May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 01. PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

If you want to make a comment, a site guestbook is here. Test.

The other Carmania pages are here: Pages 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 & 61.

To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.

On this page I will add further Carmania related material that comes to my notice. It may well develop into a general page rather than an image page. With much of the image material being ex e-Bay. I trust that I may be permitted use of such images on this non-profit & informational site.


My first item is a Cunard Jigsaw Puzzle - of Carmania leaving the Landing Stage at Liverpool in Northern England. Such a puzzle, which is listed for sale from time to time on e-Bay, dates I think from 1925 or later. Can anybody confirm that date, I wonder, or if it is wrong, provide a more accurate date? I indicate that date because the largest image in my 'composite' image below shows what surely must have been the painting from which the puzzle was derived, in the form of a two page print that appeared in Illustrated London News in 1925. The caption under the painting read, but in block letters, Morning on the Mersey - looking south-east up the river: A view showing the "Royal Iris", one of the two Liverpool ferry-boats that fought at Zeebrugge (centre foreground) and the Cunarder 'Carmania' that sank the 'Cap Trafalgar'". The painting was the artwork of C. E. Turner i.e. Charles E. Turner, (1883-1965), a most noted marine artist & illustrator whose image of the Cap Trafalgar engagement in the form of a postcard graces site page 58. Hopefully the painting had a shorter actual title! My image also shows such a jigsaw puzzle assembled, the box that it came in & even provides a peek at the instruction sheet.

It is getting hard to keep track of the times the puzzle was for sale on e-Bay. It was sold in Nov. 2005. The vendor described it as being circa 1930s, with the Liver Building in the background. A reproduction, on 3 layer plywood, of a picture by C. E. Turner specially painted for The Illustrated London News. The puzzle was stated to be 28" by 18", of about 500 pieces & manufactured for the Cunard Steam Ship Co. Ltd. by the Chad Valley Co. Ltd. of Harborne, England. And it had 4 pieces missing. All good data. It sold (I think) for GBP 12.50 or approximately U.S. $21.88. I say 'I think' because the puzzle was found to be missing pieces while the sale was in progress. Another puzzle sold on e-Bay in Apr. 2006, at GBP 51.00 or approximately U.S. $94.80, with words that state that the puzzle was presented to first class passengers travelling from Liverpool to Canada in Sep. 1934, and further that first class passengers were often presented with gifts such as this, not available from any other source. Yet another copy sold in May 2006 - for GBP 46.00 or approximately U.S. $86.57. And another in Sep. 2006 for GBP 51.00 or approximately U.S. $96.32.

Re the dating of these puzzles, one item sold on e-Bay indicated that his box contained 'An observer certificate' stating that the puzzle was re-assembled after cutting, initialed & dated 1929. It would seem that there was a similar puzzle of Berengaria by Chad Valley.

It would be good to be able to identify all of the vessels in the painting as I think is done immediately under the image - in very tiny print indeed. And provide also the extensive text that appears at the bottom of the two ILN pages. Someday, it will be possible, perhaps with your help?


While the above puzzle is rarely offered for sale on e-Bay, here is another Carmania puzzle which I have never seen listed before in the few years I have been watching Carmania items for these Volturno pages. It is another Chad Valley Co. Ltd. wooden jigsaw puzzle as you can see. About 150 pieces. The vendor indicated that the puzzle is 14 inches square, while the box is of 9 3/4 x x 6 1/2 inches. It sold in early Jul. 2006 for GBP 31.00 or approximately U.S. $57.32.

E-Bay at times is a puzzle. Two more copies of the above puzzle came up for sale on e-Bay in Jul. 2006. One of them, with all pieces present, sold for U.S. $31.26. The accompanying image is here, if showing it on this non-profit & informational site is in order. A second copy, with some condition issues including one piece missing, was sold in late July 2006 for GBP 4.99 or approximately U.S. $9.22. I suspect that one e-Bay listing stimulates others to offer similar items. Another copy, which the vendor believed dated from 1926, did not sell at a listing price of GBP 9.99 or approximately U.S. $18.95.


For a number of years, I provided a link to a page that had an image of an old clockwork model of Carmania. A most interesting image indeed. The page has now gone, alas. It was of an auction item in a sale at Sotheby’s South, Billingshurst, West Sussex, U.K., on Monday, Jul. 2, 2001. The description of the toy, for such it was, included the words 'a rare and early clockwork example of the Cunard ocean liner Carmania, estimated at £2,000-3,000. The hand-painted Märklin boat measures 29 inches. It is being offered for sale by the son of the man to whom it was given as a present when he was a boy in 1910. Although it has been played with frequently and even sailed in the sea, it remains in very good condition.' I cannot tell you if it sold or at what value it was perhaps sold.

I learned at that time that Märklin was a most famous manufacturer of early 20th century toys & that the company was founded in Germany in 1859 by Theodor Friedrich Wilhelm Märklin, of Goppingen, near Stuttgart. Märklin became one of the most important manufacturers of tinplate toys. And examples of their early work are prized today & most valuable. I believe, that the company continues in business today, in 2006 (words written a while back!). Yes?

Since that earlier page is now unavailable on the WWW, I thought I would present here the 2001 image. But a Mar. 2006 e-Bay item of a similar toy, clearly in wonderful condition, & dating from 1909, inspired me to rather show some images of this later example of the toy. Which was said by the vendor to be of museum quality. Original but with replacement flags & trolley. I presume it is, in fact, a 'similar' toy? An interested party asked 'how long and high is the hull and the masts' height' & the answer provided was about 16 inches high & 27 inches long. I note in passing that that 27 inch measurement is different from the stated length of the Sotheby item referred to above, but note also that the toy was apparently manufactured in three sizes at the time & that what was offered in Mar. 2006 was the smallest of the three. The vendor also stated that in 1995 the boat was appraised at U.S. $45,000 by Jack Herbert, consultant to both Sotheby's and Christie's. The item achieved 10 bids from 6 bidders, and the high bid was U.S. $15,877.87. But the item did not sell since the (unstated) reserve price was not met. But it was later relisted. And sold for U.S. $14,600 on Aug. 6, 2006 with 13 bids. As a 'fly on the wall', that seems unfortunate in view of the higher bid earlier in the year.

I have not sought permission to use any of 'rod67's' many (12 or 13) fine images, and should the vendor so request, I will remove the composite image which next follows (which uses just two of the many images), which is, however, so fitting on a page about Carmania. Is the toy not most beautiful!



  In fine weather and with normal condition of sea the new Cunard Atlantic steamship Carmania went through, on the Firth of Clyde on Tuesday, a trial of her propelling powers, completing her official trials for speed. She is fitted with turbine machinery, as against reciprocating engines in her sister ship Caronia. The latter vessel, on her trial trip on February 4, attained on the measured mile runs off Skelmorlie a speed of 19.62 knots, and under similar conditions some days ago the Carmania, although not docked for cleaning of the hull, as in the case of her sister, attained a speed of about 20.4 knots. Facing a moderately stiff breeze from the west on Tuesday, this pioneer turbine steamer of the Cunard fleet, with a large company of invited guests on board representative of owners and builders, and of the Admiralty, the Board of Trade, and shipbuilding and engineering interests generally, proceeded down the Firth as far as Corswall Point, thence returning to Gourock, where she disembarked the Glasgow contingent of guests, and shortly afterwards started on her voyage to Liverpool, which she reached yesterday. The day's run embraced continuous steaming over a period of six hours, which was more a test of endurance for the machinery at a constant rate of revolution than a demonstration of the speed attainable. As it was, she maintained with about 188 revolutions an average speed of somewhat over 19 knots during the period, and there was no noticeable diminution of the speed of rotation in the turbine, the smooth working action of which was the subject of comment. The Carmania is the largest turbine-driven steamship in the world, and has been constructed, with her reciprocating sister ship, the Caronia, at the Clydebank works of John Brown and Co. (Limited). The latter vessel on her station has developed an exceptionally high economy, and the results of a comparison of the work in the mail service of the two steamers will be invaluable in determining the economy of the newer system of propulsion on such an important ocean high road as the Atlantic. The two vessels are exactly alike except in the matter of propelling machinery, the turbines of the Carmania being of the Parsons type, but constructed at the Clydebank works by the firm's own staff and workmen, after a long series of experiments to solve problems in connexion with the exceptional size of this machinery. The two vessels are the largest which have been built on the Clyde, their dimensions being :- 678ft. length overall, 72ft. breadth moulded, 52ft. depth to shelter deck. Their gross tonnage register is roughly 20,000 tons, and on 32ft. draught of water, which is their laden condition, the displacement is 29,800 tons. On this draught the deadweight capacity is 12,000 tons, notwithstanding the unprecedented size of the turbine machinery and the difficult questions associated with details of design and construction to ensure as far as possible perfect trustworthiness.

  The Carmania has been completed for service in little more than 20 months ; with ordinary machinery she could have been completed in much less time. A measure of the enormous amount of work involved in the construction of this vessel is found in the fact that there have been used in the structure rivets to the number of 1,800,000, and that 12,000 tons of steel were used in the work. Of structural fixtures to increase strength and minimize danger from any untoward occurrence the vessel has too many to enumerate. The experience of the owners and builders has resulted in an admirable system of cabin distribution, arrangement and furnishing. The vessel has accommodation for about 300 first-class, 350 second-class, 1,000 third-class, and about 1,000 steerage. With the addition of the 450 officers and men constituting the crew, this gives a total ship's population of 3,100. The turbine machinery of the Carmania drives triple propellers, one on each line of shafting, a high-pressure turbine driving the centre, and a combined low-pressure and astern turbine the two side lines of shafting. Owing to the large power developed and the consequent unusual size of the turbine casing, very special arrangements have had to be made to prevent distortion and allow for expansion, and this is mentioned as only one of many features for which the utmost experience and care were necessary. To ensure perfect operation, the turbine drums, the shafting, and the steel castings were manufactured at the Sheffield works of the builders' firm. The turbines, on account of having to run at such a relatively low number of revolutions - 185 to 190 per minute - have casings four times the size of anything yet constructed, the low-pressure casings are 14ft. outside diameter and 36ft. long. In contrast to these dimensions, the low-pressure cylinders of the ordinary engines of the largest Atlantic liners at present running are 9ft. 4in. diameter. The boiler installation includes eight double-ended and five single-ended boilers, the working pressure being 200 lb. The boilers are worked under Howden's heated forced draught, supplied by two large fans, each driven by two engines, and the exhaust gases pass to the atmosphere through two elliptical funnels, which rise to a height of 135ft. above the level of the furnaces.


A variety of Carmania related images that I hope you will enjoy! It is quite amazing what comes up on e-Bay if you watch long enough and are interested.

The sources of the images which follow? Data below. Just 19 images at this moment. Some of the images will be clickable & link to a larger original.

Hold your mouse over each image item to see the image number coding. The images will surely, with time, not end up numerically sequential. As re-sequencing for better presentation is required.

Items 3 and 5 were unexpired e-Bay items as this page was first up-linked. I have not sought permission to show the items here but I gladly provide a link to the e-Bay listings & I invite you, should you have an interest, to check the items out & bid as you may wish. And I thank both vendors - who probably would not wish to devote their time to addressing any messages from me - & might be content that their images grace this informational & non-profit page.

Item 1) I cannot tell you the source today. But probably from a long expired e-bay item.
Item 2) is from an e-Bay item that sold in Oct. 2006. Image reduced & cleaned up a little for this page. I see that the image appears in Colin Simpson's volume, said to be courtesy of the Cunard Company. Have seen such an image said to be dated 1905.
Item 3) is from an Oct. 2006 e-Bay item that sold for GBP 10.50 or approximately U.S. $19.92. A magic lantern glass slide, I believe 4 1/4 x 3 1/4 inches in size. A partial image only & black marks were removed for better presentation here. The listing image is giant!
Item 4) was from a Jun. 2006 e-Bay item. I say 'from' because I was disappointed with result when I reduced the whole image for inclusion here. I show a part of the card accordingly with the whole card available at the click of the mouse. There are other postcards of similar style, I know, but none has come to hand of good enough quality for inclusion here. Perhaps in the future we may be able to show them.
Item 5) is from a Oct. 2006 e-Bay item, (sold for GBP 3.00 or approximately U.S. $5.69) a postcard with image by artist Odin Rosenvinge, 1880-1957, (some biographical data on this page). An embossed picture-frame type postcard, with the border and frame removed & the image tidied up & sharpened to better show the artwork here. A card I have not seen before in quite a few years of following Carmania.
Item 6) is from an e-Bay item sold in May 2006. A visually interesting Tucks Oilette card, issued by Rimer Bros., of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. A fine card indeed! A repeat, in fact, of the basic card shown on site page 56, the first Carmania page.
Item 7) is from an e-Bay item sold in Sep. 2006. Part of a photo-card said to be of a young unnamed sailor. His cap has 'HMS Carmania' on it, and in pencil on the reverse side it said 'HMS Carmania armed Merchant Cruiser 1905 Cunard Line 1917'.
Item 8) Another wonderful e-Bay item. This is most of a postcard (colour temperature & contrast modified) which sold in late Feb. 2007 for U.S. $31.00. Of Carmania, in war camouflage, docked at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The postcard was again available on e-Bay, in May 2007, the vendor indicating that the photograph was by W. R. (Wallace Robinson) MacAskill (1887/1956), a renowned Halifax & Canadian commercial photographer. The vendor believes it likely that the photograph was taken in 1918/1919 when Carmania was engaged transporting troops back home from service in WW1. In actual fact, the card would seem to be the very same postcard that was sold in February 2007.  
Item 9) To tidily fill the space! The cover, I believe, of a piece of WW1 Cunard literature that relates well to the image to its right. And part of a decorative Carmania souvenir teaspoon of rather later vintage, I am sure.
Item 10) A wonderful item indeed. An image from 'The Whitehaven Times' of Sep. 20, 1923, showing a group of emigrants to North America from that area of North West England, with every one of the emigrants named! In quest of fame and fortune! I sincerely thank 'bigger-lebowski' who listed & sold the newspaper in Dec. 2005 - for GBP 8.38 or approximately U.S. $16.46 - and whose listing images were still available in Feb. 2007. Contrast was added to the image below for better presentation on this page. The original image, as listed, is available in full size by clicking the image below.
Item 11) An enamelled sterling silver charm dating from 1906 featuring Carmania. Made in Birmingham. Just 3/4 inches in size. Engraved 'Greta' & 'June 8, 1906'. Hello Greta, whoever you were! An e-Bay item which sold in mid Feb. 2007 for U.S. $64.00.
Item 12) Part only of a postcard dating perhaps from the 1920s. Sold presumably to 3rd class Carmania passengers since it references the 3rd class accommodation - showing a 3rd Class 2 Berth Room, the 3rd Class Dining Room, the 3rd Class Ladies Room & the 3rd class Social Hall. With the liner in the centre, of course. I need to locate a better image! Can you help? What I show is very poor indeed & has been in my files in a small size for many years hoping that another copy would someday come along. It did! Another copy was sold in Feb. 2007. The latest card sold in mid Feb. 2007 for GBP 17.00 or approximately U.S. $33.37.
Item 13) A page from a Carmania passengers' log book, most probably the front cover. It was an e-Bay item - long gone now of course. 1920s perhaps?
Item 14) Decorative artwork from a Saloon Class Passenger list. For a Carmania voyage from New York to Liverpool on Jul. 3, 1906, with Capt. John Pritchard in command. It sold in Dec. 2005 for U.S. $35.00.
Item 15) A part only of an advertising page from Scribner's Magazine in, per my file reference, Mar. 1909. Of the inauguration of Carmania and Caronia on the New York / Liverpool run. But that 1909 date must be wrong. Maybe 1906? The page was an e-Bay item, but the listing is long gone now, when I update this page in Feb. 2007. So I can no longer double check my source.
Item 16) The image portion of the cover & an interior page from a 6 x 8 inches in size, 16 page, c.1912 Cunard Steamship Company Ltd. booklet re the Boston 2nd cabin service. An e-Bay item, which sold for U.S. $77.00 in late Mar. 2007. An attractive cover indeed!
Item 17) An image of Carmania officers from a postcard used but not mailed in Apr. 1910. From a late Mar. 2007 e-Bay item but the image was modified for this page by adding contrast & by cropping.
Items 18 & 19) On page 57 I indicated that a gentleman named T. Stevens invented Stevengraphs, which are pictures woven in pure silk. Here are two images of a Stevengraph postcard of Carmania, with the vessel itself shown in a larger size.

Maybe you can provide additional Carmania images? Particularly some interior images? Or data?

There is one particular image that I would dearly like to show on this page - an image which I have seen in a book from which, correctly, I should not scan it for these pages. It is a most interesting image of artifacts being removed from Carmania just before she was scrapped. Now she was scrapped in 1932 so that dates the image, which was taken at Tilbury Dock. It shows artworks, a chair, a mattress, a life ring etc. being carried in procession down a gang plank off the vessel. A fine, and visually interesting image indeed. If you have that image from a source that would be fair usage, such as a 1932 publication, do please provide a scan & help me show the image to others through the medium of this page. A link to contact me is above & close below, also.


Some Cap Trafalgar related images that I hope you will enjoy!

Item 1) A truly magnificent poster. Listed via e-Bay in Apr. 2008. But sold for EUR 850 or approximately U.S. $1,313 to a bidder on the auction floor at the Apr. 18, 2008 auction of 'Galerie Bassenge', of Erdener Staße 5a, Berlin, Germany, 14193. The webmaster's ability in German is, alas, non-existent. It is, however, the webmaster believes, a lithograph of 105.5 x 72 cm. in size, published at Hamburg in 1899 by 'C. Adler, o. J.', based upon an artwork by Willy Gröwer. Now I usually modify images for presentation in these pages in such a way that the whole image can be seen without scrolling. But this image is so splendid I have not done that in this case. An image which is visible also here.
Item 2) From an e-Bay item in May. 2008. A postcard image of Cap Trafalgar that I do not recall ever seeing before.
Item 3) From a now expired e-Bay item. An advertisement for passage on Cap Trafalgar, it would seem.
Item 4) A partial image of the dining room of the Cap Trafalgar. From a now expired e-Bay item, I believe. But I am not absolutely sure of that origin. I do not believe that it came from this site on which, I see, the image also appears.

These pages will, hopefully, continue to track data about the Carmania & Cap Trafalgar as it comes to hand. And hopefully data as it specifically relates to the Volturno tragedy.

If any visitor can clarify (or correct) or provide more information about any of these matters, even an incorrect link, I would truly welcome their help.

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 01. PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

To the other Carmania pages - 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 & 61.

To the Special Pages Index.

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