THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 050
SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 10
To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.
Corrections in any of the material which follows, however tiny, would be most welcome. And additions, of course! (58 + 1 + 4 + 1 = 64) Test. Miramar, Plimsoll, images, mariners-l.co.uk, MNL, eBay, Delcampe,
LUKE CROWN (1807 - ?)
J. CROWN & SONS
J. CROWN & SONS LTD.
JOHN CROWN & SONS (1847 - ?)
STRAND SLIPWAY CO. (1872 - 1900?), (maybe THE STRAND SLIPWAY CO. Known also as STRAND SHIPBUILDING COMPANY)
JOHN CROWN & SONS LTD. (1903 - 1958?)
JOHN CROWN LTD.
First a few images. Just one, however, at this moment. Hover your mouse over each thumbnail to read the subject matter.
Can you help with the history of this company?
I have read however that 'John Crown & Sons' was founded in 1847. It is clear however that that date was not, by a long shot, the beginning. 'Where Ships Are Born', devotes a few paragraphs to 'Crown' history & indicates that tradition tells of a 'Crown' involved in the Sunderland shipping business as early as 1761. The first 'Crown' for which there are authentic records is, apparently, Luke Crown who commenced business on his own account in 1807 having served his apprenticeship at Henry Rudd of Monkwearmouth & Pallion between the years 1790 & 1800. There was also a James Crown in the early years of the 19th century. So the John Crown who commenced business in 1847 was of a much later generation. He took over the yard located at the Strand Slipway, Monkwearmouth, which yard had previously been occupied by John Candlish.
It would seem that the best known of the 'Crowns' was 'Jacky' Crown (1840-1902) - a famous Sunderland character. Described as being 'the raciest speaker in town, brusque yet good-natured, and never afraid to doff his jacket and help his workmen in the shipyard.'
The business had a number of names over the years, including, I am advised, 'The Strand Slipway Co.'. The use of that name would seem to have commenced in 1872. The company was often, it would seem, referred to as 'Strand Shipbuilding Company' as per these newspaper cuttings provided (thanks!) by Lyndon Pritchard. It reverted to a 'John Crown name' in 1900 but became 'John Crown & Sons Ltd.' in 1903. At the end of WW2, the yard had a 225 ft. slipway & a graving dock of 400 ft. It was taken over in 1946 by Joseph L. Thompson & Sons Ltd., but it continued to operate as a separate yard until it was closed in 1958. I thank 'Tyne & Wear Archives' also for a portion of that data which is available on page 14 of this 'pdf' file.
In or about 1893, Luke Crown, a shipwright, born in Monkwearmouth in about 1839, wrote 'Reflections of Southwick', a manuscript which covers the early shipbuilding history of Southwick. You can read about the manuscript & access its text via this page.
It was known to the shipyard workers as 'Crone' rather than 'Crown', I am told.
Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by 'Crown' of Sunderland - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence. And in alpha sequence within a year. I am advised that Silverisle was the final vessel built at the 'Crown' yard, Hull # 243. That may well prove to be so, however the highest 'Crown' Hull # recorded at the fine New Zealand site 'Miramar', is #249 (Flying Wizard). And by launch date Miramar indicates Silverweir, Hull #245, to be the final launch - on Mar. 16, 1961. Now see the partial build list on page 151. I am just the scribe! I was not there!
Miramar lists (highest hull number on page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & all the following links should work for you:- 75, 112, 145, 177, 211, 242, 249. (249)
Has anybody seen a complete built list? A partial list in on site page 142.
I list just 57 'Crown' vessels below. A long long way to go! Note that I do not list on this page the vessels built at the 'Crown' yard, after Joseph L. Thompson & Sons Ltd. acquired the yard in 1946. Any such vessels will be covered as 'Thompson' ships here. 239 vessels built before that ownership change. And 10 after it.
1 Flower of Ugie
A 3 masted barque, which was completed in Jul. 1838. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1852/53. Per 1 ('The Archaeology and History of the Flower of Ugie ...', the title is long!, published 2011), 2 (MWTMA site, extensive data). 102 ft. 6 in. long, of African & English oak, American elm & white pine. Built for J. Bruce & Company of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. I am advised that the river Ugie enters the North Sea at Peterhead, hence I presume the vessel's name. I should mention early in this listing that on Dec. 27, 1852, the vessel ran aground & was wrecked on Horse Tail Sands in the eastern Solent, about 5 miles E. of Portsmouth. From 2004 thru 2011, the wreck site was excavated by marine archaeologists of 'The Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology' ('MWTMA'). The wreck was identified via historical records & artifacts, & in 2011, a 112 page amazingly detailed monograph, edited by Dr. Julian Whitewright and Julie Satchell, was published by MWTMA. It is this monograph that, thanks to Dr. Whitewright, is the source of the data which I include in this brief listing. The vessel's maiden voyage was from Sunderland to Madras & Calcutta, India, under the command of Captain Annand, who was her master for about 7 years (LR records him as the vessel's captain thru 1846/47 for service from Liverpool to Calcutta (now Kalkata), India, thru 1843/44 & from Liverpool to Mauritius thereafter. The vessel returned, possibly via Penang, with a varied cargo which included saltpetre (saltpeter), rice, indigo, horn-tips & hemp. The vessel continued to trade into & in the Indian Ocean, to South Asia & even to China. It would seem that she may have carried indentured labour from Madras, India, to Mauritius. In 1846, Watson, of Sunderland, became the vessel's owners & Stabb became her captain. The vessel then traded from Liverpool into the Mediterranean & Black Seas, via New York to Quebec, Canada, & into the Baltic. LRs indicate that the vessel served Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea) in 1846/47 & 1847/48, served from Gloucester to Quebec, Canada, from 1848/49 thru 1850/51 & from Sunderland to Aden, thereafter. On Nov. 20, 1849, returning from Kronstadt/St. Petersburg, the vessel ran aground at the entrance to Drogden, in the waters between Denmark & Sweden. It clearly was successfully re-floated & any damages suffered were later repaired. The vessel sailed to & from Quebec, to Ceylon & then Quebec & returned to Sunderland in late Oct. 1852. From 1851, B. Mather served as her captain. On Dec. 7, 1852, the vessel left Sunderland for Cartagena, Spain, on what proved to be her final voyage - with a cargo of coal. They passed Deal, Kent, & headed westwards down the English Channel. On the night of Dec. 26, 1852, the ship had the misfortune to run into a major storm, described as 'a perfect hurricane', which caused the loss of many ships & many lives along the south coast of England. Soon after midnight, off Portland, the vessel was 'thrown on its beam ends' i.e. knocked flat sideways, by the ferocity of the storm. They fired guns as a distress signal. To return the ship to an upright position, the crew cut away the main & mizzen masts leaving only the foremast. With that they ran before the wind seeking protection in the lee of the Isle of Wight. There the vessel was driven hard onto the Horse Tail Sands. Despite all possible efforts, including cutting away the remaining mast, the ship could not be saved. The crew abandoned ship, were rescued by a pilot boat & safely landed at Portsmouth. Within 12 hours all trace of the vessel was gone - it had totally disintegrated. The wreck was rediscovered in 2003 by a fisherman whose nets snagged the remains. The wreck location? The exact location is not published to protect the integrity of the site & wreck. But it is roughly at 50.43.XXN/1.1.XXW. Can you add anything? #1908
2 Indian Chief
349/410, later 364 & 365 tons
A barque. This vessel is likely Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1880/81 (not all LR editions are available to the webmaster). It was owned, thru 1856/57, by 'Wemyss' of Fraserburgh, Scotland, with 'Noble' (thru 1853/54) & then 'Sinclair' serving as her captains. For service from Sunderland to India thru 1847/48 & then, where a destination is listed, from London to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) from 1851/52 thru 1853/54, & to Australia from 1854/55 thru 1856/57. 'Sinclair' continued to serve as captain for new owners when in 1857/58 per LR, Park Bros. became the Fraserburgh registered vessel's owner for service from London to Africa. Were Park Bros. truly of Fraserburgh, I wonder? In 1860/61, 'Baldwin' of Sunderland became the owner of the now 364 ton vessel for service from Sunderland to Quebec, Canada, with 'Mew' (Charles Mew) serving as her captain. See here for some 'Mew' documents, kindly provided by Chris Caines. The vessel's ownership in 1862/63 & 1863/64 is not LR referenced, however from 1864/65 thru 1870/71, D. Park of Sunderland became the vessel's owner - for service from Cardiff, Wales, to the Mediterranean & from 1867/68 for service from Sunderland to the Black Sea. With 'R. Errington' & 'P. French' serving as her captains. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870, however, records Mrs. Catherine Hannah Park, of Sunderland, as her then owner. In 1870/71, the vessel became owned by J. Kell, of West Hartlepool, for service from Hartlepool to the Baltic with 'Wood' her captain. Such owner name is clarified by MNLs of 1875 & 1876 which both list John Kell, of Seaton Carew, Durham, as owner of the West Hartlepool registered vessel. It seems clear that in the late 1870s, the vessel became German owned, but the name & location of such owner is not LR recorded or otherwise known to the webmaster. LR of 1879/80 lists the vessel at 365 tons, while LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel, still German owned, had been 'Lost'. 106.0 ft. long, signal letters PKTM. Can you add to or correct the above, & possibly advise what did finally happen to Indian Chief. #1953
A barque that had a short life. Per 1 ex 2, (newspaper article re 1848 wreck), 3 (extensive data), 4 (209 bounty immigrants), 5 (battle of Sobraon), 6 (New Zealand earthquakes). The vessel is not listed at Miramar. The Subraon is recorded in Lloyds Registers of 1846/47 thru 1848/49 (and also in 1849/50, even though the vessel was wrecked on Oct. 26, 1848). Owned by Arthur & Co. of London & intended for service to Calcutta, India. Presumably named after the decisive battle of Sobraon, a battle fought on Feb. 10, 1846 during the First Anglo-Sikh War of 1845/46. Its length? On Dec. 10, 1847, the vessel left London for Port Jackson (Sydney, New South Wales (NSW), Australia), via Plymouth, under the command of Captain John Powell Mills, with 209 bounty immigrants. The vessel arrived at Port Jackson on Apl. 12, 1848. It would seem the vessel stayed in southern waters - it later left Newcastle, NSW, for Wellington, New Zealand (arriving Oct. 5, 1848), with a few passengers & a cargo of cattle & horses. The vessel was at Wellington when a series of major earthquakes hit the area. Many Wellington citizens, feeling safer on the water than on land, spent time aboard Subraon moored in the harbour. Indeed, about 40 such citizens were passengers aboard the vessel when it left for Sydney on the afternoon of Oct. 26, 1848. Captain Mills was in command though the vessel, at the time of her loss, was under the control of James Calder, a local pilot. The pilot chose to exit the harbour via Chaffers' passage but ran aground, at about 8 p.m., on a reef just 100 yards from shore. Many boats were sent to the vessel's assistance & all aboard were safely landed. The vessel, minus her rudder, ended up fast on the rocks with no chance of being pulled off. She is still there today though very little remains. The wreck was sold at auction for 510 pounds sterling. A disaster inquiry was soon held. It concluded that the pilot should not have attempted to proceed to sea by Chaffers' passage since there was a better & safer alternative, that he showed poor judgment having decided on his course & further that he lost all presence of mind, so utterly essential to a pilot in extreme cases of danger. As a result of the inquiry, he was dismissed as a pilot. Bryan Kesselman advises that two cannons & the ship's bell were recovered from the wreck in the 1970s & are in the collection of 'The Museum of Wellington City and Sea', at Wellington. Anything you can add? #1911
Built by Jas. Crown. A 3 masted barque. Per 1 (1881 Inquiry report, 'Severn and Mayumba'). There are many references to the 'bark' in the registers at Mystic Seaport. 128.5 ft. long, signal letters HTJN. Built for 'R. Gayner' of Sunderland, which means Robert H. Gayner (the H. means Haydon) & others. Owned, as to 48/64 by Robert H. Gayner. And as to 16/64 by F. Fisher, maybe H. F. Fisher. On Jan. 30, 1881, 100 miles N. of Madiera, (a Portuguese archipelago, in the N. Atlantic, W. of Morocco) Severn, Isaac H. Rutherford in command, with a cargo of coal, was in collision with Mayumba, a 991 ton steamer owned by African Steamship Company, with passengers & cargo, en route from Madiera to Liverpool. Severn sank. There was loss of life. How many? At the Liverpool Inquiry, the 2nd mate of Mayumba, Charles P. Clarke, was found to be responsible for failing to keep a proper look-out. His certificate was suspended for 6 months. WWW data is limited. Is it possible that you can provide more? An image?
5 South Milton
A 3 masted barque. Per 1 (extensive account of the 1886 wreck, ex 2), 3 (vessel & wreck data), 4 (wreck enquiry results), 5 & 6 (other contemporary reports, incl. crew names, but there are many more reports available). 159.0 ft. long, signal letters RBNL, launched in Sep. 1877. The very last wooden ship built by 'Crown'. The vessel is not Miramar listed. South Milton? A small village in Devon, close to both Salcombe & Kingsbridge. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. The vessel was built for B. Balkwill & Co. of Salcombe, Devon, U.K., who remained the vessel's recorded owners thru the 1885/86 register, in which the vessel is reported as being 'lost'. In 1886, & likely from 1877, the vessel was owned via a 20 share partnership. I presume that B. Balkwill was the major shareholder & the ship's managing owner. A 'Balkwill fleet (was) largely engaged in trade with ports in Iberia, the Mediterranean, Azores, West Indies, etc.' However, this vessel clearly spent much of its life in Australian waters. W. Friend, who was the vessel's first master, died aboard the ship. On Mar. 7, 1886, South Milton left Port Louis, Mauritius, for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, with Captain H. (Henry) Trinnick in command & 17 aboard all told including the Captain's 12 year old son. She carried 800 (or 840) tons of sugar, valued at £20,000 (or £22,000). In the early hours of Apl. 12, 1886, the vessel, under full sail, approached Barwon Heads, near Port Phillip Heads, on the approaches to Melbourne. At 4 a.m., under smooth but hazy conditions, the vessel struck Charlemont Reef (or better Limeburner's Reef) - indeed she struck it twice. The vessel's bottom boards were smashed in, the ship filled with water & settled by the bow. Fortunately she swung off the reef into calmer water, so the crew were able to take to two ship's boats. They were picked up by Rip, a pilot schooner, & landed at Queenscliff. It would seem that Rip had been approaching South Milton, to place a pilot aboard her. Tugs Avon & Albatross were sent to render assistance but there was nothing for them to do - the ship had broken up & had disappeared under the surface, in 9 fathoms of water, just 20 (or maybe 30) minutes after she had struck the reef. No lives were lost. However the Captain's Newfoundland dog (need image!) did lose its life when air compressed within the ship caused the quarter deck to explode. A State of Victoria Steam Navigation Board Inquiry was held into the wreck. Captain Trinnick was found guilty of careless navigation, & his Board of Trade master's certificate was suspended for 3 months. Apparently the lookout man, John H. Trinnick, a carpenter, & the Captain's nephew, had seen land 10 minutes before she struck & told nobody. Had he spoken, the wreck likely would never have happened. You can read the reasons for the Board's decision at 4. The wreck & its cargo was sold at auction on Apl. 15, 1886 - the wreck sold for £12 while the cargo sold for 11 shillings. I have read that what is left of the wreck is still there today, at 38.30.2167S/ 144.48.433E. Is it possible that you can provide more? An image?
1094/1674 (later 1019/1611) N/G tons
An iron cargo ship. Per 1 (per 'The Record of 1885'), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 260.0 ft. long, signal letters HFJR, 140 HP engines by J. W. & F. Wilson of Sunderland. Per 1, rig 'Scw ½ B', but so far I have not spotted, at 'Mystic Seaport', the meaning of that abbreviation. But 'Scw' at Lloyd's means 'screw'. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Registers available to him, thru 1889/90, see left. Built for Peacock Bros., maybe 'Peacock Bros. & Sons', merchants, of Sunderland. Surveyed at Baltimore, U.S.A., in 1885. By the 1887/88 edition of Lloyd's, the vessel was owned by 'Thompson & Brown' of Sunderland. Were there later ownership changes? I don't know the complete answer answer yet, but in 1897/98 the vessel was owned by F. A. Jacques & Co. of Sunderland. Apparently there were no later changes of vessel name. On Dec. 1, 1910, the vessel was involved in a collision with Spind at Scharhörn, Elbe, Germany (an island 17 1/2 km. NW of Cuxhaven). And presumably was lost. WWW data is most limited. Is it possible that you can provide more data about the 1910 collision. Or anything else, in fact, including an image?
1325 (or 1264) later 1369 tons
Ignatiy (or Ignatii) Prokhorov
A cargo ship launched in Aug. 1886. Per 1 (details re wreck), 2 (Russian page), 3 (link 2 translated), 4 (Russian page), 5 (link 4 translated), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 228.1 ft. long, signal letters HQVF, 119 HP. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Registers available to him, thru 1889/90, see left. Constructed for 'Fenwick & Co.', of London. I read that in 1891, the vessel was sold to 'S Tourcoul', renamed Ignatiy Prokhorov & registered at Odessa. Lloyd's Register ('LR') of 1897/98 lists S. Tourcoul rather as the owner of Ignatius Prohoroff. It was sold again, in 1903, to 'S. l. Karapatnitskiy' (Beware! That is a WWW translation of 'С. Л. Карапатницкий', the Russian text, & probably is imperfect). The vessel became recorded at 1369 tons. LR of 1911/12 again lists Ignatius Prohoroff, of 1369 tons, owned by Sch. & E. Karapatnitsky & registered at Odessa. The vessel was requisitioned by the Russian? Navy (Transport #27) - cannot understand what is stated as its purpose - & in 1917 by the 'White Guards' who operated in the Black Sea area. In Nov. 1918, the vessel hit a mine & sank near Sevastopol, Ukraine. The wreck has been positively located, lying in 274 ft. of water, SW of Sevastopol, indeed an image is available of the brass engine plate as at left. The above is in part from the webmaster's attempt at a WWW translation of Russian texts. The name of the vessel may well have been 'Ignatii Prokhorov' (ИГНАТИЙ ПРОХОРОВ in Russian). Is it possible that you can correct any errors above and/or provide more data & an image?
1345 (or 1394) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (wreck data, Glynymel), 2 ('uboat.net', Glynymel), 3 (12 March 1917), 4 (data, sinking), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). About 80 metres long. Constructed for 'Sociedad General Mallorquina de Palma', of Palma, Spain, & registered in Spain. The vessel was sold, in 1895 (or 1897), to 'Abchurch Steamship Co. Ltd. (Fenwick Stobart & Co. Ltd., the manager), of London perhaps, & renamed Abchurch. It was sold again, in 1898, to 'P. Regier', of Mariupol, Ukraine, & renamed Maria Regier. And sold again, in 1913, to Harries Bros & Co., of Swansea, Wales, & renamed Glynymel. On Mar. 12, 1917, while en route from Rouen (or Le Havre), France, to Swansea, in ballast, the vessel was shelled, captured, torpedoed & sunk (or sunk with scuttling charges) by UC-66, Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Pustkuchen in command, near St. Catherine's Point, Isle of Wight. 1 life was lost. The wreck is possibly at 50.12.5N/1.11.0W, S. of St. Catherine's Point, or maybe 15 or 23 miles SW of St. Catherines's Point. The wreck has not been located & the exact wreck site is therefore unknown. WWW data is most limited. Is it possible that you can provide more data and/or an image?
2802 (or 2774) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 302.3 ft. long. The sole Lloyd's Register listing, available to the webmaster, is at left. Built for Angier Shipping Co. Ltd., of London. The vessel was sold, in 1896, to 'Holzapfel Whitfield' & renamed Stowford. And sold again, in 1910, to 'A. Palios' & renamed Prometheus. And sold again, in 1912, to 'A. & G. Fratelli Sturlese' or maybe 'Sturlese Bros.', of Italy, & renamed Anteo. On Nov. 12, 1917, the vessel hit a mine & sank SSW of Leghorn in the Mediterranean. WWW data is most limited. Is it possible that you can provide more data and/or an image?
982 (or 986) tons
A cargo ship. What a lot of owner & name changes! Per 1 ['pdf', Belgica (3), p.46, 20% down], 2 (1901 census document), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 228.1 (or 220.1) ft. long, 64.5 metres, perpendicular to perpendicular. Constructed for Wearmouth Steamship Co. Ltd., of London. In Mar. 1901, the vessel was sold to William France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., also of London. A site visitor has kindly provided an unusual 1901 census document (2), that indicates that, on Mar. 31, 1901, James Lumsden was the vessel's master & names many of the then crew. The vessel was sold, in Jul. 1903, to 'Soc. d'Armement Gantois', of Ghent, Belgium, & renamed Belgica. In Oct. 1907, the vessel was sold to 'Ghent Lloyd S.A.', also of Ghent. In Aug. 1914, the vessel was interned at Pillau, Russia. And sold, in May 1920, to 'Les Affréteurs Réunis Belges', of Antwerp, Belgium, & renamed Gloria. In Jul. 1921, it was sold to Soc. "Les Affréteurs Réunis", of Rouen, France, & renamed Maréchal Lyautey. And sold, in 1926, to 'Giuseppe Mirabella', of Catania, Italy, & renamed Sara Minnola. Sold, yet again, in 1929, to 'Paolo de Gennaro', also of Catania & renamed Tosca. And sold again, in 1930, to 'L. Panunzio', of Molfetta, Italy. And in 1931 was sold back to 'Paolo de Gennaro', now also of Molfetta. In 1934, the vessel was sold to 'Giuseppe Parisi fu Giovanni', of Naples, Italy, & renamed Francesca R. And sold for the last time, in 1937, to 'Raffaele Romano', also of Naples, & renamed Fertilia. On Jan. 30, 1942, the vessel was hit by a torpedo fired by HMS Thunderbolt, 10 miles NE of Brindisi, Italy. Loss of life? But was that indeed so? Read the data at the bottom of the reference at 1, which implies that vessel may have survived until Nov. 23, 1942 - but the meaning of the words is unclear to me. I have not referred to manager names above, because the history is complicated enough already. WWW data is most limited & I am grateful for the above 2 links. Is it possible that you can correct any errors above and/or provide more data? An image?
1557 (later 1507) tons
A collier that was launched on Jan. 16, 1904 & completed in Feb. 1904. Per 1 (sinking, Springhill), 2 ('uboat.net' sinking, Springhill), 3 ('wrecksite.eu', sinking data, Springhill), 4 (UB-21), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 253.2 ft. long, 77.2 metres, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 knots, signal letters VPDS, 166 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for 'The Porthcawl Steamship Co. Ltd.', of Cardiff, Wales, (Thomas, Stephens & Wilson, the managers). But not exactly! It would seem that the vessel was initially registered in the names of Thomas, Stephens & Wilson - for a wee period until Porthcawl their company had been set up. The vessel was transferred from the three individuals names into the company name on Feb. 4, 1904. We thank Stephen Rowson for that interesting history detail. The vessel was sold, in 1914, to Fisher Renwick & Co. ('Fisher'), of Newcastle, & renamed Springhill. It would seem, however, that the vessel was actually owned by 'Ella Sayer Steamship Co. Ltd.', a Fisher company, I presume. In late Aug. 1917, the vessel, en route from Hartlepool to London with a cargo of coal, was sunk. At 54.21N/00.22W, 4 miles off Scarborough. The data as to how the vessel sank differs. At 11.30 a.m. on Aug. 24, 1917, it either struck a mine laid by UB-21, Oberleutnant zur See Franz Walther in command, & sank. Or per a number of the above links, it was in fact torpedoed by UB-21. There were two explosions which resulted in a large hole in the hull & the vessel sank within 2 minutes. Of the crew of 20 all told, 5 lives were lost. 3 advises that most of the crew were picked up by Eden, (not sure which one), one man being picked up by the drifter White Rose & landed at Scarborough. But ... Tom Lewis advises (thanks Tom!) that his grandfather, Thomas Lewis, sailed on the ship when named both Porthcawl & Springhill. While it was his very first ship, he was not aboard for the final voyage in Aug. 1917. Tom states that the ship's crew agreement indicates that Springhill was in fact mined, with the loss of 4 men only, data 'which was subsequently confirmed by the owners'. The Captain, who survived, was Alex Gilbert who had taken over from Walter Williams. Can you provide more data? An image would be most welcome.
A collier. Per 1 ('uboat.net', sinking, Presto), 2 ('wrecksite.eu', data, Presto & its wreck, with image - but I think that the image may rather be of Dunelm, later Presto, built 1916 by R. Thompson. Can anybody clarify the matter?), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 69.6 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 228.4 ft., speed of 8 1/2 or 9 1/2 knots. Built for Pelton Steamship Co. Ltd. ('Pelton'), owned by R. S. Gardiner & Joseph Reay, 'Gardiner & Reay', the managers, all of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. On Apl. 6, 1917, the vessel was en route, in ballast, from London to Newcastle, Captain Lowery in command, with a crew of ? (can anybody advise?). At 9:40 a.m. that day, the vessel hit a German mine, when 4 miles E. of Roker Point, Sunderland. At 54.57N/01.16W. There was an explosion in No. 1 hold in which 4 (or maybe 6) crewmen were killed - might a Sunderland 1917 newspaper article resolve that issue. The survivors took to the boats from which they were rescued by the 'examination vessel' which took Presto in tow for the nearby coast. Two tugs arrived & assisted in the tow. The ship, which was taking on water, never made it to the shallows. It sank by the bow at 11:00 a.m., 1 1/2 miles off Roker lighthouse, in 17 metres of water. At 54.55.44N/01.19.02W maybe? The mine? It had been laid a few days earlier, on Apl. 03, 1917, by UC-40, Oberleutnant zur See Gustav Deuerlich in command. Is it possible that you can help with more data & perhaps an image?
1298 (or 1286 or 1314) tons
A cargo ship, mainly used as a collier, perhaps. Which had a long life & many names. Per 1 (Furness Withy, Tudhoe), 2 (data, Capitol), 3 (data, Vilma, 80% down), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 70.1 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 230.0 ft., speed of 9 knots. Constructed for British Maritime Trust Ltd., of London, with Furness Withy & Company Ltd. ('Furness'), of West Hartlepool, the managers. In 1907 Furness became the owners. The vessel was sold, in 1913, to 'J. P. Jönsson', of Landskrona, Sweden, & renamed Grovemont. On Feb. 23, 1915, the vessel was sold again, to (per Niels Hald-Andersen - thanks!) 'S.S. Finland (Albert Jensen), of Copenhagen, & renamed Finland, but was taken over by the British Government. She continued in operation with 'Gas Light & Coke Company' (which later became 'North Thames Gas Board'), as, renamed, Capitol. In 1925, the vessel was sold to 'K. S. Nordgreen', of Bergen, Norway, & renamed Vilma. Used as a collier, on the Svalbard (an archipelago, the most northerly part of Norway, located half way between mainland Norway & the North Pole) to North Norway route. The vessel was attacked by British aircraft, in Sognefjord, Norway, on Dec. 3, 1940, while carrying limestone from Fuaske, Norway, (correctly Fauske?) - the vessel was not hit by bombs but was damaged by machine gun fire - it was able to proceed to Knarrevik, Sweden (1 life was lost, the pilot). In 1947, the vessel was sold to 'H. Liljestrand', of Finland, & renamed Inga L. Was renamed Aira in 1954. In 1955, the vessel was sold for the last time, to 'W. Rostedt', also of Finland, & renamed Lisbet. The vessel was broken up at Hamburg, Germany, in Jul. 1957. Is it possible that you can help with more data & perhaps an image?
407 (or 390) tons
A modest cargo ship/collier perhaps, which had a long life, indeed it lived through both WW1 & WW2. Per 1 ('Southampton City Council/Plimsoll', Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46, link is to Ville de Tamatave. Via such link you can find data re Ville-de-Ténès), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 43.1 metres long (142.1 ft.) perpendicular to perpendicular, ? speed, signal letters OTSG later TUTD. Built for Wear Steam Shipping Company Limited ('Wear'), of Sunderland, 'Thomas Rose' or maybe 'Rose Bros.', the managers. Wear, it would seem, went into liquidation in 1917. Two years prior however, in 1915, the vessel had been sold to Harris Bros ('Harris'), of Falmouth, & renamed Falmouth Castle. Have not found any data about her WW1 service. In 1923, the vessel was transferred to 'Falmouth Castle Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('Castle'), of Bristol (or maybe of Falmouth), with no change of vessel name. I use the word 'transferred' because Harris & Castle seem to have been related entities. In 1927, the vessel was sold to 'Soc. Anon. Les Caboteurs Algériens', of Algiers, Algeria, & renamed Cartenée. And sold again, in 1928, to 'Société Algérienne de Navigation pour l'Afrique du Nord', also of Algiers, & renamed Ville-de-Ténès, 'Ch. Schiaffino & Cie.', the managers. Could it be that Schiaffino were also the owners? The vessel was requisitioned for WW2 service & served on the coasts of Sardinia as an auxilliary minesweeper, maybe AD245. Was it returned to its owners at the end of WW2? I do not know, but in 1946, the vessel was sold to 'Société Générale de Transports Maritimes à Vapeur', of Marseilles, France, with no change of vessel name. And converted, I read to a part wine tanker. On Feb. 7, 1951, while en route from Marseilles to Susa, Tunisia, with a general cargo, the vessel was wrecked, in the Gulf of Orosei, on the E. coast of Sardinia. Any loss of life? I have not read anything about the circumstances. Is it possible that you can help with more data & perhaps an image?
(from 1928/29 at least)
A steel steamship which was launched on Jun. 17, 1909 & completed in Jul. 1909. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register ('LR') data, Most, 1930/31 thru 1932/33, thanks to Southampton City Council/Plimsoll), 2 (Lloyd's Register data, 1932/33 thru 1944/45, Alboran & Maria Pompei, ex Southampton City Council/Plimsoll), 3 ('wrecksite.eu', data incl. 1941 wreck), 4 (data incl. voyage data, Quickstep, also image of Quickstep thanks to Paul Crinson), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 239.5 ft. (73.00 metres) long, later (from 1935/36) 246.2 ft. (75.04 metres) long, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters HPJF, later MNIO & IJHJ, 174 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. of Sunderland. Quickstep was built for the Newcastle based coal exporting company of 'Witherington & Everett' (as per LR) a partnership of John W. (William) Witherington & Harry P. (Poore) Everett). Maybe Witherington & Everett Steamship Company? The second Witherington & Everett fleet vessel of the name, the first being wrecked in 1907. The vessel served the French ports of St. Malo, Calais, Honfleur & Rouen & also Antwerp, Belgium, until, I read, the vessel was requisitioned by the Admiralty for service during WW1, & served, from Nov. 8, 1914 thru to Apl. 23, 1918, as an ammunition carrier. L. R. Hanson was her captain in 1915. The vessel was returned to her owners on Apl. 23, 1918. In 1927, Messageries Maritimes Belges Soc. Anon., of Antwerp, acquired the vessel with F. Alexander Fils & Cie. serving as her managers, & renamed her Most. In 1930, Armement Alexander S. A., also of Antwerp, became the vessel's owner with no change of vessel name nor, I read, of managers. In 1932, the vessel was sold to Ernesto Lavarello of Genoa, Italy, was possibly temporarily renamed Italico, but permanently renamed Alboran. Three years later, in 1935, Giuseppe Palomba of Torre del Greco (near Naples), Italy, acquired the vessel & renamed her Maria Pompei. At the beginning of WW2, the vessel was commissioned by the Italian Navy for service in Dalmatia (the E. shore of the Adriatic from the Island of Rab in the north to the Bay of Kotor in the south). On Oct. 23, 1941, the vessel is stated to have hit a mine (which had been laid by HMS Urge) & sank when in the Adriatic, 2 miles off Punta Platamoni, Kotor, Yugoslavia. I have seen no mention of any lives being lost. The wreck has been discovered but is very deep indeed & accessible to technical divers only. I was puzzled (and still am) to find a reference on page 113 of 'The Fighting Tenth' by John Wingate, to a vessel named Maria Pompei, stated to be sunk by torpedo in 1941, I believe in the month of October. Can spot no other vessel of the name at the time. Can anybody explain the reference? Did she for certain hit a mine? Anything you can add? #2050
804/1441 (N/G) tons
A steel single screw collier, schooner rigged it would seem. Per 1 (data, Broomhill Collieries, ref. Bondicar, approx. 12% down), 2 (Steel Recorder, collision, ref. 3.10.50), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, Bondicar), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 240.3 ft. long, signal letters HQGC, 182 NHP engines by Richardsons, Westgarth & Co. Ltd., of Sunderland. Built for Broomhill Collieries Ltd. ('Broomhill'), of Newcastle, or maybe of Acklington, Northumberland. The vessel was requisitioned by the British Government for WW1 service.
Michael Robson has kindly been in touch to draw my attention to this 'Great War Forum' webpage & the likelihood expressed there (not absolutely certain) that Bondicar was hit accidentally by friendly fire while at the Dardanelles (Turkey) in 1915. On Aug. 10, 1915, HMS Swiftsure accidentally fired a 14-pounder gun & hit & caused casualties aboard a vessel named Bendicai, believed correctly to have been Bondicar. Able seaman G. Matson, buried in the East Mudros Cemetery on the island of Lemnos (a Greek island in the Aegean Sea), was, it seems likely, a casualty of that accidental firing.
A now long gone webpage advised that in 1916 thru 1918 the vessel was owned by Broomhill of Newcastle & registered at Newcastle. 'H. Coates' was then the vessel's manager & was also her manager in 1923/24, when still owned by Broomhill. There probably were many later owners thru 1947. 71 WW2 convoy references, all U.K. coastal, but none recorded after Sep. 1942. I presume that there must have been later voyages, but 'convoyweb.org' denies me all access to 'independent' voyage data. In 1947, the vessel was sold to 'China Hellenic Lines', of Greece & was renamed Chryssoula. Later that year, the vessel was renamed Hellenic Chryssoula. On Oct. 3, 1950, the vessel, en route from Alexandria, (Egypt?), collided with Steel Recorder. Not sure exactly where. Hellenic Chryssoula's stem was crushed & its anchor was lost. The vessel arrived at Newport, presumably Wales, on Jun. 4, 1954, to be broken up. Is it possible that you can help with more data & perhaps an image?
1474 (or 1354) tons
A single screw cargo ship. Per 1 ('Southampton City Council/Plimsoll', Lloyds Register listings, multiple years, Varvara etc.), 2 (data, Christian Salvesen, ref. Solent, approx. 85% down), 3 (ref. Solent, approx. 50% down), 4 (Salvesen), 5 (French data, image, 25% down '3 Le Yainville'), 6 (link 5 translated), 7 (extensive data in German, Varvara), 8 ('wrecksite.eu', wreck data & Varvara image), 9 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Varvara. Beware! The page you come to lists 86 convoys, only 4 of which relate to this particular vessel), 10 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 72.9 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 239.3 ft., speed of 9 knots, signal letters SZKY. Built for Dennis H. Willey, of Sunderland. Two later owners of Leith, Scotland, with no change of vessel name - to Christian Salvesen & Co., in 1916 & to T. C. Steven & Co., in 1919. Any service in WW1? In 1921, the vessel was sold to 'Josse Worms & Cie', of Le Havre, France, & renamed Yainville. A number of collisions as Yainville. At about 1:30 a.m. on Dec. 8, 1923, when at anchor in the Scheldt river at Antwerp, Belgium, the vessel was hit by Thérèse, one of a number of vessels under tow by tug Charles. Something would seem to have happened at Bordeaux, on May 17, 1924. On Jan. 17, 1925, under the command of Captain Maheo, the vessel was in collision with Anaconda, again in the Scheldt River. On Aug. 31, 1930, in foggy conditions, the vessel was in collision with Marigot, 4 miles N. of Dunkirk, France. Yainville suffered bow damage. Am unclear, however, as to what happened to Marigot. In 1934, the vessel was sold to 'Nikolaos G. Livanos', of Piraeus, Greece, for £3,150, & renamed Mary II. In 1935, the vessel was sold again, to 'Athanasios N. Zoiopoulos' ('Zoiopoulos'), also of Piraeus (or perhaps of Volos), & renamed Varvara. By the 1940/41 edition of Lloyd's Register, the Ministry of War Transport had become the ship's owner, with Lambert Bros. Ltd. the managers. But in the 1942/43 edition of Lloyd's, ownership had reverted to Zoiopoulos. Can anybody explain what happened to cause such listings. Just 4 WW2 convoy references, including a voyage to Iceland in 1942. 2 of the 4 references relate to her final voyage from Alexandria, Egypt, which arrived at Tripoli on Mar. 16, 1943 with a cargo of munitions. On Mar. 19, 1943, the vessel was bombed by German Ju88 aircraft when 500 yards SW of the entrance to the harbour at Tripoli, Libya. Either 1 (Konstantinos Valeris) or (per Miramar & others) 2 lives were lost in the attack. The vessel sank on the next day, i.e. Mar. 20, 1943. This page (3rd item) indicates, I think in error, that the vessel was rather sunk by U-671. Is it possible that you can help with more data & perhaps another image?
A collier. Per 1 ('uboat.net', sinking, Porthkerry), 2 ('wrecksite.eu' sinking data, Porthkerry), 3 (sinking data, 70% down, ref. 'Howson'), 4 (ref. Porthkerry), 5 (sinking data), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 280 ft. long, 85.3 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots. Built for Porthcawl Steamship Co., of Cardiff, Wales, (Thomas, Stephens & Wilson, the managers). At 5.20 p.m. on May 20, 1917, Tycho, a defensively armed steamer of 3216 tons, was torpedoed & sunk by UB-40, Kapitänleutnant Hans Howaldt in command, in the English Channel, 16 miles W. by S. of Beachy Head, Sussex. The entire Tycho crew left the ship & rowed towards Porthkerry, then standing by to pick up the survivors, having seen the explosion. The captain of Tycho & 15 of his crew died a few minutes later, alongside of Porthkerry, when one boat was blown up & the other was damaged by another torpedo, fired at Porthkerry by UB-40. It would seem that UB-40 purposely waited until the Tycho boats were alongside Porthkerry before firing its torpedo. Porthkerry was en route from Cardiff to Sheerness with a cargo of coal. 8 Porthkerry lives were lost, including the Captain (his name?). The survivors from both ships were picked up at 7 p.m. by a small coastal steamer, maybe Esperanto, which landed them at Newhaven. The Porthkerry wreck lies at 50.37.35N/00.18.58W in 42/46 metres of water, with Tycho nearby. A neat map of the location used to be WWW available (Brighton BASC). Can you provide more data? An image?
1869 (or 1892) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (1944 collision, nr. page bottom, Wear), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, Wear. Beware - only the CO & OC convoys relate to this vessel), 3 & 4 (sinking), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.7 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 268 ft., 2 masts, speed of 9 knots. Constructed for Witherington & Everett, of Newcastle. Maybe soon sold? Because the vessel was registered at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in Mar. 1912. 65 WW2 convoy references, from Sep. 1942 thru Dec. 1943 - in CO & OC convoys, all in Australian waters, Newcastle to Melbourne & return. Presumably there were other & later voyages, maybe independent, but 'convoyweb.org' denies me access to such data. On Sep. 8, 1944, when owned by James Paterson & Co. Pty., (maybe 'Patterson') of Australia, & en route from Melbourne to Newcastle, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, in ballast, the vessel was in collision with the Norwegian Anatina, 9 or 10 miles S. of Montague Island, NSW, & sank. It would seem that Anatina, ran into Wear, striking her amidships at 1 a.m. And Wear sank 40 minutes later. I have not read the circumstances, but a Court of Marine Inquiry found that Wear was at fault. All 56 (maybe 32 only) crew were rescued 'but one seaman received fatal injuries', or perhaps was drowned. His name was Harold Pring. 'Both vessels were locked together for about ten minutes but the Wear was almost cut in half and sank immediately they separated.' A boat was launched but crew were in the water. The crew (or some of them at least) were landed by Anatina at Eden, NSW. A deep wreck, possibly (but not confirmed) to be Wear, has been located in 120 metres of water. WWW data is limited. Is it possible that you can help with more data & perhaps an image? It would seem that a half model of the ship was offered on eBay, but the item is long gone.
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 67.8 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 1/2 knots. This ship is a mystery. Read on! The vessel was built for Witherington & Everett ('Witherington'), of Newcastle. I was surprised to find this second vessel named Wear (the first is here). Both seem to have been built by 'Crown' for Witherington at about the same time. As confirmed by a 'Crown' build list provided by a kindly site visitor. They survived, it would seem, until 1935 & 1944 respectively, & neither, per Miramar, had a change of name. Might that be because the '1911 edition', above, was soon registered in Australia? This Wear arrived, per Miramar, at Blyth, Northumberland, U.K., on Mar. 18, 1935, to be broken up. That is all I have! WWW data is most limited. And now the mystery, which seems likely to be related. Per this site, Witherington owned a vessel named River Wear, built in 1912, of 1164 net (not gross) tons. A vessel not apparently listed at Miramar. Could it be that Wear was renamed River Wear? There are 2 very fine images available of River Wear, via that site here (1 & 2). But we need your help. We need to know what Lloyds Registers of the 1920s said about both Wear & River Wear, & specifically the builder's name & gross tonnage. Likely any edition in the 1920s. Is it possible that you can help with that and/or with more data? An image?
1734 (or 1742) tons
A collier which was launched on Sep. 29, 1913 & completed in Oct. 1913. Per 1 (Maindy Shipping, 1922, 80% down re Maindy Lodge), 2 ('Southampton City Council/Plimsoll', Lloyds Register ('LR') listings, Sinop, 1930 thru 1945), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Tree Steamship Co. Ltd., of Cardiff, Howard Jones & King the managers. 258.0 ft. (78.64 metres) long, speed of 9 knots, signal letters HBQM, later TCDA, 197 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., of Sunderland. In 1919, the vessel was sold, per Miramar, to 'Maindy Shipping Company Ltd.' ('MaindyCo'), also of Cardiff & in 1920 was renamed Maindy Priory. I had previously referenced 'Jenkins Richards E', 'Jenkins Richards E' would seem to correctly be 'Jenkins, Richards & Evans Ltd.' ('Evans'), of Cardiff, Wales. Muriel Goodman advises (thanks!) that 'Jenkins' refers to Thomas Jenkins, her grandfather, who owned MaindyCo. The name of Maindy would seem to originate with the area so named in the city of Cardiff. Evans were rather the managers. (There was also a company named 'E. Jenkins & Company', also of Cardiff.) Now MaindyCo went into liquidation in 1921. In 1922, per Miramar, the vessel became owned by Sir David R. Llewellyn ('Llewellyn'), of Cardiff (have also read Newcastle) - with James Rattary of Cardiff likely the manager. Llewellyn had in 1921 acquired ten MaindyCo steamers at auction, (A & B) including Maindy Priory, for a total of £290,000. The vessel was sold, in 1927, to the Government of Turkey (Admin de Nav. á Vap. Turque), registered at Constantinople (now Istanbul), & renamed Sinop. (I note in passing that the vessel is named Sinob in LR of 1928/29). It was later sold three more times to owners from Istanbul, Turkey, with no change of vessel name - to Denizyollari Idaresi in 1934, to Kirzade Mustafa & Huseyin Munir in 1935, & in 1937 to Turk Silepcilik Sti. (a ship management company or 'pool' established by the Turkish private shipowners). In 1938, Sinop & also Izmir (ex Kawi, built at Flushing, Netherlands, in 1907) went aground on the Black Sea coast at Ereğli but were floated off (images at left). It would seem, however, to have been owned by 'Mustafa Uman & Hamdi Selimoğlu' in 1948. On Nov. 30, 1948, while en route from Zonguldak (Anatolia, Black Sea coast of Turkey) to Istanbul with a cargo of coal, the vessel was driven ashore in a storm & wrecked on Kefken Island (just off the southern Black Sea coast, 92 km. E. of the Bosphorus). WWW data about the vessel is most limited. We thank Osman Ondes, maritime historian, for kindly correcting the texts above, particularly those re the vessel's Turkish ownership. Osman advises also that captain Ali Dolan II was in command of the vessel at the time of its loss & that the vessel's entire crew was drowned. Talat Ülgezen was 2nd officer & Vasıf Kocak was the vessel's chief engineer. 'Cumhuriyet', a Turkish daily newspaper, extensively covered the sinking of the ship in its issue of Dec. 2, 1948. Need help! Another image?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Devon 'pdf' newsletter, true pages 6/8, with 2 images. Thanks so much 'AONB' & Ray Easterbrook!), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Town Line (London) Ltd., (Harrison, Sons & Co. managers), of London. 67.1 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 220 ft. A now dead web link indicated that in Jan, 1916, 'Harrison, Sons & Co.' were the owners. The vessel had a very short life! On Jan. 7, 1916, just 10 months after completion in Mar. 1915, she ran aground in fog at Barricane Beach, N. Devon, while en route from Oporto, Portugal, to Newport, Wales with a cargo of pit props. Near Morte Point, close to Woolacombe. Do look at the image at the first thumbnail. It sure does not look like a beach to me! However I read that there is a sand (or sea shell) beach there in a rocky cove! Interestingly, of sea shells not native to the area. How distressing it must have been to Captain Rees that his vessel so ended up - perched high on the rocks with bow & stern free & clear when the tide was out. The crew of 19 were all rescued, via the 'Mortehoe Life-saving Apparatus', a breeches buoy pulley system, the captain being the last to be rescued. WWW data about the vessel is limited. Need help!
1556, later 1494 tons
A vessel that was launched on Jul. 27, 1915 & completed in Sep. 1915. Per 1 (Glen & Co., of Glasgow), 2 ('Southampton City Council/Plimsoll', Shuna, Lloyd's Register ('LR') data, 1930/31 thru 1935/36), 3 (Shuna wreck, Islay, image), 4 (James Smith Shuna 'pdf' vessel study), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 250.0 ft. long (76.2 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 knots, signal letters JLSK, later MFXZ, 165 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., of Sunderland. The vessel was built for 'Scandinavian Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('Scandinavian'), of Glasgow, Scotland, with Glen & Co. ('Glen'), acting as her managers. Glen, which owned Scandinavian, was, I read, noted for the shipment of coals to Sweden, returning with timber. Shuna? A word of Norse origin - i) An island on the W. coast of Scotland, in the Inner Hebrides, one of the Slate Islands, also ii) an island in Loch Linnhe, Scotland. Glen clearly liked to name their vessels Shuna. So far as I can see, they owned 5 vessels of the name built respectively in 1872, 1890, 1909, 1915 (this vessel) & 1937. James Smith advises that on Jan. 30, 1917 the vessel was requisitioned by the Admiralty for WW1 service & provides detail of such service in his vessel study. In 1928, Shuna became owned by 'Clydesdale Shipowners' Company, Ltd.', also of Glasgow, with Glen still her manager. The vessel became LR listed at 1494 tons in 1932/33. A guess on my part - the change in tonnage may relate to the fact that a vessel named Shuna spent time in 1932 at the yard of David & William Henderson & Company Ltd., of Partick, Glasgow, having repairs effected including the repair of bow damage. Maybe the vessel had been involved in a collision of some sort? Yes? No? On Oct. 17, 1936, while en route from the Clyde to Gothenburg, Sweden, with a coal & general cargo, the vessel ran aground & was wrecked near Ardmore Point, a cape on the SE coast of the island of Islay, Inner Hebrides. No loss of life. Wrecked at 55.39.04N/06.02.24W it would seem. A dive site today so the wreck must still be there. She was a total loss (broke in two) & was insured for £12,000. Can you provide more data? The circumstances of her loss, perhaps. #1949
A collier/coaster. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, Lesto, beware other vessels at link), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.7 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots. Built for 'Pelton Steamship Company Ltd.' ('Pelton'), of Newcastle. I am advised that Pelton owned coal mines & also owned a fleet of colliers trading to the Thames, S. coast ports & to the Baltic, sailing mostly from the Tyne, & returning from the Baltic with a deck cargo of sawn timber & pit props. Have WWW read nothing about the vessel's regular service history, but likely used as above. 35 WW2 convoy references including 2 N. Atlantic crossings ex Mediterranean (Alexandria & Port Said), service in Mediterranean, to the Continent (Seine Bay, France, in Aug. 1944, also Antwerp & Dieppe) & U.K. local. In 1954, the vessel was sold to 'British Iron & Steel Corporation (Salvage) Limited' ('BISCO') & was allocated by BISCO to 'Shipbreaking Industries, Ltd.', of Rosyth, Fife, Scotland, to be broken up. On Jun. 15, 1954, the vessel arrived at Rosyth, for that purpose. Can you provide more data?
1894 (or 1919) tons
A cargo ship, likely a collier. Per 1 (interesting 'Witherington & Everett' history), 2 (ref. Kylequeen, about 20% down), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, Lightfoot), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 81.7 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 268 ft., speed of 10 knots, 199 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. of Sunderland. Built for 'The Hill Steam Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Newcastle, likely to replace the fleet vessel of identical name that was sunk by UB-30 in 1918. The company mainly carried coal, & chose names associated with rapid transport for its fleet ships, hence the name Lightfoot. The company had a tough time during the Depression, with 17 of its ships laid up - which resulted in the company being forced to sell half of its fleet in order to survive. But it did not sell Lightfoot at that time, it would seem. 63 WW2 convoy references, including service into the Mediterranean (Augusta, Brindisi, Naples, Malta, Port Said etc.) & many U.K. coastal. You would think, at 3, that the vessel made 4 eastbound voyages across the N. Atlantic, but when you access the convoy detail that was not so. The vessel was sold, in 1953, to Kyle Shipping Company Ltd., of Liverpool, Monroe Brothers the managers, & renamed Kylequeen. It was frequently used, I read, to transport iron ore, from Spain to the Barrow-in-Furness area. And from Liexoes, Oporto, Portugal, to Margam, Port Talbot, Wales. The vessel carried Welsh coal for many years, thru to 1962, to the Clarence Dock Power Station at Liverpool. Now William Rance has kindly been in touch to advise that he served as a Marconi Radio Officer onboard Kylequeen for three months in 1960. You will surely enjoy reading his recollections. Thanks Bill! On Jun. 12, 1962, the vessel arrived at Antwerp, to be broken up. Is it possible that you can add anything? Another image?
1034 (or 996) tons
A steel single screw steamer which was launched on Apl. 16, 1924 & completed in May 1924. Per 1 (near top, 25/03/2006 22:03), 2 (data & images), 3 (data), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 212.0 ft. long (64.63 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters KQPS, 166 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., of Sunderland. Constructed for Quayside Shipping Co. Ltd., of Newcastle with Connell & Grace Ltd., the managers. The vessel was sold, in 1930, to Yorkshire Dale S. S. Co., of Hull, (Atkinson & Prickett, the managers), & renamed Swandale. It was sold again, in 1938, to Wm. France, Fenwick & Co. & became Marlwood. It was sold (or maybe transferred) in 1952 to 'Wm. France, Fenwick (London/Goole) Ltd.' On Jul. 2, 1957, the vessel arrived at Dunston on Tyne, to be broken up. Can you add anything?
A cargo ship which was launched on Jul. 17, 1924 & completed in Aug. 1924. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Matching), 2 ('Southampton City Council/Plimsoll', Lloyds Register data, Matching, 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 235.0 ft. long (71.63 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 knots, signal letters KRDS later MLYW, 180 HP engines by John Dickinson & Sons Ltd., of Sunderland. Built for Stephenson Clarke Ltd. or maybe Stephenson Clarke & Co. Ltd. (collectively 'Stephenson'), of London, 'for their coasting & general trade'. Stephenson were noted as coal shippers & the vessel was likely used to transport coal from the north-east to power stations in the south of England. From 1928/29, the vessel was registered in the name of 'Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd.', however in the 1945/46 edition of Lloyd's Register the owner had become 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.' 108 WW2 convoy references thru Nov. 1944, mainly serving between the Tyne, Sunderland & Methil, Firth of Forth, Scotland, to Southend (re London) & to St. Helen's Roads, Isle of Wight. But included are 8 voyages to Seine Bay, France in Jun/Sep 1944 re the Normandy landings, ex Portsmouth, the Solent & Southampton. On Apl. 8, 1955, the vessel arrived at Dunston on Tyne, to be broken up. The WWW record for this vessel is modest indeed. Is it possible that you can add anything? No.1857
A cargo ship which was launched on Apl. 4, 1928 & completed in May 1928. Per 1 (wreck data, image), 2 ('Southampton City Council/ Plimsoll', Lloyds Register ('LR') data, Cedartree, 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Cedartree), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Tree Steamship Co. Ltd., of London, owned certainly managed by Howard Jones Ltd. of London. 245.0 ft. (74.7 metres) long, single screw, 254.0 ft. long overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters LPBW, later MNET, 193 HP engines by George Clark Ltd., of Sunderland. The vessel must have been sold a couple of times, without a change of vessel name. James Scott, of Newcastle, advises (thanks James!) that Home Line Limited ('Home'), perhaps owned by The Northumbrian Shipping Company, Common Brothers Limited the managers, owned the vessel in 1937 (per a Cedartree insurance policy/certificate James owns). Such data is confirmed by LR data re 1937/38. Prior to that edition, from 1933/34 thru 1935/36 LR listed no owner name but reported F. W. C. Common as being her manager. Home later, in 1938, sold the vessel to Shamrock Shipping Co. Ltd., of Larne, (N. of Belfast), Northern Ireland with the vessel registered at London. W. C. Lawson became the vessel's managers from, per LR, 1940/41. 55 WW2 convoy references, almost all of which are U.K. coastal with 5 trips to France (Seine Bay). In 1956, the vessel was sold to P. Vrangros of Panama & renamed Bluebell. And in 1958 was renamed Silverbell. Also in 1958, the vessel was sold to Italian owners (V. Scarcia?), & renamed Pepinella. Per Miramar such owners were rather 'Cia. Esercizi Marittima Manfredonia'. On Apl. 20, 1958, the vessel collided with Sunoak & sank on the northern part of 'Fairybank', while en route from Venice, Italy, to Amsterdam, on its first voyage under Italian ownership. At 51.24.341N/ 02.15.087E. 'Fairybank' is, it would seem, in the North Sea, E. of Broadstairs, Kent. The wreck lies upright in about 30 metres of water. 4 has a slightly different wreck location. Wreck 'in quite good shape', described as being a pretty wreck. Can you add anything?
29 John Charrington
1576 (or 1588) tons
A coaster, a collier, which was launched on Jul. 10, 1929 & completed later that month. Per 1 & 2 (same image, John Charrington, blue), 3 ('Southampton City Council/Plimsoll', Lloyds Register data, John Charrington, 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, John Charrington), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Charrington Steamship Co. Ltd., of Dartford, London, which company was owned, certainly managed by 'Charrington, Gardner, Locket & Company, Limited', noted for its involvement in the coal trade. A 1931 volume about the company, by Bernard Darwin, was entitled 'Two Hundred Years in the London Coal Trade'. 'The largest retail coal distributing company in the country'. Vessel named after John Charrington (there were many of the name in the history of the company). 250.0 ft. long (76.2 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 1/2 knots, with a woodbine funnel, signal letters MPNX, 226 HP engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd., of Sunderland. Launched by Elizabeth, John Charrington's wife. Carried coal to the Thames & other places in the S. of England. 51 WW2 convoy references, all of which were U.K. coastal to & from Southend (Thames estuary). On Apl. 16, 1959, the vessel arrived at Bruges, Belgium, to be broken up. Can you add anything?
30 Royal Lady
A ferry or excursion ship. Per 1 (data and images), 2 (fine image, at Scarborough, posted 1938), 3 (ref., 2nd para.), 4 (Miramar, link, Royal Lady, you now must be registered to access, 3rd item). The only vessel built on the River Wear during the period 1932/1936 (the Depression). Built for Thomas Round & Sons, of Scarborough. 2 funnels, the forward funnel being a dummy. 132.6 ft. long, twin-screw Crossley engines, speed of 9 1/2 knots - the Crossley engines required far less space than previous steam installations, allowing a far greater area to be devoted to passenger accommodation. The vessel was sold, in Sep. 1937, to 'Captain Orazio Mizzi', of Malta, for service between Malta (Marfa) & the Island of Gozo (Mgarr). In 1938, while maintaining that route, she was transferred to the Gozo mail service. On May 7, 1942, while at the quayside at Gozo, the vessel was sunk by German bombing. Can you add anything?
31 New Royal Lady
250 (or 249 or 257) tons
A ferry or excursion ship. A large listing for a modest vessel. Per 1 (wreck), 2 (lots of data and images), 3 (map of wreck - Imperial Eagle), 4 [General Steam Navigation, Crested Eagle (2)], 5 (Crested Eagle, data & images), 6 (Miramar, link, New Royal Lady, you now must be registered to access). 45 metres (150 or 138 ft.) long, 250 tons, speed of 14 (or 13) knots, 2 funnels, the forward funnel a dummy. 'Her funnels were yellow, with rather gaudy red, white and blue bands.' Accommodation for 70 passengers & later in its life (when?) 10 cars. The vessel, which replaced the earlier Royal Lady, was built for Thomas Round but when he died the vessel was delivered to his son John C. Round ('Round'), of Scarborough, for excursion trips from that port. Used for morning, afternoon & evening trips from Scarborough & occasionally for longer trips to Bridlington and Whitby. In 1940, the vessel was requisitioned by the Royal Navy for transport duties. In 1942 it was purchased by the Ministry of War Transport, managed by Fraser & Wright. In 1944, the vessel was attached to the U.S. Navy - engaged on port defence duties. Somewhere in that period, it lost its forward dummy funnel. The vessel was sold to Round again, in 1946. In 1947, the vessel was sold to John Hall of Kirkaldy, for Firth of Forth service, & renamed Royal Lady. And sold, later in 1947, to 'General Steam Navigation Co.' ('GSN') for cruises (London to Gravesend & Southend on the River Thames & Port of London) & renamed Crested Eagle. In 1952, the vessel was used for local trips from Ramsgate. In 1956, the vessel ran a regular service from Gravesend to Southend & Clacton. In 1957, it was chartered by 'P. & A. Campbell Ltd.' of Brighton, for service along the S. coast of England (Eastbourne, Hastings, Brighton, Shanklin on the Isle of Wight). In mid 1958, the vessel was sold by GSN to 'E. Zammit & Co.' (owned by Karistu Zammit, perhaps), of Malta, for service on the Marfa to Mgarr route [Malta to sister island of Gozo (Ghawdex)] & occasionally to Sicily (vessel considered a 'bad sailer' - but she maybe was not built for such a voyage?). At this time, the vessel would seem to have carried 10 cars. Sold to 'Sunny & Maria Pisani', of Gozo, & renamed Imperial Eagle. After 1968, she transported cargo & animals from Gozo to Valletta, Malta. 'For at least 10 years she then lay rotting in Mgarr harbour (Gozo) & was eventually towed to Valletta harbour where she was badly vandalised & half sunk at her moorings.' Served as a hulk? ('She also served for storage'). On Nov. 28, 1995, the vessel was sold to the local diving community & on Jul. 19, 1999 was scuttled, in 40 meters of water, at St. Paul's Bay, 1/2 km. off Qawra Point, Malta, as part of an 'Underwater Marine Park Project'. An easy dive site today. Can you add more?
A 'Flower' class patrol frigate or corvette. Per 1 (Flower Class), 2 ('uboat.net' data), 3 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Campion), 4 (many images of Campion, also crew images), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 62.6 metres long overall, 57.9 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 16 knots, likely armed with a 4 in. gun, 4 machine guns, 2 depth charge throwers & depth charge rails, radar & ASDIC (underwater sonar) equipped also. Did it also have mine-sweeping gear? Built for the Royal Navy. The residents of Chard, Dorset, U.K., raised the then enormous sum of £90,209, in Feb. 1942, to help fund the construction of the vessel. Campion artifacts & memorabilia are on display at the Chard Museum. The vessel was commissioned on Jul. 7, 1941 - K108. A complement of 85. 59 WW2 convoy references, initially as an escort vessel on convoys between Liverpool & Gibraltar. Just before midnight on Aug. 22, 1941, Empire Oak, a tug, & Clonlara, both proceeding in convoy OG-71, were sunk by torpedo W. of Aveiro, Portugal. Campion, a convoy escort vessel, picked up 13 crew members of Clonlara & landed them at Gibraltar on Aug. 24, 1941, along with the 3 survivors from Stork &, it seems likely, survivors from Zinnia. On Oct. 24, 1941, Campion took on board 18 survivors of Carsbreck, sailing in HG-75 from Gibraltar to Liverpool & later transferred them to HMS Vidette. On Oct. 26, 1941, Ariguani, then a Pegasus class fighter catapult ship, was damaged when struck by a torpedo. HMS Thames & HMS Rollicker towed the damaged Ariguani to Gibraltar, Campion being one of the escorting ships. Was based at Naval Base HMS Eaglet at Liverpool from late Oct. 1941 thru Apl. 21, 1942. The vessel was refitted at Hull in 1942 for duty re Liverpool/Mediterranean convoys & in the Western Approaches. Acted as escort vessel for many convoys in the eastern Mediterranean (Port Said, Alexandria) & W. to Gibraltar. I would be surprised if other convoys were free of duties similar to those in Aug/Oct. 1941 noted above. Its last convoy duty would seem to have been escorting convoy HX-354 into Liverpool, ex New York City, in May 1945. Was soon removed from the active list. The vessel was sold for scrap on Apl. 20, 1947 & in May 1947 was scrapped at Newport, Wales. WWW available data is quite modest! The above may well need correction. Can you add anything? No.1894
33 Empire Ash
A 'Warrior' class coal fired tug. Per 1 & 2 (fine giant 'callen' images), 3 (references to vessel), 4 & 5 (James Wolfenden artwork), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 32.9 metres (114.5 ft.) long, speed of 11 knots. Operated, it would seem, in many ports throughout Britain in its lifetime. Built for the Ministry of War Transport for use by the U.K. Navy. The vessel was sold, on May 15, 1946, for £18,750 to 'Clyde Shipping Co Ltd', of Glasgow & renamed Flying Fulmar. It was sold again, in May 1956, to 'Alarm Steam Tug Co. Ltd.', of Bristol & renamed Sea Alarm. In Jan. 1973, the vessel was sold to 'T. W. Ward Ltd.', of Briton Ferry, South Wales, for demolition. But it was not then demolished! Rather it was sold, in Feb. 1973, to 'Welsh Industrial & Maritime Museum' in Cardiff, Wales, & for many years, preserved there in a dry-dock (Roath Dock). The Museum closed in 1998. The museum site would seem to have become a shopping centre. The vessel itself was scrapped while 'the engine and some auxiliary plant is in a store at Nant Garw'. For a large portion of the above data I thank 'Tug' of Thames Tugs, who kindly noted my earlier request for data. And came to my rescue. 'Tug', I thank you. Can you add more?
34 Empire Frank
A 'Warrior' standard class coal fired tug. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for Ministry of War Transport. The vessel was sold, in 1946, to Steel and Bennie Ltd. of Glasgow & renamed Brigadier. On Feb. 21, 1960 the vessel ran aground & was wrecked at Horse Island, off Ardrossan, on the North Ayrshire coast of Scotland. The vessel was a total loss. Is it possible that you have an image?
35 Empire Wold
A 'Warrior' standard class coal fired tug. Per 1 (data & image ex Ray Fothergill, data commences 20% down), 2 ('uboat.net'), 3 (crew photo - Ray Fothergill - more images 4, at page bottom), 5 (names of 7 of the 10 crew lost. 52% down, ref. 'Friday, 10 November 1944'), 6 (data re sinking), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 107.8 feet long, speed of 12 knots. Built for the Ministry of War Transport. The vessel was placed on naval duties including convoy duties, based in Reykjavik, Iceland. On Nov. 10, 1944, the vessel departed Reykjavik to assist British tanker Shirvan (6017 tons, bound for Hvalfjord, Iceland, with a cargo of gas-oil), a vessel in the U.K. to Reykjavik convoy UR.142. The tug & crew were never seen again. While German records (also 6) list Empire Wold as having been sunk by German submarine U-300 (along with Shirvan & Godafoss), other German records do not confirm that U-300 actually sank her & the tug may have rather been, in fact, overwhelmed by the heavy seas. Sank at 64.08N/22.38W (or thereabouts). Can you add anything?
A modified 'Flower Class' patrol frigate or corvette. Per 1 ('Flower Class' & modified 'Flower Class'), 2 & 3 ('uboat.net' data, Bugloss & Assam), 4 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Bugloss), 5 (addl. Bugloss WW2 escort data), 6 (image, Bugloss), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 63.5 metres long overall (208 ft.), 58.8 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 16 knots, armed with a 4 in. gun, an anti-submarine mortar, 7 anti-aircraft gun/ depth charges throwers, radar & sonar equipped, complement of 109, but have also read 90 only. Built for the Royal Navy. The vessel was commissioned on Nov. 8, 1943 - K306 - Alfred J. (John) Anderson in command, & served thru Feb. 19, 1945. Just 6 (2 appear to be duplicated) WW2 convoy references as HMS Bugloss. Was a convoy escort in the eastern Mediterranean in Feb. 1944 & saw such service re 5 later convoys, Aden to/from Bombay or Bandar-Abbas, Iran, thru Jul. 1944. But it would seem that there were a few more such services, at link 5, thru Jan. 29, 1945. On Feb. 19, 1945, the vessel was loaned to the Royal Indian Navy, & commissioned as HMIS Assam. She served as an air-sea rescue vessel but much of her service was, I read, minesweeping at Bombay, Karachi, Ceylon & Burma. The ship was dry-docked, at Bombay, for essential repairs before decommissioning at the end of WW2. Have read, however, little detail as to her Indian Navy service, however some of her crew were involved, it would seem, in a Royal Indian Navy 'mutiny' of 1946. In 1948, the corvette was returned to the Royal Navy, but probably never left Indian waters, being, rather, scrapped in India that same year - where I wonder? WWW available data is modest! Can you add anything? No.1899
37 Empire Demon
A 'Warrior' standard class coal fired tug. Per 1 (extensive data & image), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for The Admiralty. 108 ft. long. A369. An 'RFA' vessel (Royal Fleet Auxilliary) but am not sure of the relevant dates. The vessel was transferred, in 1945, to the Ministry of War Transport. And transferred back to The Admiralty in 1949. In 1962, the vessel was chartered to the U.S. Navy for service in the River Clyde area. In 1964, it was 'Transferred to HMS SEA EAGLE, training school, Londonderry.' I understand that 'Sea Eagle' was a naval shore-based anti-submarine training establishment. The vessel's name was presumably not changed. On Mar. 26, 1965, the vessel was in collision with Norse Lion, while she was towing her in Lough Foyle, (the estuary of the River Foyle, in Ulster, Northern Ireland) & Empire Demon was holed. This Norse Lion? The vessel was soon declared to be beyond economical repair & on Nov. 19, 1965, was advertised for sale, 'as lying', at Belfast. On Jan. 24, 1966, the vessel was sold to 'Haulbowline Industries Ltd.', of Passage West, County Cork, Eire, to be broken up. But it never arrived there. The vessel, in heavy weather off Wexford, (County Wexford, near SE tip of Ireland) broke her tow to Passage West on Feb. 15, 1966, & put into Dublin for stores & water. There her crew deserted her & she ended up sold to local ship breakers. On Mar. 14, 1966, the vessel was broken up at Dublin. Is it possible that you can add anything? Another image?
38 Empire Dolly
A Modified 'Warrior' class oil fired tug. Per 1 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, Empire Dolly), 2 (data, Thunderer, 45% down), 3 (Canadian 1964 court case referencing Ocean Osprey), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 106 ft. long. Built for the Ministry of War Transport. Just 2 WW2 convoy references, which together comprise a single voyage from Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, Wales, to Alexandria, Egypt, in Oct/Dec 1943. I read that in Jul. 1946, Empire Dolly was employed in the docks at Alexandria, Egypt - but it would seem that that assignment may well have commenced rather earlier - in Dec. 1943. It is possible, however, that the vessel returned to the U.K. independently, between the relevant dates, which 'independent' data I am denied access to at 'convoyweb.org'. You will be able to check that data. In Oct. 1948, the vessel was transferred to British Army service at Suez, Egypt. The vessel was sold, in 1953, to 'Steel and Bennie Ltd.' of Glasgow, & renamed Thunderer (more than one tug of that name). And sold again, in 1958, to Saint John Tugboat Co. Ltd., I believe of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, & renamed Ocean Osprey - though still in Glasgow registry. Many sites refer to the vessel being owned by a Bermuda company. But I suspect, based upon what I WWW read, that the vessel was not sold to a Bermuda company. Alas, WWW sites, this one included, tend to be repeat one another's errors of fact - so incorrect data, repeated many times, seems by that repetition to become truth. Am I correct about the acquirer not being of Bermuda? Is it possible that you can add anything? An image?
39 Empire Belle
257 (or 258 or 269) tons
A Modified 'Warrior' standard class oil fired tug. Per 1 (detailed data), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for the Ministry of War Transport. 105 ft 9 in. long. Initially used, until Nov. 1944, on U.K. coastal towing operations. Then taken over by The Admiralty & sent to Bombay, India, & then, a short period later, on to Singapore. In May 1947, the vessel was permanently attached to The Admiralty. Later in 1947, the vessel was renamed Elf. In 1959, the vessel was offered for sale 'as is' (or perhaps 'as was') & in 1960 was sold for £17,300 to 'Augustea Imprese Maritime S.p.A.', (I think that is correct), of Palermo, Italy & renamed Mare Jonio. Have read that the vessel was transferred to the Italian Navy, in 1972, & then named Ercole. Still in service early in 1988? Per Miramar, the vessel was stricken from the register in 1989. Is it possible that you can add anything? An image?
40 Empire Nicholas
257 (or 258 or 296) tons
A Modified 'Warrior' standard class oil fired tug. Per 1 (data, 2nd image, Asta), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy data, Empire Nicholas), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for the Ministry of War Transport. 106 ft. long. 4 WW2 convoy references including 3 voyages to Seine Bay, France, in Jul/Sep 1944 re Normandy landings. And also a Mar. 1945 voyage from St. Helen's Roads, Isle of Wight, to Le Havre. Initially used, until Oct. 1944, on U.K. coastal towing operations. Then on naval duties which became service in Japan (from Dec. 1945) & from Mar. 1946 Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia). In 1947, the vessel was sold to the Netherland East Indies Government, & renamed Asta, (but maybe instead to 'Nederlandsche Indische Steenkolen Handel Maats'. In 1949, the vessel was sold to 'Nederlandsche Indische Steenkolen Handel Maats' which later became 'NV Nederland Indonesia Steenkolen Handel Maats' (the data conflicted). In 1959, the Indonesian Government took over all local Dutch maritime interests including the above company. In about 1959, the vessel was 'transferred' to 'Perusahaan Negara Tundabara' which later became 'P. N. Pelejaran Bahtera Adhiguna', of Indonesia. In 1961, the vessel was renamed Laut Arafura. In 1964, the vessel was 'transferred' to Tanjung (or Tandjung) Priok Port Authority, of North Jakarta, Indonesia. Still in service early in 1988? No later data. WWW data re the vessel is almost non-existent. Is it possible that you can add anything?
41 Empire Highlander
A collier. Per 1 (Lloyd's Register, 1945/46 data, ex 'Southampton City Council/Plimsoll'), 2 (2 fine copyrighted images, Arnewood), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). There used to be a link, alas now gone, run by Alf Cook of Denbighshire, N. Wales, where photos of the vessel were, I think, available. 86.6 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 273.0 ft., speed of 9 1/2 (or 10) knots, signal letter GLJC. Built for the Ministry of War Transport, with William France, Fenwick & Co. ('Fenwick'), of London, the managers (have also read London & Edinburgh Shipping & Co. Ltd.). The vessel was sold, in 1946, for £78,500, to Fenwick & was renamed Arnewood. On Oct. 26, 1947, the vessel went aground in the River Tyne. There was no damage & the vessel floated off at the next high tide. On Dec. 2, 1947, with a cargo of coal, when just opposite William's Wharf at Dagenham, River Thames, Arnewood collided with Belhaven, also bound for London, (ex Leith, Scotland), with a general cargo. Belhaven suffered severe damage, while the damage to Arnewood was quite modest. There were three incidents, in 1951 & 1952, two of them with a cargo of esparto grass, where boiler tubes burst. The vessel was delayed each time, the repairs were effected with difficulty, but the ship was not in any danger. On Jan. 24, 1954, when in ballast at Antwerp, Belgium, the vessel collided with Dormitor, (Miramar seem not to list the vessel - could the vessel have rather been Durmitor). From Jan. 12, 1960 to May 12, 1960, the vessel was laid up at the River Tyne. On that last date, i.e. May 12, 1960, the vessel was sold, to George & Panos Kouremenos, of Piraeus, Greece, George Kouremenos the manager, & became Elias K. In mid Jan. 1967, the vessel was en route from Gizan, Saudi Arabia, bound for Varna, Bulgaria, with a cargo of bagged cement. At 7:15 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1967, in heavy seas, the vessel ran aground & was left stranded on a reef off Farasan Island in the southern Red Sea. At 16.23N/41.48E. Attempts were made to refloat the vessel, which was listing & taking on water, but the crew were forced to abandon ship in two lifeboats. Greenville Victory delivered the crew safely to Port Said. With great difficulty, including the jettisoning of cargo & ballast, Svitzer, a salvage tug, was later able to refloat the vessel & tow it to Aden for temporary repairs. The damage was thought to be slight. It then sailed to Piraeus, where the damage was determined instead to be uneconomic of repair. The vessel was laid up & later towed to Split, Yugoslavia, (Sveti Kajo?), where it was broken up, in Dec. 1967. Most of the above text is derived from the most extensive data at 2, for which we thank, (I believe), Mike West. There is, indeed, far more data there than can & has been included here. Anything you could add? Another image?
42 Empire Phyllis
A Modified 'Warrior' class oil fired tug. Per 1 & 2 (Italian sites with references to Empire Phyllis & Favignana), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for the Ministry of War Transport. 106 ft. (or 105 ft. 9 in.) long. Engaged in the India & Ceylon area for East Indies Command. On Jan. 20, 1947, the vessel was sold to Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. Ltd., of London, (no change of name). In 1948, the vessel was sold to Kuwait Oil Co. Ltd. of London, & renamed Hayat. And in 1961, it was sold again, to 'Augustea Imprese Maritime S.p.A.', (I think), of Italy, & renamed Brucoli. In 1973, it would appear to have been sold, for the last time, to the Italian Navy at Messina. Two Italian sites indicate, I believe, that it was then renamed Favignana, A5305. But I am not sure, with my inability in Italian, that I truly understand the texts. It is possible that there are images there. Later broken up but I cannot advise exactly when or where. Can you add anything? An image?
43 Empire Sally
261 (or 302) tons
A Modified 'Warrior' class oil fired tug. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Built for the Ministry of War Transport. 106 ft. (or 105 ft. 9 in.) long. Launched on Dec. 22, 1945. Intended to be used by East Indies Command, however she was rather laid up as surplus to the then requirements. In Apl. 1946, the vessel was sold, for £37,500, to Petroleum Steamship Co. Ltd., of London (no change of name). In 1947, the vessel was renamed Daneshmand. In 1958, it 'was transferred' to BP Tanker Co. Ltd., of London. In 1972, the vessel was sold again, to Gulf Shipping Co. SA, of Iran, & renamed Danesh. On Jan. 20, 1975, while towing barge GULF 107, the vessel was in collision with Arya Tab in the 'Khor Musa Channel' at Khorramshahr in SW Iran (close to Abadan). I have read no detail but understand that Danesh was a total loss. Is it possible that you can add anything? WWW data is most scarce. Perhaps an image?
44 Farnham Castle
A 'Castle Class' patrol frigate or corvette. Per 1 ('uboat.net' data), 2 ('convoyweb.org', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Farnham Castle), 3 (data, 2 images), 4 (image), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 76.8 metres long overall (252 ft.), 68.6 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 16 1/2 knots, armed with a 4 in. gun, an anti-submarine mortar, 8 anti-aircraft cannon & depth charges, radar & ASDIC (underwater sonar) equipped also. Built for the Royal Navy. The vessel was commissioned on Jan. 31, 1945 - K413. How many in the crew? Just 5 WW2 convoy references, including service as an escort vessel on 2 convoys (JW-65 & JW.66) from the Clyde to & from Kola Inlet or Bay for Murmansk, Russia, in Mar. & Apl. 1945 (thru May 7, 1945). Have read no detail as to service after that May date. The vessel went into Sheerness Reserve in 1947. Became F413 in 1948 (what does the 'F' signify, I wonder). On Jul. 31, 1949 the vessel completed a refit for Harwich Reserve. Was in reserve at Sheerness from 1950 to 1953 & at West Hartlepool from 1953 to 1959. The vessel was, I read, offered to Norway in 1957, but 'the deal did not materialise'. On Oct. 31, 1960, the vessel arrived at the Gateshead ship breaking facilities of 'C. W. Dorkin & Co. Ltd.' to be broken up. WWW available data is modest! Can you add anything? No.1863
45 Hedingham Castle
laid down as Gorey Castle
A 'Castle Class' patrol frigate or corvette. Per 1 (Wikipedia, Hedingham Castle), 2 ('uboat.net' data), 3 (HMS Affray loss), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). This modest listing has been most time consuming to prepare, is incomplete & surely surely contains errors. What a mess the WWW is about vessels named Hedingham Castle! Mass confusion abounds, with, in my view, both incorrect data & mixing of data at many sites. As examples, these sites, I believe, today mix the 2 vessels (A & B) - while Wikipedia tells us that there were 2 Royal Navy corvettes named Hedingham Castle, a statement which seems to be less than 100% accurate. The following is what I believe to be some at least of the actual facts. 1) A vessel was laid down in 1943, as Hedingham Castle, by Henry Robb Ltd., of Leith, Scotland. While intended for the Royal Navy, it was launched, as HMCS Orangeville, for the Canadian Navy. K491. It was never in service for the Royal Navy & never was in service as Hedingham Castle. Not the ship which is the subject of this listing. 2) The vessel that IS the subject of this listing was laid down as Gorey Castle, by 'Crown' of Sunderland, but was launched (Oct. 30, 1944) & delivered (May 12, 1945) as Hedingham Castle for the Royal Navy. K529, later, in peace time, F386. 76.8 metres long overall (252 ft.), 68.6 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 16 1/2 knots, armed with a 4 in. gun, a 'Squid' anti-submarine mortar, 8 anti-aircraft cannon & depth charges, radar & ASDIC (underwater sonar) equipped also. I read that 'Castle Class' vessels were not the perfect ship - underpowered, difficult to keep on course, & difficult to control at the low speeds at which 'Squid' was operated. When was the vessel commissioned? How many were in the crew? Need help! No WW2 convoy references at 'convoyweb.org', but I read that she did serve, in WW2, as a convoy escort. She did, in fact? Became F386 in peacetime. In Apl. 1951, the vessel was part of the 2nd Training Flotilla, based at Portland, Dorset. It was part of the fleet of vessels which attempted to locate HMS Affray, a Royal Navy submarine which was lost at sea on Apl. 16, 1951, during a simulated war mission, with the loss of 75 lives. Affray was found about 2 months later, 17 miles NW of Alderney, in 86 metres of water. She still lies there today, & what caused her to founder seems still not to be definitively known. The vessel participated in the 1953 Coronation Review. In Apl. 1958, the vessel arrived at Granton, Edinburgh, Scotland, to be broken up. WWW available data is modest! Can you add anything? Or help make the above data 100% accurate? No.1891
2156 (or 2250) tons
laid down as Empire Lambeth
A collier which was launched on Jul. 15, 1946 & completed in Sep. 1946. Per 1 (France Fenwick, Dashwood), 2 (image), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 273.0 ft. long (83.21 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 284.0 ft. long (86.56 metres) overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots, signal letters GNCM, 254 MN (can somebody tell me what MN means. Equivalent of Horsepower?) engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd. of Sunderland. Laid down for the Ministry of War Transport as Empire Lambeth. But completed as Dashwood for William France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd., of London. In late 1955, the vessel carried at least 4 shipments of coal to the Tyne ex Gdynia, Poland. A 'Google' snippet ex Fairplay Weekly Shipping Journal, Vol. 99, 1961 'in 1958 fitted for oil fuel'. I have read that the vessel was sold in Mar. 1961 with engine damage when at Rotterdam. To her ship breakers, presumably? In Jun. 1961, the vessel was scrapped at the ship breaking facilities of 'NV Arie Rijsdijk-Boss & Zonen' at Hendrik Ido Ambacht, a town in the Western Netherlands, famous for its ship breaking yard. Data is scarce! Can you add anything?
47 Empire Lowlander
A collier. Per 1 (Empire Lowlander), 2 (sinking, Rosa Vlassi, images), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 86.5 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 268 or 273 ft., 283.7 ft. overall, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Built for the Ministry of War Transport. The vessel was sold, in 1946, to William Cory Ltd. (or maybe William Cory & Son Ltd.), of London, & renamed Corflow. It was sold again, in 1959, to G. Vlassis & Co., (George & Alexander Chr. Vlassis), of Piraeus, Greece, & became Rosa Vlassi. On Dec. 25, 1959, Pavlos Koskorozis in command, with a crew of 18 all told, while carrying a cargo of iron pyrites from Stratoni (NE Greece) to Piraeus, the vessel's cargo shifted (due to water in the hold) while off the E. coast of Attica, Greece, between Laurium & Makronesi. The vessel capsized & sank in a southerly gale. At 37.37N/24.02E. It would seem, per 2, that 5 lives (the Captain included) were saved by taking to the boats just before the vessel capsized, & one additional crew member was saved by Elpis, a fishing boat. So 12 lives were apparently lost. But Aris Bilalis advises (thanks Aris!) that only 10 lives were in fact lost, since 2 of the 18 were not in fact on board. A demanding dive site today, the vessel being substantially intact, at a depth of about 60 metres. Do you have anything to add?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (extensive data, in Norwegian, image, Andwi), 2 (Miramar). An unusual vessel in that Miramar seems not to record it. So I particularly thank the folks at 'sjohistorie.no', the sole data source. 269.6 ft. long, speed of 10 1/2 knots, signal letters LHML. Built for 'Rolf Wigand Rederi', of Bergen, Norway. In Oct. 1952, the vessel was sold to A/S Wilhelms Rederi (T. Wilhelms), of Fredrikstad, also Norway, & renamed Manx King. In Jul. 1955, the vessel was sold to D/S A/S Fro, August Kjerland & Co. A/S the managers, of Bergen, & renamed Aco. It was sold again, in Dec. 1960, to Halfdan Backer A/S, Backers Rederi A/S ('Backers'), the managers, of Kristiansand, Norway, & renamed Bremsnes. In 1962, Backers became the owners. In May 1967, the vessel was sold again, to Antonio Olivers, of Torre del Greco, Italy, & renamed Monte Bendone. In 1969, the vessel was sold to 'Navale Cala di Volpe S.p.a.', of Cagliari, Sardinia, & renamed Marisol. And sold again, in 1973, to Giovanni Palomba, of Naples, Italy, & renamed Rosy Palomba. On Jan. 15, 1975, the vessel arrived at the La Spezia, Italy, ship breaking facilities of Carteri Navale Santa Maria, to be broken up. Can you add to and/or correct the above?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (extensive data in Norwegian & English, & 2 images), 2 (Norwegian data, image), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.8 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 258.7 ft., speed of 12 (or maybe 11) knots. Built, at a cost of 3,484,000 Norwegian kroners, for A/S Lukesfjell, 'Fjell Line', (Olsen & Ugelstad the managers & possibly the owners also), both of Oslo, Norway. Intended for use in the London/Great Lakes trade. The vessel was sold on Apl. 12, 1957, for 5,000,000 kroners to 'Skips-A/S Thor Thoresens Linje' (Thor Thoresen & Co.), also of Oslo, & in 1958 was renamed Skotfoss. In 1961, the vessel was sold to 'Ångfartygs-AB Adolf' (Adolf Bratt & Co. AB, the managers), of Gothenburg, Sweden, for GBP 56,408 (Erik Kekonius involved in some way?) & renamed Barbro Bratt. On Jul. 31, 1964, the vessel was 'taken over' by G. Bratt & Co., of Gothenburg. On Mar. 2, 1965, the vessel was sold again, to Kyknos Steamship Corp. (Equatorial Shipping Co. S.A., the managers), of Monrovia, Liberia, for Swedish kroners 151,600, (Frangos Bros. & Co. somehow involved?) & renamed Kyknos. In Jul. 1967, the vessel was sold to Pierfrancesco Ursino, of Naples, Italy, & renamed Giuseppe U. In Jul. 1971, the vessel was sold, for U.S. $100,000 to 'Thallo Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Famagusta, Cyprus, & renamed Thallo. On Oct. 1, 1971, the vessel left Hamburg, Germany, under tow by Fairplay XI, for Santander, Spain, to be broken up. But was later moved to Bilbao, Spain, where she arrived on May 6, 1972 for the same purpose. Can you add to and/or correct the above?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Norwegian & English data), 2 (wreck location), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.8 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 258.7 ft. long, speed of 11 knots. Built, at a cost of 3,484,000 Norwegian kroners, for A/S Rudolf, 'Fjell Line?', (Olsen & Ugelstad the managers & possibly the owners also), both of Oslo, Norway. On May 25, 1953, while en route from Antwerp, Belgium, via London, to Chicago, U.S.A., with a general cargo, (have also read Rotterdam, Holland, to Glasgow), the vessel was in collision with Dotterel, (1541 tons, built 1934 as Dundee), 11 miles SWxW of Start Point, Devon, U.K. At 50.09.14/03.50.02. And was lost. It would seem that with extensive bow damage, Ternefjell must have run into Dotterel. I read that the underwriters paid 3,200,000 Norwegian kroners in compensation. In 1955, (or maybe 1975 since both dates are mentioned), salvage activities were conducted on the wreck, which lies in 72 metres of water, at 50.06.4369/03.51.2861. Can you add to or correct the above?
51 Poole Channel
A collier, which became a bulk cement carrier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long overall, 68.4 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Poole Harbour had single berth cabins for all of the crew & probably Poole Channel did also. Built for 'British Electricity Authority' ('Authority'). Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. It would seem, but do correct me if I have misunderstood, that the vessel was ordered by 'Coastwise Colliers Ltd.' ('Coastwise'), a company formed by 'Wm. France Fenwick and Co. Ltd.' & 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.' re the chartering of vessels to 'County of London Electric Supply Co. Ltd.' - for the purpose of transporting coal to London power stations. But with the nationalization of the U.K. electricity industry in 1948, Coastwise went into liquidation, Authority took over the contract & took delivery of the vessel. When the generating stations switched from coal to oil, colliers such as Poole Channel became redundant. So in 1959, the vessel was sold, for about £35,000, to 'Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers Ltd.', of London, & renamed Aquacrete, with 'Cory Colliers' or maybe with 'Blue Circle Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('BlueCircle'), also of London, the managers. To be converted (where I wonder) into a bulk cement carrier. In 1959, it was sold to BlueCircle, with no change of name. In 1962, the vessel was sold to "Castelsardo" Societa di Navigazione SpA, of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, & renamed Donippo. On Nov. 13, 1975, the vessel arrived at the ship breaking facilities of 'CN del Golfo', at La Spezia, Italy, to be broken up. A most difficult vessel to WWW search for. Can you add to and/or correct the above?
52 Poole Harbour
A collier, which became a bulk cement carrier. Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long overall, 68.4 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Had single berth cabins for all of the crew. Built for 'British Electricity Authority' ('Authority'). Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. It would seem, but do correct me if I have misunderstood the 'snippets' of WWW data I have been able to access, that the vessel was ordered by 'Coastwise Colliers Ltd.' ('Coastwise'), a company formed by 'Wm. France Fenwick and Co. Ltd.' & 'Stephenson Clarke Ltd.' re the chartering of vessels to 'County of London Electric Supply Co. Ltd.', for the purpose of transporting coal to the London power stations of Barking & Littlebrook, respectively on N. & S. banks of the River Thames. But with the nationalization of the U.K. electricity industry in 1948, Coastwise went into liquidation, Authority took over the contract & took delivery of the vessel. When the generating stations switched from coal to oil, colliers such as Poole Harbour became redundant. So in 1959, the vessel was sold, for about £35,000, to 'Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers Ltd.', of London, & renamed Colorcrete, with 'Blue Circle Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('BlueCircle'), also of London, the managers. To be converted (where I wonder) into a bulk cement carrier. In 1960, it was sold to BlueCircle, with no change of name. In 1963, the vessel was sold to W. N. Lindsay Ltd., of Leith, Scotland, & renamed Roseneath. On Dec. 16, 1968, the vessel arrived at the ship breaking facilities of 'Arie Rijsdijk, Boss en Zonen BV', at Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht in the Netherlands. Not an easy vessel to WWW search. Can you add to and/or correct the above?
53 Poole Sound
A collier, which became a bulk cement carrier. Per 1 (image, Poole Sound, but you must now be registered to see it), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 71.7 metres long overall, 68.4 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Built for 'British Electricity Authority'. Which became 'Central Electricity Authority' in 1954 & 'Central Electricity Generating Board' in 1958. Converted along the way to oil burning itself (at Sunderland it would seem). When the generating stations switched from coal to oil, colliers such as Poole Sound became redundant. So in 1959 the vessel was sold, for about £35,000, to 'Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers Ltd.', of London, & renamed Walcrete, with 'Blue Circle Shipping Co. Ltd.' ('BlueCircle'), also of London, the managers. To be converted (where I wonder) into a bulk cement carrier. In 1960, it was sold to BlueCircle, with no change of name. In 1966, the vessel was sold to 'General Cement Co. S.A.', of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Tsimentavros. In 1972, the vessel was sold to 'Heraclis Shipping Co. S.A.', also of Piraeus, with no change of name. In 1974, the vessel was sold to 'Korali NE Ltd.', of Piraeus, & renamed Stavros. In 1975, the vessel was sold to Nemo Ltd., also of Piraeus, with no change of name. In 1978, the vessel was broken up in Greece. Not an easy vessel to WWW search - the references are very few indeed. Can you add to and/or correct the above?
953/1805 (N/G) tons (or 1796) tons
A cargo ship, a collier, which was launched on Feb. 17, 1950 & completed on May 18, 1950. Per 1 (image, Portsmouth), 2 & 3 (images, Ouraniotoxo), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 268 ft. 8 in. (81.89 metres) long overall, 71.79 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10 or 10 1/2 knots, signal letters GFNQ later SYUT, powered by a Clark Sulzer eight-cylinder, two-stroke 8TD36 diesel engine of 1,125 BHP at 300 rpm., the first vessel to be so powered. Such engines were by George Clark (1938) Ltd., of Sunderland. Launched, by Mrs W. K. Tate, wife of the General Manager of the Eastern Division of Southern Gas Board. Designed to carry about 2,500 tons of coal to the former 'Portsmouth & Gosport Gas Company', of Portsmouth, Hampshire. Each & every member of the crew had their own cabin, I read. Built for Stephenson Clarke Ltd., of London, however, in 1968, 'Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd.' became the registered owner. In 1971, the vessel was sold to 'Lygia Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Famagusta, Cyprus, & renamed Sanadreas. In 1975, the vessel was sold again, to 'Yellow Pilot Navigation Co. Ltd.', also of Famagusta, 'Zed Marine Enterprises Ltd.' the managers, with no change of vessel name.
In 1975, the vessel was sold to 'Hereon Navigation Co.', of Limassol, Cyprus, & renamed Ouraniotoxo. Can anybody explain the origin of that name? About a year later, in 1976, the vessel was sold to 'Nebraska Shipping Enterprises Corp.', of Piraeus, Greece, with no change of vessel name. I read that, some 3 years later, the vessel was in Bute Dry Dock, Cardiff, for over a year, being repaired. She apparently capsized in drydock &, likely due to the resultant damage, on Oct. 27, 1980, the vessel arrived at the Cardiff ship breaking facilities of Bristol Channel Ship Repairers Ltd., to be broken up. Was there a lawsuit as a result of the vessel capsizing? Vincent Scerri, has kindly added extensive detail as to what actually happened to the vessel in both Barry & Cardiff, as follows.
Ouraniotoxo arrived at Barry Dry Dock (part of Bristol Channel Ship Repairers Ltd. ('BristolShip') in South Wales for emergency repairs to a leaking stern tube seal. The propeller was removed & the tail shaft was drawn. Class & DOT attended & whilst inspecting the hull bottom found that shell plate thickness was well below minimum requirements. They insisted on extensive bottom plating renewals. Barry Dry Dock were unable to take on these repairs as the facility was already committed. It was decided to blank off the stern tube & weld doubling plates over holes cut in shell bottom plating & to tow Ouraniotoxo to Bute Dry Dock in Cardiff, also part of BristolShip, about 10 miles away. This was done successfully. It became evident very quickly that the owners of Ouraniotoxo did not have the funds to pay for the dry docking at Barry & Cardiff nor for any repairs that would be needed. A stalemate ensued & the ship lay in Bute Dry Dock for approx. 2 1/2 years racking up dock dues etc. Eventually the vessel became the property of BristolShip & funds from her scrapping were used to offset the incurred costs. The vessel was cut up in the dry dock over a long period of time (the yard specialised in repairing rather than scrapping ships) & eventually was completely broken up. Vincent, who worked at dry docks at Cardiff, Barry, Newport & Swansea for over 28 years, including many years at BristolShip, states that Ouraniotoxo did not capsize in dry dock, nor, to his knowledge did any other vessel ever so capsize.
Perhaps the vessel capsized elsewhere? Can you tell us. Or otherwise add to and/or correct the above? No.1858
A tanker. Per 1 (extensive detailed data, images, Tanea), 2 (data & 2 images, Tanea), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 101.1 metres long overall, 331 ft. 10 in., 96.4 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 10.75 or 11 knots, signal letters GNGU or ZMDA. Built, at a cost of £297,024, for the coastal trading requirements of 'Shell Company of New Zealand Ltd.', of Wellington, New Zealand ('NZ'). Launched by Mrs W. J. Jordan, wife of the New Zealand High Commissioner. Tanea? A genus of sea snail, in the family Naticidae. Per Miramar the vessel became owned, in 1960, by 'Shell Oil New Zealand Ltd.', also of Wellington. Felipes, also built in 1950 by Crown, was almost her identical sister. The vessel left Sunderland on Jul. 27, 1950 for Wellington (arrived there Oct. 22, 1950) via Suez & Singapore. The vessel was engaged for many years in the carriage of refined petroleum products around the coasts of NZ. But apparently only visited Auckland once, on Feb. 28, 1953, when said to have been owned by 'Shell International Shipping & Trading Co. Ltd.' Late in the day on Aug. 11, 1957, the vessel was stranded in the Wanganui River whilst sailing in ballast from Castlecliff Wharf, Wanganui, North Island. She was aground for only an hour & was re-floated after discharging 1,000 tons of water ballast. On Apl. 18, 1962, the vessel shuddered & stopped at sea when she was at the epicentre of an earthquake when 100 miles off Wellington. In 1964, with the opening of New Zealand Refining Company Limited's Marsden Point refinery at Whangarei, the vessel became too small for further service in NZ. After being briefly dry-docked at Wellington, she sailed from Wellington & from NZ on Apl. 02, 1964 for future service in the Singapore area. The vessel was, in 1964, transferred to 'Shell Tankers (U.K.) Ltd.', of London. 1 sets out in detail her subsequent service which included service in South Vietnamese waters, to the NW Australian ports of Port Hedland & Broome, & service as a 'lightening' tanker off South Vietnam. For more than a year she traded exclusively between Pulau Bukom, Singapore, & Woodlands, on Singapore Island. In the summer of 1967, the vessel was partially rebuilt at Jurong, Singapore ('Between July and September 1967 she underwent extensive steel renewals at Jurong drydock, Singapore'). In 1971, the vessel knocked down number seven jetty, in Pulau Bukom, Singapore. It took two weeks to repair the ship & probably much longer to fix the jetty! The vessel was laid up, in the Western Anchorage, at Singapore, on Jan. 20, 1972, & a few days later, on Jan. 31 or Feb. 2, 1972, the vessel arrived at the Jurong, Singapore, ship breaking facilities of 'National Iron & Steel Works', to be broken up, having been sold for about $30 per ton light displacement. Can you add to and/or correct the above?
15067 (later 19006) tons
A tanker, later converted into a bulk carrier, with a most interesting history! Per 1 (Norwegian page, extensive data, Rondefjell, Google will not translate the page), Rondefjell), 2 (Norwegian page, data, images, Rondefjell), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 183.9 metres long overall, 175.9 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 13 1/2 knots. Since Crown's slipways were not long enough (the ship was twice as long as their longest slipway), the vessel was constructed in 2 parts which were launched on Apl. 9, 1951 & on Oct. 15, 1951 respectively. Those 2 parts were towed to the Tyne & 'joined' & engines fitted at Middle Docks dry dock at South Shields, the 'joining' being completed in Dec. 1951. The vessel was nicknamed 'Half-Crown', a British coin that the webmaster well remembers but is now surely long extinct. The first major tanker to be built in this way, I read, but many other ships were later so constructed. I have read that the vessel was 5 times bigger than any vessel previously constructed at 'Crown'. Built for 'A/S Falkefjell', of Oslo, Norway, at a cost of NOK 20,356,000, Olsen & Ugelstad the managers. Her maiden voyage was to Cape Town, South Africa. While I have read limited detail, in Jul. 1960, the vessel was in collision with Pekin, a Russian tanker, off Bizeta, Tunisia. Rondefjell 'sustained severe damage to her No. 8 wing tank and sun deck and her engine-room was flooded'. She requested tug assistance & was towed into Bizerta. Pekin was held responsible, I read. While repairs were being effected, the vessel was converted to burn heavy fuel. In 1962, the vessel ran aground & caught fire - have not read exactly where put possibly in the Scheldt river. Also in 1962, the vessel was converted into a bulk carrier by T. W. Greenwell & Co. Ltd., of Sunderland, with the assistance of Thos. Young & Sons (Shipbreakers) Ltd., also of Sunderland, who cut out the old cargo section - the vessel was lengthened to 202.4 metres overall, (190.7 metres between perpendiculars), (664.2 ft. & 625.8 ft. respectively) & became of 19006 gross tons. In 1968, the vessel was sold, for U.S. $1,400,000, to 'Ultramar Armadora SA', of Piraeus, Greece, & renamed Nestor. In 1972, the vessel was sold to 'Nav. Mar. Fluvial SA', of Callao, Peru, & renamed Capirona. A year later, in 1973, the vessel was sold again, to 'Linea Oceanica Peruana SA', also of Callao, with no change of vessel name. On Dec. 6, 1980, the vessel 'sprang a leak', at 26.50N/168.30W, near Midway Islands, while en route from Callao to Japan. The above words sound modest but the 'leak' must have been a major 'leak' because the vessel was abandoned. On Jan. 6, 1981, the vessel arrived under tow at Honolulu, Hawaii, where it was laid up & probably not repaired. Since on Mar. 24, 1982, the vessel arrived at the Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ship breaking facilities of Shyeh Sheng Huat Steel & Iron Works Co. Ltd., to be broken up. Much of the above came from Google Books data 'snippets'. Can you add to and/or correct the above interesting history?
1604 tons (later 2062 or 1887 or 1888) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (data & 1960 image), 2 & 3 (images), 4 (data in Norwegain & image), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.8 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 258 ft. 7 in., speed of 12 knots, signal letters LAOP. Built for A/S Luksefjell, 'Fjell Line', (Olsen & Uglestad, managers) of Oslo, Norway. The vessel was lengthened in 1960 (where I wonder?) for the joint Fjell-Oranje Lines European Great Lakes service, & became 90.6 metres (297 ft. 2 in.) long & 1887/8 gross tons. The vessel was sold in 1966 to Kala Shipping Co. S.A., of Piraeus, Greece, Grecomar Shipping Agency the managers, & renamed Lenko. On Sep. 11, 1968, while en route from Assab (Eritrea, W. coast of Red Sea) to Rotterdam with a cargo of 'bagged seed expellers' (whatever exactly that means. 'Expelling' involves mechanically pressing raw materials, seeds in this case, to extract the oil content), the vessel caught fire at Mocanbique (means Mozambique?) & was lost. Length & tonnage data conflicts to some degree. Can you add to or correct the above?
5645 (or 5644) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Albyn Line, image Thistledhu), 2 (image Rio Doro), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 137.1 metres (420 ft.) long perpendicular to perpendicular, 449 ft. 11 in. long overall, speed of 13 1/2 (or 14) knots, signal letters MVYX. Built for Albyn Line Ltd. ('Albyn'), of Sunderland, Allan Black & Co., the managers. The word 'dhu' means 'black', I learn. From 1957 to 1960, the vessel was chartered to 'Avenue Shipping Co. Ltd.' & for the duration of the charter the vessel was named Kildare. Visited Auckland, New Zealand twice as Kildare in late 1959. Was renamed Thistledhu in 1960, when the vessel reverted to Albyn. Was then chartered to Nigerian National Line. In 1966, the vessel was sold to 'Somerston Shipping Co. Ltd.', Chapman & Willan the managers, & in 1967 renamed Merton. In 1968 the vessel was sold for the last time, for £350,000, to 'Anesis Shipping Co. S.A.', of Greece, 'Glyptis & Scarvelis' the managers, & renamed Rio Doro. 3 indicates the vessel was clearly named 'Riodoro', i.e. all one word, on its bow in 1969 (see the image full screen). Litigation involving Nigeria refers to Rio Doro. The vessel was sold, it would appear, to Pakistan ship breakers, & was en route (when?) from Fredericia, Denmark, to Karachi, Pakistan, with a cargo of phosphates. On Nov. 5, 1977, the vessel was stranded - at 55.52.48N/10.49.30E which is off the E. coast of mainland Denmark. On Jan. 16, 1978, the vessel arrived at the Bilbao, Spain, facilities of 'Revalorization de Materiales S.A.', to be broken up. Much of my data is from incomplete 'snippets' of information. The later data may all be related. Is it so? If so, the vessel, likely damaged in the grounding, made its own way or was towed to Spain? WWW data is limited. Can you help with more data?
The 'Crown' yard was acquired by Joseph L. Thompson & Sons Ltd. in 1946. But the yard was for about 10 years thereafter run as an independent shipyard. Only in 1956 were vessels constructed at the yard considered to be 'Joseph L. Thompson' vessels. So .... vessels built thru 1956 are listed above as 'Crown' vessels. While vessels built in 1956 & later, vessels that are considered to be 'Joseph L. Thompson' vessels, are listed as 'Thompson' ships here. 239 vessels built before that change. And 10 after it.
The webmaster has no knowledge of this shipbuilder who would seem to have built about 34 ships at Sunderland during the period from 1854 thru 1869. I think that the J. likely means John. It may be that this Davison is the same Davison as was later part of 'Davison & Stokoe', dealt with next.
The vessel, a barque, was launched on Jan. 10, 1861, & first registered, at Newcastle, on Feb. 4, 1861 (scroll to #29111). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1871/72, owned thru that entire period, per LR, by Clark & Co. of Newcastle. With, again per LR, D. Foran serving as the vessel's captain thru 1865/66 & H. Riddle thereafter. Initially for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, but from 1862/63 for service from Shields to the Mediterranean. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866 both list Clark & Dunn, of Newcastle as the vessel's then owner. While MNLs of 1867 thru 1871 at least (MNL of 1870) list John Clarke (with an 'e') of Newcastle as her owner. 113.0 ft. long, signal letters QDHR.
On Jan. 10, 1872, per line 2234 here, the 316 ton barque was stranded at Manacles Rock, Falmouth, Cornwall, while en route from Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea) to Falmouth with a cargo of wheat. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then owned by John Clarke. This newspaper article re the Official Inquiry into the vessel's loss, clarifies matters & indicates that her then owners were, in fact, John Clarke of Newcastle & James Jobling of Shields. Cabinet had loaded her cargo of wheat at Odessa, proceeded to Falmouth & was then instructed to proceed to Newry, Northern Ireland. She left Falmouth on Dec. 31, 1871, hit bad weather & had to put into Plymouth where she remained for about 8 days. On the morning of Jan. 10, 1872, she left Plymouth for Newry, but shortly struck on Meanland Rock, near the Manacles, soon after 10 p.m. that day. She got off with the rising tide at about 1 a.m. on Jan. 11, 1872, but very soon thereafter struck again & filled with water. The crew had to abandon ship, making it to shore with the help of Mary Ann Storey, the Porthoustock, Cornwall, lifeboat, which found many of the vessel's crew (stated to be 11) after a long search in darkness & heavy seas. Another 6 crew members are said to have made it safely to shore on their own - which data may prove to be inaccurate unless the crew was, indeed, of 17 in total. The court held that William Henry Byas, her captain, was responsible for the vessel's loss & suspended his certificate for a six month period. The above linked article does not state the Court's reasons for that conclusion. Additional contemporary newspaper articles (1 & 2). Crew lists thru 1872 are available here. Can you add anything? #2144
I have added this 'short-lived' shipbuilder into these pages having noted three ships that they built in 1874. Those ships were named Imperatritsa Ekaterina II, Warrior & Westella. But in total they built 12 ships, the earliest being launched in Mar. 1872 & the last in Jan. 1875.
It is clear that on Jul. 21, 1873, John Davison & William H. (Henry) Stokoe entered into a 14 year lease arrangement with Joseph Moore & William Henry Moore for a site at Southwick at which to build ships. At a rent of £50 per annum. John Davison apparently died in Jan. 1875. On Sep. 21, 1875, Stokoe filed a liquidation petition. All of this per a report in 'The Weekly Reporter' Vol XXIX, of Jun. 3, 1876, which report you can read here ex here. It would appear that the reversion rights to the property were owned by Ayres Quay Bottle Company.
So Davison & Stokoe were in business for only a short time. About 3 years.
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder?
It would seem that he had a shipbuilding yard on the south bank of River Wear & east of the road bridge. Further that his site had previously been owned by William Pearson & was taken over by S. P. Austin and Son as it expanded after 1870. Miramar (you now must be registered to access) refers to two Sunderland shipbuilder names i.e. 'Denniston & Pearson' & 'John Denniston'.
Miramar list (highest number on page). It used to be that you could click on the link that follows & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & the following link should work for you:- No numbers.
But that is all that I 'know' today.
A barque. Per 1 (Hebe 1868), 2 (loss of Constance, Hebe loss ref. 90% down). 115.0 ft. long, signal letters PWBS. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Registers available to him, ex Google Books, see left. It would seem that for many years, at least thru 1874/75, 'T. (Thomas) White', maybe of & certainly registered at South Shields, was the owner & likely he was the initial owner. The vessel would seem to have served both the Mediterranean & the Baltic. The next available register after that of 1874/75 is re 1878/79 where the owner is recorded as 'J. Bambrough' also with a reference to South Shields. Which surely, in fact was, James Bambrough ('Bambrough'), in 1880 & in 1884 of Alice Street, Sunderland. The 1883/84 edition of the register indicates 'J. Bambrough' to be the owner but that the vessel had been lost. Re that loss, I read that the vessel, captained by Henry Webberling, foundered in the Bay of Biscay in Apl. 1883. The Court of Inquiry report re the loss of Constance, in which report reference to the loss of Hebe is found, makes interesting reading. It would seem that Bambrough had been a ship owner for 16 years & in those years had had only 5 ships, all of which had foundered. Clearly the Court was uncomfortable with the history & suspected insurance fraud. Webberling & Samuel Kent, his mate, 'may be said to have had considerable experience in the foundering of vessels.' And re Bambrough? 'he has had the misfortune, or, shall we call it, the good fortune to lose all his five vessels in succession one after the other, the three last within the last 3 or 4 years, and all three by foundering.' Is it possible that you can provide more data?
A snow or brig. The vessel was launched early in Jul. 1861, as per this newspaper cutting. And first registered, at Sunderland, on Jul. 26, 1861 (scroll to #43724). Owned by W. Kish of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic with W. Morgan always her captain. The vessel is listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') from 1861/62 thru 1869/70, always owned by Kish & Co. for service from Sunderland to the Baltic. It seems clear, however, that the vessel was lost early in its life. A notice re its loss was received (2nd link) on Oct. 21, 1863. The vessel is last listed in the Mercantile Navy List of 1863. Also, per LR, in 1863/64, W. Kish owned a later vessel named Rose, built by Edward Potts at Seaham in 1864. An 1863 crew list is available here. 98.5 ft. long. #2169
A barque. The vessel was launched on Dec. 9, 1861 & first registered, at Shields, on Dec. 27, 1861 (scroll to #29729). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1869/70. It was owned, per LR, during such entire period by P. Dale of North Shields, for consistent service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean. With J. Brown serving throughout as the vessel's captain. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866 rather list John B. Dale, of South Shields, as her then owner. The vessel is not recorded in MNL of 1867. 115.0 ft. long, signal letters QGTV. I cannot yet tell you what finally happened to the vessel, likely at a date in 1866 or 1867. Some crew lists are available here. While Tyne & Wear Archives hold the crew list re the voyage from Feb. 2, 1866 thru Jan. 8, 1867. Can you add anything additional? #2168
226 (later 215, 224 & 208) tons
A snow rigged sailing vessel, which was in service for 43 or more years. 95.2 ft. long, signal letters VPQJ. The vessel is not Miramar listed. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Registers available to him thru 1889/90, ex Google Books, see left. The vessel was built for 'Rackl'y &' of Sunderland, which surely means 'Stephen W. Rackley & Co'. Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870. In the 1872/73 edition of Lloyd's Register, the sale of the vessel to 'W. M. Ward', likely Wm. M. Ward, of Blyth, is recorded, but strangely the very same data is also recorded in the 1873/74 edition. In the 1876/77 edition, the owner has become 'W. M. Ward & Co.', now of North Shields, & in 1880/81 'M. (Matthew) Boyes' of West Hartlepool. MNL of 1880. By the time of the 1883/84 edition, 'T. H. Franks', i.e. Thomas H. Franks ('Franks) the managing owner, was the recorded owner, of Folkestone. (MNL of 1890 & 1900) The vessel was still a registered sailing vessel in 1907 (Mercantile Navy List), still owned by Franks, but is not so recorded in 1911. I cannot today tell you what happened to the vessel, though I have not found any references to its being wrecked. Do you possibly know? The vessel would seem to have initially served the Mediterranean & then the Baltic. Service to Madeira is referenced in 1873/74. Is it possible that you can provide more data? No.1834
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder?
So far as I can see, D. A. Douglas built 35 vessels over the period from 1848 to 1874. Saint Thomas Packet, now detail listed below - is noted by Lloyd's Register to have been built at Southwick.
A brig, which was launched in Jan. 1862, & is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1871/72. Owned initially by Longton & Co. of Liverpool, for service from Sunderland to St. Thomas (presumably Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands), later Newcastle to the West Indies. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866 both list Longton & Co., of Liverpool, as the vessel's then owner. With Archibald serving as the vessel's initial captain (for just a short time), then J. Hignett (1862/63 thru 1865/66), then J. Gibson. In 1866/67, W. R. Smith, of Blyth, Northumberland, became the vessel's owner for service from Blyth to the Mediterranean. With Gibson continuing to serve as captain thru 1867/68 then Milburn to the end (T. Milburn from 1870/71). MNLs of 1867 thru 1871 (1870) all list the vessel as registered at Liverpool & owned not by W. R. Smith but rather by T. A. Smith of Blyth. 98.5 ft. long, signal letters TWGJ.
In early Jun. 1869 the vessel left Pill & Kingroad (Gloucestershire, mouth of River Avon) for Newport, Wales, Milburn in command. In late Apl. 1871, the vessel, en route from Lisbon, Portugal, to Antwerp, Belgium, grounded on the Goodwin Sands (English Channel 6 miles E. of Deal, Kent). It was got off & towed into Ramsgate, East Kent, leaky.
LR of 1871/72 states 'Foundered'. On Aug. 28, 1871, per line 1490 here, the 275 ton brig was sunk 'in the Sleeve' (can anybody clarify the term? Maybe near Ringkobing on the W. coast of the Jutland peninsula of Denmark), while en route from Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia), to London with a cargo of wheat. Crew of 9 - none lost. Vessel then owned by Thomas A. Smith. Many crew lists are available here. #2201
TO END THE PAGE
For your pleasure and amusement. Most folks like donkeys.
A 'Raphael Tuck & Sons' Oilette postcard #9494. 'A Ripping Time'. Mailed at Sunderland in 1909. An eBay image, cleaned up a little for better presentation on this page. Strangely, the second postcard image, later added below, also seems to be similarly entitled i.e. 'A Ripping Time', Oilette postcard #9494. How can that be, I wonder. Both part of a series?
There must have been a series of cards, maybe a set under that 9494 number. I have since seen a couple of additional variations on the theme. It would seem that the postcards date from about 1908/1909 thru to about 1915 or 1916. That is just what I have observed - I am not an expert on the subject!
There is another postcard image of donkeys on Roker beach here.
And a few more images that may well please you. They certainly please the webmaster. None of them relate to the Sunderland area, of course.
A SITE SEARCH FACILITY
THE GUEST BOOK - GO HERE