May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001.PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

On this page ... Blumer, Briggs, British Shipbuilders, G. Broad, Brown J. & J., Brown & Johnson, Byers, Cairncross, Candlish, Carr, Hylton, Carr, James, George Clark Engine Works, Chilton W., page bottom (AT&T advertisements).


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To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.

Corrections in any of the material which follows, however tiny, would be most welcome. And additions, of course! (18 + 1 + 23 + 2 + 1 + 4 + 1 + 1 + 4 + 1 +1 = 57) Test.    Miramar, images,, MNL (thru to John Allan 1864 only), eBay,

JOHN BLUMER (1855/1859)
PACE, BLUMER (1859/1864)
J. BLUMER & CO. (1890s?/early 1900s)
J. BLUMER & CO. LTD. (early 1900s/1927)

This is the second 'Blumer' page, made necessary by the increasing number of listings re 'Blumer' built vessels. The first page, with the first 100 vessels, is available here.

Lists? Firstly there is, on site, a 'Blumer' build list from its earliest days in 1859 thru to the very end. Here. Miramar lists? 9 pages, (highest hull number on page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & all the following links should work for you:- 30, 60, 91, 120, 150, 180, 210, 240, 258. (258) Data is now on site re 41% of them!


Ray Ranns advises me that a new hull numbering series was commenced when the move was made to North Dock in 1865. Commencing at No. 1 again.

101 . War Coppice
3124 (or 3297) tons
Hull 247



A refrigerated cargo ship. Per 1 (United Baltic, Baltraffic), 2 ('', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Baltraffic), 3 (data & image, Baltraffic), 4 (New Zealand), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 331 ft. (101.0 metres) long, speed of 11 1/2 knots. Built for The Shipping Controller, of London & managed for them by Morel Ltd. The vessel was sold, in 1919, to the French Government, & renamed Nord, a vessel name not referenced by Miramar. It was sold again, in 1920, to 'Compagnie Maritime de Transports Frigorifiques', of Lorient, France, & renamed Réfrigérant. A 1932 reference to S. Behr & Matthew Ltd., of London - perhaps the new managers? The vessel was sold, in 1933, to United Baltic Corporation Limited, of London & Newcastle, & renamed Baltraffic. In Jan/May 1940, the vessel supplied the British Expeditionary Force in France with refrigerated meat (5 return trips from Bristol Channel to River Loire). 12 convoy references in early WW2, incl. the 10 already mentioned. The vessel left Milford Haven on Sep. 24, 1940 for Auckland, New Zealand ('NZ'). There, as Baltraffic, managed by Union Steamship Co., the vessel visited Auckland, 35 times between Nov. 1940 & Apl. 1946 (but its role then was to carry refrigerated cargo from smaller ports to the main ports in NZ). The vessel was sold for the last time, in 1951, to Pan-Islamic Steamship Company Limited, of Karachi, Pakistan, & renamed Safina-E-Tariq. The vessel arrived at Karachi, probably at nearby Gadani Beach, in Q1 of 1957, to be broken up. Anything you can add? Was it a refrigerated ship when built?

102 . . War Highway
3125 tons
Hull 246



A dry cargo ship. And a survivor - in service for 60 years! Per 1 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 101.0 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, speed of 11 1/2 knots. Built for The Shipping Controller, of London. The vessel was sold, in 1919, to Hartlepool Seatonia Steamship Co. Ltd., of West Hartlepool, & renamed Seatonia. It was sold again, in 1927, to J. E. Murrell S.S. Co. Ltd., also of West Hartlepool, & renamed Bracondale. And sold in 1934 to Sovtorgflot, of Russia & renamed Beresina (transliterated). In 1936 the owner was recorded as being the U.S.S.R. In 1950 the vessel was transferred to Sovromtransport, of Romania. And in 1959 transferred to NAVROM Romanian Maritime and Fluvial Navigation, of Romania & rebuilt. Name re-translated as Berezina. In 1962, the vessel was renamed Eforie. Jun. 6, 1975 was the date of its last reported movement passing Istanbul. The vessel was laid-up, at Constanţa, Romania, & in Apl. 1978 was reported due to be broken up there. But it would seem it lay derelict on the Macin Channel near the mouth of the Danube near Brăila, Romania, & still did so as late as 2005. And maybe it still is there in 2011? Much of the above data originated with two 'teesships' pages maintained by Ron Mapplebeck - but such pages are no longer available, alas.

103 War Sky
3116 (or 3072) tons
Hull 248


Vera Kathleen

A cargo ship. Per 1 ('', sinking, Thurston image), 2 (sinking, Thurston), 3 (image Thurston, but you must be registered to see it), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 101.0 metres long, speed of 11 1/2 knots. Built for The Shipping Controller, of London. In 1919, the vessel was sold to Hartlepool Seatonia Steamship Co. Ltd., of West Hartlepool, (Hessler & Co., the managers), & renamed Vera Kathleen. In 1927, the vessel was sold to Murrell Steamship Co. (Joseph E. Murrell & Son the managers), both of West Hartlepool & renamed Thurston. In early Mar. 1940, Thurston, unescorted, was en route from Takoradi, Dakar, Ghana, to Workington, Cumberland, with a cargo of manganese ore. Shortly after midnight on Mar. 3, 1940, Thurston collided with S.N.A. 1, a French steamer, (also Sunderland built), about 60 miles S. of Milford Haven. S.N.A. 1 sank. 31 of its crew members were taken aboard Thurston. 'At 05.23 hours on 4 Mar, 1940', Thurston was hit by a single torpedo from U-29, Korvettenkapitän Otto Schuhart in command, & sank within a minute. At 50.23N/5.49W, 32 miles W. by N. of Trevose Head (North Cornish coast). 64 died (Master + 33 from Thurston & 30 ex S.N.A. 1) while 4 survived (3 ex Thurston & 1 ex S.N.A. 1). The 3 were picked up by Moyle & landed at Cardiff. The 1 ex S.N.A. 1 was saved by a fishing trawler. Do you have more data?

104 Wulsty Castle
3566 tons
Hull 240


Craggan Hill
Campo Basso

A cargo ship. Per 1 (ref. p#37), 2 (turbo-electrically driven), 3 (French Line, Bonifacio), 4 ('', 4 May, 1943), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 356.3 ft. (about 109 metres) long, speed of 9 1/2 or 10 knots. Turbo-electrically driven & with 'Ljungstrom' turbines. Built for Lancashire Shipping Co. Ltd., of Liverpool, (J. Chambers & Co., the managers). John Persson advises (thanks John!) that the vessel's turbogenerator unit was a problem & the vessel was, in Feb. 1921, laid up at Ghent, Belgium. Maybe thru Aug. 1926 when 2 diesel engines by Vulcan Werke AG of Hamburg, Germany, were installed. Those engines also gave trouble & the vessel was laid up at Antwerp from 1929 thru 1936, when William Beardmore, of Glasgow, triple expansion engines were installed. In Jun. 1936, the vessel was sold, for £6,200, to 'Rethymnis & Kulukundis Ltd.' or perhaps 'Kulukundis Bros.', of London & Piraeus, Greece, was transferred to 'Craggan Hill Steamship Co.' & renamed Craggan Hill.  Became Greek registered in Jul. 1937. Also in 1937, the vessel became owned by 'Compagnie France-Navigation' ('France'), was renamed Bonifacio, & was involved in the Spanish Civil War. France was, it would seem, placed in receivership & in Sep. 1939, the vessel was transferred (or came under the management of), 'Compagnie Générale Transatlantique' ('CGT' or 'French Line'). Perhaps used to serve N. Africa. Can anyone explain these French words 'Sous gérance CGT à partir de septembre 1939, navigue sur l'Afrique du Nord. Remis à l'occupant le 3 décembre 1942 à Marseille suite aux accords Laval-Kaufmann.' The vessel was laid up again, was confiscated by the Germans in Dec. 1942, & in 1943, was 'allocated' to Italy, owned by the Italian Government (managed by Cie Italia?), & renamed Campo Basso. (Have read references to 'Campobasso' also). In early May 1942, the vessel, loaded with munitions, was sent to Tunis escorted by Perseo, an Italian torpedo boat. On May 4, 1943, the vessel was shelled & sunk by gunfire from destroyers HMS Nubian, HMS Paladin & HMS Petard,  8 miles E. of Kelibia (Qelibia), in north-eastern Tunisia, [off Raz el Hamar, (Ras el Melah)]. A now dead webpage stated that it was instead torpedoed. A good portion of the above data is thanks to John Persson. Do you have more data?

105 War Moon
3056 (or 3052) tons
Hull 250



A 'C' type dry cargo ship. Per 1 (image Archanda), 2 [Ben Line, Cramond (1)], 3 (refs. Jun. 1940, Orkanger), 4 (Spanish page, ref. Tom, 90% down), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 101.0 metres (perpendicular to perpendicular), 331 ft. long, speed of 11 knots. Laid down as War Moon for The Shipping Controller, of London. But delivered in Apl. 1919, as Cramond, to William Thomson & Co., of Leith, Scotland ('Ben Line'). The vessel was sold, in 1921, to 'Compañía Naviera Bachi', of Bilbao, Spain, (with 'Astigarraga Sons' the managers?), & renamed Tom. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the vessel was, I read, captured by Spanish Nationalist forces. But was returned to its owners in 1938. On Jun. 12, 1940, while en route from Alexandria, Egypt, with a cargo of grain, Tom rescued (40 perhaps?) survivors of the torpedoed Orkanger (Norwegian), & landed them at Alexandria. Orkanger had been torpedoed by the Italian submarine Naiade, at 31.42N/28.50E, NW of Alexandria. (I see references to Naiade, often accompanied by Baroni in brackets, i.e. (Baroni). Can anyone explain what the Baroni ref. means? Lorenzo Colombo has come to my rescue - thanks! He indicates that (Baroni) refers to Tenente di Vascello (Lieutenant) Luigi Baroni, the commanding officer of Naiade.  He also indicates that Orkanger was the first merchant ship sunk by an Italian submarine (or anyway ship) in WWII. Tom was sold, in 1954, to 'Compañía Naviera Vascongada', also of Bilbao, & renamed Archanda. On Jan. 19, 1960, the vessel was wrecked NE of Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands, N. Atlantic. Have not read the circumstances. Said to have been a total loss. Any loss of life? Do you have more data? Or another image?

106 War Planet
3071 tons
Hull 252


Cyprian Prince
Moorish Prince
Gloucester City Namaqualand

A cargo ship. Per 1 (Cyprian Prince, 70% down), 2 [Prince Line, Cyprian Prince (2)], 3 [Bristol City Line, Gloucester City (3)], 4 (WW2 convoy duty, Gloucester City), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 331 ft. 4 in. (about 106 metres) long, speed of 10 knots. Laid down as War Planet for The Shipping Controller, of London. But delivered in Sep. 1919 as Cyprian Prince to Prince Line Ltd., of Newcastle, (which line was owned, from 1916, by Furness Withy & Co.). Sister to Algerian Prince. It would appear that in Aug. 1936 the vessel was renamed Moorish Prince, (to release the name of Cyprian Prince), though Miramar does not reference the new name. Maybe the name was not registered? Since later in 1936, the vessel was chartered to Bristol City Line, ('Bristol'), (Charles Hill & Sons, Ltd., managers) & renamed Gloucester City. In 1939, Bristol bought the vessel. 79 WW2 convoy references including 18 voyages across N Atlantic, service to W. Africa & coastal U.K. & the continent. On Jul. 30, 1940, the vessel left Liverpool for Trenton, New Jersey, in Convoy OB.191 with a cargo of china clay ex Fowey, Cornwall, via Milford Haven. On Jul. 31, 1940, Jersey City, also built at Sunderland, was sunk by U99 at 55.47N/9.18W, NW of Ireland. Gloucester City, the designated convoy rescue ship, rescued 43 of Jersey City's crew of 45. In 1949, the vessel was sold to South African Lines Ltd., of Cape Town, South Africa, & renamed Namaqualand. In 1951, it was sold to United Oriental Steamship Co., of Karachi, Pakistan, & renamed Kaderbaksh. The vessel arrived at Gadani Beach, near Karachi, in Dec. 1961, to be broken up. Do you have more data?

107 War Star
3051 tons
Hull 251



A cargo ship. Per 1 (Union Steam, Kaiwarra), 2 (1940 crew image), 3 (Kaiwarra wreck), 4 (Manuka, wreck), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 101.0 metres (331.3 ft.) long, speed of 11 knots, 2 masts. The vessel was laid down for The Shipping Controller as War Star. But was delivered, in 1919, to 'Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand Ltd.', of Wellington, New Zealand ('NZ'), as Kaiwarra. The vessel visited Auckland, NZ, 64 times in the period of 1924/1942. The vessel stood by the wreck of Manuka on Dec. 16, 1929. In Dec. 1940, Kaiwarra carried NZ Air Force planes from Auckland to Fiji. Shortly after midnight on the night of Dec. 3/4, 1942, the vessel, loaded with coal, ran aground opposite Black Birch Creek, 1 1/2 miles N. of Motunau Island, North Canterbury (40 miles N. of Lyttelton), NZ. There was no possibility to refloat the vessel, due to bad weather. The 45 person crew was rescued, on Dec. 6, 1942, by Rescue II, a lifeboat ex Sumner. At the Court of Enquiry, Captain W. H. D. Gardiner was exonerated, but 2nd officer J. S. Melville was found guilty of dereliction of duty & errors of judgment. Do you have more data? Or another image?

108 War Sun
3050 tons
Hull 249


Sheaf Spear

A cargo ship. Per 1 ('pdf', 1936 storm, 5th column from left), 2 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 101.0 metres (342 ft.) long, speed of 9 (or 10) knots. The vessel was built for The British Government as War Sun, the second vessel of that name. In 1919, the vessel was sold to Sheaf Steam Shipping Co., of Newcastle, 'W. A. Souter & Co.' the managers, & delivered as Sheaf Spear. On Nov. 17, 1936, the vessel, likely en route from Liverpool to Hamilton, Bermuda, was damaged in mountainous seas 52 miles off Bermuda. It sent a wireless message advising that the ship's engine room was leaking badly. It must have made it safely! The vessel was sold, in 1937, to 'Compagnie France-Navigation' ('Navigation'), of Paris or maybe of Rouen, France, & renamed Bougaroni. Navigation was wound up in Apl. 1939 & Bougaroni was transferred to the management of 'Compagnie Française de Navigation à Vapeur Chargeurs Réunis'. Ownership also? On Dec. 7, 1942, the vessel was seized by the Germans at Marseilles, France, was transferred to the Italian Government & renamed Modena. The vessel was at Palermo, Sicily, on Mar. 22, 1943, when it was bombed by Allied aircraft & sunk. On Jan. 15, 1945, it was raised. To be later scrapped, also at Palermo - in 1948. Can anyone tell us if it was operational between 1945 & 1948? Do you have more data? Or an image? 

109 Daybeam
3024 (or 3101, 3354 in 1944/45) tons
Hull 253


Empire Tees

A 'C' type cargo ship that had many names & owners & a long life. Per 1 (Spanish page, extensive data, Selamet), 2 (link 1 translated), 3 ('', Lloyd's Register data, Sebastian, 1930/31 thru 44/45), 4 ('', Lloyd's Register, Empire Tees, 1945/46), 5 ('', WW2 convoy duty, click on 'SHIP SEARCH' then insert Sebastian or Empire Tees), 6 (image, Selamet), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access, but there is little data there about the vessel). Either (the data is confusing) i) 331.3 ft. long (100.98 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, or ii) 325.7 ft. long (99.27 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, 331.3 ft. long (100.98 metres) overall, speed of 9 or 10 knots, signal letters GFJN later MCPJ, EGPS & ZBCG. Built for 'Claymore Shipping Co. Ltd.' of Cardiff. In 1929, the vessel was sold to 'F. Sainz de Inchaústegui, of Bilbao, Spain, & renamed Sebastián. In 1934, the vessel was acquired by Marqués del Real Socorro ('Socorro'), also of Bilbao, with no change of vessel name. In 1936, the vessel was requisitioned by Gobierno de Euzkadi, i.e. the Basque Government, & renamed Itxas-Alde. Note Lloyd's Register only notes that name. The vessel was reported to have been operating, in 1936, as Azteca, under the Mexican flag - Lloyd's Register does not reference the name. On May 20, 1937, the vessel was captured by Almirante Cervera, i.e. Admiral Cervera, a Spanish Nationalist cruiser, at the entrance to Bilbao. The vessel was returned to Socorro & renamed Sebastián. In 1941, the vessel was sold to 'Cía. Comercial Marítima de Transportes S.A.', of Bilbao, ('Comercial de Transportes' in Lloyd's Registers) with no change of vessel name. On Oct. 29, 30 or 31, 1943, (have read all three dates), the vessel was captured by destroyer HMS Tynedale, off Cape Tortosa, SW of Barcelona, because, I read, its owners were 'a German front company'. The vessel was taken to Gibraltar, arriving on Nov. 21, 1943, & became owned by the Ministry of War Transport, managed by Euxine Shipping Co., of Gibraltar. Later renamed Empire Tees. There are WW2 convoy records as both Sebastian & Empire Tees. Just 2 WW2 convoys as Sebastian, from Dec. 24, 1943, which would seem to be when the vessel left Gibraltar for the U.K. In Feb. 1944, the vessel was nearly lost when all of the blades of the ship's propeller fell off at sea! We do not know exactly where but it was likely in the North Sea. The ship was abandoned but boarded by the crew of a Royal Navy vessel of name unknown. The ship's engines & boilers would seem to have been damaged by that Royal Navy crew & as a result Sebastian had to be towed to North Shields for extensive engine & boiler repairs. All of this thanks to Nick Webster whose father Dennis Webster was at that time Sebastian's Chief Engineer. Do read the full detail here. Perhaps renamed Empire Tees in Apl. 1944. 14 WW2 convoy references as Empire Tees, from Aug. 29, 1944, including 2 N. Atlantic crossings returning with paper & iron ore. Also service into the Mediterranean (Naples, Bougie, Bône now Annaba, etc.) & U.K. coastal. In 1947, the vessel, returning to the U.K. with timber from Hamina, (Fredrikshamn in Swedish), southern Finland, struck a rock & was beached at Rosla Island, Hanko, S. tip of Finland. The vessel was damaged but survived the experience. In 1950, the vessel was sold to 'Cía Marítima Tees S.A.', of Panama, & renamed Tees. Arthur Jurgenthal was appointed the vessel's manager. In 1951, the vessel was sold to Shamrock Shipping & Ltd., of Belfast, C. S. Brown, the manager, & renamed Clonlee. In 1954, the vessel was sold for the last time, for about £35,000, to either i) 'Hafiz Huseyin Taviloglu ve Kardesi Kollektif Sirketti', or ii) 'Muzaffer Taviloglu, Yakup Uzuner & Munittin Topcuoglu' ('Muzaffer'), both of Istanbul, Turkey, & renamed Selamet. The vessel was later sold to breakers, by Muzaffer, & on Apl. 4, 1968, arrived at Istanbul ship breakers, to be broken up. Do you have more data? Or another image?

110 Jacob Christensen
3594 tons
Hull 245


A cargo ship. Per 1 (data page, Jacob Christensen), 2 (WW2 convoy duty, Jacob Christensen), 3 (data), 4 (extensive data, Baldur sinking, in Spanish), 5 (link 4 WWW translated, but poorly so), 6 (image Baldur, Spanish dive page), 7 (Spanish text, also /2, unable to translate, see 'fullscreen'), 8 (Sceptre), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 108.6 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular (356.3 ft.), speed of ? knots. Built for 'A/S August', (Jacob Christensen, also ship owners, the manager), of Bergen, Norway. A Caribbean (mainly Cuba) to New York service in years 1922/24. The vessel was sold, in 1923, to 'A/S SS Mathilda', also of Bergen, no change of manager. Just 7 WW2 convoy references through to May 1940, mainly to & from Norway from Methil, Firth of Forth, Scotland, probably carrying coal. In May 1940, following the German invasion of Norway, the vessel carried war materials ex Blyth, Northumberland, to Rouen, France. On Jun. 2, 1940, she left Rouen for Pauillac, Gironde River, N. of Bordeaux, France.  On Jun. 18, 1940, when, I believe, at nearby Rochefort, she required 'machinery' repairs which could not be completed ahead of the German advance. The vessel was accordingly scuttled at Rochefort to block access to the harbour - the crew was safely carried to Plymouth. That was not the end of the vessel's life, however. The vessel was raised & repaired by the Germans (Seereederei "Frigga" A.G., of Hamburg, became the managers) & in 1941 the vessel was renamed Baldur. 3 years later, on May 23, 1944, the vessel was torpedoed & sunk by British submarine HMS Sceptre near Castro Urdiales ('Castro'), Bilbao, Spain (Saltacaballo, an iron ore port to the E. of Castro, is the exact site). 2 torpedoes were fired when the vessel was loading. From 4 km. out, if I understand the links. Have not read the exact co-ordinates. 4 lives were lost, & 15 wounded. It would seem that the British Government apologised for violating Spanish territorial waters in the attack. Anything to add? An image perhaps?

111 Mathilda
3650 (or 3649) tons
Hull 242

Kanarya 5

A cargo ship. Per 1 (extensive data, Mathilda), 2 (Norwegian page, data, images), 3 ('' WW2 convoy duty, Mathilda), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). About 113 metres long, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Built for 'A/S SS Mathilda', (Jacob Christensen the manager), of Bergen, Norway. A lengthy list of WW2 N. Atlantic convoy voyages in years 1939 thru 1945 - carrying a variety of cargoes including autos, iron ore, steel, pit props & sulphur. 106 convoy references including 11 North Atlantic crossings. Had an encounter with a U-boat on Sep. 20, 1942 when separated from her convoy in fog. Must have been a very lucky ship! The vessel was sold, in 1955, for £50,000, to 'Celikel Türk Ltd.', of Ortakligi, Istanbul, Turkey, & renamed Kanarya. In 1957, the vessel was renamed Kanarya 5. In Sep/Oct 1965, it was broken up at Istanbul - or was it at Split, Yugoslavia? Can anybody generally expand the above data? An image?

112 Rygja
3534 (or 3535 or 4001) tons
Hull 243

A cargo ship. Per 1 (Rygja nr. page bottom), 2 (page in Norwegian & image), 3 (wreck site), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 108.6 metres (356.3 ft.) long, speed of 9 1/2 knots. Built for 'A/S J. Ludwig Mowinckels Rederi', of Bergen, Norway. Came under German control in 1940. On Apl. 4, 1943, while en route from Narvik, Norway, to Germany carrying iron ore, the vessel struck a mine & sank 3 miles off Skagen, Denmark. 1 life lost, a stoker. Do you have more data? Or another image?

113 William Blumer
3604 tons
Hull 244


A cargo ship. Per 1 (extensive data, 2nd item, & 3 images available of 1945 sinking by link), 2 (April 02 1945, low on page), 3 ('', WW2 convoy duty, William Blumer), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 108.6 metres (356.3 ft.) long, speed of 10 knots. Presumably named after William Blumer (1789/1850) - see above. Built for C. H. Sørensen, of Arendal, (S. coast of Norway nr. Kristiansand). In 1921, the vessel became owned by C. H. Sørensen & Sønner, also of Arendal. On Dec. 21, 1928, the vessel, Arizona also, was in radio contact with Kobenhavn, (its interesting figurehead) a 5-masted barque en route from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Melbourne, Australia, with a crew of 16 & 45 cadets. At 33.30S/34.00W. Kobenhavn was never heard from again. In Jul. 1939, the vessel was sold to 'A/S Drafn' [Pehrson & Wessel (managers?)], of Drammen, (SW of Oslo), Norway. Only 2 WW2 convoy references. On convoy duty from Halifax, Canada, to U.K., in Jan./Feb 1940 & to Norway from U.K. in Mar. 1940. [1 (#13) & 2 (the last name)]. Became part of the German Homefleet when Germany invaded Norway on Apl. 9, 1940. On Apl. 2, 1945, the vessel was sunk in a British air attack nr. Sandefjord, Norway. On Oct. 12, 1946 it was raised by 'Friis & Tandberg Bjergningskompani', of Drammen, & in Dec. 1946 arrived under tow at 'Sarpsborg Mek. Verksted', of Sarpsborg, Norway, for repairs. On Apl. 4, 1948, the vessel returned to service (with whom?). In 1949, the vessel was renamed William. In Feb. 1955, the vessel was sold to General Sea Transport & Navigation Co. Inc., of Monrovia, Liberia, & renamed Aenos. On Mar. 4, 1956, while en route from Vizagapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India, to Genoa, Italy, with a cargo of manganese ore, the vessel ran aground 3 miles N. of Galle, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). I presume that the vessel was lost. Do you have more data? Or an image?

114 Hatasu
3198 tons
Hull 254


A cargo ship. Per 1 (WW2 convoy duty, Hatasu), 2 ('', data & image), 3 (data), 4 (Moss Hutchison Line, Hatasu), 5 (ON-19), 6 (U-431), 7 (rescue, 7 survivors, on Oct. 16, 1941), 8 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 107.5 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 352.7 ft., speed of 10 knots. Built for 'Moss Steamship Co. Ltd.', of Liverpool, pioneers of the steam trade to Egypt, their 2nd vessel of the name, the other being also built by Blumer, in 1917. The vessel was in collision with Alyn, a 350 ton cargo ship, in Liverpool Bay. No date or detail, but the court ref. is to 1923. In 1930, the vessel became owned by 'James Moss & Co. (Moss Line) Ltd.' ('Moss2'), J. Moss & Co. the managers. In 1934, the vessel was taken over by newly-formed 'Moss Hutchinson Line Ltd.', the result of the amalgamation of Moss2 with J. & P. Hutchison Ltd., of Glasgow. 24 WW2 convoy references including at least 2 N. Atlantic crossings, service into Indian Ocean (Aden, Suez), Mediterranean (Alexandria, Port Said, Piraeus), Africa (Freetown), plus UK local. At 23.45 p.m. on Oct. 2, 1941, while en route from Manchester to New York in ballast, & separated from convoy ON-19 as the result of a gale, the vessel was hit by one of two torpedoes fired by U-431, Fregattenkapitän Wilhelm Dommes in command. About 600 miles E. of Cape Race, Newfoundland, Canada. Hatasu opened fire upon the submarine with her stern gun & forced U-431 to submerge. The vessel was hit again 3/4 hour later, at 00.28 a.m. on Oct. 3, 1941, broke in two & sank. 40 lives were lost, including the Captain [William J. (Johnston) Meek], & 6 gunners. The only survivors, 7 in number, spent 14 days at sea in a lifeboat before being picked up, on Oct. 16, 1941, by Charles F. Hughes (DD 428), a U.S. destroyer, & landed at Reykjavik, Iceland. Do you have more data? Or images?

115 Ixia
2985 tons
Hull 256


A cargo ship. Per 1 (data) & 2 (data 30% down), 3 ('pdf' re contract law court case re 1929 cargo loss, WWW p.#2 (p.288) & onwards), 4 (wreck image), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 100.9 metres (331 ft.) long, speed of 10 knots. The last 'Blumer' vessel completed before the company failed (but see Cydonia below). The vessel was originally ordered by Norwegian ship-owners. It was launched on May 25, 1922 & completed in Jul. 1922 for Joseph Robinson & Sons, of North Shields (Stag Line) at a cost of £44,706. A tramp ship. It would seem that the vessel carried coal frequently from Wales to ports in Canada & the U.S.A. Joe Lee advises (thanks!) that on Jan. 24, 1928, while en route from Swansea to Providence, Rhode Island, Captain Beare in command, the vessel broadcast an SOS when its steering gear became disabled in rough weather. At 50N/33.40W, roughly in mid N. Atlantic. It would seem that the vessel was able to correct its problem & returned to Swansea, presumably to effect permanent repairs. The vessel travelled to other destinations also. On Jun. 30, 1929, while en route from Swansea, Wales, to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) with a cargo of coal, the vessel ran aground on Vyneck Rock, The Brisons, Cape Cornwall, (Cornwall, of course). The vessel was a total loss. There was no loss of life since the crew all rowed ashore. The circumstances were briefly that the vessel was equipped with a 'super-heater', a device which economises upon the use of coal by utilising what otherwise would be wasted steam. The Ixia 'super-heater' had not been working well, so alterations had been effected, & the ship had on board, when it left Swansea, 2 engineers to test the unit's revised performance. It was necessary for the ship to develop a full head of steam to perform the necessary tests, but that proved to be initially impossible - since the firemen were all drunk! Full steam was later raised & the ship put into St. Ives Bay, to drop off the two engineers. Upon resuming her voyage, Ixia did not directly return to her 'usual route' but rather followed the Cornish coast line essentially 'cutting the corner' (my words) & the grounding resulted. The conditions were overcast & showery. The later Court case is most interesting but is beyond the scope of this page. Can you add more? An image maybe?

116 Sac 2
2959 tons
Hull 255


Sac Badalona

A cargo ship. Per 1 (Palomares 1966 incident), 2 & 3 ex 4 (1952 references in Dutch & Spanish, 'El Buque Espagnol', right column), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 331.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 104.8 metres (344 ft.) long overall, speed of 10 (or 8) knots, signal letters MBCP. Built for 'La Sociedad Anónima Cros', of Barcelona, Spain. The vessel was sold, in 1950, to 'Transportes, Aduanas y Consignaciones S.A.' ('TAC') of Alicante, Spain, & renamed Sac Badalona. On Nov. 6, 1952 something of significance happened to the vessel. In Dutch - 'Stoomschip, in Hubertsgat aan de grond'. Does that mean that the vessel ran aground at Hubertsgat? Can anyone advise the meaning of the data at links 2, 3 & 4?
We thank Peter de Lange for coming to our assistance. With an image from his father's photo album & the following words:- 'My father came from the island of Schiermonnikoog and it was not far from there where this ship ran aground on the shallow Frisian coast in a storm in early Nov. 1952. As far as I know the ship was saved by the crew of the lifeboat Insulinde which assisted her by avoiding the more dangerous spots when things went wrong. Eventually the ship was salvaged by the tugboat Holland (Doeksen Terschelling) allowing this ship to sail for another 2 decades.'
In Jan. 1966, a B-52G Bomber of the USAF Strategic Air Command flew a mission that was to take it from North Carolina towards the European borders of the Soviet Union & back again. Due to the length of the flight, it had to be aerially refuelled twice. On Jan. 17, 1966, on the return portion of its flight, it was being refuelled at 31,000 ft. by a southern Spain based KC-135 tanker, off the Mediterranean coast of Spain, near Almería. The two planes collided. The KC-135 tanker blew up killing all four crew members, while the B-52G broke apart, killing three of its seven member crew. Three of the other four parachuted safely into the sea, while the 4th, who could not separate himself from his ejection seat, parachuted & survived a ground landing. A giant disaster & an international nuclear incident - since the bomber carried 4 Mk 28 hydrogen bombs! One of which landed in the sea & seemed unrecoverable! It is beyond the scope of these pages to relate the whole story. But in a nutshell, the 4th bomb was recovered 80 days later, by the brilliance of Dr. John P. Craven, a mathematician, who determined by the laws of probability (Thomas Bayes theorem) & with the assistance of Francisco Simó Orts (or Simó-Orts), a local fisherman, where the bomb would likely be, & was right on target.  2550 ft. down in a steep undersea canyon. A fleet of over 20 vessels & 150 divers assisted in the recovery. The bombs which landed on land at Palomares, Spain, created considerable radioactive contamination. Sac Badalona's involvement in all of this? A modest one it seems. It was in the area & saw a parachute falling in the distance & picked up a rubber raft. The vessel arrived at Barcelona, on Dec. 4, 1974, to be broken up. Can you add more? An image maybe?

117 Usworth
3535 tons
Hull 257


A cargo ship, 2 masts, schooner rigged. Per 1 (Time Magazine re 1934 sinking), 2 (Board of Trade wreck inquiry report), 3 (NZ, newspaper report), 4 (medals), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 356.3 ft. long, speed of 11 knots. Launched Apl. 11, 1926 & completed in Dec. 1926 for 'Dalgliesh Steam Shipping Company, Ltd.', of Newcastle, (R. S. Dalgliesh, the manager), at a cost of £51,500. On Dec. 2, 1934, Usworth, under the command of Capt. John J. (Joseph) Reed, left Montreal, Canada, for Queenstown, Ireland, with a cargo of wheat & a crew of 26. She bunkered at Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, & left there on Dec. 6, 1934, headed east. She encountered high winds & rough seas, conditions which worsened over the next several days. The ship suffered damage (steering gear disabled) on the morning of Dec. 11, & called for help when 1000 miles E. of Newfoundland. Belgian vessel Jean Jadot (Lloyd Royal Belge) responded to the SOS & a towing hauser was rigged between the 2 vessels, which hawser broke after about 3 hours. Usworth had meantime effected temporary repairs to her steering gear & set her course for Ireland. The winds became hurricane force. A series of waves hit Usworth including a massive wave which engulfed the ship & caused great structural damage. Water entered the ship which began to list to port, initially at 12 but soon at 25 degrees. The vessel's fires were put out. The ship was close to capsize. Jean Jadot, which had been blown off the scene, returned & was soon joined by Cunard liner Ascania, under the command of Captain J. G. Bisset. Both vessels spread oil to quieten the sea. Jean Jadot launched a boat with 10 volunteers & took 14 survivors aboard, but the lifeboat capsized & 14 lives were lost, 12 from Usworth & 2 of the rescuers. Ascania launched a 30 ft. lifeboat. 2 crewmen jumped too hastily, and, in efforts to save them, a third crewmen was lost, all either drowned or choked to death by fuel oil. The Ascania boat eventually got alongside the stricken ship & with great difficulty Captain Reed, his Chief Engineer complete with broken ribs, 3rd Engineer & 6 crewmen were rescued. Usworth, then a derelict, drifted away & presumably sank at or about 48.01N/31.49W on Dec. 14, 1934. A total of 17 lives were lost including 2 from Jean Jadot. The Ascania's lifeboat crew & Captain Bisset were all awarded the Lloyd’s Silver Medal for gallantry at sea, while the Captain & 8 crew members of Jean Jadot were also recognised. They were awarded medals by the Life Saving Benevolent Association of New York. The vessel was underinsured, it would seem, its higher coverage having expired at midnight on Dec. 10, 1934 (what unfortunate timing!). Can you add more? An image perhaps?

118 Cydonia
3517 tons
Hull 258


A cargo ship. Per 1 ('' WW2 convoy duty, Cydonia), 2 (Stag line history, about 80% down, Cydonia), 3 ('', Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1945/46), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 356.3 ft. (108.6 metres) long perpendicular to perpendicular, 365.0 ft. long overall, speed of 10 knots, signal letters KVNL later GKTF, 301 HP engines by John Dickinson & Sons Ltd., of Sunderland. The last 'Blumer' vessel. The vessel was on the stocks at North Dock for 4 years after the company failed in 1922. The keel was laid in 1922, & it was launched on Dec. 3, 1926. It was finally completed, in Jan. 1927, & sold to Joseph Robinson & Sons, of North Shields (i.e. Stag Line Ltd.). A tramp ship. 115 WW2 convoy references, including at least 13 North Atlantic crossings, service to the Mediterranean & many U.K. coastal voyages. Carrying cargoes such as iron ore, grain, steel & lumber.  In Jul. 1940, the vessel sailed from Casablanca to Liverpool in a 23 ship convoy which was attacked by a German bomber near Gibraltar. 3 bombs landed near Cydonia but did not damage it. We thank Mark Rogerson for the image at left, taken aboard Cydonia at the time, showing a group of Polish Air Force personnel on deck, including Mark's father who was soon to see service with the Royal Air Force. On Feb. 27, 1945, the vessel left Immingham (Humber Estuary) & on the next day, i.e. Feb. 28, 1945, the vessel hit a mine & was severely damaged. It limped into nearby Hull, presumably to effect repairs. On Oct. 21, 1949, while en route from Workington to Cardiff, the vessel had the misfortune to hit a wartime mine, 32 miles N. of Strumble Head, N. Pembrokeshire, Wales. At 52.15N/5.36W. What bad luck! To have hit two mines in its lifetime. They tried to take evasive action to avoid the mine that they had seen about 200 yards away, but due to the force of the wind, the vessel drifted onto the mine. The engine room flooded & 1 life was lost, a greaser. John Jones has been in touch (thanks John!) to advise that that greaser was none other that John's grandfather, Thomas Joyce, who left behind wife ?, & also 4 children & 18 grandchildren. Had circumstances been different, Thomas would have been aboard Royal Navy cruiser HMS Hampshire, which hit a mine on Jun. 5, 1916, during WW1, & might well have then lost his life as did Field Marshal Lord Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War. You can read John's complete message here.
There would seem to be much debate to this day about the total circumstances surrounding the loss of Hampshire. More lives might have been saved had the locals been permitted to help, but that help was rejected by authorities at the time, though which specific authorities seems not to be known. Lord Kitchener was a controversial figure indeed. Who was featured on this famous WW1 1914 recruitment poster, designed by Alfred Leete. But while that poster is amazingly well known, I read that it never was an official recruitment poster - though it did appear on the front cover of the then popular magazine 'London Opinion'. All most interesting, but beyond the purposes of this page & site.
The Cydonia crew was rescued by St. Clears, of South American Saint Line Ltd. The vessel was beached the next day. In fact, the vessel was re-floated & towed to Milford Haven by the tug Englishman. But the damage was 'beyond economical repair'. And Cydonia was broken up, accordingly - at Milford Haven. Do you have more data? Or perhaps another image?



Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder? The webmaster has seen a few references to vessels built by 'Briggs of Sunderland'. But, so far at least, has found no WWW data whatsoever about the shipbuilder other than a brief reference ('19th century') to 'William Briggs, a local timber merchant and ship builder', who bought Hylton Castle some years after 1840. Shipbuilding activities maybe operated as 'W. Briggs', 'W. Briggs & Son' or 'Briggs Son & Co.' The correct Briggs?

A message left in my guestbook suggests there may also have been a 'James Briggs'. Yes indeed.

But we now have lots of data about the shipbuilder on page 216 re Emma built 1865. Thanks to Meg Hartford. As follows:

William Briggs was born in 1803. He married Margaret Hedley. Both were born in Richmond, North Yorkshire. By 1841 the family were living in Sunniside West, Sunderland, and William is recorded as a merchant. The family comprises of eight children ranging in age from 13 to 2 years old and there are three servants.

By 1856 William Briggs and Co. were building ships at North Hylton and the 1861 census records William as a timber merchant and shipbuilder living at The Esplanade, Sunderland. His eldest son, Robert, now aged 33, is enumerated as a ship builder and ship broker.

In 1862 William bought Hylton Castle, which stands on the north side of the River Wear. He made alterations to the building to make it look 'more medieval'. He never lived there. His second son, Charles James Briggs, inherited it on the death of his father and he lived there until his death in 1900.

William Briggs had retired by 1871 when he lived at Moorlands, South Moor, Sunderland. Some of the Briggs family continued to live there until the 1950’s. This is the site of the present Southmoor School and I believe that parts of the house were retained. Robert Briggs is a timber merchant in 1871 and this business is listed in Whelan’s Directory of 1894, with offices in John Street. It appears that the ship building and brokerage interests had either been sold or had closed.

William Briggs died in July 1871, his wife Margaret in April 1872 and his son Robert in November 1913. All are buried in the family plot at Sunderland (Grangetown) Cemetery.

Anyway, names of vessels constructed by 'Briggs' of Sunderland - in a table in build date sequence. Just eight vessels so far. Also to be added in are Prince Rupert (later Biland) built in 1865, & Bride built in 1870.


1   Renown
440 tons


A wooden barque which was launched on Jun. 29, 1860 & first registered on Jul. 5, 1860 (scroll to #28750). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1870/71, owned for its lifetime by T. (Thomas) Todd of London. Initially for service from Sunderland to China, soon London to Algoa Bay (E. coast of South Africa), then London to Australia & then ex London. With W. Wellbury serving as her initial captain (thru 1862/63), then W. Kewley (1862/63 thru 1865/66) & G. Adams (1865/66 thru 1870/71). The vessel made two voyages to Australia, the first of which arrived at Adelaide, South Australia, on Mar. 3, 1863, with a general cargo & a single passenger, after a 103 day voyage from London (left Nov. 20, 1862). With W. Kewley in command & George Adams her chief officer. She left for Guam on Apl. 9, 1863, either in ballast or with a cargo of wheat & flour (both are stated). She arrived again, with a general cargo & 6 or 7 passengers, on Feb. 9, 1866, G. E. Adams in command, at Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, having left Deal, Kent, on Oct. 13, 1865. She went on to Sydney, New South Wales, in ballast & on Apl. 30, 1866 left Sydney for Shanghai, China, with 652 tons of coal. So far as I can see, the vessel made no later voyages to Australia. The WWW available Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1870 all list Thomas Todd of London as her owner. 129.5 ft. long, signal letters QBSN.
LR of 1870/71 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Feb. 10, 1870, per line 54 here, the 440 ton barque was stranded at Pelew Island (Palau, Micronesia, E. of the Philippines) while en route from Bangkok, Thailand, to Yokohama, Japan. Crew of 13 - none lost. Then owned by Thomas Todd. Can you add anything additional? #2085


1 Anglo-Indian
444 tons


A wooden barque. Per 1 (50% down, marked 1883), 2 (Lloyd's data), 3 (Apl. 02, 1863 collision with Boanerges, ex 4), 5 (data & ref. to Krakatoa), 6 (the 'Krakatoa' 1883 voyage to Brisbane). 133.4 ft. long, signal letters NKJR, or for a year or so only, NKTR, a typo most likely. The vessel's name is a puzzle, being sometimes recorded as Anglo Indian & sometimes as Anglo-Indian. Built on speculation, it would appear, since 'W. Briggs' is recorded as the owner thru 1864. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from Google Books, thru 1887/88 - see left. The vessel may well be recorded in the 1889/90 edition, the last the webmaster has available, but the needed section of that register is missing. During an 1863 voyage from Foochow, China, to Melbourne, Australia, with a cargo of tea, the vessel was in collision with Boanerges on Apl. 2, 1863. At approximately 20.38N/114.59E, off Hong Kong. The rigging of both vessels was damaged. It would seem that Anglo-Indian made for Singapore & was likely repaired there. In 1864/65 the owner became 'Cottam & Co.' ('Cottam'), of London. In 1869/70, the ownership changed from Cottam to A. Lambert, also of London. However the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 states Henry Turner, of London, to be the owner. A new deck in 1871. Damaged & repaired in 1877. In 1879/80, in a confused Lloyd's listing, the vessel would seem to have become owned by 'Anderson, Anderson & Co.', of Aberdeen. By James Anderson of London per the 1880 MNL. In May 1883, the Krakatoa (1 & 2) volcanic eruption commenced, the giant explosion being later that year, on Aug. 27, 1883. Anglo-Indian was in the area, en route from Glasgow (left Jul. 7, 1883) to Brisbane (arrived Oct. 2, 1883). The vessel 'Passed Krakatoa Island on the 23rd, and when doing so we were literally covered with sand and small stone from this volcano'. It would seem that the vessel was one day's sailing from the island of Sumatra, when the volcano blew. The vessel was owned, in 1883 it would seem, by 'a) F. Ringer; b) Grand & J. Sharp', of Shanghai, China. Or maybe by 'P. V. Grant & Sharp' in 1884 rather than in 1883. In 1887/88, C. H. C. Moller, also of Shanghai, was the owner. A puzzle in the 1887/88 register. The builder, recorded as Briggs for over 20 years, became recorded as 'J. M. Reed', of Sunderland, for reasons unknown. MNL of 1890 lists the vessel as registered at Shanghai but owned by Mrs. Annie M. Moller of Nottingham, U.K. No other WWW data that I can find. Its final disposition? Need help!

2   Belvidera
684 or 685 tons


A wooden ship. Which was, I read, launched on Apl. 12, 1860 & first registered (scroll to #28379), at London, on Apl. 13, 1860. There would seem to be some modest confusion as to the vessel's name, being often referred to as Belvidere. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1860/61 thru 1871/72, always as Belvidera, of 684 tons & owned for that entire period by Allan & Sons of London - for service initially from Sunderland to India, but from 1861/62 from London to India. LR notes that her captain, thru 1864/65 was 'Atkinson', then, thru 1868/69 or 1869/70, W. Deane, & finally F. Gedye. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') initially, i.e. from 1862 thru 1864, lists the vessel as Belvidere, but from 1865 thru 1872 lists the vessel as Belvidera, owned by John Allan or John H. Allan, of London (MNL of 1870 is here). Per MNL always of 685 tons. 152.5 ft. long, signal letters PWFT.
LR of 1871/72 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Nov. 7, 1871, per line 1634 here, the ship, stated to be of 685 tons, was wrecked at Pondicherry (now Puducherry, E. coast of India, then a French colonial settlement), while en route from Madras, now Chennai, India, to Pondicherry with an unstated cargo. Crew of 24 - none lost. Then owned by John H. Allan. The loss is modestly referred to in this newspaper article - as Belvidere - which tells us that the vessel was lost in a cyclone. The loss is also referenced many times at 'Trove', Australia, generally as Belvidere, all noting 'wrecked at Madras'. Some crew lists are available here. Can you add anything additional? #2082

3 Frances
489 later 490/490 (N/G) tons


A wooden barque which was, I read, launched on Jun. 29, 1860 & first registered (scroll to #28169), at Dartmouth, on Aug. 18, 1860. Per 1 (image). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1892/93, owned thru 1887/88 by Hurrell & Co. (from 1876/77 R. Hurrell, from 1885/86 J. & F. Hill, & in 1887/88 F. W. & J. H. Hill), all of Salcombe, Devon. The names of 'Hurrell' & 'Hill' seem to be closely related. Frances was clearly, however, per Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') initially registered, thru 1864, at Dartmouth. Per MNLs, the vessel was registered at Salcombe & owned from 1867 thru 1883 (MNLs of 1870 & 1880) by Robert Hurrell of Kingsbridge, Devon (later of Buckland Tout Saints, Devon) & from 1884 thru 1887 (MNL of 1887) by John Hurrell Hill, of Powderham Villa, Salcombe. Under 'Hurrell' ownership the vessel served India ex Sunderland thru 1863/64, thereafter, thru 1870/71, from London incl. i) to Ceylon, now Sri Lanka (from 1866/67 thru 1868/69), & ii) to Singapore (in 1869/70 & 1870/71). From 1871/72 thru 1873/74, service from Liverpool to South America is LR referenced. Captains? Hill, F. Hill or F. W. Hill served as the vessel's captain from 1861/62 thru 1880/81 & in 1882/83 & 1883/84. Randle or C. (Charles) Randle is reported to have been the vessel's captain in parts of 1880/81 & 1881/82 & in 1885/86 & 1886/87. My apologies for the collective above text - the data is most complicated.
In 1887/88 LR reports that W. Barrett had become the vessel's owner, which name is clarified by MNL of 1888 to mean William Barrett of Sailors' Home, Swansea, Wales.
In or about 1887 the vessel was sold to owners from Norway. The vessel is last MNL listed in 1888 (no longer U.K. registered). The new Norwegian owner was T. Henrichsen, of Arendal, Norway, who sold her in 1890 to S. Allum of Drammen, Norway. H. Henrichsen was her captain thru 1891/92 & 'Eriksen' in 1892/93. S. Allum means, I learn, Simon Allum, who in 1891/92 owned just 2 vessels, i.e. this vessel & also Dorothy (also built by William Briggs, in 1861, & covered below).
137.0 ft. long, a poop deck 42 ft. long, & a short forecastle of 8 ft., signal letters PVHT.
Operational details re the vessel are limited. In that regard the webmaster needs help - from anyone who has a copy of 'Sea Breezes' Vol. 23/24 of 1957. The vessel is referenced on pages 155 & 235 in such volume. Only a 'snippet' of the text can be WWW viewed. Sea Breezes in part tells us - 'The Frances was a wood barque of 490 tons, built in 1860 by Briggs at Sunderland for Robert Hurrell and Company of Kingsbridge, Devon. The Frances was employed trading to the Cape & East Indies for about 15 years and then became a general trader, going where suitable freights .... In 1883 he (Who?) went into partnership with his brother and bought the barque from Hurrell. In 1887 the Frances was sold to T. Henrichsen of Arendal, Norway, who resold her in 1890 to Simon Allum of Drammen.' That is as much as I was able to glean with some effort. The complete articles would help greatly. I read that in Dec. 1885 Charles Randle, then 24 years old, was the vessel's captain (as noted above) & that on Dec. 14, 1885, 'somewhere off the coast of Ceylon' his wife (Florence Eliza Hawke) gave birth to a son, named Archie Ceylon Randle. You can read about him here.
On Mar. 3, 1893, a Lloyd's report was published which stated as follows - 'The Norwegian barque Frances, from Sunderland for Santos, was abandoned and afterwards sank. Crew landed at Grimsby'. Santos is today's São Paulo, Brazil. Many Frances crew lists are available. See also here re masters & owners of the vessel thru 1881. Can you add anything additional? #2086

4   Rifleman
346 tons


A wooden barque, which was, I read, launched on Mar 8, 1860 & first registered (scroll to #28370), at London, on Mar. 19, 1860. Per 1 (''), 2 (Report of Court of Inquiry), 3 (House of Commons papers, Vol. 75, published in 1877). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1860/61 thru 1876/77, & owned thru 1872/73 by 'Shepherd' of London - per the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1872, 'J. Shepherd'. (MNL of 1870). With Jean, later Lean, serving as the vessel's captain thru 1864/65, then Parson, later G. Parson, so serving from 1864/65 thru 1872/73. For initial service from Sunderland to the West Indies, but from 1861/62 thru 1872/73 always ex London i) to China in 1861/62, ii) to the West Indies in 1862/63 & 1863/64, iii) to Japan from 1864/65 thru 1869/70, & iv) to Mauritius in 1870/71 & 1871/72.
In 1872/73, per LR, the vessel became owned by Suart & Simpson, of London, with 'Little' serving as the vessel's captain, per LR for the balance of the vessel's life. Thru 1873/74, the last year for which LR listed intended voyages, the vessel served the West Indies, ex London. In 1876/77, LR rather lists G. S. Simpson, of London, as the vessel's then owner. MNLs of 1874 thru 1876 name Geo. S. Simpson as her owner (MNL of 1874). LR of 1877/78 advises that the vessel had been 'Burnt'. From 1875/76, LR listed the vessel at 347 tons - MNL had so recorded from 1865. 120.0 ft. long, signal letters PWFH.
On Jan. 13, 1877, Rifleman left London for Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of South America) with a general cargo & a crew of 12 all told & arrived at Demerera on Mar. 5, 1877. She was then owned by G. S. Simpson & three others. She there loaded a cargo of sugar, rum, cocoa-nuts & cocoa-nut beans for her return voyage to either London or Liverpool (both are referenced), leaving Demerara on Apl. 11, 1877 (or maybe on Apl. 16, 1877). On the afternoon of Apl. 25, 1877 the vessel was at 26.06N/55W, about 1,750 miles due E. of the S. Florida coast, & about 700 miles NE of the U.S. Virgin Islands. Three crewmen were in the forepeak of the vessel, which contained about 2 tons of coal, 2 water tanks etc. The forepeak was separated from the cargo of rum by a bulkhead of 1 in. boards. A fire broke out in the forepeak. All possible efforts were made to contain the fire, but it could not be extinguished & over the course of the next day, 4 explosions took place of increasing intensity. Soon after 9 a.m. on Apl. 26, 1877 the crew took to two ship's boats, & witnessed the vessel sink at about 1 a.m. on Apl. 27, 1877. One boat made the island of St. Kitts on May 7, 1877 after 20 days at sea; the other (with the captain aboard), was found by Star of the West, a brigantine, on Apl. 30, 1877 & its six occupants were landed back at Demerera. So there was no loss of life. The loss was the subject of a Court of Inquiry, held at London, whose 'pdf' report can be read here. All of the crew attended the Inquiry except for the three crew members who had been in the forepeak. They had joined another vessel & had left the country. To cut a long story short, after hearing all of the evidence, the Court concluded that the 3 crewmen must have been trying to get at the rum stored behind the bulkhead & inadvertently started the fire. The master was held not to be at blame - the Report seems not, however, to name him, but link 3 does - Kennedy. This contemporary newspaper article tells us that the captain's name was, in fact, 'Scott'. Many crew lists are available here. Can you add anything additional? #2090

5   Royal Sovereign
324 tons


A wooden barque which was, I read, launched on Oct. 16, 1860 & first registered (scroll to #28799), at Sunderland, on Oct. 29, 1860. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1870/71, always owned by 'Collingwood' of Sunderland, with 'Dale' always her captain. For continued service ex Sunderland, specifically to New York in 1861/62. I note that there was an earlier vessel of the name, built at Sunderland in 1848, also owned by 'Collingwood'. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of Mar. 1854 lists that earlier vessel as being then owned by Jas. W. Collingwood of Sunderland. It seems likely that 'Collingwood' sold his earlier vessel named Royal Sovereign, & gave that name to a replacement vessel, also built at Sunderland, site listed here. A puzzle is that the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records the vessel thru 1864 only. And that only one crew list is available, that of 1864. LR of 1870/71, however, notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. The first link above notes that advice re the vessel's loss had been received on Dec. 12, 1870.
That is all I can tell you about the vessel. So far I have found no other references either to the vessel or to the vessel's loss. 113.0 ft. long. Can you add anything additional? #2091

6   Skimmer of the Waves
396, later 392/410 tons


A wooden barque which had a very long life. It was, I read, launched on Feb. 23, 1860 & first registered (scroll to #28435), at Sunderland, on Apl. 2, 1860. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1888/89, owned thru 1880/81 by 'Thompson' of Sunderland, 'J. Thompson' from 1876/77. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of many years thru 1868 clarify the owner's name as meaning J. and J. Thompson (MNL of 1865), from 1870 John Thompson (also per Turnbull's Register of 1874 & MNL of 1880), in both cases of Saw Mills, Sunderland. With 'Hammond' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1867/68, R. (Robert) Gouch (often spelled 'Goouch' incl. here) thereafter thru 1879/80, & E. Lackey (maybe Lackeye) from 1880/81. 'Lackey', per LR, remained the vessel's captain for the balance of the vessel's lifetime. The vessel, owned by Thompson, served ex Sunderland to i) India (in 1861/62 & 1862/63), ii) Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) (in 1867/68 & 1868/69) & iii) Cape of Good Hope ('CGH'), South Africa, (from 1871/72 thru 1873/74). The vessel served CGH ex London in 1869/70 & otherwise served ex London or Sunderland. In 1881/82, per LR, the vessel became registered at Dundee, Scotland, & owned by D. Bruce & Co. of Dundee - David Bruce per MNLs of 1882 thru 1893, the last year in which the vessel is MNL listed. (D. Bruce per Turnbull's Register of 1884). LRs of 1887/88 & 1888/89 note that the vessel was then a hulk. 128.0 ft. long, signal letters PWKN.
Such operational history as I was able to find. i) On Oct. 10, 1860 the vessel encountered a heavy gale en route to Mauritius. ii) On May 16, 1861 the vessel was en route from Mauritius to London. iii) On Aug. 31, 1873, the vessel put into Melbourne for repairs (1 & 2), ex New York (left May 14, 1873, Gooch in command) en route to Dunedin, New Zealand. The vessel's chief officer is stated to have suffered the fracture of several ribs in a hurricane encountered en route. On Sep. 25, 1873 the vessel was cleared for Auckland via Dunedin & Wellington. It left Auckland for New York on Dec. 14, 1873 with a cargo that included kauri gum. iv) The vessel arrived at Melbourne on Dec. 29, 1875 ex New York (left Sep. 7, 1875. Gooch in command) with a varied cargo that included 5,000 cases of kerosene. On Jan. 17, 1876 the vessel left for Melbourne for Launceston, Tasmania, in ballast & there loaded 1,346 bales of wool, 90 tons of bark, tin etc. for London, in a cargo valued at £27,968. It arrived at Gravesend, London, on Jun. 29, 1876. v) On Oct. 16, 1877, the vessel arrived at Newport, Wales, with 400 loads of pit-props ex Bordeaux, France. It left Newport for Colombo, Ceylon, on Oct. 25, 1877, with 560 tons of coal. vi) On Aug. 18, 1878 the vessel arrived at St. Helena ex Tuticorin (now Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India), en route to London. vii) On Mar. 23, 1878 the vessel arrived at Colombo ex Newport. viii) A report in Dutch from St. Helena, dated Mar. 29, 1879 (reported Apl. 21, 1879), seems to state that the vessel landed 12 crew members of Batavia (built 1877 at Quebec, Canada) at Mauritius, further that three Batavia crew members had drowned in the Mar. 6, 1879 wreck. The survivors of Batavia had, I learn, been rescued by Sunbeam, an American barque, & presumably were later transferred to Skimmer of the Waves. ix) On Jul. 14, 1880 the vessel arrived at London ex Colombo. x) The vessel arrived at Penarth Dock, Cardiff, on Aug. 25, 1880 ex London in ballast. It left for St. Johns, Newfoundland, on Sep. 2, 1880 with 550 tons of coal. xi) As stated above, LR notes the vessel was a hulk from 1887/88. Now it might be expected that the vessel would have been hulked at Dundee. But it would seem to have been rather hulked at St. Johns, Newfoundland. Per this article ex page 3 (a 'pdf') here. I read (on page 25 here) that in early 1898, Cabot Steam Whaling Co. Ltd., both Norwegian & Newfoundland owned, established a whaling station at Snook's Arm, Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland, & relative thereto bought the Skimmer of the Waves hulk from 'Dundee Arctic Fisheries', the only Scottish whaling company involved in the Newfoundland sealing industry. To carry equipment men & stores to the construction site. I presume that 'Dundee Arctic Fisheries' must have been owned by David Bruce. I cannot tell you when the hulk was broken up. Crew lists thru 1880 are available here. Can you add anything additional or correct the above? #2095

7 Tetuan
435, later 438 tons


A wooden barque which was, I read, launched on Mar. 23, 1860 & first registered (scroll to #28381), at Sunderland, on Apl. 20, 1860. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1860/61 thru 1889/90 at least (LR of 1890/91 is not available to the webmaster) & per LR was owned thru 1874/5 by 'J. de Abrca' of Santander, Spain. Now it is a pleasure, when researching a vessel's history, to find extensive data already WWW available. In that regard, do visit '' which fine site does not wish to be Google translated into English, which extensively covers the vessel's Spanish history & has provided the image of the vessel, available at left. The vessel was, as stated above, first registered at Sunderland & at that time was granted Official Number #28381. 129.0 ft. long, later (1874/75) 132.9 ft., later (1889/90) 131.0 ft. long, signal letters WBTQ. It would seem that the vessel was modified, by Briggs it would seem, in or about 1874.
The origin of the vessel's name is of interest. I read that the vessel was, in fact, built for Messrs 'Abarca, Seminario and Plasencia' of Santander, intended for trade into the Pacific Ocean. 'Plasencia', correctly Don Antonio Plasencia, named the vessel Tetuan, to honour the then new peace between Spain & Morocco. Spain had declared war upon Morocco in 1859 & such war came to an end with the Spanish victory at the Battle of Tétouan on Feb. 4 or 6, 1860. Such battle was the subject of a much later (1962) lithograph by Salvador Dali entitled 'The Battle of Tétouan' (A, & B ex C). Tétouan is a major north Moroccan seaport city. It would seem that in 1867 at least there was a Spanish Ironclad of the same name - a print of such vessel, in the harbour at Havana, Cuba, was published on Mar. 23, 1867 in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. A major portion of such print can be seen here - ex a long expired e-Bay item thanks to eBay vendor allthingsbrooklyn.
My apologies! I digressed from the subject at hand! The vessel was first registered at Santander on May 11, 1860. Under Spanish ownership, the vessel served, per LR, from Sunderland to Spain thru 1863/64, then ex London, & from 1868/69 thru 1872/73 from Liverpool to Havana. Per LR, 'A. Plasnua' served as her captain thru 1864/65, then 'Ansoleaga' thru 1874/75. 'A. Plasnua' should correctly be, I read, Don Antonio Plasencia, & 'Ansoleaga' should correctly be Caledonio de Ansola. Link 1 however tells us that the vessel's first voyage ex Santander was not to or back to Sunderland but was, rather, to Havana & onwards to Valparaiso, Chile, under the command of Plasencia. On Nov. 6, 1861 (may well mean 1860), the vessel arrived at Santander ex Guayaquil, Ecuador, with a cargo of cocoa. It would seem that the vessel also traded regularly to the Far East, particularly to the Philippines & to Hong Kong. The vessel suffered no damage when a major storm hit Manila Bay, the Philippines, on Sep. 26, 1865. In or about 1874/75, the vessel became owned by C. H. Stewart of London, as is confirmed by Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1876 thru 1880, which clarify the vessel's then owner as being Chas. H. Stewart. With, per LR, 'J. Gavine' & then 'Barlow' as captains (their exact years of service are LR confusing). In or about 1881, J. (John) Palmer jun., also of London, became the vessel's owner thru to about 1887 (MNLs of 1882 & 1887). With 'Hyne' (thru 1883/84 at least) then 'Roper' (thru 1888/89 per LR), serving as her captain. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1888, when, per LR of 1887/88, the vessel was registered at Shanghai, China, & owned by F. Burchardi. 'Burchardi' would seem to have been from Hamburg, Germany. I say that because LR of 1888/89 has the vessel registered at Hamburg & owned by F. A. Burchardi. Ownership soon changed again. LR of 1889/90 tells us that the vessel was again registered at Shanghai & owned by P. V. Grant, which name is clarified by MNLs of 1889 & 1890 to mean Peter Ventnor Grant, of Shanghai. With 'Brown' serving as the vessel's captain. The vessel is not recorded in MNL of 1891.
The webmaster tried, without success, to find significant operational data re the vessel - other than a voyage ex Swansea, Wales, on Jan. 18, 1881, to Santos (São Paulo, Brazil), with a cargo of coal. Possibly 'Daubert' (a new name) in command. I do not know what finally happened to Tetuan, in or about 1891. Can you add anything additional? #2098

8   Victory
595 tons


Cinco Hermanos

In assembling this site, the webmaster has access to two master lists of vessels built at Sunderland. Both of such lists include Victory AND Cinco Hermanus (with a 'u'), each of 595 tons, both built by Briggs in 1860. It seems quite clear that Victory only became Cinco Hermanos in or about 1864 when sold to Spanish owners. I cannot explain how events of 1864 could have so affected the 1860 records.
The vessel, thru 1863/64 a ship & thereafter a barque, was, I read, launched on Jul. 19, 1860 & first registered (scroll to 29396) at London on Mar. 28, 1861. A long delay, or errors in the data? The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1864/65 as Victory & from 1864/65 thru 1885/86 as Cinco Hermanos.
Victory would seem to have been initially owned by Briggs & Sons, registered at London & captained by W. (William) Briggs. LR refers to its intended voyages as being from Sunderland to Australia in 1861/62 & 1862/63. So far as I can see, the vessel made one voyage only to Australia, its maiden voyage in fact, which departed London on Apl. 18, 1861 bound for Adelaide, South Australia (arrived Jul. 25, 1861, 96 days) under the command of William Briggs. It stayed in Australia what seems to be a long time, maybe searching for a return cargo - it left Adelaide for London only on Dec. 6, 1861, put in at Table Bay, South Africa, on Feb. 20, 1862 for medical aid, left again for London on Feb. 26, 1861 & arrived back at London on Apl. 23, 1862, 137 days out from Adelaide. The time in Australia would seem to have been eventful for William Briggs, her captain. On Sep. 8, 1861, the horse he was riding to the port, distracted apparently by a dead pig in the road, threw him off. His leg caught in the stirrup, he was dragged nearly a hundred yards & ended up unconscious on the road. His condition was initially thought to be precarious, but even though he suffered a concussion, a week later he was on his way to recovery. On Nov. 5, 1861, William got married, to Elizabeth Gibb, of Queenstown, Adelaide. The vessel made a short voyage to Port Wakefield, N. of Adelaide, there loading 2,210 bales of wool. It returned to Adelaide, and, with Mrs. Briggs on board of course, left for London on Dec. 6, 1861. In 1862/63, per LR, the vessel, became registered at Sunderland & owned by H. Craven of Sunderland. Now the Mercantile Navy List of 1865 lists her owner as being H. Craven Fulwell, of Sunderland, which words lack, I believe, a comma - there is a place called Fulwell in Sunderland. So H. Craven. Under 'Craven' ownership the vessel is LR noted as serving China ex London with L. Moon serving as her captain.
LR of 1864/65 records that the vessel had been sold, to 'Magurequi e Hijo' (& Sons) of Bilbao, Spain, & renamed, with 'Ormaechea' serving as her captain. Who served a long term as her captain it would seem - per LR he was still her captain in 1885/86. When Spanish owned, the vessel traded ex Liverpool, to the West Indies in 1864/65 & thereafter thru 1873/74 to Manila, the Philippines. Alas, I am not able to locate any later data about the vessel, which ceased to be LR listed in 1886/87. I suspect that we need additional data from Spanish sources. 146.0 ft. long, signal letters QFLR. Crew lists of Victory are available for just two years i.e. 1863 & 1864. Can you add anything additional? #2099

9   Dorothy
441 or 442/442 (N/G) tons


A wooden barque which was launched on Jul. 6, 1861 & first registered, at London, on Jul. 16, 1861 (scroll to #29792). Per 1 ('' data, am unable to provide a 'Google' translation link). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1894/95, at least - LR of 1895/96 is not available to the webmaster. The vessel is not recorded in LR of 1896/97. LRs from 1881/82 refer to 'W. Briggs & Sons' as her builders.
The vessel was initially, thru 1886/87, owned by 'Suart' of London - Suart & Co. thru 1875/76, Suart & Simpson from 1876/77 (if you ignore the likely error of 'Stuart & Co.' from 1863/64 thru 1866/67). For service from Sunderland to India, but from 1862/63 for service ex London to India, thereafter ex London to i) the West Indies (1863/66), ii) India (1866/68), iii) West Indies again (1868/74). The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists Stuart V. Simpson as her then, likely managing, owner. MNLs of 1867 thru 1875 all list William Simpson, of London, as her then owner (MNL of 1870). The equivalent lists of 1876 thru 1888 all record Geo. Suart Simpson, of London as her owner (MNL of 1880). Per LR, the vessel became of 442 tons in 1876/77, but MNL always recorded such tonnage. Under Suart etc. ownership, the vessel, per LR, had a number of captains - B. or R. Bruce thru 1868/69, J. Corrigall thru 1871/72, & P. Inkster thereafter thru to 1886/87. LR of 1887/88 advises that Mrs. A. Owens, of Swansea, Wales, had become her owner with J. Owens her manager & L. Riordean her captain. MNL of 1889, however, lists the vessel, now registered at Swansea, as owned by James William Evans of Swansea. The vessel must soon after have been sold, since MNL of 1890 does not list the vessel (no longer U.K. registered) while LR of 1889/90 advises that the vessel's then owner was C. L. Alumn, of Drammen, Norway, with J. Rabe her captain. LR of 1892/93 records S. (Simon) Allum, also of Drammen, as her owner, while LR of 1894/95 records H. J. Larsen, of Lillesand, Norway, with N. Gundersen replacing Rabe as the vessel's captain from 1892/93. Link 1 tells us that Hans Jørgen Larsen & others were the vessel's owners from 1895 & that the captains names were J. Raabe from 1889 to 1893 & Nicolai Gundersen in 1894 & 1895. 134.5 ft. long, signal letters QHDC.
The webmaster has had only modest success in finding data re the operational history of the vessel. On Jul. 27, 1876 it was reported (in red) that Verbena (there were two vessels of the name at the time, one of them built in Sunderland in 1856) ran into Dorothy of London, most likely 'our' Dorothy, & both suffered significant damage as a result. Dorothy was en route from Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of S. America) to London at the time. Verbena put into Plymouth while Dorothy also entered Plymouth but in her case under tow by Bywell Castle. On 4 occasions from Jul. 1890 thru Mar. 1891 the vessel passed signalling stations at Swansea Bay & at the Mumbles, both near Cardiff. Per link 1 (thanks!) :- a) in 1891, the vessel was remodeled or rebuilt at the Fevik iron shipbuilding yard 'for regning O. S. Wingaard of Kristiansand' which translates as 'at the expense of O. S. Wingaard of Kristiansand'. Not sure of the meaning of those words. b) the vessel was repaired in 1893. What finally happened to the vessel? Re such matter link 1 tells us that in 1895 the vessel was 'Solgt til København - avrigget' - i.e. sold to Copenhagen, Denmark, but the meaning of 'avrigget' is unclear - means 'rigged' or 'the rig'. Can you add to or clarify any of the above? #2083

10   Eleanor
433 tons


A wooden barque which was launched on Oct. 19, 1861 & first registered, at London, on Nov. 15, 1861 (scroll to #43966). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1885/86 & owned, thru 1879/80, by J. Shepherd (J. Shepherd & Co. from 1876/77) of London. With four captains during the period of 'Shepherd' ownership, i.e. Silk or T. Silk thru 1868/69, T. Maxwell thru 1872/73, G. Jobson thru 1876/77 & Langlois thru 1879/80. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists J. Shepherd & Co., of London, as the vessel's then owner, while MNLs from 1867 thru 1879 list J. Shepherd (MNL of 1870). The vessel is not recorded in MNL of 1880, the vessel no longer being British owned, rather owned, per LR of 1879/80 thru 1881/82 by 'Mercadé' of Le Havre, France, with Courle serving as the vessel's captain. The vessel's name was not changed. From 1882/83 thru 1885/86, 'Marcadet' of Le Havre is listed as the vessel's owner with 'Tahé' serving as her captain. 135.0 ft. long, signal letters TRFB.
Now LR reported intended voyages thru to the 1873/74 edition. The vessel's initial service was, per LR, from Sunderland to India (thru 1864/65) & thereafter always ex London, to i) Japan (in 1865/66 & 1866/67 & from 1869/70 thru 1871/72), ii) Amoy (Xiamen, China, in 1867/68), & iii) Singapore (in 1868/69 & in 1872/73 & 1873/74). I have tried to find operational references to the vessel but found only one - that on Jul. 9, 1869 the vessel left London for Amoy with Silk in command.
Many crew lists, thru 1879, are available here. The vessel is not recorded in LR after 1885/86. I cannot yet tell you what happened to the vessel nor when. Do be in touch should you be able to add to or correct the above? #2100

11   Eunice
321 tons


A wooden barque which was launched in May 1861 & first registered, at Aberystwyth, Wales, on Jun. 19, 1861 (scroll to #29309). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1864/65 only, listed (incorrectly I believe) as built by Reed rather than Briggs, registered at Aberystwyth, owned by Lewis & Co. & captained by D. (David) Lewis. Two lists of Sunderland built vessels both reference W. Briggs as the builder. I read that Jenkin Jones became the vessel's captain from Mar. 19, 1866. The Mercantile Navy List of 1865 lists Lewis Lewis of Llanrhystyd as her then owner. For service from Sunderland to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, thru 1863/64 & from London to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1864/65. The only reference I have found re the vessel is that, likely in or about Jul. 1866, Eunice en route from Newport, Wales, to Antigua, West Indies, assisted in putting out a fire aboard Gitanella, a barque en route from Swansea, Wales, to St. Jago de Cuba, presumably with a cargo of coal. As per this newspaper article. (It would seem that such vessel was correctly Gitanilla, ON 51167, built in 1865 at Sunderland by Robert Thompson Jun.) 108.0 ft. long, signal letters QFCV.
The first link above advises us that the vessel had been lost as per an advice dated Nov. 10, 1866. I have not been able to find when she was lost nor the circumstances. Can you tell us what exactly happened & when or otherwise add anything? A couple of crew lists are available here. See here also. #2096

12   Matilda
386 tons


A wooden barque which was launched in Sep. 1861 & first registered, at London, on Dec. 4, 1861 (scroll to #43977). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1868/69. With no captain name referenced. Owned for that entire period, per LR, by Hankey & Co. of London, for service from London to the West Indies. LR of 1868/69 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. 127.3 ft. long.
That whole LR record is quite a puzzle. Why? Because the vessel was, in fact, lost back in Jan. 1862. On Jan. 18, 1862, per line 2068 here, the 386 ton barque was stranded at Guadeloupe while en route from Sunderland to Port Louis (NW Grande Terre, Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles, Caribbean) with a cargo of coal. Crew of 15 - none lost. Then owned by George Hankey. Can you tell us the circumstances of the vessel's loss or otherwise add anything? #2084

13 Harriette Wardle
252 later 214 tons


Harriett Wardle
Harriet Wardle

A wooden brig. Per 1 (inquiry into 1888 grounding). 103.5 ft. long, signal letters TVGB. Built for J. Wardle ('Wardle'), of Sunderland. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1889/90 - see left. The vessel's name was changed, by 1864, from Harriette Wardle to Harriett Wardle, i.e. the final 'e' on 'Harriette' was dropped. No later Register name change thru 1889/90. In 1866/67, Wardle sold the vessel to 'Shepherd & Co.', of London, later recorded as 'J. Shepherd & Co.' - James Shepherd. At that time, the vessel was modified slightly - it became 104.4 ft. in length. In 1883/84, the vessel became owned by 'T. G. Robins', later 'T. G. Robins & Co.', registered at London. On Sep. 21, 1888, the vessel, then owned 50/50 by 'Thomas G. Robins' ('Robins') & 'George Godfrey', both of Guernsey, Robins being the managing owner, ran aground at Reikslakt, Dago, (an Estonian island also known as Hiiumaa). In the Baltic, N. of the Gulf of Riga. She had sailed from the Tyne, with a cargo of 340 tons of coal, under the command of Robert Crawley with a crew of 9 all told. An unnamed schooner became involved in the vessel's salvage, & for a fee of 1/4 of the value of ship & cargo (60 or 70 tons of coal were discharged), floated the vessel, which was then sailed to Kertel. Major damage was apparent. The vessel then proceeded to Aho, where her bilge & keel plates were repaired. I cannot place Kertel & Aho, but they are both likely on Dago island. After repairs were completed, the vessel proceeded to Rafso, Finland, loaded a cargo of deals & battens & reached Guernsey on Jan. 23, 1889. The later Inquiry determined that the grounding was due to the Captain's 'reckless navigation' & 'subsequent utter disregard for time, distance, and soundings'. His master's certificate was suspended for 4 months during which time it was recommended that he be granted a mate's certificate. A puzzle is that the Inquiry names the vessel Harriet Wardle, i.e. one 't' only. The exact location was not stated - at about 58.25N/22.50E, however. I have no Lloyd's Registers after 1889/90 so the later changes of ownership, etc., are unknown to the webmaster. However, the Mercantile Navy List of 1900 states the then managing owner of the 214 ton vessel to be Charles Earl of South Shields. It would seem, however, that the ship may still have been in existence in 1901. It certainly was! Judy Hill has kindly been in touch to provide a census report for the vessel which was at Portsmouth, Hampshire, on the appropriate day i.e. Mar. 31, 1901. She then had a crew of 8 with Joseph Avitt, age 52, of Robin Hood's Bay, her master. As you can read here (1 & 2). Thanks Judy! The register was closed in 1903. Need help!

14   Macedon
496 tons


A wooden barque which was launched on Oct. 24, 1862 & first registered, at Bristol, on Nov. 14, 1862 (scroll to #44115). Macedon? An ancient Kingdom dating from the 7th or 8th centuries BC, centred on the plains W. of The Gulf of Salonica, today in NW Greece. The origins of Alexander the Great. Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1885/86, the vessel was initially registered at Bristol & owned by W. Brass, which owner name is clarified by Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1872 to mean Wm. Brass, of Reigate, Surrey. With Summerfield serving as the vessel's captain. For service from Sunderland to China (in 1862/63 & 1863/64), from London to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka, in 1870/71 & 1871/72), & otherwise ex London. In 1872/73 the vessel became both owned & captained by W. F. Hodge, of Falmouth, Cornwall, for service from London i) in 1872/73 to Karachi (now Pakistan) & ii) in 1873/74 to Rangoon, Burma. MNLs of 1874 thru 1879 state her owner to be Wm. F. Hodge of Devoran, Cornwall. In 1879/80, but only for a brief period, the vessel became owned by J. Cairns of Greenock, Scotland, i.e. John Cairns per MNL of 1880. In 1880/81, per LR, C. Fergus, also of Greenock, became the vessel's owner - Charles Fergus per MNL of 1882. While Greenock owned, J. Evans per LR served as the vessel's captain. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1883, having been sold to Norwegian owners, LR stated to be H. Petterson, who also served as the vessel's captain. No change of name, it would appear. No port of registry within Norway is LR indicated. The vessel's last LR listing is in 1885/86. 137.5 ft. long, signal letters TRQW. Crew lists are available including many lists held in Bristol.
I have tried to find operational data about the vessel. But found only a couple of references to Macedon passing the Lizard signal station. I found nothing about what finally happened to her. Can you tell us what happened to the vessel & when or otherwise add anything? #2101

15   Medusa
848 tons,
later 818/866,
later 833/860 tons


A wooden ship (later a barque) which was launched on Apl. 15, 1862 & first registered, at London, on Apl. 22, 1862 (scroll to #44844). And survived for over 36 years being abandoned at sea in 1898. 'Briggs' clearly built a most sturdy ship! Per 1 (data in Norwegian, ''), 2 (Norwegian data, ''). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1898/99. For the first 25 years of its life, the vessel was owned by 'Allan' of London - 'Allan & Sons' thru 1875/76, 'J. Allan & Sons', thereafter. With, per LR, just three captains thru that period i.e. S. Plant thru 1869/70, 'Flindell' thru 1878/79, Roberts or J. H. Roberts thru 1885/86. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') clarify the owners names to mean John Allan (in 1865), John H. Allan from 1867 thru 1882 (MNL of 1870) & Henry H. Allan from 1883 thru 1885, all of London. Now LR records intended voyages thru 1873/74 only. In such period the vessel served India i) ex Sunderland from 1861/62 thru 1863/64 & ii) ex London in later years thru 1873/74.
The vessel is not recorded in MNL of 1887 having been sold to T. F. Andorsen, of Mandal (southernmost Norway, W. of Kristiansand [Oslo]). From 1892/93, LR notes the owner had become Actieselsk "Medusa" (T. F. [or J. F.] Andorsen). And from that date had become a barque. During its Norwegian ownership period, the vessel had two captains i.e. E. Oxholm, Jr. soon E. Oxholm thru 1894/95 at least, & H. J. Hansen from 1896/97 at least.
It would seem that the vessel must have been, per LR, modified a couple of times. Its initial length was 161.0 ft., later 168.9 ft. in 1886/87 (818/866 tons) & 171.2 ft. in 1892/93 (833/860 tons). Signal letters TWRL, later JDWG.
There were many vessels of the name & identifying operational detail for this particular Medusa is difficult. I could find virtually no data during its 'Allan' years. But the following, I think, relate to 'our' vessel. i) On Dec. 3, 1868, the vessel left Cardiff, Wales, for Copenhagen, Denmark, with a cargo of coal. ii) Late in May 1886 the vessel left Cardiff, for Cape Verde with a cargo of coal. iii) On Oct. 25, 1886, when the vessel was at South Dock, Swansea, Wales, a Medusa sailor fell from the main yard & died from his injuries. iv) on Jul. 4, 1887, the vessel landed at Bristol, timber & deals ex Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. v) On Jul. 22, 1867 the vessel was entered out at Newport, Wales, for Rio de Janeiro ('Rio') with 1,170 tons of coal. vi) On Jun. 29, 1889, the vessel arrived at South Dock, Swansea, with timber ex Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada  vii) On Jul. 27, 1889, the vessel was again entered out from Swansea for Rio with coal, Oxholm in command. ix) On May 26, 1893 the vessel left Newport for Para (Brazil?), Oxholm in command. It would seem that the vessel had been under tow heading from Portsmouth into Newport. Also x) On Sep. 28, 1896 a Swedish owned barque of the name was towed into the outer roads at Holyhead (Anglesey, N. Wales), with damage to her port bow 'apparently' caused by a collision, & having lost parts of her masts & sails. She had encountered a major storm while en route from Ardrossan, Scotland, to the Baltic with a cargo of phosphate (3 & 4). Was it 'our' Medusa? I suspect so since I have not spotted a Swedish barque of the name at that time.
Links 1 & 2 above refer in Norwegian to the vessel's final destiny as being (in translation) '25/4 Darien - Grimsby. Timber load (pitch pine). Leaky. Dismasted. Abandoned in 1898. Wreck was seen by several ships in May-June in the North Atlantic'. From the 'Indianapolis News' of May 20, 1898 - 'It is feared that the crew of twenty men of the Norwegian bark Medusa has been drowned. She sailed from Darien, Ga. (Georgia U.S.A.), on April 25, for Grimsby (Lincolnshire, U.K.) under command of Captain Hansen. On May 12 the waterlogged and abandoned hulk of the bark was passed in latitude 34.02 and longitude 72.04 by the schooner Susie M. Plummer.' Can you correct the above or add anything additional? #2102

16   Rosalie
349, later 349/357 (N/G) tons




A wooden barque which was launched on Sep. 26, 1862 & first registered, at Liverpool, on Oct. 24, 1862 (scroll to #45380). It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1886/87. LR of 1862/63 first advises that the vessel was owned by J. Wood of Liverpool, with 'McGuffie' serving as the vessel's captain, for service from Sunderland to the West Indies. It secondly advises that the vessel, renamed Manuela, had become owned by 'Echevarra', of Havana, Cuba, with 'Labrador' serving as the vessel's captain. 'Echevarra' owned the vessel thru 1879/80, for service ex Sunderland thru 1865/66, & ex Liverpool thereafter to i) the West Indies in 1866/67 & ii) to Havana, thru 1873/74. 'Naveran' took over the captaincy from 1866/67 thru 1873/74, then 'Aquirre' thru 1875/76 & 'R. Guardiola' thru 1879/80. All per LR. In 1879/80 per LR, the vessel, now of 349/357 (N/G) tons, became owned by 'G. G. Mcandr'w' of Liverpool, as the renamed Rosalie. Such new owner's name is clarified by Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1880 thru 1884 to mean George G. Macandrew of Tower Buildings, Liverpool. 'Naile' served as the vessel's captain under 'Macandrew' ownership at least thru 1883/84 (LR of 1884/85 is not available to the webmaster). LR of 1885/86 lists the vessel as then owned by Calder Shipping Co. Ltd., also of Liverpool, with T. Barker her captain. LR of 1886/87 confirms the 'Calder' ownership but adds the name of A. Inkster & Co., presumably the vessel's managers. MNL of 1885 confirms that the vessel's owners were 'The Calder Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Irwell Chambers, Liverpool. 123.0 ft. long, signal letters SPDJ.
LR of 1886/87 notes that the vessel had been 'LOST'. Thanks to the folks at 'Welsh Newspapers Online', I have found this reference to a British barque named Rosalie, en route from Bremerhaven, Germany, to the Mumbles (Swansea Bay, Wales), in ballast, run down & sunk by an unknown vessel. As advised by Lloyd's on Jan. 6, 1886. Maybe in the English Channel. The reference notes that nine of her crew had been drowned. And that Henry Ranch had been saved. I cannot tell you who Henry Ranch was. It seems clear that this referred to 'our' Rosalie, since only one barque of the name was LR or MNL listed at the time. Many crew lists are available here, including, it would seem, lists from the period when the vessel was named Manuela. Can you tell us anything additional? #2108

17   Trafalgar
293 tons


A wooden barque which was launched on Mar. 15, 1862 & first registered, at Sunderland, on Apl. 4, 1862 (scroll to #44464). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1881/82 & for many of those years, thru 1872/73, was owned by 'Collingwood' of Sunderland. With J. Hart noted to be her captain thru 1863/64 & J. Hall thereafter thru 1875/76. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') clarify such owner names. MNL of 1865 lists J. W. Collingwood, of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owner, while MNL of 1867 rather states A. J. Collingwood. MNLs of 1868 thru 1872 (at least) list Mrs. A. J. Collingwood. During the period of 'Collingwood' ownership, per LR, the vessel served the Mediterranean ex Sunderland in 1861/62, 1862/63, 1870/71 & 1871/72. It served China ex Sunderland in the period of 1863/64 thru 1865/66. In 1866/67 the vessel served the West Indies ex the Clyde, & in 1867/68 & 1868/69 served the Mediterranean, again ex the Clyde. The vessel served South America ex Sunderland in 1869/70.
From 1873/74 thru 1880/81, per LR, the vessel was owned by 'Golightly' of Sunderland - Golightly & Co. thru 1875/76 & G. Golightly & Co. thereafter. MNLs of 1874 thru 1880 list George Golightly of Southwick, Durham, as the vessel's then owner thru 1875, & in the years of 1876 thru 1880 rather of East Bolden, near Sunderland. Turnbull's Register of 1874 lists her then shareholders as being J. Golightly of Sunderland & G. Golightly of Southwick, each with 32 shares. 'Lockwood' per LR, served (from 1875/76) as the vessel's captain under 'Golightly' ownership. Crew lists thru 1880 are available here.
It would seem that in or about 1880 or 1881, the vessel was sold to non-British owners & thereupon ceased to be MNL listed. LR of 1881/82 provides no owner name but does tell us that the vessel had become registered in Sweden. The vessel is not listed in LR of 1882/83, at least not as Trafalgar, but may well be listed there under a different name. 103.5 ft. long, signal letters TVGF. Can you tell us the name of her new Swedish owners and/or advise us what later happened to the vessel? #2112

18   Bentuther
306 or 307 tons


A wooden barque which was launched on Apl. 17, 1863 & first registered, at Liverpool, on Apl. 28, 1863 (scroll to #45908). Bentuther is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1862/63 thru 1883/84 (306 tons to 1874/75, 307 tons thereafter) & for its entire lifetime it was owned, per LR, by 'Sproat' & registered at Liverpool - Sproat Bros. thru 1881/82 & then J. Sproat. With, per LR, many captains, i.e. 'Hannah' thru 1864/65 or 1865/66, 'Conning' or J. Conning (LR reports the name confusingly) thru 1873/74, G. Halliday thru 1876/77, 'Milligan' thru 1880/81 & J. Clachrie thereafter. 'Miller', was her captain when the vessel was lost in early 1884. LR reports her intended voyages as being i) to India ex Sunderland (in 1862/63 & 1863/64) ii) ex London in 1864/65, iii) from Shields to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) from 1865/66 thru 1867/68, iv) from London to Malabar (the SW coast of India) in the period of 1868/69 thru 1872/73, & v) from London to Valparaiso, Chile, in 1873/74. On a voyage from Liverpool to Callao, Peru, in early 1879, one seaman was reported with scurvy. On Sep. 27, 1880, the vessel arrived at Rio de Janeiro ex Cardiff with a cargo of coal, Jones in command. 113.0 ft. long, signal letters VGHM.
The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') report her ownership (307 tons from 1865) rather differently, but always registered at Liverpool. From 1865 thru 1868, MNL reports the vessel as being named Benluther (amended to Bentuther from 1870), & owned from 1865 thru 1872 by James Conning of Kirkcudbright, Scotland. In 1874 & 1875, MNL lists Dr. J. Sproat, also of Kirkcudbright, as her then owner. MNLs of 1876 thru 1883 (MNL of 1880) list Jas. Sproat of Kirkcudbright as her owner & in 1884 Jas. Sproat of Brunswick St., Liverpool. It would seem likely that Conning & Sproat were in partnership along some portion of the period.
LR of 1883/84 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. In late Dec. 1883, the vessel, under the command of Captain Miller, was en route from Le Havre, France, to Liverpool, in ballast & with a crew of ten all told. At 1 or 1:30 a.m. in the morning of Jan. 2, 1884, the vessel struck Grassholm Rocks (a then unlit, uninhabited island located about 8 miles off the coast of Pembrokeshire, Wales, the most westernmost point on the Welsh coast). Off the 'Smalls'. The vessel was bumping heavily on the rocks & launching a ship's boat was considered to be impossible. Fortunately the ship's jibboom hung above a rock on shore & by means of ropes the crew all managed to escape the vessel via such route, many of them badly bumped & bruised as a result. Captain Miller was the last to leave & as he did so the ship capsized. Tilly, a ketch came by in the afternoon of that day (I think), took the crew aboard & landed them at nearby Milford Haven. On Jan. 4, 1884, the Lloyd's report re her loss was published (in red). Two contemporary newspaper reports (A & B). Crew lists thru 1883 are available here. Can you add  to or correct the above? #2115

19   Seabird
333 later 334/339 (N/G) tons


A wooden barque which has many inconsistencies in the recording of its data. Two lists of Sunderland built ships name the vessel Seabird - a name that is consistently recorded in Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') from 1864 thru 1882. However Lloyd's Registers ('LR') of 1863/64 thru 1873/74 rather list the vessel as Sea Bird, & record Seabird only in 1874/75 & thereafter. The vessel was clearly first registered at Sunderland on May 19, 1863 (scroll to #44540) which is a further puzzle since the vessel would appear to have been launched in Dec. 1862. MNLs from 1872 list the vessel as built in 1863, while LR always lists her as 1862 built, as do the two Sunderland build lists. Since she was first registered in 1863, I have accepted that year as being correct. There are further anomalies in the available ownership data.
So I will advise what I know & have read.
The vessel is LR listed from 1863/64 thru 1882/83. LR advises that thru 1868/69 the vessel was owned by Parker & Co. of Sunderland, for service from Sunderland to China with W. Steward serving as the vessel's captain. MNLs of 1865 thru 1875 record T. Parker of Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, as the vessel's owner. Now readers may be interested to know that Thomas Parker, of Sunderland, earlier owned a vessel of a similar name i.e. Sea Bird of 1839. In 1868/69, per LR, the vessel became owned by 'Holmes' of Sunderland, 'H. Holmes'  from 1871/72, for service from Falmouth, Devon, to China (in 1868/69 thru 1870/71), & to the West Indies ex i) Cork, Ireland, (in 1871/72) & ii) Cardiff, Wales (in 1872/73 at least). With 'Martyn' serving as her captain thru 1871/72 & R. Dodd thru 1874/75. MNLs do not refer to an owner named Holmes. I can now see why though the data creates some further confusion. Turnbull's Register of 1874 lists a 382 ton barque named Seabird, built in 1864 & registered at Sunderland & owned by Thos. Parker (48 shares) & Henry Holmes (21 shares). Which numbers do not add up to the normal 64 shares. In 1874/75, per LR, R. Croft & Co., of Liverpool, became the vessel's owner with G. E. Trigg her captain. MNL does not refer to 'Croft' either but does, in 1876 list Wm. H. Rowan (a name not LR referenced), of Liverpool, as her then owner. In 1876/77, per LR, R. J. Swyny, of Liverpool, became the vessel's owner with 'T. Kearon' her captain thru 1880/81, 'E. Bryne' thru 1882/83 & finally 'Martin'. MNLs of 1878 thru 1882 list Richard J. Swyny, of Fenwick Court, Liverpool, as her owners (MNL of 1880 is here). 110.0 ft. long, signal letters TVMG.
LR of 1882/83 notes that the vessel had 'Stranded'. I have not yet spotted what specifically happened to her or when or where. Can any site visitor help with such data, or add to or correct the above? Many crew lists thru 1882 can be accessed via this site. #2109

20   Alexandria
481 (later 497) tons


A wooden barque, 142.3 ft. long, later 139.7 ft. The record for this vessel is confusing indeed. It was launched on May 5, 1864 & was owned, per Lloyd's Registers ('LR') of 1863/64 thru 1866/67 by 'Wood & S' of Liverpool, for service from Sunderland to the West Indies. With 'McGuffie' her captain. So far as I can see, the vessel was not issued an Official Number, which is most unusual. LR of 1866/67 advises that the vessel had been renamed Catalina, & become owned by Afabfesser of Havana, Cuba, for service ex Sunderland (thru 1867/68) & then from Liverpool to the West Indies. The vessel continued to be LR listed thru 1881/82, still owned by Afabfesser, with just one captain thru that entire Afabfesser period - Guardiola. With no reference to its prior name. The vessel is not recorded in LR of 1882/83 nor in the following years & I thought that the vessel must have been lost in some way. But ... searching for a later vessel of the name, I have spotted that this vessel is again recorded in LR, from 1891/92 at least (LR of 1890/91 is not available to the webmaster) thru 1896/97 (but not in 1897/98), now of 497 tons & with signal letters HGBT, owned by Jané & Co. of Barcelona, Spain, from 1893/94 M. Jané. With 3 captains in that period i.e. Roig, Ferrara & J. Ferreras (but could it be that Ferrara & Ferreras were one & the same person). The vessel, previously 142.3 ft. long, was during such period recorded at 139.7 ft. only. Some further 'confusion'. I note that the vessel is recorded, from 1876 thru 1897 in the 'Record of American & Foreign Shipping' & the 'American Lloyd's Record of American & Foreign Shipping'. With quite different data than that recorded in LR. The vessel's owner is there listed as Bosq & O, becoming J. Borch & Co. & from 1886 Romulo Bosch, all of Barcelona. With, in time sequence, J. Ferran, Goredo, Bengorrhea, Goredo again, Bengorrhea again, & Garriga her captains. Do check my captain detail at Mystic Seaport & for expanded data. The webmaster is not aware what finally happened to the vessel nor when. Can you tell us? Or add anything additional? #2150

21   John Allan
734 tons

1426 (Castellammare, Italy)

San Francisco

A wooden ship, later a barque, which was launched on Apl. 6, 1864 & first registered, at London, on Apl. 21, 1864 (scroll to #48742). 159.1 ft. long, signal letters VWCK. The vessel is listed in Lloyd's Register ('LR') from 1864/65 thru 1889/90 at least - LR of 1890/91 is not available to the webmaster.  The vessel was initially owned, thru 1885/86, by J. Allan of London, from 1876/77 J. H. Allan, for service to India, ex Sunderland (in 1864/65) & ex London thereafter. With J. Horne, per LR, her captain thru 1878/79 (J. A. Horne, I believe) & then 'Mabbit' until ownership changed in 1885/86. There seems to have been some early confusion as to the owner's name despite the vessel name. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists John Allan & Sons, of London, as the vessel's then owner, while MNLs of 1866 thru 1870 list John H. Allen (with an 'e') before reverting to John H. Allan (with an 'a') thru 1882 & Henry H. Allan from 1883. (MNLs of 1870, 1880 & 1885). The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1887. For your interest ... The webmaster has seen just one reference to 'John Allan & Sons', re the Board of Trade Inquiry, in 1866, into the loss of Countess of Ripon, (ON 48548, built in Hull in 1863) described as an Indian emigrant ship. That vessel, on its final voyage, carried a cargo of rice & 408 or 508 coolie emigrants from Calcutta (now Kolkata, India) to work the sugar plantations of St. Vincent, Grenada & Demerera until it was lost, near Barbados, on Jan. 21, 1866. Such service may or may not be representative of the activities of John Allan & Sons. It would be good to learn more about the company.
LR of 1885/86 first records that the vessel i) had been renamed San Francisco, ii) had become owned by M. Lubrano & iii) was registered at Marseilles, France. And then lists the vessel, now a barque, as owned by Lubrano Bros. of Castellammare di Stabia ('Stabia'), which is in Italy, located about 19 miles SE of Naples. And registered at Stabia. As is confirmed by 'Registro Italiano' of 1886. There would seem to have been many ship owners named Lubrano - LR of 1891/92 lists 11 such owners, 9 living in Stabia & 2 in Marseilles. Lubrano Bros. continued to own the vessel, per LR, thru 1889/90 at least. With L. Genuto (in 1885/86 & 1887), & L. Scotto (thereafter), serving as the vessel's captain. San Francisco is listed in 'Record of American & Foreign Shipping', from 1886 thru 1890 with L. Scotto her captain. The webmaster does not yet know what finally happened to San Francisco nor when, though likely in late 1890 or in 1891. If you have that data, do consider advising the webmaster for inclusion here. Many John Allan crew lists, thru 1883, are available here. #2155

22 Silver Craig
322 tons


A wooden barque. 117.3 ft. long, signal letters WHLK, not Miramar listed. The vessel was launched on Jul. 5, 1864 & first registered, at Liverpool, on Jul. 22, 1864 (scroll to #50272). It would seem that the vessel was earlier intended to be named Ailsa Craig. Silver Craig is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1864/65 thru 1880/81, always owned by 'Sproat' & registered at Liverpool (J. Sproat from 1876/77). For service thru 1866/67 from Sunderland to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), from Liverpool to South America during the period of 1867/68 thru 1869/70 & in 1873/74, & otherwise ex Liverpool. LR did not report such data after 1873/74. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1872 (1870 is here) list James Sproat Brothers, of Kircudbright (Kircudbrightshire, Scotland, on N. side of the Solway Firth), as her then owners. MNLs of 1874 & 1875 list D. & J. Sproat as the vessel's owners, while MNLs of 1876 thru 1880 list Jas. Sproat, all of Kircudbright. LR reports a number of captains over the years - Baker thru 1867/68, Currie thru 1870/71, D. Phillips thru 1873/74, Hunter thru 1876/77, Murdoch thru 1879/80 & R. Mainland from 1879/80.
A single operational detail. On May 15, 1870, while en route from Islay (Inner Hebrides, Scotland) to Pernambuco, Brazil, Captain Cohu (possibly Cohn) in command, something unusual was spotted on Rocas Reef, 160 miles NE of Natal, Brazil. The vessel ended up rescuing from such reef 6 seamen, the sole survivors of Mercurius (of Liverpool), marooned on the coral reef for 51 days. The Mercurius captain, Captain Cuthbertson, & 15 other crew members were not so fortunate. The six had reached shore & survived in large part due to 2 water tanks, part of the wreckage of Duncan Dunbar which had been wrecked on the reef on Oct. 7, 1865. Such tanks, found on the sands, fortunately contained fresh drinking water, otherwise unavailable on the reef. Silver Craig later landed the 6 at Liverpool. As per these (A & B) newspaper reports, amended as necessary. A 37 page account of the experiences of those 6 survivors is to be found at page 408 in 'Shipwrecks and Disasters' by W. H. G. Kingston, published in 1875 - a Google book available here. The story was also published in many other places incl. 'Sea Breezes' in 1924.
I learn that on Nov. 7, 1880, Silver Craig ran aground & was lost on Seca Island, off Port Polonio, Uruguay. I have also read that it was rather lost at Rasa Island, further that it must have later been floated off since it was towed to Maldonado, Uruguay, by Norsmann, a steamer owned by a submarine cable company. A Naval Court of Inquiry into her loss was held at Montevideo on Dec. 31, 1880. The court concluded (in red) that the vessel's loss was caused by an error of judgment of her master. His name? It would be good to be able to access the Inquiry's full report. The vessel would seem to have sailed on Sep. 1, 1880 from Liverpool for Montevideo with a general cargo. This page, the source of the image at left (thanks!), tells us that the London Times of Nov. 11, 1880 reported that the vessel was ashore at Polonio & 'cannot be saved'. Is there anything you can add? #2158

23 Varuna
489 (later 512) tons


A wooden barque. 144.2 ft. long, signal letters RCWF, not Miramar listed. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from Google Books, thru 1889/90, but the vessel is not recorded in the 1889/90 edition. It certainly is listed in the 1898/99 edition. See left. The vessel was initially registered to Briggs & Co. of Sunderland, but soon was owned by 'M. Amsinck', of Hamburg, Germany, maybe for 'M. G. Amsinck', as recorded in the 1876/77 & later register editions. For trade to Singapore, it would seem. In 1880, under the command of Captain E. H. Koopmann (or Koppmann), the vessel sailed from the English Channel to Valparaiso, Chile, in 112 days. In 1880/81, the vessel made the reverse journey, under Captain J. Goettsche, in 103 days. In 1883, the vessel was sold to 'H. Bauer', of Rostock, Germany, i.e. Heinrich Bauer. I am advised that the vessel was later sold to other Rostock owners, specifically in 1892, to 'W. Maack', & in 1895 to 'Ed. Burchard'. In the 1898/99 edition, the owner was Paul Lüthgens, also her captain, of Rostock. In 1899, the vessel was sold to 'P. L. Hogstedt' of Oscarshamn, SE Sweden, as is recorded, I am advised, in the 1899/1900 edition of Lloyd's Register. What later happened to the vessel is not known, either to the webmaster or to Dr. Ottfried Thümmel, of Germany, who suggested the vessel's inclusion here & has kindly provided much of the detailed data. The very first voyage of Ottfried's great-uncle, at age 16, was aboard the vessel, in 1897/98, from London to Sweden & on to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, & back. Ottfried has provided the names of many who served as the vessel's master over the years. I have been unable to find other WWW data about the vessel. Its final disposition? Silke Brandt has been in contact to suggest (thanks Silke!) that a wooden barque listed as Verona (Varuna) was lost off the coast of South Africa in 1902. As per this page. Could it possibly be related? Need help!


Can you help with the history of this company?



The webmaster includes this name solely as a result of seeing a reference to a tug that was said to have been broken up in 1928 by G. Broad, of Hylton. So G. Broad would appear to have been a ship breaking yard & may or may not have been a shipbuilder also - I just do not know.

The reference was from eBay in Mar. 2012, respecting a faded c1906 photo postcard of an iron paddle tug named Shah, 84 ft. 3 in. long, stated to have been built, in 1874, by John Readhead & Co. of South Shields, for Joseph Martin, of London, & sold a few years later, in 1878, to Goole & Hull Steam Towing Co., of Goole. The tug was further stated to have been sold again, in 1914, to George Alder of Middlesbrough, & renamed Dales Thorpe in 1916. The eBay item is now long gone, but for your interest, the listing image, adjusted for your better viewing, can be seen here.

All by way of an introduction to G. Broad. So ... can you tell us anything at all about G. Broad, of Hylton?



A small shipbuilder that, so far as I can see, built just 7 ships in the period of 1860 thru 1862. Just two of those ships are so far detail listed below. The others are named with modest detail.

    George Stephenson
259 tons

A brig. Initially owned by J. & J. White of North Shields.

1   Chaturanga
350 later 334 tons


A barque. The vessel, which was launched on Jan. 26, 1861 & first registered, at Sunderland, on Feb. 27, 1861 (scroll to #29257) is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1871/72. It was owned initially by Hudson & Co. of Sunderland, with, per LR, R. Blyth serving as the vessel's captain thru 1865/66, Denton thereafter thru 1868/69 & J. Hardy thru 1870/71. For service from Sunderland to the West Indies thru 1862/63, from Shields to India in 1863/64 & 1864/65, ex Sunderland, maybe to India, in 1865/66, ex Sunderland and, from 1868/69 thru 1870/71, from Cardiff, Wales, to Singapore. I note, at Welsh Newspapers Online, that on Aug. 31, 1861 the vessel left Cardiff for Mauritius, Blyth in command, with 491 tons of coal. Did not spot any later (1868/69 thru 1870/71) references there to the vessel. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1871 (1870 is here) all list Ralph M. Hudson, of Sunderland, as her then owner. LR of 1870/71 records Schollar & Co. of Blyth, as the new owner of the now 334 ton vessel, with W. Schollar serving as her captain. For service from Blyth to the Baltic. The vessel is not listed in MNL of 1872. LR of 1871/72 states 'Wrecked'. 114.5 ft. long, signal letters QDVK.
On Aug. 21, 1871, per line 1495 here, the 351 ton barque was stranded at Neckmannsground, while en route from Blyth to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia), with a cargo of coal. Crew of 11 - none lost. Then stated to have been owned by William E. Melrose. Ilkka Järvinen advises (thanks so much!) that Neckmannsground is located off the NW shores of Hiiumaa Island, Estonia, at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland. Can you add anything? #2151

2   Polly
362 tons


A barque which was launched on Jul. 10, 1861 & first registered, at Shields, on Jul. 18, 1861 (scroll to #29711). A launch announcement. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1861/62 thru 1881/82, initially owned, per LR, by 'H. Weatly' of N. Shields, thru 1864/65, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean (in 1861/62) & for service from Shields to China thereafter. The owners clearly means H. Wheatley, who earlier possibly, recorded as John Wheatley, owned another vessel of the name, built at Sunderland in 1858. Per LR, G. Jack served as the vessel's captain during the period of 'Wheatley' ownership, indeed thru 1867/68.
In 1864/65, W. Coward of London became the vessel's owner for continued service from Shields to China thru 1867/68, for service from Bristol to Singapore in 1867/68 & for service from London to Algoa Bay, South Africa, from 1868/69 thru 1870/71. With a new captain taking over from Jack - J. Perherick or J. Petherek or J. Petherck as spelled in various editions of LR. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1871 (1870 is here), all record the vessel as registered at London & owned by Wm. Coward of London.
In 1870/71, E. Wait of Bristol became the vessel's owner - per MNLs of 1872 thru 1876 Emanuel Wait.  For continued service from London to Algoa Bay thru 1871/72 & from 1871/72 thru 1873/74 for service from Cork, Ireland, to Halifax, presumably the Nova Scotia, Canada, Halifax. With T. Jenkins her new captain thru 1873/74 & J. le Grealey from 1874/75 thru 1876/77 per LR. LRs of 1875/76 & 1876/77 list C. T. Bennett of London as the vessel's then owner. LR of 1877/78 is not available to the webmaster while LR editions from 1878/79 thru 1881/82 list no owner or captain names. 115.0 ft. long, later (from 1874/75) 116.5 ft., signal letters QGSP. Even though the vessel is LR listed thru 1881/82 it is not recorded in MNL from 1878. I presume that it had, likely in 1877, been lost or broken up. I cannot yet, however, tell you what finally happened to the vessel. Crew lists, thru 1876 are available here. Can you tell us more? #2164

    William Walker
245 tons

A brig. Initially owned by E. Bassett of Sunderland.

311 tons

A snow. Initially owned by Potts & Co. of Sunderland.

459 tons

A barque. Initially owned by J. Wood of Liverpool.

199 tons

A brig. The vessel's initial owner is not known to webmaster. Owned by Noah Glendinning of London from 1865.



Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder? Most likely a very small ship builder indeed, & probably in business for a short period only.

1 Jessie Annandale
123 (but references to 127) tons


A 2 masted sailing vessel, a brigantine, which had a long life, indeed. Per 1 (extensive data - a 'Word' document provided by Roger Barrett), 2 (data, painting, Jessie Annandale), 3 (crew on Apl. 3, 1881, census day, 75% down). There used to be data re the vessel in the form of 'Notes' re the ship re the Garvey family of Wivenhoe, but the site & data is no longer available, it would seem. Data re the vessel is in Record Offices in both Colchester & Exeter, while the painting is at the 'Nottage Maritime Institute', of Wivenhoe Quay, Wivenhoe, Essex. The vessel is not listed at Miramar. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1889/90 - see left. 87.5 or 88.7 ft. long, signal letters MWCD, crew of 5 in 1881, with woman's bust figurehead. Described 'as one of the fastest vessels on the coast'. Jessie Annandale was completed, in Aug. (or Oct.) 1857, for 'B. Balkwill', of Salcombe, Devon, which means 'B. Balkwill & Co.', i.e. a partnership. B. (Benjamin) Balkwill was presumably the managing owner but he then owned 4 shares only of the 70 shares that were issued (Robert H. Balkwill owned another 8 shares). The largest shareholder, with 48 shares, was William Annandale, ship owner, of Dodbroke (or Dodbrook), nr. Kingsbridge, Devon, hence the vessel name. Jessie Annandale? Catherine Wright has been in touch (thanks!) with extensive data about William Annandale. Catherine suggests that the ship would most likely have been named after William Annandale's first wife Jane, which name is often known as Jessie in Scotland. Her full message can be seen here. There would appear to have been an earlier vessel of the name (ref. in book published in 1854). In Dec. 1857 & in 1862, William Annandale sold all of his shares, many being acquired by George, James & Benjamin Balkwill. The vessel was registered at Salcombe, but it certainly was, in 1857 & 1859 at least, registered at Dartmouth, Devon (however Roger Barrett advises that Salcombe was a sub port of Dartmouth, until 1865, when Salcombe became a separate port of registry). The 1866/67 edition of Lloyd's seems to indicate that the vessel had been sold, but does not state to whom it was sold. 2 states that it was, in fact, sold to Abraham Harvey (i.e. Abraham David Harvey) ('Harvey') & James Husk of Wivenhoe, near Colchester, Essex, & registered at Colchester. The 1874/75 register indicates J. Husk alone to be the then owner. But by 1876/77 the vessel was owned by Harvey, who remained as owner thru 1889/90 at least. 2 advises us further, that in 1893 the vessel was sold to John Danby of West Hartlepool, & in 1898 to R. & W. Paul Ltd., of Ipswich, with the vessel remaining Colchester registered throughout. The vessel was apparently removed from the registers in 1909, the vessel, without masts & rigging, having become a storage hulk on the river Orwell, at Ipswich. The webmaster would welcome additional data, as would Roger Barrett, who provided much of the data recorded above, & is researching Salcombe based vessels.


I know absolutely nothing about this shipbuilder. Can you help? Data, available via the WWW, is modest indeed. I only became aware of the very name thanks to 'Tug' of Thames Tugs.

It would appear, however, that in 1846, 'Messrs Byers & Co.' were shipbuilders at North Sands, as referenced about 30% down on this fine page (sorry that link no longer works & I have not found a good new link - it is probably somewhere in this site). And on June 10, 1857, there were legal meetings of some sort involving 'Michael Byers & Thomas Byers' of Monkwearmouth Shore, Sunderland, ship builders'. That reference appears in 'The Jurist', a legal record made available on the WWW thanks to 'Google' at page 209 here. I am most grateful to find those references, but they are, alas, the only references I have so far found that seem clearly relevant. That said there is a reference here (close to top of page, but the same comment - I cannot find a good new link) to one 'Wm. Byers' who carried on a business near to 'East House' as a 'Block and Mast Maker', employing a large number of men and apprentices. He apparently also owned the 'Ropery' at the top of Church Street, & was a ship owner. He may very well be related to the ship building business. Most clearly, help is needed.

Now there was a Sunderland company which was prominent indeed in the sale of ship's anchors. Data re that company - W. L. Byers & Co. Ltd. - used to be at this location, with the thought that 'Byers' the shipbuilder & 'Byers' who sold anchors were related to one another. But .... no data has yet been located which suggests that the businesses were, in fact, related. So the data about 'W. L. Byers & Co. Ltd.' re anchors has been moved from this page to a more appropriate page - page 212 here. I can move it all back again should new data prove a relationship!

Anyway, names of vessels constructed by 'Byers' of Sunderland - in a table in build date sequence. Just two vessels so far, however, both built in 1854. But we now know, through a link above, of two more 'Byers' built ships - Borderer (built 1845) & Merse built 1853. But Tom Purvis has kindly now provided a little data about a few more 'Byers' ship launches, so a new 'Byers build page' has been added to record the limited data that I now have about those ships. Page 142 - here.

1   Borderer
421/357 tons


A barque. J. (John) Willis of London owned the vessel for its entire lifetime. Initially for service from Sunderland & then Bristol to Demerera, Guianas. Later, where Lloyd's Register indicated, to the East Indies & from London to India. On Sep. 26, 1860, per line 320 here, the 421 ton barque was abandoned at 26S/50E (SE of Madagascar) while en route from Akyab (now Sittwe, Myanmar), to Falmouth, with a cargo of rice etc. A crew of 15 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by John Willis. Can you add anything? #1916

2 Her Majesty
848 tons

A ship per Lloyd's Register (at left). Which had a short life indeed. Per 1 (bottom). Data quite limited. The webmaster believes that this launch announcement records the launch of the barque in early Jan. 1854 or maybe in very late in Dec. 1853. Built, however, for 'J. Watkins', of London, (John Roger Watkins), when much later incorporated, became 'William Watkins Limited', of London. The 'Watkins' company would seem to have been 'one of the first tug owning companies in the world' having commenced business as early as 1833. I was most interested to read that one of their tugs, Anglia, in 1878 towed 'Cleopatra's Needle' from Ferrol, Spain, to London. Sorry, I digressed! On Mar 1, 1854, Her Majesty was one of many ships engaged by the British Government for service as transport ships re the Crimean War. These pages (1 & 2, ex here) tell us that J. R. Watkins was the vessel's owner & that Her Majesty 'carried artillery, gun-carriages, and horses to Constantinople and Varna ; afterwards employed on various services in the Black Sea, until wrecked off Eupatoria, 14 November 1854. Link 1 above tells us that her voyage to the Crimea, from Woolwich to the Crimea, was her maiden voyage & that in Nov. 1854, she was driven ashore in a hurricane, along with many other vessels, at Eupatoria, (Crimea, Black Sea port, now Ukraine). And there she was 'hacked to pieces by the freezing troops' & used as firewood. Need help!

3 Royal Family
915 tons

A sailing vessel. Which also had a short life. Per 1 (25% down). Data most limited. Built for 'J. Watkins', of London, (John Roger Watkins), which when much later incorporated, became 'William Watkins Limited', of London. On Oct. 30, 1856, while en route from Calcutta to Bombay, both India, with a cargo of sugar & gunny bales, Royal Family, was destroyed by fire. 'Master, his wife and crew rescued by French ship Rose and later landed at Pondicherry'. The vessel name is not an easy WWW 'search term'. Can you provide more data.

4   Northumbrian
555/639, later 571 & 572 tons


Built by M. Byers, I read (Michael). A ship, later, from 1865/66 per Lloyd's Register ('LR') a barque. The vessel, which was launched in Mar. 1855 & first registered, at Newcastle, on Mar. 27, 1855 (scroll to #14744), is LR listed from 1855/56 thru 1881/82. It clearly was always registered at Newcastle. For most of the vessel's lifetime, thru 1879/80, the vessel was owned, per LR, by Scott & Co. (from 1877/78 J. & H. Scott & Co.) With, again per LR, very few captains - i.e. J. Smith thru 1862/63, & 'Piggie' thereafter. LR specifically records D. Piggie as the vessel's captain from 1862/63 thru 1872/73 & from 1875/76 thru 1881/82. From 1873/74 thru 1875/76 LR records B. Piggie. David Piggie, in fact, born at Kirkaldy, Scotland. Who must have had an association with Nova Scotia, Canada, since he, along with two others from Northumbrian, donated a collection of fossils to a Halifax, Nova Scotia, museum.
The owners' names are clarified by a number of shipping registers. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1856 records J. J. and H. Scott and H. Smith, all of Newcastle, as her then owners. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 records J. Jackson (surely in error, should be J. Jackson Scott), H. Scott & J. Smith. TR of 1874 provides shareholder detail - then owned by J. J. Scott, H. Scott and J. Smith with, respectively, 32, 16 & 16 shares. While the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') (which incidentally always record the vessel, from 1872, as a ship), of 1865 thru 1880, all record Jas. Jackson Scott, or J. Jackson Scott, as her presumably managing owner.
Some operational detail. Per LR, the vessel served India in all the years from 1855/56 thru 1870/71 except for 1859 (ex London) - ex Sunderland from 1855/56 thru 1857/58, ex London in 1861/62 & ex Shields in all of the other years. From 1871/72 thru 1873/74, the vessel, per LR, served Philadelphia, U.S.A., ex Shields. If I understand this link correctly, Northumbrian, David Piggie in command, carried 255 emigrants to Yanaon (now Yanam), nr. Pondicherry, India, on Nov. 5, 1866. On Aug. 4, 1870, the vessel was entered outwards for departure from Cardiff, Wales, for Port Said, Egypt, Piggie in command. On Jul. 31, 1871, the vessel, then a barque, arrived at Port of Beaufort, North Carolina, U.S.A., from Trinidad de Cuba, Piggie in command. I have spotted a reference to the vessel having rescued the crew of Aquila ex their ships' boats after Aquila sank off Spurn Head, Yorkshire, on Sep. 12, 1875.
127.6 ft. long, 134.9 ft. from 1877/78, 571 tons from 1860/61, 572 tons from 1875/76 (both per LR) but of 572 tons per MNL from 1865, signal letters LPJV. Many crew lists are available here.
The MNL of 1881 is not WWW available. I mention that because the LRs of 1880/81 & 1881/1882 record W. Goldfinch of Newcastle as the vessel's then owner. LR of 1881/82 notes that the vessel had been 'Broken up'. Is there anything you can add?


I have virtually no knowledge of this Sunderland shipbuilder & only know of his very existence as a result of the guestbook entry of Susan Enns - which message you can read here.

The builder may not have been in business for many years. Why do I say that? The 'North of England Maritime Directory, Shipping Register, and Commercial Advertiser', of 1848/49, published, it would seem, in Aug. 1848, (a 'Google' book), lists the Sunderland ship builders in 1847. The list is long, of 59 names, but T. Cairncross is not included, nor is there any name that includes 'Cairncross'. The volume also lists the vessels that were built at Sunderland in 1847 & their builders. That list is long also, of 147 vessels, & there are no 'Cairncross' references. I presume therefore that 'T. Cairncross' was no longer in business in 1847. I am not aware of the earlier date at which he commenced shipbuilding, or, even roughly, where his yard was located.

If you have any knowledge about the ship builder, do please be in touch, so this limited reference can be expanded.

So far, only one vessel built by 'T. Cairncross' has come to the webmaster's attention. Thanks to Susan! As follows.

1 Radical
251 (or 228) tons


A snow rigged brig. Per 1 (National Archives, Kew, 1860 collision). Signal letters RGPK. It would seem that so far as Lloyd's Registers are concerned, the vessel only had a single owner in its lifetime - R. French, listed, in 1848, as being of Bishopwearmouth. But that clearly is not so. 'Christies Register' of 1858, lists Radical of 228 tons, a snow, owned by Robert Adamson, of Sunderland. Clearly the very same vessel. On May 4, 1848, the vessel was in collision at 1:30 a.m., in thick fog, at 42.40N/67.30W, (approx. 160 miles off the U.S. E. coast), with Amber, a schooner, which was en route from Portsmouth to the Bay of Challeur (Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada). Amber sank immediately & the crew (9 all told) were picked up by Radical & landed at Boston, Massachusetts. There are a number of Portsmouth's in the U.S., the one in Virginia being the biggest & perhaps most likely start point for Amber's final voyage. On Aug. 4, 1860, Radical, then owned by Robert Adamson, was in collision with the 55 ton Monkwearmouth steam tug Springflower, which it appears was sunk. Have not read the circumstances. Susan Enns advises however that the collision occurred in the river Thames, when Springflower was towing Sir George Seymour back to Sunderland. 'So far the records indicate that the 'Radical' first was hit by the tug and then seriously damaged by Sir George Seymour in tow.' Radical seems always to have been registered at Sunderland. The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from Google Books - see left. The vessel is recorded in the supplement of the 1836/37 edition. And is not listed in the 1863/64 or 1864/65 editions. The vessel would seem to have initially traded into the Baltic, later to New York, & then to the Mediterranean. The vessel's end may have come as a result of that 1860 collision. Susan Enns, who has kindly provided much of the above data, herself seeks data i) about the ship, ii) about T. Cairncross, the builder, & iii) about both R. French & Robert Adamson, who owned her, & iv) what exactly happened to Sir George Seymour in the end in or about 1867/68, when the ship was burned. The webmaster will gladly forward to Susan, such data as site visitors may be able to provide. Need help!



A webmaster modified image of J. J. Candlish, ex a cabinet portrait by A. & G. Taylor, 'Photographers to the Queen'. Believed to date from 1893 when he became a Justice of the Peace. Ex an eBay item. NOT, it would seem, John Candlish the shipbuilder, who died in 1874. Presumably a family member & worthy of inclusion here.
The early varied commercial career of John Candlish, (1816/1874), was not a success. He commenced a shipbuilding business at Southwick, in 1844, which yard is 'said to have produced "fine ships" but made little profit.' He later however was successful with 'Seaham Bottle Works' at Seaham harbour, which enterprise, renamed 'Londonderry Bottle Works', became, in its time, the largest bottling business in Europe. In his lifetime, he was elected as Sunderland Borough Council councillor in 1848, Mayor of Sunderland in 1858 & 1861 & a Member of Parliament from 1866 thru to his death in 1874. You can read more at the link provided. A statue of him was erected in Mowbray Park (can be seen here & at a number of other WWW sites).

There also was a Candlish shipbuilding yard at 'Strand Slipway', Monkwearmouth, on North Sands. 'Where Ships Are Born' advises us that John Candlish transferred that yard to John Crown in 1847. Much much later, almost a century later in fact, in 1946 Joseph L. Thompson took over 'Strand Slipway'. After the 1847 transfer to John Crown, John Candlish continued in business in partnership with his brother Robert clearly at Low Southwick. So Robert is presumably the R. in 'J. and R. Candlish'.

The Southwick shipbuilding yard was located on the north bank of River Wear roughly 600 yards east of the (later) Queen Alexandra Bridge. A site that had previously been occupied by William Havelock.  In 1852, 'J. and R. Candlish' were listed as ship builders at Low Southwick. The yard's life was brief. It was taken over in 1854 by Robert Thompson (1819/1910), who had worked at the Candlish yard alongside his father, Thompson, Robert (1797/1860) (a foreman there) and his two brothers Joseph Lowes Thompson and John Thompson.

Vessels built by 'Candlish'? Successor, built in 1850, as detailed below. Pilgrim of 1853 covered here, Coloroon, of 710 tons. And it was, I read, taken over & completed by William Pile. And William, of 370 tons, built by Robert Candlish in 1857. Maybe you might help in populating a Candlish ships built list, or help otherwise with the history of this shipbuilder? So far as I can see, Candlish built 27, maybe 30 vessels during the period from 1844 thru 1857. A list of such vessels, at present in its infancy, has been commenced here.

In my heading to this section, I suggest that there was a third 'Candlish' shipbuilding location - for reasons that I cannot re-establish as this page is updated. I presume that I must have read some reference to that third yard, hence my inclusion of the words. In Oct. 2012, a guestbook message draws to my attention a shipbuilder at Middlesbrough by the name of 'Candlish, Fox & Company', which was in business at least in the years 1864 thru 1866. Were the businesses in fact related?

Clearly there is more to the story. Which hopefully will be located & recorded on this page in due course.

1 Successor
280/294 tons

A snow rigged wooden sailing vessel, that had a very short life indeed, being both built & lost in the same calendar year. Per 1 (wreck ref., Successor, about 45% down, Mutton Island). Likely about 90 ft. long. The vessel was listed in but a single edition of Lloyd's Register, that of 1850/51, see left. The vessel would seem to have been built for 'Culliford' of Sunderland, with G. Miller, also of Sunderland, her Captain. In Nov. 1850, the vessel, under the command of Captain Miller, left Liverpool with a cargo of oats. I presume that she was bound for an Irish port, Limerick perhaps. The vessel encountered a severe storm at sea, as a result of which the vessel lost her masts & it would seem the entire crew was swept overboard. On the morning of Nov. 19, 1850, the vessel was driven ashore at Clohaneinchy (or Clohaninchy), on the Atlantic coast of County Clare, opposite Mutton Island, & became a total wreck. At 52.47N/09.29W. Perhaps at a point between Seafield Point & Mutton Island.  Mutton Island (1, 2) is a private 185 acre island, for sale as this listing is created in Nov. 2011, located 20 miles S. of Galway Bay, & 1 mile off Seafield Harbour, County Clare. The bodies of the Captain, his wife, & three others, were washed ashore on Mutton Island & were buried there on Nov. 24, 1850. The crew was 7 all told. The wreck was plundered by the local people, callously perhaps, & anything valuable was carried away, including, it would seem, every stitch of clothing of one poor crewman who was washed up on the beach. But ... I wonder how they were sure that his clothes were so removed - is it not possible that his clothes were lost either in the fury of the storm or when his body was battered on the shore? Only limited data about the vessel is WWW available. Can you possibly provide more? #1808


OF HYLTON FERRY - 1840/1856

I know nothing about Hylton Carr, alas. He built, I read, 50 vessels between 1840 & 1856 at his Hylton Ferry shipbuilding yard. Have read of both North & South Hylton. Many of his vessels are covered in the build pages re the 1840s & 1850s (site pages 122 & 123). Four of such vessels are detail listed below. Others are named only.

1   Escape
248 (later 258) tons


A wooden sailing ship. 2 masts, snow rigged, with a female bust figurehead. An expired eBay item, 3 documents including a mortgage document, was, some years ago, my main source of then data. Per that source, the vessel would seem to have been owned by Sylvester Emile Sichel (1850) & registered at Liverpool. Now, in 2020, we add additional data.
The vessel was launched on Apl. 24, 1849. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1848/49 thru 1858/59 &, per LR, was owned thru 1854/55 by Huntley of Sunderland. For consistent service from Sunderland to Archangel, Russia, with 'Huntley' serving as the vessel's captain. This listing is being updated having seen Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of Mar. 1854 which lists the Liverpool registered vessel as then rather owned by Atkinson Wilkin of Liverpool, with John Brown her captain. LRs of 1855/56 thru 1858/59 all list the vessel, now of 258 tons, as Liverpool registered & owned by A. Sichel (A. Sichell in 1858/59), for service ex London thru 1857/58 & from Southampton to the Mediterranean in 1858/59. With J. Brown her captain thru 1857/58 & C. Shrift in 1858/59.
I do not know for sure what happened to the vessel & exactly when, likely in or about 1858. Can you tell us what happened or otherwise provide more data about this vessel! But . . . Wikipedia records (thanks!) that a brig of the name was wrecked on Mar. 15, 1858, 15 miles E. of 'Djygelle', Algeria, with the loss of three of her nine crew. Per an article in 'The Times' of London, of Mar. 26, 1858. Now Escape was not a common name for a vessel. It is likely that such Escape was 'our' Escape. It would be good to read the 'Times' article in question to see if it provides additional detail.

541/621, later
488 tons
Lady Clermont

A ship, later a barque. See here.

325/336, later
356 & 322 tons

A barque. See here.

334/338 tons

A barque. Owned by 'Harper &' - W. & J. S. Harper, R. H. Weightman, R. Swan & W. Wigham in 1856, registered at Shields per Turnbull's Register.

2   Isabellas
219, later 199 tons


A snow or brig. The record for this vessel is confusing indeed. I now see that the vessel was first registered, as Isabellas, at Shields, on Dec. 13, 1854 (scroll to #7632). So far as I can see, Isabella (with no 's' at the end), said to be an 1855 vessel, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1859/60, owned thru that period by J. Dowey of North Shields with W. Arkley serving as the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Register ('TR') of 1855 (in the supplement) lists Isabellas (with an 's' on the end), registered at Shields, owned by J. & E. Dowey of North Shields with W. Arkell her captain. TR of 1856 lists J. & E. Dowey of North Shields as the then owner of Isabellas & provides an Official Number ('ON') of 7632. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 confirms that ON number & lists James and Elizabeth Dowey as owners of Isabellas, a brig of 219 tons. Re ON 7632, (insert 7632) rather records only a vessel named Isabellas. Upon further searching I find that LR records a vessel of such name, a snow of 199 tons, from 1860/61 thru 1869/70, owned by D. Hill, of Shields thru 1862/63 & then of Sunderland. J. Hill was such vessel's captain until part way thru 1863/64. Under 'Hill' ownership, the vessel served ex Shields to the Baltic, to France & to the West Indies in 1860/61, 1861/62 & 1862/63 respectively & after that date saw service as a Sunderland coaster. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866 record the vessel, registered at Southampton, Hants, & owned by William Hill, jun. of Southampton (registered there from 1862). MNLs of 1867 thru 1872 (1870) all list the Sunderland registered vessel's then owner as being William Stokeld, of Seaham, Durham. We are not quite at the end of the documentary record. So far as I can see, LR of 1870/71 thru 1873/74 does not record the vessel, but LR of 1874/75 does - i.e. Isabellas owned by J. Harrison of Sunderland but stated as being an 1854 vessel - the first LR reference to a year other than 1855. TR of 1874 lists John Harrison, of Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire, as her then owner. As is confirmed by MNLs of 1874 & 1875. 88.5 ft. long, later (1874/75) 90.8 ft. long, signal letters JTRQ. What finally happened to the vessel is not yet to hand. Many crew lists are available here. Can you clarify any of this rather confusing record. #2220

3   Ocean Spray
364/363, later 328 tons


A barque. The vessel, which was launched in Jul. 1854, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1855/56 thru 1866/67. LR of 1855/56 advises that the vessel was then registered at Liverpool, owned by Wilson & Co., with 'Grthwait' serving as the vessel's captain. For service ex Sunderland. A fine site which requests no recognition tells us that 'Wilson Boyd & Co.' of Sunderland were the vessel's first owners. I can tell you that Turnbull's Register of 1855 lists the vessel as registered at Liverpool, owned by 'Wilson & Co.', with Garthwaite serving as the vessel's captain. The Wilson ownership was clearly of short duration. LRs of 1856/57 thru 1866/67 all list the vessel as owned by Moon & Co. of Sunderland, with T. Moon her captain thru 1862/63, W. Snowd'n her captain from 1862/63 thru 1865/66 & A. Trotter thereafter. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean thru 1861/62, from Sunderland to New York from 1862/63 thru 1864/65, & from Sunderland to Cadiz, Spain, thereafter. LR first records the vessel at 328 tons in 1862/63. Now the Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 & 1866 both list F. Robson of Sunderland as the vessel's then owner. It is clear that Moon & Robson were joint owners of the vessel. Turnbull's Register of 1856 tells us that T. J. Moon & F. Robson, both of Sunderland, were the vessel's then owners, owner names which are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 as meaning Thomas J. Moon & Francis Robson. 114.0 ft. long, signal letters RGMS.
LR of 1866/67 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. No detail has yet come to hand as to the circumstances or date of her loss. Some crew lists are available here. Is there anything you can add? #2219

4   Percy
126 later 124 tons


A snow but see below. The vessel, which was first registered, at Shields, on Nov. 27, 1855 (scroll to #7639) is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1856/57 thru 1880/81. For most of those years, i.e. thru 1875/76, the vessel, per LR, was owned by 'Barry & Co.', of Whitby, Yorkshire, thru 1863/64 & of Amble, Northumberland, thereafter. With 'D. Dchbrn', presumably D. Ditchburn, her captain thru 1860/61, R. Hart her captain from 1860/61 thru 1873/74 & J. Stewart thereafter - per LR thru to 1880/81. For service to France - from Sunderland thru 1859/60 & from Blyth thereafter thru 1874/75. The vessel's ownership is clarified by Turnbull's Register of 1856, which lists the then owners of the Shields registered vessel as being J. Shotton of Amble, J. Shotton of Warkworth, R. Green of Toxton, J. Henry & J. Barry, both of Whitby. Her ownership is slightly different as per Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 - James Shotton of Amble, John Shotton of Warkworth, Robt. Green of Toxton, John H. Barry & John Barry, both of Whitby. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1876 all list the vessel as Shields registered & owned by James Shotton of Amble as presumably her managing owner. The ownership is different again, in 1874 per Turnbull's Register - then owned by James Shotton of Amble, John Shotton of Warkworth, & Donald McInnes, of Alnmouth, with, respectively 42, 11 & 11 shares in the vessel. LR of 1876/77 lists J. Shotton of Amble as her then owner. There were, it seems, further ownership changes. LR of 1877/78 lists D. Stephenson of Amble as the Amble registered vessel's owner but substitutes that name with A. Kent, who owned it to the end. MNLs of 1878 thru 1881 (1880) list John Kent, sen., of Mevagissey, Cornwall, as the owner of the vessel, still Shields registered. LR listed the vessel's length at 80.0 ft. in 1863/64 & then 79.0 ft. from 1864/65 when it became of 124 tons. Signal letters JTSF.
I have noted, above, that the vessel was a snow. As was reported by LR thru 1859/60 & MNLs from & after 1865. LR, however, listed the vessel as a schooner from 1860/61.
LR of 1880/81 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. I have read, at a site that requests no recognition, (I thank them regardless) that on Oct. 28, 1880, the vessel foundered in the St. George's Channel (between southern Wales & Ireland) while en route from Par (S. coast of Cornwall) to Glasgow with a cargo of china clay. So far I have found no other references to her loss. Many crew lists are available here. Is there anything you can add? The circumstances of her loss, perhaps. #2221



I know nothing about James Carr, alas. He built, I read, 18 or so vessels between 1838 & 1840. Including Sheraton Grange referenced below.

1 Sheraton Grange
261 tons

A snow or brig. Per 1 (data - link no longer works. Will the site regenerate?), 2 (1854 item), 3 (part of an 1890 postcard image of Herrington, the lifeboat coxswain), 4 (Harriet). The vessel, which was launched in Nov. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1853/54, owned initially, in 1839/40 & 1840/41 only, by R. (Robert) Liddell of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London. In 1840/41, per LR, the vessel was acquired by  T. (Thomas) Sharer of Hartlepool. It would seem, however, that Liddell & Sharer were business partners, since the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 lists her then owners as being Thomas Sharer of Hartlepool & Robert Liddell of Bishopwearmouth. The vessel served many places while owned by 'Sharer'. From Hartlepool to London in 1840/41, from Shields to 'Mendra' (that's what I think it says, maybe India?) in 1841/42, from London to 'Sincpr' (Singapore?) in 1842/43, from Liverpool to St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1844/45, from Hull to the Mediterranean (in the period of 1845/48) from Hartlepool to Holland in 1848 thru 1851, from Liverpool to Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1851/52 & 1852/53 & from Hull to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1853/54. On May 3, 1853, en route from Bahia, Brazil, to Falmouth, the vessel came upon the schooner Harriet, damaged in a storm & with her Captain confined to his bed by illness. Sheraton Grange stood by for 3 or 4 days & then took Harriet in tow & delivered her safely 15 or 16 days & 1,000 miles later at Plymouth. The High Court of the Admiralty awarded Sheraton Grange £800 for her services. In late Nov. 1853, Sheraton Grange was bound from Sunderland to London, under the command of Captain Turnbull, it would seem & loaded with coal. It went aground, on Aldboro' Napes on the Suffolk coast & drifted towards land in a gale in the late afternoon of Nov. 29, 1853. Link 2, which relates to the Southwold Lifeboat Society lifeboat station at Southwold, Suffolk, records the issue of silver lifesaving medals to Coxswain Benjamin (Benicks) Herrington & Second Coxswain William Waters 'for rescuing nine of the crew of the brig Sheraton Grange on 29 November 1853'. It would seem that the crew of Sheraton Grange had abandoned the ship, described as a grounded wreck, & taken to their long-boat. The lifeboat which went to their rescue was the brand new Harriett, which I read, despite the report at the thumbnail (at left), performed so poorly that the lifeboat crew refused to go to sea in her again. (I cannot find that reference again). The vessel sank off Southwold, & its timbers etc. were later recovered & sold at auction on Dec. 29, 1853.  Is there anything you can add?



A shipbuilder that surely merits better coverage. It would seem that 'Chilton', I believe Wilson Chilton, built ships at South Hylton. Maybe at Southwick too. Quite a lot of them! 56 vessels over the years of 1829 thru 1866. I have read that he went bankrupt along the way, though I saw no details. But built more ships later.

One of such vessels is now detail listed below. Hopefully more in the near future.

1   John Reay

302 later 283 tons
later 298/318 later 295/315 (N/G) tons


John Reay


A barque, later a barquentine & a schooner. The webmaster believes that the launch of the vessel, in Jul. 1862, is referenced in this newspaper cutting. The vessel was launched on Jul. 3, 1862 - of 302 tons, at South Hylton, for Reay & Co. of South Shields. Per the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1869 John Reay. Later, per MNLs of 1870 thru 1875 James Reay - both of South Shields.
Niels Hald-Andersen advised in 2016 (thanks!) that the vessel was sold in 1875 to N. D. C. Jansen, of Dragoer, Denmark, with no change of vessel name. And sold in 1883 to H. Kjoesterud & Sons, of Drammen, Norway, & re-named ØNUND (OENUND). Was sold again, in 1894, to H. Ellefsen & H. C. Bollaeren, of Toensberg, Norway. And sold once more, in 1899, to A/S Ønund (A. Andersen), of Moss, Norway. Was broken up in 1906.
The above was essentially written back in 2016. I add the following data mainly extracted from available editions of Lloyd's Register ('LR'). The vessel is LR listed, as John Reay, from 1862/63 thru 1881/82, owned, thru 1874/75 at least, by Reay & Co. of South Shields with J. Baker her captain thru 1870/71, then 'Garrick' thru 1878/79 per LR (though his captaincy lasting so  long seems unlikely). Of 283 tons from 1868/69. Turnbull's Register of 1874 lists James Reay of South Shields as owning 42 of the vessel's 64 shares with the other 22 being owned by J. T. Baker, also of South Shields. For service always to the Mediterranean - ex Sunderland in 1862/63 & ex Shields thereafter thru 1873/74. LR lists no owner name from 1875/76 which jives with Niels' advice that the vessel had been sold in 1875.
Somewhere along the way, the vessel would appear to have been renamed John. I say that because LRs of 1890/91 thru 1893/94 again list John Reay, now of 298/318 tons, with prior names of John Reay then John. Owned by J. Mitchell, of Montrose (NE of Dundee, Scotland) with A. Gilbert serving as her captain. With a slightly incorrect ON of 43643. The MNLs of 1891 thru 1893 all list John Reay, then a barquentine, registered at Montrose, with James Mitchell her managing owner. LR of 1893/94 further indicates that the vessel had become in that year a 3 masted schooner owned by H. Kjosterud & Sonner of Drammen, Norway, had been renamed Önund & was captained by H. Jespersen. LRs of both 1896/97 & 1897/98 list the vessel, still named Önund, now of 295/315 tons, owned & captained by H. C. Bollæren of Tonsberg. Listing her prior names as being John Reay, John, & John Reay. Many crew lists are available here, covering from 1863 thru 1874 & 1890 thru 1893. The National Archives, re ON 43642, refer to the U.K. registry of John Richards (likely in error) being closed in 1893. It would seem that the vessel's history needs further research.
104.5 ft. long, later 106.3 ft., later 105.6 ft., signal letters LRJC, later HKVF. Is there anything you can add? #2194


First a few images. Hover your mouse over each thumbnail to read the subject matter.

The postcard image immediately above, which was converted from sepia to black & white by the webmaster, was sold via eBay on Nov. 3, 2017, for GBP 22.55 or U.S. $29.58.

I read that in 1938, the business was acquired by Richardsons, Westgath & Co. Ltd. of Hartlepool, Middlesbrough & Sunderland.

The above fine image, available thanks to Tyne & Wear Archives, is an aerial view of George Clark's Southwick Engine Works, taken in Aug. 1959. With Iron Ore at quayside.

Another fine image, also available thanks to Tyne & Wear Archives, shows a crankshaft being lowered into position, in Apl. 1955, at George Clark's Southwick Engine Works.

'Fairplay Weekly Shipping Journal' advised, in its issue dated Jan. 12, 1961, that in 1960 'George Clark (Sunderland) Limited' had constructed engines for 7 vessels (Canterbury Star, Cheviot, Longstone (Austin & Pickersgill), Mabe 50 (Cantieti Navali M. & B. Benetti), Moana Roa (Grangemouth Dockyard Company Limited), Turakina, & a 7th (unnamed) vessel. Additionally they carried out complete machinery installations of 6 vessels with main engines of other builders.


For your pleasure and amusement.

A series of creative advertisements (23 of them) arrived in my e-mail in-box in Nov. 2010. Advertisements for AT&T around the world. The page which showed them is now long gone.

I show just three of them, my personal favourites of the group. Though the best of all, to me at least, is of the elephants at top left. The image below is available in a larger size here.

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001.PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

To Thomas M. M. Hemy Data Page 41. All of the other Thomas Hemy pages, including image pages, are accessible though the index on Thomas Hemy page 05. [ ] £ è é

To the Special Pages Index.

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DATA ABOUT WILLIAM ANNANDALE (1806/1863) - kindly provided by Catherine Wright, as per the Jessie Annandale listing above.

I can tell you something about the William Annandale who owned this ship.

William Annandale (1806–1869) was born in Newcastle upon Tyne to the papermaker John Annandale – founder of John Annandale & Sons – and his wife Joanna Bowie. This pair came from Midlothian – probably from one of the many paper mills on the Esk just south of Edinburgh. William was their fourth son (out of seven). He left the partnership of John Annandale & Sons in 1839 and bought a farm at Bingfield in Northumberland. He ended his days at Collingwood House, Morpeth, Northumberland. He married twice. His first wife was a second cousin, Jane Bowie. There were two sons. Jane died in 1854 in Newcastle. Williams second wife was Jane Hindmarch whom he married in 1855 in Westminster. There were two more children, the elder of whom was born at Dodbrook, Kingsbridge in 1856. The second child was born in 1863 in Morpeth. All this ties in with what is on your web site. As to the name of the ship, I would guess it was named after William Annandale's first wife. Jessie is a very common pet form of Jane in Scotland, and although his second wife was also called Jane, she was not a Scot. So the naming is more likely to be for his first wife, particularly if there was an earlier vessel with the same name.

Summary Date List for William Annandale (1806/1863)

1806 Born Newcastle upon Tyne (Mar. 5, 1806)
1806 Baptised at Presbyterian Chapel, Carliol Street, Newcastle (Mar. 23, 1806)
1839 Leaves partnership of John Annandale & Sons
1839 Marries Jane Bowie (1803–1854) in Angus, Scotland (Nov. 20, 1839)
1841 Census shows William and Jane staying with his widowed mother Joanna in Shotley Bridge,
        County Durham. Listed as of Independent Means.
1843 Son William born in Hexham, Northumberland (Jan quarter)
1844 Son Alexander Bowie born in Hexham, Northumberland (Oct quarter)
1851 Census shows William and Jane at Bingfield, Northumberland. William is listed as a Landed
        Proprietor and Farmer of 156 acres. The sons are at school in Newcastle.
1854 Jane dies in Newcastle
1855 William marries Jane Hindmarch (1827 – 1900) in Westminster
1856 Son John born at Dodbrook, Kingsbridge
1861 Census shows William as a Ship Owner living at Collingwood House, Morpeth,
        Northumberland, with Jane and John aged 4.
1863 Daughter Joanna born at Morpeth
1869 Dies at Morpeth (Oct. 20, 1869)
1869 Probate (Dec. 30, 1869) to "William Annandale of Morpeth Civil Engineer the Son and Robert
        Dixon of the Borough and County of Newcastle upon Tyne Ship Owner the Executors".

I should be very interested to have details of any other ships that William Annandale is known to have owned.

County Durham was where John Annandale set up his (well-known in C19) papermaking business. The paper mills of County Durham and Northumberland were intimately tied up with the ship building industries on the Tyne and Wear.  Old rope, and also old sails and hessian, were important raw materials for making brown and 'whitey-brown' paper. You may well know all this already, in which case, apologies. 'Newcastle Brown' which you might just have heard of as a popular kind of ale here in the NE of England, was originally a type of paper. When sail gave way to steam this source of raw material dried up and many of the smaller paper mills went out of business. Others, including Annandale's, started using esparto grass as raw material & this was imported from Spain and Morocco into the Tyne and Wear stowed as ballast in returning coal ships.

Catherine Wright, October 1/2, 2013
(This William Annandale was my husband's 3 x great uncle.)