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early occasional awards to civilians, the first official medal for gallantry
displayed at sea by civilians was the Board of Trade Medal for Saving Life at
Sea (SGM) in silver and bronze awarded to British subjects, or to foreigners
serving in British ships. Foreigners who have displayed gallantry in foreign
ships in saving the lives of British subjects are eligible for Board of Trade
Gold and Silver Medals ‘for Foreign Services’. In all cases these awards are
made by the Sovereign on the recommendation of the President of the Board of
Trade, or successor. They carry no pecuniary grant: there is as yet no published
list of persons who have received them, although awards to British subjects are
now notified in The London Gazette. The ribbon and medal are worn on the
left breast, and holders are entitled to append the letters SGM after their
names. These letters stand for Sea Gallantry Medal.
The Board of
Trade's authority to issue such medals for gallantry at sea in British ships is
derived not from Royal Warrant but from the Merchant Shipping Acts of 1854 and
1894, 677 (i) (L). They are the only medals now current that are
issued under the authority of Parliament. When first struck in 1855, from the
design of W. Wyon, Engraver to the Royal Mint, they were not intended to be
worn, but in 1903 they were reduced in size and made wearable and since then,
when awarded to British subjects in the United Kingdom, have as a rule been
personally presented by the Sovereign at Investitures. The obverse of the medal
gives the effigy of the reigning sovereign and the Royal Cypher with the words
‘Awarded by the Board of Trade for gallantry in saving life’. The reverse shows
a man clinging to a spar and beckoning to a lifeboat; also a man supporting a
rescued seaman and a woman and child on a raft. The ribbon is scarlet with two
narrow white vertical stripes.
In the nine
years 1914-22, apart from 194 awards of plate, the awards of Board of Trade
medals, for British and foreign seamen, were: gold, 8; silver, 349;
and bronze, 116. The total cost of the medals in nine years was about £250, and
of the plate about £1,708, and there were monetary awards of £1,153.
Medals for gallantry
carried the words Awarded by the Board of
Trade for Gallantry in Saving Life, whereas the medal for “Humanity”
carried Awarded by the Board of Trade for Saving Life at Sea. The “Humanity” medal might, for example, have
been awarded to the master of a vessel that sent out a boat to effect a rescue,
whereas the “Gallantry” medal would have been reserved for deserving members of
the boat’s crew.
Overall figures were
made by the Board of Trade, but early figures may not be exact. The last
“Humanity” medal was issued in 1893, and so the following figures include it.
9 medals issued;
classes not known
1857 - 1880
1881 - 1886
1887 - 1901
1902 - 1903
Edward VII large
Edward VII first
1905 - 1910
Edward VII second
1911 - 1936
George V issue
1937 - 1947
George VI first
1948 - 1951
George VI second
1952 - 1969
Elizabeth II issue
Awards of the SGM from
1st January 1920 to 31st December 1938 were: silver, 107; bronze, 172 (see
Medal for Foreign Services
dates from 1839.
At first it was made of large size by Pistrucci ,
Engraver to the Royal Mint, and was not intended to be worn. In 1854 they were
reduced in size and made wearable. After the creation of the Marine Department
of the Board of Trade in 1850 the Foreign Services medals were still granted by
the Foreign Office, but paid for out of the Civil Contingencies Fund. In 1872
the Lords Commissioners of HM Treasury raised the question as to the payment of
the account of Mr Wyon, Engraver, for engraving the medals and suggested payment
of his account out of the Board of Trade Vote for the Relief of Distressed
British Seamen. This course was ultimately adopted, but the Board of Trade
suggested that, on the grounds of economy, the medals should in future be struck
at the Royal Mint. The Foreign Office agreed to the proposal that the Mint
should take charge of the dies, and promised that, in future, the Board of Trade
would not be called upon to pay for any medals, other than such as might be
ordered at their own request. This arrangement was continued down to 1882, when
the Foreign Office suggested that the Board of Trade should order these medals
without consulting them, except in rare cases where a doubt existed as to the
propriety of conferring a medal. It was, however, decided that the medals should
still be sent to the Foreign Office for presentation in the same manner as was
done in regard to other awards granted by the Board of Trade to foreigners.
Since that time (1882) the Board of Trade have ordered the medals from the Royal
Mint, and the entire cost is borne upon the Board of Trade Vote.
The Four Classes of
medals are struck in gold and silver, and are reserved to foreigners or British
seamen serving in foreign ships who render services to British ships and British
seamen. Four impressions are issued, each of which bears the head of the
Sovereign on the obverse side, whilst on the reverse side appears an inscription
indicating the nature of the services rendered; viz. ‘Presented by the British
Government for saving the life of a British subject,’ or ‘for saving the lives
of British subjects’, or ‘for gallantry and humanity’, or ‘assisting a British
vessel in distress’. These medals, when they became wearable, were originally
suspended by a crimson ribbon, but the ribbon is now identical with that worn
with the Board of Trade Gallantry Medal for Saving Life at Sea.
The medal ‘for Gallantry
and Humanity’ is frequently given, and it is awarded in cases where some degree
of personal risk is incurred. A gold medal with this inscription is very rarely
awarded. Medals bearing the inscription ‘For Humanity’ are reserved for cases in
which a life or lives are saved without risk to the person rendering the
service. There is a third type, inscribed ‘for assisting a British subject in
distress’, for occasions on which assistance has been rendered primarily to the
vessel, the crew having remained on board. These are usually of bronze. Rewards
of plate or money are usually given in cases of foreigners saving life without
risk, except where a medal is more likely to be appreciated, as in the case of
the Drummond Castle disaster in 1896, for which ‘Special Commemorative
Silver Medals’ were struck and issued with the approval of Queen Victoria.
At one time the practice adopted appears to have been to award gold medals to
officers and silver medals to seamen, etc. Since 1903 the medals have been
awarded by the Sovereign on the recommendation of the President of the Board of
Trade. Since 1st January 1920, up to 31st December 1938, 36 gold and 241 silver
medals ‘for foreign services’ were issued.
As will be seen later
the SGM is awarded in practice only to seafarers (male and female) serving in
ships with British registry. In no case for many years has any award been made
to seamen on ships with Indian, Colonial, or Foreign registry. For such men
there appears to be no provision.
The only other official award
specifically for gallantry at sea for which civilians are eligible was the
Albert Medal (now replaced by the George Cross and George Medal). The Albert
Medal ranked before the Sea Gallantry Medal.
AWARDS OF BOARD OF TRADE MEDALS FOR GALLANTRY IN SAVING LIFE AT SEA
previously, the Sea Gallantry Medal (SGM), in silver and bronze, was the first
official decoration of its kind for which British subjects, or foreigners
serving in British ships, were eligible. Though awards are made in the name of
the Sovereign by the President of the Board of Trade, or his successor, the
basis of awards is not a Royal Warrant but a section of one of the Merchant
Shipping Acts. The ribbon is scarlet with two narrow white stripes.
relationship between the Sea Gallantry Medal and the Albert Medal, which was
instituted twelve years later, has never been defined, and in some respects the SGM overlapped with the Albert and Edward Medals. The class of medal awarded,
viz. silver or bronze, depends upon the degree of risk deemed to have been
involved, and the measure of gallantry displayed by the recipient.
small number of silver medals issued show how high is the standard. Indeed, the
average number in either class is lower over a period of ten years than the
number of promotions to knighthood in many of the orders of chivalry.
There is no
record of the numbers issued previous to 1887; the relative papers have been
destroyed and the register cannot be traced: it seems to have been no one's
business to preserve for posterity a recital of deeds as noble as any in the
annals of our race. No account of the awards is published in The London
Gazette. From 1887 to 1921 a list of names, with a bald summary of the
occasion for which the medal was awarded, is available and is here reproduced.
January 1922 onwards a full record is available and is here reproduced, in
does not, of course, include more than a small proportion of gallant deeds
performed at sea. Many go unreported, and when a ship. is lost with all hands
the evidence of heroism perishes with the crew.
One such case
may here be recorded. On 29th September 1938 the steam trawler St Sebastian
of Hull, Skipper T. Weightman, with 16 hands on board, was stranded at
Kobbekuta on the north coast of Bear Island and sent out by radio telephony to
all ships in the vicinity the message ‘We've run ashore. Require immediate
assistance’. This was at 8.15 pm At 8.43 pm came the message ‘Urgent but not
last resource’; at 9.20, ‘Ship bumping’. Just after midnight on 29/30th
September, ‘We fear seas will wash bridge away’. At 12.20 am, ‘Lights are
failing. Compasses unreliable. Do not try to come in too near. Lifebelts on. Men
preparing to leave.’ At 12.52 am, ‘Lights have gone out’ 1.35 am, the wireless
operator, F.W. Keates, aged 19, on his third voyage, telephoned: ‘Have had to
leave the chart-room. Motor will soon be submerged and useless. Bridge is now
broken in.’ This was his last message.
wrote of him: ‘He courageously stuck to his job in the chart-room under the
shattered bridge until the rising water put the motor out of action. Not only
did he continue to send out messages, but in his telephone conversation with
other vessels he was cheerful and his voice firm and clear to the last, even to
the extent of making jocular references to the terrible plight of his ship, when
he must have known that his life was drawing very near its close.’
Soon after he
had sent his last message the cold waters of the Arctic must have overwhelmed
the crew. None survived and no bodies were found.
was made by other trawlers, notably the Cape Duner and the Davy,
to rescue any survivors who might have been cast on Bear Island. After several
unsuccessful attempts they landed a party
on the dangerous east
coast, in spite of darkness and a strong tide, and with the aid of a Norwegian
operator from Bear Island radio station made their way to the wreck, which they
reached at 2 pm on 30th September. There was no sign of life on her nor on the
shore and cliffs near by. The landing party divided into two groups to search
the Island, but without avail. They finally returned exhausted to the radio
station having had no food for 24 hours and their boots were worn through. In
the words of the official report:
'Skipper A. Wilson of
the Davy, and Skipper J. Myers of the Cape Duner were stubbornly
determined to do all in their power to save the crew of the St Sebastian
and stuck to it as long as hope remained. The former is an experienced man.
Myers is only 22: he acquitted himself with great credit, showing resource and
leadership beyond his years and a willingness to take responsibility which
augurs well for his future.'
AWARDS OF THE BOARD OF TRADE SEA
following pages, a recipient's name in capitals, but not emboldened, indicates
that the Medal was awarded in silver, otherwise the award was in bronze.
The date in
parentheses is that of the incident, so far as ascertainable from the records.
order is that of the Board of Trade manuscript register. When the services
rendered were to another vessel, the name is added in brackets. Unless
otherwise stated, the ships named are steamships.
1887 - 31st December 1909
PATRICK PICOT, coastguard boatman at Scrabster (Flower of Obrig and
master, T. EASTAWAY, 2nd mate, J. English, J. Dyer, T. Pike, J. Layis, ABs, of
Juno (George Moore of Glasgow). (21.5.87)
W. REID, chief
officer of Santa Rosa (two members of crew). (5.6.87)
2nd mate of barque Athelstone of Liverpool. (5.12.86)
master, F.E. MICHELL, 2nd mate, F. Snell, A. George, F. Miller, G. Sanderson, of
Gwalia (Serpho of Sunderland). (24.11.87)
master, W. BROWN, mate, K. FINLAYSON, bo'sun, of Brackley. R. JONES,
carpenter of Douro (Douro of Liverpool). (16-20.11.87)
rescued crew of a fishing boat off Shetlands. (9.12.87)
commissioned coastguard boatman at Port Logan (Schooner Rhoda of
skipper, M. GANGER, J. THOMPSON, C. HICKFORD, crew, of Lena (Tyne
Queen of Hull). (1888)
coastguard boatman at Drummore, Greenock (Glagorm Castle of Belfast).
commissioned boatman, R. Pavlovsky, boatman (Schooner Marjorie Johnson of
Dublin), H. SMITH, H. Norton, H. Norton, coastguards (Volunteer Lifeboat
master of Ben Voirlich (Blackwatch of Cardiff). (11.11.88)
commissioned boatman at Portpatrick (Barque Roseneath of Glasgow).
J. GREEN, 2nd
mate, A. McDonald, L. Davies, C. Bristowe, of Rose of Cardiff. (17.2.89)
W. KING, H.
FEDDER, R. LACY, A. OAKLEY, OS,of Albatross (Schooner Isobella Hall
of Barrow). (4.11.88)
A. Wares, of
Wick Life-Saving Company (Brig Helmik of Norway). (10.5.89)
T. POTTS, 2nd
mate, J. Welch, O. Bugge, F. Boos, J. Smith, OS, of Napier (Domingo
of Sunderland). (27.11.88)
(Barque Tenby Castle of Liverpool). (17.12.89)
master of East Lothian (Barque Bellaport of Workington). (12.8.89)
Q.A. Rhodes, apprentices of Northbrook of London. (3.3.89)
master of barque Isobel (Sophia of London). (23.8.89)
skipper, J. Kilby, 2nd hand, W.G. Payne, deckhand, of ST Heron (Barque
Latona of Liverpool). (18.1.90)
3rd officer of Colonist (Schooner Hebe of Greenock). (22.2.90)
English engineer at Algiers (Minerva). (13.7.90)
F. Vitto, AB,
of barque Claudine of Barnstaple. (19.11.90)
of Urania of Grimsby.. (14.12.90)
Lloyd's Agent at Algiers (Arbib Brothers of London). (8.1.91)
master, W. NASH, chief mate, H. Graham, bo'sun, J. Green, F. Nicholson, J. Dyer,
ABs, of Nepthis (Ship Great Victoria of Liverpool). (30.1.91)
2nd hand of ST Rector of Grimsby. (29.3.91)
master, D.M. HENDERSON, chief mate, A. Nichols, bo'sun, W. Thomas, H. Martin, B.
Reynolds, J. Butler, ABs, of Mosser (Schooner Nordkap of Fowey).
commissioned coastguard boatman at Ballygally (Dungonnell of Belfast).
3rd hand of smack Dazzler of Brixham. (3.3.91)
master of fishing smack Star of Hope of Grimsby. (17.4.91)
1st mate, S. BASS, 3rd mate, H. Moreau, E. Wilcox, J. Spenser, A. Lace, W.
Robinson, ABs, of Engineer (Fearnought of Liverpool). (10.10.90)
W. FISHER, J.
LEWIS, coastguards, W. BARKER, volunteer at Coverack (Bay of Panama of
2nd mate, F. Loosemore, J. Turl, S. Southcott, OS, of cutter Resolute .
W. UNDERY, boarding officer, P. ERAO, coxswain, C. NILE, J. CHAPPERY, J.
ROMOGNIN, ABs, F. CORREA, engine-driver, F. STAGNO, fireman, W.G. Adair (Utopia
and HMS Rodney). (17.3.91)
coastguard chief boatman at Scarborough (Halcyon of Lowestoft). (6.8.91)
master, H. SMITH, 2nd mate, G. Cross, 4th mate, A. McLennon, R. Cameron, J.
Scott, D. Patterson, J. McLeod, ABs, of Siberian (Schooner Little
Wonder of Fowey). (24.9.91)
master of Mangalore of Liverpool. (7.7.91)
master, W. WHITE, chief officer, M. McDonald, R. Campbell, J. Noble, W.T.
Carter, J. McDonald, J. McSwain, K.Mathieson, A. McLachlan, A. McLennan, N.
McDonald, W. McNeil, J. Rennie, C. Stephens, J. Sinclair, M. Macaulay, OS, of
Norwegian (Devonshire of London). (9.10.91)
master, G. LOFTHOUSE, coxswain, G. Orford, H. Owen, R. Jones, J. Salthouse, H.
Sheridan, OS, of Bickerstaffe (Schooner Gefion of Norway).
N. ALLEN, 2nd
officer, T. Evans, J. Williams, QMs, T.A. Jawoodeen, 2nd Tindal of Lascars, of
Knight Commander (Schooner John Smith of Ardrossan). (4.11.91)
skipper, W. BURTON, 2nd hand, E. HURLE, 3rd hand, of smack Britain's Pride.
W.P. Seaton, master, A. Chafer, 2nd mate, of Ashton (SV Enterkin
of Glasgow). (12.12.91)
Skipper, J. Howe, 2nd hand, of fishing-smack Vineta (Fishing-smack
Snipe of Grimsby). (12.11.91)
D. Oprey, E.
Clarke, H. Taylor, R. Taylor, T. West, fishermen of Killough, Co. Down
(Fishing-boat Alexander of Belfast). (17.12.91)
master of fishing-boat Bonnie Jane (Fishing-boat St Patrick of
MACDONALD, mate, D. McDIARMID, 2nd mate, T. WILKIE, extra 2nd mate, G. Tocher,
J. Nick, ABs, of barque Forfarshire (Barque Mountain Laurel of
J. Pearce, coastguardsmen of Orford Haven (Ariel of Goole). (1892)
1st mate, D. Keefe, F. Sullivan, ABs, T. Cleary (or O'Leary) of Sailing-ship
Arlington (Barque Countess of Dufferin of Londonderry). (30.12.91)
skipper, J. Day, 3rd hand, of smack Prima Donna (Brig Contest of
D. Regan, P.
Regan, C. Regan, M. Driscoll. H. Driscoll, fishermen of Calf Island, Co. Cork
(Schooner Petrel of Montrose). (21.1.92)
2nd mate, E. Gundersen, M. Karreman, ABs, D. De long, carpenter, of
Mendelssohn (Barque Invertrossachs of Dundee). (28.2.92)
T. COLE, chief
boatman, W. WRIGHT, boatman, of Kilmore (Barque Vaar of Norway and
Schooner Esther of Fleetwood). (21.2.92)
2nd mate of barque Aikshaw of Maryport. (24.12.91)
skipper, J. Huckstep, 2nd hand, C. Pottle, 3rd hand, of smack British Queen
(Brigantine Caroline of Faversham). (11.12.91)
master, W.P. BROWNLESS, 1st mate, A Sidotti, bo'sun, S. Diego, L. Sabatini, G.
Chindemi, B. Foca, ABs, of Peconic (Barquentine Venture of Banff).
MacCuish, Senior, Alexr. MacCuish, Junior, Alick MacCuish, M. MacCuish, D.
MacIntosh, A. MacDonald, M. MacDonald, D.E. MacDonald, A. Ferguson, N. Laing,
fishermen of Heisker Is, Hebrides (Barque Columbus of Norway). (4.4.92)
5th officer, J. Orman, QM, of Moselle of London. (29.10.91)
fisherman of Lundy Island (Tunisei of France). (19.2.92)
skipper, C. BALLARD, 2nd hand, H. Timms, 3rd hand, W. Tottle, deckhand, of steam
trawler Magneta (Schooner June and Alice of Carnarvon). (19.2.92)
chief officer of coastguard at Norris Castle (Violante of Cardiff).
E.W. Nickells, master of barque Stanmore (Viscount Castlereagh of
master, H. Helders, J. Gill, J. Jensen, J.Betts, ABs of yawl Result (Viscount
of Liverpool). (16.3.92)
chief officer of Floridian of Liverpool. (31.7.92)
chief officer, C. Boyle, chief boatman, of Donna Nook Coastguard Station (Barque
Albert of Russia). (14.10.92)
chief mate, H. Kennedy, lamp-trimmer, W. Copeland, E. Gulterio, OS, of Euclid
(Schooner Maggie W. Smith of Ardrossan). (11.11.92)
mate, J.B. Elder, C. McK. Pow, L. Scott, ABs, E.L. Grey, apprentice, L. Warrins,
stowaway, of Herschel (Città di Messina of London). (27.11.92)
C. EVANS, of
Norfolk Islands, rescued a man who was pitched overboard from a Whaler off
Norfolk Is. (1892)
skipper of smack Catherine McKilvie of Rothesay. (17.2.93)
Station officer, L. Brinkworth, W. Parker, commissioned boatmen, H. Warren, W.
Chamberlain, C. Hawkins, boatmen, of Helens Bay Coastguard Station (Schooner
Clano of Chester). (26.2.93)
G. GREEN, 2nd
hand, J.S. BARTLETT, 3rd hand, of smack British Queen (Smack Columbus
of Hull). (1.1.93)
P. McGraw, B.
McGraw, beachmen of Dundrum, rescued a man from a boat which had capsized off
skipper of fishing-boat Helen Brown (Fishing-boat Lady Margaret of
commissioned boatman of Fraserburgh Coastguard (Schooner Sophia and
C. HUNTER, 1st
mate, C. Halgren, A. Blom, G. Ferraro, G. Grillo, OS, of Eglantine (Barquentine
Chislehurst of Swansea). (27.2.93)
mate, J. Reagan, bo'sun, W. Elliott, R. Hewis, W. Halloran, ABs, of Abendana
(Austin Friars of London). (22.2.93)
C. ROWSTON, J. ROBINSON, R. ROBINSON, J. GRANT, J. YOUNG, A. APPLEYARD, A.
Priestley, W. Priestley, fishermen of Cleethorpes (Brig Oswy of Whitby
and Brig Agricola of Aberdeen). (18.11.93)
1st mate, R.H. LLOYD, 2nd mate, R. Harris, 3rd mate, W. Williams, 4th engineer,
J. Murphy, W. Thomas, R. Ba1derson, D. Jones, ABs, J. Hindmarsh, fireman, of
North Gwalia (Provincia of Glasgow). (18.11.93)
C. BROWN, F.
BROWN, R. PURVIS, J.H. USHER, T. CLARKE, fishermen of Bridlington Quay (Schooner
Victoria of Aberdeen). (19.11.93)
commissioned coastguard boatman at Gardenstown, near Banff (Barquentine Betty
of Norway). (17.11.93)
R. MAJOR, W.
MAINPRIZE, R. STEPHENSON, fishermen of Flamborough (Fishing coble, name
CRUICKSHANK, advocate, W. KINNIN, fisherman, W. QUIRK, W. Joughin, farmers, F.
Brew, bank clerk, W.H. Kneale, outfitter, W.G. Cowin, railway guard, E. Corkish,
porter, J. White, P. Knight, fishermen, J. Brew, butcher, J.C. Duggan,
boat-builder, T. Teare, draper, W.T. Cubban, tobacconist, J.K. Kneen, mate, of
Ramsey, Isle of Man (Brig Geir of Norway). (10.12.93)
commissioned coastguard boatman of Ramsey, Isle of Man (Brig Cormorant of
J. Gloyn, J.
Kirkpatrick, W. Harper, coastguard boatmen of Staithes (Brig Middleton of
West Hartlepool). (18.11.93)
coastguard boatman at Reculvers Stations, Kent (Ketch Glenrosa of
F. KENT, chief
officer, C. Huxstep, commissioned boatman, J. Kelcher, J. Goble, E.W. Smith,
boatmen, of Sandwich Coastguard Station (Cutter Eclipse of Ramsgate).
A. EMPTAGE, E.
WHITEHEAD, A. TWYMAN, J. TAYLOR, G. SANDWELL, J. COX, beachmen of Margate
(Brigantine Druide of Cardiff). (19.11.93)
C. Hambly, of
CornwaII (Barque Iota of Italy). (20.12.93)
W. FOLEY, of
Co. Down, A. MOORE, coastguard of Co. Down (Fishing boat Mary of Doonfeeney
of Westport). (20.2.94)
A. Hulow, 2nd
hand, R. Wilson, 3rd hand, A. Holmes, 4th hand, of smack Mercury (Smack
Majestic of London). (12.2.94)
commissioned coastguard boatman of Morthoe, Devonshire (Brig A CL of
mate, G.J. Andersen, I.E. Andersen, F. Lawson, J. Jeffery, OS, of Ferraro
(Ketch Bluejacket of Yarmouth). (11.2.94)
J. WEEKS, E.
MODIN, C. LUCHT, J. ROSIN, ABs of barque George Thompson (Barque
Girvan of Ayr). (12.6.93)
J. GOVE, mate,
J. Wishart, bo'sun, G. Rumsby, A. Opsahl, OS, of Garntet (Ashburne
of Sunderland). (5.5.94)
commissioned boatman of Buckie (Fishing luggers Endeavour and Evening
Train of Banff). (15.10.94)
R. CROME, J.
WILSON, L. JONNSON, O.E. MADSEN, OS, of barque Dee (Barque Cambrian
Chieftain of Liverpool). (16.4.94)
chief officer, T.E. Costain, F. Faragher, T. Rex, OS, of Vigilant
(Schooner Mariner of Carnarvon). (9.12.94)
coastguard boatman, W.R. Jones, OS, of Holyhead (Barque Kirkmichael of
commissioned boatman of coastguard at Bude (Schooner Elter Water of
commissioned boatman of coastguard at Sandgate (Ketch Northern Belle of
D. CLARKE, 3rd
hand, J. MILLS, 4th hand, of fishing-smack Duke (Fishing-smack Phocea
of Yarmouth). (23.12.94)
chief boatman, J. Hynes, commissioned boatman, H. Pitman, T. Stinner, J. Carr,
boatmen, of Goodwick Coastguard Station, Fishguard, and J. Owen, fisherman
(Schooner Ceres of Carnarvon and Schooner Pansilippo of Ramsey).
chief officer of Norham Castle, R.P.G. FERRIES, apprentice of barque
Fascadale of Glasgow. (7.2.95)
skipper, T. HEWETT, 3rd hand, E. SAUNDERSEN, 4th hand, of
fishing-smack Amy (Fishing smack Edward and Sarah of Yarmouth).
2nd officer, of Clan Mackenzie (Topaz of Glasgow). (5.12.95)
2nd hand, T. Gardiner, bo'sun, of ST Datura (Schooner John Williams
of Carnarvon). (24.12.95)
mate, M.H. Jockem, A.T. Lund, T. Manson, J. Zieboldt, OS, of Tortona
(Fishing-smack Invincible of HuII). (8.12.95)
G. Webster, J.
Harrison, fishermen, of fishing-coble Sarah (Fishing-coble Edward
Camble of Whitby). (14.3.96)
T. Verrill, J.
Crispin, R. Longster, fishermen, of fishing-coble Mary and Jane
(Fishing-coble Phyllis of Whitby). (14.3.96)
chief officer, A.B. CROSSE, 2nd mate, E. ROBIN, 3rd mate, T. POUND, L.W. ILEFF,
QMs, T. RAILTON, R. BELL, A. JACOBS, S. PEMBERTON, C. HAGGES, E. ROHRER, W.
EDWARDS, J. HINES, R. WOOLLEY, stewards, A.D. BUN, tindal, L. ALLEE, D. SOMEER,
J. EBRAHIM, A. MAHOMED, Lascars, of Staffordshire (Aidar of
of fishing lugger Meteor of Tralee. (8.5.96)
SPIERS,chief officer, R.PHILLIPS, J.C. POOLEY, R.H. JAGO, A. PAULSEN, C.
TAPSTER, ABs of Batanga (Barquentine Indian Chief of Banff).
coastguard boatman of Rosslare (Pilot schooner No. 1 of Wexford).
T. Herkes, of
the Dunbar lifeboat (Poderosa of Sunderland). (28.11.96)
R. HOOPER, 2nd
hand, J. NIXON, 3rd hand, W.J. WOOD, bo'sun, of ST Circe (Schooner
Boreas of Bristol). (28.11.96)
commissioned coastguard boatman of Aldborough (Euphrates of Yarmouth).
2nd mate, E. TACK, carpenter, W. LARGE, P. LECKIE, W. GIBSON, OS, of Damara
(Brig Victoria of Fowey). (6.12.96)
E.H. HUTCHINSON, passengers on Staffordshire (Aidar of Liverpool).
1st mate, J.A. Henwood, bo'sun, O. Olsen, T. Denehey, A. Smith, J.D. Bordessa,
A. Lewis, OS, of Ontario (Sailing-ship Androsa of Liverpool).
S. PRIOR, 3rd
mate of sailing-ship Khyber of Liverpool. (27.4.97)
chief boatman, Coastguard Station, Sunderland (Schooner Resolve of
skipper, C. THURSTON, 3rd hand, of fishing-smack Problem (Fishing-smack
Olive of Yarmouth). (29.11.97)
1st mate, W. RAMSEY, bo'sun, C. TURNER, cook, J.H. STALEY, C. BAKER, W. SVENSON,
OS, H. ELSMORE, fireman, of Nellie, W.O. DIVER, 3rd mate, S. PERRY,
bo'sun, R. SEAMAN, S. GRASSOM, C. SMITH, OS, of Lisbon (Newminster
of Newcastle). (29.11.97)
G.H. DODD, 1st
mate, H.W. BROADBENT, extra 2nd mate, D. GARSTER, bo'sun's mate, J. Henderson,
master-at-arms, J. HAYES, QM, R. COLLINS, J. MURPHY, T. CALLIGAN, F.W. YOUNG,
OS, of Etruria (Milford of Whitby). (11.12.97) .
G.J. Bewey, fishermen, of Guernsey (Channel Queen of Guernsey). (1.2.98)
FITZCLARKE, 2nd hand, J. BARRETT, OS, of steam cutter Europe
(Fishing-smack Primrose of Hull). (17.2.98)
S.J. Payne, of
Volunteer Life Brigade, Sunderland (Schooner Resolve of Inverness).
P. DWYER, J.L.
SAVELL, C.T. BROWN, boatmen, of Coastguard Station, Sandlemere (Brig Oscar
of Norway). (27.3.98)
R.Paterson, T. Carnie, J. Flucker, W. Paterson, A. Wilson, pilots, of
Methil (Brig. Thetis of Norway). (23.11.98)
W. Adams, C.P.
Field, commissioned boatmen of Blyth Haven Coastguard Station (Sloop Fremad
of Norway). (16.10.98)
commissioned boatman of Muchalls Coastguard Station (Barquentine Felix of
QM of Mohegan of Hull. (4.10.98)
master, F. Webb, mate, W. Baldock, engineer, G. Wells, W. Maltby, OS, S. Perry,
C. Jeffrey, F. Funnell, stokers, E. Cullis, cook, of tug Simla (Barque
Blengfell of Liverpool). (17.10.98)
J. DORAN, 1st
mate, E.N. HOBBS, 2nd mate, J. CASSIDY, W. MASON, P. McLAUGHLIN, J. COLLINS,
R.R. MOORE, A. GARNER, W. MOUAT, ABs, of Vedamore, R.P. GITTINS, 2nd
mate, A.E. TONGE, F. LEMSKE, ABs, of Londonian of Hull. ( 25-7.11.98)
C.H. BATE, 1st
mate, J. BICKFORD, steward, W. LAKEMAN, J. DIAMOND, H.M. YOUNG, G. STILLIANO,
ABs, of Charing Cross, H.W. HAM, 1st mate, G. CAPON, T.R. JONES, C.
GALLANT, E.HUTNER, G. FIDAN, ABs of Kanawha (Gallina of West
R.J. GREEN, AB
of Olive (Fitzjames of London). (24-.11.98)
1st mate, B. LISLEY, bo'sun, of Tregurno, W.J. JONES, 1st mate, J. KINNON,
2nd mate, of William Connal of Glasgow. (14.2.99)
2nd mate, C. ANDERSON, bo'sun, H. OLSEN, A. ANDERSEN, A. BRUN, OS, of Trojan
(Rossmore of Liverpool). (6.2.99)
2nd mate, F.W. LAZELL, 3rd mate, S. WARREN, carpenter, J.W. HOPKINS, carpenter's
mate, G. WATSON, bo'sun's mate, C. HOLM, J. SEGAR, QMs, C.H. WOODWARD, saloon
steward, W.A. DYKE, mess steward, W.E. CLAY, P.E. PETERSEN, J. GORDON, O. FUHREA,
M. de CORIA, ABs, G. FOX, OS, of Menominee (Glendower of Leith).
W. Allard, E.
Forster, T.H. Fuller, W.J. Godbolt, crew of Dudgeon Lightship
(Fishing-smack Lord Brougham of Grimsby). (13.1.99)
1st mate, S. BRUCE, bo'sun, J. OLSEN, C. LINDHOLM, ABs of King David
(Schooner Silver Spray of Stornoway). (5.2.99)
K. KASCH, AB
of Incharran of Liverpool. (22.4.99)
of Oroya of Liverpool. (29.4.99)
master of Beverley of Glasgow. (11.6.99)
J. Brown, of
Aberdeen (Fishing-boat Diadem of Banff). (16.8.99)
PASCHO, G.H. SKELTON, T. STADDON, Trinity Pilots, W. SKELTON, R. FROOD, OS, of
pilot-cutter Drift (Hulk Shamrock). (3.11.99)
1st mate, B. HORSBURGH, fireman of Orkla (Borghese of London).
coastguard at Sunderland (Maliano of Spain). (23.3.00)
apprentice of barque Principality of Liverpool. (19.11.99 )
fisherman, of Moville, Ireland (Fishing-boat Rose of Londonderry).
2nd officer, J.A. STOTE, bo'sun, P. PAUL, steward, J. HILL, G. GIFOROS, J.
BALLMAR, ABs of Glengoil, W. QUINN, sailmaker, F. DOWNIE, A. ROBINSON,
ABs, of sailing-ship Nonpareil of London. (22.9.00)
skipper, R. BUSHELL, 2nd hand, D. McDONALD, 3rd hand, A. AGUTTER, apprentice, of
fishing-smack Florence (Barque Lanarkshire of Glasgow). (28.1.01),
chief boatman in charge, A. Argent, J. Hopkins, commissioned boatmen, T. Trevett,
boatman, of Coastguard, Felixstowe, T.G. Meadows, W.J. Meadows, civilian
boatmen, of Felixstowe (Schooner Rose of Ipswich). (30.3.01)
commissioned boatman at Doohooma Coastguard StatioI) (Cutter St Patrick
of Westport). (1901)
member of Middleton Volunteer Life Saving Company (Barque Trio of
commissioned coastguard boatman, Skinningrove (Barque Erato of Norway).
2nd mate, W. BURMAN, bo'sun, A.E. LANE, B. HOGAN, S. KELLY, B. COE, ABs, J.
DOHERTY, fireman, of Planet Neptune (Brigantine Lilian of
A. Chapman, of
Seaton Carew Life Saving Apparatus Company (Trefusis of St Ives).
chief officer, J. CAMPBELL, A. KELLNER, P. CULLEN, K.E. OLSEN, ABs, of
Askehall (Ketch Lord Salisbury of Leith). (3.2.02)
F.J. TAYLOR, RE, (Fishing-smack Lottie of Ramsgate). (1.2.02)
cook of ST Honoria of Hull. (19.2.02)
OS, of barque Dalblair of Glasgow. (5.2.02)
bo'sun of Cymric of Liverpool (member of crew of Cymric).
H. GRAY, mate,
A. Wenke, T. Murphy, A. Erikson, M. Pulliner, OS, of sailing-ship Vanduara
of Swansea. (25.6.02)
Maryport (Schooner Wild Rose of Liverpool). (3.9.02)
T. Fitzpatrick, T. Flaherty, M. Conneely, fishermen, of Galway (Fishing canoe
Lively Lass of Galway). (6.2.03)
W. Cay, T.
Gray, A. Cay, A. Hay, J. Hay, Junior, G. Hay, J.R. Hay, A. Morgan, A.J. Heeland,
C. Cay, fishermen, of Aberdeen (Xenia of Copenhagen). (1.2.03)
coastguard boatman at Whitburn (Chamois of London). (10.1.03)
D. Price, J.
Hewitt, pilots, of pilot cutter Lavinia (Schooner Corby Castle of
chief boatman, W.T. Vincest, A.E. Cowley, commissioned boatmen, R. Sullivan, E.
Holland, C. Livermore, boatmen, of Coastguard Station, Kingston, Dublin (Ketch
Confido of Faversham). (16.3.03)
master of Chelsea of London. (1903)
commissioned boatman, F.E. Aers, boatman of coastguard, Portland. W.C. Norris,
bo'sun of HMS Agincourt (Patria of Norway). (25.10.03)
coastguard boatman of Portreath (Ketch Wheat Ear of Poole). (20.11.03)
G. STRENG, OS,
J. WEST, apprentice, of Laurelwood of Middlesbrough. (1904)
mate, A. Alege, OS, of Schooner Red Tail (Ketch Rhoda of Padstow).
1st mate, C. LARSEN, carpenter, J. REID, E.R. MORRISON, F. GRADIKE, OS, of
sailing-ship Lonsdale (Barque Eivion of Carnarvon). (3.10.04)
2nd mate, J. GRAYSON, bo'sun, W. HILL, F.D. HEFFERMAN, W. ROGERS, W.J. BROWN, W.
HALLER, OS, of Dunstan (Sailing-ship Godiva of Liverpool).
commissioned boatman-in-charge, T. Baker, W. Mahoney, boatmen of coastguard,
Sheephaven (Lugger Williamina of Fraserburgh). (22.11.04)
J. West, 2nd
hand, E.J. Wells, 3rd hand, of fishing-smack Satanita (Brigantine
Lizzie Lee of Goole). (21.2.05)
mate of Chicklade of West Hartlepool. (14.1.05)
4th officer, of Rippingham Grange of London. (25.9.04)
bedroom steward of RMS Rimutaka of Plymouth. (16.4.05)
of the Drummore LSA Company (Gorgon of Glasgow). (19.8.05)
2nd hand, C. Harvey, 3rd hand of ST Alderney (ST Shetland of
A. GROAT, W.
HUME, fishermen, of Papa Westray, Orkneys (Trawler City of Lincoln of
commissioned coastguard boatman, of Jury's Gap (Schooner Marie Christine
of Hennebon). (14.2.06)
commissioned boatman, T. Grills, boatman, of coastguard, Flimstone (Schooner
Annie Park of Barrow. (2.1.06)
W. BROWN, 1st
mate, S.A. CORNWELL, 2nd mate, J. NELSON, bo'sun, A. McEWEN, chief steward, J.
SIMEY, bo'sun's mate, W. GIBSON, O. BOWDEN, E. COLLARD, W. WHITEHOUSE, J.H.
GALBRAITH, J.E. FITZGERALD, H. McMANUS, C. WOODS, OS, of Bostonian (British
King of Liverpool). (11.3.06)
2nd hand of ST Southcoates of Hull. (14.2.06)
commissioned coastguard boatman, Essex Hill, Alderney (Schooner Le Petit
Raymond of Nantes). (18.9.06)
J. Miller, of
Scrabster (Sailing-ketch Elizabeth Miller of Whitby). (19.7.06)
chief officer of Alleghany of West Hartlepool. (16.11.06)
H. Ditter, OS,
of Alnmere. T. Welcome, cook of Wearside of Sunderland. (7.1.07)
1st mate, A. Harvey, 2nd engineer, of Heung Shan of Hong Kong. (18.9.06)
chief boatman of Bolt Head Coastguard Station, R. Hayter, commissioned boatman
of Hope Cove Coastguard Station, I. Jarvis, J. Argent, civilians, W.S. Day,
Customs officer (Jebba of London). (18.3.07)
2nd hand of ST Swan of Hull. (10.8.07)
coastguard boatman of Tenby (Ketch Lady of the Isles of Milford).
4th hand of ST Terrier of Hull. (11.1.08)
chief boatman of coastguard, Amble, A. Barton, Police Sergeant, of Amble, J.
Helm, police constable of Warkworth (Ina Mactavish of Glasgow).
commissioned boatman, of Sandgate (Sailing-barge Astriald of London).
STIVEY, RNR, chief officer, R.J. JONES, bo'sun, R. MATTHEWS, J. REDMOND, QMs, H.
WILSON, W. HARPER, M. BLAKE, J. RUSSELL, OS, of Cymric (St Cuthbert
of Liverpool). (3.2.08)
of Leeds (Arzila of Liverpool). (24.2.08)
Lennard, coastguards of Ballygeary, T. Murphy, RNR, mate of schooner Ocean
Maid of Wexford. (6.3.08)
M. Cahill. T.
Cahill, J. Cahill, P. Donoghue, P. Connell, T. Connell. J. Connell, D. Connell,
J. Connell, P .Connell, J. Connell, P. Donoghue, J. Sugrue, P. Sugrue, C. Shea,
M. Falvey, M. Keating, T. Lee, fishermen of Knightstown, Va1encia Island, Co.
Kerry (Fishing-boats Aughlass and Skelligs of Tralee). (14.9.08)
A. WARMAN, A.
Laccohee, coastguard boatmen, Ballingall, Co. Kerry, P.J. Connor, J.M. Kennedy,
civilians (Barquentine Orient of Riga). (9.9.08)
A. Lee, 2nd
officer of Ennisbrook of Glasgow. (18.10.08)
chief officer, E. Hobbs, chief boatman, E. Hayman, J. Cole, commissioned
boatmen, W.C. Cock, G. Cluett, J. Lander, boatmen, of Gorran Haven Coastguard (Fowey
Division), W.H. Mitchell, civilian (Brigantine Try Again of Padstow).
chief officer, D. Flynn, bo'sun's mate, J. FLEMING, J. COLE, QMs, J. McMAHON, A.
HILL, J. MORAHAN, ABs, of Canadian (Barquentine Sunbeom of St
John's, Newfoundland). (21.1.08)
stewardess of Sardinia of Liverpool. (25.11.08)
W. BURGAR, J.
HARCUS, J. GROAT, J. DREVER, R. REID, fishermen of Pharay Island, Orkney (ST
Hope of Peterhead). (29.12.08)
chief officer, J. House, chief coastguard boatman, Bridge of Don (Luddick
of Aberdeen). (25.3.08)
M. Verrill, of
the National Lifeboat Institution's lifeboat at Staithes, Yorkshire. R. PORRITT,
of the Volunteer LSA Company at Staithes (Schooner Eliso of Sweden).
commissioned coastguard boatman, Caister (Barge Ernest Piper of London).
coastguard boatman, Kildonan (Greenock) Division (Schooner Bessie Arnold
of Whitehaven). (28.12.08)
commissioned boatman, A.M. Bird, boatman, of coastguard, Inniscrone. W.
Connolly, constable RIC, Inniscrone (Fishing-boat Mary Jane of Inniscrone
skipper, J.G. Barber, hawseman, of fishing-boat Our Boys of Great
3rd officer, T.A.H. BROADBENT, pantryman of Fantee. J.R. SMITH, carpenter
of Sierra Leone (Fantee of London). (23.9.09)
commissioned coastguard boatman, Lydden Spout (Brigantine Osprey of
AWARDS OF THE BOARD OF TRADE SEA GALLANTRY MEDAL,
2nd hand, E.M. Downes, deckhand of ST Oldhom (ST Gothic of Hull)
chief officer, O.M. JOHANSEN, bo'sun, A. RAND, H.H. BALDERSON, OS, S. MOTTRAM,
fireman, of Carham (Trevorian of St Ives). (25.1.10)
chief officer of Elswick Hall of Newcastle. (12.9.10)
skipper, J.H. TIDMARSH, 3rd hand, of ketch Gratitude (Fishing-ketch
Friendship of Brixham). (17.12.10)
A. Watt, deck
hand of steam drifter Speedwell IV (Ketch Egremont of Hull).
fisherman, S. GUPPY, S. HUSK, petty officers of coastguard, St Davids (Gem
of St Davids (life-boat belonging to RNL Institution) and ketch Democrat
of Barnstaple). (13.10.10)
leading coastguard boatman, Leysdown (Barge Cecil Rhodes of Faversham).
coastguard boatman, St Margarets (Sailing-ship Preussen of Hamburg).
leading coastguard boatman, Corton (Barge Pioneer of Rochester).
coastguard boatman, Arklow (Fishing-yawl Mary Immaculate of Dublin).
Hitchcock, G. Budden, leading coastguard boatmen, Arklow (Fishing-boat Fisher
Lad of Dublin). (15.12.10)
O'SHEA, Catholic curate, R. BARRY, coastguard 2nd class petty officer, A. NEAL,
coastguard, D. LAWTON, constable RIC, J. O'BRIEN, Volunteer LSA Company, P.
Power, W. HARRIS, hotel-keeper, C. O'BRIEN, all of Ardmore, Co. Waterford
(Schooner Teaser of Montrose). (18.3.11)
1st mate of British Sun of Liverpool. (26.5.11)
3rd engineer of Konakry of Liverpool. (4.7.11)
AB, of Penpol of Falmouth. (20.7.11)
T.W. Dunn, RNR,
mate of barge Flower of Essex of Harwich. (23.8.11)
2nd mate, J.R. MARKHAM, J.W. HILL, E.J. TOTHAM, T. McKESSACK, ABs, of
Rievaulx Abbey (Fishing-ketch Hope of Lowestoft). (1.10.11)
apprentice of fishing-ketch Alfred (Fishing-dandy Gratitude of
2nd officer, A. LENYGON, F.W. SHEPHERD, N.G. JOHNSON, B.L. ALLINGTON, ABs, G.F.
BAKER, C. BOLTON, firemen, of Wrexham (Edward Dawson of
captain of Brentford Troop of Boy Scouts, rescued some of his troop who were
bathing off Hardelot Plage, France. (28.8.11)
R. ROBSON, 2nd
hand, J.R. SCOTT, bo'sun, J. COWELL, deckhand, of ST Lucerne (Ketch
Good Templar of Bridgwater). (13.11.11)
chief coastguard officer, Blatchington (Spritsail barge Speranza of
1st mate, J. ROSS, OS, of Lincairn (Guillemot of London).
2nd mate, J. Shorland, steward, D. Owen, S. Thomas, R Laurie, ABs, of Milo
(Ketch Rival of Rye). (8.12.11)
leading boatman, R.M. Murphy, boatman, of coastguard, Balbriggan (Trawler
Rosebud of Balbriggan). (15.10.11)
Gowen, bo'sun, F. Clayton, 3rd hand, of ST Pigeon (ST Bassein of
Sedgeman, of Perranuthnoe, T.L. Row, of Penzance (Norwegian barque Suluto
of Christiansand). (14.12.11)
WATKINS, 3rd mate of Devonshire (Hughenden of Sunderland).
W. CREAGH DOWNING, Royal Garrison Artillery, Rear-Admiral SIR CHRISTOPHER GEORGE
FRANCIS MAURICE CRADOCK, KCVO, C.B, Atlantic Fleet, Lt. CHRISTOPHER JOHN
FREDERICK WOOD, HMS Black Prince, Lt. NOEL MARCUS FRANCIS CORBETT, HMS
London, Lt. MAX KENNEDY HORTON, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Lt. GEORGE
EDWARD CUMMING, HMS London, Mr SAMUEL CHARLES ARTHUR SMITH, Gunner, HMS
London, Cmdr. WILLIAM HENRY NILES, RD, RNR, Captain of the Port,
Gibraltar, William Charles Undery, 1st boarding officer, Port Dept, Gibraltar,
James Scott Noble, 3rd boarding officer, Port Dept, Gibraltar, Lt. Robert
Russell Gossett, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Harry Penfold, petty officer 1st
class, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Reginald Tatterson, Herbert J. Rogers,
Alfred H. Jacob, Fredk. Butterfield, Albert E. Dean, Herbert W. Pullen, Percival
Stephen Rowland, Alfred Knight, Joseph Margarison, Austen S. Batty, Robert Bath,
Fredk. Lovell, James H. Wainscott, Chas. A. Chapman, Geo. C. Parker, Sidney E.
Symes, ABs of HMS Prince of Wales, Herbert Charles Presley, leading
signalman, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Harry Cross, signalman, HMS London,
James Cheetham, signalman, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Horace Richard
Mason, leading signalman, HMS Black Prince, Ernest Davey, AB, HMS
London, Fredk. Lancaster, leading seaman, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Geo.
Henry Spencer, Jas. Barton Wyatt, Leo. Thompson, Ernest Lane, Cecil Haden, Jas.
Edward Chappell, Jas. Harvey Clark, Wm. Francis Nash, Chas. Edward Allen, Oates
Allen, Ernest Wm. Allright, William Wylde, ABs of HMS Duke of Edinburgh (Delhi
of Greenock). (13.12.11)
A. Third, A.
May, volunteers, of Cairnbulg Rocket LSA Company (ST Clio of Dundee).
COKER,coastguard boatman, Holmton (ST Crux of Grimsby). (10.1.12)
W. Wards, fishermen, J. Cruickshank, constable, A.H. Wards, Receiver of Wreck
(Norwegian barque Adel of Brevik). (19.1.12)
chief officer, A. Haslar, leading boatman of coastguard, J. Gillings, assistant,
LSA Company (Norwegian barque Idun of Christiansand). (17.1.12)
H. Rendall, R. Robertson, A. Pearson, C.G. Gilbertson, G. McWhirter, R.
Peterson, G. Georgeson, fishermen of Lunnasting, ShetIands (ST Rapid of
labourer, of Scarborough (ST Lark of Hull). (13.12.1 I)
leading coastguard boatman, Newquay (Schooner Bessie of Truro). (5.3.12)
chief officer, J.C. Kilroy, AB, Caledonia of Greenock. (10.4.12)
PITTENDRIGH, Apprentice of Lincairn (Guillemot of London).
Fanning, HMS Duke of Edinburgh, Midshipman E. Scott Williams, W.
Beaumont, Leading Seaman, W.T. Leggate, A.A. Dunk, L.H. Davies, A.W. Stratton,
A. Johnson, P. West, G.W. Garlinge, E. Roberts, J. Beaumont, J.W. Brockman,
S.G.B. Cutmore, F. Borras, C.H. Rednall, ABs of HMS London (Delhi
of Greenock). (13.12.11)
J. REES, 2nd
mate, A. NISFOLK, bo'sun, S.W. MUIR, A. NORDLUND, A. McLLELAN, ABs, of Ruabon
(Schooner Mary Jane of Lancaster). (12.11.11)
coxswain, G.W. KRUEGER, driver, C. McARTNEY, deck hand, of S. Australia Marine
Board Motor Boat President, T.S. HUGHES, coxswain, R.S. JUSTICE, driver,
of S. Australia Marine Board Motor Boat Controller (South Africa
of Melbourne). (21.8.10)
3rd hand, T.G.C. PLANNER, deck hand, of ST Xenia (Schooner Uzziah
of Salcombe). (25.11.12)
1st mate, W. ERIKSON, carpenter and AB, E. REISON, lamp-trimmer and AB, A.J.
SPENCE, AB, J. INGLIS, fireman, of Hockwold (Schooner Richard and
Emily of GooIe). (126.96.36.199)
sergeant, S. McNEIL, lance-corporal, H. SIMONS, J.B. COX, C.J.
PHILLIP, constables in Harbour Constabulary, San Fernando, Trinidad, C. ETIENNE,
civilian of San Fernando (Flat Clyde of San Fernando, and also a
leading coastguard boatman, Cove Bay, Kincardineshire, A. CRAIG, civilian, of
Torry, Aberdeenshire (G. Koch of Odensee, Denmark). (12.1.13)
leading coastguard boatman, Seaton Sluice, J. Ingram, C.W. Major,
volunteers of LSA Company (Russian barque California of Mariehamn). (15
leading coastguard boatman, Blyth Haven, P. Gibney, E.G.M. Kelsey, A. Robertson,
G.E. Scott, members of North Blyth Volunteer LSA Company, E. Archbold,
fisherman, G. Beading, labourer, W. Brown, R. Macarthy, hoppermen, A. Nixon,
coxswain of Cambois lifeboat (Dunelm of Sunderland). (11.1.13)
AB, of Brescia of Liverpool. (22.2.13)
Lt. D. BLAIR,
RNR, 1st officer of Majestic of Liverpool. (6.5.13)
chief officer, E.R. Williams, 2nd officer, F. Martin, bo'sun, W. Jay, G. Jacob,
ABs, of Veronese of Liverpool. (16.1.13)
leading coastguard boatman, Bangor, T. Price, fisherman, Bangor, R. Jones,
boatman to University College, Bangor (a small row boat (pleasure boat)).
B. Dorsey, 2nd
hand of Warrior, steam liner of Grimsby. (26.8.13)
2nd officer, G. Anson, C. Bremer, E. Dahlquist, ABs, T. Smith, lamp-trimmer and
AB of Thornley (Steam drifter Scots Greys of Banff). (19.11.13)
chief officer, J.T. MUIR, 2nd officer, A.E. DUHRIN, carpenter, of
Baron Erskine of Ardrossan. (10.7.13)
A. HALL, chief
mate, M. RIORDAN, bo'sun, G. LINNGVIST, bo'sun's mate, J. ALLEN, F.W.
BARLOW, J. McALLISTER, OS, R. HUNT, apprentice, of Asian. F.J.R.
GARDNER, 1st officer, J. WISE, H. PAYNE, G.O. THOMPSON, stewards, J.
DONOGHUE, S. SMITH, W. TURTON, M. MURRAY, W.H. DONKING, T. TITCHEN, E.J.
HEIGHWAY, ABs, of Carmania. T. STEELE, chief mate, T.B. KNIGHT, 1st mate,
W.H. BAKER, 2nd mate, J. SOUTER, 5th engineer, J. NAVARRO, bo'sun,
F.J. BAILEY, bo'sun's mate, W.H. FLETCHER, J. BROWN, J.
ROSSITER, L. O'NEILL, QMs, W. WALSH, lamp-trimmer, A. HAZLEWOOD, W.A. REED, E.D.
CUNNINGHAM, W. BROWN, W. POTTER, C. WOODS, ABs, J.H. PRICE, OS, of
Devonian. W. ROBISON, 1st officer, P.J. LEWIS, 3rd officer, J.M.COATES,
4th officer, T. GARVEY, WALTER ELSE, G.W. MADAMS, F.W. STEPHENS, G. LEONARD, W.
LIESEN, W. CRAWLEY, G.J. HORTON, S. GASKELL, F.R. PITTS, J.A.
ROGERS, J.C. LAWRENCE, W.H. COWARD, J. KENDALL, W. HONEYMAN, G.
SHAW, V. BOTTERILL, R. POTTER, ABs, of Minneapolis. J.B. JOHNSON,
chief officer, J.E. NOTON, 2nd officer, W.E. CLEMENTS, bo'sun, F.
WINTERFIELD, M. JOLLIVET , F. STAGG, F. THOMPSON, W. WILSON, A. CIVILL, H.C.P.
GIBSON, ABs, T. MACKENZIE, C.L. COOPER, apprentices, of Narragansett. J.O.
DAVIES, chief officer, J. BARKER, bo'sun, G. OLAFSEN, carpenter, H.
HARGAN, W. BLACK, A. WAYGOOD, A. STEWART, J. BELL, OS, W. PYNE, donkeyman,
of Rappahannock (Volturno of London). (9.10.13)
chief officer, R. SHARP, QM, J. FLETT, lamp-trimmer, B. GREEN, OS, E.
NEWHAM, S. SEARING, S. TRIMINGHAM, ABs, of Cawdor Castle (Schooner
Lucie of Mauritius). (30.1.13)
Richardson, 3rd engineer, of Sir Garnet Wolseley of Newcastle.
chief officer, D. McPHEE, 3rd officer, F. BRADSHAW, bo'sun, W. JONES, carpenter,
J.T. CRADDOCK, J. HAMILTON, ABs, J. Hun, OS, J. PICKER, greaser, of Monmouth
(Brig Evelyn of Carnarvon). (30.11.13)
chief officer, R. WILLIAMS, bo'sun, R. HUGHES, petty officer, A. WILLIAMS, QM,
E. KEYS, J. HAYWARD, ABs of Cornishman (Schooner Banshee of
2nd officer of Indrabarah of Liverpool. (10-13.5.13)
chief officer, J. FLYNN, E. GRUNDSTROM, F. WILKING, ABs, G. FOOT, of
lnvergyle (Brig Evelyn of Carnarvon). (27.11.13)
assistant scoutmaster, Port of London Sea Scouts (Ketch Mirror of
A. ODDY, chief
petty officer of coastguard, Sennen Cove, B. SWORN, leading boatman of
coastguard, Penzance (Swedish barque Trifolium of Gothenburg). (15.3.14)
volunteer, Rocket LSA Company, Cornwall (Trawler Condor of Brixham).
skipper of SD Datum (SD Achievable of Lowestoft). (9.5.14)
C. FULLER, W.
Hughes, of Avonport, Nova Scotia (Tug Chester of Windsor, N.S.).
skipper of trawler Coriander, G.E. JACOBS, skipper of trawler J.G.C.
(HM ships Aboukir, Cressy, Hogue). (22.9.14)
skipper of SD Faithful (HM submarine D5). (3.11.14)
skipper, W.G.E. CARTER, 2nd hand, J.J. CLARKE, 3rd hand, D. TAYLOR, apprentice,
of trawler Provident (Launch of HMS Formidable). (1.1.15)
police sergeant, Lyme Regis (Sailing pinnace of HMS Formidable).
Puller, RN, Comdr. H.C.V.B. Cheetham, RNR, Lt. C.J. Webb, RNR, Acting Lt. H.S.
Daniel, RNR, Lt. A.B. Clough, RE, S.G. Odam, artificer 3rd class, F.H. Grant,
mechanician, P.J. Farren, acting leading stoker, F. Davis, stoker, 1st class
(boat of Nigerian Government Yacht Ivy). (21.10.14)
master, W. LORAM, OS, of Sunk Lightship Argo. (28.12.14)
skipper of ST Euripides, F. WOLLASTON, skipper of ST Cameo,
W. ILETT, skipper of ST Silanion, H. WICKS, skipper of ST Straton,
M. HOWARD, skipper of ST Prince Victor (Runo of Hull). (5.9.14)
leading seaman, HMS Essex (Empress of Ireland of Liverpool).
Apprentice of Empress of Cardiff. (14.2.15)
2nd engineer of Oakley of West Hartlepool. (23.2.15)
skipper of SD Homeland (HM Submarine D5). (3.11.14)
J. Barry, OS, of Lusitania of Liverpool. (7.5.15)
apprentice of Verdala of Glasgow. (11.8.15)
Hetherington, apprentice of Jacona of Dundee. (12.8.15)
2nd officer of Stanislas of Liverpool. (1 .11 .15)
Weatherstone, saloon steward of Corinthian of Glasgow. (2.12.15)
chief mate of Ellerslie of Cardiff. (25.10.15)
AB, of HMS Lord Nelson (Steam pinnace No 183). (21.12.15)
leading coastguard boatman, Blyth Haven (ST Naval Prince of N. Shields).
C. Dibben, engine-driver, H. Bell, turner and mechanic, E.P. Lester, civil
engineer, C. Ripoll, foreman, J. Ribillard, pilot, F.H. Booth, clerk, T. Dearling, fitter fireman, of Les Falaises, Algeria (Glenroy of West
master of Virginia of Glasgow. (16.7.16)
Peyton-Burbery, MA, Chaplain, RN, of HMS Suffolk (Pollokshields of
bo'sun's mate of Corinthian of Glasgow. (7.9.16)
chief officer, R. WOOD, carpenter's mate, G. CAIN, lamp-trimmer, of Devonian
of Liverpool. (2.11.16)
civilian, of Sidmouth (Grindon Hall of London). (5.11.16)
coastguard boatman, Rattray Head (Kiev of Russia). (28.10.16)
C. KINCH, 2nd
hand, E.H. OUTHOUSE, 3rd hand, W. BLACKMORE, W. WELDRICK, deck hands, of ST
Exeter (Ketch Frieda of London (C.S. 83)). (20.11.16)
AB, of War Department Vessel Cambridge. (27.10.16)
coastguard petty officer, Peterhead (ST Deeside of Aberdeen). (21.1.17)
M. PURCELL, J.
PHILLIPS, OS, of Clackmannanshire of Glasgow. (25.1.17)
RUSHBROOKE, F.S. NICOLL, AB, of HMS Sharpshooter (Kittiwake of
H. Holmes, Corporals of 19th Reserve Battalion Royal Irish Rifles (Schooner
Fulvia of Svendborg). (18.11.16)
Gairdner, DSO, Royal Army Medical Corps (T), L.-Corp. H.F. Crandall, West Kent
Yeomanry, Pte. H.H.H. Jackson, 6th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (HM
Transport Ivernia). (1.1.17)
BARCLAY, Surrey Yeomanry, Capt. R.A. HILL, Royal Irish Regiment (HM Transport
Transylvania of Glasgow). (4.5.17)
G. AINSLIE, OS
(acting leading seaman), RNR, HM Transport Cape Transport. (18.8.17)
Sergent, RNR (retired), S.C. Pearson, OS, examination vessel Southern Prince,
J. Cox, gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery (Rio Colorado of London)..
leading seaman HM Torpedo Boat No.95 (Clan Ferguson of Glasgow).
MACDONALD, chief officer, F.R. WILKIN, 2nd officer, J. BRYMER, chief engineer,
K. ARMED, 2nd tindal, of Chilka of Glasgow. (1.7.17)
R. BURTON, QM,
R. Davis, J. Mouat, OS, of Colonia of Newcastle-on-Tyne. (21.10.17)
chief officer of Colorado of Hull. (20.10.17)
chief coastguard officer (retired), St Dogmaels (fishing-smack Emrys of
J.L. GORDON, RN, Flight Sub-Lt. G.R. HODGSON, RN, S.F. ANDERSON, leading
mechanic (E), B.H. MILLICRAMP, wireless telegraphist (AM II) (a waterlogged
seaplane float). (29.5.17)
leading coastguard boatman, Sennen Cove (Port Colborne of
COCKCROFT, Royal Army Medical Corps (HM Transport Royal Edward of
chief officer of Lapwing of London. (11.11.17)
chief officer of HM Transport Cameronia ( ?) (15.4.17)
acting CSM, F.E. POLLARD, Sergeant, A.E. REA, acting Sergeant, H.J. BUTLER, F.
TAPLIN, H. WADLOW, Privates, 9th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment. H.
BENNELL, Corporal, 1st Battalion Manchester Regiment, A.W. ANDREW, J. BIRD,
Privates, Manchester Regiment. L. CROSSLEY, acting Corporal, W. RINGLAND,
Private, 1st Battalion Highland Light Infantry. G. CHRISTISON, J.C. JENKINS, D.M.
LLEWELLYN, A. RICHARDSON, Privates 9th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment. W.
MUNDAY, Private, 7th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, P. FISHER, Private, 2nd
Battalion Royal Highlanders. W. JONES, Private, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (HM
Transport Coronia). (May 1917)
G. Healey, 2nd
mate of New Pioneer (Cork of Dublin). (26.1.18)
2nd engineer of Ellerslie of Cardiff. (20.10.17)
OS, RNR, HM Trawler Elm. (1.3.18)
chief engineer, Clan Macphee of Glasgow. (2.4.18)
AB, of Dalewood of London. (26.2.18)
master of yacht Armistice (Torbay of Beaumaris). (15.3.18)
chief steward of Saldanha of N. Shields. (18.3.18).
Lt. T.P. Ryan,
RNR, Surgeon E. A. Fiddian, RN, G. Colman, A. Nocks, leading deckhands, RNR, of
HMT Daniel Henley (Glodale of Cardiff). (3.1.18)
J. COOK, General List, attached Inland Water Transport (HM Transport Coronia).
chief officer, J.W. WHITE, 2nd engineer, T. CASSIDY, bo'sun, W. BROWN, OS, of
War Bittern of London. (7.5.18)
master of Scholar of Liverpool. (18. 5. 18)
chief engineer of Ayuthia of London. (7.2.18)
J. HEGGIE, RNR, Lt. O. BATEMAN, RNR, S.G. BIRKS, senior 2nd engineer, A.
SUTHERLAND, 2nd engineer, W. BOOTH, junior 2nd engineer, R. WILSON, 3rd
engineer. W. CLARK, boilermaker, R. JONES, greaser, H. FOULKES, trimmer, P.
COONEY, J. GARNER, greasers, of HM Transport Caronia. (May 1917)
QM, of Oranian of Liverpool. (26.4.18)
chief officer of Betwa of London. (7.2.18)
bo'sun, W.H. West, OS, of Mirlo of London. (16.8.18)
leading seaman RNR (Kiev of Russia). (28.10.16)
3rd engineer of Innisfallen of Cork. (23.5.18)
DSC, master of Leasowe Castle of London. (26.5.18)
G.F.F.S. ELLIS, RN (Islanda of Glasgow). (10.12.17)
assistant 3rd engineer, W. HOMER, senior 5th engineer, of Justicia of
master, A. BERESFORD, chief engineer, of tug Torfrida (two of HM ships).
FEGEN, RN, P. DRISCOLL, RN, chief petty officer, of HMS Garland (U.S. oil
carrier O.B. Jennings). (24.3.18)
RNVR,member of gun's crew of Paragon of Dublin. (8.11.18)
assistant engineer, Marine Department, Nigeria (Government steambarge Gallwey).
chief engineer, of Themistocles of Aberdeen. (6.4.17)
DSM, RNR, 2nd hand, J. Ansley, Newfoundland, RNR, leading seaman, H. Curman, RNR,
deckhand, of HM trawler Crucis (Lord Charlemont of Belfast).
Lt. J.C. ORR,
Royal Irish Rifles (Burutu of Liverpool). (3.10.18)
AB, C.W. PENNEY, RNR, A. MOREY, RNR, OS, M. DALTON, RNR, temporary skipper, D.
RALPH, RNR, M. WHELAN, RNR, OS, E.C. PERRY, master of Gordon C., M.
Shanahan, P. Gallagher, G. Westcottt ABs, R. Pierson, chief engineer, J. Budden,
OS (Florizel of Liverpool). (26.2.18)
chief engineer of Ben Nevis of Glasgow. (1.10.17)
2nd engineer of Clan Ross ofGlasgow. (5.5.18)
chief officer of Sunik of London. (9.4.18)
3rd officer, C. Fielding, 2nd officer, of Polgowan of London. (27.5.19)
J. S. Bastian,
chief officer, C. Flynn, AB, of Trevanion of St Ives. (27.5.19)
W. FRASER, 2nd
engineer, H. GUNTER, 3rd engineer, of Sydney of London. (26.11.19)
chief officer, O. WILLIAMS, 2nd officer, N. WATSON, 3rd officer, A. MALABAR, 3rd
engineer, J.T. OWEN, chief steward, G.W. BRISCOE, bo'sun, J. UNTHANK, bo'sun's
mate, R.A. FULTON, G. O'GORMAN, H. OWEN, P. RODGER, QMs, J. STEELE,
lamp-trimmer, J. FITZGERALD, J. OWENS, H. SHELDON, J.C. SIMMS, P. STARKEY, OS,
of Oxonian (Bradboyne of Bideford). (6.2.20)
donkeyman, of Servian Prince of Newcastle-upon- Tyne. (29.3.20)
chief officer of Post office cable ship Alert (February 1920).
skipper, H. BROWN, mate, S.G. SAYER, J. DYER, H.J. WARD, W.S. COLLETT, F. DYER,
O.E. EASEY, J. McCARTHY, W. PRICE, members of the crew of SD Sentinel Star
(SD Dorothy Rose of Lowestoft). (18.10.20)
skipper, E. Moriarty, 2nd hand, C. Brosnan, D. Devans, C. Gearen, members of
crew of MT Mairead (Motor fishing-vessel Spree of Tralee).
divisional chief coastguard officer, Stornoway (Danish schooner Ada).
EVANS, CB, DSO, RN, Lt.-Comdr. J.B.B. TOWER, DSC, RN, Gunner J.G. DEWAR, DSC,
RN, W.G. Eldrett, leading seaman, A.E. Whitehead, AB, of HMS Carlisle (Hong
Moh of Singapore). (3.3.21)
2nd mate, H. Peterson, J. Spoore, S. Mathison, M. Bonett, A. O. Elkman, OS, T.E.
Noble, donkeyman, of Heronspool (Schooner Elsie L. Corkum of
StJohn's, Newfoundland). (26.12.20)
2nd officer, R.J. Back, chief officer, of Pentakota, Lt. H.A.S. Scott,
Second Lt. J.C. Farmer, Second Lt. A.G. Hedger, of Inland Water Transport, Royal
Engineers (Native dhow Kalyan Passa). (14.6.20)
bo'sun, G. REED, J.R. KITCHEN, OS, W. BROWN, fireman, of Stonewall
(Schooner Donald T of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia). (15.1.21)
ship's carpenter of HMT Field Marshal. (9.8.20)
chief officer of Urbino. (6.2.21)
In the above the
following abbreviations have been used:
AWARDS OF THE
BOARD OF TRADE SEA GALLANTRY MEDAL, 1922-1945
following pages, a recipient's name in capitals, but not emboldened, indicates
that the Medal was awarded in silver, otherwise the award was in bronze.For
Foreign Service medals, which are indicated by the recipient’s name being
emboldened, capitals represent a gold award, otherwise the award was in
date in parentheses is the date the announcement appeared in the London
Action of HMS
George Griffiths, RN,
Leading Seamen Walter G. Bindon, and Reginald Honey, Able
Seaman Albert E.B. Coombe, all of HMS Cherwell
22nd November 1921, the Schooner Faithful of Chester from Plymouth to
Preston, grounded on a shingle bank in the South Shear entrance to Wexford
Bay. She got off undamaged but, not answering her helm, again
stranded on Catrick Rock, close by, and remained fast. The sea was so rough
that the ship's boat could not be launched, and signals of distress were
lighted, and, in addition, the crew's bedding was set alight to attract
response to a signal from the Irish Lights Vessel Ierne, HMS
Cherwell, at anchor at Rosslare, proceeded at 8.25 pm to render
assistance, but as the night was very dark the correct position could not be
ascertained, and, owing to the high sea and strong tide, HMS Cherwell
anchored to the porthward of Catrick Rock and it was decided to try to
reach the Faithful by boat.
Julia under the command of Lt. Griffiths, Commanding Officer of HMS
Cherwell, and manned by Leading Seamen Bindon and Honey, and Able
Seaman Coombe, was launched, and after much difficulty was able to get
alongside the lee quarter of the Faithjul which was just clear
of the Perch on Catrick Rock, and succeeded in taking off the crew of
rescue services occupied about an hour, and were attended by considerable
risk to the boat's crew, who broke four oars on their way, and were in great
peril in getting clear of the breakers on Catrick Rock. (15.3.22)
A North Sea rescue
Second Officer, Martin Wenner-Burg, Boatswain, August Hellman
and Arthur Edward Clerk, Able Seamen, Henry Fudge, Donkeyman,
all of ss Dalton of Newcastle-upon- Tyne
12th January 1922, the ss Tidal of Cardiff, laden with coal, was in
distress about 8 miles off the Corton Lightship, near Lowestoft, the vessel
having shipped, tremendous seas, which caused her to take a heavy and
increasing list. In response to signals of distress the Dalton of
Newcastle-upon- Tyne came to her assistance, and although the weather
conditions were very bad the master of the Dalton decided to try to
launch a boat. Volunteers were called for, and after the Dalton had
been manoeuvred about 50 yards to the windward of the Tidal a
life-boat, in charge of Mr Robert Spencer and manned by the seamen
mentioned, was launched and succeeded in rescuing the crew and passengers
consisting of ten men, two women, and three children, and safely transferred
them to the Dalton. The rescuing boat had only gone some 30 yards on
the return journey when the Tidal foundered. (6.4.22)
CORRIGAN, Second Engineer of ss Adriatic
11th August 1922, during a voyage from Liverpool to New York, a violent
explosion occurred in No.3 lower hold of the Adriatic of Liverpool,
result of which a number of seamen lost their lives. On
learning that some of his men were still below, Mr Corrigan groped his way
through smoke and fumes into the hold, where he found the water from the
deck fire-hose coming through breaks in the hatch cover. He had the water
turned off and went to search for his men.
return to the engine-room, Mr Corrigan proceeded to call the roll, and,
finding three men still unaccounted for, he went back at great personal risk
from gas fumes and wreckage to the hold and carried out a further systematic
search amongst the wreckage, which resulted in the discovery of one man
lying dead under some debris. The body was extricated with much difficulty.
from a gas-filled hold
MACDONALD, Chief Officer, George Archibald, James Joseph Lyon, John
Foster, Harold Norris, Laurence Fauchelle,
Seamen, all of ss Tahiti of London
28th February 1922, the ss Tahiti was sealed at San Francisco for
fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas. At 1.30 pm, the fumigation having been
completed, the seals were broken, and at 4.45 pm the steamer was considered
gas and given clearance. John Newton, ship's carpenter, arrived on board
about 5.10 pm and was instructed by the chief officer to thaw out No.1 lower
hold by means of steam, and see to the drain-cocks of the chain locker. At
5.30 pm groans were heard in No.1 hold. Newton, who had evidently tried to
regain the deck, fell off the ladder on to his head, which caused it to
bleed profusely. Chief Officer D. Macdonald immediately went down to
Newton's assistance, but, feeling himself overcome, reclimbed the ladder,
and managed to regain the deck. A seaman named George Archibald then went
down, but was at once overcome by the fumes, as also was Fauchelle who
followed. Lyon and Norris also went down, followed in a second attempt by
the chief officer, whose efforts were again unsuccessful, and he had to be
hauled up on deck in a state of collapse. Lyon and Norris also managed to
regain the deck, where they also collapsed.
arrival of the San Francisco Fire Dept. fire-boat Dennis T. Sullivan,
three men were still lying unconscious down in the hold, viz. Newton,
Archibald, and Fauchelle, and Capt. John F. Kearney of the fire-boat put on
a Gibbs gas-mask, and went down to their assistance. He managed to put
slings around each man, but had to come up on deck for fresh air after each
operation, as the gas mask was defective.
Medal for Foreign Service was awarded to J.F. KEARNEY for his
gallantry on this occasion. (17.1. 23)
Forty-two lives saved
ERNEST LOBB, Boatswain, SAMUEL FOX, JOHN PATRICK GOLDING, Able Seamen, of
ss Tuscan Prince of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Tuscan Prince, whilst on a voyage from Middlesborough to Puget Sound,
was wrecked off Village I., W. of Vancouver , in a snowstorm in the early
morning of the 15th February 1923. The vessel remained hard and
fast upon the rocks and the only means of saving the lives of the crew was
by getting on to the rocks.
An officer's brave act at Muscat
Willoughby Lugard Hogg, DSO, Late 3rd Brahmans, Indian Army
10th May 1918 Major Hogg, who was in command of a detachment at Muscat in
the Persian Gulf, received a message from the Acting Consul, reporting that
the ss Oruro was on fire in Muscat harbour and asking for assistance.
Hogg at once boarded the vessel with 100 men of his regiment and found that
owing to the absence of adequate appliances the fire was rapidly gaining
the operations which followed, Major Hogg and a lascar were standing on a
wood hatchway when the main beam collapsed, precipitating them both into the
hold below. The officer managed to climb up the steel perpendicular ladder,
which was very hot, and regained the deck, calling to the lascar to follow,
but he failed to do so. Thereupon Major Hogg sat astride the coaming of the
hatchway, and, bending down, succeeded with difficulty in hauling the lascar
up from below into safety.
mainly due to Major Hogg's skill in directing the salvage operations that no
loss of life ensued. (18 .10.23)
Rescues from a sinking vessel
John's, Newfoundland, from Oporto to Newfoundland, was in distress on the
21st April 1923 in the North Atlantic, and in response to her signals the ss
Hollinside of Newcastle-upon- Tyne, proceeded to her assistance. At
about 8.30 pm the crew of The Gay Gordon shouted to be taken off as
their vessel was sinking, and after considerable difficulty the port
lifeboat of the Hollinside was launched in charge of Mr Frederick
officer, and manned by the above-mentioned seamen, and succeeded in
rescuing, in spite of darkness, strong winds, and rain the crew of six hands
belonging to the Newfoundland schooner.
manoeuvring the master of the Hollinside succeeded in getting to the
leeward of the sinking vessel, and after about 1¼ hours , work rescuers and
rescued were safely got on board. (21.11.23)
Rescue in Rangoon River
l0th December 1922 the Burmese schooner Ba La Aung, with a crew of
five hands, went aground on the western sands below Elephant Point off the
mouth of the Rangoon River, and her signals of distress were observed by the
life-boat was launched in charge of Chief Officer O.E. Emery, and manned by
Edwards and the above-mentioned lascar seamen, and pulled down, with an ebb
stream and a tide running at about three knots, towards the Ba La Aung.
ahead of the schooner the boat's anchor was dropped, and the lifeboat
slacked down alongside the vessel in distress, but the ship- wrecked crew
refused to jump overboard and swim to the rescuing boat. A heaving-Iine was
then passed to the wrecked vessel and the lifeboat hauled closely alongside,
when the crew jumped into her.
boat's anchor was then hauled in, a mast was erected and sail set, but the
mast was soon carried away by the force of the wind; ultimately the Lady
Blake was reached in safety, and the rescued transferred on board.
Rescue by night in North Atlantic
THOMPSON BAKER, Chief Officer,
EDMUND SMITH, Carpenter, ROBERT INGLIS, WILLIAM STEWART, DAVID
GIMBLETT, Seamen, all of the ss Cairnmona of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
28th December 1923 ,the barquentine Czarina of St John s,
Newfoundland, was in distress in the North Atlantic in a heavy gale with
hurricane force; her signals of distress were observed and answered about 10
pm by the Cairnmona, whose master manoeuvred as closely as possible
to the Czarina, and upon hailing the distressed crew ascertained that
the only lifeboat had been smashed, and lost overboard, together with all
the sails and various spars.
of the very dark night and heavy seas which were running, a life-boat was
got away from the Cairnmona in charge of Mr Baker and manned by the
men named, proceeded with great difficulty to the shipwrecked vessel, which
was rolling very heavily, and succeeded in taking off the crew of eight
hands. (17.7.24 )
Hong Kong typhoon
CROPPER, Chief Officer, GEORGE REGINALD JENKINS, Third Officer,
BOND HUGGINS, Apprentice, WON JAH, HONG KAM, LAM POW, and LEONG YOE,
Seamen, of the ss Bowes Castle; THOMAS LLOYD WILLIAMS, Chief
Officer, KENNETH HENRY STUART, Second Officer, HAROLD WAINRIGHT,
GEORGE ARTHUR PARKER, STANLEY LEONARD GARRETT, JOHN EDWARD SNAITH,
Apprentices, GE LING LOW, Quartermaster, SING YUNG SANG,
Boatswain, CHING CHIN FONG, LIN AH YOK, LEE VAN CHAN, CHANG CHIN PAN,
CHANG PAN FAH and YING AH PAN, Seamen of the ss Egremont
Castle; A. LEXOW, Chief Officer, ROLF FREDERIK MOLTZAU, Second
Officer, G. DAKSERHOFF, Third Officer, CHEE AH KUN,
Boatswain's Mate, HAN FAT SANG, TSE TOR, and LIN CHANG CHIN,
Quartermasters, fireman, and the Chinese cabin boy who formed part of the
boat's crew from the ss Hwah Ping
18th August 1923, when the colony of Hong Kong was struck by a typhoon, the
ss Loong Sang of London, lying in Kowloon harbour, dragged her
anchors, and being without steam (her main engines had been opened up for
survey), after colliding with another vessel, she foundered. . Whilst the
typhoon was at its height men were seen from the ss Bowes Castle
floating by clinging to wreckage, and a lifeboat was got away from that
vessel in charge of Mr Cropper and manned by Messrs: Jenkins, Huggins, and
the Chinese seamen, Won Jak, Hong Kam, Lam Pow, and Leong Yoe. After about
52 hours’ work in the raging sea and blinding rain two survivors were picked
Egremont Castle both lifeboats were swung out in readiness for launching
when a boat from another steamer, the Chinese ss Hwah Ping, came
alongside, in charge of Mr Lexow, and manned by Messrs Moltzau, Dakserhoff,
Chee Ah Kun, Han Fat Sang, Tse Tor, Lin Chang Chin, also a fireman and a
cabin boy, who had picked up a survivor from the water, and rescuers and
rescued were taken on board the Egremont Castle. Later, this lifeboat
was sent away, manned by a crew from the latter vessel, consisting of Mr
Williams (in charge) and Sing Yung Sang, Ching Chin Fong, Lin Ah Yok, Lee
Van Chan, Chang Chin Pan, Chang Pan Fah, and Ying Ah Pan, in an attempt to
rescue further survivors of the Loong Sang who were observed floating
by, struggling in the water. The boat being partly full of water, little
progress could be made owing to the high sea and violent wind and rain, and
the crew were unable to effect any rescues. They drifted and finally brought
up alongside another vessel.
afterwards, the starboard life-boat of the Egremont Castle was
launched in charge of Mr Stuart and manned by Messrs. Wainwright, Parker,
Garrett, Snaith, and Ge Ling Low of that vessel, and Messrs. Lex Low,
Moltzau, Dakserhoff, Han Fat Sang, Tse Tor, and Lin Chang Chin of the
Hwah Ping, and succeeded in picking up another survivor of the Loong
great risk was incurred in rendering these services owing to the high sea,
violent wind, and blinding rain. (3.1.25)
Gallantry of a 73-year-old fisherman
morning on 26th November 1924, the steam drifter Press Home of Buckie
went ashore to the south of Portlethen village during heavy weather and a
thick mist. The crew of eight hands endeavoured to gain the rocks, but five
unfortunately were swept away by the surging seas and drowned; the remaining
three, however, succeeded in reaching a high rock between 30 and 40 feet
from the shore. Several attempts were made to reach them with lines, but
another large rock which intervened made this impossible.
was rising, and the position of the three men was becoming more and more
dangerous, when Craig, who said that he knew of certain submerged boulders
which could be used as stepping stones, volunteered to go to their
assistance. With a rope fastened round his waist he forced his way over
these submerged boulders, through the rough sea, in which he was at times
immersed up to the neck, and gained the intervening boulder; from this
position he was able to throw the rope to the survivors and to draw them one
by one through the water to the rock upon which he stood. Then the rescued
and the rescuer were hauled ashore by willing helpers on the beach.
effecting these rescues, owing to the darkness, the submerged rocks, and the
rough sea, Craig ran a great risk of being carried away or dashed against
the rocks, and his action called for considerable skill and endurance on his
part, he being 73 years of age. (16.1.25)
Breeches-buoy rescue off Devon coast
steam-tug Joffre went ashore on the rocks under a cliff about 400
feet high at Bolt Head, Devon, about 2.20 am on the 27th May last, during a
gale accompanied by fog and rain.
were made to establish a connexion with the vessel by means of rockets, but
the first two fired failed to reach her. The master was dangerously ill, and
Mr Thurlbeck, the mate, who had taken charge, called for volunteers to go
and fetch the line which had fallen short. The crew being exhausted, there
was no response, so Mr Thurlbeck went alone in the ship's boat, which was
connected to the tug with a line: he pulled inshore among the rocks, and
succeeded in grasping the line. He was hauled back to his vessel, and made
the line fast, but the boat was smashed. In the meantime, the Life Saving
Apparatus Company had descended the cliff farther and succeeded in
establishing connexion with the vessel with a third rocket.
was no means of securing the third rocket line to the cliffs, the shore end
had to be held firmly by members of the Life Saving Apparatus Company on a
ledge 70 feet up the cliff, and the line thus took up a steep sagging
position. For this reason and owing to there being a large intervening rock
between the vessel and the foot of the cliff, the breeches buoy could not be
hauled ashore and it was necessary to send assistance on to the rocks below
in order to bring the ship- wrecked crew safely to land.
the breeches buoy had been hauled out to the Joffre a member of her
crew came ashore by means of the line and would in all probability have lost
his life had not John Jarvis, Francis Jarvis, and Arthur Thornton waded out
on to the rocks and helped him ashore. The remaining ten members of the crew
of the tug then came ashore in the breeches buoy, being assisted over the
rocks by E.D. Lancey and Coastguards Robert Richards and James Manning under
the leader- ship of District Officer Arnold and John Jarvis.
was very dangerous as the tide was rising, the wind was blowing from 30 to
45 miles per hour, and the sea was breaking violently over the slippery
rocks. During the rescue District Officer Arnold and Coastguard Richards
were washed off the rocks and had to be rescued by other members of the
party, and Lancey was injured by falling rock. (23.9.25)
Explosion in China waters
Fireman of ss Paul Beau of Hong Kong
On the 4th
May 1925 the Paul Beau was steaming from Hong Kong to Canton when a
tube blew out in the starboard boiler, projecting a stream of boiling water
and steam 35 feet long into the after end of the boiler-room and engineroom.
Two men, Hau Foong and So Hau, were on duty on the boilers and two others on
the engines. Hau Foong was immediately overcome and collapsed, and so So
Hau at once went to his assistance and at the risk of his own life managed
to drag him clear of the scalding water where he collapsed also. Meanwhile
the other two men sought refuge in the tunnel way.
a thick cloud of steam rising from the engine- and boiler-rooms to the level
of the promenade deck, Second Engineer G.H. White,
wrapping his face in wet towelling, made his way through the steam along the
top of the boilers to the engines and shut off the valves connecting the
boilers to the engines, and the valve connecting the two boilers. The three
men in the engine- and boiler-rooms were reached as soon as the steam had
cleared away and were removed unconscious to the upper deck. But for White
they would have been suffocated by the escaping steam.
a very grave risk since he had to grope about in the scalding steam fog,
blinded by the covering on his head, in his endeavour to shut the
stop-valves on the boilers, and he might have encountered the full force of
the issuing steam, in which case the result would have been fatal. In spite
of being badly scalded he took charge, and having effected the necessary
repairs raised steam again, thus enabling the vessel to be brought to the
wharf at Canton. (17.11.25)
Engineer's brave action
13th December 1924, whilst the Clan Macvicar was lying in harbour at
Brooklyn, New York, Mr D. McLean, Fourth Engineer, opened up the main
stop-valve cover on the port boiler by mistake: the cover blew off and he
was very badly scalded.
the escape of steam, Mr Wilson immediately went to investigate the cause. He
could see nothing for steam, but thought that the auxiliary steam pipe
connected with the starboard boiler had burst. Knowing that other engineers
were working in the compartment, he rushed through the steam across the
boiler tops and shut off the stop-valve of the starboard boiler, and, in so
doing, was seriously scalded.
closing the valve, Mr Wilson caught sight of Mr McLean, who spoke to him,
but Mr Wilson was almost choked by steam and was unable to reply. He
managed, however, to escape from the boiler-room, being followed shortly
afterwards by Mr McLean; both were taken to hospital where Mr McLean died
starboard boiler was under high pressure and in the belief that the
auxiliary steam pipe connected with this boiler had burst, Mr Wilson was
right in going to close the stop valve and, had the conditions been as he
thought them, his action would have involved him in very grave risk of
losing his own life. (4.1.26)
Cliff rescue at South Shields
7.45 am on the 27th November 1925 the ex-Admiralty vessel PC 71,
with two men on board, under tow to Charlestown, Fife, for breaking up,
stranded on the Trow Rocks, South Shields, during a heavy north-east gale
accompanied by a hailstorm.
Life Saving Apparatus was being brought to the spot, Police Constable
Darling, of the South Shields Borough Police, went with others to the top of
the cliff overlooking the wreck and was lowered a distance of about 40 feet
down the face of the cliff by means of a life-belt with line attached. He
was immersed up to his waist in water. He endeavoured to reach the two men
with another line, but failed to do so. A line was then thrown from the ship
which he caught and fastened to the other life-belt and line, and these were
then hauled on board the ship. By this means the constable was able to haul
one man after the other to the place where he was standing at the foot of
time the Life Saving Apparatus had arrived, and the breeches buoy was then
lowered from the top of the cliff and one of the survivors was hauled up the
cliff; but when the apparatus was lowered again, the constable and the other
man were so exhausted that the constable had to signal for assistance.
Station Officer White of HM Coastguard, South Shields, then slid down the
rope into the sea and assisted first the other survivor and afterwards the
constable into the breeches buoy. These were successively brought to safety,
Station Officer White using another rope to steady the breeches buoy and
prevent the men from being dashed against the cliff. White himself was then
hauled up, at considerable risk to his life. (8.4.26)
Rescue from a schooner
Small Mathew, Chief Officer, John Dick Wilson, Second Officer,
Robert Colville Thomson Baille, Third Officer, Norman Allan
Richardson, Fourth Engineer, William Ignatius Costelloe, Wireless
Operator, two Chinese seamen (names not ascertained), all of ss
Benvorlich of Leith
schooner Nancy Lee of St John's, Newfoundland, of 188 tons
gross, from Emily Harbour, Labrador, to Seville, with a crew of six,
encountered a succession of gales from the 3rd October until the 18th
October 1925. By this date she was leaking badly owing to
straining in the gales, and from the 18th to the 21st October the vessel was
hove to. At midnight on the 22nd October a heavy sea struck the vessel and
carried away about 25 feet of bulwarks, rails, stanchions, &c., the latter
breaking off below the deck. The vessel's lifeboat was also smashed.
abated somewhat and at 10 pm on the 23rd October the lights of the ss
Benvorlich were sighted, and signals of distress made. At midnight the
ss Benvorlich closed with the schooner, but could not render
immediate assistance, so she stood by until daylight, when the master of the
steamer sent to the rescue a boat in charge of Mr Matthew and manned by the
men named, and two Chinese sea- men whose names have not yet been
ascertained. They succeeded in rescuing the crew of the Nancy Lee,
and in so doing incurred considerable risk owing to the heavy sea and high
Gallantry on Spanish coast
am on the 17th January 1926, the ss Clovelly stranded near Barra de
Ortigueira on the coast of Spain and, despite all efforts to refloat her,
remained hard and fast. The weather was dark and misty, with heavy rain and
a very rough sea. About 9 am a boat was launched with a crew of five hands
in charge of the second officer, for the purpose of taking soundings and
running out a kedge anchor, but the boat on leaving the ship was overturned
and the occupants were thrown into the water. All regained the upturned boat
with the exception of the second officer and a Malay seaman, who were
them in difficulties, Reece dived overboard from the Clovelly into
the rough sea in an endeavour to place a life-buoy within reach of the
second officer, who, however, disappeared before Reece could reach him.
remaining four members of the boat's crew, and Reece himself, were rescued
by means of lines. (3.6.26)
Thirty-seven persons rescued in North Atlantic
Alonzo Strowger, Chief Officer,
Thomas Fishwick, Boatswain, Isaac Jewell, Richard Harvey Williams,
Samuel Bate, Edward John Ready, Benjamin Orchard, Seamen, of ss
Shirvan of London
with a crew of thirty-seven hands, bound from Chile to this country, was in
the North Atlantic Ocean on the 29th March 1926 when she encountered very
severe weather with a violent wind, hail squalls, and high seas. Conditions
grew worse, and during the next two days damage was done on deck and the two
lifeboats were smashed. Water poured in below, and the vessel took a list
which increased to such an extent that it became clear the vessel could not
survive. On the 31st March a wireless distress call was sent out.
answer to this call the ss Shirvan arrived near the Laleham
about 5.45pm Shortly after 6pm a lifeboat was launched in charge of Mr
Strowger and manned by Fishwick, Jewell, Williams, Bate, Ready, and Orchard.
Owing to the heavy swell it was not possible to go alongside the Laleham;
but twenty members of her crew were rescued by being drawn through the
water from the ship to the life- boat by means of a line with life-buoy
attached. They were transferred from the boat to the Shirvan in the
same way. The boat then returned to the Laleham and the operation was
successfully repeated, thus rescuing the remaining seventeen members of her
crew. The rescue was completed by 10.30 pm
services were hazardous owing to the high seas. Darkness added to the risk
and the second part of the rescue had to be carried out in the light of
burning oil barrels on the Laleham. (24.6.26)
Skilful rescue in Australian Bight
Hugh Dyer, Fifth Officer, Joseph Black, Frank Robert Stannard,
William Wilson, Leslie Maynard Clark, Seamen of ss Orvieto, of
14th February 1926, whilst the Orvieto was crossing the Australian
Bight, Sidney Dawson, deck boy, was washed overboard from the forecastle
head. A fresh gale was blowing with heavy squalls and a very high sea. The
vessel was immediately manoeuvred into a position favourable for picking up
the boy. The starboard accident boat in charge of Mr Dyer and manned by
Black, Stannard, Wilson, and Clark was lowered and sent away. After skilful
manoeuvring Dawson was picked up and the boat returned safely to the
rescue was attended with considerable risk, especially when the boat was
leaving and returning to the ship's side, as it was impossible to afford her
efficient lee protection. It was only the expert handling of the boat which
prevented her from being swamped. (1.7.26)
Rescue from a gas-filled tank
NIELS MARIUS NIELSON
Bloomfield, a British oil tanker, was proceeding in ballast to Beaumont,
Texas, on the 18th October 1926, when the second Engineer collapsed,
overcome by benzol gas fumes, while engaged in repairing a pump in one of
the ship's tanks; the accident was reported to Mr Matthew, Chief Engineer,
who immediately went into the tank to the assistance of the Second Engineer
and had just got hold of him when he himself collapsed.
Officer had rigged a block and tackle over the tank and had sent for gas
helmets, when Nielsen appeared and went down into the tank with the object
of rescuing the two men lying there, but he was overcome by the gas before
reaching the bottom of the ladder .
officers were got up on deck within 10 minutes by other members of the crew,
using gas helmets. The Chief and Second Engineers revived after artificial
respiration, but Captain Nielson died. (8.2.27)
Volunteer life-boatmen's gallantry
Newman, Second Officer,
Thomas McCulloch McLean, David Stuart Sorby, Robert Kennedy, Able Seaman,
Charles Reside, Sailor, Arthur Williams, Donkeyman, of Royal Fleet
Auxiliary War Diwan of London
schooner Cecil Junior of St John's, Newfoundland, from Seville to St
John's, in March 1926, encountered a succession of gales with heavy seas,
and on the 18th March the schooner's rudder was carried away, causing the
vessel to leak badly; other damage was also sustained.
managed to keep the water down by pumping until the 22nd March, when, just
before darkness set in, the attention of the ss War Diwan was
attracted by distress flares. The War Diwan stood by while the crew
of the schooner attempted to abandon ship in their own boat, but this boat
was smashed by the heavy seas as soon as an attempt was made to launch it.
master of the War Diwan then decided to send his own lifeboat, and in
response to his call for volunteers, Mr Newman, with a boat's crew
consisting of McLean, Sorby, Kennedy, Reside, and Williams, proceeded to the
Cecil Junior and took off the master and the five members of the
crew. A very rough and high sea was running, and the boat's crew from the
War Diwan ran considerable risk in getting alongside the schooner, and
saving the lives of those on board. (9.6.27)
Trawler-hands' brave attempt
DOWN, Second Hand
ERNEST GILL, Deck Hand
trawler Oku, of Milford, was in distress on the fishing-grounds off
the south-west coast of Ireland early in the morning of the 11th February,
having been damaged by heavy seas which caused a serious inrush of water.
Signals of distress were made, and these were answered by the steam trawler
Limeslade stood by from 4am until 8.30am. Her skipper then sent away the
small boat with a line attached, manned by Down and Gill, to try to reach
the Oku. After battling for nearly an hour against the hurricane and
the raging sea, they had to give up their attempt owing to exhaustion, and
the boat was pulled back to the Limeslade. A dan-cast was then
fastened to the line, and Down and Gill later made another attempt to reach
the Oku. Again they had to give up.
skipper of the Limeslade then decided to try to get the empty boat
alongside the Oku. A longer line was fastened to the boat, the
Limeslade was manoeuvred into a favourable position, and the boat was
drifted down to the Oku and secured by means of a grapnel. After the
ten members of the crew of the Oku had got into the boat it was
pulled through the water to the Limeslade, and they were helped on
Down and Gill failed in their attempts to reach the Oku they
displayed great gallantry and ran grave risk. (16.4.28)
A hero of the boiler-room
29th September 1927 the King George V was waiting to enter Irvine
Harbour when an explosion in one of the high-pressure water-tube boilers
forced open the furnace doors. Two firemen on duty were very seriously
injured by the escaping steam and burning coal. The explosion also blew out
the lid of the manhole in the port alleyway, and the upper part of the
engine-room and the alleyway were filled with steam.
Chief Engineer, and the Third Engineer, who were on duty in the engine-room,
immediately took steps to clear away the steam from the boiler-room, to
reduce the steam pressure, and by extinguishing the fires to stop the
generation of steam. Mr Whyte helped one of the firemen from the boiler-room
into the alleyway and was then lowered through the open manhole to the
assistance of the other fireman, but the intense heat made it impossible for
him to stay down. Shortly after Mr Whyte had been hauled up, the second
fireman was seen through the manhole, and, on being called, managed to climb
the ladder and was assisted out of the man-hole. Both he and the other
fireman died of their injuries after admission to hospital.
to go to the assistance of the fireman Mr Whyte took a very great risk;
although steps had been taken to disperse the steam, the high-pressure steam
from both the boilers of the vessel was still escaping into the boiler-room.
There was a great danger by Mr Whyte being fatally injured through
inhaling hot, dry steam. (14.5.28)
Rescue of four men from a drifting barge
concrete barge Cretetree, with a crew of four hands, left Lerwick on
the 28th March in tow for Stornoway. The vessels ran into a gale, and during
the night of the 29th/30th March the tow-rope parted and the barge's rudder
was broken. The tug endeavoured to get another line on board, but the gale
and the rough seas made this impossible; the vessels became separated and
lost sight of one another. The barge was helpless and was becoming swamped,
the crew having to resort to the pumps and baling to keep the water down.
Rockets were fired, and at daybreak on the 30th March signals of distress
were sent up.
the afternoon the steam trawler Liberia of Grimsby sighted the
signals, and went to the assistance of the Cretetree, which was then
35 miles north by west of the Orkney Islands. A wire rope was got on board
and towing began, but the rope soon parted. An attempt was made to get
another line with a chain on board, but there was no wire on the barge with
which to connect them up. The crew of the Cretetree tried to get away
in their boat, but it was smashed.
attempt was next made to launch the Liberia's boat, but it also was
stove in. The Liberia was then manoeuvred close to the stern of the
barge and a heaving-line was thrown, and secured on board the trawler. One
of the crew of the Cretetree, after fastening the other end of the
line to himself, jumped overboard, and was pulled through the water to the
Liberia. The Liberia then took up a position to windward of
the Cretetree; a line attached to a lifebuoy was drifted to the
barge, and another of the crew jumped overboard and was hauled aboard the
Liberia by the line.
remaining men on the barge were too exhausted to be rescued in this way, and
Harold Walwin Clarke, a deckhand of the Liberia, volunteered to swim
with a line to the barge. When the Liberia had approached within 20
yards of the Cretetree, Clarke jumped over- board and actually
reached the barge, but it was feared that he would be injured when
attempting to get on board, and he was pulled back to his ship. The
Liberia was then manoeuvred to windward and brought stem on to the
Cretetree, and a line with a life-buoy was thrown on board; the two men
remaining jumped overboard with the life- buoy and were safely transferred
to the Liberia. (27.7.28)
Rescues in the St George's Channel
Mate, Robert James George, Whaleman, Albert Edward Stockton,
Net-stower, of the Steam Drifter George Albert of Great Yarmouth
Guiding Star of Runcorn, a small wooden schooner with a crew of four
Whaleman, hands, was badly damaged on the night of 14th April in the St
George's Channel by shipping heavy seas. Distress signals were hoisted at
noon on 15th April and were answered next morning at 8am by the steam
drifter George Albert, when the Guiding Star was in a sinking
boat of the schooner had been smashed by the seas and was useless, and the
lifeboat of the drifter, manned by Stanley, George, and Stockton, was sent
away to effect a rescue. Although the weather conditions had moderated
somewhat, there was still a strong wind blowing and heavy sea running, and
the work of approaching the schooner was difficult and dangerous. The boat
was swamped and had three planks stove in when alongside the Guiding
Star. But she was kept afloat by skilful handling, and the men on the
schooner were safely taken off and transferred to the George Albert.
William Harris, First Mate, Stephen Corner Stephenson Tawn, Second
Mate, Reginald Thistle Foster, Quartermaster, Percy Arthur
Walker, and William Rouse, Able Seamen, of the City of Lahore
Selma Creaser of St John's, Newfoundland, was in distress in a sinking
condition in the Atlantic on the 30th October 1927, and at 5.25am on that
day the City of Lahore sighted a distress flare and went to her
assistance. After pouring oil on to the sea the City of Lahore stood
by until 6.30 am, when the master sent away a lifeboat in charge of Mr
Harris and manned by the second mate and the other men named. The wind was
still blowing at storm force with a heavy swell running and it required
skilful handling by Mr Harris to prevent the lifeboat from being thrown
against the side of the schooner or capsized. The master and the five
members of the crew of the Selma Creaser were safely transferred to
the lifeboat; one of them fell into the water between the schooner and the
life-boat, but he was got into the boat uninjured.
rescue was completed by 7.35 am and the City of Lahore continued her
A hero of the boiler-room
12th October 1928 a fire broke out in the stokehold of the Trojan Star,
at about 6.30 pm, when the vessel was off the Pacific Coast of the
United States. This was caused by the failure of a joint in one of the
heaters which was being used to supply oil fuel to a boiler, and a
stream of hot oil was projected across the stokehold in the direction of a
coal-burning furnace, some of the oil falling on burning coal which lay on
the floor plates of the stokehold.
members of the crew who were in the stokehold succeeded in escaping into the
engine-room, but the Second Engineer and two firemen were unable to do so,
being trapped by the flames. James was in another part of the stokehold and
could himself have escaped, but ran to, and closed, the door leading to the
pump-room, in which there were some 40 tons of oil. This compartment was
close to the heater from which the hot oil was escaping, and James ran
considerable risk of coming into contact with the blazing oil and of being
burned to death. After closing the door he joined the other men in the port
wing. Later, one of the firemen was so overcome by the conditions that he
rushed through the flames into the engine-room and then on deck, but he was
so severely burned that he died soon afterwards.
was subdued soon after 9 pm, when the remaining three men were rescued from
action in closing the door of the pump-room James undoubtedly prevented the
fire extending to the compartment containing the oil fuel. (11.3.29)
Another hero of the boiler-room
PENNY, Second Officer
Trentwood of Middlesbrough, from Ghent to Middlesbrough, was off Whitby
on the 16th March when an explosion occurred in the boiler; the engine-room
quickly filled with steam. As the boiler was fast losing water, the Second
Engineer, Mr R. Buckley, who was on watch at the time, made his way to the
rear of the engines to start the feed-tank pump, which is situated close to
the boiler, and while he was engaged in this work another, but more violent,
explosion occurred, and he was rendered unconscious.
giving orders for the fires to be withdrawn the Chief Engineer went from the
stokehold to the engine-room to find Mr Buckley but was unsuccessful; he
then opened the engines out in order to take the steam off the boiler. The
Master also tried to enter the engine-room but was prevented by escaping
steam, and, returning to the bridge in order to haul the ship in as close as
possible to land, he told Penny to see if he could help in the engine-room.
Mr Penny went down to the stokehold and finally reached the engine-room
through the engine-room grating, then, getting on to the engine platform by
a ladder, found Mr Buckley unconscious and with great difficulty carried him
through the engine-room and then on to the deck. After the application of
artificial respiration, Mr Buckley recovered and later returned to duty in
the engine-room. (24.10.29)
Gallant lifeboat rescue
Dynhand Congdon, Chief Officer,
H. Hansen, F. Bertelsen, T. Finkelenberg, K.J. Beek, P. Pedersin, S. Eriksen,
Charles J.E. Oehlers, Hans Olay Hansen, Seamen, of Manistree of
Canadian auxiliary-motor schooner Quaco Queen of St John, New
Brunswick, was in distress in a strong westerly gale and heavy swell in the
Atlantic Ocean on the 30th January 1929; she was waterlogged, her rudder had
been carried away, and seas were sweeping over her.
signals of distress were sighted during the afternoon by the ss Manistee
of Liverpool. The Master altered the ship's course and went to the
assistance of the schooner and, as there were indications that the weather
conditions would become worse, arrangements were made to send a boat away
from the Manistee. The ship was manoeuvred into a position to
windward of the schooner in order to make a lee for a life-boat and, after
oil had been discharged on to the rough sea, a life-boat was sent away in
charge of Mr W.D. Congdon, Chief Officer, with a crew consisting of the
boat's crew were in considerable risk owing to the heavy gale and rough sea
before they reached the schooner and took off the nine members of her crew,
and Mr Congdon exercised great skill in preventing his boat from being
capsized and in getting the rescued men safely on board the Manistee.
Rescue in Mid-Atlantic
HENRY DOWNING, Second Mate,
ERNEST WILLIAM ESPLEY, Third Mate, JOHN BROMAGE, JOHN MANIN, HAROLD
JAMES STRINGER, PATRICK KEARNS, JOHN ARTHUR CHIDLOW, Able Seamen, and
R.D. ZIEGLER, a passenger, of Manchester Regiment of Manchester
8th December 1929, the British ss Volumnia of Glasgow was in distress
in very bad weather in the Atlantic Ocean; in response to distress signals
the ss Manchester Regiment went to her assistance, and, having
approached, waited for a lull in the storm before attempting a rescue.
Shortly after 9 o'clock, despite the very dangerous sea running, the Master
of the Manchester Regiment decided to attempt a rescue, and a boat
was launched, in charge of the Second Mate, Mr Downing, with a crew
consisting of Mr Espley, Third Mate, Bromage, Manin, Stringer, Kearns,
Chidlow, and Mr Ziegler. Very great difficulty was experienced in keeping
the boat afloat, but by skilful manoeuvring Mr Downing, though badly injured
in the hand in the launching of the boat, made two trips to the Volumnia
and the entire forty-five members of the crew of that vessel were
eventually taken off. The rescuing boat was badly damaged and abandoned.
Gallant rescue off Durban
George Fullick, Fourth Officer, Ernest Alexander Irwin,
Boatswain’s Mate, Frank Richard Dominees, Harry Henbest, Albert Notlers,
Henry James Parnell, Leslie Thomas Pattinson, Joseph Edward Parkiss, George
Stewart, William Albert Taylor, Norman Ward, Richard Walter Walton, Herbert
Thomas Mark Wilcock, Able Seamen, and Henry Leale, Lamp-trimmer,
of ss Armadale Castle
fishing-vessel Bluff of Capetown left Durban on the 8th June 1929 for
the fishing-grounds off North Sands and on the same day ran into squally
weather. Early next day the wind had increased to gale force and a heavy sea
swept the vessel, smashing the fishing-gear. Shortly afterwards, heavy seas
washed three of the crew overboard; two succeeded in regaining the vessel
and the other managed to cling to a raft which had broken adrift and was
picked up later on the beach. A course was then set for Durban, but mooring
wire fouled the propeller and stopped the engines. The crew were unable to
clear the obstruction. The starboard anchor was let go, but lost. After
drifting for awhile, the Bluff let go the port anchor and succeeded
in anchoring some two and a half miles from the shore. .
7.30 am the Armadale Castle, en route from East London to Durban, was
attracted by signals of distress made by the Bluff. Heavy seas were
still running, but the Armadale Castle was manoeuvred into such a
position that a lifeboat could be sent away. This boat was in command of Mr
Fullick, Fourth Officer, and the men named. Approach to the wreck was very
difficult, but Mr Fullick succeeded in getting alongside and took off
seventeen of the crew of the Bluff before he was compelled to return
to the Armadale Castle, as the lifeboat had shipped so much water as
to be in danger of sinking. On return to the Armadale Castle, the
life-boat was taken on board and the steamer was manoeuvred to a more
favourable position in the hope of making a further trip to the Bluff,
as there were five men still on board that vessel. Mr Fullick again took
charge of the boat, which was manned by the men named. By skilful
seamanship, Mr Fullick took the boat a second time alongside the Bluff
and rescued the remainder of the crew. (7.2.30)
Gallantry in Mid-Atlantic
Hender, Chief Officer,
Patrick Craine, Boatswain, Norman Cody, William Heaps, William James
Hemmings, George Saunderson, Edward Douglas Thorkilson, Seamen, of the ss
Nova Scotia, of Liverpool
Newfoundland fishing-schooner Janie E. Blackwood left St
John's on 29th November 1929 for the northern part of the island, but owing
to bad weather conditions she was driven out into the Atlantic Ocean.
vessel continued to encounter severe weather conditions which carried away
the boats, and on 12th December 1929 she had become unseaworthy and signals
of distress had to be made. At 10.30 pm on that date the ss Nova Scotia
observed distress flares on the schooner and proceeded to her
assistance. The ss Lord Antrim also stood by to render help if
At 11 pm
a lifeboat was sent away from the Nova Scotia in charge of Mr A
Hender, Chief Officer, manned by the men named.
some difficulty this boat succeeded in reaching the Janie E. Blackwood
and took off ten members of the crew.
conditions were so severe that the lifeboat could not be recovered.
Rescue off Land's End
from Barry on 4th December 1929, with coal for Rouen, carrying a crew of
twenty-one hands and ran into bad weather. Next morning the wind was blowing
at storm force and a high confused sea was running from the south-west. At
about 11.50 am, when a mile and a half from the Longships Lighthouse, Land's
End, she was struck by a tremendous sea which shook the whole ship and
caused her to take a dangerous list to port.
increased and the crew were ordered to abandon ship. Within a few minutes
the Frances Duncan was on her beam ends, and soon afterwards turned
was near and tried to give assistance. Despite the violence of the wind
and the very rough seas, the Master of the Alice Marie began to
search for survivors and soon saw five men clinging to an upturned boat. The
Alice Marie was manoeuvred close to this boat and one man was got on
board by means of a line. The boat drifted away, but the Alice Marie
managed once again to get alongside and three more survivors were rescued.
The remaining man had died from exposure.
time the Frances Duncan had sunk, but the search was continued and
two more survivors were seen floating on pieces of wreckage. Unfortunately,
when the Alice Marie reached the wreckage it was found that one of
the two men had disappeared. A rope was thrown to the remaining man but he
was too exhausted to make use of it. Stokes then lashed a rope round his
waist, went over the side at very great risk to himself down a rope ladder,
and made a rope fast to the man in the water, who was thus safely taken on
rescue of the survivors, carried out under most difficult conditions, called
for skilful seamanship on the part of the Master of the Alice Marie,
Captain Blaylock, owing to the severe weather and the close proximity of
rocks. During the operations the Alice Marie had, of necessity, to
approach very near to the cliffs, and as it was impossible for her to turn,
she had to be manoeuvred out of danger stern first. (27.2.30)
Holland Walker, Third Mate, John Fitzgerald, Boatswain’s Mate,
John Boylan, Chief Petty Officer, John Whelan, Storekeeper,
and Peter Codd and William Henry Williams, Quartermasters,
Albert Edward Cole, George Delahay, George Augustus Riley, Able Seamen,
and John Roberts, Sailor, of the ss Baltic
schooner Northern Light of St John's, Newfoundland, was in distress
in the Atlantic Ocean on the 6th December 1929 and the Baltic went to
her assistance. A very strong westerly gale was blowing and a heavy sea was
running. After the Baltic had been manoeuvred into position at
windward, oil was forced overboard to facilitate the ss Baltic
launching of a lifeboat. It was only with difficulty that the boat
was got away in charge of Mr Walker and manned by the men named. The boat
approached near enough to the Northern Light to enable a line
attached to a piece of wood which had been floated from the schooner to be
secured and made fast to the boat. By means of this line the schooner's crew
then succeeded one by one in reaching the life-boat, except one man who was
drowned owing to the line being dragged from his grasp by the pitch of the
boat in the heavy seas.
was great and the life-boat had great difficulty in returning to the
Baltic, where rescued and rescuers had to be got on board by means of
lines, and the boat abandoned. (9.2.31)
A Newfoundland schooner's crew saved
John Goodchild, First Mate, Harry James Smith, Boatswain,
Harold Bernard Ammonsen, Peter Charles Donovan, John Albert Kilvert, Walter
Skeggs, James Skelly, Able Seamen
Newfoundland schooner Dorothy Baird of St John's, with a crew of
seven hands, was in distress in the Atlantic in January-February 1930. Owing
to stress of weather, her main and mizen top-masts had been carried away and
she had sprung a leak. The pumps were started, but they became choked and
the water gradually gained on the vessel. For fifteen days the schooner
drifted in this condition until on the l0th February she was sighted flying
a distress signal by the ss British Valour of London, which went at
once to her assistance.
time the sea was very rough with a heavy swell and a strong wind was
blowing. Despite these difficult conditions a steel lifeboat was launched
from the British Valour in charge of Mr F.J. Goodchild, Chief
Officer, with a crew consisting of the men named, and the crew of the
Dorothy Baird were transferred to the steamship.
the operations the lifeboat was severely damaged. (10.3.31)
A hero of the engine-room
30th January 1931 the Lumina was in the N. Atlantic when it was
discovered that the plates in the pump-room were awash with benzine.
went down to the lower grating of the pump-room and reported that the gas in
the compartment was strong. The Chief Engineer then put on a gas helmet,
descended into the port side of the pump-room and opened up the valves to
allow the benzine to be cleared. He returned to the top deck and after a
rest was lowered down the starboard side of the pump-room, a 'boatswain's
chair' being used for the purpose, as there were no ladders on that side.
Engineer was seen to open up certain valves on the starboard side when the
air-pipe connected with the gas helmet as well as the safety-line became
fastened round one of the pipes in the pump- room. Although advised against
such a course, Mr Forth immediately rushed down the ladders on the port side
to the assistance of his Chief, and, having apparently freed the air-pipe
and the life-line, called for the Chief Engineer to be pulled up on deck.
When about 10 feet from the bottom of the pump-room, the Chief Engineer
grasped a pipe, pulling himself out of the 'boatswain's chair', and fell to
the bottom of the compartment.
time Mr Forth was seen to reach the upper platform of the pump-room, when,
either through slipping or having been rendered semi-conscious by the power
of the gas, he fell to the bottom.
'boatswain's chair' had been pulled up on deck and Mr Meikle, the boatswain,
with a sweat-rag round his mouth, was secured to the 'chair' and lowered to
the assistance of the Chief Engineer. He succeeded in fastening a line to
the Chief Engineer, when he himself became unconscious and both were pulled
up by members of the crew. The body of the Second Engineer was soon
recovered by grappling, but it was found that Mr Forth had been killed by
the fall. There was a wound at the back of his head and his right arm was
boatswain recovered, but all efforts to restore the Chief Engineer were
Rescues from a sinking yacht
Reynolds, Third Hand, Walter Harcourt Burgess, Boatswain
Maitenes II, with a crew of nine hands, left Cowes on the 11th August on
a race to the Fastnet Rock and back to Plymouth. Owing to bad weather she
anchored for shelter at St Ives soon after midnight on the 13th August, but
went on her way at 6 am next day.
rounding Fastnet on the 15th the yacht had to be hove to in consequence of
the increasing wind and sea. She remained hove to until II .45 am on the
16th August when she was overpowered by tremendous squalls and lay on her
beam ends shipping heavy seas. At midday the yacht was put before the wind
under bare poles; soon afterwards a man fell overboard and was drowned.
conditions gradually became worse. During the afternoon the trawler
Dunraven Castle was sighted and was requested to stand by until the
weather moderated. Warning had, however, been received of another gale; and,
as the seas and wind were still increasing and the crew were exhausted, it
was decided to abandon the yacht.
At 4 pm
the trawler's dinghy, manned by the men named, was launched with a warp made
fast; the trawler then went ahead paying out the warp to allow the yacht to
come up with the dinghy. This manoeuvre failed at the first attempt but
succeeded on being repeated, and the eight persons on the yacht entered the
dinghy and were safely transferred to the trawler. (21.10.31)
Gallantry of Scottish Coastguardsmen
trawler Nairn of Aberdeen, with a crew of ten hands, went ashore at
Broadhaven, near Collieston, soon after 10 pm on 2nd December 1931 during a
south-easterly gale. The Collieston Life-saving Apparatus Company, with
life-saving gear, reached the top of a cliff, about 150 feet high, abreast
of the Nairn at 11.20 pm and fired four rockets, but failed to
establish communication with the wreck.
Smailes, District Officer of Coastguard, Peterhead, then proceeded down the
cliff to a ledge where he was joined by F. Shelley, Coastguardsman, and T.
Walker, J. Henderson, and J. Robertson, members of the Life-saving Company,
with the rocket gear and a powerful acetylene lamp. Great difficulty was
experienced in setting up the gear on the ledge owing to the limited space;
but eventually communication with the Nairn was effected by means of
life-saving gear was being hauled out to the wrecked vessel by her crew,
Smailes, Walker, Henderson, and Robertson climbed on to some intervening
rocks to prevent the gear becoming fouled. On three occasions, however, the
gear was caught in the rocks; and each time it was cleared by Smailes, who
was assisted down to a lower outer ledge and supported by Walker and
Henderson, these operations being facilitated by the light from the lamp
which Robertson had carried, through seas, to an outer rock. The life-saving
gear was then secured on board the Nairn and her crew were safely
landed by the Company by about 3.15 am
clearing the fouled gear, Smailes, Walker , Henderson, and Robertson
incurred considerable risk, as the rocks over which they climbed were very
slippery and were being swept by violent seas, while the strong wind and the
darkness added to the difficulties. Coast- guardsman Shelley also incurred
grave risk in climbing, alone, up and down the cliff to convey messages
between the party on the rocks and the remainder of the Life-saving Company
on the cliff top. (17.2.32)
Rescue of schooner crew stranded in the Thames
Frederick William Noyon,
Master, Henry Stephen Falla, Able Seaman, Henry Charles Bisson,
auxiliary motor schooner Mary Jones of Bideford, with a crew of four
hands, stranded on the Tongue Shoal, at the mouth of the Thames, at about
6.30 pm on the 20th February 1932.
wind was blowing from the north-east and a heavy north-easterly sea was
running. After she had been ashore an hour, the vessel showed signs of
breaking up. An attempt was made to launch the schooner's boat, but as soon
as it touched the water it was thrown against the side of the vessel and
signals were then sent up; and in response the Foam Queen approached
and, at about 8.30 pm, anchored about half a mile away, which was as near to
the wreck as was prudent. The master of the Foam Queen, Captain F.
Noyon, considered that in the prevailing conditions an ordinary ship's
life-boat would have been unmanageable; he decided, therefore, to attempt a
rescue by means of his small boat, in which he, with two of his crew, H.
Falla, AB, and H. Bisson, OS, reached the Mary Jones, although only
after considerable difficulty.
the shipwrecked men - the small boat would not hold more - were then
transferred to the Foam Queen, and a second trip was made to rescue
the two remaining members of the Mary Jones crew. As on the first
occasion, great difficulty was experienced in reaching the wrecked vessel,
the boat almost being capsized. The rescue was completed at about 10 pm, and
shortly afterwards the Mary Jones disappeared. (3.6.32)
Trawler wrecked on Bear Island
Hands of Hull and Grimsby
early morning of the 19th November 1931 the Howe, with a crew of
fifteen hands, stranded on the west coast of Bear Island, between
Spitzbergen and Norway. The vessel rapidly filled with water, and heavy seas
which swept over the stern made it impossible for the crew to leave by means
of her boats, which were eventually washed overboard.
calls for assistance were acknowledged by several trawlers and by the
wireless station situated near the north-east coast of the island, of which
the two wireless operators and their families were the only inhabitants. The
Howe sent out messages that she was ashore near Cape Bull, a point at
the southern extremity of the island, and that, owing to the conditions of
weather and sea, her crew could not be rescued from the seaward side.
satisfied themselves that trawlers were approaching the island, the two
wireless operators, Norwegians named Thorlaf Johansen and Egil Lindberg, set
out for the reported position of the wreck. They made their way in the
darkness (which in winter is almost perpetual on the island) across eight
miles of rough, frozen ground, hampered by dangerous boulders and crevices
to Cape Bull and, finding no trace of the wreck, returned to the station,
where they arrived late at night, footsore and exhausted.
several British trawlers had anchored off the north-east coast near the
wireless station, and on the following morning Mantripp, Walker, Crawford,
Thornton, Millener, Wallace, Hodgson, Hattan, Rumsey, and Rogers, without
food or equipment, attempted to cross the island in an endeavour to locate
the wreck. These men were unaware of the difficulties to be encountered;
they became exhausted and had to return to the wireless station, which was
reached at about 8.30 pm
the same day other trawlers had located the wreck on the west coast and had
communicated its true position to the trawlers on the other side of the
island; but heavy surf and breakers rendered a near approach to the wreck
out of the question.
Howe's boats had now been washed away by seas and, in order to secure a
means of rescue for his shipmates, Harmer made two gallant attempts to swim
with a line through the surf from the wreck to the shore, 40 yards away. On
each occasion he was overwhelmed by the heavy surf, and he had to be hauled
back on board the wreck.
morning of the next day, the 21st November, the conditions had improved and
Skipper T. Worthington of the Imperialist endeavoured to manoeuvre
his vessel towards the wreck. The Imperialist, however, grounded
slightly and had to return to deeper water.
boat then went away from the Thomas Hardy with a Carley float in tow
and anchored near the edge of the surf. Hunter and Smith then entered the
float, which was veered into the breakers to within 20 yards of the wreck.
They could get no nearer owing to the surf and the rocks and both men were
thrown into the surf. Smith succeeded in climbing back into the float, but
Hunter, whose hand was injured, could only hold on to the float while it was
being hauled back to the small boat.
Meanwhile, Skipper E. Drinkall of the Elf King had determined to
cross the island with a new party to the actual position of the wreck. This
party, which included Johansen to act as guide, Frith, Coulbeck, Osbourn,
Rust, Walton, Burrell, Glentworth, Brooks, and Giles, set off at 7 am,
taking with them compasses, lights, food, and a buoy-line. Impeded by rough
ground, boulders, quicksands, and lakes, some of the party were unable to
keep up with the leaders. The others pressed on as it was realized that the
position of the shipwrecked men was becoming very serious. Guided by the
compass, and by signals from the Imperialist and other trawlers near
the wreck, Drinkall, Johansen, Burrell, and Coulbeck located the wreck
beneath a cliff at about 1.30 pm when darkness was approaching. After
several efforts had been made to throw a buoy-line on board the Howe,
the slack end of the line was thrown from the cliff top into the surf which
carried it towards the wreck where it was secured by a grappling hook. With
the buoy-line and the Howe's life-buoys, the shipwrecked men
improvised a breeches buoy by means of which they were safely landed. Rust
joined the party on the cliff while this operation was in progress and
assisted in bringing the shipwrecked men to safety.
return to the wireless station was necessarily very slow owing to the
exhausted condition of the rescued men who were suffering severely as the
result of their exposure, two of them having to be carried. The latter part
of the journey was made easier by the assistance of scattered groups of a
large party of men who had been landed from other trawlers. At the wireless
station all were given food and hot coffee by the wives and maidservant of
the Norwegian wireless operators.
of the Howe were later taken on board the Elf King which left
Bear Island for the mainland on the 22nd November.
the heavy surf and breakers and to the rocks which surrounded the wreck, the
gallant attempts of Harmer to effect communication with the shore, and of
Hunter and Smith to reach the wreck in a Carley float, involved grave risk
to their lives; while the services of the others named, performed under
difficult conditions, called for qualities of great determination and
Rescue off Halifax
Stuart Knight, Second Officer,
Walter Doyle, Boatswain, William Thomas Hughes, Quartermaster,
Horace Addicott, Storekeeper, John Peter Smyth, Lamp-trimmer,
John Carr, William John Lawry, Leslie John Page, Henry Pierce, Able
Seamen, of ss Metcalfe of Liverpool
12th March 1932 the steam tug Reindeer I of Halifax, Nova Scotia,
carrying a crew of thirty hands, had been at sea off Halifax for several
hours in a heavy gale and huge seas. She was leaking badly and her pumps
were choked; her crew were JOHN PETER SMYTH, becoming exhausted by their
efforts to keep down the water, and wireless distress signals were sent out.
These were answered by the ss Montcalm of Liverpool, then about 45
Montcalm arrived about three hours later. The Reindeer I was then
low in the water, and her captain decided that she must be abandoned without
delay. Owing to the violent rolling of the tug, a life-boat could not be
launched from her and preparations were made to launch a life-boat from the
Montcalm, which took up a position as near to the distressed vessel
as was prudent. Considerable difficulty was experienced in launching a boat
which, although damaged, was eventually sent away soon after 6 pm This boat
was in charge of Mr Henry S. Knight, the Second Officer of the Montcalm,
and manned by the men named.
the life-boat was unable to get close to the tug as she was drifting before
the gale. Later, however, the engineer of the Reindeer I was able to
put the engines astern for a few minutes in order to check the drifting, and
the crew of the lifeboat succeeded in securing lines which had been thrown
overboard from the tug and so brought their boat alongside.
Meanwhile, the Montcalm had been pouring oil on the water to make the
work of rescue easier, but in spite of this the life-boat was continually
ranging back and forth and moving up and down the side of the tug, the crew
of which had to jump into the life-boat as opportunity offered.
By 7 pm,
the crew of the Reindeer I were all in the lifeboat. As it was
damaged and heavily laden, it took nearly three-quarters of an hour to reach
the Montcalm. The boat's crew and the crew of the tug were taken on
board by a rope ladder, but the boat had to be abandoned. (8..12.32)
One man saves thirty-seven lives off Nova Scotia
MANT, Second Officer of ss Watford of London
Watford, carrying a crew of forty, stranded at Cape Percy, Nova Scotia,
on the l0th September in a hurricane, with mountainous seas heavy rain
squalls, and became a total loss. After lowering and manning a ship's
lifeboat from the vessel, which lay about 500 feet from the shore, the
master came to the conclusion that it was too dangerous to attempt this
method and he ordered the crew back on board. He then decided to try to
effect communication with the shore by means of a line fired from a line-
throwing pistol. There was, however, no one in sight to take a line and H.
Mant, Second Officer, volunteered to swim ashore and make fast the end of a
line with the object of rigging up hawser communication between the ship and
shore by which the crew could be landed.
entered the sea with a light life-line round him, but while he was swimming
towards shore the line sagged to leeward, and men on board, fearing that he
was getting into difficulties, let go the line. Mant, after struggling for
some time, managed to scramble on to the rocks in an exhausted condition.
after, three men appeared on the cliffs and assisted Mant to drag ashore,
and secure to a tree, a hawser attached to a line fired from the ship. A
hauling-line was got ashore by means of the line-throwing pistol and a
'boatswain's chair' was rigged. By these means, all but two of the remaining
thirty-nine members of the crew were saved. One man had died from exposure,
and one fell from the 'boatswain's chair' and was drowned. (20.12.32)
An attempted rescue on the Tyne
Engineer Supt, River Tyne
Oregon Star caught fire in the Tyne on the 13th November 1932, and was
seriously damaged. Mr A.V. Hamilton, the Chief Officer, wearing a life-line
and a breathing apparatus, containing 25 minutes' supply of oxygen, went
down into the shelter 'tween deck in order to locate the seat of the fire,
which was accompanied by dense smoke. About 5 minutes after descending it
appeared that Hamilton was about to return, as the life-line became slack
and could be hauled and it was feared that Hamilton was in difficulties. The
line was hauled in until owing to some obstruction it broke. Mr Peter
Thomson, Ship's Superintendent, wearing a smoke helmet with hose attachment,
then went down into the 'tween decks and found Hamilton, whom he dragged to
a place near the ladder-way. Thomson then returned to the deck for a line
which he fastened round the body. On Thomson's second return to the deck he
was exhausted. Efforts were made to haul Hamilton up to the deck, but they
were unfortunately unsuccessful. (27.3.33)
An attempted rescue on the Tyne
William Scott, First Mate of motor mission vessel Southern Cross
vessel Southern Cross belonging to the Melanesia Mission, with a crew
of eight Europeans and fifteen Solomon Islanders, while on passage from
Auckland to the New Hebrides, encountered overcast and squally weather.
During a sudden squall the vessel struck, at about 3.15am on the 31st
October 1932, a reef off Aneityum Island, and was immediately thrown
broadside on to it. The engine-room was quickly flooded, and a heavy sea
swept over the bridge, smashing a boat which the crew were attempting to
launch. The angle at which the ship lay prevented the launch of the second
vessel, which was pounding heavily on the reef, was several hundred yards
from the beach and about sixty yards from where it was possible for a man to
touch bottom, but the position of the ship in relation to the beach and
shallow water was not known until later. Mr J.W. Scott, the First Mate,
although suffering from a severe blow on the head, undertook to attempt to
swim ashore through the surf in darkness and adverse weather conditions,
without knowing all the difficulties to be faced, but with a full knowledge
of the dangers from sharks. After reaching the beach with a life-line Mr
Scott was able to haul the Second Engineer ashore before the life-line was
cut by the coral. The rest of the crew reached the shore by their own
Two daring swimmers
HAY HALLIDAY, Chief Officer, ANTONIO M. VIANA, Boatswain
Newbrough stranded, in heavy weather, on the South-East Morant Cay, West
Indies, on 24th December 1932. Mr Halliday reached the Cay in the
Newbrough's life-boat and then endeavoured to effect
communication by swimming to the Norseman's lifeboat, which
had anchored outside the line of the surf of the leeward side of the Cay,
from which a rescue party from the Norseman was unable to land owing
to the surf. Later Mr Halliday swam out on the windward side of the Cay and
found an opening in the reef through which a second life-boat from the
Newbrough could reach the Cay. When Mr Halliday was unsuccessful in
reaching the Norseman's life-boat, Mr Viana swam from the
lifeboat to the Cay through the surf and was successful in establishing
communication with the Cay. Those on the Cay were subsequently transferred
to the Norseman by the Norseman's lifeboat. (28.6.33)
in North Atlantic
Marion Burton Baker, First Mate, Robert Williams, Carpenter,
John Helmer Kjellberg, Boatswain, Frederick John Collins,
Quartermaster, George William Buchley, Chief Cook, Austin Patrick
Young, Second Cook, George Scott Bruce and George Newbold,
Assistant Stewards, of ss Aztec of Bristol
night of the 16th November 1931, the Newfoundland schooner Ria
of St. John's was in distress in the North Atlantic Ocean. For several
days the vessel had encountered stormy weather, which had carried away the
sails, and by 16th November the Ria was leaking badly.
signals of distress were observed about 9.30 pm by the ss Aztec of
Bristol, which altered course towards her. A rough sea, with a high confused
swell, was running and the wind was blowing at gale force; and in view of
the unfavourable conditions, the Master of the schooner did not expect a
rescue to be attempted before daylight. The Aztec, however, at once
took up a position to windward in order to launch a lifeboat. Difficulty was
experienced and several oars were lost or broken in sending away a lifeboat
in charge of Mr Baker, and manned by the men named. Further difficulty was
encountered in getting the boat alongside the Ria, but the distressed
crew of six hands were eventually taken off and transferred in safety to the
Rescue from a drifter
of steam drifter
am on the 3rd May 1933, the steam drifter Olivae was in a
position about 70 miles west by north from St Anne's Head, Pembrokeshire,
and was hauling her nets. The wind at the time was strong with a heavy sea
and thunderstorm. While the operation was in progress Reginald Muskett, a
member of the crew, was knocked overboard by a rope. A line was thrown over
him from the drifter, but as Muskett was only semi-conscious he was unable
to grasp it. Muskett had sunk twice when David William Ellis threw off his
oilskin and jumped overboard to rescue him. Ellis, wearing his ordinary
clothes, including sea-boots which reached to his thigh, managed to catch
hold of Muskett when he was sinking for the third time, and swam with him to
the net rope in which both men became entangled. Fortunately, the crew were
able to haul the net and the two men back on board the trawler. In effecting
the rescue Ellis was hampered, not only by the rough sea and the darkness,
but also by his clothing and sea-boots; he was pulled on board the drifter
in an exhausted condition. (25.8.33)
off Jaffa by Palestinian Arabs
Bajawi, Muhammed Dababish, Boatmen of Jaffa
British ss Bilbeis, carrying a crew of fifty-six and eight
passengers, stranded off Jaffa at about 5.45 am on the 5th March 1934, when
there was a moderate breeze accompanied by a moderate swell, and a dust haze
over the coast. Shortly after the stranding the wind increased considerably
and the sea rose rapidly. It seemed likely that the conditions would get
of the threatening weather the Master arranged for the passengers and the
stewardess to be taken ashore by a Government launch.
am a strong westerly gale was blowing and the Master decided to land some of
his crew by means of the ship's life-boats. The first boat, under the charge
of the Second Officer, successfully negotiated the surf, and her occupants,
aided by local boatmen, landed safely. An attempt was made to send back some
of the crew who had landed so that they might help to disembark the
remainder of the crew, but the attempt failed; the boat was swamped,
overturned, and smashed up by the heavy surf against the rocks, fortunately
without loss of life.
11.40 am a second boat was launched from the Bilbeis under charge of
the Third Officer, but this boat was not so successful as the first and one
member of her crew in endeavouring to get ashore was carried away by the
seas. Ahmad Bajawi, a local boatman, courageously swam out to the rescue,
but he himself got into difficulties.
Dababish, a lighterman, then gallantly swam out to the rescue of the two men
who were in danger, and after great difficulty succeeded in bringing them to
shore with the aid of a life-buoy flung to him. (10.9.34)
Anglo-Belgian co-operation in Mid-Atlantic
JAMES RIGBY POLLITT, Junior Third Officer; DONALD BRODIE,
Lamp-trimmer and AB; KENNETH CAMPBELL, AB and Lookout; ROBERT
WALTER BECKETT, JAMES BRAWN, ROBERT CHARLES WILLIAM BROWN, JAMES WILLIAM
MORTIMER, WILLIAM SKINNER, HARRY VICTOR JULIUS WARD, ALAN WILLIAMS, Abs,
and GEORGE JAMES BOWLES, Sailor, of ss Ascania
December 1934 the ss Usworth was in distress in the North Atlantic
Ocean while on a voyage from Montreal to Queenstown with a cargo of grain.
Attempts were made to save the vessel, but at about midnight on 13th/14th
December it became clear that she would have to be abandoned by her crew.
Very gallant efforts were made by the Belgian ss Jean Jadot and the
ss Ascania of Liverpool to take off the crew. In the course of these
efforts the Ascania manoeuvred as close as was possible to the
Usworth, and about 2pm on 14th December sent away a lifeboat
to her. There had been a whole gale from the west-north-west which at this
time had slightly moderated, but there were still heavy squalls and high
seas: oil was being pumped on the sea. The lifeboat from the Ascania
got under the lee of the Usworth about 15 feet away from her, with
the crew ready to pull away as the Usworth drifted down on the
the Usworth were told to jump one at a time into the lifeboat, but in
the excitement three members of the Usworth’s crew jumped into the
water together. One of the men who jumped was the cook, T. Gibson.
He was a strong swimmer and would probably have reached the Ascania’s
lifeboat in another two or three strokes, but the mess-room boy, L. Jones,
who had got into difficulties, shouted for help and Gibson was seen to tread
water and then to turn back. Unfortunately he was unable, in the oil-coated
sea, to swim with the boy to the Ascania’s lifeboat, and not
withstanding attempts made to save them by those remaining on the Usworth
they were swept under the Usworth’s stern and both were drowned.
There is no doubt that Mr Gibson sacrificed his life in attempting to save
the mess-room boy.
of Trade Medal for 'Foreign Services' in silver was awarded on the same
occasion, in recognition of services rendered to ss Usworth, to
Jules Leblanc, second officer; Paul Lambert, fourth officer;
Jean Schroyens, cadet; George De Plecker, Alphonse Dobbelaere,
Alfred Spreutels, sailors; Lodewyk De Jongh, donkeyman-greaser;
Gaston Vanhests, Henri Hermans, and Henri Beeldens,
firemen, of the Belgian ss Jean Jadot. In the case of Lambert
and De Jongh the awards were posthumous as both men lost their lives
while rendering the service. (24.6.35)
Rescuing a child in the sea after a torpedoing
of Andalucia Star
L.G. – 6
Star torpedoed and sunk by U107
Oct 1942 at 06°38’N 15°46’W.]
Lamptrimmer Wheeler’s ship, carrying a number of passengers, was torpedoed
in darkness. As the vessel was sinking rapidly, abandonment was ordered.
During the abandonment one of the boats was up-ended and the occupants were
thrown into the sea. Other boats which had got clear were picking up
survivors when the cry of a small child was heard some distance away.
Wheeler immediately dived into the water, swam through wreckage for a
distance of about 600 yards to the child and supported it for over 30
minutes until they were found by another boat and picked up.
Lamptrimmer Wheeler displayed great courage in plunging overboard into a
choppy sea covered with wreckage. But for his gallant action the life of
the child would undoubtedly have been lost.
Citation (from Blue Star Line at War):
The ship, carrying a number of passengers, was torpedoed in the darkness.
As the vessel was sinking rapidly abandonment was ordered. During the
abandonment one of the boats was up-ended and its occupants thrown into the
sea. Other boats which had got clear were picking up survivors when the cry
of a small child was heard some distance away. Wheeler immediately dived
into the water, swam through wreckage for a distance of about 600 yards to
the child and supported it for over 30 minutes until they were found by
another boat and picked up. Lamptrimmer Wheeler displayed great courage in
plunging overboard into a choppy sea covered with wreckage. But for his
gallant action the life of the child would undoubtedly have been lost.
Rescue of Air Crew following a forced landing on a
Charles Eric Little,
Third Officer, Jairam Narron, Valla Pema
L.G. – 30
survived the war.]
In recognition of their services in rescuing four members of an aircraft of
the RAF Force in India which had made a forced landing. A boat had put off
from the Barpeta to rescue the crew from the shore. The surf was
very heavy and the boat was unable to pass through more than the first line
of breakers about three-quarters of a mile off shore.
necessary for Mr Little, Valla Pema and Jairam Narron to swim to the shore
to assist the rescued men through the water to the boat. There was a strong
and dangerous tide and a risk of being incapacitated by the men who were
rescued, three of whom were unable to swim.
British India S.N.
Supporting an injured shipmate in the water until
Edward John Lundon,
L.G. – 31
torpedoed and sunk by U41
Nov 1939 at 44°12’N 11°07W.]
In recognition of his services in rescuing John Bagge, another member of the
ship’s crew, who had sustained an injury, by supporting him on a piece of
wreckage until they were picked up. The ss Darino was torpedoed by
the enemy off the north-west coast of Spain on 19th November,
Saving the life of a sailor after a fatal collision
Apprentice of mv
Ll.M.S.L. – Silver
Castle survived the war.]
In darkness and a rough sea, the motor-vessel Greystoke Castle was in
collision with another vessel in February, 1940, as a result of which the
latter sank rapidly. Two boats, in one of which was Apprentice English,
were sent away from the Greystoke Castle to pick up survivors and,
while they were searching, Apprentice English was washed overboard but,
fortunately, was rescued. Thirteen survivors were picked up by this boat,
one badly injured, both legs being broken. All the survivors were got on
board the Greystoke Castle with the exception of the injured man, who
it was not possible to take out of the boat until it was hoisted.
Apprentice English remained with the injured man, but while the boat was
being hoisted, it was hit and swamped by a heavy sea and the after tackle
became unhooked. Apprentice English, notwithstanding the risk involved and
his previous experience, held on to the injured man with one hand and the
tackle with the other, and by his plucky action prevented the injured man
from being washed overboard and lost.
At 11:15 p.m. on February 17th, 1940 the mv Greystoke Castle
and the ss Cheldale collided 20 miles off Durban. The Cheldale
began to list to starboard soon after impact and with her funnel and
foremast coming over the Greystoke Castle the Master of that vessel
decided to back away by using his engines. Immediately this was done the
Cheldale turned completely over to starboard and capsized.
attempt was made to launch a boat from the Greystoke Castle but as it
was lowered it was struck by a heavy sea and wrecked. Two other boats were
successfully launched. One returned with 13 survivors, the other with
none. Sixteen lives were lost.
way back to the Greystoke Castle, the boat with the survivors was
swamped by a big wave and Apprentice Reginald English was washed overboard,
but was immediately pulled aboard again by the Boatswain. All the survivors
were able to climb aboard the Greystoke Castle, except one man who
had broken both legs. It was intended to hoist the boat to deck level and
then remove the injured man, but before this could be accomplished the boat
was swamped and the tackle became unhooked. At great personal risk, as he
was himself in danger of being washed overboard, Mr English caught hold of
the injured man with one hand and the boat’s tackle with the other, and
saved him from being swept away.
of Inquiry, held in Durban, decided that no blame for the collision be
attached to any officer of either ship.
Rescue from a grounded Trawler
A steam trawler, while on a voyage to the fishing grounds, encountered
extremely heavy weather and in the early hours of the morning ran ashore on
a dangerous and rock-studded coast.
attempt to launch a small boat failed owing to the heavy seas and the
Skipper took the crew to the bow of the ship, the safest place on board.
During the forenoon, Fireman O’Kane asked for permission to attempt to swim
ashore and seek assistance, he slid down a rope into the heavy seas and
after a struggle got ashore. Although physically unfit after his efforts he
scaled a steep cliff and ran over two miles bare-footed to a shepherd’s
cottage. By this time he was greatly exhausted but was able to convey to
the shepherd that his ship was ashore and that assistance was urgently
needed. On his way to give the alarm the shepherd met Coastguards who
searched in the position indicated and found the vessel.
Unfortunately five of the crew had lost their lives before the arrival of
the rescuers; one had been washed overboard, two had collapsed and died on
deck and two had been swept away in attempting to swim ashore. The
remaining seven were rescued by means of rocket apparatus.
performed a very brave act in going overboard, swimming ashore in a rough
sea to the rock-strewn coast and scaling the cliffs to bring assistance to
his shipmates, all of whom might otherwise have perished.
Rescue of entire crew of 43 from a grounded ship in a
Coastguardsman of East Scotland Division,
and Richard Ingram, Civilian of
A ship had drifted ashore in darkness in a very rough sea, with wind
reaching gale force. When the Coastguard reached the scene of the wreck at
11 p.m. the vessel lay 300-400 yards from the shore. Attempts were made to
establish communication by means of rocket apparatus but this was not
successfully accomplished until 9:50 the following morning when rescue
operations by means of breeches buoy were commenced. During the forenoon
the line attached to the breeches buoy was fouled by an under-water
obstruction about half way out to the wreck. All attempts from the shore to
clear the line were unsuccessful and Coastguardsman Malcolm volunteered to
“under-run” the line to the point of obstruction. Holding on to the line
which was held taut by men on the beach, Malcolm pulled himself along
through the sea. Three or four times he became submerged as the terrific
seas swept up the beach, but he held on and reached the point where the line
was fouled. After two attempts he succeeded in clearing it and in so doing
was catapulted into the air. He managed to retain his hold and was hauled
ashore. Rescue operations were then resumed and all the forty-three members
of the crew of the shipwrecked vessel were safely brought ashore by means of
the breeches buoy.
Coastguardsman Malcolm knew the dangers and hazards of his action, which was
carried out in bitterly cold weather and during an on-shore gale. In
addition to the risk of becoming entangled in the life-saving gear, had he
lost his hold, he would inevitably have been swept away by the heavy seas
and strong current. Nevertheless, he persisted with determination and
courage. There is no doubt that, but for his brave action, rescue
operations would have been seriously hampered, with the probability that
some of the shipwrecked men would have lost their lives.
Rescue from a ship grounded on rocks in a blizzard
L.G. – 19
During a snow blizzard a ship was driven on the rocks by very heavy seas and
broke in two. Ten of the crew of fourteen were washed away. Coastguardsman
Milne, who had been out all night on another rescue service, set out for the
wreck accompanied by Ingram. In the teeth of the gale they struggled across
two miles of bad country with a heavy load of life-saving gear. Huge seas
were breaking over the ship and to get within reach of her they had to climb
down a 100 ft. cliff, the face of which was covered with ice, and across a
30 ft. gap to an outlying rock over which heavy seas were continually
breaking. They found one of the survivors badly injured and unconscious and
the other helpless from exposure and exhaustion and it was not until the
tide had receded some way that they were able to get the survivors on to the
rock and from there to safety. The courage, resource and determination
displayed by Milne and Ingram reached a high standard. But for their brave
action, undertaken without regard for their personal safety, it is extremely
probable that the four survivors would have perished.
Supporting an injured officer in the sea until
rescued after torpedoing
Alan Charles Thayne,
Radio Officer of
L.G. – 6
Guidon torpedoed and sunk by U504
Oct 1942 at 30°10’S 33°50’E.]
When the ship in which Mr Thayne was serving was torpedoed, a number of the
crew managed to reach a small raft. As the ship sank, the signal mast came
down on top of the raft, which capsized and carried the occupants under the
water. Several underwater explosions occurred and the survivors were shot
to the surface. Although almost completely exhausted, they managed to reach
the raft and cling to it. It was then that one of the officers was seen
floating in the water some distance away, face downwards and evidently
unconscious. He had been struck by wreckage, his life-saving waistcoat was
torn and he was clearly on the point of drowning. Second Radio Officer
Thayne immediately swam to his assistance and, with difficulty, managed to
bring him to the raft. There he helped him to cling on until they were both
picked up nearly two hours later.
Radio Officer Thayne, although almost exhausted and without his lifejacket,
left the comparative safety of the raft to help his shipmate, without
thought of his own safety. His very gallant action undoubtedly saved the
officer’s life. Had any further explosions occurred while the rescue was
taking place there would have been little chance of survival.
Ship torpedoed while sailing alone. Orders were given to abandon her as she
began to sink rapidly. All hands got away. When another torpedo hit the
ship, she sank immediately.
Attempt to save the life of an elderly officer after
Celsus Mary Loughlin,
L.G. – 3
torpedoed and sunk by U442
on 3 Nov
1942 at 55°38’N 39°52’W.]
The ship in which Mr Loughlin was serving was torpedoed in darkness and
began to sink immediately. Abandonment was ordered but Radio Officer
Loughlin remained on duty sending emergency calls until the last boat was
about to be lowered. Coming from the wireless room into darkness he saw one
of the officers stumble and fall overboard from the boat deck into the sea.
This officer was an elderly man, unable to swim, and Radio Officer Loughlin,
realising his danger, immediately dived overboard to his assistance. He
continued to search for the officer in the icy water for twenty minutes. At
the end of this time he had to give up and was pulled into one of the boats
in a completely exhausted condition.
Officer Loughlin displayed great gallantry in attempting to save the life of
his shipmate, coming straight from a lighted room into darkness and
immediately plunging overboard into a choppy sea covered with oil and
British India S.N. Hatimura was in SC107. Torpedoed and damaged by
later by U442. Convoy also included Empire Lynx,
ammunition ship. As she went down she blew up and destroyed U442.
[The ship was torpedoed by an enemy submarine], and “a sheet of water shot
up mast-high and fell on the bridge”. The damage caused “was more than
enough to sink the vessel”. Five of the six boats were got away and, as the
fourth left the ship, a second torpedo struck her, knocking the bridge down
and the Captain with it. When getting into his boat the Purser, an old man,
slipped from the ladder and fell into the water where he was drowned,
despite the efforts of the senior Radio Officer to rescue him.
attempt to save the life of an unidentified person
Engineer Officer of ??????
L.G. – 6
Third Engineer Officer Loughton’s ship was sailing in convoy when an enemy
attack developed which resulted in the loss of another ship. Cries for help
were heard from the water. Third Engineer Officer Loughton, who was on deck
off watch, heard the cries and immediately dived overboard to render
assistance. The convoy was still under attack and, although another ship
stopped to pick up survivors, Mr Loughton was not seen again.
Engineer Officer Loughton sacrificed his life in attempting to save others.
His action in jumping overboard from a moving ship in darkness and in the
midst of an enemy attack was undertaken without thought of self.
Rescue from a wrecked beached tank landing craft
Commander JOHN ALAN
LEGH, DSC, RN
Inspector, HM Coastguard, Southern Division,
ROBERT HENRY TREADWELL,
HM Coastguard Southern Division, CYRIL GEORGE LEONARD BROWN,
Fireman, National Fire Service, William Charles Rowsell,
District Officer, HM Coastguard Southern Division, Victor Francis Stephens, Fitter and Turner,
and Albert Oldfield, Labourer
L.G. – 20
When a tank landing craft was reported to be in difficulties close inshore,
rescue operations were immediately begun by HM Coastguard and the Naval and
Military authorities. The weather at the time was overcast and cloudy with
rain squalls and a strong wind but later conditions deteriorated and the
wind reached gale force with heavy seas. A line was fired from the shore by
HM Coastguard and fell across the vessel but, before it could be used, heavy
seas broke over the ship and ten of the twelve men aboard were washed away.
Two of them, however, were saved by the party ashore. Two more lines were
fired across the wreck but they could not be secured, and repeated efforts
to get one of them to the two men remaining on board were unsuccessful.
position had now become extremely precarious and, taking advantage of a
slight lull between the heavy seas, an attempt was made to reach the vessel,
with a rocket line carried by Commander Legh, Coastguardsman Treadwell,
District Officer Rowsell and Stephens, who all entered the water with
Commander Legh and Treadwell in the lead. At the same time Brown made a
dash for the vessel. He had succeeded in getting on board, and Commander
Legh and Treadwell were alongside the wreck when heavy seas swept over the
party. Commander Legh and Treadwell were carried away and lost their lives
while Rowsell and Stephens were swept ashore and rendered temporarily
unconscious. After exceptional efforts Brown, although continually swept by
seas breaking over the vessel, succeeded in passing lines to the two men on
board. He was in a few yards of the men for nearly an hour before he could
actually make contact with them. Brown and one of the men were hauled
ashore exhausted but the line to the second man parted. Oldfield who had
been assisting Brown, immediately dashed into the sea and was able to get
another line into the man’s hands by means of which he was brought ashore.
Legh and Treadwell sacrificed their lives through their outstanding devotion
to duty. Although their efforts were unsuccessful, they displayed the
utmost courage and disregard of personal safety throughout.
his courageous efforts, was instrumental in saving two lives. He took
exceptional risks when he boarded the vessel and it was due to his great
determination that he succeeded in bringing assistance to the two survivors.
Stephens and Oldfield also displayed gallantry and devotion to duty of a
high order, completely ignoring the danger to themselves.
Rescue from a tug in the Bristol Channel
L.G. – 19
Ll.M.S.L. – Silver
survived the war.]
“Lloyd’s Medals 1836 – 1989”: On October 25th, 1945 the steam tug
the Bristol Channel, attempting to recover a 100 ton lockgate which had
broken adrift in heavy seas, when she sustained underwater damage and
immediately began to sink. As there was insufficient time for the
life-boats to be launched, a raft and life-buoys were thrown overboard and
the crew of six jumped into the sea. The Master, Mate and Engineer clung to
the raft but the Engineer gradually became affected by the exposure and it
was necessary for the Master to support him with one hand while he clung to
the raft with the other.
half an hour later the tug Steelopolis came to the rescue of the
crew. The Mate seeing the desperate condition of the men in the water,
jumped overboard with a line and swam about 100 yards through the rough sea
to the raft. He held on to the line with one hand, and on to the raft with
the other, while the crew of the Steelopolis pulled the raft
alongside. The Master and Mate of the Danegarth were taken on board
but the Engineer, a heavy man, was immobilised by the cold. Fireman Rogers,
of the rescue tug, climbed down to the raft and made a line fast round the
helpless man. While he was being lifted on board, the line broke and both
men were thrown into the water. Fireman Rogers was rescued with difficulty,
but the Engineer drowned.
Gallantry: Its Public Recognition and Reward in Peace and in War at Home and
Abroad. Sir Arnold Wilson, MP, and Capt. J.H.F. McEwan, MP, OUP, 1939. This
is the main source for information on pre-Second World War SGM awards.
Valiant Voyaging – a short history of the British India Steam Navigation Co in
WWII. Hilary St. George Saunders, Faber & Faber, 1948.
Medals, 1836 – 1989, Awards for Courage and Exceptional services, Jim Gawler, Hart Publishing, Canada, 1989
5) Blue Star
Line at War 1939 – 1945.
Taffrail, Foulsham, 1973