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J. H. ROBSON (1837 thru 1850)

The webmaster's knowledge about 'Robson' is non-existent. A list of Sunderland built ships, available to the webmaster, lists 21 vessels built by J. H. Robson during the years from 1837 thru 1850.

1   Ione
319/354 tons

A snow, later a barque, that would appear to have been launched in Mar. 1840 but is referenced in Lloyd's Register ('LR') as having been built in Jan. 1840. The vessel is LR listed from 1839/40 thru 1848/49, always owned by 'Thompson' of Sunderland, with, per LR, A. Dodd serving as the vessel's captain thru 1840/41 then 'Moffatt' from 1840/41 thru 1848/49. For initial service from Sunderland to 'Merimc' (where is it? Maybe Merimac river, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) in 1839/40, & from Sunderland to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) in 1840/41 & 1841/42. In 1842/43 & 1843/44, the vessel, now per LR a barque, served from London to Mauritius, & thereafter served from Liverpool to Africa. The vessel is listed in the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49, there noted to be owned by G. Thompson & A. Gales, both of Bishopwearmouth.
The webmaster is not so far aware of what finally happened to the vessel. Can you tell us? Or add anything to this brief listing. #2319

2   Palestine
196/174, later 176, later 161 tons


A snow or brig. Palestine, which was launched in Feb. 1841, was Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1840/41 thru 1846/47 & not thereafter. Owned by 'Penman' of Sunderland for service from Sunderland to London with 'Thompson' always, per LR, serving as the vessel's captain. T. Penman of Bishopswearmouth, Sunderland, in Apl. 1848, per the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848.
The vessel became registered at Whitby on Jul. 31, 1848. Turnbull's Shipping Registers of both 1855 & 1856 list R., C., and J. Wright, of Whitby, as the then owners of the 176 ton Whitby registered brig, with J. Spence her then captain. Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 clarifies such owner names as meaning Richard, Charles & John Wright, all of Whitby - the vessel then being of 161 tons. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1865 & 1866 list Richard Wright of Whitby as Palestine's then owner.
MNLs from 1867 thru 1872 (1870) all list William Steel of Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire as the then owner of the 161 ton vessel.
Signal letters JGBQ. Crew lists are available here.
Just a little operational history. On Jan 1, 1842, Thompson in command, Palestine, en route from Sunderland to Lynn, Norfolk, ran aground S. of Filey, Yorkshire now N. Yorkshire, in foggy conditions. It jettisoned part of its cargo of coal & proceeded 'with assistance'. With 'Spence' in command, the vessel carried coals from Seaham & Hartlepool to Hamburg, Germany, & to Dieppe, France, in the period from Apl. 1849 to Aug. 1850.
On Nov. 11, 1872, per line 3118 here, the 161 ton brig was stranded at Scarborough while en route from Hartlepool to London with a cargo of coal. And became a wreck. Crew of 7 - none lost. Then owned by William Steel. I read that 'Steel' was Palestine's captain at the time. Is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2443

3   Ann
117/100 later 89 tons


A brigantine, later a schooner. My what a lot of vessels named Ann there were! Lloyd's Register ('LR') of 1842/43 lists 85 vessels of the name with more in the supplement. This particular Ann, which was launched in May 1842, is LR listed from 1841/42 thru 1850/51 (ex 1847/48), & from 1859/60 thru 1869/70, & not thereafter.
Per LR, the vessel was owned, thru 1846/47, by J. Robson of Sunderland, i.e. by its builder, for service from Sunderland to Portsmouth, Hampshire, with 'Hanford' serving as the vessel's captain.
The webmaster believes that 'Robson' sold his vessel much earlier than 1846/47 & that the LR record, as above noted, is quite wrong. This 1908 Whitby shipping history book entry (the second Ann on the page) tells us, that the vessel was first registered, at Whitby, in 1843, owned by Jn. Chambers, presumably a resident of Whitby. That in 1852 the vessel was owned by Jn. Chambers & Jn. Liles (of London), each with 32 shares in the vessel. And further that in Mar. 1857, presumably having been sold, the vessel became registered at Ipswich.
LRs of 1848/49 thru 1850/51 all record Chambers & Co., of Whitby, as Ann's owner, for service as a Whitby collier, with 'Chambers' serving as her captain. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55, in 1853 data, lists John Chambers of Whitby & John Liles, of Covent Garden, London, as the vessel's then owners with John Chambers her captain.
LRs of 1859/60 thru 1869/70 all record the vessel as an 88 ton schooner & Ipswich, Suffolk, registered - owned by 'Colchester'. For service from Ipswich to Rotterdam in 1859/60 & for service as an Ipswich coaster thereafter, with 'Simpsn.Jr.' the vessel's captain from 1859/60 thru 1861/62 & J. Long from 1861/62 thru 1869/70.
The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') comes to our rescue in the absence of LR data. It records Ann as registered at Whitby in 1857. And registered at Ipswich from 1858 thru 1872. Owned from 1865 (89 tons) thru 1868 by John Hogg, of Hadleigh, Suffolk, & from 1869 thru 1872 by Thomas Furniss of Waterford, Ireland. MNL records the vessel as Waterford registered from 1874 thru 1885, owned by Thomas Furniss thru 1884 & by Patrick Walsh, of Wexford, Ireland, in 1885. I note that the vessel is not listed in MNL of 1887 - no 1886 edition of MNL is WWW available.
66.5 ft. long, signal letters KFGV, many crew lists, thru 1884, are available here
The webmaster has not yet been able to learn what happened to Ann & when. Can you help in that regard? Or - is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2584

4   Ripley
130 tons


A schooner, later a brigantine. The vessel, which was launched on May 27, 1847, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1848/49 thru 1856/57 with the exception of 1853/54. Ripley was owned, per LR, from 1848/49 thru 1852/53 at least, by J. Myers of Sunderland. For service ex Sunderland with 'Wrightson' likely briefly her initial captain but 'Moore' from part way thru 1848/49 thru 1852/53.
LRs of 1854/55 thru 1856/57 record the vessel, now a brigantine, as owned by 'Humphry' of Sunderland for service from the Clyde to Australia. With 'Robertson' serving as her captain. Ripley's owner, in Mar. 1854, is confirmed to have been, per Marwood's North of England Maritime Directory of 1854-55, Anthony Humphrey of Sunderland, with Walter M. Robinson her then captain.
I read that on Aug. 18, 1853, Ripley left Glasgow for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, with a varied cargo, arriving there on Dec. 31, 1853. With, though the reference did not so state, Robinson in command. On May 30, 1854, the vessel would appear to have been first offered for sale & on Aug. 8, 1854 it was sold - to Michael Egan Murnin, a Sydney merchant who then acted as the vessel's agent.
Now there are many references to the vessel at Trove, Australia, & I must refer you there for greater detail. I note that the vessel in Australia had four captains - initially Robertson, then 'Cole', followed by H. (Hugh) McNeale & James Cummins (from Apl. 1, 1856). Sydney, New South Wales ('NSW'), would seem to have been the vessel's base of operations & from Sydney Ripley made a great number of voyages back & forth to New Zealand - to Nelson & to New Plymouth, returning often with timber. And more local voyages of course. One long voyage caught my eye - on Apl. 26, 1855 the vessel left Sydney for Valparaiso, Chile, McNeale in command & on Dec. 7, 1855 arrived back at Sydney with 1900 bags of wheat ex Tome (S. of Valparaiso). In Aug. 1857, the vessel left Sydney for Richmond River (northern NSW), returning with a cargo of Australian red cedar - the first of a great many voyages to that destination returning with cedar timber. It also sailed to Port Curtis (Fitzroy River at Rockhampton, Queensland), re the Fitzroy Goldfields & indeed, on Oct. 20, 1858, it left Sydney for Port Curtis in ballast but with 50 Chinese passengers, presumably labourers to work the gold mines. On Jul. 27, 1859, the vessel left Sydney for Richmond River for the last time. On Aug. 1, 1859, in attempting to cross the bar into the river with high seas running, Ripley struck on the South Spit & remained there for a while. But the sea drove her onto the north rocks & she became a total wreck - with cargo & passengers however saved.
It is splendid that National Archives of Australia makes available data about the vessel's registration at Sydney & her later ownership changes. Ripley, 'McNeale' her then captain, was registered at Sydney on Apl. 24, 1855, owned by 'Murnin'. On Jun. 8, 1857, the vessel was sold again - on that date 'Murnin' sold 32 shares in the vessel to each of James Booth & Thomas Hyndes Green, the 'Green' purchase being financed in some way by a loan from Booth.
74.6 ft. long. There is one reference - to Thomas Humphrey - that particularly has me puzzled, assuming, that is, that such name relates to the vessel's earlier owner. The Mercantile Navy List, in error most certainly, continued to list the vessel as Sydney registered thru 1864.
I was glad to find that so much info. is available about this modest little vessel. Is there anything you can add to the above summary? And/or correct? #2421


The webmaster's knowledge about the collective 'Rodham' is non-existent. A list of Sunderland built ships, available to the webmaster, lists 24 vessels built by 'Rodham' during the years from 1837 thru 1845.

1   Atlas
252/254 tons


A snow or brig. Atlas, which was launched in Jul. 1838, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1855/56 & not thereafter. Per LR, the vessel was owned, thru 1851/52, by 'T&RBwn' of Sunderland, which owner name is clarified by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/49 to mean, in Apl. 1848, T. & R. Brown of Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland. With 'Dunn' (T. Dunn from 1848/49), serving as the vessel's captain from 1844/45 thru 1851/52.
The vessel's service while 'Brown' owned? Where LR noted. From Sunderland to i) 'Rchbct' (likely Richibucto, New Brunswick, Canada) thru 1844/45, ii) Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) in 1844/45 & 1845/46, iii) the Mediterranean in 1846/47 & 1847/48. And from Newcastle to Barcelona, Spain, in 1848/49 & 1849/50.
Some operational history. A little difficult to spot but LR of 1843/44 noted that the vessel had been 'Lost' but then deleted the reference. Whatever could have caused such an unusual matter? I learn that in the early morning hours, between 2 & 3 a.m. on May 21, 1843, Atlas, carrying a cargo of coal from South Shields, was sailing up London's river Thames, frequently tacking as the wind was against them. Similarly proceeding upstream was Marion, coal laden & also from South Shields. As a result of a 'misunderstanding' the two vessels collided in Gravesend Reach, Gravesend, Kent. It is reported that Marion ran into Atlas with such tremendous force that Atlas's bulwarks were cut down to water level. Just enough time was available to permit the Atlas crew to lower their stern boat & escape, before Atlas pitched forward & sank stern first. This all happened in mid channel, presumably in deep water, and as a result. navigation of the river was partially obstructed. Efforts were made to raise Atlas but they were unsuccessful & it was, for a while, thought that it would prove necessary to blow the vessel up to remove her. Clearly they did later succeed in raising Atlas. These contemporary reports relate (1 & 2). Atlas & her cargo were, at the time, valued at £800. Surprisingly, Marion suffered only modest damage & soon proceeded upstream to the Pool of London. So far at least, the webmaster has not been able to identify which particular vessel named Marion it was, but it seems likely that it was Sunderland registered. Need help in identifying her.
Service from Newcastle to Barcelona in the late 1840s is referenced above. It is clear that something must have happened to the vessel on one such voyage in early Dec. 1847. Cannot tell you specifically what happened & when. All the webmaster has seen is that Thomas Dunn, her then captain, filed a deposition re the matter as per this Lloyd's List report.
In 1852/53, per LR, the vessel became owned by 'Eggleston' of Sunderland, for service, in 1852/53 & 1853/54 at least, from Sunderland to the Baltic. With R. Ayre the vessel's captain from 1852/53. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 records, in Mar. 1854, her then owners to be Robt. Ayre & Henry Eggleston, both of Sunderland, with Robt. Wishart the vessel's then captain. Such owner names are confirmed by Turnbull's Shipping Registers ('TR') of both 1855 & 1856, the 1855 TR edition indicating that F. Roach was then the vessel's captain.
What finally happened to Atlas? I note that the Mercantile Navy List listed the vessel in 1857, then registered at Sunderland. I note also that on Jan. 18, 1856, a vessel of the name, en route from London to Sunderland, with 'How' in command, ran aground on Newcombe Sand (located off Kessingland, near Lowestoft, Suffolk). The vessel was assisted off & taken into Lowestoft in a leaky condition. Was it later repaired? I do not know. Was it 'our' Atlas? I do not know but it may very well have been. Need help!
Is there anything you can add to the above text? Or correct? #2560

2   Argyra
282/309 tons

A snow. Built, I have read, by J. & J. Rodham & J. Todd. Argyra, completed in Jan. 1839, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1839/40 thru 1850/51 with the exception of 1849/50. It was owned, thru 1843/44 by Tanner & Co. of Sunderland, for initial service from Sunderland to Odessa (Ukraine, Black Sea) in 1840/41 & for service from Liverpool to Cape of Good Hope ('CGH'), South Africa, from 1840/41 thru 1842/43.
In 1843/44, J. Towse of London became the vessel's owner for service ex London thru 1847/48 & for service from Liverpool to CGH in 1848/49 & 1850/51. P. Rees was, per LR, Argyra's captain from part way thru 1846/47.
On May 28, 1850, per line 199 on this U.K. Government page, the 309 ton snow was lost at Vista Reef, while en route from London to CGH with a general cargo. Crew of 12 - none lost. Then owned, by J. Beckwith Towse. However, a brief mention in Illustrated London News Vol. 17, (a Google book), more particularly the Oct. 26, 1850 issue, states as follows:- The ship Heber, Captain Derent, arrived from Marseilles, has brought a chronometer, a sextant, and a telescope, out of the ship Argyra, Captain P. Rees, wrecked off Buena Vista, on her voyage to Suez from the port of London. So where exactly was Argyra wrecked, i.e. where is Vista Reef or Buena Vista? There are many places of similar names but only one which might relate - a reef in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) named Bona Vista Reef. The Suez canal did not exist in 1850. Is that likely?
The issue is now resolved. Per Lloyd's List ('LL') of Apl. 9, 1850, Argyra arrived at Gravesend, London, ex Mauritius with 6602 bags of sugar - & (LL of May 7, 1850), on May 6, 1850 the vessel sailed from Deal, Kent, for Suez. Last but not least, LL of Jul. 31, 1850 reports that the vessel was lost on Bona Vista Reef. So Argyra's voyage was not just to CGH as per the above U.K. Government report, but rather to Suez via CGH.
Data re Heber? Heber was a 132/128 ton schooner, also built at Sunderland in 1839. In 1849/50, per LR, Heber was i) owned by Decent & Co. of Brixham, Devon, 2) W. Decent was her captain, & c) the vessel served as a Dartmouth coaster. But clearly Heber had traded into the Mediterranean.
Is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2482

3   Aden
357/422, later 349 tons


A listing in progress. Built by J. J. Rodham & Todd. The vessel, which was launched in Nov. 1841, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1841/42 thru 1855/56, a 7 year LR silence, & again from 1863/64 thru 1869/70. It was always, thru 1855/56 per LR, owned by R. Brooks of London. With, again per LR, 'Waddle' serving as the vessel's captain thru 1850/51. Then 'Baker' for a portion of 1851/52 & J. Byron from 1851/52 thru 1855/56. For consistent service, per LR, from London, including to i) Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, from 1841/42 thru 1844/45, ii) Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, from 1845/46 thru 1847/48, iii) Launceston, Tasmania, from 1851/52 thru 1854/55. The LR listing of 1855/56 has limited detail, which suggests that the vessel may have then been in process of sale.
Some limited, 'best efforts', operational history. Aden made 6 voyages to Australia under the command of Alexander Stewart Waddell (not Waddle). The first such voyage left London on Jun. 8, 1842, arrived at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, on Sep. 30, 1842 with a general cargo & 69 pasengers, went on to Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, then back to Melbourne, left Melbourne on Feb. 2, 1843 & arrived back in London on May 30, 1843 with a cargo mainly of wool. The 2nd voyage went to Launceston, Tasmania, on to Sydney & left Sydney for London on Mar. 28, 1844 via Rio, with a cargo of wool & mimosa bark. The next two voyages left London later - in Nov. of each year - bound for & returning from Tasmania. The 5th & 6th voyages left London in Nov. 1846 & Mar. 1848, both bound for Tasmania, went on to Sydney & left Sydney for Singapore. I noted quite a number of passenger testimonials to Captain Waddell thanking him for his courtesy & attention throughout the respective voyages.
The 7th voyage was very different. It left London in May 15, 1849 for Adelaide, South Australia & then onwards to Sydney, under the command of William Samuel Baker, with a long list of passengers & emigrants - 156 maybe 172 total passengers. On a tiny ship on a voyage of 120 days. There was no testimonial letter for Captain Baker rather a furour over the vessel's overall treatment of the passengers, many detailed complaints most particularly with concerns about the quality of the food they were provided. Now feeding so many passengers on a voyage so long, must have been a daunting task in the absence of refrigeration. In a truly lengthy letter, 38 or 41 (two published articles) passengers 'blasted' Baker, 'Court' the first mate & Aden's crew for their overall treatment throughout the voyage. Do read the letters! One of the complainants later advised this his name was appended to the list without his approval, which presumably meant he disgreed with the criticism. But 8 more soon added their names to the complaints. I used the word 'blasted'. Why? The complaints are lengthy & detailed. They are very hard to read. They drew so much attention that they were discussed in the British House of Lords. Baker provided a rebuttal which I have not so far been able to find. Robert Brooks, Eden's owner, surely facing a damaged reputation & a loss of business, provided a rebuttal also. We must note that on the next voyage Baker was not her captain. John Byron had assumed that role. The texts at the following links are, I believe, worthy of your attention (1, 2, 3 (low on the page) & 4).
The webmaster's available time in such research is not unlimited. He has not searched for data re later voyages to Australia under Byron & in the period of Australian ownership. Some day, perhaps. 
I read (scroll to #15682) that on Jan. 17, 1855, as I interpret the handwriting, Aden was registered at Melbourne. Now we thank National Archives of Australia for making available three pages of Australian registration documents (1, 2 & 3) re the vessel. Which I believe indicate that the vessel was registered at Melbourne rather on Jun. 14, 1854 in the names, 50% or 32 shares each, of James Henty ('Henty') & George Harvey ('Harvey') - Harvey was then the vessel's captain. As the result of a deed of sale from Chas. Louis Van Guidecon (I think that is what it says), previously of Surrey, England, but then of Melbourne. On Dec. 5, 1854, Harvey sold his 32 shares to Henty who as a result became Aden's 100% owner. The final Australian change came on Sep. 11, 1856 when Henty sold all of the shares in the vessel to Alfred Hawley ('Hawley') of London - the vessel again becoming London registered. But was it a true sale? I would seem to have been rather a conditional sale since by the terms of the sale, Hawley was empowered to sell the ship in London for not less than £100 within a 12 month period.
I presume that the vessel was sold. The Mercantile Navy Lists ('MNL') of 1857 thru 1863 record Aden as registered at London but provide no owner name. LR does not help for those years. This vessel is first site listed as a result of the webmaster finding, by chance, that the vessel was, from late Aug. to early Sep. 1859, offered for sale. By Cunard & Co. The vessel is noted, in such Lloyd's List advertisements, to have just come out of drydock to effect repairs. As per this image dating from Sep. 1, 1859. At this moment I cannot tell you if the vessel was sold as a result.
But LRs from 1864/65 thru 1867/68 tell us that the vessel was now owned by T. Gibson, of Ramsay, Isle of Man, & registered at Ramsay. For service from Liverpool to the United States thru 1864/65 & then from Liverpool to Japan. With I. M. Dodds her captain thru 1864/65 & 'Burt' from 1865/66 thru 1867/68. In 1867/68, per LR, Aden became owned by T. Nyven of Liverpool with J. Evans serving as the vessel's captain. For service from Liverpool to North America. MNL of 1865 records Thomas C. Gibson of Ramsay as the then owner of the Ramsay registered vessel, while MNLs of 1866 thru 1868 list her owner (still Ramsay) as being William Clibborn of Liverpool. MNL of 1869 records (still Ramsay registered) T. B. Nyren of Liverpool. 
In 1869 the vessel is noted to have been 'Lost at Sea' with a reference date of 7/8/1869, presumably meaning Aug. 7, 1869.
104.3 ft. long, signal letters LTHK, female figurehead. 349 tons from LR of 1863/64. No crew lists for the vessel seem to be available.
LR of 1869/70 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Feb. 1, 1869, a vessel named Aden collided with an unnamed American ship at 38N/66W, about 1,100 miles off the U.S. coast, & was abandoned, while en route from Darien, Georgia, U.S.A., to Amsterdam. Her crew were apparently rescued by War Spite (likely means Warspite built at North Shields in 1860). As per this report. It would be good to learn additional detail.  Wikipedia tell us that at an unknown date in Sep. 1869, another vessel named Aden was wrecked near Maranhão (NE Brazil). She was on a voyage from Cardiff, Wales, to Maranhão. As per a report in the 'Liverpool Mercury' of Sep. 15, 1869. Was one or other of the above two wrecks of 'our' Aden?
Can you add to and/or correct any of the above? Perhaps provide a copy of the Sep. 15, 1869 'Liverpool Mercury' article? #2424

4   Hirundo
333/356 tons

Hirundo? A Latin word for a swallow. A genus of birds which includes swallows & martins.
The vessel, a barque which was launched in Jun. 1845, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1845/46 thru 1855/56. Per LR of 1845/46 & a portion of 1846/47, the vessel was owned by 'Rodham' of Sunderland, i.e. by its builder, for service from Sunderland to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia) with W. Grey serving as the vessel's captain.
A little 'best efforts' operational history. i) Grey or Gray. On Nov. 18, 1845 Hirundo was at Elsinore, Denmark, ex St. Petersburg, for London. In late Jan. 1846, the vessel was entered out for a voyage from London to Montreal, Canada. On Nov. 30, 1846 the vessel arrived at London, Gravesend, ex St. Petersburg. ii) Rose. On Feb. 17, 1848 Hirundo arrived at Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) ex Hull. In mid Aug. 1848 it arrived at Gravesend ex Kertch (Crimea, Ukraine, Black Sea). On Feb. 1, 1849 the vessel was again at Gravesend ex Leghorn (Livorno, Italy), iii) Banks. On Mar. 28, 1849 the vessel was cleared for a departure to Panama. On Mar. 31, 1850 the vessel arrived at Deal, Kent, ex Callao, Peru, likely ex Chincha (islands off the coast of Peru noted for their guano deposits). On Oct. 19, 1850 the vessel left Gravesend for Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine), & arrived back at Deal on Jun. 15, 1851. iv) Marsh. On Jun. 29, 1852 Hirundo left Gravesend for Barbados. It would seem, see below, that the vessel left on its return journey with a different captain - H. Duffill.
LR of 1846/47 records the vessel as London registered & owned by 'H. Barwck' - for service from London to the Mediterranean (thru 1847/48), ex London (from 1848/49 thru 1850/51), & from London to the West Indies (from 1851/52). LRs from 1849/50 seem to correct her owner's name to mean H. Barrick. I note, however, that this Whitby, Yorkshire, history page tells us that while Hirundo was registered at London, it was owned, from 1854, by H. Barrick & Co. of Whitby.
The vessel's captains, per LR, while 'Barrick' owned? J. Rose from 1846/47 thru 1848/49, T. Banks from 1848/49 thru 1851/52 & 'Marsh' from 1851/52 thru 1855/56.
Now the vessel was not issued an Official Number which indicates that the vessel did not exist on Jan. 1, 1855. I learn, per this Lloyd's List report, that on a date prior to Nov. 21, 1852, Hirundo, en route from Demerera (Guyana, N. coast of South America) to London, with H. Duffill noted to be in command, the vessel became leaky & sank when about 50 miles E. of the island of Tobago (one of the two islands that today comprise Trinidad & Tobago, Caribbean). The crew were all saved. Wikipedia records (thanks!) that at an unknown date in Nov. 1852, the vessel was lost as above indicated.
Can you add anything additional? #2555


The webmaster's knowledge about 'Rogerson' is non-existent. A list of Sunderland built ships, available to the webmaster, lists 36 vessels built by 'Rogerson' (or 'Rodgerson') during the years from 1837 thru 1867.

1   Marion
216/235 later 198 tons

A snow. Built by J. Rogerson in one list & by J. Rodgerson in another. The vessel, which was launched in Dec. 1850, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1859/60. It was owned thru 1855/56, per LR, by W. Moore of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean with C. Brandt always her captain. Turnbull's Shipping Register ('TR') of 1855 records Marion as then owned by Wm. Moore, Robt. Watson & Chas. Brandt, all of Sunderland, with C. Brandt her then captain.
The vessel became listed at 198 tons in 1856/57, in which year Smart & Co., also of Sunderland, became, per LR, the vessel's owners, for service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, thru 1857/58 & ex Sunderland thereafter. During the period of 'Smart' ownership, 'Halliday' is LR noted to be always her captain. TR of 1856 lists her then owners as being C. Smart, R. H. Halliday & J. Smart, all of Sunderland, which owner names are clarified by Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 to mean Charles & John Smart & Richard H. Halliday. All of those registers indicate that Marion was built in 1850 rather than in 1851. It would seem that LR of 1851/52 had recorded the vessel as first registered in 1850 but then changed it to 1851.
'The Commercial Daily List' of Sep. 22, 1859 advises that a vessel of the name, surely 'our' Marion, sank near Bornholm (a Danish island in the Baltic, between Sweden & Poland) while en route from Sunderland to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg, Russia). Can you tell us about the circumstances of the vessel's loss? Or add to or correct the above text? #2431

2   Nina
292/278 later 260 tons


A snow or brig. Built by J. Rogerson in one build list & by J. Rodgerson in another. Nina is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1850/51 thru 1865/66 & not thereafter. Owned, per LR, thru 1854/55, by 'Thompson' of Sunderland, for consistent service from Sunderland to Boston, U.S.A., with 'Lawson' always her captain. Such owner name is confirmed by the North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55 which records, in Mar. 1854, "John and Joseph Thompson", of Sunderland, as the vessel's then owners with Wm. Hammond, rather than 'Lawson', as her then captain.
A little operational history. In late Oct. 1850, Nina, Lawson in command, was en route from St. Petersburg, Russia, to London. In a report from Reval (now Talinn, Estonia), the vessel struck on the rocks at Rothskar island, got off but was so leaky she had to be run on shore at Casperwick (or Kasperwick) Bay to prevent her from sinking. Part of her cargo was landed & the vessel was expected to be got off 'should the weather moderate'. All as per this Lloyd's List report dated Oct. 29, 1850. Both places named are near Gogland, in the middle of the Gulf of Finland, about 110 miles W. of St. Petersburg.
In 1855/56, per LR, Brown & Co. of Stockton, became the vessel's owner for service from London to the Crimea thru 1856/57, & from Stockton to the Mediterranean thereafter thru 1860/61. During the period of 'Brown' ownership, A. Brown, per LR, served as the vessel's captain. Turnbull's Shipping Registers of 1855 & 1856 both list Nina as Sunderland registered & then owned by T. Brown, sen., M. Hodgson, & A. Unthank, all (I think it means) of Staiths, (i.e. Staithes, Yorkshire), which owner names Christie's Shipping Register of 1858 (still Sunderland registered) clarifies such names as meaning Thomas Brown, Sen., Margaret Hodgson & Ann Unthank.
Now the Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') records Nina as registered at Whitby, Yorkshire, from 1860. From 1861/62, per LR, W. Potts of Whitby was the owner of the now 260 ton snow, for service ex Liverpool. With J. (James) Potts her captain. But surely from a little earlier than that. MNL of 1865 lists Wm. Potts, jun., of Redcar, Yorkshire, as her then owner.
More operational history. On Feb. 14, 1860, Nina, James Potts in command, came upon Blessing (built at Sunderland in 1847) completely disabled in the Bay of Biscay, about 120 miles W. of La Rochelle, France. The weather at the time was so very bad that boats could not be launched to rescue Blessing's crew. On the next day however, Potts sailed Nina close to Blessing, so close that her crew were able to jump from one ship to the other. Blessing sank on the next day. Nina landed Blessing's crew at Bordeaux, France. James Potts' brave actions were recognised by the award of a telescope. As per these (1 & 2) pages. Nina's crew may have boarded Blessing. Nina was, I read, greatly damaged during the course of the rescue.
LR of 1865/66 records no owner name. Likely meaning that the vessel had been sold. The vessel is not later LR recorded.
MNLs of 1866 thru 1871 (1870) all record the vessel as still registered at Whitby but now owned by George Wright of York.
93.0 ft. long, signal letters HQTB. LR listed at 260 tons from 1863/64. Some crew lists are available here.
On Mar. 24, 1871, per line 1295 here, the 278 ton brig was stranded near Gluckstadt (Elbe river near Hamburg, Germany), while en route from Shields to Hamburg with a cargo of coal. Crew of 5 - none lost. Vessel then stated to be owned by George Wright. That last link incorrectly lists the vessel as built in 1851.
Can you tell us more? #2484

3   Thomas Gowland
229 later 210 tons


A snow. Built by J. Rogerson in one list & by J. Rodgerson in another. Thomas Gowland, which was launched in Jul. 1850, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1851/52 thru 1856/57 & not thereafter. Owned throughout, per LR, by 'Rodgers'n' of Sunderland, i.e. by its builder, for service from Sunderland to the Mediterranean, with S. Gordon always the vessel's captain.
It is clear however that such LR data is incorrect. The North of England Maritime Directory of 1854/55, records, in Mar. 1854, Wm. O. Bradley, Stephen L. Gordon & Ann Gordon, all of Sunderland, as the vessel's owners with Stephen L. Gordon her then captain. Turnbull's Shipping Registers of both 1855 & 1856 confirm such data, through the 1855 version rather lists G. Simey as the vessel's then captain.
So far as I can see, 'Simey' was Thomas Gowland's captain for a single voyage - to Palermo, Sicily, leaving Deal, Kent, in early Nov. 1854 & arriving back at Shields on May 17, 1855, from Girgenti & Palermo (both Sicily). For the lion's share of the vessel's life Gordon was the vessel's captain with voyages to Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine), Alexandria (Egypt), Balaklava (Crimea), Berdianski (Berdyansk, Sea of Azov, SE Ukraine). And voyages returning from Cadiz (Spain) & Palermo (Sicily), I think carrying wine. 'Glen' was the vessel's captain only at the very end, from late 1856.
Thomas Gowland was driven onto the beach at Yarmouth, Norfolk, on Jan. 5, 1857, during what must have been an enormous storm. As per this Jan. 8, 1857 newspaper cutting. When carrying a cargo of coal to Rochefort (S. of La Rochelle), France. The vessel became a total wreck, the crew incl. 'Glen' then her captain, all being saved. As per this 'Lloyd's List' report. Massive storms were experienced up and down the U.K. east coast, in the Channel & elsewhere. This report tells you a little about the weather's impact in the Norfolk area.
Is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2495


The webmaster's knowledge about 'Rowntree' is non-existent. A list of Sunderland built ships, available to the webmaster, lists 54 vessels built by Rowntree during the years from 1820 thru 1843.

1   Boreas
216 or 217 tons

A snow or brig. The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1830 thru 1837/38. Per LR it was always owned by 'Ness' - R. Ness thru 1833, later Ness & Co. - of Newcastle likely thru 1834 then of S. Shields. With a number of captains - T. Walker thru 1831, R. Ness from 1831 thru 1832, 'Hinds' from 1832 thru 1833 & W. Wright in 1834 & later. For some varied service. From London to Hamburg, Germany, in 1830, from Hull to Newcastle in 1831, ex Plymouth in 1832, from London to Quebec, Canada, in 1833, from Newcastle to Holland in 1835/36, & from Shields to Holland in 1836/37 & 1837/38. LR of 1836/37 reports that the vessel had been 'Sunk'.
What happened to Boreas? At about 11:30 p.m. on the night of May 22, 1837, en route from Guernsey, Channel Islands, to London with a cargo of granite, Boreas came into collision with Richmond (a 158 ton brig, built at Poole in 1824), when about 5 miles off Beachy Head, Sussex. Boreas sank as result of the collision - her crew were rescued by Richmond which put into Portsmouth for repairs & presumably landed them there. While there would seem to be doubt as to the actual events, the Admiralty Court, on Jan. 24, 1838, based upon the 'protest' statements of each vessel, determined that Richmond had not maintained a proper lookout & awarded damages to Boreas, or perhaps rather to Boreas' master & crew. Such damages were later established by the Court, on Jun. 16, 1838, at £2,151. As per these reports (1 & 2). Many WWW available law books cover the case. Is there anything you can add and/or correct? Y #2330

2   Messenger
201 or 202, later 196 tons

A snow or brig. Messenger, which was launched in Mar. 1834, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1834 thru 1846/47 & not thereafter. It was owned, thru 1841/42 per LR, by R. Danson (R. Dauson from 1840/41), of Sunderland. For service from Sunderland to Hamburg, Germany, thru 1835/36 & from Cork, Ireland, to London in all the years from 1836/37 thru 1841/42. With R. Jackson always, per LR, serving as the vessel's master.
LRs of 1842/43 thru 1844/45 record the 'Hartlepool General Shipping Company', of Hartlepool, as the vessel's owner for service from Hartlepool to Portsmouth, Hampshire. With 'Errington' per LR, serving as the vessel's captain.
Later in 1844/45, LR records Carrol (or Carrell) & Co. of Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham, as the vessel's new owner for service as a Stockton coaster. I refer to 'Carrell' above since the North of England Maritime Directory of 1848/9 records Messenger, now of 196 tons, to have been, in May 1848, registered at Stockton & owned by James Carrell of Stockton & Robert Swales of Whitby. With J. Harrison thru 1846/47 per LR, the vessel's captain.
What finally happened to Messenger? Per these Lloyd's List reports from Harwich, Essex, on Jan. 2, 1849, Messenger, en route from Sunderland to London, was wrecked on the Gunfleet Sands (7 km. SE of Clacton-on-Sea, Essex), off the coast of Essex on Jan. 2, 1849. The vessel's crew were all saved. 'Livingston' was in command at the time of the loss - Jas. Livingston, maybe Jas. Livingstone. Wiki adds that the vessel's crew were eight in number. This page includes the vessel's loss with the captain's name spelled incorrectly.
Is there anything you can add? Or correct? #2388

3   Brown
271/295 tons

A snow or brig. Brown, which was launched in Jul. 1837, is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed from 1838/39 thru 1853/54 with the exception of 1851/52. Its initial owner, thru 1845/46 per LR, was T. Brown of Sunderland, & then, thru 1850/51, by Brown & Co., also of Sunderland. With P. Dodd serving as the vessel's captain thru 1845/46 at least (no captain's name is LR referenced after that date). Her service when 'Brown' owned? Per LR i) from Sunderland to Archangel, Russia, in 1838/39, ii) from Penzance, Cornwall, to Newport, Wales, from 1839/40 thru 1845/46, iii) from Sunderland to Odessa (Black Sea, Ukraine) in 1846/47 & 1847/48 & iv) from Sunderland to London in 1848/49 & 1849/50. The 1848 North of England Maritime Directory tells us that in Apl. 1848 T. & R. Brown of Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, were the vessel's then owners.
It appears to be unlikely that Brown served from Plymouth to Newport as above noted. I have only spotted a couple of references to the vessel being at Newport  - in 1838 & 1839. It arrived at Milford, Wales, on Dec. 14, 1837 from Archangel & on Aug. 2, 1838 sailed from Beaumaris, Isle of Anglesey, for Miramichi, New Brunswick, Canada, both with Dodd in command.
The vessel is not referenced in LR of 1851/52. The LRs of 1852/53 & 1853/54, record Reed & Co., of Sunderland, as Brown's new owners, for service from Sunderland to the Baltic with G. Reed stated to have been her captain. On Sep. 17, 1852, the vessel was at Elsinore, Denmark, en route from Sunderland to Cronstadt (St. Petersburg) Russia.
In late 1853, the vessel, Reed in command, was en route from Quebec, Canada, to Sunderland. It is reported that on Sep. 10, 1853, the vessel sprang a leak & lost her foremast. A few days later, on Sep. 16, 1853, the crew had to abandon the ship. The crew, except for two unfortunate boys, were saved by Stadacona, (built at Quebec in 1844) Willis in command, which landed them at Quebec on Oct. 19, 1853. Per this newspaper article (in red).
I have now located a complete account of the disaster. On Sep. 10, 1853, Brown was at 49.45N/15W, roughly in the middle of the North Atlantic, when it became dead calm with torrential rains. Soon, after 4.30 p.m. that day, they were hit by 'a perfect hurricane'. At 1 a.m. next morning, the hurricane still violent, the vessel fell over broadside, taking away the deck load & two boys, one of whom was Captain Reed's very own son. With knives, the rigging was cut away & the mainmast parted from the deck & floated off taking away everything with it but the fore-mast & bowsprit. The vessel, now full of water, righted itself. For the next six days the hulk floated with wind & current & during such period the survivors had no food to eat - just a little rain water they had collected in a sail. Fortunately Stadacona, en route to Quebec, came upon the scene. Stadacona's mate, in the early hours of Sep. 15, 1853, in the middle of the vast ocean, unexpectedly heard the sound of voices above the sound of pelting rain & the violence of the winds. A vessel of some sort was seen in the darkness & Stadacona hove to. With the coming of daylight, after dense fog had cleared, they saw the wreck of Brown two miles distant & via a ship's pinnace were able to rescue the seven surviving & totally exhausted Brown crew members. I encourage you to read the full account of the disaster - here.
Can you tell us more? And/or correct the above in any particular?  #2415


Another yard where my data is most limited. I believe that the yard was established during WW2 at Southwick, on the site previously operated by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., which site was at the time quite vacant. The yard was supposed to open in the summer of 1942 but may well have opened rather later, at a date in 1943. It built very few ships it would seem. The company ran 2 yards from the limited data I have read, this yard on the Wear and the Low Walker site on the Tyne, previously the yard of Armstrong Whitworth. If you can help with the yard's history, I would welcome your additional data.

Miramar lists? (highest hull number on page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & the following two links should work for you:- 12, 11. (12)

Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by Shipbuilding Corporation Ltd. - in a table in build date sequence. This list will be short even if we are able to record all of the vessels they built - just a dozen, I think.

1 Empire Cowdray
7072 tons
Hull 4



A cargo ship. Per 1 (Turnbull Scott history, 50% down), 2 (WW2 convoy duty, Empire Cowdray), 3 (WW2 experiences, Empire Cowdray, 75% down, BACK ON CARGO SHIPS), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 136.5 metres long overall, 129.5 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 447.8 ft., speed of 10 knots.  Built for the Ministry of War Transport & initially managed by 'Capper, Alexander & Company' & then by 'Goulandris Bros.' ('Goulandris'), both of London. Just 7 WW2 convoy references, in the period of Nov. 1944 thru Mar. 1945. Includes 3 N. Atlantic crossings. 3 refers to WW2 service thru to the Indian Ocean. The vessel was sold, on Jul. 29, 1948, to Goulandris, & renamed Granhill. A couple of court cases, it would seem. In 1950, the vessel ran aground in the River Weser (Bremen, Germany) & tugs Elsfleth & Rechtenfleth attended. Granhill was re-floated on the next flood tide 'without appreciable risk to tugs, services occupying about eight hours'. The tugs claimed remuneration. Have not read the outcome. In Dec. 1950, the vessel loaded timber at Lagos, Nigeria. Her boilers had been filled with river water at Sapele, as a result of which the port boiler failed (sludge). Again, a court case resulted, Goulandris v. 'B. Goldman and Sons, Ltd.' the owners of the cargo. Have not been able to read the circumstances nor the decision. Can anybody fill in the detail, on both cases? Granhill was sold, in 1951, for £350,000, to Turnbull, Scott & Company Limited, a tramp ship company, & renamed Baxtergate. In 1960, she was sold to 'British Iron and Steel Corporation' (BISCO), & allocated to Thomas W. Ward Limited, of Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, to be broken up. On Dec. 1, 1960, the vessel arrived at Barrow with 9,150 tons of iron ore, ex Bône, Algeria. Her last trip. Her cargo unloaded, she was moved 100 metres to the nearby 'Thos. Ward' ship breaking facilities where she was broken up. Can you add anything?

2 Empire Gladstone
7090 tons
Hull 3


A cargo ship. Per 1 (fine data by Michael McFayden, images), 2, 3 & 4 (newspaper articles re wreck), 5 (WW2 convoy duty, Empire Gladstone), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 137.2 metres long overall, 129.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 429.8 ft. long, speed of 10 1/2 knots, single screw. Built for the Ministry of War Transport, with 'J. Chambers and Company' the managers. 42 WW2 convoy references, with at least one N. Atlantic crossing. Mainly however saw service (10 voyages) to Seine Bay, France, re the Normandy landings I believe, in Jun/Sep. 1944, & later, in 1945, 8 trips to Antwerp, Belgium. Some WW2 detail at link 1 & at other sites. It would seem that the Ministry was the vessel's sole owner. The vessel was re-engined by 1949. 'McIlwraith McEacharn Ltd.', I believe, were later the managers. In or about Aug. 1949, the vessel was time chartered (ex a 'Google Books' law report),  by 'Blane Steamships Ltd.' ('Blane'), (a relationship perhaps with Adelaide Steamship Company Ltd. ('Adelaide'), of Adelaide, Australia? Have seen many references to Blane being, in fact, the vessel's manager & Adelaide being the charterer). On Sep. 1, 1950, with Captain John Lennie, OBE, in command, & a crew of 44, the vessel left Whyalla, South Australia, for Sydney & Newcastle, both New South Wales ('NSW'), with a cargo of iron ore destined for the BHP steelworks at Newcastle, but also with 159 Dodge Utility vehicles or bodies thereof, motor vehicle spare parts & tools. It would seem that the vehicle bodies were deck cargo? The vessel travelled close to the coast, & the lights of Merimbula, NSW, were mistakenly thought to be a lighthouse. Evasive action was taken when the error was realised, but as the vessel swung, the vessel's stern hit, at 7:55 p.m. on Sep. 5, 1950, a submerged reef at Haystack Rock, Ioala Point, about 8 km. SE of Merimbula. The value of the ship & cargo was estimated at £750,000. The vessel's propeller jammed on the rocks, the rudder was bent & she was hard aground. The engine would not turn over. The vessel was badly holed, its bottom ripped out from bow to bridge. It's back was soon broken, she was taking in water - 20 plus feet of water in the holds - & in danger of splitting apart. Over the succeeding days, all of the vehicles bodies were unloaded via 8 or more local trawlers - & landed at nearby Merimbula's single wharf. The vessel stayed in situ until a storm hit on Sep. 11, 1950. The vessel then sank & the remaining crew were landed. 10 of the crew had been landed at Merimbula on Sep. 7, 1950, & 14 on the 9th, having stayed aboard to help with the unloading. Wreck lies at 36.57.14S/149.56.79E. A most interesting anecdote at 4. One of the crew was named Sammy Harris, a fireman. This was, amazingly, his ninth time being shipwrecked! 'I've had it. I'm going to find myself a nice quiet job ashore. Even cats only have nine lives, and I've used up my quota.' Also aboard was a donkey-greaser named Ernest Wood, for whom this was his 5th shipwreck! I hope that they both had better luck playing the pools. The ship's anchor & its bell were both salvaged - the bell still serves aboard a boat named Nadgee. The wreck itself was sold to B. Buckland, a hotel keeper of Merimbula, for £1,250. A popular dive site today, hull largely intact, lying in about 10 metres of water, safest visited in calm weather. Can you add anything? The report of the Official Inquiry? Images? The available imagery might, shall we say, be improved.

3 Empire Mandalay
7086 (or 7083) tons
Hull 5



A cargo ship. Per 1 ('', WW2 convoy duty, Empire Mandalay), 2 ['Harrison', Tribesman (2)], 3 (data & image, Tribesman, but you must be registered to access it), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 137.2 metres long overall, 129.2 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 429.8 ft long, 450.0 ft. long overall, speed of 11 knots. Built for the Ministry of War Transport & managed by R. Chapman & Son, of Newcastle. Just five WW2 convoy references, including one N. Atlantic crossing in Jan/Feb 1945, & U.K. coastal. I presume that there were many independent voyages during WW2, but that is data to which '' chooses to deny me access. The vessel was sold, on Nov. 26, 1946, for £141,703, to Charente Steam Ship Co. Ltd., ('Harrison Line') owned & managed by Thos. & Jas. Harrison, of Liverpool, & renamed Tribesman. Harrison Line, I read, had served Calcutta, India, for 87 years when, on Sep. 19, 1957, Tribesman left Calcutta for U.K. via Colombo, Sri Lanka, & was the last Harrison vessel to serve both ports. The vessel was sold again, on May 15, 1961, to 'Margalante Compagnia Naviera SA', of Panama, but registered at Beirut, Lebanon, & renamed Delta. Later in 1961, the vessel was sold to Sigma Shipping Company Ltd., of Hong Kong, & on Aug. 16, 1961 the vessel arrived at their Hong Kong ship breaking facilities to be broken up. Break up commenced on Sep. 9, 1961. Can you add anything?

4 Empire Tudor
7069 tons
Hull 2


Medina Princess

A cargo ship. Per 1 [Benvannoch (4)], 2 HMS Loch Lomond Aug. 1962), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 430 ft. long, speed of 10 1/2 knots. Built for the Ministry of War Transport & initially managed by W. J. Tatem Ltd. & then by Goulandris Bros. of London. Just two ref. I could spot to convoy duties in WW2 in Aug. 1944 & May 1945. The vessel was sold in 1948 to Goulandris Bros. & renamed Grandyke. It was sold again, in 1949, to William Thomson & Co., of Edinburgh, Scotland, (Ben Line), & renamed Benvannoch. And sold in 1953 to Elswick Steam Shipping Co., also of Edinburgh. It was sold for the last time in 1956 to Helmville Ltd. (M. Alachouzos the manager?), of London, & renamed Medina Princess. On Aug. 8, 1962, the vessel ran aground of a reef at Djibouti but was refloated '& moored'. Per 2, HMS Loch Lomond, a Loch Class frigate, tried to assist 'to carry out salvage operation on ss MEDINA PRINCESS which was alongside with extensive flooding, possibly due to disaffection of crew. The attempt to control flooding was a total failure as no details of pipe system were held on board.' On Sep. 1, 1964, the vessel broke from its moorings, again at Djibouti, ran ashore & was a total loss. 'Reported abandoned' in 1968. Can you add anything?

5 Empire Prome
7086 tons
Hull 6


Mehmet Ipar

A cargo ship. Per 1 (Kaye, Martagon, summary data), 2 ('' WW2 convoy duty, Empire Prome), 3 (Lloyd's data, Empire Prome), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 430 ft. long, speed likely about 10 knots, cruiser stern. Built for the Ministry of War Transport, initially managed by W. Runciman & Co. Ltd., of Newcastle, & then by Kaye Son & Company Ltd., of London. Just two ref. to WW2 convoy duties - in May 1945 from Liverpool to New York City & in Aug. 1945 from Bombay, India, to Port Dickson & Port Swettenham (now Port Klang), both Malaysia. There presumably were independent voyages which records I am not permitted to access - but you surely can. On Nov. 26, 1946, the vessel was chartered to Walmar Steamship Company Ltd. ('Walmar'), a company owned & managed by Kaye. In Aug. 1946, the vessel carried 1567 parcels of relief supplies from Australia to Genoa, Italy, for forwarding to Geneva. The vessel was sold, on Jul. 25, 1947, to Walmar, & renamed Martagon. It would appear that in 1951, Martagon ripped her bottom out on a wreck, was beached, re-floated & taken to Flushing (Vlissingen, Netherlands, I presume) for repairs. Have not been able to read exactly where it happened nor the circumstances. Can you tell us - and also about the next item? On Nov. 15, 1957, while in the river Elbe, en route from Aalborg & Hamburg for Venezuela with a cargo that included cement, the vessel was in collision with Moselstein. Have not read the circumstances. Martagon was beached, & on the next day re-floated. It would seem to have made Hamburg under its own power for repairs. Moselstein had to be towed there for her repairs. Martagon was laid up at Blackwater River, Mersea, from Jan. 1958. In 1959, the vessel was sold to Ipar Transport Co. Ltd., of Istanbul, Turkey, & renamed Mehmet Ipar. The vessel was laid up at Istanbul, on Jun. 15, 1963, & never saw service again. In Sep. 1970, the vessel was sold to 'llhami Soher-Balat', & arrived at their Halic, Istanbul, ship breaking facilities to be broken up. Can you add anything?

6 Chef Mécanicien Durand
5048 tons
Hull 10



laid down as Empire Stronsay
launched as Louis E. Durand

A cargo ship. Per 1 (French data & image, Chef Mécanicien Durand), 2 (Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, French Line, Chef Mécanicien Durand), 3 (re pirates), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 136.9 metres long overall, 449 ft. & 431 ft. (perpendicular to perpendicular, I presume), speed of 12 knots. The vessel was laid down for the Ministry of War Transport as Empire Stronsay, was launched as Louis E. Durand for the French Government, but was delivered to the French Government as Chef Mécanicien Durand, Compagnie Générale Transatlantique the managers, & registered at Le Havre, France. Its maiden voyage was from Le Havre to New York on Dec. 31, 1946. It would seem that the vessel was found to be expensive to operate so she was sold, in 1949, to 'Cie. Maritime Normande', of Rouen, France, or Le Havre, managed by 'J. Chastellain et Compagnie', of Rouen, & renamed Rollon. And sold again, in 1963, to 'Marguardia Cia Naviera SA', of Piraeus, Greece, 'Aegis Shipping Co.' likely the managers, & renamed Aeakos. On Sep. 9, 1965, while en route from Zamboanga City, Mindanao, the Philippines, to Antwerp, Belgium, with a cargo of copra insured for $3 million, the vessel ran aground on a reef. At 5.07N/112.33E, in the South China Sea off South Luconia Shoals, about 90 miles off Sarawak. I have not WWW read the grounding circumstances. Rode Zee, a tug, came to her assistance. The vessel was badly damaged & efforts to re-float the vessel were not successful. The entire crew was taken aboard Rode Zee & landed at Singapore while the vessel was abandoned in international waters. A salvage vessel (its name?), left Singapore on Nov. 11, 1965, & made efforts to unload the cargo of copra, placing a 3-man security guard on board Aeakos. But on Dec. 6, 1965, (have also read Dec. 5, 1965), the vessel was boarded by 100 pirates in six boats. The guards fled to the salvage vessel & the pirates were left to their looting & pillaging (first time I have been able to use those words on site!) of the ship. It is possible that the pirates were later chased off the ship. Can you add anything?

7 Hesperides
7301 tons
Hull 9


Clan Murray

launched as Empire Longstone

A cargo ship. Per 1 [Houston Line, Hesperides (4)], 2 [Clan Line, Clan Murray (4)], 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 136.9 metres long overall, 129.8 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 431 ft., speed of 11 knots, signal letters GJSK. Launched as Empire Longstone for the Ministry of War Transport. But completed as Hesperides for British & South American Steam Navigation Co. Ltd., of London, Houston Line Ltd. ('Houston') the managers. The vessel was sold or transferred, in 1960, to Clan Line Ltd. (a company related to Houston) & renamed Clan Murray. On Nov. 25, 1962, the vessel arrived at the Hirao, Japan, ship breaking facilities of Matsukura KK, to be broken up. Can you add anything?

8 Lagosian
5107 (or 5046 or 5120) tons
Hull 11


Lagos Palm
Oguta Palm

laid down as Empire Ronaldsay

A cargo ship. The last vessel that the company built. Per 1 [Palm Line, Lagosian (2)], 2 & 3 (United Africa Co. Ltd./Palm Line/Unilever history), 4 (data & image, Heraclitos), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 137.2 metres long overall, 125.5 metres perpendicular to perpendicular, 431 ft. long, speed of 10 1/2 knots. Laid down, in 1945, for the Ministry of War Transport as Empire Ronaldsay. But completed in 1947 for United Africa Co. Ltd., of London (a 100% subsidiary of 'Unilever', known as Palm Line, formed in Liverpool in 1929) ('United'), as Lagosian. Transferred in 1949 to Palm Line Ltd., of London, a United subsidiary company formed in 1949, & renamed Lagos Palm. But operated by United. Was renamed Oguta Palm in 1960 (to free up the prior name) - no ownership change. In 1964, the vessel was sold to 'Skaramanga Shipping Co.', of Piraeus, Greece, ('M. Scufalos', & then 'G. Eleftheriou' (in 1968), both of Greece, the managers), & renamed Heraclitos. Gross tonnage, per Miramar, changed to 7356. Can that be correct? The vessel was sold again, in 1969, to Helean Navigation Co. Ltd., of Famagusta, Cyprus, no change in manager, & renamed Herodemos. On Apl. 4, 1973, the vessel arrived at the Brodospas ship breaking facilities at Split, Yugoslavia, to be broken up. Can you add anything?



I am having some difficulty in explaining exactly what the image that follows is all about. It would appear, however, that an exhibition was held in Sunderland, from April 18 to May 17, 1977, at the Sunderland Arts Centre, to promote a rather unusual subject - American crate labels of five decades & their interesting artwork. Included was a label which featured & promoted California apples. The original label, which would seem to date from the 1920s or 1930s is about 10 or 10 1/2 in. by 9 3/4 in. in size & was apparently overprinted in some way for the occasion.

Such a label was offered for sale via eBay some years ago & two examples of it were available as this section was last amended in Mar. 2019.

It is a truly a splendid label, is it not!

May I suggest that you navigate the site via the index on page 001.PRIOR PAGE / NEXT PAGE

To Thomas M. M. Hemy Data Page 41. All of the other Thomas Hemy pages, including image pages, are accessible though the index on Thomas Hemy page 05. [ ] £ ö

To the Special Pages Index.

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