THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 097
SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 34

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VESSELS BUILT IN SUNDERLAND - BUT THE SHIPBUILDER NAME IS PRESENTLY UNKNOWN.

The following will be moved to the appropriate spot in these pages if and when the name of the shipbuilder becomes known. In most cases, I have been able to find the shipbuilder name via available lists of vessels built at Sunderland or from the WWW. But not re these particular vessels.

1   Alliance
139, later 112 & 116 tons

2733
1815

A snow or brig. Alliance may well have been Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed prior to 1818. It certainly was LR listed from 1818 thru 1847/48 & not thereafter - I checked thru 1869/70. Alliance, per LR, was owned by Hall & Co. thru 1826, almost certainly of Lynn, Norfolk. I say that because her service is LR recorded as being from Lynn to i) Le Havre, France, in 1818, ii) Leith, Scotland, in 1919. In 1820 & in the years from 1821 thru 1826 the vessel is LR noted to be a Lynn coaster. In LR of 1820/21 it served from Sunderland to Lynn. Her captains during the period of Hall ownership? It is difficult to summarize the LR record. Certainly T. Hall from 1818 thru 1821 with J. Atkinson or J. Aiclman for a while, W. Newman in 1821 & 1822, W. Playfair also in 1822 but it seems likely that the name was correctly W. Playford who, per LR, served from 1823 thru 1829.
In 1827, the vessel became owned by 'Thompson', also surely of Lynn, thru 1833, for service as a Lynn coaster in all of such years except for 1830 thru 1832 in which years service as a Dublin, Ireland, coaster is noted. With W. Playford continuing as her captain thru 1829, then W. Simon thru 1832 & then W. Lemon that looks as though it might correctly have read W. Leman.
Essentially from 1834 thru 1847/48, per LR, Alliance was owned by Leman & Co. of Lynn, (thru 1838/39, captained by W. Leman) & by Lemon & Co., also of Lynn (thereafter thru 1847/48, captained by W. Lemon). Except for 1839/40 where W. Playford of Lynn was both her owner & captain. W. Playford continued, per LR, to be involved - he again served as her captain for a portion of 1841/42. Her service under Lemon/Leman ownership? Always ex Lynn, mainly as a Lynn coaster, but for service from Lynn to Scotland in 1839/40 & 1840/41 & to Hartlepool in 1841/42 & 1842/43. LR of 1847/48 records Lemon & Co. as the vessel's owner but with little other detail. It would seem that the vessel was in progress of being sold.
The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/9 records the vessel, in Apl. 1848, now of 112 tons & registered at Sunderland, as owned by William Keres (maybe Kerss) of Sunderland. The equivalent register of 1854/55, in Mar. 1854, i.e. Marwood's register, lists Isaac Carr of Sunderland as the vessel's owner & captain. As does Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855. TR of 1856 records the now 115 ton vessel owned by T. Greenfield of Sunderland. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866 list Thomas Greenfield of Sunderland as the 116 ton vessel's then owner. MNL of 1867 rather lists George Greenfield.
Signal letters HQKD, some crew lists are available here.
Alliance is not listed in MNL of 1868. This page (scroll to #2733) tells us that her loss was noted in a return dated Aug. 28, 1867. How was she lost? Per Wikipedia (thanks!) a brig of the name ran aground on the Shipwash Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk on Jan. 24, 1867. And was refloated. On Jul. 31, 1867 a brig of the name ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent, while en route from Cardiff, Wales, to Hamburg, Germany. She was refloated & resumed her voyage. Her captain's name was Wakem, I read. Such vessel had arrived at Cardiff ex Hamburg on Jul. 18, 1867  - unlikely to be 'our' Alliance, being of 178 tons.
What actually happened to 'our' Alliance? Wikipedia advises here that on Aug. 17, 1867, a brig of the name, 'our' Alliance, en route from Sunderland to Saint-Valery-sur-Somme, France, foundered in the North Sea 12 or 14 miles SE of Flamborough Head, Yorkshire. Further that her crew were rescued by the steamship Iona. I learn that Alliance left Sunderland on the afternoon of Aug. 16, 1867, bound for St. Valery, France, with a cargo of coal & a crew all told of 5. With George Greenfield in command. Which St. Valery was their destination? The webmaster does not know the answer to that question. There are two French ports that it could have been, the one referenced by 'Wiki' (Somme river, Somme) & the other W. of Dieppe in Normandy. Not far apart on the French coast. Soon after passing Flamborough Head, bad weather was encountered & the vessel became leaky, the water soon being pumped out. At 10 p.m. on Aug, 17, 1867, however, Alliance was found to have 6 1/2 feet of water in her holds & was fast sinking. The crew took to a ship's boat, escaping only with their lives, & half an hour later, Alliance sank. Soon after midnight, Friendship, a Hartlepool schooner, came upon the ship's boat, took the five crew aboard, but at 5 a.m. on Aug. 18, 1867 transferred them to Iona (a Leith registered steamship built at Glasgow in 1866, then under the command of Captain Hossack). Iona landed the Alliance crew at Sunderland later that day. All as per these three contemporary news reports.
For the moment I have left certain of the 'Wiki' references above since they too could have been 'our' Alliance &, regardless, they might prove helpful to other researchers.
Anything you can add? Or correct? #2519

2   Amethyst
227 tons
1825

A brig or snow. Most of the available data re Amethyst states it was built in 1825. Certainly Lloyd's Registers ('LR') from 1836/37 thru 1842/43 so indicate (with one exception). But the webmaster has a niggling concern. It was only in or about 1834 that LR listed the year of a vessel's build. Before that year, LR rather indicated where the vessel was built & how old the vessel was in the particular year. I mention this because LRs of 1829/30 thru 1832/1833 all record Amethyst as being 2 thru 5 years old & built at Monkwearmouth - i.e. built in 1827. So the webmaster must keep an open mind about the matter.
It seems clear that from 1830/31 thru 1842/43 the vessel was owned by R. Fenwick of London, though the spellings of the owner's name are confused - Fenick, R. Fenwck, R. Penwck included. During that period, LR records 4 captains - A. Metcalf in 1829/30 & a portion of 1830/31, R. Bell thru 1832/33, W. Fowls until part thru 1837/38 & 'Maughan' from 1838/39 thru 1842/43. For service in 1830 & 1831 from Exmouth, Devon, to Archangel, Russia, in 1832/33 & 1833/34 as an Exmouth coaster, from Sunderland to London from 1836/37 thru 1838/39 & ex London from 1839/40 thru 1842/43.
The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/9 lists the vessel, in Apl. 1848, as then registered at Sunderland & owned by W. Richardson & T. Armstrong, both of Sunderland. And built in 1825.
On line 969 on this page, Amethyst, said to be a 227 ton barque with a crew of 8, foundered E. of Flamborough Head, Yorkshire, on Sep. 1, 1851, while en route from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia, with a cargo of coal. Wm. Richardson is there stated to have been her then owner. This contemporary report essentially confirms the above but suggests that the loss was rather on Aug. 31, 1851. Which date is confirmed by Wikipedia which further tells us (thanks!) that her crew were rescued by the French lugger Albert.
Can you tell us anything additional? #2545

3   Elizabeth
106/161 later 150/161 later 147 tons

5128
1825

A brig or snow. HHTN (see below) note that the vessel was built at Hylton. The data available re this vessel initially seemed to be limited. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed only from 1836/37 thru 1847/48 & from 1854/55 thru 1856/57.
From 1836/37 thru 1842/43, Elizabeth was, per LR, owned by the 'Forster' family, of Rye, Sussex, but from 1836/37 rather of Sunderland - J. Forster but T. Forster from 1838/39. With 'Ticehurst' her captain in a portion of 1836/37 & in 1837/38 & J. Forster later in 1836/37 & from 1839/40 thru 1842/43. LR noted to have been restored in 1837 & in service as a Newcastle coaster.
In 1842/43, per LR, the vessel became Hartlepool registered, owned by Bruce & Co. of Hartlepool. For service as a Hartlepool coaster - with T. Lower her captain thru 1845/46 & then J. Wilson.
LRs of 1846/47 & 1847/48 record R. Brewis of Hartlepool as Elizabeth's then owner with J. Wilson continuing to serve as the vessel's captain. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 reports, in May 1848, Robert Brewis of Hartlepool as the vessel's then owner.
LR of 1847/48 has limited detail which initially suggested to the webmaster that the vessel may well have been lost.
The vessel, I can now see, was not lost in or about 1847. There are a number of entries in later shipping registers. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 records, in 1854 data, Elizabeth still Hartlepool registered & owned by Robert Brewis of Hartlepool - with James Smith her then captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1856, in 1855 data, confirms such data with T. Smales then the vessel's captain. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 also lists Robert Brewis as the vessel's then owner. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL'), which references the vessel as first registered at Hartlepool on Oct. 31, 1849 (that's a puzzle), records Robert Brewis as the vessel's owner in 1865.
I note that LRs of 1854/55 thru 1856/57 list the vessel as owned by 'Brewis' of Hartlepool with W. Smales her captain. Again with fragmentary data in 2 of those years.
It is a pleasure to find that a vessel, researched for inclusion in these pages, has already been extensively documented elsewhere. And with loads of data which I surely could never find from far away in distant Canada. 'Hartlepool History Then & Now' ('HHTN') has an extensive page about Elizabeth, which they indicate was owned, or initially partially owned, from Jun. 1837, by Robert Brewis of Hartlepool, a successful local businessman, a glazier & painter apparently. Data about Robert Brewis & his associates is here. The vessel itself is extensively covered here.
Thanks to HHTN, I learn that on Mar. 19 or 20, 1865, Elizabeth was en route from the Tyne to London with a cargo of coal. Under the command of James Rayner with a crew of seven. The vessel encountered a major gale & was wrecked on Wildfire Rock 'at Tyne Water between Dunbar & North Berwick'. It is sad to report that there were no survivors - the captain & the entire crew lost their lives. Three bodies were, I read, found lashed to the wrecked vessel while one body did not come ashore until a couple of months later. The crew's bodies were buried at St. Mary's Churchyard, Whitekirk (inland, close to Dunbar). Some discrepancies in the detailed data it would appear.
This U.K. Government wreck page tells us that the vessel was wrecked on Mar. 19, 1865 at Wildfire Rocks, Whitburyness, i.e. essentially at Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. Further that the crew, six in number, were all lost. The webmaster was surprised to learn that the vessel was not lost near to Tynemouth, i.e. near Newcastle, but rather much to the north, at Dunbar, on the NE Scottish coast about 30 miles E. of Edinburgh, Scotland. Where there is a tiny stream entering the North Sea named the Tyne. This contemporary report tells us the vessel almost completely broke up overnight. Wikpedia report the vessel's loss here.
75.9 ft. long, signal letters JGKT, a couple of crew lists are available here.
In an earlier incarnation of this listing, I thought that Elizabeth likely had been lost in 1847. And tried to find data about the losses of vessels named Elizabeth in that year. I have retained (below) what I earlier recorded even though it does not relate to 'our' Elizabeth - in the hope that the text may prove to be useful for other researchers.
Now trying to find detail re vessels named Elizabeth is both difficult & time consuming. For the reader's interest, LR of 1847/48 listed 90 vessels of the name & there surely were many more that were not LR listed. Wikipedia records many vessels of the name in their wrecklist pages for 1847. I did spot one listing there & elsewhere that I initially thought might well be 'our' Elizabeth - I thought that because the particular Elizabeth apparently had 'Wilson' as its captain.
Anyway, per this Lloyd's List report, a brig named Elizabeth, with Wilson her master, arrived at Malta ex Odessa, Black Sea, Ukraine, on Sep. 13, 1847 & 3 days later left for Cork, Ireland. En route at 10W/49N, it foundered, its crew being rescued by Peter & John, Hill her captain, which had to return to Plymouth having  insufficient supplies to feed both crews. No specific date of loss is noted but prior to Nov. 12, 1847. Peter & John, an 83/57 ton Plymouth registered smack, was built at Fowey, Cornwall, in 1841. The Elizabeth that was so lost? Possibly of 172/163 tons, built in 1809 at Harrington, Cumberland.
Can you add anything additional? #2546

4   Eclipse
85/76 tons
1827

A schooner. The vessel is not recorded in two Sunderland build lists available to the webmaster, I suspect because it was probably initially registered at a port other than Sunderland. So far as the webmaster can see, Eclipse is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1842/43 thru 1845/46 only. Owned in such years by P. Laing of Sunderland, for service as a Sunderland coaster. With J. Hepple noted to be the vessel's captain in a portion of 1842/43 & 'Scott' thereafter.
The webmaster first detail listed this vessel having seen, in a U.K. Government report, that Eclipse, registered at Arbroath (NE of Dundee), Scotland, en route from Seaham, County Durham, to Arbroath with a cargo of coal & a crew of 5, was wrecked on Spittal Beach on Oct. 27, 1852. At line 2088 here, the vessel there noted to be owned by Geo. M. Towns. A more detailed list of 1852 vessel losses was also Government published - you can read the page that relates to Eclipse here ex here. It states that the vessel was driven onto Spittal Beach & became a total wreck. Further that the crew were rescued by a pilot boat & 'Burnett' was then the vessel's master. An odd comment - 'the lifeboat useless'. Lloyd's List of Oct. 28, 1852 rather refers to Spittal Point. Spittal (both Beach & Point), is located at the mouth of the river Tweed, on the S. side, across the river from Berwick-upon-Tweed. Can you add anything additional? #2458

5   Rhoda
120 tons
1828

A snow or brig. So far as the webmaster can see, Rhoda was never listed in Lloyd's Register. It is listed in the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49, owned in Apl. 1848 by Richardson, Frost & Co. of Sunderland.
The vessel's final complete voyage would seem to have been, 'Frost' in command, from Sunderland to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) where it arrived on Jun. 11, 1850, returning to Yarmouth, Norfolk, on Aug. 6, 1850 & noted to have been ex Wyborg (Vyborg, NW of St. Petersburg).
On Aug. 29, 1850, per line 304 here, the 220 ton brig was abandoned in the North Sea when 85 miles from Tynemouth. While en route from Sunderland to Memel (then E. Prussia, now Klaipėda, Lithuania), with a cargo of coal. Crew of 8 - none lost. Then stated to be owned by John Frost. I read that at the time of her abandonment, 'Frost' in command, Rhoda had 9 ft. of water in her hold. Later, per a report from Amsterdam dated Sep. 5, 1850, it was reported that the hulk had been picked up & taken into Helvoet Sluis (Helvoetsluis, on the Haringvliet, W. of Rotterdam, near North Sea). Per these reports.
Is there anything you can add to this modest listing? #2420

6   Ann
28 tons
1830

A sloop. It would be good to be able to honour the builder of this tiny vessel by listing his name, but so far that has not proved possible. It had a long life indeed. So far as I can see, the vessel was never recorded in Lloyd's Register ('LR') from 1830 thru 1871/72. Too small to be listed maybe? I list it here because the vessel was listed in U.K. Parliamentary Papers re the Plimsoll Inquiry, abandoned at sea in late 1861.
Ann is recorded in the North of England Maritime Directories of Apl. 1848 & Mar. 1854, owned by R. (Robert) Fenwick, Jun. of Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland, with, in 1854, Edward Atkinson the vessel's captain. It was still owned by 'Fenwick' in the 1855 & 1856 Turnbull's Shipping Registers ('TR') & in 1858 (Christie's Shipping Register). With Edward Atkinson still her captain per TR of 1855. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') record Ann from 1857 thru 1871, always registered at Sunderland.
On Dec. 4, 1861, stated to be then owned by Richd. Brown, Ann, a 28 ton sloop was abandoned at Skinningrove, North Yorkshire, while en route from West Hartlepool to Land's End, Cornwall, with a cargo of coal. Crew of 2 - none lost. As per line 1887 on this page. Now, the webmaster had expected to find no later reference to the vessel but it must have been later recovered & put back into service. MNL lists the vessel thru to 1871 with, from 1865, Richard Brown, of Rochdale, Yorkshire, as the then owner of the Sunderland registered vessel.
Signal letters HPGQ. As this listing is updated in Jun. 2022, the webmaster is astonished to find that crew lists seem to be available for a vessel with the number 2470 thru to 1912! How can that be?
I cannot tell you what happened to Ann, in or about 1870 or 1871. I note in that regard that this MNL page (scroll to #2470) seems to note that the vessel was lost as per a report dated Nov. 8, 1870 (if I have read the handwriting correctly).
A vessel of the name did run aground at Cloughby Bay, County Down, Ireland, when carrying iron ore, on Oct. 13, 1870 & was got off a few days later. But that vessel would seem to have been registered at either Killough or Newry, Ireland, rather than at Sunderland.
Can you add anything additional? #2552

7   Barbara
197/203 later 183 tons

2939
1830

A snow or brig. A vessel whose lifespan was about 46 years. Were Lloyd's Register ('LR') the sole source for data about the vessel, this listing would be very short indeed. The vessel is LR recorded in only seven of those many years. Fortunately there are other data sources.
The webmaster thinks it likely that Barbara was not initially registered in the north-east, but has not yet determined where it was first registered & who then owned it.
The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/9 records the 197 ton brig, in Apl. 1848, as registered at Sunderland & owned by T. Kish of Sunderland. The equivalent register of 1854/55, in Mar. 1854, has Thos. Kish her owner & John Langlay her then captain. T. (or Thos.) Kish is still the vessel's owner per Turnbull's Shipping Register in 1855 & 1856, with John Langley (with an 'e') her captain in 1855 & the vessel reported, in 1856, at 182 tons. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 again has Thomas Kish as the vessel's owner. I note that LRs of 1852 thru 1855/56 record Kish & Co. of Sunderland as Barbara's owner, for service from Sunderland to Archangel, Russia, in 1852/53 & 1853/54, with 'Smith' her captain. LRs of 1854/55 & 1855/56 have limited detail which suggests that the vessel may then have been in process of sale.
The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') reports Barbara as Sunderland registered from 1845 thru 1867, owned from 1865 thru 1867 by Wm. Farrow of Sunderland. From 1868 thru 1872 (1870) the vessel, per MNL, was registered at Southampton, Hampshire, & owned by Henry Hayward of Lymington, Hants. From 1874 thru 1876, the vessel was again, per MNL, registered at Sunderland, owned in 1874 & 1875 by John Crossby & in 1876 by George Robinson, both of Sunderland. LRs of 1874/75 thru 1876/77 do not mention 'Robinson' - they all record J. Crossby of Sunderland as the vessel's owner.
81.7 ft. long, signal letters HRFV, many crew lists are available (1 & 2).
What finally happened to Barbara? LR of 1876/77 notes that the vessel was 'Missing'. Wikipedia reports (thanks!) that on Mar. 12, 1876 the brig was sighted in the North Sea off the Corton Lightship & was not heard from again. Stated to have been en route from Seaham, County Durham to London, assumed to have foundered with the loss of all hands. This related report tells us that the vessel had left Seaham on Mar. 10, 1876 under the command of Captain Robinson, passed Yarmouth on Mar. 12, 1876 & was never heard from again. 'Wiki' refer to an article of interesting title in the 'Leeds Mercury' of Jun. 1, 1876. The webmaster would welcome any site visitor providing such article to the webmaster for inclusion here. The Corton Lightship was located a few miles off Lowestoft, Norfolk - at lat. 52.33.15.
This U.K. Government listing, ex here, confirms the above data, advises that Barbara had a crew of 6 & that an Inquiry was held at Sunderland into the vessel's loss. The vessel was noted to have been fully seaworthy & no explanation for her loss could be determined. At the time, the vessel was carrying a cargo of coal.
Is there anything additional you can add? #2521

8   Blackaller
136 or 137 tons
1831

A snow or brig. This vessel is not recorded in two lists of Sunderland built vessels available to the webmaster, likely, I suspect, because it was not initially registered at Sunderland, the source for such lists, hence the unknown builder name. I read, however, that the vessel was built at North Hylton.
The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1831 thru 1846/47, always owned by 'Blackaller', from 1834 of Exeter, Devon. With 'Blackaller' her captain thru 1835/36, 'Luscombe' from 1835/36 thru 1838/39, 'Cockrane' from 1839/40 thru 1840/41 & J. Watson from 1840/41.
LR records some varied service. Initially the vessel served as an Exmouth, Devon, coaster. It then for many years operated out of Liverpool - to Smyrna, Turkey, in 1832, to 'Prnam'? in 1833, to Laguira (La Guaira, Venezuela?) in 1834, to Copenhagen, Denmark, from 1835/36 thru 1838/39, to Alexandria, Egypt, in 1839/40, to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in 1840/41, & to Icheboe (a tiny island then noted for its penguin guano, located off the W. coast of Namibia) from 1844/45 thru 1846/47. Service ex London is also LR noted, to Leghorn (Livorno, Italy) in 1841/42 & 1842/43. I read also, (search for Blackaller), that in Apl. 1838 the vessel sailed for Aracati, NE Brazil, with a crew of 8.
LR of 1846/47 notes that the vessel had been 'Lost'. There are many WWW references to the loss of Blackaller, which occurred, I believe, on Mar. 25, 1846, when at Port Elizabeth (now Gqeberha), Algoa Bay, South Africa, loading cargo for London during a SE gale. There was no loss of life. Wikipedia notes that the brig was lost on Mar. 25, 1846, at Algoa Bay, South Africa - sourced from a New Zealand newspaper (the 'Nelson Examiner & New Zealand Chronicle') of Jun. 27, 1846, there stated to have been totally wrecked. Also, detailed & extensive archeological records (a 'pdf' file) assembled re the Port Elizabeth area, which list a multitude of local wrecks, confirm (on page 60) that Blackaller was lost on Mar. 25, 1846, in a SE gale, while loading cargo. But other dates for her loss are referenced also - I have read Feb. 24, 1846 & also an unspecific date in Apl. 1846. This Exeter site tells us that 'Blackaller' (search for it) a sailing vessel, square rigged, built at North Hylton, County Durham, in 1831, was wrecked off Port Elizabeth, South Africa, in Apl. 1846 - further that its registry was cancelled on Jun. 24, 1846 & that she had been registered in the names of Mary Blackaller, Mary Langley, & Jeffery Blackler Blackaller.
All good data. More data soon. Can you add anything additional? #2345

9   Eleanor
244 tons
1831

A snow or brig. Now Eleanor is a quite common vessel name which makes research rather harder. But what particularly adds to the research 'difficulty' in this case is that there would seem to have been two vessels named Eleanor built at Sunderland in 1831. The first, built by George Frater, is detail listed here. The second such vessel, noted to be of 244 tons, is not recorded in two Sunderland build lists available to the webmaster, likely because it was not first registered at Sunderland. In this case, probably Scarborough, Yorkshire. As a result, its builder is at present unknown to the webmaster.
The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed in 1832 & 1833, a 2 year silence, then from 1836/37 thru 1854/55 with the exception of 1847/48. In LRs of 1832 & 1833, 'Smith' is listed as Eleanor's owner, with R. Mann her captain, for service from London to Pernambuco in 1832 & Bahia in 1833, both Brazil. LRs of 1836/37 & 1837/38 tell us that 'Smith' was then of Scarborough, for service from Hull to Pictou (Nova Scotia, Canada), with 'Simpson' then her captain.
In 1838/39, per LR, T. Rounce, of London, became the vessel's owner, thru 1846/47 at least, with 'Clark' her captain throughout such period (J. Clark from 1843/44). For some quite varied service. From London to Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) in 1838/39. Service from London to Tripoli became London to the Mediterranean in 1840/41. In 1842/43, ex Hull became service from the Scilly Islands to Liverpool. Ex Liverpool in 1844/45 & from London to St. Petersburg, Russia, from 1844/45 thru 1846/47.
The vessel is not listed in LR of 1847/48. When LR coverage resumed in 1848/49, J. Fenwick, of South Shields is reported to be her new & likely her final owner, with 'Atkinson' per LR her captain from 1848/49 thru 1854/55. The 'Fenwick' ownership is confirmed by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 which lists the vessel as being Newcastle registered in Jul. 1848. And by the equivalent register of 1854/55 which references John Fenwick of South Shields as owner of the vessel, now Shields registered, with Alexander Main her then captain. Data which is essentially confirmed in Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1855. Her service, per LR, when 'Fenwick' owned? From Shields to America in 1848/49 & 1849/50, from Shields to the Baltic in 1850/51, & from London to Odessa in 1851/52 & 1852/53.
So far as the webmaster can see, the vessel was not granted an Official Number which would mean that the vessel no longer existed on Jan. 1, 1855 or was no longer British owned. An extensive list of vessels lost in 1854 is available via this page, but it covers only losses in U.K. waters. It includes two vessels named Eleanor but seems not to include 'our' Eleanor. Of course, she may well have been lost elsewhere in the world. I need help in establishing what did happen to Eleanor & when. Can you tell us more? #2377

10   Black Boy
194, or 208/209 tons

706
1835

The vessel is listed in only one of two lists of Sunderland built vessels available to the webmaster - of 194 tons, with no builder name. It seems likely that Black Boy was never registered at Sunderland, rather at Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham. I say that because Lloyd's Registers ('LR') of 1836/37 thru 1838/39 do modestly list the vessel - registered at Stockton, of 219 tons & with a captain named 'Mountain'. But with zero other data. And, while the vessel would appear to have lasted until 1862, LR later lists the vessel only in the 3 year period of 1848/49 thru 1850/51 - of 219 tons, owned by Union Shipping Co. of Stockton, for service from Stockton to the Baltic, with J. Humble serving as the vessel's captain.
In the absence of comprehensive data from LR, we are fortunate to have data from other sources. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 lists the vessel, in May 1848, now of 209 tons, owned by Union Shipping Company of Stockton. The equivalent directory of 1854/55 has the vessel, of 208 tons, owned by J. Mennell of Robin Hood's Bay ('RHB'), Yorkshire, with Geo. Mennell then her captain - now registered at Whitby, Yorkshire, having been registered there on Mar. 31, 1853 (scroll to #706). Turnbull's Shipping Registers of both 1855 & 1856 confirm such data, the vessel being listed as a brigantine. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 lists the vessel, now a 195 ton brig, owned by John Mennel of RHB.
It would seem, from this reference, that Mennell (Jn. Mennell), owned the vessel until 1862 when the vessel was lost. As is noted in a link above also.
For the moment, at least, this history of Black Boy can go no further. Now there are 13 pages of vessels which were lost in 1862 available on site - here - but I cannot spot Black Boy listed on any one of them. In WWW searching I did find:- i) On Nov. 26, 1837, per Wikipedia (thanks!) a brig of the name was driven ashore at Winterton-on-Sea, Norfolk. It was later re-floated. May well have been 'our' vessel. ii) On Jul. 27, 1858, again per Wikipedia, a brig of the name capsized off Ottendorf, Duchy of Schleswig. Then Danish, now German, on the Baltic coast about 30 miles NW of Kiel. During a gale. This article & this page seem to relate, even though there are significant differences in the stories set out. While it looks as though it might 'fit', we seem to need a vessel lost, not in 1858, but rather in 1862. But, that said, the Mercantile Navy List of 1860 does not reference the vessel, which presumably means that the vessel had by that date been lost. The webmaster thinks it likely that both of the references to 1862 are in error & that the wreck off the Baltic coast was, indeed, of this vessel. But additional data is needed to confirm such a conclusion. Or to deny it. No crew lists are available. Need help! #2343

11   Cleopatra
331/368, later 343 tons

24544
1837

The vessel was built by a Southwick builder, whose name is not known to the webmaster. Completed in Dec. 1837, Cleopatra is recorded in Lloyd's Registers ('LR') from 1838/39 thru 1864/65 & not thereafter. It would seem that the vessel was always registered at London & for most of its life, thru 1861/62 per LR, it was owned by Colling & Co. of London, With, per LR, just 3 captains over that lengthy period - 'Rothwell' thru 1845/46, then 'McEachern' thru 1854/55 & 'T. Millard' thru 1864/65.
The vessel served ex London to the West Indies (in 1845/46, 1855/56 & 1856/57 & from 1858/59 thru 1864/65) & specifically served Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of South America) from 1838/39 thru 1844/45 & from 1848/49 thru 1853/54.
Now LR of 1862/63 recorded Colling & Co. as Cleopatra's owner but struck the name out. In the following two years, no owner names are indicated. It would seem most likely that ownership of the vessel changed in or about 1862. In that regard the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1868, list Francis Chambers, of London, as the vessel's owner, while MNL of 1870 records J. W. Michael, also of London, as her then owner.
Signal letters PBHG. Some crew lists are available here.
On Jan. 19, 1871, per line 1173 here, the 343 ton barque foundered at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, apparently before the commencement of its intended voyage from Hayti (Haiti) to the U.K. (Falmouth presumably for orders) with a cargo of logwood. Crew of 8, no lives lost. Her owner was then stated to be John W. Michael. Wikipedia tells us (thanks!) that Cleopatra was lost at Saint-Marc (western coast of Haiti). I read that the vessel started to sink in the harbour at St. Marc while taking on its cargo. It was towed ashore & apparently auctioned off on Feb. 2, 1871.
A puzzle re this vessel. The link above re crew lists references an 1879 crewlist. The vessel is not MNL listed after 1871. Nor LR listed either. Likely a listing error.
Can you tell us more? Maybe the weather conditions or other circumstances of the vessel's loss. #2416

12   George Smith
282/312
later 291 or 292 tons

23513
1838

A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Apl. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1838/39 thru 1871/72. Per LR, George Smith was initially owned, thru 1854/55, by G. Smith of Whitby with W. Smith serving as the vessel's captain thru 1846/47, C. Wright from 1846/47 thru 1848/49 at least, maybe W. Watson for a period thru 1851/52, & W. Moss from 1852/53 thru 1855/56. Per LR the vessel served St. Petersburg, Russia, i) ex Sunderland thru 1840/41, ex London from 1841/42 thru 1845/46, & ex Plymouth, Devon, in 1848/49. And otherwise, per LR, it served ex Whitby except in 1852/53 & 1853/54 where service from Hartlepool to America is LR noted.
In 1855/56, per LR, the vessel became owned by T. Graydon of Sunderland, thru 1864/65, for consistent service ex Sunderland. Such service is LR noted to be i) to London in 1856/57 & 1857/58 & ii) to the Mediterranean in 1858/59 & 1859/60 & also in 1863/64. It would seem that Thos. Graydon actually acquired the vessel rather prior to 1855/56 - the North of England Maritime Directory lists George Smith as owned, in Mar. 1854, by Thos. Graydon of Sunderland with Geo. Plant her then captain. Data essentially confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Registers of 1855 & 1856 & by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1865 lists Thos. Graydon of Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, as her then owner. During the period of 'Graydon' ownership, W. Moss served briefly as her captain, in 1855/56, & G. Plant served from that date until 1864/65 when he became the vessel's owner.
Geo. Plant, of Sunderland, continued to both own & captain George Smith thru 1871/72. As is recorded by LR & also by MNLs of 1866 thru 1870. Under 'Plant' ownership, the vessel served from Sunderland to the Baltic in 1864/65 & 1865/66 & thereafter is LR noted to have been a Sunderland coaster.
92.0 ft. long, signal letters NRWK, per LR of 291 tons from 1856/57. Some crew lists are available here.
What happened to the vessel in or about late 1870? An MNL page advises that the vessel had been sold to 'foreigners'. It likely was renamed. Neither the name of the new owner nor the vessel's likely new name are known to the webmaster. Can you tell us more? Or correct any of the text above? #2409

13   John
247/261 tons

1838

A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Jul. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1852/53. It would not surprise the webmaster if John was registered, initially, at a port other than Sunderland. The vessel was always owned, per LR by 'Patterson' (thru 1847/48 & in 1851/52 & 1852/53) or 'Pattison' (1848/49 thru 1850/51) of Newcastle. For service, per LR, i) from Sunderland to St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1839/40, ii) from Liverpool to Hamburg, Germany, from 1840/41 thru 1842/43, iii) from Shields to America from 1843/44 thru 1847/48, iv) from Shields to London from 1848/49 thru 1850/51 & v) from Newcastle to the Baltic in 1851/52 & 1852/53. Her captains, per LR? Cooper or S. Cooper thru 1840/41, J. Dodds from 1840/41 thru 1847/48, & J. Burton from 1848/49 thru 1852/53.
Clarification of the owner name is likely provided by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848 which tells us that in Jul. 1848 John was registered at Newcastle & owned by F. A. Pattison of Newcastle.
A U.K. Government report, advises that John was wrecked at Sizewell Bk. (i.e. Bank) on Nov. 12, 1852, per line 2121 here, ex here - the vessel there noted to be of unknown ownership. A more detailed list of 1852 vessel losses was also U.K. Government published - you can read the page that relates to John here ex here. It states that the vessel, en route from Newcastle to London with a cargo of coal & a crew of 7, was driven onto Sizewell Bank, in gale force 10 conditions, further that the crew took to a ship's boat from which they were rescued & later landed at Harwich. 'Brunswick' was noted to have been the vessel's then captain. The vessel was, in error it would seem, listed at 155 tons only. This contemporary report notes that the vessel had been at anchor but that the anchors had broken free in the conditions. Sizewell Bank is located NE of Thorpness, Suffolk.
Is there anything you can add or clarify? #2447

14   John Rickinson
158/147 tons


540
1838

A snow or brig that was built at Southwick by shipbuilder unknown. A vessel which would seem to have had a long life with just a single family, the Rickinson's, as her owner.
John Rickinson, which was registered at Whitby, Yorkshire, on Mar. 24, 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1838/39 thru 1863/64, but not thereafter, owned throughout by 'Rickinson', with 'Rickinson' the vessel's captain until 1854/55. For, per LR, service as a Sunderland coaster thru 1843/44, thereafter ex Whitby in 1844/45 & 1845/46, from Whitby to the Baltic from 1846/47 thru 1851/52. The vessel linked Whitby & Hartlepool in 1851/52 & 1852/53, served as a Hartlepool coaster in 1854/55, & served ex Hartlepool to Hamburg, Germany, in 1855/56 & 1856/57 & to the Baltic in 1857/58.
Some confusion as to the vessel's exact name it would appear. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1856 lists 'Jon Rickinson', a 147 ton barque supposedly, as owned by W. & M. V. Rickinson of Robin Hood's Bay ('RHB'), Yorkshire, with W. Rickinson her captain in TRs of both 1855 & 1856. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 rather lists 'John Richardson', as owned by Mary, Matthew, Valentine & William Rickinson, of RHB. The LR data of 1858/59 thru 1863/64 is limited. And from 1864/65 until 1873/74 LR does not reference John Rickinson at all. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1872 (1870) all record, however, the vessel's then owner as being Matthew Rickinson, of West Hartlepool.
This page (in yellow) tells us that the vessel's initial owners were Elizabeth and Mary Rickinson of RHB & Jn. Rickinson, a Whitby grocer. It also advises that on Aug. 16, 1851 John Rickinson, loaded with coal, came ashore near Kettleness Steel but was got off the next day. Kettlness Steel would seem to be in or close to Runswick Bay, Yorkshire, a little to the N. of Whitby.
The vessel was lost in 1873. I read here (item #13) that the vessel left London for Hartlepool, in ballast, on Jan. 26, 1873 & was never heard from again. With a crew of five, all lost of course. Then owned by M. Rickinson of West Hartlepool. A WWW page which is no longer available used to advise - 'Jacob Mills, master mariner, age 23, son of John and Elizabeth, lost with all hands in the brig John Rickinson January 1873'.
82.5 ft. long, signal letters HDGW, many crew lists are available here.
Is there anything you can add or clarify? It would be good to learn who built her. #2470

15   Elizabeth
135/130 tons
1840

A snow or brig. The vessel, which was launched in Nov. 1840, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1840/41 thru 1851/52. Elizabeth was, per LR, always owned by 'Stephens' of Wisbeach (now Wisbech), Cambridgeshire, with J. Hutton always serving as her captain. LR records her service as being from London to Konigsberg (Königsberg now Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian enclave on the Baltic coast) from 1844/45 thru 1847/48 & otherwise always from Sunderland to Wisbeach.
What finally happened to the vessel? We seem to have a number of descriptions. 1) On Nov. 23, 1852, per line 2134 here, the 135 ton snow, sank on the Nore Sand (a sandbank at the mouth of the Thames estuary), while en route from Wisbeach to Sunderland, likely in ballast & with a crew of 7 (none lost). Elizabeth is there stated to have been then owned by William Stevens. A strange location if that routing is correct. 2) This page, I believe, references the vessel's loss but quite differently. It lists a vessel of the name, a sloop of 60 tons, 12 years old, that was lost on the Nore Sand on Nov. 24, 1852. While en route from Glasgow to London with a cargo of iron & a crew of three. The vessel struck on the wreck of the Apollo, which wreck was marked by a Trinity buoy. The vessel filled with water & fell over. Such reference tells us that 'Jackson' was the vessel's master at the time & that the crew were all saved. 3) The Nov. 26, 1852 edition of 'The Standard' of London, in a report from Sheerness dated Nov. 24, 1852, stated - 'The Elizabeth (billy-boy), of and from Wisbeach, for London, struck on the Nore Sand last night, beat over near the Swatch, struck on the wreck of the sloop Apollo, and shortly after filled - crew saved. 4) Wikipedia tells us (thanks!) that Elizabeth had run aground, floated off, & then struck the Apollo wreck. That the crew of Elizabeth were rescued by Jane and Mary, a yawl, further that Elizabeth was refloated on Dec. 2, 1852 and beached at the nearby Isle of Grain (W. side of the mouth of the River Medway, N. coast of Kent). A 'billy-boy' is, I learn, a coasting schooner with its bow & stem both round. They most often came from Yorkshire.
Is there anything you can add? #2478

16   Sarah Crisp
313/335 tons

1841

A barque which was launched in Mar. 1841. The vessel is not included in lists of vessels built at Sunderland, likely because it was initially listed at London rather than at Sunderland. It is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1840/41 thru 1844/45 only, owned by T. Crisp of London with 'Orfleur' (maybe Orfeur) her initial captain thru 1841/42, & from 1841/42 with J. Crisp her captain. For initial service from Sunderland to London & from 1841/42 for service from London to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (though it may have served from London to Mauritius in or about 1841/42). It seems clear that in or about 1846 the vessel was sold (new owner unknown to webmaster) & became registered at Moulmain, now Mawlamyine, Burma (Myanmar) & operated in the waters of the Far East.
On May 5, 1843, the vessel, Crisp in command, was 'on shore on a quick sand' 5 miles off the entrance to the Rangoon River, Burma, (now Yangon, Myanmar). Per here (in red). On Apl. 2, 1848 the vessel was reported to have been at Singapore.
On Aug. 2, 1848, the vessel left Moulmain for Hong Kong, under the command of Captain Taylor, with a crew of 32 all told, carrying a cargo of teak wood. A typhoon hit the China Sea in early Sep. 1848. Presumably in mountainous seas, the vessel one night is supposed to have started some of her plank ends, & soon, filled with water, was on her side. The next morning masts & rigging were cut away & she became upright again, though badly damaged with her main deck, poop & forecastle gone & her interior damaged by heavy logs floating freely. Emma Sherratt, a Swan River (Fremantle) Australian schooner, en route to Hong Kong under the command of Captain Reid, came upon the distressed ship still afloat 24 or maybe 27 days later. There are many different references to where she was found - in the South China Sea certainly, a few days sail away from Hong Kong, likely at or about 16.30N/114.30E. Sarah Crisp's provisions had been destroyed & the crew collected such fresh water as they could via some old canvas & a couple of buckets. Food? I read that all they had to eat was a monkey, a foul, a half-bag of rice & a couple of fishes - to feed 32 people. In the following days the vessel's 2nd mate & 12 crew members died from starvation. The rest, the captain, the chief mate & 17 seamen, all in woeful condition, were taken aboard Emma Sherratt & later, I think on Dec. 10, 1849, landed at Hong Kong. I have not, in my words above, referred to the vessel having caught fire. Many articles do refer to such a fire but I am not sure that such reports are accurate. 'Wiki' refers to such fire & dates the disaster at Sep. 1, 1848. The webmaster has read many articles, often contradictory, re the disaster at both 'Trove' & at 'Welsh Newspapers Online'. Here are a number of such articles - 1, 2, 3, 4. Can you add to or correct my words? Maybe tell us who built the ship & who owned the vessel at the time of her loss? And tell us whether there indeed was a fire. #2286

17   William and Mary
178/197
later 161 tons

22429

1841

A snow or brig. There is doubt about in which year to correctly record this vessel. Lloyd's Register ('LR') consistently records the vessel as built in 1840, apparently launched in Nov. 1840. However, three 1850s North East shipping registers all record William and Mary as being built in 1841, as does a Sunderland build list which is available to the webmaster. So I include it as built in 1841.
The vessel is LR listed from 1840/41 thru 1855/56 only, with the exceptions of 1847/48 & 1852/53. Always, per LR, owned by 'Granger' of Whitby, North Yorkshire, & always captained by 'Granger' (W. Granger from 1853/54). The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854 (1853 data) records William Granger & Mary Hunter, both of Robin Hood's Bay (located 6 miles S. of Whitby), as her then owners with W. Granger her then captain. Turnbull's Shipping Registers of 1855 & 1856 (1855 data) both list W. Granger & Co. as her owner & W. Granger as her captain.
Her service? LR records service from Sunderland to London from 1840/41 thru 1846/47 at least, service from Whitby to the Tees from 1848/49 thru 1850/51 & service as a Whitby coaster in 1853/54. I note, however, that on Jul. 26, 1846, William and Mary (Granger) arrived at Swinemunde (NW Poland) ex Stockton & a little later, on Aug. 19 & 22, 1846, was at Danzig & Pillau, ex Stettin. I mention all of that since Wikipedia references a vessel of the name which caught fire in the Humber River on Aug. 5, 1846. Such vessel was not our William and Mary. Of 178/197 tons but of 161 tons from LR of 1853/54.
This page tells us (scroll to #22429) that a certificate was issued re the vessel's loss on May 20, 1855 (as I read the hand writing). Lloyd's List, in a Feb. 5, 1855 report (in red) from Yarmouth, Norfolk, tells us that late on Feb. 2, 1855, Eden, a Sunderland brig, went ashore at Gorleston (just S. of Great Yarmouth). And that at 'about the same time', William & Mary, a brig, Granger her captain, came ashore near the monument. Her crew had previously been taken off by life-boat. William & Mary was, at the time, en route from London to Whitby in ballast. Wikipedia refer to the matter both here & here.
It was my assumption that the vessel's life was accordingly at an end. But it would seem that that was not the case. I say that because, per Lloyd's List of Jun. 07, 1855, William & Mary, Granger in command, arrived at West Hartlepool from Dieppe, France. That surely must have been the very same vessel. The vessel's final disposition is presently unknown to the webmaster.
Is there anything you can add? And/or correct? #2414

18   Alert
163/145 later 133 tons

2531

1843

A snow later a schooner. Alert is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1842/43 thru 1857/58, then an LR silence of 16 years, & again from 1874/75 thru 1878/79. The vessel was, per LR, owned thru 1854 by Stevens & Co., of Wisbech or Wisbeach, Cambridgeshire, for service as a Sunderland coaster thru 1845/46 or thereabouts & as a Lyn (presumably Lynn, Norfolk), coaster thereafter. With 'Cooper' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1846/47 & 'Lowe' (W. Lowe I read) from 1845/46 thru 1854/55. I say 'thru 1854' above because the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records the vessel as becoming registered at Sunderland (rather than at Wisbech) in 1854. And also because Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory, of Mar. 1854, records Sam. P. Austin, of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owner with Wm. Milburn her then captain.
LR of 1855/56 lists 'Thurlb'ck' of Sunderland as Alert's new owner, for service from Sunderland to London. Such owner name is clarified by Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 which lists Michal (no 'e') Thurlbeck, of Sunderland, as the vessel's owner with G. Robinson her captain. And by TR of 1856 which lists the vessel at 132 tons only, owned by M. Thurlbeck.
During the years of LR silence, MNL comes to our rescue. It reports Alert as registered at Maldon, Essex, in all the years from 1858 thru 1878, & specifically advises that from 1865 thru 1876 the 133 ton vessel was owned by Edward Tovee, of Heybridge, Essex. I note that MNL of 1872 first recorded the vessel as a schooner rather than a snow. LRs of 1874/75 thru 1877/78 also state E. Tovee to be the owner of the vessel, now listed as a schooner.
One last change of ownership to report. LR of 1877/78 records H. G. Warwicker as in that year becoming her new owner - confirmed by MNL of 1878 which specifies Henry G. Warwicker of Maldon, Essex.
75.7 ft. long, signal letters HPMR. No crew lists are reported as being available.
LR of 1878/79 notes that Alert had been 'Broken Up'. Can you tell us anything additional? Perhaps data about her operational history? #2437

19

Scindian
535/650 (N/G), later 605/637 (N/G) tons

15840
1844

A fully rigged ship, a barque for part of its life. Per 1 ('Wikipedia' re Scindian), 2 & 3 (1850 voyage to Fremantle, Western Australia), 4 (names of the convict passengers), 5 (Scindian, abandoned in Sep. 1864, ex 6), 7 (Italian 'pdf', 1880 wreck of Scindian). The vessel is not Miramar listed. The available data for this vessel is confusing, & this listing will most certainly require correction. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers ('LR') thru 1856/57 - see first left. The vessel was built at Southwick, Sunderland, by builder unknown, for J. Allan of London, for trade to India, to Cape of Good Hope (South Africa) & later to St. Helena. That last destination is an unusual one, St. Helena being a tiny & remote island in the South Atlantic, about 1,250 miles off the coast of southern Angola, a stop on the old sailing routes indeed but not really a destination. Please note that in most of those Lloyds's Register years, 'our' Scindian was the only vessel of the name listed - though a steamship named Scindian, built in 1854, was LR referenced in 1855/56 & 1856/57. The vessel would seem to have been reduced to a barque for a couple of years & then became a ship again. In 1847, the vessel carried stores to Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. The Home (England) Government contracted Scindian & 3 other vessels to carry convicts to the Swan River Colony, at Fremantle, Western Australia. On Mar. 4, 1850, the vessel, then a ship (& not a barque, or so the webmaster believes), under the command of James Cammell, left Portsmouth, for Fremantle, in a voyage which originated in London. She carried 275 passengers, i.e. 75 male convicts of excellent conduct (all from Portland Prison, Dorset), 55 pensioner guards, 108 family members of those guards & 37 passengers. And Government stores. She arrived at Gage Roads, Fremantle, on Jun. 1, 1850 after a voyage of 89 days. Now a great many websites state that Scindian 'is widely considered to be the first convict ship to transport convicts to Western Australia'. Those words need some clarification. It was not the first ship to carry convicts to Western Australia, and certainly was not the last. It was rather the first ship to arrive after Western Australia became a penal colony. Many convicts had arrived there in the years of 1842 thru 1849. And in the years through 1868, close to 10,000 convicts arrived there. On Aug. 18, 1850, the vessel left Fremantle for Calcutta with a cargo that included 126 bales of wool, 23 horses & 55 bundles of whalebone. On Jun. 27, 1852, the vessel left London for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, & arrived there on Oct. 11, 1852 with 302 emigrants. Three crew members deserted ship at Melbourne, incl. strangely, William Edmonston, the ship's Chief Officer. In 1856, the vessel landed 255 Indian immigrants at Trinidad, West Indies, & in 1863 the vessel carried labourers from Madras (now Chennai), India, to Natal, South Africa, to work in the sugar plantations. So far so good, or so it seems to the webmaster.
What later happened to the ship? The webmaster cannot answer that question 100% satisfactorily. First you should note that Scindian was not listed in LRs after 1856/57 & before 1874/75. One might expect the vessel to have been lost, or perhaps renamed, in or about 1856/7. The Sacramento Daily Union, of Jan. 28, 1865, advises (slightly edited) that 'The ship Scindian, of one thousand tons, with a cargo of silks and other stuffs from Calcutta, valued at £50,000, had been found abandoned off Port Elizabeth, and brought to a safe anchorage by two small vessels, the owners of which had agreed to divide the rich prize between them.' Yes indeed. In Sep. 1864, Scindian was found abandoned, her main mast snapped off 3 feet above the deck, with 3 1/2 feet of water in her holds & otherwise damaged, about 20 miles S. of Cape Recife, South Africa - by Alicia Anne of Newcastle & Aminta built & registered at Liverpool. Scindian is stated to have been en route from Calcutta (for U.K. perhaps) with a cargo of silks valued at £150,000. Alicia Anne & Aminta put a crew aboard Scindian & brought her to port, on Sep. 23, 1864, at nearby Port Elizabeth, South Africa - proposing to split the prize money between them. All as you can read at link 5. The vessel was surely repaired & would seem to have stayed in 'Allen' ownership. Until 1876 at least. I say that because the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 thru 1876 at least (MNL of 1877 is not available) all list John H. Allan, of London, as the owner of the vessel, stated to have been built in 1843 & of 546 tons (thru 1871) & 605 tons (from 1872).
David Le Maistre advises that the vessel left London in late Dec. 1873 for Nagapatam (Tamil Nadu, E. coast of India) & returned to London almost exactly 2 years later, with his great grandfather, John A'Court, aboard as 1st mate. David seeks your help re the vessel's routing etc. re that voyage - as you can read at this guestbook message. You may also be interested to learn that John A'Court later served for 15 months aboard the famous Cutty Sark.
No sailing vessel named Scindian was LR listed for 18 years. And then, in LRs of years 1874/75 thru 1880/81, a ship of the name is listed, as you can see here & at left. Stated to be built at Southwick (i.e. Sunderland) in 1843 - ON 15840, signal letters LTWV, a ship of 637 tons, 129.1 ft. long. Owned by J. (John) H. Allan, of London, later by J. (Joseph) Wilson & Co., of North Shields, but registered at London. MNL's of 1878 thru 1880 indeed record Joseph Wilson of South Shields as the vessel's then owner. The final LR listing (1880/81) advises that the vessel was 'Wrecked'. Do note that no vessel of the name, built in 1843, was LR listed thru 1856/57. I read that at the end Scindian sank off the coast of Rio Marina, Island of Elba, Italy, on Nov. 3, 1880. Was that, indeed, the same ship? I think that it was. The webmaster has found one Italian page (7) which refers to the 1880 wreck. I have no ability in Italian but have tried to WWW translate the text. It seems to say that the vessel had a crew of 16 all told, & that William Lawrenson, its captain, was drowned along with five crew members. The vessel was anchored there to load iron ore, but was driven onto the rocks by an unusually violent storm. The captain, along with his wife, are buried in Rio Marina, on the Island of Elba. A friend of the site has provided this newspaper cutting which documents the Nov. 3, 1880 wreck. And also has provided a) a death register entry re Captain William Lawrenson & b) an 'effects' entry re the seamen who drowned. All in all, a set of strange facts & circumstances which deserve more explanation. Many crew lists are available here. We need your help! And who built the ship? #1871

20   Adele
333 tons
1845

A snow or brig, later a barque, built by an unknown Southwick builder. The vessel would appear to have never been registered at Sunderland (rather at Hartlepool), hence the fact that the vessel is not included in two lists of Sunderland built ships available to the webmaster. Her builder's name is accordingly unknown.
The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1855/56, always owned, per LR, by 'Mesnard' of Hartlepool. Which owner name is clarified by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 to mean, in May 1848, Jane Mesnard. The vessel had, per LR, two captains only - J (John) Youlden thru 1849/50, then Laycklock (William, I believe) as best I can determine the name. It is likely that Robert Gray was also the vessel's master. LR records the vessel as a snow thru 1850/51 & then as a barque.
The vessel would seem to have had some varied service. From Sunderland to Boston (presumably Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) in 1845/46, from Sunderland to the Mediterranean in 1846/47 & 1847/48, ex London in 1848/49 & 1849/50, from Liverpool to Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of South America) in 1850/51 soon from London to such destination. And from 1851/52 thru 1854/55, per LR, from London to Mauritius.
While no info. about Jane Mesnard is available, Hartlepool History Then & Now has helpfully made available, (thanks to the Hartlepool Library Service & Hartlepool Customs), Adele's registration documents - here & here. How wonderful! The only problem is my old eyes cannot read them well! I am unable to read there the name of her builder, if indeed, such data is therein referenced. It would seem, however, that on Jan. 25, 1853 the vessel was transferred to registration at London, perhaps (my eyes!) to become owned by Pow & Co. The documents seem to refer to a bill of sale dated May 19, 1857 which date at present is a puzzle.
I should note that the Mercantile Navy List does not record the vessel - which would mean that the vessel was not in existence & British registered on Jan. 1, 1855 or in the short period thereafter.
What happened to the vessel? The webmaster really cannot answer that question properly today. But ... Wikipedia reports that a vessel named Adele was lost on an unknown date in 1853 'on the Northern Triangles', as per a report in 'Ship News' in 'The Morning Post' of London of Apl. 16, 1853. There are a number of places known as 'Northern Triangles' including one in the Honduras area. It is more likely, however, that the loss site is in Penobscot Bay, near Knox, Maine, U.S.A., on a reef there known as Northern Triangles near Little Green Island. But such is mere conjecture until it is determined with accuracy that I am referring to the correct Adele & to the correct site of loss. I need help! In particular i) an Official List of 1853 wrecks surely published by the U.K. Government at some time. ii) The text of the 'Morning Post' wreck announcement as above. iii) the name of her builder. Is there anything you can add? #2341

21 Brenda
280 or 307 tons
1845

A snow, a type of brig. A work, entitled 'Brenda of Sunderland' by Nicholas S. Cammillieri (1798/1856 or maybe 1860), was long ago listed on eBay. It shows the vessel entering the port of Malta on Jan. 20, 1846. If we assume that 'ArtPrice' refers to the identical work, Edward Warden was its captain. Which agrees with the 1845/46 listing in Lloyd's Register. Flying a Canadian flag. 17 3/4" x 22 3/4" in size, pencil signed. Nicholas S. Cammillieri is either Maltese, French or Italian (data differs), but Maltese seems to be correct. (58 listings at Artprice but alas no images or values). This work was incidentally sold for U.S. $2,000 to a bidder on the auction floor. Some think that there may have been 2 Cammillieri's, both marine artists, at that time, one based in Malta & the other in Marseilles, but a now long gone website said that was incorrect. Just one. Data is however confusing, to the webmaster at least. Hopefully soon, the webmaster will provide a composite image of the Lloyd's Register listings he has available for this vessel. Need help!

22   George Smith
288 tons

2724
1845

A snow, a type of brig. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR' listed from 1845/46 thru 1854/55 only. I say 'only' for a particular reason, having found to my surprise that George Smith was not lost in or around 1855, as I thought likely, but rather continued in service (if not LR listed), for another 20 years - thru to 1875.
The vessel's initial owner, thru 1848/49 per LR, was Smith & Co., of London, for service from Sunderland to London with J. Wilson, per LR, consistently serving as her captain.
In 1848/49, per LR, the vessel became Sunderland registered, owned by R. Surtees of Sunderland. For service ex Sunderland with J. Kemp noted by LR to have been her captain thru 1854/55. The North of England Maritime Directory, of Apl. 1848, records R. Surtees of Monkwearmouth as the vessel's then owner.
It is fortunate that other sources tell us as to her later ownership. Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory tells us that in Mar. 1854 George Smith was owned by Wm. Eggleston & Geo. H. Longridge, both of Sunderland, with John Steel her then captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register of 1855 confirms such ownership data, naming W. Nowell as the then captain of the vessel, noted to be of 210 tons. The equivalent directory of 1856. While Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 spells out the owner names - William Eggleston & George H. Longridge. For later years, the Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') come to our rescue. MNLs of 1865 & 1866 record Geo. H. Longridge as the vessel's presumably managing owner. MNLs of 1867 thru 1872 record Wm. Eggleston in such role, while MNLs of 1874 thru 1876 record Wm. Eggleston jun. In 1874, per Turnbull's Shipping Register, W. Eggleston, jun. owned 32 of the vessel's 64 shares, the other 32 being jointly owned by Dorothy Eggleston, Wm. Eggleston & T. H. Eggleston.
Length? Signal letters HQJN, many crew lists are available here.
I learn that in Nov. 1875, the vessel went aground on the Gunfleet Sands, located off the Essex coast near Clacton. Clearly due to a major storm which effected hundreds of vessels. An unknown steamer attempted to take George Smith in tow. While such tow was not successful, the steamer did save George Smith's entire crew. I wonder where they were landed? Wikipedia confirms the above by telling us (thanks!) that on an unknown date in Nov. 1875 the vessel was wrecked on the Gunfleet Sand, further that the crew were all rescued by a steamship. Wikipedia further tell us, in a 2nd reference to the vessel, that on Nov. 21, 1875, the vessel was driven ashore at Calais, France. She floated off and was discovered by some French fishermen in a derelict condition. As per the 'Liverpool Mercury' of Nov. 24, 1875.
Can you add anything additional? If you can, do consider being in touch with the webmaster. #2410

23 Mayda
486/582 tons
1845

A barque that had a very short life. Per 1 (names of the convicts on 1845 voyage to Norfolk Island), 2 (selected Australian newspaper articles ex Trove), The vessel is not listed at Miramar. Its length? The vessel had 4 guns it would seem. It was owned by G. Lyall Junior of London, with C. May its captain. The vessel is recorded in Lloyd's Registers of 1845/46 thru 1848/49 (see left) - for intended voyages to the East Indies - in the 1848/49 year the vessel was stated to be 'missing'. The vessel is noted for its single passage to the penal colony at Norfolk Island, then Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) of 199 male convicts. 4 of such convicts died en route so 195 convicts were landed. The vessel left its moorings off the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, River Thames, London, on Aug. 29, 1845 & arrived at Norfolk Island on Jan. 8, 1846 with some of its rigging damaged. Dr. Alexander Kilroy, R.N. was the ship's surgeon (medical officer). It then left for Hobart, Tasmania, (arrived Jan. 29, 1845) & departed for Launceston, also Tasmania, in ballast but with 50 plus members of the 11th regiment along with a few other passengers, arriving on Mar. 6, 1846. At Launceston it loaded a cargo which included 82 bales of wool, 2943 quarters or 23878 bushels of wheat, 6800 treenails & 8 passengers including Mr. & Mrs Holcombe with 4 children. It departed Launceston on Apl. 23, 1846, rounded Cape Horn & was never heard from again. So the 1848/49 reference to the vessel being missing refers to that 1846 return voyage to London. A reference (para. - THE SHIP "ELIZABETH And HENRY") implies that it may be that the carriage of the wheat was the cause of the vessel's loss - perhaps the holds became flooded & the grain expanded & destroyed the hull. Anything you can add? #1909

24 Waterloo
796/898 tons
later 836 tons

23276
1848

A 3-masted fully rigged ship, not a 'clipper' ship. Per 1 (Duncan Dunbar history), 2 (data), 3 & 4 (Dec. 11, 1848 arrival at Sydney), 5 (1862 auction sale of vessel, ex 6), 7 (oil painting of the vessel, by D. Macfarlane). The vessel is not listed at Miramar. A 'frigate' style ship, with a white band painted down each side with imitation gun ports intended to ward off pirates, with passenger accommodations 'very superior' or 'spacious & elegant'. It carried 'an experienced surgeon', a sales feature mentioned in advertisements! Registered at London. Some selected listings ex Lloyd's Registers are available at left. The vessel, 145.5 ft. long, was built, of teak, at the cost of £18,000, for Duncan Dunbar & Sons ('DDS'), of Limehouse, London, Devitt & Moore likely the managers. Duncan Dunbar (1803/1862), the ship owner, inherited in 1825, at age 22, a brewery & a wine & spirit business from his father of the same name. In 1827, Duncan Dunbar acquired his first ship, actually a half interest in a barque, & in the following decades built what was then the largest fleet of vessels in the world. He even owned a ship-building yard, at Moulmein, Burma, (now Mawlamyine, Myanmar) & many of his ships were built there due to the ready availability of teak. The name? Many of the fleet vessels were named after famous battles. There was an earlier vessel of the name, not however a fleet vessel. It was built at Bristol in 1815, and, carrying convicts, was driven ashore & wrecked in Aug. 1842, with the loss of 190 lives, at Table Bay, South Africa. I read, re Duncan Dunbar, that 'His ships were employed as troopships in the Crimean War, carrying convicts to Australia, emigrants to New Zealand and Australia, tea home from China and spices and many other things from India'. Waterloo was engaged on passenger & cargo service to Australia, & indeed was built 'expressly for the Sydney trade'. The vessel was owned as to 1/3 (likely an approximation) by Captain Henry Neatby (1805/1862), a most famous DDS captain indeed, who achieved 18 years of fleet service. It would seem that the vessel's maiden voyage left London on Aug. 29, 1848 for Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. On Dec. 11, 1848, the vessel, Neatby in command, arrived at Sydney, ex London & Portsmouth, with 49 passengers. You can read, via the links above, interesting detail of its cargo, which included two thorough-bred racehorses. On its return voyages to London, the vessel would carry passengers & wool. On Mar. 6, 1862, Duncan Dunbar, a bachelor, died & his fleet was auctioned off. As you can read via a link above, Waterloo was sold, for £4,555, to Montgomery & Fox, of Liverpool, per Lloyd's Registers thereafter 'Fox & Co', & registered at Liverpool. The vessel, not renamed, then traded to India it would seem. A Google snippet advises that the vessel was later sold to 'a native, Hajee N. Mohammed, of Bombay'. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, lists Hadjee J. Mahomed of Calcutta, India, as her then owner, while the 1880 equivalent states Hadjee Noor Mahomed, also of Calcutta. Do you know what finally happened to her? It is a puzzle to the webmaster that the name of the builder of such a prominent ship, a ship with such a famous owner, seems not to be known, or at least is not WWW named. Laing built many ships for Duncan Dunbar, but did not build Waterloo, as is confirmed here. We need help! We thank Sally Douglas for suggesting the inclusion of this vessel. Sally believes that her great grandfather John Broomfield (later of Ballarat), immigrated to Australia, arriving at Sydney aboard Waterloo, on Nov. 27, 1855. Some additional comments:- i) If Duncan Dunbar (1803/1862) never married, why was his firm named Duncan Dunbar & Sons? Maybe I have the firm name incorrectly & it should rather be Duncan Dunbar & Co.? ii) Neatby would seem to have owned about 1/3 of Waterloo. Was the sale price in 1862 for the entire ship or rather for 2/3 of it? Likely it was for the entire ship with 1/3 of the proceeds going to Neatby. iii) it would be good to learn what additional data S. Neal Gardner learned about the vessel since 2000. An image of the engraved pitcher that he referred to at 2 would be of considerable reader interest. I tried to make contact with Mr. Gardner but his e-mail address is no longer operative. #1838

25 Ocean Wave
230 (later 184 & 185) tons

24159
1849

A wooden snow, a type of brig, i.e. 2 masts, both with square sails. Per 1 (Board of Trade inquiry into 1875 grounding & loss, ex 'Accounts and Papers', published 1876, a 'Google' book). 84.0 ft. long, later 85.2 ft., signal letters NVPL. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available thru the period. The first such reference to the vessel appears to be in the 1852/53 edition when the vessel was owned by Fitzgibbon, of London, for service to the Dominicas. By 1856/57 the vessel was owned by 'Gethring &' of Newport, Wales, for service into the Mediterranean. By 1864/65 the vessel was owned by Hunter & Co., of London, for service to Copenhagen, Denmark. By 1874/75 the vessel was owned by 'J. Mackenzie' & registered at London. On Sep. 30, 1875, Ocean Wave, then owned by 'John McKenzie and two others', of Blyth, Northumberland, but registered at London, William Slater ('Slater') in command, left Riga, Latvia, for Leith, Scotland, with a cargo of deals, with a crew of 7 all told. The weather was very cold, so cold that ice accumulated at the bow are as a result of which the vessel was difficult to control & its head was down by 2 or 3 ft. At 2 p.m. on Dec. 5, 1875, the vessel sighted the island of Bornholm, in the Baltic, & then headed for Hammeren Point, intending to anchor between Hesler & Ronne. The vessel was hit by a sudden squall, & ran aground, on Dec. 5, 1875, on a shoal 1/2 to 3/4 miles from the shore of Bornholm Island. Heavy seas broke right over her, & the vessel, soon filled with water, began to break up. The crew was saved at 9 p.m. with the use of rocket apparatus & no lives were lost. Slater apparently did not use the lead, believing that he knew the coast well. The Court held that Slater had caused the loss by the non use of the lead & suspended his certificate for a period of 3 months. The Court said it did so with regret on account of Slater's high character, & granted him a mate's certificate during that 3 month suspension period. There are anomalies re this vessel, but that said I presently believe that the Lloyd's data, as at left above, is in order. Specifically i) Lloyd's 1874/75 identifies the vessel as built in 1847. I think that date was picked up by the Board of Trade, who also state, I believe incorrectly, that the vessel was #24519, which was (insert number) Black Diamond, (#24159 is correct) - however they use #24159 elsewhere in the book, ii) the vessel does not seem to be listed in the 1870/71 & 1873/74 registers, iii) the vessel still seems to be listed in later Lloyd's Registers, the last such register I have available is 1883/84 as per this image. Have I mixed up vessels named Ocean Wave? It surely looks to be possible but I did take care with the data above. Can you add to and/or correct the listing?

26 Rodney
785/877 tons

6127
1850

A fully rigged sailing ship, maybe later a barque. Per 1 (Dec. 20, 1851 arrival at Hobart, Tasmania, i.e. Van Diemen's Land), ex a 'pdf' available here), 2 (data), 3 (1854/55 voyage to Port Adelaide, South Australia), 4 (wreck data, Rodney, 45% down), 5 (extensive data re wreck). The vessel is not listed at Miramar. A 'frigate' style ship, i.e. with a white band painted down each side with imitation gun ports intended to ward off pirates, with passenger accommodations both 'spacious and elegant'. Registered at London. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, I believe, from 1850/51 thru 1858/59, listed at 785/877 tons. I say 'I believe' because LR of 1850/51 does not record the vessel's name. See image at left. The vessel was built for J. Hay of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London. It was soon sold, however to Duncan Dunbar & Sons, of Limehouse, London, Devitt & Moore the managers, & engaged on passenger & cargo service to Tasmania & to mainland Australia. It would seem that under Dunbar ownership the vessel, per LR, had only one captain - A. (Alexander) McLean. But Messrs Frazer & Alex. Bissett were in command for later voyages, with Bissett in command when the ship was lost. The vessel made three 'convict' voyages, under hire to Her Majesty's Government, with convicts & pensioner guards to Van Diemen's Land i.e. Tasmania, in 1850, 1851, & 1852-53. 'Pensioner guards' were ex British service men, many in the prime of life, fit & healthy & not 'pensioners' as we today understand the term. They supervised the convicts both during the voyage & afterwards, & left England in search of a better life. i) the first such voyage was from London to Tasmania via Portland, Dorset. It left Portland on Aug. 23, 1850 & arrived at Hobart on Nov. 28, 1850. Apparently 'The Public Record Office/The National Archives' at Kew, London, has a journal (ADM 101/64) re this voyage, written by Superintendent Frederick LeGrand RN, the ship's surgeon. ii) The 2nd such voyage left Queenstown (now Cobh), Ireland, on Sep. 24, 1851 under the command of Captain McLean, & arrived at Hobart on Dec. 20, 1851 with 300 male convicts. iii) the 3rd voyage arrived at Hobart in Feb. 1853 with 342 convicts aboard. The convicts were, I read, mainly Irish. Some of the other voyages to Australia:- The vessel (McLean) left Plymouth on Dec. 11, 1853 for Sydney (arrived Mar. 15, 1854) with 337 immigrants. On Nov. 21, 1854, the vessel left Plymouth under the command of Captain Frazer for Port Adelaide, South Australia, where it arrived on Feb. 20, 1855. The vessel left Sydney on Jul. 6, 1856 for Hong Kong, with Bissett in command. The vessel would appear to have been later re-rigged as a barque & also been owned by Green & Co. Both statements correct? I read that on Jun. 7, 1858, Rodney, a barque owned by Green & Co, under the command of Captain Alex. Bissett, was totally wrecked on the Kenn Reef off the Queensland, Australia coast, while en route from Melbourne to Guam. Kenn Reef is a largely submerged coral atoll, lying in the Coral Sea about 280 miles NE of Gladstone, Queensland. Rodney was wrecked a little before Olivier Van Noord was wrecked on the very same extensive reef. It would seem that the two ships, & also Northumbrian & Sea Park were sailing in company up the eastern seaboard of Australia intending to in due course pass westwards through the Torres Strait. Rodney ran aground at about 4:20 a.m. on Jun. 7, 1858. Olivier Van Noord, not understanding Rodney's signals of distress, continued on & was also wrecked. The Rodney crew were rescued by Northumbrian, but Bissett, Bissett's wife, Rodney's officers & 17 of her crew transferred to Sea Park, & were landed at Calcutta. The remainder stayed aboard Northumbrian. There are a number of shipwrecks at Kenn Reef & the identification of which one was the Rodney has been commenced. Most WWW sites state that the vessel was lost on Jan. 7, 1858. But that clearly is not so. An extensive account of the vessel's loss was published in the Bombay Geographical Society Transactions (a Google book). And essentially the same data was published in the 'Argus' of Melbourne newspaper on Oct. 15, 1858 & in other places also. When you read the 'account' you would be justified in initially thinking that the vessel had been lost in Torres Strait.
Now early editions of LR (left) list where & when a ship was built, but do not list who built it. Such is the case with Rodney. But one of the links above states that the builder was 'Lainey', a Sunderland shipbuilder name new to me. I have also been advised that the vessel was built by James Laing. But I believe that in fact the vessel was built by Arrow Leithead & was launched as Cambodia. Can you provide more data about this vessel? Michael Rhodes has been in touch (thanks!) to confirm that Rodney was wrecked on Kenn Reef & confirm the vessel's routing. An image?

27 Wentworth Beaumont
272 or 276, became 255 tons

633
1850

A snow rigged wooden sailing vessel, later a brig (but a snow is a type of brig). Per 1 (1858 ownership data, Wentworth Beaumont, in 'Christies Shipping Register ...'), 2 (wreck ref., Wentworth, about 60% down), 3 (Tyne & Wear Archives, 1873 crew lists available), 4 (Irish wreck report, published Oct. 2, 1873, search for vessel name). An Irish site has extensive data about the vessel but you must find the site for yourself since I have been requested not to provide a link. 91.0 ft. long, signal letters HDQF. It is possible but really a guess that the vessel was named for Wentworth Beaumont, a Member of Parliament for Northumberland & Durham & owner of coal mines. The webmaster has Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. In all of the 1850/51 thru 1864/65 Lloyd's Registers, 'Clarke & C.' ('Clarke'), of Newcastle, was the listed owner. That it would seem means Clarke & others - in 1858 'Christies' records the vessel as then being owned by 'Clarke & Dunn' of Newcastle & by 'Thomas Todd' of London. The vessel served the Mediterranean & later the West Indies it would seem. In the 1865/66 edition of Lloyd's, the ownership changed, from Clarke to 'G. Eskdale', of Shields, with the owner George Eskdale becoming the Captain of the vessel - for the rest of the vessel's life in fact. The vessel served the Baltic & also Spain, it would appear. On Sep. 30, 1873, the vessel left Limerick, Ireland, for Shields in ballast. The vessel encountered fog & high winds & while trying to put the pilot ashore was driven onto rocks at Carrigaholt, on the S. coast of County Clare, near the mouth of the river Shannon. And wrecked. At 52.34N/09.42W. I have read at Rinevilla Point, while another site (no longer available) said off the Kilcredaun Head Light House. Perhaps 1 mile W. of the lighthouse. One life was lost, a cook who was drowned. The remainder of the crew including the Captain were all saved. I read that the vessel was built of oak, which is interesting. Can you possibly provide more data? Which Sunderland ship builder built the vessel? The answer is not known today. Perhaps you might assist in answering that question? I now believe that the builder was James Hardie. But I have also read Hodgson & Gardner of North Hylton.

28 Priam
571 & 655 tons, later 604 tons

12879
1852

I am now advised that the vessel was built by Pearce & Thackray. A fully rigged sailing ship, later, per Lloyd's Registers at least, a barque. Note that 'Trove' Australian newspaper articles thru 1857 most often refer to the vessel as then being a barque. Per 1 (May 11, 1852 voyage to Portland Bay, many pages, passenger lists available), 2 (cargo list re Mar. 1855 arrival at Melbourne, left column 60% down). The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. 138.0 ft. long, signal letters LDQN. The vessel was built for J. Banks, of Goole, for service to Australia. On May 11, 1852, the vessel left Gravesend, London, R. D. Comyn in command, for Portland Bay & Melbourne, via Deal & Plymouth. (Portland Bay is on the coast of Victoria, Australia, 360 km. W. of Melbourne). Note that a passenger on the voyage stated here that the vessel was rather owned by Henry Reed, of London. It would seem that the vessel arrived at Portland Bay on Aug. 25, 1852, with 272 emigrants & also some cabin passengers aboard, soon went on to Melbourne (arrived Sep. 15. 1852) & there landed 18 cabin passengers & 35 in steerage. On or about Nov. 20, 1852, the vessel left Melbourne for Calcutta, India, with a part of the London cargo still aboard. The vessel arrived at Portland Bay again on Dec. 26, 1853, ex London & on or about Apl. 22, 1854 departed for London with a cargo principally of 1536 bales of wool. It arrived at London on Sep. 11, 1854 after a voyage of 130 days. On Mar. 10 (or 19), 1855, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex Greenock, River Clyde, Scotland, with a most varied cargo indeed (2). The 1855/56 edition of Lloyd's indicates that the vessel had been sold, to 'McArthur' of Greenock, which seems to mean 'D. McArthur' though for a number of years the name was recorded as 'McArthur & Binnie'. We all forget, I think, how news was disseminated even in such relatively recent times. On Oct. 19, 1857, a pigeon landed on the vessel with news of a troop ship attached to its leg! The vessel, under the command of Captain MacFarlane, went on to arrive at Sydney, New South Wales, on Nov. 30, 1857, ex Greenock, with 9 cabin passengers aboard. It left, in ballast, on Jan. 5, 1858, for Guam & later carried coolies to Mauritius. It would seem that the vessel did not visit Australia again. From about 1860/61 the vessel would seem to have been engaged in trade to India & later to Batavia, i.e. Jakarta, Indonesia. Now in the 1866/67 edition of Lloyd's Register, the vessel was still indicated to be a ship. By the 1868/69 edition it would appear to have been reduced to a barque, though I am unable to tell you exactly when it was re-rigged. The 1869/70 edition shows that the vessel's owner had become 'Shanklnd & Co.', which means, I believe 'R. Shankland & Co. (Burn Line)', also of Greenock. In the 1870/71 edition of Lloyd's Register, the last edition in which the vessel is listed, the vessel is stated to be 'condemned'. It is not likely that you will be able to provide more data about this vessel. But if you can, do please consider doing so. Ron Lovell, of Australia, is researching the vessel & would welcome any additional data.
In Feb. 2017, Mark Knipping of Wisconsin, U.S.A., was in touch re Priam via the guestbook. To advise that some years ago he had purchased, at auction, a sea chest which carries beneath its lid a primitive genre painting which appears to be of Priam (per Mark, the pennant on the masthead actually seems to read Piram). Mark has kindly now provided the webmaster with many images of both the chest & the painting & also a detailed 'pdf' text. Thank you, Mark! We thank also your photographic friend who made this possible. I have made 2 images available at left. Mark is not available via e-mail, but has provided his mailing address to the webmaster. #1869

29 Rose of Sharon
730/870 (later 788) tons

15896
1852

The vessel, which was launched in May 1852 & first registered, at Newcastle, on Jun, 14, 1852, was built by William Wilkinson of Deptford, Sunderland. A wooden fully rigged sailing ship. Per 1 (arrival at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on Apl. 13, 1855, ex the Apl. 18, 1855 edition of 'The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser'), 2 (passenger list re Sydney arrival), 3 (wreck data ex 'House of Commons Papers, Vol. 60' published 1860, a 'Google' book).
Vessel not listed at Miramar. Signal letters LVFQ. No crew lists are available.
It would seem that the vessel was built for J. Miller, of Newcastle, & that he proved to be the ship's sole owner. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') recorded from 1853/54 thru 1858/59, always owned by J. Miller of Newcastle, for service from i) Sunderland to Calcutta (now Kolkata, India) in 1853/54 & 1854/55 & ii) London to Australia from 1855/56 thru 1858/59. With, per LR, J. Thompson her captain thru 1855/56, W. Forsyth in 1856/57 & 1857/58 & J. South'rn in 1858/59.  The North of England Maritime Directory, of 1854/55, records the vessel, in Apl. 1854 as owned by Jas. Miller with J. Thompson her captain. Such ownership data is essentially confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Registers of both 1855 & 1856, the 1855 edition also listing J. Thompson as the vessel's then captain. LR of 1858/59 lists the vessel as now registered at London, hence Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 does not reference the vessel.
On Jan. 10, 1855, the vessel left Southampton for Australia, William Forsyth in command (accompanied by his wife), & arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on Apl. 13, 1855, after a passage of 93 days. She carried 365 immigrants, primarily agricultural workers, nearly all of whom were English. En route, i) the vessel encountered a hurricane which caused considerable damage to the ship & ii) the ship's carpenter was swept overboard & lost. The 3rd & 4th mates deserted the ship after arrival in Australia as also did what would seem to be two sailors. The sailors were caught - one of them was returned to the ship while the other was sentenced to 13 weeks imprisonment. The vessel's return voyage left Sydney on Jul. 7, 1855 & included stops at Rangoon (Burma, now Myanmar), Calcutta, & Mauritius, before arriving back in U.K., at Falmouth in Jul. 1856.
David Row of Australia indicated (thanks!) that, per 'White Wings Vol. II', on Oct. 1, 1856 the vessel left London & arrived at Wellington, New Zealand, on Jan. 19, 1857. With 100 passengers. And with, I believe, J. Southeron or maybe J. Southern as her captain.
On Dec. 16, 1858, the vessel left Calcutta for London, under the command of William Maxton ('Maxton'), with a cargo principally of jute. The weather turned 'thick' as the vessel entered the English Channel. A light was observed off the starboard bow, which light the Captain believed to be the lighthouse at 'Casquets', 13 miles NW of Alderney in the Channel Islands. The lead was cast, but it would seem that the resulting data was not compared to the charts. The light proved instead to be 'Cape de Carteret', on the French coast, a long way to the south. On Apl. 10, 1859, the vessel ran ashore near Rozel, on the French coast S. of Cherbourg (the island of Jersey is 22 km. to the SW), & ended up a total loss. As is confirmed by these contemporary reports. Denis Wederell, of New Zealand, years ago advised us that jute was strewn along the beach & the wreck & its cargo was later auctioned off at Cherbourg, France. No reference to any loss of life so I presume there was none. Maxton admitted that repeated soundings would have saved the vessel & a Board of Trade Inquiry (held at Greenwich on May 11, 1859) cancelled his master's certificate for a 12 month period. Maxton was permitted to sit an examination to regain his certificate, when that year expired. We thank Ed Ironside, of Australia, for his assistance re the above.
I read (in red) that two French Customs officers were each awarded a silver medal for their 'gallant services to the crew of' Rose of Sharon.
Can you provide anything more? #1845

30 Norwood
804 (or 786) tons

57
1854

A fully rigged clipper ship. Per 1 (Norwood page in 'white Wings'), 2 (1862 voyage to Western Australia, with convicts), 3 (1867 'convict' voyage to Western Australia), 4 (1872 stranding, ex 'Nautical Magazine' for 1872), 5 (Australian page, image), 6 (image, 30% down). 160.0 ft. long, a passenger ship, signal letters HBGS. Not listed at Miramar. Early Lloyd's Registers list where & when a ship was built, but do not list who built it. Such is the case with Norwood, & the WWW has not so far identified the yard from which she came. Maybe in the fullness of time that data will emerge. But ... i) I am advised that the vessel was built by James Laing & that data is WWW available via a search for 'James Laing Sunderland' (if it is, I cannot find it), ii) but Norwood is not in the Laing build list that a friend of the site has kindly provided. Such build list is now on site here. The vessel was in the 1856/57 register stated to be owned by 'Lusc'mbe', of London, which means, I believe, 'Messrs J. H. Luscombe', & maybe J. H. Luscombe means 'John Henry Luscombe', who lived at Upper Norwood, in S. London. Hence the vessel's name, I presume. They were the owners thru to the early 1870s. It would appear that Frank Bristow was Norwood's captain for approx. 15 years, from about 1856 to 1870, when 'Glennie' became her captain. The vessel was chartered to Shaw Savill & Co. for a number of years, but I have read no specifics. The vessel would seem to have sailed many times to Australia & New Zealand but not only to that part of the world. As an example, on Mar. 10, 1860, the vessel left Hong Kong for Georgetown, Guyana, with 316 indentured immigrants (to work in the sugar cane fields), 14 of whom died on the passage, 'from, it is said, the excessive use of opium'. The vessel was, in 1860, converted at the last moment, to carry soldiers. And on Nov. 25, 1860, the vessel left Deal, Kent, for Auckland, New Zealand, with 281 people all told aboard, including Captain Mercer's company of artillery, with its seven Armstrong guns, (one of which was on display in Albert Park, Auckland), there to quell the Maoris. It arrived on Mar. 4, 1861 after a passage of 99 days. On Mar. 16, 1862, Norwood left Portland, Dorset, for Swan River Colony (Fremantle, Perth, Western Australia) with 92 passengers & 290 convicts. And arrived at Fremantle, on Jun. 9, 1862, after a passage of 85 days. Upon their arrival, the convicts worked on public works, building roads, bridges etc. The vessel arrived again at Auckland on Aug. 5, 1863, 112 days out of Spithead (River Solent, Portsmouth), with, amongst its passengers, 124 men of the 18th Royal Irish Regiment. And on Aug. 11, 1866 she again arrived at Auckland, with cargo & just 65 passengers, ex Gravesend (Apl. 28), after a voyage in which she encountered a hurricane & was extensively damaged. She returned to Spithead & arrived there on Jan. 29, 1867 (70 days), with, amongst her passengers, men of the 1st Battery of the Royal Artillery. On Apl. 18, 1867, the vessel left Portland, for Swan River Colony, on its 2nd 'convict' voyage, with 81 passengers & 253 convicts - described as long-sentenced men, mainly from the gaols at Chatham. The vessel arrived at Fremantle on Jul. 13, 1867 after a voyage of 86 days. Do read the crimes for which those convicts were convicted - not all the crimes were major & many were guilty of merely being a pickpocket! But ... the subject is not that simple! On Mar. 20, 1872, a vessel named Norwood, of London, was stranded at Bombay, India. It most probably was this vessel. And survived the stranding. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available from the period (but not all of them). In the 1873/74 register, T. & A. Carter, of London, was stated to be the owner. The vessel must have soon been sold because, in the 1874/75 edition, the owner had become H. Wake, of London. And in 1878/79 edition, the owner was J. Bonus & Sons, also of London. The first available register in which the vessel is not recorded is the 1880/81 edition. What happened to the ship? It would seem that it stranded, in 1878 perhaps, as per the final Lloyd's Register entry at left. Can anybody tell us exactly what happened? And when? Another image of the ship? Is it possible that you can provide more data?

31 Faerie Queen
183 tons

16160
1856

A wooden barque or schooner, intermittently. Built by Wm. Pile, jun. 1 (enter Faerie Queen), 2 (ownership data, ex 'Christies Shipping Register ...' for 1858, a 'Google' book, as Faerie Queene), 3 (Faerie Queen wreck ref. 40% down, ref. 1867). 102.0 ft. long, signal letters LWHG. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. In the Lloyd's Registers of 1857/58 thru 1860/61, J. Kelso of North Shields was the listed owner. Which means 'John R. Kelso' or maybe John R. Kelso & Co. 'Wm. Pile, Jun.' & 'Wm. Hay', both of Sunderland, were also owners in 1858. It would seem that the vessel traded with France. In the 1861/62 & later editions of Lloyd's Register the listings for the vessel omit stating an owner's name. The vessel traded with Africa ex Liverpool. On Dec. 14, 1867, the vessel, then described as a schooner, left Liverpool with a general cargo that included 7 tons of dynamite & some lime, bound for Liberia, West Africa. 3 references muskets & powder. The vessel encountered bad weather, & put into Holyhead, Wales, from which the vessel departed on Dec. 19, 1867. Joseph Pearson was in command, with a crew of 14 all told & no passengers. Poor weather continued. At 7:00 p.m. on Dec. 21, 1867, the vessel stranded in a gale on rocks at Small Saltee Island, one of two islands located 5 miles off Kilmore Quay, County Wexford, Ireland, i.e. the SE tip of Ireland. Uninhabited islands, bird sanctuaries today. Within 10 minutes there was 3 feet or so of water in the hold & 2 hours later there was smoke in the cabin, smoke that originated from one of the hatches. Fearful that an explosion might follow, the crew took to the boats & abandoned the ship. It would seem that there was no loss of life. The vessel, presumably badly holed, later broke up. WWW data about the vessel is quite limited. Can you provide more? The report of the Board of Trade Inquiry into her loss, perhaps?

32 Zoophite
161 tons

15787
1856

A wooden snow, a type of brig, i.e. 2 masts, both with square sails. Built by Pile & Smart. Per 1 (Board of Trade inquiry into the 1875 grounding & loss, ex 'Accounts and Papers', published 1876, a 'Google' book). 91.0 ft. long, later 96.8 ft., signal letters LTRJ. Vessel not Miramar listed. A zoophite? An animal that looks like a plant, more often spelled 'zoophyte'. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available thru the period. The vessel is not listed in the 1856/57 edition. It is listed in the 1857/58 edition when the vessel was owned by 'G. Leslie', of Aberdeen, Scotland. Used as a coaster & later traded to the Baltic. The 1856/57 edition of the register notes that 'Read & Co.' of Portland, Dorset, had become the owners, still used on the Aberdeen to the Baltic service. By 1874/75, the vessel was owned by 'J. N. Read' of Weymouth, which data conforms to the vessel's final chapter, as next follows. In late Nov. 1875, Zoophite, then owned by 'John Northover Read of Portland, Albert John Bray Newman & Henry Newman', William A. (Athwool) Newman in command, with a crew of six, left Llanelly, (I think that means Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, Wales), for Fécamp, Normandy, NE of Le Havre, France, with a cargo of 265 tons of coal. Soon after 1:00 a.m. on Nov. 28, 1875, the vessel was struck by Tagus, a 3,252 ton steamer owned by The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, en route from 'St. Thomas's' (Saint Thomas in the Virgin Islands?) to Plymouth. At about 7 miles ESE of the Lizard (S. Cornwall). The 2nd officer of Tagus, Maurice T. (Trenham) Stocker ('Stocker') was in command when the collision occurred, Thomas Woolward, the captain being below decks. The story of what happened is confusing to me. Tagus did not think it had hit anything, saw Zoophite some 40 or 50 ft. distant & continued on its way. Zoophite, however, had suffered major damage when hit at the stern. It soon filled with water & in about 1/2 hour had to be abandoned in a sinking condition. The entire crew took to a ship's boat & were picked up by a passing vessel & landed on the English coast. The Court determined that Stocker had caused the collision by neglecting to observe the 15th & 16th articles of the steering & sailing rules (whatever they are!) & his certificate was suspended for a 3 month period. Tony Hall, whose GG grandfather was her captain for many years, seeks plans of this or a similar vessel - as you can read here. Can you possibly provide more data?

33   John and Ann
155 tons

28798
1860

A brig or snow. The vessel is, to the webmaster at least, a 'mystery' vessel. We know where & when it was first registered. We know what finally happened to it. But who built it & where is not yet known & nothing is known about its life history.
The webmaster has two Sunderland built lists available to him, but the vessel is not listed in either of them. We do know, per this page (scroll to #28798), that the vessel was first registered, at Sunderland, on Oct. 24, 1860. It seems likely that it had been built at Sunderland but that is yet to be proven. Such page also indicates that a certificate re the vessel's loss was dated Feb. 13, 1869.
The vessel is not listed in Lloyd's Register - the webmaster has checked from 1859/60 thru 1869/70.
We do know that on Oct. 27, 1868, a 155 ton brig of the name, registered at Sunderland, stranded & became a wreck somewhere in Denmark while en route from Riga, Latvia, to Antwerp, Belgium, with a cargo of timber. Such vessel apparently had a crew of 6, one of whom lost his life in the stranding. As per line 35 on this U.K. Government page (ex here). The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1865 thru 1868 list John Colling of Sunderland as the then owner of such vessel. There is one 'snag'. Such page notes that the lost vessel was 39 years old (i.e. built in 1829). A mistake it would seem.
I earlier requested help re the history of this vessel. Hans Peter Kjær was kindly in touch (thanks so much!) to advise that the crew member who was lost in Oct. 1868 was 'Branagan' the vessel's master. Hans provided a link to a Danish Wikipedia page which tells us that the vessel stranded at a place called Ferring (on the Danish Jutland west coast). And also makes available 2 Danish contemporary newspaper articles (1 & 2). Skipper 'Branagan' was apparently washed overboard & drowned. The other crew members were rescued using a rocket apparatus. The Danish 'Wiki' page further advises that on Dec. 8, 1868, a public auction was held on the beach - salvaged furniture was sold along with some of the vessel's cargo of oak & pine.
The 'London Daily News' in an Oct. 27, 1868 report from Lemvig, Denmark, advised - 'The John and Ann, of Sunderland, from Riga to Antwerp, has been wrecked, master drowned'.
Some crew lists are available here.
Can you add anything additional? #2461

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