. Capt. Harwood in an interview with the reporters was enthusiastic regarding the value of oil in calming waves. He pointed out that he quieted the sea in ten minutes.
Webmaster's Note. Maybe more to transcribe here! But am not sure yet.
INCH GIVES HIS DOG TO CAPT. KREIBOHM
Kroonland's Skipper Tells of Boat Lost by His Ship in Rescue Work.
WARM PRAISE FOR HIS MEN
More of Them Volunteered for Dangerous Service Than He Could Use - Had Four Boats Out.
When he had seen the survivors of the Volturno comfortably disposed of, Capt. Peter Kreibohm of the Kroonland last night had a few words to say on his own account in praise of the work of his men. When he arrived at little after 5 o'clock on Thursday afternoon the Volturno was blazing up at the forward end and her passengers could be seen anxiously peering over the rail at the after end of the promenade deck.
"The wind was blowing from the northwest and a very heavy sea was running," he said, "and it was not safe for me to take the ship down too close, as the Volturno was drifting. Our first boat left the ship manned by volunteers about 8 o'clock, in command of Fifth Officer Kummell, and pulled over to the burning steamer.
"When it arrived alongside, Mr. Kummell shouted out for the women to let themselves down by the ropes and jump and they would be picked up. But they were frightened and would not make the attempt. The men, too, were afraid, and the boat returned at 10:30 o'clock with only one rescued passenger, Christopher Pennington, the Marconi operator.
"Second Officer Mansfield and Fifth Officer Kummell and a fresh boat's crew of eight men returned to the Volturno and persuaded thirteen male passengers in the steerage to jump into the water. They were hauled into the boat by the crew. At 5:30 o'clock in the morning the sea had gone down and two other boats were lowered and went to the rescue in command of Second Officer Mansfield and Third Officer Wyman, in addition to the boat in charge of Fifth Officer Kummell.
"The sailors and firemen on the Kroonland behaved splendidly, and the call for volunteers was responded to by more men than we could use. Later I sent Fourth Officer Hirschfield in charge of another boat, and altogether by 7 o'clock they had rescued 75 men and women from the Volturno, which, with the fourteen on the previous night, gave a total of eighty-nine.
Kroonland Lost One Boat.
"The only accident we had was to the first lifeboat that was lowered, which was carried away from the davits and drifted from the ship and could not be recovered.
"When we last saw the Volturno the flames were shooting up from her deck as far as amidships from her bow, and Capt. Inch told me that the fire was just about to reach one thousand cases of Scheidam, which is known to sailors the world over as Square Faced Jim. The Captain was the last to come on board the ship, accompanied by Chief Engineer Dewar, William Seddon, the Marconi operator, and two sailors, and his dog Jack, which he has presented to me as a souvenir. Capt. Inch had his eyes severely burned, and had to use smoked glasses. We discovered after leaving the Volturno on Friday morning that there was a flaw in the starboard crankshaft, and had to reduce our speed to twelve and a half knots, which is three knots below our average."
E. O. Thomas, agent of the Uranium Steamship Co. of New York, went to Capt. Kreibohm's cabin after the ship had been docked and thanked him for the kindness he and his officers and crew had shown to the survivors of the Volturno. Jules Nielsmans, the chief Marconi operator, and Jeppe Jeppeson, his assistant, were kept busy from Thursday afternoon practically until yesterday when the ship docked, receiving and sending off messages in reply to the enquiries from both sides of the Atlantic which were relayed through other ships. Nielsmans said that he sent his messages through the Carmania because she had a range of four hundred miles, which was about double that of the Kroonland.
Webmaster's Note. More to transcribe!
SEEK FUNDS TO AID VOLTURNO'S NEEDY
Subscriptions Not Equal to the Demands, Say the Red Cross Officials.
WANT $20,000 AT LEAST
Clara de Hirsch Home Opens its Doors to Girl Survivors Without Regard to Creed.
The response to the appeal sent out by the Mayor and the Relief Committee of the Red Cross for funds to provide relief for survivors of the Volturno disaster is not as generous as was expected. According to a report made at the office of Jacob H. Schiff, Treasurer of the American Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee, less than $1,000 was received yesterday. Contributions previously acknowledged make the total amount $2,413.
To shelter and care for the survivors landed in this city from the German Lloyd liner Grosser Kurfuerst on Wednesday, those on the Kroonland yesterday, and the fourteen expected to arrive this morning on the Florizel from Halifax, much more money is required. It is estimated that $20,000 at least will be needed to care for the urgent needs of the survivors of the disaster.
W. Frank Parsons, Field Director of the Charity Organization Society, said last night that there was an imperative call for funds to afford relief to the destitute immigrants who lost everything when the Volturno was consumed. A more urgent case it was difficult to recall. Red Cross officials said that the subscriptions did not equal the demands of the case.
It was announced last night that the Clara de Hirsch Home for Immigrant Girls that the home was ready to receive all young girls regardless of creed who were rescued from the Volturno. The home is ready to house and clothe them, and relatives of survivors are invited to call at any time for information. The girls who seek the home without friends may be sure of finding suitable employment, it was said.
When the Kroonland docked last night a gangway was thrown from the bulkhead end of the pier to the saloon deck of the liner. The survivors who came down this gangway were led into a special room where they were met by representatives of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society, the Council of Jewish Women and the Red Cross Society. Relatives and friends of some of the survivors were nearby to welcome them.
The Red Cross committee made public these subscriptions to the relief fund yesterday:
Webmaster's Note. A list of 14 donors followed with names and individual dollar amounts, which sums together with $1,543 previously announced brought the total amount to $2,413. I have not transcribed the detail here.
Subscriptions for the relief of the Volturno survivors should be sent to the Mayor or to Jacob. H. Schiff, treasurer of the American Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee, 52 William Street. W. Frank Parsons, of the Charity Organization Society, is in charge of the distribution of the relief fund.
WARMLY DEFENDS BARR.
Carmania Captain Directed Rescue Work, Says C. F. Hart.
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES
LONDON, Oct. 16. - Regarding the Carmania criticisms, Capt. Barr declines to make any further statement. He says that his conscience is clear and that he did the utmost he could in the circumstances. The Cunard Line managers are satisfied with Capt. Barr's efforts. The tendency to criticise Capt. Barr on this side when the first wireless messages announced only one survivor aboard disappeared on the publication of Capt. Barr's full story of the disaster, and now nothing but unstinted praise is given him. It is held here that circumstances fully justified his course.
Jealousy of the Carmania's prominence is suggested as a possible cause of the criticisms of Capt. Barr's conduct cabled from New York. C. F. Hart, Mechanical Superintendent of the Northcliffe publications, whose graphic account of the disaster to The Daily Mail shows he was in an excellent position to judge Barr's conduct, emphatically opposes the reported views of the Volturno's second officer Lloyd.
"Either Lloyd was misquoted," he says, "or he was overwrought and his memory and judgment are at fault.
"I have described how the Carmania launched a boat and how the crew fought to reach the Volturno, losing all but three oars. They almost gave up their own lives. When rescue work became possible it was by common consent that the Carmania's task was fixed. The Captains of all the other ships naturally looked to Barr as director of the fleet.
"From information received from the wireless room I am in a position to know that the other Captains requested the Carmania to stand off and use the searchlight, playing it on the waters. She was the only ship with searchlight apparatus. This and the control of operations were the greatest services Capt. Barr could possibly perform. A collision between ships was thus insured against, for the searchlights showed clearly the situation of the rescuing boats, whereof there were plenty, and by keeping the huge ship to windward, using her as a very helpful breakwater, Capt. Barr made the rescues easier.
Webmaster's Note. Lots more to transcribe!
MOTHER IS UNITED TO VOLTURNO WAIF
Mrs. Wijck Discovers Her Daughter in Little Girl for Whom Lady Bullock Cared.
TWO STILL UNIDENTIFIED
Boy and Girl Wait Relatives at University Settlement - Mrs. Binaut Hears from Husband and Son.
Out of the sorrow and suffering which accompanied the burning of the Uranium Liner Volturno at sea on Oct. 9 came a note of rejoicing yesterday when some of those who had been parted from their relatives in the confusion of departing in the rescue boats from the charred hulk, found their loved ones through the aid of the agents of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society. The officials of this society, which opened its doors to the survivors of the wreck irrespective of race or religion, were gratified particularly last night by the identification of one of the three little children who were mothered by Lady Bullock, wife of Gen. Sir Frederick Bullock, Governor of Bermuda, after they were brought aboard the Kroonland, which arrived here on Thursday night.
The little waif who was identified was Ludwige Wijck, and she was found by her mother, Mrs. Victoria Wijck, who was taken to Philadelphia after the wreck by the Seydlitz. The child was being cared for at University Settlement, 265 Henry Street, to which she was taken from the Kroonland by Miss Florence Kelly, who is associated with that institution, and was a passenger on the Kroonland. The other two children who were separated from their parents, one a girl about four years old, with blue eyes and brown hair, and a Russian boy, some three years old, with dark eyes and brown hair, are still at the settlement, and have not been identified.
Another survivor of the wreck whose anxiety was relieved yesterday was Mrs. C. Binaut, who arrived with her little girl on the Kroonland. She was cheered by the news that her husband, Charles Binaut, and their 5-year-old son, Paul, had been picked up by the Russian-American steamship Czar, one of the vessels that speeded to the relief of the Volturno, and landed at Rotterdam. Mrs. Binaut will be cared for in this city until her husband and son join her, when the united family will go to Canada, which was their original destination.
It was said last night that the Red Cross Line steamship Florizel, having on board eleven women and children from the Volturno, who were rescued by the steamship Rappahannock and landed at Halifax, would arrive today at pier 32 of the Atlantic docks in Brooklyn. These survivors will be cared for by the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society, like those brought here by the Grosser Kurfürst and the Kroonland and those landed in Philadelphia by the Seydlitz who were sent to this city.
The survivors among the officers and crew of the Volturno, some fifty men, will sail at noon today for Southampton on the White Star liner Oceanic. They were provided with new clothing at one of the department stores by E. O. Thomas, the New York agent of the line. Capt. Francis Inch will stay here until Wednesday, it is said, and will sail then on the Mauretania for Liverpool. With the exception of the Captain and Chief Engineer Robert Dewar, the members of the rescued crew were quartered at the Seaman's Church Institute at Old Slip and South Street.
Mr. Thomas said yesterday that the Uranium Line intended to charter another vessel in place of the Volturno and to keep her in service until a new ship was built.
"We recognize the bravery shown by Capt. Inch in his fight against the flames on the Volturno and he will have command of the next ship." Mr. Thomas asserted. "The men in the crew have been well looked after by my staff and they have been told to equip themselves with everything they need from an overcoat to a safety razor. We have been busy all day with the aid of the Hebrew Immigration Society in seeing to the needs of the survivors among the passengers. Seventy-five were provided with railroad tickets to points in the Western States and Canada and these persons received $25 in cash each in addition to clothing to replace what they lost on the Volturno.".
"What was the insurance on the Volturno?" he was asked.
"I am not able to say exactly," replied Mr. Thomas, "but I think that it was somewhere about $400,000, which includes the ship and cargo. The loss fell entirely on the underwriters and the Uranium Line will only have to pay about $25,000 for expenses in connection with the passengers and crew."
The agent of the Uranium Line said that five clerks were compiling lists of those saved so as to relieve as soon as possible the anxiety of their relatives and friends.
When asked to give the total number of those lost in the disaster Mr. Thomas replied:
"So far as I can tell, 119 to 125 persons have been killed, but the investigation has not been completed. It is possible that some vessel not equipped with wireless has picked up Chief Officer Miller and the two boats full of passengers that got away from the burning ship on Thursday morning."
Investigations of the burning of the Volturno would be undertaken in this country by Government officials or by the agents of the line it was said yesterday. Capt. Inch and his officers, it was asserted, would give their testimony before the British Board of Trade, which would hold an inquiry in London.
Chaja Baltaksa, the 19-year-old Jewish girl, who was rescued by the Kroonland from the Volturno, was married yesterday to Abraham Sanitzky, a painter, who lives with his brother-in-law at 220 East 109th Street. Sanitzky and his bride were born in Gerodiste, Russia. The painter came to this country two years ago to make a home and the girl consented to wait for him. The wedding trousseau she had worked upon for two years was lost on the Volturno. After getting the license in the City Hall they were united in the small room reserved for marriages by Alderman James Smith.
AID FOR SURVIVORS.
Clothing and Money Needed for Those Saved from Volturno.
The contributions received yesterday by the Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee to be distributed among the survivors from the Volturno amounted to $978, which, with the $2,413 acknowledged previously, made a total of $3,391. Those who sent the contributions received yesterday were:
Webmaster's Note. A list of 37 donors followed with names and individual dollar amounts, which sums together with $2,413 previously announced brought the total amount to $3,391. I have not transcribed the detail here.
A second appeal for money and clothing for the survivors was made yesterday by the New York Section of the Council of Jewish Women. Shoes and suits of underclothing are needed. Donations of clothing are to be sent to the rooms of the New York Section, care of the Educational Alliance, at 197 East Broadway. Money contributions will be received by Miss Sadie American of 448 Central Park West, President of the New York Section.
SHIPS NEAR A CRASH IN AIDING VOLTURNO
The Touraine Missed the Kroonland by Less Than 20 Feet, Dean Cunneely Asserts.
MORE RESCUED ARRIVE
Joyful Reunions Follow When Survivors Landed in Halifax Are Brought Here.
A collision between two of the big ships that went to the aid of the flame-swept Volturno through mountainous seas on Oct. 9 threatened to add a second sea tragedy to the destruction of the Uranium liner, according to Dean J. J. Cunneely of Holy Trinity Church in Hackensack, N. J. Dean Cunneely was a passenger on the Kroonland, and he said that, in his opinion, she would have been cut in two by the Touraine save for the wonderful manoeuvring of the Kroonland's Captain.
This chapter of the Volturno story was told for the first time yesterday, and Dean Cunneely's only explanation of why it had not been printed before was that the officers who knew about it failed to report it. There have been stories aplenty of the difficult sea that beset the rescuing ships and of the peril that confronted them all in attempting to approach the burning liner.
"It was dark," he said yesterday, "but we could see plainly the French boat coming toward us. Our Captain swung around so that the Touraine missed us by fifteen or twenty feet. It was a pretty close shave. A friend of mine denounced the Captain of the French boat, but later when he heard that the Touraine had saved fifty or more of the Volturno's passengers, he refrained from further condemnation."
Fourth Officer Hirschfield of the Kroonland, who was in charge of one of the Kroonland's life boats on the night that ship was near the Volturno, said last night Dean Cunneely was mistaken when he said that the Kroonland and the Touraine at one time were in danger of a collision.
"The Kroonland was at no time nearer to the Touraine than half a ship's length," he asserted.
Taken from the Volturno by the freighter Rappahannock, landed by that ship at Halifax, there clothed and comforted by persons living in that Canadian seaport and from there brought to New York by the Red Star liner Florizel, eleven survivors of the Volturno arrived in Brooklyn yesterday morning, the last of them to come directly to this port. A woman and ten young girls made up the party.
The woman was Mrs. Polack, wife of an east side merchant, and her story was one of the most pathetic of all those told after the destruction of the Volturno. When the Rappahannock's lifeboat took her from the Volturno she quit the side of the burning ship only on the understanding that her three children would follow her immediately down the rope. But her place was the last in the lifeboat, and it pulled away, separating mother and children. She was inconsolable, and the weary trip to Halifax, and from Halifax to New York, was made in the belief that her children were lost. When she was greeted at the pier yesterday with the news that they lived and were well, Mrs. Polack fainted.
The children had come on the Kroonland and had been met here by their father. He did not know that his wife was saved, did not know that the Florizel would bring her here yesterday, so that he was not at the pier. Father, mother and children met at the Clara D. Hirsch Home.
Another happy reunion was that of Hilda Friedman and the man she was to marry. She had crossed the ocean to join him, and he had spent many weary hours of anxiety since the first news of the Volturno's burning. The girl came yesterday on the Florizel, and the wedding will take place at once.
One strange story of the calamity was explained yesterday. From Halifax, where the Rappahannock had left her share of the Volturno's passengers, word had come that Esther Caplan told of a woman being shot on board the burning liner. This was due to an interpreter's error. At the pier, yesterday, she explained that while the rockets were being set off, one woman had been struck with something and had fallen dead to the deck.
The need of translating the statements of the survivors has made difficult thus far the preparation of an accurate account of the Volturno tragedy. Especially has this been true of the names of those rescued, and E. O. Thomas, agent of the Uranium Line, said that it would be some time before the exact number of lives lost could be given.
Fifty of the officers and crew of the Volturno sailed yesterday noon for Southampton on the Oceanic. Three of the crew who missed the boat sailed later in the afternoon on the Rochambeau, which will drop them at Havre.
MEDALS FOR 32 RESCUERS.
French Government Decorates Officers and Men of the Touraine.
HAVRE, Oct. 18. - Thirty-two officers and men of the crew of the transatlantic liner Touraine, who took part in the rescue of the passengers of the Volturno, were decorated with medals to-day by the French Government before the departure of the vessel for New York.
A. de Monzie, Under Secretary of State for the Mercantile Marine, went on board the liner and in the name of the Government bestowed gold medals of the first class on Second Capt. Rousselet and Lieuts. Izenic, Le Baron, and Royer, and Mate Coutre. Gold medals of the second class or silver medals were presented to twenty-seven other petty officers, seamen and stokers.
VOLTURNO RELIEF FUND.
$1,041 Received for the Destitute Survivors Yesterday.
The contributions received yesterday by the Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee for the aid of the destitute survivors from the burned steamship Volturno, now amount to $4,432. Of this sum, $1,041 was received yesterday and turned over to Jacob H. Schiff, the Treasurer of the Red Cross in New York. Here is a list of those who sent subscriptions yesterday :
Webmaster's Note. A list of 41 donors followed with names and individual dollar amounts, which sums together with $3,391 previously announced brought the total amount to $4,432. I have not transcribed the detail here.
THE NEW YORK TIMES received a check for $100 from the I. B. Kleinert Rubber Company of 721-727 Broadway for the relief of the Volturno sufferers yesterday. In making its donation the company, through H. A. Guinzberg, its treasurer, said it regretted " that there has been no concerted movement to raise the necessary funds to assist the sufferers." The check has been mailed by THE NEW YORK TIMES to the Red Cross Emergency Committee in charge of the relief work.
ALTERED INCH'S MESSAGE.
Spurgeon Did Not Send Appeal for Boats - Thought It an Aspersion.
By Marconi Transatlantic Wireless Telegraph to the New York Times.
LONDON, Oct. 21 - Arthur Spurgeon, in a lecture in London this evening, explained why in his Volturno narrative sent from the Carmania he purposely altered the message from the Volturno's Captain.
The final despairing message sent by Capt. Inch of the Volturno, he said was:
" For God's sake, cannot you send us some boats? For God's sake, do something."
Mr. Spurgeon said he did not think he ought to send forth to the British public that message, as it seemed to cast an aspersion on brave men who, as he knew, had done and were doing everything that was humanly possible.
So in the account he sent by wireless to London, he altered the message to read:
" For God's sake, come and help us or we perish."
FIND 132 WERE LOST IN VOLTURNO WRECK
Company Makes Public a List of 102 Passengers Victima of Disaster.
HULK YET IS BURNING
Capt. Griffiths Reports Sighting the Wreck 120 Miles from Place It Was Abandoned.
E. O. Thomas of 11 Broadway, the general agent of the Uranium Steamship Company, gave out for publication yesterday a list of 102 passengers who were lost when the Volturno was burned at sea on Oct. 9. While the list was revised up till 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon, Mr. Thomas said it was probable that some further corrections might be made when the Carmania, Touraine, and Campanello arrived here with survivors of the disaster on board.
" We get at the right way to spell the names of the survivors," said Mr. Thomas, " by questioning each one separately. Because of the similarity of names and the number of consonants jumbled together, at first five names were by mistake included in the list of the missing, and for that reason we have been afraid to publish the complete list of the lost for fear that families should be caused grief over relatives who had been saved.
" It is certain that Mr. and Mrs. Casgranda were drowned and also the three brothers, Albert, Marcos, and Johann Stelpman, as they were seen to jump overboard during the excitement following the explosion. Thirty members of the crew were lost, so the total casualties were 132."
Here is a revised list of the passengers of the Volturno who were lost, including 92 men, 8 women and 2 children:
Webmaster's Note. The names that follow were in the newspaper as two tall columns. However, to make it easier for a visitor to see all of the names at a single glance, I have listed them here in four columns, in the exact sequence in which they originally appeared. But beware! If you seek a specific name, note that the list is not perfectly alphabetic. I have tried to accurately transcribe the names. If I have any errors, do please advise me.
Antoine, Armand. Krug, John. Pracanac, Ivo. Stelpman, Johann. Appeihans,Bernard. Krug, Fredrika. Petrovic, Ivan. Stojko, Jovan. Atanasoff, Doutcher. Kutkowski, Prive. Predgavoc, Vaso. Stanevics, Mefodi. Blumenman, David. Kutkowski, Daniel. Pietriupri, Andrea. Shapein, Levi. Bogdanoff, Milke. Kutkowski, Rive. Potosil, Franz. Shapein, Kobaile. Bunsic, Ivan. Karowacki, Felix. Petcoff, Ivan. Sczeivezow, Iplov. Bojko, Atanasi. Kruwenszuk, Dmitry. Pekas, Savo. Sczeivezow, Limofel. Bakarine, Ferdinand. Kozlicer, Savo. Panjuk, Martin. Trasic, Ivan. Bogdanovic, Benjamin. Krasovsky, Wladimir. Patolak, Hanke. Taudentnik, Kiv. Bliszka, Ilia. Kaszkow, Piotr. Resnik, Froike. Tiszler, Josip. Batinowski, Bronislaw. Kormsec, Ivan. Raduscmovic, Petar. Teschki, Albert. Celka, Adele. Kufner, Mijo. Raikowski, Pavlo. Urbansty, Michal. Cemderluk, Anton. Lovuk, Dragovic. Rusak, Josef. Votleff, Patar. Casagranda, M. Lazic, Gliso. Rosenberg, Pretz. Wsilicukus, Theodore. Casagranda, Mme. Liske, Josef. Rubini, Milan. Wsilicukus, Nicolay. Dragovic, Petar. Linea, Giuseppe. Schneider, Moishe. Zdlejan, Mojsya. Eberle, Hedwig. Skakun, Ivan. Skakun, Ivan. Zol, Decanty. Feifelman, Leizer. Medwed, Igensty. Saputanke, Stanislas. Zuba, Dominic. Feifelman, Hersh. Milosavleff, Vutcheff. Stewcic, Maria. Zimaic, Dane. Fleris, Johanna. Markonic, Adam. Stewcic, Rosa. Zibalewsky, Jacob. Goldin, Abram. Moreau, Alfred. Stewcic, Tomao. Zinias, Herschel. Givkoff, Anton. Moldavem, Wasil. Stewcic, Matrei. Zurakowsky, Nicholiaj. Gitkoff, Ilia. Markoff, Petko. Stewcic, Marista. Zurakowsky, John. Hubnis, Theodore. Malinacki, Petar. Stokte, Juro. Zebol, Anthony. Hukovicz, Alexander. Palcic, Tomo. Stelpman, Albert. Kitsis, David. Posavec, Martin. Stelpman, Marcos.
Of the survivors of the disaster who were brought to this port twenty-five received first-class tickets yesterday from the agents of the Uranium Steamship Company to enable them to proceed to their destinations. The steamship Royal Edward will land 23 more survivors of the Volturno, and the White Star liner Megantic 28 persons at Quebec to-morrow. Paul G. Forman, General Passenger Agent of the Uranium Line, left last night for Quebec.
Webmaster's Note. The reference to the Megantic is a real puzzle and I think must be incorrect. Which is strange since the data about Royal Edward is 100% accurate as you could check via the detail data and related manifests recorded on site page 19. But Megantic? It would seem that on the 24th of Oct. 1913, the ship was at Liverpool and left Liverpool only on Oct. 25th for Quebec where it arrived on Nov. 2, 1913. Per data low on this fine page. So it would appear to be quite impossible that it could have arrived in Quebec on Oct. 25, 1913.
The contributions yesterday to the Red Cross relief fund for the benefit of the Volturno survivors amount to $238. Total contributions to date are $5,527.52. Contributions should be sent to Jacob H. Schiff, Treasurer, 52 William Street. These were yesterday's contributions :
Webmaster's Note. A list of 14 donors followed with names and individual dollar amounts. I have not transcribed the detail here.
The NEW YORK TIMES has received the following contributions for the Volturno survivors: Joseph C. $1; Alex L. Broadhead, $5; " A. W. K.," $2, and " Jennie," $1. These contributions have been sent to Jacob H. Schiff.
Capt. Griffths of the steamship Star of Ireland, which arrived yesterday from Cardiff, reported to the Uranium Steamship Company that he had passed the Volturno last Thursday still burning in latitude 47:13 and longitude 36:43, about 120 miles west southwest of the place where she was abandoned.
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