THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 020
THE 1919 SUNDERLAND PEACE PARADE
& OTHER EVENTS OR PLACES OF INTEREST
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Just a start on a page about places in Sunderland, of visual or historic interest. Of limited content today, but there must be a first step re all things, including these pages. More content soon, I am sure!
A small index to the page.
1 2 3
'Hylton Castle'. Today just a place to put any images that I come across.
'Binns Department Store'. Today just 3 images & one of them may not relate - hopefully comprehensive data in the future.
Some wonderful images of the Jul. 19, 1919 Sunderland Peace Parade, thanks to the kindness of Jim Rice.
The 9 postcard images from which the following were derived are in sepia. While not everybody will agree, I have chosen to present the images modified to black & white in the belief that the resulting images looks more real to the eye. Each image can be clicked to view a larger image also in black & white. Should site visitors prefer to see the images as they were, in sepia, I can display them additionally, via this page, in that form. Enjoy! They are splendid images.
Many years ago (I'll not tell you how many!), when working in Central London, I would walk through a splendid shopping arcade - not because I could afford to buy there, since on my pittance that was quite impossible - rather because the arcade was of great beauty with its Georgian store fronts & high glassed ceiling. I think, my memory is distant, that it was in the Regent Street or Bond Street areas. I was, at the time 'articled' (a quaint term today!) to a small firm of chartered accountants, the 5th oldest I think they were, in the whole City of London, & their audits took me, over time, all over London. And that arcade pleased me each time I was in the area & dropped by.
So I was delighted to learn, from a site visitor, that Sunderland had its very own arcade - one which reminds me well of the arcade I visited long ago in Central London. The Sunderland equivalent, no longer exists, I understand. The arcade in central London is still thriving, all these years later, Meg Hartford advises. The Burlington Arcade that runs from Piccadilly to Burlington Gardens, parallel to Old Bond Street.
Now the image my correspondent provided stirred my memory but was not of sufficient size or quality to include here. A long expired eBay item, at left, re-stimulated my interest in that arcade & started this new page.
Now I learn that an image of that arcade graces page 59 of 'Canny aad Sunlun ...', published by Sunderland and Hartlepool Publishing and Printing Limited (Sunderland Echo) in 1983. And republished a number of times, including in 1991. The booklet does not, I see, identify the exact image location. The image is a beauty & I show it next, modified to enhance its appearance - though I would remove it with regret should 'Sunderland Echo' object to its inclusion here. The image as published was large indeed - 11 1/8 by 6 3/4 inches in size.
Where exactly was the Sunderland arcade? In a guestbook message, Russ Cogdon has advised, (thanks Russ!) as follows. 'Palmers Arcade ran from High Street to St. Thomas Street and was demolished in the 1970s to be replaced by the British Telecom Telephone Exchange. It ran parallel to, and between John Street and West Sunniside, alongside Frederick Road.'
Palmers Store at the St. Thomas Street entrance to the arcade.
Am I correct in suggesting that the Arcade, which dated I read from 1874, had no official name? Or maybe 'New Arcade' was that official name. It became known, however, as 'Palmers Arcade' after 'Palmers Store', a privately owned department store which was a major retailer located in the arcade. From the very beginning of the arcade, Palmer's were there, initially in a store started by Mrs. S. E. Palmer back in 1874. You can see one of their stores in the images both above & below - they apparently had stores at both ends of the arcade.
On Jul. 25, 2005, the 'Sunderland Echo' published a fine article about Palmer's Arcade & its long history. The article is still available & can be read here. And do also read the Sunderland Antiquarian Society's page about the arcade.
Can I be forgiven by suggesting that the demolition of the arcade was a significant loss to the limited visual beauty that Sunderland possessed.
And what was built where the Arcade once stood? Thanks to Russ Cogden I can now show you what was built on the site - i.e. the British Telecom Telephone Exchange - viewed in early 2014 from both St. Thomas Street (left) & from High Street (right). I am sure that the building's architects would say that it graces the Arcade site. You be the judge!
A composite image of the Bede Cross, erected in Oct. 1904, at Whitburn Road, Roker. The cross, paid for by public subscription, honours 'Beada' or 'Bede', Sunderland's famous son, born in AD 672 or 673 at what is now known as Monkwearmouth. See this 'Venerable Bede' Local Studies Fact Sheet.
The image below, I read, shows the West Front of Hylton Castle as it was in 1728. It was not printed in 1728, however, rather in 1849 in 'The Historic Lands of England', by John Bernard Burke (1814-1892). Published in London by E. Churton. The print itself is stated to be printed by Stannard & Dixon from a study by William Hylton Dyer Longstaffe (1826-1898), the Darlington historian. The print itself measures, I read, approx. 5 1/4 x 8 1/4 in. in size. Was an eBay item, now sold. The print shows well the coats of arms belonging to local gentry & peers of the late 14th to early 15th centuries, when the castle, previously of wooden construction, was rebuilt in stone. Do click the image to see it in a larger size.
A fine 1769 engraving of Hylton Castle. Entitled 'A View of Hylton Castle in Durham'. A print which is stated to have been published in 'England Displayed : being a new, complete, and accurate survey and description of the kingdom of England, and principality of Wales. By a Society of Gentlemen; Price, Owen; Russell, P; Adlard, William; Brown, J.' The print itself measures, I read, approx. 10 3/4 x 7 in. in size. It sold via e-Bay on May 3, 2020 for GBP 14.99 or U.S. $19.37.
Next, an 1884 engraving of Hylton Castle.
John Hylton, the last male representative of that ancient family, who died September 25, 1746.
This section is added, in Sep. 2014, just as a place to include on site a fine image made available to the webmaster by both Malcolm Fraser & the Sunderland Antiquarian Society. We thank you both! I am, in fact, astonished to find that I do not already have coverage of Binns, a shopping institution in Sunderland for many many generations of Sunderland citizens. Hopefully, in the future, we may provide in this spot a summary history of the store from its inception way back in 1804 through to its sad demise in 1983.
The image below (modified by the webmaster) shows the newly completed Binns store in Feb. 1953 - with Sunderland Corporation Transport Tram #39 passing by on Fawcett Street.
A 1932 Binns advertisement.
I cannot tell you if the following partial 1880s CDV image relates to Binns Department Store. Can you tell us? The image, ex eBay, advised as follows: 'Antique cdv. Photographed by J. Shuttleworth, Ilkley. Measures 4 inches x 2.50 inches. The cdv has 'Henry Binns' pencilled on the reverse side. The album that the cdv originally came in is of the Sunderland area, with a lot of other Binns family members and the 'Grimshaw' store family.'
Also, probably unrelated, my memory tells me that there was a Sunderland portrait photographer by the name of H. H. Binns. There surely was a confectioner named Edward Binns who had a store on Fawcett Street.
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Thomas M. M. Hemy Data Pages 01, 02 and 03 are now on site. Plus all of the other image pages, accessible though the index on page 05.
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