THE SUNDERLAND SITE - PAGE 060
SHIPBUILDERS - PAGE 15
Copyright? (14 + 9 + 4 = 27) Test.
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On this page ... Iliff, Mounsey, Kish Boolds, John Knox, page bottom (Peter's Railway & Duchess of Sunderland).
To search for specific text on this page, just press 'CTRL + F' & then enter your search term.
Corrections in any of the material which follows, however tiny, would be most welcome. And additions, of course!
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder? Because I so far know absolutely nothing at all about them. Even if the names above are fully accurate. And if they are all related.
I note, however, that Miramar in its references to the 'South Dock' shipbuilder refers to a number of names - John Haswell, Iliff and Mounsey, Mounsey, Mounsey and Foster, & Sunderland SB Co. Vessels built by 'Iliff' seen to have their own short numbering system commencing in 1872. The Iliff & Mounsey partnership was, it would seem, dissolved in Mar. 1873. The last reference to Mounsey seems to be in 1879.
The reference to 'South Dock' is a puzzle to the webmaster. It would seem that George Bartram retired from his business in 1871 & that after he retired the 'Bartram' business moved to what I termed on page 25 'a new shipbuilding yard' at South Dock. Which sounds as though the site to which they moved had not been previously occupied by other shipbuilders. But in 1882, at a site described also as being South Dock, Sunderland Shipbuilding Company took over a site previously operated by Haswell, Iliff, Iliff & Mounsey & Mounsey & Foster. So it would seem that there were 2 shipbuilders at South Dock at least from 1871? We can see on page 25, where the Bartram yard was located. I wonder exactly where the 'Haswell thru to Sunderland Shipbuilding Company' yard was located? There are words about the situation in 'Where Ships Are Born' & since those words have a relevance to this matter, I repeat them here.
"Sunderland Shipbuilding Company, known locally as The "Limited" Yard, took over a South Docks site where wood ships were built in the eighteen-sixties by John Haswell. Iliff and Mounsey were launching little iron sailing ships and steamers there in the early 'seventies, after which the business was conducted as Mounsey and Foster. This latter firm built several large iron sailing ships from 1873, among them being the Duchess of Edinburgh, Eastern Monarch, Roderick Dhu, Senator and Kingdom of Sweden, each of which was famed among the medium clippers of the period.
After Mounsey retired, Robert Foster continued for only a very short time and then the business passed into the hands of the Sunderland Shipbuilding Company. Commencing about 1882, their record was a splendid one in the steamer class, and included ....."
Later words make it clear that the Sunderland Shipbuilding Company site & hence the Iliff & Mounsey site, was on the beach since the text refers to broadside launches into the open sea.
Lists, 4 pages, (highest hull number on page). It used to be that you could click on the links that follow & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & all the following links should work for you:- 39, 66, 96, 99. The list continues on page 83 re Sunderland SB Co. (86)
Names of just a few of the vessels constructed by 'Iliff', 'Mounsey', & 'Foster' of Sunderland - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence.
A 3-masted iron barque, that had an amazingly long life. Per 1 (extensive data, thanks so much!), 2 (Italian page, data, image), 3 (English translation of 2), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 145 ft. (44.2 metres) long, signal letters HLDQ, later JTBM. Originally a military ship? The vessel was built for J. (John) Russell, of Cork, however I have also read G. B. Wadsworth, of Liverpool, the managers perhaps? Employed in the Mediterranean trade. In 1879/80, the vessel was owned by 'McKellar, Carr & Co.', (J. (John) M. McKellar) also of Liverpool. The Mercantile Navy List of 1890 reports Charles Hooper of Swansea as the vessel's then owner. And in about 1900, the vessel was sold to F. C. (Frederick Charles) Johansen, of Goole, an inland port in Yorkshire. In 1907, or perhaps in 1909, the vessel was sold to 'E. Consigliere Ved. Drago', (F. Drago), of Genoa, Italy, renamed Tomaso Drago & registered at Genoa. Used in the Atlantic & Caribbean trade. Described as a 'logwood trader'. On May 31, 1912, the vessel was sold to 'Rederi AB Janes' (And. S. Cronberg), of Landkrona, Sweden, for Ł825 & renamed Janes. And in Oct. 1924, the vessel was sold again, to 'J. R. Lionnet & Co.', of Port Louis, Mauritius, for SEK 41.600 & renamed Diego. On Jun. 20, 1935, the vessel was wrecked at Eagle Island, Chagos Archipelago, (a group of 7 atolls, roughly in the middle of the Indian Ocean, due S. of the Maldives). No loss of life. Do you have more data?
Hull # not known
An iron cargo/passenger ship. Per 1 (data, Niger), 2 (Temperley Line, Niger), 3 (Feb. 1872 court case, tow of Seagull in Red Sea ex 4), 5 (wreck & map of location), 6 (4 Quebec voyages), 7 (three 1871 passenger manifests), 8 (S. Haaks), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books - see left - but in its lifetime the webmaster can see only two Lloyd's listings for the vessel. 250 ft. 7 in. long, speed of 10 knots, two masts, single funnel & screw, signal letters HGRK. Built for C. M. Norwood & Co. ('Norwood') of London. The vessel traded to the Far East - a few references to the vessel at Singapore. A court case was held in London, in Feb. 1872, involving the vessel. Niger, under the command of W. C. Nisbet, was en route from Calcutta to London via the Suez canal with a cargo of indigo, cotton, tea, silk etc. She came across Seagull, a steamer owned by George S. Seater & Co. of Leith, Scotland, aground on a coral reef not far from the Ushruffe Islands, nearly abreast of Mount Akrab, in the Red Sea. Seagull was not under steam & fired guns to invite assistance. Niger towed Seagull off the reef & onwards to Suez. Norwood, Niger's owners, claimed salvage rights & was awarded what sounds like the modest sum of Ł1,400 by the court. I cannot tell you on what date that all happened but it likely was in late 1871. But maybe earlier since from May 1871 to Aug. 1872 the vessel was chartered by Temperley Line, of London, for 6 voyages to Quebec & Montreal, Canada. On Nov. 23, 1877, while en route to London with a cargo of grain, Niger ran aground & was wrecked at 'S. Haaks', Holland in a violent storm. At 52.57N/04.43E. Do you have more data? The Dutch words at 5 may contain more data as to the state of the wreck today than I was able to understand. Unfortunately that site does not permit copying of the Dutch text for translation via a WWW translation site. An image perhaps?
520 (or 538) tons
A 3 masted iron barque. Per 1 (An 1877 voyage to Australia, crew data), 2 (Peabody, Sep. 1880 data, image, 80% down), 3 (related image re 2 ), 4 (a Jun. 1893 New Zealand arrival), 5 (1894 artwork reference), 6 (a 1913 image), 7 & 8 (images, Ione), 9 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1889/90 - see left. 165.0 ft. long, signal letters JMNK. Built for F. Ritson ('Ritson') of Sunderland. In the 1873/74 edition of Lloyd's, the sale of the vessel by Ritson to H. McEwan (Hugn M. McEwan), of Ayr, Scotland, is recorded. Registered at Ayr. In the 1890/91 edition, the further sale of the vessel to 'J. (James) Hardie' of London, is recorded. I had previously advised in this listing, the data originating in expired eBay listings, that at or about 1880 the vessel was owned by Henry W. Peabody & Co., 'Australian Line', for Boston, U.S.A. to Melbourne, Australia, service. I now think that was incorrect & Peabody were just the Boston agents for the vessel. I similarly advised that in 1889, the vessel was owned by L. P. Rogers of Port Louis, Mauritius. Neither statements seem to be evidenced in the Lloyd's Registers you can read at left. It would seem that on Nov. 22, 1894, the vessel ended up on the rocks at Mouille Point, Cape Town, South Africa, the entrance to Table Bay. David Watts has kindly brought to my attention the verdict of the Court of Inquiry, held at Cape Town, into 'the striking and abandonment' of Ione by its Captain & crew. The court is scathing of the conduct of Lawrence Reid, the vessel's long term captain & recommended that his certificate be cancelled. And similarly they chastised Frank S. P. Porter the ship's mate. It would seem that both were totally derelict in their duties as officers & prematurely abandoned the ship. The Mercantile Navy Lists of 1900 thru 1915 record Lewis Powell Rogers of Port Louis as the vessel's owner & the 1920 edition reports The Ione Navigation Co. Ltd., also of Port Louis, as the vessel's then owner. A watercolour by T.? Williams, sold at auction in 1999 by Stephan Welz & Co., of Cape Town & Johannesburg, South Africa, would seem to depict the vessel with tugs Alert, John Paterson, Tiger & Enterprise in attendance towing her off. Alas I cannot provide an image of the work. Dave Tranter advises (thanks Dave!) that Lloyd's Register of 1904/05 records L. P. Rogers to be the owner of the Port Louis registered vessel. In 1924, I had read that the vessel was still owned at Mauritius. Can anybody tell us what later happened to her? Or correct the above text, as may be required and/or add additional data or images?
519, later 540/519 (gross/net), later 502 tons
Sant' Antonio or San Antonio
An iron barque, 3-masted, completed in May 1869. Per 1 (San Antonio, grounded), 2 (NY Times 1903 article). The vessel is Lloyd's Register ('LR') listed, it would seem, from 1869/70 thru 1874/75 at least - LR of 1875/76 is not available to the webmaster. Was initially owned by E. Gourley of Sunderland, with 'Winchester' & briefly 'W. Schearer' serving as her captain. For service (where LR indicated) to Cape of Good Hope or to Algoa Bay (both South Africa) in 1869/70, ex London from 1870/71 thru 1872/73, & from Amsterdam to Rangoon, Burma, in 1873/74. Am grateful for this 'pdf' (on page 2) which advises that Amity became Olga, Carmen & finally Sant' Antonio & was lost off Port Elizabeth, South Africa, on Nov. 14, 1903. The Mercantile Navy List ('MNL') of 1870 (& also that of 1875) reports Amity as owned by Edward Temperley Gourley of Sunderland. The barque it would seem, 'had a well established reputation in the China trade as a British merchantman'. I presume that the vessel ceased to be British in or about 1875 - the vessel is not recorded either as Amity or Olga in MNL of 1876. I located via Trove, Australia, a reference to Olga, then of Hamburg, Germany, & both owned & captained by Captain Krohnke, arriving at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on Nov. 22, 1887 with a general cargo for Sydney & 300 tons of salt for delivery at Newcastle, NSW. I cannot see that the vessel actually went on to Newcastle. It left Sydney on Jan. 29, 1878, having been chartered to carry wool to Antwerp, Belgium, & having had new decks fitted presumably for that purpose. On Feb. 2, 1889 Olga arrived at Brisbane, via Warrnambool, Victoria, with a general cargo ex Hamburg (left Sep. 20, 1888, a voyage of 134 days) & on Feb. 21, 1889 left Brisbane for Apia (Navigators' Islands, now Samoa, South Pacific). Her captain's name is variously spelled - as G. H. Kroncke, Krohnakes & Krohnke as above. I could not spot additional voyages to Australia but I may be wrong - there were quite a number of barques of the name. I am not aware of when the vessel became Carmen & who became Carmen's owner. Carmen is, however, I am delighted to find, listed in LR of 1891/92 (but not in 1889/90) then owned by 'A. Postel & ses fils' & registered at Le Havre, France, with 'Lordonne' her captain. As per my attempted image of the LR entry. I do not know when 'G. Lubrano di Scampamorte', of Naples, Italy, became the owner of the vessel now named Sant' Antonio. However 'G. & E. Lubrano di Scampamorte' were the registered owners, with A. Lubrano her captain, in LR of 1899/1900. Before moving on to the final chapter of the vessel's life, it seems to me that the correct final registered name of the vessel, certainly in 1903/04, was Sant' Antonio. It clearly was also known as San Antonio, presumably an anglicised version of the registered name.
I have for a long time indicated here that on Jul. 5, 1903, the vessel left Marseilles, France, for Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, under the command of Captain Astario, with a cargo of bricks & tiles. It had arrived at Algoa Bay in Oct. 1903 & was anchored there on Nov. 14, 1903 when she & five other ships (including County of Pembroke) were driven ashore & wrecked in a SE gale. A 7th vessel was dismasted. The storm which hit at night time was massive - high winds, mountainous seas & torrential rain. The pre-eminent sources for definitive data about the wreck of County of Pembroke are two superb 'pdf' files (1 & 2) that document her loss at Port Elizabeth, both prepared by Vanessa Maitland, wreck archaeologist, of Durban, South Africa. Those 'pdf' files make many references to San Antonio, advise exactly where she was driven ashore (N. of Dynamite Jetty), that the crew 'came ashore by themselves', (also that 'the crew landed this morning by the breeches buoy'), & even (Fig. 26) an image (at left) that Vanessa argues can only be of San Antonio. It was thought that one young seaman, a crew member of San Antonio, had been lost in the disaster, but he was found exhausted on the beach & later fully recovered. The name of San Antonio's captain is a bit unclear - variously reported as being Astario, Astartio, J. Asterita, Astarita. 165.0 ft. long, later 167.7 ft., signal letters JWTG, later SDVW (per LR of 1903/1904). Clearly there is much more to learn about this vessel. Do you have additional data about the vessel's history? Another image perhaps? Vanessa Maitland seeks more information her. Can you help in that regard?
742 (or 744) tons
A 3-masted iron barque. Per 1 & 2 (data), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 186.5 ft. long, (56.8 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular). Built for Joseph Steel & Son (or Sons), of Liverpool. But may first have been registered (Jan. 25, 1871) in the name of H. F. Swan, of Newcastle. In 1904, the vessel was sold to Gaetano Olivari, of Italy, likely of Genoa. No change of vessel name. Miramar indicate that the vessel was reduced to a lighter in 1915, while an expired eBay item stated that the vessel was scrapped that year at Genoa. WWW data about the vessel is most modest. Can you help with more? Another image perhaps?
1454, later 1567 tons
The following listing will surely need correction - the available data is both limited & confusing. A cargo & passenger steamer, brig rigged. Per 1 (ref. Bengala), 2 (page in Italian), 3 (link 2 translated by Google), 4 (Mogul Line, Mecca), 5 (wrecksite.eu, data), 6 (wreck site video), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 246.1 ft. long, later 246.0 ft., later 243.1 ft., 170 HP, later 254 HP, speed of 10 knots, signal letters QGFT, NHCH.
First the Lloyd's Register ('LR') record. So far as I can see, the vessel is not LR listed as Mecca. It is LR listed as Livorno, owned by Lloyd Italiano, in 1876/77 (but the LR edition of 1877/78 is not available to the webmaster). LR of 1879/80 notes that the vessel's name had been changed from Livorno to Bengala but did not list either name. It is LR listed, as Bengala, from 1880/81 thru 1889/90. For a number of years, LR stated that the vessel had been built by Clark but corrected the reference to Iliff, Mounsey & Co. in 1886/87.
The vessel was launched, on May 6, 1871, for Ralph M. Hudson, Jr., of Sunderland, but would seem to have soon become owned by Bombay and Persia Steam Navigation Co. perhaps known as Mogul Line. Is that really true? Later in that same year, i.e. 1871, Lloyd Italiano (Societe di Navigazione Lloyd Italiano), of Genoa, Italy, became the owner of the vessel, renamed Livorno. Later, at a date unknown to the webmaster (perhaps in 1876 when Lloyd Italiano collapsed), the vessel, renamed Bengala, became owned by R. Rubattino, also of Genoa. The vessel was soon maybe transferred to 'Soc. per la Navigazione a Vaporo Raffaele Rubattino & Co.'. In 1881, Navigazione Generale Italiana ('NGI'), of Genoa, became the vessel's owner (Link 1 says the vessel became part of NGI Line when I & V. Florio of Palermo & R. Rubattino amalgamated in 1881). In 1881, the original George Clark of Sunderland 170 HP engines were replaced with 254 HP engines supplied by Cantieri Navali Odero of Genoa/Sestri. Such change was not referenced in LR until 1886/87 & the vessel became 243.1 ft. long & 1567 gross tons. I read that in Mar. 1882, the vessel entered service on NGI's Messina-Naples-New York route. Mystic Seaport via this page (Record of American ...) tells us that the vessel, from 1883 to 1889, had A. Govino as its captain but LR states different names. LR of 1889/90 notes that the vessel had been 'Wrecked'. On Apl. 30, 1889, (or maybe (7) on Apl. 10, 1889), Bengala hit a shoal or sandbank & sank at Cape Rizzuto (Cannelle di Isola Capo Rizzuto), Calabria, Italy. While en route from Trieste to Genoa, under the command of A. Govino or A. Galvino but LR states Marchini, with a cargo that included port wine in bottles. 2 lives were lost. A dive site today, it would seem. Can you provide more info? Luca Derosa, of Cape Rizzuto, Italy, is researching the history of the vessel & would welcome any assistance you can provide. You can reach him here.
A cargo ship. Per 1 (top item), 2 (Stag Line history at page bottom), 3 (Stephanotis, near top of page) 4 (data, 55% down), 5 (page bottom), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 220.5 ft. long, with sails. Built for 'Joseph Robinson and Company', of Whitby it would seem, which company managed a fleet of ships (Joseph Robinson the main owner) collectively known, since 1846, as 'Stag Line'. Stephanotis was, I read their first steamship & was built at a cost of Ł16,800. The ship suffered damages which necessitated repairs in each of 1875, 1877, 1879 & 1886. Engine replaced in 1877. In 1895, a company named "Stag Line", Ltd., was formed for insurance reasons & Stephanotis was transferred to that North Shields company. In 1898, the vessel was sold to 'Robson, Brown & Sons Ltd', of Sunderland. On Apl. 30, 1901, while en route from Bilbao, Spain, to Middlesbrough with a cargo of iron ore, the vessel, Captain R. Thompson in command, was in collision in fog with Guyers, a 522 ton Newcastle vessel, off Whitby, ('6 miles NE of Staithes') & sank. Guyers (Captain Peacock) sank also, all 13 aboard saved. I presume that the 16 aboard Stephanotis were also saved. I read that an image of the vessel is in 'Stag Line 1817-1983' by N. J. Robinson, published in 1984. Do you have more data? An image perhaps?
An 'Iliff' number
A cargo steamship. Per 1 (Hadji), 2 (ref.), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). Owned by Quebec & Gulf Ports Steamship Co. Ltd. On May 23, 1873, the vessel arrived at Quebec, Canada, from U.K. Used on the Quebec - Pictou, Nova Scotia, service. On May 8, 1874, the vessel was damaged by ice breakup at Levis, Quebec. Was chartered 1876/77 by Ward Lines. On Mar. 3, 1881, the vessel capsized on top of a tug & jettisoned cargo in heavy weather, en route from Puerto Rico to New York. Was wrecked on May 25, 1881 at Blonde Rock, S of Seal Island, Cape Sable, near Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. Do you have more data? An image perhaps?
1708 (or 1707) tons
An iron cargo steamship. Per 1 [Lamport & Holt, Rubens (1)], 2 & 3 (Lamport & Holt Line histories, the first link being to page 1 of 7 pages), 4 (Spanish page, Lampert & Holt, many illustrations), 5 (1876 grounding), 6 (an image of a ship named Rubens. Maybe not the 1872 Rubens, but probably representative of roughly what it would have looked like), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 82.3 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, 270 ft., 2 masted, square-rigged forward, crew of 40 in 1875, signal letters WRPK. Launched as Muliebar perhaps. Would seem to have been built for Lamport & Holt Line ('Lamport'), which line served, from Liverpool & Antwerp, the E. coast of South America (Brazil & River Plate, incl. Uruguay & Argentina). Lamport, noted for naming its vessels after prominent persons connected with the arts & sciences, owned its vessels via 'Liverpool, Brazil and River Plate Steam Navigation Company Ltd.' ('LiverpoolBrazil'), formed in 1865. However Rubens would seem to have been initially owned by 'Patton & Co.', of Liverpool, (per Lloyd's 1874/5, image at left, & also 1872/73). In the next Lloyd's List that I had available, 1880/1, it was owned by LiverpoolBrazil. Was 'Patton & Co.' related to Lamport? Perhaps they were, in fact, the ship's managers? Can anybody tell us? On Dec. 5, 1875, Rubens left Buenos Ayres, under the command of Joseph Schofield, with a cargo of wool & hides - bound for Antwerp, Belgium, via Montevideo, Bahia & Madiera. On Jan. 17, 1876, in dense fog, she ran aground off Birling Gap, Beachy Head, East Sussex. Part of her cargo was discharged & on Jan. 27, 1876 she was towed off by 4 tugs & later arrived at Southampton. It would not seem that the (uninsured) vessel, was damaged. The Court censured the master for not having taken soundings more frequently but did not consider him sufficiently culpable to justify the suspension of his certificate. 5 states the vessel to have then 'belonged to' LiverpoolBrazil, Lamport being the owners. The vessel, still owned by Lamport, became, in 1900, a refrigerated store ship at Punta Arenas, Magellan Strait, Chile (near the S. tip of S. America). And in 1909 the vessel was sold to 'Sociedad Ballenera de Magallanes', a whaling company, of Punta Arenas, & used as a pontoon/hulk at that port. In 1916, the vessel was sold to 'Braun & Blanchard', shipping company & shipping agents, of Punta Arenas. Some 11 years later, on Jun. 23, 1927, the hulk was scuttled, off Punta Arenas, at the behest of the Chilean maritime governor. We thank Ian Hart for his contributions to the above, & for the vessel's history after arrival at Punta Arenas. Despite the amount of text above, there seems to be very little WWW available data about this vessel. Do you have more data? An image perhaps?
10 Eastern Monarch
1769 (later 1565) tons
A fully rigged 3-masted sailing ship. Per 1 ('White Wings' text re Eastern Monarch), 2 (diary, 1863 voyage to Townsville), 3 (image, Eastern Monarch) 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 78.2 metres long perpendicular to perpendicular, with double topgallant sails & a main skysail, 256.5 ft., signal letters NVWM. Described, in 'White Wings' as follows:- 'She was beautifully fitted up, each cabin being luxuriously adorned with velvet pile couches, handsome Brussels carpets, and elegant mirrors. In fact, the accommodation was in all respects similar to that of a first-class ocean mail steamer.' The webmaster has a number of editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books & 'www.archive.org', thru 1896/97 - see left. Built for 'Royal Exchange Shipping Company Limited', of London, 'John Patton Jr. & Co.' (who also were ship owners) likely the vessel's managers only. However, I now see that in the supplement to Lloyd's Register of 1873/74, the vessel was first registered in the name of 'J. Patton Jr. & Co.'. The vessel's maiden run, chartered to 'New Zealand Shipping Company', left Plymouth on May 4, 1874, Captain A. Donaldson in command, with 560 immigrants bound for Lyttelton, New Zealand. It completed its voyage on Jul. 21, 1874, a passage of 71 days & 19 hours, stated to be 'one of the fastest passages ever experienced to Lyttelton'. It almost did not make it - the ship nearly struck a rock en route, believed to be at 'Sunday Isles', on Jun. 5, 1874 - the watch was asleep as a result of celebrations in crossing the line. Details of some, at least, of the vessel's voyages, are next & later in this listing, ex 'Trove'. The vessel, chartered for Ł4,400, left New York on Sep. 19, 1876, & arrived at Melbourne on Dec. 22, 1876 with 21,000 cases of oil & just 4 passengers. On Aug. 17, 1877, the vessel left Maitland, W. of Adelaide, Australia, for London with an interesting (ex Trove) cargo. On May 20, 1882, the vessel arrived at Melbourne from London, & later left for & returned from Calcutta, India. On Dec. 21, 1882, the vessel left Melbourne for Victor Harbor, South Australia, & on or about Feb. 15, 1883 left that port for London with 7,725 bales of wool. She arrived at Townsville, Queensland, on Oct. 24, 1883, ex Glasgow, with 534 immigrants, & also with cases of measles & infectious fever aboard. On Dec. 25, 1883, en route, in ballast, from Townsville to Calcutta, the vessel went aground SW of Holbourn Island, 19 miles N. of Bowen lighthouse, Queensland. It would seem that the vessel was able to free herself. On Jan. 6, 1885, the vessel arrived at Melbourne ex New York with 51,000 pcs of slate (ex Trove), 15,500 cases of oil, timber & much more besides & with 3 passengers - on Mar. 22, 1885 it left Sydney for Calcutta. On Aug. 22, 1888 the vessel arrived at Wilmington, South Australia, en route to San Francisco, having left Sydney with 2,292 tons of coal. An 1886/1877 voyage. There are surely more voyages - accessing 'Trove' is time consuming! The 1887/88 edition of Lloyd's Register records the sale of the vessel to Robert Thomas & Co., of Criccieth & Liverpool & maybe of London also. Her last completed voyage was, I read, from Talcahuano, Chile, to Swansea, Wales, at an unstated date in 1896. On Oct. 28, 1896, the vessel was abandoned by its crew. Alas, I have not been able to WWW read any details as to the circumstances of the loss, its routing, the captain's name, its cargo, any loss of life, etc. Miramar advises us, (thanks!) that it was abandoned at 35.03N/16.02W, which is NE of the Madeira Islands. Do you have more data about the vessel? Was there an article also in Illustrated London News? No.1879
874 (or 849.9 or 860 or 873) tons
A 3-masted iron barque. Built by 'Mounsey & Foster'. Per 1 (data), 2 (3 images I believe (page in Finnish) also list of published data sources re the vessel), 3 (1875 image), 4 (brief ref.), 5 (data & 4 images), 6 (NZ datapage), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 195.4 ft. long. '... carrying royals and main skysail over single topgallant sails and double topsails.' With accommodation for a limited number of passengers. Built for R. H. Penney, of Shoreham (West Sussex, near Brighton), & the last ship he built ... built for him & 24 other Quakers. '... the only Shoreham vessel ever to carry a skysail and her first suit of sails were the largest ever made at Penney's sail loft.' A 'skysail' would seem to be a sail at the very top of a mast on a square-rigged ship but, that said, sometimes it was topped by an even higher sail called a 'moonsail'. Chartered to Shaw Savill & Co. for several years & made 10 voyages to New Zealand (Auckland & Nelson) during the period of 1877 thru 1890, under the command of Captain Thomas Glazebrook. In 1888, the vessel was dismasted during a hurricane in the Indian Ocean, but made Port Louis, Mauritius, to effect repairs. Captain Glazebrook was, indeed, her sole Captain until 1894 when he contracted typhoid & had to leave the ship at San Francisco. The vessel was sold, in 1895, to M. F. Stray, of Kristiansand, Norway. An eBay item advised that O. Stray owned the vessel in 1900 & S. O. Stray owned her from 1907 thru 1922. When sold to Hans Hansen of Brevik, Norway. An expired eBay item said that in 1923 the vessel was used on the Baltic trade. The vessel was sold, in 1928, to 'Karl Schröder et al', of Hanko (or Hango), Finland. I read that in 1930, Fid Harnack, a well known West Mersea (Mersea Island, Essex) artist, did a trip on the vessel from London to the Gulf of Bothnia, doing many paintings & sketches during the voyage. In Jun. 1939, she carried timber from Sweden to Millwall Dock in London, in what proved to be her last commercial voyage. She was laid up at Tollesbury, in the Blackwater River, Essex, for the duration of WW2. The vessel was sold, in 1947, (can anyone confirm the date?) to Capt. W. Lancaster, of Ramsgate (East Kent), renamed Bounty, & used as a floating restaurant, moored next to the dry dock. It catered for parties of up to 120, 'and also for amusements and exhibitions' & was advertised as a replica of the Bounty. It was not, alas, a commercial success. The vessel was towed away in 1951 & later (1952) broken up at Grays, Essex. Eric Brunger advises (thanks!) that the tow in 1951 related to the 'Festival of Britain' of that year. Bounty was being towed to London to keep Cutty Sark company, when, in the Thames Estuary, Bounty broke adrift & ran aground. A report of the matter was published in the 'Daily Telegraph' at the time, along with a photograph, & similar data was probably published by others also. An unfortunate incident which perhaps demonstrated a lack of care for one of Britain's last floating sailing ships & caused the decision to break her up. Eric adds that an image of the vessel was published in (he thinks) 'Sail in the South East' showing Alastor on the River Ouse just outside of the town of Lewes - a long way inland indeed for an ocean going sailing ship. Can anyone translate 2 from Finnish? We thank Tony Millatt, of the U.K., for a significant part of the above data. Do you have more data?
869 (later 864) tons
An iron barque. Built by 'Mounsey & Foster'. Per 1 (data, Alpheta, 15% down), 2 (raising of Alpheta), 3 (vessel overdue), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 196.5 ft. long (59.9 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters WTMG. Built for R. H. Penney, of Shoreham (West Sussex, near Brighton). The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. In Nov. 1877, the vessel was en route from Bremen, Germany, to Cardiff, Wales, in ballast, with George Stone the Master. Aboard was Katie, the Master's wife, her baby, & another woman & child. I should mention i) that Katie, née Hammond, was, in fact, the Great Aunt of 'our own' Len Charlton, & ii) that Katie's baby, a girl, was later christened Alpheta Stone. At 9:00 p.m. on Nov. 21, 1877, in a moderate SW gale & 'thick' rain, the vessel went aground on Bembridge Ledge, a large, rocky outcrop off the easternmost point of the Isle of Wight. 'The ship bumped heavily, and was soon bilged and water-logged', but was in no imminent danger. A lifeboat & two fishing boats came to the rescue, the fishing boats bringing 8 men including two pilots to Alpheta's assistance. At 11:30 p.m. the lifeboat took off the women & children & the 8 men. The crew (how many?) chose to stay aboard Alpheta. That was not the end of the story. About a week later, per a 'snippet' ex 'English Mechanic and World of Science', Alpheta was successfully raised & towed safely into dock at Portsmouth. It may however have been rather raised in May 1878, by Captain Coppin, of 'Salvage Steamship Company', an Admiralty contractor. The first ship apparently ever raised from Bembridge Ledge. The vessel was clearly repaired. At Portsmouth? 'Romance of Tall Ships' states that it became a total loss after the 1877 grounding. In 1878/79, the vessel became owned by 'Johnston, Sproule and Co.' of Liverpool, T. G. Fraser the Master. It was listed in the 1885/86 edition of Lloyd's Register, as 'missing'. The vessel had left Liverpool on May 5, 1885 for Port Adelaide, Australia, with a general cargo & arrived safely on Aug. 9, 1885 after encountering hurricane force winds & heavy weather. En route, a 'youngster' sustained nothing more than a severe shaking when he fell from the main yard to the deck. On Sep. 8 or 9, 1885, W. Richards in command, the vessel left Adelaide for Portland, Oregon, U.S.A., via one of the outports. She never arrived, indeed she was never heard from again. On Mar. 24, 1886, the vessel was officially posted by Lloyd's as overdue. Gordon Ledbetter advises that his grand uncle Algernon F. Duke (1865/1886) was one of those who were lost. Do you have additional data?
A fully rigged 3 masted iron sailing ship, later a barque. Built by 'Mounsey & Foster'. Per 1, 2 & 3 (all New Zealand 1908 newspaper articles, Dartford), 4 (Australian 1912 newspaper article, hulked), 5 & 6 (A George W. R. Bourne 1910 watercolour painting of the vessel at Bunbury), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 221.5 ft. long (67.5 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters QSCW, crew of 19 perhaps. I cannot yet tell you for whom the vessel was built. I have read i) Adamson & Ronaldson, ii) J. T. North of London, & iii) J. (John) T. Morton ('Morton') of London. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. Certainly Morton owned the vessel in the 1878/79 Lloyd's Register edition, & is said to have owned the vessel from 1877 to 1883. In the 1882/83 edition, the vessel is shown in transition from Morton to G. (George) Traill & Sons, also of London. Noni Brown has advised (thanks!) that on Nov. 2, 1882 Dartford arrived at Sydney ex London, Gravesend, (left Jul. 30, 1882). The voyage is notable perhaps because en route, a Swedish seaman, maybe named Frederick Bey (name difficult to read) fell to the deck from aloft & was killed. That voyage has an especial significance for Noni since her ancestor, Carl Hans Bay, arrived on that particular Dartford voyage. The vessel left Sydney on Feb. 28, 1883 to return to London. In 1900, the vessel was sold to D. Corsar & Sons, said to be of W. H. Corsar's 'Flying Horse' Line. It would seem that the vessel from the beginning was a frequent visitor to the waters of both Australia & New Zealand ('NZ'). On Sep. 22, 1907, the vessel arrived in ballast at Sydney, New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, from Huasco, Chile, South America, & for several months lay at Athol Bight, one of the bays of Sydney Harbour. The vessel was inspected by officers of Union Steamship Co. Ltd. of NZ, & in Mar. 1908, that company acquired the vessel & sailed her to Lyttelton, NZ, to either i) convert the ship into a sail training ship, or ii) use her as a coal hulk. She was in fine condition & in fact became a sail training ship. The vessel's first voyage, with just 12 cadets, was to Bunbury, Western Australia, in Jul. 1909, where she took on board a cargo of jarrah timber for Wellington, NZ. The ship made one voyage to South Africa, under the command of Captain J. E. MacDonald, probably with a full complement of 30 or more cadets, & other trips ex NZ. The economy at that time was poor, & her use as a training ship lasted only a few years. On Nov. 22, 1912, the vessel arrived at Wellington, NZ, from Newcastle, NSW, with a cargo of coal. There she was partially dismantled, by the cadets in fact, & in Jan. 1913, she became a coal hulk. The cadets likely continued their training on a Red Funnel steamer. Faced with a lack of shipping due to WW1, the vessel was put back into service in 1918, re-rigged as a barque. In 1921 the vessel became a coal hulk at Auckland, NZ, & served for many years in that capacity. On Jul. 25, 1946, the vessel was dismantled & beached at Rangitoto Island, near Auckland, after a varied career of 69 years. Do you have additional data?
2332 (later 2771) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 ('pdf', Board of Trade Wreck Report re 1895 collision), 2 ('pdf', data in Italian, re 1895 collision & sinking of Alvah, inset text in English on page 1), 3 (wreck data, in Italian), 4 ('Glenboig' bricks), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 300.0 ft. long (91.4 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters SFHQ. The vessel was built for 'Adam & Co.' of Aberdeen, Scotland, which 'company' later became either 'Adam Steam Ship Co. Ltd.', or 'The Adam Steam Ship Co. Ltd.'. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1890/91, see left. I have read nothing about Alvah's service nor the routes that the vessel's owners serviced. At about 8:30 p.m. on Mar. 29, 1895, both Alvah & newly built (1894) Brinkburn were proceeding through the Straits of Messina, the narrow passage between Sicily & the 'toe' of Italy. Visibility was clear & the sea was smooth. Alvah entered from the south, en route from Odessa, Ukraine, on the Black Sea, to Antwerp, with a cargo of grain. Brinkburn, George Jacob in command, was southbound, en route from Toulon, France, ex Le Havre, to Madagascar, having been chartered by the French War Department to take 100 or more troops, munitions & river gunboats to the French campaign to conquer Madagascar (it became part of the French Colonial Empire in 1896). Brinkburn, sailing close to shore, encountered unexpected currents, maybe whirlpool currents, near Faro Point. It was forced off its course, tried to reverse, but hit Alvah amidships on her port side. The seriously damaged Alvah foundered a few hours afterwards, at Cannitello on the Calabrian (mainland) coast. The wreck lies in two pieces upside down in 22 to 52 metres of water. Its crew took to the boats though, since they were overcrowded, 7 crew members were taken aboard Brinkburn & landed at the port of Messina. Brinkburn, also seriously damaged, was later repaired at Malta. An Inquiry was held in Malta at which no representatives of Alvah were present. The court concluded, as I would read it, that both vessels bore a portion of the blame, Alvah for being too close to the Sicilian shore & Brinkburn for being too close to Faro Point, where whirlpools are a known frequent occurrence. The collision caused a modest international incident. The French were at the time, completing their conquest of the Island of Madagascar - the French press believed that the collision was caused by the malice of the British Government. The contrary view perhaps! - ex the 'Sydney Morning Herald' of Apl. 6, 1895. I have attempted to WWW translate into English the Italian text at 2. If I understand that text correctly, it would seem that Alvah, in addition to grain, may also have been carrying some 'Glenboig' bricks, & those bricks helped researchers recently identify the wreck. Less than four years later, on Dec. 15, 1898, Brinkburn was itself wrecked, at the Isles of Scilly. 'Ecosfera Diving', of Messina, seeks additional data about Alvah's history & in particular an image. Do you have anything additional? An image of either Alvah or Brinkburn? No.1886
First a few images. Hover your mouse over each thumbnail to read the subject matter.
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder? So far I know essentially nothing about them. This listing was initially created in the hope that data might emerge as a result of the listing. Perhaps new data that you possess?
I have seen a WWW reference to a vessel being built in 1884 for W. Kish, of Sunderland. There is also some WWW data about James Kish, a shipowner of Sunderland (1863/1917). Here.
And the listing re Bortonius, below, refers to the history of Thomas Kish, ship owner, then (Feb. 1886) living at 65 John Street, Sunderland. He lost 8 ships between Dec. 1881 & Jul. 1885, 3 of which were under the command of his brother John George Kish. It may very well be, however, that Thomas Kish was not the 'Kish' involved with shipbuilding at Sunderland. I say that because if there were such an involvement you would surely expect him to have built his ships at his own shipbuilding yard. Furius was, in fact, built by 'Dobson and Charles' at Grangemouth, Firth of Forth, Scotland as were others of the 8 lost ships. And 7 of those 8 ships had names ending in 'us'. It appears likely that Thomas was therefore a fleet owner and was not the shipbuilder 'Kish' of 'Kish, Boolds & Co.' At least until new data emerges, if it does, that would lead to a different conclusion.
But my above conclusion was quite wrong! As you can read here.
Thomas Kish (May 2, 1849/?) took over control of the family fleet of sailing ships in 1875 upon the death of William Kish/Kershaw (May 16, 1828/Nov. 26, 1875), his father. Thomas & the family 'during the 1880's .. set up a Shipbuilding firm with Henry Boolds, with a yard at Pallion. The family business suffered from a series of blunders culminating in a Board of Trade enquiry into the wrecking of the steamship FURIOUS [sic] in 1886 in which the owner, Thomas Kish and the captain, John George Kish were accused of fraud. The trial lasted several months and although the case against them was never proven it was highly suspicious and left a lasting stigma.' The reference to FURIOUS, should correctly read FURIUS, per the Board of Trade inquiry report available ('pdf') here.
I have seen also a couple of WWW references which seem to link the name of 'Kish, Boolds' with that of S. P. Austin & Son Ltd., who at that time had a yard on the S. bank of the River Wear, east of but close to the road bridge. Miramar references the two trading names stated above & shows them as building 23 ships during the period of 1882 to 1887.
I have read a July 1887 reference (pages 136/7 here) which relates - 'Mr. Boolds (late partner in the firm of Boolds & Sharer, Shipbuilders, Sunderland) has been appointed manager of the last named firm'. On page 336 at that link, in the Jan. 1888 issue, 'Marine Engineer' stated that Boolds, Sharer & Co. were then defunct.
If you have knowledge about the yard, could I invite you to consider sharing it with others via this site?
A list? Highest hull number on page: It used to be that you could click on the link that follows & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & the following link should work for you:- 23. (23)
I will add below the names of vessels constructed by 'Kish, Boolds, Sharer' (or whatever) of Sunderland - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence.
1210 (or 1160) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (the vessel's trials, ex 'The Marine Engineer' of Jan. 01, 1884), 2 (French data, Bussum), 3 ('wrecksite.eu' data, sinking, Bussum), 4 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 240.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, signal letters JCFP, attained 11 1/2 knots on her trials. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, thru 1890/91 - see left. The vessel was built for J. M. Smith Jr., soon to be owned by 'Falcon Steamship Co. Limited', of Sunderland, with J. M. Smith Jr. the manager & likely the owner also. In the 1890/91 edition of Lloyd's, the vessel had become owned by 'V. T. Thompson & Co.' also of Sunderland. In 1897, the vessel was sold to Stoomvaart Maatschappij Oostzee ('Oostzee'), of Amsterdam, Netherlands, & renamed Bussum. Bussum? A town in North Holland. Oostzee was, I read, a subsidiary of Albertus Vinke & Co., also of Amsterdam, who specialised in trade to the Baltic (Oostzee in Dutch) & managed the vessel. On Mar. 26, 1898, while en route from Porgrund, Norway, with a cargo of wood, the vessel suffered an engine failure when in bad weather off Dunkirk, France. The ship ran aground & was wrecked near West Jetty, Dunkirk. Per a WWW translation of this text ex a now expired Dutch website. At 51.02N/?. The crew was rescued by Progrečs, a French tug. I have not been able to read the full circumstances. It would appear that the wreck was likely referred to in the Mar. 28, 1898 issue (N° 7822) of 'Le Petit Parisien'. But that data may be incorrect. The closest issue to that date, per eBay, would have been #477 of Mar. 27, 1898 - no 4 digit issue numbers. So something does seem to be wrong. Can you add to and/or correct the above? Or provide an image?
2 Nantes Hambourg
1448 (or 1353 or 1379 or 1505) tons
Ville de Saint Nazaire
A cargo ship. Per 1 (wreck data), 2 (Swedish Lloyd, data, Sote), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 245.0 ft. long (75.78 metres) perpendicular to perpendicular. Built for 'Compagnie Nantaise de Navigation ŕ Vapeur', of Nantes, France, & registered France. In 1884, the vessel was renamed Ville de Saint Nazaire. Voyages to South America & French colonies. Alfred Dreyfus was a famous passenger. The vessel was sold, in 1901, to 'G. Vallée', of Rouen, France. And sold in 1905 to 'D/S Hamlet' (W. Schmidt the manager), of Esbjerg, Denmark, & renamed Herleve. And sold again in 1907 to W. A. Massey & Co., of Hull, England, & renamed Elleker. The ship was sold yet again, on Feb. 7, 1908 to 'Rederi AB Orion', of Oskarshamn, Sweden, (O. Wingren, the manager), & renamed Orion. And sold on Mar. 2, 1915 to 'Ĺngfartygs AB Thule', of Göteborg, Sweden (Th. Willerding, the manager), & renamed Sote. On Apl. 25, 1918, while en route from Göteborg to London, the vessel was torpedoed off Bridlington by UC-64. One life lost, I think. Have also read May 25, & Jul. 25, 1918 for the date of the loss. The vessel was taken in tow & an effort was made to beach her, but she sank 10 miles S. of Flamborough Head in 13 metres of water. At 54.01.2/00.11.5. 'Charles Hocking' references 'H. Metcalfe' as the owner in 1918. Much of the above data came from a Swedish site which no longer exists. WWW translation from Swedish is most difficult & I may have inadvertently introduced errors into my above English text. Can you add to and/or correct the above? Or provide an image?
1291 (or 1257 or 1212.3) tons
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Oct. 8, 1882 launch, ex 'Marine Engineer ...', Dec. 1882, a Google Book), 2 (Dec. 15, 1883 launch, ex 'Marine Engineer ...', Jan. 1884, a Google Book), 3 (1894 wreck report, a 'pdf' file), 4 (French page, sinking, map & image), 5 (link 4 translated), 6 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 240.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, single screw, schooner rigged, designed to carry a large cargo on a small draught of water, signal letters JPNT. The vessel is a real puzzle. It was reported as being launched twice, firstly on Oct. 8, 1882 & secondly on Dec. 15, 1883. What would appear to be the identical vessel, though with different engine suppliers etc. On the first occasion, the vessel was launched for James B. Hick & partners ('Hick'), of Scarborough. While on the 2nd launch it was said to be built for Dixon & Clarkson ('Dixon'), of Sunderland, & was christened by Miss Clarkson. I presume that Hick was unable to proceed, possibly for financial reasons & that Dixon took the ship over. But it would seem that something may have happened to Dixon also, because Miramar at 6 indicate that W. Kish was the initial registered owner. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Registers available ex Google books, & hopefully they will clarify what happened. Only partially do they so clarify. There would seem to be no listing for the vessel in the 1882/83 & 1883/84 registers. In the 1885/86 register, W. Kish is the registered owner & the vessel is indicated to be 1884 built. In the 1887/88 register, 'L. & H. Guéret' have become the owners, & the vessel is now 1883 built. The vessel would seem to have been, until 1887/88 at least, Sunderland registered. In 1894, the vessel was owned by 'Allonby Steamship Company Ltd.', of Cardiff, Wales, with Thomas J. (Joseph) Callaghan, also of Cardiff, the manager. In Nov. & Dec. 1893, the vessel was dry-docked at Newport, Wales. The vessel was lost at sea on Jan. 11, 1894 with major loss of life. A Court hearing was held at Cardiff in Feb. 1894 into the circumstances. Which are ... On Jan. 8, 1894, the vessel left Barry Dock, near Cardiff, for Les Sables d'Olonne, a town on the W. coast of France, N. of La Rochelle, with a cargo of 1612 tons of coal & a crew of 17 all told. David Dee was her master. On the evening of Jan. 9, 1894, the weather turned bad with high wind & heavy seas. At 6:00 a.m. on Jan. 11, 1894, 'she broached to, and shipped a heavy sea by the fore rigging on the starboard side and between No. 1 and No. 2 hatchways, filling the well deck'. Off Ushant, a small rocky island in the English Channel off the coast of Brittany, near Brest, France. At 48.01.846N/04.52.731W. Water poured into the holds & it was seen that the ship was going down by the head. The boats were ordered to be launched & 4 men, incl. the chief engineer, got into the port lifeboat. As the ship went down it was washed off its chocks. 11 crew members, all trying to launch the starboard lifeboat, were swept into the sea. The Master was also swept into the sea & he and a fireman were picked up by the lifeboat. The 11 were not so fortunate & all drowned. The six survivors were in the boat for about 6 hours, during which time the weather moderated & they were saved by Biscaye, a French steamer. Now the ship apparently steered badly, in part due to her basic design - a very flat bottom, no keel & a bluff bow. To remedy the effect, the rudder had been made larger. At 7:00 p.m. on Jan. 10, 1894, the vessel's steam steering gear had failed. It would seem that it was not repaired, so it was out of commission when particularly needed. The Court heard evidence as to the availability & location of lifebelts & were not impressed with what they heard. The Court found that the Master had not promptly repaired the steam steering gear, had not ensured that lifebelts were available when needed, & had not ensured the integrity of the ship's hatches. The Court censured the master accordingly but did not deal with his certificate. Can you add to or correct the above? Or provide an image?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (Bortonius data), 2 ('pdf' which refers to wreck of Furius but references both Thomas Kish of Sunderland, John George Kish his brother & briefly Bortonius), 3 (Lawrence), 4 & 5 (1891 New Zealand ('NZ') newspaper reports), 6 (cached data, Lawrence, ex a site which no longer exists - http://www.wreckdive.co.nz), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. 160.0 ft. long, schooner rigged, 2 masts, 2 screws. Built for Thomas Kish (maybe the majority owner), of Sunderland, who, it would seem, lost 8 ships from Dec. 1881, to Jul. 1885 including Bortonius (2, p.5). 3 of the 8 vessels were under the command of John George Kish, Thomas's brother. The vessel had trouble on its maiden voyage. Launched in Jan. 1884, her maiden voyage was to Australia via the Suez Canal. She 'called at the Clarence, (north-eastern New South Wales ('NSW'), Australia, S. of Brisbane) short of coal, & grounded on the bar when attempting to enter the MacLeay (at Kempsey, I believe a little to the S. of Clarence River)' She arrived at Kempsey, on Jun. 17, 1884, 86 days out of London, there to load a cargo of sawn timber & maize for Sydney, NSW, where she arrived on Jul. 12, 1884. On or about Jan. 2, 1885, Bortonius was stranded on rocks at the mouth of the Manning River, Harrington, NSW, Australia, while carrying a cargo of girders, spokes & piles. After she was stranded, the vessel was sold to John See, of Sydney, operating it would seem, as John See & Company. The vessel was thought to be a total loss, but in late Feb. 1885, the vessel was re-floated. The cargo had to be jettisoned & it took a Captain Ricketts & his salvage crew 12 days to pump the ship out & stop the leaks. There were labour problems at about that period, a pay & job dispute between the shipowner's association & the union. The vessel ran between Sydney & Clarence River. In Oct. 1885, a change of the vessel's name to Lawrence was approved by the Board of Trade, London, but the ship still traded as Bortonius - certainly it did so in Jul. 1886. I am not sure when the name of the vessel was actually changed. It was named Lawrence in the 1887/88 edition of Lloyd's. In 1889, the vessel was sold to 'The Mokihinui Coal Co. Ltd.' ('Mokihinui'), of Wellington, NZ, but stayed registered at Sydney. Mokihinui, I read, had a contract to supply coal coal to New Zealand Railways & Lawrence was engaged on that service. On Apl. 28, 1891, Lawrence, James Leys in command, grounded on the bar in leaving the Mokihinui River, NZ, (NW coast of S. Island) with a cargo of coal. She lost her propeller blades in the incident & as a result was driven ashore & beached on the S. side of the harbour entrance. Next day, in a heavy sea, she broke her back, indeed broke in two. A total loss. No lives were lost. Several of those who viewed the wreck expressed condemnation as to the quality of the ship's iron plates. The vessel was insured for Ł5,000 while the cargo was uninsured. Mokihinui abandoned the wreck to the underwriters & the wreck was in due course sold for Ł260. The ship's bell was found in 1935 (inscribed Bortonius, of course). Can you add anything? An image of the ship or the ship's bell?
A cargo ship. Per 1 (1885 launch, ex 2 'Marine Engineer' page 105), 3 (1885 ref. to sea trials, page 164), 4 (data incl. wreck ref.), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 183.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, single screw, signal letters JWVS, 'specially adapted for the fish, fruit, cattle, and general trades'. The naming ceremony was performed by Mrs. Edmund Sharer, wife of one of the builders (Boolds, Sharer & Co.). Her sea trials, during which she maintained a mean speed of 11 3/4 knots, were held on Jul. 24, 1885. Built for 'Brixham Steamship Company (Limited)', owned & managed by 'F. W. Baddeley & Son' of Brixham, Devon. In the 1889/90 edition of Lloyd's Register, the sale of the vessel to R. Symons of Baltimore is recorded. U.S. registered while 'in operation at Perth Amboy', New Jersey. Apparently used to service U.S. east coast ports & Cuba. In Mar. 1898, the vessel was sold to 'Boston & Alaska Transportation Co.' & brought to Puget Sound, Washington, where it arrived on Mar. 30, 1898. At that time, it accommodated 250 passengers. It served, I read, Skagway, Dyea, Copper River & St. Michael (all Alaska). On May 4, 1898, the vessel, under the command of Captain James Durie, left Seattle, Washington, & successfully, in difficult conditions, towed a river boat to the mouth of the Yukon River. On Oct. 13, 1908, the vessel was totally wrecked at Clarence Straits, near Blashke Island, 30 miles from Wrangel, Alaska. Have not read the circumstances. A loss of $100,000, only $40,000 of which was covered by insurance. Passengers & crew were landed on Blashke Island & subsequently picked up by Al-Ki & Utopia. Can you add anything? An image?
710 (or 850) tons
Became 999 tons (when lengthened in 1952)
471 (# looks strange)
A cargo ship, that had a very long life indeed. Per 1 (1885 ref. to sea trials, p. 249 & ref. on p. 257), 2 (Spanish page, 2 images Enrique Illueca, 50% down - of a vessel built in 1885? The vessel must have been completely rebuilt along the way, if so, which data seems not to be referenced below), 3 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). WWW data is most limited. Have found very few references & am grateful for the data at Miramar. Per 1, 'specially constructed and arranged for the company's ('Svenska Lloyd's') cargo and passenger trade between Hamburg and Gothenburg'. Her sea trials were held on Oct. 24, 1885. Built for 'Svenska Lloyd' (Rederi AB Svenska Lloyd) of Gothenburg, Sweden. The vessel was sold, in 1922, to Jose Taya Sons & Co., likely the agents, & renamed Jaime D'Urgell. And sold in 1924 to A. La Justicia & renamed Augusto. The 2nd purchaser may prove to be the agent rather than the owner. The vessel was sold again, in 1939, to 'M. Illueca Navarro', of Valencia, Spain, & after the Spanish Civil War was renamed Enrique Illueca in 1940. Was lengthened in 1952 & became 999 tons. It would seem that the vessel was sold, in 1964 or soon thereafter, to a shipping company from the Canary Islands. Broken up at Valencia, Spain, in May, 1970. Surely the above needs correction. Can you add anything? An image?
A cargo ship. Per 1 [Houston Line, Heraclides (1)], 2 (launch ref. p. 174), 3 (Houston Line, Part II, Chapter 10, p.237/243, in Read Online), 4 (Angra Pequena), 5 ('16/10 1902', a 1902 grounding ref. to Heraclides), 6 (the '1902' Heraclides grounding, 50% down & image), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 320.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, anticipated speed of 14 knots, signal letters KHNR. 'The vessel is fitted up for 50 saloon passengers, and the main deck can accommodate 500 emigrants'. Launched on Jul. 3, 1886 by Miss Ethel Clarke, of Armathwaite Hall, Cumberland, & christened by Miss Marian Clarke. Built for 'R. P. Houston & Co.' (Houston Line), of Liverpool, for their South American service. And 'was fitted with refrigerators for the carriage of frozen meat from the River Plate.' Houston Line, I read, named its ships after Greek mythological deities or Roman celebrities, each name beginning with the letter 'H'. In the 1889/90 edition of Lloyd's Register, the ownership of the vessel changed from 'R. P. Houston' to 'SS Heraclides Co. Ltd.'. Link 5 refers to a vessel of the name, owned by Houston Line, running aground at Formby, Merseyside, on Oct. 16, 1902. I had previously though that there must have been a third vessel of the name, a collier of Liverpool. But, the stated tonnage & length (2788 gross & 320 ft.) seem to approximately accord with this vessel, if you overlook the fact that our vessel seems not to have been a collier. An image of Heraclides, on the beach at Blundellsands (very close to Formby) in 1902, is at 6. Miramar list only two vessels of the name (both owned by Houston Line, this one & one built in 1916). Miramar advises that our vessel was wrecked, on Oct. 25, 1907, near Angra Pequena, stated elsewhere to be German South West Africa. Wreck location also stated to be 'Lüderitz'. All today's Hottentot Bay, Namibia, I believe. Can you add anything? Another image?
A steam tug. That had a very long life indeed. Per 1 (1886 launch, ex p. 297 here:- 2), 3 (Howard Smith, Racer), 4 (Racer at 'Trove Australia'), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 126 ft. long. Per 1, 'specially designed for a very high rate of speed and powerful towing purposes'. Launched on Jan. 15, 1886. Built for 'Watkins & Co.', of London. I thought that might mean 'William Watkins Limited', of London, but the vessel is not in its fleet list here. Was christened by Miss Maud Young, of Stockton. Don Fearon advises, (thanks Don!), that from 1886 to 1890, the tug was owned & operated by 'Queenstown Screw Tug & Shipping Co. Ltd.', of Queenstown (Cork), Ireland. And then, from 1890 to 1934, was owned by Melbourne Steamship Company Limited. ('Steamship'), of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 'Australian Steamships Pty Ltd.' chartered the tug from May 1923 to Apl. 1931, at which time the vessel was returned to Steamship. On one occasion, the vessel was blown against the Spencer Street Bridge, at Melbourne, causing some damage to the bridge. The vessel was withdrawn from service in 1934 & broken up at Melbourne. Don advises that the tug was skippered at Port Phillip (the bay on which Melbourne sits) for 28 years by Daniel Fearon (1853/1929), Don's great grandfather, who had, I read, 55 years of service for Steamship & its predecessor company. And Don kindly provided other material which included images, four of which are available via the thumbnails at left. Can you add anything?
9 Pio IX
A passenger/cargo vessel. Per 1 & 2 (Marine Engineer 1887/88, at p.20/1 ex 3), 4 (Pinillos...), 5 [extensive page, in Spanish re Pio IX, known in Spanish as 'Pio Nono', with 6 giant (when clicked) images], 6 (Link 5 Google translated), 7 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 115.5 metres long, perpendicular to perpendicular, 400 ft. overall, speed of 13 1/2 knots. A handsomely modelled steel screw steamer. It would seem that the vessel had two masts, was square rigged, & had two funnels, one of them a dummy, which dummy was later removed. The vessel was christened 'Pius IX' by Miss Dickenson (presumably correctly Dickinson), of Sunderland, of interest perhaps because Miramar indicate that the vessel was completed by J. Dickinson, i.e. John Dickinson of 'Palmers Hill Engine Works', who installed the ship's boilers. And the vessel was in fact named Pio IX. Had accommodation for 65 passengers in 1st class & 50 in 2nd class. And two fireplaces. Before the vessel was launched, Rev. Father Turnerelli, of St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, in full canonicals, walked slowly round the ship, and also on deck, sprinkling the sides and giving the benediction. The vessel was built for 'Pinillos, Saenz & Compańia', of Cadiz, Spain. Which company linked Barcelona, & other Spanish ports, with Havana, Cuba, New Orleans & Puerto Rico, via the Canary Islands. The vessel foundered, at 31.36N/24.06W, on Dec. 5, 1916, 300 miles NW of Las Palmas, Tenerife, Canary Islands, as a result of its cargo (coal?) shifting. I read that the vessel was en route from New Orleans via Cuba to Barcelona, without passengers, when it ran into a heavy storm 480 miles N. of Tenerife. Buenos Aires, a Spanish merchantman, came in response to the radio call, but by the time it arrived, 16 hours later, the vessel had sunk, leaving 22 survivors only, 11 of whom were rescued by Buenos Aires & the other 11 by an unnamed French merchant ship. 40 lives were lost or maybe 41 including the Captain, Captain Orinaga. We particularly thank the folks at 5 for their fine coverage of the vessel. Can you correct the above or add anything?
Can you help with the history of this shipbuilder? So far I know essentially nothing about them. This listing was initially created in the hope that data might emerge as a result of the listing. Perhaps new data that you possess?
A 'Google' electronic book, alerted the webmaster to the very existence of this ship builder. A book referred to in the Maitland listing below.
Davina Ransom of the U.K., (of Kent, I believe), has written in to indicate that she is researching her family history. She advises that her great grandfather John Knox ('Knox'), was born at Renfrew in Scotland in 1841 & moved to Sunderland at a date between 1876 & 1878. Davina indicates that Knox was at one time manager at the Sir John Priestman yard & he is listed as 'manager iron shipbuilder' on the 1881 census, living in Grange Terrace.
It is likely that Davina will have further thoughts on the matter but after checking the dates & the history as best she can, it seems likely to the webmaster that Knox became manager at a Sunderland shipyard (name unknown) thru 1883. And then in 1884, formed his own ship building company on the south bank of the Wear in South Hylton. That business would seem to have failed in 1886 & perhaps after that he became manager at the Priestman yard. All assuming, of course, that Davina's John Knox is indeed the John Knox of John Knox & Co. Limited, which seems, however, to be most likely.
I have read that the yard was closed for several months in 1885.
Davina further advises that on Sep. 8, 1886, an order for the winding up of John Knox & Co. Limited was presented to the High Court of Justice, by John Thompson & Sons, timber merchants of 'Lawrence-street and Borough-road' & by Joseph Harrison, a merchant. As you can read here. So the yard went into liquidation in Sep. 1886. Davina adds that there were many subsequent notices to creditors & advertisements for the sale of the shipyard 'culminating in what seems to be the final sale of machinery at the end of Aug. 1887.'
Thanks to the kindness of a site visitor, I can, in late 2016, add a little more to the 'John Knox' story. A 1947 newspaper article by 'Blue Peter' tells us that Knox was born in 1842 & died in 1913. He came to Sunderland in 1879 & worked as manager of the Robert Thompson, Southwick, ship yard. In 1883 he started his own business at South Hylton - amongst the vessels he built were many steamers & a number of collapsible Government boats for use on the river Nile. His business failed during the depression of 1886. He then served as manager of a Priestman's yard thru 1909, & in the couple of years thru to 1911 had a ship-breaking business at Hylton. All as per this most interesting article.
A Miramar list? It used to be that you could click on the link that follows & get to the relevant Miramar page. But no longer! The new procedure must be to go to Miramar (here) & log in (you must be registered to view any page). And once you are logged in, return to this page & the following link should work for you:- Here. Just 9 vessels it would seem. But the real total must be rather higher, 11 at least, since Miramar do not reference Margarita, nor the 2nd vessel ready when Margarita was launched, which I think was Magdalena (1 ex p.216). (11)
I will add below the names of vessels constructed by 'John Knox' - as I happen to spot references to them. In a table in build date sequence.
An iron sailing (cargo) ship. Per 1 (1884 launch ref., p. 186, see left). 75 ft. long, extra heavily rigged. Built for 'J. O. Iliffe', of London, to the order of Messrs Pile & Co., also of London. Fully completed at the time of launch - christened by Miss Ord, of Durham. Built for the River Plate trade. Maiden voyage would seem to have been to Buenos Ayres. No Miramar listing, that I can see. All I have seen is at 1, actually the data is available as an image at left. Can you add to or correct the above? Or provide a ship image?
150 (or 149 or 160) tons
An iron cargo ship, which also carried likely a few passengers. Per 1 (1885 sea trials, ex 2 [Marine Engineer 1885/86]), 3 (builder's plate re Maitland), 4 ('wrecksite.eu', 1955 'wreck'), 5 & 6 (extensive data & image), 7 (Lloyd's data, 'Maitland - 1909-1919, the 3rd Maitland referenced on the page), 8 (images at State Library of Victoria), 9 (Lloyd's Register data, 1930/31 thru 1944/45 ex 'plimsollshipdata.org), 10 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 'www.environment. gov.au' used to offer extensive data about the vessel but the site seems to be gone. How extraordinary that this tiny vessel lasted 70 years! 100.0 ft. long, 45 HP engine by J. Brewster & Co. of Sunderland, signal letters NFMG later VJTB. During her trials, on Jun. 12, 1885, she averaged a speed of 11 1/2 knots. Built to the order of 'Gulf Stream Shipping Company', of Port Adelaide, South Australia. However, the vessel was in fact registered in the name of W. Ogg, of Adelaide - a related party perhaps? W. Ogg was, I now see, her captain - on Jan. 13, 1886, the vessel arrived at Port Adelaide from Ardrossan, Scotland, with W. Ogg in command. Used in the coastal trade on the south coast of Australia. In the 1887/88 edition of Lloyd's Register, the vessel is shown transferred (Sep. 1887) from W. Ogg to W. F. Walker & Co. ('Walker') of Melbourne, Australia. Walker apparently used the vessel to carry lime from Waratah Bay, south Gippsland, Victoria, to Melbourne. 'In the 1890s operated on the Victorian Coastal / Gippsland Lakes / Bass Strait trades.' In Aug. 1891, the vessel was acquired by 'Vannifex (maybe Vannifax) & Arkhurst', of Melbourne, & in Dec. 1893, became owned by Mrs I. M. Walker (or J. M. Walker), also of Melbourne. From 1896 to 1899, Archibald Curry & Co. were the vessel's managers. I read that from 1899 to 1928, 'Melbourne Steamship Co. Ltd.', of Melbourne, owned the vessel & employed her on a mail contract out of Albany 'to the southern coast of Western Australia as well as on the Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, service, possibly as a lighter.' Was employed as a tug at Melbourne for many years. The vessel changed hands again in Nov. 1928 when it became owned by F. & H. Greening (maybe Grining), & in Dec. 1928, when the 'Marine Board of Launceston', of Launceston, Tasmania, became her owner. Then registered at Launceston. Used almost exclusively as a tug on the Tamar River, Tasmania. The vessel was withdrawn from service in 1954, was dismantled/stripped during 1955 & scuttled in 15 fathoms of water in Spring Bay, Tamar River, Tasmania, on either Dec. 15, or Dec. 19, 1955. Can you add to or correct the above?
277 (or 262 or 268) tons
A passenger & cargo ship. Per 1 (launch (Dalmaxia) on Jan. 21, 1886 ex 2), 3 [data & image], [4 (link 3 in Hungarian)], 5 (data, Dalmazia), 6 (ref., Dalmazia), 7 (Lloyd's Register data, Fabio, 1934/35 & 1935/36, ex 'plimsollshipdata.org'), 8 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 125.0 ft. (38.1 metres) long perpendicular to perpendicular, 130.7 ft. (39.84 metres) long overall. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. Built to serve the passenger & general cargo trade in the Adriatic. Built for 'M. Sverljuga and Co.', then a new firm, (possibly 'Sverljuga Matteo & Co.') of Fiume, (Croatia), then of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. To be commanded by Captain Sterk, who superintended the building. The ceremony of christening, as Dalmazia, was performed by Miss Victoria Brosinvich, daughter of Mr. V. Brosinvich, agent to Messrs. Sverljuga & Co. In 1891, the vessel was sold or transferred to 'Hungaro-Croatian Sea Steamship Co. Ltd.', ('Magyar Horvát Tengeri Gőzhajózási RT.') of Fiume. In 1916, (I think it says) the vessel was rented to 'K.u.K. Kriegsmarine' for the carriage of bauxite. And in 1922, was sold to 'Jadranska Plovidba d.d.', of Susak, Yugoslavia, & renamed Dalmacija. The vessel was sold again, in 1930, to Italian owners, & renamed Fabio. And sold again in 1934 to 'Cantiere Metallurgici della Venezia-Giulia', of Trieste, Italy. Broken up in 1935. Can you add to the above? Or provide an image?
139 (or 160) tons
An iron cargo ship, maybe a trawler. Per 1 (launch on Dec. 30, 1885 ex 2), 3 (extensive data), 4 (loss in 1909), 5 (Miramar, link, you now must be registered to access). 103.0 ft. long perpendicular to perpendicular, 110 ft. long overall. Built for service in the Irish deep sea fisheries, & 'specially designed as a fish despatch vessel and screw tug'. Was christened by 'Mrs. John Thompson, jun., of Sunderland'. The webmaster has a few editions of Lloyd's Register available to him from 'Google' books, see left. The ship was, in fact, registered in the name of 'J. Willcock', of Sunderland, which became 'T. Willcock', also of Sunderland, in 1889/90. Andy Hall of 'grantontrawlers.com' kindly advises that T. Willcock was in fact Thomas Willcock, of Manchester, who owned the vessel pre 1888 & fished with her from Scarborough & Aberdeen. We thank Andy for most of the following data about the vessel. On Apl. 30, 1888, the vessel ran aground at Rattray Head, Buchan, Aberdeenshire - with no loss of life, all of the crew being rescued. She was re-floated, with the help of a tug, on May 5, 1888 & taken to Aberdeen where she likely was repaired. On Nov. 25, 1889, Kingfisher rescued Carmen, (likely this Carmen) en route from Rotterdam to Newcastle, & towed her into the River Tyne. For her efforts she was later awarded Ł900 salvage money by the Court of the Admiralty. She was receive further salvage funds, Ł700, 1 1/2 years later for efforts rendered on Nov. 11, 1893 re Countess of Sunderland (built in 1885 by Short & owned by Taylor & Sanderson). I have not read the circumstances. In 1894, William Gunn & Co. of Granton, Edinburgh, became her owner. In 1896, the vessel's registration at Sunderland was closed & she became registered instead at Granton, as GN1. There is lots more! On Aug. 18, 1898 Kingfisher rammed S.T. Mount Blanc, GN51, when landing fish at Middle Pier at Granton - Mount Blanc had her starboard side amidships badly damaged & was beached for inspection & repair. A little prior to Dec. 28, 1898, the vessel suffered storm damage at sea. The ship's life came to an end on Nov. 3, 1909 when she ran aground & was wrecked 2 1/2 miles SE of Barns Ness, East Lothian, at or about 55.59.N/2.26.W - Edward Hayward, her captain & 7 crew members were rescued. We thank Andy Hall for his most extensive data about the vessel's history. Can you add to the above? Or provide an image?
TO END THE PAGE
For your pleasure and interest. Is there anyone amongst us does not get pleasure viewing such an image?
The image shows Christopher Vane, engineer & author, aboard 'Bongo' a magnificent miniature steam locomotive. I include the image on this site because on Apl. 06, 2013, Christopher was on hand at the Monkwearmouth Station Museum, in Sunderland, for most of the day. He was there along with storyteller Tony Wilson who read stories from Christopher's 'Peter's Railway' series of children's books - to what probably was an enraptured audience. Peter's Railway? A series of 4 books for children, which books have both educated & enthralled thousands of young readers. You can read about 'Peter's Railway' at this site, at its many other pages, & at a great many other web sites also.
And while we are on the subject of locomotives, a beautiful image of steam locomotive 'Duchess of Sunderland' at Carlisle, the copyrighted image of Barry J. Freeman - ex a 'B. J. Freeman Collector Card'. (eBay links now long dead )
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