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Copyright? (16 = 16) Test.

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The following will be moved to the appropriate spot in these pages if and when the name of the shipbuilder becomes known. In most cases, I have been able to find the shipbuilder name via the WWW. But not re these particular vessels.

1 Scindian
535 & 650 tons


A fully rigged ship, a barque for part of its life. Per 1 ('Wikipedia' re Scindian), 2 (1850 voyage to Fremantle, Western Australia), 3 (names of the convict passengers), 4 (Scindian, abandoned in Sep. 1864, ex 5), 6 (Italian 'pdf', 1880 wreck of Scindian). The vessel is not Miramar listed. The available data for this vessel is confusing, & this listing will most certainly require correction. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers thru 1856/57 - see first left. The vessel was built at Southwick, Sunderland, for J. Allan of London, for trade to India, to Cape of Good Hope (South Africa) & later to St. Helena. That last destination is an unusual one, St. Helena being a tiny & remote island in the South Atlantic, about 1,250 miles off the coast of southern Angola, a stop on the old sailing routes indeed but not really a destination. Please note that in most of those Lloyds's Register years, 'our' Scindian was the only vessel of the name listed - though a steamship named Scindian, built in 1854, was referenced after 1855/56. The vessel would seem to have been reduced to a barque for a couple of years & then became a ship again. In 1847, the vessel carried stores to Calcutta, India. The Home (England) Government contracted Scindian & 3 other vessels to carry convicts to the Swan River Colony, at Fremantle, Western Australia. On Mar. 4, 1850, the vessel, then a ship (& not a barque, or so the webmaster believes), under the command of James Cammell, left Portsmouth, for Fremantle, in a voyage which originated in London. She carried 275 passengers, i.e. 75 male convicts of excellent conduct (all from Portland Prison, Dorset), 55 pensioner guards, 108 family members of those guards & 37 passengers. And Government stores. She arrived at Gage Roads, Fremantle, on Jun. 1, 1850 after a voyage of 89 days. Now a great many websites state that Scindian 'is widely considered to be the first convict ship to transport convicts to Western Australia'. Those words need some clarification. It was not the first ship to carry convicts to Western Australia, and certainly was not the last. It was rather the first ship to arrive after Western Australia became a penal colony. Many convicts had arrived there in the years of 1842 thru 1849. And in the years through 1868, close to 10,000 convicts arrived there. On Aug. 18, 1850, the vessel left Fremantle for Calcutta, India, with a cargo that included 126 bales of wool, 23 horses & 55 bundles of whalebone. On Jun. 27, 1852, the vessel left London for Melbourne, & arrived there on Oct. 11, 1852 with 302 emigrants. Three crew members deserted ship at Melbourne, incl. strangely, William Edmonston, the ship's Chief Officer. In 1856, the vessel landed 255 Indian immigrants at Trinidad, West Indies, & in 1863 the vessel carried labourers from Madras, India, to Natal, South Africa, to work in the sugar plantations. So far so good, or so it seems to the webmaster. What later happened to the ship? The webmaster cannot answer that question 100% satisfactorily. First you should note that Scindian was not listed in Lloyd's Registers after 1856/57 & before 1874/75. One might expect the vessel to have been lost, or perhaps renamed, in or about 1856/7. The Sacramento Daily Union, of Jan. 28, 1865, advises (slightly edited) that 'The ship Scindian, of one thousand tons, with a cargo of silks and other stuffs from Calcutta, valued at £50,000, had been found abandoned off Port Elizabeth, and brought to a safe anchorage by two small vessels, the owners of which had agreed to divide the rich prize between them.' Yes indeed. In Sep. 1864,  Scindian was found abandoned, her main mast snapped off 3 feet above the deck, with 3 1/2 feet of water in her holds & otherwise damaged, about 20 miles S. of Cape Receiffe, South Africa - by Alicia Anne of Newcastle & Aminta built & registered at Liverpool. Scindian is stated to have been en route from Calcutta (for U.K. perhaps) with a cargo of silks valued at £150,000. Alicia Anne & Aminta put a crew aboard Scindian & brought her to port, on Sep. 23, 1864, at nearby Port Elizabeth, South Africa - proposing to split the prize money between them. All as you can read at link 4. The vessel was surely repaired & would seem to have stayed in 'Allen' ownership. David Le Maistre advises that the vessel left London in late Dec. 1873 for Nagapatam (Tamil Nadu, E. coast of India) & returned to London almost exactly 2 years later, with his great grandfather, John A'Court, aboard as 1st mate. David seeks your help re the vessel's routing etc. re that voyage - as you can read at this guestbook message. You may also be interested to learn that John A'Court later served for 15 months aboard the famous Cutty Sark. No sailing vessel named Scindian was Lloyd's Register listed for 18 years. And then, in Lloyd's Registers of years 1874/75 thru 1880/81, a ship of the name is listed, as you can see here & at left. Stated to be built at Southwick (i.e. Sunderland) in 1843 - ON 15840, signal letters LTWV, a ship of 637 tons, 129.1 ft. long. Owned by J. (John) H. Allan, of London, later by J. (Joseph) Wilson & Co., of North Shields, but registered at London. The final listing (1880/81) advises that the vessel was wrecked. Do note that no vessel of the name, built in 1843, was Lloyd's listed thru 1856/57. I read that at the end Scindian sank off the coast of Rio Marina, Island of Elba, Italy, on Nov. 3, 1880. Was that, indeed, the same ship? I think that it was. The webmaster has found one Italian page (6) which refers to the 1880 wreck. I have no ability in Italian but have tried to WWW translate the text. It seems to say that the vessel had a crew of 16 all told, & that William Lawrenson, its captain, was drowned along with five crew members. The vessel was anchored there to load iron ore, but was driven onto the rocks by an unusually violent storm. The captain, along with his wife, are buried in Rio Marina, on the Island of Elba. A friend of the site has provided this newspaper cutting which documents the Nov. 3, 1880 wreck. And also has provided a) a death register entry re Captain William Lawrenson & b) an 'effects' entry re the seamen who drowned. All in all, a set of strange facts & circumstances which deserve more explanation. We need your help! And who built the ship? #1871

2 Brenda
280 or 307 tons

A snow, a type of brig. A work, entitled 'Brenda of Sunderland' by Nicholas S. Cammillieri (1798/1856 or maybe 1860), was long ago listed on eBay. It shows the vessel entering the port of Malta on Jan. 20, 1846. If we assume that 'ArtPrice' refers to the identical work, Edward Warden was its captain. Which agrees with the 1845/46 listing in Lloyd's Register. Flying a Canadian flag. 17 3/4" x 22 3/4" in size, pencil signed. Nicholas S. Cammillieri is either Maltese, French or Italian (data differs), but Maltese seems to be correct. (58 listings at Artprice but alas no images or values). This work was incidentally sold for U.S. $2,000 to a bidder on the auction floor. Some think that there may have been 2 Cammillieri's, both marine artists, at that time, one based in Malta & the other in Marseilles, but a now long gone website said that was incorrect. Just one. Data is however confusing, to the webmaster at least. Hopefully soon, the webmaster will provide a composite image of the Lloyd's Register listings he has available for this vessel. Need help!

3 Mayda
486/582 tons

A barque that had a very short life. Per 1 (names of the convicts on 1845 voyage to Norfolk Island), 2 (selected Australian newspaper articles ex Trove), The vessel is not listed at Miramar. Its length? The vessel had 4 guns it would seem. It was owned by G. Lyall Junior of London, with C. May its captain. The vessel is recorded in Lloyd's Registers of 1845/46 thru 1848/49 (see left) - for intended voyages to the East Indies - in the 1848/49 year the vessel was stated to be 'missing'. The vessel is noted for its single passage to the penal colony at Norfolk Island, then Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) of 199 male convicts. 4 of such convicts died en route so 195 convicts were landed. The vessel left its moorings off the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich, River Thames, London, on Aug. 29, 1845 & arrived at Norfolk Island on Jan. 8, 1846 with some of its rigging damaged. Dr. Alexander Kilroy, R.N. was the ship's surgeon (medical officer). It then left for Hobart, Tasmania, (arrived Jan. 29, 1845) & departed for Launceston, also Tasmania, in ballast but with 50 plus members of the 11th regiment along with a few other passengers, arriving on Mar. 6, 1846. At Launceston it loaded a cargo which included 82 bales of wool, 2943 quarters or 23878 bushels of wheat, 6800 treenails & 8 passengers including Mr. & Mrs Holcombe with 4 children. It departed Launceston on Apl. 23, 1846, rounded Cape Horn & was never heard from again. So the 1848/49 reference to the vessel being missing refers to that 1846 return voyage to London. A reference implies that it may be that the carriage of the wheat was the cause of the vessel's loss - perhaps the holds became flooded & the grain expanded & destroyed the hull. Anything you can add? #1909

4   Subraon
430/510 tons

A barque that had a short life. Per 1 ex 2, (newspaper article re 1848 wreck), 3 (extensive data), 4 (209 bounty immigrants), 5 (battle of Sobraon), 6 (New Zealand earthquakes). The vessel is not listed at Miramar. The Subraon is recorded in Lloyds Registers of 1846/47 thru 1848/49 (and also in 1849/50, even though the vessel was wrecked on Oct. 26, 1848). Owned by Arthur & Co. of London & intended for service to Calcutta, India. Presumably named after the decisive battle of Sobraon, a battle fought on Feb. 10, 1846 during the First Anglo-Sikh War of 1845/46. Its length? On Dec. 10, 1847, the vessel left London for Port Jackson (Sydney, New South Wales (NSW), Australia), via Plymouth, under the command of Captain John Powell Mills, with 209 bounty immigrants. The vessel arrived at Port Jackson on Apl. 12, 1848. It would seem the vessel stayed in southern waters - it later left Newcastle, NSW, for Wellington, New Zealand (arriving Oct. 5, 1848), with a few passengers & a cargo of cattle & horses. The vessel was at Wellington when a series of major earthquakes hit the area. Many Wellington citizens, feeling safer on the water than on land, spent time aboard Subraon moored in the harbour. Indeed, about 40 such citizens were passengers aboard the vessel when it left for Sydney on the afternoon of Oct. 26, 1848. Captain Mills was in command though the vessel, at the time of her loss, was under the control of James Calder, a local pilot. The pilot chose to exit the harbour via Chaffers' passage but ran aground, at about 8 p.m., on a reef just 100 yards from shore. Many boats were sent to the vessel's assistance & all aboard were safely landed. The vessel, minus her rudder, ended up fast on the rocks with no chance of being pulled off. She is still there today though very little remains. The wreck was sold at auction for 510 pounds sterling. A disaster inquiry was soon held. It concluded that the pilot should not have attempted to proceed to sea by Chaffers' passage since there was a better & safer alternative, that he showed poor judgment having decided on his course & further that he lost all presence of mind, so utterly essential to a pilot in extreme cases of danger. Ats a result of the inquiry, he was dismissed as a pilot. Bryan Kesselman advises that two cannons & the ship's bell were recovered from the wreck in the 1970s & are in the collection of 'The Museum of Wellington City and Sea', at Wellington. Anything you can add? #1911

5 Waterloo
796/898 tons
later 836 tons


A 3-masted fully rigged ship, not a 'clipper' ship. Per 1 (Duncan Dunbar history), 2 (data), 3 & 4 (Dec. 11, 1848 arrival at Sydney), 5 (1862 auction sale of vessel, ex 6), 7 (oil painting of the vessel, by D. Macfarlane). The vessel is not listed at Miramar. A 'frigate' style ship, with a white band painted down each side with imitation gun ports intended to ward off pirates, with passenger accommodations 'very superior' or 'spacious & elegant'. It carried 'an experienced surgeon', a sales feature mentioned in advertisements! Registered at London. Some selected listings ex Lloyd's Registers are available at left. The vessel, 145.5 ft. long, was built, of teak, at the cost of £18,000, for Duncan Dunbar & Sons ('DDS'), of Limehouse, London, Devitt & Moore likely the managers. Duncan Dunbar (1803/1862), the ship owner, inherited in 1825, at age 22, a brewery & a wine & spirit business from his father of the same name. In 1827, Duncan Dunbar acquired his first ship, actually a half interest in a barque, & in the following decades built what was then the largest fleet of vessels in the world. He even owned a ship-building yard, at Moulmein, Burma, (now Mawlamyine, Myanmar) & many of his ships were built there due to the ready availability of teak. The name? Many of the fleet vessels were named after famous battles. There was an earlier vessel of the name, not however a fleet vessel. It was built at Bristol in 1815, and, carrying convicts, was driven ashore & wrecked in Aug. 1842, with the loss of 190 lives, at Table Bay, South Africa. I read, re Duncan Dunbar, that 'His ships were employed as troopships in the Crimean War, carrying convicts to Australia, emigrants to New Zealand and Australia, tea home from China and spices and many other things from India'. Waterloo was engaged on passenger & cargo service to Australia, & indeed was built 'expressly for the Sydney trade'. The vessel was owned as to 1/3 (likely an approximation) by Captain Henry Neatby (1805/1862), a most famous DDS captain indeed, who achieved 18 years of fleet service. It would seem that the vessel's maiden voyage left London on Aug. 29, 1848 for Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. On Dec. 11, 1848, the vessel, Neatby in command, arrived at Sydney, ex London & Portsmouth, with 49 passengers. You can read, via the links above, interesting detail of its cargo, which included two thorough-bred racehorses. On its return voyages to London, the vessel would carry passengers & wool. On Mar. 6, 1862, Duncan Dunbar, a bachelor, died & his fleet was auctioned off. As you can read via a link above, Waterloo was sold, for £4,555, to Montgomery & Fox, of Liverpool, per Lloyd's Registers thereafter 'Fox & Co', & registered at Liverpool. The vessel, not renamed, then traded to India it would seem. A Google snippet advises that the vessel was later sold to 'a native, Hajee N. Mohammed, of Bombay'. The Mercantile Navy List of 1870, lists Hadjee J. Mahomed of Calcutta, India, as her then owner, while the 1880 equivalent states Hadjee Noor Mahomed, also of Calcutta. Do you know what finally happened to her? It is a puzzle to the webmaster that the name of the builder of such a prominent ship, a ship with such a famous owner, seems not to be known, or at least is not WWW named. Laing built many ships for Duncan Dunbar, but did not build Waterloo, as is confirmed here. We need help! We thank Sally Douglas for suggesting the inclusion of this vessel. Sally believes that her great grandfather John Broomfield (later of Ballarat), immigrated to Australia, arriving at Sydney aboard Waterloo, on Nov. 27, 1855. Some additional comments:- i) If Duncan Dunbar (1803/1862) never married, why was his firm named Duncan Dunbar & Sons? Maybe I have the firm name incorrectly & it should rather be Duncan Dunbar & Co.? ii) Neatby would seem to have owned about 1/3 of Waterloo. Was the sale price in 1862 for the entire ship or rather for 2/3 of it? Likely it was for the entire ship with 1/3 of the proceeds going to Neatby. iii) it would be good to learn what additional data S. Neal Gardner learned about the vessel since 2000. An image of the engraved pitcher that he referred to at 2 would be of considerable reader interest. I tried to make contact with Mr. Gardner but his e-mail address is no longer operative. #1838

6   Escape
248 tons

A wooden sailing ship. 2 masts, snow rigged. An expired eBay item, 3 documents including a mortgage document, is my main source of data. The vessel would seem to have been owned by Simon Reuter (1850) & registered at Liverpool. And in 1852/53 by Huntley of Sunderland for service to Archangel. And later (1857) by A. Jennings & possibly by S. Sichel. It is not likely that you will be able to provide more data about this vessel! But we can hope!

7 Ocean Wave
230 (later 184 & 185) tons


A wooden snow, a type of brig, i.e. 2 masts, both with square sails. Per 1 (Board of Trade inquiry into 1875 grounding & loss, ex 'Accounts and Papers', published 1876, a 'Google' book). 84 ft. 0 in. or later 85 ft. 2 in., signal letters N.V.P.L. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available thru the period. The first such reference to the vessel appears to be in the 1852/53 edition when the vessel was owned by Fitzgibbon, of London, for service to the Dominicas. By 1856/57 the vessel was owned by 'Gethring &' of Newport, Wales, for service into the Mediterranean. By 1864/65 the vessel was owned by Hunter & Co., of London, for service to Copenhagen, Denmark. By 1874/75 the vessel was owned by 'J. Mackenzie' & registered at London. On Sep. 30, 1875, Ocean Wave, then owned by 'John McKenzie and two others', of Blyth, Northumberland, but registered at London, William Slater ('Slater') in command, left Riga, Latvia, for Leith, Scotland, with a cargo of deals, with a crew of 7 all told. The weather was very cold, so cold that ice accumulated at the bow are as a result of which the vessel was difficult to control & its head was down by 2 or 3 ft. At 2 p.m. on Dec. 5, 1875, the vessel sighted the island of Bornholm, in the Baltic, & then headed for Hammeren Point, intending to anchor between Hesler & Ronne. The vessel was hit by a sudden squall, & ran aground, on Dec. 5, 1875, on a shoal 1/2 to 3/4 miles from the shore of Bornholm Island. Heavy seas broke right over her, & the vessel, soon filled with water, began to break up. The crew was saved at 9 p.m. with the use of rocket apparatus & no lives were lost. Slater apparently did not use the lead, believing that he knew the coast well. The Court held that Slater had caused the loss by the non use of the lead & suspended his certificate for a period of 3 months. The Court said it did so with regret on account of Slater's high character, & granted him a mate's certificate during that 3 month suspension period. There are anomalies re this vessel, but that said I presently believe that the Lloyd's data, as at left above, is in order. Specifically i) Lloyd's 1874/75 identifies the vessel as built in 1847. I think that date was picked up by the Board of Trade, who also state, I believe incorrectly, that the vessel was #24519, which was (insert number) Black Diamond, (#24159 is correct) - however they use #24159 elsewhere in the book, ii) the vessel does not seem to be listed in the 1870/71 & 1873/74 registers, iii) the vessel still seems to be listed in later Lloyd's Registers, the last such register I have available is 1883/84 as per this image. Have I mixed up vessels named Ocean Wave? It surely looks to be possible but I did take care with the data above. Can you add to and/or correct the listing?

8 Rodney
877 tons


A fully rigged sailing ship. Per 1 (Dec. 20, 1851 arrival at Hobart, Tasmania, i.e. Van Diemen's Land), ex a 'pdf' available here), 2, 3 & 4 (data), 5 (1854/55 voyage to Port Adelaide, South Australia), 6 (wreck data, Rodney, 45% down). Not listed at Miramar. A 'frigate' style ship, i.e. with a white band painted down each side with imitation gun ports intended to ward off pirates, with passenger accommodations both 'spacious and elegant'. Registered at London. Built for Duncan Dunbar & Sons, of Limehouse, London, Devitt & Moore the managers, & engaged on passenger & cargo service to Tasmania & to mainland Australia. It would seem, from the Lloyd's Registers (left) that the vessel only had a single captain in its lifetime - A. (Alexander) M'Lean, (is writing that name as 'Mclean' or 'MacLean' correct?) but Messrs Frazer & Bissett were in command for later voyages, with Bissett in command when the ship was lost. The vessel made three 'convict' voyages, under hire to Her Majesty's Government, with convicts & pensioner guards to Van Diemen's Land i.e. Tasmania, in 1850, 1851, & 1852-53. 'Pensioner guards' were apparently ex British service men, many in the prime of life, fit & healthy & not 'pensioners' as we today understand the term. They supervised the convicts both during the voyage & afterwards, & left England in search of a better life. The first such voyage was from London to Tasmania via Portland, Dorset. It left Portland on Aug. 23, 1850 (maybe Cowes on Aug. 14) & arrived at Hobart on Nov. 28, 1850. Apparently 'The Public Record Office/The National Archives' at Kew, London, has a journal (ADM 101/64) re this voyage, written by Superintendent Frederick LeGrand RN, the ship's surgeon. The 2nd such voyage left Queenstown (now Cobh), Ireland, on Dec. 20, 1851. While the 3rd voyage arrived at Hobart in Feb. 1853 with 342 convicts aboard. The convicts were, I read, mainly Irish. I am sure that is so, but the ship would surely have had to stop at Queenstown to pick them up. On Nov. 21, 1854, the vessel left Plymouth under the command of Captain Frazer for Port Adelaide, South Australia, where it arrived on Feb. 20, 1855. The vessel would appear to have been later re-rigged as a barque & also been owned by Green & Co. Both statements correct? I read that on Jan. 7, 1858 (or maybe on Jun. 7, 1858), Rodney, a barque owned by Green & Co, under the command of Captain Bissett, was totally wrecked on the Kenn Reef off the Queensland, Australia coast, while en route from Melbourne to Calcutta, India. Way off the Queensland coast! Kenn Reef is a largely submerged coral atoll, lying about 280 miles NE of Gladstone, Queensland, in the Coral Sea, way beyond the Great Barrier Reef. Rodney was wrecked a few hours after Oliver Van Noort was wrecked on the very same extensive reef. It would seem that the two ships, & also Northumberland, were sailing in company through the Torres Straight. When first Oliver Van Noort & then Rodney ran aground. The Rodney crew were rescued by Northumberland, but Bissett & a part of his crew were transferred to Sea Park, & landed at Calcutta. But can the Torres Strait reference be correct? Torres Strait lies between Australia & Borneo, far to the north. The wreck has not, I read, been located. Now early Lloyd's Registers (left) list where & when a ship was built, but do not list who built it. Such is the case with Rodney. But one of the links above states that the builder was 'Lainey', a Sunderland shipbuilder name new to me. Can you provide more data about this vessel? And an image?

9 Wentworth Beaumont
272 or 276, became 255 tons


A snow rigged wooden sailing vessel, later a brig (but a snow is a type of brig). Per 1 (1858 ownership data, Wentworth Beaumont, in 'Christies Shipping Register ...'), 2 (wreck ref., Wentworth, about 60% down), 3 (Tyne & Wear Archives, 1873 crew lists available), 4 ('', wreck ref., Wentworth Beaumont). 91.0 ft. long, signal letters HDQF. It is possible but really a guess that the vessel was named for Wentworth Beaumont, a Member of Parliament for Northumberland & Durham & owner of coal mines. The webmaster has Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. In all of the 1850/51 thru 1864/65 Lloyd's Registers, 'Clarke & C.' ('Clarke'), of Newcastle, was the listed owner. That it would seem means Clarke & others - in 1858 'Christies' records the vessel as then being owned by 'Clarke & Dunn' of Newcastle & by 'Thomas Todd' of London. The vessel served the Mediterranean & later the West Indies it would seem. In the 1865/66 edition of Lloyd's, the ownership changed, from Clarke to 'G. Eskdale', of Shields, with the owner George Eskdale becoming the Captain of the vessel - for the rest of the vessel's life in fact. The vessel served the Baltic & also Spain, it would appear. On Sep. 30, 1873, the vessel left Limerick, Ireland, for Shields in ballast. The vessel encountered fog & high winds & while trying to put the pilot ashore was driven onto rocks at Carrigaholt, on the S. coast of County Clare, near the mouth of the river Shannon. And wrecked. At 52.34N/09.42W. I have read at Rinevilla Point, while 5 says off the Kilcredaun Head Light House. Perhaps 1 mile W. of the lighthouse. One life was lost, a cook who was drowned. The remainder of the crew including the Captain were all saved. I read that the vessel was built of oak, which is interesting. Can you possibly provide more data? Which Sunderland ship builder built the vessel? The answer is not known today. Perhaps you might assist in answering that question? I now believe that the builder was James Hardie.

10 Priam
571 & 655 tons, later 604 tons


I am now advised that the vessel was built by Pearce & Thackray. A fully rigged sailing ship, later, per Lloyd's Registers at least, a barque. Note that 'Trove' Australian newspaper articles thru 1857 most often refer to the vessel as then being a barque. Per 1 (May 11, 1852 voyage to Portland Bay, many pages, passenger lists available), 2 (cargo list re Mar. 1855 arrival at Melbourne, left column 60% down). The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. 138.0 ft. long, signal letters LDQN. The vessel was built for J. Banks, of Goole, for service to Australia. On May 11, 1852, the vessel left Gravesend, London, R. D. Comyn in command, for Portland Bay & Melbourne, via Deal & Plymouth. (Portland Bay is on the coast of Victoria, Australia, 360 km. W. of Melbourne). Note that a passenger on the voyage stated here that the vessel was rather owned by Henry Reed, of London. It would seem that the vessel arrived at Portland Bay on Aug. 25, 1852, with 272 emigrants & also some cabin passengers aboard, soon went on to Melbourne (arrived Sep. 15. 1852) & there landed 18 cabin passengers & 35 in steerage. On or about Nov. 20, 1852, the vessel left Melbourne for Calcutta, India, with a part of the London cargo still aboard. The vessel arrived at Portland Bay again on Dec. 26, 1853, ex London & on or about Apl. 22, 1854 departed for London with a cargo principally of 1536 bales of wool. It arrived at London on Sep. 11, 1854 after a voyage of 130 days. On Mar. 10 (or 19), 1855, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex Greenock, River Clyde, Scotland, with a most varied cargo indeed (2). The 1855/56 edition of Lloyd's indicates that the vessel had been sold, to 'McArthur' of Greenock, which seems to mean 'D. McArthur' though for a number of years the name was recorded as 'McArthur & Binnie'. We all forget, I think, how news was disseminated even in such relatively recent times. On Oct. 19, 1857, a pigeon landed on the vessel with news of a troop ship attached to its leg! The vessel, under the command of Captain MacFarlane, went on to arrive at Sydney, New South Wales, on Nov. 30, 1857, ex Greenock, with 9 cabin passengers aboard. It left, in ballast, on Jan. 5, 1858, for Guam & later carried coolies to Mauritius. It would seem that the vessel did not visit Australia again. From about 1860/61 the vessel would seem to have been engaged in trade to India & later to Batavia, i.e. Jakarta, Indonesia. Now in the 1866/67 edition of Lloyd's Register, the vessel was still indicated to be a ship. By the 1868/69 edition it would appear to have been reduced to a barque, though I am unable to tell you exactly when it was re-rigged. The 1869/70 edition shows that the vessel's owner had become 'Shanklnd & Co.', which means, I believe 'R. Shankland & Co. (Burn Line)', also of Greenock. In the 1870/71 edition of Lloyd's Register, the last edition in which the vessel is listed, the vessel is stated to be 'condemned'. It is not likely that you will be able to provide more data about this vessel. But if you can, do please consider doing so. Ron Lovell, of Australia, is researching the vessel & would welcome any additional data. #1869

11 Rose of Sharon
730/870 (later 788) tons


I am now advised that the vessel was built by William Wilkinson of Deptford. A wooden fully rigged sailing ship. Per 1 (data, thanks to Denis Wederell ('Denis') of New Zealand in 2001), 2 (arrival at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on Apl. 13, 1855, ex the Apl. 13, 1855 edition of The Sydney Morning Herald & the Apl. 18, 1855 edition of 'The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser'), 3 (passenger list re Sydney arrival), 4 (wreck data ex 'House of Commons Papers, Vol. 60', a 'Google' book). Vessel not listed at Miramar. Signal code LVFQ. There is a fair amount of data available about this vessel, but that data does not include who built it! It would seem that the vessel was built for J. Miller, of Newcastle, & that he proved to be the ship's sole owner. Likely for service to Australia. On Jan. 10, 1855, the vessel left Southampton for Australia, William Forsyth in command (accompanied by his wife), & arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on Apl. 13, 1855, after a passage of 93 days. She carried 365 immigrants, primarily agricultural workers, nearly all of whom were English. En route, i) the vessel encountered a hurricane which caused considerable damage to the ship & ii) the ship's carpenter was swept overboard & lost. The 3rd & 4th mates deserted the ship after arrival in Australia as also did what would seem to be two sailors. The sailors were caught - one of them was returned to the ship while the other was sentenced to 13 weeks imprisonment. The vessel's return voyage left Sydney on Jul. 7, 1855 & included stops at Rangoon (Burma, now Myanmar), Calcutta (India), & Mauritius, before arriving back in U.K., at Falmouth in Jul. 1856. David Row of Australia indicates (thanks!) that, per 'White Wings Vol. II',  on Oct. 1, 1856 the vessel left London & arrived at Wellington, New Zealand, on Jan. 19, 1857. With 100 passengers. On Dec. 16, 1858, the vessel left Calcutta for London, under the command of William Maston ('Maston'), with a cargo principally of jute. The weather turned 'thick' as the vessel entered the English Channel. A light was observed off the starboard bow, which light the Captain believed to be the lighthouse at 'Casquets', 13 miles NW of Alderney in the Channel Islands. The lead was cast, but it would seem that the resulting data was not compared to the charts. The light proved instead to be 'Cape Carteret', on the French coast, a long way to the south. On Apl. 10, 1859, the vessel ran ashore near Rozel Bay, on the NE coast of Jersey, Channel Islands, & ended up a total loss. Denis advises us that jute was strewn along the beach & the wreck & its cargo was later auctioned off at Cherbourg, France. No reference to any loss of life so I presume there was none. Matson admitted that repeated soundings would have saved the vessel & the Court determined to remove his certificate for a 12 month period. Indeed the Captain may have had to sit an examination to regain his certificate, when that year expired. We thank Ed Ironside, of Australia, for his assistance re the above. Can you provide anything more? #1845

12 Time & Truth
470/576 tons

I am now advised that the vessel was built by William Henry Pearson, of Panns. A (3-masted?) barque, 124.0 ft. long. Per 1 (the 1852 voyage, 45% down), 2 (an 1854 voyage with immigrants to Port Adelaide, Australia), 3 (wreck circumstances), 4 & 5 (newspaper reports ex 6 & 7), 8 (data, 75% down), 9 (Wreck Inquiry reference). The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. But placing 100% reliance on such Registers may not be advisable. The vessel would seem to have been sunk in Jan. 1863, yet the vessel is Lloyd's Register listed thru 1869/90 with its listing data quite unchanged after 1863/64. Assuming, of course, that the vessel of the name lost in 1863 is this Time & Truth, which assumption looks to be so but is not fully proven to the webmaster's satisfaction at least. The vessel was built at Sunderland, by builder unknown, for 'Mitcheson' of London (note that Byers, of Sunderland, built a ship for Mitcheson, the Fanny Mitcheson). Intended for voyages to India. Justin Bartlett ('Justin'), of Brisbane, Australia, advises (thanks!) that Mitcheson likely means the partnership of Joseph John Mitcheson, Robert William Mitcheson & William Mitcheson, of Garford Street, Limehouse, Middlesex, (& maybe also of Sheffield) which partnership i) operated as 'J. Mitcheson & Sons', anchor smiths, ironmongers, ship chandlers & ship owners & ii) was dissolved in Mar. 1858. Anyway, the vessel's maiden voyage was ex Liverpool via Plymouth, Devon, which it left on Sep. 17, 1852 for Geelong, near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, James Dodds in command, carrying 281 immigrants. It arrived at Geelong on Jan. 5, 1853. On one voyage to Australia, the vessel was, I am advised, quarantined at Port Nepean, Melbourne, due to whooping cough. In the 1860/61 edition of Lloyd's, the owner became stated to be A. Brown, likely of Liverpool since the vessel was registered there. However, Justin advises that he understands that the vessel was sold to Australian owners in 1860. The vessel was likely mostly engaged in the shipment of coal. For example, in late Oct. 1862, the vessel arrived at Port Chalmers, Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand, with a cargo of 700 tons of coal ex Newcastle, New South Wales, & also with four houses & 8 cabin passengers. On Dec. 25, 1862, the vessel, then owned by 'Monroe', left  Williamstown, Melbourne, for Bluff, southern tip of South Island, New Zealand. The vessel, commanded by Captain Slater, carried 2,613 sheep & two passengers - Mr. & Mrs. Darton. The vessel made swift passage & arrived off the entrance to Bluff Harbour at 2:30 a.m. on Jan. 4, 1863. The vessel stood by, awaiting a pilot, intending to enter the harbour at 6:00 a.m. when the tide was slack. The weather turned bad - wind from the SW which rapidly became a heavy gale. It would seem that the Captain had a choice. He could have run to the east, likely with the loss of the sheep, or attempt to enter the port. He chose the latter. A pilot vessel approached but as the pilot was boarding Time & Truth, the vessel struck a rock a few yards off Stirling Point. The vessel was freed & the damage was initially thought to be minor. But the vessel took on water rapidly & it heeled over. Captain Thompson (or Thomson), the harbour master, came aboard with 20 men, & an attempt was made to tow the vessel & ground it in a safe place. The ship's pumps were manned for many hours. Aphrasia, a steamer, took off the crew & the two passengers & 450 (or 459) of the sheep, all the other sheep being drowned. By 1:00 p.m. that day, the vessel had sunk in 5 fathoms of water. The vessel later lost her main & mizen masts in the heavy seas & broke up. The wreck had to be removed being a danger to shipping. The vessel was insured, but likely not the sheep. An inquiry was held into the sinking & the master was not, I read, held to be at fault. Additional data or corrections to the above would be welcomed. The Wreck Inquiry report, perhaps? Which may prove the identity of the ship. It would be good also to to be able to read, in its entirety, 'The Barque Time and Truth', referred to 75% down on this page - an article written for a Cornish newsletter by A. T. Thomas.

13 Norwood
804 (or 786) tons


A fully rigged clipper ship. Per 1 (Norwood page in 'white Wings'), 2 (1862 voyage to Western Australia, with convicts), 3 (1867 'convict' voyage to Western Australia), 4 (1872 stranding, ex 'Nautical Magazine' for 1872), 5 (Australian page, image), 6 (image, 30% down). 160.0 ft. long, a passenger ship, signal letters HBGS. Not listed at Miramar. Early Lloyd's Registers list where & when a ship was built, but do not list who built it. Such is the case with Norwood, & the WWW has not so far identified the yard from which she came. Maybe in the fullness of time that data will emerge. But ... i) I am advised that the vessel was built by James Laing & that data is WWW available via a search for 'James Laing Sunderland' (if it is, I cannot find it), ii) but Norwood is not in the Laing build list that a friend of the site has kindly provided. Such build list is now on site here. The vessel was in the 1856/57 register stated to be owned by 'Lusc'mbe', of London, which means, I believe, 'Messrs J. H. Luscombe', & maybe J. H. Luscombe means 'John Henry Luscombe', who lived at Upper Norwood, in S. London. Hence the vessel's name, I presume. They were the owners thru to the early 1870s. It would appear that Frank Bristow was Norwood's captain for approx. 15 years, from about 1856 to 1870, when 'Glennie' became her captain. The vessel was chartered to Shaw Savill & Co. for a number of years, but I have read no specifics. The vessel would seem to have sailed many times to Australia & New Zealand but not only to that part of the world. As an example, on Mar. 10, 1860, the vessel left Hong Kong for Georgetown, Guyana, with 316 indentured immigrants (to work in the sugar cane fields), 14 of whom died on the passage, 'from, it is said, the excessive use of opium'. The vessel was, in 1860, converted at the last moment, to carry soldiers. And on Nov. 25, 1860, the vessel left Deal, Kent, for Auckland, New Zealand, with 281 people all told aboard, including Captain Mercer's company of artillery, with its seven Armstrong guns, (one of which was on display in Albert Park, Auckland), there to quell the Maoris. It arrived on Mar. 4, 1861 after a passage of 99 days. On Mar. 16, 1862, Norwood left Portland, Dorset, for Swan River Colony (Fremantle, Perth, Western Australia) with 92 passengers & 290 convicts. And arrived at Fremantle, on Jun. 9, 1862, after a passage of 85 days. Upon their arrival, the convicts worked on public works, building roads, bridges etc. The vessel arrived again at Auckland on Aug. 5, 1863, 112 days out of Spithead (River Solent, Portsmouth), with, amongst its passengers, 124 men of the 18th Royal Irish Regiment. And on Aug. 11, 1866 she again arrived at Auckland, with cargo & just 65 passengers, ex Gravesend (Apl. 28), after a voyage in which she encountered a hurricane & was extensively damaged. She returned to Spithead & arrived there on Jan. 29, 1867 (70 days), with, amongst her passengers, men of the 1st Battery of the Royal Artillery. On Apl. 18, 1867, the vessel left Portland, for Swan River Colony, on its 2nd 'convict' voyage, with 81 passengers & 253 convicts - described as long-sentenced men, mainly from the gaols at Chatham. The vessel arrived at Fremantle on Jul. 13, 1867 after a voyage of 86 days. Do read the crimes for which those convicts were convicted - not all the crimes were major & many were guilty of merely being a pickpocket! But ... the subject is not that simple! On Mar. 20, 1872, a vessel named Norwood, of London, was stranded at Bombay, India. It most probably was this vessel. And survived the stranding. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available from the period (but not all of them). In the 1873/74 register, T. & A. Carter, of London, was stated to be the owner. The vessel must have soon been sold because, in the 1874/75 edition, the owner had become H. Wake, of London. And in 1878/79 edition, the owner was J. Bonus & Sons, also of London. The first available register in which the vessel is not recorded is the 1880/81 edition. What happened to the ship? It would seem that it stranded, in 1878 perhaps, as per the final Lloyd's Register entry at left. Can anybody tell us exactly what happened? And when? Another image of the ship? Is it possible that you can provide more data?

14   Northumbrian
555 (became 639 - new measure) tons

Per 1 & 2 (same data). Those links the sole data source. Data most limited. 'Sheathed in felt and yellow metal in 1855; fastened with copper bolts.' Owned by Scott & Co., of Newcastle? (registered Newcastle). One voyage reference to India. That is all! Can you possibly provide more data?

15 Faerie Queen
183 tons


A wooden barque or schooner, intermittently. Built by Wm. Pile, jun. 1 (enter Faerie Queen), 2 (ownership data, ex 'Christies Shipping Register ...' for 1858, a 'Google' book, as Faerie Queene), 3 (Faerie Queen wreck ref. 40% down, ref. 1867). 102.0 ft. long, signal letters LWHG. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books - see left. In the Lloyd's Registers of 1857/58 thru 1860/61, J. Kelso of North Shields was the listed owner. Which means 'John R. Kelso' or maybe John R. Kelso & Co. 'Wm. Pile, Jun.' & 'Wm. Hay', both of Sunderland, were also owners in 1858. It would seem that the vessel traded with France. In the 1861/62 & later editions of Lloyd's Register the listings for the vessel omit stating an owner's name. The vessel traded with Africa ex Liverpool. On Dec. 14, 1867, the vessel, then described as a schooner, left Liverpool with a general cargo that included 7 tons of dynamite & some lime, bound for Liberia, West Africa. 3 references muskets & powder. The vessel encountered bad weather, & put into Holyhead, Wales, from which the vessel departed on Dec. 19, 1867. Joseph Pearson was in command, with a crew of 14 all told & no passengers. Poor weather continued. At 7:00 p.m. on Dec. 21, 1867, the vessel stranded in a gale on rocks at Small Saltee Island, one of two islands located 5 miles off Kilmore Quay, County Wexford, Ireland, i.e. the SE tip of Ireland. Uninhabited islands, bird sanctuaries today. Within 10 minutes there was 3 feet or so of water in the hold & 2 hours later there was smoke in the cabin, smoke that originated from one of the hatches. Fearful that an explosion might follow, the crew took to the boats & abandoned the ship. It would seem that there was no loss of life. The vessel, presumably badly holed, later broke up. WWW data about the vessel is quite limited. Can you provide more? The report of the Board of Trade Inquiry into her loss, perhaps?

16 Zoophite
161 tons


A wooden snow, a type of brig, i.e. 2 masts, both with square sails. Built by Pile & Smart. Per 1 (Board of Trade inquiry into the 1875 grounding & loss, ex 'Accounts and Papers', published 1876, a 'Google' book). 91 ft. 0 in. & later 96 ft. 8 in., signal letters LTRJ. Vessel not Miramar listed. A zoophite? An animal that looks like a plant, more often spelled 'zoophyte'. The webmaster has a number of Lloyd's Registers available thru the period. The vessel is not listed in the 1856/57 edition. It is listed in the 1857/58 edition when the vessel was owned by 'G. Leslie', of Aberdeen, Scotland. Used as a coaster & later traded to the Baltic. The 1856/57 edition of the register notes that 'Read & Co.' of Portland, Dorset, had become the owners, still used on the Aberdeen to the Baltic service. By 1874/75, the vessel was owned by 'J. N. Read' of Weymouth, which data conforms to the vessel's final chapter, as next follows. In late Nov. 1875, Zoophite, then owned by 'John Northover Read of Portland, Albert John Bray Newman & Henry Newman', William A. (Athwool) Newman in command, with a crew of six, left Llanelly, (I think that means Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, Wales), for Fécamp, Normandy, NE of Le Havre, France, with a cargo of 265 tons of coal. Soon after 1:00 a.m. on Nov. 28, 1875, the vessel was struck by Tagus, a 3,252 ton steamer owned by The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, en route from 'St. Thomas's' (Saint Thomas in the Virgin Islands?) to Plymouth. At about 7 miles ESE of the Lizard (S. Cornwall). The 2nd officer of Tagus, Maurice T. (Trenham) Stocker ('Stocker') was in command when the collision occurred, Thomas Woolward, the captain being below decks. The story of what happened is confusing to me. Tagus did not think it had hit anything, saw Zoophite some 40 or 50 ft. distant & continued on its way. Zoophite, however, had suffered major damage when hit at the stern. It soon filled with water & in about 1/2 hour had to be abandoned in a sinking condition. The entire crew took to a ship's boat & were picked up by a passing vessel & landed on the English coast. The Court determined that Stocker had caused the collision by neglecting to observe the 15th & 16th articles of the steering & sailing rules (whatever they are!) & his certificate was suspended for a 3 month period. Tony Hall, whose GG grandfather was her captain for many years, seeks plans of this or a similar vessel - as you can read here. Can you possibly provide more data?

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